Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 18, 1845, Page 2

October 18, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Slew York, Saturday, October 18, 1845. ILLUSTRATED VIEWS OF FREMONT'S GREAT EXPLORING EXPEDITION ro i uk ROCKY MOUNTAINS, OREGON, AND CALIFORNIA. The IVetkly' Herald, will be ready at 8 o'clock this morning. It will be an exceedingly interesting publication. It will contain a map ol the routes of Captain Fremont, in bis expeditions to the Rocky Mountains, Uregon and California, in 1842, '3 und '4, and two beautilully'illustrated views of Chimney Kock and Fort Laramie. Chimney Kock is a singular natural formation on the north fork of the Platte river The late foreign news breught by the Great Bri tain, and the domestic intelligence of the week, will also be found in the tVeekly. The Foreign Viivn?The Price of Flour. The Hibernia, a fast sailer, was out a little over thirteen days when the mail left Boston yesterday afternoon. We may,therefore, expect her news early this morning. It is anxiously looked for; all are interested in the fate ot the English harvests. Mr. Polk's Cabinet. The rumor relative to the re-organ iz-.tion of the present cabinet acquires fresh probability and strength every day, the somewhat petulant contra diction of .the official paper at Washington to the contrary notwithstanding. Indeed, we do not ex pect that a cabinet coming into existence as the present, can last lully a year. As a general rule, with some exceptions indeed, we believe it will be seen that the first cabinet of no President elected by the people, from the organization of the govern ment, has lasted over a year, and in not a lew in stances its existence has beenfor a still briefer pe riod. This arrives from the peculiar construction of republican government in this country. General Washington was elected unanimously, but ins cabinet, formed of the two parties then in em- J hryo, could not coalesce for a long time and accord- ' mgly it was soon dissolved. Mr. Jefferson became President as a chief of a party, and his cabinet was a little more permanent than that of his great prede cessor, because lie was the' master spirit, and all those under him received their ideas from him in stead of communicating them to him. Mr. M bi son's administration was a continuation of rler son's, and had the sam degree of perm -nee in it. Mr Monroe occup Pre.- ? n r for two terms, in a time < -ace and juiet, when - liner were effaced ben a the two parties. Yet his cabi net quarrelled, but, the necessity ol the case prevent ed them from separa; ng in any other mode dian by running against each other for the sn ession before the people. Mr. Adams'cabinet wit ormed before his election by the House of Repn ntat and was a matter of arrangement, so that tence from fortuitous circumstai. went in as an unpledged President, ca binet was accordingly split to pieces in man a year after his inauguration. Mr. Van Buren's ad ministration was merely a second edition, or ra ther a degenerate off-shoot from that iron govern ment, and dissolved in its own weakness. General Harrison was elected like General Jackson and Washington, by the popular impulses, and if he had lived, his cabinet would have quarrelled in less than a year. As it was, Mr. Tyler came into power, and his administration took every shape und form in the course of the period when he held the helm. Mr. Polk has come into power by the impulse of the De mocracy, without pledges. His cabinet is formed of men with different views and different interests, and will therefore be unmanageable. We have no doubt that it will be reorganized before a year shall have elapsed from the time of his inauguration. In the new arrangement of the cabinet, we are very glad to see one man named, of whom we have a high opinion, and that is Mr. Flagg. He is a mo. dest, industrious, talented man, and would make an admirable Secretary of the Treasury, better than Mr. Walker, who is an ambitious, restless, stirring, somewhat unprincipled?in politics?and unreliable man We trust that the President will drive his team of six horses with firmness, skill and nerve' and that if any of these horses become restive, he will whip them out of the harness, turn them adrift, and put kindly animals in their place. The China Trade ?We have lately been much amused at the attempts made by one or two of the Boston papers to show that Boston is tar ahead of New York in the extent of her intercourse with the Celestials. We having published a list of vessels engaged in the China trade, under the head of East Indiamen, one of the pajiers made a desperate ef fort to impugn the general accuracy of our state ment. But we will let that philosopher run, with the following facts. It is frequently the case that owners of vessels leave it discretionary with the masters to take the best freight that offers, whether it is for Boston or New York; and as many of the vessels are now freighting in the East Indies, it is quite as probable that they will return to New York as Boston. We observe in the list of our neighbor, that the barque Sappho is put down lor Boston, when it is well known that she was loading for this city when the Rainbow and Venice left; and also that the Medo ra, of Charleston, is stated as loading tor Boston, when it is fair to suppose that she is not. Our ac curate neighbor, too, in his list, seems to be at a loss about the Ianthe. As our statement comprised China vessels only, we will mention that of the ar rivals in the United States from Canton, this year, forty-three arrived at New York, and only four at Boston, which we consider sufficient proof that the trade is in the hands of the New York merchants. And not alone in the China trade do we in this city Mand uppermost on the list, but in the trade to all parts of the world also. We are every where re presented by the greatest number of vessels and ton nage, and in many instances we exceed the tonnage of all the other ports of the United States put in a lump. On this point we refer to an extract from the official register of the commerce of Demerara, which we give under our maritime head in to-day's pa|>er. But we mean to encourage Boston, notwiihstand mg all its ill will to us. We mean to return good for evil. She is a nice little town, full of impulse and enterprise, and is willing to pay $3,000 to have a channel cut through the ice when her harbor is fro zen up, in order to get vessels to sea; and if she does not break her neck some fine morning, in her race to be something, she may yet reach the title of the Liverpool of America. Affairs in the Argentine Republic.?We have received the Brittih Packet, published at Buenos Ayres, of the 9th of August. It contains no particu lar news, but characterises the recent affairs in the River Plate as most disgraceful. It is a British pa pcr? yet it does not spare the British for the course England has taken against the Argentine confede. ration. Travel ro EtmorE?The steam ship Cambria, <'.ipt. Judkins, left Boston Thursday afternoon for Halifax and Liverpool, with uighty-two passengers, including Fanny Kemble Butler. It ap|iears by the published list, however, that not one of her iwssen gcrs is front the south of Baltimore, which is cer tainly a significant fact. All southrons probably shunned her tor fear of another abolition riot on hoard. Mexican and Texan News.?Very late intelli gence was received yesterday, from Texas and M?xieo. It is late and that is about all; it ia of very litile importance The Philosophical Conventions?Modern Re formers.?The " Industrial Congress" is still in ses sion, and the one-and-twenty Solomons oi whom it is composed are busily engaged in discussing their | plans tor the amelioration of mankind?the universal diffusion of wealth?and the " solution ot the great ' mysterious problem of the age." A long-winded address, delivered by the President of this wiBe as semblage, Mr. Hart of Illinois, is published in the Fourier organ of yesterday. It discusses with un fathomable skill the science of government?politi- j cal economy?laws?abuses the rich, commiserates the poor,?talks in the usual wild strain of the re organization of society, and altogether answers the description given by Hassania of the oratorical ef" ' forts of Grationa: "Grationa speaks an infinite deal of nothing more than any man in all Venice; his reasons are as two grains of wheat hid in two bushels of chaff; you shall seek all day ere i you tind them, and when they are found, they are not worth the search." Robert Owen has also an address in the Tribune, to the " gen tlemen connected with the press of the United States," in which he places himself in the same category with Galileo, Columbus, Watt, Fulton, Franklin, and other illustrious worthies of the past, who were " long and severely opposed by the press,'' although they were engaged in prosecuting discove ries from which the world ffow derives incalculable advantages. But this is not all. The appendix to the " World's Convention" is still in session at the Police Office. It has been exceedingly rich in characteristic deve lopements of the intelligence, wisdom, common sense and respectability of the modern reformers.? We give the report of the proceedings to-day, not having had room for it in yesterday's Herald. By the way, we take this opportunity of saying, that we meant no disrespect to Justice Drinker in our re marks yesterday. He is an oftiiwr of justice, and, therefore, entitled to respect. But we do not regard any of the members of the " World's Convention," I or " Industrial Congress," or any of these ridiculous and worse than ridiculous assemblages of fanatics, fools and knaves, as entitled to respect. Their rant ings and ravings and disorganizing publications and addresses are calculated to produce mischief, and only mischief, in society. Already we have seen the wicked fruits of these detestable movements of revolution and disorganization. It was the persever ing efforts of the TViftuae, and other Fourier and re volutionary organs, that contributed largely to the melancholy insurrections in the anti-rent districts, which have resulted in outrage, blood, and the con demnation to the gallows and the State Prison of se veral of the misguided dupes of our "modern re formers." In fact, the absurdity?loily?knavery?free and easy notions of right and wrong?detestable views of marriage and rights ol property of these "reform ers' have been painted to the life in Burns' "Jolly Beggars." The chorus appears to have been writ ten'tor the "Industrial Congress" and "World's Con A fig forthoc law protected! LiDeittu glorious fiiul Courts f-?r Co" u:ds were elected. Churches Unit to please the priest. What is title ? what is treasure I What is reputation's care 1 If we lead a hie ol' pleasare, Tie no matter how or where ! A tig, he. With the ready trick and fable, Round we wander all the day ; And at night, in bam or stable, Hug our doxies on the hay. A tig, he. Hoes the train-attended carriage Thro' the country lighter rove ^ Does the sober bed of marriage Witness brighter scenes of lore ? A tig, he. Life is all a variorum, We regard not bow it goes , Let them cant about decorum Who have characters to lose. A tig, he. Here's to budgets, bags, and wallets Here's to all the wandering train '. Here's oar ragged brats, and callets ! One and all cry out, Amen A fig, he. ! ThkCamblino Establishments.?There hits been I some talk about closing up the gambling establish ments in this city, but nothing has yet been done, nor will anything be done. In fact ii the moral feeling of the public should be roused to such an ex tent as to compel the closing of those gambling es tablishments round about the Park, we do not see why the same feeling should not o;>erate to the same extent in Wail street, so as to break up all the banks and broker's shops in that interesting region, con secrated to the worship and ceremonies of Mam mon. The recent developments only disclose the plun. dertng of one of the houses down town to the extent > of forty or fifty thousand dollars, by the manoeuvre of the gamblers round the Park. But according to a very probable estimate, it is likely that half a mil lion of dollars have been levied annually upon the in dustrious portion of the community by the Napoleon of the blacklegs and his associates throughout the country. Najtoleon, it seems, keeps a splendid pan demonium, fitted up in the greatest style in Broad way, near the Park, with a branch in Courtlandt street, another in Vesey street, and one in the upper part of Broadway, with several others round about the fashionable squares, on much the same plan as Brandreth and Comstock have adopted in the propagation of their particular line oi business. We understand that this chief of the fraternity, during the last few years, has amass ed a fortune of nearly half a million. In almost every one of our large cities he has establish ed a faro-bank, which he lets out to the highest bid der, and thus receives the most imjiortant part of his income in the form ol rent. He goes most deci dedly against all anti-rentism?considers the anti renters as the greatest rebels in the world?and is indeed as ;>atriohc and as ardently attached to the laws on this point as any landed proprietor in the Union. His establishment, in the upper part of Broadway, is furnished in a style of princely magni ficence. Here he gives elegant suppers, and fre quently editors, doctors, players, bankers, lawyers, parsons, and all sorts of |?np!e assemble to give fclat to his parties, and discuss his canvass-backs and choice wines. It is even said that some of these gamblers employ news|>apers, and keep up tottering presses, for the purpose of getting them through those scrapes into which even the most adroit will occasionally fall. We have no doubt, also, that this fraternity and the officers of justice are well acquainted, and that a part of their plunder is frequently used in evading the law when any of their robberies are discovered, as in the recent instances in this city. We do not believe, at all, that the late disclosures, melancholy and instructive as they are, will lead to any decided measures nguinst the gambling establishments, or : that those who have defrauded thoir employers will 1 meet with proper puni hnient. Dr. Rkx.sk.?'The Hoard of Supervisors having concluded the investigation in the case of Dr. Reese, will dispose of the matter, it is expected finally upon Tuesday, when the Board will again meet. An opinion, however, prevails, that the Board may be induced to delay action upon the sub [ ject until after the election in November, from party considerations. Since the case first came up, on the 22d July, the Board have hsld eighteen specie' meetings and taken testimony; which, after the first or second day, may be considered a recapitula" tion of the facts brought before the Board. During each of these sittings, the members composing the Court?nineteen were entitled to two dollars each per sitting, which with the incidental expenses, of gas light, iVc., has amounted to a considerable sum, which is to he drawn from the City Treasury. The decision in the case, involving a question which , Imh recently created considerable excitement, is looked to with some interest. From St. Croix.?Capi. West, of the brig Kin Irotn St. Uroix, arrived last night, informs us tr the island was suffering greatly from the want rain, and that the crop* would be short In onn< queue*. American produce plenty. Banishment and Flight of the Mormons.?The continued and brutal persecutions of the Mormons, have at length terminated in the voluntary banish - ment of that community from Nauvoo, to the re gions beyond the Rocky Mountains. We give in another column the correspondence which took place between the leaders of the Mormons and of 1 their persecutors. The whole affair, from begin" j ning to end, has been a lamentable display of fana- ' ticism and mob violence. Vet the violent expnlsion of the Mormons may lead to good. The will pro bably settle in California, and there form the germ of a powerful community. The oppressions of the Hebrews by the Egyptians, caused their flight from that land, and after crossing the ocean and the wil derness, they settled in the land of Canaan, and there produced a revolution that civilized the whole world. But no intelligent patriot can regard these out breaks of jiopular violence in this country without the deepest sorrow. They are eagerly seized upon by the monarchists of Europe, and by the enemies of republican government every where, and made the foundation of arguments against the safety and practicability of free institutions. Of suchcharac* ter was the outrage in Lexington, Kentucky. It is very true that Cassius M. Clay was pursuing an in cendiary and obnoxious course ; but the exercise of mob law, in utter defiance of every principle of jus tice, was calculated to inflict on the conntry still greater evil and shame. In this State we have had, recently, alarming exhibitions of the same spirit of outrage and resistance to the laws: but, happily, by the faithfnl exercise of the power of the judiciary, the supremacy of the law has been vindicated, and the aggressors visited with prompt and merited punishment. All these manifestations of a spirit of rebellion and disorganization, may be traced to the disorga nizing and demoralizing" influence of such crazy, fa natical and revolutionary "reformers" as those who manage the Tribwu?-the organ of the Fourie rites and all other sects.of philosophers. The common sense and sagacity of the American people,sustained by a fearless and independent press, will always be able to subdue the destructive tendencies of fanati cism, and to maintain in integrity and glory the free institutions of the republic. Leopolddk Meyer.?This "lion pianist," as he is universally styled in Europe, will make his first appearance in America on Monday next, at the Park; and the excitement which his arrival in this country has called forth in the musical and fashion able world, is indescribable. Those who have heard him are quite bewildered, through his stupendou8 power and bravoure, and still more delighted through the matchless grace and delicacy of his playing. Our most competent musicians do not hesitate in placing him above any pianist, not even Liszt and Thalberg accepted. During the tew days he has been staying in New York, he has not alone been visited by many of our most distinguished citi zens, but all the musicians, without any distinction of country or nation, have paid their respects to this wonderful man. We are glad to see this una nimity amongst our artists, as it proves that they are animated by a proper esprit fit corps, which nev er fails to do justice to real merit and true great ness. Meyer undoubtedly is the most finished ar tist who has ever appeared, since the days of Paga nini, over whom he has the advantage of a most amiable, generous, and jovial private character. He is, moreover, a remarkably handsome fellow, with fair hair, blue eyes, and a hearty and merry laugh. He attracted universal attention, last evening, at the Park, where he appeared to be quite delighted with the exquisite acting of the Keans. Stkamship Great Britain.?The " Down East'? papers and people seem to be particularly well pleased with the sight they had of the monster steamer. They have given all sorts of descriptions of her. In one paper we have the following, which inay interest some one : t'.T TRACTS FROM THE JOURNAL OK THK SrKAMIIIIP Great Britain. October Iith, 1346.?These twenty, lour hours commenced with light breezes from the east ward ; S o'clock, A. M., surrounded by thin light fogs ; sea short and uncomfortable; observed at M., in 3S de grees N. ?9' il W? 4 o'clock, P. M-, perceiving the wa ter lighter colored, sounded in 30 fathoms water ; ex amined the charts, found no such soundings, and ima I gined that a new Shoal was being formed, which we named " Blunder Bank." Let. by obs. 33 degrees 30 N 70 degrees 60 W. t October 13th.-These twenty-four hours commenced with light airs from the eastward. At daylight, found ourselves encompassed by shoals as far as the eye could roach, to the North and South , soon discovered laud hearing West 10 miles distant. Doubting whether it was inhabited, we approached the shore, and after firing a gun or two, we perceived a canoe with two or three natives approaching. After requesting the ladies to proceed to thecabin, for fear of treachery, we allowed the rude boat to come alongside. The officer of the deck was instruct ed not to charge the " two shillings" for admission, and the natives were allowed to come on board free of charge. Our head cook, who understood the Magyer language, found that the island was called " Nantucket" by the inhabitants, which wero quite numerous. One of the natives, seeming somewhat more intelligent than the rest, undertook to pilot us out from among the numerous shoals, and from whom tha cook found that this island had never before been visited by civilized men. That the ]>eople live chiefly on blubber, and wear a kind of cloth made from the fur of sheep Concluding that the inhabi tants could not read, we left no newspapers. Our captain named the island " Navigators' Island," in honor of the great skill manifested in getting there. Lat. by obs. 40" 4 N. 71" 30 W. 4 P. M.?Got clear from this new island and proceeded on our voyage. The Nantucket Intiuirer of Tuesday says The large iron steamer Great Britain, Capt. Hoskins, sixteen days from Liverpool, with the loss of one mast, was discover ed from Siaaconset, yesterday morning, about six o'clock inside of the Bass Hip, heading in shore, and continued to run in until she was oil the head of the harbor, some six miles south of Great Point, with the town of Nan tucket fnil in tight, when she stopped her engine, being then about half a mile from the shore, set hersignal and fired two or three times for a pilot, when Capt. Obed Luce made his appearance on the beach, and a boat was sent from the steamer and took him on board. Captain Luce was not a pilot, but advised Capt. Hoskins to run down oft' Biasconset, where he could obtain one. This i was immediately done, and at about nine, A. M., a boat> 1 commanded by C'apt. George W. < oftln, started from 8i asconset, boarded her off that place, and left on board ' Capt. Nathan Gibbs, a pilot who was in every way com I>etent to extricate the noble steamer from the difficulty that.she bad been got into,and to take her to N.York,the , port of her destination. She then made the best of her | way out, passed Great Point, and went up the Vineyard Sound in fine style, much to the delight of thousands who embraced this opportunity of viewing her. She | was in sight from town some five or six hours. We tin j demand from Capt. Luce, that Capt. Hoskins cannot tell liow he got inside of the Bass Hip ; but had the weather ' been thick, we can tell that his vessel would have been high and dry upon the shore in a very short time. It will undoubtedly be remembered by some that when the ship Centurion was on the South Shoal, during the Inst summer, that the Great Western was seen from the Island near her, and that when she arrived at New York, a day or two after, the Captain reported a ship, " wheic from and where wrecked unknown and as we are in formed, afterwards denied having been in sight of Non tucket. A correspondent of the Inquirer says No doubt Captain Hoskins will acknowledge himself within the South Shoal this time. And no doubt remains upon the mind of every intelligent citizen of Nantucket, who was acquainted with the position of the Great Britain on Monday morning, that if the weather had been foggy from fivo A. M., until seven A. M., the monster would hsve laid her hones upon the sands of Nantucket, as no earthly power could have availed in removing her, had she once struck the beach. fciportlng Intelligence. The Late Match Btrwn.v Liar Suffolk and Mos cow.?'The whole sporting circle is in a great muss rela tive to this affair on the Beacon course, on Thursday. Thera have been other matters much more glaring than 'his, upon which not one half the bother has been made The different parties connected with the affair havo made affidavits, lie. relative to the transaction as to fairness, sic ? What more could men do1 And in consequence, the purse has been handed over to the winner, Moscow Some ugly threats have been made to the effect of pre venting the Lady from ever displaying her powers in this neighboihood again. Her proprietor knows the parties, and has his remedy. The Lady is not fo he smotherod up thus, because some individuals have lost f 100or so. Her owner offera to allow another named individual to drive her for any amount of his own money against the same enimal. Those things must he avoided, or else trotting in this country will become " among the thinga that have been," or centre in the hand* ol tho lowest of the low We may give the particulars of the whole af lairin a ahort time, if worthy. Hee advertisement for a challenge for Moarow. Pkmcntrianism in ''anada On the 22d mutant, there i? fo he Rcvcral loot raceh on the St. Pierre race course, near Montreal ; among the competitors wilt lie the mo?t celebrated pedestrians ol tho slay Among those likoly to enter their names are William Jackson, an Knglishman, but known in the (porting world as" the American DeerJohn Gilderslecve, of New 1 ork ; Billy Bailow, of Wiiliainshurgh. Long Island ; Robert Williams, known as " the Welsh Han turn ;" George Seward, and others, betides some of the fleetest of our Indiana Among them, it is highly pro bable that " Steerock," the Tonawanda Indian, (now ra ?Win* naar Toronto) will anter. He has been backed to run 11 milei within tha hottr ~ Montreal Oareiu. ^ Theatricals. Task Thuihk.?The performance last evening wu (or the benefit of Mre. C. Kean. At an early hour every ?eat wai occupied by beauty, talent, and taate. Before the curtain aroae, not a seal was to be Uad^in any part of the house ; it was uncomfortably full for those who wished to enjoy the treat ; numbers in the pit were obliged to set three in two, that is, a third on the knees of two others ; the same in the second tier. The boxes were crowded at an early hour. " The Lady of Lyons" was the first piece. At the late hour of the evening's performances, and the crowded state of our columns, we have not an opportunity at the present time to notice this piece as it was presented. Suffice it to say, it was never presented to an American audience in suoh per fection, and was rapturously received by a congregation of the most talented admirers of dramatic presentation in this country, with unbounded applause. " We know not how it is, but so it is," that with every appearance of the Kean's, more beauties are discovered in their pre sentations. Let it be so. At the end of the first piece there was considerable cheering. Mr. and Mrs. Keen came hand in hand together, ana by their obeisance ac knowledged the compliment. The interlude of " The Follies of a Night" succeeded, in which the two Keans took the principal characters, well supported by Messrs. Bass and Fisher; the latter in particular showed himself very happy in the conception of his character and very effective. The whole pieoe was highly appreciated, if applause is to be a criterion. The Keans showed them selves equally fitted for the lighter portion of the drama as that of the higher order. The piece throughout, was well received. At the conclusion there were loud and continued calls; the principal parties of the evening's en tertainments came forward and bowed their acknow ledgments. The applause continued after their with drawal, and it was not until the house was pretty well emptied, that the applause ceased for Mr. Kaau's address. They appear again this evening. Bowaar Theatre.?Last evening " Putnam" was again presented to another crowded house. Americans are never wearied with dwelling on the thrilling words of patriotism, and witnessing the trials through which their fathers passed for the achievement of their liberty. After "Putnam," the" Forest*of Bondy,"in which Messrs Cony and Blanchard, with their wonderful dog Hector, appeared, was performed, and the evening closed with the farce of "Young Kngland." To-night we have the same hill. Niblo s.?Last evening's entertainments were for the benefit of Mrs. Mowatt. Immediately upon the opening of tho doors, the rush was tremendous; and before the close of the first act every soat, avenue and available foothold was secured by the admirers of Mrs. Mowatt, and those who are over enthusiastic to do her honor? and who, better than she, deserves it? Mrs. Mowatt has commenced a new era in the history of the American drama, .;nd the admirers of native talent will always be ready to support her. "London Assurance," and the"Ho ney Moon," was the bill presented. Of the cast in" Lon don Assurance" we have already spoken. 11 is without doubt the strongest that was ever made in that fine come dy. The "Honey Moon" was played after "London Assur ance." Mrs. Mo watt's Juliana is one of her best perform ances. Her delineations of love struggling with pride, and haughty independence with duty, was such as to carry the house with her. To-night is the last of the season at Niblo's, and we have the " Golden Farmer," with John Sefton as Jemmy Twitcher; after which the farce of" Uncle Sam." Mr. Templeton's Entertainment.?Mr. Templeton gave his second musical entertainment, at Palmo'a, last night. The house was well filled, chiefly by our Scot tish fellow citizens, as the entertainment was specially devoted to their gratification, consisting of a number of the most popular of Burns'ballads, interspersed with an ecdotes of the peasant bard himself. Both anecdotes and songs were, of course,received with great applause. The Swiss Bell Rinoers.?During the present week, this popular and extraordinary band havo attract ed brilliantly fashionable and crowdod audiences to their concerts at the Tabernacle and Apollo. To-night, they give their la?t farewell performance in this city,

and offer ono of tho most attractive programmes. Our friends will do well to hear them to-night, for " Take them for all in all? ~\Ve ne'er shall listen to their like again." Aad it must be long 'ere they can return to this city, as they are engaged to appear in the city of Mexico. Among other pieces, they play to-night the overture to "Fra Diavolo"?Haydn's "Surprise," and a "Wedding I'eal." We have no doubt the Apollo will be crowded to bid farewell to them. In the words of the song? " It must bo for long, And it may be for evor." Therefore, let's give the Swiss Bell Ringers a bumper at parting. Mrs Barnes and Miss Chorlotte Barnes have arrived in town from London, by the Hendrick Hudson. Ma. and Mrs. Chari.es Kean.?We are happy to be able to announce that Messrs. Ludlow & Smith have ef fected an engagement with the distinguished artists whose names we have given above I'pon her first two visits to this country, Mrs. Kean, then Miss Ellen Tree, won all heurts and hands by a style of acting incompar ably superior to any which we have seen since, and which few or none of those who preceded her upon the stage can have surpassed. And yet they say she is im proved. Wo see not how it can ne possible, nor do we ask for any thing more than the Ellen Tree of former years, the embodiment of all that is exipiisito in aeting. Ease and elegance of manner, sweetnass of voice, cir rcctness una vigor of conception, were in her united with an unbounded ttow of spirits which gave to her performances unfailing racinoss and zest. Mr. Kean is a thorough scholar in his profession, and in a few charac ters English critics allow hiin 110 rival. But were it otherwise, we could pardon in him a thousand faults, for the saae of again studying and enjoying the wonderful personations of his charming wife.?AT. O. Picayune, -tug. 7. City Intelligence. Castle Garden ?We paid a visit to Castle Garden a few evenings since, and returned with a feeling of thank fulness that our pent up city was blessed with one place where, freed from the dust and artificial scenes which surround us, we may commune with Nature. We stood on the piazza which surrounds the Garden, and gazed out upon the noble Hudson, in which was mirrored, in beautiful clearness, the moon and her attendant stars. A flood of silver light streamed down the bay, and stand ing where we did, looking up the river, we could see for many miles the sparkliug water, whitened with the sails that shimmered iu the gentle breeze of evening. In the other direction?Staten Island, Governor's Island, and the Narrows?all were spread out in a beautiful pa norama before us. There is no place in the city where the lover of nature can so enjoy himseli as at Castle Garden. All manner of persons can find pleasure there. The Garden is now open te visitors all day and in the evening. In a short time bolls will be given there, and there is no better nor larger dancing hall in the city. National Theatre.?The ground on which the old National Theatre stood, on Leonard street, has been built up with a handsomo block of buildings. We hope that the owners of them will do something toward re trieving the character of that vicinity by renting them for no improper uses. Whhj Senatorial Convention.?The whig Senatorial Convention met yesterday at the Broadway House, and prevailed upon Hon. Luther Brndish (who had resigned the nomination) to continue as a candidate. Death bv bkino Bi.rned.?The Coroner was called this morning to hold an inquest at the City Hospital, on the body of a boy named John Barry, aged 4 years, who came to his death from the effects of burns, occasioned by his clothing taking fire while playing with a piece ol lighted paper,during a brief absence of his mother. Si'dden Death.?The Coroner was railed also to hold an inquest, at No. 1S4 Anthony stroet, upon tho body of a female, of dissolute habits, named Mary Handley, who was found dead in her bod yesterday morning. Verdict in accordance with the facts. ? The Weather?We have at last emerged fromjthe hot, sultry weather of summer, and the damp, rainy sea son that followed it, and launched out into a sea of clear, bright, sunny days and cool star-light nights. No sultry fog obscures the sun, but the air is clear and bracing. The mosquito has sung his own requiem and departed to lands unknown, and left us to sleep away these cool, sleep-giving nights, undisturbed by his villanous hum In such weather as this, any man who is not happy must be possessed -of an incorrigibly unhappy disposition. Hebrew Benevolent Society.?This benevolent insti tution will celebrate its '14th anniversary by a dinner, to be given at tho Apollo on tho nth of November. Reoistrt Convention. ?The Democratic Registry Convention met last evening, at Tammany Hail, and after several unsuccessful balloting*, adjourned till Tuesday night. American Institute. The customary annual address of this society was de livered by Mr. Elliott, of Massachusetts, at the Taberna cle, last evening, to an audience of at least five thousand persons. Never before have we seen so many people congregated within this building, hundreds being oblig ed to stand up. Mr. Elliott waa introduced to the audience by General Talmadga, tho venerable President of the Institute, who made a few remarks previous to his introducing Mr. El liott. He said that this was tho eighteenth anniversary of tiiss Institute, and that it was highly gratifying to the managers to witness tho mighty demonstration made last night. He compared the depressed state of manufactures generally in the years 1887, '38 and '3!>, with their prosper ous condition now, and attributed the change to the work ing of the tariff of 184-J. Ho denied that tho Institute had political ends In view, but that it was established solely lor the encouragement and advancement of American manufactures and agriculture. Mr. Elliott then got up and delivered the address ? lie contrasted the state of our country seventy years ago, when the fields were forests, and the immense water pri vileges unproductive, with the presont state. He then dwelt on agriculture, commerce, manufactures and me chanics?their mutual dependence upon each other, and their united dependence upon human labor, the founda tion of all, end the right which each was entitled to of a share of impartial legislation and protection He stated that last year there were 7-iS millions of bushels of grain raised in the United States, of which tho State of New \ ork supplied 7ft millions ; t rat the crop of hay was 71ft, mm tons, the crop of tobacco !?tt millions of pounds; H7J millions pounds of cotton; 111 millions of pounds of rice; .'ill millions pounds ol sugar, and 3!M,?pft pounds of silk, lit- impressed upon the audience tho obligations which llic present generation is iindet to the future, and stated that the past has defined tlio ol.ligations In tho course ol his remarks he alluded to tho magnetic telegraph of Professor Morso, nn.1 the other usci to which electro magnetism has been applied, and tho proliable revolu tions which that power was likely to effect. He con cluded by impressing anon the < Convention the duty of all to the workingman, and their duty to second and carry out all measures having in view his elevation. The Sacred Music Society net-formed some piece* of music in the style for which its members ere so cele brated I Fair of the American Institute at Nlbto'a Unrtlen Machivi: Room.?This room is fitted with steam power for the purpose of driving the various machines that are kAro Mxhibitod There ere quite e number of model*, however, ill*his roomand the' actual working ?.ohina. are but few, comparatively speaking. Among the me jeli we obierved one of a ?elf-aupporting Iron bridge, the Invention of Mr. Nathaniel Rider, Worcester county, Man. The plan that this gentleman propoeem lo adopt in the erection of bridge, it very ingenious indeed.as the necessity for arches and mpporU that interfere with tM navigation of a itroam over which a bridge is to be laid, ii completely done away with by hi. method, which, though perfectly.implo and plain,when we see it """? nut, yet, like Columbus- egg, it was very puzzling to imagine hew it could be done before seeing it. A model of a street sweeper, und self loading cart, on Mr. Mussey's plan, attracts a great deal of attention His invention is entitled to all credit. The c irt is easily drawn by one horse, and the motion thus communicated to it again sets in motion a set of revolving brushes which are arranged on the buckets, as it were, of a large wheel, built on the plan of a water wheel. The dirt thus accumulated, by an ingenious process, is carried into the cart and thus, as it moves on, it leaves a "clean sweep" in its track. The " cloaniug of the streets" has, for many vears back, been the sticking point, the causa Httrrima htlli of all the corporations, whigs, natives and demo crats?in fact, we have often thought that such a ma chine as this would be a godsend to any party who would wish to keep the political power ol the city in their hands. Here they have it, and we respectfully recom mend it to their notice. .Model of a patent reaping and mowing imMhine J F. Woodward, L'pper Preeltold, N. J. The object lor which this machine was built, is a very ""portant to farmers in general, and our friend from New Jersey has shown a little mora acuteness than the folks from that State generally evince. The expense of gathering n a large harvest If grain is often equal to hal/th. price of it. as, in many section, of the country but lew tran sient laborers are to be found, and those who happen to he on hand demand very high wages. Many attempts have been made to invent a machine capable of catting down ffrain, but they have either proved too expensive, or onlv fit for certain kinds of grain, that they have "ever a. yet been much used. This model, however, appears very simple, the progressive power which is given to it byhorse power sets in motion a number of pairs of shears which clip the stalks off with uniformity ; by a revolving motion somewhat similar to that in the common horse rake tha grain, when cut, is tossed into the body of the machine, and thus all trouble is saved. It is very inge nious, indeed. . . A model ol a safety switch for railroads, and a sell equalizing truck from O. A. NicholU, Reading, Pa. I he great difficulty, delay, and accident, that frequently oc cur in railroad affairs from the non-attendance or negligence of those in charge of the change of the switches, has been a matter ol great import ance to the travelling public in general, aud Mr. Nicholls, by his invention, has been a public beuefactor; the model that he exhibits shows a perlect method of having switches so arranged, that even suppos ing the gates were not properly attended to, they would still not allow the cars to run off the proper track. His self-equalizing car is also an excellent invention, as by it all accidents from the consequences of oscillations,Ac. will be prevented. A model of a seed planter from Joseph Jones, Camden, N- J. A very pretty little model, and one which will not only save a great deal of time, but plant seed with much A patent spring exerciser in tho shape of a saddle on springs, which wnon mounted, the person using it, grasps two stationary arms that are attached to it, and after giv ing one or two springs, he will procure a motion ">milHr to that of a gentlo horse canter. It is very well udaptcd for weak or timorous persons, who are unable to mount the real horse, and by this machine they can obtain as much exercise as if they were really mounted on the most splendid courser in the world. It has this advan tage over the animal, its cost is but small, and it does not eat any thing. It is the invention of Mr. James Llliott, of Newark N? J* A mortising machine from Mr. Jacobus, of Wooster street. We think we havo seen this machine at hairs ot previous years, but it is very good, and we should sup pose would fina much iavor in the eyes of carpenters, who, by the old method, are obliged to undergo so much to accomplish so little in making u mortico hole; in this machine,by merely placing the wood underneath the chi ael, in a few minutes the work is done. There are ral other machines for morticing in the Fair; they are all V*A^1breaking and cleaning machine for flax and hemp, a rotatory hackle, and u rotting vat, from O. W. Billings, St. Louis, Mo. The growing importance of the hemp trade of the west has called out the inventive genius of our people, and this machine is admirably adapted to pre pare the hemp for market. The great fault which has ; been found in Kurope with tho hemp that has hitherto been exported lroin this country, has not been in the quality of the staple itself, but in the manner in which it has been prepared for market; and many who have gone into the business have found it a losing operation From this circumstance. The present invention of Mr. Billings will aid them materially in accomplishing what was formerly such a drawback to this trade. A large planing mill, irom Wilson, of this city. _ We I did not see this mill in operation, but from the specimen of some of its work that we saw laying by it. it would soem to be a very excellent plan, ar.d one well calculat ed to save the great amount of labor necessary to pre pare a singlelboard for a carpenter's use. Tanning machine, lrom David Howell, Hammond street. This is a very excellent affair, and proves that j leather can bo tanned in much less time than is usually taken to do it. .. , _ , . An improved Throstle Spinning machine, from John Johnson, F.ast Broadway. This machice, from its deli cate operation, is quite beautiful. Tho reels go round with such rapidity and regularity, and the results of its spinning aro seen so quickly, that wo wore enticed to remain watching it a considerable time. We havenot hail an opportunity of comparing it with othor Throat ling machines ovor which it claims to be an improvement, but we think that it is decidedly a unique affair. A Farm-house Gate, from Morns O. Goble, Newbarg. This little model is very pretty, and the plan for opening and shutting the gate is very good, as by merely pulling a handle the gate recedes and is thrown open. Many a country house would be embellished! by such a Rate, as it is very handsome in itself Wo noticed another Oato in the J air which comes nearly to that long-sought desideratum, viz : a gate which can be opened without dismounting from a car riage. The one we have reference to wae very ingenious, but it occupies too much ground, and where land is valu abla could scarcely be used. A model of a Bridge from Geo Thayer, Springfield, Mass. This model has been adopted by one of the rail road companies, and is a very good plan, though we do not discover anything new in its principles. A Brussels Carpet-making machine, from James Light body, Jersey City. We were unable to ascertain much about this machiue, as the exhibitor was not on the ground during the time we spent there ; it looks very well and adapted to tho purpose it is intended for. Several grist mills, mills for grinding rice, inks, stalks, Ac. Ac. aro in this room. They are all of them worthy ef , a look, though they are generally but adaptions of former . plans, und may be looked upon as improvements rather j than new inventions. ,, , Wo are somewhat surprised that more working engines have not been exhibited here ; a model is but an unsati.- i factory way of showing forth the beauties of an inven- I tion, as in the science of mechanics sometimes a vast dif- | ference exists in the workings of a model and the full , sized apparatus. We yesterday spoke of the filling up of tho saloon with trifling articles; in this room we can find the same fault, and protest against the innumerable lit tle models of steam engines that crowd the shelves.? Such works are doubtless very iugeuious in the work mahship, but they do not serve to illustrate a single new item in the advance of steam nower; and looking at them in this light, they are totally out of place here. It would be well if the Institute would adopt some method of instructing visitors as to the peculiarities of the ma chines that are at the Fair, as when the owners or exhi bitors do not happen to be there those viewing them are left in a delightful state of ignorance as to the meaning of ail that they see. Could not some printed descriptions of them be posted up in their vicinity,so that "those who run might read?" On tho whole, this department is not so interesting as one would have supposed. From the in ventive powers of Americans generally we would cer tainly expect a greater show at this Fair than they have given this year. . _ Hat DKPAXTMKrtT.?The hat department exhibits a great variety?almost as great as the number of hatters in the city. Among those which principally attracted our attention, and the attention of the visitors, were the specimens seat from the store ol Philosopher Knox.ot 110 Fulton street For fineness of texture,lightness,strength, pliability and neat appearance,his beaver and nutria hate excel any wa have seen, and his silk hats are as glossy and shioing as the surface of a summer lake. They arc trimmed in a neat and entirely original manner. Thk Caiti-k Fair.?Moat of the fine cattle ex hibited during the week, were removed last eve ning. The splendid bull "Jupiter," to whom was awarded the first premium, and the beautiful white heifer, called " Young Lilly," and sister to Juniter, were left on the ground, having been sold ; the bull to go to Bridgeport, Connecticut, and the heifor to Dunville, New Jersey. These two animals wore raised by Wm. VI. Woolsey, F.sq., of Astoria, and were the two most ad mired by the visitors Movement* of Travellers, There wm yesterday a further acromion of travellers. Although tho departures wore equally mimoroua, the hotels are full of life and bustle still. We found at the Aairaicnis?J. R. Habersham, Savannah; M. F.. Habersham, do; Judge Hayne, do; Robert Deatherage, Virginia; Mr, Howland, Rhode Island; J. C. Smith. Ly ons; (ieorgo Devis, Boston; A. M. Manigan, II Bchutx, F,. Lords, (Charleston, S. C; J. L. Nowhold, Maryland; H. Harvey, Philadelphia; F. C. Kcmyss, do; Joseph Hamilton, Texas. Autos.?W. M. Henman, Mr. Morris, Judge Words worth, Hyde Park; K. S. Rowe. Albany; 1) and J. Hykes, (Jeorgia; J. Mallorv, Troy; W. II Prentiss, Boston; John A.(Collier, Albany; (Jeo. Lambert, Boston; J. El wood, Rochester; Mic'f Carter, Kngland; J. M. Done gani, Montreal; C. Hays, J. Maynard, Phila; Oeo. W. Bull, Buffalo; Jas. McCloary, Cincinnati; H. Worrell, Philadelphia. Citt ?J. T. Taylor, Raleigh, N. C.; J. Dwight, N. H; C P Manning, Phila; K. Wood, Albany; Morris L. Keen, West ; S. M. Woodruff, Alhany ; E. C. Berwer, Middleton; Huhber, Ohio; J. E. Marshall, Mass; O. A. liulien, Worcester; A. W. Hoyt, Mass; Northrop Hale, f'eekskill; J. M. Lottie, Phila; Oeo. ? Archer, do; Wal lace Segeison, N. O. _ FatiKMis.?T. Johnson, N. O; C. Nnnn, Pntnam; Jas. Field, Phila; D.S.Cole, Oswego; H. Iloadly. N H ; J. K. King, Ky; C. II Uakin, Wisconsin; H. M. Wells, Co lumbia co, J. Utlleit,Detroit; J. Conning,Mobile; W. Mc I allister, Halom; W Reynolds, Mobile; J. farmer, ?O?0ae ?James Olynn, N. H; Oscar Mitchell, Jamaica; Mr. Thatcher, Phila; H Thomas, N. O; Ocorge Carter, ^ 'flow*an. ('has. Arnold, Savannah, Robert Dealhel rage Va- J. C. Virgin, Portsmouth, Johnson and Bro thers', Hull, II W. Oardiinr, Prov; J. Bryan, A. Neshitt, N. ( , D. Iliggi'i". Washington City; H. Murray, do; F.. Baron, Mich, Jos. Atkinson, Newport; Thos Crook, Albany; J Mllla, Montreal; R. Holmea, Boston; A. (Gard ner, Troy; H. Diinlap, Phila; J. M. Ilarry, Phila.; J. Har per, do; Col A. H. Squire, Texas. Certain hnri in Maryland have instituted legal proceedings for the raoovary of 6000 eorai of land in Washington on, called the MontpeUer mate. POLICE OFFICE. Appendix l& World'# tonvtnUoii. lu the course of ths ?e..,,lon of th* Convention, one of our repoiters made a ilight e?"TOr uoticing the remarks made hy an individual named j^'kertson. That gentle, man was reported to have said U1*1 wa" knoclte'1 down and abused by his father until tlio Cftmu f,om his eyes and mouth. Mr. Robertson claima "'J take was malicious, and made complaint at the, "7.? ? (ice against the proprietor of this paper,and the ca*v ? 0 on before Justice Drinker, on Thursday last. Mr. . * bertson insisted upon having the examination public, a* he wanted, ho said, to have everything above board Re was then examined by Mr. (Jaluraith, counsel lor Mr. Beunett. Counsel?What is your age' Rohertson?I do not know that that is a pertinont question, and I decline answering it. On being directed by the magistrate to answer it, he said he was born on the 24th day of April, lull, on the borders of Cayuga Lake, about 4 o'clock in the morn ing, ns his mother and his aunt told him ; he cannot swear that he was ever born of bia own knowledge. Counsel?How do you think you camo into exiatenco then? Robertson?1 can't tell. Quks.?How have you been occupied since your fa ther died I Am.-In honest business wherever I've been. The magistrate suggested to Mr. Robertson that ho was not bouud to answer any question that might critm nate himself. Robkhtson (angrily)? Criminato myself,sir! I canuot criminate myself, sir. He or no other man can criminate me. God Almighty himself cant criminate me, sir. He (meaning the counsel) may search heaven, hell and space, sir, and he cant criminate ine, air. Qi'ks.?What's your occupation? Ans.?[ am engaged in writing for several papers, and gett ing advertisements for some when I can. Ques.?Were you ever in jail in Baltimore I Ans.?That is an impertinent question, and I wont an swer it; but I will answer that and every other question if you will answer me every question I put to you about James Gordon Bennett. Counsel?Well, I'm net undor oath; it will be my turn soon Robertson?Poople think mo a fool, but I'll show the dogs that they are barking up the wrong tree. May it please your honor, (addressing the Judge,) can't I have a reporter here I Here is Bennett's reporter, and he'll have it all his own way. Mao.?You can get one, if you think proper. Robertson?Weil, but look a her-r-e. Que*. ?How long did you remain with your lather af ter you were born? Ans.?I don't know; I don't remember; 1 never saw my father to know him. Mr. Robertson gets up on a chair, and keeps this elevated position during the rest of his examination. Robertson?[Leaning over the Judge's desk.]?Let me see what you have down now ! Judge reade. Robertson?Well f Robertson then detailed what he said at the convention, and in answer to the counsel, said he did not give a his tory of his whole life to the convention. I had read my Flan and made lome explanations in regard to it. Says j Mr. Chairman, 1 will give you some of my experience, to show you the reason why I commenced the study of reform. 1 was born at Cayuga; my parents moved West, where my father joined tho army aiul died; my mother returned to New Jersey, and died, and at eight years of age I was put to live with a poor, drunken brute, who would come up behind me saying what nice hair I had, and would then pull me down and stamp on me till the blood came from my nose, eyes and ears. Counsel?Were you pulled down on your back ' Robertson, for answer, puts his thumb to his nose, and said that when he finished he would answer him. Rorkrtson continued?1 have seen him with his hand full of hairs. Counsel?Husks, ho moans. Robertson?No, nor bristles, like yours: and that is the reason, said I, turning round the back of my head to tiie convention aud cntching the eye of the reporter?that is the reason I am bald so young. Counsel?What's the name of that " poor drunken bruto "I Ans.?I decline giving bis uumc out of respect to the feelings of his family. Counsel?1 insist upon the name. Robertson?You can't have it. The counsel then said that if Robertson persisted in refusing to give the name, ho would move that this com plaint bo dismissed. Robertson (addressing the Judge)?If your Honor un dertakes to discharge this case, I will take it beforo the Mayor in less than twenty-four hours. Mac is.?Now, my man, if you in ike any threats here, I will doal with you in a very summary way. The examination was then adjourned to 4 o'clock, when Mr. Robertson, and Mr. Palmer, as his counsel, at tended. Mr. Bennett'! counsel drew tlie attention 01 Kooert son to the fact that in the affidavit which he swore to on making the complaint, he stated that overy word and printed sentence of that part of the report which stated his being knocked down and abused, &c. was false; while he this day swore that he had been pulled down in the way stated, and abused; and the only difference in the report and what ho himself swears to now, is that the report stated his father to hove abused him; aud wished Air. Robertson to explain how the difference oc curred. RoBEiiTsoN--May it please your Honor, just send for Mr. Stowart, and ho will say what I meant to swear to. Counsel? But the affidavit speaks for itself. Mr. Robertson said that he meant that as far as it re garded his father, every word and sentence was false. Toe Reporter of the Herald was then sworn, and tes tified that he was present at the Convention when Mr. llobortson spoke; that he noted down what Mr. Robert son said, and as he thought then, and still thinks, coi rectly; that the Convention consideied Robertson a fool, and were not disposed to listen to him. The audieioe made a groat deal of noiso and confusion, and finally voted Robertson down. Cress-examined. Que*.?Are you interested in the Herald .' A.?1 am not in a pecuniary way. Q.?Are you a reporter for the Herald ? A.?I decline to answer that. Q.?Did Mr. Bennett ever speak to you about Mr Robertson ? A.?He never mentioned his name hut once, and that was this morning, when he requested me to accompany Mr. (Jalbrnith, and see about this business. The matter was then adjourned to 3 o'clock yesterday, when the counsel on each side summed up, and His Honor the Judgo took the papers, and said lie would givo his decision in a day or two, and so ended this im portant business. We shall publish the decision in the Herald? Police Intelligence. Oct. 17.?Perjury.?A Police Officer of Albany, named Moody Moore, was arrested in this city last evening, on a charge of perjury. Embezzlement.?A young man named Moses D. Oale. late in the employ of Messrs. McAlisler h. Mollthrop, of Albion, Orleans county, ns a clerk, was recently des patched into the country with $700 worth of property, consisting of hard soap, tallow, lie., to dispose of, for the benefit of his employers. After converting the proper ty into cash, instead of transferring it into the hands of the owners, he appropriated the same to his own use.? He was arrested by some Albany Police Officers, and brought here to answer for the offence. Attempt to Defraud.?A man calling himself Phillip Sheridau was arrested and detained to answer for having attempted to defraud Mr. McCJary, of No. 43 Cherry St., out of $73 worth of property, under the following cir cumstances, viz: He called upon Mr. McOary, and pur chased a bill of goods, amounting to $73, and tendered in payment for the same, a check upon the Fulton Bank, alleging that he had funds there. Mr.McOary.on going to the banli to get the check cashed, discovered that his new customer was entirely unknown to the officers of the bank, whereupon Mr. McOary immediately returned to his store, where he found the purchaser in the act of ta king the goods away, and accordingly had him arrested. Assault and Battery with a Hatchet.?A man named Thomas Studdas, was arrested and held to answer for committing an aggravated assault upon Edward Kerison, of No. 203 Bowery, with a hatchet. Obtaining Goods by False Pretences.?A man named James Mellen was arrested yesterday, and committed by Justice ltoome, on a charge of having obtained from Mr. J. P. Jordan, of Broome street, 24 pounds of the ex tract of logwood, in the name of Mr. Wakely, hatter, in Charles street. It appears that Mellen had been for some time in the employ of Mr. Wakely, who had on one oc casion sent him to Mr. Jordan's, for extract of logwood: and after leaving the employ of Mr. Wakely, availea himself of his late employer's credit, and procured some for himself, and convertoa the same into cash by selling it to a Mr. Durant, another hatter in Charles street, who subsequently went into copartnership with Mr. Wakely, shortly after which Mr. Jordan called upon Mr. Wakely, and presented his bill for the 23 pounds of extract of log wood, obtained by Mellen, when Mr. Wakely disputed the account, alleging that he had never sent for any but what bad been duly paid for; an altercation ensued, when their remarks were overheard by Mr. Durant,who immediately came forward and stated that he recollect ed having purchased a quantity of logwood from Mel lon. This explained the whole matter, and Mellen was arrested and held to answer found Secreted ?A man,who gave his name as Joseph Johnson alias Dick, was last evening found secreted un dor a bed in the premises of Mr. E. L. Mason, No. 2 Park Place. He was taken into custody and held to answer. KxpuniTioN of the Great Southern Mail. The following iwragraph from the Montgomery (Ala.) Journal, of the let instant, is of considerable interest to the public, particularly the commercial portion. It is certainly to be hojk'd that the Po*t Master General will adopt this new ?.nd expeditious route for the mail We understand that a new route is in contemplation, which will expedite the Northern Mail to this place twelve hours in advance of the present time. Several experimental trips have been made at the desl.'e of the department, and so successfully as leave no doubts1 ?f it* easy practicability - passengers arriving here tw *lve hours before the mail. The route is through to Atlanta the terminus of the Oeorgia Railroad, anil from thamV through La Orange. West Point toChehaw, and this place Columbus will be supplied by a way route, and the distributing office will be removed to La Orange or litis place, which gives a great gain in aiteed. In a mat ter of sttcii importance to the public, ana demonstrated ?o practicable, we trust the department will not delay the completion of the arrangements. New Kntkrcri/k ?Our attention watt drawn thin morning to a neat schooner-rigged craft lying at < Ireer's wharf, which we were informed had come through direct from thecityof New York without break ing hulk. On making inquiry of the captain, R. B. Chap inun, we found that our informant was correct?and fur ther, that the Magnet, for such is her " attractive" nnma, was huilt at Morristewn, Bt. Lawrence county, N. Y. by lier enterprising Skipper, will carry lift tons, and passed through the Krle canal with flj tons in .1) feet depth ol water. Captain Chapman left New York on the return trip, a week ago last Monday, and found no difficulty on tho passage his vessel working admirably. Th* Mag net had a freight of some'ito bbls. pork for this port.? We hope the Magnet will alwaya attract fall freights and lair weather, and riohly reward th* antarprii* ofhtr young tad antarprlilng ownor.-JRngifan Chrtnitlt,

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