Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 10, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 10, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Sew York, Monday, November 10, 184-5. The Oregon Question?The Approaching Crisis. Much sooner than we anticipated is the Oregon question approaching a crisis?a point of interest that will agitate the whole civilized world before it may be determined. There can be no mistake in the signs of the times. A new age is dawning on the civilized world, and a new era is just breaking in upon the policy of nations. The Texas question waa merely the breaking-ground towards the Ore gon question. The Oregon question is now the pa ramount topic of the day, and in a short time all the. statesmen, orators, public speakers, writers and journalists, both in Europe and America,will be full of it, in all its varied aspects and all its conse quences. We have already given several intimations of the course of policy which is about to be pursuedjby the President in the opening session of Congress. The developments already made in that matter through the columns of the IVashington Union cannot be misunderstood. There can be no question but Mr Polk, in his message, will take the sume strong, broad, independent, American ground, which he assumed in ins inaugural address, und which excit ed to such an extent the sensitive feelings of the British people, and the British government.? Renewed evidence of this disposition, on the part of the President and his Cabinet, has been furnished in recent numbers of the san^e lournal; and we annex another article on the piesiion in this day's pajier. In addition to this, we aee the great leaders ot cliques and parties throughout the country beginning to give forth their opinions on the same subject. We give also in this day's paper a most remarkable and able s|>eech, delivered by Mr. Webster, in Fanuetl Hall, on (In* same subject?a speech defining his ground on the Oregon question, and apparently t aking up a position in anticipation that may be hostile to the President on that impor tant question. Mr. Webster seems to adopt the line of policy which was sanctioned by a resolution o* th<* Semto twenty years ago; that is, he is willing to divide the Oregon territory by the 49th degree of latitude, and this position in opposition too, to that ot the President, is probably taken in order to unite alljthe stock-jobbing, commercial and financial in tcrests'"of the country, who are very hostile to any position on that question which might endanger the peaceable relations of this country with England. In the south, and particularly through the columns ot the Charleston .Mercury, we see intimations of a i- nnilar position, but whether it represents Mr. Cal houn's opinions, or not, is a matter of much doubt. Indeed, we think it does not represent the views and sentiments of the great southern statesman. From all these intimations, however, it is evident that the < )regon question is going to be the great prominent question of the day, and that all the old issues that tave separated parties and provoked discussion,will be buried in oblivion and forgetfulness. This question is decidedly of paramount impor tmce. It is the great question of the day. It is the important starting point from which this country will spring into a boundless empire and a boundless future. There can be no doubt that the time is ap proaching, and that the day is nearer or farther off, when a great conflict between the principles of re publican and monarchical government must take place in some shape or another on the broad bosom of the Atlantic. The prosperity and happiness, and pr ire j of this country and of the institutions which h ive made ii what it is, are regarded by the higher c' t of Europe with envy, dread, and the deep -t co ' <*rn. ' lie military and naval movements ' England and France?the sudden coalition of -? governments?the doubt and mystery which ( r und their policy in regard to this country?the. ... I declarations of Ouizot of an intervention in 1 American affairs, and the practical application of . that priucipleon a small scale to the South American ' republic?, all tend to show that something is medi tated on the other side of the Atlantic of a physical character, calculated to stop the progress and desti ny of this country to the possession ot the whole ot the comment. If the United States, in addition to a monopoly of ull the cotton lands of any value in the world, should, in process of time, occupy the whole of the Oregon and all California, with its fine harbor, and if Mexico should fall into the bosom of the republic with all its rich mines, where would be the power of England and the influence of Europe, in opposition to the mighty empire that this country would then present 1 The annexation of Texas?now nearly complete, and which will be completed at the next session of Congress?was the preliminary step?the breaking ground in tins great democratic movement. The declaration that the whole of the Oregon territory between 12 degrees and 54 degrees 40 minutes, be longs to the United States, is the next step, and it may bring lis into collision with England before a year be passed and gone. In this step, it is now certain, the American government will persist When this step is completed, a new era breaks upon i the people of both continents, and it may be as well to prepare the minds of the present generation for one of the mightiest conflicts of physical power that ever shook the earth?a conflict which involves the progress of the human race?the destiny of freedom ?and the future progress of civilization over the whole of this continent, and over the whole of the ;lobe. Twenty years ago, the Senate of the United States, then a branch of a government representing only probably ten millions of people, was willing to take the 49tli degree of latitude ; but now, when we are probably twenty-five millions of people, and in a tew years will be thirty millions of ardent men, possessing one. of the richest countries in the world, with intelligence equal to that of the most highly civilized nations, we will hardly be content with permitting England to enjoy a foot of that soil on the Pacific Ocean. In a party point of view, this movement of the Piesident at Washington will give a new aspect to the ajrproaching session of Con gress and to the discussion of all the questions that may agitate that body. If we should be suddenly brought into conflict with England, all the domestic questions will be considered of little importance, -nd be settled according to circumstances. The drift?the finances?and all other questions, will ink into insignificance. A powerful effort will be made in the Atlantic cities, and by the stock-jobbing journals, to oppose this bold and determined |>olicy of the President; but the whole of the mighty West, with all the masses of the people in the Atlantic States, we have no vj(yubt will come out and support his administration through and through. The excitement on this great topic has already begun in Wall street amongst the stock-jobbers,and it will soon spread througho the whole country, and agitate the whole of Earojie before three months are over. We expect that the next message of the President will p r duce a greater conation in Europe than any message ever did, and 11at it will be a bomb-shell thrown upon the masses ??: European civilization, scattering the diplomatists tar and wide, and astonishing the highest and the lowest by the position which this great country is I.OW about to assume. Our 1 hkatkes.?All our theatres are as prosperous ns ever. 1 Ins is really astonishing, when we con sider the number now under way. Of seven thea tres and a circus, five are o|*n with the circus. Probably #20,000 are weekly s,,ent in theatrical ninus-menls in this^ citv. I he great prosperity of' ilie city and the success attending all sorts of busi ness enterprise in these happy days, is the cause of i ins extraordinary theatrical revival. Oask ok Poi.i.v Booi.vk.?This trial is set down <i tor several postponements, for this day. when th < oiirt ?ill comfnence to swear a jury. The diflicu '?s Int lerto in the way of procuring a jury, will b ii^ore deeply than ever, unless the case tak< "in turn, which, as yet, we cannot anticipate. Excitement in Well Street.?During the last ew ays, there haa been an extraordinary excite ment amongst the stock-jobbing Hiqut* in Wallst., in consequence of the anticipated position of the' president on the Oregon question. The bitterness developed betwe-n ihe" bulls" and the "bears," in their various operations, is quite amusing. Even the stock-jobbing journals, in Wall street, are parti cipating in the excitement, and are beginning to comq out with leaders attacking each other. The i .TnT' *r ? 'V* s,ock-Jobb'ig Journal, belonging attach on C ha8 * **** indecenl attack on Camman 6c Whitehouse, lor sell ing a large amount of stocks, attributing the trans action to Corcoran A; Riggs, bankers, ot Washing ers'snH re?,rese""?g that the latter were the prompt ers and principals ol the former. So furious is the war between the "bulls" ana the "bears," that some of them are eloquent in their denunciations o<" their antapmist, and declare that they would give hall a million to break down such and such a bro eTanUnie'tbe war ?1 the "cornerers" ie .'?peculators goes on most swimmingly. The banks are beginning to participate in the excite ?e?1' and loan money to their lavorite brokers, without any stint or numeration. If a stranger goes into Wall street, between 12 U *" ?'c,0ck. he will see nothing but anxious and excited groups, at every corner, of those agitated stock-jobbers, discussing foreign affairs?debating on the Oregon question?giving intimations of let ters from London, and retuiling tit-bits which they have received in private correspondence. One day the " bulls" are all covered with smiles and enjoy ment the "bears"down in the heel, down in the mouth, and down ,n every thing. The next day the bears are all sunshine, and the " bulls" look as grim as death. To the business world, such scenes are only ludicrous and melancholy. We have al ways observed, in this extraordinary street, that the bulls and the " benrs" eventually become the vic tims of their own lolly, and generally leave the street penniless and beggared. Ot r Pilots?Arrroach ok Winter.?There has been much written during the past six or seven years on the subject of Pilot laws and regu lations, and appeals have been made to the feel ings of shipowners and legislators, in behalf of passengers coming into our port, at the imminent risk of their lives, in consequence of the inattention of 1 ilots. All this would be well enough, if the writers were acquainted with their subjects. It is however, not to be denied that a reasonable com petition, in any business, will bring forward more energy and attention to its prosecution than a mo nopoly ; but, is it well to have no restrictions in a business in which so many lives and so vast an amount of proj>erty are at stake 7 The present situation of the Pilot laws is such as to allow very many, who are unfit for the station, to be employed to bring our vessels in, and carry them out of our harbor. And ca, tains are some times rash enough to act the pilot to the ships in j their charge, presuming upon the experience of a , few years in traversing the bay in safety, in charge of those who have been bred t, the business; and his to the great risk of the property in their keep ing. Our shipowners and agents should take this into consideration. They should look back a month or two, and ascertain how several vessels came near being wrecked by.the reckless conduct of those in charge. The stormy winter months are approaching, and hundreds and hundreds of human beings are on their way hither ; let those the most deeply interested in their fate, examine into the existing pilot system; let them see if it be safe to permit inexperienced men to act as pilots. Let Congress take hold of the matter, and have it re organized ; let experienced men only be employed. .Not a single regular New York pilot would object to this. J A.NTi-RKNTiSM.^The 29th of this month is the tune appointed for the execution of Van Steenburgh and O Conner the two anti-renters found guilty of the murder of Deputy Sheriff Steele, in Delaware JSr' WC Understand' are circulated, : both in this city and in Delaware, to be presented to , Governor Wright, requesting him to commute the | sentences of those persons, and the excitement in both places is considerable. This will be a very I delicate question for the actton of the Governor I While a large portion of the democratic party are ur gent to have the law vindicated, and the offenders executed-another |>owerlul portion are in favor of having their sentences commuted. By the latest accounts the anti-renters are making serious inroads in the democratic ranks, and, from present appear ances, are likely to produce a revolution in that par ty. But whichever way the Governor may act, will not at all affect anti-renttsm. We see,by the results of the election, that they poll a considerable vote, suf ficient to elect their candidates by a large majority. In our opinion, anti-rentism is destined to show a powerful front, and w,|| make agreat deal of trouble hereafter in this State.. Interesting from the .Argentine Republic.? The barque Rosina, Capt. Doty, arrived yesterday troin Rio Grande. She had a passage of forty-eight days, and brings us rather important news relative to the affairs in the Argentine Republic. We learn from Capt. Doty, that the French and English had taken the towns of Colonia, St. Luis, Maldanada and Bosco, without any resistance on the part of the inhabitants. After this, the com bined forces were proceeding up the river to take Buenos Ayres. This intelligence indicates a determination on the part of England and France to force Rosas to an immediate peace. The City Hospital.?A few nights since, the captain of a vessel now in this port, unfortunately | slipped and fell! >n Broadway, nearly opposite the Hospital, and fractured his leg. He was carried up to the i>orter'8 lodge, and it is said that after waiting nearly an hour, the party was in an insolent manner denied admission by the |>orter. We can hardly believe this to be possible, but mention the com plaint in order that the pro|>er authorities will direct their attention to the matter. Promenading in Broadway?The crowds which now promenade Broadway from the Battery to Washington Square, are really astonishing. Twen ty years ago the fashionable promenade extended from Chambers street to the Bowling Green ; now it extends three or four times that distance, and the crowd is so great that it is very difficult to get along. Broadway presents during the hours of fashionable promenade, greater crowds than even the Boule vards or any street in London. Fulton Street.?Fulton street, as a great scene of business, news, literature, philosophy, and every thing, is becoming what Wall street was twenty-five years ago. It is the principal centre and focus of all descriptions of intelligence and news We have no doubt in a short time, many of the banks will have to remove to Fulton strept, as a better location j than Wall street, which is now too far down town, j A Noble Ship.?The well known ship Shaks peare, formerly one of E. K. Collins' line of Liver pool packets, made her last trip from this port to New Orleans in the exceedingly short space ofeight days, the quickest on record. fShe has made from New Vork to New Orleans in all, eleven trips neither exceeding ten days. With such sailing, where's the use of steam 1 Theatrical Arrivals.?Mr. and Mrn. Charles Kean arrived at theAslor yesterday from the south, preparatory to the renewal, this evening, of their professional engagements for a short time at the I'ark Theatre. Common Council ?Both Boards will meet this evening. Nauvo.?The census just tuken makes the impu tation of Nauvoo pro|ier to consist of 11,067 souls? without the limits it ii aupposcd there is ? third more. About fifteen thousand individuals, It appears from this, nre to be t auiihed Irom Illinois, bemu-f the 'iovemor n too wesk or too dixregsrtllnl o! hi" duty to protect them in their right* Theatrical*. Par*. Thiatm.-Thi Kiam hare returned from Baltimore and Philadelphia, where they met with a cordial reception, and played with the moat brilliant raccea*.' The deiire ao strongly and warmly ex pressed by the public generally to again behold theie talented and popular arlitttt, induced the manager of the Park to urge them to delay their visit te Dot ton, and play three nighta here. They hare con tented, and the engagement commences this eve ning. Shaktpeare'a Hamlet has been selected for their debtU. Mr. Kean't beautiful and clastic rendering of the character, and Mrs. Kean'6 delicate, chaite und tweet delineation of the fair Ophelia, will nersr be forgotten by those who witnessed the representation of the im mortal bard's noblest creation, on their tint engagement. The Keaus go to Boston on Thursday, where they play until the tirst of December, and then return to this city ?n route for the south. We have heard it repeatedly ask ed of late by theatre-goers, " When is 'Ion' to be pro duced t" " Will not Mrs. Kean again charm us with her truest, purest and most poetical character 7" And we ask, in hopes of a ready and favorable rasponse?When shall we have " ion 1" No play would :111 the walls oi Old Drurv so readily. Nothing would ereato such uni versal enthusiasm ?nothing could give such unbounded satisfaction and delight. Then let us have " Ion" at the commencement of the next engagemcst by all means Mr. Kean would personate Adrastus with all the dig nity and nerve calculated to tender the character effective, and we hope the Keans will yield to the goner si voice wnich demands this classic, production. " Ham let," next to " Ion," is perhaps the best calculated to produce the greatest sensation. Mr. Kean, by his beau tiiul readings, and tine conception, has made the part of the noble Dane entirely his o*n; while Mrs. Kean, as Ophelia, throws a delicious charm over the whole per formance. A fashionable and brilliant house will to night greet them, and bestow their smiles and plaudits on tlieir exertions. Bowery Theatre.?To-night Mr. Scott plays Marc Antony, in the tragedy o'f" Julius Caasar."' This will be" a powerful and classic performance. Alter tho tragedy, the celebiated Rivers' family appear in the " Knchunted Fountain," and the eveniDg closes with the "houlah Sluvo," in which Messrs. Cony and Blanchard appear. LKoroi.D iik Meykr.?The lion pianist has, in the kindest manner, volunteered his valuable services to play at Mr. U.C. Hill's concert this evening, and will again perform his Marche Marocatne, ut the request of a number of fashionablo families and amateurs. M. De Meyer has received flattering and brilliant offers from the managers of all the theatres between here and New Orleans. All were anxious to engage him at any price ?the amount was of very little consequence, so well satisfied were they that overflowing liousos would am ply reward them. He leaves this city, wo understand, to-morrow for Boston, where he intends giving one or two concerts, and then proceeds on a grand southern tour. A general enthusiasm has manifested itself on all occasions when this wonderful artiste rnd accomplished gentleman has appeared in public, while tho doors of is house have been besieged by visitors anxious to pay their respects. Tho same dazzling career awaits him in his southern tour?for Southernors are justly cele brated for their appreciation of the fine arts, and their warm-hearted, generous, and refined hospitality. New Yorkers, however, will much regret De Meyer's ab sence, and all lovers of sublime, grand, and beautiful music will sigh anxiously for his return. Ma. Hill's Great Festival Concert is really to be a Concert like the grand musical festivals in f.ngland of which we hear so much. That is to say it will com prise literally all the great talent which can be congre gated in New York. A huge orchestra, such as has ne ver hetore been seen here, and a chords equally gigan tic, will perforin some of the greatest vocal ana instru mental works of Rossini, Weber, and Bishop; and we will venture to say that, not one of the vast concourse of musicians comprised in the baud and chorus has not been indebted to Mr. Hill for some professional or perso nal kindness at some time or other. Leopold de Meyer has to our great surprise consented to play ; and will not only play himself, hut will direct the orchestra dur n^ the performance of his famous Aturche Marocainr.? The other solo instrumental performers are .Messrs. John Kyle and Alfred Boucher ; the first acknowledged to be the first flutist in the country, and the second hold ing equal rank upon a greater, indeed the greatest and most difficult instrument in the world, the violoncello.? Madame Otto, Miss Northall, and Mr. Aupick are the vocalists, so we only fear that the number of the per formers is so great, that five or six hundred people will thereby be deprived of seats. Ole Bcll and his late Farewell Concert.?Our readers are aware that this celebrated violinist gave a concert, lately, for tho benefit of the Masonic fraternity, which was announced as his farewell concert in this country. This announcement, we have from the best authority, was unauthorised by the violinist himself, and made by an individual attached to the Masonic fraterni ty, on his own responsibility, for the purpose of enhanc ing the proceeds as much as possible. A contemptible trick, quite on a par with the system of intrigue pursued by some other charitable institutions, towards every performer oi distinction who visits our shores. This in dividual went to Boston, where Ole Bull was theo play ing, and having applied to him and obtained his consent to give a conceit for the benefit of the Masons, returned to New York, and took the liberty of publishing that it would be his last concert. Tho violinist was very much surprised when, on his arrival, he discovered the liberty this individual had taken; but wishing the concert to produce as much as possible, did not contradict the an nouncement, but had no idea ot thus summarily cutting short his performances in this country. Mince that time i he has given several concerts in other cities, and wo be lieve intends to give one here before he leaves the coun ! try. The system adopted in New York, of the managers oi this or that institution persecuting those talented jier formers who visit us, and driving them into giving con certs, and performing for their benefit, is preposterous and unjust, if a man he possessed of talents in any par ticular sphere, and by the use of those talents acquires money or riches, it is nobody's business but his own.? If we were a performer like' Ole Bull, we would set our faces against this system; but if charitably disposed,{and could a/lord it, would willingly put our hand into our pocket and give a $100, or even a$300 bill; but this driv ing, persecuting, we would not submit to. We would advise Ole Bull to give as many concerts as he can get people to attend. Why not, old fellow I If a man has I talent, is it not his own property, conferred by the A1 mighty, like his own sunshine' Hf.rr Aleiander.?This wonderful man has concluded to remain at Niblo's another week, as hundreds of per I sons who have wished to see him have been forced away : by the crowd, who attended there, and other circum stances. Through this week he will continue his unac countable experiments, and all who have not seen him will, of course, not lose the present opportunity, as lie leaves in a short time to fulfill other engagements, and may not be with us again for some time to come. Tf.mplf.tok akd'Tun Raikiko Sixokr of thf. Da*.?Ou Monday last, when the celebrated Templetoa made hi* tirst appearance in Boston, he ne glected, among his other arrangements, to make one with the weather. Accoidingly, the rain tell in torrent! during the whole day. This was certainly throwing cold water on the prospects of the evening; hut the ar dor of the Bostonians was not to he dampen even by the rain; and many, like King Lear, madly sallied forth in the storm, mentally inviting tho " winds''to " Idow and crack their cheeks" before they would turn back. Oth ers, more anxious to escape " the pelting of the pitiless storm," but equally mad to hear the "lion vocalist," for tunately bethought themselves of a dernier resort?the music stores?where, as most ot our readers may recol lect, the dealers in music add to their stock ot piano fortes, flutes and fiddles, an immense assortment oi um brellas. Nothing was ever more providential; ami de mands came pouring from all quarters for " a ticket and umbrella for Templeton to-night" The success of Tem pletori in Boston has been if possible still more remarka ble than in this eity. Ai.hamra.?This evening, the irresistible Dr. Valen tine gives some of his drolleries at this fashionable place of amusement. The Anglesea singers also make their ap pearance. Crowded houses will attend them. Bowes* Circl'S.?A majority of the equestrian talent in this country is engaged at the Bowery Amphithea tre. The interior presents one of the gayest and most animated scenes to bo found in the city. The Delcv Troupe.?Miss Deicy, Mr. Lacy, and Mr. Gardener, appeur at the Paik next week, when they will bring out the grand opera of the " Bride ot Lainmer rnuir," which has never yet beon produced in this coun try. It is represented, however, to fie ono of the most heautiiul, thrilling und magnificent oporas on the stage. Miss Delcy's role is suid to be admirably adapted to Iter style and voice, which has ever been remarkable for its sweetness, richness and purity. A glorious musical treat may accordingly be anticipated. The Kthiopian Nerenaders, Messrs. Oormon, White, HtanwoodpJ'elham and Harrington, are delighting the Baltimoreans with their sweet melodies. Mporttng Intelligence. Trot i inn Match betwef.k Lad* Bi ffolk, Moscow, akd Dutchess.?These three crack animals come to gether to-day on the Centroville Course, L. I., if the weather is at all luvorahle?it being the last time this fall. In consequence of recent circumstances, consul" eroble desire has beeu manifested to see the two first named come together once more, which will now be gratified. The supporter* of Moscow must tie on their guard, for ho is not in tirst rate order; his heels are cracked, but notwithstanding lie may make a good trot, and he (nsv not. lie labored under tho same difficulty in his recent match with Hector, which will at once ac count for the indifferent time made on that occasion. The most recent betting is, the field against any named animal ; even between the l.ady and Moscow ; but little or no business done except as regards the field. If the weather does not promise l&vorahly for tho match to come off, timely notice will be posted at tlio different ferries, and on the bulletin board of this pa|>er. From Saj*t/ Fr.?On board the Archer, from the Miawiuri river, there were three merchaiitH, just from Santa Ke. They have, we heaid, performed the trio in an incredibly siioit space ot time?having beon only twenty-three day* in passing lioin Santa Ko to Inde pendence The company was tmt a small one, only ton wagons having a-iivod. These gentlemen have with them nearly forty thousand dollars in spprie, and aio hastening to the east, to put chase goods. We cnntnit learn that they bring any political news Nor have we been aide to him ot the progtese of Hie outward-bound companies There were apprehensions, it will lie re collected, oi much suffering, on account of the scarcity ot water on the mute, hut we presume, Ironi tho arrival of this company, that this difficulty was much magnified. Anothfi company of trnrricnris, wn understand, left about the some time, and may he eKpeetpd in a few day s. ? SI. /yfluis Rep., Nue. 1. Very Late from Slriloo. We have before mentioned the arrival at Pensa cola, from Vera Cruz, of the U. S. brig Somera, and steam frigate Mississippi. We have now re ceived via New Orleans, the general intelligence brought by them, but of the nature and importance of their despatch' s, we have not a word. [From tho . fOrkuns I'icayune, Nov. 1.] By these arrivals we are placed in possesion of files from the city ot Mexico to tho 12th of Uctoher. We have huiriedly run through our (Ben, but have sought iu vain for auy thing to indicate that there has occurred any im provement in the affairs of Mexico. On the contrary, she is plunging deeper and deeper into difficulties, and'a powertul party clamor* for the overthrow of the present administration. They ask not only a chango in the Ca binet, hut that Gen. iicrrera himself should resign and retire to private life. Bonora, too, is in a state of insur racfion. Durango is overrun with savages, and poor Mexico looks utterly prostrated. But we will commence with a letter from an intelligent American ofticer at Sa crifices. It may he fully relied upon : On the night of the 30th September, at the National Theatre in Mexico, u deplorable affair occurred between the French Minister Plenipotentiary, Baron de Oiprey. and the Licentiate Dn. Mariano Otero. It seems that the journal El Siglo XIX had published, on the :14th Septem her, a somewhut pungent article, in reply to the re/lec linns ot tho Paris Journal des Debuts, on the t"eatment of tiie French Minister at the Baths of Las Delicias. A few days after, Mr de Ciprey, accompanied by a compatriot named Mr. Jules Rosa, who acted as his in terpreter,accosted Mr. Otero iu the lobbies of the theatre and stated that he wished to have a word with him. The three men withdrew, and the following conversation took place: ii?'* ?*, Ctrnxr?Are you the uuthor of the article published against me iu the Siglo .' M. Otero.?if you wish to know, enquire at the office of tho neper. Mr. Br Ciraxr.?So you will not answer me. M. Otero.-I repeat that you can apply at the office oi the paper. I do not recognize yonr right to interro gate me, and 1 am by no means disposed to reply to your questions. Mr. de Oiprey then struck Mr. Otero with a cane, and Mr. Otero retorted with a blow of his fist, having no weapon with him. The two gentlemen (?) then spat in each others laces, und were, uiter some scuttling, sepa rated by tho bystanders. It is further stated that Mr. de Ciprey, ou leaving, told Mr. Otero that ha knew where to tiud him, if he desired satisfaction. We transcribe the statement of this disgraceful scene irom the columns of the Si/flo. Whether it hus been tru ly and impartially related, is more than wo can say. U. S. SquADRox, Sacrieicios, ? Near Vara Cruz, Oct. 9, 1845. ) 1 think you will find the tone of the public journals bore much less violent than a month or two ago, and tho change is more perceptible in tho government papers than in those of the opposition. In truth, difficulties he gin to throng so thickly upon them that they are coming round to the opinion that those North Americans, after all said and done, are as good friends to Mexico us others who make greater professions. The British Minister has entered a protest against a measure now under consideration in Congress, namely, the revision of contracts entered into by .Santa Anna in 1845. The house of Manning St Marshall, it appears, ob tained the lease of the Miut of Guanajuato for u number of years upon terms ruinous to the public interests, though affording the government a temporary command of money. This ae't they knew was subject to the re vision of Congress, and the best proof of this, as the com mittee very pertinently observe in their report, is the fact that they applied to Congress in July last to confirm the contract. But the British Minister maintains that it would be a breach oriaiiu }o annul the contract, as re commended by the committee. Tui*> you will perceive, does not Increase the probability of negOtiailnR the fif teen million lotto, of which, by the way, nothing is T?w heard. It only remained that the Spanish Minister should take umbrage at something or other to complete the diplomatic tableau now enacting in Mexico, and this he contri ved to do, on the occasion of the public orations delivered on the occasion of some revolutionary glory. ? aur fourth of July orators, I presume the grandeur 1 a..- ?objects led them to express thomselves in no flattering terms of tho Mother Country ; so her Catholic Majesty s representative closed his house on a day of general rejoicing. Tho government paper came out, disowning the sentiments of the speakeis, which it oh were merely the expressions of private souti- ! ? ?e Spanish organ (La Htsperia) then expressed v i a 8 *"gcl"imer, and the aflkir ended. Nothing is heard ol any military movements, and it r.fl ''^ confidently asserted that no troops have left San Luis Potosi for the Texan frontier. " Money ! money ! ?u?y- 18 f*10 cry of the government; and if govern ments have hearts, 1 doubt not pesos is engraved on the * iiVcfn "eart, as Nelson said " frigate" was on his. We have here now eight American vessq)t of war? the sloons of war Falmouth, flag Mary's, Sarato ga and John Adams; steamers Mi#J9sippi and Princeton, lg? !nd |,?, J?Pr: The Lawrence is daily ' rDo .e SomertfnMls to morrow for Pensacola. the th of September being the anniversary of the first PU^fcK'can army into the capital, under Gen. Herrera, jsVhserved as a day of public rejoicing. Com. Conner informed tho governor, I believe, that it would afford him pleasure to fire a salute of 21 guns on a day so glorious to Mexican liberty. The offer was most polite It received; the salute returned from.the guriB of the cas tie. A Spanish proverb says-" El cor Us no nulla del to iiente ?moaning that courtesy and courage are net in consistent. Such civilities cannot fail to have a good effect upon the relations of the two countries. ftuT,1,'fl,l'f.XlCauJ',ap0rs,of October 3d, mention that the nCiT1i War which 1,0,1 ">ra time been fib tL ?? 0?P,art7>?nt of Sonora have broken out at resh. I he big to declares that these disturbances do not grow out of political differences, but that tho desires tin?r?u? ?ra/LCe. ?w- ,lilf'orent familie6 a'e the sole exci l i n '' character of personality renders them more iutile, cruel and disastrous than thoy would -TK8 Wa ,lue8tjons involving principles or mea l?? ,Th?. different families call to their aid the In ra?of th^fi /'gi W, n tho department ot Sonora. Seve imlf civift/ed ?ri,are UUcr a'"i the best are but tffves tn . tr, ' ? i?lr ParUc'J*tion in civil dissensions gives to them a oharacter of great atrocity. It would nm!? ?? n '0 M?.xic.0M re?ar l these dissensions in So ?#r ? !^ara y unimportant, save us they may affect the hold ot the central government upon thi Cain Swtfri fi'hf ? 5 ilu Views of the Suited States are fs arfmftt?! t h H.l>ro8e?ation of the California* n??c, I m very aiffieu" at the best, but becomes b v barren r.,?tft" S?'- contiguous, is torn uy barren controversies, instead of giving its undivided support to the government. b The troubles in Tabasco, according to the Siglo grow ??t o i'ke ianuly difficulties ; and until tho heads of uneIflrnrtn!! o" ?T iha11 1,0 "eparated, all means of l deification are nugatory. Tho Siglo draws a melancho of the t-JniiMif. stat?,ln which the froniier departments of the republic are placed. Texas aud Tamaulipas, it says, are invaded by the Anglo-Americans; Sonira is distracted by an obscure but disastrous war ; Yucatan is imperlectly united to tho republic by shameful and ruinous treaties ; and finally, Tabasco is in a state of in surrection and plunged in anarchy. This situation is deplorable, and one cannot without tears think of the fate of the republic, it those who govern it do not rule with a w 180 and stong hand. I he Camauchcs have renewed their incursions into the Department oi Durango. Thoy penetrated by three distinct routes and in strong force about the middle of September, ihev butchered and plundered, as usual carrying off numbers of piisoners, and cattle and horses Oul) tho earliost ot their ravages were well ascertained, but every day brought news of fresh atrocities. The in habitants were in a state of consternation, and had culled upon he Government for aid in establishing a chain of posts to hold in check the savages. The authorities oi he department had exhausted all its means in staying the progress of the evil. 3 8 Letters had been received from Gen. Garcia Conde, dated from Santa Fo. He was about setting forth ou an excursion to Taos. He had heard ef a band of American "migrants who had just crossed the Nape.te, aswfung that thoy wore on their way to California and Oregon. I hese ho proposed to disperse, and to return with all speed to Chihuahua to meet tho Camanches. It is ludicrous to read the gioanings and repinings of the papers of Matamorus and Tampico at the dilatory movements of the Mexican troops. They seem to ex vnrl hard fno" Up.b> ?*n" Taylor'8 Doops, and it comes Th?v rv . it*1' V express resignation to their fate They.try to talk valorously, but they wish the troops to advance and meet the invaders if possible cast of the Itio Giunde, and save the Departments on the other si le train being made the seat of war. The Supreme Government has effected a loan of half T m te?m.? f H l" V'" h?U'e AlaCkilltOSh kt o. riie terms of the loan have not transpired, nor is it said whether it is a part of the fifteen million loan. Htrong appeals are made to the clergy to come forward an!! make up this large Joan. We should like to see tliern digorging so much. The following letter, received by the brig Somers, at thc sTS ult*:^Ve' Mt"a,i0" ?r U'8 UuIf 8,l?adron on UWirKP St ATI",8 Sut'AOROK, > OH' Vera Cruz, Oct. 8, istft. { Gentlemen?Thinking it may be acceptable to you to know the name* of the *hip? composing our squadron before this place, I subjoin their name*, with those ofthc officer* commanding : Commodore David Conner, having hi* flag onboard he Falmouth ; Joshua 11. Sand*, Commander. tStoamer Ml**(**lppi? Andrew Fitzhugh, Captain ; ii. A. Adams, Commander. John Adama-Wm. J. McCltiney, Commander. St. Mary's?J- I?. Saunder*, Commander. Saratoga?Ii vino Hhubrick, Commander. - steamer Princeton?Frederick Kngle, Commander. Brig Somera?Duncan N. Ingrahim, Commander. Brig Porpolee?Wm. K. Hunt, I,ieut. Commandant. It may be acceptable also, to you to bo able to inform your reader* and the friend* of those serving in the squadron, that the officer* and men all enjoy excellent health and are in flne spirit*. Your*, very respectfully, NAVY. After the above was written, two of the squadron, the Somers and ,Mississippi, tailed fur Pensacola, and arrived there on the ?Jflth of October. The Princeton, too, sailed the same day with the Mississippi, and has probably ar rived ere thin at PensAcola, and ticen despatched to tlio North with the frigate Potomac. The N. Orleans Bee say* : A private correspondent writes us follow*:?"It appear* that the Princeton lias brought despatches from the American Oovernment, the object of which I* to suspend further difficulties, by re quiring a renewal of diplomatic relations between the twocountrias, or in default of this, to commence open hostilities " It is readily understood that the uncertain state of our relations witli Mexico cannot long continue. She must decide in lavoi of one of the two alternatives? poac.a or war. Mr. ArranfOi/., the Kx-Consul at New Orleans, has been elected a member ol the Moxieau Senate. The Mi 'lilt Rrxntn of the 1st inst says : Despatches Irom Mexico, received on Wednesday last at Pensacola by the If. 8 steamship Mississippi, five day* from Vera Crux, passed through the Post Office here day before yesterday, on their way to Washington They wore very voluminous,but nothing is known of their contents. (iKowiiA LK'.i-t.AirttK.?Thin body met and was oxx ini/.ed in Milleilgeville on the 3d instant. A H. Ch ippell, democrat, whs elected President of the Senate, ami' J. Jenkins, Speaker of the House Important from Hayti.?We have jeceived some important intelligence by the fine bn%' Hun tress, Capt Baker, from Port au Piatt. She sailed thence on the 24th ult. It appears by the news, that a Dominican fleet of five sail leftJPort au Platt^on the 19th, to attack Cape Haytt. About 4000 troops were also despatched by land to attack the same.pLace.? A decree had been issued by President Santa Anna, of the Dominican part of the Island, previous to the sailing of Capt. Baker, to compel all foreign resi dents, including Americans, to take up arms and to act as a civic guard. They, of course, protested aguinst such a procedure, which protest wrh imme diately sent to the President, but no answer had been received. This decree was issued last summer, but was no( enforced, or attempted to be enforced, till the mid. ' die of October. We make a few extracts:? 3d Consideration.?That a peoplo who have proclaim ed their liberty and political independence, and who have, in a muss, seized their arms to defend their rights, ? should not lay them down until thoy have aecured their stability, especially while principally combating with an enemy who knows nothing of the principles of reason j and of justice. Article 1st. All those who, at the signal <if alarm given | by the legitimate authorities, do not present themselves l to take a part in the defenco of the country and our just \ cause, will be considered as liable to suspicion, treated : and punished as suspicious persons, with the punishment of the law or ordinance statute, or whatsoever more may j be necessary, or the circumstances may exact. Art. 2d. All those who, culled upon to take up arms, are not inscribed in any body of the troops of the line, or in the Civic Guard, will not enjoy the civil and politi- ; cal rights, nor the advantages, which ure conceded by the Constitution and the Laws. Art. tith. Strangers who, according to the 13th article of the Constitution, are admitted within the Territory of the Republic, will likewise form a part of the Civic Guard three months alter their rosidence in the country. ?lArt. 30. To maintain the subordination and discipline, which is indispensable in whatever body of troops it is declared that the Civic Guard, once on the move, and in active service,the officers,of whatsoever grade they may i be, sergeants, corporals and soldiers, will be subject to the punishments established by the ordinances of the army, which shall be read the mast minutely possible on the days o( reviews, or when they find themselves undor arms. Art. 40.1 he officers and soldiers of the Civic Guard, on I active service, will be soldiers, aud receive rations like the rest of the standing army, without any distinction. It will be necessary for our government to see that Americans are not forced into any foreign service, especially that of Hayti or Dominica. From Kingston, Jamaica.?By the BackHs, Capt. j Maloney.we are in receipt of our files of Jamaica pa- i pers to the 7th ultimo. The crop of Sugar is coming in, and the article sells readily at rather higher prices than usual, in conse quence of the shortness of the crop. Sales for exporta tion are made at 22s 6d, to 28s fid, according to quality.? Flour and Rice are in demand at improving prices?halt a cargo of Carolina sold at 22s, while the other half was held at 24s. Holders of American produce were circula ting reports that Mexico hail declared war with this country, in order to advance the market, but no credit was given to the rumors, and the market remained flat. The population of Jamaica, in 1844, according to the census, says the /JespafcA, was 377,433. Of this number no less than 142,831 were returned as having no occupa tion: that is to say, a number exceeding one third of the whole population of Jamaica were doing nothing. Tho Agricultural laborers were returned as 132,192, being "00 loss than the number without occupation; but from even thai ""totint are to bo deducted those who are agri ??i??..?f only by name?who labor only on their ?f/sV.. -'*? occasional labor to a sugar fciuo.' -xertion by necessity. Mr. RnihhVn M? ajljjh ??h'vlta'/ltni' "'bmated those whose Knibb,ill Ul8 flpeoch 8t Lsctflf Ii8l?tv r?iriilnr FetAtA'tf labor had thus beeri Withdrawn from . * work, with their families,at W,0RP; that is to ,b .*? plied 19,000 fathers offamilies by 8,the probable n?u. ;f each family. At the period of the cessation Of slavery, ?. we remember rightly, the slave population of this island ' was estimated art something like .400,000 souls. Of these fully 200,000 were agricultural laborers?In 1841, at tho end of 10 years : we find the laboring agriculturalists of all denominations set down at 132,192, from whom are to be deducted Mr. Knibb's 95,000, leaving about 40,000 to : perform the entire work of the staple cultivation of the soil throughout the Island. Any one who has acquain tance with the labor which is now obtainable on Sugar ! estates will bear us out in stating that the average num- ' berot effective laborers to be met with throughout the I Island, does not exceed forty for each estate, we speak of the average, because some estates may have more, ! while many never see so large a gang. The Journal of | yesterday estimated the number ot Sugar estates at 614, j so that at the above estimate there are not more than j 25,600 laborers engaged in the cultivation of Sugar, out ; of a laboring population amounting, ten years ago, to 200,000." I This is a condition of society, continues the Detpatch, j "well deserving the attention of the British people. It is ! fraught with ovila far beyond the mere injury to private j interests which must result from the impossibility of cultivating estates and producing sugars without labor. ! It holds out a prospect ot public calamity as the results 1 of emancipation, which the most reckless will fear to contemplate. If the secession from profitable labor, that is to say, from that description of labor which enriches tho nation as well as the individual, shall continue in the ratio in which it has receded since the abolitiou of slave ry, another decade will find us without an estate in pro fitable cultivation. Wealth will hnve lett the soil?com merce will have deserted our shores?the cashaw aud the logwood will have assumed possession of the cane field, and barbarism will dwell in our high places. Are the visionary professors of Utopian philosophy prepared for such a catastrophe as the final results of all their phi. lanthropic theories 7"?Savanna A Georgian, Nov. 4. City Intelligence. Services at St. Peter's?There was a very able discourse on charity at St. Peter's yesterday morning. It was delivered by the Rev. Dr. Power. We hare a re port ot it. Closing Stokes at Dark.?The furniture and feather dealers in Chatham street and East Broadway, have agreed to cioso their places of business at dark each night during the week, except Saturday night. An ad vertisement to that elfect, with a list of names of the em ployers, will be found in another column. They cor tainlydeserve great credit for their liberalityin acceding te the wishes of their clerks so promptly, and we hope they will experience no diminution in their business by -o doing. Missionary Society.?-The nnniversary of the Mulber ry street church Sunday School Missionary Society was celebrated last evening. The report of the Treasurer was read, by which it appeared that $161 68 had been paid into the Treasury during the last year. The Rev. Mr. Taylor, of Boston, and the Rev. Dr. Cox, of Brook lyn, addressed the meeting on the subject of missions. They urged, with much warmth, the cause which every christian may be supposed to have at heart, and spoke of the spirit of lukewnrmness manifested in many churches toward this interesting work. A collection was taken up, and about $100 additional raised to make Dr. Cox, Mr. Taylor, Mrs. Cox, Mrs. Taylor, and several others, patrons and life members of the Society. The utmost good feeling was manifested by all present, and tho meeting passed oll'in a pleasant manner. Mrs. Margaret Bishop.?This lady delivered a ram bling discourse yesterday,on the approach of the Millen nium. She demonstrated, to her own satisfaction, that it would come within tho present century, and when it does come,there will be glorious times. Man will,indeed, have dominion over the earth; there will not be any need of Temperance Societies or war steamers, and a man will be able to catch as much fish at one bite as will sup port a family for a week. ^ Rainy Sundays.?We seem fated to have none other than rainy Sundays. For at least seven Sundays past, we have had nothing but gloom, mist and mud. The poor ladies-we pity them?are debarred from their anticipated pleasure of exhibiting the "latest fall fash ions" on tho pave of Broadway, and tho gentlemen are obliged, for comfort's sake, to sit by the warm fires of their homes. Courage, both of you. The clear, snap ping December Sundays will soon be upon us, when old Sol shall shine out upon the glistening snow, and the merry music of the sleigh-bolls shall strike in sweet har mony upon the ear. Then, Indies and gentlomen, both shall exhibit the charms which nature and the dress maker and tailor have given them, and both shall be mu tually astonished at the perfection of each. Graham Jui.ep.?At this season of the year,the leaves which tali from the trees are many of them blown into the Croton River, while the ground on its banks is com pletely saturated with their essence. This, of course, runs into the river, and makes a highly nutritious ve getable compound, a sort of a julep upon which we should think Grahamitei might grow fat. We would call the attention of those walking cabbages, turnips, and squashes, to the propriety of subsisting at this sea son ol the year entirely upon this rich diet. Coroner's OrriCE, Nov. 9.?Sudden Death.?Tho Coroner this morning held an inquest in Eleventh street, near Avenue A, on the body of a named Elijah Finch, a native of Ireland, aged forty yoars, who sud denly expired yesterday afternoon. Verdict, " Death by di tease of tho heart." Death ry Khlessy.?'The Coroner hold an inquest also st No. 13 Vandewater street, on the body of a Ger man female, about forty years old, whose name is be lieved te be Johanna Began, who was seized with a fit of epilepsy, and suddenly oxpired yesterday afternoon, verdict accordingly. movement* of Traveller*. The hotels, yesterday, a. is usual on Sundays, had but a vory moderate amount of travellers. We found at the American? J. T. Boulton, U. S. A; J. J. Thomas,Alex andria ; T. Moody, Boston; O. 8. Beers, Mobile; Dr. J. B. i'ufts; Savannah; J. Willmer, 11. I'. Rivingston, Phil adelphia. Astor ? Mr and Mrs. Charles Kean, England; Mr. Miles, N. V; 1,. S. llamlen, Portland; John Swan Wil mington; J M Wise, Washington; H. K. George, Balti more; W. H. Richardson, Boston; E. F. Houghton, do; Stephen Osborne, Salem; G. N. Frankenstein, Conn; J. MoNamarn, Brazil; E. T. Harthorne, Boston. Louis, Conn; Messrs. Josterfc Sheffield, Albany; T. Gray, Wsrrenshurgh; E. Pouchet, Mobile; Thomas Bsbcock, Tarrytown. Globe B. H. Punchnud, Boston; J. Alexander, Bait.; W. Barrow, Alabama; C. D. Bolo, L. ( ock, 8. C; P. W. Scriven, do. _ . City?J. 8. Hastings, Boston; E. Foote, Norwich; A. Keller, N. V: Gen. H Lockwood, Westchester; A. W. Ciason, do . J.IS. Bates, Liverpool; W. Farnnm, Mass Howard -C. L. Brace, J. Vsrin Amar, J. Vandorhilt, Albany; Marcus Hunter, East Madeiras, Ciiahman Smith Palmer, Bangor; G. Parsons, I'laltNlmigh; B. Bruce, Cin cinnati; J. Keith, Albany; II. Blodgett, Genesee coi J. S.irthy, Salinn; Hobart k F.gofT, Philad, Dr. J Clarice, lUratoga; Dennis McDermett, Va; Martin A Herback, ce; J. O. Serome, N. J; f.e Grand t 'ongeteta, Paris. At Dover, N. H., Andrew Howard is nentenced for execution on the lith of November, and it is not known thnt the executive will reprieve him. He mur dered au elderly woman for her money. lUr. Mr. Kirk's Sermon on Popirjr. The Rev. Mr. Kirk, of Boston, delivered a ser mon Inst evening on the subject of Popery, und the means of destroying its influence, at Dr. Skinner's Church in Mercer street. The Rev. Gentleman said that there never was such an institution that called for the vengeance of God as Pojiery. He charged the court of Rome with the great sins which it sanctioned, its Cardinals with being guilty of sodomy, adultery, robbery, murder, as sassination, and every other crime wtuch it is in the power of man to commit?'that it has crushed and broken the law of God, and stands forth a bare faced harlot, assuming to be the keeper of the gates of Hea ven ; that its bishops have broken the whole deca logue of sins without rebuke, and the only reason it is tolerated is, that when guilt grows gigantic, our ideas of justice are overpowered ; that they were hypocrh?8 and lovers ot falsehood ; the blood of martyr cu millions was at its door crying for vengeance, ropery has made France, Italy, Spain and Ireland to flow with rivers of blood?it exterminated morality and created a monster whose actions and thoughts were murder. The human race can never reach its destined goal 01 perfection until the menster be destroyed. The Pope is a bold usurp er, who rewards the enemies ol Christ and murders his friends. By Popish doctrine, submission to priests, pea nence, payment and confession, make a Christian.? Shameless in their effrontery to Ood, religion, and im morality?Rome a vast brothel. Such language consti tuted the first port of the sermon. The second part was the means of destroying the harlot of the seven hills, whioh he said the divine powers were, pledged to effect, through human agency, by means of the union of all the Protestant churches, und the forming of Vigilance Com mittees and Associations, the printing and circulating of hooks adapted to the end, the founding ot Churches in Paris, Geneva, and Marseilles, and the establishing of an European agency. A collection was made to help the movement. Brooklyn Intelligence. Churches.?The large new " Church of the Holy Tri nity" is nearly;completed, and in a very short time will he ready for divine worship. The ltev. William H. Lewis, the present officiating minister of Calvary Church, will be the rector, and a more popular selection could not possibly have been inade. He is inveteruteiy oppo sed to i'useyism, and was among the minority who voted for the immediate removal of Mr. Onderdonk as Bishop of this diocese. The new edifice is of purely gotliic structure, anil will he by far the most splendid und costly building of the kind in Brooklyn Dr. Sfknckh's Chcrch.?The fourteenth anniversary of the Sabbath Schools connocted with the Second Pres byterian Church of Brooklyn, was celebrated yesterday at Dr. Spencer's Church in Fulton street, on which occa sion the building was crowded to excess. The exercises were of a highly interesting churactor, the children singing in a very excellent manner several hymns as signed to them, and an elegant address was delivered by a missionary who is about to proceed to the Sandwich Islands. St. Thomas's.?This small building, in Navy street, was densely thronged last evening, by a congregation gathered together from every section of the city, in ex pectation that the Rev. Dr. Tyng, of New York, would preach, he having made a positive and unconditional stipulation to do so. The Rev. Mr. Messenger, pastor of the Church, took a carriage to the Fulton Ferry, and remained for the distinguished pulpit orator fall threo quarters of an hour beyond the usual time for commen cing service?but he came not, nor did he observe the ordinary courtesy of sending an oxcuse, apology, or ex planation tor his non-appearance . The congregation, in the meantime,patiently awaited Mr. Mossenger's return, being, in tho interim, gratified by several hymns and an thems from the choir, under the dircctiou of James Cole, Esq. Tho services were conducted by the Rev. Mr. Alt water, who delivered a truly excellent and eloquent dis course fiom the 12th chapter of St. Mark, and 41st, 4'Jnd, 43rd and 44th verses,'; tho subject being tho "widow's mite." Catholic Churches.?Tho four Catholic churches of Brooklyn?St. Paul's, St. James', the "Church of the As sumption,"' and the new church in Kent avenue?were all well filled yesterday morning, notwithstanding the unfavorable state of the weather, in consequence of an edict having gone forth for a general collection iu he half of the Diocesan Seminary and Chapel attached to St. John's College, at Fordham, Westchester cfiunty. A very liberal contribution was made in these several w of worship, und the sermons were generally verv P;at* 'e and eloquent. Fiar Get ?en ten and eleven o'clock on Saturday niffht fast a fire wa" ,liscovered in the oil, paint, and vafnish factoryfta Sn?. VhasSftlS H. Dow. The firemen?Ce-"an Wa.T m. ' "S?8} promptitude and activity, arm , a_ V u,I5ai? eftort could do to subdue the devouring Th,ir ??er" tions were, however, rendered com, aratively fruitless by the combustible nature of the mater.. Which were in the building. We did not learn whethet' or not tlie property was insured. A Quiet Suxdav.?In taking our usual'stroll thrOuJ? the city yesterday, we did not observe any-ol those id dicationS of a riotous ami disorderly nature which,on too many occasions heretofore, have disgraced Brooklyn. With the exception ol an outbreak among some colored men at Wallabout?four of whom were arrested and locked up in the jail by officer Bennet?we d'd not hear of any broaches of the peace, or other overt aots of an improper character. There is no doubt tiiat the police have taken a hint from the newspapers, and exercised * li'tle more vigilanoe and determination in the perform ance of their duties than they have been wont to do, un til roused from their lethergy by the press. Who ark Thf.v.'?Within two or three days past, two bodies?oue that of a female, and the other a mala?have been observed by persons connected with the lerrj. boats floating rn the river towards tho bay. An effort was made to reaeh them, but without success. Who the unfortunates were, or whence they came, sure at present unknown. Sack Cu.mtanv?A petition will be presented to tho Common Council this evening from a number of respect able young men of Brooklyn, to have a place assigned to thorn wherein they inay organize themselves as a sack company of flrcme i, on the principle adopted in soma of the out tern cities. Their object will be chiefly to save property from destruction by fire, for which purpose each member will he armed with an axe, and provided with a leather bag. They purpose to give c.xph two hundred and fifty dollars security to the city f<n the faithiul performance of their duties, and will at all times be responsible for the prompt return of all goods which may come iato their possession while engaged at & fire. MrsTERious.?A gentleman connecteu wnn tne new York Custom House, who resides in the neighborhood of Bedford, observed, a few nights ago, ou his way home, at a very late hour, two men busily engaged in digging, having no other light than a small lamp encased in a lantern, which comM instantly be made dark On his approaching them, to uscertaiu their object in being thus singularly engaged at so unusual an hour, they de camped. and no more was sean ef them by him. They had made quite a large and deep hole, in the vicinity of a hut occupied by a colored woman, and but a tew rods distant from the mansion ef Hem Lefforts, Ksci. There is a mvstery about this which the Police of Ilrooklyn should endeavor to unravel, the more especially us the gentleman referred to can identity, with certainty, ono of the individual*, and is willing to render all tho assis tance in his power to ferret thorn out. The Late Mrs. Harper.?The body of this lamented, amiable and exemplary* lady?mother of the ex Mayor of New York?who died on Friday last, of inflammation ol the bowels, after a very brief illness, was yesterday conveyed to its last resting place, at Newtown, L 1., at tended by a large concourse of sorrowing friends and relatives. Police Intelligence. Nov. 9.?Burglary.?The store No. Ill Broadway was broken into last night and robbed of n considerable quan tity of clothes, and other property, with which the rogues made their escape. ?Another Hotel Robbery.?A stranger in the city, at pro sent stopping at the National Hotel, in Courtlandt street, had $509 stolen from his trunk last night. Daring Theft.?On the arrival of a steamboat from Bridgeport, yesterday, one o.f the passengers, a gentle man from Hartford, Conn., by the name of Homer Franklin, hired a carriage to co.nvey him from the boot to 10th sheet. His baggage and trunk was strapped on behind the carriage as usual. On arriving at tne place of destination, it was discovered this' (h? "trap, which fastoned tho baggage, had been cut, an^ the trunk stolen. Another Robbery.?The premises ofMr. y'ease, No. 45. Division street, during the absence of the u,fnily this forenoon, were robbed of about $100 worth of p "operty. Qranil Larceny.? A man named Charles Wendell', al.'a" Wentworth, was arrested last night on a charge of IV'"H concerned in stealing about 130 yards of flue flannolfr<V> the store of Messrs. VVildey & Co. No. 317 Ordenwiclt street. Violation! of City Ordinance/.?A number of oinnibua drivers, and their employers, were called to account, fiuod, kc. for obstructing the public thoroughfares with their vehicles, particularly Broadway, in the vicinity of Bowling Green. Numerous citizens of the 7th and !?th Wards, were likewise fined for encumbering the side walks in front of their premises. Thievei Caught.?Last evening, three strange men. who gave their names a* William Houston, John Char lick, ami Fdmund Birch, entered the grocery store ot Mr. Hildehmnd, in the upper part of Oreonwich street, for the alleged purpose of sheltering themselves from the storm. Aftor remaining there some time, they took their departure, and carried off with them an overcoat worth $10. which was hanging on a nail in the store, anil which they immediately offered to sell in another stoie in the vicinity kept by Mr. Lullman. who recog nised the coat of bis neighbor, and caused the men to be arrested. On searching one of the accused party, a silk pocket handkerchief belonging; to Mr. HihUhiand was round. Ther were accordingly taken before Justice lloonip, and fully committed to answer. .1. C. Calhoun.? Af unextrn Reunion of (he ('ouii' nils of the iMiinicipalitiea of New Orleans,held on the. 31st ult., it win resolved that a letter of invitation be forthwith transmitted to Mr. Calhoun, by a special mes senger, tendering to him the hospitalities of the city. Suitable apartments for hii accommodation during his sojourn in the city have been selected at the St. I.ouis Hotel. Major General Lewis, hav'ng tendered the ser vices of the military under his command, to receive with all duo honors the Distiisouuhbo Statesman, they wore promptly accepted by the committee. Sales ok Forfeited Lands in Viroima.?Up wards of 88,000 acres of these lands will he offered for sale in Hitchie county on the Ith, and in Wood coun ty on the 17th o? November next. Previous sales, it la said, have contributed to the settlement and improve ment of other sections of fbe State. Tho I'arkinburg Curette, from which we gather these foots, represents that place as greatly improving. The lands now offered for sale arc situated on and near the Northwestern nnd Staunton turnpikes, and the Little Kanawha river. ru'.vlgufloii of Hie Oliln fMver. I'lacei. Time. Stale of River Pittsburg. , . .Nov. 0 7 feet in the channel. Wheeling,. ..Nov fi 7 feet and rising. Louisville,. ..Nov. 3 A feet 3 Inches inchannol Cincinnati Nov. 4, ,4 ft 8 iuc.on flats and bars

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