Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 6, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 6, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. NEW YORK, THURSDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 6, 1845. Pita* TwoCwdt foreign Correspondence of tHe N. Y. Herald* Paris, Oct. 16, 1646 Affairs in Europe?77ic French Reverses in Algeria ? 77ic Colonization System of Louis Philippe? Progress of the New Religion on the Continent? ( atholicism in England?The Railway Mania and Steam Navigation?Strides of Science in Europe? Music and the Drama?Postscript of Important News. The serenity which has reigned 90 long in the fir- , mament of European politics has been broken, but only by the appearance of some dark masses collect ing on distant points of the horizon, from which thunder is heard to mutter, and the Hash occasion- < ally seen to issue. The nearest and most serious of these alarms, has proceeded from the district ol North Africa, which the French have attempted in vain to colonize, and to which they have given the sounding appellation ol Algeria It is an ungrateful duty for the armies ol civilised nations to have to contend with savage tribes. Defeat is humiliating nnd disgraceful, and even victory brings little satis faction or credit. Treaties have no virtue. The conventions by which the horrors of war have been mitigated Decome inapplicable, and measures are unavoidable, the execution of which is revolting to civilized meg. You heard of the horrors of the Dahra, the apparent atrocity of which drew down upon its authors the indignation of all Europe, in which a large portion of the French nation itself cordially united. Yet these terrible proceedings were defended in the Tribune, by the Minister of i War and President of the Council, and were not j disavowed by his colleagues. Marshul Bugeaud, ! Dske of Isly, the Governor of Algiers, who had the responsibility of these shocking operations, return ed to France on leave of absence ostensibly, but ac ?ording to the more prevalent opinion, had resigned, because his system was not in accordance with the views and opinions of the government. He had not, however, been thrae weeks on French soil, ere events took place in the colony which has filled the country with indignation. In fact, a general insur rection of the Arab tribes, which seems to have been ripening previously, broke out. Parties of many hundreds ol the French army have been attacked, and literally cut to pieces. Of 450 men in one af fair, scarcely a dozen were left alive, to tell of the disaster. This was speedily followed by the unpre cedented fact of a detachment of two hundred men, with their oliicers, laying down their arms to the barbarians, without striking a blow, or firing a shot! ( i These disasters and mortifications in the colony were followed by events at home of a very curious nature. Marshal Bugeaud, who had resigned the government of the colony, and was staying at Ecci aeuil, caused a letter to be privately circulated, in which he cast the whole blame of these reverses en those who stioceeded him in command, whom he roundly charged with incapacity. On the arrival of the news of the disasters at Paris, M. Guizot, the Minister of Foreijgn Affairs, dispatched a missive, by order of the King, to Bugeaud, desiring him to come immediately to Paris. But at the same time Marshal Souit, the President of the Council, and the nominal chief ol the Cabinet, (who was then at his country seat in the south,) sent another despatch to Bugeaud, ordering him to return without delay to Algeria, and try to repair losses which were so af flicting und humiliating to the French people. Both these letters were delivered at the same moment to Bugeaud, who adopted the alternative that was most ugreeable to himself, and ordered post horses in stantly for Marseilles, leaving Mons Guizot and Mons. Guizot's master, to digest his conduct as they best might But the oddest part of all thiB odd cluin ?f events remains. The Marshal, at the moment of starting to resume the reins of his government under the Soult-Guizot Ministry, sat down and indited a letter to his friend Mons. Marcillac, the Prefect of La Dordogne. in which he censures, in no measured terms the Cabinet; speaks of them and their pro ceeding*, an<l plan* with undisguised scorn and contempt, and intimates that all the misfortunes und ditficuliies ot the matter arose from his, the Marshal, being unduly thwarted and obstructed, and in short, not being permitted to do just as he pleased. This letter ap|>eared in a provincial newsjraper, and was immediately copied into the Paris journals ? The first intimation M. Guizot had of it was in the Journal de Debate. That minister, overwhelmed with astonishment, put himself without delay into his carriage, and went to the Kiag at St. Cloud, where a t abinet Council was held on the matter at three o'clock the same day. Meanwhile the jour nals were filled with conjectures as to the result, some maintaining that .Bugeaud must be dismissed und intercepted at Marseilles by the telegraph, and others declaring that the Cabinet dare not dismiss him, and must jiocket the affront. From what has hitherto transpired, it would seem that the latter are correct. A summons has, however, been issued, commanding ihe unlucky Prefect of La Dordogne to present himself at Paris, to account tor the publica tion of the letter. It is said that the dismissal of this functionary has been resolved on. The prefect, however, shelters himself, as is re ported, under a postscript, which he declares was affixed to the letter, to this effect:?"Send this to the Conservateur,' (the name of the provincial jour nal in which the letter appeared) "and urge the in sertion of it." Mons Marcillac says in his justifi cation, that after this express injunction from one who stood so much above himself in tank and posi tion, be could not refuse to obey, and that we oughi not to be held responsible for a step wnich he would have disadvised if he had had the opportunity and the i? power. whatever may be the ultimate issue of all this, Marshal Bugeaud has gone to Africa, breathing vengeance and fire, and we may exjiect to hear more terrible things than ever from that quarter. Never d id colony cost so dear and make so poor a return as Algeria has done to the French To quell the turbulent Arabs which surround and infest it, the nrrny there has been successively and continual ly augmented. Forty thousand troops were first sent These were found insufficient, Hnd the num her was augmented to fifty thousand. This still failing to attain the ends desired, the numbers were increased by successive additions until they reach ed an army of eighty-seven thousand strong, and to this twelve thousand are now to be added, so that ! this colony, the population of which does not, it is I said, exceed six thousand, requires to be? maintain of little 1 ed by a standing army of little less than an hundred thousand fighting men. No parallel for this can, I apprehend, be found in the whole history of coloni nation. Another curious distant event has occurred which Iihs produced much excitement in the capitals of England and France. The Island of Madagascar, inhabited by savage tribes called Hovas. being a place of some trade in cattle, hascecomctne Centre of war. A few huts which have been entrencled by the aid <>i some renegade Europeans, form what is dignified by the name of a seaport, snd called Ta rruiiavr Owing to some quarrel between the na tives and the European traders, this place has heen attacked by the combined lorces of England Hnd France in these seas; and marvellous to relate, the attack of these great m&ritfrne powers has been suc ccssfuly repelled, the assailants being repulsed with lots!! A joint expedition ot French and English will, it is said, proceed to thsse seas to inflict signal vengeance for this insult. While these warlike operations are going on abroad, f urope is witnessing at home some social and intellectual convulsions, more or lees serious. Religious revolutions of a nature more important snd wide-spreading than any which have occurred j since the epoch of Luther's preaching, are taking j place in every part of Eastern Europe. The schism ; of Konge h is spread throughout Germany and the Rhenish States, and whatever he its issue, it cannot now he sloped. Nunc of the more tolerant States have allowed it to proceed without obstruction or in terlerence. Borne have attempted to oppose it, but in v?m. It has been intimated to Ronge by the French authorities that he cannot be permitted to visit this country except as a private individual, and that Ins public preaching or lecturing here will not be allow ed. The press, however, is free, and if he cannot propagate his doctrines otherwise, he will do so through that powerful organ, and Ntn-Cathaticum will spread like every other religious sect. Prussia is at present the seat of religious schisms, scarcely less important. The conflicting parties there are "The Friends of Light," llAi ami* iiet " ? i." The r lumtiret,) and "The Pietists." The latter sect has heen formed by the King, boih before and since his accession to the throne. The friends of Light held a meeting on the 'JOth of last August, of which the follow ing account is given in one of their recognised organs. "Here we are at a place near the city of Brno swir-k, on a hill crowned with oaks,whose ven erable shade formed the temples of the ancient gods ol ie Germans, i.nd whose foliage has never ceused to k * the symbol of our country. The portrait of i'iiIich, (the natne of their most prominent teacher,) adorned with Howers, is the object ot our nioet res pi cilui regards. More than a thousand individuals of every clans comnose this meeting. It is unnounc ed to 11s, that Uhlich, arrested by the authorities, cannot attend our meeting He writes to us, how ever, saying?'True Christianity must hencelorih be brought tu file. All existing differences among chris tians must disa|>|M>ar. All mankind must unite to form a single, grand, harmonious family of Goti ? Primitive Christianity must be re-established ' The president of the meeting then declared that a tho rough reform of the church is indispensable,a reform both of doctrine and government. That hitherto the State had swallowed up the church. Thai the position and functions of ecclesiastics must he changed. Tbat there must be general councils, sy nods and presbytenun institutions. Tbat, in a word, the direction of its ecclesiastical affairs must be re stored to the people, who must appoint their own functionaries. As to the profession of faith of the Iriends of Light, behold it?We believe in God, the Almighty Maker of heaven and earth, who, in his wisdom, disposes the lot of men; we believe that human nature has need of being aided and redeem ed, and that it is aided and redeemed by Ch ist our Saviour We believe in the Divine Holy Spirit, which, by a sublime connection, is diffused among men; we believe that the Bible is the t ook in which the spirit of God is revealed; we believe that the church is commissioned to established the kingdom of God among men; we believe m the individual immortality of the soul, and in the life everlasting, iu which we shall reap what we have sown, whether of good or of evil." Such were the proceedings of the meeting, and such the profession of faith promulged by the friends of liuht, in August last. A collision regarded by all as of much importance, has just taken place between them and the Pietists, in which the King of Prussia has taken, in a decided manner, the part of the lat ter sect. The municipality of Berlin, identifying it self with the former sect, which, notwithstanding the royal influence, is predominant in that city, decided on the public presentation of a petition to the king upon the subject. This proceeding obtain ? municipal < ed the full approbation of botti the municipal council and the commons. The civic authorities, as they passed through the streets of Berlin, were hailed by the acclamations of the people, who loudly pro claimed their hostility to the Pietists. It is said, that this conflict thus commencing in religious ques tions and bringing into opposition the temporal powers ot royalty and municipality, will take a poli tical character and lead to important consequences. The religious excitement which seems to be one of the characteristics of our epoch, has taken a dif ferent and contrary direction in England. Pusey ism, which for so long a time has found vent in tracts, in pamphlets ana in the public journals, has now been ripened into definite action, apparently by the measures taken against it b^ some of the ec clesiastical authorities. Several of the most distin guished fellows and members of the University of Oxford, have formally seceded from the Churcfi of England and sought refuge m the bosom of the Ro man Catholic Church. It is not the imbecile, the weak or the ignorant that have adopted this course. It is those who are most eminent for learning and of unspotted moral character. Dr. Pusey, the Re guis professor of theology in that university, shares their doctrines, but holds his position, maintaining that such are in fact the ortnodox doctrines of the Anglican Church. Such is the condition into w^ich the doctors and teachers of the reformed Episcopal Church in England have fallen. In connection with the religious signs of the times we mast notice two letters of Talleyrand, written of which shortly before his death, one of which was address ed to the late Pope, in which the Prince deplores having been the cause of grief and scandal to the church, and expresses regret at certain parts ot his public lde. It appears from these documents, that Talleyrand lived and died in tha Catholic laith. We are not entitled to suppose that documents solemn ly and deliberately drawn up, nnd signed in the f ull exercise of his great intellectual powers, and not de signed for publication during his life, can be insin cere or hypocritical. In these, no hidden diplomatic object can be imagined. I should not think it neces sary to mention even the possibility of such a su,i p<>8ition, did I not know that it has been entertain ed by some who sre not unworthy of attention ? These documents are a triumph to Catholicism not inferior to that arising from the recantations ol the eminent Puseyite members of Oxford. Meanwhile, the spirit of intolerance seems to be springing up at Rome wiih unwonted vigor. Will 11 be believed that an order has been issued by the Payal authorities that no physician shall be iierinit ted to Rttend the sick unless the patient snail at the same time call in spiritual aid and take the holy sacrament. Consistently with this, the fountains ot knowledge are ordered to be closed. No congress of scientific men is to be allowed within the states of the church. This brings us back to the days when the Jesuits, who editeaNewton's Principle, were compelled to prefix to that work a preface declaring chat the doctrines it contains are mere mathematical hypothesis, which cannot be accepted in contradic tion to the statements in the holy scriptures ; reter mg, ofcourse, to the Copernican theory adopted by Newton, and which note is still reprinted in the mo dern editions of the commentary of Le Soeur and Jucquter. Railways, which are such rapid and cer tain streams for intelligence, are also strictly for bidden in the Pdpal states. The advancement of the aits is, however, too rapid and irresistible to be restrained or obstructed by the church, or by any other human power. In every experiment the gifts of science to art are spreading and multiplying loan extent which has no parallel in the past history of mankind. Within the present year alone einht hundred railway com panics have been formed in England alone. It is true that many of these will never realise the pro jects they have advanced, but it is certain that u very large proportion ol them are bona fide enterprises, sup|iorted by real and responsible capitalists. Not only England, but Euro|ie will speedily be spread over wiih a network of these powerful agents ol intercommunication. When that is accomplished, wliut autocrat can check the diffusion of knowledge, and the consequent dissemination ot liberal politi cal ideas'! Simultaneously with the extension of railway communication, is the progress of steam navigation. Independently of her commercial steam marine, ! Great Britain has now a steam navy consisting ol an hundred and seven steam ships of every class, the aggregate power of which amounts to twenty thousand horses, and has on the stocks about hall as many more steam vessels of equal power. France has about thirty steam ships in operation, and half thut number in progress. It is true that the prin ciple ot the construction of these vessels is not in all respects the most eligible, but still it cannot be denied that in the actual state of the art they present a formidable power, and one which is worthy of the serious attention of the authorities at Wash ngioa. Electric Telegraphs?those agents which literally annihilate time and space, are also rapidly spread ing. One is now in operation on the Pans and Kouen Railway, and others will speedily be con structed on the oiher French lines. Prussia, deter mined not to be behind other countries in the ad vancement of art, is now constructing an Electric Telegraph to connect Berlin with Cologne. This will, of course, soon be extended to Brussels, and from thence to Paris. In my next I will send you an account of the particulars ol these. There are two new arts which are coming into very extensive use in Europe, and which are ulso in a state ot improvement. Electro-plating and gild ing is already understood, and to u certain extent practised in America; but it is much more exten sively adopted in Elurope, and I aoprehend better executed. The common articles of domestic plate are now verygenerally superceded by corresponding articles silvered or gilt, in this way, obtained at one tenth of the cost. But I am not aware that the art of uuaglyphic printing has yet been reduced to practice on your side of the water. By this pro cess any printed subject, such as a newspaper, the pages of a book, an engraving, or a lithograph, can be immediately transferred, reprinted arid indefi nitely multiplied. The process isas follows 'The l>aper with the subject to be reprinted upon it is laid ujKin n surface ol xtno and the ink of the characters or figures or drawing us the case may be, is trans ferred to the metal. Certain prehminuiy applica tions are then made ts the plate, after which it may bs treated exactly as a drawing on stone ist reated in lithography, and impressions may be cbtnined ; trom it. Impressions ot engravings, and lithogrdphs taken in this manner are every wheie exhibited here and seem to answer very well. The defect of the process at present is, that it cannot be printed by a machine press, and consequently the coat of presa work will be as high as for lithography. Whether time and ingenuity can surmount this defect re mains to be seen It they succeed in doing so, it will mnke a revolution in the business ol republica tion in America. ! The musical world here has lately been gratified with the debut.ot the celebrated Tenor,Monani,who in passing throughl'aris ?n route to Madrid,appeared on lour successive evenings in ihe part of Kdgardo. in Donizetti's opera ot " Lucia di Lammernioor.' 1 his artist had the great disadvantage of being over puffed before ins debut. A certain degree ot (lisap|Hiintinent on the part of the public has been the consequence. Art has done tor him all that art can do. whether nature originally gifted hini with a fine voice, ihore who. Iik<- me, have not heard him ut uii earlier period, cannot say, but cer tainly, Ht present, he in in tb?it particular interior to Duprez, Mario, and other tenora that might he named, it would be absurd, indeed, to apeak of him in the aame year with Rubini. Still, we aliould like to hear more of him. lie might im prove on an acquaintance. Meanwhile, it were better tor hia reputation, either not to have appear ed at Pane at all, er to have appeured oltener. The ballet of the " Marble Maiden," at Drury , haa failed, notwithstanding some excellent mu-ic by Adolpbe Adam. The legitimate drama excluded from the great the patent theatres haa taken shelter at the Princess's, where Macready haa commenced an engagement. Tragedy la to be alternated with opera, the latter supported by Mile. Nau, un artiste for whom we are ladebted to America, and who ia now performing here with much success at the id spera. Grand spera. Mitchell, the manager of the French theatre in London, haa jual been here with the view of in ducing Mile Rachel to accept an engagement lor ths ensuing season. 'Ibis artiste demanded the unprecedented sum of two hnndred pounds per night, which the entrepreneur prudently declined. Rachel ia now performing at the Theatre Frongais to good, but not extraordinary houses. One sf the most aucc aalul dramatic pieces which has ever been produced in Paris, is a fairy spectacle, partaking ot the burletta character, called the " Bicht au Boil." It has been performed at th* Theatre Port St. Martin, for above two hun dred successive nights, Sundays inclusive, and still continues nightly to draw full houses. The chief attraction ot this piece, however, is the sceuery and spectacle. As a drama it is below criticism. Postscript.?Since the preceding was written, it haa been announced that M. Bugeaud haa published a letter, denving that his communication to M. Mar cillac was intended for publication, and declaring it to be a private and confidential document, and charging Mr. Marceilac with culpable indiscretion for permitting or authorizing its publication. The Marshal also complains that the sense of the letter has been altered. It is also stated that M. Bugeaud has addressed a letter on the subject to M. Guizot, which the latter, however, has not yet made public, butwhieh has been shown to certain persons. Be this all as it may, nothing has happened for along time, which has produced such excitement among the press and the public, as this same letter. The dismissal of M. Marceilac from his ollice isexpected The religious differences between the King of Prussia and the municipality of Berlin increase; but apparently, are pacifically conducted. The ad vices this morning, say that the municipal magis trates (representing the friends of light) h>?ve pro tested in a new address to the crown, against the reproaches made to them by the King. They have, moreover, decided republish in the Berlin journals their petition, and the King's answer to it. Although the censorship opposes this, yet it is said, the gov ernment will not seriously interfere against it. The approaching celebration of the King's birth-day, will present another occasion, of which the munici pality will avail itself to make the popular voice heard in the royal presence chamber. It is certain, that there is a lively agitation in the Prussian capi tal not only on the subject of religion, but in politics. The appointment of M- Kornitz to the ministry of foreign affairs, has revived the hope of a constitu tion so often expected and so long withheld. The people loudly and pertinaciously demand it, and the journals announce its speedy promulgation. The Grand Duke ol Tuscany has just rendered himself highly popular, by a measure adopted by him in favor of the political refugees from the Papal States. Those who escaped after the late emeute at Rimini took refuge in Tuscany. A treaty of reci procal extradition existing between the Tuscan and Roman States, would have obliged the Grand Duke to give them up on a formal application to that efiect trom the papal authorities. To avoid this, the Duke hastened to send these victims of liberal ideas un der the passports of the French charge d'affaires at Florence to Marseilles, so that when the demand should be made, it would be impossible to comply with it- When this proceeding became known in Florence, the enthusiasm of the public exceeded all hounds. The royal carnages were followed through the street by crowds hailing them with acclamation, ind when the Grand Duke attended the opera at the Pergola Theatre, the royal box received a shower of bouquets. A leKsr trom Rome, dated the 8th inst., states that the insurgents on evacuating Rimini carried away not only tne lunds found in the offices of the Stale, but also those of the Mont de Piili ; (the public pawnbroker) and in the Savings Bank and levied moreover ? war contribution on the more wealthy citizens. Their project of a constitution, published in the form of a manifesto,is in circulation at Rome. I ft is ably written, and is rich in sound views and wise j principles. But the plunder of the Savings Bank, if i that report be true, will be an eternal blot on this en ? terprise. The signs of the times in England begin to be very ! apparent. The Times newspaper issues from day to day articles of a portentous character on the corn ! question. The corn laws have but a little time to | live. Gibrai/tar, Sept. 30, 1845. J The Slai't & hackle t on Board Iht Steam Frigate Mil tOuri?The Feeling in Gibraltar. Your attention has doubtless been called to an sr I tide, editorial, of great severity, which made its appearance in the London Times of the 20th inst, in which the government of the United States it charged with having fitted out the steamer Missou ri for the slave trade, und ridiculous as it may seetn> charging the Hon. Caleb Gushing with having been employed by said government, under cover of am bassador to China, to act as supercargo for said ves sel. The slight pretext which the writer. seizes upon for this wholesale abuse upon our government and its agent, is but another evidence of the deep seated hostility to America and every thing Ameri can, which pervades all classes and ranks of Eng lishmen, from the most elevated in office to the writer of the above named article in the Timet, and which must go far to remove the impression enteitained by many of our countrymen on the other Bide of the water, of this feeling being con fined exclusively to what is termed the lower class of society. I can speak knowingly of the existence of this feeling in this garrison, and of its being con : lined almost wholly to the head ol the government here and its official dependents, a little of which may be seen from the following particulars, in rela tion to the London Times and (he American wreck, Missouri, which came under my own observation. In the article of the 7Yme? alluded to, von will see I that the writer of it congratulates Englishmen and l the lovers of humanity, with the destruction of ihe 1 steamer Missouri,as it has been the means of bring ing to light the infamous traffic tor which it was fitted out. It alleges that several "cart loads of slave shackles" were recovered from the Missouri by the J diver employed to raise the wreck ; that three of these shackles are in his possession of different size, answering tor families,and that they are of th^ ' kind to be found on board of all vessels engaged in this infamous traffic. And this information ot cart loads of slave shackles, it appears, comes from a reliable correspondent of this garrison. The Ame rican consul, Mr. Sprague, upon reading this article of the Timet, felt it his dnty, by giving a true state ment of the case, to remove the effect intended to (be produced by this illiberal, and in every particular, , false report, and accordingly prepared an article, i with particulars, signed Dy himself as United | States consul, and requested its insertion in the I Gibraltar Chronicle, the only p iper published in this garrison. Tins article of the Consul was supported 1 by a letter from the contractor of the Missouri, the i person alluded to by the Timet, in which he distinct- ! ly states that thirty pairs, or, at the most, forty pairs, ! were the whole amount of shackles recovered by him, which it is well known is not half the number usually curried by vessels of war having a comple- i inent ol seamen as great as were on board ol the Mis souri. Yet this art;cle, with true English liberality, was refused admission into the Chronicle, which led to un appeal to the Governor for his authority, but he also gave a refusal, alleging that the statement ot the contractor was not correct, and thus indirectly sus taining the infamous assertion of the Timet, although I

the evidence of its falsity was under his very eyes. This high functionary allowed his prejudices to car ry him so far, that, upon the late arrival of M. Thiers, the ex-French minister, the shackles were exhibited to that gentleman; and the story ot the Timetdetailed as if in everyparticular true. Comment j ujKin such conduct is here unnecessary; the Ame rican reader will draw his own inference. You will readily imagine that much excitement exists upon this subject, and which is increased by the singular monomania which has seized upon hi^Excrllency Sir liobert Wilson. The contractor has been directed by the Consul to overhaul the whole wreck, and to seud all shackles found, if any, to him at the Ameri can Consulate, when, doubtless, the whole affair of the " American slaver" its honorable supercargo, to gether with the cart (oads of slave shackles, will be the subject of notice in another quarter. The refu sal ol ihe (Jovernor and his agents to allow this act ol simple justice to a foreign nation, and common courtesy to one of its agents, who was es;>eciully called upon to reply to a charge so serious, confirm# not only wh'11 have previously alleged, a# to tho feeling existing against the United States, but must carry with it the conviction, that this false and ma licious report was communicated to the London Timet, by one whose reputation for truth might rea sonably be brought in question, by the appearance in print of the article refused admission in the Oibral tar Chronicle. ? , . Lowell, Oct. Wth, 1846. Morah m thit vicinity-.1 Renmkmblt Trial?Caleb Cueh ing't Lecture, fc. +c. The Court of Common PI.,, bare been engaged for ?ever.] dey. p^t on one of the mo.t rem.rkable ca.ee that ha? ever been tried in this Commonwealth. The ecu are .ubrt.utially the.. ,-On Saturday, the aflth of we^eo"teVth.Unnm,bhrorJr0^ni^,c'^', *nd *-httle boy, Medabofe lw.7? "> Medford, on. of the gnh, iE?Iiss=Ss distance from the bu.hos wished to see h?r .. d <r. to conduct ber thither Sh- roi . .l a,ld offere<l th.7irrJur.cu?^oWri:ud.oa rettchin?home'toi<i vflmw m' of gir". worn out gathering be rue. when a young man near them, and whom thev bad noticed for .omet.me, come to one of the little girl., and asked har sets,; any none he bad a knife in hi. pocket The scream, oi w Sf." JSi* ?uiuSS?S5^SSSf .1! , y "aw a man near tho girl with hi. back tothem, and tho little girl was picking up the ber ?yrs-. 2KS, ssyeafi. ssrs ffl, w,s?i? ,s: s^"w^a^r^?ras:r and had rnlJiid ?i*"W 6 Pr"?ner on the 26th:july, & t- ssrss&jsrss: wi-fi ?ir ~ %s aS'SSf he Mid H? .a,d T?!? identificd 't ? once as the one ^5tXrEaM,"o',ttwh': 28th July* Znr? er"ry da>' 'roni the 22nd to tho and th?. a', !?? P""oner w?? constant at hi. meais wiVh?mb both ? fre(luen,iy be.ide., and conversed north.?el ?th te.tiliod in the strongest man 28th of JulV; inKebnV.,r"0ner * # Caravttn 8how ?> the A stage driver testified that on the 38th of July fthe pmenerre?Ute~dh?UH WM.co?tt?tted in Newton.) tho fes^^ggsss ttSSSiriS tnmio ?CWUe,i l'7 the pl isoner In Court, and called by heTh.d not' i 7V ?r 0f ,hese witnesses .wore thai namn ? .l dout" that the prisoner at the bar was thi Thocnnn.-tt "7, in NewHampshire a! described asriSSS??&Wi^aari jury acouiUeil ?h? a eg co|lld not be altered, and the that itrethIt0aenIrIM|r Very re,niarkall'e about the case sill=pas3? Uslactoiilv npn?^T?? i!^ y.never W8fc * '?ct more .a u bU mo? Kirri ssrssrssr ??,!'? "!? "? s-ssa is.jse2&e~ b.HSPSS?."?* barman, anil h. aP?Sd to sati t "s^,or ?. ?SsSS^cysr^ fire minute, in the delivery ?*1' ??cuP"d X>?*y. morrow evenTnw %h f?rt1' at Anti Slavery Hall to nn.l quite rabid It i.VxMCtldThatch* 'n ""n C,?Unty' and wo shall be /Wo "ours* W,H be ,un' blo1M?them ^ ^^i** ta.'fcM,y' and t,,e Iadie'- Ood Taulramil7 thr." The ?!"? l'S?W,n;KCi,y or ,iam,et in th* world or rtforel'putVo^e'^^d ba7a'broom uum trirth'e^e? Literature.?The following; works have recent ly been issued in England. Adahead's (losoph) I'riioni and Prisoners, Hvo 7s 6d cl. Bray's (Anna Eliza) novels and romances, vol. vi. Warleigh ; or tbe Fatal Oak, fc. Hvo As cl. Budd (Or) On Diseases of tbe Liver, col. plates, Hvo 14 cl. Caesar's Commentaries, by Anthon, new edition 13mo 4s 6d cl. Davidson's Concise Precedents in Conveyancing, 1 Jmo 3ml edition, 9s bds. Faulkner's (Thomas) History and Antiquities of Brent ford, Ealing and Chiswick, Svo 11 Is bds. Key to Saul's Arithmetic, revised and adapted to the enlarged edition of the Arithmetic, 13th edition 13mo 3s el. Hook's (Rev. Dr.) Ecclesiastical Biography, vol. i. l'Jmo As Ad cl. History o'f Scotland, by T. F. Tytler, Esq., from Ency. Brit., enlarged by the Rev. James Taylor, M. A., and adapted for tuition, by Alex. Raid, M. A. l'Jmo 3s Ad roan. Kingston's (W. 11. (J.) Lusitanian Sketches of the Pen and Pencil, 'J vols, post Hvo IA* fl. Laurie's Fiench Exchange Tables, Avo. 11 hf-bd calf. Little Mary, a Tale for Children, square lAmo. 3s cl. Lyra Ecclesiastica, by Eminent Living Composers, edi ted oy the Rev. Joshua Kawcett,imp. 4to. It la cl. Michelet's History of France, translated by O. H. Smith, Esq., Part IV. Avo. 3s 6d swd. Mozart's l.ile, by Edward Holmes, post Hvo 7s cl. Mysteries oi London, Vol 1. royal Hvo As Ad cl. Notes on English (Jrammar for Juvenile Pupils, ISmo. Is swd. Silver (Dr ) on Diseases of the llectum. Anus, and Liver, 4th edit plates, Avo. As cl. Smith's (J. T.) Book for a Rainy Day, 1 vol. post 8vo. 10s Ad cl. Struggles for Fame, by Eliza Meteyard. a Novel, 3 vols, post Hvo. L lit Ad bds. Shareholder's Memorandum Rook, fc. Avo. 3s A<1 tuck. Terrot's (Bishop) Discourses, demy Hvo. 7s Ad bds. Thiers' French Revolution, tianalated, Part IX. med. Avo. (Whittaker's Popular Lihiary) 3a Ad swd. Thompson (Mrs ) The Lady of Milan, or Fidelity unto Death, 3 vols, post 8 vo. 11 lis Ad bds. Wild Flowers and their Teachings, crown Avo. 16s cl. Wittich's Grammar for Beginners, 3d edit, corrected and enlarged, 13mo. As ol. Brbiooa Assault.?An assault ol a severe char acter was made upon tha parson of Midshipman Allen McLnin, on Saturday night, in front of Ilnrnnm's Hotel He was stiuck in the lace with a brick, and his chtn se verely cut.- - Bait, Jimtn. HsaTroan, Sunday evening, Nov 9, 1848. Morality of toutt oj the Hiten and Riling Generations? Is it Possible ??Pastoral Charges, and Lhvsrs other Matters, Sacred and Secular. The moral tone of society hereabout*, i* certainly su*. ceptible of great improvement. Many of the young men in thi? city seen to take much more pain* in cultivating an acquaintance with the rowdyism of the Tora-aud Jerry school, than they do in acquiring a knowledge which will be both " useful end ornamental" in after life. Indeed, profanity and vulgarity abound to a de gree which could searcely be credited, were not one's ears painfully reminded, at almost every turn, that this place has but little to boast, in this respect, of its sup*, riority to the " commercial emporium," or the " city of j biotherly love " A few Sunday evening's since, a cler gyman, who had just returned from a tour in the nor tbern and western part of New York, said that he had heard more prolanity and obscenity on his way to meet iug that evening, occupying the space of a few minutes, than he had heard during his eutire absence?about three weeks. The churches here have recently been making some changes in their spiritual leaders, which may, or may not, be for their future welfare. The Her. I N Sprague. formerly of the Fourth Congregation, has been "called" to Bio- klyn, and no successor has yet been appoint ed. The Rev. Mr. Moore has left the Univerealist socie ty here, to assume the pastoral rare of a like society in Troy,New York,and will probably be succeeded by a Mr. Cooke. The Rev. Mr Brady, formerly of the Catholic Church, has returned home to County Caven, Ireland, and hi* place is tilled by the Rev. Mr. Reardon, a young gentleman of grent promise, whose piety and eloquence have already secured him many admirers. The Unita rian church is rapidly approaching to completion, and will, when finished, be probably one of the handsomest structures in the city, much to the mortification of many of the " blue-skins," who were wont to pray, but a few years since, that they might never live to see a Ca tholic, or a Unitarian, or a Univeraalist church " pollute the air" around them. The musical portion of the people are quite impatient ' to exchange notes with Templeton, as they anticipate, ! from what has been said in the Herald, a gratfication somewhat surpassing anything with which their ears have been heretofore regaled. It is expected that he will stop here en route trom Boston ; and should that expec tation, be balked, many are so anxious to hear him, that they wiil doubtless visit New York for that sole pur pose. Where are the " Ethiopian Serenader* I"?the real Simon Pure*. 1 relish their performances vastly ; and they might do well here almost any week they are in clined to " Jim along " A cold storm of rain commenced last evening, and has continued with but little intermission to the present time, 9 o'clock, P. M.; ner doe* there now appear any prospect of its immediate abatement. I have world of words in store about temperance, lot teries, and the way in which " the devil is whipped around the stump," in the pawnbrokering line, which must be bottled up for future service Boston, Nov. 9, 1844. The Death of Leopold Herwig, the Violinist?Sensitive In ess of Musicians. Leopold Herwig is dead '. I have this moment return" ed from his heart-broken and disconsolate widow, and have mingled my tears with the burning floods which t now course down her cheeks. O, Sir, this event has ! filled the community with utter amazement Few, very few, knew of his dangerous situation; but if you will ' he kind enough to glance at my last letter to vou, 1 think you will find something about the disease being an integral part of himself?the disease of the heart. 1 cannot paint to you the agony ot his wife. The funeral | is fixed for Wednesday, and at his request the body will I be taken to " Mount Auburn." I will aow give you some particulars of his death. It | seems thaf for about three weeks, he has been taking a i medicine prescribed for him by Dr. Lewis, one of our ; most skilful physicians, which medicine, as far as I un : derstand it, only went to temporarily neutralise the sud i den effects of his malady. The Doctor told him it would | cure him; but, alas, he failed. During the whole of thi i week, our departed friend ha* been under a constant ex citement about the success of the opening night of the ' Philharmonic Society, of which he is leader; and last i Tuesday afternoon, after the first rehearsal of the or chestra, (40 in number) be called on me, and was literal ly in complete ecsiacy about the performance, which he described as being the best be had ever presided over ? The Seguins being in Boston, and obliged to leave, on i Monday, advertis d a concert on the seme eveDing, (last 1 night) This event dampened the exuberant spirit* of I Herwig, as it took from bis orchestra a dozen of the be?' performers?added to which, the sudden Indisposition of I the lemale, who came on expressly from New York, Mad.- -, she became so hoarse by taking cold on the I railroad, that it was very difficult for her to sing at ail? ! audio crown all, the pianoforte player was absent, and Herwig waa obliged to fill his place; and yesterday I Mrs. H. says, from early morn till night, he was in a con I tinnal blaze of excitement The concert commenced at . half past 7 o'clock. Mr. Herwig led the first overture. I but was so ill that he was obliged to vecate his place and retired to a room. He soon became worse, and went home. Physicians were ceiled, but to no effect. At half past 10 o'clock, N v. 1, P. M., Leopold Herwig ren dered up the ipirit which God had given him?and he is now as calm and ai placid as when he serenely lay on the bosom of bis mother. Hi* countenance wears the same smile as in life?so life-like and heavenly his tea tures. But he is gone! and there is a void in the social, moral and musical community, which will not soon be filled. He was in all respect* a very worthy man, an accomplished musician, and certainly a very clever vio linist end universal opiuion bad accorded him a front rack, among Ike beat orchestral leader* of this or any other age. Schcnkctadt, N. Y. Nov. 4, 1S4&. The Protptcli of Union College?Whu taken Dr. totter'e Place?4c. 4C You are a citizen of the "Empire State," and aince we have always found you the unflinching advocate of Jus tice and Truth, we hope that you will give a little apace to a matter in which we hold, in common, an interest , deep and lasting. We refer to our State Institution, Union College. Young though it be, it is nevertheless I venerable, and though it lay no claim to the aristocracy of the more Eastern colleges, It may be proud of tu modest yet onward course, and boast of sons to whose ] voice our country is proud to listen. Under the direct : guidance of our reverend President, it has risen to a | popularity and obtained a reputation unequalled for its age, in the history of Amencan Institutions. It has long | been under the fostering care of the State, having re ceived at different times endowments to the amount o1 more than $330,000. But it is not our intention, at pre' sent, to show want benefit and what honor have already arisen to the State from it. But to call to it the attention of those in whose power is plsced its entire control. Now that it is shorn of its glory, and tha brightest in tellect of our State has left its hallowed precincts, and gene forth to do the high behests of Him who ruleth, bearing the escutcheon of Christ, there is leit a void which it will be difficult to fill. In appointii ppointing a succes sor to Dr. Potter, we expect they will appoint no one who is unworthy of or unqualified for the station. 4 But in appointing other professors and tutors, we ask if they are doing justice to the State, by appointing men because, forsooth, they msy be the descent of a time honored and much loved mun. Is the station oi a profes sor or a tutor so low, that it cannot command talent talent of which our country may boast I Were it a sec taiian or family institution it would be very different, but since it is an institution lostered by the parental care of the State, should not the "powers that be" be careful that such men be appointed professors and tutors, as may not only help to sustain the high reputation to which Union College has already attained, but to advauce it to i that, which would not be dimmed by a comparison with Harwood or Yale ? We can never, until then, expect that it will command the patronage of our own Slate.? , Then is it the part of political economist* to allow the . rich treasures of an institution like ours, to be placed at the disposal of favoiiteism t Are the honor and emolu ments of professional life so mnch like rssl estate, that they becomo hereditary- and must descend from father to son, and grandson 1 wo have all an interest in old Union, and would see it, as we have a right to expect to see it, the first among American Colleges. We would see it as we have a right to expect to tee it, a seat of iite ratura, a temple of science, to which the sons of New York may never blush to perform thair pilgrimage, and w ait in its courts the teachings el wisdom and philo sophy. ________ Means or Walrino upon Water, Discovered ? In Hanover, two young men, one a Swede, and the other a Norman -taking the hint from that sort oi foot gear of fir planks called skies, by means of which, in ihose noitharn countries, the inhabitants past through valleys and ravine* filled with anow, without sinking have been exhibiting, in that capital, the exploit ol walk ing on the water by means of skies?made, however, lot the latter purpose, with iron plates hollow within. Back wards and forward*, much at their ease, according to th< report, did the exhibitor* walk and run?going through the military aaerciao with knapsacks at their backs-and finally drawing a boat containing eight porsons?all without wetting their shoes. The Minister at War has. ; it is said, put a portion of tho garrison of Hanover under tha training of tboso gentlemen, forth* purpose of learn- | ing what might prove so useful a military manoeuvre ; Rja" and at MM. Kjelberg and Balckenpropoa* oarrying then invention into other countries, our readers <? ill probably suapend their opinion till they have a nearer view ol this ?oval meeting ol' aky end water. Mormon Affairs?The Grand Jury have found , a true bill tor murder aitawet Uackentos, in the case of Worrel. The McBramep case has not come up at yat. Considerable excitement wai produced in town, Jest night, by the ernval ol intelligence that about filly Mormons ware stationod in the prairie back ol Monte- 1 hello in squads of four or five task, et distance* ef fioai a half to oue mil* Irom each other. A gentleman who j couversed with one ol the party states, that they said ' their object was to preserve peace during Court. There | is much mystery about this movement, nn<l much curi osity to know what it means. Lieut, kveiett has been shot by the Mormons.? Waremo Letter. Oet 34. J Court Intelligence. Oiniii Sxssions, Nor. 6.- Before Itieordir Tall rnadge, and Aldermen Benaon and Divver?M. C. Paler ion District Attorney. Trial/or Homicide - Bridget Carroll en tried on an indictment for manslaughter, in causing the death of her husband, with a brickbat, which ihe throw at him and fractured hi* ikull. He died noon alter at |h? City Hos pital. From the eridenco adduced, it appeared that tome time in September laat, a ouarrel took place between Carroll and bit wife, at their residence in Elizabeth at., on which occasion Carroll beat hia wife with a broom stick, when the latter became exasperated, took up the brick and hurled it at her husband, striking him ou the bead. Tbey ware both very intemperate neraons, and the pbyiieiana at the hospital. who made the pott morttm examination, found considerable chronio iniamaiion of the etomach The jury without leaving their seats ren dered e verdict of not guilty Jinntktr Trial for Homicide.?A female named Ellen Nelson was then put on ber trial, for having in Septem ber last caused the death of her mother, Margaret Wil liams, who was considerably advanced in age, at No. 60 Croes street, by striking her on the head with a piece of wood, while quarrelling about some money affkirs It appeared that Mrs. Williams retired after the occurrence which took place about 11 o'clock at riight, and died dur ing the course of the night and that on making the pest imortrm examination, it was found that she was much diseased with chronic inflamation, Ac., and that ths blow on the head was ef a triflmg character, inasmuch as it haul caused but a slight abiasion ou the forehead ; but irom tha state of her body, the blow might, however, bare accelerated her daaih. The jury, after a brief con aultatiou, rendered a verdict of guilty of manslaughter in the fourth degree oaly. The prisoner was remanded for sentence. 7Vte< for Orand Larceny.?John Carll, alias Caile, was than put on trial for ?n indictment for stealing $120 in bills, on Connecticut banks, on the 28th ult. from Thoa. Stead, while he was in a porter house in Cherry street. The evidence not being sufficient to establish ths guilt of tha accused, he was acquitted. Mksicsh Esath is requested to call at tha office of the District Attorney. Circuit Court. Before Judge Edmonds. Nov. 6.?Poly Bodint.? Tnla ca-e was again postponed until this (Thursday) forenoon, whan the trial will com mence provided the Court can And a jury in the county - The public interest created at the last trial would seem to have entirely subsided; as scarcely twenty person i were in Court to-day when the prisoner and her mother appeared; and not a single female was in attaadance. The prisoner appears to have suffered eeverely, as she looks extremely worn after her long confinement and suffering. Burkte vi. Eckhart.?This case,"already noticed, waa resumed, it was an action of assumpsit which was tried once before, and waa brought balore tha Supreme Court and sent down for a new trial. The plaintiff claims for a breach of contract entered into between himself and James Gibbs, of (Quebec, by which the plaintiff waa to purchase wheat and convert it into flour, and to have one-third of the net profits. Under the contract consi derable business waa done, when Gibba A Co, refused to proceed further. The defendant, Eckbart, residing in this city, ia the only one served with legal process, but the plaintiff expects, by allowing a judgment against him, to recover hereafter against the other members of the firm of Gibba A Co., with whom it is alleged the de fendant, Eckhart, was jointly intarested. For proof of this fact the contract waa relied upon, uDd alio a mass of-correspondence and other papers, forming pert of a chancery suit between the parties, in which the Court of Equity decreed that Eckhart was a partner in the con tract. At the former trial, before Kent, C. J., this was held sufficient, but the Supreme Court reversed that de cision; that tribunal holding that the proel' of Eckbart's interest in the contract, as a co partner, had been made out before the contract was read to ths Jury, be not hav ing signed the contract, and hia interest appearing to be more than that of an agent or an employee in tne con cern, although his compensation did in some way de pend on the profits. Verdict to.morrow. Superior Court. ? Before Judge Vanderpoel. Not. 6.?.IF. Harritonve. Collin ? Hull, Libel.?This was an action to recover damages fur libel. The plaintiff wa? a partner of the celebrated Dr. Peters, the inventor and manufacturer of what are called " Peiert' Pill*," which have created such a stir in the South and West, and also of what is called " Peters' Lozenger," Peters, the inventor, was the celebrated Dr. Peters, who bung himself in the year 1841, and plaintiff purchased the interest in bis pill concern from bia wi dow. It appeared that defendant and his partner, Spaa cer, in 1838, lived at Connecticut, and defendant had some connexion with the plaintiff as agent lor the vend-, ing ol the pills, and also took in Spencer as Hull's part' ner; and subsequently having found out it was alleged that the pills were a profitable sort of speculation set up on bis "own hook," and proceeded to make "Peters' Pills" for themselves, and to cry down the articles made by the real "aimon Pure." On doing so. delendan: ad ministered an unpalatable "dose" in the shape of a letter addressed to a nephew of Spencer's, named Hull, reflect ing on plaintiff's character, and riepicciaiing his "Peters' Puis." Pleiutitf not leeliug disposed to swailuwing this attack, brings suit to reoover damages. The libellous i words in the letter were as follow-: "I will only say a tew words, and these aie to caution you how you do liusiuess.witb tin great'tl Hart in myapinion on Ike /sis of ike wkolt tartk; yet, anil men too at totally regardleet of principle and moral konetly at any other two men that can be selected." In continuation, this writer eujuins sccre i sy, and Inrthcr adds?that "Peters and Ham.on are uu I certain and dangerous men to do business with, and that there can ba no dependence placed on their words, or on any contracts which they would make." And further.that "they have proved themselves damned rascal and liars." The letter further charges Plaintiff and Pettrs With be ing villains, and the wnter admonishes not to have any dealings with them, ai in such an eveut, they would surely " be swindled and robbed. The defence pleads the general issue, and put iu notice oi special facta in justification. A nonsuit was moved for on the ground of variance between the proofs and the declare'ion. Ths motion ia still (lending. Adjourned to this forenoon Before Judge Oakley. Achilla R. Morel va. Char teg IVood?Action for mali cious prosecution?in causing Plaintiff's arrest under a Stillwell warrant. Adjourned ovar to thie forenoon V. S. District Court. Betore Judge Betts. Nov. A.?The November term of this Court was tom tnenced this day, when tne following Grand Jury were sworn:?Lamtiert Buy dam, foreman; Andrew H. Ben nett, James J?. Betts, John Dunham, Joel Kelly, Joseph heeler, John McKay, John K. Koome, Randall Smith, Benjamin It Field, James Webb, Gordon Burnham, Ja cob Brush, Robert Brown, James A. CofHn, Daitus Dar ling, Thomas McblraUi, Levi D. bUaun, Jeremiah Towle, John P. Hoff. His i.onoh hereupon addressed the Grand Jury, first directing their attention to the ligntDcss of the calendar, which contained but tew casos. The first was a cast of perjury, indispoaiug of which it required testimony, not such as would directly conflict, or of such a character as to bear directly on the case. Testimony in such a case may also be derived lrom documents, and circumstancea may also apply in the absence of direct or positive testi mony ; and there was, also, a case of larceny on the calendar. Tho larceny was committed on Long Island. You are aware, gentlemen, that a portion of the territory of New York was ceded by an Act of the Legislature to the United States, and by an Act of the Legislature the United States held juris diction over this oart that was ceded-tha Brooklyn Navy Yard. The United States Government can exer cise not alone civil, but criminal jurisdiction over this portion. These remarks also apply to West Point, over which the United States has exclusive jurisdiction The icharge of larceny which was to be tried, would be gov erned by the laws of the State of New York?this should be tbe rule of law by which the jury are to ascertain if the offeuce had been commuted. Another ca.e, was one against an otficer ol one of our merchant vessels, for cruel and unusual treatment in a foreign port. This sort of punishment is also made a criminal offence ; but in de ciding upon it the jury were bound to execcise a sound discrimination?tor it must be shown that tne punish ment has been inflicted maliciou.ly. There is another case of perjury also, which the District Attorney will lay betore you, in relation to falie entry ol goods at the Custom House?and you will bear in mind, geutlemen, that your jurisdiction extends over all oases whMh may occur wlibin your district. His Honor hereupon proceeded to hoar motions. Marine ('oart. Before Judgo Smith Samuel T. Bella vs. Charlet Wbttton and B. Loweno. ? Action to recover damages for running into Plaintiff's tie tonche in 3rd avenue in September last, and breaking the tame; also, lor injury sustained by Plaintiff's wife thereby. Defence seta up accident. Verdiot lor Plain tiff $35 damages and eoete. Court Calendar. Circuit Court postponed until .Monday Common Plkas.?Noe. 86,03,103, 110. 131, 66, 06, f0, 31,171, 01, 107, 115,8, H, 38, 33, *4, W, 70, 104, 111, 15, 37, 75, 85. Bupkrior Court. -No day calendar. Supreme Court.?Rochester, November 8, 1846 ?Present, Chief Justice Branson, Justices Beards ley and Jeweit. ? , ,, No. 103 Haiger and Harger vs. McCullough. Mr. James concluded for plaintiff. Mr. E. D. Smith was heard in , ..... ... No. 113 .viuomii vs. Maauzin. Mr. Kirkland was heaid lor the plaintiff Mr. Hill lor tbe dslendaut. Proceed lugs quashed with costs. No 140. Lalaige ve. Harter and Deileuback. Mr. J. A. spencer was heard for the plaintiff. Mr. Kirkland for the detendants. Mr. Spencer in teply. No. 101. Oliver Betsey et. el. ads. William Colvilie, jr. Mr. White was beard for the defendant Pindaric?No. 1. Webb, Greeley, Brooks?ye oracles of whigs : Listen a moment to these humble lays ; You're growing an umuly set ol prigs, Take my advice end mend your ways As you've no common enemy to fight. Pray do not make yourselves high binders. If you can't war with Polk and Wright, Leave fisticuffi to lord and Ryudete. Davw The Express Kobbmy.? llw Buiiulo Pilot, of Moudav, states that two men, arrested at Cleveland, were biouebt down on the steamboat Lesmgton, on Bun day evening, and lodged In tbe jail in that oily, whe are supposed to have been engaged in tbe robbery The Pilot did not learn ? bethel they were the mime men af rtttoti lout dtyi nine#, or iiot