Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 29, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 29, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. ?lew York, SnlnrJny, No rem be r itt, IN4i. Weiklf Herald. We have ohtairtud ?" excellent portrait of Honge, the Luther of this century, which we ?hull give in tba H'ltklii Ihrnld, to bo ready at rt o'clock thi? morning. It can "be had in wrapper* at six penae a copy for ttio foreign a* well an tho home mail*. Hpcrlal Kxpreaa to Boat on. The faridity Hrrald, with the latent intelligence, will 80 liy tho special express which leaves thif city lor oi' nil tn morrow afternoon, with the wails for the Bri tannia It w ill probably bo in our power to lay belore the public h sketch of the contents of the Piesident's Message, to l?e delivered to Congress next Tuesday. Other intelligence, also of almost eijual importance, re lative to the movements of Congress and of parties iu !',i i country, and aa affecting our foreign jelations, will lie riven. The mails will close at the Post Office at half past ono o'clock. Kleetrlc KeporU?Arraugcraonta of the Herald. We have now completed our arrangement* for the Report* of Congressional Proceedings, during the ses sions of the Congress which assembles on-Monday next; having, iu conjunction with some other morning contem porizes, concluded a contract with the Magnetic. Tule graph Company, for the supply of reporta during the wholo of the session. Tho Hirnld, by means of this arrangement, will, a* usual, be the first, or ono of tbe first, in the present in stance, in the publication of intelligence. For some weeks to come, the Reports of Congressional matters will not reach this city until three o'clock of the follow ing morning?or it may even be an hour later?inasmuch as tho whole electric route between Washington and .Now Yoik, is not yet completed. As soon, however, hs the wires are extended from the one city to tbe other, which, it 18 expected, they w ill be by the 16th of Janua* ry, we shall receive, with our other contemporaries who have united with us in the arrangement, an ac count of the proceedings, yet warm, we might say, troni the mouths of the speakers; so that on the tame evening we shall be able to go to press with an account of the proceedings of the same <3av. up to the adjournment, for our morning publication In the mean time, till the route is completed, we shall supply our readers by the daily issue of a second edition of the Uernt.1, with an account of the proceedings in Washing ton of the day before, which w ill bo a* narly as an ac count of events happening before our doois here, could be published in a morning paper. Wo shall bo con. strained to resort to the issue of a second edition, till the 16th or 18th ot January, (when it is expected the electric route will be completed.) our circulation rendering it impossible for us, like some of our contemporaries, to keep the press standing, till the arrival of the proceed ings for insertion in tbe first impressions. We have hesitated at no expense, and spared no exer' tions, to Accomplish this desirable end, and, that our la bors are appreciated by a discerning public, the im mente and constantly increasing circulation of tho Herald, which is to be met with in the remotest corners oi the Union, is pregnant evidence. While we shall thus supply our readers with an early account of the busi ness proceedings of Congress, its domestic history, if we may so speak, will not be neglected?our corps of Reporters, as usual, will be en the spot to give an ac count of all such interesting matters and important de tails as could not be communicated to the magic wires, and yet which are, peraaps, fully as necessary lor a full understanding of all that is going on in the great pow wow of the nation. The Involution of 1844-'5?The Memphis Convention?A New Era?John C. Calhoun. The recent popular Convention held at Memphis, Tennessee, is another and a very significant step in the revolution in parties and opinions, which has been going on in this country during the last few years, and which began in the Baltimore Conven tion that nominated Mr. Polk for the Presidency, and succeeded in his election also. We are in the commencement of a great transition period in soci. ety and government, not only in this couutry, but also in Europe. The annexatioa of Texas, taken hold ol by Mr. Tyler, when he was President, touched the sensibilities ol the whole American people. The organized cliques?the parties of the d.iv?set their faces against it, and all their leaders wpte prostrated at the first onset. The success of Mr. Polk and of the principles represented by him was trunscendently great and rapid. The Balti more Convention had declared for the annexation of Texas, and there-occupation of Oregon. These now became leading American questions, and un iler their rally Polk was elected. Since that period the same spirit of revolution has continued, extending in broader and widercurrents, in different points of the republic. The signs ot the times are peculiarly interesting. At the last election held in this State, were seen paraded round the city by the triumphant party, flags inscribed? " Onward, Oregon, California," dcc This was a sign. Then, shortly afterwards, a convention, avow edly upon the old issue of the tariff, which met at Hollidaysburg, Pa., almost turned out a failure.? That was another sign At the recent convention of the Western and South Western States, held at Memphis, the spirit and purpose there disclosed was extraordinary and most expressive. This was a third sign There was, apparently, much conflict and confusion in that convention, in reference to matters of opinion; but such difficulty is always observable in that stage of progress when new opin ions overpower old ones?when the new spirit of the age overwhelms the old and antiquated. The incidents, speeches, and resolutions of that conven tion wjre still more expressive as to that great wave of revolution which is now passing over pub lic aff.iirs and publio opinion, in this country, liven John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina, unable to resist the mighty tide rolling over the intellect of the coun try, openly declared, that for national purposes, the Mississippi and Ohio rivers were to be regarded as " inland seas." On similar principles of reasoning, the whole confederacy may be considered a great sea shore?a magnificent ocean beach?as a field of action for steam power and electricity?under the regulation and management of the general govern ment. Mr. Calhoun called the Memphis convention a " new era." We are willing to call it so; but we see a new era equally disclosed in the history of po litical opinion, and in the enlargement of political doctrines In other j laces of the republic. but this is not all. A general reference to the oc cupation of Oregon, and the purchase of California, for the purpose of its entering the republic, was re" reived by the members of that convention with shouts of applause upon applause These same signs,following in different parts of the country, iden tify the character of the revolution in progress, and point to great events,which may be expected to hap pen hereafter. All the old parties, the old opinions, the old issues, which once divided the statesmen of this country, are in progress of being swept away by new doctrines and new principles, growing ou' of the vast, the wonderful, and miraculous inven tions of the age, such as the application of steam power and of electricity to locomotion and intelli gence. At the present moment, over a thousand miles ar>-under way, for the purpose of electric in tercommunication between im[>ortant marts and "-at cities By this means the new and miracii i mi agencies ot the age, throughout th? whole broad extent ot the republic, are brought within speaking distance of each other. I hese wonderful agencies are changing the cha racter of the age, and with these changes the prin. ciples of statesmen must correspond. Hence, we may f?e pre|>ared to see not only a great change in the views and principles of the leading statesmen of the itge, but we may expect to find a new race of statesmen springing up, ot greater capacity, and more suited to the spirit of the times, than those who have been bustling in the world during all the last age. This is a brief view of the great aspect of tha won ?< tfui agencies operating in this country. In foreign la ids, the aspect is almost equally astonishing?it ooks to changes in Europe as great and startling ns m.v, perhaps, that have ever been seen at any former time or i*nod. Therefore was it, with great justice an I loresii?ht, that Mr. Calhoun characterized the 'i m'ih Convention as a " new era." Itisa"new '. not only in Mr Calhoun's history and opi- ' o.n, i?ui m th? movement* and aspirations of th? 1 country. Vet it is only a step in ihe general move ment of the American people that originated with the Texas r?*got'Htion?the Baltimore Convention? the downfall of Clay and Van Buren, the represen tatives of old ideas-and the rise of new men new opinions?and new principles. Tut Police DErARTaijr.vr?Pujiimiuentof Offen deus. Arc.?'There are few persons, who have given the s'lbject of the Police Department any considera tion whatever, but must have come to the conclu sion that nn 'mportant change in the administration ot justice is greatly needed; |>articularly bo, as r& giirda the punishment, or rather the treatment, ot those individuals who are arrested for minor of fences, such as drunken and disorderly conduct, as sault and battery, &c., &c. For instance, let us suppose that an habitual drunkard is arrested in the street for disorderly conduct; of course he is taken to the head quarters of the Ward Police, and locked up until the following morning, when he is taken before the sitting magistrate of the District, and, probably, fined in the sum of g'5; in default ol which, he ti committed to the city prison for a term of from ftv? to thirty days, according to the charac ter of the offence. Now, how is he employed during the period of his incarceration ? What expenses are incurred for his support 1 By whom are those ex penses defrayed 1 Is any i eneticial result, in amo ral point of view, effected by bis so called imprison ment 1 In the first place, then, in reference to the manner in which this class of prisoners occupy their time during their confinement?it is concedcd, that about a dozen only are daily required to perform the ardu . ous duties <#t sweeping the corridors of the City Prison, the Police Office and Court of Sessions? also, to assist in the kitchen for the same number of hours ; this task being completed, they, with the ref-t ol this numerous class ot inmates, generally de vote thp remainder of the day (?eather permitting) to their favorite amusement of "pitch and to**," in the prison yard, on vi hich ? ccasions their boister ous laughter may be heard in the surrounding streets. I With regard to the next question?" what expen ses are incurred by their so termed imprisonment^" ?it may be somewhat difficult to give a correct and satisfactory answer; inasmuch aa the expenses in curred on their account, arc by no means limited to their support only,while so incarcerated. On the con trary, we must take into consideration a due, yea, a very large proportion of the amount annually ex pended, in the shape of salaries to Magistrates, Clerks, the Police ferce, including the Chief, Cap tains, Assistant Captains, Sergeants, and about SOO privates, besides other officers attached to the various departments of the City Prison, us well as the cost of suitable accommodations for them ; and, unless the subject be viewed in this light, it is impossible to conceive what one worthless character, of the de scription previously referred to, costs the city in the course of a year, and the amount of tax that must necessarily be imposed to meet the same.? Then again, " who are called upon to defray the ex penses thus incurred by the offending parties 1" Any one may at once feel satisfied that the violators of law and order, in these cases, are not the individu als who bear the burden of taxation. If this be the i case, aa it most undoubtedly is, the sober and in dustrious mechanics, the enterprising tradesmen, the merchants, and worthy citizens generally, are not only compiled to support hundreds of dissolute, disorderly and dishonest characters, but they are likewise called upon to contribute largely for the protection of their own property from the depre dations of the daring and accomplished rogues that infest our city. In the next place, then, we ask whether any ben eficial results, in a moral point of view, are effected by such brief terms of imprisonment as those im posed in the c u?es referred to 7 We believe not, for, ; in most instance.*, no sooner are these offenders re leased from their ctlls, (piovided their finances will permit,) than they are again found in a glorious Hate of " conviviality ;" and this rouune ?f arrest, ! imprisonment and discharge i- repeated over and over again, until the confines cf the prison ore no longer dreaded by these degruiled objects. Before closing these remarks, it is proper to al lude to another clsss of liidiv.duals that must not be overlooked. We reler to the numerous females who are sent to the p^uitentiary as vagrants by con fession?yes, vagrants by confection?the principal portion of whom are prostitutes o. the moet degraded character, in the last stages of disease peculiar to that unfortunate cluss of females, who daily apply to the police magistrates to be sent up to the Island for a couple oi months, for the purpose of getting well; which being granted, they are taken to the hospital, and placed under the charge of the talented physician and excellent nurses cf that institution, where they are also provided with every thing that is requisite for their'comfort; and when they are sufficiently recovered, they are required to perform some light work about the building until their re spective terms of residence at the Island shall have expired, when they are discharged, return to the city, and almost invariably resume their peculiar and unholy calling?and, ere many months have elapsed, they are again sent back to the Island, to undergo another patching up of their shattered con stitutions. Such is the state of things at the present time. It therefore becomes our duty to inquire whether a change cannot be effected?whether measures can not be adopted which would, in a great degree, re lteve us from the immense burthen of taxation that is imposed upon us in consequence of the trans gressions of the degraded representatives of humani ty referred to in the preceding remarks?whether they cannot, to a cons.derable extent, be made to work out their own salvation; or, in other words, do something towards remunerating the city and county of New York lor the large turns of money exi>ended on their account, ?ith'-r in the shape of suitable fines, or by hbor for a period that will an swer as well. Their employments can be confined to such brancheB as fchall in the :>:ast degree, if at all, interfere with the interest ' ot thnse females who labor almost incessantly to secure for themselves an honorable and respectable livelihood. This is another branch of reform now necestary in this city. It is by this loose way of managing the affairs of this city that our citizens have their taxes increased four per cent in one year. Recognition ov St. Dominoo ?It is now ascer tained that the object of the late mission of Mr. Hogan, on the part of the United States, to the island of San Domingo, was for the purpose of mak ing enquiries and collecting facts, with a view of the independence of that island being recognized by this administration. The Washington correspon dent of the Commercial Advtrtiter states, that in the event of the independence of the Dominican Repub lic being acknowledged by the administration, that we will be obliged to receive a colored minister and colored consuls. This is not so, and it shows that some of the Washington correspondents have not access to the means of acquiring correct infor mation, and that their statements are not to be relied upon. The Spanish half of the island of St. Domm. go contains a population of about 250,000, and the fact is, that more than half of these are whites, of the Spanish race, and the remaining half are mulattoea? a mixture of the natives with the old Spanish in habitants ; and there is no reason, therefore, to sup pose that in the event of our recognizing its inde pendence, we will have to receive colored repre sentative* ; but, on the contrary, they will be whites. We see no reason why the independence of that republic should not be recognized by the adminis* tration, and we hope it will be during the ensuing tcssion of Congrens. Senatorial Movkmftts?- Among the arrivals, yesterday, at the Astor, were the honorable John Quincy Adams, and Du.iel W. bster; and at the Howard, the honorable Samuel f'hdptt, on their ro?t* to Waahington. Expokts of Agricultural PltODI.CTS to Gkeat Jii.iTAi.N_?Thej* are several of our la rye hi London and Liverpool |>acket ships loadinc in this port with breidflttlfftj, and oilier agricultural products, lor Great Britain. The deficient harvest o! that king. domt and of Europe generally, has given an impe tus to the shipment of ihe??e articles, * fiat must prove very bent vficial to the producers of this country, and increase ti le aggregate value of our exi>orts a very large per cent. We give below the quantity of certain articles composing the cargoes of several ships re cently loaded in this port. The Roscius lias sailed, and the Richard Anderson is ready for sea. The others have not yet completed loading, and the ac tual quantity cleared will, therefore, vary slightly from these returns. ShitmilJits ok Phooi ik to Great Britain Smr Roicica, tor Liverpool?Flour, 4'J49 bbls ; Wheat, 13,000 bushel* : 4 'otton, 600 balei ; Flaxseed, GOO tier oes ; Apple*. '1'.)# bbla.; Tobacco, 0 hhd*. ; Segars, 2 cmes ; Wool, SO bales ; Skins, 1 bundle ; Dry Goods, 60 parkagei. Ship Richard Axthiok, for Liverpool?1Turpentino, 2011 barrels ; Flour. 4:00 barrel*. Ship South Carolina, for Liverpool?Corn, 11,470 bush ??In , Flour. 2000 bbl* ; Provisions, 200 bbli. ; Beaus, 00 bbls ; Flaxseed. 400bbls.; Cotton, 400 bale* ; Tal low. 00 casks. Ship Ska. far Liverpool?Flour, 4250 bbla.; Turpentine, 2300 bkl*. Cargo not all in; will fill up with Provi ?ion*. Ship Hbnrt Pratt, tor Livarpoel ? Corn, 20,000 bushel* no*' on board and still loading; will fill up with Grain and Provision* Ship Europic, for Liverpool-?-Wheat, 18,000 buih.j Flour, 1800 barrel* ; will fill up with Breadituif* and Provi sion*. Ship Aihsi'rton, for Liverpool, Packet. Dec.fl?Corn, 20.000 bushels ; full cargo ?f Flour and Grain engaged. Ship Pkinck Albert, tor Lon.ion?Barley,II,800 bushels; Flour, 1014 bbls ; Rice, 642 ten. ; Beef, 527 tea, ; Clo veraeed, 104 tea. ; Oil Calt<?, 800 bbls. ; Oil Cake, 30 ton* ; Cheese, 100,000 pounds. In addition to these cargoes, several of the Liver pool and London packets are engaged ahead. The Liverpool packet of the lGth December has been engaged for a cargo of bnsadstuffs, and every tran sient ehip rating A No. 1, finds plenty of freight. The Richard Anderson, for Liverpool, has a freight list of .?1,350; and the li*t of the Roscius, for Liverpool, cun not be much less than .?2,500. This is rather more profitable than the freight this way, or upon the lm poitcargfas from Great Bri'.ain. The Liverpool packet ship Henry Clay arrived on Wednesday last, with a freight list of only ?400. At this rate, our trade with Great Britain must create a very large balance in our favor, and give us a large importa tion of specie. We have shown that flour can be exported at the present prices, and an advance on the other side must have a corresponding eflect here. Shipments of cotton have, since the speculative movement in breadstuff* commenced, been very limited, and a freight list of flour, grain and pro visions is so much more profitable than cotton, that our packet ships merely take that article to put them in sailing trim. The exports of Hour from this port, for this month, will not fall far short of 120,000 bar rels ; of wheat, 80,000 bushels; and of corn, 150,000 bushels?valued at more than one milliou of dollars. Mr. Polk and tue Cabinet.?Speculations are yet indulged in by various correspondents, in rela tion to the succession and the probable retirement of Mr. Buchanan from the Cabinet. Again we must repeat our opinion that all such speculations, to say the least of them, are unsound. I?lr Polk has announced that he has no intention of running a second term, and refuses to do so, point blank?Mr. Buchanan remaining all the term of Mr. Polk. We say this, notwithstanding the little whis perings made now and then in certain quarters, in a kind of under-tone, against the Secretary, with a view of ejecting him. The Kitchen Cabinet, to which we reler, will, however, fail of its object. Ritchie has a secret desire to get Buchanan out of the Cabinet, and would fain see the post occupied by a favorite Virginian, "ardent as a southern sun can make him." We think this southern sun, however, must seek to shine in some other quarter. Movements of the Governor-Generai. of Ca nada ?Lord Metcalfe, late Govern or-General of Canada, who If it Montreal latt Wednesday, arrived in Troy, N. Y., yesterday morning. He wast at tended by Dr. Crawford, Capt. Brownrig, his aid and acting secretary, and Capt. Campbell and Capt. Anderson, of the Royal Engineers. His lordship intended to have taken the morning train Ironi Albany to Boston, but on account of fa tigue and illness, delayed his departure till this after noon. Texas wit an Open Question.?It is generally admitted, even by the leading whig journals, that the Texas question is closed forever; and that the annexation is considerid as settled. Some few arrangement* have to be made by Congress to com plete the matter, and there can be no opposition.? An effort made by the Tribune, the Abolition or gan of the North, and the publisher to the Post Mas ter General in particular, to make Texas an open question, is fruitless. Thent rlenls. Park Thi-ithe.?The benefit of Mr. Roberts, last night drew together a most attentive and choicely-select audi' ence. The ?' chool for Scandal," the richest embodiment of the wonderful creation of the faithfully remembered and immortal Sheridan, introduced to our glowing and vivid fancy the great Karren as Sir Peter Teazle, in the person of the highly popular and accomplished Henry Placide?a part in which lie first appeared and received such distinguished favor in the London theatres sumo years since. Mrs. Bland as Lady Teazle, suited our con captions more favorably thnu any one within the gift of out recollection. Mr. Roberts as Charles Surface, sus tained himself most successfully. Mrs. Vernon?to speak in the full latitude of her Mrs. Candor?would in ded fall short in the "license ot our invention" or capabl 1 lity to determine. In truth, we have not seen this fine comedy more creditably placed upon the stage, or its propria ptriotue so well and fully maintained for a series ot long-reckoned years. A new comadetta entitled the "West Point Cadet," was first produced on thin occasion. It is certainly one ot the best things of a similar nature it has been our pleasure to chronicle. It deserves frequent repetition To-night, Mr. Placide, as Sir Harcourtand Grandfather Whitehead, two of his own and most accep table parts I) j* rav Thsstss.-Tke performances, in which Van kee Hill. J It. Scott, Cony and Blanchard, this seemingly indissoluble quartetto appeared, last night, drew, and filled the capacious " Metropolitan." To-night, the bene" fit of our national comedian, Geo. 11. Hill, takes place: and from the flattering announcement of his own perso" nations, in three of his most distinguished comedies with the adventitious aid of J It. Scott, as Napoleon, (a part in which he is the supposed and acknowledged fee simile,) together with Cony nnd Blanchnrd, we may safoly " calculate" upon their beitg a full and crowJed audience. CuaisTuw Hrits's Ciastn Oo*cibt.? A fashionable and highly discriminating audience assembled, last eve ning, at the Apollo, to witness the dt/iut of Mons. Holier, as a violoncellist. Several distinguished performer* on thi* beautiful inatrumont, have visited thia country with in a few year* past, and considerable anxiety was mani fested; by the lovers of music, to see how Mons. (Iuber would compare with them. If we may judge by the frequent, and indeed rapturous applause, bestowed on his efforts, we should say he was eminently successful. He certainly possosse* an excellent musical education, and plays with surprising sweetness, power and skill.? His style is pure and classic?without the slightest tinge of mnnnerism or affectation. The first piece, entitled " Smhit n r.1miri</ur," composed by himself, is a brilliant and beautiful piece of music, and was loudiv applauded. The Jantaiia on the Cachucha, and the grand arm, were also executed in a superior manner, and stamp Monsieur Hubev as an artiste. Mrs. Valentine Mott, Jr., was in better voieo than on any previous occasion, and sung most charmingly Mr Kyle, the celebrated flutist, also rendered his valuable aid. This concei t was given un der some verv disadvantageous circumstances The or chestra which nad been engaged to play the overtures, disappointed Mons. Huber, ny not appearing, and Mr. Kyle opened the concert wnh the solt and witching strains of his flute Ma lemoiselU lluber assisted her brother, by presiding at the piano, which she piaya with great skill, and the audience seemed highly delighted with the entertainment. Ai.hsmka.--There is to be an afternoon performance at this place to-day , also one to-night. The Guinea Serenaders, with I)r Valentine, M. Phillips, and Miss St. Clair, are the attractions hTHiorisfs Siamut si The slay of those talented performers will sood ond, and those who have not heard them had better io so while they c*n. Last night they had a crowded house, and, judging from tho excellent bill of attraction! which tlmy Qttfr for to-night, the home will undoubtedly be filled to its capacity. It will lie neecssary, therefore, to *eeuro seats rarly. To see how admirably tnay imitate the locomotive and train, is I alone worth double the charge for admission ?E? - ? Ole Pull?Hia Sinoulab Career.?This artist closed his cuetir in th? United States by his last concert in the Tabernacle, and on comparing hit career with that 0[ other celebrated periorrners, we are struck with the ?uo. cess lis has met with, and the singular excitement which hat attended him, from the time of hit first concert until that of bis last. We have had Artot and Vieuxtemps? both highly celebratod performer*?neither of whom succeeded in attracting laigo audiences, although the former was accompanied by a celebrated cantatrict? Madame Cinti Damorcau. The fact is, that Ole Dull, coming from the North, the people associated with him all the romance of the Scandinavian minstrelsy and poe try, and we are inclined to attribute his highly success ful career among us to this* cause, in connection with his gioat musical powers. lie has been considered a fresh representation ? u now incarnation of the god OUjue, the old divinity of the North, in the shape of a young and handsome uian, with fine form and brawny arms, capable of drawing tones from tho violin which we never beard the like before. Mahter attic.?This gentleman gives his first con. cert on the violin, in this city, on Friday evening of next week. He is said to be a very good musician?but this is certainly a bold and somewhat hazardous undertaking, after the public havo heard the great maettro, Ole Bull, and his celebrated rivals, Vieuxtempi aud Artot. Mr. Burke must possess more than ordinary genius to sustain himself in the arduous profession he has seen fit to adopt. If he has merit, it will undoubtedly be appreciated, however, by a New York audience, and success may crown his efforts. Madame A?co?ta and Miss Lee.?Our Philadelphia cor respondent, in speaking of these two danseuiei, assigns them the same position in the divine art. We think this is doing great injustice to Madame Augusta. Miss Lee is a tine artist, but she cannot be compared to Madame Au gusta in grace or in any other qualification, and this can be said without any disparagement to Miss Lee. Our correspondent should on all occasions study to represent all artists faithfully, and not attempt to utter mera putt'j for particular purposes. The object of a great journal is to assign each artist a distinct and just position. Welsh an? Dklavan's Circus, Philadelphia.?Our correspondent says that the buainess at this delightful place of rational amusement is still increasing?the only trouble the proprietors have is to make room for the audience. And how can it be otherwise with such at tractions as Levi North. Nelson, Jamani, Nathans, Mc Farland, and a host of others, of the first class in their respective lines of performance 1 " Putnam" has been played with great success, as also the " Gipsey King," with Mr. Frier in the principal part We understand that the enterprising managers intend bringing out a new national drama next week, entitled "Oregon," written bv Mr Bannister, in which their entire stud of beautiful horses will appear. Tiir still continue to draw crowded and fashion able houses at tho Howard Atheniuum, Boston On Thursday evening the comedy of " The Wonder" was presented ? this being the Inst night but one of the en gagement of these distinguished urtiits. The Seouin troupe are playing a highly successful en gagement at the Holliday street Theatre, Baltimore.? The house is said to be crowded nightly, and the truupe very popular. Madame Augusta.?This accomplished and beautiful danaeuse took her benefit last evening at tho Walnut street Theatre, Philadelphia. Sporting Intelligence. Fox Chask o* the Beacon Couiise.?This affair will certainly take place on or about the 4th of December, if tho weather is at all favorable. Some ten or twelve couple of hounds are already engaged, and eight or ten foxes. In addition to which, a stag or wolf hunt will also coma olf ; ho that sport of a very novel description may be looked for. Brookltn Star Cricekt Club.?This Club appears to bo in a flourishing condition ; they appear determined to carry away the palm during the ensuing season. Al ready are they making preparations for the ensuing cam paign. See advertisement. City Intelligence. Opening of thk Fashionarle Season?Grand Bam, of the Kmimkk Club.?The fashionable season may now be said to havo set in in earnest. The Empire Club, which Iirs taken the lead in many affairs that have come off in this vicinity during the past twelve months?from midnight broils to fashionable balls?from leaders and directors of the national election, down to tho selection of police officers ?as it has been conceded on all hands that they " have done the State some service," it is only just that they should have their station and notice. The commit'ee of arrangements comprised every grade of democratic character, Aldermen, Assistant Aldermen, Kditors, Assistant Editors, Reporters, Printers, Type Founders, every grade of Custom House and Police au thorities, Magistrates and their clerks?and others, big, little, great, and small without number. The floor com mittee, comprising some ten or a dozen of these gentle men, wore remarkably active throughout the evening? particularly in running in and out of the committee room, wiping their mouths with their delicate white cambric hnndkerehiefs, and smacking their lips as thev mado their exit therefrom. The gr.ind wigwam of Old Tammany blazoned forth hint evening with innumerable lights, on the occasion of the sceond anniversary ball of On* roiloubtahle club.? The room wax plain but neatly adorned for the occasion; opposite the entrance was hung the splendid large silk banner ol" tho club ; on the other side, Irom the orches tra, streamed stars and stripes, intermixed with tricolors, in abundance. Sliortly.after 8 o'clock, the company began to arrive?there was little or no difficulty in setting down the different parties;. horses heads were turned in the proper direction, and not more than six or seven vehicles at a time attempted to get opposite the entiance to alight their passengers, while those who only used nature's galloway, took the lead and entrance, while the others were arguing the right of priority. In the orchestra were placed Lotnian s quadrille band, who did their be*t endeavors to discourse sweet music. If there was any tiling aufi i: in tho dilf'erant figures in the various dances, it was not tne fault of the leader, whose lungs were fully exercised in calling them out. Shortly alter nine o'clock, there were about 250 couple present; among those none was more conspicuous for activity and gallantry towards the ladies, than the Don Giovnnni of the city?the leader and commander of the Kmpire Boys? " All hows and smiles and pleasant jests." Here might be seen a grave judge, having on his arm a sprightly young brunette -there an alderman, high in office, all attention, with smiles and jokes, amid some threo or four other fair creatures?in one corner, some five or six members of assembly, discussing some knotty point, unmindful of the gay scene and bewitching smiles aiound them?then, again, might be teen a portly mem ber of the Corporation, with his flowing curls, with a slight female leaning on his arm, quite hi* antipodes in lorm and figure. Then, again, a member or two of Con gress, just gracing with their presence, on their way to Washington, this grand display of this Spartan band of democrats Of the fair creatures present, it would bo almost invidious to notice nny one; amid i^Ch a galaxy of beauty, it was difficult to select. Yet some one some few, did strike the mind's eye of mure than one spectator. The chaining Miss B and the gallant Don, in tho first piece of the evening, " The Kmpire March," created considerable notice ; and still more so in the quadrille that succeeded, and her hand was nought for by number* in many succeeding pieces. So true it is, that on such occasions there is no rest for the beauti ful. Miss F . in her plain light blue silk, looked most fascinating?evidencing the truth that " When unadorned, adorned the most." Tho sprightly Miss O , in her simple white dress, with a ciiaplet of white roses around hor head and her flowing ringlets, was regarded with considerable atten tion. She *as evidently young in years, with a heart as buoyant as spring. Mis* M , in her plain brown silk dress, with a simple row of pearls in her dark brown hair, whs much admired by those around, for the elegance ?ith which she movod in the quadrille and other dances of the evening, and for her lady-like deportment through out. There were several others, also, that drew forth great admiration ; but our want of knowledge must plead an excuse for our want of gallantry in not noticing them more particularly. By eleven o'clock tho rooms wero well filled, and tbeie could not be fewer thai, from 750 to 800 persons present. It was evidently tho most respec table and test attended ball the Empire Club has had; evidencing that the democrats of every station were not unmindful of tho service this body has rendered on for mer occasi'Uis. Shortly after the hour mentioned an in tei mission took place, when thofc present adjourned to the ref o.tory for refreshment. This having been amply pHitaketi of, the company Hgain proceeded to the ball room, where the dar.cing was resumed Jig, waltz, quadrille and danco, followed in quick succession. All was pleasure and enjoyment until an eailv hour this morning, when tho company gradually dwindled away ? all highly gratified with the evening's entertainment.? Ail went off with the greatest satisfaction?peace, order and haimony prevailed throughout. Pirssi ic School No. 10.?We attended the annual exhi bition of Public School No. 10, yesterday afternoon. The school ia very large, thsro being over two hundred pupils The ceremenie* on this occasion were of a rery interesting character, and calculated to excite the emu lation off the scholars. The classes in Arithmetic and Geography particulaily deserve commendation, and their leady responses to the questions put them reflect much crouit on the teachnrs. Tho declamations and the ringing were also excellent?ar.d the exhibition closed to the delight and satisfaction of all present. Dr. Pott?' CuratM ?The flov. Mr. Sommerville, of the Free Church of Scotland, preached last evening in Dr. I'otts' Church, in L'l.iversity place, hi* text being, " Straight is the gale ami narrow tho way that leads to life eternal, and few there be that enter therein " On this text Mr. Somerville preached a very eloquent and impressive sermon. He gave threo reasons why the gato was straight, three reasons why the way was narrow, and concluded by some beautiful and eloquent observa tions on the issue " life eternal." Mr. Sommerville is a bold preacher ; he does not mince what he has to say, but, like the celebrated John Knox, thunders into the ear of the sinner the penalty that awaits him unless he repent. He described those false professors of religion who turn up the whites of their hypocritical eyes, and exclaim that they are better than their neighbors, in their true light-those false Christians, who are always in church, and meet at the communion table . those who are etoinally speaking about Jesus as the blessed and glorious one ; thosa who, when asked to do anything, say that they must pray first ; those who extol the King of Israel all of whom ho compared to the seed which was sown on the rocky ground, and withered, and all of whom, while they think they are on that narrow way described in the text, aie on the broad way to perdition. In speaking of this city, he used this language, address ing tho congregation : " You live in an ungodly city : ' I'm a strange' here, but I can see it teems witli iniquity." It were well thera waie more So imirvilles among our clergy than thme ore and that moio ?ermons, with his spirit in them, preached, instead of those minced, afraid to-givo offauca sermons that are gonerall) deliver ed from our pulpits. Di'str Ilso?i)WAr It is a matter of no little surprise that this celebrated street, the boast and pride of the ? greet oity of New York, should be infested with so much dust, when the Croton water it flowing to abun dantly and an conveniently, for the suppression of such an abominable nuisance. If each house or (tore woul.l pay six cents a day during the dry weather, a sufficient number ol cartmeo wo'ild be very clad to contract, by tbe season, for effectually keeping down the dust, which would most amply remunerate all the contributors, by tho comiort they would receive, and the protection it which the?.[us/occasions.r?'K:rt'' ^ lht) itJjury R"<"-"Tior?.-The Poles of this city will cele ? .ill "''"Jvers.ry of the Polish Revolution, by a dinner at the Stuy vesant lustitute this evening. ?>vcl'? "V", ru^e of Faith and Judge of Controversy V' Jt'tt(OR Baciiki.uhs.?The 4< JuDior'g" attnrliArl tn redoubtable confederacy of tho more antiquated and dailydeoaying portion of the sterner sex, gave the first of their series of balls, at the Apollo, on Thursday night It w? very fully and fashionably attended, and every thing (supper and all) passed oft" with unequivocal eclat 1 he ladies were in gieat glee and teemed determined to omit no points, the employment of which might make more certain their ability to secure some particular con quest. We thought tho gents "fought ihy," and ?t tho "cold shoulder"to all such eugeily exerted entrea ties, and relying entirely upon previous success in re sisting tbe powerful elt'oct ot maiden sweetness and honi ed argument, ielt secure against all farther iuroads upou their marble sanctuary?the citadel of their cold, unfeel ing hearts. " Juniors !" you should relent and become more Placable to the fascinations of those who hold you in such near and denr regard. Your glass will soon be run?the hour of your hopes will soon lade, and you will be wrapped in one eternal gloom. Pass teas fo* Boston.?The special train over tho Long Island Railroad, for Boston,with the steamer's mail which leaves to morrow, will take passengers to the number of one hundred and arty. The cars leave White IKS.'SS," ? ?'C'0Ck' F M- Application ~The followillK 8 copy of a cir cular, distributed in every house, as a warning to houpe r?,pectinff tl,e disposal of ashes and garbage. VVith this document as a flag to sail under, we shall con tinue, from time to time, to remind the well paid func fUly, it ig t0 ecfo,o? tha street ordi tj*n ?? infractions as come under our observa " To the occupanti of thii Koute : Your attention is respsctfuUy called to the following extracts from the City Ordinances, relative to coal ashef Jkc., as hoeceforth all persons violating the tamo will bo proceeded against according to law. The Ca .uTn As sis taut Captains, and Policemen of each waid, are in structed to report every infraction of the tame. Extract fiom City Ordinance*, chapter 22, titJo 3. INo cinders, or coal ashes of any description, shall be ihnll h?* if j"? sH6et' ,BDeor allay in this city ; but shall bo delivered to the ash-carts provided for the pur pose of receiving tho same, under tha penalty of three dollars for each offence. All ashes or cinders shall be kept for the purpose of delivering the same to the ash carts, in vessels of tin each oflenc" m ' under the penalty of one dollar lor except'"sunday Pa" through thi" ward on each d?y. JOSEPH T. SWEET, . > Superintendent of Streets." than Nnor v?rW 7n?r > P0?se.M" a ?'etter municipal code than New York; unfortunately, however, those who havo een elected to office for the purpose of enforcing its ob servance, appear to have hitAerto supposed that hating once secured ''the bpoils," the only remaining obiect was to shirk the duty. The above ordnance, every one knows, is almost a dead letter. Let us have a reform. Itavtgatloii or tlic Oblo Klvcir, I laces. Time. Stale of fi **>++? WheelVnsr ' ' N?V' "la 4 " SCant in lhe cl>annel. rk..wn18 6J feet and rising. Louisville. ??Nov. 20 6 leetti inches in channel Cincinnati,. ..Nov. 23 6 ,eut on cu" nd ^rn r^?rUC|** ,n ,Wa11 ?'"???To the Public?A Alexander Well, in mor,,'"1 "tucked in Wall street, by who wMl.r .1 J' i i mon hardly and ruffianly manner: Soment whL Y.b?Ck tu,r,,'rd c,)wards him, sod H a ir J ol lhl attempt will be ?uilicient for * ic Unuied to Personal rencontres, and opposed to the by ?5fou to'StS 'if rk' .Vli'fac,i0" fe" imffid wroiS ? uch br'wlj "r , !'' """.'T to triumph to succeed in .... ii ?? . """tended asnu apoloey t? the public as well as a true and brief statement of the oceuVreuce 1 ' November 2:, 1845. FERNANDO WOOD. 1 he above card, published in several of the papers this Uelym.VrVe Thrr;1; "f, W?c. wl>?lFy and en! rovered ih? Mr ur. i L ^ the c',se ar<! ??nply these : 1 dis r ... 1- JT . .M wr,tten an anooymou* letter to the slwdered^ SfrpW i L" W"h'"*ton city, in which 1 was slandered. Mr. \Vood acknowledgi-d to a friend of mine who cdfem^vnel>?2?ef*'? ,h y l"'lmlf', th,t he was the anthor if the charie ma U t A i th,fr,,"l,on demanded an ei|dicit deuial of a allmnoiils^n mv'i ample apology for certain disrespectful allusions to my person iu said letter, and authorized my friend milfht"be "offered bv?,^ ,Uc1' ?nd iiiiKiu ue one red o> the oneudinir party. A retracti<v* and apolcyy were tendered bv Mr. wSod, l iit declined hv my friend, upon the ground thu they were equivocal and uiisetis % J'? 7". ,??ed by Mr. Wood ?o consider the consult his frieuds, which w-?s ifranted nntil the h- conUlK,fvJ'n(f?aLUKr,Uy) *1 whicuh "T Mr. Wood stated that Vlvf,i ? W.D? c0h'r ?W'oey than the one h? had offered. - I> friend then informed him that he must Lake the conse quences, and Mr. Wood said, " then I suppo, I must ?Sict enri!0"v 'i'e ''ft t0 "r*w ''is own iuler 't"eet' to faJ.<.Y"du'fd,ir)|I.,net -Mr' Wo?d in Wall sa'd Woo l * ki ?7>r"'.,C rid V'?'. touched my hat and ' r ?ood, he exteuded his hind : 1 took it mechaui C4l!>. and immediately dropped it. "Sir!' said I "\ou luve eTjffl r/i"ud d^f 10 your; qSUom;'othif ^0^^ H.n 1 /? V'coundrel, and slspiwd his fare with my mien hand, (he was lacing iue at the time ) and lollow*d ,he blo? Witt, my other h"id doted. I then stepi <d back? drew mv coa skin and whipped him. as he desrrved tu be. He cli.sed !'y bis .uperior s.t-and weight pressed inj down oirsLd hlT^h P i,n 'alll!"f, i,ud ,e'l upon him We were v parsted hy rhe I id ice, and the crowd. I then told the neon'e assembled who he was and why I chastised him. He had viVli .,em '?rn,0,n7l",Ol,,- y1' a'"' whipped him to my own satisl !r-" !!.? M r , hose who know me, mmt know that I -no tbfict on "im411 Jhehiud his bsck, 'and for thesv J,j?! } w,'1.0 d(> ""t know my character, I pledge my peblii'jud^""" i'uWt^l^iliV.'TeTt'b0,; Ym-Ike.'1, Wl>'Cl^"l,OW' ^ A heneum Hotel. Broadw.y > WELLS. I har*day, Nov. 27, 1?I5. \ A Cakd?Observing in the morning papers a Card, signed by Fernando Wood, purporting to give an rccoant of nn alack inade upon liim by Air. Wf1I?1 antf having been,at the lime of the tr iutactiou, within ten leet of the parties, I ieel myself culled upou, in ju tice to Mr. Wells, (iIUiourIi unpleasant to my feeli g? to appear in the public priuta.) to atate that the ( aril -eterred to, if, in nil in p.irticulari, a BASK, UNMITI GATED, BARf.FACKD Lit .Mr Fernando Wood hnd -*pr, ssed an me, on Saturday latt, tint an the apologv whioh he thea offered w.i? not acceptable, he supposed that acoliitiou must occur. The partes met on Wednesday in Wall Mxret, f?re to face; at least a mit nte'a conrersat.ou fnsued; the lirst blow was given by Mr. Well , with tne open hand, tu the face of Mr Wood, after which the cowhide wn dr<iwii hy Mr. Welti?uid applied with vigor, as the countenance of Mr. Wood ahuniUutlv proved THOfi BYRNES WOOD, Office IG7 Water street, and residence lit Houston it. New Yo'k, 27th Nov , 18)5. Original Ethiopian Berenadere? Palmo'i Opera Hou.e.?This evening, Messrs. tiermon, Stauwood. Harrington, kc., conclud- a week nt I'nlmo's, of unexampled success to thetn?elves, nud unbeumled gratification to thecrow ili'd %ud fashionable audiences that attentively enjoyed their happy effort to contribute to the general gratification of the public. We have rea?on to hope that arrangements will be made to enture th -ir appearance at the sane place for one week more?au intimation that will afford universal satisfaction. The following Ian certificate received by Mr. Phalon's Uostou agents?we clip it from the Boston Daily Mail.cfihe 25th inst PH^LON'S HAIR IN VIGOR ATOR.?Mr. H. Ricr.: As an act of just ice, I deem it my duty to state to the pnblie the wonder ul effect* derived from the use of your Chemical B;?l snm or Hair Inviferstur. Mauy articles are in high repute as preventives of baldness and hair restoratives, mmt of which I n*? e tried without auy material benefit, although perseveied in for some turn- At the suggestion of sev rnl friends who have made trial of it, I was induced to te?t the <iu ?lity of your Halsam. and itn free to say thit it has realized my most san gui .e ex'iectntiwns. It prevents the hair fiom falling out, and irmartito it u softens and gloss which no other preparation li s ever dou*. In addition. I woul J state that rny wile has ex perienced equal benefit from its use, having tested Macassar oil and other celebrated articles to no effect. Yours, lie., JOHN GOSSIN. Boston, Nov. 20. 1W5. To Mr. Hannibal Rice, Hair Dreiser, Howard at., corner of Court, up stairs, Boston. For Agents, see advertisement. Wet Feet.?It ahould be remembered that coughs, c?Ids. consumption, ntlammsti'-n of the Inngs, pluii sy, nnd many other fatal disorders, if often the result of catch ing t r-Id in conseonence ol wet feet, damp clothes, night air,Vc. WRIGHT'S INDIAN VEGETABLE IMLLS nie the best medicine in the world for carrying off n cold?because they purge from the system those morbid humors which are lodg-d in the various parts of the body, riving rite to every mslidy in cident to man. A single twenty-five cent box i f said Indiiu I'itls will not only always afford relief, but will, in a majority of cases, make a perfect cur.' of the most obstinate colds ; at the same time the digestion will be improved, and the blond so completely purified that all evil consequences resnl mg from catching cold will be entirely prevented and the body will he restored to even sonndrr health than before. It should also be remembered that a man by the name of Wm. M. Hpears, who sells mrd cine purporting to l>? Indian fills, at the corner of Kace and Front streets, Philadel phia, is not an agent of mine?neither I guaraiee as genu ine any that he lias fur sale. The only security sgainst in posi tion is to purchase from people of unblemished characters, or at the Orncs and General Depot, 2811 Greenwich stree', N Y. WILLIAM WRIOHT. Philadelphia Agent for the Herald, Kleber It CO., 1 Ledger Building, Third street, who receive subscri bers, and have single copies for sale duly at 1 o'clock. ti2l Im MONEY MARKET. Friday, Nov. 3S?fl P. IB. The improvement in tho stock market etill continue!, Iiut the transaction* were very limited. Farmer*' Loan went up J per cent; Norwich and Worcester, I $ 5 Long Island, | ; Erie, j ; Stonington, J ; F.ast Boston, i ; Har lem, Canton, Illinois 1's and Mohawk closed Arm at yes terday's price*. The immense quantity of produce transported on the canul* of thi* Atate, give* a very largo amount of tolI*i and iwell* the revei^ of the State from that tource. The receipt* already, to tho O'Jd in*t. exceed those of any previous year nearly two hundred thou*an<l dollur*; and as another wenk has elapsed aince the laat returns were made, the tolls received to thi* date cannot be much let* than twenty-eight hundred thousand dollar*. Ano ther week or two of navigation will awell the revenue from tho State canals to about three million* of dollar* The receipt* thi* year, from the opening of navigation to the close of the third week in November, were $ 174,159 greater then for the entire season Id any pie' riout year. Nsw York Statk Canal*?Amount or Toll*. Third wttk in Now. Total to '22 rl Ac*. 1631) $61.9 >8 $1,4W3.'.'?7 lb 10 68,231 1,763,30J 184 1 82,777 5,011,528 184 2 08 802 1,74.1 490 184 3 01 *23 a, 007,399 1844 90.980 2,432 389 1846 110.401 3,620,633 The indication* at present are favorable for a pro tracted navigation, which is anxiously wished for. From 1833 to 1836, the cauala remained open to Decern ber, and in 1837, '39, '40, and '43, navigation was free until the first week in December. In only six years out of the past twenty-one, hai navigation been suspended before the 1st of December. The weather has been un* usually mild for the season, and at present there appear* as much probability of the canal remaining open as lato as in any previous year as ever there was. \Ve annex a table showing the dates ou which the canal closed during the past twenty-one years. New Tork Canajl Navigation. 1821, December... 4th 1835, November... 30tli 1825, " i h 1836, " 2fllli IDS, " 18th 1837, Doctmher.... #lh 1827, " 18th 1838, November... 2'<tli 1828, " 20th 11139, Dt'cruilier... 16th 1829, " 171 h 1840, " 3rd 1830, " 17th 1811, Novsmbvr. ...29llt 1831, " Ut 1842, " 8Urd 18>2, " 2l?t 1813, December ... lac 1833, " 12th 1814, November....26th UN, " 12th The canals must, however, close very soon, and so must the river, and immense quantities of produce will be an ested in its progress to the seaboard market*. We shall be cat off from the interior during the close of na vigation, and supplies iron) the west must seok an outlet at Boston. Tho Western Railroad will do a larger freight ing business this winter than it ever has before, and the merchants of Boston will reap the benefits an active trade in this important and nccessary staple will give them and the stockholders in tho rail Mads of that section of country, be beaeStted by the increased business on the various lines. The merchants of New York will feel the want of a rail road lrom this city to Albany, dr a road connecting this city with Lake Erie, more tlila winter than they ever have before. Prices for broad stuff* in this market must rule very high from this timo to next harvest, aud tho abseuco of supplies will be very much felt by exporters and consumer*. The lattor clas*. particularly, will feel the effects of a small stook 1m the hands of speculator*, and our shipment* will, as a natural consequence, bo more restricted than they would bo in the event of full supplies. The ex portation of flour from New Orleans to foreign port*, thia year, larger than in any previou* year From the 1st of September to the 19th of Novem ber, the exports of flour from New Orloans amounted to 85,341 barrel*, against 23,667 for a corresponding pe riod in the previou* year. Of the exports thi* season, 3-2,916 barrels were shippod to foreign port*, being within 761 barrel* of the total export for the *ame timo last year. The receipts of flour at Netor Orleans this season, to'the 19th inst. have been 137,826 barrels, againat 82,631 to the lame data last year. New Orleans must, from its position as the outlet for most of the products Of the valley of the Mississippi, be a very large exporting port this year for the agricultural production* of that section, independent of cotton. The communication between that port and the interior of the western coua. ry, during the winter, is uninterrupted, and the receipt* early in the spring are usually larger than at any other time. The farmers of the west aro generally very busy until late in the winter, getting their now crops into the ground, and their old crop* out of the straw, and get no time to carry their supplies to market, until quite lato. The receipts, therefore, at New Orleans, do not begin to be very extensive until towards spring, -whe n tho ar rivals are usually immense. The receipts at this port from New Orleans thi* winter will, without doubt, be large, but not in proportion to what they have been in lormer seasons, as supplies will go to foreign ports more [direct. Tho ihipments from New Orleans to Boston this season, so far, have been more than three times as large a* those to this port. The Canals opened early this year; a little earlier than last, and about two weeks earlier than the year be fore?the navigation ha*, therefore, been longer thi* sea ion than in either of the previous two, and the amount of merchandise transported must have increased very much. The value of agricultural product* received at tide water in 1914, was $11,030,065, of which $9,999,918 was in flour, being 3,333,304 barrels, at an average price of $4 50 per barrel. Thi* year the recoipts of flour will not be much less tham 3.000,000, which, at an average value of $6 (0 por barrel, would give an aggregate value of $16,500,000, or an increase of about six and a half mil lion of dollar* on the aggregate of last year. The ro eeipt of wheat last year, at water, amounted to 1,282,349 buthel*. valued ut 96 cents per bushel, making an aggregate of $1,311,760. Thii year the receipts will no1 vary much from 3,000,000 bmhels, which,at an average of $1 35 per bushel, will amount to $2,600,0*0, or more than twice ie value ol last yotr's receipts. The aggregate value of there two articles of breadstuff*, received a' tide water last year, was $11,211,6.7, against an estimate of an aggregate thi* year of $19.000,000.(being a total in crease of nearly nine million* of dollar* in one year' The value of all these agricultural product* brought to tide water, on the canals of this State, this year, will not be much less than $22,000 000, against $13,634,616 last year. The immense receipt* of produce this year will not benefit the consumer much, aa the external de mand taken off the surplus, which will re. duce the stock very rapidly when the suppliaa cease. The foreign demand is at present limited, compared to what it doubtless will be beforq spring opens. The high pnces and great scarcity of sound po. tatoeii will increase tho consumption of flour among the middle and higher classes of society, and consequently increase the price. This market, through the wintert will rule very high, and it is our present opinion tha shipments of flour will be made from this port to Liver pool and London, at prices full one dollar pe r barrel higher than those now ruling. The southern papers begin to complain loudly of the depressed condition of their cotton markets, and predict much distress, Sec., among the planters, from the low prices of their staple. It is the prevailing impression in this market that quotations for cottoa in Europe will reach a lower point than ever before experienced. Thia will be caused by the increased production, as well as by the deficient harvests in Europe. The cultivation of this article exce< da so much the consumption, that, undar the most favorable circumstances, prices must have ruled low. Had the harvests of Europe been equal to an average, there must have been a decline in prices for cotton, aa tho annual increase in consumption does not keep pace with the annual increase in production. The current estimates of the extent of the crop now coming in, vary from 3,460,000 to 2,600,000 bales. The latter estimate, with the stock of American cotton on hand in Liverpool, on the 1st of September, will give a supply of about >,800,000balesfortheyearondingSeptemberI|t, 1846. Ia the face of this stock, wo cannot conceive how it can bo othorwiso than that prices should touch a very low poin*. Tho immense supply alone, we consider sufficient to do press prices; but when we take into view the effect npon the consumption of this staple a abort harvest mus have, it is impossible to resiat the conclusion alluded to above. It would not he beyond probability ta estimate a reduction of five dollars per bale on the present stock, and on the new crop, from last year's prices, which will ?ike an aggregate decrease in the total value of sup. 1 plies, of at least sixteen millions of dollars, equal to tha aggregate value of more thon two millions of barrels of flour, and equal to more than the advanoe on ovary bar rel ol flour produced in the country. Old Mtork Exchange. SO 000 Reading Bonds 7a? SO shs N A Trust !2>f MIX) do 71',' MLantonCo 44* Sono III Spel Bonds b30 ?5i 10 do slO 44 iu#n Peim is I* JO do blO 44 K V)00 do slO 73V 23 do <1 M00 do 7S? 30 do b90 ?4W 3100 do b00 74;t SO Harlem RR 07$? I tOOO Ohio 0s, dom 9S? SO do MO 67jZ 20(0 do *0 91\ 50 L Island RR 76,3 8(M>0 d'> 9H 100 do 7fi? is .lis N O Canal nk n :oo d,. 78 vj sou H liank SK SO Mohawk RR >60 59 61) K Bo?t hi Co Mm 17 ^ }0 do stm 34 SO do ?30 17 SO do SO Jin Morris Canal t>00 24 Si Erie RR M0 71 SO do b 10 21V 25 do SlO 71^ do bIS Mm 25 Stoninglon RR aOO 41 ?0 do 2jK SO do 43V : ioo do 2s)j 7} do 4:i? 300 Firnn-rs' Trust 35 wo Nor It Wore RR 91 ^ '<0 do blO S3 15 do ISO MX '0) Ho (10 3lV 1011 Reading RR SI* SO do 34?< 100 do SO* 300 do 1)30 33 100 do b?0 St ioo do is as do sax *swnd Bnard. 250 shs Nor fc Wore RR 25 Stonington RR 48 0 do 125 do 4IK 50 do 50 L Island RR ^SJf tS do 10 SO do sS 7SV 100 Heading RR blO S8X 'e? Kxchisnge. troihs Canton Co b3 4 IK SO shs Farmers'Tr e a9 do c 41* 50 do sJ J5 as do 44 H I00 do e W? 2.5 il'i H10 44 150 East Boston _ ? 17 15 for Ik Wore RR c tt 50 Long Island BR <" as do II SO do bnw 77 7J 'torn, gt -n RR r 43X SO d<i b30 7**^ ??0 II ..Inn IIII htm 70 SO do 7?*? lllarrlsdi On the 116th Instant, by the Rev. John M. Pis*, Mr. Wm. II. Wi to Miss ElixabiihF. Pmillim, eldest daugh ter of Mr Andrew riiillips, both of Brooklyn, L. I.

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