Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 20, 1845, Page 1

October 20, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. 360-Whole No. 41.11. NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 20, 1845. Prlee Two Cents. THE NAVAL BE ROBS OF THE LAST WAR. Oommodore Stewart's Vindicatory Statement Nkar Bonnem-own, N. J., Oct. 10, 1845 The various notices and comment* upon cortain pat tana in the history of the late war, by Charles J. Inger U, Esq., havsng reference to the decision of the Presi dent and hit Cabinet to lay up our naval force in the har bor of New York, and not to employ it at tea during the war--tbe douhti expressed at to the accuracy of this faot, and the effort made to controvert it?and it having been publicly stated, doubtless proceeding from Mr In oil, in the Sirtoll, in the correspondence of the ifruil>in gtun Union, at the account published in hit work hat been derived from mo?render it proper and advisable that I should make certain statements on this interesting passage in the raval and political history of the United States, whioh will place it. as well as the agency of the late Commodore Bainbridgo and l#yself with respect to it, in a proper and accurate view before the public for all time to come. In order to do so properly, It will be necessa ry to refer to end comment upon much that has been said by the public press, as well as to correct some inac curacies and misapprehensions into which Mr. Ingersoll has fallen, and also the injustice done by him to the mo tives uf Bainbridge and myself. My own reminiecenc.es, consisting partly of facts and partly of conversations, will be set down necessarily in a somewhat desultory form, and in a detail which will present an opportunity for a better cemparison and test by other facts, either of record or existing in the memories of persons now liviug, and sustained by other corroborating circumstances to which 1 shall advert. * * * * First -To show how far I am amenablo to the charge of having furnished information to Mr. Ingorsoll, dero gatory to the character of Commodore Bainbridge, and acknowledging imdfcre and selfish motives in our efforts to get the ships ordered to sea by Mr. Madison, I avail my sell of the opportunity to transcribe a part of my let ter to Mr. Ingersoll, on receiving from him the extract from his work speaking of this transaction, which will exhibit the view I immediately took of the matter as re presented by him; and which was done, also, to enable him to correct the errors and uajust imputations before the work had passed through the press. "Boedentown, Sept. 21.1, 184.">. Sin I received last evening your note of the 18th inst. (post marked the 20th,) with the two passages from the New York Courier if- Enquirer, contaiuing strictures on your history of the war of 1812 with Great Britain. I regret exceedingly that you did not. as you promised me in May last, show me the manuscript narrative prior to the publication ol that part relating to the employ ment of the vessel* of war, instead of Keeping them in the port of New York for the defence of that city. Had 1 seen the manuscript, it would have enabled me to cor rect several inaccuracies in your account of that affair; and to have satisfied you that the motives which you have assigned to Commodore Bainbridge and myself for our course on that occasion, have no foundation in truth, but that quite the reverse was the case. We had both, but a short time previous, returned home from our mer cantile enterprises, which we had been prosecuting for more than four years, (on furlough) in various parts of | the world, having each of us reulized a fortune ample enough for all our purposes." To this Mr. Ingersoll replied, saying that, if I would wait until 1 saw "the volume ol his earnest effort to ele vate the American Navy, and Commodores Bainbridge and Stewart, as two of its glorious founders, by the ex Sloits of the war of 1812,"1 must be convinced that any isparagement of either of them was a thought he never harbored. ' The volume has now appeared, in which the follow ing passages occur, which certainly must go down through hit history to our eternal "disparagement." "It was the mere remonstrance of a couple of naval officers against being deprived of their livelihood,which prevented the flag so gleriously triumphant in every sea from being veiled before that of Great Britain," &C. tic. "Stewait had built a privateer called the Snapper, eventually commanded by Captain Peregrine Green, and captured as soon as she cleaapd the Delaware Capes. In that privateer, if deprivedthe authority to go foith in frigates, these gentlemen propose to seek their fortunes on the ocean, serving each in rotation as Cap tain or first officer. It was not with tliem, therefore, matter of mere national character; nor wero they to be moved eutirely by puerile or unselfish considerations. Thsy wanted fortune as well as fame, livelihood besides distinction. If the Navy was laid up, they taw their oc cupation gone for all advancement and all acquisition. The report of the Naval Committee of the House of Representatives of 1811-12, prior to the declaration ol war, of which the Hon. Langaon Cheeves was chairman, is quoted as evidence that Congress "had not abandoned the Navy as an efficient arm of protection and dafence on the sea." It seoins to me, if the action of Congress on that report proves any thing at all.it proved that Congress had abandoned the Navy, as an efficient arm in the war then contemplated, and reposed no confidence in it as effec tual or important against the naval power of England.? Had Congress fadapted that report, meagre a* its provi sions were, end appropriated the money to build the ten frigates, and to purchase the timber recommended, as well as for constructing the dock for repairing vessels of war, it would have been some evidence that Congress meant to sustain the Navy ; or had that body gone lur ther, and adopted the suggestions of the Secretary of the Navy iu 1811, it would have furnished emphatic evidence to the President and his Cabinet, to its constituents and the nation, that the Navy was not only to be sustained by Congress, but that it was to be used in the most effec tive way for the prosecution of the war on the ocean, to vindicate the honor, and to preserve the interests of the nation while battling for "the rights of sailors." But their almost total disregard of the committee's report, anil of the Secretary's opinions and recommendations, furnishes strong presumptive evidence that they expected nothing front the Navy. Indeed, afterour ships had achieved by their prowess the most splendid victories, the reluctance of Congress to sanction tho bill providing for four 74's only, speaks in language too strong to be misunderstood in contradiction of the suggestions in reference to the a;i propriations recommended in that report. On the 80th November, 1812 a bill providing amongst other vessels, for four 74 gua ships, passed the Senate by a large majority; in the House ol Representatives it met with great opposition, and the 74's were stricken out by a mnjority ol throe votes. On this occasion, Mr. J. C. Calhoun, (who boarded rt the same house I did,) when he returned from tho House of Representatives, suggest ed the idea of putting Congress in a better humor with the navy. This suggestion I promptly acted on, and a ball and party were given on board tbc Constellation, then _lying off_OrecnleaPs l'oint?all appeared hig gratified. Mr. Calhoun took advantago of this, and call a? for a reconsideration, which was carried, and that por tion of the bill relating to tho 74's, was reirserted and finally carried by a majority of six votes. Perhaps Mr. Ingersoll will credit me, also, with a want of those ships for the purpose of plunder, as a set off for the $3.KM), (three year's pay,) the expense.of the boll. True, this would have been a strange bribe lor a poor navy captain, who wanted hrcad and fortune. The federalist representatives, opposed to the war, were far more strenuous and liberal in their appropria tions for ships, than were the advocates of the war; and they contributed to sustain the navy until our successes on the ocean and the lakes became so frequent, that some persons began to fancy it was " not becoming n moral and religious people to rcjoioe in their victories." In these facts we cannot but see that Congress expect ed nothing from the navy as an auxiliary in the prosecu tion of the war; and ss they exercised an instructive power, the decisions of the President and cabinet, " not to risk tho ships at sea," may have been in accordance with the views of that body. This being determined on, the next question was, " how shall we dispose of the vessels already in com mission, for which appropriations have been made for the year V Congress had made no provision, hut left the whole subject to the President's discretion, either to send them to sea, or to lay them up. Looking back to the events oi the revolutionary war, and to the avidity with which the British seized New York and its wuters, and with what pertinacity they held it during the whole war, it was natural that the President and his cabinet should feel some anxiety for tbe safety of that great com mercial emporium; and they readily embraced a proposi tion of Mr.Gallatlii,tlie Secretary of the Treasury, to em ploy eur ships in the defence ol that port. In June, 1919, the United States entered on a war with Great ?ritai\ All will admit, now, that longer submit lion to insultVid injury wai eternal dishonor, and that we had no alternative but war. Without the means of striking efficient at England, or her colonies by sea. Congress made K appropriations for the land service, for the purpose ^attacking and subduing the Cenadas, in the hope that neir acquisition would be a sure harbin Eerof peace. Any these views of the government are stri ingly evidenoefdu the t> anslation of our seamen from the ships en the seaboard to the lakes, the exeessive ar maments on Lake Ontario, and the turning of the whole military and fiscal resources of the country to the north em frontier. The anxiety of the government to obtain possession uf these provinces, grew out of a desire to have something which might be yielded to England as au equivalent for the abandonment of her system of lawless blockades, and (till more lawleas impressment; and thereby be enabled to established the foundations of a permanent and satisfactory peace. And the government were induced to increase their efforts in that direction, tinder the belief that the Canadiana would joyfully throw off their British allegiance the moment we ex tended an invitation to them; and hence the silly p roc la ination and advance of General Hull, which forms a too poignant page of our history. But that people botrayed no desire for a temporary annexation, and the views and expectation* of the government were entirely thwarted, notwithstanding the vast expenditures and armament* to enforce them. On the 19th June, 1819, setting ont fVom Philadelphia for Washington, in the stages I was unexpectedly Joined by Commodore Balnbridge, whom I supposed nt his command, the Cherleetown or Boston Nsvv Yard; hut he wm also on his way to Washington. We arrived nt Baltimore the same night, and we there learned, for the first lime, of the deoleretion of war by Congresa on the previous day. The next day we proceeded to the seat of government. Ou the 91st of June we made an official call oti the Secretary of the Navy. On entering th* i room of the chief clerk, Mr. Charles W. Goldshoruugh, 1 h? arose from the desk at which he wai engaged, with a paper in hi* hand, and expressed great gratification ut our arrival in Washington at ao opportune a moment, saying that war was declared, and that he wished us to read the paper he was holding, before we went to the Secretary. I read it with atteution, but extreme mortifi cation, and handing it to Bainbridge, observed, "this ceived Uhi^t'ftlhB 8T,r,t?ry '? roo,?. "J w?ro re m;w y ? y ! much kindness of msnnir Mr Ha thftt^rw?. declared ??d that be wa< 1 lent ? ?hnUVh,era'." if badbe"? Jecided bv the J'reii' h.?lLf o, N.w ?'wur iH tbe they would be 'J0? "?"?*? ?>f the ene^my; tffihe in. ?i 7 VJ * taken from one aide of the shins and Ian tail nt =S3tEiS=.-?^? ui rangements for the ffuns, however feasible tbev miirSt aun^on*boifrH ? f*' Vnac^uai,atc^ with the roo<le of usfna fn? their cart?!. PHWe "r?ed our objection respect* i/ftah ?! carnage? ?nd management with tackles for which there were no convenience* on tho wharves or m.ntlni'-'"!'1 our aorrow and di?ppoint- I ment in learning from him, aa well as by the orders ore. paring for Commodore Rogers' squadron that no nth?i* ?^asf?? ???; ,-at rjssS conquer those on their peculiar element with whom KSspaj: ssfSxtr.* Kiss n: wSdtv,1?Ai*,ic^ .""c w.'?uih,;1?.,"r,' -"I '? ?? <Iil?c?lly'ia K.'llJ, 'th.^KHo SS?! WsMafteje -*&Z experienced ? y : un'jractise(J' the midshipmen' in bat le in the c?^.l*amrn unaccustomed to blood and ff?Pen^H ""J1 tflJ result differ from our hopes ft ' ?nC0" ?"L;?d : ? contest, man to man. and jun to tha"'evw exi?ted?in ?nd lle,t trained naval force battle6wUh^em^V with?" be ^eTsfnH; ^ott?? that the British Navy has triumphed asKSfl???! -? - &3z? Hamilton, and said they ousrht nnt f<?A ,addreMeJ Mr. monished them that it would do its dutv '??Yes fir ? ?. K^r!^vd.r;.Tir;Jr^J?? rantnr?H ?e ">a7 not lose our .hips by being gag tirszzd& ssz r??~? gstrawsa. -sr.? S Monroe being the enly member of the Cabinet on that occasion, who advocated the ships beiw sent to *se2 in nflf m,a'f b? admitted his distrust; that ho was new m office, unacqnainted with the service, the officers aTd be c'onsidered^he Vn^?l^gi o "ont^navaf force* nu" SSSSw^S--^ wf all hcouTd d^'fe'^hat ehTUF acquit him if, by sending o^ir ytSt^Z^L f Jisuffsi.'s. t. ks1;: 'Lzirs.z EHHr ?t? W'w-jafSsw New l ork, or blockaded there in a frigate durinir the 3%. saSKSyai^c throw up hit commission. J told him I Hid no? ?ni i Sent" W" ? by Ba'u,uidge in a moment of ex buTw?ngr^ee/J?ondMvr Mr" In*a??. was then bv contributing my mite towards anmivie^'tl ?'d ^ W8r afl good citizens h'd . right to dJ l wi^the EZ?'Vf doUlareta!foo antara?1, "?d 1?'t about eleven thousand after Uavin.^n i i she ? captured four days alter leaving Delaware Bay. She was unr.uin. .t .L s: ?? iof.rw"n,Vd ^y.teri^' W#re sav^^SSa^istesfc object privateersmen havo in view?but^BiundUr11? the S??eSS!i nothing to be had in the national vessel. 7i . hJI f our ?fll?rts and our remonstrances ol still terminated so unfavorably, Bainbridge was still determined not to relinquish the great ob eft H, SS"'?""' "'r^'e almo" 'hopolet.T ^w. re|a^ehd*?'S?i;"8,'t^,,'?U"U?be 3S?,:3MB?a.?asr1aa "lew! had be^n life1#0 "{' a"'l once alter our special unfavorable to tho vessel? i n,ornjD8' he was not yielded to his Cabinet Ahn?fsl,8r ."fnt,t0 ?ea' but had had prepared a rough draft of a lotter^to th"' p"'gm w.* and retired forthe night but 1, ' to the President, of Bninbridge that he returned to impatience a fair copy, which If?!,! ? hi," ,abor and prepared breakfa.?^.^^ OnsiSit^,ifnatUro at the President did not receive it in Jk m'that 11 was intended, we shUfd both b. ^hi.'reT p8,rt i1 ' w??y rather be cashiered than to be t Port r?1.1*'1. It to the President, aaying th.re w!ir? !o conveyiD? dent; but if we would Amu ?i ^ Fresi We'Vwould 1#V* P ?^'*^'aatis!y* sU? tioZr^p^rnV^ !Sl 1? rtlCfc,a aboat wo"s? that he, " ^he letter*w!ii wriU^nP*^"^?^8rd,^b" "^''tw'ai'time IK' gj* 1"*' 8Dd tb" ,U?ccVsI^rhwf!dmni5'stMUorthMro ulJtSl^MiW* 'rn. whichit had entered; and the Cabinet thev reT ** i c on? nP?n the members ol ^-n-s^SsrM knowledge inMvafmatters* atUibutabla ws.tof where wa* os"#our'ressehTLi,lh? on,y.two in<tanco? Chesapeake frigate andbr'gAra.Q ?'<#rce',ho Navy" hadMboisnn8rCveUry " hm"h i** "ecrata7 of the KebT3SLfc,ta in"ndlhl?S^ cSS (during a short interval of hi. ga ? . commanded to Washington, and w,. thLV.^Wfc*r0,al ?"terprises) with him. Phi. fact, muH' Z lnWmate termi of one of Mr. Hamilton'fchildren iv ?i 'th" reacuing bridge, whilat amba^k^^^^wning by Batf Uim to use efforts that miirht ?? ar? proper under other cirromstances considered lm I it could not ho supposed they should possess; end not to i their honor or tneir integrity. But Mr. Hamilton re mained firm. . ... ... , .... As all our efforts seemed unavailing, I then asked tne Secretary if he would permit mo to take the brig Argus, (one of Commodore Rogers' squadron, and then supposed to be at New York.) and proceed to the West Indies to scour the British Islands oftheir coasters and commerce; as I believed that before they could receive information that war was declared, 1 could do tliem infinite nuschiet bv cutting out vessels from their ports. He said he would go and consult the President, and soon returned with the President's consent to the expedition upon one condition to which 1 assented, and I then received the following order:- ^ Dkpartmc,T| wdJune, 1812. Sir ? You will proceed immediately to New V ork and take command of the Argus. With her you will then proceed to sea and soour the West Indies and G If 1 stream, considering yourself as possessiiig every hclli eerent liirht of attack, capture and deteuce of and agaii.st any o' the public or private ships of the Kingdom of Great Britain, lrelund and their dependencies. Take Lieut*.Ridgeley and Chauncey with you,and appoint six or eight matos of vessels to be rated as master s mates and to serve as prize masters. . To your judgment, your valor and your patriotism, is committed the best course to be pursued to accomplish the object of these instructions. The Argus is now attached, and is still to be consider ed as attached, to tho squadron under tho command of Commodore Decatur. . , May success and honor attend you. Let me hear irom you frequently. I am, with great respect, Sir, your obt. servt. PAUL HAMILTON. P S?Show theso instructions to Commodore Deca tur. Any articles that you may require for the brig, you will indent for either on the ugent or on Captain Chauncey. Capt. Chii. Stkwxrt, Present. I was immediately joined by Lieut. Charles G. Ridge ly,now Commodore Ridgeley, who was then in Wash ington with us, and we dopaited for New York ; but on reaching Philadelphia, we learned that Commodore Rod gers had sailed with his entire force two days previous . On taking leave of Commodore Bainbridge, ho assured me that he would not go from Washington until he got our joint letter before the President; and on his re turn to Philadelphia, he informed me that he had accom plished his purpose, and that the ships were ordered to go to sea. Some years ago in a conversation with Mr. Ooldshorough regarding his Naval Chronicle, he inform ed me that he had searched the files of the Navy Depart ment for that letter, but unsuccessfully : that wishing to open a second volume of his Chronicle of the late war, and feeling the importance of the historical fact above recited, ho had written to Mr. Madison for a copy of it; but he replied that he could not find it among his papers, and must have sent it to the Navy Department, it having relation to that service ; that it may have been lost in the removal of the papers of that Department on the ap proach of the British, or ournt along with the building*. In corroboration of what is above stated, I will here in troduce a copy of a letter, trom Mr. Ooldsborough to Commodore Bainbridge, and which I was for the first time made acquainted a few daya ago. The present Commodore Ridgely was at Washington, and can substantiate many of the facts herein set forth. He was in constant communication with me, had formed the same opinions as Bainbridge and myself, from a fair estimate of our own Navy ana that of the British, and urged ua to persevere in our efforts to obtain sailing orders for our vessels of war. Tho first public notice of this transaction, that I have seon, may be found in " The life and services of Commo dore William Bainbridge," by Dr. J. Harris, U. 8. N., at page 135. But here the details are somewhat inaccurate ?one error into which Dr. Harris has fallen, refers to the time and place of the introduction of the Macedonian s flag, by Midshipman Hamilton. The occurrence did not take place at the Navy Department. It was late at night, in December, 181-3, that Midshipman Hamilton arnved with the flag of the Macedonian, and despatches of Com. Decatur, announcing the capture of that ship. He sought his father, the Secretary of the Navy, at a ball with which the citizen* of Washington were then honoring me in return for onepreviously given by me on board the Constellation. The Secretary introduced the flag of the Macedonian, and it was spread on the floor of the hall-room. The President permitted the Secretary to read aloud the despatches of Decatur, and then made tho re mark to the assembled company, which has been record ed of him in Dr. Harris' work:-" It is to Commodores Bainbridge and Stewart that we owe these victories. It was at their Instance and strong oolicitationthatthe^ships were permitted to go to sea and oruize. The egreg'ous mistakes and mis-statements Mr. Inger soll makes in his history of the war ol 1812 renders it little more than a compililion of facts, follies, and lalseooods. A few examples embraced in three or lour pages are suf ficient to prove this. At pago 375, ha says Bainbridge and Hull, first learr.eJ from Mr. Goldshorough, the chief Clerk of the Department of the determination to keep the vossels of war iu pott. Hull was not in Wash ton at the time Again at page 376 he says the Nautilus, ''ant. Crane was captured as soon as sho went to sea alone, kc. Now the fact as understood at that day, was, that the Nautilus was taken whilst in search of Com. Rosters' squadron to diiect bis return to New York, rave 379, he says " Mr. Madison after candidly, wisely and ingenuously, kc.kc., yielded to the wishes of the captaius who were told in another interview, the same day by the Secretary of the Navy that President would a: a ime the responsibility, kc. kc. All of this is If tho " glorious illustration of the naval vigor by the war of 1812" and the " courage, discipline and humanity always so conspicuous and uniform" are national pro perty "to be yielded but with national existence," then a more faithful historian, who will soar above the at mosphere of malignity, and describe the actions and the actors in a manner more congenial to truth, to their credit and to the honor of the country, will go much further towards establishing it* perpetuity than all Mr. lugersoll's labors. * \ HAS. STEWART. Moiimon Difficulties.?Tuere are many causes which will keep up the difficulties, and tan the spi rit of the Antics. The mysterious disappearance of a Mr. Wilcox, in Nauvoo, will contribute not a tittle, it seems, as we loam lrom the Quincy Whig, aud other sources, that Mr. Wilcox wont into Nauvoo, some two or three weeks since, for the purpose of having some grain ground. Having a relative in the city, who was a Mormon, he put up with him for the night--in the course oi the evening a Mormon came to the relative ? resi dence, and asked him what he was doing with a spy in his house, (meaning Wilcox.) The relative answered, that he was no spy, but a connection of his wile, who was to stay with him for one night?at the same time, the relative, looking out of the door, perceived Wilcox in the custody ol two Mormon guards, who w?r? ""J*'1 ing him offfor some purpose not known to him. The relative, alarmed, said he must go and see what was go ing on?but his Mormon visitor told him xot to do so, lor his own safoty. Since that night Wilcox has not J'??" heard of. The relative has given the substance ofthe above in testimony before on examining court, lb?'"? is another individual who has disappeared under like mysterious circumstances?and Gen. Hardin has endea vored in vnin, to trace out these mysteries. They are among the uurovealed secrets of Nauvoo, and will pro bably so remain until the great Judgment day, or until the Mormons become christisns indeed, and conless their thousand crimes as a people. The Quincy Whig says, the Rifle Company of that city returned on Saturday morning. They bring the news that Gen. Hardin had come to tho conclusion to station a force of 100 men in the county through the coming win ter. This is a good move ; and although it will be the cause of a heavy expense to tho State, its necessity will be acknowledged, when the stato of things in that coun ty aro taken into consideration. Sheriff Backcnitoa has arrived at Quincy, ander the protection ol Gen. Hardin, intending to deliver himsell into the hands of the law.?St. Louis Repub., Oct. 11. Another Horrible Outbade at Greene.? Greene, Oct. 15, 1S15.? Another attempt at murder has been made by kidnapping Mrs. Samuel Varse, anil throwing her into the Geneganslet creek, near tho trip hammer. Her husband was suspected in the case ot Mrs. Burdick She was bound, gagged, blinded, (kc., as was the case before, rt has Just happened. We are all going out to surround the woods. Yours, kc. [From another Correspondent.] Gkkknk, Oct. 1ft, 1845.? I learn that this Mrs. Varse is a daughter of Bethel Gray, and had been married but a year or two. She had been out near tha creek foi some purpose, and sat down on a log to reat near the mill-pond, when they came up behind her, blindtolded her, tied her hands, and then drew her into the pond. Every man, woman, and boy, ha? turned out to look for tha villain?, and such an excitement was never known in this town before. What we are coming to, God only knows. This must have taken place about 12 o'clock to-day. The mail is waiting?more to-morrow. Yours, C. S. ?P. S.?The woman was got out alive, and who tho per petrators are, i* a mystery, as ahe did not see them. She says there wore two ol them, us they talked, snd asked (one to the other) ifthay should take her out whether she would tell, and the other replieJ she would?let her alone, kc. kc.?Norwich Journal. Another Murderer Arrested.?The Galtna Advertiter, of the 3d mat., says: "Dr. Gregg, of Rock Island, (whose perseverance in ferreting out the author of the murder of Col. Davenport, is worthy of all praise,) returned to our city yesterday with another ol the murderers, John Baxter. He was taken at the house of his brother-in-law, Berry Haney, near Madison, Wis i consin. Baxter has for several years been a resident of Rock Island, and always bore a good name until his par ticipation in this diabolical murder had been made pub 1 lie. It is reported that Fox, who had been arrested in Indi ana, and made his escape, has been retaken. If this be true, all ol the murderers are secured, viz : Burch, Bax ter, Fox, and the two Longs. Baxter, it is supposed, acted as a spy to the party? soeking out work, while Fox, the dare-devil of the gang, executed the murderous deeds. There is little or no doubt that it was the latter who shot Col. Davenport.? Baxter, but a week or two tisfore the murder, and no doubt wbito he was planning it, took tea with Col. P., at the residence of the latter. The annuls of crimo , erhaps never presented a case of more hardened villany, and we rejoice that tho fiendish aotois, who have so long eluded the gissp of justice, are about to pey the penalty ot their Crimea km a* the South.?Ice was formed in the neigh borhood ol thit city on Thursday and yesterday j morning. We-eo it stated in tho Philadelphia Uaottle, that ice was discovered in that city anil its vicinity | ..I.. 'PW air mrii-niri<v Thasa dan iAwA fensf a U/ ill III HI ICC w ??? - ... ...... "?'??/ ?'?" * ? y early on Thursday morning. Those decided frosts will have the effect ot removing the bilious and other dis eases, that have prevailed so extensively of ltte in the surrounding country.?Baltimore Amaritan, Oct. 18. ' TheBlble urn the Won! of God?The Bible as the Orvwnd of the Catholic's Faith?The Bible us a School Book. A Lecture Delivered ky tkt Very Rev. Dr. Power, of New York, in St. Peter'? Church, Sunday Evening, 19/A Oc | loher, 1845. Aa wan anticipated, St. Peter's church was last evening crowded to suffocation, by a most respecta ble and attentive auditory, comprising a great many members of the Protestant church. The celebrity of Dr. Power, and the interesting nature of the sub ject on which he was to lecture, naturally attracted j a vast assemblage, and the spacious and elegant edi fice was tilled to overflowing. Dr. Power's manner is dignified and impressive, and he was listened to with breathless attention. But without 'urther comment, we present our readers with the following report of Tub Lkctusk. All Scripture, divinely intpired, ie ueeful to tench, <J-c., ire.?St. Paul, 2d Ep. Tim., 3d chap. It ii not, then, from the book of Proverbi alone that the simple are to learn wisdom, and the young man pru. dence, seeing that the inspired apostle says that all Scripture, divinely inspired, is useful to teach, he. The same apostle, in bis epistle to the Romans, says, in the 14th chapter, "That all that has been written has been written for our instruction, in order that we may have a firm hope through the consolation which the Holy Scrip tures impart." Christ himself refers us to the law for a knowledge of our duties; and St Peter, in his 2d Epistle, commends the early Christians for their attachment to the prophecies. In view of this, we are thankful to Al mighty God for haviDg imparted to our people a relish for the sacred writings, in order to derive from them,un der the guidance of their pastors, those words of spirit and of life which are amoDgst the most powerful means employed by the Almighty to promote our eternal wel fare. As I mean to say a great deal in the short time which is allotted to me, I shall proceed, without faither preface, to the subject of this lecture. The subject is the " Holy Bible." The Bible, that is to say, the Book by excellence, is the collection of those books which were written by the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, and which constitute what we call the Old Testament and the New. The inspiration of the Old Testament is admitted by the Jews, and Christians of all denomina tions admit the inspiration of both the old and the new. Those books are called canonical books. The word canon meBns a rule, and because the Holy Scriptures are a rule to us and are designated by some of the ca nous of the church, they are therefore called canonical. The canonical books of the Old Testament are divided into four classes. The first class comprises the legal books, or the five books ol Nleses. The second, the his torical books. The third, the moral books. The fourth,

the prophetical books. The canonical books ot the New Testament are the four gospels, the Acts of the Apos tles, the Epistles of the Apostles and the Apocalypse. Some of the books ol the Bible are called proto-canonicaj and others deutero-canoni:al. The first are those books of whose Inspiration there never was any doubt. The aecond are those books whose inspiration was doubted even by many of the orthodox before the decision of the church. The synagogue, or the Jewish church, had her canon of the Sacred Scriptures. In the canon which was made by Ksdras, we find but twenty-two books. Of this canon wo have to remark, that Esdras united books which before this time were separate. Thus we find the Book of Kuth united to the Book of Judges, and what we call the first and second of Kings, the Hebrews call the Book of Samuel, and what we call the third and fourth of Kings they cail the first of Kings. The syna gogue excluded from h?r canon tne following books Wisdom, Ecclcsiastious, Tobit, Judith, and the books ol Maccabees. According to some writers they excluded the Book of Barek and that of Esther. The Catholic Church has seventy-two books in her canon, forty-five belonging to the Old Testament and twenty-seven to the New. This canon we have from the Third Council of Carthage, held A. D. 394. Tope Innocent the First, names them in his letter to Exuparius in the year -104 St. Augustine mentions our books as canonical, in his second book upon the Christian religion, 8th chapter, and we also have our canon from the Council of Home, held under Bone CJelasius in the yea'49">. The church has never deviated from this canon, and the Council ot Trent on her fourth session anathematizes those who deny the inspiration and authority of any of its books In reading ecclesiastical history,;! find that the Maui chees anil Marcionites rejected the Old Testament. Some of the ancient} heretics rejected the gospels; the Calvinists rejected the books of the Old Testament which were not found in the Jewish canon, and be sides these, the Lutherans rejected the Epistle to the Hebrews, the Epistle of 8t. James, that of St. Judo, the -2nd of St. Teter, and the 2nd and 3rd of St. John, with the Apocalypse. The deutero-canonical books ol the Old Testament are Wisdom, Ecclesiaaticus, Tobith, Judith, and 1st and 2d Maccabees; to these we may add Barek and Esther. The deutero-canonical books of the New Testament are the epistles of the Apostles, which I have already mentioned, together with some parts cl the gospels, viz : the history of the bio-uiy sweat and that of the woman taken in adultery. The Apocrypha ot the Old Testament are the books of Enoch, the 3d and tth Maccabees, 3d and 4th of Esdras, the Prayer of Ma nasses.and the 151st Psalm. The Apoerypnal books ol ti a New Testament are the hook called the Pastor, b> Hermes, the companion ol St. Paul, the Epistle of St Barnabas, the Epistle of Jesus to Egbarus, with some others condemned byPopc Gelasius. Here I must romai k that Apocryphal books mean books of no authority. We find that some of the books of the Old Testament have boen lost. In the book ol Numbers, 20th chapter, refer ence is made to the book of the Wars of the Lord, lii the 10th chapter of Joshua mention is made of the book ot the Just; mention is also made of the book of the Bar ings of the King of JuJa, and of some thousand Proverbs ot Solomon There is no evidence ol the inspiration ot any ot these books, and we must say with St. Augustine, that they were not necessary lor the integrity el laith oi morals. Hera i must be permitted to make a few re marks. From the rapid history which I have given, you perceive that in the early agea of tha church it was not positively defined which were the canonical books ol the New Testament. The Gospels were written by the Evangelists for the benefit of the churches which they founded; the same must be said of the epistles, which were written by some of the Apostles for the benefit of their conveits. These works at first circulated amongst those for whose benefit they were written; they gradu ally became kno*n to the churches afar off, and after considerable time they became known to the whole church. In the meantime other works were written, as from some of the others of the Apostles, and wero be lieved to be genuine in the provinces in which they were published. Now, until the genuine Scriptures were known to all, and until the genuine were separated from the spurious, how was it possible for the taithful to use them as thair sole rule of faith. But the genuine were not separated from the spurious until the year 495, by Pope Gelasius. Now, if the Scriptures be the religion of Pro testant*, it evidently follows from this fact that the Chris tians of the five first centuries were not Protestants. How could they take their religion from a book which they had not. It may be said that the pastors had genuine co pies of the Scriptures, which they explained in their sermons and exhortations to the people. If thia be so, who does not see thai this is Popery 1 lor in this supposi tion, the pastors searched the scriptures for the peopli And if the people believed, because their pastors told them to believe, is not this "rank Popery !" To many, it will appear strange that the first christians had not the scriptures. Before the invention of the art of printing, it was extremely difficult to procure a copy of the sacred scriptures, even of the New Testament. The first copy of the New Testament was given for example to the church lor which it was written. Now, how would this copy be multiplied! We answer by transcribing it. How many copies think you could a scribe furnish in a lair and legible hand in twelve months! We answer twelve at the most. But if one scribe could furnish only twelve copies in a year, will not a little arithmetic show that It would require between eighty and ninety thousand scribes to give New Testaments in one year to a million of people, and if so many be required for one million, how many, think you, will be required lor the millions who compose the universal church! Here you are not to forget that the art of writing was not so general in those days as it is at prevent. Where then could this immense number of scribea be found, and even if they could, where could they have found copies to transcribe from! ? Especially in times ef persecution, when it was death by law to possets the scriptures. Let ue now calculate the price of a copy of the New Testament: tne least that j could he allowed to a good scribe would be something i equivalent to $800 a year of our money; this is not con , sidered too high; a remuneration for labor, food and rai l ment, and writing materials, which in those days were dearer than they now are. But If a good and ready scribe i could produce only twelve copies of the New Testament 1 in one year, it is evident that tha first cost of a copy would be $60. Whoever is acquainted with the history Europe in.days past, will admit that not more than one i in one hundred thousand could afford to give this price. And again, that not more than one in one hundred thou sand could read it, wero it accessibls; and if he could read, could ho understand it! In view of ail this, wo i hold it preposterous to say that tha Saviour of the world ; would oblige msnkind to hold by a rule of faith which they could not purchase, nor read, nor understand. We have olten heard it asserted that tha scriptures are ex treinely easy to bo understood. Let ua briefly exa mine this. To understand the scriptures, a knowledge of ancient languages is necessary. We must also be ac- i quainted with Rabbinical learning?we must know ancient | history, both sacred and profane?we must be good geo graphers, good divines, good grammarians, and good na tural philosophers. Alter this, were any one to tell mo that the Scripture* were easy, I could not believe him, i It has been asserted by some that the eacred writings I ware lost at the time ot the Babylonish captivity. Thia as sertion rests entirely on tha authority of an apocryphal hook, the 4th book of Eedras, which tells us that ii Ksdrts had net been inspired by the Almighty to renew the sa | nUc? r? i^ ,'r?,K ? i""!'. '")ow no'h"'K u> I?'?m In tl)? (i.fct volume ? ?!?? ?l JeI*miul' preserved the sacied Ind that'cvrui' Zl i ?! tha,,Dan,el Scripture., j not be the caiiB Set,i ? of *bich coulJ ! swacMthe b?^ i E??:i:?a^ i I WlSCTin^0: Wi,h, Lh?e ??ception of !K book of I I Wisdom and the second book of Maecab. c?, which ei> ! pear to have been written in Greek The Samaritan. at way ? preserved the Penteteauch in the old Hebrew I character. In the fifth century 0f the christian ern tne vowel point, were added to thie character by j.wul I ; Habbinv ie?iding at Tiherioa. L'p to this time, the Pen- ! j teteauch waa read according to tradition. St Jerome ?av* nothing of tbote vowel point.. The New Testament w'as ! principally written in Greek. The Gospel of St. .Mattlmw ' , Epistle to the Hebrew, were written in Hyro ; ChaMaic, and the Gospel of St Mark i. supposed to have ! been written iu Latin. Be.ide. the .acred book, the Jew. had paraphrases, which they called targnmn. They I dve?that of Onkaloa?that ol Jonathan?that of Kabbi Joseph, the Jerusalem targumandthe Babylonish targums. The targum., though abounding in error., ware much esteemed by the Jews. We now come to the translations of the holy scriptures. In this lecture, I I shall notice only the principal ones. The most famous ol the translations is the Septuagint. The history of this translation, is briefly this :-Ptolemy, King of Egypt, as brtriLn" nlm?. i y i?'le1l)hu?. wa? requested by his li i ?,' Demotriue Phalareus, to send messengers to Eleazer, High Priest of the Jews, for a copy oT their He?b?w8L!d riWVtnV interPret?r? wal/'skilled in irraiited and .?? . A"*"1*??- Hi" request was f.lo of l'harn. ^ I ?.y lnt?rPret?rs were sent to the isle ori baros, where they executed their work. Philo latfonlt'^M th" ?JeW|' ,I,eak rapturously of this trans Jntion. it waa this translation that rave the Gentiles the the gospel <^h??oU'Vl * Prepaid t^e wa'y fo'r si ?, p. L Tb" Gentiles saw the prophecies reeardinv the Messiah fulfilled in Jesus Christ They .aw thVolf duracy of the Jews distinctly foretold. They could not accuse the Apostles as imposters, seeing that thev had nothing to do with this work. Neither could they reason f?? -y accu".e 'ho Jews of forging prophecies directly mili 'hemselves. The great authority of this transitioniia seen from the following circumstances tl i7 Second 1 ? ?? oocient translations are taken from Greek |W" made ,when tb? Hebrew and ?l.^M"?,iw?r? vernacular. Thirdly-the Apos would not ha6? T?sta.??nt fluote from it, and this they redone If it were an imperfect translation spvtmt im Jtvided as to what number of books the seventy uiterpreters did translate ; but wo think the question decided by the authority of Josephus, w ho tells th?IwifP T hi?i ^Hquioes, that they translated thel enteteauch only.The others have been translated bv other hands. The best, editions of the Septuagint are those Y m ns a'lU? ,r the ,di?tioa of the fainous Cardinal vLTi? 'i .1 year,slft. and that of Rome, called the a tic an, in the year 1086. Aa the Latin language was co extensive with the Roman empire, the Latin church bad a translation of the Holy Scriptures in the vul ftut h^ml,7. 0re wer?'indeed. many Latin translations, genemil^,.^ i?n'.c0mmonly ca"?d tb? Vulgate, waa generally used. As this version was found to contain w'1 Jerome, at the request of Pope Uamasus, cooh jo correct them. In order to make his labor more complete, he tranalated all the books found in the worbe^r^fni0n' to8?tb?r with Esther and Judith. This work of St. Jerome was well received by many, and was opposed by some; St. Jeiome, however, proved the cor rectness of his translation from the testimony of the Jews accordjn*17 *?? version soon took the lead of the old Italic. He also corrected the New Testa IUk "c??rd,DK '? 'he most approved manuscripts. This E. .. .1 ? ?ro,fn? WM better receive! than the first, for, a. the Greek language was then pretty generally known, his correction* could be more easily verified. In process of time some errors,through the fault of copyists, ^vacrept into this translation. Accordingly, we find C,orr?cte lb? "Ip of Charlemagne; since then it has also been cerrected, but without anv injury to its substantial integrity. The great authority of this ver f'??" d?r,?ed from the Council of Trent, which declared thRt this version conld be aafely relied on in all matters Kn,r.\,0fa',hand mo?'- this declarasTon the I trwn.i.tinn ?k no ?eao?. placed the authority of the id7i!.n ??i. . . ? or,Kinml- Since the Council, an I edition of this translation ha. been given by Pope Sixtus CUmentvfn Tnf b,m ,anotbor edition was given by fmmthim rt 4- 0Uf- , Un Blb,ei are now printed i^rTnli P lementine edition. You have heard of the Po li^hin. yf ki kM? ?oll?ctioM of the various trans lation. of the Bible bound up with the original; they are &hn Tnber-Lhreear? ?be lsibors of Catholic.f the fr?? a P'otestant hand. The first is called the T^i??P'"'?nt}an' P'inted in the year 1616, under the au. picea of the famous ordinal Ximines. The second is the |rmt?d '"the year 1572, under the auspices of Philip the Second of Spain. The third the Parisian, br li? da,y'In ^ )?ar The fourth the London, by Wnltine,in the year 16?8. IJgive you tins history that you ?ay ?* U,?.5r^?t, ,0iicitude ot the Catholic Church h, K y 8cr'Ptui"Os in their jpurity. 1 beg ot LJi. cr*??.lleCt4,t'lat tb? tJcoch and Latin languages ?' a longtime, the vernacular languages of the fhat the world ?f1y0U h3*? ?f onboard it asserted that the world is indebted to the reformation for the Holy SfflTAtfr riJ'Kaf l0,|gue. Vou have also hoard it I ,u 4.^ ? ,U ?"?, ,h? interest of the old church io?f Scriptures from the people, in the ihiuld h^gdU".K??'d !at uL?r ?rror* a'"i abominations Jud.i* I? ^otected by the Jignt ol Sciiptural evidence Judge ol the truth of this assertion from the histoid mdihVi ?a7n*'Ve,n t0 y?u- At t0 tbe a??crtion tliatwe a.'e n _ if .t0'ha reiormation for the Scripture, iu tne n?o dern dialect*, thi. it falsified by the history ol tho arTo! was mad'e^.fVh" 'f.- M lhat th? fl,,t application which Vice nf il dl71?e.art WM to consecrnta to the se Jor * y y I'f'iting tha Bible in the vul f i.tln ?? ?hVa? ?.Ual- " ?f,,tury before the Reforro.tioi, , t0. th? following facts :-" Xhe earliest printed Lniu^7? h? w ii . uBibl0' i# tl,at in th? ffoiirai language by Martin Luther The New Te.tament ol ttet versiosi was printed in 1422-the Old in 163J. It had been preceded first by Kau.t's celetrated Bible, pnnt-d at Menu in 1462-sccondly, by Bremiers, printed at I mentmnlSh1 i4(i' "and thirdly, by tbe four version* ! T!i 5,?U,?br.?'Hia d? la Reformation, lir iV .*iearliest printed trench Protestant version is that o: hl. o i ttsii'ft?d by Calvin. It .contains the whole Hi T'a" in 153H. the year 1636 which is th* I 1 Ti iVi*?"JT ,n th? V Pa5?' being the yeai in whitli ,; a b"', committed to the pres.. Thu version had T..V.m #eh? by th? French version ot the New l esUraent by Julian an Augustinian monk, printed in bl? rJn vor i iy 7 tb? l" rench version of the whole Bi that of :Vou',n'' printed in 1190- and thirdly by , ? . 5 ? he New T?stament, of whose version was printed in 1622, and the Old in 1828. The last o; r 7~.?mu m io.'o. i ne laat u; thea? edatioua waa particularly uaed by OliTetan. Tbe ?fI.? ,4P5 n.f? Italian Protestant version appeared in ,4*. wicfliHiii version appeared in id-r fad ?f? pr?ceded ?rst by Malenni'., printed in llir^?nd secondly, by Brucciol'a in 1532, whieli last i ,-u 2n 4 prote.tant translator generally followed I I he first printed Protestant Belgic version wa. made trom Luther a, and appeared in 1627. It had been prece ded by a version ol the four gospels, printed in 1472, f? ??? ?f the whole Bible, printed at Cologne i d 4. .T in H77?ht Gend, in 1478? and both at Antwerp and Louvafn, in 1818 it is true that England had a tranalatiou of the Holy Scripturei, m the vernacular tongue, later than the na tionii of the continent of Europe; but this must not be f{1,^b?t?dJ? 'h? al,a'by or hostility of the Catholic f ,7? ? th? Holy Scripturei in tbe vulgar tongue, but to the villanoua policy ol the Britwh government, and ?r.All . "P0? tbe Kn?ll,h church. The New Testament wa. translated at Rneima, in the year 1692.? ln^,ieplls . S u?t -^twarp in the year 1600, and in n?M?- whole Bible was translated and published at H?u*y- /!bi?? translation was reprinted in England, in !?? f, the direction of the famous Doctor h-fiT0i"0r' v ? translation is now iu the hands of the ?i^li country, and has been lately printed in tb'? 9"y- Thi? copy which I hold in my hand, is from Dunigan s edition, and a beautiful edition it i?. Though the English Catholics had not tbe Holy Scriptures in their vernacular dialect, yet it must be aaid that thoae who knew how to read, had them in a language which : they i>erfectly understood. Heie you will permit me to j rnnrl an Avtrani u\,i i ? ' .. . I read an extract from ".Vlacauley.r* Iu bit efiay ou Alonta tlfifk 2 . coo? ia>'8 i'1 'n of Henry the V Iff th . nr ltrltx/ar.4 Vltl. TL ? WW ? , -v -J| . MM MIC IV1KII VI . loin f tilt: Illth,or Kdwaid the Vlth, a person who did not read Greek and Latin, could read nothing. .Ail the bookt , W"M", fVUJU i vuii UVIIIIilKi All (lie DUUKB then extant, in the vernacular dialects of Europe would hardly have filled a single shelf. A per son who was ignorant of the Eatin language, wa* .hut out from all acquaintance even with the pamph let, of hi. own time, it was employed hy every writer, for it was a Axed language, while the living languages were in a state of fluctuation." we are aaia, men, iu setting that ail who were able to read had the Bible in a language equally ai familiar to them a* their methei tongue, and this lor a century and more after the refor mation. It must be admitted, then, that the Catholic* I have the Bible in the vulgar tongue. But are they per mitted to read it J The (uthoiic Church ia charged with prohibiting the Scripture* to the laity. 1 defy the mod i inveterate enemy of the Catholic Church to point out a j aingle decree of the church prohibiting the people at ; large from reading the Scripture* in their own language i This injurious charge ha* grown out of the fourth ruk I of the iudex. The Council of Trent formed a prohibiting iade>; by the fourth rule of thia index, the Biahop, Pas tor and Confessor were permitted to prohibit the Scrip turea to auch of the laity, whoae faith or moral* they might aee to be endangered by the reading of them. Oui own experience convince* of the evil* that have growi out of the indiacreminate reading of the Holy Scripture* Listen to a few Troteatant authorities on thia subject- i Hear th* calabrated Walter on tha effect* ef the indis ] eliminate peruaal of the Holy Scripture* in the preface to bia Polyglott. Ariatarchu* once could htrdly find *r aen wiae men in Ureece. But emongat Proteatant* with difficulty could you find aa many foola. All Protestant* are Doctor*; all divinely learned. The verieat idiot preache* up his dreamt aa the pure word of Ood. The Alyaae* of Hell aeem to have been opened and emitting a smoke, hava darkened the heavens and taken from the star* their, light. The locusts, armed with atlrgs, swarm every where?an immense multitnde ol sects and heretics, reviving old error* and inventing monstrous one* of their own. These have till ed our cities, village*, camp houaea; nay, our churches too, and our puipits, and they leed the pooi deluded people after them to the pit of perdition. Hercc it waa that another k English writer (Archbishop Bram bali) aaid "that the unrestricted liberty of Protestants in reading the Bible, ia more injurious to religion than the tustraints oi the Catholic*"?and honest old Selden de clared that the two words?"Search the Scriptures," have undoDe the world. How can it be otherwise ? Er ror, doubt and incredulity are the natural result* of the Slorioua principle, and that to such an extent, that the ritish critic telia us, the Hoc in lam are so convinced that the tendency of the Bible Society is hostile to tho Chinch. that they are willing, even though it circulates the authorised version of the Scripture, to give it their kuppotl. litis, they consider a temporary sacriAce made to obtain the greater object? the mm of the establish ment t>y the dividing processes of the Bible Society. We conscientiously believe, says Dr. Morris in a letter to an English Lord?that the Bible Society is au institution fraught with danger, not only to our own church, but to the best interests of christian churches and uuitythrough ? out the world. Now, in view of this mass of Protestant authority in favour of this restriction, will any candid Protestant accuse the Chnich of injustice or cruelty, even though she should insist on this ruia of tha Index, at the present day . but she does not insist on this rulo; all that she requires is that the vereion shell have the approbation of the ordinary, and be acc.om|ienied with explanatory notes. But why not give it without note or comment, es the Bible So ciety does 1 Because the church looks upon her self to be the guardian and the depository, and the inter preter of the sacred Scriptures. She thinks it e libel on the dignity of the sacred volume to put it into the hands of every ignorant and canting fanatic, to be interpreted as bis whim, bis ignorance and caprice would dictate. By the church 1 mean her head, pastors assembled in general council or dispersed. To those Chriet has given the power to teach the written and the unwritten word} to those he hailsaid, "go teach all nations, and I am with ye always to the end ot the world." When the general reader sees that all controversies have been decided by church authority,he must, even were he a Deiat, admire the consistency of the Catholic in adhering to the autho rity of the church. But, when as a Christian he sees all the ancient controversies in religion decided against the ancient Heretics by the authority of the church, and when his experience tells him that private judgment has given rise to many controversies! and never settled one, he will reject with his hart and soul this principle as hostile to the essential economy of the Christian reli gion. Before I leave this place I must say a word on the Bible as a School Book. 1 lay it down as a maxim that cannot be contradicted, that the preference given to one book over another fer the instruction of youth must de Smid on its adaptation to the purpose of instruction, earing this in mind, why do some wish to make a school book of the Bible? They wish to teach the art of reading and the principles of the Christian religion at the same time. Now, we think that there are other better adapted to teach the art of reading them the Bible, and if there were no other reason, merely on account of the quaint ness of its language. As to teaching the Christian we deny its aptitude altogether. First learned Doctor* have disputed, and will dispute to the end of time about its meaning} Secondly, it is the most difficult of all books. And yet this is the hook which is to be put into the hands of tbe tyro just escaped from hie spelling-book. The learned Locke has demonstrated the absurdity of making the Bible a school book ; and the famous Martin, in his dissertation of the English tongue, saye that it ia not right to put it into the hands of every bawling school mistress, ana to make it the object of the odium and de testation of youog children, who lind therein their most tedious task. Many of you know that there are passages in the.Bible which 1 could discreetly read to this meeting. Fathers and mothers! say, would you wish that your children should stumble on those passages, and con them over 1 Recollect the rule of the Synagogue, which did not allow the Jews to read certain portions of the Bible until they reached the age of thirty. Recollect, also, the extravagancies which we have lately witnessed, in thia city and elsewhere, and you will be prepared.to say that the Bible, if not read judiciously, is a stepping stone to a mad-house. I know that I tread upon delicate ground. 1 know that many are extremely sensitive on thi* subject. I have, therefore, endeavored to avoid uttering an offensive expression, if I have, I hereby recal it. I am not here as a theological gladiator. I am here for the purpose of edification. I am here under the full conviction that the discussion of sound principles is beneficial to tbe community. The Catholic has full confidence in his cause. He resorts to no artifice in sus taining it. 1 believe it was Milton who said that Truth stands in need of no artifice. We respect our cause, and we maintain it under tbe guidance of charity. Charity ! that heavenly virtue which softens prejudices. Charity ! which relieves, by a beam ol beauty, the worst cause, and which adds dignity to the best. Charity ! which rejects, in the cause of God, the employing of any weapons, but such as are approved oi by himself, i thank youjfor your attention. Mormonlsm?Klder Hlgdon's Sermon. Elder Rigdon, the great Apoetle of Mormonism, preached a sermon yesterday morning at the Broad tray House. Quite a respectable audience was in attendance, attracted, no deubt, by curiosity, and (lie fame of the "great ejectedHis text was from the 23d chapter oi Matthew,37th, 38th and 38th verses. The Jews were, at one time, God's chosen peo ple?they were intended as a monument, a pattern and example for those who were to live unto the end of time. It had been promised that they should be priests to the Most High forever; but they * were turned aside (torn the path of righteousness, and became accursed.? They stoned the piophets?they refused to hear them and receive their revelations?and, ther. lore, their " house is left unto them desolate." They v. ere prostra ted and degraded. It behooves us to examine into the causes which led to the downfall of this nation. The Apostle Paul speaks of the gospel preached unto the i?iTes,but Jews, and also unto the Oen'iTes, but which did not pro tit the Jews, " not being mixed with faith in them that heard it;'' and he cautioned the Christian church to be ware, lest they tall from the same cause. The Saviour, alter lamenting the wickedness of Jerusalem, says, in she text, " Ve shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall tnr, blessed is he that comcth in the name of the Lord.'' The prophets had come to them, but they refused to re ceive them, and therefoie remain the object of God's displeasure until time shall end. The Saviour also de nounced the Scribes and Pharisees?not because they wore immoral, or a particulaiiy siulul and wicked peo ple, but because they weie blind guides, and in the lan guage of tbo text, " stoned the prophets;" because they efuscd io receive any more revelations than they then had. They were a " generation ot riper*," because tbey refused to leccive the prophets. If iney had not done ?o, Abraham and his seed would have been, to this day, rhe ministers of God. Klder ltigdon now went on to say that the sam. fate which awaited the Jews, also awaiu the Christian cnurch, and lor the same reason. They do ->ot want any more revelations, nor did the Jews?they to not leverence the prophets, (meaning, probably, the Vormon prophets.) just like the Jews. We dont want auv more promises, say the church; so say the Jews.? The leaders of the Christian church are uninspired men -so were the leaders whom Jesus deuounced; both afraid of new revelations?both stoned the prophets. Police lntelilgenee. Oct. 19?Important Arrest.?Mr. Camp of the Police Gazette, and otticer Keiyea of the independent Police, this morning arrived from Boston, having in custody a msn named Kensaller Becker, (well known in this city) arrested on Saturday morning, by virtue of a Bench Warrant issued in Philadelphia, to answer numerous charges of false pretences. He will be forthwith taken to Philadelphia tor examination?then brought back to this city for examination here?after which, he will be taken to. Boston tor a similar purpose. It appears, ac cording to the best information obtained, that the accu sed has recently opened an extensive store in Boston, lor the transaction of every description of business, and that his establishment is well stocked with every con ceivable article and value. Alter the accused has been thoroughly examined on all the charges that have been preferred against him, jk?., the importance of this arrest will be more apparent. Receiving Stolen Goods.?About a week ago, a colored female, named Sarah Williams, was.arresteu on a charge of stealing a gold watch, clothing, and sundry articles of jewelry, worth about $160, belonging to a German fe male named Christina Ahman. This forenoon, a colored lellow namod Peter Vauce was arrested by officer* Josephs and Frederick Smith, on a charge of being con cerned with Sarah Williams in stealing the b*tore-nam*d property. Subsequently, two other persons, named Chaa. B. Berliner and Hammond Baker, of No. 66 Orange street, were arrested, by the same officers, as receiver* ot the stolen property. Robbing a fesssl.?The sloop Bee, lying at the foot of James street, was entered this forenoon, and $166 in " a* it IT gold and bank hills stolen from a trunk, as it 1* alleged, uy a hand of the vessel named Wm. Wool worth, about la years old. The money was the property of Captain Chase. Robbery by a female.?A female, who gave her name as Mary Massy, or Huraley, was arrested last night by one of the titb ward officers on a charge of having atolan upwards of $100 worth of property, principally consisting ot clothing, fcc.,fiom a hoarding-house in Broadway, near Franklin street. Stealing Hogs,?Policeman 8. 8. Coles, of the 9th ward, while on duty about J o'clock this morning, discovered two colored men skulking about the premises ol Mr. Jacob Finch, No. A3 Charles street, which imiuced him to watch their movements. He aoon observed them en ter the yard in the rear, in which were kept a large num ber of hoga, twenty-nine being then confined there, and whioh they were apparently about to drive away. Offi cer Cole* seized them both, and, alter calling for and obtaining assistance, succeeded in taking them to the station house. .Vlr Finch had live hogs worth $dO stolen from hie yard on the night of the 1'Jth instant, and the so cused are suspected ol having been the offenders. They | wura taken before Justice Koouie mis morning. fraud.?A young nun named Soiover wu arretted to day on a charge ol procuring money by false pretence*. ' It appear* that he repreiented hiuisell to Thomas Barry to be the captain or agent ot the ateamer Hendrik Hud son, and obtained ten doiiare lrom him under the promise ol obtaining for him a passage tor the Weat. Barry, die corering that Soiover nad no connection with the ateam-' ar, had him arreated. Robbed on ibt five Poinh.?A man named John Con elly, while on the KiTe 1'ointa laat evening, in company with a iemale named Ann Huaae, had hi* pocket picked of tire dollar*. Ann waa arreated on a charge of having committed the theft. Urand Larceny.?A peraon named Lewis Figardo this morning preferred a complaint against a colored man named VVllliam Allen, at preaeut confined in the city priaou for a petit larceny, on a charge of having robbed him of a gold watch, a tew daya since, while viewing the Ureal Britain. fassfng Counterfeit Money. -Officer None*, attached to tho olhce ol th* chief of police, this morning ai tested a man, who gave his name as Cornelius McUrouerty, on n charge of passing a counterleit five dollar bill on th* Ulobe Bank of Providence, K. I , to Lewis Phillips, of M Orange street. Hut glory ?A man named William Hudsou was arrest ed last nignt lor breaking into tne ship Ancient, lying at one of the wharves in the second ward. The latest advice* from Green Hay, bring no tidings ofBartleit, the seaman lost on the island.

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