Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 9, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 9, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD Vol. XI., No. 33'J?Whole No. 4191. Price TwoCenU. THE NEW YORK HERALD JAMES COUPON BfoYMKTT, Proprietor. Circulation?Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day. PriceJ cents pe* oopy-$> S6 lier annum?|wyt>ble iu advauctk VVEKLY IIKRaL D?Every Saturday?Price 6.^ cents pet coi?y?$'i 12% cent* per anuum?payable iu advene*. Al)V KBTISilMKNTS at the usual i?rice??alwriyi twi i? advance. PRINTING of all kui<ia executed with beaury and <!e*f>atcn MAIL LINE FOR BOSTON. [?HE LONG ISLA.ND iCA.il. ROAD. VIA NF.W LONDON, NOHW7CH <}? WORCKHTKII At 7 o'clock iu the Morning, from the S'out of Whitehall jtrtrt, South Kerry?fluudavs excepted. Way Crates are in readiness to receive b?gguge "or New Loudon, Norwich aud Worcester. B-.gKuse ior Boston got* through under lock. jt-'? ti" re TO WESTERN TltAVELLL;iw>. , 'timug XSi.) PlSVEEk PACKET LINK, h;oin Pl|jln(lelphia to Pittsburgh via the Pennsylvania Rail roads and Lnnal?through in 3^ days. The ibove hue in now in nil operation and offers great inducements to persons who wish ?pleasant mode of travelling to the west. The csrsare htti|t in the too.it. approved modem style, the boats are fitted up in a superior manner, and every effort is matte b> the proprietors to couducu to the cwu.fort.iud convenience ol traveller*. The scenery ou this route i* unrivalled, and the Sreatchaiu of Pennsylvania internal improvements is well wot iv of being seen. By this r-ute passengers iveid all the fatigues aud dangers at tendant itpou stage travelling, and at the same time makean ex peditious trip. The cars leave every morning at 7 o'clock. Passengers are ad viseJ to engage their idar.t a at Philadelphia. Office iu Philadel phia N. K. corner of Chcauat and Fourth street!, and at Nci. 13nnd 15 Sonth Third sts. A. CUMMING8, Ag-nt. Philadelphia, May 17,1843. lor information, iu the city of New York, apply to B. H. KN18ELL, Agent for mvl7 Cm*rrc D. LKECH & I'O.'?Line. 7 W?Ft st. N R. JSOTIC fc STATEN ISLAND FERRY. On Wednesday, December 3, the trips on this Ferry will be as follows:? Leave S'aten Island 8>.t, 10, A. M. 2, 4.'j, P. M. I.eave New York 9, 12, A. M. 3V?,3, r. M. dS tnc REGULAR U. S. MAIL LINES BETWEEN CINCINNATI AND LOUISVILLE. MORNING LINE at 10 o'clock A. M. HEN hiiANKLINNe. 7, J. B. Sum-nous, .master on. J \rm trong. master. EVEN1N 4 LINE atfi o'clock P M. SIMON KENTON, W. MeCIain, master. BEN FRANKLIN No. 6, W. McClellau, master. These boats, forming two daily lines, will run regularly, lea viu* punctually at the honr, and will take freight ami passen gers to and from intermediate landings, at the usu I rates. Freight will be received for these linea at the Mail Wharf Boat, loot ot Broadway. Every effort will be used to accommodate shippers ?nd pas sengers. 8TRADEK k GOllMAN, ) ol lm?rrc ROGERS k SHEHB.Oi K, {Ag**"" FOR SAUGERT1ES AND^CATSKIl.. THE Splendid Steamboat JAMES MADI SON, Capt F. J. Copperly, will leave the foot ol'<Vdar street, every Monday, Wednesday, ?a? Jt>. anil Saturday, at 6 o'clock, PJV1. For freight or passage, apply on boaid, or to O. F. Waiuvyight, Agent, on the wharf. **' lm*mc NOTICE. The PEOPLE'S LINE have mad* arrange ?ments with the powerful steamers UTIt A .and NORWICH, to run to Albany (or as far as the ice will permit,) tvery day at 5 o'clock, P M. till further notice. New York. Dec. 3d, 1845. d4 r DRAFTS ON OH EAT BRITAIN AND 1HELAND.?Persons wish.ng to re mit money to any part of Great Britain or ' Irelasd, can obtain drifts of the subscribers ?for any amount, large or small, payable on all the priucipal towns and cities. W. Ik J.T. TAPSCOTT, <17 mc 75 South sr. enr. Maid?n Lane. BOSTON STEAMERS FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL THE Royal Mail Steamship CAMBRIA s.nd ACaDIA, will leave Boston for the l "boTe ports, as follows, v? Tlie Cambria, < . H. E. Judkins, Commander, on 16th Dec.'845. " Acadia. Win Harrison, Commander, on 1st Jan. 1816. Passage to Liverpool $120. Passage to Halilax 20. For freight or passage, apply to D BRIGHAM, Jr., Agent,? Wall st. No Berth serured until pa d for. d7 m *""" ?../>. OKAFTH t?N GRtAT BRITAIN AND IRELAN1>?Persous wijhiufc to remit mo ney to their friends in any part of England. 'IrelauJ, Scotland or Wales, can be supplied ?withdrafls payable at sight, without ii,s eouut, for any amount, from 41 upwards, at the following places, viz: In England?The National and Provincial Bank of Eng land: Messrs. J. Barned & Co , Eschange aud Discount Bank, Liverpool; Messrs. James But t 4i Son, Loudon, aud branches broughout England and Wales. Is InruANo.?The National Bank of Ireland, and Provin cial liwk aud branches throughout Ireland. lit Scotla.ni>?'The Eastern Bank of Scotland, National B .nk of Scotl utd, Greenoclt Banking Company, aud branches throughout Scotland. The steamship Cambria, sails from Boston ou the 16th An rust, by which all drafts can he forwarded free. Apply to W. ?t J. T. TAPSCOTT, jVlft re 76 South st, cor. Mnideu Iwue FOR LIVERPOOL?To succeed the Iler.ry .Pratt?Th? very fast sailing packet shii'STEt'HEV sLURtM AN, Conklin, master, will poMtit uly sail on tllr iltu lUSt. For jitsiage, having excellent accommodations in cabin and steerage, apply to ,17 mr JOHN HERDMAN k CO., 61 South st passage from great bri i-ain and . IR EL AND, via Liverpool Those seuding lor th ir ___i!r ei.dscan have tliein brought out at the It westru by ihe irgular line of p icket ships, s.iiliug every f eed\y<; i i ' drafts can, as usual, be furnished for any amount, IMvanl-i all the |.rtncip<l banking institutions throughout th- Uui.e Kingdom. Apply or address (if !>y letter, post paid ) to JOHN HERDMAN k CO., bl South street, New York. HERDMAN, KhiNAN U CO.. d7 m Liverpool ONLY REGULAR LINE OF PACKETS Ft.R .NEW t)RLE A NS? PS* ?plemlid last sailing packet _><inp ST. ivlARlr., . Hftaiu Fester, ?ill positively san ..n ? ediie-dny, December l?fh. he. regular day. Persons wishing to secure berths, should make early applica tion on board, foot of Wall st, oi to W. ?t J. T. TAP3C OTT, 75 Smth street, ,]7 mc cor ier Maiden lane. FOR SALE, J O CLOSE A CONCERN.?The .I.inn of Liverpool Packets, consisting of the ships ?Kuriui, P:o Ions. !?hendan ^nd Garrick. They were i on city by Brown k Bell, with nnusnal care; for mo dels. materials (a very large proportion of their flames being JiTe'oak)end workmanship, they are unsurpassed, if not uue qnailed. Salted ou the stocks and re-salted every year since. l'Heir accommodations for |iasseugers are very extensive and haniLoiuely furnished. Aliply to o31 E. K. COLLINS k CO., 56 Sonth st. FOR SALE-The barque DUC D'ORLEANS, .burthen pur tegiiter 310 tons, and carries 4,600 tnrrels fWMSilic was built at Bristol, Maine, of white oak, in )s:ll, Mai new ceiled, coppered and ihoroughly overhauled about eii hteen months since; is double decked; length 111 leet. breadth 27 fe t, belwe?n Hecks 5 feet 6 inches, hold 12 feet 6 inches. Apply to Captain HOOD LESS, on board, or to BOVD HINCKEN, 9Tontine Building, d2 mc No. 88 Wall, corner Water sts. FOR LIVERPOOL?The New Line?Regular .racket of 21st Dece mber.?The superior fast sailing -p.aeket ship LIVERPOOL, Capt John F'.ldridge.llOft turn Durtl.r n, will sail a? above, her regular day. Korfreicht jr passage, having splendid, large and comfortable ?tate root/is anil cabiu, anpU- on board, svest side Hurling slip, orto WOODHULL k MlNTURN, 87 South street Pi ice of passage SIM. The packet ship t^ueen of the West, 1150 tons burthen,Capt Phillip Woodboase, will succeed the Liverpool, and s-.il on h?'r?itnl?r'lav, Jl't J*n. n^?re TAPSOOTT'S GENRAL EM I OK ANT WKKKM E9, 7b South street, comer of Maiden Lane, New Votk, snd !tfl Warterloo Road, Liverpool PASSAGEFROM ENGLAND,IRELAND, SCOTLAND AND WALKS. PERSONS wishing to ??ml for their friend* in the ?old country can make arrangements wilh thesnb to have them bmuiihl out in lirtl cli?s packet tailing from Liverpool every live d?y?, st (lit- lowest rates. They are happy to auaouuee that Mr. VV Tanscott, one ol the firm, will cohtu.ue to reside in Liverpool for the pnipose of giving hu personal attention to ike i mbamation ?l nil pus acrpets whose pasiigo u paid st their office in New Yeik;uret their various agauciea throughout the United States; and those sending lor tfieu friends may lie assured lliat the s me at tention t? ihecomfort awl wants of passengers engaged by them and which lias gained lor them such wide spread popularity, will be continued through lats. Drafts, as nsual, for largo or small nuns, payable at sight without discount, in all I he principal cities and towns in Ihe United Kingdom, for sale as usunl, by W. IK. J. T. TAPSCOTT, ?Mine i Souili atreet. coraer Maiden Lane rA(J*Kt IjUR vIaRSMLLKS?The new IMca et ship ARCOLE, (amain Nathaniel W. Eieliegh, iWlll anil on Ihe 1st of January, llllli. 'For Irmght or paniag', apply to CHAMBERLAIN It PHELPS, 103 front itreet, or to BOYD fc lllkcKEN, i',r me 1 Tontine Buildings, No. HH Wall, ear. Water it*. ,y:-g' KOli NEW ORLEANS?Louisiana anil Sew yEIyQ^york Line?regular packet?To sail Saturday, 13,1, jHh-The elegant last suiling packet ship S A KTELLE Taylor, maater, will positively sail as above, her regular day. K )f freight or passage. having handsome furnished accom modations, apply on board at Orleans whan, foot of Wall st., or to E K. COLLINS h CO., M South at. Positively no goods received ou hoard after Friday evening, 12th Dec. I'nrketship LOUISVILLE, Hunt, master, will succied the f artt He, and sail 23d of December, her regular day. lilWi FOR LIVERPOOL?N?>w Line?Kegul.tr Packet M'ltx'MV0' *th Dec.--'I'll# elegant fast sailing l'ack t SIDDONS, E. B. Cobb, master, of 1100 tons, Will sail as above, her regular day. Hor freight or passage, navuig accommodations nnrqualledfor jcttnilor or comfort, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, font ol Wall street, or to E K. COLLINS & CO., M South street. Pnocof passage $100. Tie- elegant last sailing packer ship Sheridan, G. B. Cornish, inialer, of lion tons, will succeed the Siddons and sail /fith j Jan . Iter regular day n]9 j BOQUKTB AND PLANTS?The subscriber to ac jSnjEcominridate his numerous customers io the vicinity of ^jV^Lafayette PI icu. has arranged for an Order Hook to be kept at Mr. lileecktr's Ornithological De|>ot, 6 Astor I lace. (7,h street, near liroaduat ). Oi'leis left u above will be promptly attended to. aud imivertd lit any part of the city. JUS MONK, Florist, d63i'rh Railrrvd ami Thirtieth ?t Til ONfc riUck-?JRO?VN k CO. n-thathimsouare, jmL cornet (it .">. ti ?t vial, to inform the public ol their r<s:*iit ii/i11r'iveiii'1 ii' u. 'He mauufie'.ure and noun ol WW' THREE DOLLAR H ATS, which return a beautiful rich lustra and wi)l cocrpnic well with those more costly. 1 he proprietors ve confident th it theycau furnish iUta lar superior to buy heretofore sol'l for the same in ice. A full assortment of Ktuicv Fur#,*Uo Fur Cloth; Mohair, OImkmL Si k and faucy CIPS sev-rn |'|W jmtlerns, much admired, sold at reduced P, :0e. ? holraaU- and retail. "? LOOK AT THIS. IMPORTED FRENCH BOOTS of the bsst qu?l>'y laf at th'extraordinary low price of V" J D jubla Sol , the best article 2 - C ..ill Sole do ... * j,0 French Calf B >ols, made to order J ? French l alt Shoes ? ?i '.Jem. Hall Boon. , Dancing Pnmps, die nicest kind..... ? ' Dincing (Miters, with Patent Leather Ti s .. . . . . ... i ? And a ueuerul assortment of India Rubbersana an aiuus Overshoes, from the smallest to ihe tarKest^aUo a greiitas. KOituieut of Boys' Boots .lid Shoes; Misses and Children Ido. t ,d;? s in tills swe will till J the greatest assortment ol Gaiters, Hucknu. Siips, Ties, Quilted Shoes, 2??u ?d*SUns^ lud 'a Ru b Slips while and I lack Satin and white Kid Slips, lud a HUD Seli of all the different iiualitiea, sorts and ? smallest to the largest, and but oue price asked, at Jb7 Broad way , corner of FraiAlin streat. , rAHII.L n28 lm*r ' J? , ?i? premium boots. FINE FRENCH BOOTS for S3 50, city made, and for J style and durability, they are e.iual to those sold m other stores for 81. Fine l1 re.ir.h Premium lmi>enal Dress Boots for $4 10, euual to those now iu other "tores tor &6 or #7, at YOUNG St JONK'S French Boot and Shoe manufactory, one ofthe most fcahionable establ ishmentsin this city. Our boots having been judged in the l ite * air at Niblo's, are said to be the best boots for the price ever sold in this country. Also, a superior new stvle French Danciug Gaiters, and overshoes, const.-mily on hand. ? ? . a, All goods warranted to Rive satisfaction. Boot* and Shoes made to order ia the shortest uouee. Mending done iu the ??sw V0UN0?^gl%^Kra_ TO THE PUBLIC. GIVE MY ARTICLES A TRIAL AND JUDGE FOR YOURSELF ? WARRANT them Ml to be as repr neater!, or the money 'eMVdKAU LUSTRA I. HA1P RESTORATIVE. This universally approved at.'l admired article, free from ar dent spirits, pungent essen'ial oil, and rther destructive mate rials, cleans the hair expeditiously, renders it beantilully bright, and imparls to it tiie delicate fragrance of the- llowers.? Hair washed with this F.xtract soon becomes pleasingly solt and luxuriant iu iis growth : and it will positively bring in new hair on b <lil heads by its DM, and liair that has been made harsh, and is turning grey or falling out, by the use ol spirit or other improper preparation*, will soon be restored to its natural co lor and brilliancy.by a few applie-tions o! the.Eau Luttrai. It is a preservative against baldnees, and an infallible cure m Ml affections of the skin u? the head, a* djiidruff?and lo: pre venting the falling off of the hair and turning grey. It is the simple produce and I mined ate extract ol some plants salutary for the h nr, endowed with properties so highly cleansing that it disengages the Epidermis and Capillary tnbes of the corr sive anion of the Perspiration, and ol the dry and dead particles that it deposits. This preparation purines the liair, and gives to it a beautiful gloss and softness, aud an agreeable and vivifying Pertume. ? KVlUhsiNOlu. Nature i> pu iiiPihanstible riiiu?*t iu which experience ana ??udy vill alwnys find room to excavate ; it is that source, alinie, which produces all th ,t man calls invention, and winch he would dr> better, perhaps, t? name adajitatlous. For sale, whoU'sale and retail by JULES HAUEL, Perfumer and Chemist, No. 46 S iUth Third street. Philadelphia, and by my agents J. B. Jaoqueinod, No. 415 Broadway; f. A. Artauit. Lafayette Bazaar, Nos. M^ and 151 Broadway; A. Willard, S. W. corner ol Cedar and William streets Premium* wasawr.rded at the I'rauklm Institute. n!6 Itn re PARTIES. rpHK SUBSCR1BKR most respectfully intimates to the L fashionable public of New York, that he has established himself in the ornamental confectionary business. His[ ?pe rience of many years in this branch, gained in the greatest ca nitalsof Kuroiie and the United States, hi2 superiority of work manship, and as artist, enables him to funnsh parties and wed dings with Pyramids, Temples of any description. Ice Cream of all vaiieties, Charlotte Ue Russe Jellies, and all o.her nrtl L-|es belonging to the same profession, of superior style, and cheaper than any where else. His iilnce of manufactory ts not in one of the great thoroughfares, but those ladies who are pleased to give their orders, may rely on leiug served without disappointment, to their satisfaction. DSuiiers and suppers atteuded to, and ' nl3 3tawlm*rc No 121 SpriiiK str et GEOLOO V ? N AT U K A L HISTORY. WILEY Si PUTNAM, 101 Broadwny, KAVE ON HALE-ELEMEN I HI OF GEOLOUY. pre Pi.red for the nse of Schools and Colleges by W. S. W. Rusehenberger, M. D., U. S Navy, &c., illnstrated by 300en BrAlsoVRu?chc^erege^s First Books of Natural History con sidered by distil guisTied scientific men, in every section ofthe I luiterl States, to be the best aeries ol elemeotary works ever ?'orders'promptly supplied as ahove^iind^by n21 fiweod'rc No. !l >forth Fourth street, Philadelphia. ?DANC1NO AND WALTZING ACADEMY, No. 21 Howard STRKXT. SIO'NA 8i SIO. FERRERO have reopened their School, and will commeuce an entirely new class for Young La il ies and Masters on Tuesdays and > i idays at half past J DAVS OK TU'i riOK. - . Mondays and Thursdays, Wednesdays and Saturdays, and Tt^sdays and Fridays, at half Past 3; classes for Young Ladies and Masters. Monday and Thursday Xu'esdajs Daneimr and Walf/.'si* C lasses for Oeutlemen, on luesuaxs ariil Fridsy.t, a' 'hr same hour. Waltnng, Polka mid Mazovrka clas. hordo !.< V U'r.'i vui Tfinps, Po kaaud theMaaourka vill b(' tanght in all tie eja,ser djnng the term. Private Ies S-M1-, pr vat* class, '.and I "Hiding schools, punctually attend ed to Pr-vau .to,, '-v il! he uiien as usual. ?7 lme,.dV THk NAVY. , liriLI' Y Si PUTNAV, 131 Broadway, have for sale, flir.ts VV 'he Re-organ, xa'ion ofthe Navy," and an examana tion of a' itc.'ly 'o Hintsonthe re orgrntiation oftlM Navy. Two xeatlv PI' ted I'MO.phlets. o!5 eorl'.w ?. \ M I'H S' ? AP, composed of an eastern botanical discovery ol ?' ill pr siug eiflic cv (or rendering tli? skin soft and fair, as Well >,^ i-iii, .line a delicate roseale hue to the complexion. A? rcic.'tor and conservator of that most distinguishing ii, rm of li male lovfliuess, a transparent lair skin, JUL^S ll AUEL'S Nymph Soap, or E*u Divine de Venus, jtuyjb* ,,j t<> exert an ilmost inamcel power. Composed for the most J1t Of oriental balsamic planU, to the utler^clusionol a. mineral admixture, it is distinguished medicinally for it? ? treinely bl ind, purifying and soothing action on the skini ; and bv rc inn on the pores and minnte secretory vecsels, exiwis all impurities from the surface, allays every tendency to indamma noil, aid, by this method alone, effectually dissipates all rid !?..? tan pimples, freckles, sunburn, and other unsightiV cuta neous visitat .nns, so mimical to female loveliness. Its use will change the most bilious complexion into one of ra diaut whiteness; while on the neck, hands and arms, it be -tows a delicacy and fairness which its continued use will hap pily protect, with every appearance ol youthlul charm to the most advanced periods of lile. For sale, whole-sale aud retail, by^^ HAU?L| Practical Chemist and PerfumeT, 16 South Third street, Philadelphia, and by rav ageuts:?J. B. Jaeotiemnd, INo 415 Brradway; It, A. \rtault. Lafayette Bazaar. Nos 119 and lil Broadway; A. VVillari, S \V. comer oi Cedar and Will,am streets. Premium was awanltd at the Franklin Institute n 6 lm DUCKING GUNS. C CASES snpcrior Duck Uuna, of the moit approved length tf form, weight and bore. 5 cuei very superior Cocking Onn? 6 caaea low priced boy*' and larger (Junv The above (>n* are now in iture nml will lie tola at extreme low price*, J\l?o, full stock of Sporting article*, (luu materials, fcc. n24 3taw2m*rc A. W. 8PIK8 Si On, ?lfl Pearl (treet. GREAT REDUCTION IN THE PRICES OK THE PERRY IAN PENS. QUALITY IMPROVED. JAME8 PKRRY Ik CO., Iiave the pleaaur* to announce that in couieqnence of increaaed facility in the manufacture of their Pen*, they have reduced the price* to the level ofall other Pen* in the market, at the tam* time their superiority iu quali ty i? maintained. J. P. St Co. embrace this oyportimity to return think* to their it iTeroui friend* for the decided preference riven to the I'erry .an Pen* for * > many year*,and caution the public againit the spurious imitations which are frequently imposed upoa tliem for tlie genuine Perryian Pen*. Wold by all Stationer* and dealer* in Metallic feu*, and by THEODOHE KIPKE, Agent for Jame* Perry #l Co., London. No. 5 Liberty street aiid No. 74>4 Maiden Lane. n7 lmeod?rc ALBION LIFE INSUKANCK COMPANY. LONDON AND NEW YOKK. Instituted in 18(k). Cnpllal One Million Mterllng, or J5,(I00,0IHI. 'PHIS Company has been iu *ucce**lnl operation for FOIL 1 TY year*, and l'AY8 in CASH to those iu*ured on the participating scale, KIOHTY per cent of ALL the prolit* every THit KE year* at compound interest. All eligible risks haveihe great advantage of being confirmed ut once, i<arlictpaung from the d?te of their policies iu the tint division of profit*. Examples tf Rates far insvranre of $100. Age ne*t I Kor one I For *even I For whole life I Kor whole life birthday I year. I year*. without profit* with profit*. 25 I 98 | 1 03 | 1 94 | 2 17 3d I 1 06 I 1 :3 | 2 19 I 2<l 31 1 18 1 25 2 li 2 18 40 I 1 31 I 1 44 | } 00 | 3 39 Insurance at all age* from 10 to 74 year*, inclusive, from >400 to $15,000 on a single life. Medical Examiner*. J. W. Kranci*. Esq . M. D-, No 1 Bond meet. J. C. Be*lea, K*q , M. I)., No. 443 Broadway. Travelling limit* very liberal. 1'roapectu* with l atr*. an nuities. tic , and every information, can be obtained by appli. cation to me agents. JOSEPH FOWLER,)., ..... ? . R. 8. BUCHANAN, | W"" ,UrU' n4 3'awlm'rc rPO THE LADlf.S IN PARTICULAR?MY Dhl'ILA *? TOKY POWDER ha* been found highly beneficial and of great n*e to ladie* who have been afflicted with auperfliiou* hair, principally when it* growth ba* been confiued to the up per lip anil *ide of the face, giving a masculine turn to the whole featiire*. Wheu u*ed with proper care, and according to the direction*, it will be found to be a great addition lo the toilet,a* ibe u*e of any sharp instrument la rntirely avoided, and the hair ia removed ill five or ten nuuutea after it* applicit Hon. I hi. oompoa'tiomainfiUhbU, and warranted lo remove &u perilous hair. Alter unmeroii* trial* I have received certifi cate* ol success which cannot be conte*ted. V or sale, wholetnle and retail at JULES HAUEL'S DEPOT. ... , 46 South Third street, Philadelphia, and by mv agents:?J. B, Jacquemod, No. 415 Broadway; F. A. sir ? i,!/ a?*r, No*. 149 and 151 Broadway; A. W il,?r I, 8. " corner of Cedar and William* .treet*. Prea nms awarded at the hranklin ln?titut?. n!6 Im'rc MAUD SHAWLS.?2 buU* "104 extra heavy Mand Shawl*, just received |wr Stephen Whitney, and for sale at (he lowest market price, by 44 lw*mr A- JOURNfcAY, Jr. 15 William ti REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY. Navv DiPAkTMf-riT, Dec 1, 1845. 8in : During the past year thu usual "quadrom of the navy of the United States have been maintained. In the Mediterranean, Commodore Smith had command of the Cumberland and the Plymouth. He would have despatch ed the Plymouth to the black Sua, but leave wui refuted by the Ottoman Porte. He conducted r.ur newly appoint ed Consul to Tnngif rs, and insured his reception. Our ships in the .Vleditermnenn have usually been in active ut Port Muhon, duiing the winter ; this can be obviated by an inteichange of service The Plymouth has, thorei'ore, been directed to join th Brazil squadron, and the Cumberland has returned home ; their places will be taken at the opening of the season by u part of the present African squadron. The African squadron was organized by Commodore Perry, by whom frond sanitary regula ions were estab lished. He was relieved by Commodore Skinner, in the Jamestown, who lias shown equal consideration for the health of all under hi* command. Vet the Preble and the Truxton contracted disease, and, as an uc* of humanity, weie ordered to return home. The Southampton has been sent out with moron, to icmain on t .e cou<t. The .Marion and Dolphin followed as a reinforcement. The Boxeris destinod lor the same stution, and will sail im mediately. The Cumberland, beHiiugtho broad pennant of Commodore Read, will proceed in January to i elieve the Jamestown and Y'orktown, which will then ropuir to the Mediterranean. On the Brazil station, Commodore Rousseau, the first officer west of the Allegh&nie* ever selected to command a squadron, relieve* Commodore Turner. The Raritan will repair to the home squadron ; the Boston is ordered to return to the United States. The Columbia, tho Sara toga, the Plymouth and the Bainbridge will, lor tho present, constitute the Brazil squadron. Commodore Parker, after a very successful cruise, returned from the Asiatic station in September, bringing homo the Biundywine, tho St. Louis, and the Perry. At the Bay of Islands, Captain McKuever, in the St. Louis, had the happiness to render valuable service to the in habitants of an infant British settlement. In May, Commodore Kiddie vailed lor the Kast Indies, in commaud of the Columbus ship of the line, aud the Vincenues, bearing the Minister to China, and the rati fied treaty between the United States and the Chinese Emperor. The health of Mr. A. H. Everett, the Minis ter,having induced his return, thu exchange of the rati fications of the treaty was committed to the charge of Commodore Diddle, who will doubtless show that an able and gallant unval officer conducts satisfactorily all ufl.tirs intrusted to him. Tho Constitution is on her return from China, alter having visited different ports and islands in the Indian seas. The Pacific squadron, under Commodore Sloat, has, consisled ol tho ^dvaunah, tho Levant, the Warren, and tho Shark. The three first will return in 1H-16, and will bo relieved by the Congress, tho Portsmouth and the Cyane. The difficulty ol communicating with our ships in the Pacific makes it proper to suggest tiie advantage of a public mail through our own territory to a conve nient port in the straits olMuan de Fuca. Arrangements should ulfo be modo, at the earliest day that is proper, for getting supplies for our Pacific squadron irom our o wn soil and our own citizens in that region. Tho home squadron has been under tho command of Commodore Conner, who has distinguished himself by sound judgment in the performance of his duty. His force, which consisted of the Potomac, the Falmouth, tho Vandalia, the Lawrence, and the Somcrs, was weak ened by the return of the Vandalia, which visited Hay ti, and was driven home by the yellow fever, contracted ut i'ort au 1'rincc, where she had been ordered on duty. The squadron was increased by tho Princeton and Porpoise, the St. Mary's and the Saratoga, under Com modore Stockton, and soon after by tho John Adams, and the steamship Mississippi. The aggregate force oi Commodore Conner was inuch larger than hus usually rallied under one American pennant. It pave efficient protection to our interests in the <>ulf of Mexico, and contributed to spread a sense of security over ourcoun try to its extremo limit of the Del Norte. Deeming it of great importance to become acquainted with tl?e navy yards and establishments connected with the navy, 1 have, duriDgthe past summer, visited n'l of them, exceiit those at Pensn<-ola and at Memphis. They are generally in excellent order. The principal im provements in progress at those I visited uro at Brook Ivn, whore the work on the dry dock is advancing with efficiency and economy. The vicinity to a city which is the emporium of naval stores, and is crowded with sea men, ship builders, and excellent mechanics of all kinds, Rives to that yard great facilities for tho prompt repair ^nd euuinmcut oi sliiiis of war. At tiie naval asylum in Philadelphia, more than a lain d red veteran sailors are enjoying the ample provision wisely reserved lor the cumlort ol their declining )oars. Yet, 1 a ould earnestly advise that the buildings . f tho asylum, at their present locutiun, bo never en laigud, but that, alter it is full, new pensioners should he planed in some salubrious spot near the ocean, where tho i.ged seaman can watch ships as they come and go <ixl have old familiar objects within his sight. The charge on tho navy hospital fund, which is no ticed in the communication from the bureau of medicine ?vuii incurred in 1414, on the recommendation of thi chief ol that bureau, at whose undent nuggesJW-rr, 1h>u-ei lor tho governor and surgeon ol the asylum were au thoriz d to bo erected. Th ? expenditures hav. been cir. cumscribed, and the recommendation to encroach still further on the fund, by erecting other dwellings at other stations, has not been complied with Tho fund -hould he Bacredly reserved for the immediate and per -onal benefit of those from whose earnings it has ac crued. Nor have 1 thought it just to continue to appro priate a large part ol thu buildings at the asylum to the use of the midshipmen who weie preparing for tho es tablished examination, previous to their passing to a higher grade. Congress, in its great desire to improve the navy, had permitted the department to employ professors and in structors, at an annual cost of about jjS.iOO; and it had been usual, besides ttie few employed at the receiving ships and the naval asylum, to send professors with the midsh.pinen into every ocean and clime, Hut the snip is not friendly to study; and the office of professor rapidly degenerated into a sinecure; often not so much was done as the elder officers would cheerfully do for their juniors; the teacheit onboard the receiving ships gave little instruction, or none whatever; so that the expen diture was fruitless of great results. Many of the pro lessors were aide and willing, but the system was a bad one. Tho idea naturally suggested itself of seizing the rime when the midshipmen are on shore, and appropria ting it to their culture Instead of sending nngiatoiy prolessors to sea, with each handful of midshipman, the midshipmen themselves, in the intervals betwi-en sea duty, might bo collected in a body, and devote their t mo to suitable instruction. For the pay of the instruc tor* Congress has provided. In looking out for a mo lest shelter forth-r pupils, 1 was encouraged to ask for Fort Severn, at Annapolis. The transfer was readily made, by order of the Secretary of War, and a school was im mediately organised, on an unostentatious and Irugul ; lun. This insti ution, by giving some preliminary in struction to the midshipmen belore their first cruis, by extending an affectionate but firm supervision over thern is they return from sea, by providing for them suitable culture before they pass to n higher grade, by rejecting from tho service all who fail in capacity or in good dis position to u?e their time w ell, will go far to renovate ind improve th ? American navy. The plan pursued has been'unprotending, but, it is hoped, will prove efficient. A lew professors give more ,nd better instruction, than four-anrt-twenty at sea. No supernumerary officer has been ordered to Annapolis; no idle man is attached to the es aldishment. Comman der Buchanan, to whom tho organisation of the school was entrusted, has carried hiinstructions into effect wi h precision end sound judgment, und with a wise adap ation of simple and moderate means to a great and noble end. Let not Congress infer that new expenses are to be incline J. Less than the amotiut that has hith erto been at the disposition of the department for purpo ses of culture, will support the school, and repair and enia ge the quarter*, taccived from the hospitality of tre army. At Washington, the admirable instrument* provided for tho Observatory have been placed under tno charge of officers of the navy, who are well aware that the op poituniiies afforded them for advancing ustromical science, aie unequal led on this continent, and scarcely surpassed in Kurupo. lteiults honorable to the country may, therefore, be justly expected of them. From that institution charts are lurnisiied to the navy at cost; anil iho instruments used at sea are theie preserved, cor rected and repaired. Would it not ba well that tho plates of all charts authorised by Congress to bo on graved, should be deposited there, as the placo most ap propriate for their preservation and uso I It was h subject of great legret that the pressuro of business left no oppornity to visit the yards at tho Mouth and Southwest. 'I he plans for their improvement should be such as will not interfere with or injure each other. Tensucola, by its position, arrests public uttention. The socurity uf our naval power in the Gulf of Mexico depends, in a great measure, ou its condition and re sources. The events of the summer show conclusively the necessity for a liberal provision at that station of all th-< means essential to a well furnished and efficient na vy-yard. A large estimate lor that yard is there-lore pi e sented, although I dosire to await lurther information before finally approving tho proposed mode of its ex penditure. Memphis, on the contrary, being in the heart of tho country, on an ocean river, yet a thousand miles from the sea, is inappropiiate for the rep irs of ships of war; but, in building steamships, it maykcompete with Uostou, Now York, and Philadelphia -with St. Louis, < iilcfnna ti, and Pittsburgh, it lies, moruover, just below the great hemp growing region, and recommoiided by its

position for the establishment ol th* manufacture ol cor nige. A rope-walk, with the latest improvements, is tli reforo proposed, so that the West may not only pro duce. hut manufacture, the hemp used for the American uavv. I have disapproved some of the details of the plan proposed for the navy yard at Memphis, because if was framed on a scale of extravagant expenditure, which, lor the mere work of preparation, would have consum ed inany years, and would have cost, by estimate, at least two millions of dollars, and which contemplates the residence ol many officers, civil and naval, who in any event wouiil bo useless. I recommend that Con gress confine tho use of the moneys it may appropriate, first, to the immediate construction of a rope-walk, and, next, to simple arrangements for building and equipping steamers. To introduce at thu West the manufacture of American hemp for the navy, will prove a national be nefit The UniUd States should preduco all the hemp used in its navy. Enterprise, climate, and soil, leave no doubt that it may be raised and prepared ol the beat quality, and at prices within the limit pi ascribed by law To in I sure that end, I cave the subject early and continued at tention: and nothing but American hemp ha? been re i ceived un ,er any contract made since I > aine into ttie de partment. Finding, by short experience, that to insist < n the insertion at Charlestown, as heretofore practic ed, would be injurious to the western planter, 1 directed that, while all who hxd m 'de contract-, at prices based upon inspection mid delivery at < harlestown should be held to fulfil their engagement*, purchases should be made of three hundred tons, during the present fiscal year, to bo delivered and finally inspected at Louisville and St. Louis. The subject of like defences is reserved for a special communication The caro of the reservations and plantations of live oak. 1 lecointi.erid, should be transferred to the laud ' office, which aloue has the proper means of ascertaining | titles, an<l which can assume the charge with less ex I pens* and greater efficiency than this department. 1 may ask leave during the winter to present some suggestions on the organization of the depsrtment and its bureaus. The prudent contract system requires modification, so that no fraud to the United State* may shield itself un- ' i dor tbo letter of the law, or contracts be given out at i prices e ceeding the markot price. I The balance of appropriations on hand will, it is be lieved, with flie exercise of rigid economy, be sufNuient lor the remainder of the fiscal year. The estimates for I the next yearcontemplute no incieuso in the force em | ployed during the present. Those for the civil depart i ment are precisely the same as were gr nted for the cu.-- 1 rentyear. I'er the improvement of yurds and docks,! ] recommend only what the chief of that bureau declares to be ubsolutoly necessary. Some of the shore stations ' which had been needlessly multipli d, have been abol isbed; in transmitting the estim.it* lor the remainder, 1 , nmfar from expressing .111 opinion that no lurther reduc- I tion should bo made. The estimate for provisions and that for pay rest on the basis <f the present lestriction by law to seven thousand five hundred men; but the ?s- | timato for pay, without prop' r retrenchments by Con- i grexs, may prove deficient As the marine corps is placed under the direction of the Navy Department, it becomes my duty to present I the estimates for it? support. Its services on ship-board ! are highly valued ; its evil consist.') in its luxury of field j officers, who have no duties to perform proportionate to their pay o.id emoluments During the past year this burden has been increased. JJy a decision of your pre decessor, an addition has been made to the pay of its gal laut colonel commandant ; and although the procedure on which tlio decision rests has never had the sanction of the House of Representatives, and apparently con diets with law, I have not felt .justified in withdrawing f'iom the consideiation and decision of Congress the es timates of that officer for his own increase.I pay and the pay of his aldde-cnmp, an officer heretofore unknown to the corpn and ol doubtful propriety. The marine corps is not a brigade?not even a regiment. It is never as sembled ; seldom even does a full company come to ' gether. It serves in small detachments, commanded cbiefiv by junior officers. Though about two-thirds of the corps woio, in summer, on ship-board, all the field officers remain on shore. Of thirteen captains but one i< at sea, of forty lieutenants, bbout seven are at sea. At ono shore-station u major, a captain, and three lieuten ants have had charge of at>out twenty-eight men. An iucrease of the officers of tho corps is, therefore, not needed for naval purposes, even on an increase of the men. For the increase of the navy no estimates are pre sented The department awaits, on that subject, the instruction of Congress. Vet it is to be oberved that, in comparison with other nations, our navy is poorly sup plied with sea-going steamers?which cannot, indeed, In the present state of science, form the main reliance of a Fiptadrori, but, as auxiliaries, are of vast advantage Tie Mississippi and tho l'rinceton are our only efficient vessels of that character on tho ocean. Should it be de termined to increase this class ofships.it is desirable that the best experience slionl 1 be consulted in their construction ; and that doubtful novelties, especially iuch as conflict with the known lSws of mechanical forces, should be disregarded. I earnestly hop# that our gallant navy .during the next year, as heretofore, inay perform its whole duty, dis playing tho (lag of our leputilic in every ocean, protect ing our commeice, extending the bounds of human knowledge, over-awing Femi-barbarous nations, restrain ing the piiatical traffic in African slivos, and by its pre sence promoting the preservation of the peace of man kind. It contains all tho elements of efficiency It has able and skilful offieers, who comp ite with alaority for every post of danger an-l adventure. Its men oxcel in seaman s nip, c.oHiBge, and fidelity to their country. Unsuited to purposes of maritime dominion, it inspires respoct for tiie American flag in every part of tiie world. Vet a re gard for its best interests, a desire to promote the wel lure of its meritorious ollicers, und a sense of justice to tlie country, induce me to add, that its annual cost is dis propcitionute to its magnitude ; and the system of its or ganization and preferment!) deprives merit of hope, by conferring the highest rank in the profession without much regard to capacity or previous activity in tho pub lic service. Age alone now claims precedence-though that claim is unauthoiized by tho constitution, and unsustuined by !?W. Seniority demands promotion as its right, and the highest rank and pay are awarded to the longest life.? Vet the chances are that tho oldest are not the most meri torious. Kxcellonce seeks tho opportunity of displaying itself, and is selected for the most perilous nnd wasticg service: wlulo mediocrity iiils to bn employed, and ob tains length of days in safo and affluent retirement.? l'romotion by seniority in a premium upon inactivity. .Many of the test among tho older officers received high promotion whilo comparatively in early life. The younger officers of to-day aro equally full of* talent and ambition ; but the present system refuses to them the op portunity of command while life is in its vigor, and re serves it for the decline of their powers In consequence, the average age of captains is constantly increasing, and in already nemly sixty. The aveiugn number of annual promotions is about two. Tho average age of comman ders, from whom captains are and should be taken, is not much less than fifty. From their irreat numbers, the little lea-service to which they are called is favorable to longevity. Co-.itiuue tho present usage twenty years longer, a'nd, while hope will be crushed in the youog men in tho service, the class of commanders will it?e<I bo composed of none but aged men, and there will not be a captain under threescore years and ton. This custom discourages tho most worthy, and leads the incapable and indolent to cling with tenacity to their commissions. Why should tho incapable be promoted / Why should they be allowed to postpone tho promotion of the capa ble f Why should gallantry, temp#ranco, integrity in tho payment of debts distinction by service at sea.woigli 110 more than opposite considerations ? Why should men deficient in capacity and inoxperienced in their profes sion be advanced, and, as a consequence, officers with every naval and manly virtue, and the brilliancy and vigoi of matured powers, be left to wait till great age gives them the preferment which genius, Uacrity, and merit could not attain ? No naval service can maintain an efficient and eleva ted character under a long continuance of a system which levels merit and demerit, and tends to change tho profession of tho navy from a career of rewarded honor to a career for a livelihood. It is not strange, under this system, that the navy even contains a very few officers who have scarcely been at sea, and soma who have not ;,een sea service enough to accomplish them in the pro per qualifications of their profession. Those that are capable?and our service abounds in them?those and those only should he promoted. The office of captain in the navy is a high executive trust.? Like tho judges of the Supreme Court, lie considers him self as appointed Tor life. The oldest Captain, when in (?ervice, receives a salary equal to that of a Justice of the Supremo Court of the United States; the pay of the youngest captain, even when doing no duty, and only wai mg orders, is much above the average salary of tho district judges of the United States. Me bears tho flag of the country to foreign climos; he has authority over efficers and men; he directs the power of armed squad rons; lie is the protector of the persons and interests of our citizens abroad. The body of captains should be a body of chosen men. There should not be among the number one of doubtful merit. The nomination and con firmation to that ,po?t should be octsj of solemnity, fixing the attention of the country, enhanced in value by approving public, opinion, and conceded to those only wboso characters and career are guarantees of honora ble conduct and professional merit all their life long. Selection, it is objected, will degenerate into favorit ism. In promotions there should certainly be no favor. The records of tho department, or the concurrent opin ion of officers, will disclose professional merit. If these could be disregarded, the Senate may interpose. If the Senato yields, the voico of public opinion, the press, the vigilance of party, the restorative influence of the popu lar will, would, ir. the end, mnko impartiality a necessi ty?would ceitainly protoct merit from neglect. Indis criminate promotion is injustice to the country, and, if persevered in, will prove fatal to the navy. The efficiency of the service demands a reduction in the number of olAcers in active service or awaiting it. Sadden, indiscriminate, ami excessive promotions com pel tho recommendation of such a reduction. There are so many captains and commanders, that, under existing laws, were all capable of commands, and each cruise to consist of three years, each captain would ho at sea once in twelve years, each commander once in eighteen years. This evil attracted the attention of tho last Con gress; and the po > or so4iecessary to the service, ot pla cing a reluctant officer on furlough, was restured to the deportment. I have been informed that this power was granted with a view to have a large part of the captains and commaudeti put on half-pay. lint it does not fully appear 10 on the record The experience of the summer leaves me confident in the belief that a large number of captain) and of commanders might, with public advan tage, bo placed on furlough, and smaller proportions of other grades. Should Congress direct this to be done, their will can. perhiips, be carried into effect with less division of opinion in the service than might at first be apprehended? especially if the turlough-pay were in some cases to be one-half of the pay of officer* on duty at sea. A board of officers, properly constituted, and the records of the department, with other information with- ] in roach, would readily make tho necessary discrimma- I tinm. The service should be relieved from the burden of car- ' rvmg along so very much greater a number ol officer* than can be employed. It i* not just to the people of the United States to retain on pay, us waiting order*, men who, since their promotions, have received orders, and, from the [exeessot officer*, and for other reasons, can nev or [oboy them. None should have the pay as waiting orders but those who arc one day to receive orders, and are iihlo and willing to obey them. Seme very few havo lived at ease on shore for so many inactive year*, having no connexion with the navy but to take rank and pay, that a want of knowledge of their profession has become added to original inaptitude for the aervice. The benefit to the country, by puriuing the courae I have pioposed, would be incalculable. They who know our officer. will agree that, after proD?r aimmutiow. you might In vain look through the world for a .ervice that would do more honor to iti country. Wherever the principle of discrimination hM bw applied, the navy has been benefited. Some yearsag, thu rule wai established for the corp. of ,urKeo.1*'? , the result ha* given the navy a body of well-ed"cat? and well trained surgeon?, of which any nation might ^The same system ha? been applied during the summer to the engineers, and with very beneficial results, it is the only system which will shut the door against favor, and prevent the offices in the navy from becoming branches of an authorized pension list. This is seen most dacidedly in the case of masters ? The United States navy has the grade of master?a high statiou well paid, and requiring great ability and expe rience at sea. Full P?V i? lu thirty one masters;of this number, some are, and have ever been, incompetent to their duty ; nor can I learn that more than six or five, r h our or throe, are able to navigate a ship - Those who are, and by an examination prove themselves to hnvo everbeen, incompetent, should be di.chaeged; Uie re^t should be employed in their turn at sea, or be ,>UTo U.e'y"ounger branch of tho service, I have felt no scruple to extend somewhat farther th.in wa. here o^ fore usual the principle of diMrimtnaion.bTauthonty r.f the denartment. The number oi midshipmen w gradually become ho reduced, that new Togi i to be made. A medical survey end jion of the candidates for appointment, have been pre *C u would be very desirable if a system of free com peti tion for appointments could be devised, which wouU preclude all possibility of favoritism. I ought also to add that many of tho best friends of the navy believe the cumber of midshipmen should be brought within asti narrower limit than that which is at pi^ent e.tabllshed bylaw. If Congress also should be of that opinion, I would rocommend that lor every five vacancies which may occur, two only should be filled, until the number ijt still farther reduced I regret to be obliged to ask the interposition of on gross Tor new legislation respecting the crops of pursers^. The law of August J6, 18-U. gives them, on leave or waiting orders, the same pay as surgeons, that if, large and increasing pay, according to the number of) Mrs they have been in the service, without reference to their sea-duty or present merit. Under tho operation o. this law, tlu? old purser, doing nothing on shore, M lie quently paid more than tho faithful young purser, whom iluty carries round the world. Tho consequence is na turally a great love of the shore. Will not ( *?" medy this, and make it fer the pecuniary interest ol pur sers to perform their duty at soa 1 11 thu can be ac comtilished, their number needs uo increa.-e. In the army, disbursing officers periodically come be fore the Senate to be continued anew. Would it notb# veil to extend this principle to the navy, and to require that pursers should, once in every few years, be ?'i"J?ct to re appointment T And would it not be a good rule that no purser should be re-appointed w ho has not, w ith in a reasonable period, performed a cruise Changes in the present law are needed to protect the treasury. Balances aro sometimes retained too long for which the best remedy is prompt settlements. 1 hree months aie now allowed to disbursing officers within tne United States, to render their accounts ?hc effl cient pursers will agree, unanimously, thai for them lortylve days are ample for the purpose, f Congress will establish that limit, I believe the auditor will be able to settle their accounts within the next for<y-five days, to the immense benefit of themselves and the public service. Meneys con only come into their hands on specific requisitions for specific purposes, and ought never to be diverted,by them to the payment of their own claims, real or pretended, against the United States These claims, in some cases, extend back twontj years and, when traced to their origin, are not wire fluently found to be based on services which, when ten dered, were recognized as a regular duty- Such un founded demands purser sometimes pay by retaining public money in their hands, constituting themselves nidges in their own cases, and vexatiously persist ir ' arrying them forward in their accounts, alter they hav? been repeatedly rejected by the legally constitute, authorities. If pursers desire to hold large sums of pub lie money for the purpose of contending in courts agains the decisions of the accounting officers, sustained by th. opinions of tho Attorney General, they should first be come pnvato citizens ; for while they are contending the government must l?se their services, or expose it soil to the charge of undue advantage, in sending then from home. It is, moreover,.manifestly unsafe to trus them under such circumstances, with further amount: oi tne public money. This subject calls lor the actioi 'The law of January 31, 1823, requires that disbursing ollicers who fail to render thou bccounts lor settlement i? due time shall be promptly reported to the p?"den of the United States, and dismissed from the public ser vice. Might not this law be extended with great pro priety and advantage to those who, upon a settlement of their accounts, are reported as holding balances, and \ ho on requisition by the proper authority, reluso or no gleet t cT pay i nto the treisuJy the public money re maining in their hands I Although the aggregate num b?r of disbursing officers in the service need not be in crewed an improvement might be made, by establish itiir within the present limit, the grade of assistant pur .?n The services of this grade would be chiefly called lor in the smaller vessels, and their pay being regulated by the amount of their responsibility, might pro lerly be less than that of the pursers. As vacancies l-cur among tho pursers, these assistants, if on exami nation they proved themselves to be fitly ,0J th* higher duties of their profession, might well be promoted^ \ systi m would thus be formed which would prevent the appointment of the inexperienced and incompetent. The excess of officers exists almost exclusively in the highor grades ol the navy. Of the forward officers, tho interests of the service demand that the number, es racially of boatswains and gunners, should be a little in I creased. If permission were granted to appoint six act ing boatswains, and oi liauy ucting gunners, it would be but a reasonable alleviation to a class ol men who now, from their liir ited number, are almost alwajs at ?t has been my strenuous endeavor to make the con. dition of the seamen in the public employ such as (.on ? ress designed. The apprentice system, as heretofore leirulated, though it has prortuced some excellent sea Mien has not been wholly successful ; but it is believed that the failuie has arisen from detects of arraugement, Hnd not fiom the system itself. An attempt will be made to revive it, in a simple, unpretending form, and with the hope of beneficial results in the increase ol accom plished American seamen. Meantime, our mercantile marine, of nearly one hundred thousand men, readily \ ieldi patriotic and skilful crews to our|hip8 of-war. fho limitation of these to seven thousand five hundred men has never in the past summer been exceeded, and has had a wholesome effect iu compelling reductions at u'ls'the"gfory'of'our navy that our sailors ore held by p(lection anid choice. They enlist voluntarily ; they are freely discharged oil their return from a cruise; and ss rwa to the commanding officer. No otner officer *ort a command will inflict punishmont, except after due examination into the offences charged. The custom of delegating this power to *?hordinate officer, is a tlagrant violation of the will of Congress and the -leonle. The men have rights, and must be protected in them. Experiences shows that discipline is never so iiood as when the commanding officer sets the of subordination,by obedience to the law. of his^countrj. Kreedom to enter the service; protection in their rights during their service; freedom to leave it after a cruise; skilful medical attention, with comfortable quarters at natal hospitals, in case of sickness; a pension in case of ?usability , a home at the naval asylum in old age-the*? provisions show that the sailo* has not been neglected U'\ rnnnot'cl'oi'e this communication without repeating that the ovils in our navy to which I have called atten tion soring from the delects in the system that has been followed, rather than from the want of proper I*?""1 dualities in the officers. A period of peace, which it is I-.O hoped may continue, left employ mentateaw ith out the strong attraction that comes from the imminence o! danger and the prospect of winning renown; and the department, while it possesses authority to summon into activity the services of all, without exception, has >et had no opportunities of rewarding those who distinguish iiininMlves by alacrity and capaeity. An exploring ex Sei, wa^ indeed, sent firth 'and kept at sea tor a one suries of years, and many cases of ordinary employ ment ha" e imposed great hardships and privations , but not a lieutenant or u midshipman has in any one instance received .o much as the slightest advancement bevond thoke who remained during the same period on thoie oi it easier stations. Ours6 is the only service where activity and inactivity have fared alike; anil it is the hnrhest evidence of the capacity and integrity ol our othcers and tho vast amount ol talent wh>ch a proper mv ,"m would call forth, that in spite of this usage o indifference, which prevails in no other country, and ought no longer to prevail in our own, the sentiments ot honor and the pride of protessional duty have still edu Cited gallant officers enough to secure to otir tiavy the confidence of the country an (j^({j fro A NC HC?KT. To tbt President of the United States. Court Intelligence. GcncRAL Snf9io.il, Dec. 8.? Before Recorder Tall madge and Aldermen Henry and Meaaerole Forfeiture of Recognizances ?Joseph 8 Ni*on, indict ed for a grand larceny ; Pator Kitiaimmons and Patrick Hibbets, for petit larcony "and Thomas Brady, Killmw Chapin, Joseph Morey, and John McCleeater, severally indicted for anault and battery, tailing to appear lor trial, their reipective recognizance* were declarud to be forfeited. Case nf William H. Moore.-Metiri. Coulter, Bai-tlett, Moore, Page, andlieebe, indicted for a conspiracy, being called upon for trial, James M. Smith, Jr., Esq. lose and niovod the Court to grant a separaie trial lor hia client, William H. .Moore, on tho ground (hat, in thn month ol ' September last, a certain attorney and counsellor at law, nracUciog in thiH Court, induccd Moore to give him an order on a cleikin tho Police Office for f.WA, which amuuot he received, since which pctiod tho honorable counsellor Iih.1 kept himself at a very reapectlul distance from hia client In consequence of this ; roceeding, Moore had been unable to procure bia witnesses and prepare lor trial. The decision of the Couit was re aerved until to-morrow. No cases being ready, the Court adjourned until this morning. Wm. Morris haa been aentenced to the Alabama penitentiary for 30 years, for enticing slaves away to a ire# State. X Mobile, Nov. 30, 1846. Commercial Intelligence. The transactions in cotton have been limited du ring the past week. There was a reduction in rates from the quotations I gave last week ; but after the arrival of the advices per Britannia, there waB a further decline, say i a 4c. The sales lor the week ending last night amount to 5700 bales. The exports for the same time were 6190 bales;.the receipts, 6804 bales; making the amount on hand, together with that previously received, 36.S35 bales, against 38,711 bales last season. The foreign news had the effect of advancing St. Louis brands of flour to $7 60; Ohio $7 25 Whiskey also has advanced 2 a 3c. above last quotations. In exchange there has been but little done. The market is well supplied with foreign funds, but no demund. Wo note that tho best signatures ir<> off heavi ly, tor Bills on England, 60 days, at 6J a 6} per cent, premium. Tin* re has beon a demand for New Orleans funds here during tho last three day, and rates have been steady at , 3 61 per cent, premium. The notes of our State bank and branches are in demand at 1 per cent discount, and | the circulation is limited. Tho Planters' and Merchants' > Hank certificates oi deposit aro a', par. There are no 1 notes in circulation. Freights are dull. The ship St. I.eon mnde nn engage ment to Liverpool at 0 16d.; the bark Southerner, to boston, at Jc ; being all the transaction* this week. | Shipmasters are holding out for Jd , but they will not be abio to realize it until our rivers open. The Alabama and lligbee still continue lower than is usual at thin ?ee : ou. It is only the lightest draught steamboat* that can run, they bringing less than ball loads. Vessels are in good demand to curry lumber to Cuba and Texas. Police Intelligence. Due. 8.?Petit Larceny ?Amos Edwards, a hand on hoard the st- amboat Columbia, was arrested this morning by officer Chedje, of the 3d Ward, for stealing one overcoat, one dress coat, and a pair of new boots, valued at $21, belonging to Charles H. Taylor, colored cook on boaid tho above boat. This clothing was dis covered concealed under the boiler, having been taken lrom the cook's loom by some persons unknown. How ever, by watching near the boiler, this Edwards was seen to pick up the clothing, and deposite it in the baggage room, tinco which time the whereabouts of this propeity cannot be found ; consi qoently, the cook j charges Kd winds with the theft. Injustice to Edwards, we would s ate that he gave an explanation respecting ! his participation lie says that he found this clothing 1 tying under the boilei, picked it up and placed | it in the bagguge room for safe-keeping. Justice i Drinker held bun to bail to answer. Petit Lai cenies-? Susan Ripley was caught in the act of carrying off a child's chair, valued at $1, the property of Charles li. Huntington, ld:i Chatham street. Com mitted. Ned Wilson and Jack Riley were grabbed last night, by a policeman of the 1st Ward, making tracks i with a new coat, worth $o, belonging to Otis O. Car bett. Locked up. Jtrrest on Suf/ttciun.?Officers from Philadelphia and Baltimore arrest--d. a few days Ago, in this city, a man c.illed Dr. Hatch, (well known in Baltimore) on suspi cion of some participation in the robbery of Living ston's valuable trunk at Rochester, some time since, lie is kept clote in one of cur hotels, at present. Jl Caution to fftdotoert.?Mr John Murry, who keeps a cap store at No. 06 Catharine street, was unfortu r.ute enough to lose his bet er half some short time ago, but fortunately left with an interesting family of seven " babies," the oldest being about 10 years old?when one day an interesting lady applied to Mr. Murry to learn the uit and mystery of sewing caps?stating she had not lung been in the country, being a native of the mother land, sweet old Ireland. John feeling struck with her , personal appearance, engaged her services to sew. This i sowing very soon turned to wooing, and John made her an ofler, which she jumped at, " cap" in hand, and was i married in less than throe weeks courtship, much to the Kreatannoyar.ee and discomfort of the children. This | interesting wife turned out n complete devil?beat the children, drove them out t.f the house, and to -'cap" all, broke her husband's head with a poker. This last step | Mr. Murry thought was carrying a joke a little too far; : consequently he applied to Justice Merritt for redraw | (knowing that he spliced Captain Shindly.) praying thai i lie might be unspliced by the worthy Justice; butbeing i informed that his power did not extend quite ho far, was i (''impelled to content himself by making hit complaint against this troublesome jib for an uiinult with a poker, i tnieatetiing to dash out his brains. The ?a.?iiutwu handed to Officer Hitter, who escorted the beauty before the magistrate, who committed her to the Tombs for re pentance. Extensive Rohbery.?Stolen, between Waltham and Boston, December 5th, a bluck trunk, !0 or 12 inches ' long, brass handle and brass nails, containing money [ nnd checks to the amount of $16,U9 91. A ;eward of ? ?SuOO is offered for the recovery of the money a:.d detec | tion of the thief, by the Waltham Bauk. Decisions In Clutncery. I Before the Hon. Lewis 11. SanJtord, Assistant Vice Chan cellor Cornelius McLean rt. Towle anJ oliu's?J. M. Martin for complainant; N. D. Eiiingwoou to- defendant. Deci de ' that complainant, h? a surety, is entitled, without re gard to the assignment fruin Pike.to enforce Tike's mort ?; igo. Decree lor debt and costs accordingly. Major Thompson and wife vt CttrmichcrCs Executor's j a d others?C. O'Conor for complainr n:g; D. M. Cowdrey ior defendants. Decided that tho statute as to hotchpot i.i lands, does not apply lo partial intestacy, and that the annual sum allowed by the master to the widow, is rea I sonable. Decree accordingly. J. .1. Clarke, Administrator, ij-e. vs. John Fisher's ?Ad ministrator.?E. II. Owen tor complainant; E. Saodford for defendant. Decided that the dofeniinnt is liable for the money used by his '^-administrator, diverted through defendant's concurrence. Decree for sum found due, but without costs. John R. Snediker's heirs, fc. vs. C. Loomis and othrrs? Lee and Van Wyck tor complainants; C.P. Smith for | defendants. Deciee that defendants rvlea.ie and convey ' the " homestead" according to prayer of bill. Eduii'd H. Swain, vs. Eiiz. Smith an J others.?S. Bar ker and W. Silliman for complainant; J. M. .Smith, Jr , I lor defendants. Decided that the defence set up is not | pioved. Decree for foreclosure and sale. | Thomas S. Gihhs and wife vs. T. Gibsan and others.? | D. D. Lord and D. Lord lor complainants; O. G. Waters and Win. Sam'1. Johnson for Jenkins and others; D ?'vans fur Gibson Decided that the now leases enured lor the benefit of the mortgagees, and the lien continued in equity on the tenement*! in question. Decree for en lorciug former decree for debt and costs accordingly. Daniel Bates cj. Q. and P. Roe.?G. D Beers lor com plainant; B. G. Ferris and H. S. Walibridge for defend 0 Jits. Decided that the tisnsaction was a sale and not a 1 Jan, and tne securities are not usurious. Decree for complainants. (Argued at Ithaca.) David Haunter vs. (Jauntlrtt's administratrix.?8. Crit tenden, Jr.. and B. Johnson for complanant; S. B. Cush ing and G. D. Beers for defendant. Decided that tha bond and mortgage are usurious. Defendant to give up and cancel the same. No costs to either party. (Argued at Ithaca.) Superior Court. Before Chief Juitice Jones Dkl. 8? Willis v?. Bf.U.?This case,which has been be fore the court for the week past, and the particulars of which havo been fully repotted, engaged its farther al lien up to the hour of adjournment to-day. It will pro bably occupy the most of this week ere its final conclu sion. Before Judge Oakley Charlti Urllingtr vs Rleaztr Crabtree tt nit.?This was an action brought to recover tne value ol' eight hundred ' bales ot cotton, purchased upon speculation in the year ' 1841, and intended lor shipment in the packet ship Hot tingeur, from Mobile to llarre. The ship was consigned to the plaaintirt in Mobile, who in hi* zeal, and with the psospects of a handsome advance before him, concluded purchase* to 'he amount of $150,000. This cotton was then shipped to Hottinguer ft Co , Havre, by whom it was sold, and the proceeds carried to the credit of h Mr. Wilder, a party partially interfiled in tho purchase He, however, failed in his business engagement*, and the plaintitt brings this suit lor the reoovery of his own individual claims. Arrosted in its further progress by the ability shown in the procuring of a non-suit. Common Plena. Before Judge I'lshoetter. I)?:i . b.?Terrtnct O'Hrtin vs Charlri S Jtn4rnt$.? This Court was engaged in the hearing of this case, In volving the collection ot a note given without considera tion, and Icr the purpose of covering a business transai" tion of but ordinary importance, ana haidly worth a de tailed account. Healed verdict to-morrow morning. Court Calendar?1Thla Vmy. CoMMow Pleas.?41, 193, 171, 40, 48. 40, 81, 13, 83, 40 Surr.aioa Covars.?9f>, 18, II, 19, 13, It, IS, 19, 90, 9a, 97 to 33, 9,91. JUIecel latino us. An aiwoctation has been formed at Boston having lor its object tho assistance ot native artists, by furnishing them means to improve themselves in their favorite pur suits. Kotir painters?Messrs. Ames, Ball, Read and Fuller?have been named, and it ia proposed to raise, by subscription, the sum of three thousand dollars to aid them in producing, within six months, four original paintings, the most meritorious to be engraved on steel in the best manner, on a plate twelve by flftean inches in size.aiul distributed to the members of tha association The members, one thousand in number, are to pay three dollars, and each of them will have a chance of winning one of the four paintings. An estate on Summer street, near Trinity Church, containing about three thousand minara feet ol land, whs sold ljst week lor the large sum of f'M.OOO, being over eight dollar* per toot It i* thought (hat before the lapse of many year* this street of elegant lem.lencei. will be improved tor stores. In tact, all the houses east of Washington street must give way to the onward match of business enterprise The limts ol Boston pro per are alieady get ing to bo too ?imall lor its re?tlen'< and hustling population ?Jtos/e* Ctmrinr. A good joke is told of a New Otli *n? Gram* Jury A propoiition was mailo to indict a dealer in lottery ticket*. Several of the jury were ven den e to find an indictment, when the Koreman proposed that ?ach juror'* pocket-book should be aahihitsd, and if a majority were found not to contain iut'ery tickwta, than an indictment should be found, and if a majority were found not to contain lotteijr tickets, then au indictmen' should be found: and rice ver$a. The examination wa? gone into, and tha dealer waa not indicted.

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