Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 4, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 4, 1845 Page 1
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Vol. XI., No. 334?Whole No. 11H0. YORK HERALD. Price Two C?nU. 1 il& INfcYV VUKK HEttALD* J AXES fiOKDOJi BMNKTT, rroyrlelur. Circulation?Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?kvcry day. Price 2 cents p?r copy?f Uin uunum - payable iu advnnc<v WEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price cents r?J Mpy-j] US ffuit per annum?payable in idyance. ADVERTISEMENTS at tlie usual prices?always c?h >? advance. PRINTING of ail kiuds executed with beauty and debate. H7*AII letters or ceiniuuuicationa, by mail, addressed u the establishment. muit l*? )>oat paid, or the postage will be dttclcd O'lrn the snbsoriptiou money remitted. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, fmprbcor ol the N*w Von Hf.BALr. E*T*?i.i*?Nii!rr, LONG ISLAND RAILROAD COMPANY RANGE OF HOURS TRAINS RUN AS FOLLOW#, Commencing on Monday, September 16th, 1#46. Leave New York?At 7 o'clock, A. 14., Boston Train for Greeuport, daily, Sundays ncined. stopping ac Karrniugdale sod St. George's Manor. Luave Brooklyu?At SH A. Vl ,('or t< arminglale end intermedi ate places, daily Htiudnys excepted, and on Tuesdays, 'J hursdays and SaturJays, through to Greeuport and iuterinediatc pi ices. " at 4 I'. M., for Karrniugdale and iutermudiate places. daily, Sundays excepted. Leave Greeuport?Boston Train, at 4 o'clotk, P. M , t on the arrival of tha steamer from Norwich, daily. Hnndays excepted, stopping at St. George's Manor and Farmingdale. " at'Jo clock, A.M.; Accommodation Tmin, on Monday*, Wednesdays and Kridaya. Leave Farmingdale?Kor Brooklyn, at 6% o'clock, A. M., and ? 1 P. M., daily, Sunday* excepted. Leave Jamaica?Frr Brooklyn, at 8 o'clock, A. M and 2l4 P. M., daily, sauday* excepted.. Fare to Biwltord S cent*; fiant Now York 1JW; Ha.-e Course 185?; Trotting Course 10*;, Inmaica25; lirustmlle Jl*<: Hyde Park 17 nules T7K; llovvsville, (during session lcn?.) J7>?; ciiogue 1 42><; Southold 1 62X; Greeuport, Acc'u. train, 1 76; Ctrei upon by Bostwn Train I 00. Stages are in readiness on the arrival of Trains at the several Stations, to take passengers at very low Fares, to all parts of the Island. Baggage Crates will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall street, to receive Baggage for the several Trains, SO minutes lie fore I lie lionr of starting from the Brooklyn side. The Steamer Statesman leaves (ireenpart for Sag Harbor twice each day ou the arrival of the Trains from Brooklyu. nil re MAIL. LINK FOR BOSTON. UK LONG ISLAND kA*L ROAD, VIA NE TV LONDON, NORWICH * WORCESTER. At 7 o'clock in the Morning, from the Foot of Whitehall ?(Tfet, South Kerry?Sundays excepted. Way Crates are in readiness to receive baggage for New London, Norwich and Worcester. Baggage for Boston goe* through under lock. jul6 tfrc RALfcilGH AMU GASTON RAILROAD f&gfea fiattffi -aU. FOR SALE ON MONDAY,the 29th day of December next, by virtue of a decree of the Court of Equity for Wake County, at its Autuniu Session, 1846, in a suit of the Governor, for the nse ? 19 iiui 14111 it orssiuu. imj, mi a iuiiui uiv uu?e tuui) iui mc u?t of the State of Noifh Carolina, to foreclose a Mortgage, there tofore executed by the Haleigh and Gaston Railroad Company, to indemnify the Stale against certain liabilities for said Com pany, I will sell at puonc Auctiou, ot tne Court House door in the city of Raleigh, to the highest bidder, the whole property of the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad Company aforesaid, (so far as the s?me is known to me,) consisting of87 miles of Rail road, reaching from the City of Raleigh to Gaston on the North side of the Roanoake river, in the direct line of public conv yance to Petersburg, City Point, Richmond. Washington City. Baltimore, fee fee , together with all Bridges, Depots, Workshops and Tools, Warehouses, Water Stations, Engines. Cars, fee. fee. AS?o, the stock of Iron. Lumber, and Fire Wood, which may then be 011 hand, and all other articles own ed aud used by the said Company for keeping up said Railroad, and iransportati n on th* same. From the nature of the pro perly it will be sold en mailt. The purchasers by the terms of the Decree, and the Act of the Legislature iu relation to it, will become, ipso facto, a body corporate, bv the nime and style ol the preseut Company, andwill acquire all the franchise, privileges, rights and immu nities now possessed by it. for the terra of 80 years, which it* charter ha* yet to run. Th?se fianchiies and privileges are ot the most advantagewus kind to the < Company, i.nil may be found at large III thur charter, contained in the 2d VolWme of the Revised Statutes of North Carolina, page 2U9, winch is to be leen at the Seats of Government, auu iu most ol the Public Libraries ol the States ot the 1'i.ion. 'The whole purchase money must bear interest, at the rate of G per cent per anninn, from of sale, and be paid as fol lows. lo wit: Si'i IHIO at the end of six months, aud the residue iu four instalment*, at intervals of ten months each?any 1st, 'Nth J'.lie. IUS, .000. 2d, 29th M'ril, 1847, oie-l'uui/hof the remaiuder. Jd, iWth February. 1818, one-fourth of do. 4th, the '?11th of December, 1818, one-fourth of do. 6th, tne29th of Oct >ber, 1640, oue-iourth of do. The cost of this Railroad and its appurtenances, completed ouly live years since, was $1.COO,00b?one half of which we borrowed; creatiug a debt bearing interest,on failure to pay which, a sale has become necessary. The grading, hridues, depota, fee. are executed in au eicellent style ol workmsnahip Cn s run daily over ii, carrying the Muil of the Uuiled States, (it being a part of the Southern Metropolitan route.) at a corn ;v-nsal|Oii of $100 per mile, Or M.700 per annum. And, traver ?inc a fertile region of country through anrly its whole length, ita freights for the transportation 01 1'rouuce and Mer chaudize. uidepeudenily of the receipts from Passengers, afTord a considerable addition to the ordiuary sources of profits on railr >ad>. Though not, now, yielding a profit on the laig* sum expended iu its construction, its income has been increasing lor ?owe tnnt pa.t, and it is confidently believed that it would produce a reasonable return upon a more moderate amount ot capital invested iu its pmchase. 0 The sale will be made without reserve, at the time and place aforesaid, at which those inclined to purchase, are reipectfully inv ited to stteud, ... The purchase money mustbeiecnredby bond with approved CHARLES L. HINTON, Public Treasurer ol the State of North Carolina, and Special CominissioLer ot the Court of Equity, iu thia causa. Raleigh N .C., October 6, 1845. The l.illowiug papers will insert the foregoing adver tiseinent O d*y?, and forward their bills for payment, with a pnp'tcontaiiiinK the same, to the mioaeriber: Boston Atlas, Sew York Herald. Baltimore Patriot, Philadelphia U. States Gazette, Richmond Knouirervml Richmond Whig, Charleston Courier, Mobile Advertiser, Ne w Orleuns Pioayune, and N.C. C. L. H. oil 2m m TO WESTERN TRAVELLERS. .TONE EH PACKET LINK, From Pl.iladelphis to Pittsburgh via tiie Pennsylvania Ivnil rf -in-nil Canal?through in S>4 days. The <bove line is now in full vperation and often irrcat induceii?cnr? to prnoni who wish tpl?a*r,nt mode of travelling to the west. The car* nre built in the moat approved modern (trie, tne boats are fitted lip i:i a superior mituDer.and every effort is made by the proprietor* to conduce to the comfort and convenience oi traveller*. Tlw icenery on this route is unrivalled, and the great clnin of Pennsylvaniainternal improvement* is well wot thy ofDeiug seen. Jtlvthi* r->ute panentfer* avoid nil the fatigue* aDd dangers at f niMi.uit ni'ou st.ige enrolling, and at the same time make an ex peditious trip. Thr car* leave every morumg at 7 o'clock. Passengers are ad vised to engage their places at Philadelphia. Office iu Philadel phia V. E. comer of Cheanut and Fourth streets, aud at No*. ?) nrl 15 South Third sti. A. CUMMINOS, Agent Philadelphia, May 17,1845. For information, in the city of New If ark, apply to B. H. KN18ELL. Agent lor ?uvl7 6m*rrc I). LEECH SttIO 'a Line ' West ?t. N M, CENTRAL HAIL ROAL) FROM SAVANNAH TO MACON. rpnia ROAD is open for the trans|>ortation of Passengers L ruid Freight. Hates ol Passage 8 00 Rates of Freight vir. ; On weight goods generally *>0 cents per hundred. 8ii measureroent goods I] cents per cubic foot n barrels wet (eicept molasses and oil) $1 5* per barrel. On barrels dry (excel* lime) 80 cents per barrel. On iron in pig* or bars, castings for mills and unboxed machinery... 40 cents per hundred. On hhds and pipe* of liquor not over 120 gallons $3 00 per hhd. On hhdis molasses and oil *00 " " i foods addressed to K. Winter, Agent, forwarded free o commission. THOMAS I'UH^E, slljmrc. Oen'l. SnpYTransportation. JSOTIVK. 3TATEN ISLAND FERRY. On Wednesday, December J, the trips en this Ferry will be as follows:? LeaveH'aten Island 8 V 10, A. M. 2,4*4. p- M Leave New York 0, 12, A. M. 3^,3. I' M d3 mc REGULAR U. S. MAIL LINKS HKTWtiEN CINCINNATI AND LOUISVILLE Wl?N!.N,J LINK ?t 10 o'clock A. M. JEN (* uANKLIN Ne. 7, J. H. Summons, later No. 8, J Arm ;rong, master. EVENIN J LINK at6 o'clock P M B1MON KENTON, W.McClain. master JtJEN FRANKLIN No. 4, W. McClJlan, master These boat*, forming two daily linea, will ran regularly lea ving punctually at the hour, and wilt take freight and nassen geis to snd from intermediate landings, at the usn-l rates Kreight will be received for these line* at the Mail Wharf Boat, loot oi Broadway. Kvery effort will be u*ed to accommodate shippers and pa* sengcrs. STRADER It GORMAN, I . , ollm*rrc ROGERS k SHERLOCK, J **"><?? NOTICE?HOUR CHANGED. THE U. 8 MAIL LINK FOR ALBANY CLm TlftiMM^?and tlie Intermediate Landings, on suit alter W?dnendrti, Oct. 33'). will leave the foot or BaicU) stmet for Albany, Daily, at 4 P. M. inatead ol Ave, ?? heretofore o22 F Ult SAUGERTlliS A X 11 OAl'?KlL. a #|>lmidid St0*mbo*i J AMJC8 M ADI* Pil*} ",,t ^Pl**rly, will Irn?? thffOot Tt %l WVk'tfrW ^oadftjr, WtdiiMiiay, una natarday ** ? o clock, I\M. F'.r freight or pa?? ige, apply cm. bMvd, or to O h Wnir.wwipht, Aic*ut. on th* wharf. ?'? iin? me PAOKEih HAVhl.?fiecoml Line -? ? TVe (incket ship I'TICA, Captain F. Hewitt, will i - n Hi the 1st of January. hnr frrw:h? or nii*-ige, utpljr'" BOYD fc HINCKEN.b r-.ntine Boi'din*. dlaa No.M Wall, cor. Water at*, j KOR MVERPOOL??TKAM PACKET of the IU'Ii December?Thf new steam pick et ?V'ip HUBETT8, Cspt.Wood, will positively sail ?? above. The a'Cuiiimodatious fur cabin, seroud eabiu 'Mil >le rage pass to (fern arc un.-arpused by any \enel u> port, Independent of the adv nUses of tbe ste*n> power, Iter s.iliug qualities hive hem duly testrd Pert ..a intrndiiiclo embaik should make tuiuiediaie application ou board, pirr No. 7, foot of Itec.or street, N. R , or to dSt-.lU'rc JAMES CL AN'NY, 110 South it. bOSTUN STKAMfcRS ITOJl HALIFAX aNd liverpool. "3 ^ -.1' -3\ THK Royi, Mtljl 9ttam 8hip? BRITAN NIA and CAMBRIA will teive ttuiv a for the above porta, a* follows, vix ? Tbe Nritannia, J. Hewitt,Commander on the Ut Dec. The Cambria, C. H. E. Judkius, Commands r, on the 16th Nov. Passage to Halifax n P usage to Liverpool #120. For freight or passage, apply to D. BUIOHAM, Jr., Agent. ? Well st. No Berth secured until pa:<l for. n?1 in KOR LONDON?The packet shy CAHAWBA, Capt. , will positively anil for the above port on jSaturday, December 6. her regular day. or passage, having unsurpassed accommodations f?r steersfe and second cabin passengers, which will be taken at x third less than other vessels, plesse apply to d] mc J HERDMAN It 90., 61 South st. FOR LIVERPOOL.?Tiie splendid f?*t sailing ? packet ship HENRY PR\TT, Captain Hartley, . Jiaving been unavoidably detained, will positively sail iortue above port, on Thursday, Der.Uh. For passage, having superior accommodations in houses on deck, which will lie at steerage latea. please apply on board, at Judd's Wharf, foot of Catherine Market, or to JOHN HERDMAN It CO. 61 South st. N. B. The snleudiri packet hip New York, Captain Crop per, of the Old Ulark Ball Line, will sneered the above ship, and sail ou the 16th December, her regular day. For passage by either vessel, apply asuhove. u3 mc ONLY RKUULAR LINK OK PACKETS FuR NEW ORLKANi^-The splendid well known aud last sailing packet ship ORLKANS, Captain Sears, will positively sail ou Saturday, December 6th, her regular day. Having superior accommodation! for cabin, second cabin, and steerage passengers, persons about proceeding to New Orleans should not fail to stcure berths by immediate applica tion ou board, foot of Maiden lane. o<? to W. It J. T. TAl'SCOTT. d2 mc 75 South St., corner ol M<tiden Lane. UNION LINK OF LIVERPOOL PACKETS Packet ol 4th Dectmher?The fast sailing and favo rite packet ship KALAMAZOO, Cxpt. McCerran, will sail positively as above, her regular day. Htving very superior accommodations for cabin, second cabin and stet rage passengers, persons about proceeding to the old country, will do well to select this lie conveyance. To secure berths, application should be made on board, at pier 5, N It, or to W. & J. T. TAPSCOTT, d2 inc 75 South street, corner Maiden lane. PACKET HOR V A.R8K1LLKS?The new et ship ARCOLE, Captain Nathaniel W. Eveliegh, will sail on the 1st of January, 1816. ^Flreight or passage, apply to CHAMBERLAIN Sc PHELPS, 103 Front street, or to BOYD & HJNCKEN, d2 me 9 Ton tire Buildings, No. 88 Wall, car. Weter Us. FOR NKW OilLF.ANS?Louisiana and New York Line?regular packet?To sail Saturday, 13th i?The elegant last sailing packet ship SARTF.LLE Taylor, master, will positively sail as above, her regular day. ? or freight or passage, having handsome furnished accom moditious, apply on board at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall St., or to E K. COLLINS 8c CO.. 56 South st. Positively no goods received ou board after Friday evening, 12th Dee. Packet ship LOUISVILLE, Huut, muter, will succeed the flartelle, and sail 23d of December, her regular day. n29r FOR LIVERPOOL?New Line?Regular Packet of the asth Dec.?The elegant fast sailing Packet __^Ship S1DDON8, E.B.Cobb, master, of 1100 lous, will sail as above, her regulr.r day. For freight or passage .having accommodations onequalledfor ipleudor or comfort, apply on board, at Orleuus wharf,fool >1 Wall street, or to E K. COLLINS U CO.. % South street. Price of passage $100. The elegant last sailing packet ship Sheridan, O. B. Cornish, m uter, of 1100 tons, will sneered the Hiddous and sail Kth Jan., her regular day. n39 FOR LIVERPOOL?Regular Packet of 6tn Dec ?The srdeudid packet ship ASHBURTON, Wm iHowland, master,wSl sail as above, being her regu Ur day. ? Having very superior accommodations for cabin, second ca bin and steerage passengers, persons wishing to embark shonld make early application on board, foot of Maiden Lone, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, Corner of Pine aud South streets, N. Y. The new and elegant packet ship Henry Clay, Ezra Nye, maater, will succeed the Ashbur.on, and sail the 6th of J anna ry, her regular day. P. S? Persons wishing to send fur their friends, can have che.n brnuKhf out ou the most rewoable teruis, by the above p'eudid packets, by appl ying as above. n!5rc KOtt LIVERPOOL?The New Line?Regular Packet of 21st December.?The superior_fx?t sailing jiacket ship LIVERPOOL, CaptJohn Kldridge.UOO '.oiti ourthen, will sail as above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having splendid, large and comfortable rate rooms and cabin, appll' on board, west side Burling slip, tto WOODIIULL It MINTURN, (7 South street. Trice of passage $100. The packet snip t^ueen of the West, 1150 tons burthen,Capt Phillip Woodhouse, will succeed the Liverpool, and ml i n i?r 'rrulai day, list J id. n^Te FOR SALE, TO CLOaE A CONCERN.?1 he Line of Liverpool Packets, c insisting of the chips Rosrius, Siddous, Mieridau and Oarricn- They were ?uiit in Litis city by Brown & Hell, with unusual care; lor mo tel V materials t a very larke proportion of their flames being live oak) and workmanship, they are nnsurpsssed, if uot one mailed- Salted on the stocks and re-salted every year since, riieif accommodations for passengers are very extensive and laudsOtnely furnished. Ajiply o3l E. K. C( COLLINS k CO., 56 South st. r- FOR S.iLE?The bargue DUC D'OKLEANS, burthen per te^ister 310 tons, and carries 4 QOu barn Is ^She was built at Bristol, Maine, of white oak, ij loji, sai new ceiled, coppt-red and thoroughly overhauled about eighteen months siuce;is double decked, length 1 < 1 feet bretdth 'SI feet, between decks 5 teet 6 inches, hold 12 leet 6 niches. Apply to Csptaiii i-OODlE^S, ou board, or to BOYD It lllNCKr-N, ?Tontine Buildiiig. d2 mc No. B8 Wall, citrner Water sts. FOR 8ALK, FRl-.IUitT OR CHARTfcR.?The very last sailing packet ship LOUISVILLE, 513 tons, ic*ries 1500 balea New Orleans Cottou; was built in ^ns city .with live oak and locust top; uewly coppered and patent lulled. Has handsome accommodations for 24 pusvu o>rs. Apply to E. K COLLINS It CO. c30 56 South street. f^THK FALL STYLE OK GENTLEMEN'S Hats are J^*uow ready for the season, IBLi, which lor lightness and ?a l>eriorityol color cannot besur|>essed,which is a very important part ol'the HAT, retaining the color till it is worn oat. Any; sold tu tins establisthment is never misrepresented, hut ioldlor what it U. Also, the tall style of Boy'a and Chil ?Iren's Caps, of various patterns. (Gentlemen can have tlieir lots made to order, in any shape or style they wish. N. B.?A full assortment ol Ladies' Furs. C. KNOX, 110 Fulton street, o'tt Itu'eod r between Willistn and Nassau streets. ra hats rm jJL SUPERIOR TO ANY J0L F.VER BEFORE MADK IN this COUNTRY THE SLBSCK1BERS having lately <*Ilecteil, through tlieir ngrni in Pari*, the purchase of the entire qu ntity of ilk Plush, for which the manufacturers received the colli medal, at the U'e turn iu that city, are now manufif tilling Halt, which, upon examination, will convince the most sceptical, are superior to any ever before made iu this country. Also received, an assortment of the patent Mechanics' HaU, made by the best manufacturer! iu Paris, beiug well adapted lor travellers, constructed 10 as to shut up in a small compass, or forpied m a hat in as soon time ? a person can put on his hat. Dealers and others supplied with the different qualities of Hats, at as low prices if not lower than by any other maunfac turers. A. HALL it SON, 202 Greenwich street, n24 Iw'mc between Barclay and Vesey streets. ROBERTSON'S ffi PHfENIX t* hat and cap manufactory, 103 Fulton it,, between William and Nuasau. The success which has attended the efforts of the Proprietor of this establishment to introduce into use a superior article at an extremely low price encourages hiin to make increased ex ertions to merit the patrouane ol the public. The peculiarity of his system of conducting business consists in the establish ment ol tlie most rigid economy in lis various department*, as well as in an invariable adhereuce to "cash on delivery," re lieved from tlie oppressive expences of the more extravagant craftsmen of Broadw iy and subjected to none of those losses which are the certain accompuniment of tlie 4 credit principle." He is enauled to offer the different articles in his liue at the following reducrd rates:? HATS. Firs'.Quality Nutria Fur, $3,60 I First Quality Moleskin, $3,04 3?coud do ao do 3,00 | Sec >nH do do 2,50 1 CAPS. Firxt Quality Cloth $1,60 Second do do 1 HO Third do tin 75 u4 lm'r ft ONE PRICE?BHOWN li CO. l78Chatham square, coruer of Mott st. wish to inform the public of their recent improvement in the manufacture and finish of their THHKt DOLLAR HATS, which retain a beautiful rich In tire, and will compare well with those more costly. The pioprietors are confident that they can furnish Hats far superior to any heretofore sold for the lame price. A full assortment of Fancy Furs, also Knr Cloth; Mohair, Olaxed, Silk and Fancy CAfS,several new patterns, much admired, sold at reduced prices, wholesale and retail. o29 Im'mc LOOK AT THIS. IMPORTED FRENCH BOOTS of the b<st quality V at theextraordinary low puce of $6 00 m Double Sol , the best article IU Cork Sole do fl 60 French Call Boots, made to order 1 00 French Call Shoes 2 00 Gent. Hall Boots 2 25 Dancing I'umps, the uiceit kind 1 26 Dm dug Gaiters, with Patent Leather Tips .. 1 71 And a general assortment of India Rubbers aud all kinds of Over Shoes, from the smallest to the largest; also a great aa soitmeut of Boys' Boots and Shoes; Misses aud Children's do. Ladies in this store will find the greatest assortment of Oaiters, Uuckins, Slips, Ties, Quilted Shoes, Moccaaiua, Clogs, Toilet Slips, white and bl?ck Satin and white Kid Slips; India Rub be is of all the different qualities, sorts and sixes, from the *mal!e*tto the largest, and hut oaf price asked, at 367 Broad* way. coruer ol Frai*lin street. n2a lm'r M. CAHILL. PREMIUM BOOTS. J FINK FRENCH BOOTS for * 60, city made, and for style and durability. they are equal to those sold in other stores for >6. Fine V renrh Piemmn Imperial Diees Boot* tor $i 60, eqiia tothosen?w mother stores for Koi $7, at HtliMI lk Jij nK'S French Boot and Shoe maniilactory, one olilie moat fashionable establishments in this city. Our boots having been juilged in the lale Fair at Niblo's, are ?aid to he :he ne?t boots lor the price ever sold in this country. ^Iso, a superior new sttle French Dancing Uaiteis, aud overshoes, constantly on liauri. All gundii warranted to give satisfaction. Boots and Shoes made to order in the shorteai notice Mending done iu the ??ore- YOUNO k JONES, 4 Ann street, _ 11 'm re near llrnndwav. New ^ ork. A^UEN DOD WORTH will commence a Private Dancing *ehool at his residence, No. 44t Broome street, on Mou d iy.t ot. 20th. lo continue during the season, every Monday, WeOni -lay. Thursday, aud Saturday, at 3 P. Al. lor Ladies, and st 7 for Gentlemen For terms, kc apply as above elllm*rr? IV fw York Historical Society. A stated meeting of the ubove Society was liolden on Tuesday evening, in the rooms of the Society, at the University. In the alienee of the President, Mr. Albert Gal- I Htin, the chair was taken by the Vice President, Dr Dewit. The minutes ol th? lust meeting were then read and adopted. General Wetmobi banded up to the Chair a letter wbich bad been received from China, addre**ed to the j society by ThonChiug. a merchant of Canton, distin guished for hi* wealth, enterprise. and love of let'er*. Having been elected a corresponding member ef the Sr?- , ciety, at one of ita meetings, aome time ago, the lettor now received, and presented to the Society, was an ac knowledgment of the honor conferred upou him. [The lettor in queation consisted of several oblong pieces of beautiful silk paper, of the most delicate, j et firm texture, handsomely written upon, in Chinese cha ructers, the whole enclosed in a neat case or envelope of the same kind of paper ] A translation, accompany lug the original, waa then read by General Wetmore, aa follows To TMI Histobical Society or New Voaa Benevolent Sirs. It is now a pleasant ?ea?on, when tho golden chrysanthemum fills the paths, and the purple loliage of the maple oovera the hills. Separated far a?under, I desire your health and utmost pro?perity, and that with time this may be still more abundant Several months since 1 received and perused yeur es teemed favor, (literally, elegant letter,) ami several vo lumes of books, for which I am much obliged I fully deteimined to replv at once, but just at that time, on ac count of slight indisposition, 1 waa caused to procrasti nate- but being ineu of great liberality, and ol kindness as broad as the sea, surely you ariil excuse me Now the favoiable monsoon has commenced, it is convenient to send a brief reply, (literally, an inch of parchment,) and to express my heartfelt thanks. ..... In my humble opinion, your honorable nation delights in righteounnefN and possesses a clear perception of the principles of right reason ; and the names of its literati, enrolled iu your colleges, cannot be enumerated. Since perusing your letter, still more do I look up to it with admiration. I (a stupl I man) from youth to the pre sent time have formed resolutions to do something, yet am not aware that I have done any thing properly. I have in my own mind pondered upon that which is mo lally oxcellent, have cherished n regard for righteous ness exerted myself to practice it, and used strong en deavors to induce others to do the same. Now, then, the high compliments contained in your letter filled me with unspeakable surprise. Keccntly, at Canton, in consequence of opium, the con fusion and troubles of war ensued, and the people of Chi na could not depend upon their lives. The recent state of things has been such as one cannot bear to mention to his most intimate friend. Inasmuch as opium is an article injurious to men, therefore, our Government legislated that it would not receive a revenue derived from it. But, alas '. en tho contrary, (bo far from arresting it) it has caused t .e peo i.le to take the poison. , Inasmuch as 1 reflect that your honorable nation for merly bought Africans and made slaves ot them, so that during a long period the aggregate has amounted to se veral myriads, henceforth may the men of worth of your honorable country, in imitation of high Heaven, cherish for them a feeling of commiaseration, and diffuse intelli gence among tho men of worth of every nation, that they inay exert their strongth to prohibit and arrest this evil, and not allow the people of that country (Africa) to be made slaves. Those who have been bought should be suffered at their options to return to their country, and to their native villages. Then, this being done, it will be seen that your honorable nation delights in a righteous I desire every man of worth in your honorable nation, who takes pleasure in righteousness, and is devoted to hooks and clearly understands the principles of reason, and like high Heaven, delights in a life of virtue, may disseminate among the men of worth of every nation, that inasmuch as they themselves formerly cherished commisseration for the oppressed, and put an ?.hd to the >lave trade, so to eternity let opium be prohibited. Ab solutely, let them not again be transporting it from dif ferent countriesjthen there will be perfect tranquillity to both Chinese and foreigners, and the people will rejoice in their possession; and the places, in which in bye-gone lays opium has heen planted, will answer for the growth of cotton and different kinds of grain, and still greater may be the profit obtained, so that it is unnecessary to cultivate this article,which injures men. This is what I sincerely hope for from the men of worth of your honor able nation, and I beseech them not to regard pains, nor be sparing of ink, but earnesily, bf the diffusion of cor- . rect intelligence among the of rank and moral j vcortli in every nation, urge the necessity, with a heart i like that of Heaven, to exclude this article of opium, : which so injures men. If this can be done, then Ttiav the I citizens and people all attend to their own proper uuties_ ] anil every nation may have harmony and prosperity, aud i mutually delight in universal peace. Then the men ol woitli of every nation will have done righteously, and .lasted ttia seeds of happiues* without end. T his is my I inecial reuly to your letter. Wishing vou evefy bless special repiy y y(H TA? ^ xlf0NCHiN(i. Yah^o, ) 24th year,9th month, 10th day,> or :11st October, 184V ) To Psospkr M. Wktmobk, F.*q., . . , , _ Chairmen of the Executive Committee Historical So ciety of New York. A faithful translation. Signed, PF.TLR PARKER Donations of various literary curiosities, and biblio graphical bijoxuc, were severally presented to the So 1,1 Col J am vi W. Wcva, presented a rare and remark able copy of the Bible, printed at London in the year ItiOti This was u donation to the Society by Mr. Richard Hill, who, from some remarks on the printing and dates of Bibles which appeared in the Ci'uiirr ana' t-nqiiirtr, wa>i induced to bring forward this rare and hidden copy aud make it morn known by placing it in the valuable library of the Society. Whea Col Webb had given a brief account of the donor and the motive of its presenta

Dr. RoiiiKsoif, after examining the copy, expressed his admiration of the perfect condition in which it appeared Ho stated, that this is a copy of what has been known as ? The Bishop's Bible," and was intended aa a correction of the translation made by Tindall. The Bible in question was in wonderful preservation, and bone the imprint of John Barker, 1608 ; next to iin dell's or Caxton's Bible, it is the most ancient cojiy ever .irmted in England, as the translation by Wick iffe was never piinted, that great reformer living before the in vention of the art. . , . On motion of Col. Webb, the thanks of the Society were voted unanimously to the donor, Richard Hill, fc.*q The Librarian announced the purchase during the month of about 20 volumes ol State Laws and historical works. Among the donation* were, three surveys, one which wan marked at 11 Lord Baltimore's own Map, in dexed to his Agreement with Mr. Penn, in 1782.' Also, a manuscript volume of collections, entitled rn? Hors mander Papers, relating to the Provincial History of New Vork fiom 1714 to 1747," donated to the Society bj Henry C. Van Schaaek, E?q. ? Mr. Bboohead, in presenting tho volume, gave a vej7 interesting, though brief, history of Mr. Horsmander, the writer of the above paper*. He wa* high in office in the interesting time to which the paper* relate, and at hi* death, at the advanced age oi 80, was one of the Supreme ludges ot this State. Being incapacitated from his great age lor judicial duties, some years before his decease, it is believed his especial case was that * hich led to the adoption of the clause in the constitution ot New *ori, that no judge shall remain on the bench after he has passed the age of 60. ...? .. ,. . . . John R. Bbodhbad, Esq., al*o laid before the Society a beautifully colored and illuminated copy of an ancient map of the'? New Netherlands" lithographed and pre sented by Mr. Endicott. Also, a map of the world, sup posed to be tho first published in tho United States, it was dedicated to General Washington, and appeared in the year 1783, imprinted at Pomfiet, Connecticut. Also, the 2d volume of the Evening Mirror, from the publish er*, Messrs. Morris, Willis and Fuller In the absence of the gentleman on whom it devolved to read a communication to the Society, Mr. Gibbs, the librarian, read a portion of the manuscript of a work which he is preparing for the press This lorthcoming work relates to the times of Washington and Adams, and the early moral difficulties attending the erection ol a united government, out of so many discordant ele ment*. The reading wa* listened to with deep interest, and afforded a highly pleaaing treat to the large and re spectable company present. E. C. Bkhedict, E*q., presented a book concerning " The Fir*t Congress which a sombled at New ? ork, October 1st, 17#S," printed and published by Winches ter, of Ann street, according to which it appears that the Declaration of Independence which was first made and published, wa* neither that of Mecklenburg nor that of Thomaa Jefferson, but that of the celebrated Knickerbocker, John Kruger, in the flrtit Congress at New York, anno I7?ft. Gi'U J. 1'allmadoe deprecated the idea of arrt'g.uin# too much to otrsilven. On all points ol the country, in thai day, In teid, theie were vtitlges ot patriotism, aud meeting* held for the ?am? purpoat?. Mucu ol the history ot that interesting period at ill r. mained to be He?elop?d^ John Jay, Ksq., read to the Society an original latter written by John Adama, addressed to Mam Osgood, dated Nov. l#th, 1779. Alao, another from the same to the aame, dated Nov. 15th, 177ft, and one from Paris of Dec 13th, 1784; also, an oiiginal letter from ThomasJei t?r*on to the same, dated Oct Mh, 178ft. These letters were singularly characteristic and interesting. They were presented to the Society by Mr. Osgood Field, a grandaon of Mr. Osgood. Mr. Field, we were Informed, intends to preaent the bulk of his ancestor's interesting and historical correspondence. Alter kome other conversation of a highly interesting character, the Society, on motion of General Wetmobe, adljllrited- . . After partaking ol an admirable pkophy lac'lc i>gair.*t the cold external air, in the shape ol ;i highly ronrentra 'ed decocut ti of the Cofloa Cai i it l-n?i*, jollified agrm a bly vith pellucid rkiy*<.oa ol the Suc^us 9|>i*a ihb <>l the Cat.ul* Siccharnera. aud mollified with a quantity of Lac V?c? as Irt vidt.a, tho Sieciy and o?a>p?ny crake up, e?cn welt lorttA d in body against the bypeiberean rigors >o be encouut. r';d on nts w^y home, an-: pleasantly '''*'8" d in (lis* *y the lit." ery enturtalument which the evening bad eio<t richly afl'jideU. A tut aprmg i? lo ha#e been discovered by some Indians ol the Onondaga tribe, within but a ehort diitance oi our village The spring has been visited Dy revere) of our ritueii*, two or three of whom have mMe arrangements to test ?M> saline properties of the water, and ascertain by experiment, whether the manufacture of *alt from it can be made profitable.?/(*??? Jtumal. Virginia UgliUture, C?p"ttolb1ntheeci??rf of^T?>egi.l-ture met at the io.t 7 of on Monday the l.t anju'W.'Mon'fordf L^"'!e?kad 9'>e,k*r of th* Hou??. nor :*Kr.?i:5 'iharsorgt,n',e'1',Ddu,ub| ,nf* o,,?o ?i. ^SZfZISSSSiEf - FtiUm Cttiteni of tht Senate and of the Iloute of Del'teatf thltlafSr;?2arUou^.nt4in,!rhM 00Curr?,, ,ince of the Sta Jwrr?'e.'H th* *00d ord*r kind Providence and our m!? ,,U"e'!' K*nerally, by . to our want* Our debt iiaa b!^n ?lb*",leooe equal our State stock ia at a . r?J^ entirely extingui.hed; present vear will h* m . a uni; onr revenue for the the government. |u all thesa r ? to the want. of the Stare is "jghlr Mti.lart?? .PW^lh# condl,i?n of lew io, aud i,H "now!..5?, 'n .0tlT r.#8?'ecti il '? continue. Tliii U true of th? T.V ?W^ f>erTnit to ' our j?ei?i)le. W? Iiav* uh ? ie.l*bor nnd ?duca?ion of fecial iy?um of p4ubl'o ?e.rland h' th*m,V "?* ef" th* want. of both with a backward.pirit* tK^V0 ting extent to which the ??r? ? l. h* Vumil'? unknown aaong.t u. uij!7?^P,^b!t of knowl?J*? i? La. tui?red from amount of internal an* export trade i1"""? the size and fertility of the Llh in. k (ComP?rpd with been d^troyed } t*1U how 0U1 lab<>r h?? MHSHHfSFr-r? they are. Wha, can hi u 10t#re1,t to remain where as r,' P <?" rSHSSgljg3?? tne Mats ol onr people Of thn uut nnn ,ufler?.r8 are liligfig-pglil ?J5Sv!^iE^,d^"wWiSliW more admonitory bv far .in-n ti. i-i j .7 defence ia vessel, on ?h? ... y ,* D"? th? introduction ol steam ??pSS3 time.tTtb^ff the c^tton^f Vd# for 611 Bt the ?a<? ^Hr ??' ^pt^SSBsSSSPSP11 'HSS riSSfS of cantta*'jSJd'aoL/^nt,C0lnj,#r*''.Ye merit. ?uineut? to prove that 'r?ilr?fKi 0 * '?D? line of ar ^ ssmsk titude Of it. bli^L. " H-KTOn,h#d by the rery mul" ^wS^s?^aift5 and Koptt*YyLof disunion and dispute He th.n evil, of .ectional ??= an enlargement ol the State Lutntir I i law. ; also, in* UlTtoZ 0t n,Qda>,lnff the exi.ti'ng^mode Lf acq"? ing title to ttie vacant land, of the Stite a.ks fn^kll 'z T?'?t?* A?:: refet. to report, and resolution, tran.mitud to him I? [y?<et\?ethor wrth 'a communlcatVon I'romC^crlury Ihe Governor then conclude, by exure.sinv hi. v..., and proud that 1 can give t back with zz?izr- ?? Cunard Stramtr*?Not na they ehould be? Great Injuatlce towards Passengers. James Uobdon Bknnett, Esq.? SlE:? The following is a statement of facts in relation to the Cunard steamer Britannia, so far as regards the treatment of ladies who intended to have been passengers in that vessel. A lady arrived here on Sunday morning, and went to Boston along with the express mail ou Sunday afternoon; but when she got there, lo, and behold! she could not get a passage, because Sir Charles Metcalf had engaged the ladies' cabin for his own personal use. Is this right 1 Is this the just and proper way to treat the travelling public1? 1 think not. This misconduct of the agent and Captain of the Britannia cost this lady und her Bon-in-law, who accompanied her, about twenty dollars, going to, and returning from Boston. There were other females in the same pre dicament ; they did not procure a passage for the same reasons. Hut even this is not all the trouble, in convenience. detention, and expense my female friend suffered. 1 would not, however, attach this Name 10 Sir Charles, but to hit attarhr, or aid-de-camp,who had his baggage in charge. He, with the baggage, left Mon treal at the aame time with this lady and her aon-in-law, and others, and when they oame to Whitehall, the canal had some ice on it. In consequence of that they had to hire a boat and pay an extra price. After going about twen ty-fire miles in about twelve hour*, they had to hire coaches or wagon*, and in consequence of the great quantity of baggage which belonged to Sir Charles, one coach or wagon could not take ail the passengers,(eight, 1 believe.) and all the baggage. One wagon could have taken the eight, and a trunk and travelling bag for each, and had such been the rase,they would have got to Oreen bu?h in time for the Weitern Railroad car* on Saturday morning. But before they arrived there, the afternoon train had left, and no other till Monday, which would be too late for the Britannia. They then came on to New York and took the cars at Brooklyn on Sunday at I P. M. It will very naturally be asked, did not the aid-de-camp of Sir Charles offer lo pay for his extra baggage T No. He not only prevented the other passengers Trom reach ing Greenbush in time, but they paid tor hi* axtra bag gage from Whitehall to Oreenbush. When he took it to the ferry-house at Whitehall street, the extra bsggage was weighed and paid lor before tho aid-de-camp could obtain tickets for it. Are not the American people un der great obligation* to the aid of Sir Charles tor hi* ge- ' nerou*, and honest, and honorable conduct on this occasion ? Who would not bow to royaltv after this ? , What ought to havs bean the course and conduct of the Mr. Lewi*, the agent in thi* case 1 After he had engaged the ladies'cabin to Gov. Metcalfe, ha ought to have advertised that the Britannia could not, and would not take any female passenger* thi* trip, and thereby save them the expense and trouble of going to Boston. ? i What female can now depend upon getting a passage la ; the Cunard line, after thi* T Will the traveUivf public submit to such usuage ? Unless I mistake In nry %ueu of the American character and feeling*, I \ redicl they ( will not, at least the American*. Better it will bs, to patronife the New York packeta and steamers, than to go to Boston and be aent back again by Mr. Cunard, his ) agent, or hi* captain*. Yours, %e. J. M. The New Orleans Bulletin, of the 22d ult., say*:? We learn with graat <atiaiaction Irom every (action, not only of thi*, but the neighboring State*, of the coutinued favorable weather lor the crop* now in progra** of geth- i ering. The cotton planter* have bean peculiarly favor ed. The sugar crop, generally, 1* much behind the last season, but our planters are now fully under way In j every section of the State ThMktw."ro.?^ ?* ?? P*0C 1.4MATIOW for.1 f *?Pt!h hail&*?ra enduring causes of thankfulness to th^KttS of w. aLdth. fountain of health from all th. ,iTi"g institution*, baied upon the true principle of FT, !r?^ntT. aad extending to every popular ?overei?n ]T> , tQ ^ iftr?#?t measure of equal personal 1'b*^ny.' .,h ^ac, ttnd order, and person that liberty con '' *. * C.U??Tfor devout thanhfulneai to S/ffiftr KSSS.(?..?'/ p?pi-?"">">i" ">"? ?Wu. Tf'yjr- jsi^aaa'JSf. and country fur"l'h. a" Bnd render it peculiarly appro- | lZ^SPoU?P. the ia'.on., and ble**.? the earth, and make* it fruitful. Hi causes for thankfulness, j In addition to these unive recollection of I if each individual will . ^_d ,0cial blessings, the almost innumerably person people of winch the jear ha.bought with MUt" P ? #n, this State will be willing." ith on t|,ttnks for the day, for tho united expression of their ??n(|M>tly be. stow'ed^pVn them ^ndtlieir country by the Great Author of every temporal and ?P,>'1'ual b'?"l| ?av# nlmed, to be 1 respectfully recommend the *ic# tuj duty, and thus set apart 'orth,?81^t IU?p*nd their business that the people of the state .u^ ^ religious 'T:'r?i.V? SgS.'.^ with the feelings whichJthe lively remem cite, cannot fail to turn the Slewing* of the brance of the immeasurayg ^ th# Revelation to redemption through a 8avi ? blessings for which lallen man of the way ^"l^^c?,"uy thankful. the human heart can never-be , affixed the privy In te.timonvwhereof I havehereuntoa ^ tha J of H Private Secretary. Boston, Dec. 2,1845. Departure of the ^^TT^rall Rotton ? The A>?iu ami Theatncal* Gen tly Weather-Leopold de M^'^^re of Notion*?Amusementt?A Neu> Theatre. The Britannia, Hawett ?iW *? 'i Th. Britannia ?M ?? ? h? ?''f Si'" " anil ?7 passengers for Liverpool, one i observed that two wagon loads ol newspapers went from the post office to the steamer. There ii some rascal in ear city who has been mo, cunningly at work, for *ome day. past, in endeavoring 1?.? in . n>?Mhj the truth, he has succee,? flome of our first firms tmements of the Omoiou whicb creaung no have appeared in the P'P. ? been found to be hum small degree ol wonder have Deen i^^ f()r credi. bugs, and the puDli?h cortain establishments, and tors to ?end in their oil netrated t0 tbe no small like tricks, have also beerin town, have annoyance of lnany^ ?sop certain friend'* hotlie.who been invited to a*semble at aEminent it turned out knew nothing f consultation, physicians have ^^"^Xttbey had been hoax but when they met. t y all~u follies and rascalities have ed; and a vast number ?r suchJolUes who is been perpetrated by some remits ol these tricks s ????"? nr ...??>? Wsz evening, was ? b"?P?''t -ince their arrival here. The kind that they have m . and tbe boE house vas crowded with the cat? oi w r.(lollar3 book showed a u'fu , ,?v ers all y expressed desire, compliance with the umversa > . ? er_and tbi,, i am r.e^J?^?their tail appearance, probably fore loformev, will be their lVbrVo,withiUndiu? " w?" 8 ver, in Bonton. Last nig , , audience assem wet and uncomfortable g . which struck me t? witn... ??'g lietT cUarac?er The applause as being Mrs. Kean entl; J*ia?tic character, and 5?t??T,ru"?liltoctnJo,?. Af,.tO, tionnl, with "Putnam, or 1 ^ Qt performances is filttd nighUy. to w???mi-gthe^.,*???? Ppmr,dt0 r,n. devery^th?ng 'worth^h. publicthe de. con*j?-juj.. costumes, kc , have be [ich harvest for his tem l^lnie"^ Th. ?oPst ready c ^to^he M*usehu?i*urb?t twsnty ftr; cents, and it if always lull. Sunday we had Winter ha* really come at la*t. on mi 7 dunns ^^nightfaad'aUday^^terday itconUnued ^rainmost ?Le maU conuinedt^teuer., and all were safely for warded by the Britannia, t MCOVering from the slight Leopold de Meyer 1 ucal)#citate?l him from per sprain m his hand, th?t ha^ ? #uJ will ,00? give i lorming in public lor a le J P ,? thousand are I XZfi rrhearh'im^^ei. un.ue.Uonably 1 lheTheLraufiom?!?ionWe?s have reported In ^voj of Leg Pond as a will^".o'o.^c submitted with pure water ; and the maUer i? creBt "?siss'.aff.wSii irsxsx long, >n4 >"? ,""f' th.' church, and making it oga"in cr0Wed over the de ssn n....?M blank at the re opening of Old urury Nkw Orleans, Nov. 25, 1846. Tittle-Tattle. The "Crescent City" has commenced showing signs of resuscitation, and gives promise that the coming winter will be a season of unusual business and gaiety. The places ot public amusement are well patronized. Mr. Booth commenced at the St. CharleB, and playea tour nights to good houses, then gave evidences of his peculiar eccentricities, and broke off his engagement. A crim. con. case, in our good city, has produced much talk and excitement tor the past tew weeks.? One Mr. Philosopher, in Camp street, it appears, had been watched at the lake, in consequence ot taking ! Ute rides ai night with a lady, well known in this city, who were seen to enter the ladies' bath-house and remain there loine two hour* At the bathing season was over, and it being a cold night, it gave r iie to much talk and wonder, until tome of the member* of the lame church to which the f'oiiosopher belong*.took him to taak The gay deceiver itarted instanter for P , where he ha* connexion*, and it was *aid, about to be married. The huibaud ot the lady wan inlormed of the bath-uouse ru mor alter *ome days, and Immediately *ent her to tier family,where she formerly flourished at a belle dur ing the watering season. Efforts are being made to hush the aflhir up, iu consequence of the high standing of the family to which the lady belongs, and the church peo ple are also active. The friends of the Philosopher have advicea from him that he will return and defend himself. Should he do so, prepare to hear of a" street flght," a* it is thought he will take shelter under piety and re fuse a hostile meeting. I had a tedlou* passage from "Memphis," and the boat was crowded with passengera, auong whom was the Hen. J. C. Calhoun, who received tha most flattering at tantions from the pitople at th < different stopping places The weather is beautiful, and Chartres street ia filled with ladies?some old, lorn* young, all elegant in dtesa and person, it i* quite certain that ladies dress in better taate in New Orleans than in any o.het city in the United State*. Boston City Ajfairs.?The Committee of I Twelve of the Common Council have published m the morning papers tha opinions of Me*srs. Richard (?'(etcher, Charles f. Curtis, and C. G Loring, Ksqs., on the praaent position of tha munioipal officers of the city. The*a learned councillor* have given it as their opinion that the Council may perform any of its functions that are independent of the Board of Aldermen, but eannot unite in the passing of ordinances,appropriating moneys, lie , while the Boaid remains as at present constituted, , except to go into convention for the choice of a May or. Their opinion close* as follows " We consider that the Beard of Aldermen, by the death of the Mayor, are for the tisae being, and until the vacancy ia supplied, as completely deprived of tbsir powers a* tha M??or would be by the (lea& or re.ignaUon of all or the major pert of | the Alderman. They are equally essential to the legal , action of that Board, and neither can astute the dutios I ol the other. The executive functions Sf the Mayor and Aldertnen.orof the Mayor, can no more be performed hy the Aldermen without a Mayer, than they coulu by the Mayor without Aldermen." Both branches of the City Counoil meet this evening, and it remains to be *een whether the four learned Aldermen will ao far change their opinion a* to go into convention for the choice o I ? Major pro um, aa proposed hy an order from the Com mon ronncil.?Trmtript, Dte. 1. Ai.bant, Dec. 2,1846. Trouble m Protprct? Cririt m Politics?Meeting of the Legislature?Theatricals, $c., Q-c. The representatives of this State, assembled ia the New York Legislature last year, were not gene rally distinguished for erudition, or for an intimate acquaintance with State politics and State policy. It is to be regretted that a flimsy legislation, inade quate to the wants of the State, and utterly incon sistent with the polity of our institutions, has pre vtuled for a number of years past. It is also to be re gretted that a tew members of conceded ability, who should properly have been leading spirits ia the pro motion of measures for the general good, have ptoeti tuted their talents?have been regulated in ali their legislation by partisan considerations, and have been distinguished tor nothing but a narrow minded and selfishcourse of action, foreign and false to every con servative principle, und to the purposes of the men who originally instituted the blessings of true republi can legislation. This Empire State is the heart of the great confederacy?she holds in her hands the ba lance of political power in the nation?she controls the elective scale, and her verdict is final and im mutable. "Whither are we tending T* 1 submit it to you if this is not an important query; and I have been l?d to make the above remarks on ac count of the frequency with which I have heard this question proposed. A Senator asked the question, on Saturday, in piivate conversation, at the American Hotel; and 1 have heard a question of like charaoter proposed subsequently. We shall have, this year, some original legislation?peculiar in its features, and revolu tionary in its tendency. The revolutionary spirit which has manifested itself, encouraged and backed, as it is, by the philosophers and influential anarchists of the age, cannot fail to exercise a tremendous influence over the legislative councils?at least, such are the sentiments of prominent men here, whs do not hesitsta to express their conviction that there is actuaily an important cri sis in our State and national affairs. Such a conviction lias been reiterated by you again and again, in the co lumns of your universal journal. A vast deal of quibbling is going on here, relative to the probable apportionment of the Senate districts, ac cording to tne late census, which duty the constitution makes it binding upon the Legislature to perform. Oreat tears are entertained, lest an arrangement of the Senate districts may be made too favorable to the interests of either of the political parties, and a very animated dis cussion has been going on between the abolition paper of the North, entitled the New York Trikunt, and ihe Albany .?trgus. as to the rule by which the Legislature should be guided in arranging the Senate districts. Attorney General Van Snren has fc'o-ne to Washington. It is saiii that he is in attendance upon the United States Supreme Court, and that the constitutionality of the quarantine laws will be contested. Willis Hall is asso ciated with him, on behalf of this State. Mr. Julius A. Varnev, a nephew of Senator Varney, died, suddenly, at the Eagle strest hotel, yesterday. A jury was summoned, and they rendered a verdict of death by consumption, and, as the jurors believe, by strangulation." The canal has closed, and the railroad has commenced carrying freight, in violation of the statute, which, I be lieve, requires that the Comptroller shall be officially notified of the slesing of the canal, by evsry collector on the line, before freight can be carried by railway. Mrs. H. Hunt will not leave the city, but will remain through the winter. Mr. Rice will be stage manager at our apology for a theatre; and the company which has nrrived with him. ia said to be a powerful one. But ws have no suitsble building for a lair representation ot the drama. The Legislature will soon assemble, and the occasien will undoubtedly afford me material far important an nouncements, extraordinary disclosures, etc. An exci ting time is confidently anticipated. A great democratic supper was given at Little Falls, in Sonar S! the election ot Col. Vovng to the Senate of this State, from the fourth Senate District, on the 30th ult. Toasts, patriotic and loyal, were drank in profu sion, and Col. Young received the congratulations of his political aasociates, upon his surprising gook luck, with the most remarkable coolness and complacency. Per' init me to append a sentiment offered on the occasion by Mr. H. Link, in allusion to the Euglish claim of Oregon : " The 49th degree?England will be a scarlet member before she takes it" Rather significant, I judge. It was drank wKh nine cheers. Mr. Templeton's corcer* -rent off with *elat last eve ning. anJ was very numerously attended, considering the inclemency of the westher. The snow storm of SuimmT changed iuio rain dunng the night, and the rain fell in torrents the whole of the rnfrtfcff day. Last night, however, the rainceased, and the thermometer fell several degrees. To-day the sun i* shining brightly, but the air is scarp and kesn. The t-leighing is hue, and the merry bells jingling to the tune of winter. The liver is full ol floating ice, and I aui tearful that it will be completelfclosed within forty <ight hours. Altec allaneoos. There was an ezplofion of a locomotive engine on Monday morning last, upon the Wsstern Ksilroed i'be engine wa? attached to a freight train, and the engi ieer was thrown Home distance without receiving any lujury. The fireman had one of hit lege ?o badly broken ? n three place*, that he waa forced to submit to the opa iation or amputation. One of the boilers of the steamer Harkaway bunt at Memphis on the 18th ult., killing *ixte?n horses which stood alone side. No other damage was dona ; the da maged boiler rolled off, and the boat went 0h. She waa bound for New Orleans. On Friday evening last, as the crew of the boat Samuel Schuyler, lying in the basin at Albany, were engaged in loading her for New York, they war* arrested in their work by a sudden rush of water running into the stern of the boat. Two thousand bushels of wheat.and about two hundred barrels of flour, became immersed in eight feet water. The Captain ana crew had baiely time to save their trunk* and clothing. The boat belongs to the Mefir*. Van De water's Oswego liue, and has since been raised and placad on Kinney's dry dock. The Rev. T. Robinson, a local preacher of the Methcdist Episcopal Church, residing m Anna Arundel county, near the head of Severn river, met an untimely death on Saturday morning; he was thrown into the water by the upsetting of a small boat, and managed to i each the shore by swimming, but in ao exhausted a condition from the intense cold, that he shortly after ward* expired. Patrick Donelly, a respectable Irishman, waa drowned on Saturday night in the river at Providence ? lis body was found on Sunday morning, near the wharf of the Fall River Iron Works Co. Mrs. Alice Carroll was found dead in her bed, in the cellar of 317 Ann street, Boston, on Friday night, with her infant lying on her breast, crying for nourish went, by her husband, who came home intoxioated. Both husband and wife had led a lite of the worst kind of intemperance. An officer has been despatched to make a survey of the governmeut reservation at the head of St. Clair river, and to fix upon a suitable site for a new fortifica tion there, in the place of the old stockade, known as Fort Gratiot, and to make the necessary estimate*.? Detroit Jldverliier. Several canal captains have left Albany in a great harry, to avoid settling with the hand* employed on their boats. This is rascally conduct ! It is the lowest depth of meanness thus to chest these hard working men out of their honeat dues, and at the approach of win ter too. The YVaraato Signal says, "Several persons, from a diitance, have visited thi* county to purchaae Mormon property. We hear that a company from St Clair is about to purchase largely." We understand that in some neighborhoods the present hemp crop is very deficient, both in the quantity and quality of it* lint, *o mueh so that it is beueved it will not average one-third the usual crop.?Ltmington (Jfy.) Inquirer. Thos H. Bayly, of Ascomac, is nominated for United State* Senator from Virginia, by a writer in the Richmtnti ?tifmrrr. B. Eddy subbed A. R. Shephard in a scuffle on Saturday evening, in Providence. It is feared that the wound is mortal. The youcg man had been riding to. guthtr, and the contest between them commenced in s^ort The Salem (Indiana) Ntwt states that the Rer. E H Ames, of the Indiana Methodist, aud Hon. J. Law, of Vincennes, are spoken of a* democratic candidates tor U 8 Senators. The quantity of salt inspected in the town of Sn lina, trom January 1 to November a#, 1M*, was 8,?*?,aso bushels. Hon. C.J. Ingersoll's History of th? War is about to be translated into Odrmsn. Naval Court Martial.?A private letter from Washington gives us a report of the sentence pro nounced by the court marital upon Captain Voor hees, who commanded the frigate Congress, in the Rio de la Piatt?, and captured the Buenos Ay re an squadrons; for which, and for going up to Annapo lis with his ship, on nis return, instead of stopping at Norfolk, according to Commodore Turners or ders, charges were preferred, and the officer band ed over to a court martial. It is stated that the sen tence was dismissal from the service, with a re commendation of the court to the mercy of the Preaident, who, after conaulting his cabinet, com muted the sentence to five years suspension, with out pny or emolument?Phila. (U- S.) OawHU, Dtt 2 A NlW PkMBYTKlUAfr C*T7*CH IH AxBAMT ?A third Presbyterian church, in Albany, is to be dedicated to-day It front* on Clio ton perk, and extend* In the rut to dispel *treet It 1* constructed in a style of neatness and convenience, without any on necessary ornament or embellishment, and diaplaya an architectu ral taate bigbl) creditable to thoie gentlemen who have superintended it* construction. Thi* society, darings number of yeers, worshipped in the Montgomery street church, until they were compelled to abandon it, in ooc sequence ot its members becoming *o numerous that the space within tU walls could not conveniently aocomnw date them.?Jiikvny *irgut, Utt. I

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