Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 5, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 5, 1845 Page 2
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VEW YORK HERALfik Vt>?v VorU, Frlduy, December 5, 101') Weekly Herald. ThU^ub'Icetion will thi' week beaver/ interesting n \ valuirt !c o?e- 4 K -will >*outuu Uie opening and preceding! of Corgreis, tt e President's .Message. pro" ba*>)y the Kepcrt of tlie Secretary of the Treasury, and pe haps the important fortlgi Dews to como by the Cam bria It will bo ready 9 o'clock tft tnorrew morning, at sixpence a copy. . Special Express from Roeto li. W# ure now hourly expecting the arrival of our *pe ciul excess from Boston, with the news by the Cambria If that steamer, made famous one day by having an abo lition riot on board, in the middle cf the Atlantic, reaches Boston at the right hour, our express will bring her news. We may, however, hourly look for advices from her, express or no express Mr. 1'olk'is Administration?Tlie KewCrlili. The extraordinary message of Mr Polk is still on every tongue, and every journal is treating of it in its own way All agree in viewing it as one of tha most important, if not startling, documents that has ii>ui*d from Washington for many years past, probably since the last war. The President having taken his position, and given a programme of his principles, equally interesting t > Aiii-r ca uu i Europe, the next important question that will .irise is "whether he will be supported by 1 the two houses of Congress, touching our foreign and domestic affairs'?" Lut us look at thii impor tant question in thr most interesting |>oint of view. Alrt ady the leading organ of the new opposition to his administration, has commenced its movements by alarming the public r ind, and paving the way for a panic, both in foreign and domestic affairs ? The National Intelligencer, at Washington,'the reg )Ur org in of opposition to the administration, after some critical remarks on the details of the message, iias the following important and curious article, de scribing the deep impression which that document has produced ii|>on the leading elements of the whig party there. MANIFESTO OF THE .NEW OPPOSITION. fFrom the .National Intelligencer] To take a more general view of the message, its great length, to which wa have already alluded, is scarcely out of proportion to the magnitude of the public conjunc ture which it will but too probably be the effect o; the policy, now plainly announced, to create. IVe look on it, in a word?should the measures which it suggests he execu ted us perhaps the m st important d icument of the sort wh:cli the country has for a long term of years had present ed to it. As far as the Executive authority or influence can do so, and as far as the open taking of positions so decisive indicates an assured reliance on a legislative support sufficient to carry them out to national action, the Mes sage seems to us u distinct public crisis of a very startling liiarnif'dr; and if a crisis, it is at cleariy one entirely vo luntary and artificial. There is nothing to urge us to difficulties with Eng land: there i? everything to solicit us to good under standing with her?a Christian love of peace, the honest desire of gain, the warnings of at least as much prudence us tells us that a contest with her must involve calami ties tor which the event can att'ord us little compensation but the dreadful one of having inflicted loss as terrible a* we shall have suffered. At home, the legislation ol 1843 seems, at least, to have brought back one general flow of prosperity, of rewarded and happy labor in near ly every branch of industrial production And, hand in 1,3ml with this gin !uai and healthy recovery, has come the very utmost which, in that particular, a people need desire, or its government hope to accomplish for it?a good, sound, sufficient, and no more than sufficient cur tency. U1 this being so?and so it unquestionably is? it is perfn tly clear that a system of measures imminently hazai duns of peace, of production, and of the moneyed cir culation, is the creation of a crisis in >j state of health ; a difficult tmtrgency vihrn we were at ease; u conjuncture hardly Ins than '/?palling when we were wrapped in the iirmi of softy. We say it witii reluctance , but all the threatening contingencies which the Administration seems to us thus to have seized, appear to us to be little better than the fulfilment of engagements in which the Executive has been entangled!))' circumstances?of a supposed ob ligation on his part to meet the declarations of a party Convention. The taiirt is to be pulled down, because the rump of the Raltimore Convention issued that die .urn, when half the members were gone : the Sub-treasn ry i-. to be restored, because the President supported it efore it had been tried : and measures most unlikely to 'io pi-ace'ul are to be taken as to Oregon, because the Executive was unadvised enough to make, in an inaugu ! al discourse, a declaration on the subject as extreme as it was inopportune ! " Quicqnid dolirant rcges, plectuntur Achivi!" Our peace ii to pay for the President's indiscretion j jur fortuues air to t e wrecked that he maybe con M-'ant on the Sub-treasury : our workshops an i looms ..re to bo ore:turned that the appendix to the Bal tunoie Convention may bo gloiitied ! But this especial ly we say, and say it solemnly : by an extra official dic tum, pronounced possibly in a.ere inadvertence, ttie Ex ecutive at once disabled himself, and went far to disable <ir. at liiitain, from taking a proper course in this nego tiation, and conducting it in a due spirit. We protest against having the mighty interests of a people s peace trifled with, as has been done by both sides, the Presi dent netting the example, and Sir Robert Peal following it The mercy ol the common law disqualifies, in a case of life or death, to the lowest criminal, to sit as a jury man, any ore w ho ha? made up or uttered an opinion be fore he i- empannelied : anu it is monstrous that here, where the lives of thousands of unoffending people are at take, a Pres .lent and a premier should be allowed to *ntet into negotiation, pledged, by every principle of vanity or populaiity, befoie they know what can be done or ought to be done, to yield nothing. There is, however, yet another general aspect in which we are bound to consider these main recommen iation-, 'i ? a body of measures as a system, whether meant for such or not. a Bruin ministry lia? no more jurt divino about it than ? Pic i lent?nay. probably has gieater, not less, need to consult the popular passion* on subjects where they lis ten but little to reason. The Executive shouM see that the Knk,ash Government is as little like to give way on this question as be . that, therefore, serious possibilities o; a war are involved in his refusal to compromise or arbitrate ; anJ that these are strengthened, il what he proposes to Congress be done. War, then, is quite a possible part of the political programme which he oilers. Au.l how does be propone to make us ready for it ? By filling i:ur coders ' By invigorating the arts and trades at home? No: we are to carry on a war with hard money, and abolish home industry, that we may have abundant supplies independent oftoreign trade The?e arc. it appears to us, the general indications ot this ominous Message. This is a most significant and curious article, lit some respects, its opinions are acurate. There can lie no doubt that this message is the commencement <>t "u public crisis of startling magnitude," not only tflecting this country, but affecting Europe itself ? it is an ominous mesBige, not only to the present British and French Cabinets, but to the opposition in this country. From this manifesto, we learn that n new party is about to be created, to get up a striking opposition to'he President's measures. This l>arty will be coinp> sed partly of natural,|and j>artly of artificial elements There can be no doubt, and we agree with the Intelligencer, that we are in the com mericment ot a crisis of the greatest magnitude, that ever look | lace in our foreign and domestic affairs It may as possibly lead to war, as to any other result; but we do not think that in the caurse of events, it ran lead to such a result before two or three years. It is certain, however, that there may be a revolu tion in the monetary system of this country. The hanking system is placed in a perilous condition, sb ?< > li by the message of the President, as by the movements which are making by his party relative 'o ihe State banks, here and elsewhere. If a new opposition he organised in Congress, on such grounds, no doubt there will be r great com mercial crisis, att"nded by the highest excitement, during the present session of Congress, and for many years to come We may have another and a iar;;er edition ot the times which characterised the country from 183C to P<37 Hut this opposition will hardly stcceed on the grounds they have now tak en. The very effort will be to create such a move ment as will give additional energy and force to the new adminibtration. Even the elements of opposi son in his own party, the President will swallow tip in one mouthful. All the great and aspiring men such as Calhoun, Cuss, Benton, and others?will isve to support his policy, or be thrown off the rail mud track to fortune and futurity. Cook out for a great panic, in iiolitics and trade, hnth in America and Europe, about these days. Miss Northai.i,, Arc.?This pretty young ranlm trirr lost money by her concert. One of our report ers counted the house, and only 17 were found.? \las' poor young girl! Why 80 1 When- is all the ?iii iU9i?sni for native talent gonp to! Can anyone '..11? The truth must be told There is a set of >pi and fool* who suriound every pretty young dr hntantc, and persuade them that they nre Nlnlibr.ina id Gr-is, when they are only lair and promising .?imi'-r Young Hurke goes to Europe, studies a w:iile w4th I> lWiot, comes back, and must be .onsideMl an Olc Rull. Mary Ann Lee goes also iirojH-, ?tudies a few months in Pans, comes h i k. and she is put up as a Fanny Elsaler. The ii ? -t position in art can never be reached, os you ??? ii!jjim a pnste in a lottery?bv accident Thk Romance op History?Thk Last Wau ? For sometime past, the American public has been amused by a controversy which has been going on between the Hon. Charles J Ingersoll, the author of the History of the Late War, Commodore Stewart, Mr. Coles, and Mr. Gallatin, relative to the ques tion whether it was the purpose of the executive government to lay up, or not, the navy, during the last war. Mr. Ingersoll, it seems, has published in Ins work on the war of 1312, that there was a Cabinet counsel held for the purpose ef deliberating on the propriety of laying up the navy. This is substan tidted by Commodore Stewart, who alleges that he and Commodore Buinbridge addressed a letter to President Madison at the time, remonstrating against the proposed measure. On the other hand, Mr. Coles, who was for many years Secretary to President Madison, and Mr. Gallatin, who was u member of tiie President's Cabinet at the time both come ?ut and declare, that no such measure was ever thought of, or submitted to the Cabinet by the President. Thus, then, the parties who ought to be the best acquainted with the matter, are diametrically op posed to each other. While Commodore Stevvait asserts that the proposition was before the Cabinet, and that he remonstrated, by letter, against the measure, Mr. Gallatin, a member of that same Cabinet, ia as strong terms, asserts that no such proposition was evrr deliberated upon by the Presi dent's Cabinet. Here we Iftve a sample of the romance of history, and the reliance which ought to be placed upun its valuable statements. Here is an important public measure, which was acted upon a little over thirty years ago?if it was at all? and which is in the remembrance of many living at the present time, and still the survivors, those who had the best means of knowing, are actually divided upon the question whether the measure was even ever proposed or not. What confidence can be placed in any history, after this signal discrepancy among men of the highest honor and intelligence 7 Is not all history half romance 1 Complimentary Concert?New Mode of Rais ing the Wind.?We notice by an elaborate adver tisement in several newspapers, that the editor of a weekly journal, published some where about the city, is to have a grand complimentary concert given him, by a number of musicians and members of the musical profession, This is certainly a very curious and funny mode of raising the wind We recollect, however, a precedent, in the case of our friend Gen. Morris, who had a complimentary benefit oven him, by which he pocketed probably $1000. The new candi daie ought, undoubtedly to reap tke same amount, it he has any wants to meet. We must say, how ever, that if the editor of a " weekly," who |?cr haps writes only one or two notices about music for his paper, is to have a 01000 concert, we think a daily editor ought to have at least hall a dozen rolled into one?tor they write a great many daily, and profess a deep admiration for the fine arts generally. The daily men don't care anything about these complimentary concerts, however, for they do think it is about the meanest way of rais in r the wind that could be invented. There is not a more deserving set of men in the community than the artists ; but they are poor, and are more in want of business than any of the fat and indolent editors about town. Another Slaver Captured.?We learn from Bermuda, that the schooner Putuxent, lately of this port, pnt into St. George's on the 21st ult., in dis tress, and in charge of Lieut. Chandler, of the navy. It appears that she was a slaver and seized at Caj>e Mount, Africa, by the U S. ship Yorktown, on the 27th of September, for having been concern ed in the slave trade. She was on her passage from Monrovia to New York, when she sprung aleak in lat 34 80 N. Ion ., 60 W ,and Lieut C. was compelled to put into Bermuda, after having been forty-five days at sea. She would repair immediately, and re sume her voyage to this port. The Patuxent formerly belonged ;o Messrs. llead & Hoppock of this city, and was engaged in the Matanzas trade, under the command of Capt. Clark. She was sold, and then left here in charge of Capt. Davis, on the 27th of June, and arrived at Monrovia on the 9th of August. She carried out a lot of religious books and itacts, which were spoken of in tne highest termB of piety by the African Lu mnxary. Theatrical*. Pax* THKimi.-Lut evening, being Thanksgiving night, one of the best bills we ever saw wa? presented atthePaik. The house was very well filled by a fash ionable audience. The evening commenced with the sterling comedy of " Speed the Hough," in which was the very strong cast of Mr. II. Placide as Sir Abel Handy, Mr. Oeorge Barrett as Bob Handy, and Mrs Biand as Miss Blandford. Of Mr Placide's Sir Abel, it is unnecessary to speak. It was one of the richest per' formances we ever snw. Mr. Barrett'a Bob Handy wa? a capital performance, only marred by the bad taste with which lie was dressed. Mr. Oeorge Andrews and Mrs. Vernon, as Farmer and Mrs. Athfield, were very lively and spirited ; and Mrs. Abbott we never saw look or act moie charmingly AVe very much doubt, if the comedy waseter played with a stronger cast After the comedy, the second act of the opera ol " Massaniello" was played, in which Mr. Brough as Pietro, and Mr. Pearson as Massaniello, sang remarkably well. All the original songs and choruses were given. After this, the petite comedy of " His Last Leg?," in which Mr. Oeorge Barrett, one of the best living representatives of the legitimate Irishman, appeared as O'CMUgiian, was perfoimed to the infinite amusement ol the audience ; and the evening close t with selections from " Der Kreis chutz,"in which Mr. Brough and Mr Pearson appeared in some of the best songs of the opera, concluding with the incantation scene. This evening is the benefit of Miss Delcy. and the last evening of the opera, when the opera of " Lucy ol Lammermoor," in which the Delcy troupt appear?and the capital farces of " His Lant Legs,''in which Mr. Oeorge Barrett appears, and the " Peculiar Position" will be placed Oive her a bumper. On Monday avening next, we are to have the long looked-for treat ol Mrs Kean'rf personation of " Ion,'' with which sho has so delighted the Uostonians. Bomsr Theatak.?There was an immense assem. Mage at the " Metropolitan," last night, to welcome the very attractive bill put forth by tue enterprising mauager of thi* favorite and pupular establishment.? Mrs. Shaw as " our neighbor" Constance - the dashing, volatile, and romantic heroine ol Sheridan Knowles' creation -iu the " Love Chase," was one ol her happiest and moat successful personutio1 i. Mie was particularly well sustained by Messrs Davenport, Milner, and ' larke, old favorites here, and by a Mr K. K Collins (his first appearance; in the character of her lather. - The concluding entertainments were well chosen?ap propriate to the occasion, anil exceedingly well i>er iormed. To-night Mrs. Shaw appears as Kvadne, f H Scott as Ludovico, and Mr. Davenport as Colonna added to which, the thrilling drama ot the "Carpenter of Kouen" will be presented The classic tragedy of " Ion " is in preparation, with Mrs. Shaw in her great part of Ion AlhaMBa.?The F.thiopian htirlesque company gave list night the burlesque on the "Postillion," entitled the ''Post-heel-on of Long Jaw Bone." It is a capital and funny thing?they also gave a vocal concert. The same bill ia presented to-night. F.rHiorux Skrknadcm.? It blew?it rained?it was ancle deep in mud and slush, but, notwithstanding, Pal mo s Theatre was well filled last evening, to witness the performance of this band of unrivalled and novel per firmers. It is truly surprising how they command such audiences. Nothing but uurivalled talent could possibly do it. While they draw such houses, it is astonishing that they should wish to change?they cannot, under uny circumstances, draw better on the other side of the herring pond Then why leave us I They appear de termined to do so?success be with them Mr. Oermon list evening announced the fact, and this is the last night ol their performances A crowded house, doubt Isss, will bid them farewell Some novelties will be introduced. Miss Dr.i.rv's BrtsrriT.?This charming and highly ac complished young lady, takes her benefit this evening at." Old Drury," and will appear In Donnizeiti'a grand ser ous opera of " Lucy of Lammermoor.'' Those who can appreciate fine musieal talent, and love ? good opera, will tuidouh edly attend. Miss Delcy, however, is i.ot only a vocalist of superior ability, but she is an actress of extrnordlnary merit. This is her list appearance this season, and we are anre them is enough gallantry and musical taste in the city to give her a bumper. ? Mast re Biisii- This gentleman gives hi* drat con cert in this city tills evening, at the Apollo Rooms. It will tie his first effort before 11 discriminating and Impar tial audienc* I Important from Mouth America?'Tl*e BuI'micc of I'uwfr. Th ? line packet barque Chancellor, Cupttin Bean vois, arrived yesterday from Buenos Ayreg, whence she sailed on die 23J of September. We Hre in debted to the politeness of Captain B. lor the early receipt of our despatches. T:te Chancellor was run ashore, in coming into port, by what is ctlled an M. I', a singular ?-ort of pilot, recently started into existence in this city. The intelligence received by this arrival is im portant, not only to those engage! in trade with the Argentine Republic, but to the whole Amei ican peo ple ; to all those, more especially, w ho endorse the message of Mr. Polk, relative to the "balanceof power" in America. It is to be perceived that the English and French have carried their interference in the affairs on this continent to a crisis, in actually blockading Buenos Ayres, and all other ports be longing to the Argentine confederation On the 21st of September, two c ays before the Chancellor sailed, the commanding ollicers of the English and French squadrons, posted a bulletin in the commercial room, in Buenos Ayrcs, declaring that port, and all others belonging to the republic, under blockade af.er the 24' h ; th.it nil vessels ar riving after that date should be ordered otl, and all neutral vessels m port shou'd have fifteen days to discharge and load. Should the blockading fquad ron allow no more than the fifteen days, it would be impossible tor the shi| s in port, eleven of which were American, to load, for the decree that Kos? ; had issued a fortnight previous, compelled all the inhabitants to drill from 4 to 6 P. M., which lepsen ed the hours of labor al ter the Custom House closer, in the afternoon. The measure will be of serious iujury to the American merchants. There are several vessels now on their way from this port to Buenos Ayres with full cargoes; they, of course, will have to change their destination, perhaps ;it a j,reat loss. Other vessels are on their way from other ports in this country; all these will be ordered oil, at it loss to their owners. Will it not be necessary for our government to increase our naval force in that vicinity? The annexed official document will be of interest just at this moment The lirst is probably rei-dered null and void by the blockade. [From tho Buenos Ayres British racket.] Finance Department, / Bubnob Ayres, Sept 3, 1815. J The Government taking into consideration ?ho present state of war, has ordered and decreed:? Art. 1 ? For the present, and until otherwise ordained, all ??suds coming from foreign [ arts, and not comprised in the decree of the thirteenth of February last, may de posit their cargoes. 3. Liquids are not comprehended in the depoiit. 3. The deposit shall be permitted lor one year, within which period the owners or consignees of said cargoes may despatch all, or part thereof. in conformity with the law. decrees, and Custom House regulation. 4. The deposited cargoes, in case ol not being des patched for consumption, shall pay two per cent deposit, although they may not have been deposited lor one year. 5. Within tho year of the deposit they may be rc ex ported, in all or part, lor foreign ports, paying the depo sit dues. 6. At the termination ol the year ol deposit, the own ers or consignees shall be obliged to despatch them for consumption, paying the duties specified by the Custom House law, without any charge lor the deposit. Incase of tho revocation of this deereo, the cargoes deposited in virtue theieot. shall continue "o enjoy tin; privileges of deposit according to what is stipulated in tho preceding articles. S. Let this ne published, &c. i'OSAS Masvil Imsivrtk. The out.-fgeous nrccce.lings of iho nav .1 to cos if Great Britain and F.ance in ni? river, buvo at last pro v k d a retalia ory measure ou tho pait of the Argentin i Governn eut, and a deer e to t e lollowiug etl'ect has been published 1 Bi.-kxos Ayres, Auguit 07, 1845. " Th' Government of Buenos Jhjm, " In consequence of the 1 ffensive and l o.<tile proceed ings of the naval fore s oi U. B M. and of It. M. th - king of the F.oncli, again-1 those of tie Argentin-Conf dom t on, and their succcssive aggies ions against the Re public, and in precaution of the c nsequpr.ces that may ensue, which the (iovcrument it sincerely d'-.iroui ol averting, it has resolved and decreed : ? '?Art. 1 ? All kind of communication, direct or udirect, with the vessels of war of II. B. M. and ol II. M. the King of the French in this port, in those ot tho rovince and on its coasts, and in the ports and on tho coast* of tfo Re public, is, for the present, and unt.l o'.hei wise ordained, prohibited. "Art. 3.?Any person contravening tho foregoing re solutions shuil suffer the i enalties which the Govern ment may deem propor o inflict, ac ording to the cir cumstances of the case." Bur*n Ayrcs Market, Sept. 20 ? Doubloons, Spa nish, $249 a-iftO, each; do Patriot, 242 a 211, do; Plata, macuquina, 12) a 13 do lor one; Dollars, Spanish, 15 m 15^ each; do Patriot aud Pataconss, 1-1' a 1 if, oach: six per cent stock, 76 do per cont; Kxcbaugn on l.igland, 3|; do France, 35 a 37 cents per dollar; do Rio Janeiro, 15 perct prem; do Montevideo, 14' do: do United States, 14J per LT S dollar; Hide* ox, for Kngland and Germany 54 a 58, per pesada; do France, 47 n 60 do; do North Ame rica, 45 ii 46 do; do Spain, 45 a OU do; do salted, 42 a 44 do; do hnr*e, 22 a 23 do each; Calf skins, 45 a 50 per po sada; Sheepskins, common, 23 a30 per dozen; do line, 36 * 39 do; Deer skins, 8 a 10 do; Goat skins, 35 a 36 do, Nutria skins, 5 a 6 dol per lb; Chinchilli skins, 80 a 00 do per dozen; Horse hair, shoi t. 3S a 40 do per arroha; do mixed, 45 a 46 do; do long, 100 a 110 do; W ool, com mon, washed. 22 a 30 do. do picktd. 35 a40 do, do shorn from skins, 35 a 40 do; do mestiza, dii ty, 20 a 30 do; Tal low, pure, 16 a 20 do; do raw. 11 a 12 do; do with grease, 15 a 17 do; Jerked beef, 28 a 28 per quintal; Ilori.s, mix ed, 100 a 160 per thousand; do ox, 500 a 600 do; Shin bones, 70 a 80 do; Hide cuttings, 24 a 26 per 100 lbs; Os trich feathers, white, 9 a 10 per lb; do black, 8 a 8} do; Salted tonges, 7 a 8 per dozen; Salt, on board, 15 a 16 pel fanega; Dueount, 1 j a 3 per ct per month. The highest price of Doubloons during the week 255 dollars; tue lowest prico 240 dollars. The highest rate ol fcxihange upon Kngland during the week 3j pence. The lowest 3 7-16 pence. Ifcwi front the Umt Indira. We have received the Bermuda Herald, Gazette, and Bermudiiin, to the 25th ult, iuclua.ve. There is very little news at Bermuda. The. deci ded stand taken by President Polk in relation to Oregon, the "whole or none," has astonished tht; Berrnudians. They were nnxiou-ly looking tor 1 iter news from this country. The Bermuda papers contain later accounts of in terest from the several West India Isl.inds. [From the Bahama Roy. 1 Gazette, Oct. "2li ] For the last lortnightour salt ponds, nt Turk* Island, have presented a most lively anil rputu a chccring Ospect, the whole machinery of the salt v. oi ks being in lull ope ration ; raking going on in most nil directions. We are happy to learn that Mr. Phillips, at May guana, is likely in a few months to reap a rich hardest ct hi* labors in the pine apple trade, having over 10.'0 pines in an excellent and foi waul state. Our beach presents a noble and harvest like appear ance with its pyramids of suit heaps. Surely the small quantity which has been shipjie 1 to America, during the last lew months, must in a short time crea'e a great de mand,, and rise the profitless price of our itiple product. Price both at (liana and Salt i ay, fij cents on board shin ?corn, flour, bread and provisions in demand. His Kxcellency, the Governor of the Bahamas, being desirous that every encouragement should be afforded to persons disposed to Kettle at .Mayaguaria, with a view to the cultivation ot Pine Apples, has authorised ? ales of land on the following conditions, viz : a deposite of ten per cent on the purchase money, and a note of hand, with approved security, for the remainder, payable at two years date. [From the Ba bodoes Standard, Nov. 7 ] The verv partial manner in which the.rain has latterly fallen has been very unusual; mere ro than we gencially experience it, even in the month of October ; and the consequence seems to be, that whilst in some c:i?rs the caries have improved, tmd although backward tor the season, and show but a small portion of cane, they ..re yet promising in oppeaianco. In otheis they ari very low, with no appe'wance yet of cano ; and if the*:! shonl I not be ? peedily invigorated by heavy ruins, we fear that they will become "sedgy " Arrows are very prevalent amongst those whichaie at all forward, and those ne *er-failin'f signs of approachii.g maturity, are prevail tires to the luither lengthening of the cane. Plants, we would suppose, will be very irjice.a* soon us the plant ing season arrives Gov. Sir r. Gray opened the I.rgixliture with a long speech on the 21st ult He congratulate* the t jvo Houses on the prosperous state of the Hi jnces. The ordinary expenditure ol the Coloay amounts to ?34,0(10 iterlini; ' the income has now reached jC4.'>,0O0. [From the Grenada Chronicle, Nov. 1. We regret to state that there has been no alteration in the weather since our last mention ol it T.io country ii literally |iarched tip, and the prospect ol a goo 1 crop lor next year entirely destroye d. The heal in town ha< been distressingly oppressive. Tho thermometer at and ?o. On Thursday night the Island was visilod with a smart shock of earthquake at about twenty minutes to ten o'clock?motion unaulntory. [From the St. Lucia Palladium, Oct 23 ] By the return steamer, which arrived on Monday, we have been put in possesion nf our u?u*l Dies. Hi* Kx cellency Sir < harle* Fit/. Hoy, the very popular Mover nor-in< hiel of thu I.eoward Islands, hit received her .Majesty'? command* to a- mm- t,;. ,? , moi.t of Ne w Holland ; and the l.ieut lirm nioi i.i ?i. Kitts. Mr. I un mngham, will hold tr.e Government of Xritigua, Ice , un til turther notice. [From Demcrara pennM, Oct 2ii | A groat public meeting w- held on the With October, to petition th# (Juceti lor a ll?;>rosen'itive form ol iro vernmeot, direct Irom the people lle*olntmr,s and a memorial were drawn up i n<t pa.nd, embodying the villus of (he meeting i tin inhibit m'- it].pear to lit ill downright earnest : tho Governor ml ? ? url ol Policy ?fa opposed to the step. [From the S? VincentGnxette J I tie ship l-.li/ .t i, n ho tit to sail fur lodeiru in seairl, of immigrant* We think thin i-t the first vet,- el that hss !'[' 'J* West Indies lor that liian 1 on such n mission.

I he lavoui ,.lde terms on which the immigrants will mm* among us under the permission ol 'he colonial ~ " st i? two Vitn' renrico. certain, U ?ome ?priet r>, t at la, * J t iUll of opinion that no thing Kjf"'"'j thr## fears will sufflciently locate them I!;; ;'^ ?rUcularM^r. ..,l a'tach them to the service on which they m?y bo employed onUieir arrival. ? 11 v intrlllct'iice | the morning wo took ? ^Vclo.ed Ev.u Wall stroet, ifllpplllgfi ly mo aland pious denizensioI. Wo 11 street. i n?7 u vetv conscientious clisa of citixens, and ,u,7r?!usiiie>s themselves of every ?PI,?rtJ''"tyA0 ^"or'itaii. The on dav? act apart for worship. by Uoa or ? churches were open in the morning, bo;1 well attended. thanksgivings wero ottered up, ami re views oi ine blessings ol tho past year 'ak?? > ?'J?l !'ir? S;? m'SS T?iS&m ?? fowl. plum pudding, i??'' ..j t scarcity "SS?as?iSi '?hSe\oril companies turned out and raarchedjhrough | "IC "???? r.?luj?t? Hobokeii, b?t ? The KV^V'h cSapW?CL.toWn, Mm. preach ed in the Orchard .treetCharoh. artie Md T!> , in. anTrve^y body wey,.tPto i "d in high spirits, excepting those who had oaten too muoh turkey. OuV. frv Cot'ars.?None of the higher court^were in session y U4'd^.nf^eef?rr crimin\lULU%div^ For the past t.nd present week, our c"?tl..Bls of fiome courts Lave been unusually occuj le rr,.itful tosti disposition maiutchttcl y ?]rnrlv and conclusively these litigations to a ro'U , ? anil proving that, in the discharge of their omcioi auu? responsibilities, their commission ,? such as ? ????e an unwearied patience and perieveri^^ ? ^ ^ du most annoying perplexlti? renuiring the exercise ot l^om^ anar^iK.^TU-bS??.rj.??i.i ts?5i. S?. inventor of the sub-marine a[^^-to us yesterday ore wmmm wbs sunk in sixty i??l of ? When thev 2553 aSSf. *"??? X'XS^I ?"? BSwsiSSiSa while h* had been picking them up,.his ^c^wasturn hands lull, and put'one to'h'is^iKro^rla^lM^n'aul^irMsed in n ho'Vtood ' icUet, seemed to rise up before hini? wi * The S^;sssua^-,ff5^tt S"?J nrs "Mrstws li't hi' body rose to tlio top ot the water. . . 1 ? bove were horrified at seeing a dead body arise instead ,">? ih-ir messmate. But he. without waiting to gi\<- a wiffis-Ss ' ^SS^jS^EHiwS totulUmore where, -fter undergoing an inqu??t. it was !le'ently interred. Wo apprehend the sailor will not soon forget this horrible adventure. STK* l,m. Hr?cT*CL?-A pair of gold ...octacle. were ?atcho" f?r ?li; je rem,S h aveto show how i.i-. iv the m^che. wouia lUht, tmd while the owner'* back was turned, he took tve ^"H-Ucloji, 4?Notico was given to the , of the wo-nan bv the nnnie of Kli/.a hmith, aged So >ea ta, *> >"?. ot No 150 Anthony street, earned by <>!?en? and W?nt ?f medical atteudauce. Tho ( oroner wdl hold an lmju.-st t0 AUo Kobert C. Folger, 6S 8uff?lk street, fiO years of Pgc, a uaUve of NantuAet. Mass. wa< fouud dojd ? h? r.iom thii morning: npp'irentlj fell in a fit, pearl vorintr to go to bed. lie wa? employed at No. J59 i can street. Au inquest will be held to-day. French Opinion on Poi-a's Message.?The fol lowing remarks on Mr. Polk's Message are trans lated Irom the Courrier dtn Etnts Unit of thin city: I,et us limply state, then, that it (tho Mersage) will disappoint the expectation of those who exacted to find in the language of tho democratic President an eccentric or licentious rudeness, such .in might help to give food to the passions of party, and to tho provocation aud sig nal lor inter'iiatioiial sti ugf.'lns. VVo do not mean to say that tho Messago ik not stomped, in oil the questions upon which it touches,with nlranknes* and with n rigor wnich give to it apoweilul inteies , a tut cvtn a ttrnble impfitmce. One may almost hear in leading it the yowling of tho thunder, whi 'h has been threatening i n wo 1'iug a time to burst over the peacc of the world. in ling all this, Mr I'olk bu hid tlx (kill to !i-i;ui?e in a nut surprising manner the energy of his is .)?, and tho a''lacity (or boldness) ot his intentions, tin !t r forms full of moderation, tact and courtesy. F<>r ?i grtaL many years the profile of the Itmlrd Statu had turtr helitljo)III tn Jurtinn pawns language to pruvtl urn/ i/f< so calm. If there 11 not justice, at least there is always snmc dignity in complaints accompanied with menaces. France Cvir.es in for her shaio of these com plain''; wo take them on her bahalf in good part; for if ?ir. Polk has reproached her with hii intcifcreuce in tho tortuous business i.f annexation, which he pretends to take as hostile to the United States, though not contrary to the rights of nations, (an interference which in realty, was a mere bungling piece of businesi) - yet, at the game timo, he has given this reproach with expressions of regret for tho imrginaty interruption of French and Ame?ican (franco-amtru .1 nt) friendship, and with hopes Mil l wishes lor its re-establishment, all which affords to un a guaranty, that (when ho thall cease to make mis tikes upon French politics, an l on the signification of the " American Balance" of >ir. (luizot, at which he has made a parsing fling?then) the President will entortain nothing nut sympathy and good feeling towards Frauco. Also, let us thank Mr. Polk for the strong recommenda tion' which ha Ins addressed to Congress in favor of an important brarieh of French comincice, which tho tariff off H4 J has completely paralyzed. We meanthe imita tions of the wines ot Oporto. * . * * * lie cohipi nest to the famous Oregon i|ue?tion, and gives its diplomatic bistoiy above? from its 111st com :.ii"icemcnt?explaining that since 1M1H, tho parallel of the t!f.h degree of nortti latitude has been three or four tim- bfTeicd to JCngland tb.it this has always been re* fused; ami that after having himself repeated this offer, \ itb fo.ne restrictions, which made it moie than ever inaccei'lablt 'dr. I'olk formally withdrew the i.ffer, I i? now decided not to > leld an inch of that territory, ol which nx months ago ho was willing to abandon tho ? h llf! I! to in reference to this part of the Message, a!i >vra all, thet we meant to (ay tho boldness of tain ts :?! ???:.? or purposes, is masked beneath the adroitness ot its :orms. Tne President, as to the rest, confines hiinneli to requiring the termination ol the joint occupa tion, ePor a pieliminary notice shall have been gisen to Finland, In conformity with the Treaty of 1827. It is only at the expiration of this delay that he lets us see the glimpse of a '-ar, which is thus, as it weie, ad joui nod over fur la 01 In months. Surely, this is very consolatory. In the meun time, m order to take advan tage of diplomatic delays, he for some measures to lie taken, the object 01 v.?>irhis to ?ll'ectnata the instal lation of Vmerican Sovereignty in Oiegon. California, sister of Oregon, which witli that countiy also, is mi ob ject ot tho coretoniness of the American and British ambition. is not mentioned by name hi the Message, but lias not the loss evidently inspired that threatening para graph, which accompanies and finishes the pert relating to American Balance of Power ! * , ? ' We remarked thai we u-ould revert to the question of '.lie tariff which is, for us, perhaps the most impor tant of all which Mr. I'olk has discussed. As it is, we r hii not follow him in the skilful and mortal blow which he hn? given to tha tariff of 1842, and we will content ourselves with in ply saying that never havo the true principles which Mwuld always serve a* a basis in lay ing on import duties tieen plai ad in full relief, with so muc'i f.ircu and 1o*m'. Mi. I'olk has place 1 his finger up.m .11 the sot . I ? , ,|id ..11 tho remedies of the pre <?; fiscal i>st.m but if he bus sounded tho depth of He town 1 he lift? not ir. i-urod all the giandeur which ought' ? b> givii totbe latter ha has done hutmeiely to p 1 otii tlieii s 'i..,. Thi'. is to say, to speak more plainly, nf ? ? b.vi ?< mon .tinted most cleaily the ne re.-it) 01 reloi 1 ;; im tuiff, be hsi" not given the fi gun ? (. 1 iiii ,,'n 1 1 ',y v. 111011 this reform o'4ght to he mi- .0.1. bu'In load, he could not do this: it it a is?k which d e o.it ' elong to him. and wMch he haa left to the '???rrctary ot tne Tiejsury, whoie report we wait for, in ordai to kn iw tho extent aud beating of the re form proposed I li> n afterwards comes <'ongress, with whom, UJ!l?f Innately,we must have to do In settling thi* matter. Brooklyn Intelligence. V,'ALL*t> L P ALrvr.?We were last night Informed of a inus* iifi.mous aud cruel act, which waa committed by some desperate and inhumau vagabond*, on Tuesday nifcht laat, on the person of a man (whose name we could nut uncertain) connected with on* of the Albany lines of tow boat*, ft appears that the poor^ellow, whilst quiet ly walking fion, Kulton to Atlantic strrot. on th?t even, ing, about eleven o'clock, wai attacked from behind by some highwu) men, aud robbeJ of all tho money he pos S?i4li ' amounting to five or six dollar*. After accora piMhiug this theft. they heat him in actual manner, and carrie.! him to a (tone yard in the neighborhood, where n uudar a large bonm. so that he could not J.? irw,BrJ*Jitera'1>r w:,l'eJ him ud. ao that it in T *or b'm to escape, lie lemain* I rn?n.f ,f w I ""nation until two o'clock on the af ternoon oi Wednesday, when he wai fortunately releas mB?/Uch?ll ?n'l ,me/l" t-# n^S^orbood, from iia truly melauchuly an I perilous imprisonment. We are told by Mr. James Morns, livery stable keeper, of Liberty street^ in this city who wus present at the diseutoinbment ol the mninied and injured man, that the appearance of the lat Whtk "*7 wretched and heartrend ing 111 the extreme. We do not know whether or not the police ollicora kave any cognizance of this affair ? but certain it is that no possible exertion, should be .pired the Be"*8' K and remorseless perpetrators of Tar<;et Excursion.?The Franklin Volunteers, com posed ol Kire Company No. S of Brooklyn, returned from their target excursion at Hoboken yesterday, bring ing home with them u board completely bored through in every direction ; forty-three balls having penetrated it. The prize was won by a young man named Ross who acted as the substitute of Mr. Samuel Stringham, a number of the company. The judges were Messrs Thomas II. Mercein, Phillip Kagan, and John Watta. Watch axd Police Itkmi.?Between threo and four o'clock yesterday morning, watchmen Albert Powell anil Hi am Wilson found a man named McOratli, at the corner of Pearl and Prospect streets, completely embed ded in snow and mud, and so much exhausted by cold and previous excessive libations, as almost to be at tho point ol death. He was very kindly aud humanely treated by those who took charge of him, and proper re storatives having been applied, he was enabled, a few hours altorwards, to go to his heme in Jackson street between Kulton street and Myrtle avenue. A woman named Catharine Brady, formerly of Mulberry street, Ne1wL',oik. but lately ""Wing at the corner of Bridge anil 1 aliinadge streets, was arrested by officer Storms on >i cha rge of stealing soma shirts and other articles of wearing apparel, trom the premises of Messrs. Blinker buff, at the corner of Myrtle aveuue and Prince street She was taken to tho police office, and committed by one of the police magistrates to thirty days imprisonment in the county jail. The Churches Yesterday.?The several churches opened for public worship in Brooklyn yesterday, were but thinly attended ; inconsequence, we suppose, of the inclemency of the weather, aud tho absolute necessity entailed on many pew holders und members, to be en gaged, during the morning, at all eventi, in their ordinary business affairs. 1 Balls. Three or four balls took place at various es tablishments in Brooklyn last night, as also on Thanks giving bve. Some fights, of a very disgraceful nature, took place at one of the houses, without, however, any interference on the part of the watch or police. 1m a k.?Yesterday afternoon a tire took place at tho house No. 87 Orange street, near Henry, which was not attended by any serious consequences, the flames being soon subdued by some of the flremen, who were prompt ly in attendance. Many complaints are made by the consumors of this article in Brooklya, that the prices demanded bv the dealers of this city generally, are excessively high, and, in some cases, exorbitant. It is alleged that the proprietors of sevoral of tho yatds have entered into n compact to sustain the present outrageous charges : which, if continued, will fall with great and distressing seventy upon the poor. har? foilV-K'f I'0l'l,n-?The stringent measures which have lately been enforced in Brooklyn, in the way of 'tray pigs and other nuimals from the streets, 6 excited the cupidity and desperation of some of the owners of quadrupeds which have been takeu to the C .'lk' f J "e'er81 successful demonstrations tftMUhm! .D 8 U|WL TIP8"1, been Inado uP?n that es" h??n h?i ; Ch'8 tl,0U{?1' closely watched, has twice =?ir ? open' and 1,8 'iv? contents forcibly driven r*. h Te. ?*i s'l0uld the participators in these out J*111 bo made to suffer severely Jor their high-handed and nefarious acts. learn that at one establish were 708 terd*y-rforty ??',e thousand oysters w ere opened and disposed ol from sunrise to sunset. PolIcc Intelligence. Kine:'\a~i^*rn8 "Ur*'ary-Th? residence of Mrs. Mng, No 133 Grand street, was burglariously entered i' ? r 0 irlock yesterday morning, through the neg iinfLtan1^0 ?vih0 (?m,ly leaviu& the back room shutter unfits tened. Mrs. King was awoke by tho openirg of the bed room door , when, to her surprise, she saw the Sltl'r 'i entering the room with a h . 1,ln.te"1' alung from his arm to enable him to use boh hands for plunder; he thinking she was asleen ?>'"inenced to work, when Mrs. King sprang out of bed i pnn" r large poker, and ran ht the black Pascal, who clo ?Cft hfs L.?lU,e m* aud cut 8tick. Mrs. King cio.o -this heels, calling out 'watch, watch," hut all in Zin* her mflpU?h' "b? 7Lade. ene S''P at hi" shins' but m'8" ? 'J , 7?ark' br?ko ,he leg of her table. Mrs. King E to t,he st0?P' he shinning it to " Broadway like a deeri but being only in her uig'.it <lrt?ss, was compelled to give up the chase, at the sum., time calling lor assistance, and no policemen com E&H.hE"?' rc,t,lr?ed ,0 the back room, when. to her a.itvrnhment, she found tho bureau drawers broken u r'Hf06?1" letter* and valuable papers, also tjoia bank bnls. stolen, it appears that Mrs. Kium is a nUtn'nnh ' coun,ge. always keeping a loaded Fn? hVnrfv l0?"' . *n thili occasion the pistol not be ing hnndy, reported to the poker. */ burnUrt ? Captain McOrath of the Sixth V60rwiA r i.Jo"ierh! thU cit>'last Monday, for Claw bJ'thZm fnPiIB custody three notorious hur h ?1 iv.Tfclr ?? ! 0f "enry JamBS Maxwell, and and huriuri "PA!"* c,"Dm.lt,e<1 extensive robberies Bridgeport, Norwich and Red llonk each ef th?? n mtn?, ^ and '^rmed us that S?ven?.Lh?? r. ?. *rui,y' flnd wore "entenced to linn if M i ? 1 6 Stat? *r,go?; also, at the oxpira ?r to lemain at hard labor-out of such la ir, the State pay $o0 a year to the parties robbed until the amount ot their loss is liquidated, and all expenses paid, incurred by the trial. The property s olen Tnclu ?hug expenses, amounts to nearly $l.iOO, which will in crc-ase their confinement hard on to ten years Such is the law of Connecticut, which strikes u? L being a very excellent systum, and ought to be adopted in this State tAck^larkham the above officer, hive irrested ^-' ' wll? keeps a " crib" in this city at JI J VV eht street, where they round a large quantity of goods thise-'kHrVsn K? !\l"'glifr8' " fe''ced" bv Matkha.n, for to answe^ thi S..^^burglar. He is held to bail in *4COO, to ans ver the charge of receiving stolen geodt. .'av and' Zti?n Sk,U^ Wl" arrested yestor i av, und committed by Justice Room, (Police Office Jefferson Market,) on suspicion of stealing a large si^eii hair trunk, light color, containing bed covers sheets nil. low cases, blankets, and o'her bed clothing. ' One of the kin mirkldr dm ?Lin .inf Also' 4 damasknap "ta.rked G. Blan("hsrd. It is supposed that this trunk tht 19th of JulVrt 0,'he?reQl hro 1" Broad street, on Justice Room ,a8t' An 0WI)er ? ? ant.d-apply to from Justice.?Officer Bowyer started this moi mug for New Orleans, with a requisition from Go pr?'fCrtl"1 bol,i " hnuck" pickpocket Geo. ti.in in i Ti8lf '1aldoncd some little time ago, on condi C0,T.? He d,J not d0 f0- but we,lt on to i>ew Orleans, and there seen by a gentleman who .?^inViT' " wa" al?? aware of an indictment pending against him, caused his airest while '?sounding" finee^ ing the pockets of gentlemen at Madam I'ico's concert ' Movement* of Travellers. The follnwing are among the arrivals at the principal hotel* since yesterday's publication:? American.?Mrs. Brand, Scotland; George Brown, Baltimore; S Decatur Smith, Philad ; W A. Warner, hall Kiver; Samuel Carver, Philad.; Major Kipley, U. 8. A.; I). Bixy, Louisville; W Parsons, G Bradford, Pat terson; 'I'. II Bcnnedick, Tarrytown; Oideon Mays, Oroco; G. T. Tucker, I'tira Aitor ?J. G. Walters, Hartford; Capt. Wales, Boston; II. Jacobs, Chailes do Lory, Lake Superior; H. M. Nel son, Va.; J. C. Hand, Philad ; T. F. Barnard, Albany: A. Glaring, Boston; Col. N. Johnson, Buft'iilo: J R.King, Newport; G. W. Taylor, Boston; E. B. Bigelnw, Boston; W. R. Strong, Geneva; J. H. Usher, Joseph Cosgill, Eng land; II Gray, Boston. Citt. ? W. A. Hunt, Edwin Briggs, PeeksUill; T. Mr Credy, Philad ; Ja*. Doughy, Conn.; A S Dungan, Bal timore; A.J Seaman, Kortright, Mr. Carvill, Halifax, N.8.; u. Dunca i, Bristol; W. O. Richardson. Philadel phia; H. Cunningham, Somervillo; Capt. Uogers, New Brunsw ck Khairi.ih.? N S. Himmond, Montreal; L. Teash, Springfield; E. R Broaders, Boston: J. Thompson, (In; I). G Clspp, Salisbury; J. M. Scoville, Waterburv; W. H. Burrall Conn.; J S. Edwards, Peterborough; H Ho 1'iirry, Boston; K. Brooks, Bridg port; N. Hufter, Ohio; W. < o>n, Philad.; C. W. I'ilchur, Pawtuckot, Mat*. Ohoaie.?H Lewis, Com.; W. Edwards, C. G. Wil linms, Lexington, Ky.; B. G. Wyman, Laguara; Mr. Dobson, Philadelphia. Howard?T Hall, Bridgeport; Lever H. Small, Levo nin, W. I.; T C. Gould, Boston, Mlis ; R. D. Sjllimore, Troy ; Capt. Squires, de; Major Joseph Knapp, Montrea1; W. I). Davis, R I.; A. II I'earce, Troyj H Morrison, Boston; Mr McMahon, Albany: J. Not lngham, Albany; (J. Shioli.s, New Voik; P. D. Jonas, Rochester; 8. W. Tappau, Augusta, Maine. Native Candidatks.?It appears that the natives are in a dilemma in Boston. They compel gentle man to state in the public prints, ihat their "names are u?ed without their wish or consent," as can didates for aldermen. This is probably to ktep the municipal aftairs of that city in the strange state of confution that they are now in. Opkni.no and Closing of tkk Nkw York Ca vh.s. The following table shjws the date of opening nnd closing the canals, aud the number of days of navi gation in each year, from ibm to the present Navigation. Navigation. Ytan. opme.4. JL 'l "SI ............ April SO im '? ? n>? I IS'2 111,3 t*J4 20 '? n i* 5 : " 8 W:::::.v.......Ap?* :: ? g 2i " 21 241 l? " 13 2 ill 17 " 12 2<o iinSilii " ,J Ndv. 30 no is:*,?, " ? :s 2i? l?ir 20 Dee. I 2M IR'lH. . . " 12 N..?. 2S 2<?8 " 20 Dsc. IS 211 1U40 '? M "J i.t IMI " 22 Nov. ? 221 1(112. "JO " 20 222 ISI3 May 1 " 10 214 IBM Ai>ril li " *! Hi .IMS '? I) " ? 12.1 'r/?? Origin*! Ethiopian Ser.ii ??ler??Palmo'* OPKRA HOU8K.?This 1? nr.<|ueetionably and pert mrtorily the last appeariuce of tit* Original Ethiupiia Seieoadera at P .lino's. or uii tail C.wtujent?ueit weak t.iev proceed to Eu rope. where f*uie and glorV await them. Wherever tli?y go Mid with whatever .ocourag.me I tli.y ?r? raaaivrd abro.d, they will ever tintl lu their native ladri s cheering welct uie on their re uru. Thennnea of Oermon, 8tau wood, "H/Mnugtoe, Pelhsm and White, are uow it eut fled with the nativ? opera* of America. tnrge Male of New mid EleR&nt Cabinet Furniture.?We are requeued to call the att?ntion of citis in arid strangers to Jacob d. Piatt's exteuaive aale ot FashiouaM. a>.d Lleaant new Cabinet Furniture, the prorarty <?'! a nauulac lur-r and deiler. closing, his b'la.u.as preparatory to leavii.it the city. Thearoclc comprises a full aaaortmeut ?irarlc-i, Mall and Chamber Furniture of rosewood, mahogany aud black wibiut, ai ci?nt aud modern atvl-s. ... The sale Will ominenc. thia diy, December 5th, at ll> o'clock, at the large w re room*. No. 4lj Broadway, bet ?eeu Howaid and Grand atrecta, where Catul.gue* are uow ready. Philadelphia Agent for the Heralrt, Zleber ki CO., 3 Lediter Buildiue, Third street. who ree.ive anbacri hers, aud have aiugle col?i?*s for sale daily a* I o clock. i>21 lot Jtav?i(iitlOU of th? Otilo ltlver. Placet. Time Stale of Rittr. Pittsburg . Nov 28 3 tt. 8 in. scant in channel. Wheeling... Not. JS 4 ?p?t 9 in. and rising. Louisville. ..Nov. 23. . ,. ? . .6 ^ uiche* inchuiiuol Cincinnati,. ..Nor. SI7 feet rtaU ^ ***** MONEY MARKET. Thuriiay, December &? M. This day having been aet npart by the Governor ol'this Commonwealth, 01 a day of thanksgiving and praise, it has been generally obierved. Business of all kinds waa impended, and the brokers have, no doubt, been buiily engaged in discussing the virtues of roast tur key and pumpkin pies, instead of the probablo e/lcct of the President's Message upon the pricos of fancy stock*. The bulU and bears have, for the moment, lost sight of their diffrreueet, and have become reconciled to each other. Out of Wall street, the*e speculators go in for the enjoyment of the good things of thin life with as much spirit as they go in for fleecing each other inhu^f. ness. The titles they assume as stock speculators, are only heard of in the vicinity of their operations. As Christians and members of society, they are liberal, oftentimes, to a fault, and are generally the first to give impetus to any charitable object, for the relief of every and any class of their fellow-citizens. (]The receipts of tho Western Railroad Company, for the weok ending the 30th of Noveaiber, 1814 and '4ft, have bo'jn as follows Westm* Rail Road. VrrA ending Not'. 29, 1844. 1(45. Inc. ^jenurrs *5,478 5,857 379 Atigut, he 12,565 13.500 935 ? Total $18,043 19,357 1, 14 Net gain previously since Jan. 1, 1845, 51,1i* Total gatn from Jan. 1st to Nov. 29, 1845, $55,427 There were about four weeks, from the date of the last returns, to the close of the fiscal year, the increase in which will, without doubt, swell the aggregate increase for the year to about sixty thousand dollars, or about ?ijht per cent, on leceipts of last year. Tho contempla ted amalgamation of the Western and Worcester road will be very advantageous to cach, and a good dividend on the whole capital of the two companies will be guar" anteed. The increase in the capital of the Western Com' pany will bo no obstacle to the payment of dividends a* large as hitherto realized. Thero are two routes between this city and Albany ? during the winter season, both by steamboat and rail road?one vi>i the Housatonic road, and the other via New Haven, llartford and Springfield. ' Travellers be. tween this city and Albany, and the transportation of freight between the two cities, during the close of river navigation, are attracted to these routes as t io cheapest and most expeditious means of com munication with tho interior. Even these routes as much as they are preferable to the old stage routes, ere a roundabout way of getting to Albany aud, withal, very expensive, it is strange that eflurts are not made at onco to complcto the New York and Albany railroad. It is already completed to White Plains, ?6 miles, under contract 'J6 miles more; making a distanco of 6'J miles ; 30 miles more (through Dutchess county) will be put under contract early in the spring, making, in all, a distance of 82 miles of ^ho 160 between Albany and New York. This distance will, without doubt, be completed by another winter, leaving only about sixty-eight miles to complete to connect the two cities, without connecting with the Western, and only forty-five to connect with that ro?d at West Stockbridg*. Tho whole of this road could be finilw6^ fcafore the 1st of January, 1847 ; and we aro not sure but .he enterprising president and directors of this company accom plish so desirable and important an object. It i? time to drop the original name of this company : it is, irt fuct> no longer tho New York and Harlem Railroad <ouipai:f, but the New York aud Albany Railroad Company. It* now charter gives it this name, and as such it should bo known. The disadvantage.* and difficult ion that will be experienced this winter, in consequence of the abeonce of a cheap and rapid communication with the inteiior, will, we trust, arouse the people of this eity to aotion upon this subject, that will result in a rapid construction ol this road. The financial policy ol the government end the modi" ficationx, alterations and reductions in the taiiff*. mutt go hand in hand. They are most intimately connected, au.l mint go together through the various forms, to act upon the commercial affairs oi the country in a proper, judi* cioui and permanent manner. They should go together, for the*purpose of neutralizing the restrictions of each The currency and the tariff'are one and the sam thing, so far as regulating our foreign trade is concerned. The operations of the tariff" are controlled entirely by the condition of the currency, and whatever protective fea ture any taritf act may possets, it is annulled by an over expansion of the currency and a depreciated vhIiio of the circulating medium. The manufacturers of Europe are deeply interested in the state of our currency, and every bank expansion, of even moderate extent, is of as much, value, for the time, to the manufacturers of Cireat Britain as any reduction in our tariff*. The importation o their fabrics into our ports depends, we might say, almost entirely upon the volume and value of our currency; as prices are regulated irere by that than by tno per cent duty the tariff may enforce The restrictions that are now placed upon the impoila. tion of foreign manufactures through the operations of the tariff, should be transferred to the currency, and we have a protection to eveiy industry, much greater than the highest tariff would give. A reduced and valuable currency would not only close our ports Rgainst the im mense quantities of foreign manufactures that now flood our markets, but it would enable us to export more large' ly than we ever have yet. We should be able to export , ? greater variety of articles than ever before, end to mar" kets that have hitherto been closed against us on account of the immense difference in the value of the currency, and the high cost of production in thia country. A ro duced tariff would reconcile the various sectional Into, rests, and do away with the continual agitation of tho subject, and if ways and means can be devised to reduce our average per cent duty, so as to produce sufficient te. venue, without withdrawing any of that protection from the manufactories the government has heretofore extended to that interest, this is a proper time to do > o The protective features of the tariff, for many years past, have been the cause of many difficulties between the two great parties, and which must continue to keep alivo the opposition, so long as they exist. The commercial classes were prostrated by a genera' revulsion in their affairs, in 1618 and 1819, about five years after the clese of the last war. From the close of the war to the crisis, tho banks then in existence, pro duced a very greet expansion in their movements,to me*1 the demands from the mercantile clasres, upon the revi val of business, after such a lengthy embargo upon our ports. The revulsion among the commercial classes ere I ated an explosion in the banking system. Credits, public and private, were for a time ruined, but slowly recover* ed, and became pretty firmly and generally established in 1831 and *39. Commercial affairs assumed a very pros perous complexion, and business became very active. In 1834 another expansion had progressed so far, that in the latter part of that year, and the commencement of 184C, a revulsion,more extensive and more general than the pre" vious one, swept through the country, prestrating all olnsses, and effecting the ruin of the manufacturers. The ruin of the manufacturers, and tho general depres sion thst existed at that time in all mercantile matters, created a call for a revision of the tariff, and in 1838 an act was passed enforcing a very high average rate of duty. The highly protective features of the tariffof 181* created a very strong opposition to it throughout the South, and resulted in the nullification of South Carolina, and the compromise act of 1H33. About the time that act came into existence, an expansion o' the currency commenced, which increased from year to year, until the revulsion of 1837 again prostrated the commercial classes, and produced aa explosion in thA Slate banking sj stems. Krom 188a to 1843, the duty upon imports was very lew, and the currency completely de* ranged. In 1843 the present tariff'act passed, and went into operation in September of that yeer At tho same time, the S'ate banks commenced another expension, which is still steadily incteasing, and, unless checked, will assuredly lend to another explosion. The govern ment has recommended the re establishment of the sirt - I treasury plan, and a reduction of the tariff, to prcver t the increase of fluctuations in tbe value oi the currsnc