Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 17, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 17, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. 907 ?Whol* No. *160. NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 17, 1845. Prleo Two Conts* Wrnllh and Population of the City and County of New York In MM. We have obtained, at considerable labor, the fol lowing returns of the wealth of this city and county. We give it to-duy, because a statement has been published iu an obscure paper, and which we gave for the waul of a better, so incomplete, inaccurate as to he of very little use. We now give the returns, as taken from the otlicial documents which have been forwarded to Albany. They are probably as correct as they can be, under the circumstances in which they were collected, and those, we suppose> were not the best. Male population, .. . . 1?0.472 female do 180,7.11 Males, subject to militia duty 35,0.11 Poi sons entitled to vote 63,927 Aliens, not naturalized 00,146 Paupets 1,057 Persons of color, not taxed 10,05 Do. do. taxed ;>|j Do. do. legal voters, ti Murried females under 4ft years, ft. 304 I nmarried females hetweon 10 and 45,. ......, 4ft,074 I)o. do. under 16 years 612,018 Marriages during the year preceding, 2,560 Malo births during the year preceding, 6,728 Female do. do. do 6,500 Male deaths, do. do 3,471 Female do. do. do 2,822 Persons in the county born in the State of N. Y.. 194,910 De. do. born in New Eng. States,. 10,079 Do. do. born in other States,.. .,v. 25,672 Do. do. born in Mexico or 8. Ama. 608 Do. do. born in (4. Britain or its posiesaious, 95,581 Do do. born in France 3,710 Do. do. born in Germany 24,410 Do. do. born in other parts of Eur. 3,277 Children between the ages of ft awl lb years, . . . 70,003 ? hildrcn attending common schools 39,262 children attending female schools 17,321 Children attending incorporated seminaries, . . . 1,253 Children attending colleges or universities, . . . 240 *Yardi of flannel or other woollen eloth manufac tured in the family 2,620 Yards of linen, cotton, or other cloth, do 901,401 Acres of land improved, 4,034 Acres of barley under cultivation 5 Bushels of |*eas raised 30 Bushels of beans raised, 25 Acres of buckwheat, gj 308 Bushels of do raised, Acres of turnips 8 Bushels raised 6,085 Acres of potatoes, . 138 Bushels raised, 000 Acres of wheat sown, 4 Do. harvested 3 Bushels of wheat raised, 00 Acres of corn sown, 153} Bushels harvested, 0326 Acres of rye sown 10 Do. oats 83} Bushels harvested, 2135 Neat cattle, 831 Do. under ono year old, 48 1)0. over one year old 764 Cows milked, 7,102 of butter made, 12,080 of cheese made, 60 No. of horses, 13,316 No. of sheep, 22 Do. under one year old, 6 Do over ono year old, 22 No. of hogs, 8591 Value of raw material manufactured in grist mills . $37,233 D*> of manufactured articles in do $62,294 Da ol raw materials manufactured in srw mills $597,000 Do of manufactured articles in do $785,700 Do of raw materials manufactured in oil mills $62.5,300 Do of manufactured articles in do $750,000 Number of saw mills 12 Do oil mills 0 Number of cotton factories _ 3 Value of raw material manufactured in cotton factories $28,600 Do of manufactured articles in do $82,200 Yards of cotton cloth manufactured 830,800 Value of raw material manufactured in woelen factories $18,796 V>o manufactured articles in do $26,191 Yards of woolen cleth manufactured 26,890 Number of iron works 40 Value of raw materiel used in do $965,489 Do of manufactured articles in do $2,193,417 Number of trip-hammers 1 Value of raw material used in do $30,000 Do of manufactured article* in do $60,000 Number ol distilleries 10 Value of raw materials used in do $658,300 Do of manufactured article* in do $894,700 Number of asheries 1 Value of raw material manufactured in do. . .. $3,000 Do manufactured articles in do $0000 Nurahor of glass factories 2 Value of raw material manufactured in do $2,400 Do of manufactured articles in do $4,800 Value of raw materials in rope factories $10,290 Value of manufactured articles in do $20,870 Number of dying and printing factories 2 Value of raw material in do. $30,0o0 Value of manufactured article* in do $60,000 Number of Tanneries 4 Value of raw material used in do $89,000 Value of manufactured articles in do $132,000 Number of Breweries 17 Value of raw material used in do $159,304 Value of manufactured articles in do $287,109 Pounds of llaw Silk manufactured 70 Number of incorporated manufactories 1 Unincorporated do 183 I leaf aud dumb male* under 13 year* of age ... 13 Do do over 13 and under 36 .... 130 Dq do females under 13 15 Jjo do over 13 and under 35 95 Number of deaf and dumb whose parents are un able to educate or support them 300 Do do whese parents are able to sup port them 37 Total number of deaf and dumb of all ages. . . . 354 Number of blind males under eight years of age 4 Do do between 8 and 35 33 Number of blind females under 8 years of age.. 3 Number of blind females between 8 and 35 19 Number of blind whose parents are unable to support them 39 Do do whose parents are able to support them 1 Total number of blind persons 80 Number of malo idiots under 31 years of age... i" Do do over 31 years of age 19 Number of female idiots under 31 years of age.. 5 jj0 do over 31 years of age. . . 13 Number of idiots supported by charity 18 Wliolo number of idiots 43 Number of male lunatics under 31 y's of age. . . do do over 31 v's of age. . .. 346 Number of female lunatics under 31.. 10 Number of do do over 31 376 Number of lunatics supported by charity 415 Number in Lunatic Asylums 735 No. not supported by public or private charity.. 113 Wbolo number of lunatics 587 Number of male Indians 3 Number of Bajitist churches . . 34 Coat of do $483,300 ( osf of other improvements in do $371,000 ? lost of real estate for do $187,090 Number of Kpiscopolian churches 36 dost of do $386,000 Cost of other improvement Cost of real estate $370,600 Number of Presbyterian churches 39 Cost of do $333,014 Cost of other improvements $31,474 Cost of real ostato $190,390 Number of Congregational churches 6 Cost of do $66,900 Cost of o.her improvements $500 Cost of real estate $35,000 Number of Methodist churcbe 31 ( ost of do $364,300 Cost of other improvements $38,840 Cost of real estato $179,600 Number of ..Roman Catholic churches 13 Cost of do $338,.>00 Cost of other improvements $43,000 Cost of real estate $186,850 Number of Dutch Reformed churches 33 Cost of do $437,000 Cost ot other improvements $11,000 Cost of real estate $170,100 Number of Univorsalist churches 3 Cost of do $37,900 ( ost of real estate $13,700 Number of Unitarian churches 1 Cost of do $50,000 ( ost of real estate $44,000 Number of Jewish Synagogues 6 ( ost of do $698,000 Cost of other improvement* $7,300 i ost of real estate . . $16,000 Number of <|uaker churches 4 l OSt Of do do $33,000 i oft of other improvements $3,000 l ost of real estate $56]s<)0 Number of colleges 4 ioslot do ? $158,000 Cost ol other improvements $10,500 t ost of Heal F.state $041,000 Number of Academies 3 ( ost or do $30,000 i ost ot other imjirovoments $600 Cost of Real Kstatc $5000 Number of Female Seminaries 17 i ost of Buildings $9000 cost of other im|>rovenients $450 ( o?t ot Ileal F.state $19,000 (tther incorporated institutions of learning 8 Cost of oo. do. do. .., . .$355..">00 Cost of other improvements $11,350 Cost of Real F.state $153,MM) Number ol Normal Schoola 1 ? ost of do. $30,000 Do. of real estate $lo,00<) Number ol common schools 76 I est of do. $383 ,301 Do. of other improvements $16,381 Do oi real estato $381,960 Number of |>upils on teeohori' list 36,576 .V\? rage attendance Ol pupils 38,301 Number of private and select school* J(I8 Coat of buildings (44,061 Do. of other improvement* $6,436 Do. of real estate $3H,625 Number of children attending 8,354 Number of inn* and tavern* 1,398 Number of wholesale store* l,9Bl Do. of retail do. 4,209 Number of groceiies l,96t Number of larmer* an I agriculturalist* '375 Number of merchant* 8,411 Number of manufactories 1743 Number of mechanics SI,995 Number of attorney* 1,016 Number of clergymen hW Amount of salaries paid to clergymen of all de nominations, including perquisite* and use of teal estate by them $376,035 Number of physician* and surgeon 876 More Mormon Kkvri.ations.?A pamphlet has just been published in St. Louis by O. Olnev, one of the Mormon Klders, containing revelations of tne iniqui ties practised hy the " Twelve" at Nauvoo, from which we make the following extracts Although a* 1 have written that I found Nauvoo a sink of iniquity, I do not mean to be understood that all are so practising upon their own Judgment, but hundreds are so bound up in 'he belief that the twelve are pure, paying no regard to 'to reasonableness of their require ments that it is often said : " If we obey counsel and commit sin in so doing, it will not lie at our doors but will bo answered upon the heads of the twelve for so teaching us." This is the confidence which that people havo in the twelve, to the exclusion of all honor, truth, justice, peace, mercy an<t righteousness. The building of the Nu'tvoo House Is wholly abandon ed, its hare walls and laige piles of brick near by, ex posed to tho weather, presenting a striking contrast to the view which would he presented if the measures of tho martyred prophet were to be carried out as he de siguad. A desperate effort is being made to tiniah the Temple, although hundreds, yea thousands of dollars of the tithing ure appropriated'to the subsistence of the twelve, the bishops and t their prostitutes, thereby requir ing an extra amount of tithing to what would be neces sary for the Use to which it should be applied. In view of such a state of things, my heart bleeds and my feel ings burst forth in sorrow to think of the many who must ibe, as I am, sadly disappointed, when they learn that thsy are led hy those who are utterly destitute of every principle that tends to exalt a man in the scale of being, or make him noble in the eyes of his Creator, in consequence of which, our mites which have been joy fully cast in for the building of the House of the Lord, are applied to the subsistence and aggrandizement of themselves and their prostitutes ; and the honest hearted left no relief or consolation but to mourn over the depra vity of fallen man, and strive to shun the vortex of ruin into which others are daily plunging. And such are the men, influenced by such passions, who have only to speak the word, and no crime is too horrible, no act, however mean and degrading, too low for their police, (as they are called,) to perform, in order to carry out the designs of their superiors. The twelve ofton meet in council, to give advice to any who choose to ask it, and also to give orders to those in authority under them, and on one such occasion I have witnessed where three six shooters (revolving pis tols) where laid on the centre table and one fifteen shoot er (rifle) stood in the corner to protect the persons of the twelve, although an armed guard are posted every night around the city, and every street guarded by police, armed with (some of them) large heavy canes with an iron or steel point, also pistols and howie knives ; and others around the houses of the twelve, thus shielding them from any intrusion in the nighttime, and in the day time they are (unless they are secreted for fear of being arrested for some of their misdemeanors) walking the streets in their broadcloths while their followers are toiling to support them iu their luxury and extrava gance. As it respects the late troubles in the county, I am pre pared to say in truth as follows : The twelve by their unbounded influence over their subjects, and by tea"?,ng that the people round about them are gentiles, and that the saints are to " suck the milk of the gentiles," have created such a state of feeling in the breasts of their followers that they think it is no sin for them to " suck a little," just now, and in fact 1 have heard prominent men, such as high I'riests and Pre siding officers, say that if a gentile comes in their way, the best way to do is to put lnm " out of the way," as quick as possible. Such sentiments thrown out by the people at Nauvoo have not failed to create a response on the part of tho settlers, and the feeling has been fanned into a flame that will ere spring (I opine) burn too hot tor Mormons. Yea,] even to their expulsion from the state, and for this reason. A stipulation has been mutually agreed to by both Mormons and Anties, that hostile operations ana man oeuvres should cease on both sides,and also that]the Mor mom should leave Nauvoo so soon as grass grows suffi cient for teams to subsist upon. Yet still the Mormons have been visited by writs te bring some offenders (of which class there is many) to justice ; which serves as a pretext for the Mormons to send out armed forces, numbering from 60 to 200, who on horseback Jscour the prairie between Nauvoo and Carthage, (as they say,) in search of " Prairie Chickens;" and latterly, as i( this was not enough, a body of these men have been to Carthage, and entirely broke up the court which was in session ut that place, (so I heard one of the men engaged in the transaction declare,) so that none of the brethren could be tried at that court if ar rested; but probably there will be none arrested, foi Brigham says to the people to "give them what is in their guns first, and then use them to the best advantage before they submit to an arrest." Tne judge of court, in company with some of the law yers of the county, visited Nauvoo to inquire the reason of the breaking up of tho court in such a manner, but received nothing satisfactory, except a tirade of abuse from John Taylor, (one of the twelve,) which lie (the judge) carried away rankling and festering in his own bosom. Another evidence of their purity and holiness may he gathered from the fact that at the houses of aome of the twelve, I have teen from three to five young female*, whoie prolific appearance indicate* a great increase of posterity in the temporal kingdom, to say nothing of a ?treat number of married women who ate sealed to ?lif erent ones in high standing in the church, and (as I have been taught from their own mouths,) believe it to be their privilege before Clod to raise up as many children here in the flesh as they can, that they may have a great er kingdom to rule over in eternity ; and on being asked how many women it is one's privilege to beget cnildren with, tho answer was : " As many as he can maintain." Thus making it an object among themselves, (except the twolve, tho bishops, the Temple committee, and some other privileged characters,) who help themselves out of iio funds, to Temple fuods, to enter largely into speculative engage ments, that thereby, upon their income, they may sup port (if they have no husbands to support them) those unhallowed and polluted vestiges of humanity, with whom they practise such abominations under the garb of righteousness, as must make the heavens weep, and the oaithfcmourn to witness the fallen and degraded state of those who arc to l>e a "ligtht unto the world, and also tfee saviours of men." Another important item in the present teachings of tin twelve, is that "at the time of receiving their washii,^ and annointtngs.or their endowments, all marriages will be declared void, and overy person have the privilege ot choosing for him or herself, by a mutual agreement, that ii, if two choose to remain together, it is their privilege to do so, but neither one ran retain the other, if he or she chooies to depart anddive with anothe. Oh shame ! where is thy blush 7" Kutthermore, it is said by tho redoubtable Brigham, that "when the church once gets away from Nauvoo, if any finds any fault with the twelve, their heads shall come otf, and none shall ever return to tell their tales !" i-,Another (of his sayings is, "It is better that fifty inno cent men should sutler death, than that any crime should be proven against any one of the twelve, even if he were guilty !" Another is, "The bible is no more to the people of this generation than a last year's almanac, for I am all the bible needful for the people now, if they will obey my counsel." These ar? a few of the sentiments of the far-famed president of the twelve, and I must acknowledge they are peifectly consonant with his practice and character. Another testimony of the.purity of that people is the fact that a high priest of that place told me that he had i witnessed the deaths of five mobocrats at the hands of the Mormons, on the pruirie, and also that the catfish in i the Mississippi had scraped tho bones of some who had , better have kept away from Nauvoo. The " annointing and washing" as it is jocosely 1 called, is practised frequently upon those offenders who I aie not judged worthy of death, which is covering them from head to foot witn filth obtained from the vault of soma necessary in the city, and then casting them into the river. Another henrt-rending fact in the present history of' Nauvoo is, that hundreds of honest hearted females are there, who have no means with which to get away, and scarce any means of subsistence there, except at the ex pense of virtue, and who are continually subject to the importunities of those fiends in human shape who, after having gratified their passion for lust, will, straightway, upon the public stand, declare before (iod and the An gels, that no system of spiritual wifery is practised or toleiated by them, when perhaps some of their victims are at the very time upon their knees in secret, beseech ing Ood to lorgive them for yielding in an unguarded moment to their seducers, and to open a way lor their escape from the folds of their destroyers, that, perchance, by a life of morality, virtue and piety, they may atone for the weakness of a moment, and at last gain an in heritance with the saints ol (iod. Think not, my readers, that this is a fancy pieco, or the suggestions of an over o?cited imagination, for it is hut a lew out of thousands of tho testimonies that might be brought to show that virtue aud truth have lied from their midst, and vice, in almost every form, has stalked forth, and holds, un checked hy any pure principle, the away over almost the entire community, while their publications? Timn and .Season* and Neigkhor?would lain make the people at a distance believe that Nauvoo is pure as was kden at first, and that the people are the innocent but persecuted people which they once were. The Rath Care in Hoston.?The jury in the case ol Thorium Baldwin, charged with committing un outrage on his niece, aged 13, which had occupied the Municipal^ Court several days, came into the Court on Friday morning, and signified that they had not been able to agree upon a verdict. Counsel for the do fence mude amotion lor another trial immediately. Judge H ashburn said ho would continue the case to the De cember term, und, on motion being tnaue by Mr. Dust in lor a reduction of the hail fixed in the I'olice Court at $1,000, the Court remarked, that as tho case was more larorable to him?the jury not having agreed it would place the bail at only >600. Charles (Varner was next put on trial on two counts, for adultary and lawd cohabitation. Vardict, guilty. Americano-Chinese Treaty. The following is a condensed viow of the treaty of peace, amity and commerce which was negotiated be tween lion Caleb Cuibing on the part of the United Statea, and Taiyeng, Governor General of the two Kwa regs on the part of China, and which has been duly rati fied and confirmed by their respective governments, and now officially and correctly published by our govern ment. Aht. 1?There ahull be perfect and perm anent peace and amity between the people of the two countries. Aa r. 'J?Citizens of the United States trading to China will pay duties fixed by this treaty, and in no case to bo subject to higher duties than the people of any other na . tion. Fees and charges are abolished, and the officers of the tevenue who may be guilty of exaction will be pu nished. If Chinese government desire to alter the tariff it must be done with advice and consent of the United States. If additional advantages are hereafter grunted to any other nation, the citizens of the United States to par ticipate in the same. Aht. 3.?Defines Kwang-chow, Amoy, Kuchow, Ningpo and Shang-hai as the trading ports. Aht. 4?Authorizes the United States to send consuls to those ports, and provides for redress in case of their being disrespectfully treated. Aht. 6?At each of the above ports citiiens of the Uni ted States may carry ou commerce under the tariff and rules regulated by this treaty. Art. ti ?On the arrival of every merchant vessel,ships' papers to be lodged with the consul and tonnage duty of five mace per ten if over 100 tons burden, and one mace per ton if she be 100 tons or under shall be paid in full of all charges. If a vessel alter paying tonnage duties at on* port shall proceed to another,duty on her cargo only shall be paid. Ah r.7. ?No tonnage duty to be paid by boats engaged in the conveyance of passenger*, Ste , but all cargo boats shall pay regular tounago unless they are hired from ci tizens of China. Art. 8? Citizens of the United States may hire and en gage pilots, servants, compradors, linguists and writers. Art. 0?On the arrival of merchant vessels the super intendant of customs may appoint officers to guard them, but they shall not be entitled to any allowance from the vessel. Art. 10.?Whenever a merchant vessel shall cast an chor, the supercargo, master or assignee, shall within 48 hours deposit ship's papers in the hands of the Consul, who will make a report to the Superintendent of Cus toms of the tonnage?a permit will then bo granted for discharging. In case of discharging without permit, vessel una cargo to be forfeited. if the master desires he may within 48 hours proceed to another port without breaking bulk. A n rjl. -Superintendent of Customs will appoint offi cers toTixamine all goods discharged, anil if dispute oc cur in regard to the value, it may within twenty-four hours be referred to the Consul to be adjusted with the Superintendent. Art. 12.?Standard weights and measures will be de livered to the Consels at each port. Art. 13.?Tonnage duties to be paid when the vessels are admitted to entry, duties of import on the discharge of the goods, and duty of export on the landing. Duties shall be received in Sycee sliver or foreign money. No other duties to be levied en any goods on their resale or transit. Art. 14.?No goods to be transmitted from one vessel to another until there be particular occasion,(under the penalty of forfeiture. Art. 15.?Limitation ol trade to Hong merchants abo lished, and United States citizens may trade with all per sons. Art. 16.?The governments of the two countries not to be responsible for the debts contracted by their citi zens. Art. 17.?Citizens of United States shall have privilege of obtaining sites for houses, places of business, hospi tals, churches and ccmeterieslDesecration of ceinetries to be punishable. Citizens of the U. States may pass and repass in the neighborhood of the places of anchorage, but shall not at pleasure make excursions into the coun try, nor frequent marts for the purpose of selling goods to defraud the revenue. Art. 18.?Citizens of the U. States may employ teach ers and may purchase books. Art. 19.?Citizens oi the United States pursuing their business peaceably shall receive protection from the go vernment. Art. 20.?Citizens of the U. States entitled to draw back on any goods they may wish to re-export. Art. 21.?Provides for the punishment ot any criminal acts committed by citizens of either nation. Art. 22?In caso of a war between the Chinese and any foreign nation,the vessels of the United States not to be excluded,unless the American Hag be used to the pre judice of the Chinese. Art. 23?Consul at each port shall make an annual statement to the Governor of the amount of arrivals and departures,and value of goods imported and exported by American vessels. Art. 24?Provides for the mannerto be pursued in ad dressing the officers of the government. Art. 25?Questions between citizens of the United Status to be decided by the authorities of their own go vernment, and questions between the citizens of the two countries decided by treaty. Aht. 26?American vessels while in the harbors ol the five ports to be under jurisdiction of the American autho rities. in case of robbery or piracy the authorities will give them aid in discovering and punishing the guilty, out government will not make indemnity. Art. 27?In case of shipwreck the government will aflord relief and security. Art. 28?American vessels, persons and property, not to be subject to embargo, or detained on any pretence of public service. Art. 29?The authorities will apprehend deserters from American vessels and deliver them up. Art. 80.?The authorities of the two countries shall address each other in terms of equality. Art. 31-Communications front the government of the United States to be transmitted through the medium of the imperial commissioner. Art. 32?Ships of war of the United States shall onjoy facilities in procuring supplies. Art. 33?American citizens trading clandestinely subject ?o punishment by Chinese government. Art. 34?Provides for the ratification of the treaty. the tariff of duties to re levied on imported and EXPORTED MERCHANDISE AT THK FIVE POUTS. The duties which it is agreed shall be paid upon goods imported ami exported by the United States at the cus tom-houses of Canton, Amoy, Fuchow, Ningpo, and Shanghai, are as follows ; the articles being arranged in classes, viz : EXPORTS. [A tael is equal to $1 25 to $1 40 ; a mace 12] to 14 cents ; a candareen 100th part of a mace.] S3 * ARTICLES OF MERCHANDISE. TEA, SPICES, StC. Tea, formerly divided to flDe and native Muck, and nr d native green teas, per 100 catties, 2 A Aniseed star, pel 100 catties, 0 6 Musk, each catty, 0 6 drugs* Capoon cutcheny, per 100 catties, 0 3 Camphor, per 100 catties, 1 6 Arsenic, under different Chinese names, per 100 catties, 0 7 Cassia, per 100 catties, 0 7 Cassia buds, not formerly contained in the tariff', per 100 catties, 1 0 Claim root, per 100 catties, 0 a Cubebs, not formerly in tariff*, per 100 catties, 1 A Ualingal, per 100 catties, 0 1 llaztaill. per 100 catties, 0 A Rhubarb, per 100 catties, 1 0 Turmeric, per 100 catties, 0 2 WARES Or VARIOUS KINDS. Hone and horn ware, per 100 catties, 1 0 China ware, fine and coarse, formerly classed as tine native, coarse and middling, per 100 catties, 0 A Copper ware and pewter ware, per 100 catties, 0 6 Manufactures of wood, furniture, &c., per 100 eatties, 0 2 Ivory ware, all carved ivory work included, formerly divided into ivory and ivery carv ings, per 100 catties, 5 0 l.nrrpioipd ware, per 100 catties, 1 0 Mother of pearl ware, per 100 catties, 1 0 Rattan ware, rattan aud bamboo work, per 100 catties, 0 2 Handat-wood ware, per 100 catties, 1 0 Hold end silver ware, formerly divided into gold ware and silver ware, per 100 catties, 10 o Tortoise-shell ware, per 100 catties, 10 o Leather trunks and boxes, per 100 catties, 0 2 fabrics of he sir, ltd* Grass cloth, and all cloths of hemp er linen, tier 100 catties, 1 0 Nankeen, and all cloths of cotton, (formerly not in the tariff') per 100 catties, 1 0 SII.K, FABRICS OF SII.K, fcc. Raw silk of any province, per 100 catties, 10 0 Coarse or refuse silk, per 100 catties, 2 0 Organ/.ine, of all kinds, per 100 catties, 10 0 Silk riband and thread, per 100 catties, 10 0 Milk and satin fabrics, of all kinds, us crape, lutestrings, Sic. (formerly classed as silk and satins,) per 100 catties, 12 0 Silk and cotton mixed fabrics, per 100 catties, 3 0 Heretofore a further charge per piece has been levied; the whole duty is now to be paid in one sum, and the furthor charge is abolished. CAHrKTINU, MATTING, SlC. Mats of all kinds, as of straw, ratan, bamboo, Sic., per 100 catties, 0 2 iMroRTS or wax, salti'ktre, tic. Wax, foreign, us beeswax, also called tile wax, per 1IN) catties, I 0 Oft of rose mallows, per 100 catties, I 0 Saltpetre, foreign, per UK) catties, 0 3 This article is only allowed to be sold to the government merchants. Formerly this regu lation did not exist. Soaps, foreign, as perfumed soap, per 100 catties, 0 A SPICES AND PERFUMES. Gum benzoin and oil ot benzoin, per 100 catties, 1 0 Sandal wood, per 100 catties, 0 A Pepper, black, per 100catties, 0 4 All other articles of this class, not specifically

mentioned herein, to pny a duty of Hi per cent ad valorem. Perfumery, A per cent ad valorem. DRUGS. Asafo-tida, per 100 catties I n Camphor, superior quality, i. e. pure, formerly classed as good and inferior, per catty 1 0 Camphor, inferior quality or refuse, formerly uncleaoad camphor, per oatty, 0 ? Cloves, superior quality, picked, per 100 cat ties, 1 6 Cloves, inferior quality, (mother cloves) per 100 catties, i 0 ft Cow hezoar. per catty, 1 0 Cutch, per 100 catties. 0 3 Gamble r, per 100 catties. 0 1 Aneca nut, per 100 catties 0 1 Ginseng, foreign, superior quality, lie. per 100 catties, 38 0 Ginseng, inferior qualitv, Ice. per 100 catties. 3 A Of every 100 catties of foreign ginseng, of what ever sort, one-fifth part is to he considered as of superior quality, and four fifths of inferior quality. Gum oliba >anuni, per 100 catties, 0 6 Myrrh, per 100 catties, 0 A Mace of flower ol nutmeg, per 100 catties, 1 0 Quicksilver, per 100 catties, 3 0 Nutmegs, first quality, per 100 catties, * JO Nutmegs, second quality, or coarse, per 100 cat ties, 1 o I'utchuk, per 100 catties, 0 7 Rhinoceros horns, per 100 catties, 3 0 SUNDRIES. Flints, iter 100 catties, 0 0 Mother of-pearl shells, per 100 catties, 0 a DRIED MEATS. Birds'nests, first quality, mandarin, per 100 cat tics, 5 0 Birds' nests, 2il quality, ordinary, per 100 cat's. J A Birds' nests, third quality, with feuthers, per 100 catties, 0 A Bicbo de mar, first quality, black, per 100 cat's, 0 8 Bicho de mar, second quality, white, per 100 catties, 0 3 Sharks' fins, first quality, white, per 100 catties, 1 0 Sharks' rins, 3d quality, hlaek, per 100 catties, 0 A Stock fish, called dried fish, per 100 catties, 0 1 Fish maws, not formerly in tariff, per 100 cat's, I A painters' stores. Cochineal, par 100 catties, .? 0 Smalts, per 100 catties, 4 0 Sapan woods, per 100 catties, 0 1 woods, canes, lie. Ratans, per 100 catties, _ 0 2 Kbony, per 100 catties, 0 1 All oilier imported wood, as red wood, satin wood, yellow wood, not sjieciAcally enumer ated, to pay a duty of 10 per cent, ail valo rem. CLOOES, WATCHES, &C. Clocks. Watches. Telescopes. Glass panes and crystal wares of all kinds. Writing desks. Dressing cases. Jewely of Gold and silver. Cutlery, sworils, lie. All the foregoing, and any other miscellaneous articles ol the same description, A per cent, ad valorem. CLA8S 10. Cotton, fabrics of cotton, canvas from 73 to 100 chih long, and 1 chili 7 tsun to ti shih J tsun wide, per piece, 0 A Cotton, allowing A per cent, for tore, per 100 cutties, 0 4 Long white cloths 75 to 100 chih long, and 3 chili J tsun to 3 chih 6 tsun wide, toimerly divided into superior and inferior fine cotton cloth, per piece, 0 1 Cambrics and muslins from 50 to 60 chih long, and 3 chih 0 tsun to 3 chih 3 tsun wide, per piece, 0 1 Cottons, grey or unbleached domestic, and from 75 to 100 cnih long, and 3 chih to 3 chih 9 tsun wide, formerly classed as coarso long cloths, per piece. 0 1 Twilled cottons, gray, same dimensions per piece. 0 1 Chintz and prints of all kinds, frcm 60 to 7.5 chih long, and from 3 chih 0 tsun to 3 chih 3 tsun wide, formerly called ornamented or flower cloths, per piece 0 3 Cotton yarn or cotton thread, per 100 catties 1 0 Linen, fine, not formerly in the tariff, from 60 to 7A chih long, and 1 chih 9 tsun to 3 chih 3 tsun wide, per 100 catties. 0 A Bunting, per chang 0 0 All other imported articles of this class, as ging hams, pulicats, dyed cottons, velveteens, silk and cotton mixtures, and mixtures of linen and cotton, lie., A percent ad valorem. FABRICS OF SILK, WOOLLEN, &C. Handkerchiefs, large, above 3 chih 6 tsun, each 0 0 Handkerchiefs, small, umlef'ff chih 6 tsun, each, 0 0 Gold and silver thread, superior or real, per catty 0 0 Broadcloth, Spanish stripe, &c., from 3 chih 6 tsun to 4 chih 6 tsun wide, per chang 0 1 Narrow cloths, as long ells, cassimeres, lie. for merly classed as narrow woollens, per chang 0 0 Camlets, (Dutch,) per chang 0 1 Camlets per chang 0 0 Imitation camlets or bombazettes, per chang o 0 Woollen yarn, per 100 catties 3 0 Blankets, each 0 1 All other fabrics of wool, or of mixed wool anil cotton, wool and silk, fiic., 5 per cent ad valo lem. Wine and beer in quart bottles, per 100 10 0 Wine in pint bottles, per 100 0 A 0 Wine in casks, per 100 catties ISO METALS. Copper, foreign, in pigs, be., per 100 catties, 1 0 0 Copper, wrought, as sheets, rods, be., Per 100 catties, ISO Iron, foreign, unmanufactured, per 100 catties, 0 10 Iron, as in pigs; iron manufactured, as in bars, rods, be., per 100 catties, 0 15 Lead, foreign, in pigs, or manufactured, per 100 catties, ' 0 3 8 Steel, foreign, of every kind, per 100 catties, 0 4 0 Tin, foreign, per 100 catties, 10 0 Tin plates, formerly not in the tariff, per 100 catties, 0 4 0 Spelter is only permitted to be sold to govern ment merchants. All unenumerated metals, as zinc, yellow cop per, be., 10 per cent, ad valorem. JEWELRY. Carnelians, per 100 stones, ' 0 5 0 Carnelian beads, per 100 catties, 10 0 *KINS, TEETH, HORIYI, ETC. Bullocks' and buffalo horns, per 100 catties, 3 0 0 Cow and ox hides, tanned and untanned, per 100 catties, 0 A 0 Sea otter skins, each 16 0 Kox skins, large each 0 15 Kox skins, small each 0 0?) Tiger, leopard, and marten skins, each 0 16 Land, otter, racoon and sharks' skins, per 100, 3 0 0 Beave rskius, per 100 6 0 0 Hare, rabbit, and ermine skins, per 100 0 6 0 Sea-horse teeth, per 100 catties 3 0 0 Elephant's teeth, first quality, whole, per 100 catties 4 0 0 Elephant's teeth, second quality, broken, per 100 catties 3 0 0 trXEKL'MERATED. All new goods, which it has not been practicable to enu merate herein, a duty of 6 per cent, ad valorem. Rice and other grains, duty free. Contraband?Opium. Skipping dun.? These have hitherto been charged on the measurement of the ship's langth and breadth, at so much per ekang ; but it is now agreed to alter the sys tem, and charge according to the registered statement of the number of tons ol the ship'sburden. On each ton,(reckoned equal to the cubic contents of 133 tows,) a shipping charge of 5 mace is to be levied, and all the old charges of measurement, entrance and port clear ance fees, daily and monthly fees, be., are abolished. The Rescue.?The schooner Commodore. Capt. Dorrett, which sailed from Buffalo last Friday evening, loaded with pork and flour, went down as far as Erie, was driven back as far as the Islands,and return ed to make the pier yesterday evening. She drew so much water, and the sea was so violent, that she struck the bar opposite the mouth of the river, lost her head way, became unmanageable, and drifted upon the east side of the east pier, not far from the light-house. She struck violently upon the rocks, and the wind and waves thrashed her around most unmercifully. Her fly ing jib-boom was carried away, and she soon began to sink. The men on board were overwhelmed with the spray and waves that poured in over the starboard quar ter, and drenched them from head to foot. Their con dition was getting to be serious. The vessel reeled about and staggered like a drunken man : the distance from the pier was not thirty feet, yet no human being could have swam through such a surf. Besides, sailors are notoriously bad swimmers. Great sympathy was excited : more than a thousand people gathered on the pier to aid the unfortunate wrecked, although the spray nroke over the pier every minute. A communication was finally made to the vessel by casting a line : the peak halyards were dotached from the foresail gaff, and the lower ond sent ashore. The men were then hauled ashore through the air, one at a time, being fastened to the lines, in a style net uncommon in similar dangers of a shipwreck. The contrivance was successful three men came oft first?then Captain Dorrett, and lastly the mate, though not without getting a dip into the tremen dous waves, which seemed to leap up into the air, to seize the prey that was about to oscape. As the last man, the mate swung out of tho surf, and stood upon the pier, the multitude of citizens that had stood silent in sur|>enso, watching the transit of the poor sailors, burst into one spontaneous and tremendous cheer, which rose high above the roar of the fierce gale and the crashing of the waves. The poor fellows were wet from head to foot, and almost frozen with forty-eight hours exposure to the violence and inclemency of the weather. The t OL-modore soon after sunk on the spot, her deck being still above tho water. She belongs to Wheeler Bar tram, and is nine or ten yeais old.? Cleveland Plaindeal er, 1 Of A rnjf. Mr. Calhoun.?This gentleman arrived in New Orleans on tlie 7th instant, en nmtc to join the Mem phis Convention. lie was received with all the honors, be. In tho evening a splendid banquet was given to Mr. Calhoun, the Mayor presiding, assisted by prominent citizens as vice presidents. On a complimentary senti mont froin the president, Mr. Calhoun made some brief but very appropriate remarks, toasting the city of New Orleans, and pledging his best services to the interests of Louisiana. _ CointT FOR THE CORRECTION OF ERRORS?ALBANY, Nov. 15.?Present?Lieut. Governor, Chief Justice Bronson and 31 senators. No. 14. J. W. Church vs. D. Bull and wife. If reached before a week from next Mon day, to be passed without prejudice. No. 6. C. Cartlidge and el. va. J. I. Wast and al. Mr. t. Bendford heard ler defendants in error. CHAULj.n o>, S. C., Nov. 10, 1046. Mutetnenlt in South Carolina. As the lenion of Congress draws near, the "chivalry" troops are being muttered and driUed, for the part they are to take in the national drama, loon to be enacted.? The Mercury it the fugleman in all these military exer ci?e?, and it is the organ of the most belligerent claa* of Mr. Calhoun's followers. The talent, spirit, and direct nesa with which it speaks, would give /.est to a bad cause, and that in which it is now enlisted, is esteemed, at least by those who touch its keys, to be the most me. ritorious and patriotic. South Carolina has nevor, and will never forgive Mr. Calhoun's summary dismissal from the Department of State, and more especially as his place was supplied by one so prominently identified with that interest, which he had so long and so zealously combatted. On this act count the blow was made more severe, and the reflec' tion conceived to be more flagrant. From that day to this there has been a systematic organization going for ward to harrass the administration, the first fruits of which are visible in the stand taken against Oregon, the war upou the Union, and the proclamation for a minimum tarilt'aud no compromise,short of a horizontal scale of 20 percent. These,however, are but the initiatory steps to a more public and official stand, designed to be taken at the meeting of the legislature in December, when reso lutions will be passed, affirming in even more positive terms the position of the State, on all tho great questions of the day. Proceedings to this effect are now in prepa ration, and you may look for a " Declaration of Rights," second only to that which shook the palace of George the Third, some seventy odd years ago No opinions will be minced, no opposition concealod, no petitions addressed- it will be language of asserted justice, and defiance in its vindication. The negative hosti lity to the administration will then assume the form of decision, and the mask being thrown off, South Carolina, which so much contributed ill this section of the country to the election of Mr. Polk, will place herself in an attitude of irreconcileable enmity.? She will take no middle course that tho President may adopt upon the tariff, and sustain no extreme one upon the foreign relations. She intends mischief und will have a quarrel, even if put to the trouble of fomenting it her self. One result that will grow out of this movement, will be the election of Mr. Calhoun to the Senate, in place of Judge Huger, who wishes to retire, and who will resign at the proper crisis. If it be determined that Mr. Cal houn should be early upon the ground, then he will be elected as soon as the Legislature convenes if not, Judge Huger will, in all probability, proceed to Wash ington and relinquish his post when the tariff discussion comes up, in which Mr. Calhoun will be called upon to participate by tho unanimous voice of this State and the whole Free Trade interest?an appeal which he cannot resist if he would. Again: he will be summoned by all the commeicial sections to enact the same part in regard1 to Oregon, which he so.patriotically and ably duchurged in the settlement of the Ashburton Treaty. Take it the n as a "fixed fact," that Mr Calhoun returns to the Senate, anil that South Carolina enlists in the opposition against Mr. Polk and his measures. A feeble effort has been making here to put forward tho name of our member of Congress, Mr. I. K. Holme*, as a candidate for the Speakership. To those who know his standing at home, and his position at Washington, it is needless to say, it cannot be intended in seriousness. A great deal of feeling lAis been excited against the collector of this port, Mr. Grayson, for his unjustifiable conduct in removing one of the best, most honest, and competent of his subordinates, alleging no other cause than that the democratic party demanded the dismissal of a man, who most unfortunately for him, has never ta ken any part in politics but by his silent vote. The cir cumstances are such as to cause much indignation in the community, and to bring down the severest animad versions upon the collector. GrayBon, it appears, was appointed by the whigs in 1841, as being the most radi cal of the candidates in his politics, and the most obnox ious to the democratic party. Henry L. Pinckney, the former member of Congress, was dismissed to fulfil this part of the work of reform. After the election of Mr. Polk and the discharge of Mr. Calhoun, the South Carolina Delegation, as I understand, addressed a letter to the President, requesting, in the most positive terms, that no removal for opinion's sake should be made in this State?that they desired the few whig* in office to be retained, because they were trust worthy and reputable, and, in line, solicited that no change of any sort should occur in the Federal appoint ments. In this way Grayson was retained very much against the wishes of tho body of the party. It seems, however, he conceived himself indebted to Mr. Holmes for his retention, and, therefore, made this removal, to give some relative ol his a place. This is the story as it goes in Last Bay, and 1 believe it to be true in every es sential particular, only that the facts are more aggrava ted than I relate them. It is more confirmed too by the general belief, that Grayson is now identified with Holmes' faction, and that of Clapp, editor of the Mi reury , long to the I and some others who belong to the rule or ruin school, ; and who are now making trouble for the administration. It is also suggested that the gentleman dismissed, got his " walking papers" for happening to be a devout Catholic christian, and an adopted citizen of some thirty years standing?for this 1 do not vouch, however, having no other data than report, which I do not entirely credit. It is thought, to-day, that sufficient influence will be ' brought to have Grayson's name withdrawn from the .Senate, and a democrat substituted, as it is believed this breach of honor and flagrant outrage will defeat his no mination if submitted to that body, under a proper repre sentation of the facta. I hope you will be able to publish this for the edifica tion oi our benighted region, where, however, the light of the Herald contrives to perueate. to the exclusion ol almost all other foreign newspaper illumination. 1 will have some very interesting information in my next. Hartford, Not. 13, 1845. S'tw York and Hartford Railroad?Magnetic Telegraph? Screw dissociation?License Law?Governor Baldwin's Vetoes?Lawyers?-Farming/on Canal?Fire?Enter prise of Hartford Papers?Eclipse. After sundry changes and trials, the Hartford and New Haven Railroad Company have secured the services of of Mr. Broadhead, of New York State, as their General Superintendent. Their road being (14 miles in length over 38 of which 3 trains run daily in winter and 3 in summer, and over 36 of which, three trains in winter and four in summer, conveying some 100,000 passengers annually?should have a first rate superintendent, as they now have, for their own interest and profit, and for the security of passengers lives, and the speedy trans mission of merchandise. Mr. Broadhead, the superintendent just appointed on the above road, has completed his survey report, inclu ding estimates, (cc. of the New York and Hartford pro posed road, to unite with the Harlem road at Danbury, which will next week be put to press. The survey is much more favorable, and the route is proved more fea sible, than its most sanguine friends anticipated. Wait until the report is issued, and then?\ous perrons. I regret to say that after one week's dickering and picking at the stock of the magnetic telegraph, there has not been subscribed this city's portion. It is all ow ing to haviDg been placed solely in the hands of "big bugs." The merchants and mechanics of this city stood ready to take every cent of the stock; but as it had been placed under the guardianship ot the banks and insu rance companies, the merchants a and mechanics would not touch ft. But they will have to take hold of it this week, and put to shame the (-300,000 to (1,300,000 cor porations that have made such an abortion in attempting to subscribe only (5,000 to its stock. Shame on such pusilanimity '. After much blustering and agitation in starting two steam cotton mills in this city, the past six months, with some (309,000 capital, at length the mountain has brought forth a mouse, in the shape ot a Hardware Joint Stock Co. to manufacture screws, lee. with a capital of (35,000 ! O, Peterson O, Lowell : But seriously, af ter all that has been said and done in regard to manufac tures in our city, we really expected better things. How ever, the mechanics in tnis city will undoubtedly say, " the smallest favors thankfully received, and larger ones in proportion." This concern is to tie located at the foot of State street?the Wall street of Hartford?in a large four story brick building, near the river. C onsiderable fuss is being made about our license laws having been signed as " assented to," by Governor Baldwin, instead of as constitutionally required to be, " approved." But it is all gammon; for it would have become a law without his signature, if he did not return it to the Legislature within three days after its trans mission to Iiim. Then how can it be null because ho wrote assented and approved .' This is a common sense view of the subject, whatever some of the lawyers may say of the legality of the law. Gov. Baldwin has a precious little sympathy with the masses of the whig party?he soars above them; he is a good lawyer, and undoubtedly a good man in society; but he neither has been, nor can he be, from his naturul feelings, a popular Gov. olConnecticut. Kor instance, at the recent session of our Legislature, he vetoed a bill passed to widen the draw of the Washington Bridge ovor the Housatonic river, which was passed because the present draw is too na row to admit tne ingress and egress of vessels that are now being and to be used in the wonderfully increasing trade on that stream. Yet the Governor vetoed it, because it was interfering with " vested rights." The devil take the accursed "vested rights" doctrine, when it interferes with common sense and justice to the community. And this same Wash ington Bridge Corporation charge 35 cents on each wa gon, and other vehicles in proportion, for crossing a nckety and dangerous uncovered bridge, of about one fifth of a mile in length ! However, the Legislature passed it into a law, notwithstanding Gov. II. appeared before them, and made his plea for " vested rights," in person. He was thus justly rebuked. And of the fifty- | eight public acts passed by that Legislature, one he ve toed?oue.he permitted to become a law without his sig nature?(this I should call a yuast veto)?lour he " as sented to." ,. , Is not this evidence enough that ho has little leilow feeling with the whig parry ' The amount of it is they always select some great lawyer ior Governor, who attends to his profession as heretofore, instead oi select ing common sense, practical business men. It is high time that this outrogeous practice of giving all the of fices Irom I list ice ol the Peace, and all clerkships, to Governor inclusive, to lawyers, should be put down with firmness. It is outrageous that this lawer-menopoly should exist, Irom the twopenny pettifoggers, who are too laty to earn their bread at their trades, turning law yer's clerks, and in two or three years hanging out the imposing shingle ol " Attorney and Counsellor-at-law," to the most successful lawyer at our bar. This, too, whilst the merchant, mechanic, and laboring men are bleeding liberally and continually at their purtea, and in their Time, to aid the election ol men who care not one tig about them, or their interest, no farther than to get their votes. It is time that these men who do the work and contribution to party funds should take a stand against this unrighteous monopoly. Among the lawyers of each party are a certain set, who meet at certain houses in this city, and cut and carve out the nomina tions prior to the Conventions! In the democratic ranks Gideon Welles, Esq., of this city, will probably be nominated for Governor. I no tice that he has been offered a ,$1700 clerkship in Wash ington. This is no go with him. If he cannot have something worthy of his talents from Mr. Polk, the de ? mocracy in this State will reward him. As for the whigs, who they will nominate, I cannot tell not being m their secrets enough to state; but this I do know, if they do not nominate a clean new ticket with a merchant, mechanic, or farmer for Governor, they will nest spring be defeated?mark that! Some malicious persona have twice this fall occasion ed bleaches in the the Earmington canal,the last one this week. This is outrageous. The people along the line of the canal should be grateful, especially the past dry season, when the canal was an excellent place to grow meadow grass-there having been just enough water in it for that purpose -that on the tow path being pretty well scorcued by the sun. But, seriously, the perpetra tors of these outrages, I trust, will he found out and sent to our Wethersfield seminary. Last eveuing two hams were consumed by fire?and therein two cows were burnt?this is the work of an in cendiary. It occurred a little before nine o'clock, and by the promptness of our firemen, not much other dam age was done to the surroundicg wood buildings. The barns were in Washington street, near the railroad com pany's new machine shop. A considerable quantity of nides from the contiguous tannery, was stored in one of the barns, and of course consumed. Although this fire was oi an hour's duration, commencing before 9 o'clock, still the Daily Morning; Courant ol this city, as usual, had not a word about it. To-morrow morning, (two days after the fire,) they will probably have six lines concerning it?judging of the future by the past The eclipse of the inoon this evening at half past seven to half past eight o'clock, was perfect, and would well pass for a total oue, although unheralded by our new spa pers, where we expoct to find all the news from the moon, as well as all the "mung"news ! Varieties. A sportsman in Philadelphia, tired of the slow method of killing ducks in the Delaware, in the usual way, stripped and plunged into the river, and hid him self among the bulrushes, intending, after the Indian fashion, to catch the ducks with his hand, and wring their necks, when the discharge of a gun, which came near killing him, set the birds to fiight. The sportsmen sent their dogs to bring in the game, who seized the swimmer by his hair, and brought him to shore, to the infinite amuzement of the gunners. Carter, the Lion King, has purchased the largest horse in England. He has named him General Wash ington. He is twenty hands high, and looks as large as an elephant. He is a black gelding, beautitully dap pled?his mane is nearly four feet long; his tail sweeps the ground; be is perfectly formed, and is regarded as une of the finest specimens of the horse ever seen in (treat Britain. He is only six years old; he will be ex hibited shortly in London, and then sent to the United States. A most splendid covering oi blue silk velvet, fringed with a deep border of golu, is being made lor bim. The Springfield. Republican publishes a commu nication from llev. S. Uolton, a native of Hamden coun ty, and for many years a resident of Springfield, but who is now located in Kayotteville, N.C. The writer states that there are nearly fiity cotton mills in the State, which ore all dependent on the north for machinery He thinks that a foundry and machine shon, located in Kayetteville, would be well supported. Other kinds ol mechanics are wanted, particularly cabinet and chair makers, and manufacturers of edge tools. De Tocqueville, in his recent work, speaking ol American women, says:?" As for myself I do not hesi tate to avow, that, although the women of the United States are confined within the narrow circle of domestic life, and their situation is, in some respects, oBe of ex treme dependence, I have nowhere seen women occu pying a loftier position; and if 1 were asked, now I am drawing to a close of this work, in which 1 have spoken of so many things done by the Americans, to what the singular prosperity and growing strength of that people ought to be attributed, 1 should reply?to the superiority of their women." Mr. Van Valkenburgh, ol Albany, with a rifle of his own manufacture, made the following unrivalled hits: The target was 16 inches in diameter?distance 400 yards ?cumber ol shots 30. Five of the shots almost forced the centre, and the aggregate of the entire 30 is only 3j inches from the centre. There is a nice village out West called "Fond Dulac," which holds out strong temptations. A writer from there says : We have seventeen families, besides many young men, who would take wives if they could find the material, (can't you furnish us 7) three doctors, two lawyers, two ministers, three stores, two taverns, one saw-mill, blacksmiths, shoe-makers, carpenters, joiners, tic. tic. A farmer in Saratoga county, who keeps twenty cows,has this season received for butter,(636: for 31 pigs fattened on buttermilk, $173: total, $69H. He has besides used milk and butter freely for a large family. The la ; bor has been performed chiefly by females. The churn I ing was done by a stout ram, and good enough for him. j This is a specimen of tne ample prosperity of our grazing interests. The Iron Witch, which is intended for a passage boat between Albany ami New Vork, is spoken of as the most perfect vessel of the kind ever constructed. There is but one piece of timber in the hull; all the rest is iron. She will draw 3d inches water with her machinery and coal on board, and will go very fast. Capt. M. H. Truee dell, recently of the South America, has been engaged as her commander. The Witch will come out early next season. Hon. S. S. Prentiss was complimented with a pub lic dinner at Vicksburg, on the 30th ult, as a parting compliment, and in token ol the regard felt for him by his old and former friends. The affair is said to have passed off pleasantly. A. Mason, manufacturer of tacks and brads, in Worcester, while adjusting his machinery, was caught by the skirts of his coat by the belt, and drawn up backwards over the shaft, between which and the ceiling there was only a space of lrt inches, and was thrown round upwards of 100 times before the machinery could be stopped Mis back was probably broken the first re volution. He died in a few moments. Mr. Mason was between .10 and t>0 years of age. Last week a boy living in Gates county, N. C., who was amusing himself with a gun, which he supposed to be empty, placed a cap en the nipple, and turning to a young,lady named MaryOverman,said playfully,"Cousin Mary I'm going to shoot you,"firing at the same moment. The contents lodged in the poor girl's face, tearing away the entire side of it. Two hours afterwards she expired, after suffering the most excruciating agony. Information has been given to the authorities in Boston that Tirrell has been seen in the vicinity of Peek skill, X.V. They have takon cognizance of the informa tion, and have done what has been considered expedient / to ascertain the truth of the intelligence , and take sub sequent and immediate action. The colonization vessel, the brig Kent, will sail from Baltimore with emigrants for Cape I'almas to day. A missionary of the Kpiscopa! Church goes out in her as passenger. At the Monmouth Circuit, just closed, the case of Rogers vs. lvins, for the seduction of plaintiff's daugh ter, resulted in a verdict of f 1000. J. Evans, a farmer of Pahaquarry township, in i gathering his buckwheat crop,found a single stalk which produced five thousand two hundred and seventy-five grains ! ? Warrtn (N.J ) Journal. Judge Woodbury opened the court at 9 yesterday morning, sat till 3?resumed at half past 3, sat till 6? then roue five miles, delivered a lecture, rode backjre opened the court, and sat till half past 10 last night, hearing the arguments of tlen. Bridges. ? Boston Pott. The amount of duties collected at the Custom Houses of Havana and Barcalona daring nine month* for the cotton consumed in the manufactories of Cata lonia, was $4&4,936 7-1. Out ol 93,067 bales imported into Barcelona, ti*,4o4 were from New Orleans! The JVcte (Meant Bet, a leading Claypaper, says: ' We are clearly in favor of a revenue tariff?of a tariff that raises the required amount of revenue, and no more." At the late session of the Supreme Court in New Haven county, Conn., no less than thirteen divosces were grantid. The law of Connecticut, it seems.allows or compels the Court to grant divorces where either husband or wife are habitually intemperate. The day boats Troy Hnd Niagara will not be with j drawn this week, as reported in our paper yesterday,on the authority of the vid any Mat. The Camilen Mail is felicitating itself oil the ! business prospects, and general improvement of Cam j den. , Rows of brick houses are going up in all I parts, aud even the old dingy looking Bank has been I painted. I it is stated that Dr. Judson has abandoned his ? nteution of returning Co India immediately. He will I postpone his departure until spring. Katzenbach, inn-keeper on Mill Hill, Trenton, was drowned in the feeder, about six miles from Tren ton, on the 31st ult. A story has been going the rounds of the |*i|>ers, that tame ducks caa be made equal in flavor to chiivhs backs, by feeding them on celery occasionally, but, un fortunately for the success of the experiment, the ducks won't est the celery ! A machine has been invente d by Hall, of Cox sackie, N. Y., with which on* person can mould 14,000 bricks in a day, which are superior to those made by hand. Yesterday morning we had a very white and severe frost, sufficient, we think, to kill the cotton plant. ?Jlugueta Chronitlf, Mthintl. U. S. District Court.? Before Judge Woodbury. ?The case ol J. M. Heed vs. the Ijooks and Canal Company of Lowell, is on trial before this court. The interest involved in this trial is of large amount, and has been in course of litigation for several years. The fol lowing array of talent are engaged : J. P. Rogers. R Choata, and Mr. Parker, of Worcester, for (he plaintiff D. Webster, 6 Hoar, ol Concord, suit J P Robinson, ..I Lowell, for the defendants