Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 30, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 30, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Xtw York, TJiartdnr. October 30, 184?. \otlcr to ??bucrltoer*. Stibsoribsrs in the oonatry motiving tkslr p*p*rs in yellow envelops*, will nnder?tnn<l that thalr tarm of iubicrljitljn but nearly axplreJ. Singular Position mid Movement* of the Whig Party In the City of Mew York. The whigparty <n this metropolis is at present in the most interesting position, in consequence ol the ultra movements of the Fourierite section, and the efforts of the other section to put it down. As our , readers have seen iroin our report of the extraordi nary meeting in Canal street, on Tuesday evening ; last, this contest has assumed a singularly exciting and laughable form, and promises to be passing rich i in all sorts of amusing developments. Vet there never was a period when such a lair j prospect presented iteelt to the whigs ot this city of currying everything before them. If no distur- : bance had been produced by the lolly, ambition, I and personal feeling of the whig party editors, the meeting on Tuesday evening might have commenc ed a movement that would have demolished the op posite party in the ensuing election. The democra tic party is on the very eve ot a great eruption. An intense and disorganizing excitement has pervaded the rank: of that party for some days past, in conse quence of tue objectionable character oi the nomi nations, and particularly on account of the nomina tion of Register, and of Colonel Stevenson as one of the Assemblymen. The natives are in the last stage of a miserable and paralytic existence. On all hands there were the most cheering indications of the success of whig unanimity, whig discretion, and whig harmony. But instead ol the meeting in Canal street resulting as it ought to have done, in the gathering and union of the whole whig forces, raid the adoption of a wise and judicious syatem of assault upon the opposing party, the introduction of the personal quarrels ot the party editors threw eve ry thing into confusion, ridicule and disorder. Still there are some indications that this singular business will not be wholly unproductive ot more fortunate results. The great mass of the whig people appear to be now thoroughly awakened to the dan ger?the folly, ol committing the destinies of their pirty in this great metropolis to the hands of un principled party editors. It is very extensively ask ed?" What are the personal rivalries between Webb and Greeley, and Brooks, to us 1 Ought we to al low the interests and success of the great whig par ty to be sacrificed to the paltry fuedsot party news piper proprietors end editors V' Thus has been sug gested the propriety, indeed, the absolute necessity of abandoning all connection with the party papers; for it is well known by the course ot these violent ultra party journals, that they are merely the organs of cliques of politicians, and intelligent, practical men begin to deliberate on the expediency of adopt ing nn entirely new system in the employment of the press in the service of political principles and party visws. They are thus approaching that time when they will employ the newspapers just as they would any place of public meeting?selecting only those that have a large circulation and commanding in fluence, and independent position, and so save them selves from the tyranny and dangerous alliance of such selfish, unprincipled and unreliable instruments as the mere party papers. This is a plain and common sense view of the mat ter. It does credit to the intelligence and shrewd ne6S of the great mass of the whig party. The strength, dignity, and value of the independent press, are daily becoming more and more apparent. And in the same ratio the folly, imbecility and mad ness of the party press are developing themselves. Never was there such a signal example of the utter tolly and rancour, and bad spirit of the newspaper press connected with anv party, as that presented at the whig meeting on Tuesday night. The success ot the independent press, and the new elements of civilization, coming into action throughout the country, will certainly work a great revolution in the movements of party journals. The newspaper press will be and is gradually rising to be wholly an independent element of civAixation, and it will be in the service of the party only as it will be in the service of any advertiser or man of business, a lawyer, or statesman?the impartial or gan of communication with die public. Look lor instance at the |>osition of the Xtte York Herald in point of circulation, intelligence, impartiality and power. We have a comprehensive circulation of nearly flfty thousand throughout the whole country and in foreign parts We give impartial, and correct, and interesting reports ot all public movements in religion, politics, science, commerce, trade, manu factures, society, civilization, theatricals, literature, and everything. We speak out independently on all subjects, and on all occasions an independent judgment and opinion. The result is a daily in creasing patronage from a liberal and discerning public, whilst on the other Hand,'such party journals as the Tribune, Courier, and Expreu, are disgust ing and displeasing all intelligent men, and must, like all the other organs of taction, fall and perish trom off the face of the earth. What should the great whig party do in thia cri ai?T They should treat with contempt the aquab bles, and quarrels, and jealousies of party newspaper editors?unite their forceB and make a strong effort on all those great questions in which they are per fectly agreed. Abolitionism, fourierism, anti-rent ism, and all the other iem* of the day may be blown into'a brief existence by madmen and crazy philoso phers, hut never can prevail. Let the whigs avoid contact with these disturbing elements. They never had in this city such a chance to thrash their antagonists, if they only have sense and intelligence enough to make the proper use of th? golden oppor tunity. Mr. Fletcher Webhtkr's Lech-re cm China.? We give in another portion of our paper, this morn ing, a report of the very interesting lecture on China and the Chinese, delivered at the Tabernacle l ist > evening, by Mr. Fletcher Webster. From the pax sages which our reporter has given, our readers | must be very favorably impressed with the powers of active and intelligent obs -rvation possessed by the lecturer, and also with his ability to describe in ! a graphic and agreeable manner what he has seen bide by side with the erudite and philosophical di6- : joureesof Dr Hernisz, these lectures of Mr Fletcher Webster must have the eff-ct of stimulating in s very ct nsiderable degree, the interest beginning to i be so widely felt in everything connected wuh j China. Our commercial intercourse with that re- 1 markable country will be at no distant day vastly augmented, and a knowledge of the literature, lan | guage, customs and character of the Chinese people, becomes, therefore, invested with practical import- ; ance and value, apart from the interest which it pos- j senses in view of the scholar and man ol letters. . Lectures, memoirs, and books on China and the I Chinese will, we doubt not, be now very popular in this country. _ Great Locoroco Meeting To-i*roirr.?The coun ty meeting of the democrats is to be held nt Tam many Hall this evening. It will be, probably, as in to resting as that of the whigs the other night, or that in the Fifth Ward, which we reported a few days ago. There has been a great deal of concealed agitation in the democratic ranks in relation to their nominations,* particularly that of Regimer and one ot the Assembly in?*n. It is supposed that attempts will be made by certain portions ol the party to cor rect the ticket by striking out the name of Colone' Steveueon, or retaining him with the addition of Jumes 11. Gleiitworth. We are decidedly in favor of this latter eourse, and will go a reasonable length hi lavor ot the corrected ticket as issuing Irosiihe funous democratic new hcttd quarters in the Twelfth Ward, under the motion of the cele brated Mr John Smith, who is known to the ^vliole world and the "fierce democracy" in particu nr. We decidedly go for Htevenaon and Glent* worth, at present. nr. ruuM W*Mtr'i LRtttw on "CUM and th? Chlneee" at the Tabrrnacle, Last Brcnlng. A very crowded and fashionable audience assem bled at the Tabernacle last evening, to hear Mr. Fletcher Webster's first lecture on " China and the Chinese " The attractive character ol the subject, and a very general desire to hear the son of one ot our greatest tnen, and who himself enjoys a highly resectable reputation as a gentleman ol distinguish ed literary acquirements, sufficiently accounted lor the numerous attendance. We notieed almost all the leading members of the legal profession, many ol our most noted divines, a great number ol our most influential merchants, and a congregation ol femide beauty, elegance, and fashion, which might have inspired even an ordinary speaker. But Mr. Webster certainly discovered on this occasion that he is not an unworthy representative of a name great iu the annals of oratory. His lecture was highly entertaining, well written, and delivered in an ngroe uble and unaffected style. We will give the best idea of it, and present perhaps the most readable report, by giving, from our notes, n number of the most novel and graphic passages.? CAMEOltS' CAVE. At the northern end of the town of Macao is the cave in which the Portuguese poet, Camoena, ia aaid to have written hia celebrated poem the Luciad, the subject of which is the voyage round the Cepe of Good H?pe. Vatco de Oama. This is a romantic and beautiful spot. The cavu is formed by two prodigious boulder locks, which, with great number* of other smaller ones, seem to have been thrown down upon the earth at ran torn, and oiled up by chance in fantastic and careless shape* The Portuguese, with sad taste, have deformed the spot with a wooden cupola, and a wretched leaden bust. On tlio south end of the island is a Chinese temple, situated in a similar assemblage of gigantic rocks, but extremely tasteful The localities ot the place are taken adju tage of with skill and judgment; temple alter temple succoedi lg each other up the steep winding as cent cut in the solid rock, with heavy balustrades, all ot natural rock, 01 ol massive and beautifully hewn gra nite. Natuio has been no where distorted, tlio steps seeming half natural, and all that the hand of man had done to be but carrying out the design of nature, which meant it for a place of worship. A CUINKSB TEMPLE. We saw here for the first tune a beautiful arrange ment, which the Chinese call a moon gate, and which is a favorite arrangement with them in their gar dens and temples. It is an open circular gateway through a high granite wall, giving passage from one enclosure to another. In front ol each of the temples weie granite dragons, heautitullv carved , in grotesque, Chinese style, each with a move- i able ball of granite seen through the teeth of his closed mouth which must hare been cut out from the inside, tor the'head was solid, and the ball could neither he put i in nor taken out, without breaking the figure. In the inteiiorot each temple was an altar of stoue, and one or \ more idols in niches in the wall, just above and behind the altar, lu tront of the altar were bronze or irou ta bles on which w ere rne.tal pans tilled with loose enith, ] ami u-ed to set the gas-lighted sticks in,which are burnt before the image. The idols were much dec rated with gold and silver tinsel, and in these temples they were all , lemaie flgtves, the) being dedicated to the goddess ol j theses. Flo#ers, both natural und artificial, of gold and , silver leaf, which seemed to be offerings, were lying at i the feet of the idols, and the gas-Micks were still burn ing astho igh some worshippci had just retned from his | devotion Thete was not here, as there is iu India, any I mystery, or reserve, or prohibition No guard or priest to prevent one's going w here he pleased, or to watch his i conduct We could have robbed the temple of allots tinsel and flowers, pulled the idol's nose, or desecrated the altar. But we felt such would be an ill requital ol the co nfidence which was implicitly reposed in us, and we left untouched, every sprig und spangle of the god. | FIRST OFFICIAL VISIT. It was announced to the. minister that a letter from Go ri thing, containing an imperial edict, was about to tie brought to him, by four high ottkevs from Canton. The correspondence had I ecn carried on between the Minis ter and thing for some time, when this announcement was made. Everything was ptepared for tho reception of this first official visit from high Chinese functionaries, and we awaited their arrival. After u while a discor dant noise, accompanied by loud cries at intervals, was heard, and we looked from the blinds of tho verandah, to : seethe approach of our visitors. Two ill looking fol lows, with wiie caps on their beads?one of them with a - whip, and tne other with an axe in his hand- led the pro cession These were the executioners, who always precede a high officer. Next came a score ot poorly dressed and very dirty soldiers, with spears, and shields, . and haPierts. Then ii man or two on wretched ponies, whose hair stood out in all directions, and whose manes and tails weie ignorant ot brush or currycomb; then the band ot music, and then the sedan chairs of the great men t emselves They wero four in number, all large 1 and fine looking persons, dressed in light colored crape I gowns, fastened round their wau-ts by blue girdles, and buckles ol piecious stones We stood up to receive them with our hats on, for it is Chinese etiquette to be covered, as a mark of respect. They entered with their caps on, displaying their red and blue buttons and pea cock's leathers. The huttou i fastened to the top ol the cap, and the feather nangt dewu behind. They ap_ pioacbed, shook their own oaods at us, and the chief among tliera presented the letter to the Minister. On receiving it, he motioned to them to tie seated, and take off their caps; which, observing carefully our own movements, and keeping exact time with us, they did.? >>ue of the lnteipittiert now read the letter, and alter a 1 ghoit interval ol silence. suv-U ??'! conversation ?? ton be carried on by means of interpreters, and looks, and signs, took place. The first civility was, on their nart asking our names; this information being g.sou and reciprocated, they pioceeJed to shock our notions ol good breeding by asking our ages ! This, however, is an indispeus-.ble attention: we returned it at once, and , were of course much edified at our information. Alter a few minutes'conversation, a luncheon, in the Chinese stvle. was announced and we entered the dining room, our guests, according to Chinese etiquette, seated on the leit which, wiih tuera, is the place ol honor. Chop sticks had been provided lor all ot us, and we made our first exiierimeuts with them, to the unrestrained amuse- ; meut ot eur guest*. They showed little inclination to eat, but a decided taste for the barbarian liquors, cham pagne and cherry bounce. (A very red laced gentle man, whom we afterwards saw very frequently, a Mnnt choo Tartar, by name Tung Lin, disposed el hall a do len tumblers of bounce, in as many minutes ) we were j astonished by the very loud tone of their voices; it must have been easy to have heard in the street every thing said by them. As it is a point of politeness to empty , one's glass, whenever drinking with a frieud?and they ; each drank with all of us- they became, gradually, as elevated as their voices. Civilities were now exchanged with the greatest urbanity. One unavoidable one we would have gladly dispensed with. It ti the fashion lor , every one to help himself with hi* own chop-sticks.lrom any dish on the tatde which he can reach; and when he feels desirous ol offering a testimonial of particular re raid, as well as respect, he reaches out and seizes some thing with nis own chop-sticks, and motioning to the in dividual for whom he designs the lavor to open his mouth puts the morsel,whatever it is, between ins teeth. \s they are not particularly nice iu their eating, iud their teeth ate by no means pearls, we would have pardoned the omission of this attention. It was,however, not to be escaped; all that was left us, was retaliation, which we immediately practiced. After an hour at ta ble. ot shouting conversation ou their part, and of "nods and becks and wreathed smiles on ours," we rose and moved to the verandah, where a new series of delicate attentions surprised us. They had made us tell our ages, entered with their caps on, shaking their own hands, sat on our leit, fed us with their own chop sticks; and now they commenced to examine our apparel, piece by piece- cravat, coat, waistcoat, shirt-bosom, trousers, sword-belt, gloves, all in turn were inspected- Fortu nately, our good genius, Dr. Parker, told us this was the very achme of politeness, and to be imitated without de lay. Nothing was more agreeable to us, who had with great patience and suavity, shown our hats and swords und coats, and we began to scrutinize their dress and or I uaments. We examined their caps and buttons, and pea cock leathers; their little embroidered bag", which with tan cases aod snuffboxes, they hang from their girdles; their thumb-rings of agate, their silken girdles and jew elled buckles- One ol them, Tung Lin, a Tartar, made himself merry with a sword belt belonging to one ol us. He put it on to show how much too small it was. strutted up and down to show us his portly figure, struck his full ! chest, and told us in a voice of thunder that he was n lie then seized my hand arid squeezed it, to show his stiength He was a terror-spieading Tartar General (My own, however, being much the largest, ler both Tartars and Chinese hive lemtikahly small and delicate hands, hedid not makesuch sn impression a* he anticipated ) After two hours ot intellectual intercourse ol this sort, our Inends retired The procession re-torm ed gongs beat and pipe* squealed, the executioners veiled the little ponies were pulled between their riders i?gs and we weie left to reflect upon Chinese men and INTKRTNO THB CANTO.M R1VBR Forth# flrvt twenty miles, the waters are generally rough, the whole hay being expoved to the northerly and eosteily wind#, ami there are no ohjecta of interest By and bye. the Mocch Tigris and the lorta of the Dogoe, ap pear At this point, about fifty unlet above .Macon, la the actual mouth ol the Canton rivet The thoraa ap proach oach other with very high end hilly banks, nod the entrance la not more than a cannon ahot wide The white walla of the forti on both aidea, anil on Tiger Island in the centre of the river, prevent a formidable ap liearance. But on examination, they ahow thcmaelvea to '>e almost useless erections. 'I hey are built not on the top of the bill, nor aie they guaidcd by other fortifies nona on the top, ao that to take them, the tlngliah had aulv to land out ol gunshot, march lound to the aummit >1 the bill, and fire down on the occupant* They con ?iat of mere w alia, not covered In at all, and of course af oril no protection w hatever againat bombs and the pott boles are as 1 irge aa the dooti ol an ordinary barn. The chief lort on the right, as orio goes up the tiver, la a wi ter line battery, with port holes for more then a h indred gona, of which, 1 behove, none were mounted FIRST SIGHT op WHAMPOA. About aiv miles below Canton are the remaina of the harrier which the Chinese built to keep oft the Knglish. It la a great dyke of stone and piles. A narrow raceway is now made through it, which so compresses the weter, that it ran he passed only at a favorable 'imc of tide. The current often rims here six or seven miles an hour. At length boats and craft thicken like the carriages in a crowued street They come dow n stream with a fine wind, a dozen abreast, occupying the whole river. ? oh liaion seems Inevitable.A Inrg* junk iswithin twentyfeet, coming directly Upon your boat, with all sails set All the tales ol cruelty and indifference to human life, which we hear related oi the people of < hina, and especially the river population, rush upon the mind. They cer tainly mean to run yen down, arid your crew seem to l ink upon it with perfect apa'hy Iu an Instant?within bvs last of collision? round swings one or the other hoet andlthey hsvo passed Tho drx'ority of the Chinese with their hosts, exceeds that ol any other people Ves sels are now seen at anchor, in long rows, and houses floating on the weter in greet Mocks One sails through 1 streets of hoet*. as regular as thoae of houses oa load, I with tWii >mm?itiil frosts. n*?? niill oottMot: doon. I windows, lamps, slagantly carved and (lit pi lastres and | portico**, and abundance of inhabitant!, Butcher boata, I vegetable boata, and icavangar boata, pair up and down ' the street,their occupant! crying ibeir varioua commoJi 1 tiea, and calling to sell or carry away. It ia a floating city, aaid to number,of thoa# who lire wholly on tho we ; tar?are',born there, pursue their buaineaa there, and die , there, aeldom touching terra-Arms?three hundred thou sand aotiii. CANTON. Canton itaelf ia aituatn on a low piece of ground, hard ly above the level of the river. Lolly hills approach it | on the east, and on eminence ia close to it on which la a 'Tartar military station 1 will not attempt to deacribe ' Canton at any length. Its population ia aix hundred j thousand or more, ita atreeta are aeldom over eight : feet in w idth) the houaea low and dark. The city with in the walla ia aaid to be smaller than the suburbs. One | cannot discover which ia the city, and which is the sub - urba, until he ia informed. The walla, which are high , and very massive, form the backs of ahops and stores, ! built along them. In walking next the walla, one sees , nothing but shops. Kven the gates are not noticeable, of which there are many in the suburbs, as well as arches crossing the streets. The factories of the mer chants are situated on the very bank of the river, and are much tho finest and lnigest buildings that 1 saw, ex j cepting the temples. A CHINESE SCHOLAR, j Having reached Canton, my first business was to find (a Tartar, aud by the help of Dr. Parker, ono was at last procured, who undertook to instruct ua. He was not a native Tartar, but a Chinese scholar, a tall, good look i ing, intellectual person, and I augured very favorably of our success with him. 1 noticed that on his first ar rival, there wus an appearance ot mystery and conceal mont. The Chinese who introduced him seemed very anxious. Thsre was a whispering and shutting of doors; and a great many injunctions, apparently, and assur ances, exclamations and gestures However, we set dowu to our task at last, and got through the alphabet. The next day, agreeable to appointment, he came again, and there was tha same closing oi doors, and leaking behind and around, and springing up, if any one entered, and, in shoit, such a mysterious air about the whole thing, as If we were conspirators in some plot. I ob lerved he was nervous and very much agitated, hardly ablo to command himseli, and laboring evidently under some very great exoitement. Ho jumped up at any noise, as though he appr. bended immiuent danger, or some one was about to spring upon bim from behind. However, we got through our lesson. The next day ho was missing at the appointed time. The day following he appeared: and with more purturbation than ever. He could hardly speak or stand He had grown haggard, nis eyes were swollen aud staring. Never certainly was mortal fear of something, I did not know what, more plainly depleted on a man's face, than on his. Ho was accompanied by Dr. Parker's attendant. 1'hev en tered carelully and softly, closed aud fastened the door, made sure that no one was in the room, and then his ; friend, in a low tone, told me the nature of the case. He was afraid of losing his head lor coming to teach a 1 foreigner Mautchoo. He begged me to receive bnck ! my money, which he brought in bis hand, and let him go. He could not come again. He told me, and I be i lieve it, that he was on the point of taking poison to rid : himseli of his trouble. That he had eaten no rice, and taken no sleep since be first came. He expected every moment to be seized ^by the Mandarins, and canied oil' to be beheaded. There was no arguing with him, no comforting or as suring him; and the only thing to be done was to dis charge bim, and let him go. We were more fortunate afterwards, and found two thorough bred Tartars, who had no fear of Mandnrins, and who remained with us, long after all idea of goiug to 1'ekin was abandoned. A CHINESE VILLA. While at Canton, 1 had the pleasure to visit a country seat belonging to a distinguished Chinese gentleman, Duko Pwon. (Dr. Parker hud tho kindliest to invite hiin to meet me at dinner, and the invitation was the consequence ) Duke Pwon, as he was created while we were in China, but more generally known as Punlinqua, is a short stout person of forty yeura of age. His man ners not pleasant, according to our notion. His move ments were very quick and monkey like. Ho seemed to be uneasy with his leet ou the ground, and to want to lift them up on his chair. He helpen himseli, with his own , knits and folk, to everything he could reach. Told us he had the saltrheum, and pulled up his sleeve to show his arm. He showed us the game played with the fiu gcrs, practised also it Italy, a drinking pastime not una musing. 1 do not wish to describe Duke Pwon under a disagieeable aspect. He was extremely civil, and we i afterwards saw much of liirn. At first one is not pleased with such manners, hut a little custom goes far to recor. i cile the mind to any thing. His villa, called Puntong, is situated ou the river, about three miles above Canton It has about 100 acres in extent, in the middle of paddy fields, covered with water. The approach to it is along a leading Ironi the river. There are several houses, , and detached out buildings, which makeup the villa.? | Long wooden budges, such as we see represented oil j dinner |>lates, connect the various buildings, which are all built en piles, of a sort of glazed brick. The main ' house is perhaps sixty feet square, two stories high, with ! numerous apartments. The large drawing room is hand some and handsomely furnished. In the rear of this . building is a theatre, the Btage fronting the windows of j the back drawing-room Between the two buildings is j a fish pond, an indisjxiusable requisite in a Chinese roun- I try place. On nights of petformauce long poles are ! thrust into the mud ot the bottom of the pond, with Ion terns at thoir tops. There was an aviary made of wire, filled with gold and silver pheasants of extreme beauty. A tame deer, two beautiful adjutants, and a monkey, made up the collection of animals. There were no grounds or gardens, being a place built on a shallow pond, and artificially raised above the level of the water; the only walks were wooden bridges. The general ap pearance was pleasing, but there was nothing like what we call comfort. CHINESE COURTSHIP. Kvcry Chinese, as soon as he is iu any way able to do ?>, takes a small tooted wife. He sends tor some oiA lady, w hose well known and recognised, and there con sidered respectable, trade, is that of a "go-between,"' and who would do for u wi?o. The lady gives a description of her appearance. She then sees the young lady whom she thinks he would prefer?some.Miss Lee Nang or Nou Seen, and describes the merits of the gallant Noo Chung. The parents then, with her help, arrange the settlement, aad the bride is given away with as great ceremonies and rejoicings as the means of the iamilies will allow?and iii high and wealthy families, the husband first sees her face when he meets het at the door of his house, and taking her out of her sedan chair, raises her veil. THE CHINESE CARRIERS. There are no beaut* of burden, except a few buftaloe to plough the rice field*, in all the lower part of China. : The population 1* too den*e to allow the production* of the earth to be used for the ?upport of beast*. F.verything is done by human labor. There i* no wheeled vehicle in Canton. 1 doubt if there are any in all the lower part of the empire. Further north they use chariots and wagons, driven by sail*. Thus Milton ?ays? "Where Chinese* drive With wind and sail, the carry-wagon light." Beside the four or five horses used by F.uglish gentle men at Macao; half a ponies in all, not more, cer tainly. STREET BEGGING I.N CHINA. The condition of the class of beggars in Canton ia worth remarking on. They are very wretched, and al ways objects of pity, from some accident, disease or de formity, and their way of getting a living is curious ? China has no charitable institutions, no asylums or alms houses, and among such a teeming population there are of course many boggart, though not so many as would bo supposed; not bo greatja pioportion, I apprehend, as iu F.urope, or in our large cities, since the want* are few, provisions plenty, and the climate mild. But there arc beggars enough, and they must live, and Chinese inge nuity provides for their support by a true Chinese "let a lone" policy?a 4 masterly inactivity,'' very character istic. Kvery beggar is provided with some instrument that makes a disagreeable noise?two wooden clappers or a smull gong, or at ell events a inost villainous voice, with any or all of which they go along the streets, and selecting at willashop, enter and (not leaving off "thoir damnable faces," as Hamlet recommends) begin to sing, or beat their gongs, or bamboos, te the great annoyance of the owner,and the complete prohibition of more decent customers, and here they are allowed by law and cus som to remain beating and singing, till they receive the cash. If the shopkeeper is, as most Chinamen are, blest with that fortitude which is a good remedy for evils when there is no other, and lets them beat till thoy are tired, they lie down before the counter, and forget their woes in sleep awhile, and then up and beat again. It is a trial of patience between the two. The beggar holds ou as long as he can, hoping the shopkeeper will be aggravated to the amount requisite; the shopkeeper sits with the utmost apparent indifference, to let the beggar see he has no chance. Meanwhile the beggar is losing timo, and the shopkeeper customer*. If the shop keeper pays at au early period of the visitation, he may get rid of one infliction, only to make way for an other If he keeps one pretty bearable plague, he is secuie against others,and may get up a reputation for in vincibility and stoicism, that will protect him in future. No, there they sit, shopkeeper and beggar, the one doing his worst to annoy, and the other bis best not to notice it, till ooe or the other gives in. SYSTEM or GOVERNMENT The government of China is Patriarchal, and it is a pure unalloyed despotism Tlio Czar of Russia wields a power less uncontrolled than that of the F.mperorof China He reigns absolute and supreme, and knows go restraint upon his will The laws are the mere expres sions ot his pleasure The soil ol all China is his own inheritance. The lives, fortunes, and honor of his sub jects are in his band As their father and sovereign, he may take eitner ur ell from any of them, by en arbitary stroke ot his vermillion pencil. His power knows no check". or balances, or bound". He is besides to his peo ple, the representative and vice-roy of the Almighty ? the head of religion-the ?on of heaven, in immediate communication with the Supreme, nod the only being authorized to hold such communication All religious observance* and rite?. a" well as municipal laws, derive their * suction and obligation* from him. In short, he i* invested with every attribute that unlimited power run extort fiom the fear and ignorance of subject millions His vest empire, lor the purj uses of government, is divided into great piovinces. At the bead of each of these is a high officer, responsible immediately to bun lor its order and good government Koch province is again subdivided into districts, district* into towns, vil lages and hundreds Kach of these subdivisions ha* its proper head, who is responsible to his immediate supe lior, for tne conduct and condition of those under Lis rule. In case of crime, or even accident, punishment it made to fall not only on the guilty themselves, hut on tho?e whose duty it was to delect or pievent it. For u serious crime or disturbance, not only the guilty them selves, but the bead of the town in wmcn it took place, and the district in which the town lies, nod ot the pro vince in which the district is included, sre punished In vailous degrees. The blow from the k'.m|>etor is felt throughout tho whole chain CHINESE POMCE. On some occasion,win-,, there w ns unusual excitement among the people at'.anton, a large mob surrounded in the evening tho foreign lector cs An American, lis I been out on the river '"*< obliged to make his way through the crowd to leach his home On getting into Iris Hong, as they call each merchant's residence, he loun l Hint he bad been robbed of h|s watch. When, or by whom It was taken among that crowd of Chinese nil dressed alike, all looking aline, and closely packed to gether in the dark, no one of whom lie had over before seen, or would probably ?*e again, of course be could m( WlL It had Imb takes by hm om among tha hundreds jammad togathar in tha square Tha probability of recovering it wai vary re mote. but be made hit oomplaiat to tha pro par Chlnaia fuuatlonary, and atatad tha oaaa. Tha Mandarin told him that within ao many daye ha ahould hava hia watch. That vary day all tha poltca oitlcera in that part of Canton, to tha nu-nber of ona or two nnadrad, were aaizad upon and imprisoned. Ona of thorn waa than brought before tha Mandarin, and tha robbery atatad to him, and ha waa iuformad that ha muat Hod that watch, and bring it back, and that all hia comradea would remain in jail until he did. Kach ona of tha poor fellowa thua confined had a family dependent ou him for aupport, and frienda and re 1 lationa intaroatad in hia releaae. All thaaa at once be came moat active in theirexertiona to diacoverthe watch nnJ net free the priaonera. Thair frienda and their frienda frienda were interested; the army of police officers in creased geometrically. The whole people became thief , takers, and at the end of three days the watch waa I found, in an obacure hut in the country, twenty milea from Canton, and restored to ita owner, in other caeea I oftheft, a similar, though harsher course, is aometimas j puriued, but the result ia generally the discovery of the thief and restoration of the goods. If a theft takes | place in a house, on complaint to a Mandarin, all the servants are arrested ana taken before bim, and both the guilty and innocent bambooed, tiii the really guilty at , last coni'easea. The cruelty of this - course not unfre queutly, indeed generally, among foreigners, prevents complaints being made. The Chinese code, both civil and criminal, is immensely voluminous and detailed.? There ia apparently nothing which can be done or suf fered that is not provided for. We have thus endeavored to give some idea of this highly entertaining discourse. It was listened to with marked interest, and at the close the plaud its were loud and enthusiastic. After thanking the audience for their attention, Mr. Webster an nounced that the second lecture would be delivered on Friday evening. Danqbrr of Mr. Polk's Administration.?Mr. Polk and his administration, and his Cabinet and his newpaper organ, are getting into a very danger ous position, and may be upon the breakers before iliose at the helin know where there are. There is a vast combination of interests through out the country, comprising all the leaders of the old cliques; for the purpose of opposing both Mr. Polk and his organ. The friends of Mr. Calhoun, in the South, are dissatisfied because he was rejected from the Cabinet on the Inauguration, and they will mnke their opposition trom the free-trade direction. The friends of Dallas and Buchanan, however, differing amongst themselves in Pennsylvania, are beginning to feel very much dissatisfied with Mr. Polk and his administration, because Mr. Buchanan's removal has been threatened, and they are determined to get up a general convention in favor of a high tariff, and to oppose the policy of Mr. Polk. Then the old office-holders of the Tyler dynasty are also in the field. We may also add the friends of Cass in the West, and those of Van Buren at the North. A general coalition, indeed, of all the opposing ele ments temporarily united in the Baltimore Conven tion that elected Mr. Polk, now appears to be form ing tor the purpose of opposing and thwarting him. The first movement will be to defeat, if possible, Mr. Ritchie as public printer?and, indeed,we begin to be quite alarmed for the old gentleman. Mails for Europe.?The steam ship Hibernia will leave Boston on Saturday lor Liverpool. City Intelligence. 8Tr.AMno.iT Lauwch at Hoboxei*.?The large iron staamer built by the Messrs. Stevens, for the Camden and Aniboy Railroad, as a passage boat, will be launched Irom their ship yard at Hoboken, a short distance north of the Kerry, at nine o'clock to-morrow morning?whence she will be towed to 8ecor St Co.'s foundry to take in her engine. Moar. of the Earthquake.?We are ^ receipt of a communication from B. Downing, keeper of the liglit a Kateu's neck, Long Island, near Huntingdon Bay, in which he says the following :? , ? On Sunday erening last we experience a heavy shock of an earthquake, which 1 believe was ielt allth?uK|' this part of the was sitting in the roomwithi my family, when all at once we heard a crash as if the house was falling, at the same time a hoarse rumbling sound as if a number of heavy wagons were driy ing bridge. As soon as I recovered from the shock, I looked at the clock, and found it was twenty-five minutes past ?ix. I instantly went- out of the door into theyard, and foil the ground vibrata very sensibly, and heard the sound passing off at a distance, apparently to the sou h east Tito shock, as near as I can judge, continued about two seconds, and was soviolentastorattle the doorsand windows, and the crockery which stood on the table, as we had just done supper?ulso tha tin ware which hung against the wall, some of which fell to the floor,. have not discovered any damage to the buildings as yet. Sai e of Pews at the New Unitarian Church ix Broadway -The following are the names of the princi pal purchaser, of the pews that were >oldonTuesda> afternoon: Elihu Townsend, Jonathan Goedhue, Joel stone's Estate, F. Skiddy, D. Low, R. Schuyler, H. M. Hayes, ThomAs, G. Warren, D. Biigham. S. Brooke i?rey, M. H. Grinnell, four; J. A. Smith, B. K. Wheel wright, Allen, W. Taggart, Armstrong, Wm. 8. Crult, l 8. Freucis, .XuWtftRiJ/gRCFl, *>. C. Snuth,'Greeley, Mrs. Robert SedgwickRAin'lee, E. Canar d, Lowlier, W. F. Carey, Thorp, George W.Oray, C. C. Haven, Nichol, James Aldrice. Grayd Traisi.vo Dav.?Yesterday was the jubilee day for the militia, those sturdy defenders of thetr country s honor. Shakspeare saya that in peace there is nothing so becomes a man as mildness and good breeding; but when the bla.t of war has sounded lu our ears, then let us be very tigers. Though we are not aware of the blast having bean sounded as yet, yesterday morning we observed a number of gatherings at the corners, the component parts ol much resembled t'gors though rather disconsolate ones. Their commanding of fleers, arrayed in their gorgeous uniforms, were proud ly stiiding up and down their ranks, scattering fear and trembling with every look. Rolls were called, and de linquents' names were adorned with certain marks, of which they will discover the meaning ere many days have gone by. In fact, though the hard field service has concluded, tho winter campaign has just begun,. and msnv a good supper and carouse will It bring forth? But we frust the united voice of the ciUzena of the State will prevail in putting an end to this absurd relic of the dark ages ere another October shall come round. There was a review of the forces yesterday at the Washington Parade Oround. by Major Oe"?ral ^oll^h!^ umi the following companion were on the ground . The Mgh? Guards, Capt. Vincent; the City Guard. Capt .McArdale; the Independent Tompkins Blues, and the Italian Guards. The drilling of all of them was ex cellent as in fact all our city companies are really wor thy of the name of soldiers, which fact makes our mill tia system more absurd than ever. There is but one step irom the sublime to the ridiculous, and the latter position is certainly the one occupied by the militia. Child Ru* Oven.?A person named Charles W. Purdy, of Ne. 181 Hudson stret.while riding in e grocer s wagon yesterday lorenoon, ran over a child of Mrs. Sarah iiTwtsf residing at the N. E. corner of Sullivan and Broome streets He was taken into custody by officer Barange of the 8th ward, but the child having sustained very slight injury, he was permitted to go by consent of the mother ol the child. Thf Ro.iUEiCAUOHT.-The light-fingered gentry who committed the robbery upon the dry good, store o Messrs. Gaul, on Wednesday night last, have, one of them at least, already been caugnt, and most probably all of them, by this time. We are informed by Dr. Ea tnn of this city who came from New Vork by last night s host that upon his arrival in New Vork on Friday morn ing last he saw officer Josephs, of the independent po Hce and gave him a description of one of the individuals known to have been an accomplice in the robbery. Im mediately the police officer said he knew him. ''It was Ham ?' He had'seen "8am" on Tuesday or Wednesday morning,found out that lie was about to make a little ex nodRion into the country, and had given linn warning to ook out. But "Sam" disregarded the warning. He re turned to the city on Sunday morning, and yesterday mo.ning was "grabbed." By way of saving his neck, h. at once turned state's evidence, told where the stolen ?????. w ere who were his accomplices, and where they 5,ereto be found. We presume we shall soon have then, ?11, bag and baggage, in Norwicli.-NorniteA Coun.r, t. . V'.tsi II Spin iaiiox Coxviktiox, organized yes teruay morning, George Qr.swold, Esq presiding pre ^pers, and 11 E. Pie. repoint acting as treasurer. , Th. following officers were nominated by a committee Armed by the convention George Guswold President. Ed wurd Brooks, Mass.; John J Scott P presiiiant. (;t yeor|,# Brown, Md., V ice Presidents James B. Murray, and Henry E. Pierrepoint, Secretaries * ? I).., h.?'The Coroner wae called to hold an ? ? .his nun nm* at No 8? Woostar street, upon the w'X 'f m, n u ,me5 Edward Meehan.a native of Ireland, I 4 i vonrs who was seised with a At last evening, if,d almost instantly expired. Verdict, death by disease of the lungs. v ...? Daow.YEB.-ThB Coroner was called to hold an Inn,'.'est also unon the hody ol'nu unknown man who was q 5 drowned in the North River, near the Battery, at sn*early hour this morning The .ieceased appeared to have been in the water for some time V rriliENT TO THK l^TEAMKR CoL. HaRNIY? VV* if?, n from the JV. O. Picayune, of the 21?t, thi.t .h? If S steamer Colonel Harney, while going from to Aransas Bay, with a maif on hoard, was .lis Jul on tho Hlth, by the leaking of her boiler, and com I?n,t to nut in at.the Balire The mail was transferred fo the pXVster'there, to l-e forwarded From a latter >itten hv a passenger on board, it appears that the r/.k ,o ?rB,,t ?n tl,e vih',vi?" i i#uris of her not being ?Me to complete the trip, ."d .h? was anchored. The boiler was repaiied, and on ib? toth the steamer got under wey again, bntihe leaks iLu out afresh, so lhat the pump could not supply the h I?r and the idea of reaching Texas wrs given up i antain Whittle had resolved on proceeding to New OrPnsnsfnr repairs [.The passenger adds that the ( olo 1 Harney bed met with several disasters since leaving Mobile, of which he promises h full account. Tklkouapii ?At flu laat meeting <>f the (Jitv Councils, permioat'iti wnn grunted to fhe Teloernpti Company, to plaoe posts In thr ,ty for the extension of the wires Mr Kendall, the D.inr.lpal manager of the company, has made applica !,toth# Spring Garden Corporation for the same pri ? 1 > it si Mr. Kendall has taken aroom In tha Exchange, mi the terminus, in this city, of the telegraph from the Wh the West and ti e East. In the course of a few weeks we shall have one of tha Unas completed.?"*?? i tadelpkU U. S. 0estlfs, Oct. W. Thcttttoali. Par* TatATRR.?Mr. Murdoch appeared last night as Claud* Malnotta, in tha " Lady of Lyons." Thi? beauti ful play of Bulwer'a ii one which gives an Immense ?cope to tha actor, and it will alwaya ha a favorite with audiancaa, forthalr feelings gat ao wound up by it that oftan aa wa have aaan it performed, w* have never onca mUted son* tearful ayea, particularly among tha female part of thoaa witneaalng it. The whole atory u a painful one, though ita finale triumphantly vindicatea tha con stancy of trua lore. Mr. Murdoch a* Claud*, tha garden, ar'a aon, was excellent; it ia the bast thing we have seen him do yet. The famous description of the palace by the lake of Como was given with admirable judgment, and almost hackneyed as this passage haa become, still it was repleto with beauty,in his hands. The closing scene of the 4th act, whera he leaves Paulina, elicited tremen dous applause. Mrs. Bland, as Pauline, wu admirable, and her acting waa highly applauded. Both Mr. Mur doch aud Mrs. Bland were loudly called for at tha fall of tha curtain, and they accordingly appeared and made their bow. Dancing by the Miss Vallees, and the farce of " Turning tha Tables," concluded the evening's per formance. To-night the piano king, Leopold de Meyer makes his appearance for tha last time but one, and he will perform soma more of his wonders on the piano. Bowiav THKAta*.?The revival of dramatic taste in this community within the last year, has had a tendency to tempt managers oftheatrical establishments to increase the expenditures of their respective houses, until the drama has been seated on a throne more gorgeous and brilliant than it has ever boasted at any former period.? The magnificent tempi* lately erected in the Bowery, has bean tha scene of the most finished acting and gor geous display* of scenic effect ever witnessed in this or any other country. The house has been crowded to overflowing since the night of its opening, and its worthy and indefatigable manager must be reaping a golden har vest, in reward for his labors. Last night " Niuk of the Woods," " Napoleon," and the American drama of" Bold Thunderbolt," were presented and well received by an enthusiastic and vary respectable audience. This eve ning tha same excellent and attractive bill is again performed. TeMrLiTorr, Last Nioht.?Palmo'a Opera House last night exhibited an audience such as Templeton alone could ever command in this country. The anxiety to hear this unequalled vocalist, previous to his bidding us adieu, seemed intense ; and the doors had beon thrown open for but a short tima, when the theatre, "above, around and below," was crowded almost to suffocation. Happy, indeed, were they who had wisely secured their seats on the previous day. The evening commenced with the glorious border melody, "Jock o'Huzeldean," which, as at first, drew forth rapturous upplause. Had Templeton, however, sung nothing but the "Last Words of Marmion," he would have more than repaid his hear ers?for never, even by him, was this sublime scena de livered with mora brilliant musical and dramatic etfect. Not inferior to this tour deforce, was the majestic "Song of Death," which was received in a manner that at once atthsted the grandeur of the poet and of the singer. But Templeton, like the Prince of poets, was formed " . to steer From grave to gay, from lively to severe," and he soon drew tears of merriment and delight with his spaikling "Rattlin', roarin' Willie," "Corn.lligs are Bon nie," enu"Oreen Grow the Rushes,"?master-pieces of Scottish minstrelsy which, we believe, none will pre sume to attempt alter him. He will give an entertain ment this evening at the Brooklyn Institute, consisting of the llose, Shamrock and Thistle. Oi k Bcll.?After a career through the whole length and breadth of the United States, during which he iias been more eminently successful than any artist that ever preceded him, the great violinist has turned his face to wards his native shores, and is about to leave us,perhaps forever. only as an artist but as a man, will long dwell among us, aud the bow wiil elicit those heavenly sounds from his violin no more, at least on this side the Atlantic, and fhose who iiave never heard him may legret their loss in vain, for it will be irreparable. With characteristic generosity, he has set apart the receipts of the evening for the bene fit oi the widows anil orphans of the Masonic fraternity, which will he an additional claim to those who are will ing to add their offerings to tho cause of charity. The Tabernacle is to be the scene of his farewell. We doubt not it will be crowded to overflowing. The Ball of thf Season at Castle Garden.?The Independent Tompkins Blues will give their annual ball atCustle Garden on the 10th of next month, and from past experience, we may judge it will commend itself to the fashionable and military world. The taste aud refine ment which ordinarily characterize these annual meet tings, and the military reputation which the company has acquired, have caused many to look forward to this scene of festivity. The place is delightfully chosen.? The order which we know will be preserved, and the conveniences of this large building induce us to believe that unmingled pleasure will be the remit to all parties who may be present. This will undoubtedly be a biil liant opening for the season. Sporting Intelligence. Tkottiko o* thk Cemtretillk Track, Yestekdat.? There was a pretty good attendance on this track, to wit ness the following fj>ort: ? W. Wheelan entered ch. g Henry Clay C. Bertine entered ch. g. Empire Boy M. D. O br. g. Gilbert H. Jones br. m. Lady Wasluugton The result was as follows :? W. Whelan's Henry Clay, (W. Wheelan) 1 1 'J -J 1 H. Jones's Lady Washington 3 3 1 1 3 C. Bertine'* Empire Boy dist. M. D O.'s Gilbert dr. Time, 3:fll ? 3:46?3:48 - 3:60 - 3:49}. The Lady went in a ikeloton wagon ; Henry Clay in a Sulky. Col. Bartine drove the Empire Boy in the first heat, and was distanced, although there was no distanco flag stationed. He then took the Lady and only lost by about half a foot in the last heat. I. was generally ex* pected to have been a dead head. Immediately after, purse of $35?mile heats, best 3 in 5, under the saddle. J. D. McMann entered gr. g. Harry C. Corson br. m. Betsy Baker C. Bertine b g. Colonel The result of this wus as follows :? C. Corson's Betsy Baker (C. Corson) 1 1 1 J. D. M'Mana'S Harry 3 3 3 C. Bertine's Colonel dist. Time, 2:46}?2:48-2:43. Foot Racks near Movtrkal.?These races came oft on Saturday, the 35th inst. on the St. Pierre Course. The weather was delicicus and the attendance numerous.? The first race 350 yards and five four feet hurules was contested for by Mr. George Seward and a member of the Montreal Olympic Club, and taken easily by the for mer. The mutch, between Mr. Seward and another mem ber of the Montreal Olympic Club, who won the last hurdle race did not come off"?the gen tleman having hurt himself at the fire on Friday night, and paying forfeit. The match, backing "old Father Time," against Mr. Oildersleeve, who engaged to run 5 miles in 38 minutes, was then run. Uildersleeve was the favorite, end even up to his last mile, the odds were given ?AO to 40?in his favor. He had, however, a very tough customer to deal with, and Time, we regret to say, (for his triumphs aro so frequent that we grudge him this one,) carried the day, by 3 minutes and 39 seoonds. Five miles in 30} minutes, is great running, however, and we are reaally sorry Mr. G. had not better success. Police Intelligence. Oct. 39.?Grand Larceny.?A man named Cayle was ar rested last night by officer Crowe of the Fourth Ward, charged with having stolen a pocket book containing Hbout $150, from a person named John Stead, white in the act of paying for something to drink at a porter house. No. 48 Cherry st, into which place he hail been enticed br Cayle. Another complaint was preferred against him for roohing a seeond victim named John Hire, off A. Cayle was locked up and detained to an swer. Robbing a Countryman.?Mr. Alexander Clarke, of Orange county, while passing through Bayard street, was accosted and robbed by two men. Edward Bent and Samuel WillUms were subsequently arrested by policemen Judge and Sackman. on suspicion of being he guilty parties. They were detained for examination Robbed Ay a Female.?A female named Catheriue Roper was arrested last night by officer Staats of the 3rd Wa d on a charge of robbing Mr. J. M- Van Wagener, of No 141 Washington St., oi $30. knottier Tow b Cnee.? A person named Charles Brown was " touched" to the tune of a couple of sove reigns, while In the company of Mary Wilka, who was conducted to the Tombs, and detained for examina tion. Recovety of Property ? A few nights ago, a young fel low named Thomas Henry, was found secreted under a bed ia the Astor House, and upon saarohing him, a large number of pledge tickets were found in his possession, uy which means. Capt. McOrafh end officer Whikehart, nave recovered upwards of $600 " orth of property sup ?osed to have been stolen by Henry, who Is detained in Iistody for further examination .ftrnt oj Sutprr.t'd Burgla<i ? Four men named David Ten F.ycke, Phillip Bpiingsteel, Basnuel Spring teal, end Jacob Mitchell, were arrested thie morning on i chatgo of being concerned with others, previously er rested, in breaking into and robbing the etore of Messrs Davis li Jones, corner of William and John at*., on Fri day night last. Pocket Picked Mr. L. D. Townsley had his pocket picked on Monday evening of his pocket book, contain. n< $174, with which the rogues escaped. Jl Trunk bioken Open and Robbed?A trunk containing about $N(K) in money, belonging to Mr. 8 P White, of No 1(14 Weet street, was broken open last night, and robbed of Its contents .... ... Robbing a Room-mate.?A female named Ann MoOI'm was brought up and committed, on a charge of rohhir g her room-male, Margaret Brady, of a purse containing i Ml 35, for which unfriendly act, Ann was provided with | new lodgings in the Egyptian I otnbs. Murine Court Before Judge Smith John Jhmetrong ve J It Bennett.- Th's wns an action I to recover tho sum ot f50, for alleged extia seivi- I ces rendered to the proprietor of the Neu> Fork ILrald, uy the plaintiff, who was engaged as assistant reporter to I ? nat Journal The oase occupied the Court about seven k iurs. The Jury withdraw, and after near two hour* consultation, returned, sUting that they could not agr?e -they were about, as they expressed it, " half and naif" ?4 to 4 for the defendant. Co* Bsfore Judge Ulshoeffar. Oct. 38.?Sarah Steele v?. Lewis Franoie?Breach of Marriage Promiee.?Thit cm* was returned. The Court was crowded te exoess, e large number of ladies were in attendance; and, the case seemed to excite a good deal of public attention Mist Steele appeared in Court, and is a lady of prepottetsing appearauce. Her demeanor, under the trying circumstances in which the was placed, was extremely lads-like and dignified. She was accom panied by several ladies, who seemed to take a lively in terest in her case. The Counsel employed took their usual places ? Messrs. Jordan, Cromelin and Norton for the plaintiff; Messrs Qirard and Haskel for defendant. (K^Tbe opening speech delivered on port of the plain tiffVas reported in yesterday's Herald, should hare bean f iven under the name of Mr. Xorton, and not of Crome in (his partner) as reported. The name was erroneously stated to our reporter. Some delay alter the usual time for commencing the proceedings took piaco, when Mrs. John Dat was called and examined by Mr. Gikard.?1 know the defendant Mr. Francis; 1 know Miss Steele; I never saw them out of the house together; 1 saw Miss Steele at our place on Long Island,about seven or eight years ago; I asked her " why she aud M r. Fran cis had not got married," she replied, " 1 don't think that we will ever bo married." On another occasion she said, as well as I recollect, "she thought she would bo better off by not getting married, and bringing up a family about her." This was not ao far as two years ago. Cross-examined by Mr. Jobuan.?This conversation took place before 1 was invited to the wedding; as well as I can recollect about a week before the wedding; they were keeping company before this, seven or eight years;my husband said to her also,"when are you going to be married, Sarah 4". and she answered, " she did not mean to marry;" 1 had the other couversatiou with her, some seven or eight years ago. Miss Cathiiunk Day testified that she had a conver sation with Miss Steeio, and that she said she did not moan to get married; she saw them together, and Miss Steele's manner was rather cool; by tue word "cool," I mean distant; if she did not put her arms arouud his ueck and kiss him, I would not call this coolness; I think his atfection for her was much greater than her's for him; he showed it more; I never saw her refuse to walk with vlr. Francis at such times as a modest, disoreet lady would do; I never hoard her Bay whether his company was dis agreeable or not: I never heard her call him "her dear;" I never saw her hug him or kiss him; her manner was al ways the same towards him; I never saw her with any other man; I never saw anything in her manner towards Mr. Francis inconsistent with her usual modest de meanor; I think 1 should behave differently towards my sweetheart. (Laughter.) To Tnr. Cocbt.?He continued his attentions down to a few months before his marriage; his attentions towards her were particular up to three months before his mar riuge, then there was a cessation of his attentions. Cross-examination continued,?She said at our house in New York, since we left Long Island, "that she never intended to marry;" I can'tleTl on what occasion; my sister Margaret was present, 1 believe, but I am not cer tain; the conversation commenced by ray asking her; I considered it rather queer that ahe should be keeping company with him for several years and give me stieh an answer; I understood they were engaged to bo mar ried; she was not told so by either party. Mrs. Wm. Day exsminod by Mr. Girakd.?Testified that she knew the parties some eight years; 1 heard Miss Steele say to a little girl that Mr. Francis was nothing to her more than to any other member of the fa mily?this occurred in the year 1844; 1 can't say what was the manner of Miss Steele towards Mr. Francis; ( saw nothing in her manner to indicate that they were to he married; I have known her to be absent from the oity some weeks and months; Mr. Frauois then came to visit the family. Cross-examined by Mr. Jordan.?He did not visit the family so often as when she was present; I can't swear if they were engaged ; his atteution was the same to wards the other members of the family, when I saw him there as it was to her ; Miss Sarah and Miss Jane Day were present; the first Mrs. William Day, Miss Steele's aunt, died about oight years ago, and 1 got married to Mr. William Day in about u year afterwards; Miss 8teale was boarded at the expense of Mr. William Day during the first year, since that 1 know nothing of her. Mr. Jordan.?Had you any objection to board Miss Steele, without paying her hoard I Mr. Girard.?1 object to this question ; I think it is in delicate. Mr. Dat, the husband, here came forward and offered to explain. The Court would not permit him to interfere. Mr. Jordan.?Did you, madnm, at any time object to Miss Steele's stopping in the house without paying her board 1 Witness.?I did ; I know that the ladies of the house have fallen out with Francis ; I have not fallen out with him ; the ladies of the house fell out with him because they allege his conduct has been base towards Miss Steele. Mis. Hannah Dcnlof testified sho received a Daguer reotype likeness of defendant from himself. The defence here tested. RERUTTINQ CASE. Miss Jane Seymour examined by Mr. Jordan?1 know the parties in this suit; 1 tesided at Mr. Day's; I was the intimate companion of Miss Sterle; I supposed theie was a courtship existing between Miss Steele and Mr. Frau Cis ; he visited her twice a week ; 1 supposed from the whole tenor of their conduct that they were attached. Mr. Earlk also testified in relatieu to the attention and attachment as existing between the parties, when the case rested. Mr. Girard summed up. The case will be finally sum med un this (Thursday) ioreuoon, wlien His Honor will charge and give the case to the jury. The result is looked to with a good deal of Interest. Adjourned to this forenoon. Before Judge Daly. Ewer re. Booth?The jury in this case, already notioed, reudered a verdict for plaintiff? >200 ileum*"* "a eta cents coats. ll-'hitmarsh et ol ve. Sun Mutual Ineurav' Court Calendar?THIo Day. Circuit Court?Nos. 33, 4, 49, 60, 61,68,60,01,400, 401, 63, 87. Common Pi.eas?Part 1?Noa. 91, 93, 103, 103, 113,1, 119, 1 11, 63; 78, 21, 171. Part 2-Nos. 370, 80, 84,84,88, 90, 04, '44, 36, 64, 96, 98, 10, 48, 60, Brooklyn Intelligence. A WonKnorit: for Bhiiokltk.?At the meeting of the Board of Supervisors, ou .\londav last, a resolution pass ed tlmt body, authorising an application to the Legisla ture for permission to raise by tax, or borrowing as in iv be deemed most politic or expedient, the amn of ft;t*en thousand dollars, for the purpose of enlarging tiie roan ty jail, so that a workhouse may be established within its walls, in which prisoners sentenced to be hard labor may be made to earn their daily bread The debute on this subject was of a very ammnted and interesting cha racter; Supervisors T. (J Bergen, Campbell, Crook and Stanton being the principal speakers. The motion (made by Mr. Bergen) was carried by nine ayes, agHiust only three opposing votes A motion was made by Supervisor H. D. Woodworth, and unanimously carrioJ, that he have leave to reatsese the unpaid taxes of last year of non-residents of Bush, wick, which had been returned by the Comptroller of the State to the County Treasurer, for want of proper description of the property. The Board then adjourned, to meet at the county Jail, on the 7th proximo, at two o'clock,P. M. Ma. Temfletoit's Coitcsrt?There is aearcely any doubt of this attractive entertainment being otherwise than well attended, notwithstanding thit a numbei of the residents of Brooklyn ere under engagements to patronise the great Masonic concert in New York,which also take* place this evening. We learn that many of tho moat fashionable residents of the city hare secured seats at the Lyceum, and we trust that this truly meritorious and distinguished vocalist and musician will he greeted by an assemblage which will do honor to King's county, and well repey his first professional visit to the second city of the Empire State. BaooxLvx Rkfkalkhs.? It is believed that the meeting which took place at Carroll Hall, on Tuesday erening, will have the effect of restoring harmony ami good reel ing among those belonging to that body, who have fort long time pest been in discord and enmity. This eve ning, a numerous delegation from Brooklyn will proceed to Paterson, N. Jersey, to attend a mas* repeal meeting, which la to be holden in that town. Rodney 8. Church, rtsq., one of the Municipal Judges of this city, is ex pected to be the principal orator oil the occasion. Democratic General Meetinu.?Ageneral meeting of the democrats of Kings county wss convened at Wat son's Central Hall last evening, to respond to the nominations for Assembly. It is unfortuata for those who attended that the room is too small for such a demon stratum, and consequently was densely and inconvenf ?ntly crowded. The arrangements were, we understand, made by the County ' iomnuttee, otherwise the mo ting would, in all piobability, have been held in the open air, with flambeau accompaniments, at the junction ol Court and Fulton streets. As it was, however, all who were present appeared in high spirits, and sanguine of success at the bettle which is to be fought on Tuesday next. Real Estate Sales ?For the benefit of all whom it muy concern, in relation to the existing value of Real Estate in King's county, we g ve tho following account of sales made on Tuesday by two New York auction eertt-House and lot No 90 Sands street, Brooklyn. M by 100feet, $3,000, four lots on Grand etreet, Williams hurgh, (near Lorimer street) J4 feet 8 inches by 100 leet, from $400 te $440 each, four lota in Powers stree, (near Lorimei) sold at an average of $110 each; one lot on Devoa street, near Union Avenue, 28 by 100 feet, was disposed of for $144; snd one lot at the oorner of said streets, 06 by 107 feet, for $880. Whig Or.isaaAL Committee.?This Committee matin full soseien lest evening at Hall's Buildings, for the puis pose of making arrangements for the ensuing alertien. Taeoet Excursioh.- Tha fire company of Union Ri flemen. oommended by Captain Morris, of Brookly n,will proceed to Lynch's Thatched Cottage, Jersey City, on Monday neat, on a target excursion. It Is exi>eete<l that they will muster a stiong force, as tbeie are three or four valuable prixes to lie contended far. Rowdtism?We understand that on Monday last, In the quiet village of Flushing, L. I., n very di-ginceful riot ooenrred on the occasion of tho visit of an Engina Company from Naw York, who went thither on a target excursion. It appears that they were accompanied by a number of fellows, whose aim seomed to he to " kirk up a row and break things." A fellow by the name of Me grath walked up to e man working in front ol Lewis's stove factory, and asked him if he knew Yankee Sulli van. The reply was that be did not, upon which Me grath said, " I am the man," and knocked him instantly down. This brought a general tnrfre. which resulted in the rapture of three of tho Naw York rowdies, -? Me grath, James Smith aud Alea. Graham, two other bullies having escaped, Grahem was let oil with a tine of $4 and costs?Megrath with a fine of f 14, or fiO day s impri sonment, and Smith with a fine ol $10 or 40 days Impri sonment Graham and Megieth paid their fines and w ere liberated Smith In ol pay lug the fine, n as sent to the county jfiil lor 40 daya. Ukmohootivk Buaoi ahv Some rascal, whs iivst have baen desperate indeed, foread hk way, on Tuesday night, into the office of William Jenkins, Esq , Sheriff of this county, and broke open the iron safe, and was re warded for his pains with merely a sight of sundry in teresting and musty legal documants, In the shape ol writs of fiery faeias, habeas corpus, fcc No money was

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