Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 7, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 7, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. 'AH7?Whole No. 41M). NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 7, 1845. Piieo Two Canto. THE NEW YORK HERALD JAMES GOM HK\MiTT. Pro|)riflor, Circulation?Forty Thousand. DAILV HERALD?Krery tiny. Price? emu pel copy?V 25ix*r auumn -payable lu advnuce. WEFLY HERALD?-Every Baturday?Price C'.centxjwr copy?$1 12^, rent* per annum?payable in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS at the u?unl yricea?always caah in advaeca. PRINTING of all knida executed with beauty aud despatch O" All letters or communications, by mail, addressed to the establishment. must be post |aiid, or the postage will be Is ducted from the subscription money remitted. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor of the New York Hkhai.ii Ex tahmshmknt, Nnrlhw???r enrr *t nf Kultnn ? s?nti LONG ISLAND RAILROAD COMPANY am frP 'P'i' -j&QrTflHr W 5HBL CHANG K OF HOURS TRAINS RUN AS FOLLOWS. Cointnencimt on Monday. September 15th, 1815 Leave Brooklyn?At 8>? o'clock, A. M., Boston Train for Greeuport, Unity, Sundays excepted, .topping at Kariniuudule and St. George's Manor. " at A. M , lor H arming tale and intermeili- | ale pl.scea, daily Snudavs excepted, and on " ~ uriai^t Tuesdays, TliurkiLiyx and Satur l.i>" through to Greeuport and uilermediate places, at I 1'. M., for Karmiuxdalc and intermediate places, daily, Sundays excepted. Leave Greeuport?Boston Train, at 1 e'clo k, P. M , ar on the arrival of the steamer from Norwich, daily, Sundays excepted, stopping at St. ,, George's Manor and Karmingdale. at S o'clock, A.M.; Accommodation Train, , on Mondays, Wednesdays and Kridays. Leave eartniogdale?Eor Brooklyn , at GJ4 o'clock, A.M., and I P. M? daily, Sundays excepted. Leave Jamaica? For Brooklyn, at 8 o'clock, A. M and 2l,i P. I ; M., daily, nundayt excepted.: Fare to Bedford 8 cents: East New York 12k; Race Course 16;Sf; Trotting Course 18k lamaica 25; Brusnville 31'a: Hyde Park 17 miles 37':: '.'lowsville, (during session (.oust,) S7k; Hempstead 37K; Branch 37k; Jarlc Place 41; Westbury 14; llicksville 44; sarmingdalc ti2k? Deer Park 89; Thompson 8f; Suffolk Station I 08; Lake Rood Station 1 loV ; Meuford Station I 18V; Millville 1 50; St. George's Manor I 62k; Kiverhead 1 62,k; Jamesport I 62k; Mattetuck I 62k; Cut chogur 1 62; Southold 1 62,k; Ureeuport, Acc'n. train, 1 75; Greeuport by Boston Train 2 CO. Stages are in readiness on the arrival of Trains at the several Stations, to take passengers at very low Fares, to all parts of the Island. Baggage Crates will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall street, to receive Baggage for the several Trains, 30 minutes he fore the hour of starting from the Brooklyn side. The Steamer Htattsmau leaves Greeuport for Sag Harbor twice each day on the arrival of the Trains from Brooklyn, nil rc RALLJG11 AND GASTON RAILROAD esaffi c&afia fiacaffa \?HD. FOR SALK ON MONDAY,the 20th day of December next, by virtue ot a decree of the Court of Equity for Wake County,.at its Autumn Session, 1845, in a suit of the Governor, for the use of the State of Nomi Carol ina, to foreclose a Mortgage, there tofore executed bvthe Raleigh and Gaston Railroad < .ompany, to indemnify the State against certain liabilities for said < <>m panv, I will sell ar puonc Auction, at trw> Court Mouse door in the city of Raleigh, to the highest bidder, the whole pronerty of the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad Company aforesaid, (so far as the same is known to me,) consisting of 87 iniles of Rail road, reaching from the City of Raleigh to Gaston on the North side of the Roanoake river, in the direct line of public conv yance to Petersburg, City Point, Richmond. Washington City. Baltimore. fkc Stc , together with nil Bridges, Depots, Workshops and Tools, Warehouses, Water Stations, Engines, Cars, &lc Uc. Also, the stock of Iron. Cumber, and Kire Wood, which may then be 011 hand, and all other articles own cd aud used by the said Company for keeping up said Railroad, aud transportation ou the same. From the nature of the pro perty it will he sold en masse. The purchasers by the terms of the Decree, and the Actof the Legislature in relation to it, will become, ipso facto%n body corporate, hv the n ui>e and style of the present Company, * all t* aud will acquire all the franchise, privileges, rights and immu nities now possessed by it. for the term of 80 years, which its charter has yet to run. These francbiies and privileges are of the most advantageous kind to the Company, ?nd may be found at la?ge in their chHitej, contained in the 2d Volume of th Revised Statutes of North Carolina.^iage 299, which is^to be seen at the Seats of Government, ana in. most ol the Public Libraries of the States of the Union. * The whole purchase money must bear interest, at the rate of 6 per cent per annum, from theday of sale, and he paid as fol na o" lows, to wit : $25 000 at the emx of six mouths, and the residue in four instalments, at intervals of ten months each?say 1st, 29th June, 1846, $25,000 2d, 29th April, 1847, one-fourth of the remainder. 3d, 29th February. 1818, one-fourth of do. * * " * " De 4th, the 29th of December, 1818, one-fourth of do. 5th, the 29th of Oct ?ber, 1819, one-fourth of do. The cost of this Railroad and its appurtenances, completed only five years since, was $1,600.000?one hall of which we borrowed; creating a debt bearing interest, on failure to pay which, a sale has become necessary. The grading, bridges,' depots, &c. are executed in au excellent style of workmanship. Cat* run daily ovei i?, carrying the Mail of the United States, (it being a part of the Southern Metropolitan route,) at a com pensation of $100 per miV, or $8,70(1 per And, traver sing a fertile region of country through nearly its whole length, its freights for the transportation of Produce and Mer chandise, independently of the receipts from Passengers, afford a considerable addition to the ordinary sources of profits on railroads. Though not, now, yielding a profit on the large sum expended in its construction, its income has been increasing for some time past, arid it ?s confidently believed tfiat it would produce a reasonable return upon a more moderate amount of capital invested in its purchase. I The sale will be made without reserve, at the time and place aforesaid, at which those inclined to purchase, are respectfully invited to attend. The purchase money must be secured by bond with approved sureties. CHARLES L. HINTON, Public Treasurer of the Slate of North Carolina, and Spec ial Commissioner of the Court of Equity, in this cause. Raleigh, N t\, October 6, 1845. ir7- The following papers will insert the foregoing adver tisement <10 Hays, and forward their bills for payment, with a iiap?r containing the same, to the suuscriber: Bostou Atlas, New York Hera'd, Baltimore Patriot, Philadelphia U. States Gazette, Richmond Knquirerrfnd Richmond Wing, Charleston Courier. Mobile Advertiser, New Orleans Picayune, and N.C. Standard. C. L. H. nlS2m m MAIL. LixNh FUR BObTOrv ffiag 'ifei asTIX! DAILY OVER TDK LUMi ISLAND RAIL ROAD, VIA NEW LONDON, NORWICH WORCESTER. At 8 o'clock in the Morning, from the Koot of Whitehall ..reet, South Kerry?Sunday! excepted. Way Crafe? are in readiness to receiye baggage for New London, Norwich auil Worcester. Baggage for Boston goes through under lock. ju!6 tf rc TO WESTERN TRAVELLERS. ANl> I'loNH.Klt I'ACKKT L1NK, Kroni Philadelphia to Pittsburgh via the Pennsylvania Kail roads and Canal?through in 358 dayi. The above line is uow in full operation and offers great inducements to persons who wish a pleasant mode of travelling to the west. The cars are built in the most approved modern style, the boats are fitted up in a superior manner,and every effort is made bv the proprietors to rondnce to the comfort and convenience of travellers. The sceuery on this route is unrivalled, and tiir great chain of Pennsylvania internal improvements is well wot thy or being seen. By this r?nte passengers aveid all the fatigues and dangers at tenJ.uit upon stage travelling, and at the same time mckean ex peditious trip. The cars leave every moruiiu: at 7 o'clock Passengers are ad vised to engage their plac es at Philadelphia. Office in Philadel phia N. K. corner of Chesnut and Knnrth streets, and at Nos 1!and 15 South Third its. A. CUMMJNUS, Agrut. Philadelphia, Slay 17, 13-15. Kor information, in the city of New Vork, apply to B. H. KN78ELL, Agent lor mvl7 Sm*rre D. LEECH & CO.'s Line. 7 VVestst, N H CENTRAL RAIL ROAD FROM SAVANNAH TO MACON. DISTANCE 1!H> MH.EE rriHS ROAD is open for the transportation of Paiseugerv JL and Kreight. Kates ol Passage 8 00 Rates of Kreight viz ; On weight goods generally 50 cents per haiidrrd. on measurement goods 13 cents per onbic foot. Oh barrels wet (except molasses and oil) $1 50 per barrel. On barrels dry (except lnne) 80 cents per barrel. On iron ill pigs or b us, castings for mills and unboxed in .chiuery... 40 cents per hundred. On hhds and pilars of liquor not over 170 galtous $5 00 per hhd. On hiids molasses and oil 6 00 " 11 (foods addressed to K. Winter, Agent, forwarded free of commission. THOMAS PURSE, sll 3m ic Oen'l. Sup't.Transportation. IKio TK A N > POI IT AT ION. lKio. JOHN ALLEN'S POL IN TON LINE. JOHN ALLEN wishes to inform his old and tried friends, that he is afloat one more, under u new organization. His present line cousi ts of twenty lirat class Canal Boats, fitted np in superior style, lor the comfort of passengers and he aalety ol freight. Each boat ol this line is commanded by her owner, (and lor the public salety, is killy insured,) and placed entire ly under bis management and control. This line is connected as formerly, with the Kckford LiueofTow Boats on the Hud son ltiver, and C. M Reed's Steamboars on the Lakes, and be can with confidence say to his friends, that at no tune has he eve I been placed in a better titiialioii to serve the public mote effectually than with the present organizat on,and would there lore respectfully solicit a continuance of patronage AGENTS ' Hogli Allen 1!) South afreet, New York. Robert Allrn,l|asy, Albany. John Allen, Kigliange street, Rochester. George Davis, Heeds Wharp Buffalo. Hi N. Parks Ik Co.,Cleveland Ludlow, Balicorkkc Brownless, Toledo. J. V Armstrong, Detroit. J. K. MeClure, Mil wank le. Bristol U Porter, I hicago JOHN ALLEN, Of Rochester, General Agent. IT / 'Merchants shipping in New York, will please mark i n kagrs, "John Allen's Clinton Line," and ship by Erkford Tow Boil, which leave 1'ier -I, foot Broad street, daily, at 5 o'clock, P M. s2fi Im'rc KOH LIVERPOOL?New Lin^-KegiiI,ir,J'aeket sot the 88th Nov.?fhe elegant fast tailing* Packet HdnSh'p RtiSt II S, A. K.ldrulge, master, of IK'O puis, will sail as above, her regular day. pills, ?v i ii ti 111 on nuuvr, iirt I'^ui.ti miy. Kof freight of passage, having aceoiiiinoilatinns nneqnalledfor ml. ndor or comfort, apply on board, at Orleans wh if, fool ?| Wall street, or to E K. COLLINS Ik CO., 58 South street I ire of passage gtOO 'I lie elrgaut last sailing packet ship giddous, E. B. (. obb, master, of 1180 ions, will sneevtd ths Retains and sail 88th Dec , hsr legular day. oM STEAMBOATS FOR SALE, AT Public Auction, without restriction or reserve, at the Merchant's Exchange at 12 o'clock, on Thursday November 20th, (if ot pre> iously di posed of). Terms in ide easv THE N? W JERSEY is ' about 271 feet iu length, 20 feet in width, end 7ta feet hold; hie two boilers, with blowers and blower engines, suitable for burning wood or cohI, one b?am engine, tlte cylinder of which is 48 inches in di nrieter, and 10 'ret stroke, is furnished w ith b.-rtha and slate rooms, and lias a j complete inventory as a uiglit boat. The N. J. is well adapted lor carrying end is of lisfht draught. THE UTI< A is 200 feet in lung ll, 21 I'eet wide, and 9 feet hold; has one boiler ou deck, with blower and blower euitiue; ane beam eiiftlue. the cvli ;der of which is 43 inches, and 10 feet troke; is furnished with lierths and state rooms and with ill necessary bedding, furniture, lie, complete for u night boat. I THE GAZELLE is 13(1 feet iu length, 22 feet wide, and 8 feet hold, with one boiler below, aud one cross-head engine. j THE DIAMOND is about 220 feet in length, and draws j hut little water; has a horizontal engine, and 2 locomotive ! boilers For further particulars enquire at No. 59 Courtland street, lip stairs. n lto20rc PEOPLE S LINE OK STEAMBOATS FOR ALB AN V?Daily. Sundays Excepted? Through Direct.?At 6 o clock P. M. from the irr between Courtlandt and Liberty streets. Steamboat KN1CKEKBUCKKR, Cajn A. Houghton, will cave ou Monday, Wednesday aud Friday evenings, at 6 'steamboat HENDRIK HUDSON, Capt. K. O. Crutteu iris, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evenings, at 6 o'clock. At I o'clock P M., Landing at Intermediate Daces?From lie foot of Barclay street ? Steamboat NORTH AMF.H1CA, Capt. R. H. Furry, will will leave ou Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday after uious, at 1 o'clock. Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, Capt. L. W. Brainard, leave on Tuesday, Thursday aud Saturday afternoons, at 4 o'clock. I'asseugers taking either of the above Lines will arrive iu Albany iu ample tune tor the morning train of cars lor the east " West. The Bo ts are new and substantial, are furnished with new aud elegant state rooms, nnil for speed and accommo dations a'e unrivalled ou the Hudson. Freight taken at moderate rates. All persons are lorbid trusting any of the Boats of this line, without a written order from the Captains or Agents, For Passage or Freight apply on hourd the Boats, or to il l I'. C. SCH1 'L'l Z. at 'lie Office on the Wharf N()T1CK?HOUIt CHANGEU. THE U. S. M AIL LINE FOR ALBANY ^**2c^a*and the Intermediate Landings, on and after JIjLWeilnesday, Oct. 221. will leave the foot ol B o clay street for Albany, Daily, at 4 1*. M. instead of five, as heretofore. o22 MOTIVE. STATEN Id LAND FERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET. On and after Mouday, October 2Uth,ouly one boat will run on this Ferry, and the trips will be as iollows:? Leave Staten Island. Leave New York. 8 A. M. 9 A. M. 10 do 11 do 12 M. 1>*' P.M. 2ii P M. 3>4 do 4 do fi do olCrc REGULAR U. S. MAIL LINES RET WE EN CINCINNATI AND LOUISVILLE. OA .MORNINO LINK at in o'clock A. M. BEN FRANKLIN No. 7, J. B. Summons, jImJEjE. m as te r. PIKE No. U, J, Armstrong, master. EVENING LINE at6 o'clock I' M. SIMON KENTON, W. McClain, master. BEN FRANKLIN No.6, W. McClellau, master. These boats,forming two daily lines, will run regularly, lea ving punctually at the hour, aud will take freight and passen gers to and from intermediate landings, at the usual rates. Freight will be received for these lines at the Mail Wharf Boat, loot ol Broadway. Every effort will be used to accommodate shippers and pas sengers. 8TRADER St GORMAN, ol lin?rrc ROGERS k SHERLOCK, $ - * ? FOR SAUGERTIES AND CATSKIL. THE Splendid Steamboat J AMES MADI SON, Capt F. J. Copperly, will leave the foot , iRiwar "f Cedar street, every Monday, Weduesday. anil Saturday, a! 6 o'clock, P.M. For freight or passage, apply ou board, or to O. F. Waiuwiight, Agent, ou the wharf. s29 lin*mc NEW YORK, ALBANY AND TROY LINE. FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT from the pier at the foot of CourUnudi itrert. the Passengers taking this boat will arrive m time to takeorth Morning Tram of ( an from Troy west to Buffalo, and u to Saratoga .uid Lake George The low pressure steamboat EMPIRE, Captain R. B. Ma cy, every Tuesila v. Thursday and Saturday at 6 o'clock. The steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain Win. H. Peck, every Mouday, Wedutsdayaud Friday afternoon, at 6 o'clock. 8 or Passage or Freight apply on coard, or to C. Clark, atth' office on in? wharf Freight liken on the moit reasonable terms. Freight must be put iu charge of the Freight Agent, or the com|?uiv will not be responsible for loss No freight taken after 5 o'clock. FOR CHARLESTON. HAVANA. KEY WEST, NEW ORLEANS ANu GALVESTON, (Texas.) .?,?/? THE new and elegaut steam ship GAL VESTON, of MM) tons burthen, John T Wright, Commander, having been unaroid ably detained, will positively sail for the 'above ports ou Saturday, the 8th inst., at ll o'clock, A. M. 'Phis steam ship is built expressly for a sea vessel, and ispro noil need by competent judges to lie as strougas any vessel ever bunt. She Ins a powerful engine and boiler, and no exprnse lias been spared to make her every way perfe t and strong Her accommodations for passengers are not surpassed, having lar([e and airy State Rooms elegantly fitted up. I" or na?sage apply to tli: Captain on boird, at T. F. Secors k Co.'s Foundry, loot ol 9lh street, E. R. N. B. ? The Oalvestou is expected to make the passage through in eight days. n36t*r BOSTON STEAMERS FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. THE Royal Mail Steam Ships HIBER NIA and CALEDONIA will leave Bo tcufor the above ports, aa follows, viz ?? YV JIBIMHk NIA and CALEDONIA will "leave Bos Hiberuia, Alex. Ryrie, Esq., Commander, Nov. 1,1844 Caledonia, E. G. Lott, Commander Nov. 16, 1849 Passage to Liverpool (120. Passage tj Halifax 20. For freight or passage, apply to D BltlGHAM, Jr., Agent,6 Wall it. No Berth secured until pa d for. o30 rc FOR NEW ORLEANS?Louisiana and New York Line?Positively First Regular Packet?To sail 1'uesday, 11th iust?1 ne elegant, fast sailing packet Slop UsvVEGO, Johnston, master, will positively sail as above, her tegular day. For freight or passage, having handsome furnished accom moditious, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall st. or to E. K. COLLINS k CO., 56 South st. Positively no goods received ou board after Mouday evening. I tli iust. Ageut in New Orleans James E.Woodruff,who will prompt ly forward all goods to his address. Packet ship Jane E Williams, Parker, master, will succeed the Oswego anil s ill 21st inst., 'it regular 'ay "6r OvLY Kr.OlJ LAK LIN -. OP fai Kl, 1 b rcii. NEW ORLEANS?The splendid anil fast sailing nicker ship ME l'OK V, Captain McLaneu, will po itivc sail on Monday, Novemlier Kith; and the splendid anal fas' sailing packet ?hip OS WEOO, Captain Jonnson, will po sitively sail on Tuesday. November 111li, their regular days. Personssbout proceeding to New Orleans, will find it much to their advantage t j select this line iu preference to transient ships, as their punctuality in sailing may be dr periled on, and the price of pissage is very reasonable, for which, and to Se cure berths, early application should b- made oil board foot of Wall street, or to W. k J. T TAP8COTT, n6r 75 South st., comer of Maiden Lane. WANTED TO ( HAH TEH?A Ship Irom 4t0 to 50ft tons burthen.for New Orleans, which ss ill have immediate despatch. Apply to J. H KR l).\1 AN & CO. fil South st. New Line of Packets FOR LI V ERPOOL? Packet of the 21st November?The splendid, fast sailing aud .favorite jacket ship HOTTINGIIER, lOllU tons hnr i>t tin Iri Bursley, will sail on Friday, Novembet 2l*f, her regular day. '1 he ships of ihu line heing all 1000 tons aud upwards, per sous about to embark for the old cottutry, will not fail to see the advantages io lie derived Irom selecting this line in pre ference to aud their great capacity renders them evert way more comfortable and convenient than ships of a small Clean, and their accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers, it is well known, are supenor to those of any ctner line ol imrkets. Persons w.iahing to secure berths should not fail to make early application, on board, 1'ootol Burling Klip, or to \V. N. J. T. TAP8COTT, at their General ntrc Passage Office, 75 Sooth street, corner Maiden lane. Atf iSC FOR SALE, FREIGHT OR CHARTER.?The MSraVvery fast sailing packet ship LOUISVILLE, 513 tons, JllykaiBacarries 1500 bales New Orleans < otton; was built ill this city, with lire oak and locust top; newly coppered and patent felled. Has handsome accommodations for 21 passen gers. Apply to E. K COLLINS k CO. o30 ? 56 South street, fivtuLK FOR NEW ORLEANS-Nrw Vork and New Orleans Line?hirst Picket With Despatch?The Arst class fast sailing packet ship J AM F.8 H. SHEP Kednian. luniter, willpositively sail as above. The arenntmoaatnns for cabin, second cabin and steernge p-engers are unsurpassed by any vessel in port. Prisons in truding to embark should inake immediate application on board, Pine street wharf, or to o2il ire JOSEPH Me.M I'll II AY, cor Pine and South sts. FOR SALE-The hark DUC D'ORLKANS, bur then per register 310 tons, and Carrie* 4600 bbls; she jwas built at Bristow, Maine, of white oak, in 1811; ceiled, coppered and thoroughly overhauled about 18 months since; is double decked, length 111 tret, hresdth 27 leet, between decks 5 feet 6 inches, hold 12 feet b inches. Apply to (apt. Hood less on hoard, at J mld's wharf, E It. or to BOYD It HINCKEN, OToutin* Buildings, _o20lwre 118 Wall street FOR 8ALE, TO CLOSE A CONCERN.?The Line of Liverpool Packets, consisting of the ships _lt s ins, Siddous, Sheridan and < Jarrica. I hey ?s ere loiiit in cilia citv by lirown 6c Hell, with unusual care; for mo dels materialf(a very large proportion of their liaines being live oak) and workmanship, they are unsurpassed, if not ane auallrd. Halted on tha stocks mid re-salted every vear since Their armmtm dntinna for passengers are very evtensive and handsomely furnished Apply to ? E. K. COLLINS 6c CO., 56 South st. ENDON LINKOFPAOKETS.-RegiTar'Packet JHWWof the fOth of November?The first class fast sailing MHHMaal>'<<'li''t Ship WELLINGTON, Captain Chadwick, ? III S III m above, her regular day. The accommodations lor Cabin, Second Cabin, and Steerage passengers in tins very superior vessel, are ton well kmrwn to require comment- Persons intending to embark should make hoarilf foot of Maiden lane, orto " JOSEPH McMLRRAY, Corner of Pine and South strerts. New York The new and splendid Packet Ship I'KINl E ALBERT, Captain Sehor, will succeed the Wellington, and sail on the first December. oSOrc FOR LIVERPOOL?The New Line?Regular Packet of 21st November.?The superior fast sailinp iparket ship IIOTTINOI ER, 1050 tons buttheu I Bursley,master, will sail as above, her regular day. rorlrcight ?r passage, having splendid, larga aud cnmfortnblr ?tale rooms and calnu, apply on board, west side Hurling slip ?ou WOODHUlL k MINTURN. ?s r *.sasa 17 South street. Price of rm?ma* $ 100 The packet ship Liverpool, 1150 tons, Capt. John Eldndge, will succeed the Hotttnguer, and sail on her regular day, 31st December 0^n( Mew York State Klertlon. CauntUt. lY/iig. Item. Mo. Jlnti-Wt. Whig. Vein. Albany 4,347 3,819 21 1,275 7,109 6,916 550 _ _ _ , 7U 0,050 Muiifeomerjr . ..closo ? ? 2 849 3 278 honda 6"? ? ? ? 6,983 7,717 C?>URS 800 ? ? ? 1,908 5,202 Onondaga ? ? - 6,494 6,878 2,107 2,192 2.868 4.346 L* ,1 ~ <40 - _ 6,495 6,878 r u Iton ? 200 ? ? 9 107 9 loo II crk 1 me 1 ? J,200 Mad MOD ? 200 _ _ 3 683 3AW \? ashingtoii .... 2,000 ?? ~ __ ?. noi ?> oiu ilZlzl10"'-'- 1,WU - - - 5.021 3,270 Dutchess. ^ ... close ? ? ? '? 767 5 627 Scheutcudy ? 100 ? _ 18(4 , 679 lnir".1? ? 31 ? _ 1,322 4,691 ? c'??e ? ? 4,804 4,783 n' F '' ? i j3? ? 5,107 4,618 Richmond ? close ? ? i njq i o^o - - - J;"? IS 1 '(iy UK close ?>- ? ,4 (V)0 t tinit Monroe 9(K) ? ? 4:07-1 Rensselaer 2,500 ? _ _ 6,SOO 5ioi8 ?!?""" ~ 5?? ~ ? 4.626 5,303 $S&sr~ = S! : r &g S jjg-;:.-.::: ?. "? - r a IS! .* dU * 1>I ? ?o 056 ?> 110 Ouu'no loo z i i fg? Conladt - clo*** ? _ s?o Ni'iaVra"* 'j"*'' ~ ? ~ 3,815 4,'oiJ ferm.0,0z z z 2$ ??$ Oe'uMee 480 ~ ~ 2-347 2,569 OH?mi win - - _ 3,604 2,105 w'-fin 00 ~ ? ? 2.6?? 3,311 ('?8C ? ? ? 1,330 1,791 ^ota' 13 015 8.878 24 1,275 145,008 143,037 The city of Albany, as will he seen by the following result on the Convention question, has taken hick ground in favor of Constitutional Reform Convention. So Convention. 2,7?7 315 315 2,462 The native jiarty received about 55 votes. New Jersey KUetlou. Pahtiks in thk Lkoislatukk. Cast Yeav??, , This Year , Senate. *'lnsembtii. Senate, Jinan )i IY. L. IY. L. IY. /,. IY. L Beige 1 2 1 2 Hudson 1 1 I , I'assaic 1 2 1 2 >?;?<?** 1 7 1 7 Morris 14 14 Sussex 1 3 i o Mid'lesex I 4 14 Warren* 1 3 j , Hunterdon 1 , I Vlercer 1 3 I 3 Somerset* 1 3 I 3 Monmouth* 1 5 ! 5 Burliiifton 1 5 1 5 Gloucester* 1 2 1 o a.Vi"u * i 2 12 Salem* 1 3 j 1 ~ Cumbe-land 1 3 13 Atlantic , Cspe May 1 1 1 I '.New Senators. ? ? ? ? 13 6 40 18 12 7 31 27 18 7 43 34 34 Whig majority oil joint ballot. | islterature, \r, I Blair's Sermons, one vol.?Harper Brothers, New York?The wide-spread tame of Blair?ihe purity, simplicity, and elegance ot his style?will give this volume an extended circulation. The sub jects discussed in the work before us,embrace every object that can affect the interest of mankind. Their sublime grandeur and awful dignity, are calculated to excite emotions of the most ardent devotion and profound humility. Notes from over the Sea, 2 vols ?Gates and Stedman, New ^ork.?This is a most amusing, in sirucuve and entertaining work, by the Rev. John Mitchell, and consists of observations made in Eu rope in the years 1843 and 1844. The scenes are described with a master hand and in a graphic style. Wreath of Wh.d Flowers, 1 vol.?Edward Walker, 114Fulton street, New Y'ork.?This volume consists of a series of imaginative sketches, by John Milton Stearns. The hook is beautifully il lustrated and well got up. History of the War, 1812-13, by Charles J. Ingersoll, 3 vols.?Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. ?This is a most valuable addition to our literature ; written in a chaste und elegant style, though some' . of the statements have been denied, and an interest ing correspondence has taken place relative to the correctness of ull its views. Melville's .Sermons, second series?Stamford j and Swords, New York.?Consisting of discourses on certain ot the less prominent facts and references I in sacred story. Lady Mary?By Rev. C. B. Taylor, M. A., Stan ( ford and Swords.?A very clever work. Catholic Family Liiibary, No. 1?IIayonMira j cle.s.?Casserly Ac Sons, New York. Burnap's Miscellaneous Writings.?A very in j terestmg and instructive work which every young 1 man should read. It embraces a variety of subjects, j among which the chapter on the " Sources of Na tional Wealth" merits particular attention. I The Fountain?Henry G. Daggers, 30 Ann street, New York.?This is a beautifully illustrated H0I1 day Gift tor 1846, embracing a choice selection ol original tales and poetry by the best writers iii the country. An excellent present. The Huzzar?G. B. Zeiber k Co., Philadelphia. I ?This is one of the most exciting and interesting novels that we have perused for some time, and is eagerly sought for by the lovers of romance and j pleasant reading. It may be had at the principal book stores. Norman's New Orleans and Environs?D. Ap pleton k Co., New Y'ork.?It contains a brief his torical sketch ot the territory and State of Louisi- I ana and the city of New Orleans Irom the earliest period to the present time. 1 Citizen of a Republic, by Ansaldo Ciba?Paine k Burgess, New Y'ork.?This is a translation from the Italian, by C.Edwards Lester, and iscertuinh n fnost extraordinary work, written by one of those stern heroic republicans who lived in the glorious daysot the Medici, with all the solemn earnestness of style which characterized the great writers of the brilliant ages of the Republics ot antiquity. It should be in the hands ol every American citizen, ' tor it breathes a pure and lof ty patriotism. Trackers Criminal Cases?Little or brown, Boston.?A valuable work for members of the bar Thyrnan, the Bohemian Conspirator?Wm. Taylor, 2 Astor House, New York.?A translation from the German, and one of the best historical ro mances of the day. It will undoubtedly be sought with avidity and read with interest. A view ol German society is presented, and the customs ol Courts painted in brilliant colors. Godky'b Lady's Book?Philadelphia?Wm. H. Graham, New York.?A capital number, with rich and spirited engravings and a variety ol interesting reading matter. Graham's Magazine?Win. H. Graham, New York.?The best number yet published The eu gravings are really magnihcent, and reflect great credit on the artist. The contributions most excel lent. Laihes' National Magazine?Mrs. Ann S. Ste phens, Editress.?Wm. II Graham, New York. Columbian Magazine?Israel Post, New York.? A splendid number?beautiful engravings and inter esting reading matter. Arthur's Ladies' Magazine?L. Ferrett A" Co., New York.?A higtily popular and elegant aflair. Littell' Living Age?Boston?Wm. Taylor, No. 2 Astor House, N. Y.?One of the best works of the kind published, and having u large circula tion. New York Illustrated Magazine?Wm. Tay lor, 2 Astor House, N. Y.?The engavings and read ings matter ot a high order. Hunt's Merchant*' Magazine for November ? An interesting number?containing excellent articles on the " Poetry ot Trade," the " Taritl," Arc. London Quarterly Review lor September Leonard, Scott A' Co., 112 Pulton street, New York. Westminster Review?Scott A' Co.? These Reviews are got up in good style, and reflect great credit on the taste of the publishers. The Author's Daughter, a Tale by Mary Howitt?Wm Tuylor, 2 Astor House, New Yoik. ?One of the most chastsly written novels ol the day?lull of exciting scenes and romautic situations ?a rich vein otteeling runs through the whole. London Lancet?Burgess, Stringer Ac Co., N.Y. ?Lvery medical man should have a copy. History of Ireland?R. Martin ?fc Co., 26 John sireet.?The ancient greatness and splendor ol Ire land are he-re contended tor, while the- wrongs she has suffered are described by a master hand. Harpers' Illuminated and Illustrated Shak speark?Nos. 69 and 70.?This is one of the most beautiful editions of the writings of the immortal bard yet published. Life of Andrkw Jackson, by Ainos Kendall Harper Urotliers, New Vork, No. 6, New York Journal of Medicine, tor November ?J. Ar. II. G. Langley.N. Vork.?An excellent num ber, embracing a variety ol interesting subjects. Pride and Prejudice.?A new novel by Jane Austin, for which there is a great demand View of (lie American Administration on the Oregon (lueatlon. j [From Washington (Official organ) Union, Oct-31 ) During the last presidential canvas*, it was said, in ( allusion to the Texan issue, " we are about voting on a question of national identity?011 the question us to what anil where our country shall henceforth be 80 far as j the Texan discussion is concerned, that question is now substantially settled the tecent unsuccessful attempt at protest by the whigs of New Vork city, to the con traiy notwithstanding But the same great question as to what and where our country shall he, may come up in another and a still more imposing shape in the ap proaching Congress and if so, it will form the great Land (Question of this generation. We allude, of course, to what we call, with the fullest confidence, the American territory of Oregon On this great subject, within the lust three or four years, public sontiment has ripened fast. In the judgment of a vast majority of this nation, the time is rapidly approaching ? or say, rather, has now come?when clear right in rela tion to this territory should embody itself in positive law. For more than twenty years, the people of the United States have seen what they regard as their indis putable title to this immense territory swamped in nego tiation. It was to tie expected from the wisdom and true policy of the British government that this bar ren heretofore ot good result, when entered upon with a new administration, which, in its identity of opinion 011 this subject, is as one man, and which is sustained in that opinion by an overwhelming mass and mastery of public ! sentiment?it was justly to be hoped of the wisdom of England, that the new negotiation, under such auspices, \ and in such hands, would, ere long, begin at least to , cure, instead of rfs/eu/iii?, as In past years it has defeated, the great ends of international justice. But, however thin may be, whether the negotiations | succeed or fail, there can be 110 doubt that the democra- | tic Congress now about to assemble will have a great j duty to do in relation to Oregon ; and we believe that, : coming to Washington fresh from conference with their constituents, they will come together resolved to do it. With the strong resolutions of the Baltimore convention, and the manly and patriotic inaugural words of tlio Pre- I sident yet vivid 111 our memory, we cannot doubt that i the administration is fullv prepared to perform with firm- ! nuss its constitutional duty of recommending to Con- 1 gress all such measures as may bo deemed essential to the full and efficient protection of all our rights over j every rod of that great domain, on the shoie ol the Paci- j fic, which is, by an accumulated mass ot title, the right- ; ul property of the United States. Of these measures?and, indeed, of this whole topic of the American territory of Oregon?wc shall have fre quent occasion to speak. And it may be well enough to consider for a moment, in the outset, the nature and the value of this our great territorial possession. This ter ritory lying between the Kocky .Mountains and the Pa- | cific Ocean?drained mainly by the Columbia river? j bounded on the north, the east, and the south by moun- > tain chains, and 011 the west by the ocean?extends from ' latitude 4i deg. to latitude .'>4 (leg. 40 mill, north. It con- 1 tains more than 400,000 square miles?that is, it is more | tnan twice as large as France, and about half as large as all the States now subject to the Federal constitution. The American people claim, against all other nations, this whole domain as a part of their own soil. The climate, throughout nearly its whole extent, is mild and temperate. Accounts vary somewhat as to its fertility and its natural advantages ; but no man doubts that it is capable of sustaining an immense popnlation ; nor that, when so peopled, it will control the commerce of the Pacific, und the oriental trade of the world. The present legal condition?the polity?of this im portant legion, is quite extraordinary as it exists in theory ; but it is far more extraordinary as it stands in fact. In theory, and by treuty stipulation, this land, with all its navigabU waters, lias been, since 1818, open to the free and undisturbed use and enjoyment of the sub jects of F.ngland and tho citizens ol the United States To terminate this state of things, at tho will of either of the parties, only one year's notice is necessary. This common enjoyment by the two nations of all the advantages of a territory more than twice as large as France, being the somewhat singular theory and stinn lated law of its condition, stands 111 yet more singulai contrast to the state of things which has, in fact, grown up there within the last twenty years. Laying out ol view the Indian tribes which make this territory a part their range, of we find its present civilized population to ' consist of about eight or nine hundred British subjects, nnd about half as many thousand citizens of the United States. The bulk of this population both British and American, is concentrated around the lower waters ol the Columbia river, occupying, in its mass, a region no much more than one hundred miles in length,lrom eBst to west, and probably not much more than fifty miles in breadth, fiom north to south. The eight or nine hum drod men who compose tho British portion of this peo ple, are all of them understood to be in the set vice ol the Hudson Bay Company, and are engaged as hunters, trappers, or factors, in tho fur trade. These inon have their principal statiou?at once a trading post and a loit. callt u Fort Vancouver?on the river Columbia, about I eighty miles in a straight line from its mouth. There may be two or three hums in the possession of these British subjects; hut, us a general rule, they live by the fur trade, and do not till the soil at all. Besides Fort Vancouver, the Bay Company has some twenty othei stations in various parts of the territory. But these ure merely fortified stopping places for huntois and traders and have each around them a little nucleus of a commu nity of from three or four to about fifty souls The American population of Oregon, on the other hand, numbering probably some four thousand, is col lected in the valley of the Wallumette river, which flows from the south into the Columbia, near Fort Van couver. These Americans are farmers, graziers and me chanics. They are a fixed population. They live by tilling the soil. These men, having waited for years in vain lor some action in Congress, which should give them a government us American citizens, were, at the date of the last advices lrom them, setting up a provi sional government for themselves, after the American fashion, and dividing out their new homestead into towns and counties, such as they had left in the United States. Such being practically the present political condition olthe American farmers in Oregon, tinder iho treaty sti pulation of 1818, how .'is it with the British hunters ami trappers of the same region The answer may be given in 11 few words. These lew hundred British subjects in the service of the Hudson Bay Company, govern by then laws. enforced either in the Courts of Canada, or by judi cial officers of the < ompany on the spot, every inch ol tin whole territory ol Oregon,save the lew square miles actu ally under tillage by the.Americans. Nor is this all. Then servants of the Company have entiiely monopolized for some twenty years past, the whole ol the most lucra tive occupations in Oregon?fur-hunting and fur trading They have driven every American citizen out of the bu sincss. Let an American trapper or hunter appear any where in the territory, and instantly two or three agent* of the company establish themselves by his side, furnish ed amply with specie and merchandise, to outbid him for furs, to call in Indian or white competivn, and so break up his business. The individual cannot stand against the organized and powerful company His busi ness is broken up, and he goes to farming in the valley of Wallnmette. This is now the regular course ol things This is practically the common use and enjoy ment of Oregon stipulated by the treaty?this, viz : tin entire monopoly oi the great fur trade there by one ol the parties, added to the exclusive government by the same party of the whole of the soil of that vast terri tory, save only the farms which some four thousand Americans are tilling with their own hands. As early as 18J8 the Hudson Buy Companv had found their trade under these circumstances quite thriving. The pro ceeds of their trade for that year were, in round numbers !?00,000 dollars. Their shares then stood 110 per cent, above par. Our readers will remember that when the bill to ex tend a territorial government over Oregon was before ( ongress last session, its opponents protested against it, because,a* they violated the stipulation of ISIS How conies it, then that the other party to ttiat stipula tion?admitting itself to be as Great Britain has, time after time, admitted, and now admits herself to be, the party out ol possession, pending the negotiation?how comes it, then, that this other disseized party, at this moment, has extended its laws in full force over the whole unoccupied territory 1 The mechanism by which this trick ol political legerdemain has been played oil is at once very ingenious and thoroughly English. The British cabinet has practised the maiuruvre in Asia, till now it has become wonderfully adroit. It is simply the Groat Kust Indian juggle tried over again in the West. The apparatus, machinery and fixturos, are just nlikc in the two cases. A great trading corporation, wielding millions of capital -with power to pass laws ; to main tain a civil establishment ; to maintain a military estab lishment , to collect revenue ; to hoist a Mag of its own ? not the (Queen's Mag -to build lorts ; to keep six or eight armed vessels on the coast ; to possess territory ? all in tho way of trade, of course, and to do all this under the eye ofthe British Parliament, acting for itself when Parliament chooses to disavow the responsibility of its acts ; acting for Parliament just when Parliament chooses to accept that responsibility?in one word, a great Empire Corporation in fact, with power to change itself, at the waving of the minister's wand, ("presto," as the jugglers have it,) into a most de mure, simide, harmless partnership of painstaking indi viduals trying to turn an honest penny in the way of the fur trade. This is the mechanism by which the miracle is easily wrought In the time of the " merrio monarch" ? easy King < harles -English policy amused itself with building two of these magnificent playthings?one for the east, which it called the East India Company ; one for the west, which it called the Company ol Hudson's Bay. How the one has woiked in the east, the world knows pretty well. The other, in the west, has not long since been put in tine order, by uniting itself with its rival, the Northwest < ompanv. Does this country does Congress - wish to know now it will work in the west, in Oregon if wo only sit quietly by as spectators, and let it alone? The problem is easily solved. We have only to turn to the lives of Robert ('live and of Warren Hastings, ami read the pages which tell of their doings in Madras and Bombay ! Stormin Main*.?The PorUanil Daily Ailvtrtittr says that it haa rained almost incepsuntly eince the commencement of the mouth, sometimes in torrents. On Tut (day evening the rain was accompanied with thun der and lightning It was fenred that much damage had been done by freshets. The I'lesumpscot and Saccarappa liveis wero much swollen, and much damage had been done to mills and bridges. A part of tho dam above Sac carappa bridge, and tho boom below it had been carried away, and large numbers of logs had been swept ott It was rented that several houses would meet the same lute. _____ Tin: Traoe ot OCR Canals ?There is an impres. flion abroad among many people, that the up trade of our canals is very lignt. This is far IVom being so.? During the 1st week ot October, the weight ofthe mer chandize shipped from West Troy and Albany was near ly nineteen millions of pounds. The toll for the same week was over #167,000. We strike lor #9,600,000 as the receipts for the season Thniikaglvlfig In New York. I? 8u.a? Whioht, Governor of the State of New York, j A usage, which has the approbation of a quarter of a tentury, calls upon me, at this period of the year, to lame a day, to lie observed by the people of till* State, , is a day of public Thanksgiving. The uniformity in he time heretofore designated, throughout the |>eriod ?eferred to, induce* roe to name Thursday, the fourth lay of December next, as the Thanksgiving day for this itate, for the present year. Life and health are enduring causes for thankfulness to he Father of life and the Fountain of health, from all the iving. I" roe civil institutions, based upon the true principle >f popular sovereignty, and extending to every individ lal equal personal liberty, and to all the largest measure >f that liberty consistent with peace and order and per lonal security, present a cause for devout thankfulnes* o the Ruler of Nations, from every people who eDjoy hese blessings. The plentiful fruit* of the earth, which in our Stare tnd country furnish an abundance for the wants of all, all for daily thankfulness, and render it peculiarly ap 'dei* iropriato that, annually, as these iruits are yielded, a :hristian people should unite in a tribute of thanksgiv ng to Him, who tempers the seasons, and blesses the sai th and makes it fruitful. In ad lition to these universal causes for thankfulness, ;f each individual will summon up the recollection of the almost innumerable personal and social blessings, which :he year has brought with it, all the people of this State will be willing, with one heart, to set apart one day, for Lhc united expression ol their thanks for the many and signal blessings of this year, abundantly bestowed upon j them and their country by the Great Author of every temporal and spiritual blessing. I respectlullv recommend the day I have named, to be I thus set apart ior this grateful service and duty, nnd that i the people of the State suspend their business avocations, j and assemble in their mkiiuI places of religious worship, and the temples, which have resounded with supplies- { tions for the year, may echo back thanksgiving to Him, j who has so bountifully responded to our petitions, and so i paternally provided ior our necessities. Exercises such us these, eutered into in the spirit and with the feelings which these considerations should ex cite, cannot fail to turn the mind to the lively remem- j brance of the immeasurably greater blessings of the re demption through a Saviour; and the Revelation to fallen man of the way of salvation ; blessings for which the ha mun heart can never he sufficiently thankful. in testimony whereof i have hereunto affixed the privy seal of the State. Witness my hand, at the city ot ft. s.] Albany, this fifth day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty , five, i SILAS WHIOHT. I Horaci Moody, Private Secretary. Curl*u? South American ltellc. Washington City, Oct. 38, 1045. Dear Sir :?You will receive herewith a small quan- i tity of the hair of General Bolivar, the great champion j of South American independence, and also a fragment of the flag of I'izarro, the conqueror of Peru. I have had these relics a good many years, and can assure you that 1 they are genuine. Had they not been, 1 certainly should neither have procured nor preserved them. Not being either a virtuoso, or a collector of antique and curious j things, I have no enthusiasm to mslead me,and no credu- 1 lity to be imposed upon. General Bolivar is as well known in the States com- , posing tho lormer Republics of Colombia, Venezuela, i New Granada, and ({.nito, (now Ecuador,) by the title of Liberator, (LibertaAor,) as by his own name ; and he is regarded throughout South America as the first and greatest of the chiefs through whose efforts the Spanish yoke was thrown off. They " torget Pizarro to shout Bolivar," says Lord Byron, the exigency of the rhyme compelling him to misplace the accent. He places it on the third syllable. It is generally placed on the first . and this, too, is wrong. It should be on the second, and is pronounced Bo-lct-rar. The names of great men and heroes should be pronounced properly, when it can he done ; but out of their own country it rarely is done. Many questions have been asked me in South America about General Vasintone and General Hacksone ? this being about as near as a Spaniard can come to Washing ton and Jackson. Some of Bolivar's enthusiastic admirers call him the Washington of the south ; but to this high compliment I am not exuetly prepared to admit, without some reserva tion, that lie has any very just claims. Posterity, which often revises, as a kind of supreme court of errors, con temporary popular awards, and often reverses them, must decide this question ; and so I leave it. I'izarro's flag was a piece of plain white silk, and the fragment enclosed is more than three hundred years old White is, I believe, the emblem ot peace and charity and good will thioughuut the world. But in i'eru, this ban ner, long " fann'd by conquest's crimson wing," was the emblem of all that is hideous and detestable in human nature, l ould this poor shred speak, and tell us of the horrors aud atrocities it has witnessed, (if a witness it could be,) even now. alter the lapse of three centuries, the bare recital would barrow up the soul ; a monarch murdered?the princes and nobles of the land exterini nated, and their wives and daughters ! My heart sickens at the recollection. Tho people decittv. ted and reduced to slavery?to trie most intolerable ami lutal ol all servitude?that ol the mines ; tho country ravaged with fire and sword, made desolate and literal)} turned into a desert. Faciunt fliltidinem et pacem appellant ! The justice of heaven has slumbered long, but it will not slumber forever ; and the day of its awakening will lie a fearful one for all wrong doers and oppressors, past, present, and to come. I am, dear sir, with the highest regard, Most faithfuUv yours, J. C. PICKKTT. F. Markoe, Jr., Esq., corresponding secretary of the National Institute. Awful Conflagration in Wilmington, N. C.? We hasten to give a brief account of the awlul fire with which our town was visited this morning. About I I o'clock the nlarm of fire wus given, and in hastening to the spot a few minutes after, we found several wooden buildings in flumes, in the very heart ot the square bound ed by Market, Front, Pock, and Water streets. The fire originated in the rear of Market-street, precisely in the same spet where it was set on fire some weeks ago, and theie remains not a doubt on the minds of the communi ty, hut that the conflagration of this morning was also die fiendish work of the midnight felon. The wind was blowing a gentle breeze from the North, and the Aame> spread with awful rapidity. In less than two and a hall hours from the first elarm, the whole square was in a sheet ol (lambs The further progress of he devouring element was only arrested at Dock street, by the heroic exertions ot a few hardy spirits, whose services were in valuable 011 the occasion We think, that the total 1or.? will not fall far short ol 173,000 dollars; and we learn that most of the buildings, as well as the goods in the stores were insured. A large amount of the latter was remoTec from the houses, eveu whilst they were wrapt in flames. It is with deeii pain that we record the occur rence of a serious acciuentwhich happened about an hour aK?. ''y which two of our best citizens were seriouslv injured. Col. Jno. McRae and Col. Jas. T. Miller, in at tempting to save some goods from the flames, at the ston of Messrs. Barry & Bryant, on the wharf, were borne to the earth by the fall ol a brick wall. Col. McRae hail his leg broken and his head and shoulders much bruised, but we hope that his wounds are not latal. Col. Miller had his rignt foot much cut and bruised, but we are glad to learn that he is not seriously injured. This is the samt square in which we had a fire some weeks since, and this is the 3th ortith attempt which has been made to de stroy it within the last year?Wilmington (N. C.) Join nal, Nov. 4. Statistics of the Rochester Post Office ? We give below an abstract of letters, newspapers, pamphlets and magazines received at the Post Office, in this city, during the month of October, 1845, for whicn we are under obligations to our Postmaster, H. ' amp bell, Fs ]. Number of unpaid and paid letters at ft cents. . . 11,781 " " " 10 cents. . . 6,101 " Free letters, 3 cents... 64 " " 10 cents. . . 35 " Drop letters, 3 cents... 348 " Printed circulars, 3 cents. , . 53 " Regular papers 7,130 " Free papers, 4,316 Irregular paper " Pamphlets and Magazines 333 The following shows the amount ol receipts at this office during the corresponding quarters for four consec utive years Quarter ending September 30, 1843 .3,701 13 ?' '? 1843, 4,011 00 ?? " ' 1844 3,818 06 ?? " IMS 3,838 10 Americ an Ice Trade ?The Shipping List give* the following account of the ice trade Irom this j>ort the past year : To Hong Kong, tons 600 Calcutta S40 Port Spain 1-30 Rio Janeiro, 240 St Thomas, 210 43 New Orleans, 1,630 Charleston 120 New York 200 Total lor October, 3,740 Previous four months !? 003 Total tor five months 13,333 Boston Journal, Nov 3. The Business of a Christian Nation during oni hundred and iwg.NTY sevkn Yeaks ?Great Britain bus spent sixty five years in war and sixty-two in peace, she borrowed in seven wars, which occupied the sixty live years, ?834,000,000. In the same time, she raised bj taxes, ?1,180 800,000, thus forming a total expenditure of $8,983,120,000, in our currency. This enormous sum, extorted from tho taut, strained sinews of labor, would have constructed fifteen railroads round the globe, al lowing $35,000 per mile ! To raise another such sum, would require a tax of $10 on every human being on the globe! The interest of this sum for one month, at five per cent, exceeds the wholesmount contributed by the whole christian world for preaching Iho gospel to the heathen for the last thousand years. German Population of Cincinnati. A German paper in Cincinnati states, that there arc between 4 300 aud 3 000 Herman voters in that city. If this esti mate is correct, says the OntrlU, it would make that part of our population amount to from thirty to thirty five thousand, equal to the wholo extent of the city ten yens ago Perhaps theie may lie that number of Her man voters In the city and county, but the estimate Is a targe one tor the corporate limits Varieties. The Emperor of China has issued an edict in which he says he does not wish to exclude the Christian religion Irom his dominions, hut means to punish with 'igor those who make that religon a cloak under which ;rimes ure committed He does not prohibit the build ug of Christian churches at any of the five ports open o Kuropean traders, hut cautions Christians against iri rodticing their vices among his people. Dr. Durbin, in his "Observations intheJEast," ust published, mentions that in some parts of Kgypt, to ivoid the c.onscriptionaof Mehemit Ali.the women have >een in the habit for years back, of maiming their chil iren so as to unfit them for military service. The de itroyingof one eye was a common operation. But the Pacha has taken an effectual way to put an end to this >ruelty, by forming two legiments of one-eyed soldiers. Die evil is said to be already much diminished.?Pilot. Miss D L. Dix, h lady well known for her philan thropic. efforts in the States of New York and Pennsyl vania. has arrived in Baltimore Miss D has been long and successfully engaged in the laudable objetft of im proving the condition of prisoners in the Penitentiaries and Jails, of the inmates of Almshouses, Asylums, See , arid her present purpose is to visit the institutions of like character in that city. A new potato digger was recently exhibited in operation at Salem, West Jeisey. It threw out upon the ground, with two horses, at the rate of live or six acres per day, and as fast us thirty hands could pick up and carry them away. The soil produced 100 bushels ot potatoes per acre by the use of compost muck. Mr. John Evana, a fermer of Pahaquarry town ship, informs us that in gathering his buckwheat crop, he found a single stalk which produced five thousand two hundred and seventy-live graniB Warren Jour. Cambridge University has been the scene of re cent riot occasioned by the dismissal of a member of the senior class, who would not expose his companions in a frolic, it is said that he was borne off in an open barouche, with four white horses, and attended by (our outriders, who were members of his class. The turpentine distilled in Wilmington, N. C , last year is estimated at 300,000 barrels, worth $100,000. The raw material shipped, 7.">,000 barrels, valued at $168,000. Tar shipped, 30,000 barrels, worth $613,000. ? Charleston Courier. General Gideon Foster, of Danvers, Mass., died on Saturday morning last, at the advanced age of 96.? General Foster commanded the minute men of Danvers, who, on the 19th of April, went to Lexington to meet the Knglish troops Several of his brave soldiers were killed on that day. He was a noble old gentleman, a true patriot, and a whig of 177&. In Belfast, Maine, Le muel Dillingham, 89, and in Northport, Isaac Jackson, 89, revolutionary soldiers. On Saturday last, at Cleve land, Abraham Hickox, one of the earliest settlers of the Lake country. The Hon Romulus M. Saunders, ot North Caro lina, arrived in Charleston from Wilmington, on the 1st inst. The General is accompanied by his daughter. Jnckaon, the pugilist, died recently in London, aged 77. He was the teacher of Byron, and a great num ber of eminent men, and was in manners unassuming,und in language and demeanor considered a fit companion formany of the Knglish nobility. A man named Moses Johnson killed another nam ed Amos Rogers, in Delaware co., Ohio, a few daya since. They had been log-rolling, became intoxicated, quarreled, and had a fight, which resulted in the death of Rogers. James B. Clay, son of llenry Clay, declines the honor of u public dinuer tendered him by the whig citi zens of Philadelphia. A. M. Rydout, of Ft. Helena village, on the Ge nesee river, on returning from Cuylerville, with his team, on Tuesday evening, drove off a precipice, within two miles of home. He was found next morning at the bottom of the ravine, dead. Intoxication, it 1h stated, was the cause ol the casualty. Hon. William J. Hough, M. C., from the Madi son and Oswego district of this State, passed through Al bany on Wednesday, on his way to Washington, prepa ratory to the approaching session of Congress. Relics.?Tlie Journal dcs Debuts, speaking of thtf purcliase, some time since, by Prince Albert, of the coat worn by Nelson,when lie received his death wound at the battle of Tralalgar?for presentation to Greenwich Hospital ?takes occasion to bring together# number of examples in illustration of the large sums paid under the relic-and-rarity-mania; particularly by the rich en thusiasts of our own island ?mure especially, it seems, subject to that species of influenza. Home of the cases reported will require testimonials, not likely to be forth coming,ere they will be inclined to admit these amongst the statistics ol the passion. The ivory chair wnich Gustuvus Yasa received from the town of Lubeck, was sold, the Journal des Dehats says, in 1623, for the sum of ! oft,000 llorins not lar short ot ?fi,000. This is a start I liug anecdote to begin with: but such a one was ahso i lately necessary to prepare the mind for the reception ! ol the following The coa' worn by Charles Twelth, , of Sweden, at the battle of I'ultawa?preserved by Colonel Itosen, who tollowed the adventurous monarch I to Bender?was sold, m 1626, ut Editibuigh, for the sum of ?22,000 sterling. This anecdote, the French paper, i itself, thinks should have confirmation. It makes the 1 rest, however, easy of acceptance?though there are i some even of these which might be a little difficult of | digestion by a faculty less powerliilly stimulated.? I M. A. Lenoir, the founder of the French Mu I scum, relates that, during the transport of the j remains of Abelard and Heloise to the Petits | Augustins, an Englishman offered him 100,000 ; francs (?4,000) for one of the teeth ot Heloise ! At that quotation of the price of bone, Lord Shaftesbury had a great bargain ot the tooth of Sir Isaac Newton, for which he paid only 4.730, in 1616For want of an (englishman at Stockholm, in 1620, the head of Descartes | (teeth and all) was absolutely given away, as the phrase isatthesule ot Dr. Sourmon's cabinet, for 99 trance. , The following cases fall within the more miid and lami liar examples of this affection?though it will oe seen i that the English examples coutiuue to be far more striking than the foreign pronunciations. Voltaire's cane was sold, in Paris, tor 000 francs (?20) ; Rousseau's waistcoat tor 049 francs, and his copper watch for 500 :? Kant's wig, in spite of all the promise contained in the apophthegm which suggests the seat ot a doctor's wis | dom, brought only 20<i francs ; whereas, the wig of Sterne fetched, in London, 200 guineas?6,250 francs ' Luckily, the inference, against the philosophers, as to the relative value (according to coilector'e measure) of the good things seveially covered by the two latter arti cles, is escaped, by virtue of the differences in the de velopement of this passion established in the previous , cases. The hat worn by Napoleon at Eylau, was, in 1636, carried off, by M. Lacroix, from thirty-two com petitors, lor the sum of 1,920 liancs, about ?77 ; while Sir Francis Burden paid ?600 for the two pens used in the signature of the treaty of Amiens. The Slot x Murders?Some time last year, a party of drovers from Missouri were atiacked, and one or more of them murdeied, by a band ot Sioux In dians. Five of those concerned were apprehended, ta ken to Dubuque, and confined iu jail to await their trial. They did not stay there long, but got out, were a second time arrested, and a second time made their escape. We learn lrom a gentleman the tollowing particulars of the death of four ot them This gentleman, coming down the St. Peter's river, encamped for the night a short distance below the ltapids, near five or six (edges ol Sissiton Sioux Indians. He was there informed that one of the prisoners had reached there a few days before, and was| so emaciated and broken down lrom fatigue mid starvation, that none of tliem could recogiu/.e him. He stated that all of them died on the way with the exception of one, whom he abandoned near Cannon river i that some died from star vation, and others from excess of eating when they ar rived at the first lodges. They dug graves with their kuives there and buried them. The stoutest ot the par ty, named " The plume," was the first that died. On leaving Dubuque, they wore entirely destitute of cloth ing and fire-tackle. ?Sr. Louis Hep., Oct. 29. Montreal Railroad ?A party under the direc I tion ot the Board of Works, lias been engaged tor some time in surveying the road between Waterloo and Sherbrooke, with a view to the expenditure of the grant made by tiie Legislature last wint.-r, lor this road. The party have explored the Oxford road, and are now ex amining a route trom Sherbrooke up the Magog river, to Intersect the Outlet road . The latter, we understand, is to be a distinct road trom the former. ? $herbrooke(Ca.) Gazelle. Melancholy Accident.?A little boy about six years ot age, a son ot Mr. Gilbert Fermi, who keeps the American House, fell iuto the canal yester day alternoon, and was drowned. His body was not lotind until near 9 o'clock the same evening He clung to a log lor a little while, and was se ? n there by severnl men, but strange to say , none would venture in to hi* rescue, anil the little tellow finully let go his hold, and siiuk beneath the waters. BKISTOW'S SUPERIOR AND ELEGANT COMMERCIAL Sk STF.M WRITING. mil-my I NO Broadwsy.opposlte John street. VI11 BRISTOW. Finishing Writing Master, in announcing lYI his return to New York, and the He-Opening of his Aca d?my Room No. 6, at l?9 Broadway, to resume teaching Ins idmir'iblr systsin of Penmanship, most respectfully informs the Ladies and Geutlemeu of this city ami Brooklyn, ol his having inadea ohkat hkiu/ctios in Ins terms, in Older to render the taat benefit of his instructions within the reach of every one No complaint (morally speaking) is more general i ha n lliat of a Man iion 1 'I his is much to lie drplored, since the remedy u now constantly at hand, alike SIMPLE, SPEEDY "id CHEAP! Mr. Bristow promises and guarantees to Ladies and Gentle men sf kvkhv am. anil capacity, lo couvert the very wi -it writing into a beantilul, free, (lowing, expeditious aid pleasing style of penmanship, executed in ail elegant off-hand manlier, iio matter how illegible or cramped the hand may he, IN TWELVr. t-.ASY LESSONS Extra lessons will be given (free of charge) il re-iuired Even the venerable matrou feels delighted in going through this process, to revive the study of the venial mom ol lite * %*Mr. B. cau he seen lrom 9 to 1 A. M. or Iroin J to * I . M !L~/*"Private lessons given. ? , SHORT HAND tanght by -Mr. B. hot .ale, a work on Short Hand. , , U1 , ? . . . N B ?Book Keeping by Deuble and Snigl. Entry taught l rVis|Cter.Vin New York can take a course of Writing in three daya. >22 Imeod'ro STRAW BOARDS. 100 Vo'r'.aW B^,0,'phERMUaBRtEoKdS,,"n,br .9 lm me No M nI,d r Nm",b ,,rw'

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