Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 24, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 24, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., Mo. 344 "WhoU No. 4170. NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 24, 1845. Prle? Two Cants. THE NEW YORK HERALD JAMES CORDON UKttlti IT. Proprietor. Circulation?Forty Thousand. DAILY HKH*LU? Krery day. Price* ceuts imr oupy?V 24 per aiiiinii) -irty.'ihl* iu advance. U'KKI.V H UKAl.D?Krerj* Saturday?Pricc 6)f centi pti copy?St UWoents i?r milium?[) iy*bje in tdvance. AD VIC lillH (?'. VI i.N 'i'8 ?t the pri<:n??always ca?'' 'i advance PRINTING of iill kinds eiecuted with beauty and dftjistc.. IE?" All letters or rwmmutiic-.tious, by maU, addressed ti Che m' iblishiiprlit must be post psid, or t'e postage will be ducted from the subscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BI'NNKTT, Proprietor fit the Ntvr Yohi Hrhald EincijiiNxiiir, N ***** ? n. m *- n ' Knt!a? f \n 'rp *1. LONG ISLAND KAILROAD OOMPA ? rJi.l.XGK OF HO I Hi S TRAINS RUN AS KIULOW8, Coi.itnei.cing on Mouday, Hept< >ober 15th, 12i*i l i'tivu New York?it 7 o'clock, A. M., Uostoit Train for tireenport, Jaily, (taotfayi *< rpred, stopping ,t KmmniKdale and St. George's Man nr. " " at 9>J A. M , lor KarrmnglaJe and intermedi ate places, daily Sundays excepted, and on Tuesdays, Tliursd lys a*d Saturdays, through to Oreenport and intermediate places. " at I i'. M., for Karmiugdale and intermediate places, daily, Sundays excepted. Leave (?reeuport?Uoston Train, at 1 uci.rk, P.M. >r on the arrival of tha stemner from Norwich, daily, Snndsys excepted sloping at lit. George's Manor and K.irmingdale. ' " at 9 o'clock, A.V1.; Accommodation Train, on Mondays. Wednesdays and Fridays. Leave K.irmingdale?Kor Biooklyn.atCX o'clock, A. M., and I 1' \J., daily, Sundays excepted. Leave Jamaica?Kor Btoolilyn, nt ? o'clock, A. M and 2% P. M.,daii* 'Iiudsr* evcepied." Fare to Bedlortl 8 ce-its; ".ast New York 12H i Kacc Course 10;^; Trotting f'oorae I8X;, lamaicu 25; Brushville 3IM: Hyde Park 17 miles 17V; Mowsrilln, (dorinc session (unit,) J7.H; Hempstead 37^; Urmuch 37x; ^arle Place 44; Westbary 11; Hieksville 44; .armingd-ile 6JH; Deer Park ??$; Thompson 88; Sutrolk Hiation i CO; Lak> Road Station I 18*-4; Meufonl S'.itioii 1 18*''{ Mi'ilvillo I 50; St. Georgdp Vianor 1 6'Vt\ Riverliead 1 tii.'X; famesport 1 62>?; MatteMck 1 62X; Cut cno?ai 162^; Sonthold ! filX i Greenport, Acc'n. train, 1 75; Gremport by BostHU Train 2 (10. Stages are in readiness on the arrival of Trains at the sevsrAl Stations, to take passengers at very low Fares, to all parts of the Island Bajjnge Urates will be iu readiness at the foot of Whitehall street, to receive liaijgage for the several Trains, 30 inmates be fore tile hour of starting from the Brooklyn side. The Steamer Statesman leaves Greenport for Sag Harbor twi? e each day on the arrival of the Trains from Brooklyn. n6rc MAU. LliNP, FOK tfOSTOJV ROAD, VIA A'Kir I.UKDOX, NORWICH 4- WORCESTER. At 7 o'clock in the Morning, from the Foot of Whitehall jireet, South Kerry?Sundays excepted. Way Crates are in readmeis to receive baggage for New Loudon, Norwich and Woioester. Baggage for Boston goe. through under lock. julfitfrc HALblUH AND GASTON RAILROAD FOR SALK. ON MONDAY,the 29th day of December next, by virtue of a decree of the Court of Equity for Wake Couuty, at its Autumn Session, 1R15, in a suit of th? Governor, for the u?e of the State of North Caroliin, to foreclose a Mortgage, there tofore executed bT the Raleigh and Gas to u Railroad Company, to iudemuify the State agaiust certain liabilities for naid Com pany, I will sell at puoiic Auction, at tne Court House door in the city of Raleigh, to the highest bidder, the whole property of the Ivaleigh and Gastou Railroad Company aforesaid, (so far as the same is known to me,) consisting of 07 miles of Rail road, reaching from the City of Raleigh to Gaston, on the North side of the Roauoake river, in the direct line of public eonv yance to Petersburg, City Point, Richmond. Washington City. Baltimore. &c fee , together with all Bcinges, Dep*>ts, Workshops ^ud Tools, Warehouses, Water .Stations, Kngines, < ars, &c. kc. AUo, the stock oi Iron. Lumber^ and Kire Wood, which may then be on hand, and all other arncles own ed and used by the said Company for keeping np said Railroad, and trai>*iN>rrati n on thf* same. From the nature of the pro perty it will b? sold en masse. Tn*' purchasers by the terms of rhe Decree, audtheActof the Le^is.nture in relation to it, will become, ipso facto, a body (ori orate, by the n im and It of thf present I otnpony, and will acquire all the franchise, privileges, rigiits and immu nities i?ow possessed by it, for the term of 80 years, which it* charter has yet to ran. Th"*<? franchhes and privileges are o< the most >idv;:nt.ige<#us kind to the Company. and may be found at large in thtir charter, contained iu the 2d Volume <f the Revised St ltutea of North Caroliua. Pape 2^#9, which is t # be reen nt the Seats of Goverumeut, and iu most ot the Public JLibmrie* of thf States of the Union. '1 he whole purchase money must bear interest, at the rate of f? per cuit per auiinei, from thwday of .vale, and be paid aa fol lows. to ^ it: S2.f),000 at the eno of six months, and fh*? residue in four instalment*, at intervals of ten mouths each?say 1st, JMth June, IMG, $25 000 ^d,2*Jd? April, 1317, one-fourth of the remainder. 3d, 2!Ub February. 13J8, one-fou'tr of do. 4th, the 29th oi' December. ISii, ou*-fourth of do. 5th, the29th of Oe.taher, 1849, one-tourth of d ?? Tlie 3?*t <~if this Railroad and i's appurtenances, completed onlynvo years since, wa^ $1,600,001)?tine half of which we horrv?wed ; creating a debt bearing interest, on failure to pay which, a saie his become necessary. The grading, bridges, depots, &c. arc executed in an excellent style oi workm oi?hip. C.vs run daily over i\ earn ing the Mail < f the United states, (it being a iwrr of the Southern Metropolitan route,) at a com l?ensatioii of $100 per mi'e, or ffi,?00 p^r rn. um And, traver sing a fertile r. t;mn of conntry through ?nrly it* whole b'ligth, its freights for the transportation oi I rouuee and Mer chandize, iudei'ftidi'utly of the receipts from Passengers, afford a considerable addition to rhe ordinary sources of profits on raiir a.U Toough not, now, yielding a profit on the large sum expended in its .?onstructiou, it# income lias been increasing f?. r some time past, and it is confidently believed that it would produce a reasonable return upon a more moderate amount ol capital Invested in iti purchase. The ^ale will he made without reaerre, at the time and place aforesaid, at which til >se i. dined to purchase, are respectful.)' invited to strend, Thf purchase money must be secured by bond with approved <",r"le*' * CHARLES L. HIN'TON, Pulilic Tre:isurcr ol'tlic Jl| ite of N' rtli Carolina, aud Special Commissiocer of the Couit r.f Kqmty, iu tins C iuse JUleigh, N. C., October r,, 18I5. \l3F~ 'J lie following papers will in?rrt the foregoing adver tbemcnt W) ilays, and forwaid th?ir bills for payment, with a iiap-r font tilling the lame, to the uiscrila r: ti'istou Atlas, Sew Vork Her^id, Baltimore ratriot, rliil idelphia U. State* iraxctt* . Kichmoud t*,i'nuirer<nd Richmond Wlug, Charleston Courier. Mobile Adreitiser, New Orlc o. Picayune, iu>d N.C. Standard. C. L. H. olUn ra CENTRAL KAIL ROAD FROM SAVANNAH TO MACON. a1!H DISTANCE 1(H) Alll.tlS. THIS HOAUh open for the transportation of Passengpn and Freight. Jlates ol Pastage. I 00 Rates of Freight vi7. ; On weight gooda generally 50 cent* per haudred. 8n measurement goods 13 cents per cubic foot. ii b'irrelt wet (except molasses and oil ) $1 M per barrel. (>o barrels dry (eieei^ lime) 80 cents per barrel. (la iron in pigs or bars, castings for in I 111 and unboieil in chinery... 40 cents ;*r hundred. On hhda and pipes of liquor net over 1211 gallons $5 OOperhhd. On hjids inoiantes md oil 6 00 " " Goods addressed to K. Winter, Agent, forwarded free o TH( ? . JOMAK 1'UHSK, Oen'l Snp't. Tranapoitation. TO WESTERN TRAVEJ,Lb.Rs. RxrllEBs ANh 1'IONKKK PACKET LINK, From Philadelphia to Pittsburgh ria the Penntylvania Kail roadaand ("anal?through in 3S days. The above line ii now in full operation aud offer* great inducements to persous who with ? pleasant modi* of travelliugto the west. The cars are built in the most approred modern style, the boats are fitted up in a superior, aiake*< ry effort it made by the proprietors to couduce to the etimfort and convenience of travellem. The aeenery ou thia route It unrivalled, and t.i? Seat diani of Pennsylvania internal improvements! J well wot y of being seen. By Ihis r*nte imssengeri avaid all ihr f*ti?rne* unit dangers at teiKlxnt upou stage travelling, end at the same tune inakeiui ex peditions trip. The cars leave every morning at 7 o'clock. Passer gers are ad vned te engage their places at Philadelphia. Office in Plulidel Shia N. K. corner of Chesnut and Fourth strews. nnd at No?. 1 ?nd Ii Month Third at*. A. CUMMINOH, Agent. Philadelphia, May 17, IMS. ... For in formation, in the city of New York, apply to B. H. KNI8ELL. Agent lor mv17 'm*rre D. LE W'.H k CO.'tLine. 7 Weat it. N. H. ?l"""*! >*-1 NorwK. ?flElsxSSt STATEN ISLAND KERRY, KOOT OK WHITEHALL STREET. Or and after .Monday, November I At h, the boats on tins Fer ly, will have New Voik anil Slateti 111 anil aa follows until further notice:? Leave rtraien Island Leave N?w York 3'4 A. M. !? A.M. 10 do 11 do " M. I p. M, i r M. fa (1o on 5 do N. B ?All height al the ntk of the owners thereof. n8e NOTICE?HOUR CHANGED. THE U. H MAIL LINK FOR ALBANY and the Intermediate Lamiingt. on and alter 3B^JK2L.Wriliieiiday, Oct. 22d. will leave the fnot of l?nicla> street for Albany, Daily,at 4 P. M. instead of five us o n *tAv VuRiv, ALUANY AiNl) IKOlt L.iA>L i ^ >OH ALBANY AND JKO\ ill UK' T fj??'^uigeFfrom the pier at the loot of Couithinit J" ?? "reel. the laifi.gen takmy this boat w ill arrive ii: time to takeorih Moraii'f Train of Tari from Troy wett to Buffalo, anil n s raiog'' and l ake lieorge. 1h' 1'iW prewnire steamboat EMPIRE, Captain R. B Ma fj every fue?l?v Thursday and Hntnrdsy at ? o'clw k 'l'h? ?teanib?at COLUMBIA, Captain Win H. Peck.evriy M,.ful, , Wednesday and Fridav afternoon, at B o'clock ror I :> nr : i?u:ht lpplyon boftid, or to C. Clark, ?t ibe OS Wll >" Freight take i on the moit reasonable terms. Fr ight inmit be put ill charge of' Itie K.eiirht Agent, or the company will not I'e retpomible for loss No freight t-?ken after So'rlock. ~ H>K SAIJULIITIES AND CATSKlL. -j4t/ ?"* **A JJ'J"' Splendid steamboat .IA.MKH MAD1 -T. "*?r Ci>|i|ierly, will IraVe the fill t JK^JMLaSkot Cedar atrnjil, every Monday, Weilnrxlay, ami H.imnay, rt ? C'clSfH> " V?. '*?" fielght or paatnge, apply ?n beard, orto.0- r Wainwright, \gent, on the wharf. t? im'me JOHN IIERDV1 AN St CO . United States aud (}?at Uric?i>. *nd Ireland Emigrant Office, 6! South street, New Vork. IERDMAN. K. LNaN fit C?., L'verpool. I jsnfl.'to snd from Or- t i t> ai-i nut I'eland Irn I.irericul) ! y ' ?*- rsgulir Pacnet Slops ui|iii|eiiiM' five day s. The subscribers Li c-IIh,e the . it- utiou of old countrymen and tin- public generally to their unequalled .yraiu-enn-i>rs lor bringing out pfsengers from t1'1 old Country, br* to state tint all'rthia v-*r the busii e*s of the Hou*e at Liverpool will lie conduct'-d by it* Branch. Tb iu sending for their tr tends will at on"r ?ct- tin* itmt importst ce of t lis HtmyiOMiiti a it will p.-ec'u.le an uunec* isat y de!*v of tl.e emigrant TK? shipeem ployed in this Line are ,?rll knowu to be the tlrst and In: gest cl ss. commanded Ly iren of experience; and as th*;y * >il every fi?.- days, an otfer every fac liry that cuu be furnished With tlimesnpericr arrangements. the nuW-ihers look forward fur a coutiuu lion of that patroi -ye which has been ao libeially ex leaded to ihem for si> m.niy year* r.Lst luomr aurtrtliow eug gtd Jo not embark, the pass lire uionev will be refund-d >a cusumary. For farther particulars npplv by latter, iwjstp iid, J li Kit OMAN tc CO., CI *cnth street. New Vork. HERDMAN, KEENAN St CO , Liverpool N. B.?Drafts for nuy r,mount en '? usual be furnished, payable i 'ill the | riucipal Kankii.g I 'stitutious throughout the United Kingdom, on application an 1 bove i 21 rc FOR NEW ORLEANS. LOUISIANA AND NEW YORK LINE OK PACKETS It is intended to dispatch a ship from this port on the lit, 6th, 11th, 16th, list and 28tn of each moLth, commencing IstXJcto liei "ltd eoiit'uniuz until May, whe . regular days will h-np pointed for the remainder of the yar, whereby (treat delays aud >>nd disappointments will be prevented during the auuitnei mouths. The following ships will commence this arrange ment:? Ship Clifton, ( aptain Ingentoll. Ship Tennesse,... ('aptnin Pray. Ship Shaktpeare. .Captain Cornell. Sh|p Louisville. .CaptainHunt. Ship (ienesee ... Captain Mino'. Ship Osweao ... Captain Wood, Ship Damascus.. Captain Blisi. Ship Sartelle ... Captain Taylor. These ships were all built, ?xpressly for packets, an* ol light draft of water, have recently been uewly coppered and put in splendid order, with accommodations for lutssengers unequalled for comfort; they tire comtninded by experienced masters, who will make every exertion to give general satisfaction. They will at all nines be towed up and down the Mississippiby stenuo boats. Neither the captains or owners of these ships will be tesponsible for jewelry, bulliou. precious stores, silver or plated w ire. or for any letters, parcels or package* sent by or put on board of them, unless regular bills of lading are t <keu for the same, at the value thereou expressed. E. K. COLLINS St CO., 56 South it. or JAS. li. WOODRUFF, Agent in New Orleans, who will promptly forward all goods to his address. Theships of mis |tne are warranted to sail punctually as ad vertised, and great care will be taken to have the goods cor rectly measured. *24rc REGULAR U. S. MAIL LIMES BETWEEN CINCINNATI AND LOUISVILLE. MORNING LINK at 10 o'clock A. M. BEN FRANKLIN Ne. T, J. B. Summons, .mailer. PlKE Nn. 8, J Armstrong, master. E V EN INO L IN E at 6 o'clock P IVi. SIMON KKNTON, W. McClain, master. BEN KRANtiLIN No. 6. W. McClellan, master. These boats,forming two daily lines, will ran regularly, lea ving punctually at the hour, and will take freight and passen gers to and from intermediate landings, at the usn?l rates. Freight will be received for these line# at the Mail Wharf Boat, toot ot Broadway. Every effort will be used to accommodate shippers and pat it tigers. lm*rrc STRADER ?t (JORMAN, ) ROGERS it SHERLOCK, JAK<'uU' PACKET FOR MARSEILLES?Of 1st Dec ? The ship CORlOL*N0S, Captain James Haile, ?will sail as above For freight or passage apply to BOYD ?t H1NCKEN,-Agents, 9 Toutii f buildings, or to CHAMBERLAIN St PHELPS, u2lrc 10J Krout ttreet. ^ FOR SALE, KKMUHT OR CHARTER.?Tht very last sailing packet ship LOUISVILLE, 513 tons, icarries 1500 bales New Orleans Cotton; was built in ?Jus city, with live oak and locust top; newly coppured and ; patent Mted. Has handsome accommodations for M passeu I gers. Apply to E. K COLLINS & t-O. : .''30 ?6 Soptli street.% KOU LiVEH.PUOL?New Line?K>gul.iW*'ii:ki! ,of the 26th Nov.?'J'he elegant fast sailitignT iciiet jsSiViip RuSCI'.S, A. Eldridge, master, of 110f Win, will sail as above, her regular day. For freighter passage, having accommodations uneqoalledfoi iplendor or comfort, apply ou b:.ard, at Orleans wharf, foot il Wall street, or to E K. COLLINS it CO., 56 South strec: Pr<ee of passage S100. Tiue eleE -ut last sailing packet ship Siddons, E. B. Cobb, master, of 1100 toup, will succeed the Roscius and sail KSth Dec., her regular dav oUtt LT)NDON LINE OK I'ACKET8.?Packet of the 1st of December?The splendid packet ship PRINCE .ALBERT, Win S Sebor, master, will siil as above, iier regular day. ti.ivmi superior accommodations for cabin, second cabin aud < ?teei .ge i aJjengei>, portions wishiug to nmbsik should uiaki immediate api lic.itiou ou board, foot of Maiden lane, or o the tu'jscriber, JOSEPH MeMURRAY, . ..^.1 U.....1, ...... . ... \' ?L t orner of Tine and South stretts, New York. The Packet Shii? ST. JAM S, K R Myer, maxter, will sue '?cd the PRINCE ALBERT, aud sail on tlie first of January liei rn?ul t day. P S.?Persons wishing to send for friends, can have them brought out to this cnuatry by the above snlendid ship, or any >f the liue, railing from London ou the 7:1s, 17ih and 27th of i area mouth by applying as above. nl5rc ?AC KETS-KOR HAVRE?Second Line ? The pir.k?t ship BALTIMORE, Capt John Johnson jr. will sail on t! e 1st of December Kor freight oi ??treapplyto BOVD dt HINCKEN, tiI4r<- "V'? 0 T'vn'i'ie #<?? Idiint. Rft W^llsr, FOK SALh, TIM I.UhK A CONCKKN.?Th? . Lioe of Liverrool Ptrkets, ceo'istiug of ilie shi.s iKhS'-iuh, SidJons, Sheridan anil Warrick. They wort n.i( iu tills ClfV h> lir> w.i Si .'<'11, Willi t.i.usiih! rnir, tor ino l id materials (a very la <r i rt>|>.>rrion ol ? in-ir I ami's be'ii* live o, ik I ni.11 workm tnxhip, they nie unsurpassed, ilnot line in .lied. Kilted mi the Muck* sntl re-salted every vear since i'liwii nccmniiiod itious for ptssetiuers a.e ?ery exteuiive and amid*omely luruiabeil. Apply oil K. IC. i*" ( OLLINS St. CO., SC South it. PILOTING. OVVfc.N+'Kfc.Si. O IT. I':lot between the port of N . Yurk.ard all Hi- (.astern pur a to B stotr flag Narhoi. ? New l.oudon, M iiiii?t"h, New, "i't 1'i.ividi ho ,.Nrn iJi'.ll.'i il.N.iiituHet Sli i'Is.ii,id ?|| putts as fat hut as theKt nne b' c Kiver. Older* left a- 11. L 8nuw;* Nmiliul Stoic, cornet 0. Beekinan and Water ltre.t, O' to Adams' Ll. ltn, Boston, three days I'elore wanted. N.B.?Takes charge a* .Muster, if required. Satisfactory re fe,-?nce. tic.. Utr hMJiw'inc MIK LI VKHPOOL? Kegular I'aekrt of #rn Dec ??The mnM packet ship ASHBIJRTON Wo ?H iwliud, m.ister,will sail aa ubuu , ben g lier re*u day. Having very superior accommodation* for cabin, second ca bin and steerage ptlMUiri, persons wishing to einb?tk <!iould make early application on board, foot of Maiden Lane, . r to JOSEPH McllL'KRAY, Corner of Pine and South streets, N. V. The new and elegant packet ship llenty Clay, Ezra Nye,, mas er, w ill succeed the Asliliur on, ai.d suit the t;th of Janus ry, her rejtnlar tiny. I'. S?Persons wishirg to semi fr their friends, can have the n brought out ou the moat reaauable ter.ns, by the above plemlid packet*, by apply inn in. above. nlirc *M rtOPI". lilt-, I. STAbLr.ti, Mill street, bctwee. ^L*l>2d and Id Avenues, and uesrly oppoaif Bull's Head ' ^ arrived from the couutry, and lor aale at th iiiove.uioles, 80 Horses, among which are lour fast trotting norses, 2 last paciux do., several pairs farm horses, some line cart lorsei, a Ieat good road anil suae horses, and shippers. sS2m*rrc H. H. NOKTHKUP, Proprietor. THK FALL .iTVL*. Or Ut.M'I'U.Mh.N'S Mats are Jffknow ready for the aeasou, ISO,which for lightuess and su |ieriorityol color cannot be surpassed, which is a very important part of the HAT, retaining the color (ill it is worn out. Auy ? rtif le sold in Una establishment la never misrepresented, but sold for what it is. Also, the I all style of Boy a and Chil dren's Cups, of various patterns, (lentletnen can have their hats made to ordtr, in auy shape or style they wish. N. B.?A full assortment of Ladles'Fun. C. KNOX, 110 Ktilton street, nil Itr'eod r between William and Nassau streets. K(.?BEttT80N'tt fft PH1KNIX n J*. HAT AND CAP MANUFACTORY, 1011 Kultnri at., lictMci'ii William and NuMnti. The succeaa which has attended the efforts of the Proprietor of lots establishment to intioduce into use a superior article at an extremely low price encourages him to make increased ev eni' iis to inei it the patronage ol the public. The peculi-rity of his system of conducting business consists in the establish ment ol the inost rigid economy in it* various dejiirtments, is well as in an invariable adherence to "cash on delivery," re lieved from the oppressive expellees of the more extravagant cril'siiieii of B roaaw iy an J subjected to noue of those losses ishicli are the certahi accompaniment of the ' credit | rinciple." lie is enabled to otter the different articles in his hue at the following reductd rules:? HATS. FirsiQnality NntriaFnr, t'J.M I First Quality Moleskin, f3 0(1 Sacoud do do do 3,0U | Second do do 2,40 cArs. First Quality Cloth $1,50 Second do do 1 M Third do do 75 nl lm*r H ONE I'KHK-BKOWN ?c CO. l7?Chatham square, corner of Mott ?t. wish to inlorm the public ol their rtceut improvement in the manufacture and Hmsh ol then TI1KKK DOI.LAK HATS, which retain a beautiful rich lustre, and will compare w*ll with those more coatly. The l>ioprietors are confident that they can lurnish Hata far superior to any heietofore sold for the same price. A full assortment of I'V.ney Fors,also Fur Cloth; Mohair, Olazed, Si'kand Fancy (.'ACS, several new patterns, much admired, sold at reduced prices, wholesale and r.'tail. o29 Im'mc LAKO& 8ALF.S AND SMALL PROFITS. HATS FOR #?,&). (ft ON and aler Wednesday, November 19th, the subscri ber will lie prepared to furnish Hata at the above price, >uperior to any ever belore offertd to lie public. MILLS, 171 Broadway, nIA Iwls're Howard a Hotel. PREMIUM buois. J FINE FllKNCH BOOTS for $3 JO. city made, and fir sty le and durability, tbev are e<iual to those sold iu other stores for $.). Fine F lencn Premium Imia-rial D ess Boots loi gl ill, equ.i to those nuw in other stores lor $6 or $7, at tOCNO St, JONE'S French Boot aud Shoe manulactory, oneoftbe most fashionable estalilishmeuts iu this ctty. (>ur boots having beeu judgi d in the late Fair at Nibio's, are said to he the best boots lor the price ever sold in this country. Also, i -upt rior new <h le French Dancing (Jaite.-s, and overshoes, constantly oil hand. All Koods wati,mted to give satisfaction. Boots and Shi es made to order in the shortest notice Mending done in the , VOL'NO k JONES, I Ann street, "7 Im'rc near Broadway, New \ork. M Ui FS% M UFFS AJ\l) FURS WI-. woiihl iidvine fhoM* IndipM lie* have not M|>p)t*d them* sflifi with Muff., top.Mll nt \V :V1 ( OOFKH'H F ur8torei. ni.d look ?t iii? titeiiiivi' iiMsorfmt*i.t oi Kancy b ufiajhI we wifl fttKiirt- flit-in that they will tind |l(t Muff* not alone superior but clienprr tlnn any other atorv in thr city. <1 m Cooper'i t'ur Manufutlor trt, IsatM Bowtry, 6 doora above Walker street?and ?5 Maiden Lane.near Ould strrei. N B ?All Furs bought ?( hi* storss wantmed to be what they are reprMMtad Di< jBer [By the Mary Chilton at Boston ] Highly liuportunt from Nt. Dorain?o. A fuU Olitnry of thr I.air Mt?*lon ?fiUr> Ilo (jnu,t?.e lYom (He I'liltctl SlnU'1 (io viriiiueiit to St. Domingo. Sr Domingo, October 2(J, HI5 After un unpleasant and tedious voyage, ariiing from th<* prevalence of equinoctial gal?-:J, which wert' to be exacted when I set)*-til, at length, with indescribable joy, emerging from the confinement of u schooner, 1 net my foot upon the soil of tliie charm ing island. Thanks to your kind letters Irom your Boston Iriends, my reception was such us could not hut !>e highly (gratifying. I cannot pans ov<*r withou' grateful mention, the politeness and warm hearted ho.'viiality with winch 1 was received by Messrs. Buihtnk and Harrison, genthmen vvhet-e deport ment and kindness to their countrymen in this di tant spot, rillects honor uplni the name ami ch-trac ter of American merchants. By th? ir assistance, to- i geth^r with the kmtl nid of a host of friends, to whom the letters you preeured me gave me ready and immediate access, I have been enabled togaMiei materials lor such a Inter, as 1 thit I. wil! b<? i?und j not unworthy a place in your distinguished and pro- , minent journal, nor undeserving the deepest atten tion of your numerous readers. It was a matter of some rearet to me, to find on my arrival here, that Mr. Ho:r-in, who, as you are aware, was here ou a mission from our government at Wellington, had already left the inland some weeks before?my letters to him, therefore, were useless It is highly probable that at an early stage of next Congiess you w ill be |u?l? acquainted wiih tin? report and views of that gentlei*** upon the affairs ol' this republic. In the meanthijo, inch information us I can lay before you, will not perhaps be uninteresting, and if some what in advance ol ollicial channels, that, I apprehend, will not make it the less welcome, since yon are so w< li known to be the peculiar patron of the "ad vance," or as we vulgarly speak, of the " go-ahead sys tem," in ever} thing relating to tho press of our country. The country from whence you will receivo thU letter is, perhaps, at this very moment, both in a political and moral view, tho molt interesting spot in the world. The movements which are now going on?the relations be tween this Island and the United St.i'es?the possibility mid probability of still nearer relations tho condition and capacity of a free nation -ia n word, a host of im portant considerations, all tend to direct the eye of the politician, the statesman, and the philanthropist, to this now most interesting portion of the worlrt. Under this I view ol the case, I am persuaded you will not deem me prolix or tedious, if, indulging the leisure 1 now enjoy, j and not a little inspired by the delightful and loveiy ' 1 climate over my head, I sit dewn to give you a full and ' I copious detail ef every thing interesting which bus fallen ; under my notice during my sojourn m this almost para- | disuic island. your readers, perhaps, are not generally aware that I this heautitul island of Hayti (or St. Domingo, as the j French always preferred to call it,) is not, at I myself, ; in common with most other people, imagined, wlieu I was at home, an independent black government, ex clusivoly under the control and rule of the colored race I On tho contrary, there exists on this island a free white people, having an independent republican government at this present time, in direct collision with a negro gov ernment, tierce and barbarous in ita character, and strug gling, not blone to emancipate itself from colored op pression, but even to secure its very existence, endan gered by the enmity of its black neighbors. 1 confess that, until 1 arrived here, and was able to see with my own eyes, and judge and tliink for myself, I bad a most confused, impelled and erroneous view of the real situ ation ol of things, and the true condition ol the island and people. Not only does there exist a government uud a republic such 'as I have described, but (as the people of the United States are, I believe, in tho dark on this subject,) let me beg of you to inform them through | 'tie columns of your widely diffused and highly interest- j ing Herald, that the style and title of this governmunt is | I " The Republic of Dominica." Also, please to inform your numerous readers, that, some time ago, an official ! embassy was despatched by this 4 Republic of Domini- j ca'' to, the United States government at Washington city, the object of which wan to make its existence known, and ask for its recognition as one of the nations I ol the civilized world, from the people who constitute , [ the great acd presiding empire of this Western hemi I sphere. A word or two upon the history ol this unheeded and 1 unnoticed, yet most important republic. How, ' came to be unheeded?how it happened to pass unnoticed by our government?can perhaps only be accounted for on the old but true principle contained in the apnorism "hen! tjuanlula sapientiu r?g?fur munjui intrr morlalea." And what a strange and inconceivable connection often < springs up between remote and alien events ! Who, lor example, would ever have imagined that the disruption ol the Big Oun, the blowiug up of the great "Peace maker," and the blowing oft ot sundry heads and arms at a mcment of their high exaltation, would he the connect | ing liuk leading to effects lirst bringing into notice tho , very existence ot tho " Jle/iahlic of Dominica" and it ! rave and noble people ? Bailor this sad and melancholy event, it may boldly be affirmed that we should perhaps never even have beard of this people, or of the great struggle lor independence in which they hs vu been en gaged ; we should never have been led to understand the line position, the past results and luture prosi>ects of the " Mack Kxjierimenl" enacted on this tslaud ; and last (though not in my estimation tiie least) yan nover would <iave icceived this letter from your humble servant,?as he then uevur would have sought this romantic shoie in the pursuit of health for himself, and iufjimition for you. This requires, doubtless, some explanation Soberly, then, let it !?? obseived, thai the Itcpublic of Dominica did, on raising the standard ol independence in 1841, against a horde cf savage negroes, send h Representative to Washington city, to solicit recognition and aiil iiom our potent Republic. The men then at lliu hoed ol iillujis look no manner of notice of the appeitl, and con dctcA'nded events no enquiries. Thus, the interesting, iheg.-eat historical fact, viz: the riiing of llispaninla to u?ert its lieedom from ne ?^ro aim.ctiy and oppression, might hare been unnoticed hi ! unknown, buried Iroin the knowledge ol the Ameri can people, by the supiuentss and apathy of careless .iul neglectlul officials, who, if they had the inclina'.ioii, yet lacked the mind, to become, by a wise consideration jl tilings, either great or useful. Then occuned the bursting ol the " b:g gun*'onboard tho Princeton ; then Mr. Caiiiouu was called to the State Department, and tneu for the first time uotico we< taken of the imponaut movement transpiring on the -holes of old St. Domingo. Ureut credit is due to .Mr. Calhoun for simply exhibit ing competency lor the oltice he hold, by not nrglactmg :o uotico matters brought to the view ol his department The attention of government had been called to this op pressfd people by its legitimate representative : we had 'it-oil inlornied ol the lact, that the white inhabitants ol i lli-paniola, long oppressed by ferocious blacks, had at length arisen to assert their independence ?, tho govern ment had neglected even to ask a question or make an enquiry on the subject, till Mr. Calhoun came tuto the Stute Department, and he, shortly alter entering upon the office, did what others had neglected to do, lit their duty ; he sent an agent to ilispauiola to ascertain the facts, >o enquiie if it were true that a nation of crooie whites, born on the island and having a ughtlul claim to the soil, existed in a condition ot cruel vassalage and oppression, and had resorted to armi to assert their rights ai.d regain their freedom. I say, he nid his duty, and it ii a great thing, it is the mark ot a great mind, ol a very useful man -thus aimply to do one's duty; ordinary minds do not understand,'and neither will nor can, in con semienco, " do their duty." This view, which will be found correct, is tho more j necessary to be borne in mind, because some journals in I the imperfect understanding they liuve had ol the whole impaction, have supposed and then asserted that the state Department under Mr. ? alhoun's guidance ha 1 ol | itself volunteered officiously and uninvited to " meddle" with the business and n flairs ol Hispamola. It is t<ue to Mr. Calhoun, that he should be placed in a light view as . to this matter before the eyes ot the American people, | and that it should be known his course in tnis hu iues-. i , win such as would have been the duty even ol the most indent abolitionist, and also was taken iries|iective ol \ i any political question relating to the lace ol Alrica. Much i? a hue! view of the manner in which the people j of llispaniola, or tho Republic ol Dominica, as 'hey style their government, have entered into relation* with ' our government. A tow words will suffice to give a complete histor) of the whole island aince tho memoiable epoch ol the out-break of the negroes iu 174!) against the > rench, ami the establishment ot a negro empne in the waters ol the I Carribhees. Condonsing biielly the extensile iniorina tion I have been able to gather ou the spot, I shall, in a law words, 1 hope, make you fully acquainted, noth with tke past history and present actual ?tate ol affairs on this gieat and important island. Almost Iroin tho time of its discovery by ( oluml us, down to the year 1789, this island has been shared by the Kiench and Spanish, who, till the year mentioned, held possession of it between them. The eastern, and tiy far the largest portion of the island, belonged to the settlers of Spanish extraction, while the western side was cultivated by French planters. In tho year above mentioned, the island enjoyed the highest degree ol prosperity, its population was flour ishing, its exports tar exceeding in value those ot i uba, while the Fiench negroes, the laborers of the soil, were noted lor the ease ami contentment in which they passed a lite ol moderate toil and unchecked merriment The K rench were always easy tack-masters, bringing up their negroes rather as leudal vassals than as slaves, carefully instructing them in the Human Catholic reli gion, and indulging with them an equality and kind ness ol intercourse, if not republican, >et eminent!) patriarchal and paternal The lact will scarcely be dis puted that tlie condition of the St. Domingo negio was , iiiUy equal nt the amount of freedom to tue ancient and ! sturdy vassals ot the nobility of huropo, and superior, i it may be said, to them iu coutentment and ease of toil. I But this condition ot peace and contentment, in which the nvgio subjected to moderate government enjo>ed a degree ol happiness which is banished tar Iiom those who can indulge unchecked tho licentiousness ol lugmg passions, was suddenly destroyed by the outbreak ot the involution of I7rts?. The crimes, the horrors, the bloodshed which that fa mous insuiiectiou produced, let us | ass ovei in silence the result ol the movement was, as we nil know , that the blacks established themselves as a tree nation in tha poll ion ol the island which had belong to the Kronen I hc enthusiasts ol Ktiglaud, and we ntny even call them lanatics on this head,without doing them injustice,hailed with laptuie and exaggerated promises and hopes, this hist tlawu, as it appealed to thein, ol uegio iiheity and oivilizatiou. Inconsequence ol the lanatioitm, which | burned like a Ore on this subject, the whole of Europe and even America, was gro??ly deceived, and men in geneial, lending a ready credence to the exaggerated pitilit11.of the religious press?(nnd b, tho by such has b*en the power of the Kvsngelical *out, that it may he said every pre?s which touched thif matter wai a reli gious press.) and taking i' for granted lhat the blanks were uiread) become w ?;?? Wiiberforce tod hii admi rers fondly hoped they would become, were easily led nto the belief that tne revoked black*, just emerging from ?c ne* of blood and rapine, their hands yet reek ing with tbo g"ro ol then slaughtered friends and mai tern, had. a> ii by magic, suddenly laid aside all t^ieir ferocity, assuaged all their biooa-thlrttiDeM, quenched all their lusts, ?nbduo<i all their raging and diubolioal passions.hiii' jut vfo became suddenly transformed into romantic heroes, gentje p Ople, hum iuo men and high 1) i ivifixoi' beii.s> : rie'ilom. perhup', i..? deception and deceit bteu came 1 mm li luttlier; on 1 the religious peo* ple.iu their z.-ul to prove tho wonderful virtues mi l pow er i f titer principle I t'i? mighty;results ol then ?/??al ous w.xln fanned the 11 mm of fa'sehoiHl which tuey ; hit kindled, 'ii. I no doubt their *aal and self-appliuse, t'<at they bad accomplished already what i they only hope I und dreamed to see accomplished. Heme wi-, i i *ln* Unit. J .States, Joceived by the aits of t iiiti'lt lesuilitnvwere brought under the deceptiou, wlii h became popular. aril thorefore, of coarse, rrnt listible and unanswerable, of supposing that the negroes j ot Hayti weie a civilized people, an organized govern meat, a contented nation, impioved in their condition, anil rapitly advancing onward to further improvement We w ere led i!>o t?.o hastily to suppote that this whole islnn.l WR* a nation of f ree colored people Now what are the fiots? Li t m briefly enumnrnta them. The fact appears to lie, Irom all tliat i can see, ' alt that I can hear,nil that 1 cun judge irom reasonable > n flection, and from the concurrent testimony of all who are capable ef knowing, and who do know any thing of | the matter; the fact, 1 say . ippem plainly to be this?that | the iosurrectionof 179*. the establishment of negio in- i dep indenee, the erection ef a negro government, wus I the destruction of the neuce and happiness ol the wholo I negro population Vice, crime, barbarity and cruelty ; were then and then declared fiee and independent, and set up in power and authority Lust and blood were ' enthroned, and power put info the hands of the rapa- 1 cious, the cruel, and the llood thirsty To this corona- | tion of Satan, and of the demon of crime and violence, | the r ligious world was taught, by an artful and lying 1 press, end canting priesthood, to raise shouts or ap plause and triumph; and by a singular atrocity of decep tion, not new to the humatf race, men were taught "'o wors1 ip devils," while they thought thoy were worship ping (iod! They were taught to believe that they had done wonderful good, when they had set in motion and exalted wonderful evil. And, admiring themselves and their owni exploits in tbo philanthropic regeneration of Hayti, as they styled and regarded the massacre of French families ana the impunity of tho murderers, they were led to sing their own praises, and admire their own works and themselves to t|ie pitch of worship, which is in taut worshipping devils, and not (iod. The whites had been massacred, a peacefal and indus trious population had been exterminated, tho murderers had tri.implied, and what followed? The religious world raised a general about of applause -liberty, philanthro py and viitue were supposed to have gained a victory j and the remote agents and promoters of the bloody deedb which bad desolated this fair portion of the globe, con Sratulated themselves upon tho success of their cause.? ow, to set this matter in its true light, let us suppose that the whites had massacred and exterminated the blacks? what then would have been thought of that body of people who should have rejoiced over the deod. ap plauded the performers, and represented them as heroes and virtuous mon, progressing to astonishing civilization and liberty I Power was given, by this revolution, to a horde of savage and blood thirstv barbarians. It was precisely as if a host of felons and murderers, let loose from jail, and escaped from the gallows, had been dignified with the title of a free people, aod honored with the name and character of a civilized nation. Color has nothing what er to do with the question or the facts. Such was the free great moral community of blacks which started into existence, to which the polluted and cantiDg press of a great power existing among us, (au imperiumin imptrio, composed of atoms indescriblv scat tered among all classes) gave suddenly fame, and char acter, and honor, and all the imaginary attributes of or der an 1 rank iu human civilization. But the bubble has long since burst-the experience of years has proved that this free nation of blacks ot llayti, established on the shores of this island, by massa cre and bloodshed, is nothing more nor less than a com munity of licentious savages, rendered hideous by crime, sloth, vice, corruption, and immorality?a pest to them selves, a pest to their neighbors, and a standing proof of tho fact which the history of the world seems designed to prove, and?strange blindness of mankind?which, it would .(-em, is not yet proved enough?that virtue must reign and provail, and the vicious must be curbed, bound and lettered, to secure oven the smallest fraction of the little happiness which it seems possible for man, in any Condition, to attain. AU that I can see and hear in this place?all the little history, and anecdotes of history, which 1 gather irom general conversation?tends to establish one fact, that 'iver since its beginning, down to the present day, this black community has been deteriorating Irom worse to w<ir?e, i-id that the people which compose it, instead of procuring happiness to themselves by Iheir freedom, would bo unquestionably happier if they were bound in letters ot brass, or confined Irom the tyranny of their own desperate pa?sicn?, in the darkest cells of the gloomiest penitentiary. Vain idea, to dream that the lawless, the violent, tho licentious man?a slave to his own inging passiono, and ready to act as an enemy to j ins fellow -man -can bo rendered happy by freedom?bv 1 hniug let loose to destroy, or plague and curse himself j arid all around him ! And, if this be true, us it undoubt- , i dly is, in reference to any one individual its truth ha* I u mulunlied fores iu reference to manv individuals?in a word, to a people It woulJ be a loathsome task to lay bcforo your rea ders the loaihuuuie picture of the manners, conduct, character, and deeds of the Muck inhabitants ot Hayti. i I shall abstain trom doing so, for the very deep colour ing the pictuie lias in itself, v, nultl, 1 am pc rsuaneu, with maoy, ren -?r tne truth incredible ?for, in fact, it does not seldom hanpen that truth, me more plainly told, ap pears lees probable than fiction. Franco, in 1825, hbmdened for a laige nam her claim to the Jan Id of her slaughtered subject*. Sue did no more, and could do no more. Tho power of t>io ne j ?'ri>M over th>i whole if land was Uien not recogni/.ed l>i (?'ranee, and I believe, has been lecognized hy any i people or | iwcr. The legroes (iti* great ration mid I jitfo.ilP of Hayti as ?thoy h.iVo iJly and igaoraatly been represented and (apposed tube,) bnvo neverboen in pos | sesniou of mote 'hau n portion ot tut island tho wes ! tern fhore, Irom whence they expelled the French. When the inhabitants of tne other paits of tho island, i tho Creoles and others, descendants from tne Spanish, s'i w the bloody triumph of a tribe of blacks over the 1' rencn, then intimidated, and dreading the effects of a collision ?ith men of such a stamp, flushed with horrid i victory and recking with blood, tney averted the storm hy quiet submission, hoping, but alas in vain, to be able to live in peace with the new established people. It was this absence of resistance, this quasi submission, which gave to the negroes iu the eyes ot Europe and America ttie false eclat of being the rulers of all the island, pos sessors of all its domains, and ergo, a great people They forgot that theie was a nation ot K.uiopean extrac tion in leal possession of the best and largest portion of the island, and certainly having a greatei title to be | called the people ef Hayti than a loose licentious multi- i tude of blacks, just emerged through rivers of blood , and rapine, from long and habitual slavery to a doubtful { and untried liberty Long and patiently did those whom we may with greater justice call .the people of Hayti, or Hlspanlola, submit to see the licentious negroes considered and treat- ' ed as the rulers of the island; long time, lovers ol peace and slow to resort to violence, they suffered the negroes to oxhibit undisturbed, to the world, the progress of the I '? experiment" ! At length, in 1844, the rightful i?ople of Hispaniola I arose, 11 one may so say, to undeceive the world, and to I re assert the right of this island to be freed from the iron I grasp of this tumultuous hand ol black pirates, who so long had made its wostern shores their head quarters. Mince that time tho struggle between the con tending parties has been continued. The Kepuolic of Dominica has maintained itself with honor, both in the field of war and in the organization of evory department j necessary to tecure internal order and good govern ment. Net only are the prospects of this republic, as to its own security and existence, happy and promising, but there is eveiy rational ground to believe that, If so dis posed, (and will it not be necessary for her otvn security and the peace of the world f) she might easily subdue, drive out anil extinguish the whole "empire" of negroes, winch the Aladdin lamp of the religious world(aiamp 1 without any oil in it,) called into sudden visionary exis- 1 tence, and to which it has given such a spurious and | falstaclsf. Is it not somewhat surprising that this state of things ! on this island should have escaped the attention of the ' 1 nited Mates statesmen, and that the true situation of 1 things should be shrouded in gloom ond darkness to tho people in general ' What shall we say of those journals which, professing to be faithful chroniclers of the times, are themrelves ignorant, and leave their readers in utter i ignorance of the great movements of tho age?the inter esting tacts of history transpiring daily belore our eyes ! \s to the condition and prospects of the government of Uispaniola or Dominica, you will, perhaps, derive llioie information irom certain statistical information, which I have been able topiocure, than from any com ments oi observations emanating from me. The territory ot the new government comprises al ready mote than half the island. The population is purely agricultural, engaged in the culture of planta tions, which produce sugar, coifce, and evory other pro duct of a tiopical climate. Ot, therefore, you must not look for the numbers which your large and crowded cities present in their statistics. The entire population ol Dominica, on the best estimates, amounts to .'30,iHM), of which number only about 3d,000 are blacks While tins is the population ol the new republic, that of Hayti, or tho coloi ed " empire,' ou the KVouch side of tne island, has greatly decreased, owing to the immoral and licentious habits ol the negroes. The institution oi marriage, and a regard to its constiaints, has so fallen ! into disuse, that it can scarcely be said to exist any longer among them? into such gioss abandonment ol li centiousness are they sunk ; and hence the population, instead of progressing, appears to be on the decrease, while the country is threatened, in the course of time, with the prospect of reverting to the wilderness state in which Columbus louud it, through the degrada tion ami wickedness of its inhabitants. Tho population of (he Hispanolia side of the island would be much greater wore it not that a large number of the white or creola inhabitants, disgusted with the ruie, and groaning under ? the wantonness and oppreaalon of the blacks, were, pre- 11 viou* to the declaration of Dominican Independence in 1M4, continually emigrating from the country. The government o! Dominica is modelled chiefly after the form of the United States. It consists of a Preai lent, Senate, and Moiiie of Repiesentafive* j a Judiciary, con ?istiug ol a Superior Judge, Chief Ju Ige. and four other fudges, with tin- requisite number of inferior justices. The exe utivc tmiijcts tlie different busmen of the Statu with assistance of Secretaries over the ruioiu Ue pi.itinuut* Tnat tlie a Immigration of government hut been conducted with singular prudence and (kill, I will mention as the very bast evidence of the fact, thv though at the commencement ol difti'-'ilties with the Haytien negroes, the treasury uas destitute of fund*, and it was found decenary to borrow money to carry on the opera tion* of the gorei nmerit, yet the debt then contrac'ed of shout 000,000 dollar*, ha- since 1*11 b'? i nearly extin guished by the ordinary receipts of the tieasury. 1 here remains only about 120,000 dollars of thi< debt, which is in daily progress ef liquidation. These iacts i|?' .k more than n volume of reasons aud aiguraents cu.ild do, to show the stability ar.d prospects ol the Republic. I have al"-o learned that atiotli-r Iimji urgo.l upon the govern ment with eagerness by tome tiriUxft capitalists, hti* been peremptorily rejected. Such prudence in financial matters appear* happily t" direct tlie couu> tls ol f?ovMrri inent. Vet there is no lack ol energy and preparation in thedeparlmentii forever; necc ?aryexigency Bosiles a National Utiard under good organisation, including all the serviceable males under and ahovo a certain age the government has on foot un army of forty thou mud r#gu Tan, with which any attack of their desperate neighbors can be immediately rejwlled. Added to tiiis, a very ro spect.V lo supply <d ordnance store* and stand* ol arm* have been collected by tne government. AIT this ui3y tend to show the weight an 1 importance to be attached to the new republic, and while the great est credit is due to Mr. ? alaoun lor taking tno uoeeisary measure* to ascertain tho condition of a people who nought the alliance of our great country, it cannot but excite a feeling of corresponding surpr se, that until Mr Calhoun moved in the business, our government had to tally disregarded and neglected the appeal of this peo ple ff we reflect but for a moment on this important mat ter, and only contemplate tho possible results, I am per suaded the eyes of the whole Union would be directed with interest and attention to this rich and beauteous country, this gorgeous gaidcn, as it might be called, of the Hesperides ! And independent of the advantages to be derived to American commerce, should the country come under the rule of a rivilr/.ed and orderly people, a general sympathy wo'ild be felt by a generous people lor a nation cf our own race struggling to escape from tho horrors ol African slavery ; struggling to cast off from the shore* of tlie western hemisptieie, the only co lony of tie!re barbarian* which Africa has planted there. Kor while many such empiies as that of the Haytien blacks exist in the eld world, on all the coaftt of Africa, lilling the countries round with desolation and blood, this is the only portion of barbarity which a* yet afflicts the countries of the new world. The aspect of thing*, such a* 1 have described them, is truly deserving t(ie molt aeriou* con-ideration, awakening feeling* both diverse and interesting. Hi re is an Island, the largest of the whole West In dian group?the moat fertile, the most healthy, and the most productive among them all! It* situation, also, is most central and commandiag?aa I stand at the entrance of this beautiful port, I cast my eye* across a channel of only forty miles, and see the fragrant coast of Cuba be fore me, with it* blue mellow hill*,fading in the distance of an oriental horizon. West of us lies Jamaica; on the Kast, Porto Rico, oniy 30 mile* distant ?while a few hours nail would convey u* to the shore* of the great Spanuh Main, or to the coast ol Honduras, or to the bavs ol Yucatan, and a lew more to Vera Cruz, andtbeJala pian coast. Imagine, if you can, a position more impor tant, whether regarded in a political or in a commercial point of view. As a naval Jepot and a military centre, there can scarcely be found in the world a position equal to this island. It has harbors ana bays, secure and capacious enough to hold all the navies of tho world, ri ding at one time at anchor within them, safe a* well from the incursion of enemies, aa from the raging of hurricane* and storms. Such is thi* island; and the people inhabiting it have come and thrown themselves at tno feet of the people of the United States, to solicit their countenance and the smile of recognition to be cast upon a fellow Repub lic. In other words, what Franco would have given millions not to havo lost?what she would have given millions more agaiu to possess?a country as superior to \lgeria, for which she is paying so dear as gold is to drosH, thi* beautiful country come* in'peacofui attitude, in voluntary self-offering, to throw itielf in the arms of the United States ! In other word*, she seek* our alli ance and aid. Shall she seek in vain 7 That is the question ; or i* our America, unlike ancient Rome, void of that sympathy which extends aid to suppliunt na tions, and spreads* the bound* ?f civilization, by aiding other* to iccure and establish their own independence ? More anon, from Yours, W. Statistics ok Nkwburyport.?It will be seen that the cotton manufacture 1ms become the leading interest in this town, ami that the capital ol the compa nies already in operation is $700,000. The groB* annual value of the goods manufactured in these mill*, is return ed at $662,600. The disbursements of the companies in this manulacture, with the exception of oil and coal not being given, paid to operatives $I0'2,COO a year, ami tho i-ost ol raw cotton to something less than this sum. Tho following are the assessor's returns : Cotton mills, 4;cot ton spindles, 39,Hofl; cotton consumed, 1,-234,000 pound*; yards cotton manufactured, 3 800,000 yard* No 40, and 1,300,000 yard* No 30?total, 6,300,000 yards; value of cotton cloth manufactured, $j62,/>00; capital invested in the manulacture of cotton, $700,000, males employed in tho cotton manufacture, '260; females emplo) ed in do., 6tM; sperm oil consumed in manufacturing establishments J200 gallons, value $7-240; Anthracite coal consumed in do., atiiO tons, valued at $14 600; iorges, Ti, tons of iron manufactured by the forge, tons;value ol manufactured j iron, 51j,000; amount ol capital invested, > uuu. imu.ia, 30. j Furnaces for the manufacture of hollow uare, to. I; number of tons hollow ware, StO., 126; value ot holl'i-v w.ire and casting*, $9,37S; capital invested in busi ness, $3,000; hands employed, 8; Kttablishmeiits for manufacture of cotton, woollen and o'her ma chinery, 2 ; vnlue o! machinery manufactured, 31.0(H); capital invested. $s.ctin; hsnds employed, 25 Kite engine manufactories, 3; number at engines manufactured, 4, value of tiie engine* manufactured, >4200; hands employed, 10. Masicil instrument ma nufactonea, 1; value of msuutactures, $! 000: capital invested, $360; hands employed, *2. Kitablisn me nth lor the manufacture ol Rol l and sil rerware, jeweliy, &c., . 3; value of manufacture*. $35,000: amount of capital i mveited, $13 600, hands employed. 13. saddle, harness, and trunk manufactories, 4. value of manufacture!. (3,200; capital invested, $000; hoods employed, 8. L'jv hoist cry manufactories. 2; value ot $1,600, capital in ! vested $900; hands employed ! Hat and cap lactone!, '4; value of hats and caps manufactured, $76t>4; capital ; invested $3,000; hands employed 13. Cordage manu i lactones, I; value of manufacturer. $1,300; capital in vested, $000: hands employed 3. Coach, cliaiso, and wn([(in manufactories, 3; value of manufactures, $4,200. capital invested, $1,000, hands employed 7. Soap and candle factories, 0 ; quantity of soap manufactured 159,000 lbs., value of ditto, $7,500; quantity of caudles, 20,.MX)lbs.; value $3366; capital invented, $6,900; hands employed 17. Chair and cabinet manufactories, 9; value ol manufactures, $10,400; capital invested $6,00>>; hands omi>loyed,33. Tinware manufactories, 6; value of ma nufacture!, $19,700; capital invested, $10,600; hands employed 16. Tanneries I ?-value of manufac tures $3,000; capital $900 , hands employed 3. Boots and shoes manufactured-3313 pairs boots and 100, 504 pair! shoes-, value $78,796; males employed on do 143; females employed on do 107. Straw bonnets and straw hats manufactured 300?value $600: palm hats manufactured 100; value $40; number of females em ployed on straw and palm leaf, 6. Snuff, tobacco and cigars manufactured, $39,369; hands employed 109.? Blocks and pumpa manufactured $6000; hands employ ed 30. Mechanics' tools manufactured $300; hands em ployed 1. Wooden ware, iarming utensils, lie., manu factured $600; hands employed 10. Boats built 30; value of do. $3000; hands employed 6. Vessels employed in the fisheries 67?tonnage 3313; barrels of mackerel , taken during the year 1844, 7009: quintals of codfish taken in the same year, 31,000; mackerel, $56,073; cod \ fish, $44,360; salt consumed in the mackerel and cod fish eries, 34,138 bushels; capital invested in the mackerel and cod fisheries, $43,500; hands employed in these fisheries 636; Horses 233, value of do $3240; neat cattle 90. value of $3700; swine 130, value of do $3000; bushels of Indian corn raised 100, value of do $60; bushels potatoes 3000, value of do $400; tons of hay 160, value of do $1600; bushels of fruit 10,600, value of fruit $4360 ; lbi of but ter 600, value of do $76; lbs of honey 1300, value of do $144. Ship joiners 36, work done by do $16,000; ship painters 35. work done by do $6'K)0, number of sallma kers 6, work done by do $1500; number of riggers 30, work done by do $6000; number of maatmakers 7, work done bv do $2000; number of pound* of wool pulled 24,000, value of do $6000. The asset* of the City Bank, at Buffalo, estimated in the schedule at $462,lt)3 97, were *old at auction on Wednesday last for $43,374 66-and a large share of them were thought to have brought good prices, at that. Harvard University.?We learn that the corpo ration ot Harvard University, a short time previous to the return of the Hon. Edward Kverett Irom r'.ngland, addressed to him a letter requesting him to consent to be put in nomination for the office of president of the university, in place of Hon. Josiah l^uincy, resigned, and informing him that in that case he would receive the unanimous vote of the board for the appointment which on the meeting of the board of overseers, would be laid before them lor their confirmation. Mr. Kverett has recently given an answer to the application, in which he lmi consented to receive the Appointment. Stray Baby.?The Wore titer Transcript says that on u rainy night, two or three weeks since, u little child about two months old was left under the eaves of a dwelling house in Oxford, occupied by Abi jah Davis and his wife, a worthy but childless couple , somewhat advanced in years. The little one not fancy ing the continual dropping of wator from the roof, be gan to squall most lustily, which soon aroused the in mates ol the house. It is needless to say that the little fellow was taken in pretty well drenched, and is now an adopted member of the family, who are extremely over joyed at their good fortune. Boston AthknjBUM.?At the special meeting, yesterday nllernoon, a report Irom the trustees was submitted by Col. quincy, in favor of selling the Tre mont street lot, lor which $100,000 certaiu, and perhaps $110,000 or $116,000, conld bo obtained, and purchasing the I'hillips estate on Beacon street and Granary Burial Orunud, with a front on tho former of 134 leet. The Question being taken, only two negatives wara given, so that tha change it pretty certain of taking place Ajtoundisg Developments-?The Late Out rare in Gkekme.?Last Sunday evening, John Johnson, of Greene, wan arretted by tlia Shnnfl of Broome county, upon a warrant chaiging him with the murder of the wife of J?me? Boult,iormerly ol I'r ?n<le, in Utouint) coeoty, in May, 1944, or uf hong acre'tory to her murder Flo wat taken to Binghamton. anil nil examination was commenced before J'i'ige Seymour an 1 Justice Katie! of that place, on Tueiday. Johnson it one Oi' tue most wuaUhy aian in Oreeue. He is ovor 60 year* of age. ami ba in ejtiinn'ed to bo worth $70,000 Ha bat employed at hit counsel Hon. Jot ii A Collier and Hon D. 8. Dickinson. who ara da fen linn b'm on ">* examination. We uta indebted to a gentlem.m w<?0 ariived yesterday from Bi ?gbuniton. foi tha fa<-i4 which follow, aud who heard the tuitimony hern given. The first itness sworn was James Boult, of Greene. He testified 'h it ha moved upon Johai'on's larm in Trian gle, ii April. 1011: that Joiurou carnal km wife Irom Greene to Triani<lo whan ha iQOr?d, nod hid left the house into iv hich ne moved before he irot there; that ba tuoa aft < r discovered * change in tha B/,>a irauce and conduct ol In* 'viiu?that ilia appeared dejected aud un we'l ind for tli.d re;<si>u h? called Dr. Purple to tea Her; tbu: about three 'veeks after be moved, a bum told hxii lohn.un desired to tee hint at Creene: that he wan* and nw hira at thnt place one Saturday in me fi-n? part of May ; that he tcld Johnson his wile said ha had had criminal intercourse with her on the day ha carried ] Ii if r to Triangle, and that she taid he put a part of a Buf ! iaio skin in tier annua to prevent her cries, and tbat (ho , said he (Johnson) told tier that il the ever told of it no would be tt.e i'o?th ol bar. or would destroy her in I somo way. and t iat sh? promised him she would never | tell of it <f he would let liar go The witness stated that Johnson first replied ha had : done wrong, but at for stuffing tha butlalo skin in her i mouth, he had doua no such thing; that he taid teveral timet, " I hare done wrong," that lie was willing to tat tle it with him, and caid that he had land aud dollars and cents, and wanted him to aatne what he would take to ! 'fettle it; that he refused to settle with him, and that John I soil then taid that he bad got property, and if be went to ' law about it,ha would carry it to the farthest extent, and that he(Boult) stood no chance if be went to law: that he liud this conversation with Johnton on HaturJay, aud that the next Monday morning before daylight his wife went out ol hit bouse, and haii never beon seen or heard of since; that the most thorough search wat mada lor her, and no trace ol her could be tound; that it wat i about the middle of May, 18-44, the disappeared. I A great many f?cts and circumttaucei were sworn to ! l>y thit vainest, which we have no room to mention. We have endeavored to giva the suhitaace ol his testimony. Hit cross examination had not been finished when our informant left. Wo are informed that Boult ? daughter, who is about IS years of age,overheard a conversation between John son and her mother a few days after their arrival at Tnaugle, in which Johnton taid to her if the ever told her husband of what he had done, he (Johnson) would kill her or be the death of her. Mrs Burdick, who was taken from the house where i she lived in Greene, in September last, blind-folded, Fragged, and carried lo a swamp, and there thrown into o : ditcb, (the particulars of which have heretofore been published,) wat so much injured that the became tle ? ranged?but the has row regained her reason, and upon : her teitimony the protecution is mainly founded, she ' hat not as yet (we suppose) been sworn on the eaami I nation, but she made an affidavit before the warrant was I usued, in whic.b, we are informed, the states that in 1 August latt the overheard a conversation between John | sou and her mother, (the widow Baxter of Greene,) in ; which Johnson said to Mrs. Baxter, if he could get rid of 1 Mrs. Johnton, he would marry her?that ii ha could dis pose of her at easy as he did of Mrs. Boirlt, he would do I it?that he kuew a couple of fellows below Binghamton, : ha thought he could get to do it?that they disposed of j Mrs. Boult. Tbat she (Mr* Burdick) heard this conversations while I landing on the door-steps to the house in Greene,where ! iier mother lived; that the curtains were drawn over the . windows to the house at this time; that both outside ?ioora were fattened; that the reached her hand inside and unbuttoned one door and went into the house; that Johnson then asked hor if she had heard what he had said; that she answered yes; that Johnaen told her if she ever told of it he would kill her, or be the means of her death; and that she then promised him sh? would not tell of it. [It is supposed that Mr*. Daxter will positively contradict this story on oath.J We are told that Mrs. Burdick sayt about three weeks liter this conversation, Johnson came to ber mother's house when she was alone, and inquired for her mother; that the told him hei mother had not got home from Nor wich ; that ke said what shall I do ? that ahe asked him if he had any work for her to do?any sewing ; that he -aid no, but business of more impotence, and said she [Mrs. Burdick] must do it for nifb ; that she then at tempted to escape ; that Johnton then seized an axe, and said he would kill her if she left the room ; that be fore he [Johnson] left he led her into the kitchen, tied her hands behind her with a clothes-line, and tied her to a bed-post, tied a bonnet over her face, aud then wept out doors, and came bark with a flour bag partly filled , that he then took the bonnet Irom ber face, untied her '..andt, tied the cord round her waist long enough so she I could go to the fire, while tied to the bed-post ; that he vtien teok a quantity ol human bones out of the bag, among which was the head bones end others , that he told her they were Mrs. Boult's lionet, and said she mu&t hum tliem ; that she fainted ; tbat Johnson tben burnt tho bones?tbat he held an axe over her bead, made her net on her knees, and said bn was afraid the would tell ? 1 it, and that he was a mind to kill her on the spot ; that ?he begged for her life ; that he said he would destroy ner st h<j had Mrt. Boult, and burn her up at she had ?en her lionet bum, il the lold of it: tbat it he was hung he had friends that would kill her, and taat the knew it, us >Ue had just teen nith her own e> et; that hd then tinliud her and went away. Mis. Burdick further nays she told ber mother on the satmday, an l al-o on the Sunday before her abduction, that she would expote her and Mr. Johnson, oat that she did not tell what she knew beforo she was on ltd j way. There are a great many tumors afloat, which we shall not publish ; and whether >lrs. Buidi'-k will swear on tne examination substantially at in her HQidarit, and whether she can be sustuiiied, we do not know, except :rom hearsay. We Minll not endorse the foregoing ftainment decided ly. but shall leave our reader* lo fm m tl eir ow n judg ment upon its truth or falsity, ft tlie investigation de vclopes a different ^ta'e of fact", we sl,ai' embrace the hist opportunity to correct errors and wrong impiet ?ion?. Hie matter, in its be >t aspect row, looks horrid Miough, in all conecicnce - Osfmd (.V. V.) Tins Gales on rn? Lakes.?The |>eculurity of the ' list blow dirtered somewhat Ironi all previous oues, ; ay ihj furcu, suddonness and stien^th o< volume uf v.iuil, which swept across the lake ; au<l the ?eamen repmseiit it as tinusuallydangerous to lig^bt freighted vessels,or any expored to Us influence. Capsizes were more likely to be app-ehendod than a long continuance uf the storm by which vessel* are driven ashore In tin* reapect we fear I we have farther disitsttia to narrate, ( apt. Spencer, of j the Wiiig-und- ?Vin?, leports passing a black looking ves sel capsized, about live miles above Long Point, tne iea ' breaking over her in a solid sheet, and with every ap pearance ol having been struck by the squall when un i prepared. The late of her crew is yet to be learned Id ' connection witn this, we learn that the master ol the An , Jover reports passing the schooner E Ward, capsized, ! somewhere near I'ut in-Bay. She had flour, we think, I from Monroe, but wbetner she is the same as seen by the I Wmgand-Wiug, is unknown. The Oregon, Harrison, ' and Hercules, m this morning, bring nothing decisive in 1 regard to her t he Chautauque got in safe yesterday.? i Sufficient time has elapsed to confirm the loss of all those I on board the schooners Ocean and folk, on the upper : lakes The Milwaukie Gazette says that four residents ! of that place were lost, Capt. McGregor, Mr. Kussell, . the mate, Quiner, the second mate, and the cabin boy.? I ( apt McO. has left a wile und one child. The mate has i left a wife and live or six children to mourn his loss, and the poor cabin boy a widowed mother who was partially ' dependent upon him for support. The Gazette adds | ? we hope the tears of widows and orphan* will incite government to some action iu favor of our lake harbors." ' The Nile arrived at Milwaukie on the 13th. having expe rienced very heavy weather on lake Huron, so much so that she was obliged to run back some eighty miles. she has proved heisell to be, what she is generally es teemed, a very superior and itaunnh sea boat, la run ning back to Chicago, the schr. Columbia lost bar deck load. .She is loaded for the Maitland Mills, in Canada.? The Chicago Journal says that during the raoant blow, part ol the crib work of tke harbor improvement was ear ned away.and most of tke remaining portion of this sea son's extension seriously injured. Six individuals ware placed in durance, having bean oaught in the aot of ap propriating the flour, washed in from the Major Oliver, to their own especial use and benelt.?Jiicrr liter, Nov. 31. Varieties. The Staunton, V*., Sptctator, says .?During the last week a seduction case of great enormity was tried before the Superior Court, on which a verdict of $8,000 was awarded. The suit was brought by Jacob Copen haner, now of Frederick, against Sampson Pelter, of this county, for the seduction ot his daughter, a girl of about seventeen years of age. The parties are reputed and hitherto acknowledged brothers-in-law, though Pelter essayed te prove himeslf a "Jtliuj nttUiut : and the niece had been taken to bis house undar tha pretext of being a nurse and companion of his sick daughter. An affray occurred in Fayette county, Pd., on Wednesday last, between l'homaa F.vans and hie bro ther-in-law, Hayden P. Bliss, which resulted in the death of the latter. Blisa commenced an altercation with Evans, when the latter snatched a rough and heavy corn-cutter and fell on Bliaa, cutting and mangling his head in a moat brutal and shocking mannar. They were both heads of families. The Erie Canal last year opened cm April 15th, and elosad on November 20th, affording 33i days of na vigation. The latest date of its closing, in any year, was in 1883, whan it remained open to T>ecemb?r 31st. In 1338, it remained open to December 30th, and in 1839 to December 18 Last spring it opened on the lftth April, tha data of the previous year. Bradley Pease died some months since in Loui siana, leaving about (4,000, lor which there is no claim ant. He is said lu have been from Vermont, ami has a sister living near l.?ke Chanoplsin. If the heirs dont get the money the State will. Thick darkness must have settled upon old Berks, in Pennsylvania, lor at the late Court of quarter Me* sions in that benighted county, the gran l jury tound a true bill agsinst two children under <!even years of age for assault and battery. The jury, under direction of u,? court, (Judge Banks) brought in a verdict ol acquits!

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