Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 26, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 26, 1845 Page 1
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flU.. .. . in iii THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. *475 Whole No. 4157. NEW YORK, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 26, 1845. frlc< I'wu Ceuti. A Ucmarkaltle Letter From u country churclimnn to his friend in the city on tho subject of the late Kpiecopal Con vention!? Octoukh 7, 1$45. Mr Dbar Sir,? Vour remark that " the Bishop's friend* are injuring the cauie of religion by defending him" nail* for some reply. I regret to hear that such U veur opinion, though of course I could not but eapect tnat you would .natu rally sympathise wi'h that party in the cheirch which i* supposed to aympathiae with yon on doctrinal subject*. But, nevertheless, 1 em confident that on mature reflec tion, you will change your opinion) and I am aute the time ra uet far distant when the sober and sensible men ef all denominations will perceive that they have been deceived in this whole matter, and that nothing could be more " injurious to the cause of religion" thun the triumph of tho*e unholy principle* by which the ene mies ot tne Bishop have been actuated Irom beginning to end. By the enemies of tho Bishop 1 do not mean the Ecolesiastical Court, but those men in the city by whom these difficulties were commenced, who got up the trial trumoed up the witnesses, and were from the firat de termined to destroy the Bishop by fair means or foul Tncse are the meu to whom I refer, and concerning whom I shall have more to say hereafter. '? The Bishop's friends." No doubt the Bishop lias his friends ? those who know him well, and are sincerely and warmly attached to him, who aro intimately acquainted ?with liis private li e and character, and think him u man of great purity of mind and heart, who are conscien tiously persuaded that lie is entirely innoeent of the chaiges brought agaiust him, and who honestly believe that he 1' persecuted for righteousness' suite. Such friends he has, and they are increasing every day. But nevertheless these friends made no movement to obtain a vote of tiie Convention expressive of their views, and, therefore, in this sense, it is not true that they ure " de fending him." They might have introduced a resolution deelaiHtoty of their suleinn belief ill his innocence, and complaining that the inherent l ights of tho diocese and convention had been trampled on and dospised. They might have moved thul the sentence of " indefinite sus pension" is a nullity, ns it certainly is, or that the sus pension is ended, uud therefore requesting tho Bishop to resumo hii duties. Any of '.hesn resolutions would not have violated a single article of the constitution er ca noes of the Church, and had it been tho object ol' " the Bishop's lilends" to defend hiin, no doubt some such movement would have been made in tho Convention. In deed 1 was expecting a movement of tho kind. ] thought it itue both to the diocese and the bishop.and though at a distance li on; tho scene of the excitement, and therefore, pcihapi, not as w ell able to judge as others, yet 1 look upon all this talk ubout the destruction of his usefulness as mere twaddle, cant and hypocrisy. 1 believe that the trials ol the past have had a tendency to purifv and ele Vete his character in the estimation of the world, that the meekness and patience with which he has borne them have tended to lollen the hearta even ol his enemies, end that be could now resume the sacred duties ol his office withtcn'old energy, power and influence. But, nevertheless, it may bo that tho Bishop's Mends took a wiser course; and il you will look at it a moment, you will perceive at once, that it was most mild ami con ciliatory. What did they do I They ref rained from any expression of their own atrong views and feelings in his behalf, excepting by an occasional reference to him in their speeches ; and for the sake of peace and harmony they made this absolute sacrifice of their rights and pri vileges. Then tbey introduced a series of resolutions which were founded entirelvupon compromise,which ex pressed their acquiescence In the decision of the court, which provided lor an Assistant Bishop, aud which open ed the wuy lor the quiet withdrawal of the present en cumbent What more could have been asked of them 7 But the opponents of the Bishop were not satisfied with this. They wore determined either to declare the dio cese vacant or to force the Bishop immediately to resign, ami by uniting upon oue or the other of these contra dictory cour5o?--coniradictory, because if the diocese he vacant the Bishop cannot resign?they not only de feated the measures of peace and reconciliation, but in inv liumbie judgment tney did inflniiiite service to the Bishop himself flit Mends are now released from the obhga'ion of attempting any further measures of com promise, and are bound to act upon theii own indepen dent views of ol justice and right. They may now in sist upon his restoration Every principle of Christiani ty demands it. He has now suffered all that the most unrelenting and persecuting spirit can demand; and the time has now come when truth, justice and mercy all require that the sentence of suspension be revoked. Vhen that is done, then the Bishop is at liberty to re sign, but I see uot bow he can resign before with any re gard either to his own honor or the interests of religion and the cnurch. So far, therefore, as the measures pro posed in lite convention by " the Bishop's friends" are concerned, 1 think you must acknowledge that your opinion was hastily termed, and that they wero by no means " injurious to the cause of religion." I come tiow te the consideration of their conduct Ol course 1 can only judge of this from the newspaper re ports, and from what 1 know of the ordinary occasions of disturbance in such bodies. I am willing to acknowl edge that the unparalellod scene of disorder and confu sion exhibited on Saturday, according to the reports, was most "injurious to the cause ol religion." Every good man must mourn over it, and every churchman must leel himself disgraced. But who were tho authors of this confusion? Who were the men who created this disor der by their passionate speeches, their unwarrantable attacks ou private motives, their multiplication of rrso luiionn and amendments, and motions to adjourn: their many expedients to resist and to stave off' a direct vote on the report of the committee, ami their determination at all hui.trda to drown the voice of tho majority, and ob tain a triumph. Who were those meuf Evidently they were tee opponents of the Bishop; among whom you re cognise tbo names of many political demagogues, well known and raaiked in your city as political managers, most adroit iu all party maneuvering, and who brought their peculiar tactic* to bear on the convention What was the object ol these men, as manifested by their ex tiaordinary course ou Saturday 7 Evidently it was not to promote the honor, dignity and peace ol the church; not to act as her faithful and exemplary sons, but to car ry theirpoi .t by storm, toextoit from the Bishop a re signation; to secure this object every principle of pro priety and justice was sacrificed; and hecuuse on that oc OiuSen they were sure to be defeated by the direct vote of a -'l" convention, they were determined that no vote should '-hen be taken, but that the convention should ad journ over untilMoaday. Theyknew that many of the un tnrrified aim conscientious members of the church Irom the country would be obliged to return hume; that in the meantime an opportunity would be afforded for the application of tho screws; that possibly some of the clergy might be so worked upon a* to yield to their em braces, as re feet was tho case; and hence the noise con fusioii and disorder so disgraceful to religion. We re gret the manifestation oT such a wicked and malig nant temper on the part of men who profess and call themselves christians, and especially in that breach of tho church of Christ which has hitherto been distinguished for its order, quietness and peace. But lor this you must not blame the friends of the Bishop. Se far as I am able to judge by the reports, they seem to have set an illustrious example of patient endurance uudei the severest provocations. Their char acters were assailed, their motives impeached, and cxery apnenl was made to their passions, their hopes and fears, which the ingenuity of man could invent; ami yet in the midst of all they remain unmoved and unlernfied, not re turning evil tor evil, or railing for railing. To my mind, therefore, they exhibit a spectacle of moral firmness and resolution truly sublime. I refer more especially to the clorgy? the country clergy?those who here no connection with the miserable rliqurt which have heon formed in the city?who have no ambitions de sires to be gratified by the destruction of any Bishop or any meu - who are quietly luhoriug in their parishes as laithlul stewards of the manifold grace of God, and who hare been taught by the discipline ol a holy and self-de stying lile to defend the oppressed at all times and on ail occasions. Borne two years ago, when those difficulties commenc ed in the New Vork Convention, and when Tuseyism and Popery wore the alarm notes, then one of the vilest of jour city uapers? the Courirr <J- Enquirer?attacked the .eountry cleigy as under the influence of the Bishop and a/raid to act contrary to his withes. But the Bishop it no>v prostrate; his power it gone, the popular cry is agaiifet him.anu.y el these same country clergy are as true and fajihlul as ever almost to a mau. You may depend upon it, tho- efoie, that they are acting upon principle as humble .'thristians, that no caithly power can terrify or drive them irom the fearless discharge ol their duty. But mote than this?the country Clergy are the princi pal sufferers from tho present unhappy state of things in tho church. Their parishes are weak, their incomes snisll. ttauy ure surrounded by watchful foes, ure obliged to maintain the services of the church in the midst of pi e judice and obloquy, and hence they leel to u much gieat e.r degree than iho clergy ol the city, the deleterious in fluence ol ail thoso attacks upon the church with which some <>f your city papers have abounded. These whole sale attacks scaicely noticed in the city, or ouly noticed us the ebullitions ol party spleen,are eagerly seued upon in the country, und lead troin louse to house by all tho I'rcsbj teuaus, baptists, Methodists, < ampbelliies, Seeket*, nud Mormons in tho neigh borttood And coming as they niton do Irom men, who pruiess to ha the friends ot'tlic Church,though in fact tliey nro her bitterest toes, and have no other in terest in her than that of money and wealth;they consti tute ore of the strongest obstacles with which lh? mis sionary has to contend In his exertions to eMsbli-h the faith once delivercd to tho saints. Hence these clergy - menate veterans; they cannot bo frightened by llio cla nio.ous, nor ilrivon by the threatening* ol > our political managers; they have learncu to endure hardness as good soldiers ol Jeaus Christ, and even in the Convention though the weapons of their warfare are not carnal yet lh.?) ?r? ready to light under Ilis banner against ail' the dtlfuions and unified of the woild, the liesh and the devil. I honor them, thcrnlore, for their stability and jsithltilneas in the late Convention nud I believe that eventually their cause will tiiumph above eli opposi te But more than this, the country Clergy are not igno rant of toe secret springs and movements in all this liot gil.ty to the Bishop I hoy know who are the trouble in ffi Israel, and what these troublers want, and what they are"hungering and limiting lor like n set of voracious rorn'O'ante. They know that personal quarrels among ? me o? the ( lergy nl the city are al the bottom ol ail pus trou'dn. They knew the learned Doctors ol Hivini re who lir,'t quarrelled in the Vkuichman, disputing v hirh w bb the greatest, and wete driven iiom thence by the lt-ailess editor; who then quarrelled in the AVie If,rid who then wrote uuoiiy mous letteis?who then denied the authorship ol their own epistles who then qusi relied with the llishop because he would not inter leie to settle their disputes- who then sent tor tire Bish opol VV cstern New kork, and because lie louml himself in too much ot a hornet's nest to do Any good, tliey quae ioiled with him and now, like Heiod and 1'ilate, their jwrsoaai resentments at* ell merged iu opposition to one of the best men of the age, in the vain hope that hie de struction will enable one or tlia other to triumph. Let these learned Doctors settle their private disputes Let them become reconciled to each other, and act like breth ren of the same household of faith, and then we believe that they will be satisfied with their Bishop, and will know how to love him and to stand by him through evil and through good report. But men who are faithless to each other cannot be faithful to him. Men who aie al ways at war with each other, mus: be expected to be at war with him; and now, because the other Clergy, who live as brethren in offices of love, cannot enter into their disputes and participate in their resentments they storm and threaten and rage. They roar like bears, and mourn sore like doves. I beg you, my friend, not to be carried away with their professions of piety. You may depend upon it that the secret history of all this hostility to the Bishop remains to be written, and when it is written the Bishop will come forth as gold, tried and purified by the fire. More Developments of Crime at the West.? Some new and very important disclosures have re cently been made, involving the character of men hore tuforo unsuspected, of which we are not now at liberty to speak. Sufficient to say that a little leaven is leaven ing the whole lump. Every day is developing new facts. The whole gang hava lost confidence in each other, and every one is hurrying to disclose, lest some one speak before him. Sterns, taken from the .Michigan penitentia ry, is well acquainted in this city, and tin* thrown a cloud aroucd some men's characters which it would be difilcult to disperse. West has bean here, too, and has disclosed. Last, hut not least, Bridge told his experience under oath before be went to Alton. Birch, Long Ik Co. think each other has proven traitor, and they are at work disclosing as fast as they can think of things to tell.? The organization of the gang is astonishing. Scattered as its members might bo, its poe ers ol calling and collect ing a full convention is indeed wonderful. At the meet ing which resolved ou the murder of Campbell, on a few days' notice, about twenty were present. Father Driskill was in the chair. Various plans were proposed and discussed. At length it was voted that young Taylor Driskill should shoot him. Campbell was commander of the Regulators.? On Sunday night two men rode to his door and inquired the road to Fulton. Mrs. C. came to the door, but they pretended not to understand her, and she called her hus band. No sooner diil he appear than Taylor Driskill, now in the Oregon jail, shot him. Bridge was with him, and thoy passed on together. This was in 1811. Incon sequence, father Driskill and his son William were lynched. Campbell was a universal favorite on Itock River, and w as a brave and generous man. Soon after, o class of men distinguished themselves as "friends of law and order," and got up meetings denouncing lynch ing. It hns since appeared that their zeal was all in their own behall, as the largest portion of them have been pro ven to be connected with the gang. The chairman ol one these meetings has been in the counterfeit business for several years, whilst others are known as advisers, spies and secreters. Last spring a convention was held at Bridge's to determine what had hi tter be done with Mr. Haskell, the I'ostmaster at Inlet. Finally it was voted to burn him out. Accordingly, the time was sot, and one man allotted to burn his house, another his store and another his stable. He had bocome obnoxious to them in his efforts to put them down, as they hail robbed him of a large amount of specie. In a severe thunder storm they went to his house. All stood out doors but Button, alias Fox. He entered the house in his stocking feet? and as the lightning flashed, he saw his way to the trunk under the bed, covered with curtains. He took the trunk to on empty house at a distance, where they divided the spoils, of which Bridge got one hundred dollars As Mr. Haskell proved that Bridge owned that he had received this amount, he got an execution therefor and secured it. It was owing to the wrong form of action that he did not get the whole of it. Owing to the excitement occasioned by their robbery of Mulford, they found it necesssary to scatter to different parts of the country, and so were unable to carry out their design of burning Mr. Haskell's buildings. The Belvidere Post Office was robbed some time ago. As is usual in such cases, there were those to cry " self robbery." The following tacts have since come to light. " Favor was a "sight getter," so called. He was driving a stage or a team on the road. He writes Sawyer, the P. M. at Inlet, postage free, to send up a hand, as he had "got a sight " (Fred Favor stood out doors at the Mulford., rob bery. Sawyer sent up Birch, who knew at whose liouse to stay whilst surveying "the sight." Birch went hack and sent up Button, who also knew where to stay, lie took the money and divided it with Favor, Bawyer and Birch Not long before or alter this robbery, a very mysterious letter was written to the Department at Washington, sign ed "Itarley Wayne." It wanted Mr. Ames removed from the Post Office but named no successor. It wanted James L. Loop brought before the U. S. Court on prttencr ol violating Ames' franking privilege. But when there thie Harley Wayne would make some awtul disclosures ? The whole tenor of the letter seemed to he to blast the characters of Messrs. Loop and Ames, which were and are now above suspicion. Nauvoo is the head-quarters of bogus making, though no one pretends that tne Mor mons have any thing to do with it. The material is brought up lu bars lrom St. Louis ; and it is run into mo ney by sundry Englishmen who make dies. One of these Englishmen has moved into Iowa, where he keeps ta vern for horse-thieves, counterfeiters, robbers, Ike. He undersells the Nauvoo manulacturers, both in bogus and dies. One of the principal counterfeiters lives in De Kalb county. He sells it two for one, hut never tries to pass it except to his confidents. Ho goes East once or twice a year and gets it in Vermont. He brought the Lyons and Owego bank money to this State, a part of which he signed off himself. An Eastern gentleman is supposed to bring out a lot also, as he comes out twice a year, and sees all the big devils. He has recently been out. When out the last lime before this, he had a great leul to do with Biidge. He won't come again on the ; tame business ! Up to the time of the general alarm 01 the whole gnng, they had two places of rendezvous in our city. Ono of the keepers since moved to La Bulle county, on the Illinois river. He is a brother-in-law of the celebrated Button, nliasJButlei,'recently brought out. It ia represented that these men weio " true," and that although rogues were at their houses eve ry day in the year, no one was ever betrayed.? Vezy, of Jo Daviess, however, complains that one of them, charged him $100 in bogus lor (wo days board, which he thinks was too high ; aud Hopkins of Uelleview, Iowa, drove a pair of hoises to the same place. The landlord told htm ho was pursued, and made him clear out in the night, saying the horses were taken. Hop kins says the pursuit was all a cheat, and that the land lord got the horses and kept them for himself. A man at Ottawa gave their names to a horse thief taken at Os wego as "men to be trusted." Hank Lane, son-in-law ot B1 ins has eloped. If caught he should be taken to Dixon, with or without process, information is also wanted ot Baker, who broke Monmouth jail with Tom Alkott, who keeps a place of refuge on a little stream emptying into ... . ?- - g Da the'Missouri, 300 miles up that river. " Big DavTs" is somewhere in that vicinity. It was testified at Dixon, that the best bogus ever known was some brought to Chicago from the East in the year 18-JJ. Bigclow and Itose bought 8 large share of it, and many others got a little. Not a dollar was ever disputed. But one box ol $40,000 was sold here. Nine boxes were sold in Michi gan, where it was used as banking capital. Ureat efforts mtve been made to get some more of it, but no traces of the person who dealt in it have ever been found. Bridge, one ol the murderers of Col. Caaipbell, has gone to pri son for seven years. The other murderer Driskill is safe in the Oregon jail. Big Davis is still at large. As soon .is he is caught, the work must commence upon the at torneys, tavern keepers, &c., Sic., who have long been in the service of this crowd. Their nauies are all knowu, and the evidence complete.?Chicago Democrat. Kirk at Winchester.?The result of the fire on Tuesday last, is the burning of Taylor's Hotel and the building adjoining, occupied at a (tore by O. YV. lUnimoud, also the range ol office! and shops called HolT* Row, opposite the Court House. The high wall* nuith, saved me buildings occupied by Tbos. 11. Camp bell us a jeweller'* shop, and the block adjoiuing. Win Miller's lesidence, and the whole block south ot it were saved, though the fire had communicated to that, and to Mr. Bell's store and several other buidiugs luither up the street. On that side, the goods lioin the stores ot Messrs. Hammond,' Peter Miller, Wolf, Stieit, Baker, *lugle, Ward, Bell, Breedin, Sporry, Lindsay and Rus sell ; the hat store of Mr. Uesoie, watch and jeweller establishment of Mr. T. U. Campholl, and the tobacco store of Mr. Atwell; Mr. Hnder's burlier shop ; the lur uiiuiu ot Messts. YV'in. Miller, (ico. YV. Baker, lleury S Baker, Dr. McCormick, all were removed, and many articles misplaced. The goods of Mr. H. K. Baker and of the post office were also lemoved. On the eust side ol the street theie was u busty lemoval of the goods and furnituie of Messrs. Aulick, Burgess & LaucK, Ander son, Homey, livens, Tipping, Spungler, henseney, J. \ L. Miller, VY'. A. Baker, Yv'ull, keenau, Henstl aim lluney. Messrs William Miller, Leveling, and Sliatv, Ii.l not remove their goods troin the shelves, but shut up their stores, nud tit ionuijucniiy lice liom osrm.pi in this respect. Mr. Kerr's liirmture is also sale 'ilie live tenements burnt in Holt's ltow were occupied as iaw others and shops, by Messrs. Williams and baiton, I. Tidball, J. Ambler, l>. Kiust, Ciuuige H. Long, K. Milton, YVm D. Oilkeson, J. K. Jackson, YY'in. Ust-mti, snd It. Bowen. 1 he haste with which the goods ol .YH. Hammond were necessarily itmoved, caused many ol them to he ileratigsd and lust tso with Messis. Tipping, Honey, Seuseney, Bell, Wolf, I'eter Miller, and otlieis. l'ho laimers' Bank wih in great danger, buildings on ??acli side ol it bring filed. i he one opposite, occupied by Miss Kiamc, was on tire, and others not far liom om own piemises were saved by the timely application ol wet blankets. The tool ol lue Virginian office was also on fire, as was the cupola ol the court house- the laltei seriously (endangering the (Jerks' offices. The loss ol piopeity i?, as imutl, vanously estimated. Mr. 'i'ayloi nud an insurance ol $11,000 on his tavern house, one hall of the amount which the Messrs. leavers weiu 'o give him lor the premises. Mr. Uannor had an insurance of $.1,000 on his tiirniture , but his loss will be seven oi uignt thousand dollais. The liourdsra at the hotel also met with losses-among whom weie Messis Hammond, Wood, Moore, Fry a, Angel, and others, whose names we have not heard Mr. Meiuer, a journeyman ol Mr W'. Anders, lost Ins savings of seveial yeuis, in a tiunk which was carried out curing the ulaini Mr. A I' Kncli lost the bunks and papers ul his establishment, be ing pievented by tho illness ol bis who liom giving pet soiih! attention to his eftei ts. F.very body is loud in toe praise of tho ladies ol the town, many ot Whom dis played not only cooluess and activity, but gieat eiiaigy 1'bey loimed two lines to hand w uter, and niaoy weie employed in removing goods. Stjnirme Court, Rochbstkr, Oct. 28, 1848.? No. 4. Jerome J. Brigga ada The Hoard ol .Su pervisors ol Onondaga, .vir. Uiiggs concluded in per son. Mr. ( omstock was heard for the plaintiff Mr. Law leoce was beard in reply. The Kamoui Kxpt-dltlmi of Captain Fre mont to tU? Ilocky Mouiitulu*. 'l'lie Wrwt Mouth Paas, die., die. j We last week gave a plan of the route of the gal I lant Captain Fremont, over the Kocky Mountains i and through Oregon nnd California, together with j two spirited views. We now continue these illus : trillions of' this famous expedition. Hot Spring Gate. Wind River Mountains. Devil's Gate. Piko's Peak. The Hot Spring Gate is a very curious aflair. It is on the North Fork of the Platte ttver, and lies between Fort Laramie and Itock Independence, which is *on the .Sweet Water river. it has i much the appearance of a gate, by which the | Platte passes through a ridge coin|>osed of a white and calcareous sandstone. The length of tiie pis sage is about four hun lreil yards, with a smooth green prairie on either : le. Through this place, the stream flows with a tpiirt current, unbroken by any rapid, and is about seventy yards wide between the walls, which rise perpendicularly from the wa HOT SPRING GATE. ter. To tliiit on tile right hank, wluch is the lower, the barometer gave a height o! three hundred und sixty feet. ^ i ( >1 this spring and gate, Captain F. says:? " Towards evening reached the cut, which we nanvd the Hot Spring gate. On our previous visit in July, we had not entered this pass, reserving it i lor our descent in the boat; and when we entered it this evening, Mr. Freuss was a few hundred feet in advance. Heated with tin* long inarch, he came j suddenly upon a line bold spring gushing from the : rock, about ten feet above the river Eager to enjoy [ the crystal water, lie threw himself down for a lias- ! ty draught, and took it mouthful of water almost boiling not. He said nothing to Beuoist, who laid himself down to drink ; but the steam from the wa- j ter arrested his eagerness, and he escaped the hot I draught. We had no thermometer to ascertain the I temperature, but I could hold rny hand in the water just long enough to count two seconds. There are eight or ten of these springs discharging themselves by streams large enough to be c. lled run;. A loud, hollow noise was heard front the rock, which I sup posed to be produced by the fall of the water. The strata immediately where they issue is a line white and calcareous sandstone, covered with an incrus tei'on of common salt'' DEVIL'S GATE, ?On the Sweet Water River. The Devil's Gate is another singular view. It is situated on the Sweet Water River, just beyond Rock Independence, and where the Sweet Water cuts through the point of a granite ridge. The length of the passage is about three hun dred yards, and the width thirty-five yurds. The walls of rock are vertical, and about four hundred feet in height; and the stream in the. gate is almost entirely choked up by masses which have fallen from above. In the wall, on the right bank, is a dike of trap rock, cutting through afine-grainpd gray gra nite. Near the point of this ridge crop out some strata of the valley formation, consisting of a gray ish micaceous sandstone, and fine-grained conglo merate, and marl. We encamped eight miles above the DeviI's Gate, of which a view is given in the plate. There was no timber of any kind on the ri ver, but good fires were made of drift wood, aided by the bois dc vachc. Thejiext engraving is of the Wind River Moun On the North Fork of Platte niver. | tains. These are at an important point, < >n tlie southern edge of them is the Great Pass, through which civilization is to udvance to people the Went lo the shores of the 1'acitie. It is decidedly the most interesting feature in the whole report of Captain F., and a discovery of vnsf importance to the I nited Slates. In speaking of this I'hss, Captain F. says:? The morning of the 18th was clear and cold, there being a white frost; und the thermometer, a little before sunrise, standing at 2<W Leav ing this en campment, (our last on the waters which How to wards the rising sun,) we took our way along the upland, towards the dividing ridge which separates the Atlantic from the Pacific waters, and crossed ii by a road some miles further south than the one we had followed on our return in 15*12. We crossed very near the table mountain, at the southern e xtre mity of the South Pasp, which is near twenty miles in width, and alreudy traversed by several dif! erent roads. Selecting as well as I could, in the sc arcel) WIND RIVER MOUNTAINS, Keith of the Great South Fass. distinguishable ascent, what nnght be considered (he dividing ridge in this remarkable depression in the mountain, 1 took a barometrical observation, which gave 7,490 feet for the elevation above the Gulf of Mexico. You will remember that, in my report of 1842. I estimated the elevation of this pass, at about 7,000 feet; a correct observation with a' good barometer enables me now to give it with more precision. Its importance, as the great gate through* which commerce and travelling may hereafter pass between the valley of the Mississippi and the north' Pacific, justifies a precise notice ot its locality and] distance from leading points, m addition to this. statement of its elevation. As stated in the report v. of 1842, its latitude at the point where we crossed,y is 42* 24' 112" ; its longitude 109'-'2(>'(K)' : lis dis-j[ tance from the mouth of the Kansas, by the common! travelling route, 9C2 miles; from tire mouth of they Great Platte, along the valley of that river, accord-' ing to our survey of 1842, 882 miles; and its distance . (rem St. Louis about 400 miles more by the kanzas.L and about 700 by the Great Platte route ; these addi-.. turns being steamboat conveyances in both instan ces. From this puss to the mouth ot the Oregon is ' about 1,400 miles by the common travelling route ; so that, under a genera! point of view, it may be as sumed to be about halt way between the Mississippi and tlit* 1'acitic ocean, on the common travelling route. Following a hollow of slight end eusy de scent, in which was very soon formed a little tribu tary to the Gulf of California, (for the waters which llow west trom the South I'uss go to this gulf,) we made our usual lull tour miles trom the pass, 111 lati tude by observation. 42" 19 58". Filtering here the valley ot Green liver?[lie great Colorudo of the .West?and inclining very much to the southward along the streams which form die Sandy river, t he road led lor several dnyH*?ver dry and level unin te rebling planus to Wuich a low, scrubby growth ol arternesia gave a uniform dull grayish color; uud on the evening of the loth we encamped in the Mex ican territory, on the left bank of Green river, <21 milee trom the South Pass, in longitude 110**' 05' 05 ', and latitude 41" 58' 54", distant 1,051 miles Irom the mouth of the Kansas. This is ttie emigrant road to Oregon, which bears much to the southward, to avoid the mountains about the western heads ol Green river? the Mo Vtrde of the Spaniards VIEW OF PIKE'S PEAK, Forty miles Distant. Our last, engraving for tins week, is a view o I'ike's Peak, .-t en at a distance oi lorty miles from Camp. It IB thus described:? The view ol I'ike's peak, at the distance ot lorty miles, ie| resenis vny coirectly the manner in which this mountain barrier presents itselt to travellers on the plains, which sweep almost directly to its bases; an immense and comparatively smooth and grassy prairie, m very strong contrast with the black mas ses ol limber, and the glittering snow above them. With occasional exceptions, comparatively so very small us not to require mention, these prairies are tl} winII itUKo Viiji u licit ti o Manila growth of a great yariety'of grasses, among which the in >ti' abundant is the buffalo grass, (arnlcria rlac I loidtt ) Between the Platte and Arkansas rivers, thai part of this region which form* the basin drain ed by llie waters of the Kansas, with winch our Gy rations made us more particularly acquainted, is based upon a loriodtion ot calcareous rocks. The soil of ail this country is excellent, admirably adapt ed to agricultural purposes, and would support a large agricultural and pastoral population. A glance at the map accompanying tins rejairt, along our se- j vtral lines ol travel, will show you that this plain is watered by many streams. tteltslnux Intelligence The different religious papers that are published in this city form a curious item among the iloo<l of iiowm paper literature ol the .lay. The different sects and do- ' nominations have each their particular organ, and their ; various disputes and difficulties are conducted with j almost as much as|>erity as those of the political parties in the secular press. \Ve have been looking over those j that were published yesterday, and will endeavor to j B;ive the spirit of them. We begin with the Episcopa lans, and lirst comes the " Churchman," which has a somewhat lengthy leader regarding the late Episcopal Convertion, and as it is the recognised of ihe bishop's party, it eiitersinto a review of som<! of the pro c edings of the Convention, ami makes some remarks, says, are intended chiefly in self defence as they have been virtually charged with dissimulation at their alleged tone ot exultation in regard to tho result ot the late Convention, which, they say, they have en deavored to avoid, if they have even seemed to indulge in it. _ _ Tho llev.T'letcher j. Hawley sailed last week lor Santa Cruz, having accepted an invitation to he an assis tant minister in tho parish of which the Rev. F. 3. Mines is rector.t ;*| r; 5 "> 1 "01 * The " PKorxsTs.xT Chi'schmin," which is the oppo sition paper, and the organ of those who do not favor the Bishop, his a leader of nearly three columns in length, in which it goos over all the voting during the Conven tion.and completely dissects the Churchmen's remarks on the subject, and closes with the following: ?" oar con temporary, the Churchman, remarks?' While the shal low brook babbles, still water runs deep.' Tho still water of these statistics does indeod run deep, and in view of the great moral result at stake, we say most lervontly Labitur et labetur in omue volubilis x-vutn. As w e cast our eyes over these tables, the spectres which some are still at work to conjure up, disappear, and nil mystification ends, whilst at the same time we can find no words which can better express our feelings and hopes, than those which closed Dr. Seabury's edito rial alter the adjournment of tho Convention " We are thankful that our hopes have been more than realized, We congratulate the diocese on having passed w ith suiety a perilous juncture. We beseech the friends ot law and order and justice to stand firm, and he pre pared to folio" out their convictions of duty unto the end." The lie v. I'otter, rector ol St Peter's Church, Albany, arrived at this port on the 16th instant, in the packet ship Ashburton, lrom Liverpool. Tin: Phksbytkbians come next in order, and the JVVir 1 o> I: Ohitrrer is their chronicler, and its leader is devot ed to the Mormons and the origin of the anti-Mormon war. There is also an niticleon the explosion of the Fourior phalanx in Piko, Bradford county. Pa., and ward ing the religious community not to he enticed into enter ing into any of these associations. Tin. Romas Catholics also have theii organ, which is tho hhec man's Journal ami Catholic Register. They find cause forcougiatulatiou in the Kongo movement in (formally, and conclude their remarks as follows : " Whatever may be the lact in reference to the follow - ers ot Hermes, one thing is very evident, that the present religious troubles will act efficiently in separating ttie diseased portions from the healthy body; and by binding together without serious diminution, iu indissoluble bouds, the members ot the long suffering, but now eman cipated, Catholic Church of Germany." On the matter of Dr. Reese's removal, they say but the following : " Dr. Reese, County Superintendent, was formally re moved, on last Thursday evening, by a vote of tie Board of Supervisors ol 11 to -*? We will give the particulars ( noxt week." They also give a curious edict of theKmperor of China, hi which the Catholic religion is made the especial ob ject of persecution. The Rt. Rev. Dr. Reynolds, Bishop of Charleston, on his return to bis diocese lrom Europe, remained in our city for a few days as the guest of Bishop Hughes. This short synopsis comprises almost all the interest ing items iu the religious world 01 literature. The Future Home of the Mormons ?Nooka or Vancouver Island, on the northwest coast of North America, we have it from good authority, is to be the ' ' > oft' " ' ? ' final destination and home of tho Mormon people. This Istanu is ubout 300 miles long, and TO to 100 in width. It is separated from the main land by a long, narrow strait, and lies between the 47th or 48th and dlstorodd legrees of north latitude, extending along the coast in a northwest direction. The boundary line bo'vveenthe American and British possessions in the northwest, will probably pass across the Island. The English, we be tieve, have one or two trading posts on the Island, but lor the most part, it is inhabited by Indians, of not a war like disposition. It is a long journey, but can be accom plished. If the Mormons do emigrate to that distant land, they will ho out of the reach of harm from white men, and may enjoy their peculiar notions in quiet, un til the devil breeds hit own discords and confusion among them. We understand from the same authority,tba companies are rapidly organizing at Nauvoo, tor ai early start in the spring. The church authorities and leading men will go out in a very large company, ann without doubt the remainder will follow,?Qui"' y K'hig nAi'-Air-Uris.?This puint on the Mississippi u yet destined to become a place of considerable trade It has long been neglected and overlooked by the mer chants of Lincoln, nut they seem suddenly to have waked up to the importance of its location, which wil .oou command the gieater portion of the trade of th< county. Within the last few months, three mercantiU houses have been established at that point, all of whici will be conducted by enterprising and business msn t'hoy propose to puic.huse with cash or goods, all tin produce which they can obtain , thus they will uot onlv lie enahled to do a mercantile business, but will conlei t great benefit upon the citizens of the county, by afl'orc itig them a ready market lor nil thoir surplus produce. Hitherto thj merchants ol Lincoln have been of very little benefit to the county. There is also a new tavern just opened at Cape-au-Grit, aud it has the prospect u another store soon It has now two taverns and three strong mercantile establishments. It only lacks a few mechanics to make it a flourishing village. A shoe maker, a blacksmith and a carpenter would do well there ; a doctor might also locate Himself to advantage at that place?bowling Oram banner. U. S. Circuit Court?Northern District?The U.S.CircuitCourt for the Northern District,met at Albany Oct. 'Jl.?Present?S. Nelson, Ktq., presiding ; Allreo I ouklin, Associate Judge. Alter the charge to the (irand Jury, tho court took up the case ol Benjamin H Wood vs Dnr.d Anthony ? this action was brought ti iccover damages tor the infringement of a patent lor " t new and improved plough,*'granted loJelhro Wood.thr lather of plaintiff, in I8itf, and renewed to his heirs by act of ( ongn ss, passed in 1831. Verdict tor plaiutilt f4o0. October J4?The U. S. of America vs. Aiexaudei Price?Mr. Price was indicted for embe/./.ling letters as P. M. Upon being arraigned on the opomng ot the I oun this morning, he plead guilty ; whereupon his honor the presiding Judge sentenced him to State Prison at Au burn lor the term ol ten j ears. The U. S. of America vs Thomas Staats, Jr.?'The prisoner Slants, was indicted foi making and obtaining lalse proofs, on which he procurer a petition lor one Uoodheart or lioodfaith His counoil are John K. Porter, Esq., et al- This ease is now in pro gress of trial. bu'otu ant DiscovaRV.?Our friend, Capt. Jeuks. showed us yesterday a sample ol wild hemp louuc Hi this county, lu libre is the same as the Mandhs hemp though in external appearance it approaches nearer the New Zealand hemp. Its discovery was accidental. A lai mer from St. Louis county, being in Capt. Jeuks' hemp wurehouso, accidentally saw some Manilla hemp, made inquiiy whut it was, and upon being informed that it wai .Manilla hemp, said he had produced something exactly like it lrom a weed on his (arm, and that he would send in a sample, which he did ; and it proves tj be a variety ot the Manilla hemp, resembling most the New Zealaiiu hemp ; hut it undoubtedly belongs to the same genus as the Now Zealand, Sisal and bi. Domingo hemp, from which all our heavy cordage is made.? St. Louis Hit tourian. Indian Delegation.?A delegation ol Indian cltiels, ol the Pottawattamie tribes, arrived in itolti more on Wednesday night, by the Susquehanna railroad, on their way to Washington. They stopped all night at the U. S. Hotel, l'ratt stieet, and lett at nine o'clock yes terday morning tor the capital. Their names are?M UeauLiien, William lloliiday, 1'ieiie Leclerce, Waii-bon seh, Ke-ab, Hall-Day, Me-ah-mis, bosh-imu-ue, Le-quali Kin-i.e, Na-liau-u-uel, Wh.te Pigeon. They are iron, council Jtluils, on the Missouri livor, and aie under tlu guidance ot .Mr. kichuid LllioU, inleipicter. The object id their visit is tho settling of soinw business in lofereuct to tucli lands in tho west! They are hue specimens o the true natives of tho laud. Til* Result of toe Strike in I'itisburoh ? Tlie lactone* are now <dl ut work, with neatly a tui onipirnient ot hands. many new hands are onung in. We v.eio in one ot tlio oitlcea yesterday, w hen two very fine looking gnls applied lor work, and stated they hud never been employed la any lacloiy the proptwtor sent tliem into the mill to work, and ti met ked to us, " 1 could fill my mill with new hands iu s short time, it l chesu to do so, and was willing to taki the trouble to tt acli them." lie uDo told us that a great many new hands were applying Hiid receiving places.? /'i/ljAui gA Oct. TJ. Attorns* Ska Vessel.?A line schooner, of about IS*) tuna burthen, \v.i* at our whart Ime 011 Tuesday evening. wan built at Fieedom, Pennsylvania, sonu 160 miles Iditliei Irom the sea ( Muskui gum, which attracted so much attention about six months ago. She is lull rigged, and, it' we uie not mis taken, out and out konic-uiu<iu. iter cables arc ot Ama rican water-rotted hemp, and she is ottered to be freight ed with the great staple of Kentucky on tins tier Oral toy ago to New Vork.?Muyml/e tingle. "JMaokstic Tklkorai'h ?We understand that the Electro Magnetic Telegmph, betwaeu Una city anu Uostoii, will lie completed in a tow weeks. Iho woik men are busily employed in putting in the posts. 1 hi line will run along hy the lioUuu and Lowell Railroad iho ternuuus in lloslon will tie at the Marcbauts Lx Change, State ideal. J'ho city authorities have given the company the right to bring the wues to that place ? '1 Ins will he the first magnetic telegraph erected in New bngland, which speaks well lor toe enleipilte ol toe Lowell people.?Imwetl Oumier, Oct. 'J4. ? -.The Governor. General's Health ? We learn front OlHctal Authority, that the health of His hx ceilency the ttoveinor tieneral continues much hi the same stale as at tlm tune w hen the last bulletin was is sued.?Montreal Herald, Oct !W. \ m l, II, <. An aminul caught a few daya since by some boat' man on llm bank of the cawal iu the county ?f ('better field, and now in the possession of Mr. Robertson, at the public warehouse, teems to be something new in natu ral history. It is of a grayish color, the hinder part of the logs white, the front iLik ; it about fourteen inches high, and twenty-five inchos from the nose to the tip of the tail-the tail about six inches long. The neck is long, and something like a fawn ; the top ef the head liko n goat, hut the geneial appearance ol the head like that of a sheep, except the eyes lesenhle fawn's. It weighs eight pounds-it has no external ear. Two horns nre making their nppcarunco Its rump and hoofs are like those of a lawn ; is n mule. The mouth, tongue and teeth are black It would seem to be about fifteen days old : is perfectly gentle, docile and affectionate, and is fed with milk It is supposed to be the progeny of tho sheep and the deer, and if so the mother must have been a doe, because it was caught wild.? Petersburg Rrpub heart The Salisbury (N.C ) Watchman has a story about a snake with two heads, which is said to have baan found by Mr. J G. Temple ton and his brother Elam Temuleton, ou the farm of the latter in Iredell county.? The heads were at each extremity of the body, and ware perfectly formed, says the Watchman. The reptile mea sured 4 feat .*>4 iuchos io length, and was of a black co lor. There are now a number of gentlemen engaged in surveying and examining the Illinois river, and have been in this vicinity for several days past. We under stand that they are to report to the next Congress as to the practicability of constructing a shiu canal so at to connect the lakes with the Galf ot Mexico?Hennepin {III) Herald, Sept. 37. It is staled in the Nathalie Banner that a boy picked up a beautiful stone in the Cumberland river, which, howover, he was willing to soil for a lev pennies It proved to be a pearl,three eighths of ail loch in diume tor, and weighing Id grains, ana is estimated to be worth $3(W. There are now residing in Lowell rwo worthy and highly respectable book binders, who are twin bro tliers?they look,act and dress alike ?were each married mi the same day to twin sisters, who also look, act and dies alike. They all live in one house, and in imitation of some editors, siiy "our'' wife, kc. l'earti are very plentiful in Michigan this fall ? The Kalamazoo Telegraph says : A man towards Grand Haven has alone killed seventeen this season, and more or less are daily killed in this county. Their appearance at this time is occasioned by the scarcity of mast in the upper Peninsula. A gentleman suites that by using guano this year his crop of grapes was increased four-fold, and he conse quently made four times more wine. He also tried it aiound his quince trues, the consequence of which was that they produced double their usual quantity of fruit. A French cook at the Louisville Hotel, who kept a pair of big mttlcrnakes in u box in his room, went to his room on Saturday and found one of them at large. ? He undertook to kiif the make with n huge knife,but the reptile hit him on the finger. Tho Kienchnian whittled his linger down to the hone and then disposed of the pair of suuKes for $h. Dt Holland was the tasteful purchaser. We understand he intends to travel with them. The email pox has made its appearance in Wash ington. The Board ot Health iu that city have taken piecautiouary steps to prevent its spreading. Hon. Washington Poe, whig member of Congress elect from the Third (Macon) District of Georgia, has re signed bis seat, on account of imperative personal en gagements. Richard P. Harden, die young man who was lost from the schooner Surveyor, near Green Bay, has made his appearance. He got lost in the woods, but received assistance from a family near Fish Creek Bay,when uear perishing. American hemp is now exported to Scotland, where it is used instead ot flax in the manufacture of certain kinds of goods, and where a new process has beeu d.scovered for softening the article prior to its be ing spun Very tine and white goods are made of it, as well as bonnets and paper. The receipts ot the Rochester Post Office were $3,333 for the last quarter, within $300 of the correspon ding quarter of last year. The Post Office revenue will soon reach the old standard One part of alum dissolved in seven parts of water will render cloth soaked in the solution, wrung out and dried, nearly incombustible. I hree sons of Mr. Whitney, the oldest aged ten years, went over tho falls at Hooksett, N. H , in a boat, on the^33d,and were drowned. The steamer Glide was lately sunk in the Yazoo river, and is a total loss. Heavy Loss ?We regret to learn that the grist and saw mill of Mr. Jesse Brockway, of Jefferson, in this county, were carried away by the flood, on 8u lurday night, the 11th instant. 1 he grin mill was the most valualue oue in that town, and ihe loss is it serious o-ie, not only to the owner, but to the people generally of that town. Loss estimated at $4,000.?ScA oharie Pu I riot. Explosion.?On the 15th lust one of the boili rs ot the flouring mill of Me sere, J. 3c E. Walsh iu North St. Louis, exploded, by which the engineer was so se verely injured that be died in a few huurt afterwuids ? Happily them was n? other person iu the mill at the line, or at least within the destructive spheie of the catastrophe. The engineer's name was William Free iand, a native ot New Jersey, who has left a wile and tw o rhildieu to lament the loss of husband and parent. Intemperance in Canada ?The Quebec Gazette uivesH comparative table ot the number of pereous uund drunk in the streets of Quebec lor four (including the summer) months in 1U44 and '40. In lour months of 1944 tho number was 133 'n " 1843 " ...3i0 About three-fourths of them were English?that is all others than Canadians. This sneaks well for the char acter ot the latter. The Great f ire has piobably aggra vated intemperance. Gieat calamities have too often that influence. Dreadful Accident ?David Giflord, David Gil ford Jr., and Jacob Stacy, were all blown up Wed nesday afternoon, while drilling out a charge in Perry R. December's well, on High street. David Gifford, Jr.'a head and lace were somewhat injured. Mr. Stacy had one leg broken, one ot his fingers blown ot), and ono ot bis eyes put out. What happened to Mr. Gifford, senior, other tliau being blown up, we have not learned.? Fail Ku er THE EAST RIVER MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY. OFFICE No. 61 (late 49) Wall street, continues to insure against loss or damage by Fire dwellings, warehouses,and other buildings. .Also, on Household Furniture, Merchan due, Ac., as heretofore. , , ? DIRECTORS. John Brouwer. Wakeman Burritt. James McBride, Philip Embury, John Moorhead, Stantou Beebe, Joseph Keruqchan, Daniel Ayres. W Hi Is, Charles N. 8. Rowland, Robert J. Dillon. Nathaniel L. Gnswoldjr. Thomas Nesmith, Ku.seli Stubborn, Robert Boorman, George, Abel A. Low, Stephen Holt, Pomv">r. Joseph Gaillard, Jr. David Thomson, ? JOHN BROUWER, President GOLD S. 81LL1MAN, Secretary. Robert J. Du.i.o,n, Counselaud Attorney. ai lm'm OFFICE OF THE CROTON LNSUKAxNGR CO No. 33 AV'rII Street, Adjoining Mechanics'Bank, iu thrCity of New York THIS COMPANY' lose by the recent lire $35,000 Their assets overand above ill claims against them eaceedSI40,MU They coutiuae to insure .Marine ana Fire Riaki, at fair ratea TRUSThKS. James Harper, William B Cozzens, Edward Richardson, Herman 1) Gould, James Phalen, Theodore A Meyer, S A Lawrence, Cyrus Chenery, Kdwiu R Tremain, Lawrence Hill, 8 M CrandaJI, W H Townseud. John Breuste, Robert Lane, James Cruikahank, John T Gilchrist, J Leander Starr, J H Suydam. Charles L Vose, John B Lasala, Zadock Pratt, Samuel Sherwood, George C UeKay, James Cook, Lortns Andrews, fc I Aldnch, Joseph B Nones, Grorg- Whitflker, Leonard Appleby, Thomas Monahuu, Asa 8 Crosby, G*orge Fslen, John J Hemck, William Burgoyne, Abraham Van Nest, SAMCKL A. LAWRENCE, President. JOSEPH B. NONES, Vice rn-sideut. Nicholas Carroll, Secretary. Capl skitneel Candler, Marine Insp. Also, lnap. for "Lloyd's" for the port of New York. auJm OFFICE OK JEFFEi ESoN IN^DIiAACECU ,? No.SO Wallstr.-et, opposite the Ezclnxnge. ' 'IMUB COMPANY continue to insure against loss and u* 1 mage by fire on goods, waies and tnrrchiiudixe, and ,i' igainsl loss by mland uavigstion on vessels and t lie ir cargoes DIRECTORS. Thomas W. Thome, Klisha Riggs, Thomas T. Wmrdruff, Anson Baker, U K. Kobsou, M I) , Joseph Drakr, Thomson Price, Joseph Allen, Moses Tucker, Jim-. E. Hoi men, John R. Uuvuou, John P. Moore, John II. I,ee, Wta. K. Thoru, Caleb C. Tunis, Thomas Vlorrw!, Francis P. Sas;e, Luaenc Bogsrt, John C. Meruit, Robert Smith, THOMAS W. THORNE, Pre. id-it. (JtonnK 1. Hoes'. Secretary ,yrc Orsicz of TKi Jcppr.Hsois Insi nakrr. i o., / , New York, July 23, lk<4 i 11Hb Ntotk holders of thi? Company are rpt)uei(ed fu call at *- the OM of the Company and ??guiiy whether it be their wish to lill up their respective shares,or to receive a uumber of shares equal to the present value of thrir stork. The Stockholders residing out of the citr ire requested to convey their intention by post, to the office No. 40 V\ all at. T W. THOhrNE. I'res't. Ono T. Hneg, Sec'y. jyis rrc CtUI ?U\ t.AK > PATENT SHIRKED Sb SPENDERS CJlGY DOZEN khirrrd suAj'cndrra m n,el icin,-d nnrlsi the oUU above pro-nt k'or.'h'hv GkO p. r I ( I K, C't >AL& III AV K at mv Y'?td 256 Kb* <b?lh afreet and corner Ham meraly and Bedford, I'eech Orchard Herl Aah Coal, at low prites, via :?$!>4# for urok. u, $i 74 for egg and atove, I. rye nut,$4 2.4 ; Lehwk, egg sod stove, $4T1 per on, ra -vertsued a, 4 delievrrtd. Also, Liverpool, Bliiatburgo, Rc. Oriliri recciv'd at the Y atd ^jii ia*tc J AC 0 b W-l-kk,

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