Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 4, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 4, 1845 Page 2
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VEW YORK HERALD. ? a "?w York, Tliuriilay, D*cembtr 4, 1345 Anxiety for tlie Foreign Sews. All claiie* ?aain to t>? particularly anxious for th? foreign intelligence to com* by the Cambria. It will be of a Tfi-y important character?whether it b<t goo<l or bad ? A* tt>? C b?i been out fourteeu Uay?, we reasonably hourly street to hear of her arrival at Boston. The Gtreat Dlessngo? Mr. Polk. ?Ve have already given our firstimpressions of tlie .exiraorditvary document pat forth by the President, at Washington, on Tuesday. \ re-perusal of this singular paper only strengthens the first opinion we lorrned of its character. The public, we believe, h ive been equally surprised at the tone of the mes sage, the character of the details, the clearness of us expressions, and the firmness of its positions.? Mr. Polk has certainly shown himself more of u ?talesman than any one anticipated?not a small or a petty statesman either, but one of a mental oalibre far beyond common place, realising the sublime and lofty in his conceptions and views of American policy Aa usu , the democrciic prints in this latitude, are full of flattery and praise, without any analysis or exact comprehension of the positions assumed in the measure. The opposition prints, on the oontra ry, are struck dumb, and scarcely know what to say, with the exception,of the Fourier organ?Cave John- i son's favorite journal?which, as usual, can with equal ease, write a column of small criticism on a temple of Apollo, or furnish out to profit a Belshaz zar's feast, from the integuments of a half decayed squash. All the other journals, almost silent or fidgetty. Mr. Polk, in one bound, has leaped from the obscu rity ana common place of a country town in Ten nessee, to magnificence and sublimity in the foreign and domestic policy of the United States, and in the history of the world. On the subject of Texas an nexation, the President has pronounced an opinion on the conduct of England and France, and placed their act* in auch a position as will astonish, if not intimidate, the mon archies of western Europe. On the Oregon question he has checkmated England completely, and placed her in n laughable and ridiculous atti tude, not only befor* the world of diplomacy m Eu rope, but before the world of popular common sense every where. The effect which it will produce on the massea of the British people, as well as on the Government, will be itself curious ana interesting. Tet Mr Polk has not closed the door of reconcilia tion. On the Oregon matter, he has retreated to a sort of armed neutral ground, that is perfectly im pregnable, and which will give him complete power over all movements respecting it hereafter. It will 'ake two or three years before either government can approach any point of negotiation on that sub ject, while the rapid emigration, with the new Go. Ternment about to be organized by Congress in that territory, will give advantages to the American Go vernment-advantages which England has pertinaci ously thrown away. So also in regard to France and Texa*; the President, in a moderate tone, and with tha kindness nnd the friendly reminiscences of ano ther age, administers a rebuke to the French Govern ment which will create a perfect uproar in Paris, as soon as ihe message is read there in the cafis and'w l<*u. The principles set forth by Mr. Polk in reference to the right of any two countries?independent repub lics?to regulate their internal affairs and unite their destinies if they please, without any European inter itrence, is enunciated with a force and precision that will tell in all quarter* throughout Europe. By that bold and fearless enunciation, the door that admit ted Texas is left open for California, Canada, See , to step ui hereafter and unite their destiny with the United States. Such is the firm and fearless attitude assumed by Mr. Polk towards the governments of England and ranee. Such is the rebuke he has administered to the mischievous intrigues of France and Eng land. He has placed the whole of them hort dt combat before the world of common sense. We anticipate great excitement, therefore, growing out of the message, in France and England. In fact, this message is the beginning of a new age?ihe' first step in a new movement?the vibration of young America on olden Europe-the influence of a fresh people, just starting into a mighty existence, on n old and decaying continent. With regard to domestic politics, the recommen dations of the President lor a modification of the ^arilf to a revenue standard?tha enlargement ol the navy, by building steam vessel*?an independent tieasury, nnd various other domestic concerns, are all of the highest interest at home. The modification of the tariff, and the establish, mem of an independent treasury, are only parts of a general system of finance which will keep in check the banks throughout the country, and give protec tion to the manufacturing interest by reducing the volume of the paper currency, and thus maintain the supremacy of American manufactures throughout the world. It is very evident that there are symp toms of a new bank war. Tha financial system proposed by the President is so inimical to the in flations caused by these institutions, that there is no doubt some general movement will be made by these rotten institutions m opposition to his administration This will produce scenes like those which attended the convulsions of the United States Bank, from 1SJ0 to 1SJ0, and the probable consequences will be the destruction of the whole banking system, as it is now organized. The chart thus put forth by Mr. Polk, in his mes sage, therefore, does not change the complexion of our domestic policy, but it will create a radical revolution in the manut&cturing and commercial policy of this Union. The best protection to the manufacturers ot this country is the establishment of a system ol currency by which they will be en abled to undersell, in foreign markets, the manufac tures of England and France. A specie currency would give more protection of this kind than any other, and the establishment of an independent treasury and the taking away from the banks the power of influencing the currency which is given to them by the mrplus revenue of the government, would produce that effect on this country. On the whole, this message is one of the most remarkable documents of the times. It will pro duce a perlect explosion in Europe?it begins a com mercisl revolution at home. How will Congress treat its principles and its recommendations! We will treat upon this point hereafter. Mr. Polk is certainly the little Napoleon of the democracy Thr Strau Slavk Schooxkr Caciqiji ?Thie ven sel, lately captured on the coast of Africa, was for merly the propellor Tigress, built esjecially for thf Richmond and New York line, and afterwards em ployed in the Philadelphia trade. Her machinery con tinually getting out of order, induced the owners to dispose of her, which they did considersbly be low her cost. She was purchased by Jose Antonio de Sen, for a packet boat on one of the rivers of South America She tailed from here nnder Bra zilian rolors, and wu cleared at t he Custom House, with Brsrilian papers, for Rio Janeiro. The state ?Bent of a morning paper that the former owners were aw ire that she was purchased for the slave ?'ade, as fa/ as we can learn, is without foundation Ti?i Mails foe Eujioh .?Luckily for all con cerned, and especially those at the south who had written letters to go in ihe Britannia, that steamer did not leave Boston till Tuesday morning. Thie enabled the Poet Office to forward all the back nnuls by her. ELlcnoit i* New Hajspshihk -There is again no choice for member to Congrt-ss There will probably have to be a compromise betweea the whigs a ii\i Hale. The Mayor of Baltimore has been authorized by i'v ' i.ui.Cilto pnrobase a U> in ?n the louth i-idu 11 '? P*' |>"C0 n?er, oppuMie to Fort Melfenry, forth# A o n tinroon ot a ?m?U pox hatpitsj TKAMKMmNO in New Yoaa.?This day has been set apart by tbc Governor aa a day of general thanksgiving end prayer, throughout the State of New York. We have no doubt the call will be responded to by all, and the day kept ac oording to ancient and time-honored custom?not as a day of tasting, however, but as a day of (easting. Visions of vast halls, with dinner tables groaning beneath the accumulated weight of the choicest pro ducts of earth, air and ocean?the fragrant and always grateful perfume of hot dishes, just from the kitchen, causing the mouth to "water" with thank fulness, and the heart to bound?blazing hearths, around which are congregated our friends and com panions, full of hope and gladness?these, and many otherjrecollections, array themselves before our read ers, as "thanksgiving" approaches. But the unexamp led success which has attended the labors of the hm - band man, the manufacturer, the merchant, the am- j sau, and in fact all departments of industry through out the Union, seem to call for some public demon stration of thankfulness to the Supreme Ruler and Disposer of all Good, as soyne poor return for the bounty bestowed on his creatures. The heart of that man which does not overflow with gratitude, kindness and joy at this season of general prosperity and health, must indeed be callous to all the finer feelings which be'ong to humanity. It it not alone, however, for our present greatness that we should be thankful. The future is coruscant with light, which illumes with its brilliancy the western heavens. The empire of freedom is extending itsell ?our hardy, chivalrous and enterprising sons, out stripping the bounds of conventional demarcation, are leaving the crowded cities and cultivated homes of their fathers, and with the speed, though not the destruction, of the tempest, are sweeping the prai ries of Illinois, Iowa and Missouri?crossing the , snow-crowned summits ol the Rocky Mountains, and ' building their watch fires on the shores of the Pacific ?there, with their household goods and gods, with ' the wild woods for a home?they rear the altar of Liberty, and worship their God in silenc*, after the fashion of their own hearts. These are the pioneers, preparing the way for the extension of civilized life and American freedom?at this season they deserve our kindest regards The poor, too, among us?the dwellers in damp cellars and exposed garrets, merit the attention and kindness of the opulent dwellers in costly palacea and gilded saloons?whose tables are ever super abundantly furnished with "good things." Let them, and all who are in affliction and distress, fee 1 that this is truly a day for thanksgiving. Highly Important prom Cuba and Conky Island ?Another Revolution in Mexico ?By the fast sailing schooner Timothy, Capt. Turnpenny, we have received important intelli<:"nce from th ? I of Cuba, respecting certai: nts now preparing in that quarter, bearing up lexico, and also ne? of a most momentous cha *r Irom Coney Island. Things here look awful. This intelligence has been received by the Chief Rabbi and Judge ol Israel in this city, the same stin guished individual who borrowed habilimen i (old Lear's night gown) from the wardrobe ol ie T' Theatre, to consecrate Grand Island as a for the Jews, twenty-five years ago?at wn Jews put their fingers to their nose, and pen certain gyrations. It seems that a special messenger has arrived from Santa Anna, who is now in the Is land of Cuba, addressed to M. M. Noah, the Judge of Israel, offering one half the plunder from the mines of Mexico, in his possession, and three quarters of the jewelry he ever owned, if, through the instru mentality of Noah, he could be restored to his long lost and almost forgotten power in the ill-fated re public of Mexico. Noah, it seems, is getting old and broken down, and is now doing a great busi in writing penny-a-line paragraphs tor a penny pa per of this city, and does not fed disposed to run any risk in the attempt to restore Santa Anna. He is, therefore, endeavoring to negotiate with the Napoleon of the pres3, to procure his influence in the behalf of Mexico, and the restoration of Santa Anna to power, in that great and unhappy republic. 1 hus we see a strong and determined movement is begun, and the probability is that Santa Anna will be again placed in his former position in Mexico. The news from Coney Island is also important and interesting. It seems, a contagion has broken out among the clams?similar to that among""the potatoe crop of Europe?and a revolution is breaking out, to dispossess His Excellency, the present Go vernor, who has managed the affairs of that inter esting spot of God's earth for the last quarter of a century. Further intelligence may be expected by every express from that interesting place. Board of Supervisors WiBKiiDir Arttinw!!, Dec 3.?At a special meeting of this Board, of which we gave notice, Alderman Jack son. (in the abience of Hii Honor the Mayor) waa called to the chair A reading of the minute* of the lait meeting wa? then called and approved. Several petition! were presented praying for a redac tion of taxes, all of which were referred to Committee on Annual Tax Sidney H Stewart, one of th? olerk* of the Police, re turned his bill of cartagea for priaonera, amounting to $164 44, (and which was sent back at a previous meeting for correction and explanation.) was referred to Com mittee on Police, with power to pay if found correct. James T Blakely's bill of *387 87, similarly situated was in like manner disposed of. A report from a special committee was then submitted with their views as to the amount of salary which should be apportioned to the different assessors of the several wards as fallows : 1st Ward *000 10th " 3M1 5d " 300 11th " 400 Sd " 326 12th " ftOO 4th " 32* ISth " 350 6th - 396 14th " 3-25 6th " 325 15th " 4.10 7th " 460 16th ? 600 8th " 428 17th Ward $46* 9th " 476 Total >6,946 00 After some little discussion, in which the Aldermen of the 1st, 11th and 16th, took part, the report wai accept ed. and the resolution was adopted The Board then adjourned Movement* of Travellers. We found the following, yestridny evening, at the principal hotels : Amebic**.?T. H. Benedict, T8rrytown; R. E Liv ingston, Clermont; W. H Bla der, Richmond; Silas Holmes, U 8. N; L. D. Kensley, West Point; H. De Witt, do; P B. Creighton V. H S Asto*.?Capt Baily, pack t sliip Vorksbira; A. F. Loheman, Salem; C. K Campbell, England; Capt. Oris wold, ship Northumberland, J. Abbott, U. 8 N; C. March, Washington; J. Teniiuiit, England; Dr. O'Rei ly, Baltimore; R Mitchell, P. Kepser, C. Richmond, Taunton, J E. Clifford, N O. W 11. Boardsman, Bos ton; J. Chandler, do; H Taylor, Baltimore; H.Simpson, d>; J. M. Ramsay. Wa hington; Jucge Huntingdon, Troy ;.Dr. Hitchcock, Bosteii. N. Cutter, St Louis; Cha* Evans, Lockport. Citv ?Geo. 8. Ward, Boston; Robt. C. Oist, St Louis; Col. John Wayne, N J; H. O'Br en, N. V ; W. M. Haw i thorne, L. I. FainiLin.?C. F. Tbomos, Btiffal ; J. Warner, New ark, Conn; J. P. Decatur, U. 8. N.; J. 8. Mitchell, Whitesbury; J. C. Smitt, Concord; II Hempton, B s on; S. Washburi e, Fall River; J. Quackenbush, Troy; N Canyl, H. P. Alexander, Salisbury; J. Thompson, Bur lington; J. W. Foster, Ohio; Capt. Cruttenden, N.Y.; A. Tucker, L Walker, Boston. Glob*.? Eugene Al*ie, Oeo. W Edwards, J De Be ger Fr. nee; O F.dwards, 8. C; Wm. Droon, Boston. Howabd.?J. D. lon>s, Rochester; T. 8. Tsppan. Aug Maine; James Welter, Toronto; O. n. W. Lo d, 1'hila ; Hon. Robert McClel ar>d, Hudson; J. D Atkin, New London; F.. Paulk, Bangor; J. D. Jones, Rochester: M. Ibbotson, Auburn; K Bradley, Middlston; R. H Sylves ter, 8. C; W O Sallada. Phila; Meyer O. Badley. Wor cester; A. Robinson, Phila.; 8. Lathrop, Albany; H. | Marshall, Phila; Jamsa A. Roe, Texas. Packet Ship EeRort Ashore ?I a ee by the Com m*rnal oi this evening that they deny that the ship Europe went ashore yesterday, in what aome ?re pleased to call the Swash Channel. I am prepared to prove the tact, that the ship went ashore at about three P M , by many respectable witnesses ; and was there at dark with nothing on her but her three top nails, and blowing heavy at N. W., and laying down on her side, with her white streak in the wa ter. At what time ehe got afloat, we are not prepar ad to say, but this we do know, that she baa return ed, and waa boarded by the New York pilot boat Washington, now on the sta'ion, and we expect to hear that the aelf-comtiituted commissioners will i proceed lo blear the pilot out on the name principle that tliey propone to blear oui the Knst river; buoy out the Swash Channel, and cut off the point o! Han dy Hook, and atake off Beef Bone Shoal off the Battery, by getting Congress to Hassan appropriation and ?ive them the contract. In the meantime, would i it not be ns well for the passenger* who come ?nd go in these ahipu to make inquiry who is to pilot 1 them 1 Hoo* The Magneuc Telegraph of Hudson Smith, from Nantaskst Mead to the Merchants' Exchange, ft now nearly completed, and will be put in immediate opera tion The wire was placed upon the poles from South I Beston to the Exchange on the 1st last Paik -LMt evening the entertainment* war* for the benefit of Mi", trough Taking tba waatber into consideration, the hou*e *?< * very good one. The ope re of " Lore In a ViHage"-an o<-ra which coutains some of the belt songs in the Engli*h language ? *" performed. Mr. Brough, Mr. Gardner, and Mil* Daley ?ang in their usual style and .pirlt??nd Mr. Ban, a* Justice Woodcock, wai vtry rich The othar charae tern were weli stained. After thia, the ytlxu comoJy of " The Cblld of Nature"?in which a young lady made her " flr*t appearance on any stage?wa* playe.l It was a veiy successful itbal. Her peitormance gave evidence ot c1oh> atudy ; she is remarkably correct in her reading, and the only fault we found was an over Joing which is customary in a Jetnt.? Her performance last evening showed that, by care aud perseverance, she may yet become a bright light in h-*r profession. She was loudly applauded Uy the au dience. The evening closed with the farce of " liaising the Wind," in which Mr. George Barrett played Jeremy Uiddler. This evening being Thanksgiving, a fine tun is presented at the Park, and we doubt not there wlU De a bumper. The comedy of " Speed the Plough,'' one ot the finest in the English language, i* to be plaved with as Sowcrful a cast as ever appeared in It. Mr. Placide, >ir. arrett, and Mrs. Bland sustain the principal characters. The second act of the opera of " Maasaniello," in whicn Mr. Brough and Mr. Pearson apoear, will then be playaa. After which, selection* trom "Der Freiachutx, 'Iie)"d'"* the incantation scene And the evening closes with the petite comedy ol " His Last Legs," ia which Oeo^ Bar. rett appears Several songs irnd dancea wiil be given ln the course of the evening. This is one of^ the best bills ever offered by the Park Theatre. Oil Monday nigftt the Keans commeuce a short engagement, when Mrs. Kean will give us her oelebrated personation of ' ion Bowtav TmtATBit.-Mr*. Shaw performed in thia the. atre last eveniug, to an immenaely crowded house. | She acted the part of tho Countess, In Sheridan Knowle*> play of " Love," and during the evening she was fre- j quently and vociferously applauded. Indeed, she appears to have taken the play going publio by storm. To night theie is an extraordinarily attractive bill-the comedy ol the "Love Chase." and tho National Drama of the ?Cradle of Liberty." to conclude with the melo-dramu ?f the " Brigand Monk " Mrs Sbaw wil appear uiCon itance in the "Love Chase," and Mr. John R. Scott, as , Mike Mauisail, in the M Cradle of Liberty. Ethioha* S?a?!?iDaa?. ? Another crowded house greeted the performance ol these talented musicians last ?vening. at Palno's Theatre. It is perfectly evident that the public are determined to hear ?hem as often as po**i- | Die, previous to iheir departure for Europe. There aie jnly two other evenings on which they perform in this sountry for some time to ceme. Those who have not I tet heard them, and others who are desirous of hearing .hem again, had bettor take the present opportunity. ALHiMa*.?The Ethiopian Burlesque Company are (till here. To-night will be presented the operatic tra restie entitled the " Post-heel-on." After which a Vocal Concert will be given. THANtsoiviNO Festival akb Concert at Niblo's. \. Thanksgiving Festival and Concert will be given at Siblo's Saloon this evening, for the benefit of St. Judo s Protestant Episcopal Free Church. Miss Bramson, Ma lame Burkhardt, Mr. Austin Philips, Mr. Philips, Mr. , . , nst and Mr. Kurs, have all volunteered their services' !? 1 will sing their sweetest songs. After, the concert a ?ollation will bo furnished in the long saloou. Mi s Northall'j Concert at the Apollo Room*.? I'hose who have witnessel the de6ut of thia young adv. about a year ago, cannot but be highly satisfied with the great progress she has irade since that t me. ?"rom an unpretending vocalist, who e principal claim ipon the indulgence of the public were, besides a pret" y little voice, timidity and baahfulness, she has become i decid d favorite?tbo best American singer?a talent itive growth ; and after judicious study and perse fit for a post to the honor ot the country that ?or birth and education. We do not mean to say at Miss Northall ia an accomplished, that is, a fiuishod iiugar ; far from it, for she has still much to learn, ere ihe can lord It over the already existing talent in this lountry. But we do not know of any vocalist in Ame rica who promises to do so well, as we are confident Miss Northall will do in time to come, and we believe, not far distant. Her voice is of an uncommon sw< et nets, a soprano of moderate compass, but much equali tv ? it is not strong, and we doubt whether it will ever attain power enough to enable her to sustain dramatic narts-of a " Norma," for instance, or a " Lucia, or a " Donna Anna but the will be an admirable ballad singer, equal, p.rhaps, to Mary Hawes or Miss B>rch > a clever " Sonnambula," or a charming " Adina. Her ? method is good, her vocalization easy ; her style is rull .1 of leeling?not sentimental, but natural : she nsver ; screams, moreover, but always *ing* like a bird. In her school she is pretty far advanced ; she has achieved mort- than the beginning of the and ; but she has still much to learn. Her intonation is sometimes wavering and incorrect, and i.ot unlr quently she sings a quarter of a one too flat. She evidently hai payed much at tent on to solfeggi and scale singing, but sh ? has not yet done with them, and we would .dvise her not to leave them off too soon, as w. 11 as to remain an English singer, and to consider the study of the Italian s.yle as ( an indispensable means, and not as an end. Her two - due s with Do BegnU were very well giv n, end that from Elisa and Claudio was aurprUlogly we 1 told, and ( much and deservedly applauded But we pra'ar Hobb. Greek Girl," (and the audience appeared to be o the surne opinion,) and even her ??ngintf of Saron- ? <Ciip- j sey of tho No th," in spite of tho insipidity and dullness of the composition. We really do not know whyMl s , Northall chose such a conimon-place, namby-pamny song to begin with, and pjt Mr. Saroni to the trouble o compose it expressly for the c near', when she oo^M , have chosen some good English ballad. lody >* hackneyed, and strongly reminds of one of Reis ?uer'* id as. It begins with an agitalt on D minor, fol lowed by a coniablt on F major, returns into D minor aud conclud s in D n aj r-three d.fferent modiilat.ons in as many lines. We atvi.e th. Glpa-y his wanderings ; to turn once more his trembling stepa towTnTs the far north, and repose himself only within half a mile from the north pole. What a d'*Bre??'a be tween this Oipsey and he Lcho sonf by Bishop . an j how differently did Mia* Northall'* pleasant voice tell 7- 7hiJ ,i..?in? melodv Mi?s Northall was assisted i by Mr* Loder, Me*sr*. De Begni*, Kyle and Marks. Mr*, j I nder suna two air* with her wonted excellence . with , out ?.se?*it>g striking natural advantage., she never , fails to wiu the gyrupBthie* of the audience, through her legitimate style and finished method. De Begnia was heartily welcomed and much applauded, which fate he shared with Mr Kyle, the clever flutiit, who played | brilliant variations brilliantly, ou the rather worn out Moi? March from RosStei'* opera. Mr Marks played (with the kind permission of Mr Mitchell,) a solo on the iiolin ; he played it very well, (with the kind permi* ?tou of Mr Mitchell ) and got deservedly applauded, (with the kind permi**ioa of Mr. Mitchell.) We,annot understand how an artist like Mr. Mark* has not spirit enough to assert hi* independem-e-the independence of an arti*t, (all with the kind pormitsion ol Mr. Mitchell) The audience wa* rather small, owing to the snow storm which had set in ju*t before the commencement of the concert ; but the applause was nevertheless hearty and waim. Ma*. Valentine Mott, Ja.-This charming cantatrice and mo*t accomplished lady, leaves thi* city to-day for Boiton, wbeie she give* her first concert, on Monday evening, at the Melodeon. The Bostonian* have ever been celebrated for their musical taste and ju*t apprecia tion of merit. We doubt not, therelore, they will extend to Mr* Mott a cordial reception, worthy of their ac knowledged liberality, and her *upenor talent* Mr* Mott return* to thi* city on Tuesday, a* *he i* engaged a* principal contralto in Mendel**ohn's magnificent ora toriaol "St. Paul," which i* pertormed at the Taber nacle, Wednesday evoning. We tope *he will have a pleasant journey to the city of " notion", and meet all the tucce** *he de?erve*. Tkmh.eton ?This gentleman give* hi* next concert in this city on Tuesday evening of next week, at the Ta bernacle. He is now delighting the citizen* of Spring field with bi* melody, and will go to Hartford and New Haven previou* to his return Hi* next concert here will be a brilliant affair. Madame Auoi *TA.-This charming ,lan,fu$t ha* h?en re engaged at the Walnut Street Theatie, Philadelphia, where she i* drawing ciowded house*. Thk Keans?The Bostonians are in eratacie* about Mr*. Kean'* ma*terly and clasric rendering of Ion. A Boston newspaper says : ? "We venture to affirm that no other living actreia could have presented *o arduous a character so well, whilst tho part of Ion may rightly be said to have become hrr own, so chaste, correct and ele vated doe* *he render it." We shall have the Kean* at the Perk next Monday evening, xs hen the magnificent production of Talfourd will be produced with great splendor. Sporting Intelllgtne*. Excitino Srour on th?^< < m;*sr, llosomr Among the amusement* ol to dav nro several fino fo* chases a deer and wolf hunt. Some ten couple of fine hounds, six or eight lively red foxc*. a fine stag, and a formidable wolf, are engaged to be turned out This will certainly be a most exciting and humorous display of old English sport, well worth witnessing. There will be ample accommodation for spectator* to view it, at a very reasonable co?t. If the weather it favorable, the ?port will commence at twelve o'clock, and be kept up until sun-down. . If the weather should be unfavorsble for sport, timely notice will be given at the different ferrie*. and on th* bulletin board of thi* office The Weather, Atc. There *11 ? very aeaaonable and liberal nhower ?>( 1 ram on Uft Wednetdaj night, which ?o lur relieved the canal aa to enable the vettel which hail been planter! ? athwart it, ao ?( to obitrur.t the navigation of lighten to | i come through. But a'.a? ' with the dawn of day the ahower ctaaed and we have had noria aince It appeara to have been aimply the cloiing of the Indian lurrmer ai we have ii&ce hud pretty cold wi >ilh?<r with a ?Uim of ice on tho utr.all pool* of water in ihe vicinity. On Se turdny wr. had a ^mnll ?ptin!c!e of anew Thermomr'er j in the optn air at Norfolk llr.rtitti, tire. 1 The anow in the vicinity of ( umbeilund, Md., on Mon- | day, waa eighteen inchna deep. Mutiny.?Tht* etrhm< n, on board the *hip Herald, nt anchor lielow Plonwiytnn, ?miward bound, and h chaign ol two abipkev^vra, armed lli?miiclve? wi'h knivea, kc on ftMiioay norniiitf, and threatening ti,e kaaperi if they n(T<MeJ any leaixaiitte, plundered the ?hip of what they could carry that wa* valuable, took or* ot the boata, an t made for the ihere They reached this : city Monilny morning, and Information linving arrived ol their opeiaiiona, l.onntable Coat" got on theii track, and j lucceeded id arresting loui of them, * ho were Mint hack ^ the aame night --AV,,. London Nowt, PTov M City intalllMiiM. Route to Bosto*.?The publlo will be much Indebt ed to the Lang Island Railroad Company, Tor the excel lent provision mad* by them, for tha safe, oertain, aud comfortable crosaing of tha Sound, tha coming winter, from Greenport to Allan'* Point. They have engaged, what may be considered the beat, if not tha only perfect ocean steamer in the United State*, the Mutual gaiety, couitructed by tha underwriter* of New York, at a great expanse, and she ha* been put in perfect Older, for this business and take* her place in the course of this week. Ubeat Fine.?Shortly after 13 o'clock on Wednesday morning, a lire wan discovered in the second story of the building No. 143 Chatham street. Tha tire soon suread all over the building The firemen were promptly on tho spot, aud exalted themselves in a very creditable manner. The room where the Are broke out was occu pied by Mr. Goldsmith, a* a cabinet maker's ware room; and the fire is supposed to have caught in a bundle oi swingling tow piled up in the room. Mr. Goldsmith also occupied the third story as a workshop, and was insured for $2600. His stock was entirely destroyed. The 4th story was occupied by Mr. Wm. H. Lewis, as a machine shop and Daguerreotype apparatus manufactory. He was insured tor $ >UOO. The lower story was occupied by Mr. Johnson, as a boot and shoo store. His stock whs not so much damaged by lire, as by water. He was insured lor $2500, and will probably sell his goods at a freat sacrifice. The house belonged to the estate ef amea Bertiue, aud was prettv welfcleared out. Tub WtiTHsi.?Yesterday vaa a raw snowy sort of day, in which there was but little comfort, excepting by the side of a good lire?once in a while it took a notion to snow, and so it snowed. Tl:e thermometer stood at SB degrees. We shall have cold w eather now. Citt Rfcordir.?There are several applicants already named for the vacancy to occur on tha Wtli day of

February next, in the office of the Recorder?anions whom we especially menti -n the present incumbent, F. A. Tullmadga, Esq.; Messrs. Jama* M. Smith, junior ; Henry Western; Edwards ; Tilden : ami Judge Scott but recently attached to the Marina Court. Tie fee* aud perquisite* of this office are not aa inviting ??. may be generally supposed, although perhaps suffi ciently so to afford a handsome competence lor the lime being. Ladies' Faib ?Tha fair of the ladies of Transfiguration Church, which has been held for soma days past at tho Minerva Rooms, in Broadway, will positively close this evening, when we hope that so much liberality will have beeu evinced by our citizens, us will prove thut enough will have been raised to release tho church from it* indebtedness. Ball or the Scottish Gpabd*.?N iblo's Saloon pre *ented a scene of surpassing beauty, brilliancy and gran deur, on Tuesday evening. It wu tha occaiion of the second annual ball of the Scottish Guard, Captain A. C. Castle The Saloon was beautifully decorated with the flags of all nation*-thi Thistle of Scotland blending with the Star Spangled Banner, and the croi* of St. George. At the head ol the room, a full length painting of Washington wu placed, while at the- lower end, the Scotch Thi?tle was exhibited. The room was most bril liantly lighted, and presented a scene of magnificence almost fairy-like. About 9 o'clock the dancing com menced, and the music, which came from Dodworth'* celebrated band, seemed to put new life into the compa ny. And such a company! There were at least a hundred and filty couples present? "Bright the lamps shone o'er fair women and brave men.'' Many of the reigning belles of the seaion were pre[ sent, and seemed to be highly gratified with tho varie] ties of the evening. Among those who particularly at' tracted our attention, were the sylph-like form, sweet features, and fine expression of the voung and lovely Miss McD 1, cf Howard street, who, dressed in sim ple white, seemed all uncouscious of tho observation of which she was the object?the richly intellectual, yet surpassingly beautiful face of Mrs B y, who, with her husband, tripped it so lightly?Misa D , of Green wich street, and Miss Ellen B- n, of Sd avenue. The faces of our citizen soldiers wore an animated expres sion, and all seemed highly to enjoy the rich scene, and the unsurpassed pleasure of the dance. Among the fuests, we noticed Gen. George P. Morris, and Jonas B hillips, Esq., both in their regimentals. At Id o'clock the company marched to supper, to the legitimate Scotch music of the bagpipes. The ball broke up about four o'clock. The ball was under the direction of Mr. G. Robertson, who managed the floor with great skill, and a nicety which proved him an adept in matters pertain ing to dancing. On the whole, we think the ball one of the finest vet given, and one which it will be difficult to | surpass. Nothing occurred to mar the harmony of the | evening, aud the company broke up in fine glee aud spirit*. Bamk for Savings.?The manner of conducting bus]- J ness at this institution, needs " reforming altogether " I It is open but four days in the week, and then only for two houra each day. We went down there, yesterday j afternoon, ? few minute* before four o'clock, the open ing hour, and found about two hundred person* scatter- i ed around the door, awaiting its opening. When the time arrived,one narrow door was opened, and the crowd allowed to rush in, in great confusion. They were theii formed into a.-line extending around the room, and one by one handed their deposites to one clerk. Those who came last were obliged to wait between one and two hours, and at the closing of the doors, several were ob liged to go away without making deposites. There is no necessity ol making nay suggestions for the alteration of the bad arrangement. Penmanship?Briatow. the mo*t celebrated teacher ot the art of writing among us, ha* opened an academy at ; 189 Broadway, oppoaite John street, where he teachea a beautiful and elegant ityle of writing. "Labor in New York,'- No. 4?The Beooars.?Lor- | don has become proverbial for the abundance of beggara i in her streets. If some steps aro not taken to prevent the [ increase of them in our city, we rhall ere long attain to ! n similar unenviable notoriety. One can hardly pass j through a street without being asked, with beseeching i and imploring looks, by old men, lamo men, halt men, j and blind men, women and children, ior money. Every evening between the hours of 8 and 10 o'clock, opposite | tho Astor House, we are implored by little barefooted ; girls for " a penny to buy n loaf of bread with;" and looking around the corner of the steps, we see stationed there hu old hag,who watches with an eagle eye her ap prentices, and in case of their failure to procure a satis factory amount of money, threatens them with awful punishment* when they'get home There ia an old man who used to stand every ? veiling last ummer in Barclay | street, while the passengers from the Albany boats weie ; coming up, who would give every one such a wishful ! look that it were almost impossible to resist the impuLc I tp give him a few coppers. This old man owns two fine ! biick houses up town, and is, probably, worth fifteen or ! twenty thousand dollars. Persons should be very care- j ful about givii.g to beggars in thin city, as at least one half of them are impostors, and earn better livings than j the honest and industrious mechanic whose open heart prompt* him to give them a share of his hnrd earning*. Extraordimamt Luck.?The steamship Britannia ' brought new* that Thomas Lawrence, a man of 70 yean ol age, iesiding in obscure circumstance* in the city of , Albany, had become, by the death of a relative in Eng- j land, sole heir to an estate valued at threw millions ol i pound* sterling. He hus a son living in Brooklyn. Mr. Calhoin's Return from Memthis ?A cor- ' respondent of the Mobile Herald and Tribune, thus writes trom New Orleans, dated Nov. 21:? "We arrived here this morning, from Memphis, on ! the *teamboat Maria. The passengers wtjre Mr. Cal- | houn, his two sons, Andrew and Patrick, Oov. Jones, of Tenn , Col. Gadsden, of Charleston, and portion* of several delegations to the Convention. Our journey from Memphis?thanks to the presence of Mr. Calhoun ?was a continued ovation We arrived at Vickshurp at 10 o'clock at night, and were carried in the trnin of the ?' Iron man," to a large hall, llerr the candidate j elect to Congress, (VIr. Smith,) received Mr. Calhoun in a long, declamatory , partisan, ill-timed, wretchedly de vised and most tedious speech. Mr. Calhoun dismissed the Congreaman admirably, and with fipartun brevity. , At the time and place of the reception, a ball was on foot; and we were introduced right into the midst of the belle* of the place. The music ceased for an instant, and the ladies got leated, like wall-flowers, before Mr. Calhoun. When the speeches ware despatched, he was introduced to them, and then the dancing recommenced. We proceeded to a side room, where we enjoyed an tx tempore repast, and hobnobbled in most excellent cham pagne, with the fathers of the place. We were then escorted to the boat, and went on our way about mid night. What ladies we saw in Vicksburg are not pretty, but they have warm hearts, doubtless. I saw one who touched my fancy. Our next stopping point was Natchez. We arrived there on Wednesday morning. Great preparations were making to receive Mr. Cal h?un, but our arrival anticipated them twenty-four hour*. A hurried reception was got up. Carriage* were despatched to the boat, and all of u* were con veyed to the principal Hotel. Gen. Quitman introduced the citizen* to Mr. Calhoun, and, after indulging in some good wine, we rode through the city, and again started down the river. Mr. Calhoun having expressed a de sire to ri*it a sugar plantation, the boat stopped at one belonging to the Labranche family, some twenty-five or thirty miles above thi* city. Here we were shown the various processes from the planting of the cane to the perfection of the sugar; and alter partaking of a pleasant repast, came away converts to the hospitality ol the sugar interest. 1 used to fancy a cotton planta tion, but Hm now wiser. Give mo *uch a domuin as thin of Labranche, on the Mississippi, and tho world may wag a* please* it; empire* may totter; dynasties chango ; and candidates for the presidency sell their souls to Satan. I will make sugar and live like a Priuce. The whole thing was novel to me and very interesting." | Afpkay and i'Rohablk lobs or Life in J'itts bueqh ?A fiulit occurred on the 28:h ult., near the lower end ol Hmithtield, which terminated in the very serious wounding of one ol tho parties It appears that two men, J Giblien and J. Mullegan, had a quarrel and fight, in which the latter rut the former on the face and leg with hit knife. Mullegan then took refuge in a neighboring cofta house, where another fi$ht was soon kicked up. In this fray, a fellow by the imma of Diser was very badly beaten The wntnan who keeps the house, Mrs. Larkin. then turned them out Into the street when Oihben and Mullegjn again c*me together. Thi* time Mullegan strack OWihen on the head with a brick bat, breaking his skull in xo terrible a manner that his recovery i* exceedingly doubtful. While dressing his wennd* he cur*ed and swore with great violence, threatening vengeance on hi* antagouiat -Mullegan had not been arrested, hut Diser wit iu custody. Albany Penitentiary.?We are informed by one of theCommissioners superintending the erection of the new Penitentiary in thi* city, that the injury done to the building* by the severe gale of wild on the 10th inst, has been repaired. The outside wall* have been rebuilt to within two feet of their former height, while the interior work h'is progressed much further than at the time of the accident: so tuaton the whole, the work i? now in a morn advanced state than it was previous te the *<orm Heventean working days have elapsed (ince the occurrence, on six of which, it wa* bmloriainy weather, so that the walls have he?!n rebuilt, snd the damage sotde good, in eleven days. The expense of re building the woik destroyed by the wind will he much le?* than the estimate na te and published bv the Com-* missioner* the day aftvi the accident. -Jllbmv Jlriut, Dir. I. COMMITTEE O.I Rtn.KS OF THE llotJII ?Th? fol- ; lowing honorable gentlemen compose this commit- : tee : --Mr. Holme*, ol 8 C., Mr. John q Adams, Yr Ham lin, Mr Hunter, vir R Chapman, Mr Bowlin, Mr. Vinton, Mr. Caleb B Smith, and Mr Reid jsss^gghSB1 with .lmo.t M much ..ojemolty ^bu.ia..!, to )-" ward ?P"*fT*w5 ' lnv ? jocund clerk, and indu.triou. the Sabbath ; *n<l m*'iy J j erra?j boy will hail the jourD?Tman book.kM^r act.on ^ quit. occasion with f??Un^? m which auiniate. in a an enthusiastic and "}?c* t , th# very lew who de far different way, tU. o.wa^ in ybollor 0f Him vote themselves to Pr,y"*' .. ,14>ouia during the year who hath showered "P?""*' ' bU?*iug ; aud whose which ii about to clo??, ?" m y .. .j,, most thought munificence and especial ^*y.? l ?bu0wleJ?e Amy one lei* aud profane rauit devoutlj of*th, city lust traveling the principal thorouKh a hllbl,, anj man eveuing. uuaccu.tomed to the peculiar , f m oen. of the inhabitant., and heir pe ^t1^?? of all legislative and municipal lu th , him eambfing aud blaokleg|{ing, might haTreated tur- 1 self in immediato proximity to all the eoogresate . kleV geese, duck., and chicken. lnChH.tendom There was .caicely a bar room in any ef the streets, tiat wa. not profusely decorated in ita exterior with poul } , varnished with all ?ort. of ornament, and devices, lor flio purpose of inducing the juvenile speculator in ? hances or the .kilful and experienced gamester, to ran fhn" hazat dof the die" -A few good aud active police _a nrined with full authority from the Mayor, and officer., 8 , tliairdutv at all hazard., fearlessly aud SullywoKiompfuh more in a few day. to re sscws.tSiE'sifttiSii * ?h av we re ? le v a te d to position. in .ociety, s?.J s 2: Hrrald of Sunday last, we > f pertonl| including grave ^ * v^r>gt *?althy, distinguished and respectable '3n! v^ho deli vered an ^.ivea^i^uent discourse ou the occasion . vondar evening la.t, Anotmh *"R,D,!|1P*A"_tuman well und favorably | Mr. William WyTi^' g0f Brooklyn, and wlio ha. for known to many ciUieni of ^ g0 a? t0 r#n(]?r it some time past been menta y i/1IlB'g County Lunatic to ph.. h? J}ttj'uSBUum. H. ?u. "STiSUl'i ?'"? TSSFiX sHusreJ.'? toJSTSf1?? ?-??'cu? ?"* prominent memoer Ct,.B_The regular monthly mwting'of the^niori^ta/^ricke^Club^of place last ^..'"balloted for and elected, and some .pint sm&mm citizen of Brooklyn, to is "one of the late Secretary, and anothe^cnckete^, the match will*dottbtle.s attract a considerable number ot fflsmmm; V%??rKttN"rtey^o.-The late fraca. at the Navy Yard which liftthe calling out of a fil<. ?Ng?g?j from the service of the ?nKle?der8^athh\n?u?l report ^qfone''oVthe0'Municipal' j'udffes jjn ?.f ment and r?Kret ?This gentleman delivered a long bore out loot diameter^witnou lhicL atthu muzzle', and twice as thick at the hinder portion ; and iu t0Co"Vrh3?.t-?lWrdon? oV'thi. edifice U now nearly j tmidding'and'the'entrance' improved by&dttion of a f'THLgPon?R ?The society for improving the condition .Mh. nnSJ of Brooklyn, i. now effectually organised of the poor oi nrooa j , nraiseworthv measure* ssr^wss of ten lot. of ground in the sixth wai d, near the cor ner oMioyt and Pacific streets, at an average price of arrf Berrr David VV. Van Celt, Corneliusi Suydam. Dan'i Kmburyf' Charie. Schenck, John Schenok, Neziah Bliss Matthias W. Baldwin, Theodore Polhomu., Jr , Jeromu* J Johnson, Adrian Bergen Judee Kdmonu. gave hi* decision in the caSe of Mo.e a j ? ? master's mate in the U S. Navy, indicted lor manslaughter on board tne steam frigate ','ul,0? *?'?a hid been interposed as to the juri.diction of thi. Court, und a demurrer entered. After hearing argument, u. which it had been contendod that the o?"?* *r" c f' i,imble bv a court martial, he .aid, in order to takesucn case-; out of the jurisdiction of the Stat* Court, it wa* ner ssarv to prove clearly that they transpired out of tif,' af tb? State. He would decide that by the term.^f the cessioti of tho.e place..held by the United States Oovernment, all crime, which are provided for . by the law. of this SUfe are cognizable by tho State Courts. The trial of the prisoner wa. then ordered for thNorc??mi?a?ase. will he tried until Monday next, and the Oyer and Terminer will consequently be ad journed from day to day until that time. \t a Court oi Common Plea*, before the Hon. J?*1" Vanderbiltan action of ...umpsit was tried, in which Jamet Cole, auctioneer, wna plaintiff, and Mr. Ben iamin W. Davis defendant, for the recovery of $U0, for .""lint twelve parcel, of land, under the direction of A. O Millard Ma.ter in Chancery, in a foreclosure ?uit twoen Wm. Philip and Philip Heed. The dpf"uc" ??' "P was that the defendant, not having ?mployed Mr Cele, was not liable ; and a set off wa, made of a bill for gro ceries sold in 1?36 to plaintiff, who contended that it was bnrred bv the statute of limitation.. 1 he jury ed thi, claim, and found a verdict for the pl?int'ff for $80. Counsel for plaintiff, Mos.ri. Morse and Holfe , fer the defendant, C. r. Smith and C. J. Lowery. The Common Plea, then adjourned unU .to-morrow morning at 18 o'clock, when they will hold their session in the ttrand Jury room. The calendar of thi. J^ourt em brace, eight or ten case., and a separate panel of juror. " AtVhe Orcutt Court, before the Hon. J. W. Mmond., an action wa. tried to recover damages, in a man numed O'Hagan. again.t Mes.r.^ I? ?on two police magistrate, of Brooklyn, lor an alleged con.piracy against, and fal.e impri.onment of, the plaintiff Wpartie. conducted their own case, re .pectively, and the jury, without he.itation, returned a verdict in favor ol the defendant!. r?.?- ?r th* Two ejectment suit, were di*po.ed of, in, favor of the plaintiff, in each cause, to recover land, at the foot of VVarren street, in Brooklyn, and to obtain pjsse.sion of property .old at an .ale i nn.l The parties in said actions were Lambie. v. !< ?rreli, an^l " On^lonil'ay night last, the house of Col.D R-'chanls No. 35'J Henry street, in thi. city, wa. robbBj by som. desperate villains, who found mean* to r.i.o he fasten, iaffs on the rear basement .hutter., and thereby effected -in entrance. The whole house, except the .leaping S^Aman"* wa. ran.acked, and every valuable article which the robber, could lay their haud. upon was taUen. Col Richard.', de.k wa. forced open, and the lock ol a Urge pockatbook, containing va aable P?P?r?.^? brokeni and the contents were found scattered over the floor of the husement pantry, whither they w?re taken for the purpose of overhauling. Among the li.t of pro perty taken were the following : 1 lady . gold levor watch marked " D Delarbaux. No. 7i)?a, 13 jewel*, with heavy gold key ; 1 gentleman', gold watch, Lon don made, with heavy gold chain, fl feet long, and 1?'6? gold .eal; 1 p*ir gold spectacle. ; a large quantity of silver .poons, variously marked ; lady', work box ; gold brea.tpin ; .ilver coinb, maiked " M. R , .liver thim ble. ; and many articles of lady's and gentleman s wear ing apparel-the estimated value of the whole being about five hundred dollars. AOORKSSIOWS OP TIIK FRENCH IN WlST AFRICA ? Under the head ol Missionary Inte'liaence, tlio Boston Traveller ha. tho following : -The intelligence from tha mission at tha mouth or tha Oa^boon River, i, ol the mo.t painful character. It will be remem bered, that about eight en month, .ince a French ship of war arrived off Klag Ola..', tawn, and pro posed to purchase the coantry the 1King re fin sell. Soon after, the King was Tl,ltad by an agen of tha French commander, (though unknown a ' and being plied with iotoxioatlng llqoor. until dru^ ^ wa* then piesentod with what the "t*? , inviting friendly letter to the King of the French, him to send hi. vessel, to the ".boon documenl Glass wa. induced to sign lhi* country to the hawevar, proved t0 a,.^ thVy<l to take French i and under thi. deed they m rem0M immediate of U.a ?a?01, ,0 Loui. strated, and sent a P F.nglish merchant, inter Pliillippa and Queen Victona. ^ B ll01i|)(] Uist t),e ?'ted tnam.alve. I | ( di.own the doings of their French Government would n ^ drcumltBn%, of the naval age , eTent, have disappointed all our hope. A French naval fore arrived in the Oaboon River early I. Ih, ?nnxiiar and demanded possns.ionof the territory. A ,ombTrdm-nt"f the town 'followed ? refusal to sur Tender and the tmssionai) premiees wore not exempt fr ,n this attack so long a. the United State fl'g was flvhla over them Th! result w.., that tha in habitant, ot tha town ware driven away, and all mi. .ionary operation, suspended. Tha lata.t account, are from Monrovia, whither one of tha mU.lonaria. had re tired, and bears date September 4th. A ""ore full ac count of tho matter i, daily expected from Mr Bttsnnei, tha only remaiuiug mi.aionary at thi. .tation Police Intelligence. Dae. I-Patting Count*ftit Minty.?The man by t? - name ot Handoock, whom we noticed yesterday as bail arrested at tba Bowery Theatre for pcsaing spurious ? bills of the Attleboroogh Bank, Maaaachusetts, has be. identified by Mr. William Sawyer, of tha Battery Hot* Mr. Patrich'Hogan, of the Finance Hotel, uud by ."?! George Marab, bar-keeper at French'* Hotel, No I > Fultou street; all of whom charge Haudcock with pat ing a counterfeit $6 bill on each of them, knowl >g tt same to be spurious Consequently, he iai "loul,"uiile be i" permitted to run on that lovely system, " sUh bail." Or mid Lirctny.?The two ex-oolicemen, Bennett at Gibbs, weie both indicted yesterday by tho grand jur for stealing a bag, containing nearly $1200 in sovereigi fiom the custody ofCapt. Fitrgereld, and belonging John Murphy, of Boston. Both them uien are stilt prison, their counsel not being able to procure bail. All the police offices were remarkably dull yesterda The rtim-heuds, who are generally plenty, seamed to t laying back^ possibly to como out in full force o ! Thanksgiving. *4 Skinnrr Corntred.?A very laughable scene oi enired yesterday in the vestibule of the Tomb* betwes a large brawny iiish woman and a little squeaking pet fogger, who hangs around those diggius, seeking win he uiay devour. It appears from the poor woman'* stor that her husband .va? locked up for on assault and batt ry, tome three or four day* ago, and wanted bail in $11 for his good behavior. This'little skinner saw the hu band in union,and agreed to get him out upon receivin j a feo. Consequently, he went to the wife, and she, an* j ous to procure her husband's liberty, obtained, by pawi ; lug all her pawnable articles, juit $7 60, whic she handed over to the skinner to get her man dischaige when both returning to the Police office, she met u complainant, who, upon hearing her pitiful story, agre< to withdraw h s complaint. This being done, the ski ner was amongst the missing, nor was he seen until ye terday, when the poor woman asked him for $3 bac saying that she was willing to give him 60 Tor wli little trouble he had taken, but could not afford the who! He positively refuiied to give her back ona cent, wher upon she necked bim, to the meirlment of at least a hu died spectators?ono saying, give it him old woman another, akinjy ourstlf skinner?others screaming on give it him?give the woman her money back, bo.?a . this time the pettifogger, looking pale, a*d almo ; choked with the iroti grasp of the Irish woman, wl Sripped him a* a bull dog would a sow by the ears. I. ?' naing himself cornered, and no let up, made a virtue j necessity by "shelling" out $6, which the woman ton and releared her hold, much to the gratification of all tt j bystanders, for once witnessing a skinner oat done. Court Intelligence. Sessions, Dec. 3.?before Reoorder Tai madge, and Aldermen Hart and Henry. M. C. Pata son, Esq., District Attorney. Rosanna alias Rnsina Yonlter%, Joseph Brand ehVf Osovgr Schopp, and John Schopp, natives of German; were placed on trial for having, on the 19th ofOctobi last, stolen $340, in bank bills, from the house of M Jacob'Zipp, butcher, residing in Avenne C. Ob the pa of the prosecution it was aaduced in evidence, that K tina Yonkers lived with the family of Mr Zipp for month prior to the commission of the oftence; on whir occasion she retired to her room as usual; but, on the foi lowing morning, it was discovered that she had abscond ed, and that the before named property had been carries off; whereupon, Constable Rue was applied to, and he. company with Mr. Zipp, proceeded to Philadelphi where they found the girl with Oeorge and John Schop who had accompanied ner thither Irom this city, end tb upon searching tho accused parties, $314 weie found the possession of George, a portion of it being conoeaU in one of his boots; $4>0 was found upen the girl; ar about $16 upon John. None of the money, except th lound upon George, was identified as a portion of U stolen property. It was likewise shown that Ilosani Yonkers and John Schopp, who came from Bremen the same ship together, had lived together sine* the arrival here. For the defence it was contended, by C. Tomlinson, Esq., that the complainant had iaaprop. connection with the girl while she was employed in h family, and fearing that the fact should be brought' light, he, Mr. Zipp, gave the girl the money with tne u derstanding that she should leave the city. Mr. Tomli son made an eloquent appeal to the jury in behalf of b client, Rosanna Yonkers. The District Attorney foliovj ed in an able manner on the part of the people. Tt Jury returned a verdict of guilty agaist Rosanna You!! ors and George Schopp, but in the case of John Scliop after a protracted abscnce,declared that they ware unab. to agree, and were accordingly discharged from furth< consideration of the subject Common i'leaa. Before Judge Ulshoeffer Due. 3.? William ICobhr. vs. Joseph Ktrr, IVilliam . Ktrr.?This is an action for the recovery of a promissoi note, given for a bill of crockery, amounting to $0ia 7 at 6 months, from the 14th November, 1841, and fallin duo on the 14th-17tli May, 1845. The plaintiff in this sa resides in this city?ttio defendants in Philadelphia 0 the 14th May last, the defendants purchased a sight drs> of Messrs. Clark & Co , responsible brokers, of 1'hiltil | phia, upon J. T. Smith & Co., resident brokers in YVa street, for tho payment of the note. The draft came di ly to hand, and was presented to Smith fc Co., who, ii return, gave their check its amount upon the vtoii chant's Bauk, to the plaintiff, who, lostead of drawing tfl money thereon, had it parsed to his credit at the Bank < Ameiica. On this day, (the ltith May,) it was snow; that Smith St Co. were in paying circumstances, but thti on the following day they -(impended payment Ths the Bauk of America, in presenting thu check the da succeeding tho one they obtained it, it was dishonors and returned to the plaintiff under protest. The detune also show that, by a letter introduced as received b them from the plaintiff, they acknowledge the assitss tion of this check, and an attempt is, th*refoie, made v exempt the defence from further liability it is el shewn, that tbe plaintiff assumed this cheek by exliibr ing in court the bill tiled in Chancery by him, wbere ; lull admission to this effect is acknowledged. The Court merely charged, if the pliiu iif violated n duty ie ttais transaction, then is he eutitled to recover if, on the other hand, he pursued a centraly oours.- th: in the cu-toin among merchants, by not imuiedi&tei drawing the money u^on this check, then the delenee an available ono It wai simply a question of fait, at if the jury are satisfied that tbe plait.t,ff legarded the i ceipt ot this dratt upuii Smith It Co. us a full discwuge ? their claim upon the delemlauts. tnen must be fail te r cover. A ?e?lej verdict on Krid?y morning. The jury in tue cu?e ot Petty (t Menu vs. Stewart, r> turned a veidict ol c301 lor plaintiffs Adjourned uutil Kriday, at tbe iifual hour. Sup. rlor Court. Before ubiel Justice Jone* Dec. I.?The Court, in tue case of Willi* vs. Bell, (r ported yesteniay) n -nil occupied in ilt farther pr gtiiHH. AtljuurMd until Friday Utl3i?! Juilx** O ikley. 1'eUnn vs Mutzy la ttu> c ub, rmerred to yesterd*) the jury returnee u verdict tor plaintiff ?f |S93 o 1. Qarrtt S Mult.ri. Juk i ,iI Hy-r ~This stilt is hrOKg! to tecover ttie balance due of >v87 efj, in the furcim of a bill ol lumbar by one McCarty, upon tne autiiont of th) deleudant. An oider was piesented lor th amount and relused. Tbs defendant drew tipanord. different in lortn, which ho said ho would honor, 1 McCaity would sign it. This form wan adopted?.Mi Carty i.igned it?when it wm again presented, ar again refused. The plaintiff, therelore, uiiug* thia ai tiua, upon the ground, that the defendant wai by this a< ; liable, and virtually acknowledged hia iudebtedne* , feUuucoiiCluded at tho hour of adjournment?will li resumed on Friday. C. ? District Court. Before Judge Betta. Dr.c. 3.?Tho following gentlemen compoie tb I Grand Inquest: ? Thomaa Jeremiah, foreman; Jacob Ames, Willin i Moore, Darius Darling, Henry C. Sperry, James Zeis ; James A. Scott, Ruaaell StebDins. Seaman Lowry, Wii ; R. Cooke, Anthony Compton, Gerard Stuy vesant, Jacc ; Acker, VVm. C. Maitland, John Gray, John Welcl ! Hylvanus 8. Ward, Thos. U. Stillman, William Ponfoli ; Charles P. Ingeraoll, William B Draper, Charles f | Cogswell, who after a brief charge from the Ceurt, ri I tired. The case of Robt. L. Griffith, referred to yestordn; was at the solicitation of hia counsel, (Wm Jay Ha { kett, specially assigned by the Court) deferred untj | Friday morning at 10 o'clock. The Court then resuoas ; the hearing of arguments. Court Calendar?Friday* Common Pleas ? Nos. 41, IP, 83, 38, 13, 133, 44,6, 1?, 1 Surciwon Couht, (lor both court* )? Nos. 11, IS, 1< 14,18, 19, 30, 24, 3d, 2#, 37, 38, 39, 30, 31, 83, 33, 1, 31. Iivi'eresting Facts?Climatology.?This sut ject formed a very interesting portion of one of Pri ' feasor Lyell'a recent lectures before the Lowell Inatituti having regard to the laws attending the distribution i heat over the surface of the earth, and to the consider i tion of BufFon's great error on the subject of the entic equality of corresponding zones, or, even of the san parallels east and west, whereas, in truth, they oft" : differ prodigiously Humboldt's doctrine of the iceothe mil line, abuve which, at a few feat, or even inches, l> low the surface, the ground never thaws, was ei plained clearly, as well as its evc-'ssiro irregularity I low pressure in America, (is shown by the colored lie drawn upon an extensive map ou it mercator scale e: hibited during the lecture) being ascilbed to th great extent of land to the north of this continent, being laid down as a general rule that any land beyot 60" parallel, aiuat always exercise a chilling effect c the places next south of it?diminishing, of course, at ti situation is further remored, though in some d.gree fe even to the tropica. The cause was plainly seen in tt extenhive accumulations ol' snow which ?uch a ? irciu stance allowed, as well as its excluding the warmi oeeaucui reuta, which, elaewhere do so mucli even ] the higher latitudes, to mildon the climate?as, ft instance, in the northern par^ of Norway and Saredei where, Irom the coast of Labrador that liue sweeps u wards full fifteen degrees towards the pole. There wei other coiresponding lines at different parallels nil depleted on large maps, the fluxurea ol which wer teen to be less and less as they approached tht< equatt i and as they were farther removed from the influence c the polar accumulations, which, like >n lmmen* mountain, extended their chilling effects to an enormou ! distance around In this lecture tho relative situation c ; the cities of New York In America, and of old York, i England, were quite happily contrasted by Professor L In illustration of his previous remarks. The ssmi ; thermal line, It seems, passes through both, though th latter he I ft deg to the north of our sister metropolis Bu tho difference in climate, owing to influence* befors I mentioned, wm found to be really very great; nine while in New York the average range of th" termnmetei > at opposite *ea<on?, wa* lull eighty degrees, frequa tl , goi. g through much of this in a very tew <i?)a, ihatc tne elder city scarcely over exceeded sixteen degree from winter to summer,?year after yedr ! Ol the inn of Manhattan thi n, inost truly may it he said, they hav the kiimmerol Rome and the winter of Copennagen , ? highly indebted are we on the American coa?t. to th va-t ei tent of the snow covered Northern Canadis provinces, to Greenland ice, and opposition of Gui Stieains and Ocean fig* Boitan '/'mmciipt, IJfC. J Orljgtnnl 'thlojilitu itrrenailrrs.-.. nl"'11 Oi c .i ue -The ? ii g '>i rut ?( th ? Ouli'l ki'hiiiin l*er?- dv>* O m I .I II ||. I m ii . i- r? i . Irs I m 1 jv I.I a< nidiprud I.t . i ill- uti r. H us bei gle se > le*Ve lor Kur?|ir. evly In ih? e sumg w i-li Whirii triumph* may *w ut'hem, l*r Irnm their m,tlre land, thf, wi curry with them the iini>rriah?Me sttribntM th?t belnn* ' Sell ? irrly to them>elves?talents, ts le sud crntlrmanly d'm ?i"> Hemi ml'ri, thst this evening and t- mnrrow, most coi.'luJ j their visit. '

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