Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 25, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 25, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. 3<3 -Wboii No. *IT7. NEW YORK, TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 25, 1845. Prte? Two Ctnili THE NEW YORK HERALD JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation?Forty Thousand. DAILY HKR \ Ll>? Every day. Price 2 cents |?w oopf?T I'j Xx-r inn 11 id -pay tlil" in iulvnnce _ - WKKLY IlKltALO?Kvery Saturday-Price 0,1* cents pe. copy?$:( ceits per annum?1> uyabl# in tdy.oice. MJVKRTlSiiMfcNTS at the 'uunl price!?always ea?h i l PRINTING of h!I kinds executed with beau tr and despate. O" All letters or commuuicatitMis, by mail, addressed t< the establishment. must be post psid, or tie iiosiage will be ducted frmii the luhfcription money '?''P'.'Jffl,...,? J.4MK3 GORDON BKNNKTT, Proprietor oI the Nt-w Vof* Hrast.n E''uxuvt, LONG ISLAND RAiLtlOAD COMPANY CHANGE OF HOURS TRAINS RUN AS FOLLOWS. Commencing ou Monday, Septi-mber 15th, 1815. Leave New York?A'. 7 o'clock, A. M., Boston Train fur Greenport, daily, Sum nv? ? ?cepied, stoppiug ?t H'aimiugdale and St. George's Manor. Leave Brooklyn? At 9% A. M ,'or Farming lale and intermedi ate places, daily Sundays excepted, and on Tuesdays, Thursdays aad Saturdays, through to Greenport end intermediate placet. " " at 4 P. M., for Fariniugdale and intermediate place*, daily, Sunday* excepted Leave Greenpoit?Uoston Train, at 4 o clo k, P. M ? ir on the arrival ol" the steamer from Norwich, daily, SundhTs excepted, stopping at St. George's Manor and Farmingdale. " " at 8 oclock, A. M.; Accommodation Train, on Mondays, Weduesdavs and Kridays. Leave Farmingdale?Kor Brooklyn ,at ft?? o'clock, A. M., and I P. M., daily, Sundays excepted". , Leave Jimaica?For Br >oUlyn, at 8 o'clock, A. M. md l< P. M., daily rtnnd.ays eicepted. Fare to Bedford 8 cents; K.ast New York 12K; RaceCourse 18^; Trotting I'nurse 18* ;> lamaica 25; 3rushvillc 31)^; rfyde Park 17 miles 37V?; 'lowsville, (during seJiion Court,) 37>\; IIi\erhv:i'l 1 t< 11B; Jaruesport I t>2H; Mattetuck 1 62K", Oul rhogae 1 62%; Southohl 1 02%; Ureeuport, Acc'u. train, 1 75; Greenport by Boston Train 2 00. Stages are in readiness ou the arrival of Trains at the several H'ations, to take passengers at very low Fares, to all parts of the Island Baggage Orates will be in readiness r.t the loot of Whitehall street, to receive Baggage for the several Trains, 30 inmates be fore the hour of starting from the Brooklyn r.ide. The Steamer Statesman leaves Greeupwrt for Sag H irbor twite each day on tlie arrival of the Trains from Brooklyn nfirc MAIL. LINE FOR BOSTON. .Y OVER THE LONG ISLAND HAIL ROAl), VIA NEW LONDON, NORWICH WORCESTER. At 7 o'clock in the Morning, from the Foot of Whitehall ,ueet, South Fsrry?Sundays excepted. Way Crates are in readiness to receive baggage for New London, Norwich and Worcester. Baggage for Boston goes through under lock. ju!6 tl rc KALE1GH AND GASTON 11AILK.OAL) KOR SALE. ON MONDAY, the 29th day of December next, by virtue ofa decree of the Court of Fatuity for Wake County, at its Autumn Session, 1845, in a suit of thu Governor, for the use of the State of North Carol ina, to foreclose a Mortgage Ihei'e 'tofore executed bvthe Raleigh and Gaston Railroad ( ompany, to indemnify the State against certain liabilities for said C om pany. I will sell at puonc Auction, at me Court House door in the city of Raleigh, to the highest bidder, the whole property of the Ralt-igli and Gaston Railroad Company aloresaid,(so far as the s.nne is kuowu to me,) consisting of87 miles ol Bail road, reaching from the City of Raleigh to Gaston on the North side of the Boanoake river, in the direct line of public conv yance to Petersburg, City Point, Richmond. Washington City, Baltimore, Stc &c., together with nil Bridges. Dejiots, ?Workshops and Tools, Warehouses Water Stations, Engines, 4'ars, fcic Stc. Also, the stock of Iron. Lumber, and hire AVood. which may then beon hand, and all other articles own ed and used by the said Company for keeping up said Railroad, and transportati n on the same. From the nature of the pro perty it will be sold en musst. The purchasers, by the terms of the Decree, and the Actol the Legislature in relation to it, will become, ipso facto, a body corporate, liv the n ime and style ol the present Company, and will acquire all tli-franchise, privileges, rights and tillmu nities now possessed by it, for the term of 80 years, which its charter lias yettoruu. These franchises and privileges are of the most advantageous kind to the Comjaniy. and may be fonuu at laige in their charter, contained in the 2d Volume of the Revised Statutes of North Caruliua, lagc 299, which ij t' be seen at the Seats of Government, and in most ol the ruhlic Libraries of the States ol the Union. 4 . The whole purchase money must hear interest, atthc rate ol t per cent-per annum, froin iheilav ol sale, and be paid as fol lows, to wit: S25.0U0 at the i-niJ of six months, and ih? residue in four instalments, at intervals of ten months each?say lsl,29t.h June, 1846, $25,000 . 2d, 29tfl April, 1817, ore-fnurthof the remainder. 3d, 29th February. 1848, one-fourtn of do. 4th, the "Jflth of December, 1818, one-fourth of do 5th, tii e29th of Oct >ber, 1849, one-lourll-of do. The cost of this H olroad anil i-s appurtenances, completed only live years since, was $1 600,0<'fc?one hall of which we borrowed; creating a debt hearing interest, on failure to pay winch, a sale has hecoine necessary. The grading, bridge*, depots, Stc. are executed in an evcelleiil style ol workmanship On h run daily over i', carrying the Mail of the United States, (it heii.g a part of the Southern Metropolitan route,) at a cnm nsstion of $100 per mi'e, or $3,700 i*r au .uin And, traver a fertile region of country throngh ?arly its wlioit ,vi, its freights for the transportation oi Prouuce and Mer Wii*, independently of the receipts from Passengers, afford .?iderablt addition to the orilinnry sources ol l.ridits on ?ads Though not, now, yielding u profit on the larg? sum peudi'd in its construction, its income lias iieeu mere lor -,ome time pa?t, slid it is confidently believed I hat it would produce a reasonable return upon a more moderate amount ol capital invested in its purchase. . . , I The salf w ill be made Without re?rve. at the time and place aforesaid, at which those inclined to purchase, arc respectfully '"The purchase money must be securedby bond with aiiproved ,urrtie"- CHAllLKS L. H1NTON, Public Trt.isurer of the S;ate of North ? aroliuij, and Special Commissioner of the Court of rajnity, in this cause. Raleigh, N. C., October 6, 1815 . try The following paiwrs will insert the foregoing adver tisement Oil day*, and forward their bills for payment, with a IMP-r containing the same, to the subscriber: Bastou Atlas, Slew York Herald. Baltimore Patriot, rhiladelphia U. Slates Gazette, Richmoud Enquirerifnd Richmond Whig. Charleston Courier. Mobile Advertiser, New Orleans Picayune, and N.C. Standard. l-" "? ol3 2m m CENTRAL RAIL ROAl J FROM SAVANNAH TO MACON. g l# ?_ 1USTAJSCK lft) MILES. THIS ROAD it open for the transportation of Passengers and Freight. Rates ol Passage t 00 Rates of Kreigbt V17. ; On weight goods generally Ml cents per hundred. Qu mcasurem?i.i goods 13 cents per cubic foot. On barreb wet (except inola&ses -iid oil) SI Ml per barrel. O.i barreli dry (except lime) 80 cents per barrel. On iron in pigs or ban, casting for mills ami unboxed rn .chinery.,. 40 cents f?r hundred. On hhds a id pipes of liquor not over 120 callous ...$?> OOperhhd. On hhds molasses aud oil.. li 00 " Uoods addressed to K. Winter, Agent, forwarded free o commission. THOMAS PURSE, til 3m rc Oen'l. Snp't.Transportation. TO WESTERN TRAVELLERS. Exlftk? AND I'lONEfcli PACKKT LINK, From Philadelphia to Pittsburgh via the Pennsylvania Hai! roadsand Canal?through in 3S (lay*. The above line is now in fall operation and offer* ureal inducements lo persons who wish a pleasant mode of travelling to the west. The cari are built in the most approved modern style, the boats ?re fitted up in a superior mnuuer,aml every effort it made by the proprietors to condnce to ihe cv infort and convenienre of travellers. _ Th? iceuerv on this route is unrivalled, nnd the Stat clfcin of Pennsylvania internal improvements is well wot y oi being seen. fly this reute passengers nveid all the fatigues and d.i:i(rers at lemlant upon sujje travelling, andatthe same time make an ex pedition trip. The cars leave every moruingat 7 o'clock. Passengers are nd rited to engage their ibices at Philadelphia. Office in I'hiladel rhia N. K. corner or Cheanut and Kourtli streets, and at Not. 3 ami li South Third sti A. CUMMJNOS, Ag- nt. Philadelphia, May 17, 1845. Kor information, tu the city of .New York, apply to B. II. KN1SJCLL, Agent lor mvIT Sm'rrc D. LRICN kCO 'ilinr 7 We?t ?t. N rt. _____ STATEN ISLAND FERRY, FOOT OK WHITEHALL STK.EKT. O i and after Monday, Noveaiber I0t!i, the boats on this Ker ry, will leave New York and tttaten Island as follows until further notice:? heave Hut en Inland. Leave New York. 8'? A. M. 9 A. M. 1? do II do 12 M I P.M. ? M- v* do 4M an , 5 do N. fl ?All freight at the ri?k of the owners thereof. NOTICE?HOUR CHANGED. THJC U. S. MAIL LINK KOR ALBANY and the Intermediate Landing,. on ,nd a|tcr W.dncsday, Oct 2Sd. will leave the loot of Barclay street lor Albany, Daily,at 4 P. M. instead ol' five, as heretofore. ,,22 ~17vv YORK, AUiANV Aril) TROY Ua l " >OR ALBANY AND TROY DIRKCT. from the pier at the foot ol Courtlmdt ? ?? ifcjfc?uree|. th, I asssnpers taking this boat will arrive in tunc lo takeorih Morning Train of Cars from Troy west to iiuffalo, and n (o Saratoga aud Lake (ieorge The low presto re steamboat KMPIRK, Captain II. B. Ma ry rveiy TlMfcy. Thursday and HatUlday at ti o'clock The steambw COLUMBIA, Captain l'ec*,rvery Wofd'.y, W?da?sd?y and Knda* afternoon, at B o'clock, e ir passage .i rf igbt apply oa board, or to (J. Clark, af the ?rh?rt Freight tal en on the laott reasonable terms. Kr.-ight mnst he put in charge of ill !? retain Agent, or tin company will not he responsible lor I'.ss N-i freight taken after So'cjoclK pem dAUtVEKtlfes ANU CAT8KIL. ... Sr1--*!. AA ? I'HK Splendid Steamboat JAM US M A111 /iL SON. I apt K. J. Copperly, will leave the foot .d ir street, every Monday, Wednesday, ??(! .-aturoay at Co clock, I >1. I or IreiglRor paa?i<ge, ap| f? ai boaid.orto.O. K VVainwright, Agent, on the whar' ?i im*mc JOHN IIKRDMAN St CO . United States ?u?J 'at Brit i i and Ireland Emigrant Office, 61 South street, .New York HIRDMAN. Ki. EN AN & C ... Liver,.00]. Passage to ami from (ir^?t on ui ami Ireland I VIn Liver: ool) by the regular Packs* Ships si i ngevery five da>a. Tli 'subscribers in c-lliig the?ttiti .n of old countrymen and the pul>lie generally to their ni'tqilllod arrangements for bringing i.ut pa?aeogers from the old country. h> k to state tint after tlis v>?r the busi eisnfthe House ?t Liverpool will be conduct' u by iti Branch. Th?lMtiding for th? ir friends will ht bee the groat ltnHiirtai ce of t >is urmtt^imrnt, a ? if will preclude an itlli.'ecetaary de'av of the emigrant The aliipa ?in ployed in thi? Line are <ill known to be ihe li'it and la geat class, comuiauded by men < f"-rperietiee; mil as they uxil every five days, tin offer every fuc Iitv that eairbe ftirnifhed. With thou- ?'i|?eriof err uigemeiits. the su i?cribe'a look forward for a Continuation of that patro> :-fe which has been *0 libeially it teui'ed to tliem for ao many years past. In case auv of those engtged do not embark, thr |im.i? inoue'.* will be refunded''* customary. For farther particular' arplv by letter, postpaid j HKhDMAN & CO.. nl South street. New Vork. HKHDMAN, KKKNAN St CO.. Liverpool. N. B.?Draft* for anv amoun' can at usual he famished, payi.Me nt all the principal Banking I"Stitutious throughout the Unit, d Kingdom. on application aa 1 bo* e 1 21rc. FOJ{. NEW OHLKANS LOUISIANA AND NEW YORK LINK OK PACKKTS It is intended to <liai>arch a ahip Irom this port 011 the lit, 6lh lltb, liitli. 2l*t anil 26th of each month, cotum--iiciiig lit Octo ber ?nd continuing until May, wlwn regular days will b- ap pointed for the remainder of the year, whereby great delays and null disappointments will be prevented during the summer mouths. The following ships will commence this arrange ment:? Ship Clifton, Captain lugersoll. Ship I'eiiuesse,... Captain Pray. Ship Shakspeare. .Captain Cornell. Ship ouisville . .Captain Hunt. Ship Genesee ... Oplain Miuo*. Ship Oswego ... Caption Wood, Ship Damascus.. C'plain Blis< Ship Sartelle ... Captain Taylor. These ships we e all built expressly for packets, are ol light draft of water, have recently been newly copiiered and put in splendid order, with accommodations for passengers unequalled for ctmfort; they are commanded by experienced masters, who , will make every exertion to give general satisfaction. They : will at all times be towed up and dowu the Mississippi by steam boats. Neither the captini or owners of these ships will be responsible for jewelry, bullion, precious stores,ailver or plated ware, or for any letters, parcels or packages sent by or put ou board of them, unless regular bills of ladiug are taken for the same, at the value thereon expressed. E. K. COLLINS St CO., 56 South st or JAS. K. WOODRUFF. Agent in New Orleans, who will promptly forward all goods to hia addresa. The ships of this [me are warranted to sail punctually aa ad vertised, and great care will be taken to have the goods cor rectly measured. s24rc ItEGULAR U. S. MAIL LINES HETWEhJN CINCINNATI AND LOUISVILLE. MORNING LINK at !0 o'clock A. M. BEN FRANKLINNe.7, J. B- Summons, t .master. I'IKK No. II, J Armstrong, master. EVENING LINK ate o'clock P M. SIMON KKNTON, W. McClaiu, master. -BI'.N FRANKLIN No. 6, W. McClellau, master. These beats, forming two daily lines, will run regularly, lea ving punctually at the hour, and will take freight and paaaen gers to and from intermediate landings, at the uau I ratea. Freight will be received for these lines at the Mail Wharf Boat, loot ot Broadway. Kvery effort will be used to accommodate shippers and paa ? enters. STRADKR St GORMAN, ) ollm?rrc_. ROGERS St SHKRLOCK, PACKET HOR MARSKILLKS?Of 1st Dec"? ? The ship CORIOLiNQl), Captain James Haile, ?will sail as above For freight or passage apply to BOV D ?t HINCKEN, Agents, 9 Touti t buildings, or t> CHAMBKRLAIN St PHELPS, n21rc 103 Front street. FOR SALK, FKH IGHT OH CHARTKH.?The ?CKMfVvery fast sailing packet ship LOUISVILLE, 513 tons, IrraWrili"?' 1000 bales New Orleans Cotton; was built in tFiia city, with live oalt and locust top; newly coppered aud liatent felted. Has handsome accommodation* for 24 passen gers. Apply to K. K COLLIinS St ( O. o30 ?6 South street, i FOR L1VKKPOOL?ISi-w Line?Regular Punnet of the 26th Nov.?The elegant fast sailing Packet jSliiu ROSCIIIS, A. Eldridge, master, of 110(' tons, will s al ar. above, her regular day. (Tor freight or passage, having accommodations unequalledfor ipieiidor or comfort apply on board, at Orleans wharf,foot >1 Well street, or to E K. COLLINS St CO., 56 South stre-t Price of passage $100 i '1 ne elegant fast sailing packet ship Siddons, K. B. Cobb 1 master, of 1100 tons, will succeed the Roscius aud sail 26th | Dec., her regular ibiv o30 filt&r LONDON LINK OF PACKKTS.?Packet ofth". |yr3TjfV 'r' ember?The splendid packer ship PRINCE asHtaBa ALBERT, Wui S Srbor, master, will nil as above, lit i regit I ml day. Having superior accommodations for cabin, second cabin and .reerage paaseugers, persons wishing to embark should mailt I iinmetli.ite application on board, foot of Maiden lane, oi I t" the subscriber, JOSKPH McMURRAV, < orner < f I'ine and Snurh streets, New York. The Packet Ship ST. JAM" S, F R Myer, master, will su?: coed the PRINCE ALBERT, and sail on the first of January lier regul-r day. 1' S ? Persona wiahing to send for friends, ran have them arnufclit on1 to thj* country by the above splendid ship, or an> if the line, sailn g from London ou the ?th, Jib ana 27th ol ! etci tno.ith by applying ??above. ui5n ~ PACKETS~ FOR STaVR K?Second Line ? ? The packbtship BALTIMORE. Copt John Johnson ?jr. will sail oo the 1st ot Decemo* r. Kor fiei^lit oi ai-age apply to ? BOVP St HINCKKN, tiUre N.. a T'?itm> ?n i.liui:. n.'i ??V.ll.t, KOlt SAl.f., lui (.OM. i'.l..V?l b, ? Lin# of Livi ri ooi r ? k< ts, c of the jH' .viius, JSkKIous, Mi^r.clni and CiArnck. They wt*rt Hull in ,us city i>\ liiYttu &. wiih n.utu i! rare*, tor mo Jt lit, iiialfriaU ( \ very larK'- proportion ol their fiamt-s beiiiK live oak) and workin.uiship, they are iPi?urpa&?r<Jf if not uue uu.illedL Salted on the stocks hu?i re*seited every veer since Their accommodations f??r p ifl?ei?uers are very extensive mid Uai'dHOfiifly iurni^hed. Anply to oil tC. h. COLLINS 6l CO., 56 flouth tt PILOTING. OWtN flltSi/OrT, Pilot ortweenthe port of N V|3HrV York,and all tlir- Eastern pun* to U iston,Sag Harbor, 4tia?SKm'New London, 8t.?niimtoii, New|io't,ProviilcnCe,.\evi Hvulonl,Nantucket Sh'als.and k!I pinii ?s far I '.astasthi*Ki'nne Uo KlVer. Orders left at H. L Shnw s Nautical Store, corner a Beekman and Wurr vre?-t, or to Adams' Kx press, Boston, three rays before wanted. N B?Takes charge as Planter, if required. Satisfactory re iv.i'iice. htc.. he. 1114 2w?mc , iyL- KOU LI VKRfOOL? Keguiar Packet of fitu Dec mHh^?The splendid packet slnp A8HBUHTON. Wm SWbiISb I lowland, master,will sail us above, being tier regu I ir day. Having very su|icrioraccommodations for cabin, second Ca bin and sleerag* passeugers, persons wishing to embiik - hull Id make early application on hoard, foot of Maiden lane, i r to JOSEPH McMUHKAV, Corner of Pine and South streeis, N. Y. The new and elegai t packet ship Henry Clay, K/ra Nye, mos'er, will succeed the Asiibur on, and sail tlie 6th of Janus ry. her regular day. P. S?Persons wishing to send f r their friends, can have them brought out on the most reusable terms, by the above plendnl puckers. by applying as abov e. nl.'irc s*l tvUSP. MILL* DTABLP.b, Kdi street, betweei. jLiaO'Al and 3d Avenues, aud nearly opposite Bull's Head ' *? ln*' arrived from the country, and for sale at tin lLiovestables, 80 Horses, among which are four fast trotting norses, 2 fast pacing do., several pairs farm horses, some tint cart loraes, a lew good road and stage horses, and shippers. ?3 2m'rrc It. H. NORTHllur. Proprietor r? l'HK KALLoTVLt. Oh UKMTL&MKN'S flats are J^fcnow ready for the season, 1843,which for llghtm ss and su lienority ot color cannot besur|>as*ed,which is a very im|K>rtant part ol the HAT, retaining the color till it is worn out. Any urtn le sold in this establishment is never misrepresented, bnt mild lor what it is. Also, the tail style of Boy's aud Chil dren's Caps, of various patterns. Oentlrinen can have their hats m ule to ordir, in any shape or style they wish. N. B.?A full assortment ol ladies'Furs. C. KNUX, 110 Fulton street, o27 Irit'roil r between William and Nassau streets. HUBERTSON'S PHCENIX n i&? HAT AND CAT MANUFACTORY, jA* 103 (Tnllun Mt., between William and Kaasnn, The success which has attended the efforts of the Proprietor of this establishment to introduce into use a superior article at an extremely low price encourages In in to make increased ex ert |r us tn merit the patronage of the public. The |?-culi?rity of his system of conducting business consists in the establish ment ol the most rigid economy in ita various departments, as well as in an invariable adherence to "cash on delivery," re- ' lieved fn.m theopnressive expt-nccs of the more extravagant ; crafuineii of Broadway imd subjected to none of those losses Which are the certain accompaniment of the "credit i rinciple." , He is enabled to offer the different articles in his line atthe following reduced rates:? HATS. KirstCinality NutriaFur, $:i,iO I Kirst Quality Moleskin, $3.00 S.cond do do do 3,0(11 St c .ud do do 2,60 CAPS. Hirst Quality Cloth . .tl,50 Second do do. . 1 ?0 Third do do "J nl lm*r 1 a O.IK fKIC?.-BHO\VN * CO. MChinham square, | corner of Mott st. wish to inform the public ol their recent improvement in the manufacture ami finish ot their ; THIIKK UOLLAR HATS, which retain a beau ti In I rich lustre, aud will compare well with those more costly. The ! proprietors are confident that they can furuish Mats far superior j to any heretofore sold for the Same price. A full assortment of Kanry Knrs, also I" ur <'.loth; Mohair, tilaeed, 8|ik and Fnncy CArS, several new patterns, much admired, sold at reduced ; pi if- ?. wholesale ai.d r tail. o38 llll'mc LARUE SALES AND SMALL PROFITS. HATS FOR i 54 ON and after Wednesday, November 19th, the sobscri- i ber will be prepared to furnish Hats at the above price, I superior to any ev< r before offered to he pnhlic. MILLS, 171 Broadway, n111 Iwis'rc Howard ? Hotel JfKEMlUM Hums. J KINK FRENCH BOOTS for #3 50, city made, and for style and durability, they are enual to those sold in other stores lor >.V Fine r rencli Premium Imperial Diess Boots for $< SO, equal to those now in other stores for $6 or S7, at VOUNO Si JONEU French Boot and Shoe manufactory, one olihe most fashionable establishments in this city. Our boots having beenjudged in the late Fair at Niblo's, are said to be ihe best boots lor the price ever sold in this conutiy. Also, a superior new sttle French Dancing Oaiters, and overshoes, constantly on InOid. All goods warranted to give satisfaction. Boots and Shoes mule to order in the shortest notice Mending done in the ?tore. YOUNO it JONES,4 Anostreet, n7 lui'rc near Broadway, New \ ork. W MUAFS, MUFFS AND FIJKS. K would those Sdiee who supplied them i i "iJif1 Muffs, tn call at WM COOPK.R'O h urSnres. anil look al his ustensive assortment ol Fancy Hurs.and we wiH aisinu ihem that they will Hnil his Muffs not alone superior but cheaper than any other .toie in the city. ? " m- Voojwr'a Fur Manufttetoritt, Isat 04 Bowery. 5 doom above Walker street?and 0') Maiden Liiie.iicar OoldiiTwt. . B.?All rur? boiiyhr mr |,|? Rtorox maritnt?(l to l? wl-tt tJh?y rrvrmm^l MI4 jw?r Highly Important from tl?e Knm U-Wc?t. Mfmfhis, Nov. li, 1^4.1. Proceeding* of the Cuuventiun. Ki?st Dav.?Here wo are, all primed for the great Con. ventiou which assembles this A. M. at 11 o'clock, in the Methodic Church. F.very nook aud corner of the city is filled. .Many thousand persona are here, who never be fore saw this flourishing city. Among the prominent de legate* already arrived, in C. C. Clay, of Alabama ; Bell, Jonea, Koster, Gadson, Ashley, J. 0. Calhoun is morru nturily expected. The steamer Maria, which is to bring him up the river, is uow due; from hi-; apartment* at the Qayosco House to the levee,a continuous train has been kept up since ten o'clock last night. He will be the great magnet of the convention ; from many dele gates ofevery party and faction hat e I heard the remark, that ufion his own desiros will rest his future elevation? that this convention can and will, if necessary make him the next President of the Union. The universal fueling to break through all paity lines and unite iu onolgrMt band I the whole south and west is indescribable fclvery city , , town and hamlet from l'ittsburg to Now Orleans, and ! from the Lakes to Charleston, are fully represent^ 1. and I with the ablest men, selected iuditcrinmtely from all parties. An effort has been made at Washington to attach to th!s convention a party cast. At tin head of this move stands Col. Benton?he wrete several letters to the /tanli of .Missouri, warning them to keep aloof from it, that it was a whig man<euvre;but 1 have found hut two solitary persons who heeded his advice, whilst many of his most zealous personal and political Irtends are here using every effort to turther the convention. For the purpose of informing you fully of tho origin of this convention, 1 n ill stuto ? that on the Hth of May last, a worthy secluded planter, by name of Kuften, of North Mississippi, wrote to the Memphis Enquirer, a communi cation setting forth the grievance* under which the planters labored. From tnis a meeting was called at Memphis, at the back of which cams Captain Bingham of Arkansas, setting forth the grievances of his State in relation to the wretched state of the bridges across the main streams. From this another meeting was held Then came the great call for a convention. Issued by Dr. L. Shanks of Memphis, sotting forth all the grievances ; of the South-west This convention met on the 4th of ? July last, and after deliberating for two days, adjourned I over to this day. The questions for tho consideration of the convention are theie : ? Upon the military and naval resources and defences of the West aud South ; the improvement of the Western rivprs ; the improvement of tho Ohio Iliver ; tile con nection of the Illinois River with the Lakes by a t-hip canal ; the Westorn armory ; the military road from I Memphis through Arkansas to tho lrontier; the f rts i an.l defences of the We-tern Indian frontier; Westorn mails; marine hospitals on tho Western waters;levying and reclaiming the public low lands of the Mississippi ami other large Western rivers ; the railroad connection between the South Atlantic States aud the Mississippi River ; the agriculture of tho South, and manufactures in the South. Great caucusing is going on this morning for the presidency of the convention. Shanks will decline serving. Boll will be a candidate ; but the strong feeling is to select a man as little identified with paity politics as possible. Tiuly " Westward the star of empire taken its way."' Ten o'clock?tho mail is closing and so must i. Nov. 13, 184S. SkcoNo Dav.?Mr Calhoun was received in tUe city yesterday with a warmth and enthusiasm which has sel dom been accorded to any public, man in the nation.? j Hundreds and thousands lineil .he bluffs and thronged the avenues which approached them, sending up shouts and deafening huz/.ahs. The steamer in which he came passenger from New Orleans, was met by another sent out by the citizens of Memphis, with a band of music on hoard anil a dense crowd of individuals, including a large representation of the fair sex of the Western valley.? The two boats met amid the roar of cannon, the shouting of the multitude, Ihe waving of hats and handkerchiefs, and when Mr. Calhoun approached the quarter deck alone, and uncovered, and stood erect there to receive these hearty greetings, it was a sight more imposing, and longer to be held in recollection, than riiiy thing we have ever witnessed. The Mayor of Memphis received Mr Calhoun at the Gayosco House, where accommoda tions were provided for him, with a handsome and corn plimentary speech, to which Mr. Calhoun rosponded with much feeling. He was called upon by delegates Irom every section of'the South and West, and inter changes of cordiality and friendship were passed during the evening. Yesterday was fixed for tho first of the Convention's ses sion, but Mr. Calhoun, end a large num ber of other delegates, not having arrived at the fixed hour, and not arriving until lato in the day, no perma nent organization of the Convention took place. The body, however, had two short and unimportant sessions. The Chairman of the Committee to provide officers nade its renort, and in their nomination Mr. Calhoun was I unanimously elected President of tho Convention Theru seemed to be but one opinion on the subject from all i sides, with the exception of the delegates from South j Carolina, who. we learn, wero at first averse to the no- j mi nation, and disposed to keet> Mr. Calhoun on the Door, | where they supposed he could act with leas constrain anil more effect. It was thought, too, that evil disposed rnirnls might seize upon it to be turned into political ca pital. But these strong scruple-i of tho Carolina dele gates were, at last, overcome by the universal sentiment j of the body, and ihey yielded, at last, to the general votco. The Convention win then organized ns follows : -- JOHN C CALHOl'N, of S. C., President. Vick-I'kciidknt? Dr. Ja? Overton, Tenn.; Co" Jno H lima, Kentucky ; Col. Wm. Strong. Ark. ; Gen Roger Uarton, Miss.; < a|>t. II. M Shreeve, Mo.; lion f'lement < Uy, Ala ; Hon Oliver J..Morgan, La; Major.Alex. Black, S. C. ; Gen. Leonard White, II ; Dr Richstd Sneed, N. C,; J. L. Hawkins. F.sq, Oliio ; Hon Wm Burch, Indiana ; Gen. H C. Dodge, Iowa ; B. I). Minor, Ksq Vanillin Skchkiaku.s?Col. C. F. Nolmd, Arkan.; Col. J. O. Hinis, Tenn ; ( ol. A. B. Chambers, ^o.; J. D. B De How, S. F. A. Lunnden, La.; T. B Unnker, Ohio. Other delegates appeared and took their splits in the body; among them are six, eight or ten from Now Or ie.itio and Louisiana at large The members iiom South arolinu appearing this m?ming were Messrs. Gadsden, Black, Magwood, Gatewood, Jr>ca, Trescott end De How. ( ol. Gadsden, having power to lill vacancies, ap pointed Copt. P. Calhoun, ot the Army, n younger son of vlr. i alhoun, to take a place amoDg the delegates from ? ii.itlet-ton, and his name was accordingly enrolled t'hoio will bo all the delegates that will appear from South Carolina. Marshals?Gen. J. F. Partington*; Lewis C. Trezc vant, and W. B. Morris, The thanks of the Convention having been tendered to the Hon. K. J. Shields, for the able and efficient manner in which his dutiei, as chairman had been discharged, lion. J. C. Cai.hohm was then conducted to the Chair, j and addressed the meeting iu an appropriate and impres- ; sive manner for about tnree-quarters of an hour. He j commenced by referring to the vast resources of the South and West, and stated that the development ol these I resources constituted the legitimate object of the Con- ; vention. The territory embraced in the valley of the ' Mississippi, and that situated on the Gulf, and so far along the Atlantic coast as was appropriated to the cul- l tivation of tobacco, cotton, rice, Kto., was deeply interest- ' ed in whatever might promote the increase ol these pro- , ducts, and the more general intercourse of its people, i This, ho said, brought him to the rail-road system which j he advocated as the best, and for lighter and moro ex- , pmirive nrticles, the cheapest mode of transportation, i In connection with this he alluded to the delicate ques tion of how far the uid of Congro?s should be extended ; and alter saying that even could Congress, which he denied, take subscription in the stock, it was not to be desired. He thought, however, that Congress might in directly give its aid by granting each alternate section of public lands through which tho railroad might pass, as subscription. He had stated that it was to be desired that the general government should terminate as soon as possible its proprietorship of the public domain. Con ross could, secondly, extend its aid by a repeal ol tho uty on railroad iron, which would amount to $3000 per mile. Another great object, the accomplishment of which was a legitimate enil of the convention, in addi tion to a connection of the Mississippi valley with the Atlantic coast, was furnishing a line of communication botween this great valley and the valley ol the St. Law rence. lie then proceeded to a discussion ol clearing the Mississippi river and its tiihutaries ol all obstruc tions to its navigation. He assimilated tho great i iver to an inland sea, and said that it camo as fully un der tho supervision of the national Legislature ai the Atlantic coast. Tho Mississippi and its lubiitary streams formed a great artery, and any stoppage of it was sure to produce c.ommeicial convulsion 1'iococding down the Mississippi, he calle<( attention to dealing out tho bar in the liver below New Orleans, and providing lor its delence. lie then spoke of the dangers of navigation in the Gulf of Mexico, especially on uie Florida coast in the vicinity ol the Florida Keys. The defence of the Tortugas was t>y all means to be desired, and it should be placed in a state which precluded tho possi bility ol its being wrested from us He concluded by expressing a fervent wish that entire unanimity might prevail, and that should any question arise in its delib erations involving a difference of constitutional opinion, it should be passod over. After Mr. < alhoun resumed his seat, on motion of F. J. j Sm?.Li>s, it was re olved that Jefferson's Manual so far I as it is applicable, should be adopted lor the government of this ' onvention. It was settled that each State rep- I leseuted shouhl be entitled to an equal number of rotes j with the others. A resolution, and perhaps the only one of any great j importance introduced, was pasted, which provided that in all the important proceedings of the body, the States, Territories, Sic.., represented, and Texas, should have a perfect equality in voting. Novkmmba 14. i Thiro Dai. ? Tho Convention assembled at !' o'clock, and piocoeded immediately to the further enrollment ol members arrived since the last session. The sections represented, and tho number of delegates present, up to this time, are as follows : ? Kentucky -]0, Arkansas U, Missouri :<i, Alabama South l aiolina P, North Carolina I, Georgia 0. Illinois 'II, Indiana 7, Iowa 4, Texas 3, Mississippi 170, Ten nessee 23#, Virginia ft, Pennsylvania 8, Louisiana Hi.? Totrl, .*>84. 11 States represented. The lion. Clkmrkt, of Alabama, on the open ing ol the session to-day, expiessed the earnest desire that throughout nil the deliberations of the body, tho great questions upon which party division had been made thioughout the country should not be touched. Whereupon a resolution was almost unanimously pass ed in tho iifHrmanoo of this, the leading principle of the l onvention. 1). H. Minna, Ksq., of Virginia, moved lor the appoint rnent of one individual from *ach Stute on u Coflnmittoe charge'! witli the great question ol the warehousing sys tem, Which is ho.;iiiuui< now to nttra"t such general attention a.?1 upon which no much of lite ha* been ably written. On thin com .ilttHt, by the nomination ol < ol. Gadsden, William 11. I'rescott, of fJoutb l arohna, wan carolled The lelegation from Tennessee asked for and obtained permission to with Iraw, in order that they might be en abled to i'rrnnge IwIwmd themselves several ditflculties Which hud frown up in relation to the manner of casting the rote of ttint ^ta-e \ part of this d?lei{ation appeared on the part ol the General Vsembly ol Ten"????e, now in wiii4a at Na-li ille, and it was an exciting question between them and their colleagues fiom the State at largt, what posi'ion they sfiould ? e.verally assume in the Convention Mat'eis wore waged warmly, both in and out of the body, o 1 thU point, and miny thought that it would and in an immediate return home of the whole delegation But loitunately thin difficulty has been ad justed to tho satisfaction of alt parties Judge Curron, of Mississippi. ottered a series of re solutions to concentrate the action of the Convention by appointing a single Commit! e, charged witn all the matters or all subjects which are proposed to be intro duced This resolution met with warm resistance, inns much in it 1'eiiclied upon the province ol'the variou* im portant committees which had been appointed, many of whom were prepared with elaborate reports. Col Gads den, of South Carolina, heartily opposed the resolution, and upon a call ot tho Status being made, it was lost ; n large majority of the States voting against it. South Carulina among the number. A gentleman from Illinois, objecting to the government having any thing t? do u ith internal improvements,made some reflections upon Mr. Calhoun's entitling the Mis sissippi riwr at: internal *ea, and thus underttie jurisdic tion ol the government He thought that such lax con struction would sweop in other modes of communication, viz: railroads, if they happened to pass through several States. II i said that Illinois was opposed to the govern men' interfering in relation to the Mississippi, hut in this lie was at once corrected by almost the whole of her de legation present. Mr. Calhoun, at this point, rose from the chair, and con fessed himself happy at an opportunity of making himself properly understood by all the members of the Couven lion He was hostile to any system of internal improve ment to bo conducted I>y the government. His expe rience as a legislator had afforded him iull opportunity to witness the powerful local interests which could be brought into operation, and the system of "log rolling" with which it was connected. The general government had expended 16 or 17,000 000 dollars for works,which, if thrown into the market,would not bring $1,000 000. He considered, ho waver, the defences and fortifications of the Mississippi river as a different matter. It was a national question ?national in the constitutional and fed erative sense. In no other sense could ours be consid ered as a national government. It was a community of nations, and not a nation But, as Mr. Calhoun's views on those heads are to well understood, wo need not go at any length into their exptession here. The Convention spent the rest ol the day in filling out the different Com mittees, who are to report to-motrow. Tho afternoon session was very short. The Commit tee on the Military Arkansas Road, rono ted and recom mended an appropriation of two hunurcd thousand dol lire, to be appropriated by the general government lor this purpose; but on motion of flon. Mr. Clay, of Ala., their report was referred to tue Committee on Military Defences. On motion, Genl. Gaines, of Louisiana, was unani mously added to the list of Vice 1'residents of tha Con vvntion. Tho Convention adjourned at half-past four o'clock, and tho various committees meet to-night. There is considerable jealousy between the cities of Vicksburg, Natchez, Memphis, Nashville, itc., in relation to our Western Kailroad. Each of them is loud ir advocacy of a terminus to ltbelf exclusively, and sends delegates in structed to that effect, with engineers, surveys, and im portant statistical facts; but as the committee on this sub ject embraces members fr un all ol these sections, we may expect some union ol'measures, and rest in satisfac tion of having the lailrondto the Mississippi at all events, at whatover point it may strike it. lifl'alrii In 'l'cxn??ProgrcM of the New State. ?Ancient ltuiim, ?ste., dfcc. [Krom Texan papers to Nov. 12, received at the Herald Office.] The re1 urns thnt have been received lrom n large num Iter of the most populous counties of Texas, leave 110 longer a doubt that the new Constitution lias been adopted'by au immense majority of the people of the whole Republic. We are inclined to believe that there never has been a Constitution ot a new State in the Ame lican Confederacy adopted with as much unanimity as the new Constitution ol Texan. The next step to be taken liy the |ieople of Texas, is the election of the offi cers ol the State Government according to the provisions ol the new Constitution A Governor, Lieutenant Go vernor, and members of the State Legislature are eleuled on the third Monday in December next. The trade with the Mexican settlements on the Rio Grande is rupiiil) extending. Parties of Mexican tra ?leis are almost daily ainving at the towns on the ex treme western frontier ; and there are scarcely goods sufficient to supply ttio demand Several laige droves ot horses and mules have lately been driven into Corpus Chriati him) Victoria tor sale. It is expected that the army on the Nuuces will soon be supplied with cattle lrom the devtcan ranches on the Rio Grande and Sel < olorado. The Mexicans who have visited the Ameri can camp expiess great satisfaction that the army is sta tioned so near them, and tliey often express the desiie .hat this ai iiiy will soon he stationed directly on the llio Grande. Kven many of the Mexicans resi ling west of tuat Ktoiim, say that tney would he rejoiced if tney could ha prMctad by the American govei nincnt. They have been so olten Harassed and plundered by the Mexican soldiery, qualified iu their towns nnd villages that they would gladly submit to a government that would afford them protection and security of peteou and pro perty. It is worthy of remark that hundreds of farms on the Rio Giaurle, and along the fertile valleys ot its western tributaries, have been deserted, 'i'ueir owners were so olten subjected to the extortions and ex actions 01 tue military commandants in that section, that tney weie gradually snipped of all their move able property. The people in that section have suffered more !ro..i their own troops than from the ravages ol all) 1 enemy. They enjoy at tuis time a tempoiaiy peace, , as the dissensions in tho intenoi have detained the lioop* 1 tliat were 011 the march to the irontier ; and the military lenders now on the Rio Grande, louring another revolu tion. are compelled to treut the people ol the eastern pro vinces with kiuduoss and courtesy. The bands of li censed robbers mat were accustomed to scour the coun try on the east bank ol tho Rio Giunde. have been with Jiawri, or been frightened away by our spy companies that now range west of the Nueces. Mr. Kaulmtin, our Charge d'Altaires to the United States, tinning that he would not be recognized in his official capacity by I'resident I'olk, has gone to Pennsyl vania, his native Siate, probably on a visit to his rela- j lives. We learn that Mr. Buchsiian, the American Sec retary ot State, and Maj. Donelson, both endeavored to ' persuade President Polk to receive Mr. Kaufman as j Charge d'Aflaires of Texas, but in vain. Some of the ' editors ol the demociatic papers express apprehensions that the tefusal ot their President to receive Mr. Kauf- j man in his official capacity, may irritate the people of ! Texas and have an injurious effect upon annexation. These apprehensions are all founded in error. The peo- > pie ol Texas are entirely indifferent upon this subject, I and care as little whether Mr. Kaulman is recognized 11s ! Charge as they care whether Mr. Birney or Abby Kol- I som is nominated by the abolitionists for the presidency. | Col. Suiveiy has discovered three large stone houses ; neat the sources of the Leoua, in Milam County, about j h i miles west ol Bryant's Fort, 011 Little River. They are situated in a beautiful and fertile valley which opons j between tho rugged anil bleak hills that lie towards the mouth of tho Leona, and connects the undulating region of the Little River with the undulating region that sur- j rounds tlitf sources of the Leona These houses arc j similar to those in liexar, and like them are built in the Moorish style of architecture, with flat roofs. Thei. ' walls aie still in u good state ot preservation, although they appear to have stood for more than a.centuiy. They j are placed in the form of a triangle, a house being at each of its extremities. When discovered, there were ariows or pointers 011 the roof of each house. < olonel Suiveiy noted the direction of these pointers, and found traces of an old forge at the point where lines extending lrom the pointers would meet. We Had no notice ot 1 these buildings on any ol the old maps of Tesas, hut it is evident from their resemblance to the old Spanish buildings at liexar and Goliad, that they were erected 1 by Spaniards; and it is quite probable that they formed . a part ol tho chain of " Missions " that extended from | the Rio Grande to Nacogdoches. Kuture oxplora- 1 tions will probably disclose many other buildings 01 a similar description in the interior of Texas, aud far above the present line ol settlements. We regret that 1 the records of these old missions cannot be found in Texas. Thero were many valuable papers preset ved in the archives of the city 01' Bexar, which contained tho history of several of the early settlements formed by the Spaniards in Texas; but they were noarly all de stroyed during the war. The soldiers weie accustomed to use them as w aste paper; and tho Mexicans used them to form cigarritos. Scarcely any remain worth preser ving. We have recently learned that the records of Coliad, part of the records of Bexar, those of San Saba, the mission of the Altar on the Nueces, and several others ot the ancient missions ot Texas, were all copied and preset ved in the city ol 1 hihttatiua, which was re garded as the central point ot the missionary statioas of Texas and tho northern provinces ot Mexico, or Pro vine las Interuas. Our government should endeavor to procure cqpies of these records ftom Chihuahua at as early a period as practicable, as they doubtless contain much valuable information respecting the early history of Texas. They may prove valuable also in establish ing the claim ol France to this country, and through France the claim of the United States to Texas as a part of Louisiana. This, however, wo consider a matter of little importance,as no regard tho law defining the boun daries ol the Kepublic ot Texas, as the only true basis upon which the government of the United States can forma future treaty of boundaries with Mexico. It appears fiom the returns of the Assessors of Brazo ria aud Matagorda counties, as published in the I'lunler and Vrs/mtch, that the number of slaves 111 Bra/.oria count) over ten years of age, is 1,390; under ten jears, fl*a. f hn number of horned cattle is'J4,OUO. Tho num ber ot slaves 111 Matagorda county over ten years of age is 719; under ten years. Ml. The number of horned cat tle is Iti.UOO. Several skeletons have been found in the northeastern pints ol Texas, particularly in Fannin County, near the Bins d'Arc Creek. One ol au enormous size (said to bo noarly 'JUO feet long ) has also beon found in Aikunsas ? An account ol the la.tor rrav be found in tho transaction-1 ol the American Philosophical Society for 1S84. Several skeletons ol 11 a same extinct animal have been found in a limestone rock about thirty miles northwest of Clai home in Alabamu. Probably the skeleton described at ove was obtained from the game locality. This "mon ster" ia l?y no means unknown to naturalist*. It was described us long ago as 1*36 by Dr. Harlan, who baa <IMit!?iii-UM' it hy the name of B nilosaiirus. The anl mal in firm r , lrd the crocodile, but instead of leg; or leet, it was provided with tins,which doubtles* enabled ft to venture far nit into the open sea, although its chief resoitis pinst hiv.i the broad inland bays that formerly indented t:i outhern coast of North America. It may not be amiss hrr? to mention that some geol >? gists have advanced ie opinion that the i >uH ol Mexico, in ages long sine, (roue by, extended quite up to the inouth of the Ohio river, nil all thotrjetof country from the western ranges of the Alleganies to the O/.aik Mountains was submerged. Attha ancient period. per haps thousands of thei' fuormou- animal- sported on ? he bofom ot this vast inland *ea *Vhnt a sit gu'?r kpoc tucle mijstthe upper piairies ol Texas then have present ed, bordering oij the sea, when thi-. huge animal perhaps battled with the huge mastodon. sixteen ieet lug a and more than twenty feet long, or tho mammoth of a.. equal size, or with the huge megatherium, whon claw, have been lately found in the Ura/ >s a hundred umea larger than the claws ol tho largest iiou ? We learn that many ol tliu inlets of Galv >' ?? !>ay are liteiaJly 'llled with wild ducks, brant, Reese. fce. *evenl thousand ar?often seen iu a single Hock ( ol. .Moina.i informs im that one of his slaves lately killed sixty-five dufks in aliout two hours The new steamboat Sam. M Williams, started yester day on tier first trip to (inhesion This boat, we believe, is the second that has over been built west ofthr Trinity, and she reflects great credit on her builders She is ca pable ol carrying I loo bales of cotton, and is furnished with a l.irn;e number of state rooms, which, with hor ca bins, are iltted up and (jrubbed with admirable neatness and good taste. An excellent, iron foundry has been established at Galveston. This foundry has been in operation at out four months, and its enter prising proprietor has thu? fur been quite successful lie is prepared to cast ploughs, bake ovens, kettles, and hardware of almost every de scription : alio machinery for sugar mills, cottou gins, Sic. The castings Irom this foundry will bear a lavorablo comparison with those that are imported This we believe is the first foundry that has ever been in suc cessful op ration iu Texas Tho settleis who have recently opened farms near the sources of the Sail Gabriel and Brushy, find the country well stocke i with a singularbreed of wild cattle. Large droves of these caitle are found not onlv on the San Gabriel, Leona and other tributaiiee of Little Hiver, but a>so on the San Saba, the Llano, and many of the tri butaries ol the upper Colorado,far above the settlements. They differ In form, color and hamts from all the varietieR of domestic cattle in Texas. They ara invari ably of a dai k brown color, with a slight tinge of dusky yellow ou the tip of the nose and on the belly. Their fioins are lernarkaldy large, and stand out straight from the head. Although these cattle are generally much larger than the domestic cettle, they are more fleet and nimble, and when pursued, often outstrip horses that easily outrun the buffalo. Unlike lh? bull do, thev seldom venture far out into the prairies, but are general lv found in or near the forests that skirt the streams iu that section. Their meat is of an excellent flavor, and is preferred by the settlers to (he meat of the domestic cattle. It is said that their fat is so hard ai.d eompact that it will not melt in the hottest days of summer ; and the candles formed w-th it are suporior to those that arc formed with the tallow of other cattle. Somo persons have supposed that it is possible there cattle are a dis tinct race,indigenous to America; and the imninse skele tons of a species of fossil ox with straight horns that are often lound in the beds of tho lirazus and Colorado would seem to strengthen! this opinion. But as these cattle are now found only iu the vicinity of the old Missions, it is much more probable that tiiey are the descendants of the cattle introduced by the early Spanish adventurers. It is said that a species of wild cattle, differing from all the domestic breeds of the Kastern con tinent, is found iu the Sandwich Islands : but it is well ascertaiued that this breed is derived from the domestic cattle that were left on those Islands by Vancouver.? These cattle are so wild that they can only bo caught alive bv entrapping them in disguised pits. The cele brated botanist, Douglas, while on a tour iu one of those Islands, fell into one of those pits, and was gored to death by a wild bull, who had been thus entrapped. Several attempts have been made by the sett'.ers on the San Gabriel to domesticate the wild cattle in that section, but they havo thus far been unsuccessful. Vs they are far superior to the domestic cattle of the couDtry, not only in si/.e, stiongth and agility, but also in tne flavor ol their meat and the density of their fat, they might, if once domesticated, become a valuable acquisition to the agriculturists of this country. Municipal Affair* In Philadelphia. To IIis Honor, thk Mavor ok Philadelphia :? 1 trust, sir, you will allow mo to bring to your notice a circumstance which occurred m Tour city yesterday, since it maybe ascertained to have some inteiest lor yourself, as the supreme magistrate of Philadelphia; con cerning, as it does, every traveller who passes by, who may wish to claim the protection of your laws When 1 arrived yesterday, in the cars, at Philadelphia, at 3 o'clock, from Baltimore, [ employed cab No. 61, (single horse,) to take me to various places in the city, and afterwards to the boat lor New York. I I told the cabman, tuat I might wish him for two hours, but at all events 1 wished him to hold himself lit my I service tor whatever time 1 nught wish,I pay nig accord ing to tne time employed He drove, a cording to my directions, to several place* and left me at the steamboat lock: he had been in my service just lorty-live minutes; i I iisked him how much it was; he replied, " one dollar I and a half." I then uaked him to show me the printed municipal regulations for cabs and carriages. He hesi tated some time, but at last consented. I saw that he was entitle.! to fifty cents, (as I had suppose!,) .iust one third the price he demanded. I expostulated witii him, hut he said "he should keep my velisc till I p.ii I his demand." I was tempted, us every honorable man iu the world would be. to knock the villain down; but 1 did, as I have alw lys done under such circumstances, call for a municipal officer to decide thu cast- \ man. by the name of Johnson was pointed out to me as one u! the .Mayor's police, stationed on that corner. 1 stated ihe facts before him, in the presence of tne oahman. who lid not dispute iny statement; but he dm ..nod u,;i? i, in tne presence of your officer, that he wo:t. 1 ;iot ^ive lip the, till I paid him one dollar. VV h} i.e hau low ered his price one-third, I don't know, i man.! the officer if I must pay the demand?if it was law--lor if 1' was, 1 should not object to pay the sum, whatever it was. The otyicor evaded a reply. 1 piessed : ,e point, and he a*, laslt said, that " if I had made no definiu- bar gain with the cabman, I must pay wh it he Miked." I showed him the printed regulations, lie said "he cured nothing about them; if I wanted my velise, I nmit pay the dollar." I pail it. Thoso who know me, ?ir, will appreciate my motive in this communication. 1 lespect law, and will never take tho execution of justice into rny hands, till I fail to secuie it through its constitutrd channels. I believe it was the duty ot your otticer, as the tacts were clear on his confession, to restore me my velise, and bring the cabman to justice. I do not be lieve that the city of Philadelphia would sutler a regu lation to exist, which would place every traveller in the power ot a cabman ; nor can I heiievo that you would allow any cabman forcibly to arrest a gentleman's velise from his hands unless he paid an illegal sum. Through such a city no man could pass with safety. I suppose that the only object of a law tor rate'' of cab hire in any city, is to prevent all dispute and all imposition. I think your police officer suffered law to be violated and injustice and indignity to he offered to a stranger Such things have often been done at that dock, even to ladies. They have not probably come to your know ledge in the great majority of cases. .My object, in this communication, is to state facts, of which there were many witneises, with the hope that you will inquire into the case ; for it travellers are not safe in appeuling to you, then they o jght to be advised before hand, and they will probably he prepared tor de fending themselves. The officer's name was Johnson, the cab, No. til. With great resnect, I have the honor to be Your obedient servant, < . KD WARD LKSTKR, U. s. Consul at Uenoa New Vork, Nov. 20, 1846. lioKRiULK Murder ani> Abduction nr a Female ? We copy the following from the Gallatin (IVnn ) Union ? - An outrngo w as perpetrated in this county, on the 10th inst., which resulted in the death of Wm. B. Norman, deputy sheriff ot this county, an I the abduction and supposed murder of Mrs. Sarah Dinning. The par liculars of the transaction are as follows?Somo twelve months since, Mrs. Sarah Dinning gave such information that her husband, James Dinning, <'ranv ile Dinning, Anthony Dinning, and Washington Morgan, who had heeu suspected for being engaged in repeated acts of larceny, as was sufficient to authorize their arrest upon the charge of stsaling a barrel of whiskey. They were all indicted, and Washington Morgan was alone arrested. Sarah Dinning wus the only witness against him, and great fears were onteitaincd tor her safety, several at tempts having been made to get her off Morgan was triod, which resulted in a mis-trial Harah Dinning went to Madison Dinning's, her brother-in-law,and was staying at Ins house. He entertained fears for her safety, and endeavored to get persons to come to his house ami stay of nights. On the morning of the Kith, he saw Norman and solicited him to come that night and stay, expressing his fears for the safety of Sarah Dinning. About this lime Madison Diuning and his wife and Sarah Dinning, who were in the hou^e, were aroused by some one knocking at the door and calling; they recognized the voice of James Dinning, and refused to open the door.? Several guns were tired; and Madison Dinning jumped out of the wimlow and went off to the nearest neighbor. Tho door was broken open, and James Dinning entered with his gun in his hand and demanded his wife, Harah Dinning , and, after searching for her, found her where she hail hid under a bed; he pulled her out, took her up in his arms, and bore her off- she struggling and scream ing with all her might. In the mean timo, Madison Diu ning returned with some of bis neighbors, and discovered the dead body of Normau about twenty feet from the house, shot in three places. .M. Dinning and his wife lid not know that Norman was there. It is supposed that while he was at the stable putting up his horse, James Dinning and his men wont to the house and com menced knocking, and that Normiui hearing ami seeing them, rushed ltnon them. Ho had in his hand, when found, a revolving pistol, with three ol the battels empty. No trace, as yet, has been found of the course the murderers took. Krom the signs where their horses wore, It is thought there were ten or fttteen of them. - Oreat excitement prevails in the neighborhood, as Nor man was popular, and as there was a gieat desne thst .Morgan should be convicted, w hich could alone be done upon the testimony of ftaiah Dinning. We uudetstand , thjit a rewiyd of between three and four hundred dollars foi their apprehension ha* been mu le up, an t likewise an application to the (lovernor to otfer a toward. H?kt?-ord, Nov 20, 1844 Railroad? hy oiir Middittown Nrighbori, 4"<\? Politici? Magnetic Ttlegraph ? Dr. Baird~Sig Hli'z-Muitndon ? (irorgt Munday? Mornlt of Hartford, fc. The railroad niiuia hm seized our quiet sister city, Middletown. They havo surveyed three routes thence to unite with th? Hartford wad New lUven road : one route to unite at Wallingford, I. miles trom New Haven; orio to unite at Men-Jen, just midway betwren Hartford and New Haven, aud one to unite at New Britain, eight miles from Hartford. The latter route is found ttie shortest to he built, and the least expensive. And when the Uaribuiy toad is built, it will unite with it al-u. at New Britain. Our Middletown neighbor* have alko commenced the purvey of u road from their city, west wardly to the Stato line, through the towns of Portland ( hdtuam, Colcheiter, Marlborough. Hebron, Lebanon Franklin, Lisbon, Canterbury, I'luinheM, to the State line, in Sterling : at which point the Providencers have agree : to meet tin in in a railroad to their city, to unite with the Providence and Boston and Providence and Worcener railioails. To tue .State line, from Middle town, the distance i* 10 miles. By this route, when the New Vork and Hartioid railroads are completed, the dis tance between New Vork and Boston will be lessened miles But before that road is built, if we can build the Danbury road, we will have a still shorter cut to fto?ton, by adding only a lew mites to the Danbury foad, on a route already suiveyed. Citizen* of Hartford ?reel estate owners of Hartlord ?the question now comes hum* to you in tones of thunder, will you sacri fice the Danburj road bj your inertness and indifference as you did the Hartford and Worcester road helore the western road was thought of? Kor your own sake* think of this and act promptly. If the God of iiature had not exalted our city above all others in Connecticut, in point ol privilege of locntion, this city would now be almost a howling wilderness?lor there has been nothing done by the moneyed men of the place but to " advance it backwards" in the scale of enterprise Just kick over the Danbury road, and if through your indifference your Middletown neighbors have their road in connection with the Hartford and New Haven road, at Wallinglurd, instead of New Britaiu,) aud the Providence road to Boston, then you will be ready to talk of doing (ome ning after the same manner as when tho western road was built; you began to lament that you all had not pushed in season the Worcester road. Why can not you J earn to make hay when the sun shines ? But with the western road 26 miles north of u?, cutting off our northern trade, and the Middletown and Provi dence proposed road, la miles south of us, running up hi a northeasterly direction, cutting off our southern and eastern trade, and with the canal railroad 9 miles west of us, from New Haven to Collinsville, cutting off our immense western trade, if your trade and business does not get effectually used up, then 1 am no judge. I am no croaker?but I take a common-sense, business-like view of these things. Do you ask what remedy I propose ?? It is, put through the Danbury road, which will secure to us not only all our present western trade, and an addi tion thereto, hut also will effectually kill the proposed canal road. Then, after that road is built, let us build oue through Last Hartlord, Manchester, Vernen, Llling ton, Tolland, and Stafford, to the line, (28 miles ) where a road is about to he built from Southbridge to Boston? which will make tho great inland route from New York to Boston some 8<> miles shorter than now. This will ? tfectually place Hartford where she belongs. If we ex pect to do business, we must have facilities for our cus tomers to come to us, as well as offer them great bar gains. iu the mean time, O ye wealthy men, help the mechanics in your city, and put up manufactories. Also, lecall your money, which you have loaned in other ?states, in order to escap? taxation, and because you can ^et one per cent,more interesl-and invest it in mechanical and manufacturing business in your own city. Vou will not only reap twenty fold moro proi!?, 'Jut >011 will also ;ia>e the gratification of thus enriching yourselves, whilst you are giving employment to hundreds, who will bless you lor tniis making a right use of the means C!od has committed to your charge. The political cauldron begins to " Double, dou ble, toil and trouble, fire burn and cauldron bubble," with the drill and din of caucus nominations for next Vpril elections, in this State. The democrats will nomi nite" State candidates on the 3rd prox. But from the strong feelings in favor of Mr. Billings, in New Loudon county, the strife between Mr. Welles, of this city, and<, will be pretty nearly equal?but the government ? tticers will decide the contest, 1 apprehend, in lavor of >lr Welles. As for the wings, they have called their itute Convention on the 14th January next, being too nusy in log-rollings, seme in favor of the present negro utfiage, vetoing, non-signing, and ' assenting "-to-bill, Governor?whilst the great mass of that party are in fa .or of following the example of the democrats, and nominating a merchant, lanner, or busines" man for Do I' honors?they having become tired of paying >111)0 to big lawyers, to lie Governors, and "to attend to ' heretofore.'' We are about 300,000 peo ple iu Connecticut, aud we want either a whig or dei?lo ratic Governor once, during our existence, since the Hartford Convention, who is irom th3 people, and not a lawyer and above them. The magnetic telegraph subscription is now being ta kou up, without the aid ot the "soulless corporations" who kept it suspended, mahoinet-coltiii like, lor a week. Dr. Baird last evening completed a very satisfactor y nurse of leisures on Luro; ean atlairs, which have | een listened to attentively by some 100 to iOO person*, i Sig. Ulit/. is astonishing the Hartturditea with his light ot haud, &c., *n turning watches into vegetables, roducing eggs, ami bouquets, mid turnips, "with some utle powder,"?making plates dunce, 4wC Sic His power s omnipotent except in one respect, to which we chal lenge all bis ait and enchantment*?that ot tecalling .nil inventing in manulacturea in our city the money loaned by our nabobs in other Mates, on b nd and mort gage, to avoid taxation ; and to make our muoei -d men have libera, ideas ol investing the same in th< ,r own sty. Sig. B has played niiihrly the two past weeks to ?'i 'RndjilOO houses, wuich is a la ge bu-iness lor this 'lace, at A'? cents a head. He gives a bouetil this evei'ing to tne Orphan Atylurrit, n'id may his .-hade never be lets >n recount of his generosity. 1'h j groat mastodoi; bones Irorn Newburg are here, ('here :?< some ta 1 iv o: starting a joint stock company tor :ic mrinutacture of '? fossil remains;" capital to be ?? f Ji.OOO.'' < artionate of lime and sulpuate of Poiasu can be a< cheapy made here as elseuneie ! tteo. Munday, the ballets prophet, is berating through lur streets, the pc?ts of lawyers. Erratic genius that n R lie mixes up a great deal of truth in his harangues; but f appretreud his labors will be here " love's l?hoi lost."' Kroai 1 ho tone ot a certain paper towards iiim, in tltia city. we take it lie ha< tkinned a ceit.tin lawyer. 1'h^tvi certainly is no place where the people deserve lecturing on morals, and in .Munday s plain way, more than heie. The prst week lias been one in which the blackest of crhnea have been brought to light, and uuder the most genial and beautilui weather ot this month. Varieties^ Miles Ivy, for challunging Hoaea Callaway to a rencontre with deadly weapons, has been tried and found sjuilty of n breach of the law against duelling. In such case made and provided, in the State of Alabama. Judge (ioldthwaite, has sentenced him to one year's imprison ment in the State Penitentim-v, at hard labor. This ia the tirst conviction under too statute. The Liverpool papers contain t!ie advertisement of MO American clock*, seized and condemned or soma infraction ol the law relative to the advalorem duty, and to be sold by auction Also, at the name time, lor the same cause, 100 boxes American cheese. The unprecedented drought etill continues,although the atmosphere lias often givan us the promise of rain, which is so much wanted. The "Indian summer" ia still lingering with us, and the city continues healthy aa heretofore. A tire has been raging for three or lour days in the Dismal Swamp near Deep Creek, the smoke from which has been seen near the Southern horizon.?Nor folk (Va ) Jieanni, \or 2'2. On the 11th mst , Mr Anderson introduced re solutions into the House of Representatives of Tennes see. providing lor the erection of a monument to Gen. frck?ou, at or near Memphis; also for the procuring of .i marble statue of the hero, to be placed in the capital. Minefield, in Connecticut, was the first place in this country, we believe, in which the cultivation and manulacture ol silk was attended to, to much extent, and the town still continues to be engaged in that bushiest ; there beinjj nt this time no less than eight factoriea em ployed in it. i)exter Wells, (who shot Robert Headden at (Jreenville, C. H. on the 1st of July lust,) was tried and found guilty on Thursday, the 13th instant, before hit Honor Judge Krost. He waa sentenced to be huug on the third Friday in February next. The Newton. (N..!.) paper saysA panther has been prowling about in the vicinity of this village, dur ing the past week, committing sundry slight depre dation*. On Wednesday a co* of the late Doct Hedge-, was torn bv the animal, within a mile of hi? houie S. Scliatler, son ol J. ."^chaffer, ot Pafereon, in Schuylkill county, l'a., left his home on the 8th instant, and had not been heard ol till the 17th, when his lilelesa body was found in the woods near the village It i? said that the present Governor of Canada will have leave to return home in consequence of ill health and that Sir Henry Pottinger or Captain Klliott will If his sucaessor. A letter from Lexington, Geo., states that a man named James Shett had beheaded a Mr. Selom H. Pemberton, after inflicting sundry wounds with a howin knife on hit body. _____ Lrtsrs Nature?There was reported to the French Academy of Science, in Paris, that a female of I hassepein, in that department, wat deliver ed of two children, presenting the following conforma ticu. They have two perfect head*, each distinct, and this it the case down to the ba*e of the thorax At the birth there was but one plaeentia, and one umbilical cord. Below the bate of the thorax these twins have but one body, with a tingle anut. Kach child baa a distinct heart, the pulsations of which are distinctly (eJt, r'id there are separate lungs, the action of which is regular and healthy, but in one the respiration was stronger than in the other One child only takes the breast) the other has no other nutrition than a little milk placed in itt mouth by the mother, but it it remark ed that the child which does not tuck is more healthy than the other;this is the only one that utters the crirt of infancy. At llrst the children were considered to be males ; and were baptized hy the namet ol Jean and Pierre, but a subsequent examination it owed that they were twin listen, and the register of birth had been altered to the names ot Phllomene and Helene \ com mitten was appended to examine tile children an I nrr ? a report to tu* Acmiewv.

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