Newspaper of The New York Herald, 27 Ekim 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 27 Ekim 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Yew York. Monilat , October ?7. !???. ^< w* from Kuropr. I hi* Great Western ha* passed by Sunday with out passing hv r-andy Hook. She in now in her six teenth day. Tlie public Hchools. The trial and removal ot Dr. Bee*, the late Su m'rintendeot ol Public Schools, has given rise to a ' )d flrti of controversy in the party pai>er8 of all km da, some going for and some going against him. j?jt this business has also given us some very singular developments relative to the management of these public schools, and the morals and character of those who occupy the responsible positions ot teachers and Emm the first establishment ot the public schools until a few years ago, there was no trouble?no ex ri.' m-nt?no disturbance, in those valuable semi naries of vouthfu) intelligence. But in an unfortu n?t- moment, e. distinguished prelate of the Catholic church, f.irgettina his duty and the first principles ol lus religion, jumped into the arena ot politics, to til lit ? fierce and fiery declamations, and create ex citement relative to ihe public schools. We need not - ty that we allude to Bishop Hughes, under whose i nd screet leadership originated all the agitations that I, .V.- been carried on with more or less bitterness, caudal, and disregard of all the principles of reli gion, for the last few years, up to the recent dismis sal ct the sui>erintendent. The folly, fanaticism, iind violent feeling, originated by Bishop Hughes' movement, generated in the opposing sects an equal amount of folly, turbulence and disregard ot all the principles ot the tounder of Christianity, whose grand doctrine, was love and not sectarianism. Evpry new development ot this unhappy contro versy, which originated with Bishop Hughes, down to the recent vote of the Common Council, has only ho .vn that there was more of party?sectarianism? fanaticism and folly, than religion, in the movement. The party press now takes up the case of the dis missal ol Dr Reese, and makes a great clamor about it, and attempts to identify his cause with that of the Bible itself. This is only another phase of the sectarian movement which has so unhappily been in progress about the schools. The course of Dr. Reese asCounty Superintendent was not a whit better or more christian than that of | Bishop Hughes. We consider Bishop Hughes and ! Dr. Reese as occupying the two extreme points? j the one on the Catholic side, the other on the Pro testant side, bui both being indiscreet, fanatical, tur bulent, disingenuous, captious, and troublesome to the peace and good order of society, ana particu larly that portion of society who are taught the first elem -nts of education at the Public Schools. From the very first moment that Bishop Hughes com rn-nced his agitation, until he disgraced himself and his cause by turning politician m Carroll Hall, he was precisely as culpable, as criminal in the eyes o all good Christians of every denomination asDr Reese has been from the date of his appointment to the hour of his dismissal. We ure persuaded that there was as good foundation for the course taken towards Bishop Hughes in these matters as there tins been in the case of Dr Reese before the Com mon Council, although the one was a Catholic and the other was a Protestant. Both, indeed, are men of the same mental calibre?the same widih of heart?the same longitude of feei ng?and the same amount of charity. They are nf the narrow-minded fanatics that spring up in every age, setting society by the ears, pandering to he igotrie6 and passions of men, and lighting up the foes of intolerance and sectarian hate. Wuh regard to the developments which have been made in the course of this investigation, rela tive to the moruls of some of the teachers and trus i era of the sixth ward, we have also a word of con demnation to pronounce. There can be no question hat rome of the teachers of the schools have disgraced their c filing by grossly immoral con duet Some of the trustees have also been equal ; ? culpable. Bat all that is not enough to justify or xcuse the conduct ot Dr Reese, who is just as bl*m?able as Bishop Hughes on his side. We have seen some of the journals, particularly the Courier n?./ Enquirer and Commercial Arlvertiter, endeavor ,ig to justify the indiscretion, violence, sectariun sm, and incendiarv course of Dr. Reese, by expo sin J the weakness, folly and immorality ot certain teachers and trustees in some of the wards. This s mo>t supremely absurd. Two black balls are not equal to a white one. Two sinners added together, ,uid the sum total ascertained, are not quite ade juate to make up a saint. Two angels of darkness brought up from the depths of the bottomless pit, and r.-.vered over with pitch and brimstone, cannot be united together in any form and shape, so as to pro duce an angel of light, all radiant with the ineffable purity of the skies Neither can a pugilistic,drunken teacher, with any quantity of rum-selling trustees, be an excuse, or furnish any apology tor that course of conduc t which we have blamed alike in Dr. fieese and in Biehop Hughes. The trnth is, during the last few years the public schools have been in the arena of politics, tossed ..bout here and there in every direction, and made the sport ol sectaries, and fanatics, and politicians, until hardly a single vestige of their original good character and good system remains. We are afraid thit we :i< ver shall have peace in the public school -vstem ot this city under present circumstances, un til all the parsons and clergymen and |?Iiticians are mmshed entirely from any participation in their lanagement. The old system of management pur ued bv the Public School Society was probably the best. It was free from sectarianism. It leaned neither to Protestant fanaticism nor to Catholic fa naticism It avoided all contact with immorality nd irreligion. The Public School Society was sufficiently religious to satisfy every religionist ol moderation and common sense, and under their re ?'/m? we had peace and quiet. We wish we were igain under the same system. Intolerance?all sec . nanism? intriguing politicians and intriguing par his mu-t be eradicated root and branch from the management of these invaluable public institutions, or else we will toon have to lament over their utter and irreparable ruin. We trust that the movement has commenced, and that common sense, modera non and charity will soon resume their sway. LXCTI BKS on THE Chisixsk ?This evening at the Society Library, the erudite Dr. Hernisz commences his com se ol lectures on China and the Chinese. Our readers are already familiar with the name and talents of this distinguished tavan, and we have no doubt that his lectures will be attended by crowded auditories. The subject is one of great and practical interest, and the announcement of Dr. Hernisz has b-eri hailed with much satisfaction by this com munity. The lecture to-night will bs exceedingly riricus and instructive. for Ed*opi?The Great Britain will pcsi r.vely leave to morrow tor Liverpool, and her let ?r baps will close at one o'clock in the afternoon. Lvte from Bkkmuda?We have received the Or, Hindi Il-rald ol the lHth inst. The only item of ivw* to the billowing :? [from the Bermuda Herald, Oct. 16] ' Oreat eaarli'ma have been made by |>erioua reaiding in Bermuda, who were in want ot lahorera, to induce ?ime of the < lei mam who are emigrating to Baltimore in the hip i Hilton, (which veaael nut into Ht tieoraea i,i ii an', of wuter) toiemainhere Over thirty npplica tiona have, we nnderatand, been made (or lahorera, and v.iry inducement wm offered to urge the tmigianU to . nticipate their original destination.and aettlo in Hermn ? t? t tout will satisfactorily ptove that imported ?r? a?e w.nted here, and would icadily meet with . in doy But thoae emigrants, now accidentally brought heie, rannot he induced to atop They have neen sent to- til thnr li lend* in the htatea. and have formed on .hiplioard a social compact, which they are unwilling to i rr.ik l>t being separated. Their purpose ia to aetile ..*n in l,e Mate* liUe one Urge family, wheie the te i inbi mce ot their Fatherland will be kept alive by in .rcouise w a* each other I'erhapa thia mar affords ilul hint to those who hare the expending of tha .?100 loted hy our l.egislatore for Immigration pnrpotaa Tha 1 i ge money aeemsTery moderate.being flOperhead-, i ..ol ha ? no < irg ? in. and will proceed on her roy . to Haltiinore a a noon aa ahe can get to s*a The ? la gathered from inlormation obtained in Hamilton; v, va aince lieard Irom St tleorge that aome ol the V < grant* will atay, if sufficient inducement be offered. Anti-Kent Movements?Wc perceive from th* l\Untnt and other anti-rent papers, that great efforts are now inade to procure signatures to a petition to the Governor, for the purpose of getting a reprieve lor those criminals condemned at the recent trials in Delhi and Hudson. The first movement is di rected in favor (f those condemned to be hung next month. In some of the memorials it is stated that the crime of these young men?Van Steen burgli and O'Connor?who were parties to a murder, was merely a political offence?that is, they entertained a difference of opinion on certain matters from those held by their neighbors We should not be surprised that this doctrine would prevail to an extraordinary extent in these new light philosophical times; and farther,we should not be at all surprised to see Governor Wright com mute the punishment of these men, and sentence them to the State Prison for life. Then, of course, there won Id be another movement made afterwards for the release from the State Prison in less than a year or two. From this movement to set aside the sentence pronounced by the law on the anti-rent criminals, and irom the probable success which it will I meet with at the hands of the authorities, we have every reason to believe that in a short time the anti rent movement will be more active and intense than ever. The firmness of the judges and juries, and public officers in Hudson and Delhi, has repressed the agitation of these philosophers for the present? but as soon as the lives of the culprits condemned to the gallows have been saved, and several of the others released from the State Prison?as no doubt they will be?the whole business will go on more actively than ever. Indeed, accordingto all appear ances, the anti-renters are operating with great suc cess in their several districts, on the movements ot both parties in the approaching election. They are making their bargains and organising their arrange ments so as to give themselves influence and power at head quarters, and no doubt they will succeed. Theatricals?The American Stage ?Public attention appears to be directed with highly awaken ed interest to the progress and prospects of the drama and the stage in the United States. The most extraordinary revival in theatricals, opera, mu sic, everything connected with the theatre, as ex emplified in the success of the Keans, Miss Delcy, Templeton and De Meyer, and the remarkable inte rest developed amongst all classes relative to the maintenance of the high reputation of distinguished American artists, mark the present as an era full of ho;* promise as respects the future prosperity and progress ot the drama in tins country. We have in the United States several dramatic artists of a very high rank -Forrest, Cushman* Hackett, and now aspiring to the 6ame atmosphere Mr. Murdock?not to speak of Rice, Hill, Placide, Marble and others in various ranges of comedy. Forrest and Murdock are from the same city Hackett is a New Yorker?Boston claims Miss Cushman. Forrest is undoubtedly at the head of American dramatic performances in the male line, hs Miss Cushman is in female parts. Miss Cliiton, Miss CI arendon and others, have attempted with gn ater and less success to reach the point of excel' lence attained by Miss Cushman, butshe yet occupies a proud pre-eminence both in the new and old world Tne debut ot Mr. Murdock at the Park was highly respectable, but by no means so brilliant as th it ot ForeBt at the Bowery. Murdock has a great deal of commendable ambition, abundant confi dence, and many of the elements of a good actor.? But he wants the natural energy?the free impulses ?the innate genius of Forrest. Murdock is rather an imitative than an original genius, und thus he differs essentially from Forrest. Indeed, Forrest now is, and for years probably will be, at the head of the American stage. A number of persons have, it would seerr, banded themselves together for the purpose of making Mr. Murdock a great actor at once. But it is not possi ble thus to leap from obscurity to eminence. That great genius which, with omnipotent force, bears its possessor to the proudest height of ambition, is meted out to but few. Forrest had his share of it But all aspiring dramatists are not born Forests.? Mr. Murdock has highly respectable talents, and with due study, care and patient industry, he may yet be one of those in whom America can feel justly proud, as a dramatic artist of a high order of ex cellence. News from Texas ?The Alabama arrived at New Orleans on the 16th, with advices from Araneas Bay to the 12th inst. Among other documents we have received the following letter from our correspondent, who is now safely in camp. St. Joseph's Island, Texas, Oct. 10, 1646. The present position of our country with respect to our southern neighbor, is peculiar, and as we are yet young in diplomacy, it is presumed that many new ques tions of practice and policy must arise, on the settlement of which will depend, nut only our own future conduct, hut whose decision may have no small effect in modify ing those international rules which civilized nations have acknowledged to be tneir governing lawt. Hence every eye must De directed hither with unusual interest, lor Americans feel that the time is now at hand for their country to iassert her influence among the nations, and whether or not a hostile gun shall he fired, they look with patriotic pride upon the spectacle ol firmness and vigor she now presents But you do not ask for political letters from Texas : you would rather hear of the "dreadful marches," ot "war's alarums," and all the pomp and circumstance ol which the country beyond the Nueces is soon to he the theatre. Of course, every thing communicated with relerence to th ? movements of an army, is mere specula tion, entitled te confidence no further than as the views ot an actual looker on. He who clnims greater authority lor his revelations is an impostor ; as the nature of his orders is first published to the world in the act of a good general. That these orders will be judicious, we have a guaranty in the elevated character of our admiriistra tion, which many thinking men believe is the very defi rntion ot what is demanded by the present crisis. It is known that this camp is a sort of half-wsy house for the troops in transitu. Arrivals and departures have been the exciting incidents tor weeks, but in a short time this place must lie shorn ot its honors as a scene ol interest, and will very soon lie degraded to the ignoble rank of a mere depot of stores and supplies. Hencelorth, look to the "disputed territory" lor the true seat of war The U. H ship Lexington arrived on the 4th, with de tachments of the 1st and 3d artillery. Yesterday the steamship "Alabama" appeared off this island ; she brought from New Orleans five companies ot the 6th, two of the 6th, and one ol the 7th infantry. All the troops now here, it is understood, move to Corpus Christi in a day or two, and then here endeth epistle No. 1. [From N. O. Picayune, Oct. 16] The troops stationed at Corpus Christi and St. Joseph's Island were all well No movement has yet been made upon the Nueces. The Flying Artillery, under Major Itinggold, were at St Joseph's Island but about to pro ceed to join the main body of the forces. At Corpus Chriati business was extremely brisk. We have seen letters dated the 10th inst., which state that the Iiidi ns lately made an attack upon a settlement on Mission river, and killed and drove off all the cattle. The inhabitants were so fortunate as to escape. The at tack is supposed to have been instigated by a desire to avenge the late cowardly attempt upon the life of Cas tro, who lately guided Col. Cook, the Texan Secretary of War, to Corpus Christi, and of whom our correspon dent spoke to favorably. A bloodless duel came off' recently on the beach of St. Joseph's Island ; or rather a hoax in the guise of a duel, theie having been au understanding between the friends of the principals that no harm should be done. One of the principals is said to hnve gone off under the full im* pro-sion that lie has killed his adversary. The V 8. store ship Loxingtou and the mail schooner On ka hy-e sailed from Aransas on the 7th inst. The scnooner Piedmont, ol Waidoboro', Me., had arrived at Aransas from New \ ork, with United States troops and stores The steamboat White Wing has been sold to the United States government. For the want of ware housea, the schooners < ornelin und T F. Hunt have been converted into temporary store ships. The steain schooner Augusta and the steamboat Monmouth are still employed by the government as lighten. The Mon mouth and the schooner Win Bryan were shortly to leave for this port for repairs The schooneis Josephine, Henry J'lnntageuet and the Emma arrived at Aiansus on the .'ith, 8th and 10th respectively, from this }>oit. The schooners T? o Friends und Koselia sailed for this port on the 10th, the schooner 1'iesident, of Now Yoik, on the I lib, and the schooner Fame on the Nth irist. Tho -chooners II. L. Kinney and Orange Branch were shortly to sail ior Galveston. New V'obk Census.?in forty-two counties heard from, the population is now 2,211,!WW, against 2,047,27:1 in 1H44) Increase in five years 167,72b ? Seventeen counties remain to hear from. Signs of Starvation.? We copy from the S/>nr? tan the prices of provisions in Npartanhurgh, winch i certainly do not indicate thai tha up country people will be starved out belora tha noxt session ol the Legists '"re.?(,orn per bush. 60 a 76 eta.; Fodder per 100 bun >1 ; tuts, {-heat) per do/, la cts ; Peas, *6 cts ; Pork, (gross,) per cwt , $3 SO - Tallow per lb? 10 cts.; Lard pei lb In ct, , Butler per lb, Ifta 13 cts ; Chickens, cts Turkeys, 37 a 60 cts.; Kggs, H cts. The prices ol egg-, tmtter, and chicken fixins would astonish us poor city folks. Gesture at St. Peter'* Ckttrok Lu( Evening. Hie attendance ioetet tiling,al St. Peter's Church, to hear Dr Ptae lecture, was very large and respec table, the well known reputation of tin* gentleman, and his coadjutor, the Kev. Dr. Powera, never fail ing to attract a mighty concourse ot people when they proclaim their intention ot delivering lectures. Thia was an introductory lecture to the one which the reverend gentleman will deliver at the same place and 011 the same subiect on next Sabbath even ing. He lectured on the text contained in the 4th, 5th, and 16th verses of the Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians, lirst chapter. The lecturer, after reading the above versee, con tinued?If such, then, was the language of St. Paul, the divinely inspired Apostle, what should be my language on the present occasion I And yet, with St. Paul,1 too, feel eonlident in my cause?or rather, not in my cause, but in the cause ot truth, for 1 pro fess, not a doctrine founded on huniHn wisdom, but iu the language ot the inspired Apostle, 1 profess the mind of Christ, or I profess Isitb, and faith is the mind or the exemplification of the will of Christ?the revelation made by Christ to his Church. Faith, coming from Qod. reveals tho ex stence and the manner of esistenre of (iod and tba will of God.and teaches men the will of God Faith, and faith alone, can give us the true idea of God. and faith and faith alone, can give us acorrect apprecia tion and knowledge of heavenly things. Human reason can never scan the sublime and awlul heights of the Deity -it may ascend from nature to nature's God; it may, and must teach the reason of man ot the excellence of the Su preme Deity; yet faith alone and nut reason, can teach mankind the manner and mode of the existence of that Su preme Being. Faith, the cardinal doctrine of the church, which evety church is bound to admit, depends not npou human reason, not upon human motives, but upon divine revelation, and wbicn is in the sublime language of the apostle of che nations, the word ot God. In explaining myself in this manner, I select the languege of the holy father, and in an especial manner St Hillary, in hi* trea tise on the Trinity in the fourth book. In the course of lectures last winter 1 dwelt upon some distinct charac teristics of christian doctrine, and I trust I succeeded in proving that the invocation of saints, the veneration of sacted images, and of tho cross, and the doctrine of pur gatory, are founded upon high authority. 1 now enlarge upon the foundation of all these distinct doctrines. 1 enter upon the great and all important topic of faith, a topic deeply interesting to every church, putting aside all feelings of prejudice, trampling to the earth every sentiment of selfishness, every want of christian charity, standing in a fair and candid position before the commu nity, far the purpose of explaining what the Catholic Church believes on this great doctrine of fai'h, and to examine whether her doctrino comports with tho teach ings ef tho holy scriptures, and whether we, as Ro mau Catholics, are enlightened Christians, or whe ther we are to be called benighted on this as we are on almost every subject belonging to re ligion. The investigation will lead us into the consider ation of what we are obliged to believe, and what is of equal importance to onlightened Christians?for the Ca tholic* must claim their position among enlightened Christiana?why we believe. In the discussion of my subject, the first thing that will be taken into consider ation, will be the real defiai'ion of the subject we are discoursing upon. I recollect to have read in the writings of a famous philosopher an axiom which con sisted of the highest importance, contained in one word, and that word was defined by Count Duscall, who ob served that a long discussion will be cut short by a lucid exposition of the subject we are debating. Now, if I ask what faith is, if I nut the question to an indivi dual trained from his cradle in prejudice to the Catholic religion, and after giving a prejudiced definition as out belief, he attacks it, and is prejudiced against it, and condemns it, but when he hears the true and authentic definition which the Catholio church teaches, then he is quite astonished at bis prejudice against that doctrine The questiou then to be answered is this, and I put the question in the spirit of the Catholic church?what then 1* taith I 1 define faith as follows- faith Is a gilt of God In the firet place it is a gift ot God, that must be proved from the Holy Scriptures. Secondly, it ia a light illu minating the human mind, by which it perceive* and fully assents to all the revelations of God; third, which the Church proposes to be believed; and fouith, whether written or unwritten; and these divisions it becomes me this evening to lecture upon, elucidate, and prove The first point is thia, and as we proceed, it will bo made manifest whether or not the Roman Catholic is benigh ted in his views of religion, or whether he founds all his opinions, or rather his convictions, orhii doctrines, on the Sacred Scriptures 1 and, therefore, cannot be accused of not consulting the Scriptures. Faith ia a gift ot God 1 prove this from the 6th chapter of St. John, :19th end -19th verses?and, therefore, the Catholic is perfectly scriptural in his definition of faith. I prove it again in the 1st Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians, l-lth chaptei and 8th verse, and trom the Acts of the Apostles, 16tli chapter, 14th verse. Faith beiug the gilt of God, was called in question at an early period in the history of the l hurch, by individuals who raised their voice against this doctrine, and decla-ed faith not to be the gilt ol God, but that man of his own understanding would either embrace or reject feitli. The first upon record to disseminate this error, was a rtonk, a Briton by birth, a man of natural talent but of little energy, named Pela gius ; but in all cases where there arises an innovator, there is always raised up by Providence a vindicator 01 the truth. Bo St. Augustine raised his powerful voice against Pelagius, and vindicated the doctrine of the I nu'Cti with tegard to faith being a gift of God. The doctrine of Pelagius was contained in a book compose' by this individual on grac-, which was sent to the Sove reign Pontiff, Innocent, who occupied the Papal chair and returned it to those who sent it to him with this an "The book yuu sent me, a'ter a per J sal of it, I eplete wi.h errots and blasphemy, kc. Accord swer : find is rep ingly, a council was convened in Asia by the Church and the true doctrine was vindicated, and that doc trine which was vindicated, is the doctrine the Chutci teaches at the present day ; hut from the Council in Alia the lollowers of Pelagius appealed, a.id St Augustine, when applied to, answered canouically, i< is useless. Rome has spoken, tha cause is finished, and from thia I derive a powerful argument that St Augustine was in the confidence of the See of Rome w as it not elegant, therefore, in the Council of Trent, in assembling the holy fathers of the church to vindicate the faith f was it not elegant in the representatives ol the whole Catholic church to issue their anathema against all who presumed to follow the heresy of Pela gius ? Faith, therefore, is the gift of God?it is the liglii [ hy which the human mind is tegiilated, and in order to believe this, we have recourse to the text of the sacred scriptures. In the sacred Kpistle of Paul to the Corin thians, first chapter, 4th, 5lh and flth verses, the Apostle emphatically declared that, " faith was tho light am; glory of the Saviour, who was the image of God.'' It ; appeared trom thess texts that Paul taught that faith was j a supernatural light illumining the darkness of human | nature, ennobling it, and such had God left in Ins | ehurch Faith, thirdly, is that implicit belief, by which the mind firmly assents to the doctrine contained ] in all the Revelations. And here we enter into an important point in our argument ; where faith exists, thete is no hesitation--where faith exists theie is no doubt?where faith exists there ia no vagu> oninion? where faith exists there is no fleeting imagina tion?but there must be firmness without wavering 01 hesitation of any kind We dapend upon God as the in fallible foundation of faith-we depend upon God and there can be no doubt, no wavering, and we rely upon the certainty and intallibility of faith. This is the doc trine of St Basil, in telation to laith.when he says faith is essential to salvation, and this is in perfect accordance with the doctrine taught by the sacred scriptures. We also find that Bt Paul has styled the Church "the pillai and the ground of truth," and it has gone forth from God himself that he "would remain with the Church for ever even unto the end of time, and that the gales of hell should not prevail against it." There, then,can he no I wavering as^to faith?it is firmness?substance?infallibi. lity. The opinion which is so prevalent at the present day. that faith is a mere matter of opinion in regard to the individual, is not of recent date This theory was also promulgated by the renowned Ahelard, who knew not only how to disturb the "deep solitudes and awful celli," but the calm spirit of the C atholic Church. As St. Au gustine had risen against Pelagius, ami defended the 1 hurch from the heresies which he preached, so also 8t Bernard wrote and defended the Church against the 1 vain opinions of the romancer, Ahelard. These are the very words of St. Bernard, when writing directly against Abelard himself Language which has been transmitted to us undertbese circumstances?must have ; force and pungency, and will be found vigorous. God forbid thnt we should believe as lie (Ahelard) fancies, that there is anything in our faith, as it hanging upon a doubtful opinion, or anything and every thing not cer tain and established upon solid truth, upon the divine oracles and mira-les. These testimonies are exceed ingly to be believed. How can any one dare assert, thai laith is an opinion, unless he either be ignorant of the gospel, or else regards it us a fable 1 1 know when I helieve, and am certain, exclaims the Apostle, and will then Abelard piosume to say faith is an opinion ? Thou holdest as doubtful, that which nothing can be more certain, than Saint Augustiur thought differently. Faith, he writes, is cher ished in the heart, not by conjecture, or opinions but by an infallible consciousness of its truth. God for bid, then, that faith should tie circumscribed by such li mits. These are the theories of academicians, who doubt ot every thing and know nothing. But I rest on the declaration of the taar'ierof nations, and know that I ahsll not bo confounded I am pleated with his defini tion of laith. the substance of things to be ho|ied for?the evidence of things that appear not The subatance, he says, and not the ompty phantasm of conjecture. This substance it is not permitted to imagine or dispute at will, or to wander hither and thither, through the vain ina/es of opinion arid error By the word substance i* signified something fixed and ceitain. Truth is, therefore, no opinion, but a certitude It excludes all hesitation ? Hence St. James F.pistie, chapter 1, verse 11, "Let htm ask in faith and nothing wavering, for he that wavereth is like 11 wave ol tho sea, which is moved and curried about like the wind." This is the strong, convincing, beauti ful roman ? atholic language of Ht. Bernard, the most eloquent man of hia day, as admitted hy the preju diced Gibbon, and by the infidel, llolingbroke, with pen cils deepened in prejudice, and even John r.alvin 111m self said of him, that he was in the "catalogue of th* blessed '' Thus from these testimonies we see that faith is sent to all by God? lo all, noito onr -not to this or that one -with permission to the human mind to reject that or admit this?you must tuke the whole and settle down the wholo from God. The eternal word of God has taught the dortrine of trensubstantiation?the eternal word of God hat taught the doctrine of purgatory, and when God lias taught these doctrines?they must be admitted, and St Peter lays " oven though the nuiid te Coils against them, thay must be believed " Therefore we see the doctrine which the church lays down for the foundation of our faith, ami it does not originate an; exclusive prerogative -it does not make slaves ol its subjects " leading captive the intellect," as 8t Paul says ; and how then can thoae who belong to the church forget their doctrine I Christ left hi church upon earth as a depository through which his doctrine was to be transmitted to his children, and 11 transmitting the church which was to remain througl all agca, evnn to the "end of time", he says, "he thet will not near the church, let him he to thee as the heathen and the publican;" consequently, when he speaks of tho church, he speaks of the revelation of those who were to he sent down as his successors, and through his sucoessors come down to the present day, from the source of all truth, and where it i* depo ?ited to bo transmitted down to tho conltimmotion of timo The loot nolnt in relation to faith is, that those revelations iruat he believed, whether written or not written. All will of roe thet if any revelation ia written it muit be believed The church holds, that if not writ ten, they ere inspired by the Holy Obost, who inspired the written revelations. Those who deny the belief in the mere traditions of man, rely on tho revealed doctrine oi our Saviour, who handed down the revelations. 1 have oc cupied your time this eveninf, with a sort of general out line of what I intend shall he my future lectures, because upon faith all the distinctive dootrinea of thel'burch will rest. The Catholic believes because he has received faith from Uod, and faith is the gilt of God. By that faith the mind becomes enlightened,because he receives all from Uod He is commanded by the Church and taught by the Church, and be believea the doetrines, whether thet are written or revealed. The Catholic tests consoled in his faith-full of hope in his faith?and though he derive* all those boons from his Creator, he is still an humble, poor creature before the majesty of God?his mind is en lightened and made calm in the darkened labyrinth by the light of laith?he feels no hesitation, no doubt with regard to his faith?he believes because the Church teaches him to believe. This is the faith of the Catholic through the provideuce oi God, which enables him to hear up against every calamity?amid the troubles ol his deceased friends, or through vicissitudes of life. Why then should we not be attached to our faith? Why not have feelings to vindicate our faith? This evening's lec ture is merely preparatory,my friands.to a course which i intend to deliver, and I shall therafore conclude for the present City Intelligence. Militasv.?The iimt brigade New York State Artillery .

commanded by Brigadier General Hall, consisting of the 2nd regiment, Col. Dodge ; 3d regiment, Col Avery 9th regiment, Col. Curtis : and 27th regiment, Lieut Col Bremner commanding, will parade for annual review antt inspection this day, at Tompkin's Square. The brigade line wilt be formed at 3 o'clock, P. M. The Independence Guard, Capt. John T. Cairns, and Tomp-in's Blues. Capt. May her, will visit White Plains to morrow, for the purpose of celebrating the enniversa ry of the battle of White Plains. An extra train of car* wil start at 9 o'clock, A. M., and the regular train at id o'clock An oration will be delivered by J. W. Tomp kins, Esq., of White Plains. The 8itb regiment of militia, including company G., un der commend of the immortal Capt. Bushel, parade to-day on the corner of Church and Murray streets. Pete* Funic Outwitted.?A gentleman from the country on Saturday alternoon entered one of the mock auction stores in Broadway, and seeing a watch, for the value of which the auctioneers offered to give " tbeii own warrantee," going very cheap, bid forty dollars on it, and it was accordingly knocked down to him ; before leaving the shop, however, he was accosted by a gentle man who had seen the operation, and who told him that he had been shaved, that the cases whioh he bad bought for gold were galvanized tin, and that the inner work* were not made to be scrutinized. The victimized coun tryman loot, gathered a crowd around him,who express ed a determination to see the money restored to him.? They aocordingly proceeded en masae to the Funk esta blishment, but the proprietors seeing them coming locked the door against them. This only served to in crease the jrowd, and in a few minutes it swelled to about two hundred. After demanding that the doo* should be opened, and fiuding all their demands unsuc cessful, tha crowd final 1 y burat open the door, and enter ing, compelled the restoration of the money. When this was uoae,three cheers went upas a sort of a thanks giving for the victory ovar the Peters. The KxrnEia Robbery.?We learn that the amount taken from Buffalo by Mr. Powell, of Livingston's ex press, ami of which he was robbed, was between $10,000 and $12,000. owned principally by bankers and produce commission merchants. At Rochester, $3,000 more were added, and the small amounts taken at intermediate places between that city and this, would give a gross sum of from $13,000 to $20,000. Those mostly interested left Buif&lo for the East the morning after the robbery. An Honest Cab-uriveb.?A lady left in the cab of Dan'l McCarty, cab No. Al, stand near Trinity Church, a nurse containing thirty-live dollars in gold. On the following morning the purse with its content* was deli vered to the lady by the cab-driver. Lighting the Streets.?In an article with the above heading in last Friday's Herald, we unconsciously did injustice to Mr. Ackerman, who is about procuring a patent for a new and useful invention for illuminating the names of streets in the night. We stated that, " act ing upon our suggestion, he had made his invention.' We merely wished to be understood that several week* since we suggested the idea of illuminating the names of streets. We aid not give any plan for so doing, and in fact the plan which we privately entertained was en tirely different from that of Mr. Ackerman. He could have obtained no idea of hi* plan from our article. Theatricals^ Templeton's Entertainment.?This evening Temple ton?the great Demosthenes ol the musical drama?gives an entirely new entertainment, comprising selection** from the most popular songs of the bards of England, Scotland and Ireland. The rush of beauty and fashion at his concerts last week was tremendous, and to-night we doubt not the crowd will be equally great. Park Theatre.?Mr. Murdoch makes his appearance to-night for the third time in the character ot Benedict in "MuchAdoAbout Nothlng."This is apart well calcu li, ted lor him to exhibit his talents, and suppoited as hi will be by the good acting of Mrs Bland and Mr. Dyott, we may anticipate a most interesting performance. Thi mrce of the " Boarding ..School" will conclude the eve Ming's entertainment. Bowkrv Theatre ? A splendid new drama entitled Bold Thunderbolt" will lie produced to-night with nil the splendor that the immense resources of the Bowery can aid in. The play of "Napoleon and the Deserter,"in which Messrs. Coney and Blancbard's dog shows s, much sagacity will follow, and the farce of the "l)uml Belle" will conclude the night's entertainments. Bowkrv Cimcus?Mr Pentland, the famous clown takes his benefit here to-night. Alhamra?The Ethiopians continue their amusing ?oncerts at this delightful place?tney draw large houses, and deservedly so. To-night they give a vocal concert, and the burlesque on Fra Diavolo. Opening of the National Union Circus.?The late tlichmond Hill, now Greenwich Theatre, corner 01 Varick Hnd Charlton streets, opens this evening with a pretty good company of light comedians, and equestri ans, with a troop of some fifty horses. The house i? neatly fitted up, capable of holding tome 3,000 persons According te the programme, the performances this evening are both varied and interesting The Mayor and ?nembera of the Common Council visit this place ol amusement on the occasion. Olf. Bull will givo his farewell concert on Thursday evening next, at the Tabernacle. The Seguin troupe appear to-night at the Howard \theuseum in the opera of Norma. W. T Hemcastle is giving concerts in Boston at the Museum. Signor Blitx if at Portland, Maine. The Keans are playing at Philadelphia. Sporting Intelligence. Peoestrianism in Albans ?Oildersleeve; Jackson the American Deer; the Welch BaDtam; and Steeprock the Indian, come together on the Bull's Head Course near Albany, between the 1st and 30th of November There is to be a ten mile race, a three mile race, and h quarter of a mite race In consequence of what recently took place in a pedestrian affair in the neighborhood ol this city, the persons present at the loot races at Mon treal on Wednesday last, did not bet a shilling. The Albanians may take the hint, and they are certain of be ing on the safe side. Trotting.?Lady Sufiolk and Amoricus come toge ther on the Huntiug Park Course, Philadelphia, on Wed nesday next, for a purse of $300 The betting is most lively in this neighborhood; 100 to 75 is freely offered on Americus, but the figures may be on the other side before they start. _ _ Thf Hurhi.f. Rack on the Beacon Course, on Ksi hay Nkst.?Tho celebrated hones,"Buffer," of Quebec and " Old Hickory," of Montreal, arrived in this city yesterday. Two or three others from the neighhorhoo" of Toronto, are expected in this neighborhood to-day oi to-morrow This affair promises to be one of the great est that was ever taken place in this neigborhood. St. Lwcis Racss-Thiru Dav, Oct 18 -The follow ing is tne result of the only race that came off on this ^ ' PfmfrU tar's Purse $150?belt three in five. Jerome Weite's c. g. Frosty, by Eclipse, ?dun b? Rattler, 6 years old dead 3 3 111 D. C. He'tfiiigton's br. c. Roscius, (owned by Capt t. M. White,) 4 years old. . . .dead 3 4 3 3 3 T. G. Moore's b m. Elixabeth Oreathouse, by Massachusetts, dam by Waxey, 5 years old 44 1 433 S. L. Berry's C. g. Levi, by imported Levi athan, dam by Gohanna, 4 years old. . . 3 13 3 dis Time - 1st, 1m. 60s; 3d, lm. 55i; 3d, lm. 65s; 4th, lm.&Os; 5th, lm. Ala; 6lh, lm. 63s. Working ok the New Portage System ?An nexed is a comparative view of the postages at the -Rveral offices named below, showing the difference in ihe postages for the quarters ending tne 30th of Septem ber, 1844, and 30th September, 1846 :? >? m 3d Or. ?'rv.A,,-. M Qr Offices. 11M., Deficit. |g^ Vlhany, New York $2,961 3,104 5 07? | Vlbiou, New York M8 7i * Bsllim. re, Mar viand 9 Ml 10.960 20.50" tut ton, .Massachusetts 14,097 5,573 30.460 Bufflo, N. V 3,144 599 1,643 >,harle*t iwn, M?ss 411 151 V /olomhia, South Carolina 543 710 1,15 Oolnwhut. Missi sippi.. 942 355 697 ? oueord, New Hampshire 454 61 506 Detroit, Michigan S.I 4?S 1,3 1 -ill River, M as.. 526 218 774 Frrdericksburs. Virginia 94 4 584 Georgetown. Diet in Colombia... 415 6)4 1.44 .elington, Kentu. ky 975 903 1,471 Loekport, N. V 704 54 754 .vim, Mass 416 150 571 vfiddletown, Connecticut 425 240 701 V)..bile, Alabama 3.57 4 2.911 5,48' ?lnnUuoriy, Ala 644 531 I,'*1 1 itek-i. Miss 4if 6I2 1.03 New Bedford Mass J ,321 315 l,S'? Vewbn.yport, Msas 671 103 Newport, Rhod'Island 911 410 1,751 Norfolk, Viigiiua I 067 1.123 t.if Pittsburg. Pennsylvania 2,859 3 06 1 5,92 "mil inn, Maine 411 2',6 667 Potlsville, Penn 534 290 t'l "roVidenee, R. ( 2,715 861 3 5" Heading I'enn 475 225 70 Iti-hmond, Vs 3 3117 4,202 7>' Home N V 27 5 111 to' Mr.iH'g. Springs. N. y 801 554 I 40 Springtield, *1-ss 419 1*19 1,(7. 4 rin field. Illinois 246 461 '.57 T uut Mass 191 127 .VI Troy N Y t.Hll 639 3 4? ' fni ntown, Pein 204 69 27 VTi'-ksburg M ss 316 431 7r. Vest I . int. N. V 289 217 62 Viimington, voith Carolina 691 .595 1,1' ?Vi ? he t.r. Va 356 354 7 t .Vorcester, Mass t 111 232 1 94 lot'l ?6I 7?4 43 240 H5.06I These lorty-two olfi. es show a deficit of $44,980. nuct is H?ii?led to establish a nrw bridge be loston and < amhridge?eventually to become to he built upon the same conditions that the war Bridge was constructed. Brooklyn Intelligence. Vint Am ii)vi rxn.?Many of the old settlers of Brook lyn, whose intelligence sad public spirit have not kept oace witn it* giowtb, imagine all men to behoetileto tbe interest* of tint city who agitate any eubjeot which nay have a tendency to create no v and important fea nre* in ita municipal regulation* and governmant. rhese twaddler* set up the cry of " taxation" in opposi ion to any new movement that may be attended with ?xpense, even though tbe object be for the better pro lection of the live* and property of tbe community, by ?eekiug to increase the watch and police torce*. Ami tbe same hackneyed complaint of " taxation" goes forth Against all and every other project which may he sug gested for the advancement of the general welfare ol avery dweller within the city's boundarie*?the >oor as well a* tbe rich?the humble artizan ami aard working mechanic, a* well aa the proud land ? older and the pampered and aiistocratic mil lionaire. The exceedingly old fashioned an" harmlessly sin pie individuals alluded to, do not, how ? ver, content themselves with grumbling at persons who are advocates ot absolutely necessary reform in 'he civic affairs of Brooklyn ; but thoy vent their ana hemes against those who point out anything objection tble in the management of the lurries?in the mal-admiD istration of the laws, or who venture to assert that there is auy looseness in public morals, or any disposition on be part of any one to keep the Sabbath day otherwise ?han holy. And yet, deipite these perpetual fault-find lers, the great body of the people do perceive many ?buses connected with the Pulton and Mouth Ferries; ind in our accustomed perambulations through tbe treets yesterday, we obseived many indication! of row lyism and diaorderly conduct, without tha interference >1 any constable or other officer. At Red Hook Point, n close proximity to tbe residences of many respectable nd devout citizens, two biped brutes were engaged in ? bout at fisticuffs, and at an early hour in tbe morning, n the same neighborhood, a set of vagabonds were con ;regeted to witness a dog fight. At Fort Oreen, in the mmediate vicinity of the County jail, a parcel of lellow. vere playing a game of base bull, without their sport ?>#ing for a moment interrupted by the presence of any >f tbe public authorities. Shooting parties were oui luring the whole day, and bagged poor unoffending robbius and unsuspecting snipe and quaii. with as much omplaisance as if the day had been especially appointed for tbe purpoae ; and yet, in the face of many glaring evils, these antiquated drivellers would have the world believe that Brooklyn ia the moat exemplary and well ??inducted of all cities; and attempt to hoot down, as its worst and most bitter enemies, all who labor for the e*. ablishment of a better and more efficient system of po lice. The Rkv. Mr. Benkam, Superintendent of the Mis dons of the Methodist Episcopal Chureh in Africa, .?reached yesterday morning at tbe Pacific street Chapel i-le shortly proceeds to the scene of his labors, but mere ly refaired in a passing manner to it. The venerable ?tr. Peck, tbe father 01 the young pastor of the church, uado a most excellent prayer at the conclusion of the service. Public Meeting.?A public meeting is announced to take place this evening, for the purposo of devising ways ind means to obtain funds for the erection ol a City Hos pital. Tbe liberal donations which have been condition illy offered by two or three wealthy inhabitants of Brooklyn, have given an impetus to this worthy project, which, it is hoped, may lead to its immediately being carried into effect. Messrs. Cyrus P Smith, Daniel Ay ros, H. E. Pierpont, W. S. Parker, and other eminent and Highly respectable gentlemen have become prominently conuected with the undertaking, and but little doubt can be entertained that their meritorioua labors will he orowued with abundant success. The meeting will be held at tbe Brooklyn Institute, at half past 7 o'clock. A Pali-able Hoax.?Although it has for two or tnree weeks past been known that the Common Council (in se cret session.) have terminated their labors in regard to the new City Hall, and have adopted plans and entered into contracts for its erection, on the ground originally selected, several verdant individuals have been led to be lieve that the neighborhood ef Wallabout would be the chosen place for this structure, and, thus imposed upon, nave been induced to make large speculations in lots in that delectable viciuity Any man who can be so easily luped by a set of mischievous wags, deserves to be sub jected to ridicule as well as loss, and the victims of this ? use will, no doubt, obtain a little of both. Repeal.?Another Repeal meeting will he held some where in Brooklyn this evening, the principal object being to heal, if possible, the differences at present existing between the chief leaders of tbe faithful It is -aid that sufficient funds have been obtained to warrant 'lie immediate building of "Freeman's Hall" in Colum nla street, a place which is to be exclusively devoted to <hc assemblages of O'Connellites, and to the furtherance of the Utopian schemes which they promulgate,?not forgetting, always, toe collection of " rint." On Thurs day next, a large delegation of Brooklyn Repealers will visit Peterson, N. J., to attend a mass meeting which is to he hclden in that town. Common Council.?The Board of Common Council will meet at six o'clock this evening, and a strenuous ei fort will be made <o obtain some action on the long de> ?ivered special message of his honor the Mayor on tbe subject of re-organizing the watch and police depart ments. They ought at the same time to adopt some mean. ? >y which the streets may be better lighted, otherwui th? exertions of an additional foiceof night guardians will be comparatively useless and unavailing. Target Excursion.? Fire Company, number one, ol Williamsburgh, will proceed to day, a in miiitairt, on a arget excuision to State 11 Island, as the Washington Hoards, under the command of D. D. Winant, Esq., late a member oi the legislature Ma. Templeton.?This distinguished vocalist will give a musical entertainment in Brooklyn, on Thursday even ing next. He has engaged the lecture room of the lnsti ute for hia concert; nut. we think, so good a selection >s might have been made had he or his agents been bet er acquainted with tbe city He will, however, without louht nave a fashionable and a crowded audience. Anothku New Market. - Mr. Howland, the enterpri*. > ing builder of many large and very beautiful houses in he neighborhood of the South Forty. and who has don.- ! uore than other individual to improve that portion of th>- j city, is erecting a maiket in Furman street, which will I '?6 of great convenience to the population of that vicinity. II, however, the cent-e of Atlantic street, commencing rqm the tunnel railing, could have been obtained for tliii purpose, it would have h- en a much more commodious location, and would have met with greater favor and support from the public generally. Alleoid Constructive Larcenv.?On Saturday eve- I tiing, a person named David Van Alsty no was arrested by | one of the Fourth ward police officers ot New York, on a charge preferred against him by Mr. Baksr, ol Brooklyn, { for feloniously converting to his use a quantity of pu mice stone,amounting in value to upwards of one hundred and fifty dollars. He was brought over to Kings county, and placed in custody of Daniel Van Voorhis, Esq , i keeper of the jail. Police Items.?Officer Clayton has recovered the gold j vatch and chain which was forcibly taken from a young I tentleman ot Biooklyn on Thursday last, at the race j ?.ourse, by a gang of New York thimble riggers. As the latter possessei themselves of the pioperty in a " buii uess wav," it is not likely that any prosecution will be instituted against them. The watchman who, it was nl- I leged, refused to aid ofHcer McCormick a few day* since, ! in the arrest of an offender, denies that his assistance ? was solicited, and as it is said that he is a worthy man, ? nd a vigilant and useful officer, it is probable thut there *as some misundeistanding in the affair. The Pound vlaster of Brooklyn, a-sittodhy a gang of black fellows, ? nd protected by officer Taiker, made a sortie upon the hogs in Columbia strent and captured about forty, which 'hey conducted to the Pound, amidst the mingled lamed* lations and threats ol sundry owners. Patrick Kane was ? rrested for an assault and battery upon Patrick Kelly. He was tried before one of the Police Magistrates, at a t'ourt of Special Sessions, and was found guilty, but ,u lgnient was suspended A man named Paul Dever was complained of by his wife for improper treatment, and was held to bail by the magistrate" to keep the peace in the sum of ono hundred dollars. He is represented to be j generally a poac. able, sober, and hard working man, ? nd the improper inteiforence ol relations in his domes : ic. concerns, was the stated cause of the abovementioned difficulty. Lumserino SipcwALKi.?The City Inspector has re cently caused several storekeepers to be fined for ob structing the sidewalks in front of their stores in Fulton street. Board of 91'fervisors.?The Board of Supervisors will meet at the County Jail at two o'clock this day, for 'he transaction of important business. Kino's County General Sessions.?This Court met on Satuiday morning, before Judges Vanderbilt, Corselyea, Smith, and Stilwell. In the matter of John Kims, the putative lather of a bastard, who appealed from the decision of the Munici pal court, and whose case was set down for Satut lay, the defendant was called, but not appearing lis bond was ordered to be prosecuted by the District Attorney, pursuant to the statute. Dennis Kelly, who was arraigned upon an indictment for riot at the Bushwick camp meeting, and pleaded no' guilty, asked leave to withdraw his plea. His request was granted, and be was immediately sentenced to 6A lays' imprisonment in the County Jail, the pavment ol i fine of $50, and to stand committed until paid. The Sessions then adjourned sine die. Naval Depot in Ohio City.?We learn from Washington thai there are prospects of the Naval Depot of the Lakes being established in Ohio city. The <>ld river bed, furnishing an excellent mooring, the Island n front, a protection against the sen, and the high hank n rear?a commanding position for a fort, from which n enemy could he kept at bay. Theie is not a harhot <n the whole line of the Lakes where a depot can he es wbliahed with so little cost to the Government, aid which would answer its purpose better. There is a doit >le entrance to the harbor, and accessible nearly the whole year. We hope our assurances may be verified iy the final action of the Department.?Cln etand Plain ifealer, Oct. 31 Movements of Travellers. The subjoined list of snivels yesterday, form the owest catalogua (numerically speaking) we have ha< ?cession for a long time to record. They are givei marly in full at the Amebic**?Thos. M. Day, Hartford; Capt. Howard ' 9. Marines. Astor-J Theobold Hall, Baltimore ; W. McGreen. ? . Chad wick, Boston:'J Wiggins, do; Dnper, iddleton; Otho and William Williams, Baltimore; 1. ' niV-oio* l" Becking, Phils ; i.; J, Vanderbilt, Albany; Robt. Allen t.mliestei; ; McKee, Lexington; Dr. ? ?"?P. 'Waehtng'-on, I) < Nowfil StRrtf?v?li?, Honlon; Owl VV McNeil, N Y , S I Wait.cinS.; J. T. Cooke, Kennebeck. J. S Bate) hapis'sl1*'?E l- Stone, Troy; James Walker. Palmy H Vsnderlyn Oxford; J Perry, N H ; i . It Bishop, .a'ndv Hill; " H Pwblll. Bliaira; lion F Nteven-. 1'iffslo; N Cook Albany; Jesse Smith, Maaa.; Charles ishop. Bandy Hill (ii.oaa? Rich Cowan, Pittsburgh; C Mark McDtwaid .oik'oo; c. w Heed, do ; Capt Beany Vlootresl Howaro-O VI WhRiton, Trim; Hon John CrRiner, Waterlord; J. II. Canton, Washington; Col John P. Smith. Lockport; Washburne. Albany; J B Frothing nam, do ; John llradly, Burlington; Gao. Ber'rsm, Rou -as' Point; David Wright, Auhuin; A J llic1 muni stass ; W II ftcohes, Tor nto; B. T. Van Allen, N Y.; R. B. Harper, P. Chase, Phila. ftavtmtlon of the OiUoWwar. ISm*. Placet. Time. State of River. 'ittuburg. . .Oot -ti (i feet in chan'l wheeling,.. .Oct. 16 if iMt in chaniiaL Louisville,. ..Ort. 30 H f??t end failing. clocinnati Oct. 30, 13 ft on flat* and bare. Capt. Kldd'i Whip ?Thla great hum bog la ? >on t > etplnde. but without any serious damage to any one ? * apt the stockholders. We leant that after haying " i amped' .or the last teu days, sud finding the watar on llir lucieaae the/ >are at leugth aonclnded to abaqoatuiate in search of something (hat will aland FU.ViPINU. The Galvanic Kings and Magnetic Fluid. These celebrated articlea are ouly to Im obtained uanuiMS. it 131 Fultuu sum*, Sun Building. All others art spurious. To the Inhabitants of Ncsv Jersey ?Take lOtiee, rh?t Jose K. Tiippe, at 293 Broad, corner of Viaraet at , \-wt>rk,N J.,is the only authorized agent for the sale of Hill's Infallible Ongueiil, whi' h is warriuted m all caars, if iiro|ierly used, to stay th falling off ol the Hair, restore it ou aid pirts, change red ?r grey liair to a be. utiful dark color, effectually eradicate Pityriasis, Dandruff, Scurf, aud all eifn i itious, Iru'ni the cut cle or scalp; keep* the hair moist, a..ft, and children are all I labia to tha abore >ndearly. Men.wobms t diseases, and require e genuine, reliable specific for the same, >s wll as a superior toilat article, which can only be had at the principal offics, 13 Nassau streat, and of the agents?for wuich, aud certificates, see advertisement. HONEY MAttKET. Sunday, October SO?SF. H. During the put week there has been mors specula tiou in etocks then we have noticed within the previoui month. The bulie and the bears have for the put two or three week* been engeged in a severe conteat for tho iscendancy; and the bull* have finally triumphed. Some of the heaviest brokers in Wall atreet bave for some imo been operating for a decline in fancy stocks, while two or throe largo houses, sided by the swnrme of street .peculator*, have been working for an advance Tho timea being favorable for an improvement in prices, not only for stocks, but for every thing else, tho bulls have proved too powerful for tho boars. Tho advance has been too rapid to bo permanent; and unless a reaction takes place, there must be reports of explosions in tho <treet. It is possible that tho bulls may permit, through out this week, a slight deeline in prices, for tba purpos# of enabling tho bears to strengthen thomselvoe, so that they can meet their contract* at maturity. A rise of be tween four and five per cent in such stocks u Long Island, and Norwioh and Worcester, in less than one weoU, is sufficient to break down the most wealthy ope rators. Sales of these stocks for tho past month, have averaged several thousand shares daily, and contracts to a large amount, made at the lowest state of the mar ket, are becoming due every day, upon which there are losses to those delivering of from three to five per oent per share. It is therefote for the interest of the bulla and of those having stock coming to them, to keep pricg to a point within the means of those heavily indebted, so ae to prevent the market and those operators from break ing down. Price* for many of the fancy stosks are higher now than theywere at the turning point In the last speculative movement, and the reaction that must soon take place, will without doubt be more limited than the lut, so that the turning point 9 the other extreme will be made be fore prices go down to the former line. Every specula tive movement goes a little beyond the previous one, and in this way prices ultimately become inflated so much beyond their real value, that a collapse takes place, and the bulls and the bears fall together. It will be seen by the annexed comparative table, that price* throughout the past week have been steadily, but gradually, improving; and some in the list closed at prices several per cent above those ruling at the close of the week previous. For the past two or three days, the bulls have had things in Wall Btreet all their own way. 4uor*Tiotvt roa the Phiiscipal Stocks in thk New Yore Market. Sat. Man. Tu'y. IVed. Th'y +\'y. Sat. boiig Island 67* 66* 68 70 69* 70 72 Mohawk - 55* ? - - 56 ? "ABlem ? ? 62 63* 64 64 64 41V4 4S* 41* 43 42* 43 44 Mrmm Loan 33V 12* 33 33 33* S3 33* Vor. and Wor. 72 71 72* 74* 7'* ** 74* Ohio Sizes 97* 97 * 91*. 97* 97 * 97* 97* Illinois Sue* ? J6* ? 36* 36* 17 37 Indiana ? 31 ? ? Kentucky Sizes ? joi* ? 101* ? 101* ? Penna. hives 76 73% 75* ? 75* 75 * 75* Stoiimgtou.. - 3* 3!* 31* 33 ?4 Krie Railroad 33 * 33 33* 34 34 34* 34* VicluburK 8* 8 ? 0* ? ? sv. U. 8. Bank - 5* 5* - 5* - 5* Heading RR 53 jj* 51 53* 53 52* 5>* Morris Canal 22 21* 22 22* 22* 23* 23* East Boston 14* 14 14* 14* ? ? 14* A comparison of prices ruling at the close of the mar ket yesterday,with those cut rent the Saturday previous, ?hows an advance in Long Island ol per cent: Canton i|; Farmers'Loan Norwich and Worcester ; Erie Railroad Ij; Morris Canal 1{; East Bos on J; Pennsyl vania 6's have declined ] per cent; Reading Railroad J. There was a slight falling off in piicea yesterday, at the second board. The highest sale of Norwich aud Wor cester, at the first boaid, was 77, and the higheet at the second board 7GJ per cent. The Commercial aud Farmers' Bank of Baltimore, has declared a half yearly dividend of three and a half per cent. The receipt! of the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad Company, for the two weeks ending?the 21st of Octo ber, in the past three years, have been as iollows Mohawk aisd Hidsom K ailroad. 18)1. 1844. 18IJ. Week ending Oct. H Si,141 28 I 313 61 ?,|#3 33 Week ending Oct. 21 1,858 08 1,907 7} 3,239 88 Total two weeks t',199 34 4,221 36 4,493 21 The increase in the receipts of this company is very gradual bat steady, showing that altimately the increase must reach an amount corresponding in a greater degree with the expenditures. The increase in banking capital in every section of the country within the past two yeans nas been a larger percent than within the previ. ous six years. Banks are springing up in nearly every State in the Union, and at every session of the diffeiaut legislatures, new charters are applied for end old char' ters presented for revival. Within the past year several exploded, defunct banks have been galvanized, and du ring the coming winter we have no doubt ther e will be ati immense amount added to the banking capital of the country, by the passage of legislative acta granting new charters and renewing old. The free Banking law of this State gives permission to establish any number of banks, and tbey are increasing very rapidly. The banking capital of the State of New York is now about seven millions of dollars ((7,000,000) larger than it ever was before, and the number of bank half as many more than the most inflated period 01 th e bank mania ever experienced. The whole banking movement in this State at this moment is tnuoh more ex' panded than it ever was before, even in the years of the greatest speculative times. We have, therefore , the me teiials ready for an immense expansion of credits, Itc. and all that is necessary to put these elements in opera' tion is simultaneous speculations in different sections ol the country. The legislature of Vermont have several bank char, ters under consideration, some of which have reached a second and third reading in the lower house. As some evidence of the feeling that exists in that body in rela tion to banks, it is only necessary to state that the as' nexed resolution was negatived by a vote of 00 ayes to 100 nays. Resolved, That as a general principle,sound public po liey forbids the extension of bank charters; that a just regard lor the rights and interests of community requires that the business and concerns of banking institutions should be brought to a cl-ise and their affaire wound up at the expirations of ih ir charters. This being the character of the legislature of Vermont( we may look lor a very great inciease in tho banking capital of that State during the present session. The hills to re charter the Farmers' Bank and the Bank of Untndon had | asset) n second reading. Applications will be made to the legislature of Penn. ylvanin at its next session for an increase of banking capital for institutions now in operation, for the renewal f defunct charters and for new charters, amounting to eight or ten millions of dollars. We annex a list of an plications, that will, without doubt, be made at the next session of the legislature :? IxcsRAsa or Baits Cacitai. in Penissvlvawia ?Arri.i cATtons ron Nr.w CHAkTsas farmers' end Mechs- Tie Farmer/ II Mech. nic-' Bank, ( f Allen Ra k asks renewal of town, new $100 000 cli ,rter, with a r sto I) tui'lim Bk. new..., 2i.O u09 rsliou of its esi ital ro rings Co Bk, new,... 100,000 hf a million doll re 1256,000 ilk of Msnnonk. new 250,KH) Bk of N ? m. en'l,. .1,000,000 City Bk, new,., 500 1*10 W stern Bk, 1 en I,with Ml-gheny R Bk. new, 100.000 fiOOOOOi.cr rspifaj, 5T0 00# I' ll smwu Bk, "#*... I00.00O Bk uf Cnmm-rce.ren'I, 250.000 H'ldingSaV Bk, new, 50,000 Doyleatown Bk. ren'l, 150 000 farmers' Dep't Bank, Farmers' Bk of Res), Pittsburg, in w 1(0,000 ing, renewal. 300.000 "Onitlirrn Insurance Co. Oirard Hk, new l.Kk.iKK) Plnlndel Im. new.,. 150 000 Carlisle Btnk 250,000 I'rsde men's Bk 250,000 An attempt was made lsit winter to revive the Oirard flunk, but it proved abortive. At (lie last session of the legislature of Pennsylvania, resolution was passed to aflW tho individual liabili'y Innse to all banks chartered or re chartered Seveial nstitiilions refused to accept a charter or re charter on 1 his ecconnt, preferring log >into liquidation when their >1 assent charters expired. This individual liability clause has bee adnpteil In several fl'ates and has been 1 great obstacle in Ihn way of these hanks, applying for 1 re-charter. The fact thst those benke refuse ? charter 1 i'h this clsute, shows that It Is teo lestriotive to give 'hem the necessary latitude to carry on their oiwrations as profitable as anticipated, anil that a charter with the* clause is not worth taking. It Is highly necessary in these times to place as many checks as possible upon th*