Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 31, 1845, Page 1

October 31, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE! NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. ?80 -Whole No. 4134. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 31, 1845. Prleo Two Coot*. Koralgu Correspondence of the Herald. Paris, Oct. 8,1W5. The Ghent R volution in Morale in France?The Literary Mania?Opening of the Fashionable Sea eon?State of the Harvests?The Steam Marine of Europe?Important Jmprovemente?Music and the Opera, frc. $-c. This city, compared with its condition some years ago, offers a spectacle which can be considered as little lsss than a social miracle. In the crowded capital* of all civilised countries, the vices of gam bling and prostitution have been hitherto regarded, as well by philosophical statesmen as by philanthro pists, inevitable evils, which the civil poweT must either connive at, as is the custom is England, or recognise, circumscribe and restrain within narrow limits, as was the case in France, but of which the repression was asserted to be a social impossibility. Paris and London being the most populous cities, and the resort of the largest number of the idle rich, were pre-eminently the theatres of these vices. In Paris, the State recognised what it could not ex terminate. Public gambling houses and public wo men were not only recognised, but licensed and tax ed. They were moreover placed under the surveil lance of the police, and permitted to follow their re spective callings, but to do so under strict condi tions nnd rules, the observance of which was en forced by penalties, the infliction of which was im mediate and inevitable. A further vent was given to tha gambling spirit by the lotteries, which were conducted, and the profits of which were monopo lised, by the State. In these, people of a 1 classes, down to the lowest in every city, town and village of France, were accustomed to gamble to a fright ful extent, and facilities were otiered for the purpose by ths State, with the most disastrous success. It was. in fact, a large source of revenue. In Paris, ths Palais Royale was the grand temple of these vices. There, in saloons of more than regal splen dor, legalised crime reigned supreme. There were repeated nightly the loud orgies of the gamester and ths courtesan, and scenes were enacted, the details ol which, were it possible to state them consistently with the decencies of the press, would be pronounced incredible. Besides the profit to the treasury of the State, a large revenue was derived from this by the proprietor of that itn mensv baxaar. That proprietor was his majesty Lou is Phillipe. The Palais Royale formed an item in the inventory ol his vast wealth. After a certain hour of thw evening, respectable females could not ap|>ear on foot in the streets or public walks, which then swarmed with the votaries of pleasure, apparelled with shameless audacity in the meretricious trap pings of their avocation, and openly urging their im pure solicitations on the casual passenger. The win dows of splendid saloons on the Boulevards, and the most frequented streets,glittered with brilliant lights, indicating to the unwary, the haunts of unhallowed rites. Well then, this is ?H changed. The wand of a beneficent enchanter has waved over it and ihe im pure crowd h it vanished. The i^'lcl"' ? Z gamester have been consigned to thetiames.andthere is not a hazard table in Paris ! The Palais Royule jB as pure as the Royal residence ttseif. Within ?" precincts prostitution dares not raise its head You may walk the Parisian thoroughfares day and night without encountering aught which, in any externa' appearance, could offend themost delicately,nodesf evtrv r " i-a 1 htr ?aliln*' The lotteries of vepr form and kind throughout the country are < T wherever a private gambling table can be found, it is relentlessly broken up, and its vo taries dispersed by the police. That vice does not exist I cannot aver ; but, if it does, it must be sought for; it is not, as formerly, obtruded on the public om ll f" .UrementiS "re not ostentatiously spread out before the young and the unwary. To whom honor is due let it be paid. This vast public benefit, this extermination of gaming, and re presston of those immodesties which closed the walks of the city against decent females, is the work UuisPhil^nl^h Barhr-cades- By dm firmness Of ixiuis i nillmpe, ihis change, amounting to little les* than a social miracle, has been wrought and m him the world i? indebted for ihe^ that the advocates of public order and decencv can accomplish this; and need neither to wink at the practice of vice, as 111 England, nor compound whh a by laving a under contribution and ruEs as was formerly ,he custom in France. It were welHfThe powers that be, in the American de/noTracv but above all others, the municipal rulers of dm ^ clty?f N1W V?rk,could come over anc? take lesson* hlr^fnaUh^honties, which have been so successful here in abating nuisances, which disgrace Broad other places of public amusement withou"male srottction, snd are secure from all intrusion or mo- I hnd-n'k'. .u theatres you are no where of- ' fended by the appearance of those unfortunates who ifc TTPJh<rd T ? New Yurk and 'he othercdies of the Union, and all parts of the house are equaliv accessible to respectable persons of both sexes. Iu the accomplishment of this great moral revolu- ! tion, there is a circumstance highly creditable to ihe King I have said that the mtts of the KVrov- ' ale formed a considerable item in his private ami KSteJttr x x jfeSr 2MiB?a2afcora,ft!?!ss r Pbillippc to public virtue aild decencv ' C?U" In my lastletterl mentioned the extraordin??, diffusion of 'he taste for popular fiction and env* you the example of the worfcsof Eulene Sue The ' translauon of which has been so widely disseminat u'ni! 15 Btate>- It is surprising that the success 's i know that the leading journals of Paris ascribe a large proportion of their circulation to their ftuiUe font, which are usually filled with these fiSs 1 which appear in Una form before they are issued hJ the booksellers in volume, for K,Tlttl much the circulation of a journal owes to these i ou I may juage from the sums they are enabled to to their , utliors Alexandre Pumas, a writer even more prolific than Eugene Sue, has lately entered into a contract with the editors of U CWrtituS ? ,0 8Up(>ly l? d,em works of fiction I. i V<fHr8? C-"nmenc,nK'r?m last March for which they are to allow him twenty-six thousand ni?mCS ^fh t0kab0utlt ,iv1 thousand dollars per an works to the r*i?r w,M 8el1 ?he same vdumea afiT/ISFk bof hseHers to be published in X and mil ,p,*a^d in news,* ..?V''?u.?.?d"?dS'lmcom'"'"?1 "?? ?? 1 h6 06(i8on here is now fiiirlv hpmm tr* and his family have returned to Parnflm ,i ^!ng >?'?>' I u, to which ho JrtraX'ItX,?, dnV isg the interregnum of busin?M>l B?j f v year ,dur" equipages begin to glitter again o? .u handsome and in the Rue de la SK Thegard^1'?' lenes are again tilled with rank, fashion and'bea !"* each afternoon. The Italian o^era opened woh .if' Puri tan i on the 2d, but nothing new mil t fli ced there until the town fills ui> which produ' bolero .ho end "2 mill there the queen of song she i? , j . I'oT'The"d d by ber u?Cr' KrneBta, sieter?of Cur lolls, the danseuse. We are hudlv nil in, , however. Moriani f?r a /.w n Thf- T""0'' rong* from Madrid, to which city he most, however" imniediately return Among the gentlemen amul* Palilache is now ihe only great name and i.lV tains in it. full vigor .if nis gigant?c'power H?? fiuemtia Trnmha on the first night was audible in the Plact which surrounds the Theatre dt* /<?/,>?, The alarm which prevailed ,n .oms^rf^rEu rope in consequence of the deficient harvest i,' . osamented rather than abated. In Belgium ? Hy precautionary measures are resorteS to bv the government, to secure for the laboring classes ?.d' 'intent subsistence during the ensuing winter and ? arly spring. A circular has been sent by the m. riisirv to the provincial governors on this *ub,ec recommending that independently of measures of | u more general nature contemplated by the Govern ment, municipal committees, be formed in ail the cities and chief places, to secure, as far as possible, employment for the laboring poor, and to obtain the i means of subsistence by charitable contributions tor such as are not abje to procure employment, or who, by bodily infirmity or age, cannot work. The I Government appeals to the benevelent to come tor ward in this crisis with that charitable zeal which i has always characterized them. The Governments of England and France re- 1 spectiv?ly have been noiselessly, but not the less seriously and deadly, directing their attention lately ' t > the adoption cf such measures as may, in the I emit of war occurring in uny part of the world, en- i able them to turn the art of steam navigation to the i best accountpuid while the results of their research-s I and experiments demonstrate how much is still to f be learned in this department of the arts, many im : portant facts, and some valuable principles, have I been developed and established. As this subject is one which must present features of profound interest to every well informed American, I shall offer no apology for entering somewhat fully upon it here and enabling you to lay before your readers some* i ? l J"08' imP?rtant practical conclusions to which these extensive enquiries have led ? ,(>u':8tion w*Je'her * great maritime power ought to be provided with a steam squadron has ceased to be debated. It is universally conceded ? The first point alter this to be settled is the nrooor dmdedWhHh ,llC ,0lCC ?fua national navy shouldtie divided. How much ought to consist of sailing ves sels, and how much of steamers? and above all to determine the means whereby the pecubar powers of each of these clusses may be most fullv developed without impairing those of the other. It is aisiTto I be determined how the steam marine may be best rnaniged so as to render it available on the one St ? other, to J adapt it for the rapid transmiss on of troop""^^ munitions in a war of invasion. A commisTon of -?v ,v- ,, a commission, of which the 1 nnce de Joinville was president, after ail elaborute investigation laid down the following EXSW ThafiWiintained m'ght be assumed as aata. 1st. That 111 ihe tactics of a steam marine the general object being to fight (en pointe) from' stem and stern, it is necessary to concentrate at defence ""^nd6 me?nH ot "?ack and defence. 2nd. That the limited space at these points compared with that afforded by the sides of artillerv*^ Is??. war'n.ot l^rmitting a numerous artillery, it is necessary, (whatever otherwise be the arm employed,) to compensate by magnitude of calibre for deficiency of number. It was, therefore recommended in steamers of two hundred and' *'e.n'y ,h.or9e Power to use two howitzers of eight inch calibre, and two long guns of twelve inch call bow h wel"8 P aCed a- 8Uirn and two at the bow. It was further maintained, that as one of the most important uses of a steamed in marifime war would be to facilitate and expedite the disembark ment of troops in the case of invasion, it was indis pensable to provide in such vessels as large a space as possible for the accommodation of troops. It was recommended to modify the rigging by the suppres sion of the mizen mast, by diminishing to the extent of above two and a half fe?l the bowsprit, pmtfng back the fore-mast, by eight feet and the main-mast ind'a half fee?UUfimentine the ,a"er by three In considering the best method of arming steam S^?f?:TelBWere reduJced t0 different classes, according to their power and tonnage. Steamers of minir?n Pn77 ,"fde8tlned generally for tlie transport of despatches were to be armed in tnr bH with?h??er' 8?a 88 i? mterfere as little as possi I hil? m i8ipeed' S,ea7ler8 200 horse power being the smallest commonly used for warlike expe ditions, wens to be armed with one pivo?g m atX bow and another at the stern, each 50 centimetres SteatmiW '*$h ?f 30 ceruimetre9 ench side - pteamers of 300 horse power with two guns at the ea centimetres calibre, and a pivot gun at the stern of the same calibre. To complete he ,'h?fn??r oattacki ?/addefence il Waa recommended d str h te^T/l !i cent.lfnetres calibre should be ei were ,n h- ^A?' of 400 horse pow er were to be armed with three Paixhan guns of 80 deck'11 an? ""'i 0ne ,nol,n,ed a pivot on the deck, and the other two on ordinary carriages ? pIaoed al 'h<* bow and a like numbe? of similar guns similarly mounted at the Btern with four guns ot 30 centimetres calibre uf each"'idT ? inaby, in the larger class of steamships, of 500 horse power, it was recommended to supply ihe same stern guns as in the last mentioned class of ?iners, and to have upon the deck at each side two guns of 50 centimetres calibre each, playing through ?rma"B 0 a uegu Sucn Wa8 the proportion ol arms pronounced by the commission to be the besi ?#r a steam squadron. 3n?"?er series of researches, the committee di rected their attention to the classification of steam transports as distinguished from armed vessels which involved the whole consideration of the prob inc',,ding Of all the improvements hitherto introduced into Hi IT Tnne*1118 adn'?"cd by the committee, that by far the most important, is that which amis at the attainment of the power to use at will the steam propeller, or to suspend it and resort to sails without however allowing either of the? methods' when thus suspended, to impair the efficacy ot the other. I notice this conclusion, which I consider to be a principle of the very highest ini|>ortance, and h^nVr i'88 a?a,Vnd ttKain been pressed 011 the pubhc in America by Dr. Gardner, both in his published writings and in his oral discourses. It is also to this problem that Cant.; Ericsson has for so many years consecrated his labors. Various contri h(aVe,?" reBOrted t0 both sides of the In tVnn/..'? lM'a?"nent of this important object, la I ranee the principle of the screw is considered as that which has most nearly approached to its prac tical solution. "The trial of the screw/' saV the report of the f-rench Commissioners, "on hoard the Napoleon, has established its practical efficiency as .1 submerged propeller, and its superiority over the common paddle wheels. The advantages of the submerged propeller are more especially evident in u-ansatlsnt'c steam navigation, ifts navigatmn JaS be permanently established only on the condition that means can be devised to employ alternately the sills and the steam power, by which a saving of 75 per cent of fuel can be effected. Not only is suba queous propulsion economical, as respects fuel, but it will give to the transatlantic voyages extraordi nary rapidity. As a practical example of this t may be mentioned that the English frigate Vernon in the service of the East India Company, sup? ed with an auxiliary engine of thirty horse power, act ing on light wheels easily unshipped, performed the voyage from Calcutta to London, by the Caiie in f days, making the passage from the Cape in 48 S ftf"d consequently in 15 days less than the time treHV, ni ?am? VUy,age l,y 8,eamers of four hun lre?m 1 UIJ red h,,rse I,owcr, working with steam alone, and at an enormous expense." The Commissioners, however, admit that luriiier experi ments are necessary to carry Uub principle to perlec vvhenliii^ t Wl" b< knownon lbl# interesting point ?,?,aPeK<t,rmancca 01 lhr now in pro barhorsot America, and particularly the rested !Vi!t have beenfpractically . ? the subject on which the commissioners most energetically insist, and which they urge with rdr?heh?,M0,,ln,OnuCa,,,e,,,nM8 "n 'be govemmem otate r?<?ro!>n'iv1?' ab9olu'e necessity of a com fi of e?^?. /aUon,,0< 'b? jvnonel ot steam ves seIs of every class. On this, more than anv other ? lrtpr?Ven,ent?f 'be existing system, will rine whei'hnr dep^nd 'be efficiency ol a stesm ma rine, wlie her conducted with the view of the ex ,?7?n.l?^'hf ?bJeCt8 of cornmerce in peace, pr ffie national defence in war The body of men em steamere Tela I? m"? d,r?c,in8 'be macliinery of SE'rvS," !l""X* '? ?&!*?$? oiiuonB. 1 fic state and commerce nw#? it in ikol? nelvei, to adopt such an organization ot thiBclunB of mul nay"*co7r?TOndennt<tot.?e,r rank' consideration *" pay, correspondent to the vast imix>rtHnr*? nf the. duties devolve ujk.u them. T HeceVaa v carelully to distinguish those who work "t the Z naces, boilers, anj engines, from those who sum intend these operations, to distinguish in short those who work with their hands from those who work with heir head. They should, say the com mittee, be distinguished by their titles, their rank by the sources from whence tliey are taken, as well as by the duties they have to perform. Those des tined for the duties involving the heavier snecres <w bodily labor, such as ; the "firemen, eng^ n.en from .h* i,hL 8lu,uld be careful* selected' ^nrrWop80' ,tht's,atc and 01 p"va'8 ?'? |ub( "?M,, Tiose who are intended to direct ihe caMenartment olCfAR" aauperui'e,,d tbe mecham educa ed and d.? 7 ou?h? '<) he expressly eXialt 'Lor 'be purpose in schools a body of evil eng.neers crkeu,!',n only learn to work with their hi* J should not | ol steam machinery, so as to he 1 hi 1 ,h?* l*irt? I "ally to fabricate them ; but tliew -h ia i" l HC" strncted in the physical and mcLnl! 1 M i'"' on which the construction and operation oTfh^ ' chinery depend. Until these obrecu be s^m'"? no^national steam marine can be efficient aU*,ned' We are on the eve of the advent ol some artiali- I such in hll',,l',n ?[ popular entbUHiaani tx-yonVthf*' Khlns andtheAipa. The celebrated wZr ofRobl t Z DxabLt was late y invited here ho ?h? ri- i*?0fTl uc the Academic idyale, in ihe hol of M bnKB ?Ut hlS reCent ?^ra 0 the tfSff M Meyerbeer came, and was Dre^m 12 JT r \i presentations of Robert at tCXat e ^tet "Vt he returned to his hotel, reXed hi- - ? porte-feuille, and ordered iKf-horfef iXt ilh" The mautro would not commit th.e Rhiue the artistes composing the scnml rcl'ufation to fair, rM. Le iSSSSur.JfHlLS.?1"it i 5*" however, ha? occurred to him - .*!ieidea, great master, by supplicating a young artX 'for whom the soprano of the K "ruste tor posed, to lavor Par's with d J Hghf7Th C?'" nance. and lend her aid in lhj8 d^lnma ITT, lady is said to be about to produce 1 v?J}' * . "?'u-1????xsas s,nd pre"i performer in several of the t Arm 25 as a voca' obtained immediately a very favorabi*^1*"' ""d with the public, and established ?. r?*ception c?i ..d twi?Si?relS?d^xSi<c2!S^ by no means satisfied the ambition of the v"?n? pirant, who seems to have estimated her own H,~ era more justly than the public did ; for she not^X was conscious of her advantages but soil m , y forously apprec.ted her defiSffifi gj iTshon had the rare courage and determination to "J en ! her public performance, to sacrilice its nrnfl??^?d devote a year to private study and cE ' S an able master. With this view she Xced herseh under (.arcia, and at the expiration ol that Droba Hon re-appeared, ami at once assumed the first rank in her prolesston. This prudent proceeding . to have been suggested bv Meyerbeer' Mald has proved the wtsdom of Ihe advice^ it "T" now stands in the same rank with Persian i t- 81 n'? and Pauline ( iarcia; ffv2J?howeve' K" vantages of great youth, freshness and noveltv her the author of Robert lias written ih? ^or ?he Prophet, and if M. Leon Pi\lTct ZT"? propitiating her favor, that < >pera will be ?md '2 before the Parisian audience eari^ in tL'en"^ year, when, health aiid life permitting I ah.dl a. 3 yon a report of it, and of the fo"r Swede n,hJ meanwhile, it is reported that the airiaoi ; , pear at Drury Lane, which, however, I doubt1 B|>" Fifteen years ago, liossini, then in the prim. ?f ? tfe, in possession of full artistical virmr h an? .5 tncontestible right, and theunanimS. hSldlngb>:. the world, the throne and sceptre of muaic anTh tug just produced one of the greatTst if nl^'' very greatest of all his many works suJd. .|J 2, u?r TTW* and con?i?ned himself lost lence which he has since inflexibly preserved Th." i youthlul author of the PomnomhiiL i ?" mise of filling the vacant thrX- taffE ' 'T ed away by an untimely death, at the age nl twemv. seven. Since then the repertoire of the Italiunu h almost exclusively been replenished hVfh. mediocrities of the prolific Donnizettf If credit however the reports which have mm. across the Alps, another era is mi bund !? 08 has arisen who will worthily supply tfe Zee of Be? habitues of Palmo s, will doubtless he oD f" u " some particulars of this personage g'ad t0 h<?ar fxuisseppe Verdi was die nunil Af ?i gantst in a small village 0f Italv fn. ?Ure or" were never directed higher than die h?mU8'Uratl(?ns of his instructor. At the S of deposition chance or the caprice of an arfquamtfefe threw hdo us hands a very wretched libretto. The leisure d the young organist was amused by an attempt m adapt music to this production vrh? alle,nPt to betrayed many and KKSfa, b? uKBSX were am^rent much beauty of meWv originality and ^InlSfeh encou^e i?rd"!rnour;d'?r;;: public. I Lombardi," ?'L? due Foscari."und ?'Er iSssSiSs tila, has been completed by him for %.?!. t"r Tf. "r wh'.iir ^',ced .ty^rLVd;id^d"z^%d,mrbTi,K,:r?fKr 1111 lliun HoMin,. Buii, would teprenmSrMool. IL Jn. u t? H|1ln the temple of art. We are fortunate in having a troupe sufficiently strong to I?e''Z?In*.'tr.w*,r''r * "'erP"lorin?ucu. hdurual I, will t, f?|?,? ,'j??inZX. ue penormuce of Carlotu ?>tM in the rliMrHni.r fbrtunafe^if the"sn '? N>,11 Ada^hfesfe'tens" Lane whim?k ?2!',H>rl he h"M obtained at Drury on whmh h! JlbrH,? ,he "Marble Maiden,'' .i?ud "e"0"'dt Pnnce???nTh0,'<;ra are ,he order of ^e day. The StmS'r ZzJSs AnnaThillou ' ? ,ed' 11 " 8ald' b.v Madame BronionMf(Si:TT^C^^ ~Pre8ent chief Justice ft h*' a.nd0 Jewett?No. 27 granted by default N?W??moIu,h B; Hart. New trial oathan Wells Ju l ? 7 Jaaon C. Woodrud ads Jo ? Frankhn wuo.d*n,ent f?>r plaintiff bv default. No (O Het a?jde"eport' of Vjl V< J" T M' - Motion 33. (lerardua h.rk. re,?reea denied, by default. No. report of referees denU J s f'erI0- A,<"'on to ?et aiide Banker ad. , d t>y detault. No. 41. Heo. W. lrilfe?n?eai'iico.?li}!,n>'^ the defendant I Iliil P: kirlt|a'"l was beard lor rer, with leave lorthe Vlt i ? on the ilemur term.. No. 48 )ol w B,lrieIld on ,he U,UB| Hart sheriff L .. . B??row? et al. v. Monmouth B. No. 04. Lowi. L ' llidil Uenied with costs by default 1'alcott wui )?.. HoBges vs The ( ity of Buffalo. Mr defendant Mr Talrott1? P'ab'tuT. Mr. Kli t ook fer the ter e?t ?lfedmYnUtfeu N Hill ir u/.. ... V, ' ' v**>emuel llersher. Mr. lins for'the' plaintiff. ?FJbe do,8nd?nt. Mr- J- A. Col demurrer No 68 j..h u<JPment for the delendant on the al. Mr N Idi doh''( o?K?r v. Oliver Johnstone el Spencer was heatd r)TVk 2*2 for th" P'B?'titT; Mr. J. A. No 74. Harvey t.oomli ve'ja^'M'' H i?Jrep,lyT Noxon wa. hi.r.i r ? James Monroe. Mr. U. B Drkadfiti. Occurrence.?A dreadful affair happen ed on Monday night, about 11 o'clock, at the aouili west corner ol South and Swanson streets, I'hilailelphia' A roan of intemperate habits, named Joseph Pope, keep er of the sailor's tavern known aa the " Anchor," who was, at is supposed, laboring under mania pntu, threw himselflrom the top of the house, a distance of some iO leet and was dashed to pieces on the sidewalk. Itap piars tl kt he and his wife had lor some time lived unhap pily, in consequence of mutual jealousies. On Monday uight they had been quarrelling, and just before the In tul occurrence he committed a most unnatural and mur derous outrage upon her, stabbing her in the lace, side and alKlomen in about twenty places, with a sharp point ed inatiument resembling a shoemakers punch. Iter cries of murder alarming the neighbors and the watch, he ran desperately to the top of the house, which wns a tlat roof, and pitcned himself over the railing, exclaim ing to the persons below to look out, that he was co ining. Striking the edge of the roof on the outside of the railing, ho was precipitated in the fall beyond the foot pavem. nt, and Ins head coming in contact with the curb stone liia brains were knocked out, his nock broken, and nearly every bone in his body fractured. At I o'clock yesterday morning, Dr. I.oidy, tha I oroner, held an in quest upon the body, and the jury returned a verdict in accordanco with the facts. Pope's wife, who is the mo ther of four children, was in a very delicate situational the time her hushand inflicted the W ounds upon her, and her recovery is douhtfui. Pittsbcrq, Oct. 27, 1845. AH in a Nutshell. Business good?the calamity by fire forgotten? the city greatly improved in the rebuilding. Many of the improvements are, iri vlevf of a rapid in crease of population, and, of course, business. The terminus of the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, we 1 think must, and will be at this place. I would in ; form, you that the agitators and fanatics that every 1 where ot late infest our country, aa in the case ot our late " cotton factory strike," I am happy to sa^ have been put down lor the time being through conclusive argument, that we cannot commence tne ten hour system, only through a general adoption in the large cotton lactory regions, which would be adopted in this place without opposition, when in general it cau be uniform. I only have to say, that the most prudent and better portion of the opera tives have turned in to work, and our mills are all in o|>eration. Peace and quiet is now the order of the day. Alore of the Boston AInrtler. [From Boston Times, Oct. 30 J Tiie inspected murderer in this case, Tirrell, has not yet been arrested. It has been ascertained that he was at Weymouth, at the house of his father-in-law, after the officers were there on Monday, that he disclesed to his wife and relatious the fuct of the murder, and after a while obtained a sum of money from them to escape with. It has been re|>ortod to the authorities of this county, that his friends were able to got $500 for him out of the Weymouth Bank that day. A person then carried him in a carriage to Pembroke, some twenty miles, where he left him. The affair has come to the Board of Alder men, and they have taken some action in the matter of offering a reward, and in the arrest of the individual.? The people expect the Common Council to take some measure in rotation to this great nublic wrong this even ing, and we trust they will not be wanting in a sense of what is their imperative duty. We learn that the track ol Tiriellis clo.ely followed by energetic and skilful officers. [From Boston Mall, Oct. 30 ) The apathy manifested hy the city government, on the occasion of the late horrible tragedy in this city, cannot be too strongly reprehended. If there lie any head or tail to the present body of .Municipal officers, why do they not offer a reward of $1000 or $3000 for the appre hension of Tirrell 7 The police officers cannot be ex pected to scour the country at their own expense, with no hope of remuneration, while they may be earning the means of living by staying at home. This is a fatal weakness in the police system. If Tirrell escapes, the fault must be laid at the door of the city government. A liberal reward, on such occasions as the present, would strike more terror in the hearts of evil doers than all the prisons in the world. We ask again, why is not a re ward offered ! If the government is afraid of increasing taxes by such means, let us give the rewards, and save the amount on public dinners ard Are woiks. It is currently reported that a woman died mysteriously at New Bedford, last summer, in a house of ill-fame, where the unfortunate female lately murdered resided a; the time?and that Tirrel was there about the period of the transaction. It is supposed that the unfortunate Mrs. Bicklord was in possussion of some information, a disclosure of which might have criminated him, and

which led to her murder. We give this at a mere ru mor. Great Mineral Discoveries in Northern W iscoNsiN ?It may not be known to many ot our readers that during the month of August last, an expe dition was fitted out at Green Bay, to explore the coun try north of this point, in search of minerals. A party of five or six of our citi/.ens proceeded to the Menomo nie river, ascended it for many miles, and returned in a short time highly elated with the diicoveries they had made, in due time, a second expedition was made, and the Menomonie was ascended a still greater distance. The party returned again to the Bay, having made their fortunes, to use a common phrase. They brought spe cimens of copper and silver which astonished the most sanguine, and their description of the country and its mineral prospects were such as to set at rest the doubts of the most incredulous. During the past month a suffi cient examination of the country north and north west ofiis has been bad,to prove beyond the shadow of a doubt that it ubounds with copper uud silver mines full as va luable as the richest of the lake Superior discoveries. Mr. Cushman, an experienced miner, and one who has dealt much in the Lake Superior mining, declares that the country of which we speak is richer in minerals than the boasted Lake Superior mines, and that the ore can be obtained at a less expense. We have seoti some of the specimens of silver and copper, and have listened with pleasure to the high wrought descriptions of the hidden treasures of the earth. We learn tiiat a Govern ment Mineral agency will be opened at this placothe ensuing Spring, and that Major J. B. Campbell has been, oris to be, appointed agent to grant permits. Already some speculation has resulted in oonsequence of the discoveries which have been made on the Menomonie. Gentlemen acquainted with the country near the Wolf and Baraboo Rivers, inform us thatfan abundance of cop per, silver aud iron ore is to be found on these streams What effect the discovery of mineral in our immediate vicinity will have upon the business of Green Bay, we leave to every reader to decide for himself. We believe that a new era is about to dawn upon us?that the sun beams of prosperity will shortly smile upon us, and that our streets will soon teem with a population of many thousands of enterprising citizen I.?Green Buy Revub. Steam Revenue Gutters.?We have been favor ed by the Treasury Department with a report, made under the auspices of the revenue-cutter officer*, of the several steamer* which have been constructed under different plans fer the application of steam power. The subject is not only important to the revenue sorviae, but to the commercial marine of the United States. The question is, which of these various mode* is the best ! We understand that eight steamers are in commission, or in oourse of construction, for the revenue marine. The "Spencer,1' built at 1'ittsburg, was originally upon Lieut. Hunter's plan, but the propelling power has been changed to Lopor's. The "Legare," at New York, was, and now is, upon the plan of Capt. Kricason. The "Bibb," upon Lieut. Hunter's plan, built at Pitts burg, is unfinished Tne Jcflerson," built at Oswego, was upon Capt. Uric sou's plan, but has qeen changed to Loper's. The "Dallas," building at Buffalo, was intended for Lieutenant Hunter's plan, but is now having side wheels applied. The "McLane," building at Boston, was intended for Lieutenant Hunter's plan, but is likewise changed to side wheels. The "Polk" at Richmond, and "Walker," at Pittsburg, are under construction with side wheels. The contracts for building were made for all during the administration of Mr. Tyler. Glad to Get Back.?The Cincinnati Inquirer tells the following story:?A Southern gentleman who, within tne past two years, married one of our pret tiest g'rls acd took her to Louisiana, came up in the early part of last summer with his wife to spend several months in the city, bringing with him a favorite black girl. The girl told him be lore she left home that if he took her with him, she would leave him when they arrived heie, but ho knew that she had always been a faithful servant, to whom he had always been kind, and he doubted her threats. Mr. B., the Southerner, had not been in the city trot a few days before the girl made good her words. She left him and he took no pains to win her back. A place was procured lor her by one of the good uatured persons whose province it is to attend to such things, where she remained,three or lour weeks, and then leit on account of the bud treatment received She subsequently did a little washing here, and some house woik there, until at length, after a good many re buffs, she was engaged as a nurse by a lady stopping at the Broadway Hotel, with whom she stayed about three months. She began to see that the lile of freedom she expected to lead, was not what she had anticipated. Hhe sighed for her old home in Louisiana. Oil Thursday last she told her mistress she had determined to go back to her old master, and sure enough she packed up her things, took passage on the Majestic lor New Orleans, and left on the following day, satisfied with what the abolitionists call liberty lor the poor slave. Discovery of Murderers.?Since our lust issue, the murderers of Jacob Phillips have been discover ed, and are now in jail in this place. They are three negroes?a woman and two men, or rather oue man and a boy, sons ol the woman. The secret of their murder was louud by one of the fellows attempting to pass oil' a ten dollar hill, part ot the money taken Irom Phillip*. They all make a con essiou of being concerned in the murder, to this effect :-On the rug lit that the act was committed, the bay stopped from the woods where the three were secreted, and took bold of the reins of the bridlo, and at the same time the negro inau, with a club, lolled the deceased to the ground at two blows: the wo man, with a club, repeated the blows, aDd lastly the boy. '1 he statement that Phillips was shot, appears to have been a mistake-he was beaten to death with clulis. Ail three ot the negroes belonged to Phillips,and the reason that they all give for this diabolical deed, is that ho restrained them Irom running about the settle ment. Phillips, we learn, bad been quite indulgent to wards his servants, and allowed them many puvileges, until the neighborhood was a good deal annoyed by stealing, fee. when he thought proper to check them.? Huthetjord Ilrpuhticun. Double Accident.?The Boston mail steamer did not arrive Wednesday morning until 10 o'clock, in consequence of two accident* on the Providence and Stonington Railroad. Boon after the train leit Provi dence, a passenger named James Snow, h resident at W'oonsocket Kalis, while stepping from ono car lo ano ther, tell oil ami the tiain passed over his leg, complete ly severing it Irom the body. One ol his arms was also broken jnsi below the elbow joint. The engine was re veised und be was carried back to 1'iovideuce. The train bad gone about twelve miles on the road, after its second departure, when one ol the flues ot the engine burst, ami it was louud necessary to despatch a messen ger back to Providence for another eugine. Thanksgiving.? In Maryland, 21st. November; in Maine, 4th December j in Pennsylvania, 37th Novem ber ; in the city of < harleston the Mayor has appointed Monday, Oct. dtlth. We regret to stale that the Secretary of ths Na vy, Mr. Bancroft, lost a daughter yesterday, at the resi dence ol Dr. Jackson. Her illness had been the cause of his detention in our city.?Phil. Oac., Oct. MP Virietlci. An immenHe mass of solid iron has just been dis covered along the bane of the Ureen Mountains, between Monkton and Bennington, Vermont. It lie* in tegular solid beds, interstratifted with rock, and generally repo sing on limestone. It is blasted out in large quantities by miners, and is thought to be co-extensive with the rock and inexhaustible. The working of this ore is said to be very profitable, and likely to r nder Vermont a large iron manufacturing State ? Troy Budget. The Earthquake was more ssvere on Sunday in Connecticut than inNewYoik. At Huntington, a cler gyman was leading at the deak, when his hooka were thrown off the table. At Greenfield Hill, milk pans were thrown down, and couiidermble' consternation waa produced among the people On Thursday evening the springs and wells in that neighborhood, were ail dry lor more than an hour and a half?the water having appa rently receded from them inte the earth. The Pennarolu Gazette, notices the arrival at that place on Wednasday last of a steamboat, the Lama, from Geneva, in Alabama. Geneva is a small village at tbe junction of the Chocktahatchie and Tea rivers. This is the first attempt that has been made to navigate the former river by steam. The pilot of the Lama declares that it is much easier to navigate than the Chatahoochie. Tbe Gazette anticipates that the navigation of this chan nel will cause an accession of 10,000 bales of cotton a year to the trade of Penracola. The labor of taking the census of Boston under the direction of Mr Shattuck by order of the City Coun cil is nearly completed. The population will not vary much in round numbers from 116,000, which indicates a very handsome increase for our village, for the pest five years.?Transcript. The Massachusetts Human* Society have pre sented a beautiful silver cup, with an appropriate inscrip tion. to Miss Garafilia Oakes, for periling tier own and saving the lives of her mother and aunt from i ing some months since while bathing at Plum Islatuf. Hon William Mitchell declines beirg a candi date for re-election to the State Senate. The Right Rev. John Hughes, Bishop ol New York, he., confirmed one hundred and seventy in the Ca tholic Church of Newark, on 8unday, the 19tn inst., fifty ol' whom were adults. The Magnetic Telegraph was completed on Sa turday evening last from New York to Newark. Intelligence has been received at Independence, Missouri, by a gentleman from tne neighborhood of Bent and Si. Vrain's Fort, on the Arkansas,of a great drought prevailing over all that district of country. The Arkan sas, a large stream usually, wan completely dried up,for id a ] twonty miles or more, and a person could walk over it | any place. Much anxiety was felt lor the last comp8 i nies of the traders of Santa Ke, lest such a deprivation of water,at such a time, should lead to loss of life among the animals, if not the men themselves. A new invention has just appeared in England, callvd the "Satellite," or "Iron-Slave," which it is said wLl change the system of agricultural labor, especially in warm climates, and substitute iron slaves for buman slaves. The machine is intended for agricultural pur poses, such as ploughing, sowing, reaping, also for ma king canals, roads and tunnels. It is a trame of iron, ol' 4 feet wide, and 20 teet long, with a shaft of 7 i'eet long iu front and a shaft of 0 feet 6 it clies long behind, with in o broad wheels, and a steering wheal on the extreme end. The Augusta Age has the gratilying announce ment that the removal of obstructions in the channel ol the Kennebec has been entirely successful, as far as the work has gone. The gravel bed at Gage's Brook, just below the wharves at Augusta, has been removed, or will be, at the close of the season, so as to make an am ple channel, sufficient for the largest class ef steamboats that ply on the river. Several thousand tons of gravel have been removed. The work will be carried toward next season upon the shoals lower down, until a commu nication is opened to the channel below Halloweli. This is an improvement of much public interest, and es pecially important to Augusta. This year has proved far more sickly than the last. We have not heard of a single neighborhood in the whole country that has escaped the visitations of fe n rs, and lever and ague. The number of deaths nas been also very large and is estimated by some to exceed that ot any previous year since the arrival of the "East ern Cherokees, in 1839.? Cherokee *9dv. Oct. 9. The trial of a young man named Andrew P Pot ter, lor the murder ot Lucius P. Osborne, which has been in piogress several days at New Haven, was brought to a termination on Tuesday, by the conviction of the wretched youth. He heard the jury pronounce their verdict apparently with the utmost unconcern. New Jersey contributed largely to the American Colonization Society during the month of September.? The total receipts ot the month were $3,347, and of this New Jersey contributed $648?being double the sum re ccived from any other State. A brick building;, three stories high, lMfeet long, is now going up at Thompsonville, Connecticut, for tbe purpose of accommodating newly invented knitting ma chinery, by which each girl employed can knit sixty yards a day. We see by the Vicksburg Whig, that the citizens of Monroe, La., fearing that tiie moutti of Ked river will be closed in the course of a faw years, and that there will tio no outlet for the products of that region?are exerting themselves to have a public road established from Mon roe to Vicksburg, or some other point on the Mississippi near that place. Price,) the postmaster at Hamburgh, who stole money from letters passing through his hands, has plead ed guilty, and been sentenced to Auburn for a term ol ten years. The trustees of Dartmouth College have issued a notice that they make ne distinction ol color, as a test of admission to that institution. A negro calling himself Dr. .Smith, is lecturing on abolition in Pennsylvania. Is he another " learned black smith I" There was a light on Snake Hill last week.? i Two parties of German Dutch from the city of New : 1 ork,with a wagon and horse, were out on the meadows on the west sida of the Hackentack river, gathering cattails, when a quarrel arose between tbeiu, whici. ended in a regular battle. The beuten party, out ol re veuge, set file to the meadows, which communicated to some large stacks of hay, doiug much damage. Some 1 six or ten were arrested and examined by Justice Ton rielle, but discharged for want of evidence.?Newaik *dd i reriiser, iVtdnettlay. The Cherokee National Council was in session i at Tehlequah on the Oth inst., ready to proceed to the I consideration ol the general business ol the country. ' There not being present a sufficient number ol mem ; hers to constitute a quorum, neither the National Com mittee nor the Council organized on the day appointed ny law for the beginning of the annual session. It is said that several years ago, shortly after a ieguiar judiciary system was first established by the eastern Cnerukees,a trial for murder was among the first cases brought before one of the Circuit Judges. A jury was sworn, and the prisoner, a Creek Indian, arraigned at the bar, who, in reply to the usual interrogatory, "Guilty, or not guilty," pleaded guilty. Whereupon his Honor, without further proceedings, addressing the minister ot the law, said " Here, Sheuii', take this man out, by jiug, and hang him till he's dead as h?11." T w as done! Victoire, the slave of Mr. Theodore Yard, was yesterday sentenced to one hour in the pillory, and to receive twenty-five lashes, being found guilty ol larceny. Unite a crowd was drawn to view her, while under going the iormer part of the sentence, ahe being placed on me railing ol the Place d'Armes, decorated with a large paper head dress, bearing the werd " Voleuse,' white a placard waa placed on the front of her dress, stating her name and crime.?A'. O iVopic, Oct. 'J*J. A woman belonging to a party ot Dutch emigrants, who were coming up last nignt in the Kip Van W inckle, died alter giving uirth to her child. Capt. Abell, as soou at he was made acquainted with the circumstances, ge neiousiy had a state room prepared for tho accommoda tion ol the mother and inluut, and did everything in his power lor their comfort before the mother died. Tho child is alive and doing well.? sllbany JiHat, Wednesday evening. Very large sales of flour were made in this city yeiterday before it was known that the Great Western had arrived at New Vork, at an advance ot twenty-five to filty cents a barrel on previous pr.cos. A few nuurs al'terwaids, the news came, and its tenor justifies the conclusion that the purchasers must have had the infor mation before entering the maiket. Tuo pure liases, it is believed, were on New Vork account.?1'hila. Led ger, Wednesday. It will be remembered thut, soon after the two Hodges weic liuug, one ol the brothers ol Ihe Hodges was killed very suddenly in Nauvoo. Among other de- ! velopuients at Jtuck Island, it has come out that, out ot lear ol his contesting, 1 e was shot by Jack Reding, or Redman, whoso lather and brother are now confined at Rock Island. Jack ii still at large.?CAteago Democrat. Vermont.?In joint meeting of th? Legislature, on the "till instant, Charles K. Williams was elected duel justice, and Stephen lloyce, Isaac K. Kedfield, Ti mothy Kollett and Daniel Kellogg, aaiistant justices oi the supreme Court Mr. Kollett nua tine* declined the appointment. In Senate, the same day, a bill to ameud tne act ol last session so as to appropriate *6000 annually for the relief of the insane poor, and to ostabiiah the ot lice of superintendent of the insano, pasted by a vote ol 17 to '1. in the house a hill to incorporate the trustees ol ihe V ermont annual conterence ot tne Methodist Kpisco pal church was laid on tho table. The Coal Trade.?The number of tons ol coal , sent toward last week, amounted to 18,688,06 tens per railroad, and i),996,OH tous per caual; total amount ~J9, 010.14 lout; showing a largo increase both by canal and railroad. Un the railroad the Increase Is 780,08, and on the caual, 0,467.04 tons, (including 819,17 tons not re ported last woek,) total inciease <,917.10 tons - /'Ailed. Ledger. Wisconsin.?We learn that 83,439 acres were en- i tercel and paid for Rt the land oilice ol this district durum the mouth oi September past; and that the amount el cash recoived lor the same ws* $49,H?6 79. W# be lieve this to be a greater amount ot business than haa beon transacted at any other land office in tba Union? and, as these lauds are mostly entered by actual aetllais, the tact ariorda a lair presumption that VViscousinis set tling with greater lapulity than any other portion of the broad expanse el the Republic.? Ketms (Ir. T.) Jtdv. Sporting Intelligence. Turf to* Races.?There will be do three mile reoe to day, u waa expected. Mr. Van Leer, the treioer of Mr. Kirkman's stable, very wisely thinking it oot expedient to enter either ol hie hortea unless they were in good oondition ; Liatnnah requiring a few days more rest Could she meet Fashion on the Beacon Course, before she leaves this neighborhood, where numbers of business men could witness the prowess of these fine animals, at a trifling loss of time, it would attract as great a con course as at the great race between Fashion and Peyto na last year, for there is a strong desire prevailing to see them once more together. Teottiro at the Hutrriwo Pabe Course, Philadei phia.?Ladv SvrpoLE ao aim Deveated.?There was a highly respectable anil numerous attendance on this track on Wednesday last, to witness the contest for a purse of (300, three mile heats, in harness. David Bryant entered gr. m. Ladv Suffolk : George Splcer entered b. g. Americas i The bettng on the ground was 100 to SO on Amerious? | 100 to 75 taken. It was s very interesting trot through out, which resulted as follows :? G. Spicer b. g. Americus (G Splcer) 1 1 D. Bryant's g. m. Lady Suffolk J u Tims, 6-.4J M], Diamond CoratE?Fall Mkktino.- Second day, Tube day, Oct. 31st?Pursa (100, mile haata. M. Morrison's ch. c. by Collier, dam by Junius, 4 years old, 100 lbs 3 1 1 ! Samuel Berry's cb. f. Levi, by imp. Levlethan, dam by Gonenneh, 6 years old, 107 lbs 13 4 Thomas G. Moore's b. m. Klizabeth Greathouse, by Masaniello, dam by Waxay, 5 years old, 107 lbs 4 2 2 Jahn Kennedy's b. g., by imp. Leviathan, dam by Htockholder, 6 years, 107 lbs 6 4 3 R. I. Curie's br g Kenlock, by Havoc, dam by Conqueror, 121 lbs 2 dr Time, 1:49-1:00?2:00. First heat?Klizabeth Greathouse was rather the favo rite, Kenlock led off, and Levi collared him on the ae cond turn, the two ran together to last quarter, whan Levi drew clear, and won the heat by about a length.? Second heat?They all got off" together, the Collier Colt and Klizabeth Greathouse singled themselves out, and ran npek and neck to the distance stand, ? here the celt shook her off, and won very handily. Third heat waa not much of a contest. The Collier Colt had it mil his own way, and finished the race in very pretty style, winning cleverly. Court Calendar?1This Dap. Common Pleas?Part 1?Nos. 93, 173, 106, 1, 119, 121, 63,73,21, 171, 29, 81, 107, 106. Part 3?Noa. 2,70, 80, 82, i 04, 88, 93, 92. 36, 54, 99, 10, 48, 60. i Circuit Coubt?Nos. 50, 37, 61, 69, 14, 66, 66, 67, 320, i 69, 70. Movement# of Travellers. ' Tne following catalogue of arrivals speaks for itself | It comprises almost all that reached the city yesterday. American.?Henry Lloyd, Lloyd's Neck; Danl. Bush, Hartford; Thomas Williams, New Lone on; J. McCord, Peekskill; P. W. Penlialloti, Portsmouth; Messrs. Erm berger, and McKay, Canada; R. B. Hill, N. C.; C. B. Raymond, Boston ; M. Pinnoch, Vs.; John Garland, Phil adelphia; W. Dull. 69th Regiment, Montreal. Astor?C.J. Buckle, Oswego; H. Bennett, Newbu'h; J. Pritchard, Porto Rico; W. P. Winchester, Boston: E. Perkins, New London; P. McOormick, Pittsburgh; 8. P. Mitchell, Richmond; Mr. Chaffer, Hartford; Capt. Hunt, Boston; Thomas Brooker, London; Ceo. Pichali,George town; N. .Matthews, Boston; J. Van Deusen, Hudson; Mr. Beflhouse. England; J. W. Lyman, Boston; F. H. Jackson, Essex co; C. Rambie, Bordeaux; W. Bartlett, Boston. Ciev?J. Seymour. Peekskill; B. O'Hara, L. Purdy, Porto Rico; L. B. Williamson, Tennessee; Major Walk er, Washington; C. Colt, Boston; C. A. Dollar, Guaya mu; P. Hart, Utica; S. Tracey, Middlesex; J. Davy, Ver mont; W. Wilgus, Bull'alo; R. L. Madison, Va; James F.gan, do; W. H. Christian, W. H. Grant, Va; J. Sheldon, W. W. Vest, do; VV. Morris, Philad; Thomas Campbell, Bait; D. Samuel, Pbilad S. Kmorson, Worcester; D. Higgins, Washington City; E. G. Waters, Kingston; L. I. Quinn, Philad; Mr. Baisdell, Boston; J. V. Walker, Philada; 8. Harding*, St. Johns, N. B; J. C Ross, Boston; J. Walk er, Palmyra; Dr. Rogers, Hartford; J. H. Blaner, Mast; J. S. Van Btiren, Mobile: James Hawley, Rochester; George Sandford, Conn; G. Hale, Ithaca. Globe?Thos. Ward, Biighlon; S < olwell, Philada; James Crawford, N.J; P. W. Wettbank, Philad. Howard?D. Holbert, A. Thomson, Ohio; J. Fraser, Montreal: E. L Jones. Boston, Stephen Grigg?, do; A. Brewster, Mobile; E. Gordon, Mass; Maj C. W. Locks, Washington; A. Braston, Boston; Thos. Carpentar, St. Louis; Charles Hunter, Vermont; D. Chase, A. H. Til ton, Boston; F.. M. Dutton, Lockport; W. Aloott, Rocb ester; J. Tomlinson, Syracuse; Kobbin <k Maxwell, Bos Ion; J. B. Williams, Ithucv, T. T. Lane, Indiana. Flour.?Our streets were lined yesterday with teams. Immense quantities of flour are arriving daily. We are informed that one house, Messrs. Gray ? Lewis, received on Tuesday upwards of a thousand bar rels of flour. Of this, nearly one half waa received by teams. The average receipt of flour daily, in this city, at the present time, cannot be less than five thousand barrels.?Detroit Free Preei. NATIONAL HOTEL, fVashinpton City D. C. r HE PROPRIETOR of this fine Hotel, formerly known u Gadsby's, but now generally called Colrmau's Hotel, de ures to return his thanks to hia frienda and the travelling por tion of the community generally, for the favora which they have bestowed upou hitn lince he 0|>eiied liu eatabliahment, tud te aaaure them '.tut he willapare no eiertiona to render hia house worthy ol Mie patronage of which lie haa already re ceived ao liberal a ahare. The honse having been, during the simmer, thoroughly painted and refitted, la now in tirat rate order for the reception ot travellers or reaidenta; and the proprietor respectfully soli cit* a continuance of past favors on the part ol visitors to \V ashiugtou, or reaidenta during the session of Congress, be ing coufideut that they will always find comfortable lodgings, the best on the table that the market affords, and attentive and polite waiters. t>. 8 COLEMAN. Washington City, September, IMS. s6 3mdkWisjgb I^HE Proprietors of the New York Coffee Saloon, 217 Ful ton reet, would respectfully inform his customers and ih1' Public generally, that in luture he wills aire up in ad Jjtion to the usual bill of fare, Alainode Beef at 6d per plate; Kri*'l Oysters and Poultry of all kinds at Is per plate. A" those who will favor him with their patronage, will find t-yerV tlimg served up in style not to lie surpassed by any in the city*. o22 IWrc IMPKOVEMENT IN DAGUERREOTYPE. BY a Mathematically Correct Mirror the snbscnberi are now Producing Portrait* without reversing the image, showing the parting of hair, watch chains, finger rings, fcc.. precisely as they are worn ; but whit is more import ut their portraits cannot fail to be iu every respect correct likenesses, whereas, in the usual mode of Oagauerreotypiug it la impoast l>le to obtam a perfectly correct portrait of any one, they being reverted. N B?Our pictures, taken with this nutriment, were award ,(1 a Silver Medal by the American Institute, at Iti late fair. LANGeNHELM & BECKERS, 201 Broadway. The only ageuU iu the United Statea for Voigllaindee In struments, sre W. k F. LANOENHEIM, Philadelphia, and LANGENHEIM k BECKERS, New York. oOT lw?rc OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK OAS LIGH1 J October 12th, 114}. rHE PRESIDENT and Directors have thia day declared a dividend of four and one half tier cent on the capital stock of this company, for the ait months ending 1st August last, payable to tne stockholders on and after Saturday, the 1st Nov. neat. The transfer book will be closed from the 26th instant to that date. By order, C. L. EVKRlTl, Secretary. ollto Nl re NOTICE TO RAILROAD CONTRACTORS PROPOSALS will he received st any time previous to the 22d day of November uest, at the office of the subscriber. No. 6 Wall street, in the city of New V ork. for the grubbing, gradiug, masonry, superstructure and bridging of the Bear Mountain Hailroad, in Pennsylvania, 22 miles in length, eitend nig front Bear Mountain to Duuphin, on the Pennsylvania Ca isT. eight miles above Harrisburg. Plans and specifications are cady for inspection at the undersigned's office. The work to lie commenced immediately npon closing of New York. Sept. 22d, 1246 *23 lm?r THE MRGEST AND MOST MAGNIFICENT CONCERT, bALL, AND LECTURE ROOM, IN BROOKLYN. rHE subscriber would respectfully inform such persona as are desirous of eugagiug rooms duriug the ruauiug winter, for the purpose of Balls, Concerts, Lectures and Public Meet ings, that there is now erectiug on the premises of Brooklyn Garden, a large and commodious building to be devoted eiclu sively to such purpose?to be completed by the 26th October, 1(16 ; and the uudersingned will endeavor to render it the best and most convenient of any room in this city. Tbe Ball Room will have a spring floor, constructed on the most approved plans. Terms moderate. .. ? o2l 2w? J W. VAN PELT. "THE ALBATA SILVER WARE," Vf ANUFACTURED by Wm. Chadless, iMHndeoa jau, 1ML cannot ba detected from ^yt4 f?r longer thia War* is used the whiter it becom?. W. C. .also manufact n ree Sterling Silver ftjooef . J7' and is prepared to bay Old (fold and Silrer, Cssrman do, Pearls "d Diamonds, to ?y amount. Be sure to look ontfoir the ru utiimbka. Proposals for building freeman's hall, in the eity of Brooklyn, on the cor er of Columbie and Amity Streets?of brick, four stones high, 60 fset by 22(sc cording to plan and specificvtions in the hands of the Archi tect. Asa S.ebbins, on the corner of Atlantic and Henry its.) ?will he received until the 31st inst. at 4 o'rloek P. M. Pro posals to be staled up, and directed to the undersigned, and left with the Architect. The Board of Tintteet will open said Proposals on that dar, at 7 o'clock P. M. at the office of the Architect. Propoeab may be made for the Carpenter and Ms sou work together or separate. By order of th- Directors. otSIWr THOMAS LESLIE. Secretary. MARTELLE fc HOLDERMANN, No. 37 Nalden Lane, \| ANUFACTURERS and importers of Ornamental gait 1*1 Work, Wiga, Ton|?es. Band., Carls, Seams, Bandeau Hair, Danguy'a ceh brated Curled Hair. 13 new style of Kypi lasting Curb, s?d ?? binds of Hair Work, -'Airi'-SisS; sr~j?Sr Dresses, such ss Algerietines. nampedonri. EgTP tinnne, buchnss, sml ?tl kn.<ie of N. B.?'The trade supplied on reasonable terma. ?tl lm"m "TO TAILORS. THOSE who deaire to attain a cornet knowledge ff r aalj innahle Cutting, in all ita various braaehes, would de well to obtain Stinemeta Complete Work on the euhjeet, which can beobttinedofthe ant.oir only, at 113 Broadway. PTice, from $2 to ??( per hook ol 1m me

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