Newspaper of The New York Herald, 4 Kasım 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 4 Kasım 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. TP v?.ii..NEW YORK, TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 4, 1845. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. Proprietor. Circulation?Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day. Price J ceutt par copy?$7 25per annum-payable in advance. WKKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price 6M cents per copy?SI 12M cenu per annum?payable in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS at the usual pricea?alwayi cash in advance. PRINTING of all kinds executed will) beauty aud despatch l]"7"AII letters or cominniiicatious, by mail, addressed to the establishment. inust be post paid, or the postage will be de ducted from the subscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT. Proprietor of the Nkw York Hf.rsld Establishment, Northwest corner of Fnlton asd Hassan streets RALLlUll AND GASTON RAILROAD asm e&atfa ftsiam ^2H FOR SALE. ON MONDAY, the 29th day of December next, by virtue of a decree of the Court of Equity for Wake County, at iti Autumn Session, 191.1, in a suit of the Governor, for the use of the State of North Carolina, to foreclose a Mortgage. there totore executed hv the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad (company, to indemnify the Spite against certain liabilities for said Com pany, I trill sell at. |>uoiic Auction, at ttae Court House door in the city of Raleigh. to the blithest bidder, the whole property of the Raleigh and G.uton Railroad Company aforesaid, (so far as the same is known to me,) consisting of 97 miles of Rail Toad, reaching fruin the City of Raleigh to Gaston, on the North side of th? Roenoake river, in the direct line of public eonv yanceto Petersburf, City Puiut, Kichmoud. Washington City. Baltimore Re Re , together with all Bridges, Depots, Workshops aud T ols. Warehouses, Water Slatious, Engines, Csrs.Rc Rc, Also, the stock of Iron. Lumber, and Fire Wood, wliicli may thru beou baud, and all other articles own ed and used by the said Company for keeping up said Railroad, and trausportati n on the same. From the nature of the pro perty it will he told eti mtiast. The purchasers by the terms of the Decree, and the Act of the Legislature ill relation to it, will become, ipso faclo, a body corporate, by tlie it one and style of the present Company, and will acquire all the franchise, privileges, rights and immu nities now possessed by i'. for the term of 80 years, which its charter has yet to mil. These frauchi'es and itririleges are of tne moat advantageous kind to the Company, and may be fnnnd at Urge in their charter, contained in the 2d Volume of the Revised Statutes of North Carolina, page 299, which is to be seen at the Seats of Government, and in most ol the Public Libraries of the States ol the Uuiou. The whole purchase money must bear interest, atthe rate of (I per cent per annnni, froin ihealay of sale, and be paid ax fol lows. to wit: $21,000 at the end of six months, and the residue in four instalments, at intervals of ten months each?say , 1st, 29rh Jme, IB46, $21,000 2 1,2'Jtli April, 1817, oi.e-fourthof the remainder. 3d, 29th February 18-18, one-fourth of do. 4th, the 29th of December, 1818, one-fourth of do. 1 5ih, tin* 29th of October, 1819, one-lourtb of do. F The cost of this Railroad and its appurtenances, completed only live years since, was $1,000,000?one half of which we borrowed; creating a debt bearing interest,on failure to pay which, a sale has become necessary. The grading, bridges,' depots. Re. are executed ill an excellent xtyle of workmanship. Cais run daily over it, enrrving the Mail of the Uaited Spates, (it tiling a part of the Southern Metropolitan route,) at a com pensation of $100 per ini'e, or $8,700 per annum. And, traver sing a fertile region of country through nearly its whole length, its freights for the transportation of Produce and Mer chandize, independently of the receipts from Passengers, afford a considerable addition to the ordinary sources of profits on railroads. Though not, now, yielding a prohton thelaige suin expended iu its construction, its income has been increasing for some time past, and it is confidently believed that it would produce a reasonable return upon a more moderate amount of capital invested iu its purchase. ? The sale will be made without reserve, at the time and place aforesaid, at which those inclined to purchase, are respectfully iuvitedto attend. The purchase money must be secured by bond with approved sureties. i J CHARLES L. HINTON, Public Treasurer of the State of North Carolina, and Special Commissioner of the Court of Equity, I w y'i iu this cause. L Raleigh. N. C., October 6, 1813. The following papers will insert the foregoing adver tisement CO days, and forward their bills for payment, with a pap-r containing the same, to the tnoscriher: Boston Atlas, New York Herald, Baltimore Patriot, Philadelphia (J. States Uazett", Kichmoud Enquirer end Richmond Whig, Charleston Courier. Mobile Advertiser, New Orleans Picayune, and N.C. Standard. C. L. H. ol32m m LONG ISLAND RAILROAD COMPANY . ?HANGE OF HOURS TRAINS RUN AS FOLLOWS, Commencing on Monday, September 15th, 1843. Lsarr Urouktvn? At 8,M o'clock, A. M., Boston Train for Oreenport, daily, Suudayx excepted, stopping at Farmingdale and St. George's Manor. At9X A. M , for Farmiuglale and iutermediatepl&ces, daily Sundays escepted, and on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur days, through to Greenport and intermediate places. At 4 P. !\f., for Farmingdale and intermediate places, daily, Sundays excepted, and on Saturday* to Suffolk Station. Leave Oreenport ? Boston Train, at 1 o'clock, P. M., or on the arrival of the steamer from Norwich, daily. Sundays excepted, stripping at Bl. George's Manor .and Farmingdale. At 9 o'clock, A.M.; Accommodation Train, on Moudayt, Wednesdays and Fridays. Leave Farmingdale? For Brooklyn, at 6X o'clock, A. M., and 1 P. M., daily, Sun vdays excepted. Leave Jamaica? For Brooslyn, at 8 o'clock, A. M. and 2M P. M., daily, Sun days excepted. Bedford 8 Deer Park 89 East New York 12M Thompson 88 Race Course 18* Suffolk Station 1 00 Trotting Course 18K Lake Road Station 1 18?? Jamaica 23 Medford Station 1 18\ Brnshville JIM Milleville 1 30 Hyde Park, 17 mile* 37H St. George's Manor.... 1 62 Clowsvillr, (during ses- Riverliead 1 62>, sion Court,) J7M Jamesport 1 62S Hempstead 37M Mattetnck 1 62>; Branch 37H Cntchogue 1621; Carle Place 44 Southold I 62M Wettbnry 44 Greenport, Acc'n. train.) 73 Hicksville 44 Bosteu Train 2 00 Kariiiicgdale 62K Stages are in readiness on the arrival of Trains at the several Btatious, to take passengers at very low Fares, to all parts of the Island. Baggage Crates will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall street, to receive Baggage for the several Trains, 30 minutes lie fore tlie hour of starting from the Brooklyn side. [Tp* Rocks way Baggage taken in separate Crates. Tne Steamer Statesman leaves Greenport for Sag Harbor twice each day ou the arrival of the Trains from Brooklyn. MAIL, LINE FOR BOSTON. fifcaga ffffl fffftfgf ^Ui DAlLV OVER THE LONG1SLANU KAIL ROAD, VIA NEW LONDON, NORWICH 4- WORCESTER. At 8 o'clock in the Morning, from the Foot of Whitehall .aeet, South Furry?Sundays excepted. Way Cratea are in readiness to receive baggage for New London, Norwich and Worcester. Baggage for Boston goes through nnder lock. jul6tfrc TO WESTERN TRAVELLERS. EXI'ilkss AN Lt HoNKEtt PACKET LINK, From Philadelphia to Pittsburgh via the Pennsylvania Rail roadsund Canal?through in 3)4 ilnys. The above line is now in full operation and offers great inducements to persons who wish a pleasant mode of travelling to the west. The cars are built in the most approved modern style, the boats are fitted up in a superior manner, and every effort is made by the proprietors to couduce to the comfort and convenience of travellers. The scenery on this route is unrivalled, and the 6rent chain of Pennsylvania internal improvements is well woi iv of being seen. By this r-ute passengers areld all the fatigues and dangers at tendant upon stage travelling, and at the same time make an ex peditious trip. The cars leave every morning at 7 o'clock. Passengers are ad vised to engage their places at Philadelphia. Office in Philadel phia N. K. corner of Chesnut and Fourth streets, and at Nos. II and IS South Third sts. A. CUMMINOB, Agent. Philadelphia, May 17, 1W5. For information, m the citv of New Vork, apply to B. 11. KMSKLL, Agent for mvl7 Km'rre D. LEECH & CO.'sLine. 7 Westst, N. R CENTRAL RAIL ROAD FROM SAVANNAH TO MACON. DlSTAiSCE 19(1 iUH.EN THIS ROAD is open for the transportation of Passengers and Freight. Rates of Passage ? 00 Rates of Freight, viz ; On weight goods generally 50 cents per hundred. gn measurement goods i 13 cents per en hie foot , barrels wet (except molasses and oil) $1 50 per barrel. On barrels dry (except lime) 80 cents per barrel. On iron in pigs or bsrs, castings for miU? and unboxed machinery... 40 cents per hundred On hhiu and pipes of liquor not over 130 gallons $5 AO per hhd. On hhds molasses and oil 6 00 " Goods addressed to F. Winter, Agent, forwarded free of commission. THOMAS PURSE, *11 3m 'C Gen'I Sop't. Transportation DRAFTS ON GREAT BRITAIN AND mac-, -s vl hnmmooiHHimimmM jiH gfsk !lJV\ IRliUAND?-Persons wishing to remit mo I nry to their friends in any part of England. ^JPI^JPgJ^^UeUmbScotlaiido^Valea^aj^i^upplied vith drafts payabla at sight, without dis count, for any amount, from At upwards, at the following places, vir.: In Knni.AND?The National and Provincial Bank of Enn land; Messrs. J. Burned & Co . Exchange and Discount Ba'nC" ? I "on, London, and brnnchei Liverpool; Messrs. James I liroiighout K.ngland and Wales. In fa km nd.?The National Bank of Ireland, and Provin cial Dank and branches throaghout Ireland In Mtotmnd?1The Eastern Bank of Scotland, National Bank of Scotland, Greenock Banking Company, and branches throughout Scotland. The steamship Cambria, sails from Boston on the l#th An east, by which all drafts can be f'orwnrded free. Apply ti coin, W. It J. T. TAI'SC jvt? re 7* South st. cor. Maiden lane. K LONDON LINE OF PACKETB ?Regular Pack, el the H'th ol November?The first clsss fattsailin Packet Ship WELLINGTON, Captain ChadwicI Will Sill as above, her regular day. The accommodations lor Cabin, Second Cabin, and Sterrag passengers in tins very superior vessel, are too well known I require cotnilkint. IVrnnnn intending to fmbark should mak imineqalraiTiMM ?n board, foot of Maiden lane, or to rtv JOSEPH McMUliRAV, f orner of Pine and Somli streets. New Vork The new and splendid Packet Ship PHINCF ALB SRI Captain Sehor, will succeed the Wellington, and sail on tli first Deciahur. 14 ACKL ED HK MP-1 JO bales hack I ed de w rot hamp, pi Str* TwrmBraWVTfijffAf AMERICAN EAGLE CARRIAGE REPO SITORY, PRIVATE SALES STABLES, AND RIDING SCHOOL, CORNER OF ChrlBtlc and Deluncey streets, New York. 'T'HE undersigned having leased the above premises, ia pre A pared to receive from manufacturer* all article* in their line, such ?i Carriages ol all descriptions, Paddlery and Har uraa, Hleigh Kohea, 4ne., on aale or oo storage, at aa reasonable ratea aa any other eatablialimeut in the city. The Carriage and Harness departments a-e sepira'e from the Stable*, nud capacious, liglit and airy, and will be under the iare of expe rienced hand*. _ The Stable* are roomy acd well ventila'ed, consisting of 68 Stalls, and an Arena for exerciae of 85 by 65 feet diinenaiona, not eiiualled bv any eatabliahuieut iu the City. The groom* are Well tr uued and ixpeneiiced, and a Veterinary Smgeou of k ieivu celebrity alway* at haud for the care of auch Horaea a* iii.iv requiie his assistance. Gentlemen having Hones to dispose of, or wishing to pur chaae, will lie dealt with on honorable terms, and Horses and Cnrrisgrs receive the brat of attention. The Hiding School will lie opened 111 a style of elegance and comfort that must ensure a trial of such ladle* and gentlemen aa require the exercise or wish to attain the art. The Ladies drawing and dressing rooms will be neatly furnished, and un der the superintendence of one of the beat Riding Masters in the country. . . . .. Gentlemen not admitted during Ladies hours. A Card will be published giving notice of t' me of commence ment, programme of arrangement, and terms. The public are invited to call and examine the premises.? The Cars from the City Hall leaves you at the coruer ol Bow ery and Delancey, a few doors from the establishment. nltl m GEORGE EHLE, Proprietor. SWORD EXERCISE TAUGHT IN TWELVE EASY LESSONS. MR HAMILTON haviug entered into an arrangement with Mr. Fuller for the use of his Gymnasium, No. 29 Ann street, third floor, he will commence teaching the French ami American Broadsword also the infantry Smallsword and Musket Kx-rcise. Mr. H. has been a teacher of the above for 8 years; and will not deviate front the method as at present tauyht^at West Point Academy. B.?Private Le sous taught in any part of the city, oil 10t*r EVENING AMUSEMENT. JT has been a source of general regret that so few opportu nities offer, that prove sufficiently attractive to young men, to draw them from the haunts of dissipation and vice into which many fall, f.oin a waut of more rational and iu ftructive amusement. An excelleut opportunity now off rs. which possesses many attractions, also combining health, plea sure and information, where gentlemen may resort, and pass an agreeable hour, at Disbrow's Hiding School, 4t 8 Bowery. Terms for a course of twelve lessons, $9. Subscribers are not required to atteud regularly, only as inav suit their con venience. The school will be o|a>n every evening from 7 to 9K o'clock (Sundays excepted) The School is ojieu daily for Ladiej, from I) A.M. to 3 P.M. o31 lm*rc COAL. rAM now delivering best Peach Orchard and Red Ash Coal screened andfree ol cartage fro-n the yard at the followiug prices, (as usual the lowest iu the city,) namely. Broken, Egg and Stove at $5 25; large nut S4 75; small nut $4 per ton, with 25 cents off if tnkeu frotn the boats. Coal Yard comer of King and Greenwich atroeta. PETER CLINTON all Im" 1846 TRANSPORTATION. 1846. JOHN ALLEN'S CLINTON LINE JOHN ALLEN wishes to inform his old and tried friends, that he is afloat once more, under a new organization. His present line consi ta of twenty tirat class Canal Boats, fitted up in superior style, lor the comfort of passengers and I he safety of in superior style, lor the comfort of passengers and'he safety of freight. Each hoat of this liue is commanded by her owner, (ana for the public safety, is Ikilly insured,) and placed entire ly under his managemeut and control. This linu is connected as formerly, with the Eckford Line of Tow Boats on the Hud sou River, and C. M. Reed's Steamboats on the Lakes, and he can with confidence say to his friends, that at uo time has he ever been placed in a better situation to serve the public more effectually than with the present organizat on,and would there fore respectfully solicit a continuance of patrouage. AGENTS. Hugh Alleu. 19 Sou'h street, New York. Robert Allen^Quay, Albany. John Alleu, Exchange street. .Rochester. George Davis, Herd s Whari, Buffalo. E. N. Parks 4t Co.,Cleveland, l udlow, Babcockat Brovvnless, Toledo. J. A. Armstrong, Detroit. e.Milwaukie. Agent. NOTICE?HOUR CHANGED. THE. U. S. MAIL LINE FOR ALBANY ? and the Intermediate Landings, on and after .Wednesday, Oct. 224. will leave the foot ol Barclay street for Albany, Daily,at 4 P. M. instead of five, as heretofore. o22 o22 JSOT1VK. STATEN ISLAND FERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET. On and after Monday, October 28th, only one beat will run on this Kerry, and the trips will be as follows:? Leave Staten Island. Leave New York. 8 A.M. 9 A. M. 10 do - 11 do 12 M. IK P.M. 2K P, M. 3K do 5 do 6 do elSrc REGULAR U. S. MAIL LINES BETWEEN CINCINNATI AND LOUISVILLE. 03? MORNING LINE at 10 o'clock A. M. BEN FRANKLIN Ne. 7, J. B. Summons, .master. PIKE No. 8. J Armstrong, master. EVENING LINE at6 o'clock P M. SIMON KENTON, W. McClain, master. BEN FRANKLIN No. 6, W. McCleilan, master. These boats,forming two daily lines, will run regularly, lea fing punctually at the hour, and will take freight and passen gers to and from intermediate landings, at the usn-d rates. Freight will be received for these lines at the Mail Wharf Boat, loot ot Broadway. Every effort will be used to accommodate shippers and pas sengers. STRADER St GORMAN, ) . ol lm*rrc ROGERS U SHERLOCK, J-wntt. FOR SAUGERTIES AND CATSKIL. THE Splendid Steamboat J AMES MADI SON, Capt. F. J. Copperly, will leave the foot .of Cedar street, every Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday, at 6 o'clock, P.M. F'or freight or passage, apply on board, or to O. F. Waiuw fight, Agent, on the wharf. s!9 lm'nic NEW YORK, ALBANY AND TROY LINE. FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT from the pier at the foot of Courtlandi .street. the Passengers taking this boat will arrive in time to takeorth Morning Train of Cars from Troy west to Buffalo, and n to Saratoga and Lake George. Tlie low pressure steamboat EMPIRE, Captain R. B. Ma cy, every Tuesday . Thursday and Saturday at 6 o'clock. The steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain Win. H. Peck, every rlrwiday, Wednesday and Friday afternoon, at 6 o'clock. For Passage or Freight apply on hoard, or to C. Clark, St tie iffics oe in" wharf Freight taken on the most reasonable terms. Freight must be put in charge of the Freight Agent, or the company will not he responsible for loss. No freight taken after 5 o'clock. BOSTON STEAMERS FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. i THE Royal Mail Steam Ships HIBER NIA and CALEDONIA will leave Boi toafor the above ports, as follows, vix :? Hibernia, Alex. Ryrie, Esq., Commander, Nov. 1,1845 Caledonia, E. G. Lott, Commander Nov. 16, 1845. Passage to Liverpool $120. Passage to Halifax 20. For freight or passage, apply to D. RRIOHAM, Jr., Agent, 6 Wall ?t. No Berth secured until paid for. o30 re FOR NEW ORLEANS?Louisiana and New York Line? Kegular Packet?To sail Tuesday, Nov 10th?'The elegant, fast sailing packet shipOSWK "I at GO, Johnston, master, will positively sail as above, her tegu lar day For freight or passage, having handsome furnished accom modations, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall at, or to E. K. COLLINS 8t CO., 5fi South it. Positively no goods received ou board after Monday evening, 9th inst. Agent iu New Orleans James E.Wcodrnff.who will prompt ly forward all goods to his address. Packet ship Jane E. Williams, Parker, master, will succeed the Oswego and sail 20th lust., her regular day. nl FOR SAVANNAH?Packet of the6th Novelm ber?The splendid, well known, fast sailing packet ibrig PaILAKD, Captain Doaue, will positively sail oil I i.ursdsy, Nov. 6;h. her regular day. The accommodations of this vessel for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers cannot be surpassed. 1 hose wishing to serurr berths should not fail to make early application on board, foot of Maiden lane, or to W. 8t J. T. TAP8COTT, lit rc 75 South street, corner of Maiden lane. FOR SALE-The bark UUC D'OHLEANS, bur then per register 310 tona, and carries 4600 bbls; she was built at Bristow, Maine, of white oik, in 1831; Was new ceiled, coppered and thoroughly overhauled about 18 months since; is double decked, length HI feet, breadth 27 feet, between decks 5 feet 6 inches, hold 12 feet 6 niches. Apply to Capt. Hoodies*. on hoard, at Judd's wharf, E R, or to BO YD It HINCKEN, ? Tontine Buildings, Iwrc 88 Wall street f'OR LI VERPOOL?New Line?Kcgular.J'ackct . f the 36th Not.?The elegant fa?t lailmgT'aeket ?Shin ROSCIUS, A. Hldridge, matter, of 1100 '.ona, will tail a< abore, her regular day. For freight or passage,having accommodation! nnequalledfor splendor or comfort, apply on board, at Orlenna wharf, foot il Wail street, or to E K. COLLINS It CO., M Sooth atreet. Trice of passage $100 The elegant last sailing packet ship Siddons, K. B. Cobb, masler, of 1100 tons, will succeed the Koscins and sail 36th Dec., her regnlar day o30 J. HERDMAN'S OLD ESTABLISHED EMIGRANT PASSAGE OFFICE, 61 SOUTH STREET. PASSAGE from Great Britain and Ireland, via. ?MWVLiverpool, can always be arranged at the lowest rate. MwBbaaiid Drafts furnished lor any the principal Banks in England, Ireland on appl ication to ? . ifire *1 South street amount, payable stall , Scotland and Wales, J. HERDMAN, FOR SALE,. TO CLOSE A CONCERN.?The Line of Liverpool Tuckets, consisting of the ships itn.ei... Siudons. Sheridan snu Oarriek. 1 hey were it in mis city by Brown k Hell, with unusual rare; for mo dels, materials (a very large proportion ol their lismes being lire oak ) ami workmanship, they are unsurpassed, if not une Iiualled. Halted on the atocka and re-salted every vear since. I 1 heir accommodations for passengers are very esteusive and i handsomely furnished. Apply to o3l E. K. COLLINS k CO., M South at. Ira Uursley FOR LIVERPOOL?The New Line^Kegnlsr Packet of Hit November.?The superior last suiting ipacket ship HO'i'TINOUEH, '"dl tons burthen, Ira Uursley,muster, will sail as above, her regular day. rortrrighl or passage, having splendid, large and comfortable state rooms and cabin, appK on board, west aide Burling slip. ?'W WOODHULL k MINTURN, , 17 South street. Price of passage $ lW. The packet ship Liverpcol, 11 JO tons, Capt. John Eldridge, will soeoeod the Hottmguer, and anil on har regnlar day, list December otkmc Hoi'ston, (Ttiis.) Oct. 14, 1848. View of Texas?The Annexation Election?The State Election?The Candiilatee?State of Partiee?National Feeling?The Destiny of the Pioneers?Aspect and Wealth oj the Country?The Crops, if-c., ?c. Alter travelling over Texas for some weeks past, 1 reached this place a few days since, and really, after so. journing on the frontier a little while, and becoming sated with the sight of interminable prairies, and riding over rough and natural roads, it is an agreeable change to find oneself comfortably ensconced in a pleasant room, in a hotel, (the " Old Capitol,") the fare, attention, and general acooinmodations of which would do credit to ' any public bouse South of the Potomac. Your paper, of ull that are read here, is sought for with eagerness, a number of the Herald 1 casually gut a glance at was so used up from overhandling, that some portions were difii I cult to decypher. Yesterday , in accordance with a proclamation issued by the President, elections were held in the various counties of the republic, for the purpose of voting for or i against the constitution of the State of Texas ; also, for or against an ordinance in relation to colonization con I tracts ; and also, for or against annexation. In thiscoun ty not more than two-thirds the voters turned out, it be i ing considered generally a goue case ?the anties muster | some ninety or one hundred, but lew voted. The ordi nance spoken of meets with gencrnl disapprobation, and will doubtless be voted down, being considered retro spective in its action, and on constitutional grounds ob jectionable. The rather anomalous position-Texas oc cupies, has given rise to some diversity of opinion, many contending that she is still an independent nation ;others, that by the acceptance of the people, through their dele gates in convention, of the propositions made by the United States, they have yielded up all their powers of I nationality, and assumed those merely of a territory, and as Mr. Polk and Secretary view it, a territory it is. The latest intelligence from Corpus Chris'.i brings nothing of interest. General Taylor is laying on his oars waiting (aud long he will wait) for the Mexicans to 1 make a demonstration. The election of officers for the State in prospective, comes on third Monday in December. Dsn. James Pinck ney Henderson, is a candidate lor Governor, A. C. Mor ton, of Matagorda, for Lieut. Governor; Sam Houston and Gen. Thomus J. Husk, are nominated for Senators. There is very little, as yet, of party feeling here; mar.j who took an active interest in political affairs at home, on their removal to Texas ceased to have their political solicitudes as heretofore, and during the separate exis tence of Texas, party feeling had entirely subsided, whig and democrat, as party terms, were almost forgotten, or lost in the vista of the past. The broad grounds that sepa rate the two parties in the States were changed or nar rowed down on this new field to mere personal partialities, men, not princples, ruled the hour; Sam Houston against Lamar, Archer et id genus otnni, carried with him the peo ple. With a change in the form of government so will there be a new era in political sentiment here. The whigs as a party, are decidedly in the minority, but organiza tion and a fitting opportunity to give expression to :heir views, will prove that the democratic strength is over estimated. 1 must confess, that interesting as the crisis is in the history of this country, public affairs do not receive that absorbing attention a casual observer would suppose they merit. Each and every individual apparently is bent upon one object, the public mind strained to one point, and that is, making the moat of this era in their national history, looking not so much to annexation as its fruits. Many, very many, having eked out a living very different from their anticipations before coming to Texas, and during the long period just past, have been anxiously looking forward to the result, or one of like benefit, so near at hand, that they may fiud a sale for the property they have acquired, which is of a species una vailable but for a change like that about to take place There is one feature in the character of Texans gene rally , too striking to be overlooked, and that is a i estle ss. uess of disposition, an invincible antipathy to pursuing steadily and permanently anything they undertake. The condition they have existed in for years has in some measure contributed to this result, although the same influencing motives may be traced farther back giving rise to their migration thither. This untameable uneasiness of conduct, manifested in a pre-eminent degree, is the foundation of the roving spirit of the pioneers on our frontier? men who are only happy when remote from the busy hum of the multi tude, buried in the profound depths of the forest, tread ing the vast expanse of wood and dale, freed from the shackles and restraints of civized life, and sole occupant of a wide domain, except the beasts and birds that con tribute to their subsistence. Another unsettling influence has been the mental stimulus Mexico has lor years so lavishly supplied, keeping every one actively alive to the danger of imme diate hostilities; this has been destructive of that perse verance and industry so essential to success in the ordi nary walks of life. Every thing appertaining to Texas, then, amicably settled, the uncoitain yielding to the certain, permanent and secure ; the introduction af num bers of emigrants, steady and regular in their habits, will create a novel and beneficial alteration in the habits, feelings and actions of the present population?though many are too thoroughly impregnated with tho love of adventure, repugnance to regularity and permanency of pursuit, that they will seek another field for the gratifi cation of fheir prevailing propensities?with them," dan ger's self is lure alone." California and New Mexico present a wide rango for the free exercise of their un curbed notions. Nature lias dealt out to thia country her choi cest gifts, with a lavishneas and profusion that few countries can boast of. Notwithstanding her rich and exhaustless treasures are made to pour their horns of plenty into the laps of those who are barely industrious, yet thrift and providence is rarely witnessed. Whether it can be with the poor white population of this country, that negro slavery is deteriorating in its effects, or that the climate exercises anything but a salutary influence over them, I am at a loss to comprehend. Yet they are too indolent to support with credit one tithe of the independence they assume. Speaking of slavery, it is evident that sectious of country were never intended to be cultivated by aught else than negro labor, years of ac climation would scarcely indurate the constitution of the white man to undergo the fatigue and exposure necessary to produce the great staples profitably. There is no doubt that this climate, though some 7 deg north ot the tropics, will shorten materially the overage duration of human life ; but let a man once become nccuslomcd to the ways otthe people in the South, as modified by climate and inherited, he cannot, as many instances have proven it nssimilate with scarcely any other, differing, more particularly,{so materially as one extreme of onr country docs from the other. The crops on Red river and in Kastern Texas generally are seriously injured; in fact, all through Upper Texas they are short, nearer the coust a fine crop of cotton will bo gathered, and where sugar is growing n fine yield is expected. There never was a finer season for picking cotton than this?cool drying, with warmth enough to ripen the plant as fast ss it can be picked. Many planters are turning their attention to the produc tion of Sugar, numbers are already in their second and third years of planting cane, which takes some three or four years to have a sufficient supply to mako a general crop. The location of this place commands an extensive country lor trade, many come here for supplies during l the dry winters, when the roads are good and rivers low, but its permanent prosperity is held, in the estimation of many, by a frail tenure. Having no local interest to sup port it?remote from the sections of country that are its main dependence for trade?there is no guarantee ol its becoming of any great consequence. As 1 am bound West, you may hear from me again. Some account of that region may not prove uninteresting. Lol-isvillk, Ky., Oct. 27, 1846. Sudden Prosperity oj Louisville?The Greet Memphis Convention?Astounding Developments in embryo at Lexington?The Mew Theotre at Louisville?Political Movements for the Next Presidency, fc- 4"C Within the past twelve months Louisville has fairly aroused from the lethargy, which has clouded her pros perity and growth for the last eight years, and is now preparing te take her stand among the nourishing cities of the Union. The building this season will reach full six hundred of the most durable store-houses and dwel lings. The unsurpassed material for the making o' brick immediately at hand, and theinexh&ustable quai ries of granite directly opposite the city in Indiana, which equals in quality the famous quincy, enables the architects to erect a style of ediAces, which will stand as mouuments to American pride. The commercial bu siness of the city, it is supposed, will this season exceed any former period soveral million ol dollars By a record published last week, it appears twonty-two steamers, ot the first class, will glide from the stocks at this point the present year, (within thrce.milei of this city.) There it a strong desire among the inteiiormer chants of the west, to make Louisville the leading mar ket. For gaiety there is no place in the Union equal to it ; the great difficulty is, that the eastern merchants do not send a sufficient quantity of rich and high colored goods. As a specimen of the fashion of the place 1 will state, that the " belles of the ton" appear on the street, in scarlet, shaded cashmere skirts, purple and blue setin habits, small round1 crown, rolled,broadbrim English hats tied upon the back part of the head with crimson or scarlet fiinged ribbon, and sporting small walking canes. The great Memphis .Convention which meets on the twelfth ol next mouth, is now the absorbing topic of the whole south and west. In that assemblage moio talent will be congregated than has ever been exhibited in one organization since the inspired days of the fathers of this republic. Arid truly it will tie a strange medley. There all party leeliug is to be absorbed in one united aud conceited action. It will be virtually and fully * The West against the East;" the old saw of "the North against the South" will be lost in the now urea, the land marks of which are indelibly diawn by the Atlantic and l'ucific Oceans. It is expected hy many that the voices ol lleuiy Llay and John C. Unlhoun will be heard amid the deliberations. Calhoun may be thole, although I am of opinion that neither ot those statesmen will be pieseut, V eu may expect to seo the skirted fields ol New England placed in a small corner upon the map of the L mon by this convention, and many severe retorts to past grievances given. 1 shall be present and com municate to you the lull proceedings. Since the outbreak at Lexington between Cnxsius M i lay and the citizens, in relation to the suppression of the "True American," an astounding piece ot iniorma lion has been scented out, and it is supposed that it will bo burrowed on the farm ol Ashlaud. Although it has been tha boast of a large class of people, that during the of "old Hal's" lifa, be navar committed him forty yaars i ?all, yet thay do publicly and most positively declare, that if " Hal" looks tamely on and aaaa hla friends rids " Cash " out of tl.o city, which, it is currently reported they are determined to do, that " (.'ash " will give to the world a budget that will place McKenzie't book on lo cotoco corruptions among the trifling things of this age. ' the north Cash's" abolition mission through the northern States, in the last presidential campaign, it is said was prompted by a committee ot seven, the prime mover of which was " Hal " himself. At all events Cassius had Harry's let ters of introduction to leading men, and "that letter" lost by Cassins in the streets of New York was indica tive of a species of understanding between them. Should this expose take place, and from the appearance of the elements it must, it will rack to maddened hate the friendship of the whole eleven slave Status which have heun matured aud enjoyed lor the last half century. The Louisville) Theatre : Notwithstanding the gay, dashing, sporting, and mouey-speudiiig people of this city ol lorty thousand, it seems there has never been en terprise enough exhibited to erect a regular place for public amusement ; in fact Walker's Exchange lias had to suffice for pistol tragedy .dramatic persona;, and thrill ing farces in real and high life. Some two years ago Messrs. Dinneford and Coleman came to this city and leased tho beautiful site for a theatre at the corner ol Fourth aud Green streets, upon which they commenced the building that is now iu the course of lapid comple tion. After rearing the main walls, the finances were demanded by tbe workmen, hut in vain was the demand made. This caused the parties to think that the under taking would not support a co-partnership, and Dinneford consequently withdrew. Things, however, grew worse, j and in a short time Coleman took advantage of night's j sable curtain, and as tbe god of day broke forth one lovely Kentucky morning, there was no "boss" to be found about the establishment. Thus stood the reofless temple, with its naked beams exposed to the chilling blasts, until a few weeks since, when Mr. Blake, the mo ney-holding. money-making, and go-a-bead proprietor of tbe National Theatre, Cincinnati, came forward and pro cured l'rom the owner, Henry Clay.jun , (a chip of the b of old block.) a lease (with the privilege of purchasing,) of the whole property. An immediate call was made through the nepers for mechanics and laborers, and for the last weex eighty have been employed, the mechanics at prices of from oue dollar aud twenty-live to one seventy-five i cents per day. Tbe Theatre is sixty feet front by one { hundred aud forty-five deep, three tiers of boxes, and a purquette. Tbe stage is so constructed as to be convert able into an Amphitheatre in twenty minutes, by means ol' hinges and screws. It has a commanding appearance, being sumiorted in Iront upon colossal square pillars ; in ill s fact it will ably vie with the best theatres of the Union, nor can it bo doubted that a most liberal patronage will be bestowed upon it. It is to be under the sole manage ment of J. W. Bates, who will bring out the best company of the country, and whose tact and ability cannot be surpassed. The house is to be ready to open on the loth of December. In politics the living scuds begin to break up along the great valley, all bearing President-making in their mist. The chances with Col. Butler gains strength with every bree/e. Mr. Polk has tendered him the situation of Governor of Iowa, which he at once refused, as he has all similar honors. These are straws which tell -which way the wind blows. Wright is too near allied to the Van Buren influence to gain l'avors In the west, and Walker is the strongest opponent to all the candidates. But his fire may burn too fast. Ex-Governor Jones, of Tennessee, stands the best chance for the nomi nation by tho Whigs Mark this saying. Mr. McLane's Nativism, Methodism, and wife's Abolitionism, which some suppose will be influences sufllcient to make sure his nomination, will re-act, and cause him to die still | born at the very threshold of the convention. Hie quite i probable slavery and anti-slavery candidates will run in the great steeple-chase of '48, and the election go to the House. Should this be the case, man; may, wnen they think they stand, fall. Interesting from South America.?The lf?n John A. Bryan, late U. S. Chaise d'J fair a to I eru, accompanied by his son, Charles II Bryan, his private secretary, arrived in this city yesterday evening in the brig Hope Howes, from Havana. He has made a very quick passage from Lima?only 47 days. Of these it uays were by detentions on the road. But we will not detain the reader from the memoranda with which he has so kindly favored us : ? Left Lima, in Peru, on the 7th Sept., taking passage at Callao for Panama on the same day. All was then quiet at Lima. The Peruvian Congress was still in session thete That body has recently had up for discussion the subject of American claims. Tho Congress confirmed the convention concluded inl844,liquidating these claims but aUowing interest to the claimants only from and after Jan., 1846. ... . , Gen. Castella makes a popular President, and present appearances would seem to indicate the pleasing pro spect that several years of lieace and tranquillity may now reign in that hitherto distracted country ; and yet, such ix'the spirit of popular discontent and rivalry among its numerous aspirants to popular favor there, that many of the most intelligent of the people anticipate another revolution, to follow soon after the breaking up of Con g Equador, on tho North, is Just out of a similai conflict. Flores is banished, and the Congress of the Republic is about to convene to elect a new President. Gen Stagg, an English officer, who fought in all the wars of the Republic, and who married the daughter of the late President, Flores, temporarily left the country as charge d'affaires to Peru, just before the retirement of his father in-law. He came to Lima, and after remaining short oi two months, (his family then at Quito) he left on his re turn home. On arriving at Guayaquil, the seaport ol Quito, he was forbid landing, and required, on fifteen minute's notice, to retire from the place, it is supposed that Gen. Rocafuerte, new the acting charge d'affaires of Equador at Lima, and foimer President of the Republic, will bo again made President 011 the assembling of the new Congress. . . Two ofournaval squadron, the Portsmouth and Le vant, left Callao for the Sandwich Islands early in July. I believe the Warren left the previous month for the same destination. The flag ship Savannah, Commodore Sloat, followed the Portsmouth and Levant. The com modore is now probably somewhere on the Mexican coast, with the vessels under his command. Sir George Seymour, the British Admiral, and several of his squad ron, had previously sailed for Tahiti, fallowed by the French Admiral, then lying in port. Tho French are ra pidly fortifying Tahiti. An old unsettled affair remains tobe adjusted between England and 1 ranee, growing out of the increasing trade und business of that Island. Sir George, no doubt, long ere this, has wended his way to Oregon. Captain Watson, of the Flirt, late bearer oi despatches to our squadron in the Pacific, found the Eng lish steamer Cormorant at Panama, on his arrival there. The captain of the steamer, however, immediately pulled out for Callao, declining to take our bearer ol despatches on board, alleging that it was contrary to the explicit instructions he had received from his govern ment in all such cases ! Capt. Watson was consequently compelled to await the departure of tho French packet, which delayed him greatly. On arriving at Payta, nearly 600 miles north of Callao learning the absence of Commo dore Sloat, he immediately departed for the islands in the ship Leland, then nearly ready to saU, and he is now probably chasing down the Commodore somewhere in the Pacific Ocean. When he will be able to overtake him, no one can tell. On my route over the Isthmus, I met at Cruses with a bearer of despatches from Eng land, who left home immediately on the night of the news of the annexation of Texas. He expected to find the steamer Cormorant at Panama, ready to give him a speedy conveyance to the British Charge at Peru- This one fact fully demonstrates the immense facilities and advantages afforded in time of need, by these steam ves sels of war, or any other class of ships, and it is to be hoped that the allusions here Incidentally made, require no further Illustration to sufficiently stir up the energies of our people, and make them look in time to the im portance of a speedy and efficient increase of our naval force and strength in the Pacific.?tf. Orleans Picayune, Oct. 46. Varieties. Thos.Baldwin,charged with committing a rape on the person of his niece, a girl between 14 and 13 years of age, was brought up before the magistrates of Boston yesterday, but the evidence was quite unsatisfactory and contradictory as far as it progressed. The principal wit nesses being of a veryidoubtful character?indeed. The whole affair is given in a very disgusting manner in one of the papers of that very moral city. The defendant was held to bail to appear before the Municipal Court, which holds its session on Monday next. The IjOM?vUU Courier ol the '28th ult., Bays:?We learn by the Batesville, that iu launching the new steam er Joan of Arc, at Padncah, Ky , she slipped from the i ways, and killed the mate and four other men. All the boats in port had theircolors at half-mast when she left on Saturday. Sonic people tlunk it is very'strange that our offi cers will not scour the country in pursuit of Tirrell. It thoy should do so, it would be at their own expense, for the law provides no pay for such volunteer service If the board of aldermen had offered a reward on Monday last, Tirrell would have been safe in Boston jail on Tues day night. ? Boston Post. Mr. Vickery, the Whig candidate for Governor of Michigan, built a school house on hia o? n land, and, be cause a competent teacher could not be procured, taught the school himself through the last winter. Daniel II. Davis, of Cohoctoo, Steuben co,, left home about three.weoks ago, and has not been heard from since. It is said that he had some $16,000 or $18,000 in money with him when he left. It is said that Charles Sumner will be ollered the post of lew profeesorship in the Cambridge law school, lately vacated by the death cf Judge Story. The Utira Gazette states that the Oriskaoy Manu facturing Company's dry house was destroyed by fire on the night of the 48th ultimo. About 4000 pounds of wool and 600 yards of broad cloth wero consumed. The Baltimore American says that the aubscrtp- , tion for the Liverpool Packet Line, in that city, is in- | creasing apace. Forukriks.?On Saturday two forged checks were cashed at the Shawmnt Bark, Boston. one purporting to bo filled up by Messrs. Howland k Hinck Fev lor $L''0, the other by Messrs. Loring k Winchester, lor about $600. Both firms do business on Commercia street The counterfeit of the first check was so well executed that the parther, whoso hand*i riting It resem bled is said to have pronounced it genuine when it was | first shown him. It is said that the number of the false check of tho other firm came within one ol the last pre vious check signed by them. A note of hand was stolen from the counter of a bank on Saturday , while the gen tleman to whom it belonged had turned aside lor a mo- , nu iit to make a calculation. In hall an hour afterwards the note was picked up in State street, where the thiol had probably thrown it on finding he could not make ft available. Opening of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Crosby street. The College was opeped last evening for the w in ter session of lectures, and the iiall was crowded with a large audience of students, and s number of ladies. The professors of the various departments of the college were all present, and a number ol the trustees of the Institution, who were all received by the students with immense applause. After a pray er from the Reverend Dr. Knox, Profksmoh A. H. Stevens, the President ol the College, delivered a very interesting address, the subject of which was a review of the advancement of medical science within the last forty-live years. He touched ui>on all the prominent facts, and spoke at some leugtli on the subject of chemistry, in which such immense strides have been made. He also spoke of the theory of Vital Physiology, and refuted the entire views ot those in the medical profession, who hold to this idea to the exclusion of chemical action. He reviewed the various improvements that had been made in the treatment of surgical com plaints, also the advancement in topographical surgery, which had been 8f such a benefit to operators. He spoke of the treatment of complaints of the arteries, par ticularly such as required the operation of tying. Dr. John Hunter, of Scotland, was the first who had adopted the method ot tying them at some distance from the dis eased part, aul avoiding small twigs intervening be tween the part where it was tied and the diseased por tion. Since then, "the Doctor said" the tying of arteries had become as common and successful as the most sim ple operation lie adverted to the flood of quackery that overwhelmed the land, and deprecated it in just terms. He concluded a very interesting address, by advising students to repudiate all fanciful theories and stick moreiv to facts. At the conclusion of his address, the following notice was read At the Annual Commencement in March last, the Re gents of the University of the State of New York, con ferred the Degree of Doctor of Medicine upon 3d young geutlemen, Mumni of this College. The Degree of Doc "i<?? tor of Medicne was last evening conferred under the same authority, upon six young gentlemen, who passed their examination in September last, making the whole number of graduates for the past collegiate rear 41. William Atwater, of Connecticut; Jonathan Edwards Lee, A. M , of Connecticut; Charles Ellery Washburn, A. M., ol New York, William La Rue Pernne, of New Jersey; Nicholas La Fayette Campbell, of New York; Chauncy Deveaux Oris wold, of Vermont. The ceremony of delivering them their diploma, was gone through by Dr. Stevens, who addressed them in a Latin speecn on the occasion. Dr. Knox then pronounced a benediction and the assembly departed. This College enjoys a fair proportion of the patronage of the students who come to New York to study their profession, and they have on their matriculation list one hundred and sixteen names, but as the students have not all arrived in town as yet, they will doubtless have large additions made to that number during this and the coming.week. Medical Schools in New York are progressing yearly, and wo are surpassing Philadelphia, which nas been hitherto tho great centre of Medical Instruction in the United States. The advantages that this city offers are immense, aud not to be surpassed in the world. Bellevue and Black aell's Island Hospitals, were they under the supervision of the Faculty of either of the New York Colleges, would be most beneficial additions to these advantages. As they are now managed, they are merely houses ol refuge for politicians, and of no Kind of ser vice to the profession at large. The City Hospital, in Broadway is not of much service to them either, as it i* too much managed in the spirit ot cliaueitm. If the Medi cal profession in New York wish to keep this city up to the standard it has now atiained, they ought to look into this matter and reform it altogether. Common Council. Nov. 3.?Board ok Ai-dermex.?Thin Board met last evening.?Oliver Charlick, Esq., in the chair. The minutes of the last meeting were read and ap proved. Petition, asking to light West ltlth street with gas referred. Resignations ? James Smith, inspector of elections, 1st District, Mh Ward?accepted. Clarkson Crolius, 4th District, loth Ward. Petition of Dr. Rabineau to have his rent reduced ?re ferred. Of inhabitants of Maiden Lane for the construc tion of sewer in that locality. Reports in favor of appointing assessor and for con struction of sewer in Courtlandt street. In favor of con struction of sewer in Wall street. In favor of construct ing well and pump in 36th street, Bth Avenue. In lavor ol paving 18th street, between Union Place and Sth Avenue. Also in favor of paving 36th Street between 3d and 4th Avenues. Also 38th Street between 7th and Sth Avenue. Papers from the Jlssistants.?Report in favor of com pensating James C. Beek and assistant, for ringing Are bell at Post Office, by payment of a sum of $37?con curred in. Resignations.?James B. Blosdell,inspector of elections 6th District, Uth Ward. Solomon Rosevelt, inspector of election, 3d District, 11th Ward?accepted. Mayor's Veto.?Message from the Mayor, vetoing the report of the Board infaverof renewing the lease of Peck Slip Ke'rry, until the expiration ot the term already pro vided for in the lease. Ordered to be engrossed on the minutes and printed. fgReports.?in favor of making a bulkhead at Governeur slip?adopted. In favor of paying Cornelius W. Addi son for services as police othcer, under the late corpora-^ lion?referred to the Comptroller. Authorizing the* Comptroller to settle the account of J. D. Stevenson, toll collector ot arrears of taxes, and to allow him 6 per cent on ail sales of property, on his signing a release, Sic. Laid on the table. Report in favor of paying expenses of cartmen, for carting street rubbish in May last. Adopted. In favor of appointing A. Baker, Ballast Master in the room of A. Kitzgerald, resigned. Non-concurred in. In favor ol increasing pay ot Dr. Tompkins, physician to City Pri son, for extra services, to $800 per annum. Adopted. Ayes 7, Noes 6. Fourth of July.?In favor of allowing General Sand ford expenses lor gunpowder iD celebrating 4th July. Alter passing some papers from the Board of Assis tants, the Board adjourned. Board of Assistant Aldf.rmkk, Mokdav Evenixo, Nov. 3.?President Pearce in the chair, and a quorum ot members present. Landing for U. S. Troops.?A petition was presented from theU. S. Troops for permission to land at Castle Garden. Landing for Emigrant Passengers,?A petition was re ceived from the Emigrant Societies, asking for the use of a pier lor the landing of emigrant passengers. Re ferred. Jltoning Posts in Nassau Street.?The Committee on streets reported in favor of causing the awning posts in Nassau street, between Beekman and Pine streets to be iamoved forthwith. Carried. Sunken Lots.?The Committee on lands and places, reported in favor ot causing all the low and sunken grounds in the neighborhood of Dry Dock street, also in 11th and 13th streets, between avenues B and C to be Ailed up. Laid on the table. Comptroller's ?Iccounls.?A communication was re ceived from the Comptroller, accompanied by the fol lowing copy of the account current ol the City Treasu rer for the quarter ending October 31st s Amount paid upon city warrants from July 31st to October 31st $888,133 36 To balance new account 119,488 16 $786,611 SO By balance from old account rendered July 31st $ 80,398 03 By amounts received from all sources 706,313 47 $786,611 60 Papers from the Board of Idem en ?Report in favor of extending sewer in Sth street lrom Broadway to the west aide ot 3rd Avenue. Referred. Report in favor of amending the grade of 40th street between 4th and 6th Avenues. hlackwetl's Island Ferry Landing.?A resolution was ode red in favor of providing a suitable and secure land ing place at the foot of 6lst Street, for the Blackwell's Island farry boat?carried Croton ejus duct.? Report in favor of funding $600,000 to defray the coat of completing the Croton aqueduct and discharging claims tor damages sustained by the overflowing of the Croton dam?referred. Report in fa vor of granting new lease for those destroyed in the late great Are?carried. Report in lavor of authorizing the Comptroller to draw his warrant lor the amount ot $3!' 40, in favor of the heirs of a Swedish sailor who died some time ago in this city?carried. Report in fevot ot authorizing the counsel to the corporation to employ an additional clerk at a salary not exceeding $1,000 per an num?concurred in. Petition of W. R. Thorn and others to have west 16th Street lighted with gas- carried. Report of committee in favor of granting permission to Joseph B. Coffee and others to repair bulkhead and build a pier between Hubert and Beacb streets?carried. Re port of committee in favor ol appropriating $4,084 to de, fray the expenses of building a new prison in the rear of Essex Market and authorizing the superintendent of re pairs to contract with Matthew Murray Ik Co. to erec t the same?carried. Resolution in favor of building a bulkhead across Oo verneur Slip and filling up the slip?carried. Report in favor of extending pier loot of Harrison street?carried. After acting upon some unimportant papers, the Board adjourned until Monday evening next. Kirk.?On Sunday evening, aoon alter 7 o'clock, i two story carpenters' Bhop in Church street, oppo lite Shawmut street, Boston, occupied by Mr. Israel fates, was set on Are in the rear ol the lower story, and was nearly destroyed, with most of its contents. Mr. Jate's loss in stock and tools is not far from $400. The ludding is safd to be owued by Mr. Horace Uray. A ;wo story wooden dwelling, next north of the shop, oc :upied by Mr John K. Muslieway, laborer, and owned tiy Mr. Jacob Ulnian, was much injured in the rear and roof, most ol the furniture was saved. The sufferers by [his wanton iniquity are uninsured. Death of Libi t. Soi-ky.?The Troy Whig ol Saturday 'mentions Ihe death ol Lieut. J. Ruasell 8otoy, ol the 4th Regt. of Artillery, and an to General Wool, wtio died on Friday, at the reaidenae jf Dr. Brinsmade, in Troy, of disease of the brain. Lieut. Soley lias been for some time a resident of that city. He was a line young man, only 39 yaars of age, according o the ffhig, and waa universally beloved and reapMtM. In Chancery. Before Vice Chancellor McCoun. Nov. S?John M. Oppenheim, Julius Oppenheim and Gustarus A. Oppenheim, vs. Etta nor Thompson ft al ? Decisions.?This was a motion for an injunction in rein* tiou to the uao of a trap-door on premises belonging to the defendant!, which complainant! claim the privilege of uiing. It vii directed by the Court, ihat according to the affidavit! of complainant!, they have no right to uae the trap door in queition?their claim to the inter ference of the Court of Chancery having been ahown to be unfounded ; and, manifest injuitice would be done by granting the injunction. Ordered, that thia order to show cause be discharged, and the injunction be denied, with costs to be taxed. Lavinia Louisa Allien, an infant, pc., vs Laurent Al lien.? Court?If there is cause for interfering with the defendant's guardianship of his child, either on behalf of the child or m behalf of Mr. Barr, as one of his sureties, the surrogate has ample authority, by the act of May, 1887, to grant relief. The motion for the interference oi the Court denied, costs to abide the event. William L. Rushlon et al vs. Thomas Park et al.? De murrer to a bill of discovery to aid a suit at law. Or dered, that demurrer be overruled, and defendants an swer and pay costs of demurrer in twenty days. Hyatt vs. tierkman.?Order overruling demurrer, with costs, and that defendant have thirty days in which to answer the bill. Cruger vs. Cruger.?A motion was made by complain ant in this cause to appoint a receiver over that portion of the estate for winch the Court decreed in favor of complainant ; and directed a Master to ascertain the amount, which was coming to plaintiff. His Honor considered it better first to await the result of the Master's report; and denied the motion. B efore the Hon. L. H. Sandford, Assistant Vice Chan cellor. Edmund Smith's executors vs. Lambert Wycoff and others.?H. Nicoli for complainants and for executors of Peter Wyckoff, and N. Wyckoff, fxc ; J. M. Martin for Merchants' Exchange Bank ; J. L. Biker, for John WyckofT ; R. H. Waller, lor S. Burkhalter. Decided that the widow's annuity was the first charge, and P Wyckoff"! liabilities for Lambert W. were the second charge on the lands devised to the latter : and that the other charges were to be paid without preference. That the bond debt to Mrs. bchenck is to be paid as a liability for Lambert ; and that the Merchants' Exchange Bank have no debt or claim against P. Wyckoff. Decree for a sale or mortgage of the lands devised, and an account and payment of the charges, tkc If. Banks, executor, <fc, of Campbell vs. Executors of Charles Wilkes.?R. H. Ogden for complainant : C. E. Butler for defendants Decided that the trust as to Miss Campbell's mortgages devolved upon C. Wilkes' execu tors, but that defendants are not liable for the payments thereon to Horatio Wilkes. Bill dismissed without costs. P. and H. T. Rogers vs. Ludlow and others.?Thomp son for complainants ; Liv. Livingston for defendants. Decided ihatthe interests of Mrs. L. (if any) under the trust deed, are inalienable. Bill dismissed without costs, and without prejudice to other remedies . John G. Coster's Executors vs. John H. Coster and others.?Butler St Evarts and J. Prescott Hall, for com plainants ; D. Selden, D. Lord, G. Wood and D. B. Og den, for defendants. Decided that by the will and codicil of John O. Coster, John H. Coster took an absolute estate in 11-106 of the property of J. O. C Decree accordingly. Causes which were argued at Ithaca. A, Af. Allerton vs. John Johnson.- D. S. Dickinson for complainant; E. Koote for defendant. Decree for spe cific performance for the whole tract claimed by com plainant, with costs. E. Miller vs S. L.Avery.?11. Van Der Lvn for com plainant ; H. R. Mygatt for defendant. Bill dismissed, with costs. G. Scofield vs. Harlow J- Rumsey.? Z. A. Leland for complainant; R. Campbell, Jr. for Rumsey. Decree that complainant recover the amount, payable to Harlow, with costs, and pay costs to Rumsey. T. Stewarl aad others vs..Joseph Sttwart.?Z. A. Leland for complainants ; R.Campbell, Jr. for defendant. De cided that the tessator's covenant was delivered and was binding. Bill dismissed with costs. A. L. Green vs. Burnham and Brown.?L. C. Peck for complainant; Ben. Johnson for Brown Decree for com plainant's debt and costs out of half the land. No costs for or against Brown. W. Tiffany vs. Philip Peck and others.?B. F. Rexford for complainant; A. L. Pritchard for defendants. De cided that there was more than $100 in ai rear when the bill was filed Decree for a reference to take an account of the amount due, and proofs as to the situation of the premises. All other questions reserved. Superior Court. Before a full Bench. ] Nov. 3.?The November term of this Court commenced to-day, (Monday.) There are one hundred and fourteen jury causes on the calendar, and nine certiorari cases. Decisions.?Mickin, plaintiff in error vs. Peter Graham, defendant tn error.?Judgment reversed by default, de fendant in error not appearing. James W. Cameron vs. James Alhro, tt mis.?Motion denied with costs. W R. Thompson vs. A. R. Duryea.?Ordered, that the assignees pay costs of defence and $10, cost of motion. Theophitus B. Oliver ads. James B. Oliver.?Ordered, that process be amended by striking out the direction to collect one dollar on payment of $10 costs of motion. In the matter of the Jefferson Insurance Company vs. R. H. SAonnon.?Application of plaintiff denied without costs. John R. Oakley vs. Francis S. Morgan.?Motion denied with $7 costs of approving. IVilham'Dtckty et vs Charles II. Htckscher.?Motion denied with $7 costs, Joseph Gulick, plaintiff in error, vs. Ely Devot, de fendant in error.?Judgment reversed with costs. Edward Fold vs. Estevan Begoritch.?Judgment for plaintiff, with liberty to defendant to amend on payment of costs within ten days. Mark Spencer vs. Adolphus Wolf.?Judgment for plain tiff'. Jury causes to-morrow. Circuit Court. Before Judgo Edmonds. Nov. 3.?Polly Bodine.?ITie trial in this case, which had been set specially down for this day, has been post poned until Wednesday, 6th inst., in consequence of the election. Edmund R. Burkle vs. Isaac R. Eckhart et als.?This was an action of assumpsit?which had been tried before, and has come down from the Supreme Court?to recover damages for breach of contract entered into between plaintiff and James Uibhs & Co., of Quebec, Canada, by which it was stipulated that plaintiff' was to purchase a quantity of wheat, convert it into flour, and te have one tnird ol the nett profit. The contract was partly per formed, when it appeared that Gibbs V. Co refused to proceed. The defendant, Eckhart, residing in this city, is the only defendant held liable and served with pro cess. Plaintiff seeks to recover a judgment against him, with a view to proceed subsequently against Gibbs fk Co , and holds that defendant is equally liable with the firm of Gibba it Co. on the contract iu question, in proof of which he relies upon the correspondence bad between them, and also upon proceedings had in Chancery by him, for an account, in as tar as they had proceeded under the contract, said proceedings being brought by plaintiff against defendants, in which proceedings the Cohrt de creed that Eckhart was to be considered the partner in the contract The cause was sent down from the Su preme Court, on the ground that the proof was insuffi cient as to Eckhart's interest in the firm, it being alleged that Eckhart should only be considered an agent. Common Pleas. Before Judge Daly. No*. 3.? Gernando Marskigtro v?. John Clark.?This was an action which was tried once before to recover a sum of $331, for services rendered in cleaning oil paint ings for defendant, who is a vonder of oil paintings. At the former trial the jury found for plaintiff. The de fence set up was, that defendant had countermanded the order before the expiration of the contract. Court Intelligence. Qererai. Sessions, Nor. 4.?Before the Recorder and Aldermen Benson and Divver.?The November term of this court commenced this morning. The calendar com | prises the following number of cases, viz For Assault and battery with intent to kill, I: robbery in the Arst de gree 3; burglary, 7; forgery, 3; bigamy, 1; grand larceny 13; false pretences, 3; receiving stolen goods, 1?making a total of 39 new cases. There are also 36 old cases to be disposed of, making a total of 64 old and new cases. Grand Jury.?The following persona were sworn as Grand Jurors for the present term of the court, viz :? T. S. Gibbs, foreman; Jas. H. Chichester, Augustus P. Cammeyer, William Dolby, 8am'1 B. Gaston, B. Granger, J. Harriott, W. Lounsberry, John Lewis, O. Laforge, Js cob ti. More, A. Messerole, J. C. Nelson, C. T. Ostrand er, C. Oakley, W. rearsall, C. St. John, A. Underbill, J. Yanderpool, Jr.?19. After an explicit charge from Aldermen Benson, they retired to commence their duties. Petit Jury.?Of 84 persons summoned to attend as petit jurors, only 30 appeared and answered to their names Finn.?A number of persons were each Aned the sum of $36 for non-attendance as jurors at the present and previous terms of the Court. Trial far Assault and Batlsru.?Walter Smith was placed upon his trial for an assault snd battery on Cathe rine Oilmore, of No 161 Leonard street, severely inju ring her eyesight. 11s was found guilty and ordered to be conAned in the city prison for 10 days. Trial far Keeping a Disorderly Hover? Augustus Batchellor was then put on trial for keeping a house of bad character at No. 379 Front street, to the great an noyance of the neighbors. The jury found him guilty, and the Court ordered him to pay a Ane of $33, and to abate the nuisance. Another Trial for Keeping a Disorderly House.?Mary Saunders was next trie* for keeping a disorderly house at the corner of Church and Anthony streets. The jury acquitted the accused. The Court then adjourned until Wednesday morning. Virginia Leoislatttrk.?'The following subjects will undoubtedly occupy the attention ot the (legisla ture, soon to assemble, and render the session n| great interest: 1. A Convention. 3. Internal Improvements, r.ompre handing a decision between Canals and Railroads, the de termination of the route to the Ohio, and the fate of the. Baltimore application for a right ol way, with many subordinate questions 3. Education, and a revision and reformation ot the whole present system under the Li terary Fund. 4. The Colleges of the State, and what is hest to be done to aid their efficiency. Swindling ?A man named Benjamin F. Waters, a carriage and wagon manufacturer, decamped frtnn Mouth Hadley village, in Massachusetts, on Monday last, having swindled persons and banks in that town, in Springfield and in Hartford, among others his foreman and otnar hand* in hia employ, out of a mm auppoatd to amount ta Irom 'ift to M0|WIK *

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