Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 3, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 3, 1845 Page 2
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<a n'lsnea rn.-?tlttit? the *??re?ate of the douce'ln Indftry" c t tho nation, aM ihej ' ? ;u??1 "..t 'io l 11 tHs na'lonS " protection' w i<..4.ai t..; i ear. jtiitljrclaiB to be the eitHu-i <> re ? u! "| :otedion, ' which can only be afforded by < I ur>i?M on tho "domestic industry " of th< If ' . > i" ,'i !n? correct, it rem.iins to inquire ho? ?".?r i?.< I'lff.iet ni 18'- i* consistent w iti? them Thai v ilit* provisions ol that a> t ate in violationol 11.? ?i linal principles here laid down, nil must concede J <? i ii< ol du'y imposed by it on gome urticles are rot : uory, and on other* to high a< greatly to diminish m port at ions, and to produce a ler* amount of revenue t an would be derived Irom lower ihtes. They operate protection merely " to one branch of ''domestic in >1 tt*tryby taxing other branches. By the introduction of minimum-*, or assumed and i.dse vnluer, und by the imposition ol ipecific dutie*. the in '' t'ii o and inequality o( the act of l*42, in it* practical operationa on different classes and pursuits, aie seen ard it. Mai v of the oppressiveduties imposed li> it und?r the operation ol tlie>e principle*, rt>t ge from one per cent to more than two bundled per cent. They ore pro hibitory on fome articles an J partially so on others, and bear molt heavily on articles of common necessity, and ' ut lightly on flilirles ot luxury Ii is so flamed that mueh tho (neatest burden which it in poses is thrown on lahor and the poorer classes who are least uhlo t" binr it, while il protects capital and ex on'pt* the rich frrm paying their just proportion of tletexatiOB required lor the support of government. tVh|i? it protects the capital of the wealthy manufactu rer. and inch nses I i* profit*, it does not benelit the ope retires o. i.boieis in bis employment, whose wages ti.iv r.ot been increased by it Aiticles of prime ceces *it\ or of rntfW quality and low ptico, used by the to mes of the people, are. in many instances, subjected In i'. to hi avj taxes, while articles of liuer quality and h ('.cr pi ire. or of luxui y, w hich can bo used only by the i | i. nt ate lightly taxed. It imposes heavy and tiii list In." ens mi ths farmer, the |Unter. the commer cial man, ami those ol all otiier pursuits except the <???1 it.;M -t ?iio lias ma 'e lii* i vestments in manulac tun Ai' the uteat intrreataol the country are not. as tic>n Iy ii ; y be practicable, equally prot. c ed by it. Thi' government in theory knows no distinction of pet i. or classes, and should r.ot bestow upon some : ii - and ,'ivilegcs which all others mav not enjoy J v is " e purpose of its illustrious founders to base H a in- itu'ion* which they reared upon llie ifioat and un c u .ins i i piiociples of justice and equity, conscie.is 1.. in a'mil.isteied in the spirit in wbicti they wore con ceived, they would be felt only by the benefits which t.iey iiiflused, and would secure lor themselves a de fence in the li"arts of the people, more powerful than s .indn g armies, atid all the means and appliance inven ted to m.sui.i governments founded in injustico und op pre.sion. 1' ,? well known fact that the tariff aot of 1S4J wa* |-v . t y a m(; rity ot one vote iu the Senate, and two jn e Hriiso ol Hepiesentatives and ttiat some cf those w I i> felt . .eoiaelves constiained, under the peculiar cir ou s- din'i's existing at the time to vote in its favor, pro < i I i s i'< teeis and expressed their determination to li d i' it* modification oti ti e first oppoitunity, affords mi <> aii'I coi,elusive evidence that it was not intended t.> tn permanent, and of the expediency a..d necessity of i ? 11 ;iKh revision. In ler-egnmertdiiig to Congres* a reduction of the pre :e'i til dutv, and a revision and moriifica ion ol the . . i iSPJ I 11..r from entertaining opinion* unfriendly t ' lie i.:. i.ii i tnres On the contrary.1 desire to see them prusp. rous, a? far as they can be so, without impoiirg i;:tt nal hardens on other inteiests. The advantage ii. H titij tyste-n of indirect taxation, even within the tivi ue ?[ indaid, must hp in favor of the miinufuctuiiug i.. i i est, un ! ,1 this no other inte; e-t will complain. I i, i mend I.j Cuii>ie?s the aboiitmu of the minimum ptii.e; !? , <i Msumed arbitrary. and false value", and of ej.uc lie d .'ies, and the substitution in their placo of nd ? i: :uti? - as the faiicst and most equitable indirect tax v : i -h can lie imposed V.> the ud ro/ortM principle, till m ticli s lira taxed according to their enst or value, und tho-e v Inch aie ol inf>*iior quality, or of small cost, !.eui ii. ly ll.H jast propoitionof the tax w itb tl.ose which a:e ->l sutierior quality or gieater cost. The ankles t onsumed by all aie taxed at the same rate. A system 0 B'/u'ii" t leveiiuo duties, with proper discrimina te - r.:i 1 proper unards ?i;niiist bauds in collecting them, it not doubted, w ill iifford ample incidental ad i.ii.'u?'< - t<? tiie mauuiactureis, and enable them to de rive gn it | ,oC s as can be derived Irom any other iular bu ->es( It is belie\eil that such a sjstem, s'r ? i j u the reveotu: atandard, will place the m*<n niiH interest* on a stable looting, and inure to t'e.i p iina;.i nt advantage; whi'e it will, as nearly as may 1.0 ptactio'ible, extend to all the great iuteie^tscf . mil try the incidental protection which can be af> ... 1 by our revenue laws. Such n ?j stem, when once I. c t-d> i-hed, w ould be perniai.ciit and not bo sub Ji ??? io t .e constaut compkints, atita iocs and changes 1 h.ch must ever occur, when dune are jiot laid lor lcvenne, but fjr the " protecnou meicly" of a favored i;ii< I 1 I i the deliberations of Co gress on this subject, it ia 1 o;. .1 that a spirit of mutual concession and compromise ' luHwec: conflicting interest* n.ay prevail, and that the r???i.lt of ti cir labois nuy be crowned with the happiest c i. ? equeuces U. e c o sti".:tion of the United States, it ia provided, that " no inc .ey shall bo?iia?n from the feasury but i i . i i quecrc "I appropriation* made by law A pub lic tieaiui) was un.timbtedly roiitemplated and intend ad to be cieated in which the public inuney should be Irj;' fit i the perini of collection until nee led for pub li u - - 1 the collecti. n and disbursement of the pub 1 c money no agencies ktrt evar been employ ed t,j law, *'?? ; t ich ii j were cppointed by thpgOTeinmoxt,direct l'i -poi f.lia to it, and under ita control The safe Kee i ?? i.t tin- pnti'.ic money should be confided to a put. l:c ii-< i ' ci.-Hied by law, atu! uinler like responsibil ity n:..; cui.tiid It i* not t I e ima^itieil that ttie frameia oi ihj ." iistiiutioi; couid htive intended that a ti easury i honlil t <? ciented as a placo ol deposite and sale-keeping nf tti > j.iitdic money u Inch was nresponsihle to the gu -?..n.'ii '1 e first ( ongre^s under the constitution, by tin ct of the second September, I7tS9, "to establish the '! t"usury Department." provided for the appointment of u ti ?-.lsuier. :<nd made it lis duty "to receive and keep n ne ' ? ol ihe I'nited States." and "a: all times to -ai ut to the Secretary ol tne Treasury and the Coup ii Her, or cither oi them, the inspection of tne money s i I: >? ti.w.ks, ns'ioaal or state, could not have been in ter If.| t ? lie u; til us u substitute lor the treasui) spoken oi i.i tin- constitution, a- l:ee(>ei8 r f tuepublic n.oiiiy, is ii-. ii'ie-t 11 om thti uct, that ut that time there ?ii no na tioniil bai k. nil.J but iIii*-l- o: four State banks of limned III -.ed in Km c-.iiitj ry Their employment ail tunes wan at first resorted to, to a limited extent, hot ? nil 1:0 nvv?eii inteiition of continuing them perma n.-ntly, in place of the treasury of the constitution When they w ere afterwards from time to time employ ed, it whs fiom motives of supposed convenience Our exponence has 6 ho a n.that when banking rorpoin t.'ons have bee.i the kernels of the public money and been thereby ma le iu effect the treasury, the govetn rut*nt can have no guaranty that it . an command ihe use <il its 1*11 money for public purposes The lale bank of t'je I 10.! stales proved to be faithless The State I i.i.- which were afterwards employe I were faithless. J*ut a lew yearn ago, with milli-nis of public money in in ir keeping, the government wan brought almost to bankruptcy, and the public ciedit seriously impaired, be Crtu-o oi their inabilit) or iudi-posiuon to puy, on de iii.i.;d, to the public creditor*, in the only curiency re cognised by t-ie coustitution. Their failure occurred in 8 period nl peace, an.I gieat inconvenience and lost weie sufl'eied by the public from it. Had the country oeen involved ill a foreign war, that inconvenience and loss would have been much greater, mi l m ghl have resulted i.i i xtie.ne public calamity. The public money should i.ot l.e mi .glo I with the private fund* oi banks or iudivi 11 ? i? or t>e lined lor private purpose*. When it in pla ce I in ' inks fur*alekeeping,it is in effect loaned to tli-.m witiiuut interest, itnd h loaned by tliein upon inte r.' t t.i tin- boricwers fio.n them. The public money is r.onv iled into bankir.g capital, and is used and loaned a it lor the private prolii ol bank stock holders; and when called lor, (as was the case in ttt.17 ) it may be in the pockets of tne borrowers Iroin the batiks', iusfead of be ing in the public treasury contemplated bj the coostitu tioa. Tlte framnrs of the constitution could never have i'. ended that (he raoue) pa id into the treasury should be thui converted to private u?e, and placed beyon.l tl.e t oritnil ol tli."1 government. Banks winch hoi 1 the public money are often templed, a desire of gain, to extend their loans, increase their eircu'atiou, and thus stimulate, if not produce a spirit of -peculation an I extravagance, which soouer or later must result in i uiu to thousands. Il the public money be ,i it . n milled to be thus used, but lie kept in the treasu iy and a,.i out to <lie public creditors in gold and silver, the tempt.tions rtrt'irdc I by its depotite ? ith banks to an in.in.- i xpaiision of tiieir business would be checked, t'li.ef.. amount of the consiitutionHi cterrency left in 1 . ilnn would be enlarged, by its etuploj ment in tliw public colieit ions and disbursements. hihI the i auks ne i?elvi s would, in consequence, be found in a safer 'ju l > onn lei con iilion. At pri* at state banks are employed a* depositories, .?ut w tnu'i ailnjuato regulation of law, whereby the mbiic r.ioiwy t a i be secumd agaiiiit the casualt lea mid ? lefIllatoM, ?u?pennous, an.I defalcations, to wlui h, liotn oven-sues, overtrading, an inordinate de >ire l?vi gain or other causes, they are constantly expos ed. Ihe h.*cietary ol the I'reit?nry has in ail rases, nen it *iii prion able, taken collate* al security for t? e amount which iliey hold, ny tue ple.lge of itocas of the I i.i ted S ate", or such ol the Status as were in goo I cre dit Soine ol the (lepwsite banks have given this descrip l. jn of (security, and others have declined to do so Kntertaiuiug the Opinion that "the separation of the ;.-.cnieys ol the government from banking institutions is 10 lisponsable for the sulety ol the luudft ol the govern me:it and the lights ol the people," I recom.neud to ? uigress that provision be ma le by law lor such sepa ration, ami that u constitutional tiaasui y be created lor alt keeping ol the public money. The constitution. . ut saiy recuinmeuded il designed as a secure deposi ? lor Hi i public money, without any power to make . in' or discount!, or to issue any papei whatever as h currency or circulation I cannot doubt that such a trea eui/ a i tva< c.i ntemplated by the couiiitution, should oo , i lent oi all i unking corp orations The money ul i.tie people should he kept in the treasury of the peo cre ne.l iy W.v, ?nd be in the custody of the agent* u u.o pa plo cd.nc.i uy tftrmselves, according to the fo mi of uie constitution; ugnots who ure diiecily ,c -? >'i?>-? = i i '-n t ie government, who are under adequate bo.i Is ani oiths, an l wno uio subject to severe pun i .. n. n,t [j: any e mber./.leuiMiit, private uio or mis a.ig'licatiju 'j* tile public fundi, uud for any failure in Gi.i t res|iecn to perlonn iheir duties. To say that the . i>,ilo oi in ji. gove rr.tnont aie incompetent, ot not to be ti" 'ted Willi I lie oustody of their own toouey, in tiieir u mii tra tsury, provi tied by themselves, hut must rely on the pre?i louts, CKhiers, and stockholneis ol liaukn.g c up irati i h, not a ppoiuted by thsui, nor responrihie to tin m v, i j| I b.> io coiicedo toat tiny are iucoinpeteut for ?ell- g Jvern n.-m, I i i' )in . i -... 11 n t:ie establishment of a couit.tulionnl ? ra.iUiy, inwhi. i the public munej shall ha kept, I 0 ' .'re tnat ndeipjatM provision l'? mane by |u v u,r m asfa., a id t i .i all executive discretion or coutrul over it . i?t : 'i ? rem > ve l, except sucn a- inay be riBcessarj in J.... r it< .usbtti-e neul in pursuance ol appinpnatious milt :iy 11 v U 11 i ir p as cut laud svitem, li mitmg the minimum jir, ? i i . i m e public 1 in is can bo onteied to oi.e Jill ill van' ) -five cauta per acre, l?rge (juantities of 'iiii i.i*.iii qulity renin i uns old, because they w.r ,i> i ri n i ii i ifiat pnc *. f"rom the rrCor.ls of the On il 1.1 11 ) ill e it appears, that, of tue public land I re nit hi: i >1 d n the saVe.ai Siaiesi,..! territories In 'ii i i i< situated, thirty-nine millions one liun d lianiti , i ill jin Itiulrsd ail save ity-ieren I5rii ii.' ili iV' ji ir 4 it,'a iljajt 11 en:r/ mere t.'iau i twenty yenrsi forty-niBf nii'ioru si* hundred end "?Iffy i eight thovnnd *>??> ir'"1wrty-lhur acres ' thinllftMn .evsnty-thrf* million*i seventy-tour ? thousand and ti< hundred *cir? !or mere than ten yea is; ?iid one hundred and si* million* one hundred and sev i ent?-six thousand nine hundred and sixty-one acres (or more Man lire yearn Much the largest portion oltheso lands w ill continue to be uosuleeble at ton minimum i>rice at which thet aro permitted to be aold. to lung es in rye territones ol land* fiom which the more valuable portions have not been selected ur?: annually brought into market by the govern ?eut. With a view to the ?ale and settlement ol these iuierioi land*, I tecom mend that the price be graduated and reduced below lUe present minimum rate. conthuug the sales at the re duced price* to settlers and cultivator*, in limited quan titie*. If graduated and reduced in price tor a limited term to one dollar per ncre. and after the expiration of that period for a second and third tenn to lower rate*. I a large portion ot these land* would lie purchased. mid many worthy citizen*, who are ei.ahled to pay higher rate*', could purchase home* for themselves and ttieir families. By adopting the policy of graduation and re duction of price, theso inferior lands wiil be sold for their real VHlue, while the State* in which they lie will be freed from the inconvenience, if not injustice, te which they are subjected, in contequence of the L'uited States continuing to own large quantities ol public lands within their bolder*, not liable to taxation for the sup poit ol their local governments. i recommend the continuance of tho policy of grant ing pre-emptions, in its most liberal extent, to all tho*e who have settled, or may hereafter settle, on the public lands, whether surveyed or unsurveyed. to which the Indian title may have been extinguished at the time of settlement. It has been found by experience, that in consequence of combination* of purchasers and other causes, a very small quantity of the public laud*, when sold at public auction, commands a higher price than the minimum rate established by law. t he settlers cn the public lands are, however, but rarely able to secure their home* and improvements at the public sales at that rate; becatire these combinations, by means of < U,o capital they command, and their superior abil- < i'y to purchase, render it impossible lor the set tier to compete with them in the maiket. By put ting down all competition, these combination* i of capitalists and (peculator* are usually enabled to | purebate the lands, including the improvements of the < settlers, at the minimum price of the government, and either turn them out of their homes, or extort from i 1 them, according to their ability to pay. uouhle or quadm- i pie the amount paid lor them to the government. It is ' to the enteipii.se aud perseverance of tne hardy pioneeis of the West, who penetrate the wilderness with their i families, sutler the dangers, the privations, and hardships i attending the settlement ol a new countiy, and prepare t the way for the body of emigrants who, in the coutte of a law year*, usually follow them, that we are, in a < gieat degree, indebted for the rapid extension and a.r- i grandizement ol our country. < Kxperience has proved that no portion ol our populo- t tion are more patriotic than the hardy and bmve men of i the frontier,or mure ready to obey the call ol theircoun- t try. and to defend her lights an I her honor, whenever anil by whatever enemy assailed. They should be pio- r tected from the grasping speculator, and secured, at the t minimum price of the public land*,in the humble homes s which they have improved by their labor. With this t end in view, all vexatious or unnecessary restrictions 1 imposed upon them by the existing pieetnplion laws, t should be repealed or modified. It is the true policy of I the government to afford facilities to re citizen* to be- h come the owners of small portions ol our vast public i. domain at low 8nd moderate lates. 1 The present system of managing the mineral lands of u the United States is believed to be radically defective.? p More than a million of acres of the public lands, suppo- v seel to contain lead and other mmeials, have been reser o vi d from tale, anil numerous leases upon them have t been granted to individuals upon a stipulated rent. Ttie e system ol granting leases has proved to be not ouly tin- t profitable to the government, but unsatisfactory to the > citizens who have gone upon the lands, and must if con- o tinued, lay the foundation of much futuie difficulty be- v tween the government and the lessee*. According to c the official record*, the amount of rents received by the a government lor tne years 18-11, 1842, 1?*43, and 1841, was i Vi 364 74. while the expenses of the system during the i same period, including salaries of superintendents, ] agents, clerks, ami incidental expenses, were twenty i six thousand one hundred and eleven dollars and eleven c cents?the income being las* than one lourth ol the ex- g penses To this pecuniary loss may be added the injury c sustained by the public in consequence of the deMrtic- c tion of timber, and the careless and wasteful manner of v woiking the mines. The system has given rise to much v litigation between the United States and individual citi zens. pioducing irritation and excitement in the mineial a ? egion, and involving the government in heavy addi- 1 tioual expenditures . It is believed that similar losses t and embarrassments will continue to occur, while the s present system of leasing these lands remains unchang ed These lands are now under tho superintendence * and care of the War Department, with the ordinary 1 duties of which they have no proper or natural conuec- t tion. I recommend the repeal of the present sm- t tern, and that these lands he placed under the superin- i tendence and management of the General Land Office, as other public lands, and he brought into maiket nnd j sold upon such terms a:i Cocgie** in tbeir wisdom may t presetibe reserving tothe government an equitable per c ceutage of the gross amount of mineral product, and that the pre-emption principle be extended to resident I miners and settlers upon them, at the minimum price t which maybe established by Congress. t I refer jou to the accompanying report of the Secre- I tary of War, for informntion respecting the present I situ ition of the army, and its opeiation* during the past i year : tko lUts of our detences ; the condition of the ! public woik* ; and our relation* with the various Indian 1 tribes ?k i'hin our limits or upon our borders. I invi'.e y our atte ution to the suggestions contained in that le port. in relation to there prominent objects of national in terest. When ordet* were given during the past summer far concentrating a military force on the western frontier of Texas, our troops were widely dispersed. am! in small detachments, occupying post* remote fiom each other. The prompt and expeditious manner in whio an ermy, embracing more than hall our peave establishment. wus drawn ,togeth* r on an emergency no Midden, reflects great credit on the officers who were intrusted wan the execution of these orders, as well as upon the discipline of the array if soli. To be iu strei gth to protect and .le lend the people and territory of Texas, in the event Mex ico rhould commence hostilities, or invude her territo ries with a laige army, which the threatened, I autho rized the General assigned to the command cf the army of eccupation to make requisitions for addi tional forces from several of the States nearest the Texan teriitory,and which could most expeditiously fur ni-f? ihtui, it, in ins ot>itrioa, u larji r (ioice th?u tb<t u der hit command, au l the auxdtaiy aiJ which, under tike circum>tanc> (, he was auiaoiizad to receive Iroiu 'l exis, should be rsq ii>> d. The contingency upon which th* exercise ot tni? ?u hoii:y depended has nut sccnned. rhe ciiCumstaUci-8 under wh.ch two comp xiea of Stste ar'il try lioin .he city o! N<jw OrUnns we.e ?mt mti Texas, Hid muttred into the service of the Umtal 8 ates, are fully staged id 'he report ot ih? Secretary 01 War. 1 rtcomuii-n I '0 Congress that pr .vis.on bo ma ,e lir the pay ment of these t oops, i.a well as a small mm her ul ft x .n eolun'eers, h?m 'he coaaitiaiiding genetal though', it uece^saiy to receive or nius'.er into our St" Vie*e. I)u lag the last summer, th" first rrgimentof diagoons mil. extensive excursions through he Indian cett .try on our b.irJers, a p .rt ol tt?? m a Wane ug nearly to ttie poiir ioni 01 the Hudson's B?s Company in the north, un lapait <s tar as the Soutu Pi I cf the Jt cky mouu t? ns, 4i.d toe head water* cf l!ie tribti aiy iire&ms of tne Colorado of the (Vast T o i xh.'b.tiou t f this military foics among the tn'tiiu tii'ies in those infant regions, and the council held w>th ttn tn by the commandcrs of the expeditions, it is believed, will have a salutary influence in restraining them from hostilities among themselves, and maintain ing friendly relations between them and the I'nited States. An mteiasting account of one of these excur sions acrompauies the report of the Secretary of War. I'u,ei the directions ol the War Department, Brevet Captain Kremont, of the corps ol topographical engineers, has been employed since IBM in exploring the countiy west of the Mississippi, ond beyond the Jlocky Moun tains. Two expeditions hive already been brought to a close and the reports ol tnat scientific and enterprising officer have furnished much interesting and valuable in formation He is now engaged in u third expedition; but it is not expected that this arduous seivice will le completed in season to enable me to communicate the result to Congress at the present session. Our rotations witli the Indian tribes are of a favorable character The policy of removing them to a countiy designed for their permanent residence, west of the Mis sissippi and without the limits of the organized states and t erritories, is better appreciated by them than it was a few years ago ; while edu atiua is now attended !o, and the habits of civilized life uro gaining ground err.oug them. Serious dilticultins of long standing continue to dis tract the several parties into which the Cherokees ard unhappily divided The effortscl the government to nd Just the 'lifflculties between them have heretofore proven iinttntcesslul; and there remains no probability that thin desirable object can be accomplished without the aid of luither legislation by Congress. I will, at an earl) period of your session, pre ent the subject for y our considera tion. accompanied with an exposition of the oomplaiuts and claims of the several pailiestinto which the nation is ? iivirted, with a view to the adoption of such measure* by ( ongress as may enable the Executive to do justice t-j them respectively, and to put an end, if possible, to the dissensions which have long prevailed, and still prevail, among them. I lefer you to the report of the Secretary of the Navy for the present condition of that branch of the national a 'fence; and for grave suggestions, having for their ob ject the increase of its efficiency, and a gi cater oconomy in its luanuguhunt During the past year the officers and men have performed their duty in a satislactoty manner. The order* which have been given. have been executed with promptness and fidelity. A larger force than has often formed one squadron under oils 11 ig wai readily concentrated in the ijnlf of Mexico, and. appa rently, wilh9ut timisuil effort It is especially to t.e oh. served, that, notwithstanding the union of so considera ble a force, no act was committed that even the jealousy of an irritated power could construe as an act ol aggres sion; and that the commander of tne squadron, and hi* officers, in stiict conformity with their instructions, holding themselves evei r?uly lor the most active duty, have achieved the still purer glory of con tributing fo the preservation of peace. It is believed tnat st all our foreign stations the honor ol our flag has beeu maintained, and that, generally, our ships ot war have been distinguished for their good discipline mid or i'er. I am happy to mid, that tho display ol maritime lorco which was required by the events of the summer, hat been made wholly within the usual appropriations fjr the service ol tne year, so that no additional appro priations are required. The commereo of the l.'n'ted States, and with it the na\ igati. g mlerest, have ?teadily and rapidly increased since trie organisation of our government, until, it is be lieved, we are now fee on I to but ono Pover in the world, mid at no distant day we shall probably he infe rior to none (!t;n)t?d as they must ha, j* hat been s. wish policy to afford to these important interests protec tion with our ships nf war, distributed in the great big'. ways ol trade throughout the wrrld. For more t an t'jirty ) ears appioi^.Mtions have l>een made, and unfit! ally expendel, for the gradu il Increase ot our na'. el forces. In peace, our nary perform i the ImpoitHtit duty id protecting our commerce, and, in the event of war, will be, as it h?s hean, ? most afHuient means of defence The successful u?* of steam navigation on t>ie ncean hfis been followed by fho introduction ol war steamer* in great and increasing numbers into the uavits ol tho principal maritime Power* of the world. A du? regard id our own idfr'v ikI " ?" efficient protection to opt i.irzi' and increasing commerce, demand* a correspond it * increafe on our part. No country lia* greater feci. itieo l?r the conduction of vessels of thi. description ttian ourf. or can promise itself Heater advantages from their employment They a/e admirably adapted to the promotion of our commerce, to the rapid transmission of intelligence, and to the coast defence. In pursuance of the wiw J.olx.-v of a g?du-l Increase ol our navy large supplies of live oik timber, and other mateiia* lor ship building. have heen col ecteJ, and are noiTmukr Jbelter and i.T a aUte oi good preservation, while iron steamers can be built with great ^ilityin variou* part* of the Union. The use ol iron a* a mate rial especially in tli<? construction *f steamers, w tiioh can ente "with aafety many of the harbor* along our coast now inaccesiiblo to vessel of gieat draught. and the practicability of constructing them in the interior, sirouKlv recommends that liberal appropriations should be ma !e tor thi* important object. Whatever ina., have heen our policy in the earlier stages ol the *uvrr'""?'',t? when the nation was iu it* infancj .out shipping interest ( and commerco compara'ively small, our resource* limit ed our population sparse and scarcely extending be (ond ; the limits of the original thirteeWStates.tbat policy must | be essentially dirterent now that we hove three to more than twenty millions people; that our com meice carried In our owu ships, i* found in evcrj sea, and that our terutonal boundaries aud settlements have been so greatly expanded. Neither our commerce, nor | our Ion" line of coast on the ocean and on tho lake*, can be successfully defended ogainst foreign aggression b> m.xns of fortifications alone. These are essential at , important coram ireial and military paints, bat our chi<* reliance for this object must be on a well organaed efficient navy. The benefU* losultiug from such a nary I are not confined to the Atlantic States 1 he predictions , of the interior which seek a mar?ot abroad. ?re ditectlj dependent on the safety and freedom of The occupation of the Bulue below New Oilean ) hostile force would enibarrass, if not stagnate, the whole export irado of the Mississippi, and alT.-ct the value ol the agi icultural products ol the entire valley of that mighty river and its tributaries . It has never been oir policy to itnnntain largo stand iiirf armies m ti:ne oi peace. They are contrary to the ge!iins ol our free institutions, woulJ impose heavy bui Jen* on the people, and Uu dangssious to Public llb?rt>t Our reliance for protect on and dtlonco on the land must l>e mainly on our citizen soldiers, who will be ever rea dy h* they ever nave been ready in times past, to rush with alacrity. at tho oall of theii couutry. to her defence. Phi* description of force, however, cannot defend our ?Ort-it, harbors, and inland seas, nor protect our com merce on the ocean or the lakes. Those must be pro ected by our navy. , ? . C onn taring on increased navvl torce, and ??p?Ciauy if steam vessel;, corre*ponding with our growth anil mportaure ns a nation, and proportioned to the in creased and increa-ing naval power of other nations, ol ra?t importance as regards our safety, and the great ana rrowing inteio ts to be piotected by it, I recommend the iuhiect to the favorable conrideration of Congress. The report of the Po .tniaster General herewith com nunicated, contains a detailed statement of tie 9j'era' ion* of his department during the past year. It will be e?n that the income from postages will fa 1 short ol he expend'tures for the year botwoen one aud two mil ions of dollars. Thi* deficiency has been caused by he reduction of the rates of postage, which was made iv the act oi tho third oi March last. No prmciple ias been more generally acquiesced in by the >eoi le than that (hi* department snould sustain itself by uniting its expenditures to its income. Congress has lever sought to make it a source ol re?entie for general mrpims, except for a short peiiod during the last war vith Great Uritain, nor should it ever become a cnarge in the gene.al trea'uiy. If Congress shall adhere to his principle, as 1 think they ouifht, it will be necessary itlier to curtail the piesent mail service, so as to reduce he expenditu es, or po to modify the act of the third ol larch last us to improve its revenues The extension it the mail service, and the additional facilities wnicn vill be demanded by the rapid extension and in; rease of population on our western frontier, will not idmit of such curtailment a* will materially re^ luce the present expenditures. In the adjustment >f tho tariff or postages the interests of the ,eople demand, that the lowest rates be adopted which will produce tho necessasry revenue to meet the expen litures of the department. I invite the attention of Con fess to the Fiiggestions of the Postmastmaster General !n this subject, tinder the boliof that such a modification if the late la*' mav be made a* will yield sufficient re venue without further calls on the treasury, end with ery little change in tho present rates ol postage. Proper measures have been taken, in pursuance oi the ct ot the third of Match last, for the establishment of men of mail steamers between this and foieigu coun ries. The impoitance of this service commends itself trongly to favorable consideration With the growth of our country, the public business shicli devolves on the heads of the several Executive Jepaitmen'c has greatly increased. In some respects, h_> distribution of duties among them seems to be incon- l rruoud, and many of theso might be translerred trom laotoanothei with advantage to lite public interests. \ moie auspicious time lor the consideration o' this sub ect by Congress, with a view to system in the oiguni/.a ion ol the several departments, and a moie anproptiate livision of the public business, will not probably occur. The most important duties of the State Department re ate to our foieign adairs. By the great enlargement ot he family of nations, tho increa e ol our commerce, and he corresponding extension ot ou?* consular 8) stem, the iiusiujbsofthis department has been greatly increased. In it* pr*?f?f?nt organization. many duties ol a domestic until re, find consisting of details, ore devolved on fen* Secie'ary of State, which do not approptiately belong \o the foieigu department ol the government, and may pto perly e mntiferred to some other depirtmont One ot | lliese grows out of the present state ot the law concern ing the Patent Office, wliicli, a few years since, was a subordinate clerkship, but lias become a distinct bureau ui krelit importance. With an excellent internal orga nization, it is still connected with tho State Djpartment. In the transaction ol its business, qiisMiont of much im portance to inventors, ami to the oommun.ty, frequent ly oris*, which, by existing laws, are referred foi deci sion to a board, of which the Secretary of State i* a mem ber These ijuestions are legal, and the connection which now exists between the state Department and the Patent Office, may, wilh great propiiety and advantage, be tran-leried to the Attorney General In ins last annual message to Congiess, Mr. Madison invited attentiouto a proper provision lor tlie Attorney General n< an 'import ?ut improvement in the execuiive establishment ? This recommendation wai rep-a.ed by pome of his suecessori. 1 he official duties of the Attor ney General have been much increased within a lew years and his office has become one of gieat importance. Hik duties may be still further iucieased with advantage to the public interests. As an executive officer, his resi dence and constaut attention at the seat of government are required Legal questions involving important pun c.ples, and laige amounts of public money, are con stautly reterieu to him by the Fresuont and exe cutive departments lor his examination and de cision. Tho public business under his official manage ment before the judiciary has been so augmented by the extension ol our teriitory, and the act, ol Congress au thorising suits against the United States for large bodies of valuable public lan la, as greatly to increase his la bor* and tesponsibilities. I therelore recommend that the Attorney Geueral be placed on the same looting with the heads of tho other executive departments, with such subordinate officers, provided by iaw for his department, as may be required to discharge the additional duties which have been or may be devolved upon him. ,

Congress po?sess tho power of ex-lusive legislation over the District of Columbia; and I commend tho inter ests oi its inhabitants to your favorable consideration. The people of this district have no legislative body of Iheir own, and must confide their local 11s well as their geueral interests to representatives in whose election tney hnvene voi *e, and over whose official conduct they have no control, Kach member ol the National Legisla ture should cen-tider himself as their immediate iepre sauta'ive, and should be the more ready to give nttention to their iuteiests end wants, because he is not responsi ble to them. I recommend that a liberal an.1 geneious spirit may chmacterize your measures in relation to them I khull oe ever disposed to show a proper regard 1 ,t their wishes: and, within constitutional limits, to ill at all times cheetlully cc-opeiate with jou lor the ad vancement <;f their welfare. ..... I trust it may not be deemed inappropriate to the oc c.isio.i lor me to dwell for a moment on tse memory of the most eminent citi/en of our country, who, during the summer that is gouo by, has descended to the tomb. The enjoyment of contemplating, a*, the advanced age of near foui-score years, the happy condition of bis country clieeied the last hours of Andiew Jackson, who depart ed this life in tiie tranquil hope ol a blessed immortality His di?atK w.is happy, as his lile had bpen eminently use fnl. H had an unlultering confidence 1.1 the virtue and capacity of tlie people, ana in tho jiermanence of that free go\rrum?ut which he bad largely contributed to establish and defend. Hit great deed* had secured to him the nflections of bi* fellow citizens, and it was his happine*'* to witness the growth and glnry of his country wnich he lovi d so well tie departed amidst the benedictions of millions of freemen. The nation pui 1 its tribute to his memory at his tomb. ? ommg geneta'io.i* will learn from hi* example the tuve ol coui - try and toe lights ol raan In hi* langui^e on a similar occasion to the present, " I now comiirftid you, fellow ci'i/ene, to the guidance ol Almighty God, -ith afull re liance < n His merciful providence lor the maintenance of our tree institutions; and with an earn<st supplication, that wl a'.iiver errors it may b? my lot to commit in dis charging the arduous duties which have devolved on me, will 11..d n remedy in the harmony and wisdom of jour counsels." JAMKB K. POLK. Whihi.notos, December 2, lJ4A. Mlnrrllmuoiti The lust lickeburg thHi John Briacoe, n planter living in ar Richmond, Lb, ? h killed at a drinking I Ouae in that city, a few day* prnvioua. by a bar kec|x>r nam*d liairett. Mr. II. wo believe waa formerly i" the Senate of Louisiana We w?-rr ye?t?rdny, fays the Ch*rlr*t<m Courier of the 28th ul> . preaenw d with a couple of H ie lemona, brought from Beaufort, and shortly hjter*uid? a nentle man left with us on? wti 11 fi.iee in app?aranc?, taken from n tree in bit irarden in i^nno:.borough, which he atate* to u* ia literally loaded with fiuit. The Illinois river has b?*rn for<jab!e in many place*. Traveler* from the South destined lor too ?Jortn, ' have heen compelled to tike passage in ktjgea. J. J. Sweeney, of Memphis, on the M^muhis, ' Jumped overboard on the night of the 19th. He left ? note in hia berth with thcae w ordf " 1 am on my way to Heaven." The manne r* of thi'Chy Testimonial Fund in I'biladeliihia, have canned to be manufactured a beauti imI |tW|l to be pre?ent?d te Mr*. Henry (.lay. It i* a i?r>icelet. made with a wide gold chain, bo.inu and aet with a riuater of eight diamonda of the purent water.? The brdliant* ' in Up u crn either on the bracelet, or a* ? ring oi a (>>n Tin order forth* nu ufacturft wan given on Mon lay, and on Saturday morning It wu iea<iy 10 to iorwanied to it* il??tin*tioii. T'ic ?|^niug < I' the .S.iriniift-'ld and Northampton Railroad f >r triv^l ha* been delayed until the miJnle or la?t <>t tnia we?k A r.tw hm I neanUldl engine. eel <id tli*5 Holyoke, ban b?en procured lor tii? seivice of 'he road Ita weight I> fifteen loin, wrid it ra fiom the ??ta* blxiioient uf 11.i.oi?le) St Urury.of Rutton Constablo .MerriH'ltl returned Irorn Philadelphia thin mommy. whiire lie hud bennfor the purpoae of Iden tifying.! perron, auppoied to be A J lirrell, on infor mation bent to Hhantf Kvrratt, by the Mayor of I'hila del,.Lra He ?U uotthe man ? Trantmpt, Monday. NEW YORK HERALD! \>? %v York, Wednesday, Dcccnibcr 3, 1M5 The Foreign Newt. We ha?e received tit? fi st M 11 grol Pre?Weot Holt, an wi' n^w a-r/uit the foreign news. The Cambria ii ib her IjuiUei.tii Jay, an J she m jy, :liarif.>re, be coutidertd as fiiily duo. With the declaration of the Executive rei(K ciitg our 1 ;r? ig.i relation1, before us. iteaewi f:on Europe i? looked lor with lacreaiei interest. Our social t n jit est may be the lirtt to gi?e it to the public The President's NrHagr-PoiiHon of Mr. Polk.'* Administration. We give in this morning's paper, the important proceedings that took place ou the opening of Con gress, comprehending the election of Sj>eakrr ; the organization of the House, and the delivery of the President's Message. The general characterof thete matters, as developed in the first two days of the pre sent Congress, is of the highest and deepest impor tance of any proceedings for many years past. They indicate that the administration, at the first start, w ill receive the decided and .'urinonious support of the democratic party, in both houses of Congress.? It reveals to us at once, the important fact which has been a matter of speculation since the delivery of the inaugural mess.age, that this administration will probably be the strongest that has been known in the history of this country. Let us come to parti culars. 01 Mr. Polk's massage?what is it 1 or what of it 1 how do you like it 1 Well, it is one of the mos, extraordinary documents of the. kind that we ever read, in language, sentiments, arguments, opinions, positions, and views. Jt has surprised?astonished |>erplexed, and pleused us. It will not only create a sensation in this country?but a general " flare up" in FJurojie. In our foreign affairs, it is bold, un- i flinching?and claims Uu whole of Oregon. Yet it ' appears that the Secretary of State ottered Mr. Pa kenham, last summer, to settle that question by de ciding on the 49ih parallel?a fact now revealed for the first time, but which was impudently denied by the Union newspaper last summer. Mr. Pakenham refused that offer, anld then Mr. Polk retreated to the whole claim, and in the history of the negotia tion, he has certainly put the British government in the wrong?in a dilemma before the Christian and civilized world. On this important question, the difficulty with England is increased, and we do not see how it can be unravelled, except by some seri ous demonstrations On Mexico, Texas, and Mr. Guizot's " balance of power" on this continent, the President is equally strong, pointed, and startling. A modification of the tariff, on the revenue stand ard, is recommended-and also an independent treasury. On the whole, this message is one of the most startling documents we have had in a quarter of a century. The proceedings which resulted in th? election of Speaker are also significant enough of the spirit of the new age On Saturday the first caucus was held, of over ! one hundred democratic members. This was merely a preliminary meeting, for the purpose of I talking over the ground, the condition of the party, i and the prospect before them; nothing was done until the meeting of Monday morning, when the unprecedented number of 153 members were present at a caucus. On the first vote on the election for ! Speaker, Davis received 66 votes; and on the second, he received 77 votes, being a majority of the whole. That informal vote of the caucus whs confirmed in the House by 120 votes, being a decided working majority of democratic members of that body ; thus showing that in the preliminary proceeding of the election of Speaker, all the different cliques were mastered and overcome by the influence of the administration. Mr. Davis, it seems, is a thorough- ' going Polk man, from the North-Western States, imbued with the same principles and the same feel ings which heretofore proved so triumphant in the nomination and election of Mr. Polk. In the election of Printer to the two Houses, we have no doubt the like result will take place Messrs. Ritchie & Heiss, who are the selections of the President, as the editors of the organ, will un doubtedly be elected Printers to both houses as soon as the votes are taken. This had not taken 1 place at the last accounis, but there is no doubt that such will be the result. Mr. Ritchie is not the j man he was taken for; and we have the best reason ' for believing, that if a new selection were to t>e made. Mr. Polk would look in another quarter. Mr. Ritchie, amiable, and intelligent as he is, is be^ i hind the age. He is frittering away his force in inconsiderate trifles, fighting letter-writers and oth er small fry, instead of giving dignity and force to his jouri al. A better selection would have been for Mr. Pofk to have taken a new man-a young man unknown to fame or to the public, but possessing the highest talents, and capable of giving dignity to his position. Ritche & Heiss will continue to oc cupy their position for the present Congress, but we have no doubt there will be a change made before two years have elapsed. From the important developments at Washington, it is now ascertained that Mr. Polk's policy, from the moment of.'his inauguration to the present day, has been wise, consistent and dignified in the high est degree. At the first start, he carries immense maiorities of his party with him, and breaks down all the different cliques and counter currents which were formed against him In the Senate, the two great leaders of the admi nistration will undoubtedly be Mr. Calhoun of South Carolina, and Mr. Benton of Missouri. The very personal antagonism, looking to the future, which exists between these two gentlemen, will iive an additional strength and tone to Mr Polk's adminis tration. They will be the leaders in the Senate, and must follow in the wake of the President. In the llouse, the present probability is, that Mr. Charles J.IngersolI may be the prominent leader. But as it is is a new Congress, new spirits will start up, and great importance will be attached to the first pro proceedings of that l?i;dy. On the whole, it may be said, that Mr. Polk has rode over all the counter currents of his own party a? well as the aggregate force of his opponents, at the hrst -tart, in the course of his administration - lie has placed tin United States in a new and for midable position before the civilized world, and the great mass of the American people will undoubtedly oupport his administration with enthusiasm and en ergy. We will have bustling times anon. Trade wrn, wi? b(f on reference to the money article in this day's paper that our exports to Great Britain in th. month of November, reached nearly two millions of dollars, one-third of which was breadstufls alone. About two-thirds of the aggregate exports for ihe month, were in shipments to Great Britain and depen dencies The external demand for our staple agri cultural products this year, will be very large, with out a corresponding extent of importat on*. The balance of trade between ihe Knifed States and all other countries, must nett a large balance in our favor, and give us a large importation of the precious metals. ?Ao?f4TS-*p*"Mr t0 wrt" this Mm ?a*i -The President', Met.uge will leave this morning for Europe three packet ships, detained for the purpose. They start off, like expresses, for H^reInTC"t f>oin,9-Lonrf<>n, Liverpool, and Havre , and, in about a month, this important State piper will be spread before the people of England and France, ?nd, indeed, most of the continent. It will astonish thetn. The potatoes imported in the ship St. Pa no*, Iron, Liverpool, will he sold from ihe vessel immediately after arrival, in loU to suit purchasers. we are informed, that ihcy h.ve nftl bl.#n Pur ahasad by a flour Specula tor, as tut'd New IiVmp-hihr Elsctio* ?Tlw returns com# in Im: slowly VViMt we have received so far show an increase m ihe aggregate vote, hut the probabili ty is, there will be again oo choice. JJ ! I ..III I... .11 - -...P. J I 'cpajsitrr op Oi.i Hi,'!J. TO Ei'Roi-c.?This cele- ' Orated Norwegian violinist is about to take hi.? de pirtur-? from our chorea, after a?uy ofa little over two years witii u?, during which time, he has been more successful, and has had more favors conferred upon Itira, than were ever before extended to any perfor mer. lis will sail to-day, at 12o'clock, in the splen did packet ship Baltimore, for Havre, in France; tnd from thence he will proceed to Paris, the capital, to j commence, in the Kuropean metropolis, his career, which is destined, no doubt, to be as successful as his career in the United States. On looking back at his career in the United States, wearestr?ck with the immense furor of excite ment and popularity, thatacompanied him wherever ; he went, and particular)- for its being sustained tor j two yeurs. lie guve his first concert in the United States, at the Park Theat re, in this city, on the 2Sd of November, 1848, and the building was crowded to excess. He gave six in all at the Park; and it was then deemed advisable, by his friends and ad- I mirers, for him to have his next series of concerts at ' the Tabernacle, a building capable of holding some three or four thousand persons. He did so; and for several nights that building was likewise crowd- i ed with his admirers. On one occasion, he performed to seven thousand persons, for the American Institute, in the area of Niblo's gar- ; den. From New York, Ole Bull travelled all over the United States, Canada, and the principal islands in the West Indies; and in everyplace he visited, the same excitement and popularity, the same phrenzy of public feeling, was manifested towards him. In fact, his whole course was altogether unprecedent- ' ed. He travelled over one liundrtd Ikoutand mi/et i in this country, giving concerts in every place of consequence, and invariably with the greatest suc cess. From his first landing, until his late farewell conoert in this city, he gave about 200 concerts, 1 some of which netted him the sum of $'200, while others amounted to $3,000, as those in the city of New York; but averaging the who le 200 concerts at $400each, he received for his performances in this country, in two years, the immense sum of $80,000. Besides exhibiting his endowments as a musician, he has shown himself a philanthropist, in giving concerts for the benefit of benevolent institutions throughout the country, which yielded them a sum , exceeding $20,000, and he has paid to musicians . and other performers who acted as accompaniments, over $ 15,000. In musical composition, too, he has not been idle, and has shown himself possessed of talent of a high order. Having visited all the natural curiosities of this country?the Mammoth Cave of Kentucky, the Tails of Niagara, and travelled over the lonely prairie ?his contemplative mind gave vent to its overflow ing conceptions of their grandeur, in composing the I ? Solitude of the Prairie," " Niagara," "Psalm of \ David," and " The Memory of Washington," I which he afterwards performed on his favorite in strument, with orchestral accompaniments, to the delight of thousands. While in the West Indies he likewise composed his " Re cuerdos de la Habana" and the " Agraco Cubano," which were received with the same demonstrations of admiration which characterized his other com positions. He also composed many fantati as with out accompanim-nts. To no performer that ever visited our shores, ' were so many compliments paid. Pieces of poetry were addressed to him in the newspapers, and gold ?asea,medals, jewelry,<fcc., were presented to him by Yirious corporations. Indeed, his whole remarkable career was perfectly unii/ite, and unexampled in brilliancy and splendor. Coming from the most northern part of Europe, the birth place of Wodin or Odin, the land of northern minstrelsy, the people associated with him and looked upon him, in fact, as the incarnatiou of that northern divinity. Neither was the spell broken to the conclusion, but was kept up uninterruptedly to hie taking his farewell at the Tabernacle a short time since, on which occasion the capacity of that building was tented to the ut most; and at the conclusion, when he stepped for ward to bid the American people farewell, he so briefly and pathetically referred to his course here, his success and his sorrow at leaving, that there were many ladies seen in tears?indeed, one youug lady was so much affected th it she was carried out of the house by her father. The following, publish ed in u cotemporary journal, is a sample of the poetic feeling toward him:? A Fart wll to Ole Bull. ** C. LYNCH. There was a fountain in my heart Whose deep* had not been stirred? A thir?t for music in my noul My d?r had never heard. A feeling of the incomplete, To all bright thing* allied ? A sense of something beantiiul, Unfilled, unsatufied. But, waked beneath thy master hand, Those trembling chords have given A foretaste of that deep full life That 1 shall know in Heaven. In that resistless spell, for once The Vulture of I'nrest, That whets iu beak upon my heart, Lies, charmed, within my breast. Pale Memory and flushed Hope forget, Ambition sinks to sleep : * And o'er my spirit falls a bliss flo perfect that I weep. Oh, Htrarger ! though thy Farewell uotes Now on the breeze may sigh, Vet treasured in our thrilling hearts Their echo shall not die. Tko,u'?t brought from thy Northern home Old Norway's foiest tones; Wild melodies, from ancient lands Of palaces auj thrones. Take back the "Prairie's Solitude-" 'I he voice of that dry sea, Whose billowy breast is dyed with flowers, Made audible by thee. Take back with thee what ne'er before To .Music's voice wai given - The anlhem that " Niagara" chauuts 1'nceasingly to Heaven. The spirit of a People, waked IJy Freedom's bat lie cry? The " Memory of their Washington'? Their song of victory? Take back w?h thee a loftier Fame, A prouder niche in Art Fresh laurels from our virgin soil, Aud?take a Nation's limit ! | Farewell, Ole Bull, and may the sam.- spirit of truth, simplicity und genius which has hi'he rto at ten Jed your journey through the new world, ac company you on revisit ng the scenes of the'old continent. Mrsii Ai, Lkoiomi i,ic M*yku ?A great many enquiries are made in this city, and considerable ex citement existj in iriusicul circles, relative to the nature of the accident sustained by this distinguished artttte in ISoston, and which prevented his giving the concerts he intended. We learn that the acci dent is not stricily a dislocation of the arm, but an injury received on a finger of the right hand, winch canned the muscle to contrnct, thereby producing much pain. He m said, however, to be recovering 1 and in a few days will resume his brihitnt cureei- i winch, however, has hardly commenced in this country. I)e Meyer has received repeated applica tions from managers of all the theatres as far south as Mobile, who wish to enter into engagem* nts ?vith him He will visit this city, however, pie vioua to his southern tour, and giv? a series of his attractive wi'fct mutirals His api>ear<ince i* anxiously looked for hy many personal friends, and if*I lovers ofmusio ? Amothkk Ship Asiiork ?The packet fhip Europe went ashore on the eastern part of ihe fcpit nt a rj'iMr ter before three o'clock yesterday afternoon K,,e had a blunt pilot on board, b unt? nough, we leirn, to trtke packet through th- S*-M?h channel, draw-' in-* 27 leet, and an old chirt. This s ?,.ie E , ? * we I,el,eve, whs brought in in safety by on. of ,'u'r ol New York ,Mots, Who, ? ??? ted to bring h^nuf, | ,j , %t f board Ih It f?r rhngov^m,,,, ? III l|ll? llltilter t Bff AM-utp B it**.nu - llii??;. Hin-r, Wliic'i w,? to have sailed on V|,?,(J ,yt fr,,nl lint,,,, to LiV' l. pool, Wis detained uunl Tuesday morning, on rtC. count of the Storm sn.l thick to/, which prevaile d I during .Suuduy and Monday. Theatricals. ? Pais.--A vary escellert hotis? assembled lcr.t ?vpi: ing at the ParT:i# comedy or the " West ?nd,r in wbich Mr. Placido and Mm. Bland played mpit charm ingly ; ud the coineil..- ot " Time Work* Wonders," were the entertainment* preiented. Tbia evening u i?t apart for Mr. Brough'a benefit, on which occasion Mis* D?l.:y and Mr. Gardner appear in the opera ol " Love in a Village." A young lady alio make* her first appear ance on any stage in "The Child oi Nature ?n.l tbe evening's performance close* with " No Song, No Sap per." Howkk? Tun i ak ?The rapturous enthusiasm which greeted Mr*. Shaw last nigbt at the "Metropolitan," upon hnr second appearance a* Margaret Kllmore must have been to heragratif) ing evidence of her ability, aid a moit satisfactory proof of the fait and firm hold she baa upon the generous support of those who frequent this vast and really princely establishment. She was even more successful than on her first appearance, as was the applause more general and well bestowed. Her support by Mr. Scott, Davenport and Clark was most able and efficient. The operatic farce of " No long, No Supper," in which Mr. Hill ^appeared as Crop, concluded the ? reniug* performances. To-niglit Mr*. Shaw appear* as the Countess, in Kuowles'* play of "Love." Mr. Scott also appear* as Michael, m the Adopted Child. A rare and attractive bill. Ethiopian StursAoma. ? Notwithstanding the oold and frost prevailing last evening, Palmo'* theatre wm crowded by a highly respectable audience. The enter tainment wa* very similar to that of the previous even ing, but notwithitanding many of the pieces were on' cored, and other* substituted In the place ot tbo*o called for, which were greatly applaaded. There are only three other evening* on which theae talented and origi* nal muaician* can be heard in this conutry, for some time to eome ; therefore, those who are desirous of hear* ing them, had better take the eailiest opportunity, if they wish to do 10 with comfort. % CuRinriAM Hunts?ThH distinguished violoncellist give* hia second concert on Tueiday evening next.? He has created a great lenaation in the muaical circles of the city, and his nest concert wi'.l of course be well attended. In addition to himself and hi* violoncello, Ma dame Otto and Maater Sconcia will sing. Some remark* have been made with regard to the piano* used by Mom. Huber. They are of a very fine tone, from a co lebrated manufactory in Pari*. Mm Nobtiiali.'* Coucbiit.?Thli evening, Mini Northall givei her first concert in New York, at the Apollo Saloon. She Id a gifted and highly accomplished young lady, poiieising a superior musical education, and a rich injirano voice?remarkable for its purity and sweetnea*. She will be assisted by Sig. De Begnls, Mr* Loder, J A Kyle, Mr. H. Marks and Mr. Titnm. We have no doubt n fashionable and brilliant audience wil' assemble. 1 kmflctok.?Thi* gentleman gave hii first concert In Albany on Monday evening. He proceed! frern there to Springfield, Hartford and New Haven, where he give* hi? musical entertainraeut*, and return* to thia city next week, ?n route for the South. Wherever Mr. Templeton haa appeared, hit house* have been crowded to excess' and the greatest enthusiasm hai prevailed. Ill* farewell concert in thia city will undoubtedly be a most brilliant aflair. Ai.iiAMRA.-Thi* delightful place of amutement con tinue* to be crow Jed nightly La?t eveniug the oapital burlesque of "Black Diabolo" was played and went off with great applause. This evening the same attractive bill i* repeated. The Seguin troupe are (till In Baltimore, where they have been eminently tucceislul. Mr. Booth i* playing to crowded house* in New Or. leans, at the St. Chaile* Ho played Sir Giles Overreach on the evening of the 20th ult. Mils Mary Duff is play ing a *uoccB*ful engagement at the Ameiican, New Orleans. Mr. Burke gave his fi at concert, in Albany, on Situr day evening. The elu* of tne ci'y wero in attendance and the performance of the new candidate for fame i* spoken of in the highest term* of praise, by the Albany paper*. He give* a concert in thia city, oi Friday eve ning. The Fekir of Ava is in Pitt*biirgh, Peun. The Orphean Family are at St. Loui*, Mo. Dan Marble i* in Char.eiton, S C. Joe Sweeny i*at Richmond, Va George Vandeiihoffis pi ying at the Cheinut street 1 heatie. Philad* lphia, with ereat success. Hi* houi-es are said to be tilled with the e ile of the city. Madame Pico and Antognini gave a concert in New Orleans, which is ipoken of in the pnpeic u* r innit bri? li&iit affair. They were m tnutr for *New Orltans* City IiiUlii^taee, The Boar 1 of Supei vi*ur* are to hold a special meet ing tliiii afterrioou ut A o'clock. lias: Last Kvkkiiso.?About 8 o'clock last ?renin* the fire hells stiurk out an alarm in the drsc district. w.ilch was found :o he at lOfl Canal street The tUmis were first oh*erved to hroak out of the upor lof , occupied hv a sash maker Engine No 31 was promptly on tne spot lollowtd in quick succestton hy several otheia, hy who-e prompt exertions the premises and those a Ijoinirg were pioseived, with the exception of the part mention*!, and damsg by water ia the lower pm of the building of son)o property, for which It was xaU thatther* wji'uf. ficient insurance to cover all loss. H >w the fiie ori/i- ! nateo no one appeared ahlo to tell. The whole dim?*o will not uc*ed, it is atipp >*ed, 91000. Another Firk.?Between one aid two o'clock, this rrorninr, o fire broke out in Chatnam street. opposite the ( hatham Theatre, which had destroyed one or two buildings and was exteuding at the time of oar Boiuir to pros*. ? ? Scottish Gpard?The fine company ot Scottish Guard, Capt. Castle, gave a splendid ball last evening at Nihl .'*. We defer a report till to morrow, on aoeom.t of the Me*sage. The " R A. C'*."?A curiou* looking company of fan tastical*. marching under a banner with the above in scription, pasted our office yesterday. No two of them were dressed alike. We should suppose, from their ap pearance, that the intention was to ridicule the militia system. If so, we hope thay will go ahead. They went " uer Urin*,t ? Urf?t. return ed and marched through several of the principal streets H^Th.1nV. Pre"nled w,tt> ? ailver cup. while at Club Cottage, bT LCapt. Ryaders, of the Empire f Al" ,AT TP" Rooms. ?Thi* fair, which 1* for the laudable purpose of raising fund* to pav off.ome small debt* owing hy Transfiguration Church, will close thi* evening, when all soch things a* wili then remain unsold wilt be di*po*ed of by a public aue' thtti'th i ?Ur <L't,Vc" wil1 attend, and *ee that the splendid handiwork of our ladies shall brin* enough to encourage them in their beneficent underta- I king, and relieve this church from it* difficulties Among the many article* exhibited and for (ale. are some beau- 1 tirul exhibitions of workmanship, which would make very nice holyday presents. TiiANKsomno ? Turrets, Chickkks and Gkesk To" morrow is thanksgiving-the dsy which has been set apart by the Governor as a day of thankfulness for the manifold favor* an I blessings received during the past year. Among the other ceremonies of the day we pie H^rVi W!!nyL Ju'key."<\hickcnii.gee?e, ducks, aud oilier animals of the kind, wiU be destroyed, and that many will taste the luxuries of plum pudding. The market it now lull of lowjs of every description in preparation for thanksgiving. Die rich can have the*e at auy time, hut there are some, even i? this city, who cannot cff>rd to eat turkey even at thanksgiving Now is the time if any of you have a poor frieud, whose nostrils Hre not ticklft] with (he fmell of fowl from one year*! end to the other, to send him a good lat tuikey, or a goose, so large that, as Scrooire says, " he never could have stood on his legs, he'd have snapped them off in a minute " Send him a tuikey or goose Don't let him know who it came from, and he and his f imily, as tliay eat, shall ble<* with giati fill hearts tho unknown giv r. Who doesn't remember that immortal goose which decked ihe table ol Uob Croc hit on Christina* day ? In the New EugUud citie*. it is customary, on thanksgiving day, for contri button* to be made fjr the purpose of suppli lug the poor "r11? 'I?*U'''0, 00 Jay- l? it too late to do something of the kind here 7 * Price* ok Coai.? We have received from a coal dealer a reply to our ariicle a few days since, under the above head, lie gives what he consider* satisfactory reasons why coal should be higher this yoar than last. tl? says i that "coal, during this season, costs the dealer here Irnm f hlty to seventy-five cents per ton more than fjrthe ?nr?"? ' article 1.ist year; bud Ironj September to this tin,.) ahm < >1 to * I but the retail prioe is only fi.'ty ceuts |?r ton moie tiiao at this time last j ear. In a word, the prod's ol the denier this year have been less than th ?t oil ist )ear." Asa reu?on why cokI cost* the deal-r more .ois >car, he suys that "froig .ts t .is year iiava heen on ?u average thirty tiirecent* per ton more than la.t an I tne prime cosr of coal at least fifty cents per ton uJ In on >1 ' ' And then as a reason why freights and prices hive be.', highei, he ?*) s that "in RoD*ei|ii?n.-e ol lh.- e\ce o-ive J? ma I'd lor miners in the iron regiou. miner's wages hs\? ii'lvai.c< d tms \( ar ne.iriv Mi) per cent Tee prwe if Ual ).-rl?riraiglit. vs., s aicel) suffl ,, hands, aril tho ?i arui.il tear ol tne Vi-wi. This sear ?fi? ir I Cl"" ,4i'' lh?? "I*4 mi^ht <* we" lie idle lot not. in* as wo.k for nothin<. a id took a , , i'! ,! V,r * , ,lr remuneratlm. and v?ry j is>lv . h tuned it ? H? gives th* nil .win, a, th, coat ofcosl: - < ost of (,o..l per gross ton in Philadelphia. .?4 V> IM Ili.-ll'U'lCO ^ Caning ami piling in the ) ard, ai les*t. Id \vastago J par cent II Lahor and carting to cil.tompij j .... P?r gross ton , being eqnal to $A,00 |>?r ton of 1 000 1 >*. I >hkn". as Ansivrn I ho numlier ol ps-.*ancers who iirrived inthKcity duiingtha month ot November, ar* as follow* . From Orr*t Britain , g9( Frrin (?'ranee g,,! Ficm Bi>men, ... o7? F/oin Moll ind ???? From llei|iuiTi. F. m II in.huig. . . . . .'.V.'.V.'.V.V. ?9 r oni 11 u-hiit |rt? en m ii hnrpnit* t, ' I Pas .-n/era 4 0?d * ? *hi. i",n. I. mn -e aie clih fi (lei>i.sri? c?. De l The (?A"<n?r we* rslleil i| .III |.e h d< of tV III lain \le.n., \ ' ?'?'? rt'ue to hi* deMh l?-t eteoi ' ' ; - ' '? ' 1 '? ' " 'tori. |mo he river at th? | tt !. _r" * ?" iie ''ndsavsiniig to ??t nn h i ,id the> ?leem'-oaii Jlo heater V.-rdict nccor-t., glv Also. at the Dead Hott^e. P.ik on the h?dy of i Series Wil J''J' Prance, w ho came to hi* daatl b> tuherciiloui ditease oi the lung*. ?. I.. I to;t. i.