Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 5, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 5, 1845 Page 1
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MMHM MM THE NEW VORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. -Whol* No. 4157. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 5, 1845. Prlfi Two Cent*. BY ADAM* A CO.'S KXPRESM. EIGHT DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP CALEDONIA. GREAT EXCITEMENT IN THE CORN MARKET. Considerable Rise in Prices. Deplorable Condition of the Harvests. I\TEME DISTRESS IN IRELAND. RISE IN THE PRICE OF BREAD ALL OVER EUROPE. Another Defeat of the French in Afriea. Quarrel between Peel A Wellington. M9m MARKET. STATE OF THE COTTON MARKET. Ac., die, die. The steamship Caledonia arrived at Boston at halt past 8 o'clock on Monday morning, and we re ceived our papers before 6 o'clock yesterday mor ning, by Adams & Co.'s Express. She brings Liver pool pa|?ers to the 19th, and London to the evening of the I8th October. The Caledonia met with some rough weather, which considerably delayed her passage. The steamer Massachusetts sailed on the same day with the Chltdonia, with a full freight. The prices of corn were rising rapidly. The weather in England continued most wretched for the crops. The iron trude was brisk, and the demand far beyond the supply. The state of trade in the manufacturing districts, does not certainly give an indication of the existing feeling in the cotton market. The trade is less brisk than it has been. The American provision trade flourishes. The stock of beef, pork and cheese is light; and the state of things in Ireland will have a tendency not only to improve prices, but to lessen competition, f, The cotton market is depressed, the business transacted is limited, prices have a downward ten dency, and holders, evidently not at ease, show a desire to accept the current rates, and to press their stock. The failure ol the potatoe crop in Ireland is a most distressing event. The accounts connected with this subject, from all parts of that country, are painful in the extreme. Since the llthult., and to the 19th, the usual reports from the manufacturing districts have been received. The intelligence contained therein is of the most cheering description. The great cloth halls of Leeds and Hudderefield have been not on" ly well |a'tended, hut a very extensive business transacted therein, at steadily supported, and, in some instances, rather advanced prices. A good business has &lso been done in Bradford ; Meri nos, Coburgsr, and Orleans are in good demand at fair prices. Manchester has not been so active as usual, owiug, it is said, to the unfavorable state of the wev.ther for concluding the harvest. At the same time, taking every thing into account, the re ports received during the lust week are highly satis factory. The money market shows symptoms of waver ing, under the hlack clouds which appear in the dis tance. During the last few days the price of con sols has declined 1 per cent. IT No apparent diminution in the mania for specula ting in railway shares. The price of bread has advanced inl'aris, and in deed all over Europe. The people of that part of Russia situated near the Black Sea, were, at the last accounts, suffering ter ribly for the want of provisions. The London Chronicle states that the military force in Canada is to be considerably increased. The dock yards and naval arsenals of England, exhibit extraordinary activity at the present mo ment. In many of the outports, steam frigates of the largest clase have been ordered, to be ready by a fixed period, and the builders have been bound in heavy penalties to have them fit for sea at the requir ed time. The Puseytte rupture with the Angelican church has takeft an important turn. Mr. Newman and a batch of his trieads have at length formally sece ded, and joined the Church of Rome. The even1 has not excited much surprise, for it has long been expected. . That brave and unsubdued chief,Abd-el-Kader,has achieved another triumph over his French invaders. He surprised and captured another 200 of them. The 'poor fellows, it is true, were sick, but could me'xe no resistance ; but, coapling this with the pre vious defeat, it would appear that the French arms in Africa are in a fair way of losing their laurels in the se unfortunate encounters with the children of the sun?the sons of the desert. A letter from Barcelona states that a rich mer chant, named Fontalleras, whose son had been car ried ofT by brigands, had received a letter stating that if the sum of 100,000 piastres, (about A12-f,000 sterling,) were not deposited in a certain place on a certain day, the young man would be put to death. A new conspiracy is said to have been discovered at Warsaw, and some scores of wretched victims, chiefly students, have been packed off to Siberia, and to the dungeons of the fortress. Great cruelties are practised towards monks and nuns, and the people in general, to compel them to abandon the Catholic for the Greek Church. The river Tyne has been visited by a flood, higher than any that has occurred for the last thirty years. Caunt, the pugilist, has commenced an action against the stakeholder in the late fight for the championship, to recover his own stake of .?200. Various symptoms of discontent continue to mani fest themselves in Italy. A letter from Munich announces that much dis content is manifested amongst the population of Upper and Lower Styria, in consequence of the col lection of tithes. The Mayor of Llanidloes, in Wales, Edward Hughes, Esq., aged sixty, recently committed suicide. About forty houses have been destroyed by fire at Moretonhatnstead. No reconciliation appears to have taken place he ween General Nurvaez and hw wife, Md'lle de Taecher. Alter hnving passed the season at Bag nsres-de-Luchon, she has returned to Pal is. Tlic King and Queen of the Belgium at the last accounts were still in France, bint were to return to Brussels the first of the month. The mother of M. Arago, the eminent natural phi" losopher, died at Eatagel, in the eastern Pyrenees, a few days ago, at the advanced age of 91 years. A letter from Medeali stales that an Arab who was preaching up the holy wur between the tribes in the neighborhood of that town, representing himself as si nt by God to take Marshal Hiigeaud's place, hns been sent by General Mnrcy to Algiers to be employed at hard labor. The Jesuits of Saint Acheul, being dispersed by order ot their superiors, have sold the Maison de Blament, which they iwssessed, at the gates of Amiens. This important establishment, which for merly contained 200 students, has been purchased by the Dames du Bon l'asteur as a refuge for repen tant young wcmen. The Augsburg Gazette gives a rather alarming ac count of the corn-hurveat in Russia, Poland, and most parts of Germany, but it does dot appear to have arrived at its conclusions from official returns, or any other information of a very positive char acter. The Russian steam frigate Kamschatka, built in New York, Captain Vanschants. has arrived at Genoa,where the Empress will embark in her, with a numerous suite of 140 individuals, for Palermo, in which city her Imperial Majesty proposes passing the winter, and where the Emperor will probably join his royal l onsort at the end of the year. The most important piece of intelligence by this arrival is the immense warlike preparation making iu England. All the dock yards, contractors, See. were remarkably active. The railway fever rages as violently in France as in England. The new Belgian duties are not to apply to French cottons for twelve months. A Company has been formed for the purpose ef establishing iron works on a large scale at Boulogne. Prime American beef is selling in the Isle ot Man at 2fcd per lb. Accounts from Berlin state, that a treaty of com merce is on the eve of being concluded between Austria and the Zollverein. It is stated that the present price of plate glass is ten per cent more than it was before the removal of the nigh duty. in Paris there are 396 newspapers, with 700,000 subscribers, and in the departments of France 899, with about 350,000 subscribers. Mrs Fry, who for so many years devoted her time and her purse to ameliorate the miseries of the in mates of our various prisons, died on Tuesday last, after a protracted illness. The Hamburgh Gazette states, from Riga, that the cholera has appeared in Livonia, and caused many deaths. Alfred Tennyson, the author of " Locksley Ilall," the " May Queen," and some other beautiful poems, has just received a pension of .?200 per annum from her Majesty. Sir Robert Peel did the thing very delicately, through Ilallam, the historian. Sir Robert Pell has selected the Rev. Dr. Wilber force, the Dean of Westminister, as the successor of the late Bishop of Bath and Wells. The Very Rev. Dr. Wilberforce has been Dean of Westminster since the death of Dr. Ireland, and will be the youngest bishop on the bench. Prospects ok the Harvest.?The very wet, un favorable weather experienced during the week, has done so much injury to that portion of the crops still abroad in the northern counties, as to render it next to impossible for the grain to be secured in any other than the worst condition, however auspicious the weather may hereafter become. When rain oc curs early in the season, its effects may, frequently, be almost wholly remedied; but the year is now too far advanced to admit us to hope that the mischief done in the present case can be repaired?the short ness of the days, the diminished power of the sun, and the heavy night dews, all tend to prevent that which has been thoroughly saturated with wet be ing easily dried, except by artificial means; the corn which have been exposed to the fields to the fre quent heavy showers of the past fortnight (and the quantity is, we are sorry to learn, considerable) must therefore inevitably be carted in a damp state. In some localities, where there have been heavy floods, a portion will be entirely lost, and that part saved can scarcely be expected to be in fit order for thrashing for months yet; so far, therefore,from any improvement having taken place in prospects,there is reason to fear that the result of the harvest?taking the kingdom collectively?will prove even more un favorable than was before apprehended ; and there can no longer be nny doubt that tine old wheat will become more valuable in proportion as it is found to be required for mixing with the damp, inferior qua lities of new. That the quantity left over of last year's crop is trifling, is generally admitted; whilst it is an undoubted fact that of free foreign very lit tle remains in the country. It is true that we have about a million of quarters of wheat in bond in the kingdom, and it is |>ossible that somewhat about 100,000 quarters may arrive before winter puts a stop to shipments from the Baltic; but even were the whole of this quantity immediately released, we doubt whether it would have any material influence on prices. In the present position of affairs it is not likely however, that importers will enter for home consumption, ns by leaving their property under lock, they will be in a position to take advantage of the fall which must later in the year occur in the duty. The trade in wheat has, since our last, been ac tive; and not only has the previously established advance been maintained, but a further rise in prices has taken place at many of the principal markets. Notwithstanding the inducement held out by the present remunerating rates, farmers have manifested very little anxiety to part with thpir wheat, and the deliveries have rather fallen of! than increased; buyers have, on the other hand, deemed it prudent to make further addition to their stocks, and, at pre sent, we can discover no symptoms of a re-action. The advices from the western and north-western markets report a material rise in quotations. Ai? Bristol, on Thursday, all kinds of wheat advanced Is to 2s per quarter; and at Birmingham on the same day the enchantment amounted to 2s to 3s per quar ter. Ireland api>ears to have been visited with similar weather to that experienced on this side of the chan nel; and a good deal of inj>"v is said to have been done in the latter districts, not ?nly to the corn re maining abroad, but also to the potatoes. These re ports, and the rise in the English markets, had caused holders of grain to demand higher terms; and, at the principal markets, the value of wheat and oats had tended upwards.?Muik luine Express. We have advanced to near the middle of the third month of our harvest in England, and there is still a good deul of grain in the fields unsecured, and an unusual quantity tot the season uncut, north of the Humber. The weather has been very unsettled for the last fortnight; we have scarcely had two succes sive fair days; very little corn lias been carried dur ing that time, and that which has been sacked will prove when it cornea to be thrashed, in a damn state, unless kept till theMarch winds have wisked through it. The season has, however, not been damaging; frequent brisk winds and the cold air have prevented the process of sprouting, and we still think that not much harm has been done to the grain since it passed through the hands of the reapers. As to the aggre gate of the harvest, we adhere to the opinion we liuve already expressed, namely, that taking the a\h*rage produce ot the year at 20,000,000 quarters ot wheat, last year's produce would yield 21,000,000, while this year's will not exceed 19,000,000. Of other grain it seems to be the general opinion that we shall this year have a fair average, but that potatoes will be a falling crop in some parts of the kingdom, though by ho means general.?Leedn Mercury. Duration of thk Present Parmament.?The ex isting House of Commons may continue in being till the autumn of 1847, and from actual appearance, there is no reason to conclude that it will be dissolv ed much before that time. London Newspapers.?Such is the influx of ad vettisement ot railways, that the press, even assist ed by steum power, can hardly keep pace With it.? The Mominfi Herald has, on more than one occa sion, printed three whole sheets as one publication. The Time? has constantly two sheets. The papers devoted exclusively to railway subjects are published twice a week instead of odcc, and most of them have two supplements to each publication: when it is re membered that the price of a column of advertise ment matter in a London morning paper is about ?10, the profits which the proprietors are deriving from the railwuy mania is an important considera tion. Share Gambling in Austria.?A Berlin letter of the 7th, says?" Yesterday, one of our first hank ing houses received from Vienna intelligence that Hbout thirty persons, who hud speculated jn Kail way shares, and were not able to lulfil their engagements, had disappeared suddenly. These persons, it is said, are tor the most part Jews and iieraons of little import ance ; nevertheless their disappearance has caused a considerable tail in the market. The Austrian go vernment had long foreseen this, and, in conse < quence, had taken ineai-ures relative to the safety ol ! the bank. It is true that these steps have produced a momentary want ot money, but they will prevent j new disorders nnd new losses. Similar measures were taken antecedently with full success by the Pa i risian government, and since then the phrenzy of | jobbing has considerably diminished." i Emousm Preparations p<>r VVak ?The dock x&s?v^rsir i.?? bvYfl^d ?r-Td hy '{j? "government, to^b?ready 1 Sg Lsi U?K ?,,?,'nd S fc5,rx" parauonri are ajao being made for placing the whole m\T8lZa?l ?e, gr?te8t like activity ^ ST lJTlry '".whence this war it1 We ure al ?><> 'he ?cc?ston that demands wind which indicates this strange and unnatural prescience of the storm ! With the exception o ihe misunderstanding in the Rio de la Plata to which I ranee, equally with ourselves, is a party there is nothing palpable to vulgar ken in this 'galvanic movement in the arsenals and on the seaboard 1 hose who pro ess to see farther into a millstone than their neighbors, point to the " Far West"?to regon, for a solution of the mystery. President Polk, say they, is determined to have the disnuted ?or!t 7h lrres,ieCtIvf 'hp consequences The spirit of his inaugural address, the same authorities gre ' aC,The8 'ke President and his democratic Con S!u comparative weakness of the whigs in he House as weft as in the Senate, and the strong of States onet?'arge P?rtionol lke citizens oi me nited States on this question, are adduced as potent reasons for the arming, and (he preparations for onslaught, of which .the aock-yards of Britain at the present moment give indubitable proof The preparations to which we allude are unquesttonablv matters of fact; whether the inference deduced therefrom be correct, is another question. But the quidnuncs, who are never at a loss for reasons on which to build a speculation, however absurd in stance the fact of Mr. Everett having declined un invitation to a public demonstration m Boston, on Ins return home, because he could not speak except Of vague generalities, without violating oflicial con fidence, as a prcof that the relations of he two countries, arising out of the Oregon, are critical and likely to involve the last alternative?war. We' mention these circumstances, because thev float on the surface of political and conversationary ?os s.p, without at all endorsing them with our ow? identity or approval. Our own opinion is thaTa fight about the Oregon territory would be one of the t?8i reckless and insane exhibitions that the civi lized world ever witnessed : and yet the fact siarVs every one in the face, that tfie Governments of both countries are committed to hostilities,"! eUheVcar nes out the menace ol the other. Both Govern caHelj8fVvi^l8 e position. The President's un ??!!. loquaciousness, denoting, as it did, a fore gone conclusion, produced the wurlike explosion of lina nBei?t u11^ ,e, Prox|m?t? Premiers?Peel and Russell-in the House of Commons. The two fcT,entrtand l,rettVnudl ^ the position o? let and rePre8f nt tJ'e r'v,il houses of Capu et und Montague in the play?" Do you bite vour ?e, r- SESfc" V """ "7 " ??' "f?/ well ? ' ''11"" 1!"uk,' " lil,lc. ?u ?? rCZ i! -' ' ?.D the . contrary. neither will recede nau ir i P08Jtlon?uthe fwotd, it is not improbable nay it is more titan likely?will be drawn. We hope lor the best. " War is a bloody exchange of had'm? I cannoa " mouth," some one says. ?We olomTo0! rt m"86**.?0 able and c'ear-headed di I lomatist like Mr M Lane, "exchange his ideas" ' Wmi?.Ur qiUletiaA^ ty"0 ,neans exacting Foreign I Minister, Lord Aberdeen, to some purpole-a pa cific one we meaa-than to see England bristling wiih baiioBetj and America rampant with fury^ Cry fury, BIU1 let 8i1(l th(J ^ 0j war ? , tboL^h ir the ad venturou8 and the desi'ierate-for fose in h?,h"n T,ethm.g '? Sain> and nothing to ose, in the bloody exchange ; but everv friend of !f ?. k?th countries, every lover of his land whether British or American, will desire a peaces clrt irs>!imUtl0n Ule di'lmte??Wilmer'i Times, A large augmentation in the number of artisans and laborers in all our dock yards will take place immediately. No less than 426 additional are order ed to to entered in tins dock yard, viz: 150ship wrights, 46joiners, 22 caulkers 3t< smiths, 100 labor ers, 4- sawyers, and :fcf ropemakers' laborers. Tin ropemakers are also to be augmented, and several stout boys are to be admitted to this department ? W tfi the increased force four large war steamers are to be built upon the designs respectively of Mr r incham, the master shipwright, and Mr. White of . These vessels, we are informed, will begot otf the stocks with all possible despatch. A dailv re |,"r,t'3 ordered to be made of the state of the advanc ed thirty sad of the line; and all stores not ,*rish able, and furniture not liable to deteriorate by being afloat, are to be put on board as convenient. Forti fications for a more efficient protection of Portsmouth Harbor, and the approaches tnereto, are about to be erected.?Hampshire Telegraph MlSraDERSTANDtNO BKTWKRN PfiEr. AND Welling ton?The lollowttig is from the Dublin Evening TostA. report, we have reason to know is preva lent, in what the London Morning Pout would call he superior circles"?certainly amongst persons who value themselves on their " superiorsources" to the etiect that apparently irreconciliable ditfer ??Ci80A opmion have sprung uj? between the leader of the House of Lords and the leader of the House of Commons; in short, Wellington and Peel cannot much longer stable their horses together. We beg the reader t? be assured that we do not make tins statement in the tenqier of a factitious journalist, or with any predisposition whatever against these emi nent persons. la a word, we do not put it forth vvtl i an orange coloring- though we admit our au thorny is whutthey vulgarly describe as " high Con servauve. The cuuses of the disagreement are said to be various?more than one, we are assured, certainly. The chief?how, indeed, could it be otherwise 1 is the state of Irelend, and tiie policy to be adopted in regard to this country. Sir Robert Peel, It U Mid, has suown a decided aversion to coercive measures, as calculated to exasperate the wound rather than heal it. The Duke of Wellington would cut the Gordion knot, if necessary, with the sword. Again, it has been reported that the Duke of Wel lington is inexorable on the corn laws?while Sir Robert Peel, yielding to the pressure, would relax, it not repeal theni altogether. There are other differences mentioned, but it is needless to rejteat more on dits or conjectures That there is a serious split, we are confidently told ?so serious, that the noble duke and the right Honorable gentleman severally tendered their resig nation into the hands of Her MajeBty. It is added, that the Queen |ieremptorily refused to accept them?at least lor the present, livery loyal subject will be of opinion, that Her Majesty exercised a wise discretion. She will leave the matter to Parliament, it will be very speedily seen, alter "the collective wisdom" assembles, which ?t the two, or whether either, shull resign. Questions must immediately arise to make this difference (it such there be) manifest. It is idle to speculate. Nevertheless, wc would say that Peel, with ail his apparent sauvity, will nol yield ; and that the iron Duke, with all his abrupt ness if temper, and obstinacy ol opinion, will be subdued. It is not stated what part the other ministers have taken in the dispute. It is easy enough, however, to divine. The ministers in the House ot Commons, to a man, are with their master ; and with ths ex ception of Aberdeen, and perhaps of Lyndhurst, that part of tfie cabinet in the lords would range themselves under the banner of the lhike. Enough lor us, and tor our gentle public, that there is mutiny in the camp. The Massachusetts??The European Timet of the lifth says?This beautiful, vessel was ready for sea yesterday, and would have sailed, but that the wind hud been blowing a gale dead u-heud tor the previous tweniy-l?ur hours. She goes out to-day lull of freight utid neatly all her berths taken. We understand, also, that more than one hull of her height accommodation is now engaged for her next departure trom Liverpool. Nkapoi itan BtuoAims.?The VemtlUuiimntl publishes the following letter trom Naples: -"Del Gurreilo, the Minister of Police, has gone to Caz zena, in Onladna. A band oi brigands is said to ex ist there, which has concluded u capitulation with the government, by which the lives ol all the mem bers 11 the band wi.l be spared, but ihey will be sent to an island where, under survrdlancc of the police, they will have to till the land. This hand, it is said, has long infested the tumous forest of tiila, of which iStraoo, \ irgil, Suliust, l'uiiy, and other authors so frequently make mention. A Novei. vVaokk.?A youth named Molloy, aged sixteen, undertook lor a wager of illO, to lake up from the ground in Ins mouth, one bundled eggs, each being a yard apart, and place them one by one in a tub oi water at ooine distance, in lilly minutes. He achieved the teat m forty-eight minute/, travel ling over five miles and three quarters in thai period. Effect of the New Hah.ways in England.? The discussion about the effect which the trans I ference ot the railway deposits to the Accountant general would produce upon the money mar ! ket seems to be exhausted. It is dropped, at all events. It may, however, be useful to make a few further comments on one or two of the points which have been chiefly dwelt upon by those who have expressed an opinion that the o|>eralion must pro duce financial embarrassment. It has been assum ed by these parties that ihe auirrecrate amount of the i payments so to be made is ?3o,(MX),OOt). That is to | say, the basis assumed is that the subscribed capital of new railway schemes for next session is ?3lX), I OOO.OOO^on which amount a deposit of 10 i*-r cent, required by the standing orders, .?30,000,000 This estimate, we believe, includes all the projects that were adverrised up to a recent date?all that could be supposed in a situation to lodge their plans and sections within the time limited. It assumes, in short, that the great mass of the schemes qMounced is brought out bona iide, and that the promoters will apply for acts next session. At the same time ] it is assumed that, although there are amongst the ' crowd of projects announced, some, nay many, of a j sound, substantial character, and sure to pay", there . ,. 'here is also a mass of rubbish, that will never pa v, con- ! cocted simply to delude the unwary, by scheming j adventurers, who never intend to move beyond die ] initiatory process of advertisement, and pocketing i the money of their dujies. Now, it is somewhat inconsistent to take for granted, that all the schemes announced are sound to the extent of being good for the preliminary deceits of 10 rer cent, and in the same breath to assert that flu-re are a great many of them belonging wholly to the bubble class. Still it is possible that good money may have been paid on all?on the bail as well as upon the good. We believe that this has been done; and in this . view of the question, these deductions may have j been made. It is also argued, by the same class of i economists, that, assuming the annual income of the nation?not of the state, but of the people?to be as much as ?1100,000,(KM)?and we do not con sider this to be an exaggeration?not more than : sixty or seventy millions of ihat amount can be put I down for accumulation, and of that balance not more than one-half, say ?80,000,000, can be spared for railways. The coincidence of these figures is striking. The aggregate subscribed capital said to I be required for tne new schemes corresponds ex j actly with the assumed amount of the national year ly income, and the amount which it is said can be spared yearly tor railways agr-es with the sum stated as the aggregate of the deposits to be paid over to the Accountant-General. The coinci dence is no doubt accidental; but allowing that the ?80,000,000 of deposits will be made good to the Accountant General, and invested in stocks and Government securities to meet the decision of Par liament for or against the various lines represented by that'aniount, it is plainly impossible?morally, if not physically, impossible?that so many as one half of the new lines can be approved of next ses sion, and authorised to construct their works. When due allowance is made for the worthless schemes?for those unsubstantial projects that are said to be so numerous, and which will never be brouglit under the notice ol the committee on stand ing orders?and lor amalgamations, and the refusal to sanction many competing lines, it is, we should say, much too liberal an estimate to assume even that the mbsoribed capital of railways that will ob tain acts in the session of 1846 may amount to ?100,000,(XX). In the session of 1845 the members worked very hard, and sat continually for a series of several months. It is not by any means likely that they will be more laborious next session thaii they were in the last, or that the session will be ol greater length, but yet in the session of 1845 the ag gregate subscribed capital for railways sanctioned f>v acts did not exceed, in round numbers about ?42,000.000 If, indeed, the session ot 1846 should give authority for the construction of railways to as much aB ?50,000,000, the members will have to work like slaves. They inay, to be sure, devise means for bridling the loquacity of counsel, and for shortening the proceedings in railway committees The amount of subscribed capital in certain national lines, may also be so great as to carry very large sums along with them. It would be premature to predict how far these circumstances may carry the balance of legislation, but comjuning the pros pects ol the next generally with that of the past soss'on, there do not appear good grounds for concluding that the labors of parliament in 1846 can bring forth a much richer crop of railway fruit thun that of its predecessor. Taking, however, the tig icrib gregate of acts for next year to represent a subscri ed capitnl of twice as much as was sanctioned in 1845, or ?'10,000,000, and adding the aggregate of 1845, or ?42,000,000, there results a total of ?132, 000,000 for English lines, which, divided over a pe riod of five years, gives ?26,400,000 as the amount which will be absorbed annually in their construe tion tor that jieriod of time. This does not appear to be so.very formidable, when contrasted with the balance*of ?30,000,000 that the people are sup|ioseG 11 be able to appropriate forjsuch purposes. Whethei in that estimate credit has been given (or the annual revenue drawn from railroads now in action, and which will soon approximate ?8,000,(XX), does not ap|tear, but supposing that it has been taken into uc count, the .means seem adequate to the end. It is to be kept in view, also, that the first year's amount ts already provided, by the supposition that ?10,000, 000 will be in the hands ot the uccountniu-general t?y the 30th November to meet the parliamentary or deis; and it is manifest that soon alter parliament meets a large proportion ot this money must be re paid to the scripholders, and that this source ol sup plying the circulation will go on during the next ses sion, until the decision of parliament has been ob tained ujioii the whole. We write these remarks as bearing with reference to lines proposed in the Un: ted Kingdom, making no allowance for the capita! required to construct the numerous lines proposed abroad, in the colonies, and in India.? London Chronicle. Railways in Switzerland.?The question of railways is very much discussed throughout the whole of Switzerland, but bears the same asjiect as many other questions in tins country. Opinions are divided in a thousand different ways, local interests prevail, and no authority is powerful enough to guide ihem all to one aim. Tne improvement ol the roads, and ot our most shocking post communication, would be of some service, but not railways; for di vided districts, with twenty-five independent go vernments m a space of 4,(XX) square miles, are a most difficult ground upon which to construct trunk lines. Two schemes have appeared here almost si multaneously. Zurich is to tiaveu line to be called the "Swiss Northern," which is to join either Basil or the German line at its terminus, and Basil is to construct the Swiss Central, a trunk line to Olten with branches to Zurich, Lucern, and the Bielensa. Both plans have one object in common, viz., the connection ot Basil and Zurich; this similarity has, however, tailed in uniting the two parties. Basil is not concerned either in the direction or in the share list ot the Swiss Northern, and Zurich will have no , Jhing to say to the Swiss Central. -Some attempts towards n union of the two schemes on the part ol the people were rather rudely negatived at Zurich some months ago. Seven yean ago, Zurich and ! Basil attempted conjunctively to carry aline through the valley of the Lnnniat, Aur, and Rhine. The at ' tempt tailed partly through the then poor condition of their finances, and through the sad experience of ' the shareholders in the Elsass line, but still more through the impossibility of obtaining a concession ' ot the Basil land for a hue which was only to i traverse a small section ot that canton. This i objection drove Zurich, with its plan, from the , Swiss to the German shores of the Rhine. The 1 disadvantages of this removal cannot remain un seen. If the Swiss Northern line is to be construct , ed on the lands of Baden, the Rhine must be cross ! ed, and 111 forming the line in Baden, it must be con sidered that the toll of the German Union comes Detween Basil and Zurich. The construction and use of the line are rendered, therefore, rather diffi j cult, at the same time the people in Zurich them selves must work, on the line that will encircle them, lor sooner or laier a line will be constiucted to wards the Rhine, in die neighborhood of the Bo dense; but much sooner when the line through the valley of Kinzig shall appear impossible. The per mission, also, of the government ot Argan would not be given without great sacrifices, a brunch would ; have to be built to Aarau, which would require an increase of capital ot at lenst 2 000,000 guldens (2s.) I Zurich, however, finds in the new line the much desired connection with the end |annt of the Gor man Rhine Railway. This line oners the least tech mcsl diUicuhies, and can be completed soonest; ad vantages such as these were thought sullicient to i outweigh other considerations. The plan ol a rail j way across the Juru to Ulten arose in Busel, thro' j the celerity with which locomotive conveyance wsi perfected tnere, while this line comes lu me place ot tiie lour principal roads from Basel, into the interior ot Switzerland. A tunnel 22U0 metres long is cer tainly necessary, and may cost 1,000,000 guldens, and the maximum ol the gradients is two in 100, through which the journey Iroin Basel to Olten would be lengthened flail an hour, in contradistinc tion with a morejlevel line. All these disadvanta ges, however, less nn|M)*tng on account of the rich er returns this line offers. It will receive the whole of the traflic Irom east, middle and west Switzer land, the importance ot which appears Irom the re > port of the custom house of the united cantons, that iriv loooouu cwtH are carried through Basel, more thit^wortlthaof the whole of the .mporta oi Switzerland It will also carry the whole of the uasseDPers between Basel and the rest land. As the traffic with the eastern cantona is not one halt of the whole, the traffic on the I n ten would be at least twice as large as that ot the fit. Zt rxUts a tnuch larger local traffic thm on he -i" ? i (rofTr SSl',1 SSSTbjS di?cn? .jd .=c?,; si^JrJSsasssrt '-a- ? Hailway Director. The Ikon Tkadk.-Ac the q^ly meeung ot the ironmasters, which was heW on n ?r approval'ot a large majority ot the trade present. A few members were desirous that P^to' a , . main without alteration, their ' bemg that ^he nominal price should remain below. rather tft^ above, that which is actually being obta n . some davs past makers have general!) reius_ a orders at old prices, as it. was evident trom the heavv existing and prospective demand that an ud ^3 wtawirJe. ?"ce.. Kr^ss sszzfc fhZnTesent week Will be maintained for some time diate pro9i>ect ^VmA^ trs^Vo" | r'lu o'n.Toved and the demand tor rails is altogeth er inprecedelited. As an instance we may ,ue?tu'" that one of the greatest railway companies in the "<* , ' now seeking to effect contracts in this ?"nS. wThe &bil?y ?nd 13S& ed by tne large o.u iron mlla al prices tirms, and ^^QrBsSSSB SgWySrSVd. in 0?r W proceed* , ies'puUiccloj isSg^fiS-SBS' is an almost univers r iei>orls from SgW^SrESFSS, SpajsgggSS m,o the account the receumg o unpicktd, rience, and tnust e I probibie ihat nan) yeiir, rendering .Le,i u, e nave food reason ti ,?vd. expect tnut 1 . . v or ,wo will cause a turther to take^dace., asz^&^^sreiiss r*; ^IrX'.w" ? ih.' 'eporu Iron, every gorier rt?, irlreioine.amM^unneeee^tot. locking1 CrrOOr^d ?nd .h^ dmy <?,Z quantity and quality ol tnsyeai i amc| hnd , rise will take place^in lt aiso evident that ere long Pric" ^'Jt?previously estimated has that the amount ot duty ? ? ire than will be M,?,e,do?n ? n inoc r ;,'be; ???? b, .?? .1 realized. At present r ?120,000,?Liverpool limes, uet.i CURIOl'S ClIARGE AGAINST ENGLAND AND PRINCE George ok Cambridge?The Athens correspon dent o<" the Morning Pott communicates the intelli gence that M. Coleiti, the Prune Minister, through <t paper conducted under his ausptces; by a mur derer whose pardon he especially interested him self to procure, publicly accuses the British govern ment ot a deliberate design to procure the assassi nation ol King Otho, and implicates u gallant and distinguished member of the royal family in the atrocious fact. In fact that " the object of our government is to have KuigUilio assassinated for the purpose ot pla cing Prince George ot Cambridge on the throne ol | Greece, and to compass which, according to M. Coietti, a conspiracy exists under the patronage of England." Apathetic ns public spirit unfortunately is in Greece, it was, however, roused by the appearance j of this accusation. The journal in question was in- ' dignantly denounced in both Chambers ot the Legis lature ot Athens j the author ot the charge was ex amined viva voce, and tailed in showing that there existed the slightest ground tor that of which he alleged he possessed " [>alpable proof" M. Coietti himself was lorced to admit his own participation in the libel, to the extent of his having gratuitous!) distributed the journal that contained it; and hi? own colleague, the Minister of Justice, declared that the slanderer Cleoniencs was without the sha dow ot toundution tor the calumny he had circu lated. Yet, in spite of all this, no steps had been taken for the arraignment and punishment ot the creuture Cleomenes. The Electric Telegraph.?The Prussian go vernment has determined 10 apply an electric tele graph to the line front Berlin to Cologne. It will be established between Berlin and Potsdam before the end of the year. Secessions from the Anglican Cut kch.?\V< are now enabled to mention die names ot all those j tin tubers ol die University of Oxford who huro been received into the Roman Catholic Church in t >e course ot the last few days. They are :?The 1 Rev. J. II. .Newman, B.l), Fellow of < 'riel College. The Rev. ? Stanton, M A., of Brasenose College. : I lie Rev. ? Bowles, M.A , ol Exeter College The 1 Rev. Ambrose St. John, Student of Christ Church. J. D. JDuImuiitis, Esq., M.A. ot Exeter College j and Albany Christie, Esq , M A., Fellow of Uriel Col- j lege. It is suited confidently tinft other cloigymtn, also members ol the University ol Oxtord, are pre paring to take a similar step We understand that I the reception of Mr. Newman into die Roman Ca diolic Church took place at Littlemore.?Morning Pott. New Stkamkr to St. John.?We congratulate our mends in Newfoundland arid Nova Scotia, on i their prospect ol improved means ol communication between these two colonies, as we- jndeistand, on good,authority, that the splendid sieumer "Unicorn" lias been purchased by Mr. Whitney, the contractor, to he put on llml route, and will leave tor Halifax ctnly in March next. English Lovk for America ?A gratifying feel ing prevails amongst the English commercmrworld at the prospect which exist*, during the administra tion of President Polk, ot having the American tariff denuded of its present restrictive features. A more liberal tariff would materially promote the prosperity and the happiness of hoth countries?for commerce is always humanizing in its influences? and, while it adds to human happiness, it has a ten dency tocnrb the military, in contradmtim|ion to the civd and social spirit of nations. Scarcity of Laborers.?The papers published in the agricultural districts state that it is becoming difficult to obtain laborers, in consequence of the drain by the railways ; and some of them express fears that when the construction of the lines to be, proceeded w th next year is commenced, there will be a quantity of labor withdrawn from the agricul tural districts sufficient to interfere materially with the produce of the land. The Vintage in Portugal?The Douro vintage is reported to be a complete failure this year, tne , grapes are rotten in some parts, and quite green in | others, owing to the variable weather during the summer, and the late heavy fains. Theatricals, j Miss Cushman, ihe Actress.?We notice that some of the American papers say Miss .Cushman has not been doing well at the English provincial theatres. There are few, if any, of our own cele brated actrsssea who have pocketed so ninny En glish sovereigns as our lair American friend, who as so lately left her home and country to seek fame and fortune in a foreign land. Miss Cushman haa just completed an engagement of twelve nights at Manchester, for which she received #2000. Her engagements at Bristol, Bath, Sheffield, and other places, have been excellent ana most profitable. At Brighton she has fulfilled three separate engage ments during three months, which, we are sure, must be highly pleasing to her American friends : and when she returns to her native land we feel confident she will receive, as she deserves, a right hearty welcome. We find in the Bath (England) Herald, the follow ing notice of this lady :?Miss Cushman made her dtbut in this city on Tuesday as Rosalind, in " As You Like It." Her performance was more distin guished by masculine energy and vehemence, than hy softness of coloring or delicacy of touch?yet it must be acknowledged that she displayed talents of the highest order?uer conception of the character being original, strictly Shaksperian. In the earlier scenes she did not appear to make any very deep impression upon her hearers, but as the comedy proceeded, so did her success, for those who at first looked on coldly, and almost unmoved during the earlierscenes, gradually warmed into enthusiasm us the lust act drew near ; and, on her stepping for ward to the footlights to speak the epilogue, she was greeted with, the rather unusual compliment, of three distinct rounds of applause. She was well sup ported by all the other characters, and the comedy, taken as a whole, was very efficiently performed. The character ot Bianca, in the tiagedy of "Fa zio," in which Miss Cushman appeared on Thurs day, was fur better sailed to the development ot her peculiar?almost masculine?powers. Owing but little to personal attractions, possessing a voice re markable rather for power than sweetness, her transcript ot the gentle Rosalind necessarily lost much ot its ideal ; but in the character of Btanca? the loving, trusting, and betrayed wife?there was full scope for the display of those magnificent pow ers which enabled her to appreciate and depict so forcibly the effects of maddening jealousy and wild revenge. The paroxysms ot consuming yet repressed passion?thick hard breathing of the laboring chest, the startling eye-balls, the spasmodic contortions of the feaiures, the mut tering of scarcely audible yet rapid sentences tliroug i her clenched teetn?and then the out-burst ot pent-up rage and jealousy and despair?the sharp, shrill scream of agony?was a picture so real, so life-like, that the blood fairly curdled in the veins with horror. Her look of intense and withering hatred Ht Aldabella, by whom she has been robbed of the affections of her husband, would have formed a study lor the face of a fury; while her struggle with her feelings when resolving to denounce Fazio as the murderer of the old miser, was depicted in her look and gestures as in a mirror. The whole of her acting was, in fact, a series of triumphs?art imitating so closely the workings of nature, that the feelings sympathized with it as widt something real: and though there was nothing throughout the piece to " ope the dewy lountaiua ot' the eye," yet would we dure affirm that in the prison ?c< ne, where she is struck senseless and motionless by the first stroke of the death-bell?and had she been smitten into j stone, there could not have been a more sudden or i more utter withdrawal of all evidence ol the open | tion of the functions of life?there was not a heart j ihatdid not feel relieved as from a deadening weight, ! not a bosom that did not breathe more freely, when I the first wandering of her hitherto fixed and j staring eye-ball gave evidence of returning con I sciousness. Let those who go for the first rime to ! witness rhe performance of Miss Cushman, prepare | themselves to come away, us we did, with an over I whelming sense ot the magnitude of her genius. Forrest api>eared at the Theatre Royal on the 15th ult., as Spartac'us The story is based upon ail incident in 'he servile war of Rome, and it luvolves 'he gladiatorial exhibitions in which the citizens on the bunks of the Tiber were wont to indulge. Henry Russell, the American vocalist and com poser, whose talents have created a great sensation in England, gave his popular vocal entertainment last evening, at the Liverpool Concert Hall, to a densely crowded audience, whose numbers much exceeded two thousand persons. On tne appear ance of Mr. Russell, the audience manifested great enthusiasm, which continued throughout the' even ing. Mr. Russell haejiist returned trom a very sue cesstul engagement in Dublin; the Earl of Card.gan and several branches of the r- sident nobility visited his enteitatnment Mr. Russell intends giving three other concerts here, after which he leaves for Manchester, Preston, Newcastle, Durham, Carlisle, and London, Anderson intends, shortly, to revisit the United States. The new opera, by Mr. Forbes, announced for production at Druly Lane, is nut oil. Macready is coine well at the Princess's; tn<- doors are besieged long before the time of opening, and afterwards every nook up to thejceiltng occupied. Macready,it is said, looks better and acts better than he did three years ago. The other theatres in Londou are doing well, crowded every night. Even in a theatrical way the all-pervading influence of the railroad move ment is felt; if one may judge from the new and fresh faces seen in pit and boxes. Sharp looking fellows lrom the north; equally sharp, with a dash ol rural broadness and simplicity, are the lads con nected with the west of England?Somersetshire, Gloucestershire. A~c ; these nre the folks whose "lines have fallen in pleasant places," and who form the half price customers at the theatres, after doing well, if not wisely, at some of the taverns in the vi cinity. llraham's two concerts at Cheltenham last week were very successful. Charles Braham was not well enough to sing, but the evergreen British Apol lo, and his eldest son, Hamilton, gathered golden opinions ; Richard Blagrove performed a fantasia on the concertina in a capital style, accompanied on the pianolorte by Mr. Anueili Miss Dolby hus gone to Germany, liooke, the 'composer of Atnilie, is preparing an opera for Drury Lane. The (.fueen of the French has presented Madame Dol us Uras with a valuable diamond bracelet There was au amateur performance in Manches ter, for the beneflt ol the widow ol the late Mr. But ler, the actor. Macready made his first appearance in London these three years, at the Princess Iheatre, in the character ol Hamlet. Ths theatre was crowded. M. Liatz is engaged in the composition of an Ita lian opera, in five act*, the subject of which is taken from the history of Venice. Tile Sucred Harmonic Society will resume its performances at Exeter Ilall early next month, with liuudei's orutorio, Israel iu Egypt. Mr. Ligier is about to retire from the stage, hav ing given notice to the Friunjaia of his retirement. Ligier is a good, sound actor, and his loss, such in the dearth of high dramatic talent at the present day, will be severely leit. The Bardic Festival was held at Abergavenny on Wednesday and Thursday, in a temporary hall erected for the occasion, there being no room in the town spaciouB enough tor the purpose. A provincial paper, in recording the success of the new ballet at Drury Lane, appears to have some doubts of the possibility of there being a niarole maiden, and gives it the more matter of tact title of the Marble Mason. Verdi's opeta ol Ernani is to be brought out at the Lallan Opera, under the title of the Proscribed, or Cursair of V. nice, M. Victor Hugo having positive ly refused to allow Ins diarua to appear in an opera | tic form?the degradation would be too great. Mitchell, the director of the French Theatre in ^London, when lately in Paris, wished to engage Mile, ltachel, I nt the toir tragedian demanded JfclaX) ' per night, which the manager could not accede to, ? and the negotiation, we hear, was broken otf. ! The following i? the vocal corps of the Italian I Theatre, Pari-, tor the present season, which corn | menced Thursday, October 2nd!?Prime dmuie t

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