Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 10, 1845, Page 1

November 10, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. voi.xi.,No.aiK)-who..*o.?u4. NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 10, 1845. ? pr.e..Twoc?.t* m HIGHLY IMPORTANT RELATIVE TO THE OREGON (1EESTI0N. Conclusive View* of the Administration. [From the Washington Union, (Oilicial Organ,) Nov. ti ] Thk Wholk of OaxcoN, oa No*k?this is the only al ternative as an issue of territorial right. We wholly de ny the hreak in the American title at latitudo Jll deg.? We hold that our title from 42 dog. to 64 deg. 40 miu. is one title, and, as we believe, a perfect title against all the world. As the question has been discussed for a quarter of u century between us and Knglund, we are not aware of eue argument?scarcely of one phrase purport- i ing to lie an argument?which carries our title up to 4b deg. and there slops. We claim as matter of right the I territory drainqtl by the Columbia river. In the view of i the law of nations, this territory being unoccupied, has its distinctive character und unity as one region, in the j fact thut it is so draiued. And as one region, we either own it, or we do not own it. Away, then, once for all, with such nonience as " the 1 claim of Kngland north of 49 deg. is better than our j claim Lot us at least know clearly, and state accu- I rately, what we do in this matter. If it have ever been ' deemed expedient (as matter of compromise, and to hush up a Jispute) to give away to Kngland a certain portion ot that land, all of which wo oonsider ours ; or it, from any other motives of high national concernment, it may have been deemed wise to compromise the question of possession, let us say so, und put our past action on that ground. But let us make no attempt to cloak our policy under a pretended inferiority of our title to the land so sacrificed. No such pretence can save us. Again, we must speak to the democratic party of the United States. But we dare to hope that many a liberal whig will feel the force of the appeal which the interests of his county will make to his patriotism on this import ant question. We especially addiess ourselves, howe ver, at this time, to the democratic party, because of the peculiar circumstances which huvo connected them in past times with the question of Oregou. They became peculiarly connected with it by their public avowals near eighteen months ago. The Baltimore convention expressed the deepest interest in the territory of Oregon. In the canvass of the presidential election, the same de cided sentiments were manifested. The President's first prompt, strong, manly word, in full response to that con vention, was, "to the Oregon our right is clear and un questionable." Let that word bo spoken again by the man whom mil lions of freemen have called to occupy the " great cen tral post of the civilization of populur power," and who doubts but that the democracy of the whole Union will repeat it?with a full determination to stand by the rights of the country I When that word goes forth from tho constituted authorities of tho nation, " Our right to Oregon is clear and unquestionable," who doubts that it will go through the length and breadth of the land, and that it will be hailed, as it goes, by the democratic, party with one unanimous anion ? And what then ! We answer this then?the democracy of this country will stand to its word. It will not flinch. Nor will tho honest, patriotic end determined whig fliuch either. We observe that sovoral journals are greatly occu pied with rumors of o proposition submitted, or about to be submitted, by the Knglish government, that Oregon i hall remain for some 20 years longer under the stipula tion of lt)18, in the joint occupation of the two nations, with the understanding that, at tho close of the stipulut ed period, the Oregon colonists may decide lor them selves whether they will then exist as an independent nation, or whether they will belong to the U. States or to England. A few days ago we took occasion to show how this theory of joint occupation works in practice.? Wo then showed that it resulted through the surrepti tious agency of the Hudson Bay Company, in tho ex tension of Knglish law over the whole unoccupied ter ritory, while every measure recognising the American citizens there as our citizens, and us entitled to the pro tection of our laws, had beon regarded iu Kngland, at least, as violating the tioaty stipulation. In our judg ment, it is full time that this state of things should cease. We believe that Congress will so decree. On the subject of the rumored proposition to which we have alluded, we quote with pleasure the following just sentiments from tho French journal in New York, the Courricr ties Elata Unit. They are entitled to the more consideration as tho sentiments of a comparatively disin terested third party. " Let not tho Americans," says the Courier, " be de ceived. All that Kngland wishes, all that she aims at in presenting this proposition, is to gain time. Of what in terest to her is a sojourn of a few years in Oregon I ? What she desires is a permanent position on the Pacific shore of the American continent. We may rest assured that she will not risk the chances of this hazardous pro position, unless she counts on the new elements which the lapse of twenty years cannot fail to bring into the question, and, if need be, on the weight of her gold scat tered by hands full in Oregon, to incline in her favor the doubtful balance of decision, when the hour of decision shall sound." How much these considerations are emphasised by the presence and the agency in that legion of tho gieat cor porate organization to which we have alluded,ts but too manifest. We hold, with the Courier, that such a pro position from Kngland can ho no more than a proposition to gain time. Aud now wo say, once for all, that we know of no evidence whatever that any such proposi tion has been, or will be, submitted by tho British gov ernment. Meantime, the question must como up in the next Con gress, " What (hall we do in relation to our citizens in Oregon?" Aadwehaveno doubt that tho patriotism of Congress will answer, in view of all the facts?recog nise them, protect them, establish communication witli them, nnd extend to them a participation of our own free republican government. VIEWS OF THE HON. DANIEL WEBSTER ON THE OREGON QUESTION, Arc. Annexed is the speech, in full, delivered by Mr. Webster, last Friday night, to a great whig meeting in]13oston. It is intended to affect the election in Massachusetts, to be held to-day, and foreshadows the position that Mr. Webster, and the New Eng land portion, at least, of the whig delegation to Con gress will take in opposition to the Administration Jt is important, when taken into view with the arti cle from the organ of the administration *>#?### Gentlemen, there are topics before the country, be foro the people of this Commonwealth, on which 1 have 011 thin occasion, to address a few words to yon. The immediate occasion, which now calls us together, is the election of olHcers of the State Government. Those who have administered that government for the last I year are the candidates of the whigs for re-election. I shall say nothing of the manner in which their duties have been discharged by them; for if there is any objec- 1 tion made to their conduct, that objection has not reach- I ed me I know of no reason connected with their offi cial duty which should prevent any of us, who as a whig adheres still to wing principles, from giving his support and his vote for the re-election of George N. lirigga and John lleed. But then it is undoubtedly true that every State election, I tnenn every general State election, has some beuring on those great, general ques- , tions of national policy,', the decision of which is con fided to the general government, in which the peoplo of the Commonwealth have a deep and ubiding interest, it is my purpose to ofl'er a few remarks only on one or two of those national questions this evening. Gentlemen, one of tho most prominent and most im poitant duties confided to the General Government is the care and preservation of the foreign relations of tho country. The foreign relations, in n peculiar manner, are entrusted to the discretion, the authority, and the power of the General Government. At the present mo mentuli perceive that in regard to our foroign relations there is one, and 1 am happy to say lint one question of exciting interest It is of a nnturo so delicate and im po taut, that while there rests upon it the peace and hap piness of the country, it is nevertheless a question upon which it is i.ot easy to speak with security and care, he fore a public audience. I refer, gentlemen, to the ques tion now pending as a question of main interest, between tho United Slates and (treat Britain on tLe subject ot Oregon. i' I suppose it is tho sentiment of every sensible and just man, that tho preservation of the pcaco of the coun try on honorable terms, and under circumstances favor able to the great interests ef the country, is an object in itself highly desirable. I suppose I may tako it for granted that, in the judgment ol this assembly, the nub lie peueo ol two great commercial countries, which hold together a daily intercouroe exceeding that between any other two countries in the world, shall not he light ly disturbed. And upon the foundation of these general ideas to say a word or two upon a sutiject which seems within n lew day s to have excited ronsideiahle alarm. Tho only question now remnining out of all those which have excited attentiou between the countries, is the question of the Oregon Territory. What is that question f How does it stand ? The Oregon Territory embraces that part of the continent which lies west of the Stony .Mountains, and between the Ntouy Mountains and the Pacific. It is not necessary to go into the history of the discovery ol tho territory, or ol the rights which one or tlm ot.ier party find to It. It is enough to say it is in dispute between K.ngland and the United States, and has been in dispute lor forty y ears. This controversy .seems now to he approaching a sort of crisis ; and there are, fiom time to time, symptoms of alarm on one side of the Atlantic or the other, as to the ronscqueiico of the course of policy which either Government may pursue l.et us look fairly and calmly and see how it stands. Tho triiitory.as I have said, has been the subject of claim in whole or in part, by both Governmenta, for a great many years. It lias constantly been subject of negotiation, and yet ttie governmenta liavo not been able to agree. As lar hack as IH|?, not tiring able to come to terma of agree ment, they stipulated by n < (invention, which is in force at this pit-.-cut moment, that the whole territory should he thrown open to both countries until the boundary was finally settled. That was the prevision ol conven tion, who'll was confined at first to a limit of ten years ; alter wards continued hy agreement indefinitely or until one of the i wo nations expressed a disposition to termi nate it. That signification of a disposition to end it has never Ween giron hy either patty, and tho whole country ot Oregon at this moment it open to the hunting, tho set tlements, tho commerce and the ships of both natious, under treaty stipulations. Now, gentlemen, I desire to s|>eak with the utmost cue, and I hope that I may not ho in the slightest de vice misunderstood, while 1 proceed to make a lew io Mi.uks on this subject. And in tho fiistplacn, J say to run, and through you to the country, what ell kDow, ?htt in the whole scope et this question, It appears that thin is a subject lor negotiation, for discussion, for ami cable settlement; ami so it has been regarded by both government* for tho whole length of time. It wa* be cause the two government* could not agree a* to tho proper division of the territory, or upon any other satis factory arrangement, thct in 191H they determined en joint occupation until they rould come to somo under standing about it. And with tho (tune spirit, this govern ment, at three di.Terent times, in 1H1H, in I8d I, in 1816, has proposed t ? the British government a straight line of division, the parallel ot 44 degrees, all north ol which should be assigned to KngUnd, and all south holong to America While the Kuglisli government did not ac cede to this proposition ol our government, it did not insist upon any right to the whole of < 'regon. There fore the position ot tho question is that by the admission of both governments through this long series of years, is that ol n question for discussion and negotiation and compiomise, and amicable settlement. (Prolonged ap plause ) Now, gontlemon, I mad with interest, of course, the discussion upon this subject in the House of Commons, thiee months ago, resulting in an expression of opinion from the British Premier wntch received the sanction of that houso. And I am willing to avail myself of tho lan guage of that minister upon this subject, and apply it to our side of the question us ho did to his. 1 have nothing to complain of us to the temper ot that language; 1 am f roe to say that it was a temper becoming a large mind ed, liberal, and just statesman. But what the British minister said in the House of Commons?in its sum ond suhstanco?was, that England had lights in regard to this question that must be and would bo respected. I adopt the same language on our side, and say that wo also have rights that ought to be, must he, anil will bo respected. .Cheers) Now, gentlemen, I do not purpose to express to yoit an opinion upon this subject. I huvo no better opinion than any one of you us to the manner in which this ad justment ought to be made, but I have lull contidcnce, tho utmost confidence, that it can be made ; that it can be made by wise and moderate measures in a manner perfectly consistent with the honor and with all the rights of all parties. (Cheers ) 1 am the more confident ol this when I look a little foe ward and see the state of things which is not fir in ad vance. Where is Oregon ? On the shores ol the Pa cific, three thousand miles from us and twice us far ftom England. Who is to settle it .' Ann* icons mainly : some settlers undoubtedly from England, but all Anglo Suxons; all men educated in notions; ot independent government and all self dependent. And now let mo ask if there lie any sensible man in the whole I'nited States who wilt say for a moment, that when fifty or a hundred thousand persons of this description shall find themselves on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, that they will long consent to ho under the rules either of the American Congress or the British Parliament I They will raise a standard for themselves, and they ought to do it. I look forward to the period when they will do this as not so far distant,hut that many now present, ami those not among the young est ol' us, will sec a great Pacific republican nation. I believe that it is in the course ol Providence nndol'hu man destiny thnt a great State is to nrise, of English and American descent, whose power will he established over the country on the shores of the Pacific; and that all those rights of natural and political llborty, all those great priniples tiiat both nations have inherited from their fathers, will be transmitted through us to them, so that there will exist at the mouth of the Colum bia, or more probably farther Routh, a great Pacific re public, a nation where our children may go for a resi dence, separating themselves from this government, und forming onintegrul part ot a new government, half way between England au l China ; in the most healthful, fer tile, aud desirable portion of the giohe, and quite too far remote from Europe and from this side of the American Continent to be under the governmental influence of either country. This state of things is by no means so far ofl'as we may imagine; hy no means so remote from the present time as may be supposed ; and looking to this state of things, this question becomes one upon which intelligent and well-disposed men might very readily come to au agree ment. But, gentlemen, in this point of view is this a subject upou which it is proper by popular appeal, or by loud representations of patriotism, or by a aoit of stormy de fiance of the power of a great nation on our side?is it proper on tho otner side by cries about the maritime ascendancy of England, the great wealth, the dignity, the power, the martial prowess of England, is it a ques tion on which, by outcries of this sort on either side of the ocean, these two great communities are to be em broiled and plagued in all their commercial and friendly relations?or to be compelled to run into the horrors of war ? No, gentlemen ! the spirit of the age is against it 1 have said, I will not undertake to express an opinion as to the manner in which tho question may be settled I will say, however, what appears to bo natural. It is well known that the 49th degree of north latitude is the boundary line, between tho western part of this coun try, and the British provinces, as far as the loot of the Stony Mountains. It seems to be natural enough if the two governments contemplate a change, that they stiould agree to an extension of this same line westward, that the two should keep on abreast, side by sido, with the same line of division till they roach the Pacific Ocean. It ia well known, that about where the Colum bia ltiver crosses the 49th parallel, it makes a turn und Hows nearly southward. Very well. Suppose it made in sudden a sweep to the northward. England would then naturally say, this rivei, which has been making westward, sweeps to the northward ; instead of making with it a great bend to the north, we will leave it and go on straight to the Pacific Ocean on this parallel of 49 degrees. For the same reason.it is not unnatural for the I'nited States to say, since it proves that the river makes a circuit to the south?instead of following that circuit, wo will go straight upon the 40th parallel till we meet the shore of the Pacific Ocean. This very proposition lias been made to the British overnment threo succesi government threo successive times. It was made in '18. in "v!4, and in ^S? again ami again, to follow up tho 49th parallel, westward from the Lake of the Woods, not only to the foot of the llocky Mountains, but over the mountains and onward to the ocean. I am not about to say whether this is a proper division of the torritory or not. But I do say, that as it has been so often repeated in this manner twenty-five, and twenty, and eighteen years ago, is an admission that there is something to negocinte about, and treat about for either side ; that it is not a question free from difficulty on either tide. (Applause ) Now, gentlemen, who is the man at the head of either government, who will take upon liimsell the responsibi lity of bringing on a war, between two rations like (.treat Britain and America, upon a question of this kind, until lie is prepared to show that anything and everything that he could do, has been done to avoid such a terrible ulti mate result? [Mr. W., was interrupted here by renewed cheers.J 11 a British minister under whose administra tration a war should ensue on the question, cannot stand up in Parliament and show that it is not his fault, ennnot show that he has done everything which an honest and sensible man can do to avert the conflict, I undertake to say that no power or popularity can uphold his shaking ? osition for an hour. [Cheers J And in the same souse .md spirit I say, that if in this country, any party shall, before we are aware of it, plunge us into a war upon this question, it must expect to meet a very levere interroga tory from the American people ; must expect to prepare itself to show that it has done all it could, Without nny bias from the pride of success or tho love of war?ail that it could do, to keep the nation sale from so great a calamity, with the preservation of its rights and its honor. Gentlemen, it appears to me that any man prime mi nister ol England or President of the Tinted States, who should unnecessarily light up the flames of war upon such a subject, (flames let mo add that will burn over the whole globe) may well consider the gonius ol his country addressing to him the words which the ora tor ol Home supposed the genius of his country would address to him if he did not quell the ('ataline conspiracy ?" ,1n etm tietlii vaitabitiir Italia, vtxabunltr urbtt, trrta ardrbunt; tmm te nnn taistitnas invidi<r inctndio ronflagra lUfum." [ Applause.] No, gentlemen ! the man who shall, fiicautiously, or led on by false ambition, or party pride,kindle those tires of war over the globe on this question must look out for it?must expect to be himself consumed in a burning conflagration ot general reproach. | Prolonged cheeis.j There will be a public indignation before which no popularity .public or priveto can stand?it will melt down every monument of tho dead, it will destroy all respect for the living, it will burn up every vestige of respect for individual worth, it unnecessarily, it recklessly, if ambitiously, it lias plunged tho subjects nnd citizens ot two civilized Christian States of the world into war?a war which shall cause the loss ol' million* ol wealth? "hall turn cities to smoke?shall cost thousands and hun dred ol thousands ol lives?and those smoking cities, and that destruction of property, and that sacrifice ol lilo shall he found over the whole globe, in every latitude and longitude, surrounding the nail on which we live. Now, gentlemen, I do not propose that on this suhject we ta':e any alarm. I propose that we keep ourselves cool and calm. In some of the southern cities there is now some agitation for fear of a war. I regret this much. I hardly say I regrot the feoling?that is natural. Hut I regret the cause. It isn common mistako of men net in the most elevated position, that they think they can play the small patriot safely, In a small style.? (Lnughtorj These aie those who think that they can talk ot a war with Kngland and any other nation, and get credit for their patriotism nnd lofty love of country, hut keep the game in their own hands. That may not happen. At nny rate thnt is not tho way not the course which just and lofty and respectable men feel on the gioat question ot peace or war. This constant speculation, this supposition that war may eome, is lmlf as bail as war itself. It interferes with all the business and arrangements of lite It eon founds and confuses men in regard to their own business plans. What we want is settled peace, and the convic tion that peace will remain until thore is some just and sensible cause for war. On this subject I have only further to say that, while it is our duty not to take or to spread alarm, to believe and trust that the government, that the country will art soberly, anJ wisely, and justly, it is n less difficult thing in some people imagine,to begin a disr than some people imagine,to begin a dispute, whose ro suit no man in the end can control, Lot the govern ment only bo sure that it is right?in the words of one of the lato Presidents of the U. States, let us claim all that is right, am) ask for nothing thut is wrong, freely nnd magnanimously, and without any particular array of patriotic, declaration. (Laughter ) Among other great questions upon which the election of next Mondny must have some bearing, is that system ol laws which we call the tariff, which has received tho general support of the people ol the State. Every man expects a ferocious attack upon tho whole system Every man expects thnt since the government now in power was established by the general voire of the anti taritl States, that an attempt will lie made to destroy that whole policy. How far they wilt succeed 1 know not. There are circumstances ol encouragement cir oumstances of the opposite character, (tut my question Is with the people of Maaaechuiatta Whet have the people of Massachusetts to expert from any chnnge - Taking the out of HIJ as n general law, ol general ope ration, what hare the good people ot Massachusetts for good to expect from any change. The question is whether the tarilf is conducive to tho prosperity of Massachusetts. What is the criterion! 1 put it upon one ground only; I put it upon this one ground. 1 do not inquire what profits aio made hy the rich capitalist, or whether or not a lew individuals grow rich under its influence; hut 1 put the question: are the laboring cluss e-' w f 1 oil ' An- their wages high I Is lahor in demand ' (and fc ipso questions comprise the prosperity of five 1 of the community.) Aro they in good condition? :l | ? I axl-I these questions; utid if you give ine a country wheTj lahor is in demand, and the le laboring classes weft off. I call that a happy country tariff or no turiff.? (Cheers.) lloes any man suppose that if the tarilf'of 1*41 were repealed it would raise the price of wages in Massachu setts ' There aro parts of it which, had we opportunity, we might doubtless alter to advantage : it has its imper fections ; hut take it as a whole - does any man suppose that if it wero destroyed to-day, and the grand favorite system ot a horizontal duty?as they coll it?of 20 per cent sheuld he levied in its stead, that tho lahor of Mas sachusetts would be recompensed as it is now ? I ob . serve that the government organ quotes the example of i England to support this theory of ad valonm duties, and tandni a revenue standard ; and the rate of 10 percent is fixed upon as just right. Now 1 have reason to know that | Irom tho beginning of this government down, from Lien. ; Washington's administration to this time, the average ol all tho duties, reducing specific duties to ml ralortm, would amount to an average ud ralorrm duty ot more than 34 per cent. Another fact is, that while we are constantly told ol the example of England in this matter, and of her liberal policy, and are advised as all those who read our gov ernment journals must remember, to follow in the loot steps of Sir llobert Peel, and adopt his liberal policy ?I have seen it demonstrated by competent writers of Eng land, that the average rate of duty in that country this Jay, even under Sir Hubert Peel's new system, is no l--ss than 49 par ceut. forty nine per cent: and jet we uru to follow tho example ol England, and bring down our: duties to 20 per cent(Laughter and cheers ) One tiling inore, gentlemen. There has always been an attempt?lor the last twenty years or more?to show that this protective policy helps the rich only?building up such establishments only as Lowell and Springfield, j and other places where large operations are carried on. This is not tho foundation of the system and never was If you go back to the adoption of the constitution, or il you look at the state of things amongst us as it is now, | the fact is, that it is in the manufactures ol a more indi vidual character, the shop manufactures, those of the workers in iron, in brass, of tho artisans working in ( their own shops, with the assistance of their wives and children, these are the interests for the benefit ol w hich the systom was founded in Washington's time and is now.?(Cheers.) I And let every man think of this, and when he is told ol tho aggrandisement of the great capitalists at Lowell, i and Dover and Piovidenco ami elsewhere, let him look at the many hundreds of thousands ot small capitalists - hammering over their own anvils?making hats in their own shops -obtaining by these processes ol manufacture support and education lor their fumilies, ami then let i him remember that without the duties at the customs i there is not one of these manufacturers that could sur- j vive twelve months. | Gentlemen, thu election is before us. We should be : hero to-night with no possible doubt ol tho result of next Monday's balloting, were it not that in the course of years of prosperity, there have grown up?I will hardly say divisions among the whig party?but that some of them have separated from us, drawing oil Irom us friends, many good mon who think with us upon these great questions, particularly in regard to the peace ol the country, the protective policy and the maintenance of tho constitution of the United States ond of Massachu setts. These have withdrawn effectually all their aid from us in the support of those great objects lor the sake of what they call a " separate organization."' 1 allude to the party calhd the liberty party, and to the native Amcricau party. 1 cannot spoak of either of these parties in terms of re proach or unkindness. 1 think of tnein "more in sorrow than in anger." (Applause.) I must look upon some of them as upon our brethren who were with us but lately, listening and speakipg in our councils in this very hall. I mean, gentlcmeiq tho Native Republican party, ol whom it is ttie furthest thing from my mind to speak ol them, or think ol them with any unkindness. They are bene ol our bone, and flosh of our flesh. (Cheers.) I la ment?deeply, fervently iameut, the cours# they think it their duty to pursue. What can they <)? 1 What can they do? If there is anything in this country which is I a cherished object of the Whigs.it is a reformation of the naturalization laws. Who, of all the Native American party will go farther ior this purpose than 1 havo gono, and am willing to go still under the Constitution, lor the protection of American, Native American rights, and the purity of the ballot box I | Applause, in the midst of which a loud voice cried "you're a good native, Daniel, to which Mr. Webster answered as the cheers subsided., "I rather think I am." Renewed laughter and applause.J Within the limits of the constitution 1 am willing to go as far as lio who goes tho farthest. I um older than some ol'the Native Americans themselves. (Laughter.) 1 havo seen the pernicious influence of these foreign votes for tho last thirty years, and have raised my voice when there was some chance to make it heard; and I have been met by that party, that political party, that al ways counts upon every foreigner as certainly as any monarch of Europe counts upon his serfs. I have seen that there was no remedy for the evil hut n revision ol the naturalization laws, Eorthis I have done all in in) power: I will do all in "my power. (Cheers) And what I lament is tliut those who have united fortius very pur pose, themselves take away a great part ol the strength necessary to accomplish what they desire, and which let me tell them we desire as much as they do. And 1 put this to them as a matter of conscience, for I h"'" every mini who holds tho elective franchise holds it as a trust. We may say that he may vote as he has a mind ^ to do, unless ho takes care not to injure others, lie is as much hound to give a correct decision, as if lie were act ing upon a jury under ontli. Every man's vote allects the interest of every other man, and when we say tiint he has a right to vote, as bo has a mind to, we must reduce it to this, that ho has a right to vote right. (Applause) Now 1 put it to every man?and there shall be neither taunt nor reproach in my lan guago ? what can ho propose to himselt favoruble to the amelioration of the naturalization laws by n separate or ganization"? On the contrary, I do firmly believe that every vote withheld for this reason, from the ^"nig can didate, is liko an express resolution to diminish the pow er, tho chance, and tho prospect of a rovision ol the nat uralization laws. These gentlemen will send no members to < ongreas, but if tliey go on, they will provent the sending by the whigs of tboso who would probably advance their ob jects, and they thus piomote the electing ol those who aro opposed to their objects. . Who aro tliey who are responsible on this principle ol general morals lor tho annexation ol Texas and the spread of negro slavery over another great portion ol the globe ? Men to whom the evil was pointed out, and who in tho exercise of a common intelligence could not but have foreseen it. It will ho admitted to be a goneral principle ol morals (hat every man who foresees an evil and can prevent it. and docs not choose to prevent it, is himself responsible i lor that evil ; and I would apply that remark not only to 1 the Native American party, but by nil awful application | to another party that exists among us. There could not ! have been a inan in the United States who did not see that in withholding his vote from the whig candidate ho aided directly tho election of the locofoeo candidate j I lor President and Vice President, and that the choice I of these loeofoco candidates must inevitably result in ; the annexation of Texas. Was it not proclaimed fr?m i every hill-top t It was told to Mr. Birney and Ins fol- 1 lowors again and again : " If the whig candidate is chosen, Texas is out, and you know it; it ho is not ; chosen, Texas is in, anil you know it." But they said, "we do no* vote for Mr. I'olk Very well. But you had the means ol preventing the | anne xation of Texas ; you know your own power. By j 1 joining those as anxious as yon are, or as you profess to lie, to prevent it, you could prevent it. If > on did not j join them it would take place. You did not join them and it did take place. Gentlemen, this is a subject on which I have deep foeling very deep feeling-and 1 think it must stand on 1 die pages ot history as the recorded judgment of man kind, that those umong ns who asserted themselves to )>o in a peculiar and marked degree friends to universal liberty, have by their own deliberate act, fastened tho chains of slavery on a great poition ot the black race over a vest extent of this continent. It Is to me tho most mournful and most awful reflection. 1 know that thoiii-an Is of gentlemen who took such a ' course, say that they meant well. They meant well I am not to scrutinize their motives, they must answer for those elsewhere,?but 1 beseech thein.uow, not to fall ; into another such mistake. It is thought, it is an ilea, I do not say how well founded, that there may he yet n liopo for resistance to the consummation of the annexa tion of Texas. | Enthusiastic applause. I I can only I j say for one, that if it should fall to my lot to have a vote on such a question, and I vote for the admission into this 1 Union of any State with a Constitution which prohibits , I even the Legislature from ever setting the bondman bee. I shall never show my head again, depend upon it, in Eaneuil Hall. [Tremendous cheering.] But, gentlemen, suppose it to bo so, suppose the case that in Hie ensuing session of Congress, your members fairly Biul freely pretest against the consummation ol this annexation; why, how ure we to stand in Masia- 1 , chusetts ' How are we to stand in Massachusetts ? Aro , we to havo the gentleman who is nominated by the Loco Eocos, the governor of tho fttato, and to fight the buttle under his uuspices ' By dissensions among ourselves,mid lists of several other candidates, aro we so to prostrate ourselves ' While wo aie to sustain thrso great piinci pies in Congress, are wc to be unsusteinea at home ? ? No, gentlemen. But 1 say again, that overy man who gives a vote lor any other man than George N. Ilriggs, does in that respuct all in his power to weaken the au thority with which liis representatives in congress can stand up and protest any longer against consummating this umiexation. I may not flatter myself, perhaps, Hint any person be longing to that party hears me, but il there be such, I beseech him in brotherly love and kindnass, ami an a

partaker in the general sentiments which they i ntertaiii, f o consider whether he is not defeating their best objects by pursuing the course which tlu>y have adopted. I would beseech brethren to come back upon that old | lut form, broad enough to sustain us all?on w hich wo set out together as Whigs, on which, as Whigs, wc achieved something lor the good of the country ?on which, and not otherwise letting by-gones lie hy-gonos, rallying under tho great name which our ancestors bore -conn dent that as Whigs we can accomplish u good for the Constitution and the country which no other name among us is able to accomplish here or hereafter But gentleman, there are among ua, those who ere willing to do oM duty under the old name : Whi^e,with out variation er change. (Cheers) What it the duty, devolving upon us I What are we to do under some cir piimttances of discouragement 7 What are we to do The answer is plain. We are to dc The answer is plain. We are to do our duty, our whole duty?with all the affections of our hearts and all the powers of our minds, and then to trust to Providence. If anything should happen to tarnish the famo of Massa chusetts; anything which should cause deep regret for her or for the Country, let us so conduct ourselves that the poignancy of persoual self-reproach shall not he ad ded to these sources of rogret and mortification. (Loud cheers ) Gentlemen, 1st us lay aside every other call of ordi nary duty until we have done our utmost to establish our principlo i ii the election ol our candidates. 1 am hero necessarily engaged, in professional atl'airs. The town in which 1 reside is so fur distant that I must dsvole two days to go thither and vote there. Uut I should go if it cost ten days. (Cheers) Let us all do our duty, un falteringly, laboriously, soberly. And when attor Mon day tho question is asked,which certainly will be asked, beginning at llhode Island and spreading as far as Georgia, and westward to Wisconsin, "Mow stands old Massachusetts " let you and I bo able to hold up our heads and say "Look at her and see how she stands Army Affairs. War DiriHiMvsi f Adjutant Gcnerai's Orru r,' Washington, Nov. ft, IHfft S OtussiiAi. Ouoms, No. 60.-Promotions and appoint ments In the army, made by the President of the I'nited States, since the promulgation ot "General Orders,'' No. 31, of July 7, 1846. I. Promotions. Secoml Regiment of Dragoons. -Brevet 3d Lieut. Jo seph II. Whittlesey,to be second lieutenaut, November 3, 184ft. Third Regiment of slrtillery.?Lieut- Colonel William Gates, to he cojonel, Oct 13, 1846, vice Armistead, de ceased Major Francis 8. Belton, of the 4th artillery, to be lieutenant colonel, October 13, 18J6, vice Gates, pro moted. Fourth Regiment yf Jirtilltry. Brevet Majoi John L Gardner, captain 4th artillery, fo lie major, October 13, 184ft, vice Belton, promoted, hirst Lieut. Kaphael G. Smead, to bo captain, October 13, Into, vice Gardner, promoted. Second Lieut Krancis N. Clarke, to be first lieutenant, October 13,.1845, vice Smead, promoted. Se cond Lieut George W. Getty, to bo first lieutenant, Oc tober 31. 184ft, vice Sofey, deceased. Brevet id Lieut. Daniel 11. llili, of the 3rd artillery, to be second lieuten ant, October 13, 184ft, vice I'larko, promoted. Brevet 3d Lieut. John H. i irelauil, of the 1st artillery, to be second lieutenant, October 31, 184ft, vice Getty, promoted. Third Regiment of Infantry.?First Lieut. Josopli L. Coburn, to lie captain, November 3, 184ft, vico I'otton, resigned. Second Lieut. Olivor L. Shepherd, to {be first lieutenant, November 3, 184.), vice I'oburn, promoted. Brovet 2d Lieut llohert Hazlitt, of the 1th infantry, to he second lieutenant, November 3, 184ft, vice Shepherd, pro moted. Foii-tli Regiment ij Infantry - Lieut Colonel William Whistler, of the 7th infantry, to bo colonel. July 1ft, 184.), vice Vote, deceased. Brevet 2nd Lieut. Christopher Augur, of tho 2d infantry, to be second lieutenant. Sep tember 12. 184ft, vice Higgins, deceased. Brevet 2d Lieut. Franklin Gardner, of the 7th infantry, to be second lieu tenant, September 12, 184ft, vice Berry, deceased. Sixth Regiment of Infantry?Capt Benjamin L. E. Bon neville, of the 7th infantry, to be mayor, July 1ft, 1815, vice Hoffman, promoted. Seventh Regiment of Infantry..?Major William Ilott man, of the 0th infantry, to be lieutenant colonel, July to, 184ft, vice Whistler, promoted. First Lieut. Roger 8 Dix, to be captain, July 16, lstft, vice Bonneville, promoted. First Lieut. Richard C. Gatlin, to be captain September 30, 1845, vice Dix, appointed paymaster. Se cond Lieut. James 11. Scott, to lie first lieutenant, July lft, 1843, vice Dix, promoted. Second Lieut. Charles H. Humber, to be first lieutenant, September 30, 1813, vice GatJin, promoted. Brovet 2d Lieut. Ulyssos S. Grant, of the -1th infantry, to be second lieutenant, September 30, 181ft, vice llurnber, promoted. Brevet 2d Lieut. Joseph 11 Potter, of the 1st infantry, to be second lieutenant, October 21, 184ft, vice Quimhy, resigned. Eighth Regiment of Infantry.?Brevet 2d Lieut. Theo dore 1,. Chadhourne, of tho 2d infantry, to be second lieutenant, Septomber 10, 184ft, vice Darne, resigned.? Brevet 2d Lieut. Edmunds B. Holloway, of the 4th in lantry, to he second lieutenant, September 20, 1846, vice Handy, decoased. II. ArroiXTMENTs?Quartermaster's Department?First Lieutenant Morris S. Miller, 3d artillory, to he assistant quartermaster, with the rank of captain, September 13, 1845. Ray Department.?Roger S. Dix, captain of the 7th in fantry, to he paymaster, September 30, 1846, vice Da vies, resigned. Seventh Regiment of Infantry.?Thomas II tiuimhy, of Maine, to bo second lieutenant, August 1, 184ft. III. Casualties. Resignations (0 ) ?Captain John W.Cotton, 3d infant ry, November 3, 1845. Captain Dixon 8. Miles, ot the 7(h infantry, as assistant quartermaster (only), Septom ber 30, 1845. Captain Roger 8. Dix, as captain oi the 7th infantry, and as assistant quartermaster, Septembei 30, 184ft. Hecond Lieut. Alexander C. II. Dame, 8th in fantry , September 10, 184ft. Second Lieut. Thomas R. Uuimby, 7th infantry, October 21, 1849. Paymaster Charles Davies, September 30, 1846. Deaths, (ti)?Brevet Brigadier General Walker K. Armistead. colonel of the 3d artillery, at Upperville, Va., October 13. 1848. Colonel Josiaii H. Vose. 4th infantry, at New Orleans barracks, La., July lft, 184S. First Lieut James R. Soley, 4th artillery, at Troy, N. V., October 31,184j. Second Lieut. Thaddeus Higgins, 4th infantry, near Corpus Christi, 'Texas, September 12, 1846. Second Lieut. Benj. A. Berry, 4th infantry, near Corpus Christi, Texas, Sept 12, 184ft. Second Lieut. James O. Handy, 8th infantry, at Corpus Christi, Texas, Sept. 28, 1846. IV. The olticers promoted and appointed will join their proper regiments, companies, ami stations, without delay ; those on detached service, or acting under spe cial instructions, will report by letter to the command ing officers of their respective regiments and corps. By order, R. JONES, Adjutant General. Mkmoranda. Re-appointments.? Benjamin F. Earned, re-appointed paymaster in the army, from November 24, 1846, when his present appointment will expire. Thomas J. Leslie, re-uppointed paymaster in tho aimy, trom November 27, 1846, when bis present appointment will expire. St. Clair Denny, re-appolnted paymaster in the army, trom October 16, 1845, when his lonner appointment expired Transfers.?Major W. V. Cobbs, ot the 5th infantry to the 4th infantry. Major T. Staniford, of the 4th in fantry, to the 5th intantry. Brevet Major 8. Cooper captain 4th artillery, from Company D to Company A, Tub Storm on the Lake.?The absence of any boat by the Cleveland route, prevents full particu lars of the extent of losses to those vessels reported ashore. The London is in from Detroit, but passing close to the Canada side, during lia/.y weather, nnd ma king but few stops, adds but little to the information previously obtained. The brig St. Louis 1st, which cieared in ballast on Sunday morning, undercharge ot the mate, Mr. Keeler, is ashore boyond Long Point, on the C anada shore; and the brig Rebecca, Captain Allen, with a full cargo of Hour. Sic., from Detroit, is benched above Point Ahino. The steamer Bunker Hill has gone to their assistance. The schooner Bugbee, Til ton, master, is also reported ashore, on the south side of the lake. We expert to hear of other disasturs. The Urge sloop Helen Kent, loaded with merchandise for (oniieaut. passed that place on Sunday evening, and has not since been heard trom. The sclir. Clay Unrl, Bone, master, announced as being ashore at K.rie, has been got oft", with her cargo in u damaged condition. We learn 1 Item the Krie Gazette, that alter the subsidence of the gale, the heach at that place was strewed with wheat, and that fenrs are entertained of the sinking of some vessel. The storm has pretty much ceased, and n tleet of | steamers left this morning westward?one only for the ' upper lakes, the Si Louit. The Madiion is announced i to follow immediately. .Sail vessels are waiting for a wind. The Detroit Exp re a, of Wednesday evening, says " We are informed by passengers who came up on the ! Kmplre and United States, that many vessels are aground. , The storm rommencod Sunday morning, blowing from I uoith-eust, ami continued to increase until evening, when 11 north wind threatened to drive every thing upon the i American shore. The United States, when bet ween Krio nnd Fairport, became partially disabled, but through great exertions, she was carried safe into Kairport. It is impossible to state tho amount of loss occasioned by the storm. A vessel belonging to Messrs Smith,?Hover & I)wight, w as wrecked near Huron. She was insured."? Ilujfatu .Idr., Kov. 7. JWore Mormon Difficulties.?A gentleman front the Upper Mississippi informs us that a few slays ago the Sheriff of Rock Island came to Nauvoo with a writ for one ot the Reddings, charged to have been con cerned in the murder of C'ol. Davenport. After Redding hud been arrested, and was about going on board a boat for Rock Island, a body ot Mormons collected round the Sheriff for the purpose ot rescuing the prisoner, and in 'he attempt Bedding received a shot in tho leg, and the Slici iffa wound from a pistolshot The prisoner escaped. Wo further understand, that Major Warren, the com mander of the lorces stutioned in tiie county, had several writ- to M-rvo in Nauvoo, which he would attempt to px ncute on Tuesday last, when it was expected the Mor mons would otter opposition to their service. If these rcpoits be true, and the Mormons do in fact offer resist ance to .Major Warren, they ? ill bring upon themselves another difficulty immediately. We ar? surprised they don t see the danger they incur by this course of resist ance Wo sre not fully informed as to tho character of the writ- to be served, but understand that some of them aie against some of the members of the Council of Twelve, which includes the leaders or principal men of the church.? St. Louit Repubtiran, Oct. 91. James Vrliugtou Bennett is said to be trying to act the lion at Nauvoo at the present time He will be roughly h.nulled it he falls into the hands ol the anti-Mormons. Barkcnstos has removed the trmlof his ease to Peoria county by change of venue. '1 he fl u'vine Signal says, that three Mormon houses were burned last week in the south end of the county, by whom it does not know. The Signal censures such ucts in stiorg terms. Wo learn ttom a letter from Nauvoo, thnt the anti-Mor mons threatened an attack on tho night of the 'J'Jd, upon the < amp ' reek settlement, but that their designs wore known and would ho frustrated. The Mormons are making arrangements to leave for California in the spring, in companies or divisions of one hundred each, and they will take their printing establishment w ith them. St. 1.ovi$ Reporter, Nov. I. Mr. Mnrtin Demaret, ol Franklin, Aitakapaa, died j few days ago, at tho age of 68. He w as a veteran ol 816 N O Rei, Nov. 1 New York Lefflalature, 1*40. Senate. District. rhm. JVhig. Ifntint. I John A i.ott, . . . Geo KoUom. L) II K Jones, ... ? ? ? , Edward Sand ford ... ... 'J A A Dayo, ... ? ? ? J B Smith, ... ... | R Denniston, ... . . . Saxton Smith. ... . . . ;t John C Wright, W 11 Van Schoonhover, . , 8 C Johnson, ... ... John P Beekmau. ... ... 4 T B Mitchell, ... ... Orvilio Clarke, ... ? ? ? I A C Rand, ... ... Samuel Young ... ... b C P Scovill, Jos Spencer . . . Thomas Barlow. ... ... E B Talcott. h C T Chamberlin, ... ... Clark Burnham, ... ... George D. Beers, ... ... Thomas J Walker ... ... 7 John Potter, ... ... Albert Lester, ... ... H G Sedgwick, ... R II Williams. ... ... s ... Horry Putnam, ... F K Backus, , . , Carlos Emmons, . . . . , . Gideon Hard. . . . Assembly. IUiu. ?Wiig. .inti-Rent. On em no. Allegany. Alhany A Primmer. Nathaniel Coe. It D Watson, I Chenango. John (J Collins. T L Shafer, Solomon Ensign, lisoanic. Ira Harris . Dr. Sands, Helphronius French. Delaware. Clinton. Cattaraugus Orrin Foote, I N I' Gregory, Gideon Searle, R Lewis. COLUMBIA K J llice. Montgomery I Levi Pitts, Catuqa. Benj. Baird. | W E Heermance Wra J Cornwall, Renssalaer. ! Jeremiah Hanver Samuel Bell. H/Hayner. , Dutches*. John T Rathbun Schkneot aby. , . . Chai'TAL'qur D M Moore Frank lin. Klisha Ward. Schoharie Sidney Lawrence. Madison Burnell, Thos. Smith. Fulton. V Lake. C S Griunel, Chenango. Orcim. H E Storrs. Noeley Lawrence. Cortlaxdt. ? ? ? 1 I'll Van Bergen. John Miller, lir.RKiMKR Amos Graves. . ? . 1 WmC t rain, Dithers. ? ? ? ' Henry Eysemadi. ... ... JervKBSON. Eric. 1 Levi Miller, .Nathan K Hall, ! Henderson Hawk, John T Bush, ... ! Elihu McNeil, James Wood. Kings. Essex. Gamaliel King, Caleb I) Barton. J A Voorhies. Gcxessee. ? ? ? Madison. Aaron Long, : Thomas Y Loomis, Henian Blodget. ; l)r Potter, Lewis. I Horace Hawks, Nelson J Beach. | Montgomery . Livingston. ... ' Theodore Liddle. John Young, ? ? ? I New York. W 8 kulterton. Alex Wells, Monroe. ! Joshua Floet, W c Bloss, ? ? . 1 Thomas Spofford, J R Thompson, , Robert H Ludlow, Matthias R Angle. Gerardus Boyce, Niagara. ? ? ? 1 Wilson Small, Lot Clark, . ? ? < Samuel J Tilden, Morgan Johnson. ! James H Titus, Oneida. ! Alex Stewart, Benjamin Cooper, ; J C Albertson, C C Cook, | J I) Stevenson, Daniel Dorrance. . ? ? ! J E IJevelin, Russel Fuller, i Jonn Townsend. Onondaga, i , Onondaga. E L Philips. . . . | L J Teft, Ontario. I Alonzo Wood. Alvah Worden, j J C Kinne. Elias Cost, Orange. Joseph C Shelton. . . . Wilkin Secor, Orleans. It 11 Thompson, Dexter Kingman. W L Benedict. Otsego. Oswego. Ebenezer Blakely. j Thomas Skelton, Rensselaer. ; Reuben Drake. Samuel .VlcClellan, Otsego. Justus Nolton. . . . G W Stillman, Saratoga. A A Mather. J M Marvin, < ... Putnam. Chancey Boughton. Benjamin bailey. Washington. (Queens. S fl Viale, . . . John Willis. Lodowecus Fostar. Richmond. Wayne. . . . Elias Durfee, Rocelanp. J T VVisner. . . . Wyoming. Schoharie. AW Young, ... ! Thomas Sawyer. A Woodruff. . . . : Sr. Lawrence. ... ... I Bishop Perkins, ... ... I Asa L llazelton. ... ... I Seneca. ... ... Alanson Woodworth ... ... Steuben. ... ... ' Wm C Rogers, ... ... ! O F Marshall, ... ... ? A O Chatfieid. I SUFFOLK. ... ... j Richard A Udell, ... ... Samuel A Gardiner. ... ... I Sullivan. ... ... j Richard Oliver. ... ... Tioga. ... ... I Gideon O Chase. . . . Ulster. ... ... Joseph Low, ... ... Charles Drake. ... ... Westchester. ... ... J K Haywood, ... ... Ezra Marshall. ... .... Yates. ... ... George Woolcott ... ... State of Parties in the Legislature. Senate. For 1846. For 184 V Democrats ... ? 25 ? 27 Whigs 6 4 Natives 1 7 1 a Dera. maj 18 22 House of Assembly. Democrats... ? 67 ? 67 Whigs 51 45 Anti Renters . *? Natives Iti Irregular Dem. 1 61 ? ui Hero. maj..., 6 6 HAHTPOSn, Nov. 9, 1H46. Circus Hums?Exhibitions? Dr. Hand's lectures?KcrU siastical, 4 c. The old Circus house, on State-House square here, which, for some twenty years past has been profaned a; a storage house lor wagons, Uc., is now demolished, to make room lot a large splendid four-story building, in continuation and completion of that ornament to our city the American buildings. But although the Thespians ot our city have long since been proscribed from having a building, with all its appendages, to exhibit their gods still, of one order of theatricals we are surleited, in the public halls. This week we have had, at one hall, negro dancing, (and,of course,the wonderful "Juba,"') and sing, ing Another company of female dancers (white) Sic., followed them. At another hall, L)r. Sunderland was lecturing on I'athetism, Phrenology, Mesmerism, and sundry other isms. At another half we have optical illu sions ami dissolving views. And at a church, Dr. Baird's lectures on Russia, Toland. France, and Europe in gene ral The first kind ot exhibition is our " ralmo's" or " Alhamra," the second our Olympic, the third our hum bug, the fourth our American museum, (without the petrified skeleton, baboon, and 100,000 curiosities,) and the last is for the upper ten thousand, and for all those who think more in their hoads than their heels, and who desire facts, not fine-spun theories a la Kourierism. All of them are well attended, nnd especially the commence ment of Dr. B.'s lectures, which was attended by over live'hundred persons. The Fourth Church in tins city, whose pastor recently went to Brooklyn, New York, .has given a unanimous call to Rev. Mr. Burchard of yourcity. This, I take it. will be called a fair exchange, no robbery?for New York and Brooklyn are looked upon as one city, in a great many respects Newark-? Permission was given by the City Council, last evening, to the agent of the Magnetic TeUgraph Company, to erect posts, under the direction ot the Street C ommissioner, through the city, for the magnetic communication between Philadelphia and New York The agent has commenced putting upposts along High street. A census of the city was ordered last eve ning, and Mr. B. T. 1'ierson, compiler of the City Direc tory, was appointed to take it, $130 being appropriated for the purpose. The work must b? completed by the first Friday of January. It will include, besides an enu meration of the population, a full account of the facto ries and business of the city. The contract with the Aqueduct Company, for supplying the city with water, was also concluded last evening, and provision made to sskthe sanction of the Legislature.? &tuark Mrtrliscr, Nuv. 0. Central America.?Datea have been received at the city of Mexico, Irom Guatemala, to the 28th of August. The (lovernment of this State has interposed its mediation to bring about a cessation of hostilities be tween Honduras and San Salvador Notwithstanding, thcro had been two combats between tho belligerents, in the first of whicli the lorces of Honduras obtained a slight advantage, and in the second were totally routed The State of Nicaragua has yielded its consent to name Commissioners who may unite with those of the other States to organise a general or controlling power. AT. O. Picayune, Nov. I. University ok Virginia.?At r meeting of the Hoard of Visitors of the University of Virginia, held last week, Oeorge W. Hpooner, Esq. was appointed to the office of proctor and patron. A new professorship ot llistuiy and lleneral Literature has been established. A reduction in the salaries of some of the officers wtl! take place at the end ol the session, and others will b> abolished Charlollttvills JsJfsrsonian Varieties. Captain Fremont, in hia narrative, mentions the loss of one of bis men upon the plains of North Califor nia, named Baptists >le Hosier, whom he supposed to have bacoce bewildered u>td perished Rosier arrived in St. Louis on the 15th silt., savs the Missourian, bring ing with him a certificate from Capt Sutter, dated Upper Helvetia, California, May 18th, 1815, which states that Rosier, having lost himself upon the plains, wandered about many days; he at last reached Sutter's settlement, on the Rio Sacramento, but several days alter Fremont's expedition had left on their return home in the spring of 1844 He staid at Sutter's until last spring, and then re turned to the United States with some traders. Ther* is a certain sea captain who sails from Boa ton who loves his wife, and makes a great pet of her, when he is at home. She always write* him very lengthy ?p.atlev while he is away, but the careful an l ultectiou ato man never thinks of opening thorn. He just lays tnem by, tied up and labelled according to their dates, m order, on liis return, that his wife should read them to him, all *f a lump. Seventy-neven thousand newspapers were mailed at the I'ost Oillce at Concord, N. H , during the single month of October. They were all printed in that town. The namtiors received from abroad, in the same time, was nine thousand. In Georgia, a fellow disguised himself as the de\ il, robbed the house oi a rich widow,and was making ott. when Jake Deadlock, returning from the muster field, also disguised by liquor, shot dead the gentlemau in black, in spite of his brimstone breath and hiaolub feot. When they came to disioho nnd examine the fal len angel, he was found to be a citizen of the neighbor hood. Ob Friday, while two men employed in Bissell's Iron Woiks at Alleghany city, Pa., was standing near a tap box,the vehicle was upset through the inexperience of a third hand. The molten ore exploded mid was thrown into their faces and eyes. One of them, Mr Richard Keep, lost both his eyes, and the other, Mr. Thos. Boyd, had his left arm burued to the bone. It was thought that both of them would die. Alt the western towns and cities are appointing delegates to attend the Memphis Convention, whicn promises to be one of the largest business assemblages ever gathered together in the United .States. Pittsburg, we see, has appointed twenty-six delegates to represetii that city A man named Eustis, belonging to Quincy, while at work for the railroad company upon an arched bridge in Fitchburg, on Friday, the structure gave way, and nn fell among the timbers anil rubbish, and was fatally in jured. His skull was fractured and both his legs and arms were broken in several places. His head was crushed so badly that his brain was visible, and yet ha retained his tenses. The physicians gave no hope of his recovery. Mr. John Sharkey, ol the firm of Smith 6c Shar key, China merchants, Baltimore street, fell through the hatchway of his store this morning about 10 o'clock, and so seriously injured himself that his life is despair ed of.?Haiti mure Pat) iot, Friday. In the palace of San Souci, Frederick the Great's room is preserved as he left it, with his uniform, clothes, books, penB and paper, ull unmoved; while the clock, which, by a strange coincidence, stopped at the moment of his death, still points the hand to twenty minutes past two.? Sinclair'i Hill and I'alley. A requisition has been presented to Mr. F. Web ster, by some of the most influential residents of Boston, requesting him to deliver liis lectures on < lima in that city, to which he has consented. Between May 1840 and May 1845, between 900 and litOO persons have taken the benefit of the insolvent law, in the Island of Jamaica, leaving debts nearly to the amount of ? 1,200 OIK). T here are very little above 350,001' inhabitants on the island. At a "shooting" in this town yesterday, Mr. Har rison Newton went up and took hold of the turkey ex posed for shots. A marksman not minding him, fired and Killed the turkey while his hand was on it. Distance 36 rods.?Bat re Gazette. Mr. George W. Dobbin*, ot this city, shot on Saturday last in company with a friend, thirty six pai triges and four rabbits. They were out only a few hours in the neighborhood of BuJiltown, in this comity.?Bur lington Gaz. -.Miss Hershel, ot Paradise township, Lancaster county, I'a., when returning from a quilting party, was thrown from a horse and tier skull was so dreadfully fractured that she died tho next evening. Brigadier General Charles Cuvilher, departed this life last evening at 8 o'cIock ?N. O. Pet, Nov. 1. The steamer Conlidmee arrived at Hannibal on Tuesday evening last, with about two hundred Pennsyl vania Germans on board. They are from Westmoreland aud Beaver counties, and from five to six hundred more are expected from the same counties during the present season. They are sdl going to Shelby county in this State, where the united colony will make about three thousand souls They have been settling there a year past.? St. Louis Repub., Nov 1. Baxter, another of the murderers of Colonel Da venport, at Rock Island, has been found guilty and sen tenced to be hung. In the case of the Kedings, the jury could not agree : ten were for u conviction, and two for acquitting tnem. The Right Rev. Bishop Chase was among the , passengers on board tho steamer National, which ar rived here yesterday.?St. Louis Repub , Nov. 1. Two American traders were attacked and mor tally wounded, says the Missouri Reporter, by a party ot Pawnees, a few weeks ago, near the Caw Missionary Station. .4. Mr. Johnson effected his escape, and having met with Mr. Papin's trading party, was furnished with Clothing, a gun and ammunition." He was subsequently robbed and stripped by a party of Cuws, und finally met and conducted to the station by another trader, who fell in with him on the Prairies. The Sioux and Pawnee* continue to carry on a skirmishing war with each other. Curious Story.?.^tain? England?Cuba.?We saw an article in El Pad ill a ul yesterday, headed " Muy Importante." which states that itom a passenger who arrived on the Titi in this city a few days ago from Havana, it learned that news had been received there that an English frigate, entering the roads of Sacrificios, anchored near tho Spanish brig EI Patriots. That a sa lute w as fired, as is customory in such cases, and that two men on board the Spanish brig were killed, pro bably trom the fact that the frigate's guns were loaded with ball. That the commander of the Spanish brig sent two of his officers on board the frigate to inquire into the cause of the catastrophe; they were received with contempt and dismissed with disgrace. The < om mandant of El Patriota then sent an othcer onboard the Knglish lrigate to demand correct information as to the cause ol tue disaster, and satisfaction lor the insult which he supposed had been given to his two former messengers, and it is stated that he was received with the same indignities as his lormer companions, upon which the brigantine made sail, and as it passed the fri gate discharged a broadside into her, and afterwards took a position in which it was heJieved that she waited lor a combat with the irigute. This same passenger alto informed the editor of El Padilla that this news caused great excitement in Havana, and that a number of vessels ot war. snd among them a steamship, were lilting out to proceed to Vera < ruz. This story may be taken for what it is wuith. We doubt its truth, tor the simple reason that wadouot believe that the English frigate would have hesitated for a moment to meet the brig, and to conquer her if possible. We disbelieve it lor the reason that tho news has not been promul gated by other means than the report of" a passenger," when the captain of the Titi and all others in Havana must have been informed of the fact.?M. O. Delta, Oct. .11. Michigan Election.? We have the Detroit Eve ning Exjrcsx <>t Wednesday, continuing sundry re turns ot the election that was held on Tuesday. In the city of Detroit the locos have a majority of 85 only.? bales, whig stmnp candidate for Senator, ran about SO ahead ol his ticket. We cupy the following liom the Ettprett : Hamtiamck has gone iocoloco by 86 majori ty. Springweils, whig, by 10 majority ? a wing gain ol IS. Greenfield gives '?Iocoloco majority. Dearborn lias gone iocofoco by the same majority as last year, >8. Roy al Oak is whig by HO majority. Troy is whig by a large majority we could not ascertain the numbers. II the Western counties have done as well as old Washtenaw, tho Statu is redeemed. While the iocofocos in thatcoun ty were hunting coons in this city, the whigs ware work ing the great change ot 600. Jackson is rumored to have gone iocoloco by . o majority, ( alhoun has elected her entire Iocofoco ticket. Returns trom a lew towns in Macomb county, render it probable that the loco ticket lias succeeded in that county by about one hundred snd fifty majority. The Magnetic Telegraph.?It is stated thai the line ot telegraph between Baltimore and Philadel phia will not be completed during the coming season notwithstanding all assertiona to the contrary The price of telegraphic despatches from Washington to Dal timore, as tixeu by the Postmaster Geueial, is one ceut lor four letters. Word* average five letter* in our lan guage. One thousand words, or half ot an oidiuary newspaper column, would cost, therefore, twelve dol lars aud a half for telegraph irotn Washington to Haiti more- The tinio occupied in telegraphing one thousand words or live thousand letters, would bo one hour and twenty-tlireo minutes, at the ordinary calculation of six ty letters to the minute. A very skiltul manipulator may do better than that. Mr. Vail, 1 believe, tar exceeds n?telegraphing eighty-two letters a minute During the late session, advices were sent to the Baltimore papers trom Washington by the telegraph gratis ; alterward-, the government took up the subject, and fixod the rate of postage, as above, by regulation of the Postmaster <>r neral. It is doubted whether the several companies will serve the press, hereafter, at a less rate than they do others. Mr. Vail supposes that the rate of postage lor the press will be fixed at a lower rate than that for the public generally. SiRrd River.?The Alexandria Decocrat ot the 22d tilt ?aya: " But twice tn the memory ol the ' oldest inhabitant'?an octogeuarian for whom we eiitertaiu pro frotuid respect haa the river been so low as it is at the present moment. On Sunday last the level ol 'Old Red whs taken by 11 S SviutU, Kacj., aixi loll Del to ha lofty leet nine inches below high water mark How much more it will bill remains to be seen ; but one thing h certain-if it continues to grow ? beautifully less,' there will not be a damr spot loH to tell the tafo lot future en tlnuariant It is very difficult lor the light draught l oafs no w in the trade to make passage between the mouth end this point, and charges for passage and freight, ol course, aro vory high -?

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