Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 3, 1845, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 3, 1845 Page 3
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Pitr>M Memoo.?-We find in th" Diaro of ih- 21st of October, received by the Eugenia at this port, the ofHc'il fiunounceinent of the new uriti of Mexico, ib agreed upon and authorized by tbe mi nister <f home stfairs The details of tliis tariff have been published, but the following articles have kince b?en added :? A*t. i. All vessels. ol' whati-oavor nature, that shall be on terms of friendship with tbo Mexican nation, uotwith ctsodinfC no special treaty af commerce shall have beau ratified between them, *hHll bo admitted to all those (joru opeu lor foreign comoierco. Their captain or su percargo, ea well an the muniment and cargo ot said v*?e!. shall be hr IJ subject to the prescribed I iws for tlie collection of duties, and to all penallies existing at the time of their arrival, lioiu the very moment of their bncbotnge in the watera of the jioit. Akticlk ii.?Veasela coming from foreign porta, being other than national vessels, cannot bo admitted at any other i>oit save that to which they may be consigned. If they do o (save under tbe 7'iJ ai tide of this enactment) tho vessel a< well as litr cargo, ahall bo consideied for leited All atirplu ages ol cargo over that manifested, will be liable to the penalty of the :14th article, being considered in tho light of contraband. At i 111.?The following are the poita which are open to the entrance ol foreign vessels Gulf of Me* co, Sisal, Campache, Tobasco, Vera Crua, Tampico, Ma tainoiaa, (Matagorda, Velasco and Galveston, when they ehfll have returned to the obedient control of the 8u pis roe Government ) On the Pacific Ocean?Acapulco, Sun Bias, and Ma tat lan la the Oulf of California?Guaynma and Montorey. A &t iv.?Incaae that any of tho above mentioned porta ?noil be occupied by forces not ia obedience to the Su preme Government of Mexico, it Khali remain shut, not only to foreign commerce, but also to coaatlng vessels, under ti e terms provided by the decree of the J.'d Feb ruary, 183j. By Mexican papers, received at Havana, it ap pears that propositions for an amicable adjustment ot the Texian question between the Unned States and Mexico had been made by the government of th? former. The Mexican Congress was engaged for some days m secret session, in a warm discus sion upon these propositions, and a newspaper ot tin* opposition party had b^en pronounced guilty of an abuieof the liberty of the press, for intimating in hi* columns the lad of such propositions being made, and the discussions had in secret session upon them. The editor of theDiario tie la Marina, al ter quoting a passage from the Washington Union, in which it is said:?" Jt depends upon Mexico whether she will hola out to us the olive branch, or whether she will go on in military preparations," Ace , indulges in some sarcastic remarks upon Mr. Ritchie's "olive branch," and says, the editor ot the Union has made a little mistake in the use of one word?instead of saying, " if she will hold out the olive branch," he should have said, " if she will accept the olive branch extended to her." Steam Slave Ship Taken.?The Boston Tran script ot the 1st instant, gives the following par ticulars of the capture of a steam slaver on the Coast of Africa:? The Mohawk, which arrived at thia port this morning from Xiii 7.ibar and St Helena, reporta having left at St. Helena. Oct. 14th, H. B. M. steam ship Penelope, which nriived there tho day previous from the Coast of Africa, hnvirg ca, tured a few days before u slave steamer called the Cue que, rigged as a three-masted schooner, which fi'ted out at Pemanibuco, and was off the coast waiting lor i&flO negroes to be got ready for her cargo. On tioaid this alavtr were 4.*> persons as crew?and amongst them were four Americans, (two engineer* and two stokers) Tue assi?tant engineer ia now a piisoner on board the Penelope, and tho other three are on board the Cacique, expected immediately at St. Helena, when she woul.l lie put into the Vice A Imiralty Court for con demnation The Commodore of the Penelope intends to take the lour American!, buck to the coast and deliver them up to the American Commodore. The Cacique was built in this city some time ago, and is one ot several steamers constructed here pro bably for the same business. It seems, however, that even with steam, they are captured. Tlse Wentht-r, dtc. Albanv.- Our fiist snow stoim caine with interest. It commenced snowing yesterday at noon, and continued withnut intermission until laie at night. Uefore morn t' f. however, it tinned to lain, and unless tbe weather change* soon, sleighs will not ho in demand long We learn Horn the Express Messenger that the canal west ot us is entiiely cloi-ed. The llailroad Companies com rnenced cariyit'g freight Satuiday, it being thex consi der* d that navigation l>ad closed. The river as yet, is wnl*.m any formidable obstiuction. There was consi der.J'le floating ice Saturday and yesteuUv The South America and Hendrick Unison both left for N. Yorkjes tat day hefote their usual time, that they might get lielow the shoal waterbefore dark The Knickeibocker and Co lumbia arrived at our) .ockr at an early hour thin morning Sunuday u as a busy day with our several tow cornpa. nles The Albany was brought down fiom her summer nioorlr.Ri nt Troy^ and left with a Heet ol boats in tow. The ."wir:li Amcifca followed with another fleet, and the Trojan with ai.o.hcr. And we believe several other boats also iaft with lull tows The Knickerbocker and Columbian weieaUo wall stored with tlour lor New Yoik The Kip Van Winkle has laid up in our baitior fjr the winter ? Joirnul, Ore. I. Bvrr*i.o.?? Niaht belore last the cold was severe. and mnst have made i'.e rapidl} upon the lock g-uos of the ca ml Yamai day morning, at 7 o'clock, tlia thermome ter. at our house, stood only twelve defines above xero ? a degree ol cold that comparatively f^w days of our winteii bring us. Yesteido) was sunny and pleasant, in the morning, but the air was again cold as night ap preached, aud freezing began eaily in tbe uftemooii.? Pilot 29(h nil. W? hare but litt!o further intelligence in relation to tha Into di'Bs'cr*. A smrll vessel wai lost at Krio on Sunday morning?the crew saving themr,al* in tlio ? mail boat. Tho Nile leit for Detroit jesterday morning The Indian <i'ieen has gone after the remniider of tlio car#" of the Blue Bell, the ichoonei Vcmiont having brought in 900 bids rtour. There are but lew vessels np the lake to come in, and navigation may bo regaided at essentially close.! for Ihe season, though there will be several steamboats yet leaving. v\ e learn from our friend* of the Lockport Courier, by telegraph, at 12 o'clock to-day. that the tew straggling canal boats to be seen ate making their way into wiuter quartets Last night win the coldest yt expetienced, but no ico was to le seen in the canal above the locks, flomo mow had lallen, but not sufficient for sleighing. Nothing done in wheat or flour.?Uujf'alo Jldv. l2Qth till. Ves'.*Hay we had the flrit touch of real winter. For two (!a\s the wind* have come as if whipping out of a (now bank, and those cold, thin, hazy clouds came (weeping down from the north and noith east, that make one think of (now, heaps in spite of himself; winds whisk, lug about the corner* of street*, little boys slipping tip, tleigii fcclU jingling, and our stables earning the need ful.? w Hacn Herald, Dec. 1. We tear the history of Sulurday night will tell of many shipwrecks. Tnete could not have failed to have been boats out, but they could hardly hate lived. The Missouri, however, came into port yesterday noon.? Detroit Kxpi c$i, %ilh utt. We had quite a snow storm yesterday afternoon, the first cf the senson and at one time the ptospact lor good sleighing loa'*ed quite encouiuging - but in tha evening it comnuMiici raining, and the lain fell abundantly through tha night, ana this morning the mow bid ail disappeared. W e learn that a considerable quantity of snow tell at Audover, lluveihill, ftc. -and in New lliinpsdnie. The sleigh-bills this morning were gingiirig right in?rrilyliotton Journal, Dec. I. It commenced cowing on ThursJxy afternoon, and continued until <latk The ground wus entirely cover ed. The air was cold and frosty, nnd we received the first breath ot winter. <Jy tho way, have any steps bet n taken to aid thn "oor, in 'he way of luel, during the en suing m ason ' An approp.Nation in coal would ho advan tageous. We believe sue, e course is usually adopted, ai l it is high timo the apprv orUtion was made.?I'ittk lu'nh Jour. Sor *29 The first snow ol the season rell yesterday morning, but a dri7./ii?g rain in tho afternoon caused it all to dis appear. Kor the day nr two preceding, wo had clear and blight fiost The weather is as variable as in Apiil. The meadows between Jersey City ami Bergen Hill are oveitbiwed this morning.?iv? trai k -Irlvtitner, lie,-. I A very wet, cold, drizzling, chilling, uncomfortable day was that upon which the drop cititain ol |nst night fell The cloud* appeared to be disgusted with the e.irth over whit li tl ay h id hui g so long, and actually wept most piteousl)', doubtless beenu?e they ccinldd't i;et away liom the sight of it like spoiled cnildien tired of n damaged toy ?rhil. Spirit Timet, tier.') /titer a iui% ijpeu ni t,mi pleasant, but dry wis tfier, it srt tn showering copiously yesterday.?.V. ffc Pic , Sunitt/y -J I Hit, Tho rain storm, yesterday, was accompanied by a neavv rale, which o vet turned fences, upiooted tree*, threw dow n sign hoaids, and dismantled roufs in this vi- I dull) ; and fioin lt? effects here. we frarlhat gieat diitn itge Iink been sn lie red on the seaboaid. and to tlio ship pn p in ihe haibms. 'Ihe tonl ot the town house, at Bieui-r, paiH<11y blown off and Indeed on the roof oi the met tii g house in the vicini'y. Tha tiila rose to an uncommon hen-lit, and piiihably muuh damage will leiull ? Monitor li'i'ig 2*11, ? / ? The St. Vartiim ilia .fiihtt titer of the iftlh ill'., says:? ??Sn?ar making l? going on briskly ii tliit Pail'h; hut the plan'eis complain tli?t the can.- does not > lei I t ear as imi li h? ihey expected. The weather is now very fovuinhl* to up. ii the cane, and no doubt the balance of tne nop will be improved by a, hull. i? quantity and quflit) ' ( old and yesterday: |rnod. '"ho'esom woatber. yj in >.?? > w . ? I ii jl/r V rm, ? ' 'i'he weather still co.i'inue* mild Snow fell on Sun its\ last to the depth of about eight inches, and slri^in, g in nnd iitmiiid Quefiec is now excellent. Light so* mo* It ? been failing .i >ee an e ily hour this mmnii g Wi lemli that at Three Itivers and .Montreal thare is no suots whatever. Atf'oilf>t Francis ll is said a Consi derable quantity of ice has formed. There are not more two ?es(?I? y et to clear.? Quebec Mtrcun/ Nov. 'J# Klirmoev I .rotw.A i t us:? J he proceeding- n| itie next L gb miiir" c.f Michi.'nn, wi | lie Innkrii upoii wrni urn n 't est arid should he well ?c tllii.uedhy the p?0| If Tne 11 tip -ed -ale ol the the i of t e la \ tne iliolri ' i'ig of t ?? -tate?jinlicial i. . and o't>. r n nnei* ot im, ortance w ?). be lln .ily l? 'd il|Kili In., h ,i h q i, s If i, we nr>" ni> b. lo I ht, L- sij-' 'i-y.-f/ f .< fi (lt y..r"vti Mi.?? tt i i owl >ti it ?/i,. it.irU hi,,i v t 19 it.- ?!-i, .s-re .-s-i-i.,. e,i ?,, jminu,i? till )olsli;(Ct ? ml! ee? 0 'ttko 11,1m Cu I.; , I ,t,,,l| liiq lille et I pait? I f tie cons lii Hi-... i..,t It i omnlivt to I ' ol t ll- V (-11 pi r*tl||?, ?(?/. j.l <1,1 (iiNtlltlaii. ; ^,1 T.tjti latlve || n-. ?. Hit l-Xiciiita luiu.n. I'D linll cntl powii?i?'h. I. IHMIIOI, powers, flili luieiual In,, prove" e. 7th llauka nnd t aipoietim s; d h Ti,e Mi liti.i) Bt i. *cet of Oiiveromeiit, loth i o ie ot umen ling the t. oi.?ti tut ion j jjth. Ueclgiatiu.i of Right*. (From the Independence Express. No*. I7tb.j Overland itlaitfMm Orejjon?At rival of Dr. White, direct from Urtijoii?kpttlul Mes ?tngers to tltf It S. Coii^rta*?Through Mnt-iy Oay?. We had the pleaaure ou Saturday evennia last of taking k?y the hand our old frieud, Dr. Elijah White, Sub-Agent of Indian Affairs for the Terri tory of Oregon, who had just arrived with h |mrty ot only tlire* men, Messrs. Chipman, Brown and ?axton, all claiming to be citizens of Willamette? two of whom, Oras Brown and Charles Saxton, had accompanied hun some time previously, on mi iiite rertiiu and important exploring expedition, th# re sults o) which will soon come* oelorc the public, of ficially. They left the beach ol the Pacific on tha 30th of July, toiiie fortv miles from the Umqua river, and arrived in the Colony about the 10th of August.? They found the Legislature in session at Oregon City, wild Dr. White being officially requested to bear a memorial and petition emanating from that body and si<?0'*d unanimously by thetn?also by the Judge of the Territory and Executive Committee? to the Congress of the United States, left on the 16th. They arrived at Fort Vancouver on the 17th, the Dalles of the Columbia on the 20th, and on the 23d proceeded ou their journey. Dr. White has found time, in the following letter, to answer our inquiries, in part, touching the pros- t pects and j>oliticul condition of the new territory.? He is now on his way to Washington, the bearer of a memorial to Congress, Irom all classes of citi zens in Oregon?Americaus, English, French, and half-breeds?asking for the extension of the author ity and government of the United States over that infant territory. The documents are sealed, ad dressed to the care of the Missouri delegation, and will, of course, not be made known until presented to Consrress. Dr. White heard of Lieut. Fremont's |>arty to the south of fort Laramie, all well. St. Loch, Nov. 2.1. 184(5. \ Sir?I received with pleaaura your polite note of in quiry regarding Oregon, from the Consideration of the warm interest you have manifested in favor of thut new, distant and interesting part of ou' wide domain, and ?m mni: happy to assure you, and through you, tho good citizen!) of St. Louis ami Missouri generally, who nave said slid done bo much to Advance our interests, that aside from some inconvenience^ for the want of a circu lating medium, or the establishment of proper commer cial regulations, our little colony of 8 000, are going forward most vigorously and prosperously,and,so i*r as the accumulation ol property is concerned. I know of no people so rapidly advancing ai those who have plant ed themselves in the valley of the Willamette; nor do 1 know of any like population so uniformly pleased with the country of their adoption?none, sir, of the sober, industrious and intelligent part of our cheerful little colony, but aie gicatly pleased with Oregon, and its prospects, uniforiuly extolling the climate, soil, scenery, Sic., fkc. And, sir, of this you need not he surprised, as from a residence of nine years in tnat delightful valley, ? I aiture you I know of no country possessing so lmld, equable, salubrious and agreeable climate, nor a coun try of such varied and beautiful one of such certainty or uniformity ol all kinds ol crofl peculiar to such latitude, save Indiau corn, which, thot gn more cer tain from ihe uniformity of cool nights, does not in growth yield more than an average New 1 ng'and crop. Nor do 1 know ol a country every where pi Messing such purity of water, or, considering its extent more valua ble water privileges. Ol its naturul and commercial ; advantages 1 need not speak, as from its jontiguity to the Sandwich Isiuuds, China, I'eiu and all the western woiId, it will be seen at a glanco that those aro very great. < 1 do not deny that, at the first glance, a great portion of the eastern and interior of that territory appears of lit tle worth, nor would otherwise say than that in the Wil lamette Valley, the garden of the world, possesses more depth and strength of soil, and less wasto land than any countiy of like extent; that three months out of twelve, arising fiom the continuous rains, are disagieable; but, sir, the time is coming, and rapidly advancing, when do mestic herds will tako the plnce of the immense herds of bufLtlos, and prove a rich source 01' revenue Experi meuts at Fort H II, Bases Wallawalla and other paits, demonstiate this cieaily. My time is up, more upon this and other subjects rela- ? ting to Oregon very soon Very respectfully, Your obedient serviint, ELIJAH WHITE. At the fi st ramp. Major Moses Harris, alias " black Hairis." his pilot and hi* dependent's, rs interpreter for the Sioux anil Pawnee Indians in passing through their country, without any difference or explanation, with diew trom the party and returned to tho vailey. Surpri- . sal, but no'hing i timid ited. they moved forward. They met tlio Wall i walla Indians ? so much excited the spring tmro<e. by reason of the violent and treacherous death of Elijih Ilea ling, an educated \ oung chief of distinction, j killed hi u while man in ' alifornu-and were handsome ly saluted and most coidially received - tho excuomerit hiving entirely subsided Corn, potatoes, peas, camas and cheiries, were brought forward for the consumption of the |'Hi ry. and tueir plantation*, with tho?e ol the Key use, speak well for their advance in agriculture and ci viluation. Not many nf the Wallawallas cultivate ; they geneially subsist on fi-li Hut thu Key use un<l Nezper ces, or Sehepians, under tho auspices of Dr. Whitman end l-idy, and Rev 11 H Spauldmg and ladv.are repie Rented as having mane most commendable uuvancrnient in agiiculture, science, arts, moml and religiou man) of the latter reading their own language, fluently and writing vvell, and in the teguUiity of itieir family devo tions, and observance of the Sabbath, it is believed lew equal them On the f?r of September they met, at Burnt river, ("apt Barlow, Kuigiiton, and .McDonald's ccmpaiii"S of emi grants -the three companies comprising some eight hun dred persons, with eighiy-sev?*n wagons, within some thiee buii<'red and fitly miles of their destination, all in good health and ti. o spirits, representing the difficulties ol the route as nothing in compuiison with what they had expected. While the Doctor was giving them an intel lectual treat, to which all listened witn indescribable in terest, some ol the ladies prepared a rich repast for him I and his little party : coffee, sugar, bread, biscuit, butter- . milk, and honey, with bacon, rice, and several kinds of dtied fruits, were nicely spread out ; they ate and drank, talked and mutually chtered eich other, and parted in the happiest mood At different points, for the distance of a hundred and thirty miles, they met others?each party soliciting, they all received a lecture on Oregon. The last party, called the St. Joseph company, ware met on Snake nv. r, camped disadvantageous!y, being some two and n halt miles from wood or water, on the sandy desert ; but they foun 1 them in the best spirits, and after advising them at some length on Oregon, the party was invited to dinner, and sat down to a tuble in the tent ol Kev. M. Fisher, a Bnptist clergyman, spread with a white cloth, and pa:took of tea, light bread, crhckers, maple molasses, dried beef and butter, all prepared iu the neat est manner. This company wore mostly New England people, had emigrated to Iowa and from thence to Ore gon, and carried their virtues and intelligence over the mountains with them. All much happier and better lor the i?(eniew, the party took their leave of this interest ing group of veneiable sites, aged matrons and smilirg youth, and passed on to Fort Hall, where they arrived ? on the 19th of September, arid met a cordial reception fiom Capt. < Jrant. On the '23:1, they passed the romantic and interesting Soda Springs, wheie all diank freely. On the 37th. mot Dr. Joseph lJurk, botanist and miner alogist, sent out hy the English government to make collections, and return in seven yeurs from the time of his departure?dined with him?found him an intelligent, utias'umiug gentleman The party passed ' the divide" 03 the 4th of October, all walking over it, and on striking the Sweet Water, all drank, not a little pleased to be hold the water once more running into the Atlantic. On the 13ih of October, came in sight of a large Sioux vil lage, of some 300 lodges, and containing -J,000 souls went immediately to it?were met by seveial Chiefs, ? and the party conducted by them to the Soldier's Lodgu, , where tlicy feasted upon the choicest buffalo meat. Dr. White exchanged a horse with a L'hiel, at the Indian's request, and left, after tarrying two hours, tho putty being as much pleased with their reception as the In dians appeared to be in entertaining them. They en camped three miles below the village, horses unmolest ed. and nothing missed. Next day met Smoke, a notable Chief, and 300 Indians with him, moving up to the lurgc viilage which they had passed?exchanged the usiihI salutatious of the day. and all went ott most agreeably On the Iftih reached Kort Latatnie. where the party were hospitably eriteitained, its at Kort Hall, by Mr. Pepin Lait ou the 16th, having purchased a sufficient supply ol dried hulfalo meat and llour, with groceries, to last to Independence, intending to accomplish the journey with all possible expedition, and not to stop to kill game. On the l"th, met eight or nine ox teamt, heavily loaded with goods for trading with tho Indians, in chttrgn of Captain Finch, who had n trading post seven miles below Fort Laramie, ou the Platte. <>u the IHtli, met Mr. Spane; bad also several teams loaded with goods lor trading with the Sioux ; he bad bttiied his partner the il<>y pievious, !%?Ving died of a nervous lever. On the ilflili, met two men on uu express to Fort Laramie, from the Ametioan Fur I ompnny at St- Louis. They told Hie Doctor lie would piohably meet the I'uwnee Indians bo fore leaving the Platte, and if he did, that they would rob him and his patty. In the menu time, till was conl islon, tome (matching a rifle Irom one, while another cangnt a Mankrt from an other, and tnn eft' Sexton flrat got under war. follow ing bin pick-hone, having mm y valuahlo papers, and aiiriounded tiy torn* ty/eiitv Indiana ; they toon ftrimied liliii of hi* powdei-hotii and hn l.ono and laddie, and put In in liare tiai k, while a hiave. witn a huge battlo-nxe, . led hit home by the bridle Brown followed H.ix'on ill a kimilur manner. patted him, and wat the fliat to grace th"ir flendi h triumph na 'hey entered their village In full gallop The Doi'toi wm next mft'eiel to ttait to \vill <? t .e village, hut nut until they had torn Ins rent into pit-cei. and tlilpped him of liu vest One In'ja,i Ihen i'lluk him a haid tilow witli 1,11 t,nw on 'the 1 cherk ; iinnther hit turn two MilUion the t >p of the head with 11 v, hi|li, ? hich iv a>Ij depi ived him of hl? leniet with nolhiuK left hut hi- Humel ihirt and pentaloot.a he 9ax on toon elte 1 Biown, with a M?ve lea. i g I m hori-e. and a duel tiding behind him, embracing him in bit arm*, t hapmtii lollowed immediately aitei Brown; Urn) MitirW hint ??vuihI uuict Ms he w?a tiding; he u n* huri icd along and taken into the Tillage The Dor or wa? laat on the ground, and was conducted irto the lodge of a Cluef, but not ponnitteii to convert* with the otlii r pii-onei*. Tne party Wfcre Jed trvevnl timet during tho evening on hoiinj com at difTVtout lodge*, accompanied by on Indian, hut were not permitted to be together, except ?bout ten muute-et a tn n. The H"-t imprei'jvu ? upon tne Doctor pi4iv. ?- ?lllunt,< ,ie ? '?W"'" TTotll.l catue nioat ol the p'- ? I 3 ' . <teu heck l>ut helote ini'rnii.g n I wetei'ot ? villi vd I(. (lie Ciu.tmt) ,hy t.HVn g tin 11 | ark- npi'i id ? d pil.M|l> d o( e< et) til I UK . I V .III.., n r|i In * to ] III.' I 'I e -i.tftet wete oml'le 1 |>r \\ ^;ie lull nrtu) tl hi* m valuable pi-peia,* ''lometurn \ I*'. ??ifc,*' 1 <?vt' M'IIihiIv u' th'? jiiee Ml i?i viii otl? peitoli* ill it.f Union At nr lobhllig tne pari) ol all ti.eir provin mi and ? lo li I * it.?? well HI hill. e.. in the inuril' g 'eveia '<,tiu?> t <if to the rhaimti i of witnen pu1 U|ii?mi' C 'in end llie clnef' w ho ? et. at the head ot the uiiii.i 0 In i tight lor* inl hevein] pom, lame poniea ami mill ? and guve each mm a few old gdrineti, acatrely enough to rover linn, inurh le<e to pioter.t him liom tho inci< m?iit teuton. A little niter Minnie thi j told them to be off. pointing 0vtrili* bill* where they were taken prison em In the ioiign w here Sa^ton (tapped during the night, while Brown was with him a lew moment*, tn old ''nief came in with a Irrg* oockige of paper*. evij>?ntly robbed from iome individual, but he would not *ufl<>r him to lead any of them except the wrapper, which wa* of the kind i f paper used Tor enraUpi in the WarOepartment, and directed on the envvlopn ?' Tangawanga, Chief of the G:to iirition " Tim Indian then opened the pucfeaga end took out a pa*?port from the United State*, and a lat(p paper having tea or twelve *eais on it, oppoaite to whicn w?ru many signatures, a lari;e paper resuiubling a deed, and a French pasipart ; he then folded them all up. at er pointing t* tin: coat cf asms on each, hut would not sut ler them to l<e investigated ; putt ni{ them ull into the envelope, laid them under hi, thij{h. cave a contemptu ous liugh, utiil soon left the lodge. The party travelled till o.10 o'clock at night, without a diop cf water, on the day they left the village on the open prairio. taking as their guide the north star, and going in mi eaatnily dnac tion. The Doctor was very much indisposed, owing to the violent blows he had received. Soon after the party were out of sight of the village, the smoke be hind told them that their enemies had tired the prairie, and all that day the wind Urove the fire hard upon the party, and at night the flames of the tall grass were seen behind them, mingling with the horizon, giving it the appearance of an ocean on fire. One of the pirty kept watch while the other slept, or rather dosed. Next morning, taking a bite of law corn, they continued their course uorth-eust; the party and poor animals suf fering extreme want of water. About ten o'clock they found a stagnant pool, where all tho party were once more aonaihle of the watchful care of divme Providence. They continued on in tho samo direction till three o'clock, when the party struck n deop ravine and began to follow it, but they had only proceeded u short dis tance when the Doctor discovered two Indians fir in thd distance, to the south-east; the party stopped, con cealed themselves in tho ravine; Brown crept to the bank to watch their moveme ta; the Indian* advanced a little, then also stopped. Tho Doctor then prepared to retreat and change the course of travel, and tho narty readily complied with his suc^ettion, went up the ra vine some distance, took a south ;rly direction, and tra velled some six miles, when they struck a small creek, kept their course still towards* the south, and just at dark struck the Oregon lload; to the g'eat.ioy of ull the party. They encamped that night at l'J o'clock on the Republican Fork, again eating raw corn for supper. On tho 31 of November, they considered themselroa nearly out of reach of the Pawnees, being fifty mile* from their village. They arrived at the bank of tho liig Blue on the evening of ttio 7th. w hen, on entering the tall forrest trees, by the light of tho moon, a lartfe flock ot turkies were heard among the branches. All weie ex cited with pleasing anticipation* of once more taiting something palatable, a* the corn, in whatever state it wa* taken, for several day* had soured on tho stomachs of the men, and they ate it only to keen irom starving. The noxt morning, Brown's well-directed rille brought a fat turkey tojthe ground. After the turkey was despatched, they iHturnnd to the corn again, as the Indians gave them only two rifles having percussion lock*, witu no more ammunition, and the other rifle wa* unloadod to strike Are with the powder. On the evening of the IHth, thoy ate the first meal in the house of Mr. Charles Kish, quickly prepared by his lady, residing among the Shawnee Indian*, thirty uiiles from the United Status line. The Doctor left the Willamette colony in a very flour ishing slJite, and is of opinion that Oregon, at no distant day, will rival many of the Atlautic States in agriculture science, and tho arts. In this opinion all the party cou cur, and they intend to return again in the spriug. A daily computation make* the distance lrom Oregon city to Fort Hall 800 miles From Fort Hall to Green river 10ft " From Green river to Fort Laramie 400 " Fiom Fort Laramie to Independence 830 " '201b Albany, Nov. 30,1846. 1 Movtmentt in PolitUt? Matter Burke's Firtl Ap peurnncc?Governor Wright on Religion. I announced in my last letter, that Wm. C. Crain, ! ot Herkimer, would probably be elected to the Spe liter's Chair in the House. You will recoli,-?t that John A. Dix was elected U. y. Senator ov?-r Heury A. Foster, in legislative caucus, last session, and Mr. Grain was uncompromising in hia oppo sition to Mr. Foster. By way of letaliation, Mr. Foster swears that Cram shall not occupy the Speaker's Chaii, and he is exerting himself to de teat Cram's election. This is small business, but the opinion is hazarded that Foster can and wi!l prevent his occupation ot the Chair. The attempts which have been made to get the " Bridge bill" tnrough the Legislature for some two or three years past, will be resumed this session with the most de termined energy. A new issue will be brought to bear upon tills question, and tin elloit will tie made to carry it through, at all hazards. The Albany is aunounced as the otficial organ ot the aii miuiatration T.iu first put for tho telegraph line between Al!>any on I Budalo >v*j planted on Friday la?t, Bt tne comer of l)?an and Sta'e stieet* , The canal na< closed Effort* were made on saturilay to >1 !?.<?? a bjai tin on* h the attaching a heavy chain to tne bout with mine ten .>r litteeu hoiso* to tow u through, but it wu f >und imjiracucatilo, iiuJ tlio attempt w tis leliuqnisued. W inter hab begun. VlHkter bmke's ti st concert mice hi* arrival in Anio rica, wth given at (Concert Hail on tin; evening ol i-ie ?JOili iiiKt. .?ir Biirko wa? knitted by \ii-? L. Cone, \.l?* .VI. Cone, und the Mauri. H. and M. Couo. *lr. rlulip A. Mayer pretiiled at the pianoforte. The concert w?s announced lor ? o'clock, but at hail past seven the very simcious diuing room at (. ongiet* Halt, in which the concert wa given, wa* crowded to it? utmost capacity , by pelito of the capital. There were Setiotois and Ex-Senatorn, judge* und lawjer*, pettifog ;ers and chr vitlirts d'induilrit, blon li ond brunettes, and old maids and young maidens, with bright eyes and warm hearts, in fair profusion mingled, assembled to hear this un tie iged competitor lor tneir " golden onimon*." A very ?;reat number could not guiu an entrancce, and wero oiced to return hun.e. At conclusion of the last pifco, Mast. Bunco, in answer to the repeated calls of the audience, stepped upon the platform. and said: "Indies and Gentlemen ?From niv very soul I thank you lor this kind, this generou* wel come"?and retired amid the thundering acclamations of the assembly. Tne Misses and Messrs. Cone acquitted themselves in a manner gratifying to an Albiny audience; but before a New Voik audience, they would be imparfait. Mr. M,i,.r piesided at the piino foite, with a good deal of grace nud excellence The theatrical season clo?e.l last night, to open again on ?.onday evening, with Uice's new company. 'Jem ploton is here?he give* a concort to-moirow evening. While I write, the snow has commenced falling, and it cornea down now very fait and very thick. It is, at half past 3 I\ M., three inches deep, and coming with a I attended Dr. Sprague'* church to-day^ Notwith standing the tremendous storm, I was rejoiced to *ee <})v. Wright present. He occupied the pew directly back oi iny own. He looks hale, and seems to be in goodipiiits. I)r. Spraguo is very forcible in hi* delive ry; his voice is mellifluouf, and his personal appearance is very digniflod, and impresses you with prolound re spect. lie enjoys a very enviable reputation lor talent, and excellent clerical ability. Police Intelligence, Dix. 2.?"7V*" Stcettign Again.? I)avil, alias Burns, the man who was reported by policemen Bon ne't arid Oibbs, as haviug escaped Irom them while on tlioir route to Boston, returned this morning from Bos ton, in company with two friends, <iat>rge Kemp and William Hughs, also his wife and child, in search of hi* f 1,'JOO in gold. This is certainly a .erv remarkable ail \enture, Irom the commencement ; therefore, we will simply relato the lacts a* given by himself. This man, whose real name is John Murphy, not Davis, ha* been keeping a grocery and liquor store, in Southard street, Boston, lor the last three years - he linally sold out his store lor $300, about throe weeks ago took what mo ney he hnd by him, making, tuall, something like $1200 ?got on a dr liking Fpiee, and concluded to return to old Ireland to *re his relatives?therefore, with that idea he came to New Voik. lie lutther stated before the Chief of Police, yosterday. that the two policemen demanded of him $.00 to aid him in his e*CHpe, giving iiim to underatand, at the same time, that a rewerd of $100 w as offered lor his arrest for passing counterfeit nione)--and using all other means iu their power to .n timidate him - he feeling greatly alarmod, and *till I?? boring under the effect* of liquor, agreed to give th?m f l/>0 ; consequently, vho officer* consulted together up on ariiviug ut l, and proposed to take Murphy back to New York for the $lMI,aiid hate him secreted in Brooklyn until nil opportunity offered to ship him to New Orleans or Furopo. However, upon returning to Ni'W Yoik, tho steam boat touching at Norwich, and finding the*o vigilant officers a.'leep, lie jumped ashore, and walked Over six mile* to a farmer'* home, whore he remained two or three days?all the money he had about him wa* three cent*; feeling n little lecruitod ha managed to walk Irom Norwich to Prorldencu, and then took tho earn, arriving in Oo*ton ca iast Saturday week, Nov. Jid, brti ig iust eijhtdaya from tho time he I' ll New \ork in ctutody of the policemen. The < hi* f of Police veiy promptly caused all tne uece*?aiy afllduvlt* to be taken, an. tho whole matior will be lai<i befnethe Orand Jury , who are now in session. Kx-Polieemeu Bennett and f.iliU are still in tho Tombi, being unable to procure bail I'crjjly?Daniel B!akely, captain of canal boat .**w Wo 11, wa? arrested last nigat by o'Uioen D<vi* ana Whikehart, Charged by Jcihu Niao with having in ide an Hllblavit bej'piit C. O Havens, I omnus-doner. on the U'h day of May, .844?which hlBdnxit was niateiial to the l??ue in a trial ih-n i ending ju the Common I'leas. De tained lor examination jlrrni of ?> Lounittfrihr. Mr. Joseph Palrcer, corner o( tVhiteh.ill and $"rout street, exchanged last night at his bur a tiank b 11. purpoiting to be a $5 bill on the At tleboioiitfli Bank Mas?. He soon alter difCovered it to be a spuii jus bill?when he hasten*J up io ihe Chief ol Tolice, who immediately despatched hi* two special aids, ("who alwaj s do t..eir jobs up "siiek") olliceif l.eon*:^ and Brow n. They spicadiiig themieD'e* tion-,v? iv ?oon iliqpped oo Ins liml. A bill ol the ?nh.e descnt'tioii was passed at the Finance lloiel. I'aie B iy* ard'*. and Uniteil State* Hotel The ufll ?rs left wor 'lit a number uf place*, to stop the person who should on> r sucn moi et j hi i-oiim q'n>nce of such inl'?BHt'ioti, he " n* { pull*"} htivs'?,l V\ lll? i?.wtr> Iliaaiie, hv ??' St ck 1' ?, in Ihe act of tr \ ing to (' e-'i,*V-* ^ l'*"' u .) ?d tin* dfctipiion. He *VI^? j(tthledtat| 1) taken to the <? li.'r Olttci-, fJ4*?t"> Krt, wheie 1,0 th" H ?li.", ? i.- kll 1 e < ??'* * t'O tiava I wi u it"1'1 I, uri in ill1, diollhl hi Ol call it|, li 111''!?>' '? an . eiitt i 'hen vii iq l' i ll* IViStiia ,II'I-I Ml O b,1 oil in, u ^n.iid I i ? '?? > iig'' ul Ihl* qiHi,i' tvi.l l.e *n.iv?ii Vn,4 work 1.0 dolt t, I > Hie ' I " o' Han toi'k F.KK?-The p71Z Mi.n^ kvpl by Mt li.niel I ut'W ^ \ 4 t U.* w* u Hi ?? oVlwCJs on 6ui?U*> h?o.imi?? 1V.ATH ?B-nj unin c. Wilctu, Llsq , [tie Ame rican! oiixii 1 lo i hina, died iu Philadelphia jesterday morning, aged 70. Movement* of Tr? seller*. There w?i an evident increise uf travelling yesterday All the principal hotels exhibited it vary fair pr jportiou, fi#m which llie following are selected : ? Amshica*?/. B Lsssla, New Vork; Major General STott, Kliiabethtowti: K.Kiencn, Sing *iog;< udw-illader tran<,Cntlttr Co , n.; C A Thuchston, Philadelphia; Mr. Boucher, New O'lean*; ff. C. Warner, Masseehu s>tU; R I) llamlen, New Orleans; W A. BraJley, Wash iugton; Sam'l Hastings, John D Lebree. Boston \iior \les?r?. Nicole Bil l f/lMvill, V. Wlidsor; Capt. Kid ridge, sup I.lvernool; W. Card. Troy; 11. Tro aele, New Jersey; Jo?iah Whittaker, Piovidence; 11 Bcboeder, Pl.ilaJelphia; Mr Boucher, New Orlomis Mr. Pratt, Baltimore; Capt Anthony, ship Argo; b N. Rich mond, Providence; Mr. Mickle, Baltimore; W. Hilli, Auburn: W. 5uik?, Jo; J. H. Bacoz, do: Chat. Hewitt, Troy; Elw. Pierpoot, Ohio; VIr. Ford, Csnida; J. M. Aditnit, Boiton; W B Coleman, Troy; Julins Fontana, Havana; W. 11 SanlorJ, Medway; .1. Webster, Philadel phia; J Coffin, Massachusetts Citv?W. Warren Scott, Troy; Mr. Clanp, Peeskill; Col Van Cortland, < retoc: L. Purdy, Long Island; J H. Rolfe, Bantoa; T. McCredy, Philadelphia; B. ('. Ray mond, Albany; J. Christie, New Haven; Major Baker, I'. S. A ; P Woodford, Boston; (Jeo. Ward, do; 1{ Church, I Ohio; K McMillan, Jersey; J. Bernard, Baltimore; W. Krj'noldi, do; Mr. Resaneon, New Orleans; D Lamont, Philadelphia; Geo. Riston, Josiah Bacon, do; J. F.dmonds, | Viiginia. i fmimiji?J. Sherman, Bridgeport; II. lUcaud, do; W Buriall, Connecticut; A. P. Burns, Bridgeport; (J. H Lindsay, Troy; A. Wilkius. St Louis; Caleb Stone. II linsis; T. B. Butler. Sherman Smith, Connecticut: Geo. , Brrant, Buffalo: ('. Nevens, St. Louis; E E. Burton, ?Cleveland; C. Column, Hartford; W. Hotchkiss, Cou . necticut; Geo Smith. Norwich. | (itnut.?J. T. Ilicketts, Boston; Mr. Sumner, New Hrnpshire:'Mr. Gilbert do; Messrs. Williams and Stark, i Connecticut Howahu? H. A. Rose, Conneoticut; H. Durkeo, Trny; Jol n Prcscott, Cotton; J. P. Brent, West Point; J. W. Harris, Boston; .1 C. Hawes, North Carolina; E. Hnrt, ] Chicago; 1'. < ollins, Piiiladelphia; Messrs Wendell and Howlett, Albany; J. Warren, Hoosick; Capt. Baiter, | Whitehall; Edw. Woodruff Cincinnati; 11. Willard,Troy; O. Molt, Canton; P. B. Chase, Phila. Court intclllgriiot*. Gemkhal Sessions, Hue. 3 ? Before Recorder Tall inn l>;e. and Aldermen Hart and lleury. M. C. Pater son, tsq , District Attorney. Tiial nf Hinry f'erishu concluded.?Tho trial ol the accused,'tor a constructive grand larceny, the paiticu lari uf which were given in the last number of the /At - al(i was resumed on opening the court this morning. On tho part of the defence, which was ably conducted by Thomas Warnm, Ken , testimony was adduced to show that Stuffriell was at tho rooms of the accused for some time on the occasion of the alleged difficulties be tween the naities ; thnt Stoffnell received the piece of ?ilk, (which was sealed up,) willingly, as security for the monoy advanced for the purpose of paying the Cus tom Hotise duos. Tho prosecution called witness to prove that Stu Knell was assaulted by the accused, anil received the silk with great reluctance, aud under the threat, that if he did not take that he would get nothing at ull; (indthat under these circumstances, he, Stert'nell, received the silk, and conveyed it without breaking opeu the seal, to Mrs. May, and which, on being examin ed, was funud to contuiu CO vards, worth about HO cents per yard, nud 27 yards woith ubout P5 cents per yard. 1'he whole ol tho property received from Varishu be ing worth about $76 only, instead of *130. The case was summed up by Thomas Wah.-skr, Esq , lor the de fence, and by the District Attorney for the prosecution. The uMohock tuen submitted tun case to tt.e jti y, with a In iof charge; but att< r being out until a U'e hiu , th;? Jury caun* ii t j Court and expru.-sed their iii-hilit) t ? a^no upon a verdi't. The; w?ro accordingly dis cr rt-iffd trotu further consideration oi" the subj ct. Trial uf Htnry Rote for Burglary.? Henry Kite was thin pl.ccdon ins trial lor a buigury hi tie thirl de gree, in having, on the ni<ht oi t:i>! vfl h January Inst, brok?n into the shop ot K. lward Bartnr, butcher, No 393 Peirl afreet, and ttualiug theref^oin a qaarter of mut (?jb and other prupr.ity worih 4>t M 'lh; indictment set forth that the buiglsry was coinmi'ted in M e Sixth Ward, whertm i?. ap,irjie I that the thopvl Mr B. ? i< si'.us'cd iu the 4'h W <nl. la c lastqucnce uf tnis detect ia the lodicuneut, Mr. Wamshch. coun-rl lor delenca, contended tha' it could not be >us'aiued, and that tho jury were bound to acquit the ar.cussd This viaw ?ai sustained by tb<- Couit, and the >ury aecoidirg'v r.-u d< red a vp diet of not guilty, wher ii| on the I) strict Attorney g tve notice thai te should Ir, in.* a n-w ludiit m?r,t aKainot the .'?cciisud, tnl moved tli-i C u<t to hell , 1.1in to bill, until such indictment could bu prepaied, which vtm Trial of IVilliain Hrown and Char In Ferguioti.?Two Cf>l ?r d j ou.ig tu- ii, ham d Cnuie. K>'i^iumi mid Win. Biowi., wer-; iuxt tii?d ou a charge. ul itralira-J9 hcgi vvor h about $.70, Irom th t yard ol J <c<if> Ki rimd otbel'. adjoiuli'g the premises, at ihn co1 ner i f K mth iin.l C^ iiles s ieets, on the iiignt oi ihe 19 n ot Oct bir laat. From ihc < v <l?uee udduced, it afpiaret ihst the ) aid-^atrt was not f> t< n d ; and the ai: ti-cd, .n 'heir ? ?? amiiu ion, stated tuai theyenterel th ? p>rnn>ci or th ? purp >Sr ol sleeping iliere, when toe nog- r-n out, kunck ii.g one of ihem down. Tli'y were acquitted b th? jtl y and, aft>r a reprimand from toe H colder, they wrreiiucharg d Siipi'iiur Coui t. Before <;lii?t Ju-'ice Jones. Dec. 'i.? Win. IViUit i s. ft. L. Uril ? Th ? care is brought fro'ii the Couits b-low, a id lid'' been subjected to th ee d JTirent expressed 0|tini<>nH. Intnu first instance, a ver dixt was giveu for plaiutill' It was then aiguad befne tr.a Sucenor Couit, aild the verdict set aiuie. on lie ground ol n.foimality. It was laen submitted to a juiy, who separated, and went to their lionn-s pieviuii-. to tne rendition uf their verdict, which under the circum stance! ten* not admitted l>v the Court holding junsdic tien . a?d it now come* before a juiy in this l ourt lor anoi?N>r ilecis'on Tne 0e ence set up i>, the name of the endorser, sded for tho recovuiy uf tne note in question, is a forgery. Krotn t'ie rna.s of lestimony in this case, it is fair to in fer that it will occupy the attention if the Couit two or three days. The mintitn pailiculars of this suit, as Will be recollects I, have been previously and f'iliy reported. Balnre Juilee Oakley. Charles M. J'ellun ft itfit<-? H. Mazzy.?This suit is brought for tho recovery of n note lor f 180 31 at 4 months, and endorsed by John W. Moore. The defence rests upon tlio ground that this nnte w;m pasaed over to the hands of the plaintilfas security lor hi> old and doubt ful debt ; that the legitimate purpose for which it was given wits one ol accommodation, aud, therefore, it was misapplied, by being fouud in tne hands of the party blinking this action Following tho charge of the Court the jury retired, and will bring in a sealed verdict to nionovv morning. C. M. Circuit Conrt. Ds;c. 'J.?Palan 4* Stewart vs. United Statu - \ verdict io this case, referred to yesterday, was given f ir plain tirtd, in the sum of f>U7s 31. Jfrnan ir Mil harts vs. 17. 8. Colltctor Curtis.?Thi? is an action brought to recover additional fees for weighing and ganging, amounting in an to $1109 So. The jury gave a verdict in lavor nf plaintiffs, subject to adjustment by farther reference before a full bench. IT. s. Dlstrlrt Court. Before Judge Hotts. Dec. 3.?A jury was empanncllcd and sworn in, in the cane of the I'nite'd States vs. Robert Griffith, for perjury, in swearing to his property qualification as bondsman, in the case ol li. W. Buruank, tor tittoring false coin. His counsel not appearing, the jury were discharged, an<l tho trial was s?t down for to-morrow at 11 o'clock. Common Fleas. Before Judge UUhooQ'er. Dr.c. 'J.?Prtty and Mann vs. Hubert S. Cook.?This case reported yesterdiy, was lesumed this morning, and at the hour of adjournment was uncoucluded. It will be continued to-inorruv.. Court Calendar?Thla Day. COMMOIS 19, 38, 89, 7, 41, 43, 'J8, 31. 36, IS, 4, 30, 36, 133, 43. Court for the Correction of Errors, Alhasy, December 1, 1845.?Pie.;ent?I.ieut. Oov. (iardiner, c 'ban. Walworth, and 'Jo Senators.?No. 17. -The city of New York va. Jamea Bailey, jr. et al. Mr. E. T. Ituilbut was heard for the defendant in error. Mr. J. A. Spencer was heard for j 1:1 in error. Fi nnv Excitement in Halifax, N. S.?A die graceful occurrence took pluce in Hilifax last week, on account of a meeting of tne co < mittee on the subject oi the II ihUx and Quebec Railroad. The circumstances in relation to tho scene wero of a moat extraordinary nature, ami are thus mentioned in the Halifax Sun Tlie corr.mitte being organised, proceeded to business: when up jumped a geiiilomau - the Hon. Samuel Cunard ?-and lead a resolution which he intended to move. Thin resolu'ion contained reflection* upon the provisional Committee at Home, and w? believe on Mr. Oecrge K ^ oung also. Tho ever-cautious chairman begged Mr. C. not to move it, but lie persisted ?when lo and behold, uobo y waa found having suflic.ient hardihoo ! to second it. Mr. becumo excited, and declined ha would publish it to the world in all the newspii|K>rs, w Ueri up rose Mr. Ucorge K. Young, anil retailed-? if he ilij bo would publish that wh'.ch waa false ! Here waa a climax. The Hon. Mr. Cunard said he would pull Mi. Youngn nose il he thought him worth hit notice. Mr. Young defied hin, jumped out from tho table into tho room, dashed otThi* overcoat, and told the ex>(.'ounci)lor nothing but hii j ear* would pievent him (Mr. Y) from kicking him Then followed a shower of epith;u ?"coward," " acoun.lrel," "villain" " swindler," in quick succession until the gentlemen Uad so heap uttered each other that they tnip(ht ividily have been takwn lor two Billingsgate fish-women. Finally, the storin raged *o fiercely, that Mr. Howe rose and addressed tb- chair, H) tug th?t thiity gentlemen had a.aenibled thereto trausaot business, an 11 u committee should not be dis till bed by the disgraceful conduct of two ' bravvleia,' and proponed that they he put out of tho luom. if ihey did not conduct them-elves i>* fouiieinen. This brought the belligerent pari'f* to tneir seuses nnd pence waa rmtoied, ult&uUKn they glaiol at each other like demons j'li.ii* tho remaiuder of tho time the committee was *ittn g. FtrKTii r from Mexico?ln?s latest report re envt a ,a Vera Cuiz, Irui;; Mexico, previous to the >ti i. k oi h E k >i io t 1. ? -w re ?tn! tutei ? Uineu '. wl u ii r .I I'ir. d.i won! i y >t m ke a r. toiu 'i nsr. mov unit a. ha had pel ? m,.toill? reuiMrt to oi?'y'ho oroer ol U.e ? rntisi G r iiiimn'o' M- *?oo, J. r i ti n( hv? to Kxnct 1000 m<*n u O'u. H Du rai go, and 9H)i io ti.Dvto i 11 Q n?i< I Aiiata Pie Ilk gs?e as lil? t'?C'l>v, ll?'t>*cU < 1 "in* ot coinpll ii Co ? l? h t o, H'td in. I 'ft* .irx-r it, ul tn? t'- r ?*!>&* , hw Id t .ey ??? nt *w >j w ?u log ha v r. tin v i ii ims i l li i. I.> fr <?;.? Il I dim. still fttcttft ii r I -p'- ' i '?* A' ' T - i -mi j, \Mfo i d 'C t i it ii .. I # ..?! in I ? i. i II I ti' I ? "? n ? ><- ir?t:.l " |. u ik I ? i ? i r i m I ? i, i i. ii a il i V - J ...I .1 ' ' 'Mi i I- r V I! w? I ? r. i< i .i .\|.x' o I U'ii V O r> l I' ? ? 1" Na 1 h. . tn <11111 i i, .1,1 A-iiitiosh ta .ii i * on to h r * o . I t!i ? iv.-. N ipi>i . i ii ili? r ?i) o i .?li loi Ho ? lea I.IS U i.e. a' lb t, il si qui k!> fit ? lo lging.tne An -ncan ? <? "'??? ' " upon mi Lon:t ? tttlea la f^hlaU?nUa ! ? Phil V S Gatrllt, lUc j Ntbrkstino I i tell rets cis re om Hatti ? We luve rccfivi-d, by theJHayti, ourfil?*?ot Lc Mumttur Hay lien a.ld Id Munifetlr, to the 17 til u't. Tne news ihey contain is interesting, particularly at this ti ne, when the recognition ot the indepen dence of one of the republic* on tne islasd, is in con templation by the United States. By a proclamation, dated October S'h, the Hay tlen go vernment colli upon nil foreigner- residing In the Ln.-t ern, (that il, the Dominican, \'art ot the inland i to witl ? draw within a month's time, from section of the coun tjy, tinder ptin of lioing coiutidered accomplice! of tha insurgents. and punished as such, should they remain. Notice o) this proclamation, and of th* light in wnicb to raignars win he hel I. who shall be f mn 1 after the time specified ju the country, has been officially communica ted to all the foreign consuls The paper* are tilled j. i?h biographical notices and fu neral orations, in honor oi the Emperor fohn Jaques Des a alines, who it styled the " Liberator of Hayti " The Council ol State Imv* left tho capital, the place of their permanent resirfeuce, ami proceeded to Cape Haytien, in order to be abie to assist the President with their counsel*; that functionary being obliged, for tho purpose of superintending the warlike preparations go ing on. to absent himself from the seat of government. The President complains, in a proclamation dated No vember 4th, that tne Dominicans have been stirred up to rebellion by the enemies of the African race, and aie pro tected by the same, adding, that they meet with this pro tection, because, " with retrograde ideas, notwithstand ing twenty two years of confraternity with us, they nave again established slavery among them, and hold colored people in the " shameful chains of bondage." Thu pro clamation concludes by enacting that every person who shall speak any words, tending to sow division among Iiaytiens, and to arm the citizens one against the other, shall be arre^teJ, cmt into prison, and given up to the tribunals, to be dealt with according to law. Authority is given, in the s tme document, to the military comman der i of the departments, to see that this order is execu ted. Hence it may be perceivod, that tho nature ol the power of the Ilaytien Pi evident i? the same with that of 1 un unlimited despot, since he can mike laws as he pleas es, by meie proclamation, and also, that the people are subject to the most complete slavery, since military ; men may cast thorn into prison for whatever, in their judgment, irny appear to he the " tendency" of their conversation. By anotber proclamation, of a prior date, the cutting . of mahogany wood is forbidden by the President, in order to interrupt all communication with tho insurgent* of the East The cutting is required to be suspended with in St4 hours alter the proclamation is issued, which will ho published and placarded in all the proper places, and any one of them found engaged in it, whether master or laborer, is to be immediately arrested, and " incorporated in the troops of the line.'' The MoniUur HuyHtn gives a long account of the rrfi gious disturbances in Ger many and details of the mob at Leipsic, win n Prince John of Saxony caused his guard to die on the people, and introduces the relation witn the following reinaiUs : ? '? Always trouble* earned by religious intolerance ! ? - Aie not aJl the different ways of worshipping Ood good? Aro tliey not all different roads which lead to the same end I When will men 1 iy aside that pride which is so little suited to our enlightened age, of supposing that the creed they belong to is the best, and that there is salva tion in none other P' | Great Excitejihnt in tub Chkrokkk Nation ? We have already noticed the commission ol beveral murders, und the attempt to murder K J. Meigs, a pro minent Cherokee Indian, in the early part of the last mouth. It seems, itom an extra from tho Arkansas It , ulligtnrer, of the Uth, that several hundred Cherokees turned out, with the ddtermination to apprehend the murderers, at all hazards. The extra says that, accord ing to iulormauon from Kvansville, on the Cherokee line^eleven Indians had been killed.and eighteen wound i eu. Of this number were Starr, the lather of the mur derer*. aud Rider. Wash Starr and another man ? were wouuded, and had fled to Evansville far protection. The greatest excitement prevailed, and there wern ap prehensions that the old Ross and Ridge feuds woul I be reuewed. Upon reoeiviug this information nt Kort Smith, Uen. Arbuckle despatched Major Bonneville to the scene of action, where he was to be met by Captain Boone's company of Diagoons, to take such steps as were deemed advisable | Original Kthloplun Strrneilrrs.?falmo's OrKHA HuUls.? Nothing co'ld equal the enthusiasm that followed Messrs. Germon, Stanwood, and the invaluable and unapproachable corps of Ethiopian Serenades last night. The community s?em to feel the pitting moment that depiives them of the most rational recreation that ever was pioduced in this city , and as Friday approaches, which terminates their engagement, the anxiety to >ee and hear them increases more aui more. Three nights more, and the chaim vanishes A Cass In Poliil,?A laity up town whose hiir w s dtcayed a>i<* filling onr, (cu?r1 by e s ) ?, en.g an ?dv-rtis'tnent < f P ial >.i s Cheimcl Hair |.,vig, wsj i I'liiC'il o liuy X b<> tie of it. She used i' mil i i ? *? k i tim? it hid . eised ?? f II oat entirely -nid rhe deCtird i> t? were sn ill-id rated I ht- in a shjrt t me bar hir situ re bea 'tit'ul than before h r ill e<s He' n im? and r s de c-ci.i be e ? u I't t Proprietor's office. 214 B.o d?v?y l*'jr ? i?t of < it y and Country AC uci I, see aov.uiseni.ut on t ie lint !"<?<?? Collin, Coughs, Consumption. dir.? 11 ahoulit be rememb. r-d that a cough is al? ivs an ? vidence tli it som impurity is lodged i i th 111 iff , whi n, if not p-'dily emov ed, n'll so iri it it* tbn?? ?Illic it-orcnis i to p odnc iillani m?t on of the U'lgt, aoi en which ve alt k >>w i. rh' i ign r ?*>! to c.'ii- umti'ioi, \*rj(Vit"? Indio. Ve^?ta le I* It * ir s sat-, MIV III'I certiui cure fi. cold a .d c ughs. be au-e t iey coryoff by th> stom ch >i,d bowels tlio e mo I) d 1 nrnor., wh rh. f d |MS te < upo I the u gs. ? e th rnu?. f th- * OVe duiker its c tnjdti n A smtle twe ty-five Cf t b. x ol s id [tlilian > r<- In le PIN t in ke ? perfect ? ure ? f the ni >st obsti l le colJ nid it f e ?Jin t e , he 'i^ stio i will b- impr ved. n.d >he uiood to c inp . tirly pur'tiei fiat il w lifsamJ rivor i'e given to t >r tvb le fr niie. It shoulj alto t-e rr-iii-iab red 'inr a in u by the u'irie ?l VVm. \I. Siiear'?, win sells inedici e I'Ufi O tnlif t.i tie l ulioi Pi 's, at the c-Til-r of Kj'f ..ii I Front ?tr?ets. Phil deli ln >, n in t an agrnt of mine, neither ?? n I gu ri ;ty is ge umt .? y t'i?t he bss f>r sal-. The o ily lecu'ittf t iin|io? tn<u i?. t* I'lir cb??- of |?is >ns of n i> lemis ird cmrn te ?. or at rhs offl e and generil dejHit, No. 2?4 Ore-uwich st e r Nrw Votk WILLIAM \V RIGHT. Toilet Article*.? rite uinst choice of iiuliln'a Ouerlam's. Pieviat's, Saissi's Ede's and P?tev's Hxirar'.-; Hiiir.l'l th.aud having Bru he? ; Mhavint Cre<ms snd Toi I<"t Soaps; Comb I of tiie most beautiful finish: Ksiors from the most celebrated makers, t ww anted); P.minsilts, Cosmetics, Dentifrices, and every rrep nation beti.i.gir* t ? the Toilet, for sale by O. 8ACND-RS it SON, 177 Droada-ay , opp jsite Howard's Hotel. Phllndclphla Agent for the Herald, Zleber : k ''0..1 Ledger Building, Tluid street, who receive suhscri hers, and have single copi-sfor sale daily nt I o'clock. n2l lm Rut lifHilou of (b< OIUo ltlvei-. Plar.ei. Time. Slate of River Pittsburg. . .Nov. 27. . .... , .3 tt. 6 in. scant iu channel. Wheeling. ..Nov. Hi 4 feet 3 in. anil rising. I.otiisville. ..Nov. 23 ft (cat '2 inches incbauuel Cincinnati,. ..Nov. 'id 4] feet on tlata and bars WONKY .MAllKKT. Tueacluy, Dec. '4?it P. ill. The stock market was not very buoyant to-dny; price!! were however very firm. Long Island fell o(T j per cent; Noiwich and Worcoster improved 3J percent; Vaniiors' I.oan, j; Morris ( anal, 4. The sales were not large, nnd operators aro impatiently waiting the arrival of the message. The advices from Kurope, no,v nearly due, per Cam bria, from I.iverpool, will without .doubt be of the most interesting nnd important character. At the last ac count* the manufacturers and cotton speculator were anxiously looking for further accounts from this eiiie, in relation to the probable extent of the crcp, us the state of prices depended much upon '.tut. The accident to tho Ilibernia, on her outward paastige from Halifax, early in November, probably, prevented her reaching I.iver* pool before the departure of the Cambria on the 19th ult, and our advices from that port to that date, will not, therefore, give us the effect of the llibemia's news upon that market. Accounts went out by the steamer of the lit of Nov. (Ilibernia,) of a large crop,which must,on their receipt, have a very depressing influence upou the mar kets of (Jreat Britain. This, in connection with the deti cent harvests, must bring prices down ton lower y.oic? than beiore reached this season. We shall alsc receive by this steamer, now nearly due, mcru decided acc aunts in relation to the harvest! of Great Britain, than thos prevf ously giv?n. We anticipate the receipt of advice more Unfavorable than former reports, and we leel confident, tnat as innrh as previous accounts may have been exag gerated, they will, by this arrival, be confirmed. What may have been magnified at that will, without doubt, now be reality. 'i'he harvest of Kurope m iy have been much less limited at the gathering of tho cro^s than it is cow, or than it will be as the soa?o? advances. Hoot crops are at all times most difficult o preserve, and in the most favorable seasons a certain per cent of the production is usually destroyed by the casu alties of the weather, fco ; so far as we can estimate an average, we shoo U say, full fifteen perceut of tie crop 1* destroyed in this way before amther growth matures. It would be cafe to estlmite a fur ther reduction of the production of Ave per cent, a* an allowance for seed, making in the aggregate, twenty per cent of thfl crop overy year, taken for seed and in r. t tin;, i>y frost nnd neglect. This year it is estimate! 'hat the orop is full one third lets than the average at t>ai ve?t time ; this, with the other reduction*, say five i er cent tor seed and five per cent for othsr losses, nuke* an ? g greja'e decrease in the total crop of at least forty per eent. Suppose. In addition to this, ten per of the crop harvested should be destroyed by tho disease so prevalent in ell parts of tho country, we den have a total loss of at lea?t fifty per cent of the total crop har ?eiterf. The conclusions we dr?w from the?e premt???, ??*, first,that the defl lencj in the supply of brea 1-stuff in Or?at Bntain. w ill t?e ruuoli liriier th,in anticipated, and .vcon i, 'h it the price ot ?r?in of all deft ipfions, used iis f md i.?rni>u. 'liu-t ring- very high We n o. theiefire pi-epnedfor them '?t im ..vot-ahl* advice' t inn l'nrn ?? n i.l'tion to the tiaivKsi', and cai.n>>t hut beiirte it * every st.auer from Wi<Uii'l, wr.ui th ? o.-x' ?i? month*, will onh ns ecrnnnt* of l.iciea e Id t i s? win icg the starving opera.ives ot thv c nn.try T lie vaiUM ol linput s into tins port to. NuV iribi r. $1 9j(! *90; of which *4 t) 41 . was in flee goods . *J7 !*?<> in speci#, end $9,47(1 634 in dutiable merchandise Tho esports for November exceeded in value the Imports, $i63, 8-^|| tery unasual tiling in the foreign trado of this j.oit. Tko revenue jeceive.i Irrm the duti. ? i n im port!, fur the munlh ju*t clo-ed, aruo'jntQd to $792 643 18, a sum let* than has been received any pievious mouth tbia j etr W"e annex a very interesting table, showing the value of merchandise exported from ttn* port to every foreign couutry with which we have any comn ercial inter, course. We fee by thii statement the relative position of ench country with this, in our export trn!?, and wa ?!?o di-tir>guish the destination of our shipments of do mestic produce. The ng^re ,ute horr.e valuation of the export* from this port for November, wa* a little less than three millions of dollar*, of which more than throe fonrth* weru domestic produce and manufactures Two third* of our total exports were shipped to Oreet Britain and dependencies. There is very liale specie going out of the country, at least from this port, and the amount coming in is not of much magnitude. At present there appears te be a very limited movement in the precious metals, but should our exports during ihe next six months be a* extensive, and our imports as limited, a? they have been during the past three months, the cur rent of specie will set stronger to our shores, from Europe , than it did in the early pott of 1343. Commerce or thk Port ok Nkw Your roa Novs.ii HER, lM.'i. ?.tj>or/*?Domestic luerchand's.v .1,615,444 free 1.0 997 Dutiable 260.731 2,987 172 r-xports ol sixcie 10],MS Aialvsis or Expohts. Domn'c /'d i 'rt h ai S3,040,711 57,98# 48.231 18,171 31,0* To Oren Briuin. Ame Tttal ToVrfnYh'depfiiV*in S . ' m.w 12 ?ns 7.075 In British Viiktli ga,3!f, 16,651 44,110 To France, ia American ^ vessels...... ... 171.422 2 119? 8,8'o lodj, in rreuch vessels... 21,650 1 060 C6ij To Belgian, in U. States " 3,7t? vessels 87,72(1 3,115 6 B7U To do. in Uelgiau vcnel*.. 10,|0?I To Spain sud lier Islands, iu 108,485 U.S. vessels 101,470 2,011 22,754 Coast of Afric-t.ig U.S. resls 26.200 1,446 3,545 U,2J8 T -r 11,191 lo iexas in " 10.3^0 2,225 (,560 To Brazil in " ?? 4fl s30 j M7 6,714 17'?U 1 o do. lu Brazil vesssli 5,7*0 go* 3,530 To Denmark St her Islands. *S,W to U.,8. Vessel* .... 2u, 221 3,668 8,429 io do. m Danish veiatls... 2,011 2,686 To Portugal,in U. 8. vessels 6,518 ... ... r,0U rodo. m Portuguese ves'ls 1,543 To Mexico in U. 8. vessels. 45,875 3,170 19,263 8,0<l T A . ? To Austria in " ?? 6,382 8,996 17,691 ? T 33,089 Jo Tuscany to " " 11,404 498 To Central America iu " 7,818 931 1,724 U 9?2 To Sardinia in " " 45,560 28 441 t u .? ? 46,02* To Hayti in " ?? 18.7W 30 3,336 tw .... 22 100 'l o VenezuMain '? 22 710 1 935 2,393 iodo, in V enezorlian ves. 2,470 ... 56 . ]|| To Pern in U. 8 vessels... 32,297 ... 12,053 45 350 In Norwegian vessels 53,010 3,732 1 248 In Bremen vessel 39.232 1,888 7,111 In Swedish vessels 15,597 695 686 In Prussian vessels 33 S05 1,725 | In Hamburg vessels Sl.OiO 2,397 l,t76 ?? 54,883 In Sicilian vessels 4 027 17,400 72.181 m ^ 93.518 To Canton S75 ... ??? 975 Tot?l merchandise... 2.115,414 110,997 K0.TJ1 2,?t7 17? ?l*eie 103 %4t Tot I Exports $1(90.713 Two-third* of the export* were to Great Britain and dependencies Of #1 9*7 172 exported. ?l 807 547 were shipped to Great Britain. Thi* (how* the value of our trade with that government; but when we consi der what article* are taken to make up this amount, it sppe irs (till more importaut that two countries holding a relatiie position to each other of such high import ance, should continue on the mo*t arnica'!** term*. The shipment! to Gr?at Britain, from tni* port alone in November, of brealstnffs, wei-e as follows vir..J 51.760 barrel* ol flour, valued at f.36J 820 ; l ?7 !33 Irtish el* ot wheat, valued at $I7*.5>3; coin 70 9>4 hu*hels. valued at f63 171. and I 318 244 pound* of cheese, valued ?' $?79 095 ; miking an aggrega'e for th?^e four art>c le* 1 f $fi73 190. or more thdo one third oi the total value of export* to that couutry About one half of the export* from th.s port to Lot don an<l Liver poil in November, wad provisions and bread-tuff-. Full thrre quarters of th- export trade ol the United State- this year, will he in shipments of merchandise to Great Britain More than half the value of all the exports from the United States is in raw cotton, and more than half of nil tho exports 'rom Great Britain i* in meichandise, manufactured from cotton These simple fact*, are of themselves sufficient to destroy every fear of the slightest difficulty in our political relations with that government. What would be the condition of the laboring claite* in the whole of F.urope, in the event of a rupture between thi* country and Great Britain ? and what would bo the conidtion of the louthern section of thi* country and the commercial classes ol the North and Ea*t, in the event of an embargo upon our port*.and a prohibition upon the exportation of our immense supplies of cotton > The grower* of cotton would be almost ruined by a great reduction in price* a id in contumption in England, from deficient harve*t*, or any other cause?and the result of any very great check upon the exp irtation and consumption of this important staple, would be of the most ruinous character. Thia raw material is of more consequence to the population of Great Britain, than her manufactures are to the peo ple of this country. The power, so far a* thi* article is concerned, is in our hands, but it will be used with cau tion. The closing battle in the last war between this country and Ureat Britain was decided in our favor by getting behind the cotton bags; but in the event of ano ther war, we should soon bring it to a close by getting before the cotton bale* to prevent their being shipped t* Europe. The taxable property of Kentucky, within the past yesr, has increased in value $10,764,165,and the taxos in creased iu the same time f\C,424 2H. The annexed ta ble gives the amount ol' revenue from each source, in each of the pa^t two years. Rs'vxxuc or KEirruDKv?Aoukkoate Taie? oh Hk^taai a*d Srtciric Items. 1841. II43 Tax on lands, shves, horses, rnnlo, cattle, stores, 8cr, st 15 cents per 8100 $326,585 97 $342,732 !M lax on carnages and barouches, $1 each 2.756 00 2 784 90 Tax on buggies. 50 cents each 632 08 78150 Tax 011 pianos, $ I each 1,155 00 1 251 0b Tax on gold specticlrs. 50 cent* each. 431 50 *471 Ats T?x on gold watches. $1 each 4,400 0O 4 7|B 00 Tax on silver lever do, 50 cents each . 1,116 00 1 203 50 Tax on Auditor s list 5,453 30 \ 2tn ?<. Tax on Clerk'* lilt 1.084 99 815 M *343,617 76 $360,042 ( 4 34 3,617 7* Increase of reT?nu? $16,424 2f Av ixgr value of laud in the whole Bute, 1(46 $6 !?> Average value of Und in the whole Stale, ISH 6 OJ Incrtued iTtriiE* value. 1*44. Total white malea over 21 vara old 127,931 Total children between fire and aineeu yt ar? old Ifi(l,ia4 Total alarea over Ifi yeara old lit.MH Tot ?l stalli ilia, j icUa, and bnlla, ('itcregare licennea for auudioit, for 1114, $).3.'>6, for 1845. $6,241) 2,#73 Tothl tavern licences 292 J.IM Sii The ag^re^ate valuo of taxable property, ?uch ?? land*, town lota, alavei, horaei, mulei, jenniea. cattlo, itorei, kc. in 1811, waa $2I7,7.M,998, an<l in 1345, $228, 4 ItH,101 Old Stork Klfhanift. S??0fl Ohio Si, '6# W Minn lilmxia |>rl 3'? 100410 Imliai a Bd? 4"'* JMO Pe naylvaUa 5? "ia 5?0 . d ? |J 0,1 do hlO 7:1 Ai lui L Maud RR Revdiit RR BJa 200 2'0 >h? Canton Co 30 do 2> Vor k Wore RR Soon d< in ?li. B i',k C m, full 2n do ?? rip VI Karm r?' Ti ait 10 d? ?yi N A I'ruM V do bfi V) Morn. bl 100 do 1.0 d ? 10 ' *?t Bo'ton ro JN H k Hart RR W0 1 73 96* 9r>>? 3i>* MS n>i do do do ?lo "S ? 140 Er e HR M Re dt < RR lrn do 44 >A 41 ? 9'j{ 94 7$ ^ 33 K*0 7r,ii "fi 24* b;n 17* 94 blO bio SV00 [l| Spcl B? 11* On ?h? f ar ne. i'Tr aSI J4>4 V' K e id n< R R d ? 1*1 d.) Illtrfi d ? 3.10 do Vi do it Far r e fa' I oan Aub It Horh RR teioiiil Hnwrit. MErie H R .Vt do M0 M h in fti bl sj till 10 tf 4> b&l 71 in ?rr?niiiet<* RR bjo 41 30 II 'le ii K i 5? So: k vV.ire RR all f'1 6'< bli r. 1M) do WvJ ,N? CltiM^k K*. VI ?hi K.rm ?' Tr uto W* ah? Mmr t T. do ?? 71 ',n h. t?? J# hint ? i ? ii ' o S? U.O I at 9J'< ? 10 ?3 3 n<< hi n t 41 >1 II I'-o u . V? i ii n i i i NU hi i< ?? ~ ? N'oi k vV. rc II I '4) J* . I. <1. On Inn ( ) erenlnf N >? at the <4xt?enlh at'eet Riii i\t r.r-nrch. hy tn?* Ii*'v A WherlnCk Mr Join K I ?kkhv to Milt .^aiiaM Va* lUKHnriia^, I'otn uf ' 'in Brooklyn, on the J0!h nit.).? the Re^ Mr PoUal, Mr. Hn*?i Riori, of New York, to Mil' M?hv Ah."* Kalki.vmchu, o( Urookiyu.

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