Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 22, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 22, 1845 Page 2
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J eave Geti' ral Lamoricilre to pursue hid own plans in that (>art of the empire in which he now is, re ~ -rving to himselt the command of operations hi the ?:?-ufre. A telegraphic despatch .^received la>t i-ven 14, represents that upwards oftttJOO soldiers had ar riv?'d in Algiers from France, i#d that three other thou.~uid were i>n the eve of departure. The King council his ordered a monument to be erected to te mernory of the poor fellow* who fell at Djeirmaa G'uzinuU, and a statue ol their colonel, together with a marole t*'>!et containing their own names, hp: t<? b- placed in the galleries of Versailles. Old I ir.-lul S'iu!t has at length resolved to re sign Tae determination must have cost the vene rable h ro many a bitter sigh, for he loves his place and <pec i ally his pay, right dearly, and once, in deed, viwed tli it lit* would never part with them but with his life. Hut old age and infirmities break d'Hi many sturdy resolutions. He will go into private lile, carrying with linn the respect of all his contemporaries. His desire to resign has been w tr.nly combated both' by the King and his col lf iigues, but in vain He will give up the office of .vim is'ter ol War almost immediately, but will retain a sent in ihe cabinet as nominal president. As to : his successor in the War Department, it is believed ? thut i' will be a General Schrinini, of whom nobody out of France lias perhaps ever heard. That harmo niously named gentleman, however, can only calcu late on a short lease ol power; for his Majesty Bu geaud I, us the newspapers rail him, designs the ministry lor lnm-rlt, and his Majesty Louis Philippe is well disposed to let him have it, whilst Uuizot iinJ the rest ol the cabinet have nothing to say cgainst it So have it he will, us soon as ever the state of iifFurs in Algieis may permit his departure withour danger to tiie colony, or inconvenience to the government. A New Orleans vessel, commanded by a Captain * 'mid, lias been lost ofl Bordeaux, but the crew and cargo were saved. 1 omitted in my last to notice the death of Mr. Warden, a citizen ot the United States, and at one tiin consul ot the States in this city. Since his re- . .remerit trom public life he had occupied himself .villi scientific and literary pursuits, and his funeral w is attended by many of the most learned person ages of ihe dav, many ot them in grand costume, as professor.? i.i the university arid colleges, members oi rhe academy, tec Lite arrivals trom China bring copies of there script ot tlit- Emperor, giving permi-sion to Chris ti tns in lollow their religion without persecution.? It is tn the exertions ot the French ambassador that Christianity is indebted for this toleration, which it .ns n -ver before enjoyed. The Parts newspapers hive Ion? articles on ihe island of Chusan ; hut they do not believe what the English newspapers assert, that France will take it after it shall have been giveu up by the English, pursuant to their treaty. Neither the Government nor the Government organs have thought fit to siiv whether there is or is not, as the London papers assert, a clause in the treaty con cluded between France and China, for giving up this isle to France after England shall have aban doned it. It I may venture a guess on the subject, 1 should sav that no such clause exists, or was ever thought of; for, if it had been in existence, I think the ministerial newspapers would hardly have failed to vaunt loudly of it, for it would give intense saus taciion to the majority of the press and the people, partly because ihey are almost as fond of " annexa tion" us ihe people of the States, and partly because it would be a slap at perfide Albion. The treaty ot commerce and friendship between the French and Chinese was ratified by the Chinese on the 2oth August, in the palace of the commandant of the Chi nese forces in the Canton river. The ratification by .he Fr-nch will arrive in China in November. The attache ot the French embassy, who brought this rmty to Europe, and took it back again to China, has accomplished a prodigy of swift locomotion: witnui one year he has twice visited China, India, and Europe. The Journal den ])6batg, the principal government organ, reproduced the observations of the lVa*hin% lon Union on the proceedings of France and Eng land at Huenos Ayres; bur it made no comment whatever. Generally speaking, American aflairs en masse, and the United States' affairs in particular, have not been honored with much attention, during thv last fortnight, by our newspapers. Abstracts of the l itest news have been giren without remark, and in cases where observations were made, the observations were so near akin to the dullest ot dull twaddle thnt they may be safely lelt to oblivion. Railway fever rages with as much virulence in this country as the same malady appears to do on \ our side of the Channel. High anu low, rich and oor, gentle and simple, young and old, male and lemab?all api>ear determined to become rich tout a i .vp, without any turfher trouble than buying rail way roperiy and selling it again. Unluckily, the coli'i 11 dream does not ap|>ear to be realised by all; but still the failures have not yet been sufficiently tumerous and sufficiently disastrous to cause it to ? ? treated as a delusion and a snare ; nu contruire, -? ores ot persons have been enriched?therefore, it s a^ked, why not all ? Heaven grant that the reply 'ii the question be not rr.in, and wretchedness, and mir -TV ' Meanwhile, the speculation is carried to 'n extent that wouli^astonish a negligent observer. From a petition drawn up by the merchants ot Paris, appears that twenty millions of British money, or ? ne hundred millions ot dollars, are now locked up in rail way peculation ; and, trom calculations that ? I wiy-eif have had occasionally to make, I am in clined i<> ihink that the amount is really not less than ?. 15,000,000 sterling, even if it be not more ? Th-worst of it is that this enormous sum is not employed in making railways, but is dejiosited in bankers' hands, and lies idle and unproductive in their strong boxes. The French Chambers have adopted ihe system of putting up great lines of rail way to public competition, awarding them to com panies that will take leases for the shortest period, .nd agree to give them up, entirely constructed, and with all their material, to the Government, at the ? nd of the lease. This system calls into existence hi iminenEe number of companies ; each company being compelled to raise the amount of the capital ? ?dually required for the railways. Thus there are ?ix, eight, and in one case twenty companies for dif ferent railways; and, by consequence, six, eight, ?.nd twenty sets of capitals, or five, seven, and nine tecn more than will really be required. From this you may judge of the folly of the system, which necessarily causes such an enormous amount of ca pital to be unproductive for months and months; and you may imagine that the mercantile classes are sut <erng grievously for want of money. Prince Pierre Napoleon, son of Lucien Bonaparte, and ne|?hew of Napoleon, has published a letter to M. Thiers, in which, in ve:y indignant terms, he protests against the calumnies which he asserts the historian heap?d upon his father, who, he says, was all his life a consistant republican. The widow of Lucien, and mother of the prince, had previously - iblished a pamphlet, in which she resented the nus .1, presentations of M. Thiers of her husband's char .icter and patriotism. It appears that Lucien has left hind him memoirs of his life, which will be given to the world before long; and which, it is expected, will contain many valuable relations on the men and events of that extraordinary period in which ;v d that extraordinary brother, who rose trom the ranks of the people to the exercise of dominion, vaster tar than man ever betore exercised, and was hurled from his daz/.Hng height to the barren rock of t desert isle, there to languish and to die?a fall so great as man never made before. French Revenue.?The Muniteur publishes the following table of the receipts of indirect taxes for the three first quarters of the present year:? IMS. 1841. Kexiitratiou iluss, Stc IJT.tlJ'i.ulu 1.9,505,000 Stamps M,708,000 *7,441.0(10 us oins. Navigation tic 80 .593 uOO 85,859,000 Kreuch < "Ionia! Sugar' 31,676.000 29,563,000 For -igi Sugars 6.6r0,n00 5,464,000 lu'line mut -ugars 8,079,000 4,471.001 Salt duei ( EitMCtion) 38,579,000 36,274.000 alt Duo (Consumption). 8,157,000 8,410,000 Punbit Liquor. ... 74 387,000 70,981,000 Pul>lic Carnage* ami nther direct tiles... 21,493,000 27.9W.OOO Tolmcci Sales 82,08l.0(ifl 79,2,8,000 Oui.powiler Sties 4 0I5 00O 3,647,006 letters and duty on sending money.. 33,762,iioo 31.271 000 For t'a<iengera by the Mallet, Pouts 1.775,000 1,640 000 DiUo by Mailt and Packet* 774,1100 854,000 Total! francs. .>88,081,000 478,819,00(1 '?showingan increase ot 14,235,000f. Oempared with IS 13, the increase is 80,901,0001. Spain. The news from Madrid is to the 25th ult. The only topics of discussion refer to the Queen's ruarriaie and the business of the ensuing Cortes Must ot the journals are opposed to the marriagr of the Queen with the Count ot Trapani, and seem still >:m dispcsed to favor the claims of the Prince of \ntuiias. A meeting of Deputies has taken place ?lative to the new system of taxation, and a pro nsi'ion for its modification by the Cortvs. Accord s' to one of the journals it is proposed to demand a ???nuction of at least one-third of the amount, in avour ol prrsons engaged in trade and commerce? m other words, to make it a property tax A conspiracy has been discovered at Buzot, near Vlicant, the obiect of which was the seizure of the fortress of St Barbara. The conspirators endeavor ?? 1 to corrupt the persons in charge of the fortificn uon, bat the Government having got information of iti^ affair, ineaHure-t wer? taken t<> prevent its exe cution, and the conspirators, taking the alarm, abandoned their plan. Accounts from Barcelona n|>euk ot the disturb ? nces on account of the conscription having obliged the Captain-General, Breton, to leave tor Gerona on tn^ 15th, and that tour companies ot the 1'rinces* Tegiment and a defachmeut ot cavalry had left also ?ir thf fame ulace. A letter of th* Wth i<ays that n officer of the civic jfiiard had been killed at eroua There were disturbances also at Bndalona, hi Andres de Palo/liar, and otfier small towns in >e | rovinee of Barcelona, General Fulgosio was ting as CMptain-' #Tieral during Breton's absence. The Government go?*s on steadily with its > c.isiir?-s against the press. Thr* Ks/tfrlaUur, which y nrfct tn nnk' some rather sharp remarks upon ?'iii- of the late acts ot the Government has been 'min d to p?\ a tint' of ?1,0011 reals, which amounts to ?2U0 sterling. The cik was tried, of course, without a jury The collection of the new ta\en had begun at Madrid. The political chief of Granada, Senor Feronda, had rescued, in consequence, it is said, ot not choosing to take the risk ot carrying out the new system in that province. A final sentence has been given by the court martial, General Cordova nt their head, against Don Mat**o Calvo, an ex-deputy, and the two editors ol the Eco, w ho are declared acquitted ot the charge of beini implicated in the attempt to shoot Narvaez two years ago; but, strange to say, while the sen tence declares tli.it "Don Lorenzo Mateo Calvo, Don Francisco Mad raid ua, and Don .luan Antonio Meet are absolved," it adds, "the imprisonment they have sutlered serving as a punishment;" and alsn imposes on them the costs ot the process, and a line ot" 100 dollars, in addition, on Senor Calvo. An insurrectionary movement in Portugal lias caused troops to be assembled on the frontier. The Tiempo declares that the Cabinet has positively re fused 10 submit to the exigencies of the Court of Rome, but is prepared to assure the clergy the me ins of honourable exisience. The Cortes, it is positively exacted, will be assembled 111 December, and tb -presentation of the budget will take place immediately. in 17t>7 Spain ^assessed 178 men-of-war, of which b7 were vessels, 47 frigates. At present she has 3 vessels ot war, t> much pornp. The judge of a court ot law has been dismissed, because he was not severe enough in the irul ot some political offenders. Such is justice in Spain! The France publishes the following letter from Genoa, of October 24:? "Shortly after the arrival of the Emperor and Em press of Russia in thu city, thev received a visit I rom Don Carlos and iiis wiie The interview was exceedingly cordial. The Em|>eror and Don Car- j los conversed together u leng time, and a few hours I after the Emperor and Empress returned the visit. j During his short stay at Genoa, the Emperor had | frequent interviews with Don Carlos. The King of > Sardinia shows t'reat uttenuon to the latter, and; to ; the young princess. Theyjall dine frequently with I the King." Swltxrrlaml* Thf Geneva dates ..re to ih( 2t>ih ult. j To detail or even to notice our loeal squabbler, , would tie a profitless occupation ol your apace, ^ut Te then to say, that there .? no news stirring The country is tranquil, though the enmity be ween the radicals and the conservatives 18 as bitter a. fver and they oppose each other on every occasion As lone, however, as they retrain from breaking j each other's heads, no one will trouble them. Belgium, The advices Irom Brussels are to the 27th u l M Van de Weyer, our Minister ol the and chief of the Cabinet, was entreated to allow himselt to be put in nomination as canditate tor election to the Chamber of Deputies lor BruMels lle stated mat he would take 110 part h11?*'L^ost election, but that if returned he I irrateful to the electors, and would do his bestto serve them. The election took place, and resulted j ,, the defeat of the Minister by a hne In some other places opt>osition candidates ha\e , i" u.? Ay. *. :"??' have almost all gone in their ta\our. They ar , consequently, in high spirits with respect to the campaign in the approaching session. ! It amiears that some strange misapprehensions exists with regard to the commercial treatybetween this country and French. The English papers talk about its being Rrenewed bv ordinance ot Louis Phillippe, but we believe that nothing less Man an express act of the Chamber can eltect that, and it may be we 1 doubted whether the Chamber will give " The States General of Holland have been opened hv a long sneech trom the lving, ot which, perhaps, tlie moa?noticeable point is, tW he begs that no answer may be giveA to it. Last year an answer The draining ol the Zuyderzee is to be attempted. Italy. The news from Milan is to the22d ult. There has been no further outbreak iu the 1 apa States, but they are greatly ugitated. Instead ol adopting conciliatory measures, the < rovernment has done exactly the contrary. Nothing could be more stupid: conciliation would secure peace lor the Government without many sacrilices; severity will exasperate the people bevond endurance ; and though they may be put down by brute force, again and again, they are sure to triumph in the long run. The U rand Duke ot Tuscany gained great praise for refusing to deliver up some relucees on demand ot the Papal Government, sending them, instead, to France; but he does not appear inclined to act so , generously towards a second batch. (jet-many. Our accounts lroni Berlin, are to the 26th ult. You will have observed that many ot the English, French, and even German newspapers, contained statements contradictory oi what 1 mentioned in my last, with respect to the Zollverein. They said that thekigh duty party had carried the day, whereas asserted that the 2ollverein had given no decision at all 1 have now to intorm you that my statement was not literally, but it was substantially correct.? The Zollverein has given a decision, but it is a de cision that the present duties shall remain unaltered, with the exception ot halt cotton, halt linen figured stuffs, on which the duties ure to be slightly raised. The tai iff, with the present duties, with the excep tion noticed, has been ordered to be printed, and to remain in operation for 'hree jear. The Southern States are exa^'Perated, but though temporallly de leated, they will return to the battle with renewed vigor On what 1 now say you may depend, as I have it from an authentic source ; but as the ?oll verein sittings are secret, and as, in tact, everything is secret in this country, you must not be surprised it vour contemporaries make statements to a con trary effect. They do their best, no doubt, to obtain correct intelligence ; but trom not being on the spot, they assert a good deal on guess. Ronge and his disciples are continuing their ca reer ot proselytizing, and with pretty much the sam* success as 1 mentioned two months agw?in some places they make thousands ol enthusiasts?in other- they have to bolt to avoid pelting, the horse pond, and the pump. The K.ing has given the Uer man Catholics a place tor worship, alter it had been refused by the authorities. ,, It was confidently expected that the King would have fulfilled his promise of a constitution, on the recent anniversary of his ascent to the throne. Hut the expectaiion wasagain mostcrueily disappointed. It is now upwards of thirty years since a constitution was first promised ; and notwithstanding all that, tiie newspapers say it seems just as tar oil now as it was twice thirty yeans ago. Hut our |>atient l->er inans are so very patient and long-enduring that they don't like to think themselves humbugged. Our commercial world is suffering a crisis. Mo ney is very scarce, discount not only high, but al most impossible to be obtained. In the free town of Franktort the new religion a| liears in high favor, the majority of the recent elec tions having been of Us partisans. In Dresden excitement prevails, *nd in the cham ber the opposition is rampant. The late events in Lepsicare s'ill dwelt upon. From other parts of < lerrnany there is no news ot importance. ? . Such is the mortification of the high duty parti sans in the Zollverein, at the termination of the de bates,that they indignantly refused to dine with the English Ambassador, thinking that he would chuckle over them. The Dutch papers state, it is reported, that on ac count of the extent to w.iich the shameful practice ot clipping the} coin is carried, the Government will shortly issue a paper currency in, notes of small' va lue. if the Government should determine, at the same time, that every one shall be bound in pay ment ot his contributions to have one third in paper, as in Germany, it would be a great advantage, now hat gold and silver are so high. The religious ferment in Germany, so tar from diminishing, appear to increase every day in violence and to extend itself into parts ot the country which have hitherto been free lroni its influence. At Fl wangen, in Wirtemburg, the civic guards being called out f or their annual rilie practice, it was [>ro posed that the Abbe Konge should be shot in ethgy, and tor that purpose afulllength portrait of the reve rend gentleman was painted on the target. This ex asperated the portion of the populous who are parti sans ol Honge,ind they turned out for the purpose of preventing so gnss an insult to their pastor. A col lision was very near taking plac* on the occasion between the civic guard and the jieople, and it was only by the intervention ol the public authorities and the (M)lice, who disi*red both the civic guard and the |>opulace, and at the same time carried away the obnoxious etiigy, that it was prevented. ltonge was expected in Berlin on October 24th, and it was said the other < iertnan States had expressed a wish to the Prussian government that it should no jonger give , .Reports to him or his colleagues, but it does not appear that Prussia has agreed to the request.? The German pa(>ers give accounts of the debate in the Saxon house of Assembly at Dresden, on the ad dress. The debate, which turned entirely on the re Ii 'Ioum question, lasted two days and was very stormy. Ultimately the address was adopted by a majority ot SSto 12 RumI*. Our whimsical emperor, instead of going to the .outhern provinces, and towards the sertt of war in < "aucastis, has suddenly bolted to Italy, to pun ihe Fmpress, who certainly did not e.\|<ect bun There i- nothing the autocrat delights in so much as tak ing i-eople by surprise; and, in particular, to pop in upon his wile and family when they believe him hundreds ot mi leu away, affords him the highest -lee To obtain this gratification, he sometimes descends to tne most childish tricks assuming the dress of couriers, subordinate officers, and even common soldiers. An ukase has decided that the custom house line ol demarcation between Poland and Russia shall case In ? political (K?int ot view, this measure is unobjeciion ihle ; but it is u new and terrible blow j at Poland's nationality. Step by step, and hit by 1 bit, and in spite of nil obstacles, the Emperor pro ceeds in hi* great task of absorbing and anialmaga ting the Polish kingdom and tin' Polish i>eop!e in the vast empire and people of Russia \ railway in projected from St. Petersburg 10 Od 'ssa, from the Baltic to the Northern Sea, with tu embranchment towardsPersia,and from thence to tlie fcast ladies and China. It is a gigantic pro ject tliat, and will astonish even your boldest rail way speculators. But it the Cz.ir resolves ui>on it, it will be done. On' such a hn<\ people,in the course of three days, could pass from the frigid to the to rid /.one, from the uitensest cold to burning heat^ intelligence from Asia informs us, says the Con ?titutionncl, that ihe Russians have iust established tliem-elves at Esterab "I, an important norf of Persia 1 in the Caspien Sea. For a long time the Muscovite government hus been meditating this step. In it established u regular service of steamers from Astrakan, on the Caspian Sea, to that place, touch ing at lVrbent, Bakw, and Fuzeli. This circum i stance gave a new action to Russian commerce ? In the month ot June the Czar's government deman ded tor form a sake, from the Shah, the authorisa tion to place a Russian post at Esterabad, in order to protect the merchants of that nation, who were 1 coming in great numbers to establish themselves there, and betore the reply arrived from Perherau, the Russians were already installed in the Persian town. XfW Zealand. Accounts from New Zealand to the 17th of May t?nd to show the unsetiled and dangerous state of things in that colony. They furnish some details or further operations, directed principally against a strong hold in the possession ot a rebel chief, Jonn HeKi, which, however, do not seem to have been successful, although serious loss of life is said to havfbeen the result to Heki's followers, amounting by one account to 200 men killed. On the English si'de the loss is stated at 11 killed and 37 wounded. The account states that the boats of two of thf English ships had landed and burnt five villages belonging to lleki. The position of the natives was a very strong one, and very obstinately main tained. After the action, the whole of the parties engaged, with the wounded, were embarked and returned to Auckland. India nml China. The news which came to hand by the last Over land Mail posseses little interest, either in a political or a commercial sense. Sir lienry Harding)', it will be perceived, was on his way to the Upper Provinces, with an army under his command every way calculated to inflict summary punishment on the treacherous and refractory Sikhs. He will, doubtless, strike a blow, the influence of which will be felt through all the arteries of our great In dian Empire. The cholera, which the previous accounts represented as violent and fatal, was on ; the decrease. The first of the bi-monthly mails, with dates from Bombay of Sept. 15th, Calcutta Sept. 8th, and China July 10th, reached London on Saturday, the 25th ultimo. In future, mails will be regularly dispatch ed in the middle of each month from Bombay, to be conveyed, together with the mail from Calcutta, by steamboat to Suez. The news trom Afghanistan is conflicting; some representing Dost Mahommed as embarrassed in his finances, and unwilling to make war while others contend that the notorious Ackbar Khan, his son, and Wu/eer, was preparing to move towards the Indus, and to seize Peshawur. Further details of the horrible crimes of the Ameers of Scmde have come to light, greatly to the disgust of those who upheld them as " innocent and injured princes." The news from China comes down io the 10th of luly, and does not contain miy remarkable fact ? Trade was dull at Canton and in the other fourports Since the above was in type, we have received further news from Bombay, to the l^t of October, conveyed to England, via Trieste, and through Ger many, to test this rcute with that of Marseilles, and I through France. Tranquillity prevails in India. The dissensions between the adherents of Sir Charles Napier, and his opponents, was still carried on with great acri mony, especially on the side of the latter. The af fairs at Lahore continue to be as embarrassed as ever. The ravages of the cholera had ceased at that 1 place, but were devastating Peshawur and Cabul. The Governor General left Calcutta on the 22d of .September, for the upper provinces, with an army of 32,000 infantry, (>,000 cavalry, and 140 guns, on the confines of the Punjaub. The absence of the Governor General from Calcutta would exceed, as it was Maid, twenty months. Sir T. H.'Maddock is to be Deputy Governor of Bengal during that absence. There appear to be some apprehensions entertain ed of contusion in the Nizam's dominions on ac count of the maladministration of the finances. The fall of rain had been unsatisfactory, in parts of the Bengal Presidency too much, and in the greater portions of that of Bombay too little. Fear ful consequences were anticipated. The news from China comes down to the 15th of July, but contains nothing remarkable Fashions for November. [ From the World of Fashion. ] Bonnets of the Pamela foim have been proclaimed as being by far the prettiest and most graceful style that can be adopted. Still there is another form talked of as beiug more suitable for morning wear, and which is call ed the Clarisse Marlowe, being so perfectly Knglish in its cut, and no prettily decorated, as to give it a most charming and distinguished effect, differing from the Pa mela in this, that although it is equally shallow at the ears, and raised in the front, it is not closed so much at the cheeks. They aie generally made of hlack velvet, and in capotes of dark-colored satin. Tho e of the Pame la form vary both as to the material and trimmings. We may, however, cite, as being the most general, those made in green velvet and decorated with a green ribbon, bordered with black velvet, a plain feather, ahaded green and Mack, and a magnificent fall of black Chantilly lace, put on round the edge of the front, and also the curtain, the top of the brides in the interior being ornamented with roses, shaded cerise ami white, encircling the face. Morning caps arc principally decorated with n pretty F.nglish lace, put on in the form of a colimacon, each row being separated by means of small coques of pink ribbon. Another pretty style of cap is one composed of tulle, trimmed upon the front with two rows of broad lace, which entirely conceals the foundation, and is or namented upon the centre of the head with a demi wreath of petite choux of red velvet, and terminated up on each side over the ears with a bunch or chou rather larger than the rest, having long ends depending from it; Ddf.sski.?Those composed of poult de soie are most in vogue ; they are principally decorated round the low er part of the skirt with s-ik rows of narrow lilac fringe, the bodies formed half-high, and frilled into the waist, having a demi-pelerine fastening at the bark, and edged top and bottom with a similar fringe ; plain sleeves, de corated with six rqws of fringe, put on at equal distances up the whole length of the sleeve ; guimpe of plaited rnuslin, edged with an embroidered inlet all round the neck , mantelet ol black lace. Another very elegant style of dress is made m blue Italian silk, trimmed with a broad flounce dentele, and surmounted by a second one very narrow, similarly dentele, and forming a heating to the broad one ; plain body, made high up in tho shoul ders, and forming two deep points upon the front, which are also decorated with facings donteles ; plain sleeves and round .jockeys, likewise denteles. Kedingotes (or a neglige toilette, are made in the pe lisse fashion. The corkage is lulled into the wai?t in folds, which forms a kind of fan upon the chest, and as cends a little less high than .the throat, so as to allow of a little of the under guimpe showing, which is decorated with a magnificent light looking lace fulling, so as to touch the top of the dresg, the lower part of the skirt be ing ornamented with four rows.of double folds of velvet, alternate black and lilac,the lowest fold being considera bly wider than t ie rest ; folds of the same description, but quite straight, are placed upon the sleeves as far as the bend of the arm, where it terminates in a rounded lorm on each side, allowing the sleeve to be a little open towards the lower pait; sleeves with broad facings, edged with fringe ; guimpe of muslin. i OlFFORs.?An elegant small kind of scarf, in shaded open-work silk, ornamented with long tassels, has lately appeared destined for the forming of a pretty style of winter head dress ; they arc twisted round the head, and have a very light and graceful effect ; they nre also ren dered more magnificent by being intermixed with gold and trimmed with broad fringe, which floats gracefully over each side l>y the ears, having somewhat the appear ance of a small turban. I.es Coiffures cn ? heveux will still be worn low at the back of the head, and the fashion o( ornamented combs being about to be revived, they w ill doubtless be very general this winter. The most elegant are decoruted with diamonds, cameos, marcassite, he. Ft rs.?Krrnine and saldc ate still Comidered as by far the richest and most reektrchi looking fur*; but there is also another which classes with theie, arid which last year was in great favor with our elegantes. Broad vo lants of martre serves to ornament those comlortable and elegant looking douillettes. We may also mention that les caprices urn entirely encircled with grebe or er mine. Mauteanx will most ceitainly be the only envelope adopted still for a carnage costume. Nothing can be mote convenient or comfortable. We may cite as an elegant model those made of satin or levantine, having broad revers or lacings of velvet rounded upon the shoulder so as to form a pretty pelerine. Les pelerines rinses is another kind of outer garment which will be very generally adopted, the lower coruers of the -kilt bring rounded; full back, floating or loose fronts, and small Mjuare turn-over collars. Fashionable colors are now mostly of a sombre hue, as well as those shot silks which produce all the color,i of the rainbow; glace silks are gindually disappearing, and giving place to plain,colors; they are greatly preferred v our most distinguished elegantes 1 he only materi al which allows of a mixtuao of colors being the I'ekui damas, which has a broad black stripe, upon a ground of moroon, blue and green, sometimes, indeed, the ground is of a lighter color, such as pink or ?ky blue the stripe being then of white Peklnee. A letter from Paris of the 1st m?t. says -Since I last noticed the fashions, a new change appear! on the eve of takirij; pi ice. Ueretoiore. ladies ban- tned lo rival the ininbow in the colors with which they adorned their lovely persons; now they appear to have given the rain bow the go-by, and to nave taken the sky into favor*? that is to say, variety of colors has been tent adnft, and iky blue ha.' tak -n its plac?>. Within the last fortnight I iiavn seen, rt the theatres and on the promenades, la

dies in blue bonnets, I1I1111 gloves, blue gowns, blue shawls, hlu,. hoots, and, in cold weather, blue noses. hej aie blue all over. 'I In Innoviit on is so daring that it creates ? droll effect at fimt; but, like every othoi od illty in dress, the eye soon gets accustomed to it. As i'if wi ol gentlemen it the New York and \V ashingtori tlrganlrt will only take the trouble to m.>ke tfcenis .-Ives us much liko monkeys as possible, they may go to sleep ererv night with the comforting SMiiianc# J that they are in the rfrm.>r? mei,i 4, p?(?, I ftlark'ta. f Losdo> Monkt Mtitcr, Not. [3.?The step which the Bank of ligland took, a* noticed lu our last paper, of raising th? iuterest of money, produced (peedily u j transition ol a very extraordinary nature upon the (hare market, and on the fundi generally; for more than a ! M eek the market (continued to fall dally?the scrip of new Hailways, so mueh in favor by needy (peculators, I went down, in many inatances, from a high premium to par and nominal quotations, at w Inch there are no buy. 0r?. The market was in a short space clear*.t of MDJf schemes that never ought to have seen the light, and probably will now never be quoted in the inarke.t again Although the substantial lines suffered in some degree along with the rest, yet they have since recovered en ; tlrely, and. in some instances, obtained an advance; and it is agreed on all hands that the market is more healthy. The settling took place oil Saturday, and there was, us might be expected, several defaulters ol members of the Kxchange, amounting to .?70.1)00 or ?80.000. Some failures have also taken place in the provincial markets and it is probable that at their next settlement more will occur. Consols during this period were also in a very dis turbed state, and almost always against sellers; the re port, which gained wide circulation mid credit, that go veinment were about to open the ports for corn at a low rate of duty, if not eutirely free, tended to increase the depression, and they are still very quiet and sensitive to every rumor The latest quotations were 96J to 97 for Money and 97 for the Account; the Three per Cents He ducea9Sj to %}; Threo-and-a-Quarter per Cents, 97| to 98}; Batik. Stock JOS} to 206}; India Stock 264 to 266, Kxchequer Hills 30s to 33s prein. The Foreign Stock market has been almost a doad let ter. the business done being less than 'he trilling amouut heretofore transacted. The state of the Consol and Sliare msrket has had, of course, au influence upon prices, but from want of dealings, tne prices are almost nominal. Brazilian Five per Cents were done at 82}; Chilian Deterred at 5,?; Colombian 16; Mexican at 31 } and 33; the Deferred at 17; Portuguese Four per Cents at 59; Spanish Five per Cents at 27; Passives at 6}; the De ferred at 16; Spanish Three per Cents at 38; Dutch Two and a-Halt' per Cents at 58} and 59; and the Four per Conts at 92} and j. Tiik IU.nk ok England, jlc.?The Bank of England returns on Saturday, the 26th ult., exhibit a decrease ot ?280.86.1 in the notes issued, of ?48,636 in the Rest, and l of ?4,204,556 iu the public deposites, owing to the divi- i deed pay inents. The privato deposites have increased ! by ?1 ;lt)0,748, and the seven day and other bills by j ?42.637. The other securities have been lessened by I ?1,084 437, and the notes in the banking department by | ?1,512 090 The bullion amounted to i. 14,080,6.11, a de- : crease of ?390,361). The Banks of Scotland during the > lour weeks to the llthinst. increased their issues by j ?86.677. Private and Joint Stock Banks of Ireland, by ' ?379,135, and the Bark of Ireland by ?194,300. This ! gives a total increase of ?680,112. l.ivF.MfnoL Cotton Market, Oct. 24.?We have passed a dull week in our Cotton market. Occasionally a little investment on speculation has taken place, and given a momentary interest to our proceedings; but the demand for the most part liao been confined to small parcels for immediate consumption. It was generally understood that the Manchester market also, on Tuesday last, es pecially for manufactured goods, was dull?aii'l heavy. Yarns and the Spinning trade were much as before. The eti'ect of this continued dullness noon our prices has been to reduce long stapled descriptions such as Brazils and Kgyptians, (d per pound, and the market for American must likewise be considered a point lower; still, when we compare the actual busi ness now doin#, with that which was done a fortnight a?o, we find difficulty in reducing the scale of these kinds. Possibly an increujed demand might induce the holders to throw their stocks upon the market for sale, which at present they seem rclnctant to do. 4,600 Ame rican havo been taken on speculation. The trade continue still to purchase sparingly, and, in the absence of any further advicos lrom the United States, speculation is limited; the market, therefore, re mains heavy, but with the exception of Bra7.il, which has declined Jd per lb, no further reduction can be , quoted in prices generally. There have been taken on speculation 4,500 American. Sales of the week, 17,340 1 bales. Oct. 111.?Long stapled Cotton is rathor lower than last week. Kgvptian ot common quality is more deci dedly so, say Jd to id per lb, and Brazils slightly; but the great bulk of American qualities remain in price mucli as before, the turn of the market being in favor of tho buyer. The limited demand, small amount of our , actual transactions, and the almest entire absence of speculation, have, of course, produced their usual effects ' upon the market generally, and we close as we began tho week, that is, with every api>earnnce of quietness, but witli 110 great pressure to sell. The accounts by tho , Inst steamer give us no reason to expect any short com ing in the crop, but, on the contrary, their appears to be every fair ground for supposing that America will pro 1 duce a fair and abundant quantity of Cotton. 6600 Ame rican have been taken on speculation,and 160 for export. Total amount of sales tor the week, 18,070 bales. Although the accounts received by the Cambria ure ' generally considered favorable for holders, vot as tho demand continues on a most limited scale, both from the : trade and speculators, the market wears a very heavy ! appearance, and prices of most kinds are Jd per lb lower within the past fortnight. Specolators have taken 6.300 American, and exporters 160 American. : 1 Nov. 3.?The market still keeps dull; prices, however, are maintained with considerable firmness. The sales since Friday last are 8600 bales, the whole of which have beon taken by the trade, as speculators may be ' said to have retired irom the market />r.? tem. London Corn Market, Nov. 3.?The supply of wheat this morning from F.ssux, Kent ami Suffolk, was pretty good; little business was, ho wever, transacted, in conse <1 nonce of the uncertainty as to what steps government will take impeding the Corn laws. The sales effected were at a decline of 2s per quarter; bonded was held at previous rates, hut did not meet a brisk inquiry. Malting Barley is Is lower, while Grinding maintains its value, (leans and Peas tind a ready sale,at (Irmly supported rates. Flour meets a dull heavy sate. Canadian barrels are disposed of ut3tis to 3?s, and American, in bond, 31s to 33s. Liverpool Corn Market, Oct 31 ?The duty on Foreign VVhent is reduced this week to 16s, that on Oats to 5s. on Pease to Is 6J per quarter, and on Foreign Flour to 9s 7jd per barrel. Since otir report of Tuesday last we have received a fair supply of YVlieat from Ireland, but of other produce thence the arrivals are very unimportant, those coas.wise being extremely . light; and the. imports from abroad, tresh in for to day, are chiefly confined to about *2,000 quarters Wheat, Irotn the Baltic and Mediteraneaii, with 12,333 barrels of Flour from the United States and Canada. Un der the expectation of Ministerial interference by means ot an early abolition or abatement of duties, the Corn trade generally within this day or two has been in a state of uncertainty, the holders of free Wheat desiring, though not manifesting undue auxiety, to sell; while those of bonded have been fully alive to the probability ot a further improvement in the value of tiioir stocks.? Beyond a floating cargo or two, little has,however, been done since Tuesday :'whethei in free or bonded produce generally no alteration in prices was observable Being still in suFpencc ns to the exact measures which (lo vernmeiit may decide upon relative lo the future riito of Juties, our market this niorni ig was extremely inani mate, entirely precluding any extensive operations, and depressing ia some degree the value of nearly all tree articles of the trade. In the few limited sale* of wheat which took place, a decline of -id per 70lb was conceded ; and sack Hour recedod Is per 280 lb, whilst Canadian, though equally dull, continued to bo held at lato prices. Barley, malt and beans, moved off slowly, on baicly tho terms last noted. Peas and Indian corn being neatly without inquiry, were nominally cheaper. Oats and Oatmeal, participating in the general lungour of the tmde, the former was offered 2d per 4411), and tho latter Is per 210 lb. below the currant rates of Tuesday. No' withstanding the depression ia the tree maiket, boude I Wheat and Flour were held with firmness, at somewhat higher prices, at which, however, no sales of moment transpiied. Nov. 3?Prices?Wheat per 1010, Cana red Hi tid a 8s 9dj white 9 a 9s 6d; U. 8. red 8 9 a 9s; Peas, Can, white 44 a 4tis; Indian Corn per 480 lb 40 a 44s; in bond 32 a 3.5; Flour hi Can sweet 3;"> ti a 37s; U. S sweot 311 6 a 38: in bond 31 a 32s; do and Can sour 32 ti a 33 0; in bond (U.S.) 26 Ha 27. London, Oct. 34.?The high prices asked for a small quantity American kog lard, and the very unfair tare, have made buyers cautious in purchasing this article.? Cheese?The small quantity of American arrived here has brought 6 a 8s. perewt. above last year's prices. Oct. 31.?The advance in American cheese, also in Holland, induces dealeis in Knglish to expect higher prices. Irish mess pork is scarce, also line American beef. Livkiii-ool Markets, Nov. 3.?American Provisions.? Arrivals of Beef for October rather limited. Sales about Mil tcs. Prices advancing, as the stock is below that of last year. U 8 mess Beef, Tibl of 200 lbs. in bond, 34a4fis, prime 28a36s; mess (tcs of 304 lbs) 68a70s; extra Indian, tamily, tec tot of 88(1 lbs, 8fla96s. Supply of Pork small, but a fair amount of business is doing, prices well sup ported. I.' S prime Mess, bbl ol 200 lbs, /i.VniOn, prime old I7a60*. Arrivals of U 8 Cheese rather scanty, especial ly vi hen compared with last year. At a late sale by auc tion, only one-half brought forward was sold; prices re duced fully 3s per cwt, but quality rother inf. We quote piime, duty paid, 52a60s, ord 46a5Q?, inf 40a tfi per cwt. Market for F.nglisli well supplied, hut, notwith standing the expectation of a large consumption, the last advices from America are deemed rather dangerous.? Lard scarce and much wanted; liberal arrivals would no doubt cause a decline in value, as prices have lately been forced up simply Irom want of stock, and tin ex treme rates paid for Butter; fine in kegs <lfla3l*, in bbls 47a49i, jnf to grease J&a31?; l.ard Oil 43aA'4\ jier ton; Tallow dull at 41s a42s?l per owt. A ready sale for good Canadian Butter at full prices, (74a8tis per cwt, duty paid); of Beef, sales 1440 tcs; of Poik about 300 bbls ? A good ileal of Cheeso has arrived during the last few days, but much of it has not yet been landed, and its ef fect* on the raaikat remain yet to be seen. Wool?Tho public sales in London were closed 24th ult, and went off very satisfactorily. About 100 hales Am offered, realis ed lair prices, say Is 3 lal?8jd per lb. We shall, how ever, have an opportunity of giving our market a fair trial with the U 8 growth, 26th fnst., when there will be offered, by public kale, about ftOO bales fleece, and #00 ?lipe, and, as we anticipate, by that timo, the present dull xta'e of our market will have subsided, wo shall have sufficient competition to establish theii value, compared with other Wools. The demand lor low Wools, of all kiods, continues dull; but as the supply of this class is now limited, on account of the high price* on the other side, we expect a little improvement, as our consumption lias never, at any former period, been so large. Iron.?Prices firm; demand good, and the makers am ia full work. Pig" have givon way a little; now quoted at X4 15 in Glasgow Com. Bar in demand; price in Wales higher now than it is in Liverpool. Prices in l.iverpool, Scotch Pig ?5 per ton; com. Bar ?9 10; Hoop til />s; Sheet ?12 i?; best Untitled ?12. Freioht?.-To the United SUtos, a little brisker for metals Copper 15 a 17s tid; Pig Iron 12* fid; Bar 12* (id a lfti; Steel 1A?; Tin Plates la*; Karthenware Hi; Glass 10s; Passengers scarce To New Vork, fine goods I As, coarse 17s (id. l"'or Bo-don, he , no American ship* load ing, roi any in port disengaged A very limited quanti ty of goods offering Naval 8i?rh A ginat advance in Turpentine; #000 bbls sold a 9s per cwt at the largest importers still with hold their stocks from eale, the market continues firm * tho present advance A purchase of Itosln has bee made in Now York to a very gr?at extent, which Willi mateiially limit the future imports olthe nrticle into thi i port for the purpose of sale, it being understood that thi roaia i? not intended to supply the tuual mod* of con- \ sumption. No sales of Tar reported. Bun ok Thadk in tiiic ManorACTuawu District*.? i Considering the present statu of the country in regard to the prospects before it, in consequence of the potato failure. ana the complaint* current about the quantity an] quality of this year's grain crops, the report* from th? manufacturing districts are a? satisfactory as can be expected. Iu'Leeds, stocks are comparatively low, and , many of the inanufactnrer* are making to orderj'a good average trade is expected during tho winter, though not ! an extensive one. The market at Hudder?field is quiet, bayers acting with great caution, and purchasing spar ingly; prices are, however, verv stationary, and the stocks are not augmented. The Halifax manufacturers continue to do d good trade, and the prices of goods re main steady. Theie is no diminution in the prices ot wool, which are somewhat high, considering the figure ! at wliich goods are selling. Them is not much business ! doing in the lace trade. Our Nottingham correspondent informs us that the fancy Bobbin Nett trade is considered to be worse than ever, and nothing is heard on all aides hut heavy complaints. The Cotton Warn Tatting brunch is in a very low state indeed, the extra demand from the Kast having nearly ceased. These are not lOHndly made articles, and will not bear washing; and it apnears that the Asiatics, any more than the Kuropeaus, will not i urchase lace that will not wash. The Jacquard Warp j ranch is in a stagnant state, though we have heard ol i some improvements in this' manufacture. The Hilk 1 Warp branch is in a rather dull state, but not to the ex tent af the tatting trade. Haykk, Oct. 30.?Cotton?Demand pretty reguUr, but without any animation. Holders maintain a firm atti tude, and prices are well supported on account of the moderate stock on hand, with the certainty that it will , not be materially increased for some time. Since wri ting the foregoing, we have advices by the Cambria to i lGch inst. Our markets immediately assumed an ani- I mated aspect, and2500 hales U. S. amongst which some ] lota of new growth sold from fr 78 50 to 91, were dis posed of for home use, at an improvement of about fr 1 i on some qualities. Tho following wore the sains effect ed?2350 hales N Orleans, f 00 to 91 ; 184.) Mobile, f 52 to si AO; 1753 Upland, f 57 to 72. Imports 732 bules. Ashes?No alteration. Only sales 75 bbls. Potash, 1st f 35 oo ; and 149) Pearlash, 1st, partly to arrive, f 37 50 per 50 kil, d p. Hides?Inactive, but price firm. Hops? 50 bales imported last week from U. S. are now on sale, so that we shall be able shortly to ascertain its value. Indigo?A good degree of activity displayed in the buy ing up to the close of last week, 1M8 ch Bengal hnving been run od'at f 4 SO to 8 10 (being 50c. to f 1 above the estimates) and 9 ch Java at f 8 70 to S 75, per half kil. d p. But since, we have advices from Calcutta to Hth ult, announcing a prospect of a good average crop, which has created a dull market. l.oad ?Neglected; we quote Mo. f25 75 to 25 25, per 50 kil, d p. Rice?Business limited, owing to the small stock ; but prices verv still' at quotations. Sales 120 tea Car. at f 42, per 60 kil, dp. U. 8. Tallow entirely neglected. Whalebone?Scarce lv anything done this week, and prices h i rely maintain their ground. Sale of 4 tons NW, deliverable in Nov. and Dec. at 2 25, and two small lots S at f 2 00 to 2 55, par half-kil, for home use. Stock 70 tons, against 40 last year. Wheat? I'rices of home growth further ad vanced f 2. the average being f 62, per sack of 200 kil. Stock of Dye Woods nearly drained. Camp Logwood, Spanish cut, worth 11 50 to ?12, for consumption. Asistkroam.?Collee?Very quiet, but prices well sup ported. Sugar rather dull, and prices seem on the de cline. Purchases in indigo at full rates. Stock of hides small, business limited. Cotton dull and unsaleable, ex cept at a decline. Demand for all sorts of rico good. Antwerp.?Prices of coffee reduced. Sugar market not so buoyant; prices of brown decline; about 1400 boxes damaged Havana lately sold pretty well. Prices cotton nominal. Seed oils and tallow lower. Hamrurr.?Sales coffee limited, and prices declined. Sales of sugar have been promoted by a decline. Cot ton dull, and prices are giving way. Rice is in demand and rising. Bomray, Oct. 1 ?The uninterupted clear weather we have had of late has not been without its anticipated effects in bringing dowu the large dealers from the Mo fussil. The market for cotton fabrics, and twists and yarns hau been active, with advancing prices on some uumbers of the latter. Cottons ot all descriptions have been realizing very full and encouraging prices, at will be Keen by n reference to our report of sales. The metal market has been unusually -'quiet. Holders con tinue firm, and prices consequently have not receded, lmnorts this fortnight have been exceedingly limited, ; and the same may be said of exports. Raw cotton lias ' undergone no alteration in prices, and the average price for good Surat, Jumboosere, or Broach, may be taken at ' 80, which is somewhat too high a figure to warrant shipments at present advanced rste of tonnage. The . apprehensions of a defective monsoon seem likely, we regret to say, to be realized, for the fall of rain during the past fortnight has been slight and partial. The fall will be much below the average, and that will prove de trimental to the crops on this side of India, and , as a ne cessary consequence, injurious to the trade in British good*. Brooklyn Intelligence. How ro lUisc thk Wind.?An association in Brook- { lyn, calling themselves the " Primitive Methodists," have announced their intention of getting up a " tea party, at one of their churches, some time next week, the tick ets to he sold at two shillings each for adults, and half price for children. The object of such a gathering is not stated, hut, of courie, it is to make money?if they can. How preposterous?nay, even how impious and unholy?would it have appeared to the original " Primi tives'- of this much honored and esteemed religious sect, if any attempt had been made to collect funds by a spe cies of semi-theatrical trickery, instead of appealing to the less selfish feelings of their friends and followers.? This is, however, an age of humbug?positively, essen tially, and emphatically so?and in almost every depart ment of life, mercenary views and considerations will be found to predominate over all that is really upright, hon est, disinterested, and magnanimous. There Is, moreover, much hypocrisy intermixed with this ton eager desire for aggrandizement and gain; no bettor prool of which can be furnished?so far us many of the people of Brooklyh are concerned?than their exceeding self-complacency, as manifested in their loud boasts that this is n t u thea trical city, and that no place of public amusement can here meet with patronage or support. And yet it is well known, in the face of all this mock modesty and morali ty, that one or two of the lowest rabble establishments in New York are chiefly sustained by some of these mealy mouthed Congregationalists, who smuggle their demure persons across the river nnder the cover of hoods and cloaks?innocently supposing all the while that their wily movements are unknown, and that they have man aged effectually to conceal their despicable back-slidings and truly cowardly , contemptible and shallow false pro fessions. from the really worthy and deserving of those among whom they desire to appear ai "most hallowed saints." Fkkrt to Gowanus.?We hear of now arrangements which aro in progress to establish a line of ferry boats to run from the vicinity of the Battery to Gowanus, for the purpose of shortening the distance between New York, Greenwood Cemetery and Fort Hamilton. Tiie U. Stak Cricxet Cli'ii.?This club, as will b? perceived from a notice published in another column> will hold a meeting on Tuesday next, for the annexed election of officers. An Excr.LLr.NT Movement.?The Emerald Associa tion of Brooklyn, which, by tho most praiseworthy ef forts, has established on a firm and permanent foundation w Kemale Orphan Asylum, is now about to raise a fund for the establishment af a Male Orphan Asylum?for the maintenance and education of destitute Catholic boys ? and a ball will soon be given for the furtherance of this excellent and benevolent object, the full particulars of which will hereafter be announced in the advertising columns of this paper. On Thursday evening, an annual meeting of tho members of the association took place, at which the following officers lor the ensuing year were unanimously elected Owen Colgan, President ; Tor retic.e Brady, Secretary; William H. Peck,Treasurer; anil lor directors, John Rigley, Marthy Kiordon, and James Galloway. Rohf.ht Bache, Esq.?It will be melancholy tidings to the numerous friends of this highly esteemed, enterpri sing and wealthy resident of Hrooklyn, to learn that he has for some days past been seriously indisposed, and that there is now scarcely any prospoct or probability of his recovery. Correction.?Some friends of the gentleman whose name was mentioned in Yesterday's Herald as having heca fleeced bv some thimble-rig vagabonds at Babylon, I.. I , have called upon us to state that he was not en ticed by them into any game, hut that an escritoire was broken open by some of a gang who entered his house, and robbed him of a large sum of money. St. John's Collkce ani> Bishop Uuuhks.?Tho llev. John Harley, President of St. John's Catholic College, at Kordham, Westshester county, has been advised to take a trip to Eu'opc for the benefit of his health?which has long been seriously impaired?and he will sail for England, Ireland, Italy and France, in the courso of next month, accompanied by the Right Reverend Bishop Hughes, who intends to pav his special devoirs, during his brief sojourn, to his Holinoss the Tone. In the inte rim, the duties of Mr. Harley, at the College, will he at tended to by tho Rev. Mr. Bailey, Vice President of the Institution. What Nr.it J?The spirit of gaming is certainly on the increase ; at all events, in the city of Brooklyn. Horse racing, trotting, cards, dice, raffias, and other de vices do not appear to satisfy tho greedy appetites of thore who go about " seeking whom they may devour," as some of the blackleg fraternity have now got up a number of dominoe matches to b* played for laige sums of money ; and we learn that ono ii to "come oft "in this city on Thuisday next, between two well known adepts in the scienco.for the sum of five hundred dollars. So wags the world. Loss of the Steamboat Reinpeer?On Tues day morning, the 11th instant, at 11 o'clock, ns the steamboat Reindeer, ('apt. Paxton, from Louisvillo to Now Orleans, was rounding to at Sweeny's wood yard, about twelve miles below the mouth of Red River, she struck a snag, and in a fow minutes afterwards sunk.? The vessel had a mixed freight of cotton, hemp, stock, dec. The stock was principally *avod, as were a few bales of cotton stowed above decks. There were some sixty or more cabin pnsipngors aboard, who all got ofT safo. It is believed that none of the deck passengers wore lost At sundown the boat lay with her bow near ly on a level with the water; at the stern the water was several feet deep in the Indies' cabin. She was settling deoper every hour, and had careened so much that it was feared she would turn bottom upwards during the night. The snag npen which she swung was below tho surfaoe, and was supposed to he a cypress knee project ing at right angles lrom the hank. It struck her about twenty feet from the stern. The Reindeer was a new boat this was her sccond trip. She was bailt at a cost of $19,000, and wss insured for }H000 The principal loss falls on the captain. Tho cabin furniture was mostly saved, and the captain thought that the engines might be got out. The vessel is a total wreck, and eve ry thing beneath the hatches it Is supposed will he lost. Delore sne went down she was made last near the shore by large hawsers. Should these port, It was thought she would nareen, and slide into deep water. The pas sengers of the Reindeer were taken ofT by the Hodolph and J. M. White? V. OrUant Pie , lit A intt. The Memphis Convention, According lo the Ap /<nil, met on the 12th inst., nnd unpointed a commit tee to select their officers. Tho following is the num ber of delegates as yet announced to he in attendance : ? Krom Tennessee, 1?7; Kentucky, 7; Arkansas, H; Mis sissippi, I'M; Missouri, 44; Alabama, 10; South Carolina, 7j North Carolina, h Illinois, 1(1; Indiana, 4; Texas, IvaiMngttn Union, Nov. 30 NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Saturday, November 1M3. Our Illustrated We?-KIy. This publication will be ready at 8 o'clock thi* morning. It will be enriched with two superb en gravings, representing Leopold de Meyer, " the Lion Pianist," performing before the Emperor ot Austria and the Philharmonic Society in London; also, a curious illustration ot the Oregon question, exhibiting at a glance our " superior claim" to the 'Whole or none also a very correct likeness of Parkinson, now on trial at the Tombs, for robbing the Clinton Barge. It will contain, in addition to these, the foreign neWB received by the Massachu setts and Dritama, and all the important intelligence of the week. Price, sixpence a copy. The European ft'ejvs?Great Excitement. We give in this day's pa|>er a full resume of llio deeply important news brought to Boston on Thurs day night, by the Britannia steamer, from Liverpool. We received these interesting despatches by special and exclusive express, at half-past one o'clock yes terday afternoon, 6eing nearly ten hour* in advance of every other newspaper establishment in New Yoik. At three o'clock we issued un Extra IIkhalu, which was sent, exclusively, by mail, to all our sub scribers and correspondents, to the south and west of New York, as far as New Orleans and Texas, also one day in advance of our cotemporaries At five o'clock we issued an Extra for the city,which was sold in thousands and thousands, by the news boys, in every street in New York. The crowd round our office, for halt the afternoon, was terrific, but good humored. Never since we published a paper have we issued so large un edition ;and never did the whole press get so clean a beat as they have received in this instance. Such are the invariable results of superior arrange ments and unflagging enterprise. The character of thenew;t is of the most startii ng importance?particularly in a financial and commer cial point of view?nay even running into politic* institutions, and the progress of society in Europe, A financial panic has begun in England?no doubt in France also?brought about by the strange concur rence, at the same time, of a short harvest?stock speculations?stringent corn laws, anJ general alarm. The panic begins to pervade all classes?the cottage o? the Irish peasant, as well as the cabinet ol the British premier. Thousands are already ruined by the railway revulsion which began the work of change and revolution?and millions are threatened with starvation by the shortness of the cr?ps. A third of the potato crop is ruined?rotten ?but it is not a small potato revulsion?it is the be ginning of a big potato revolution, that may lead to terrible consequences to the institutions and pros perity of England and France. This exciting intelligence created a deep sensu tion yesterday afternoon, and the inquiry was gene ral how will it affect affairs in this country 1 Ma j ny persons may express different opinions?but in our view, the general panic in England will be an advantage to the affairs in this country, both com mercially and politically. The United States is the only country from which England or Ireland can procure a full supply of food. The crops on the con tinent are also short. If the ports should be opened, as no doubt they will, vast quantities will be export ed to prevent famine in England and Ireland. This j will bring a large balance of cash to the American agriculturists and corn merchants. The English manufacturers, to prevent a political convulsion among the work people, must take a tolerably full supply of cotton?and this political and social neces sity will keep up the price of cotton to a moderate ' extent. Again, the general panic in railway stocks, added to the dread of famine, will extend to all the other elements of trade?confidence will evaporate ?the bullion in the bank will be drawn out?and most probably, for fear of a political convulsion, many capitalists will transfer their persons and their property to the safe, peaceful and plenteousBhoros of the United States. This will increase the elements of prosperity, now so active and substantial, in this country. The banks in New York have com menced a movement looking upward?and the banks in the country, are rapidly following up the signal. Sooner or later, the gr?iHt floating masses of bullion now in Europe, must come to this country?and tht* panic in stocks, in food, >Src. which has broke out in England, is the beginning of the tide that will Hoat the wealth of the world westward. Such seems to be the only rational view which can be taken of the effects to be produced on the United States by the present commercial panic in England. In a political point of view, it is equally novel. In the midst of a terrible struggle for food?a panic in the stock market?and u politi cal contest that may end in the downfall of the corn laws and the prostration of the aristocracy, even leading to an internal revolution, what can England do in preventing the United States from taking the whole of Oregon1? or from purchasing of Mexico all California ? Now is the favorable mament for our government to push for both?tor Oregon and California. England cannot move a step?we have her on the hip?and we can get both, by feeding in stead of fighting her. The next news will be still more important?and we here give notice to the public, that, on the arri val of the next steamer, we mean again to beat the combined press of New York, if we can?mind, if we can Magnetic Teleorai'h Operations.?In conjunc tion with our contemporaries of this city, connected with the morning press, we have made arrangements with the Telegraph Company to procure reports of 1 the proceedings of Congress and other matters | transpiring at Washington during the ensuing ses sion, through this new mode of telegraphing news. It will commence with the opening of Congress, according to all accounts, al though in consequence of the incompleteness of the line between Baltimore and Philadelphia, we will not receive the news till 2 or 3 o'clock in the morning, till the 15th of January, when the com munication will be complete. This new system of communicating intelligence will completely revolu tionize the press, and tend, we think, to the centra | ligation of intelligence in the great Atlantic cities ? Time ana experience, however, alone will disclose the full results of this extraordinary agency. 1 ricks ok Specijx.ators ?The arrival of the Massachusetts at Holmes' Hole, has created a great, deal of remark in this city, and many are persuaded that other causes than those assigned produced that singular circumstance. That she put in there be cause the onptain was sick, was ridiculous. The "Ureal Britain" went into that place strangely, and the "Massachusetts" has gone in still more strange - ly. There is a very general conviction here that the whole thing was a trick of Boston speculators, who wished to avail themselves of the news in ad vance of the New York speculators, so as to operate on the western markets, by the great western rail road. Arrival or thk Massachusetts ?The steanuhip Massachusetts arrived nf Holmes's Hole, last Wed nesday,for the purpose of landingCapt. White,who is dangerously id. She left Liverpool on the evening of Oct 22 Co|. Perkins and the other cabin pas seneren. landed and proceeded to New Bedford, and thence to Hoston. The Massachusetts encountered strong head winds and gales. She was able to use her steam but four or five days, her coal taken in in I England not being good. Holmes' Hole seems das tined to become a port of some consequence to steam ships. Sinottlae.?Wi learn that the St. Patrick, now on her way to this |Kirt from Liverpool, has one thousand bushels of potatoes among her cargo.? When we fake into consideration the present starv ing condition of Great Britain, the importation of these potatoes must appear to he a pieee pf most ex traordinary ?nterpn*\

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