Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 13, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 13, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. \eu Vurk. Saturday, December 13, 1845* WEEKLY HERALD. The W'ttkly Iltrald, to be refdy nt 8 o'cleck this morn lag, will contain the Iieport of the Secretary of the Navy ; that of the Postmaster General; the highly in' teresting end important correspondence between Cal houn. Pal.enham and Buchanan, lexpecting Oregon ; the valuable anil comprehensive letter on the European affairs, from oar intelligent Pari* Correspondent ; and the proceeding* in Washmgton to the lateat hour, lie. Sicelo copief aixpence each. The Annual Pictorial Herald. Wo will shortly issue our Annual Pictorial Sheet, and t*iii jeur s will be the most splendid alfair of the kind ti*ot wax ever got up on this continent. It will be embellished with upwahla of two hundred ?tpicndjl engravings, repiesenting graphically all the g/vat occurrences which have happened during the last year in all psrti of the world. It will be emphatically ? Daguerreotype History of the World for the year 1843 ajid Will be one of the choicest holiday aflairs that the public has seen in a long time. It will be ready by Christmas. The Grrat Question?Pence or War with England. We have every reason to believe that the stock jobbing journals of Wall street, after the reception of the recent intelligence from Europe, fabricated aud perpetrated a gross and atrocious outrage upon tne publie mind, respecting the relations of Eng land and the United States upon the Oregon ques tion It will be recollected that letters purporting to be written by intelligent correspondents in London, were published, representing, as a probable fact, tn it the British government, in the present state of tic question, was arming and preparing for the pur pose of making a general and indiscriminate attack upon our commercial sea ports. Several communi c itions of this nature were published by the stock jobbing journals of Wall street, and the conse quence vvds that a great and unexampled depression took place in the stock market. Upon a further investigation of the exact position of the iwo countries towards each other upon the Oregon question, and after the intelligence which we have recuved from all quarters, we have formed the opinion that there is not the least probability of i any thing taking place like actual war between the United States and England, in relation to the Ore- ; gon question, im it stands at present. It is probable , that these statements and letters were fabricated in this city, and in the precincts of Wall street, by in dividuals who h^d their own views to subserve, and , that they have been palmed upon the public for stock-jobbing purposes of the basest and most out rageous character. How can an interruption ol peaceable relations I take place, lor a long time to come, between Eng land aud the United States, as the matter now stands 1 If Congress should pass the law which was recommended by the President in his late message, organizing a territorial government in Oregon, such a law would only o[>erate 011 Ameri can citizens, and be confined to that portion of the country which is south of the Columbia river, leav ing the deputed section for settlement by future - vents. To this, Great Britain, under the law of na tions and on the faith of treaties, cannot take any exceptions whatever. She has done the same thing, I by an act of Parliament, passed in 1821. In th? i I resent state of public opinion in the civilized world, no nation, not even England, with all her arrogar.ee, would wantonly venture to go to war, <>r to break the faith of treaties in order to satisfy uialignant. jealous, ,or Avaricious passions. She would not dare to enter upon war in the present state of the question, with Europe and tfte eyes of all christ iidom looking upon the parties and the measures which the President and Congress may ca:ry out. For, w ith unequalled wisdom and pru dence, he has recommended nothing in his message violating treaties between the two countries, or contrary to the law of nations. The British public and press may storm, and rave, and threaten, and fume, and make preparations, and exhibit their physical power; but we have put them in the wrong. -Mr. Polk has check-mated them before the civilized world, and they dare not lift a finger with out involving a question which would bring all the civilized world in the tield against them, to settle the points in difference. But this is not all. From the most unquestionable authority, we know it to be a matter of fact that the lion. LouisMcLane has written either to a member of the American Government, or to a private friend, that the " military and naval preparations of Great Britain have reference to the contingencies that may happen on ihe death of Louis Philippe?but that | the ministry muy pretend it to be applicable to the I Hited States, for the purpose of intimidation and settlement ol the Oregon question on their own terms." j From these views, which have been deliberately taken after perusing the whole of the late diplomatic < orrehpondence, and particularly Mr. Buchanan's letter to Mr Pakenhain, in connection with the brst intelligence in this country and from Euro|>e, we arc decidedly of the opinion that the statements we have referred to were made for stock-jobbing purposes, or were fabricated here with worse in tentions, and that those journals, in this matter, , have perpetrated an unmanly and immoral outrage upou the public mind. Our government may or ganize a territorial jurisdiction in Oregon, leaving the disputed territory undisturbed, and thus may keep the question in this state for years to come, nil all is ready, when circumstances will arise that may terminate the d'spute by a coup dt main, and in another quarter. From this, our deliberate view of the question, we are of the opinion that there w.Il be no interruption of the peaceable relations between the two countries, growing out of any thing which has yet taKen place. The Collector ?f Nbw York and a Wash ington Correspondent?We do not agree at all with a Washington letter, which appeared in our paper yesterday, relative to the menu and conduct of the Collector of New York. We are perfectly ?atufied thnt Mr. Lawrence was appointed to the office in the most honorable manner?and that hi# conduct has b*tn perfectly correct throughout. He ha* quartered no relations on the public crib. Our Washington correspondent is, no doubt, inno cently used bya disappointed rliqu* of office-beggars from this city, who would like to Bee Mr. Lawrence rejected by the Senate. We hope they will be dis appointed. Geographical Change*.?These United States seem to have changed their geographical position, in an a mospheric point of view, if in no other - While comparatively mild weather prevailed at thr ?forth, severely cold weather astonished the South. The mercury Ht Nashville, Tenn , on the 2d inst.( wan two d-grees below zero ; at Wheeling, Va., on th* 6th, it was reported twenty degreea below ; and at o:h'-r place* at the South, the weather was very cold and North-like. Susiuiurm ? We hear of splendid sleighing at every jwint?North, South, East and West. Not for years has the winter set in so seasonably as in t his. On the first day of tlua month there was one big Know storm, which covered the whole North? Iroin lai 12 to 54 10, and thence to the North Pole. (.Jovkrnor ok Virginia.?Wm. Smith haft been elected Governor of Virginia, for three years from the 1st proximo. Wimt'b thk Matter with the Mails 1?Th?*r* are n?iw three our four mails due from New Or U'^ns. Mails h<p. Europe.?The letter bags of the steam ?hij> Cumbria will close in tins city on M a The Nkw Krrcmn 0**t.vkt rv a Stew ?The independent action of Mr. lientca at Weshingtoo, and several other Senators, in opposition to the caucus dictation emanating from the new Kitchen Cabinet, has created a terrible commotion among the pots, pans and scullioas of the new concern ; and although we do notjsee any exhibitions of their feelings in the organ of the chtft dt cuxtiru, yet it fihows unfit in the kitchen utensils in other places, and at a distance. As it was in the days of the old Kitchen Cabinet, so it is in the days of the new ; the aspirations and regrets of the central clique are first seen in the kitchen organs afar otf. For instance, read the following amusiug exhibitions from Slamm, Bang ic Co.'s organ in this city, which is one of the small officials. [Krom the New York Globs.j " Now, with regard to Mr Dickens, Secretary of the Senate, who hs* Ju?t been re-alected by the treachery of professing democrats, he has snjoysd the honor and emolument* of that office for a long time?he ha* tor fifteen year* wielded sn immense patronage, much of which ha* been beitowad upon the members of hi* own family, to the exclusion of others, squally if not mora deserving. Independently of hi* own (alary, i$4000,) he ha* three ions holding office under him, betides two or three daughters who are paid about one thouiand dollar* each, every year, for coloring maps, or for copy ing public documents. This fact is notorious st Well ington. Mr. Dicksns himislf is sn Englishman, and his family is respectable ; but doei it conform to the genius and spirit of our repablicsn institutions kto bestow to much patronage?some $12,000 par annum? apon one fsmily for so Ion* a tims 1 We think not. Mr. Dickens has held tho office of 9ecrstary of the Senate much longer than he ought to have held it." And again? " I hesitate not to pronounce the conduct ol Col. Ben ton upon this occasion as a most flagrant outrage np >u the party, and at a dangerous precedent to be set by one who pretends to to much regard for party usages." This emanates from the new Kitchen Cabinet, and id a piece with the old Kitchen Cabinet, under the management of Blair and Kendall. When that old regime wanted to carry a point, the idea was first promulgated in all the distant organs through the country. They were then collected and placed on the green table of General Jackson, who, after read ing them, with spectacles'on nose, would start up? ! ?tride three steps across the room, and swear?"By the Eternal?the voice of the people"?while they were nothing but the echoes of the invisible Kitchen ' Cabinet at Washington. The new Kitchen Cabinet are only endeavoringto establish the old party usages in this respect, and, as a matter of course, pounce upon Mr. Benton in the most outrageous manner, as we have seen. But it would seem that there is less ' decency in the new Kitchen Cabinet, than there was in the old.. Not only do they score a Senator of Mr. Benton's character, who can fight back, but they include ladi ;s in their category, who, by even the most barbarous and brutal nations, arcexempt from public attack and the most eavage ferocity. The feelings expressed towards Mr. Dickens and his most amiable family cannot be misunderstood. Such a mixture of lies, brutality, folly and impu dence, can only be characteristic of Slamm, Bung and Co., and the scullions in the kitchen at Wash ington. What is the truth! Mr. Dickens is|not an Englishman. He is a native of Pennsylvania, and was once Secretary to the American legation at London. His family of sons and daughters are the most respectable and amiable in Washington, and if his high-minded girls make one thousand dollars a year by coloring maps and copying public documents, we trust that those office beggars will imitate such praiseworthy industry and honorable I efiorts at sel:-dependence. Thus we have a sample of the meanness and un manly feelings of the new Kitchen Cabinet at Wash ington. With a great deal less talent, it has more ! brutality than its prototype, the old Kitchen, which was demolished by Mr. Polk. Not only are men i assailed, but females are to be attacked and abused, j and even young and interesting ladies can't be al lowed to rest in their father's house, because their j parent may interfere with the ravenous appetites j of those atrocious office beggars who prowl around : the capitol, like hungry wolves in mid-winter. On *1 the recurrence of every new Presidency, droves of these prowling creatures, like the barbarous Goths, pour forth from every part of the country to Wash ington, there to brutalize and destroy the urbanity , of society. We trust that Mr. Polk and the democratic party in Congress will have the firmness to resist all at tempts at dictation, and frustrate all designs cf estab lishing a Kitchen Cabinet under his dynasty. Theatricals. Park Thkairk.?Last evening, Shaktpesre't beautiful , comedy of " Twelfth Night," was again presented, to a large and fashionable audience. Of Mrt. Kean's Viola, and Mr. Kean's Orsino, we have already tpoken. They were, last eveningjrepretented in a* chaste and beautiful a manner as on the fint evening. The other characteri were well tustained by the company. The evening closed with the capital comedy of " Three Weekt After Marriage," in which Mr. George Barrett at Sir Charles, was exceedingly rich. Tonight, the play of the "Mer chant of Venice," will be performed, with Mr. Kean as Shylock, and Mrs. Kean as Portia This will be a great treat As an after piece, the " Miller's Maid," in which 1 tho | young lady who mads to tuccestlul a dtbul, in Amanthit, will perform the character of Phebe. Boweht Theatre. ? Thit bouse wat crowded last night. Mrs. Shaw, that very popular and deserving ac tress, appeared as Bianca, in Milman's tragic play of " Fazio." After which, Messrs. Cony and Bianchard presented themselves in the " Forest of Bondy, or, the Dog of .Nlontargis." And the evening's performances cAcluded with the " Railroad Station," in which Haca way, Collins, Sic., appeared. The same popular and in viting bill is to be presented to-night. German Opera.?We would remind the friends and amateurs of the genuine opera, that "Der F'reischutz'' i will be given again this evening, at Palmo's Opera House, by the German Opera Company. Such a com plete company has seldom been seen in this city; the people of New York have now an opportunity ol en joying such a least of song, scenery and music, as the emperors, and kings, and elector* of Kuropa, the Met terniches, Hardenburg*, and Ksterhazys have been ac customed to witness. The Philharmonic Society of Boston give a concert there this evening. Miss Bramson, Mr. Philip Mayer and Mr. J. A. Kyle will assist. It is said the lessee oftha Federal street Theat:e, Bol ton, has not givsn up his intention of opening it as a the atre nextspting. Movements of Traveller*. The accession of traveller* yesterday, may be in ferred from the following very limited enumeration at the principal hotel*, compriting very nearly tho full amount of each. American.?H. H. Dana, Uoiton: M. Dixon, do; Bre mer !t Ware, do; J. A. Rockwell, Norwich; Howell Cobb, Athens; L A. Clarke. Port Richmond. Astor.?G. W. l ushing, Baltimore; J. H. Dana, Bos ton; J. B. Smith, Philadelphia; C. W. Smith, do; John Goulding, Louisville. Ky ; A. H. Goursad, Boston, G. H. Shaw, 8. Frothingham, do; P. M. Faker, N. O ; H. Arne*, Conn; W. Peeie, Phi!ad; W. McCauley, do; Mich Carter, Manchester, hngland; Messrs Leland, Dixon, Hercliet, Charleston; Longlellow, and Allen, Sag Harbor; A. H. Hunthing. do CiTr.- H. L Parsons, N. If ; H Warner, N B. Miller, Pbilad; W II. Talcok, Jfcrsey City; J P Ved<?er, Canan da'gua. Jno. Laurence, S C.; Mr. F.ly, Rochester; A. Amos, Philad; J. Haigtr, J. Stone, do; K. L. Walker, Carlisle; W. H. Lowe, Philad; A. Mitchell, Boston; fc. H. Wright, N.J. Franklin.?James Weir, N H.;J. McCord, Peokskill; S. R Holmes, Whitestown, J. M. Bale. Boston; W. Fitch, F. JVinthrop, N H; G. Griffith, F G. ft?**, Norfolk, K. L. Stone, Troy; H. Backus, Ala.; H.ith June*, Rochester; S. W Mills, White Plain* Jlobe.?Col. Bomford, Washington; J. B Boyce, Howari..? B.Teller, Cornwall; J. W. Dodd, Orange t o; Dr Westervelt, Stateu Ulttnd; N. J. Highie, Albany; W. Seymour, Phiiad: Capt. Squire*, Troy; C. Elli*, N?wburgh M. Heed, L. I ; D. B Finch, Troy; A Hart, Norwish; Wm. G. Pierce, Boston. Monk Land Suits.?By the following scrap of in telligence extracted from a letter from Baltimore, it will he leen that *ome of our Philadelphia lawyers have been Aihing up old record* of title* to real estate in thi* city. " I have learned that heirs of Joseph Richardson who died many year* ago, leaving as it ja iajdi , j,? landed estate in Philadelphia, under lease, and which lease ha* not expired, are about to institute auit In the United State* Court for the recovery of it. There are several heirs of the family in this city, and it is certain that they liavo been written to by a luwyer of Philadel phia in relation to the subject,who, in hi* renearche*. hn* come upon the original deed. The property is said to bo among the most valuable in Philadelphia, and embrace* some ten, twenty or more acres in the heart of the city." ? Philad. Chron. Dte. 13. From Jamaica.?By the Rebecca we have Kings ton, Jam., papers to the 19th ult. The steamer 1 ay had just arrived from Orenada. The Kingiton T\mt$ says "The business of the bouse commenced Tester day by Mr. Barclay presenting the bill for abolishing the office of Deputy Receiver Oeneral, which was read the first time, and the sesond leading Axed for thi* day." The subject ot lmmignUon excited much attention in the House ot A**embiy.?i'Aii. Iny, i??c. U Consular HyMtm nt the In I ted (Hate*. In a work which has recently appeared, the au thor, C. Edwards Lester, Eaq. late LT. S. Conaul tat Genoa, portrays with great force the utter useless ness ot our present consular system for the purposes intended. Mr.Lester has for many yeara represented our country in Genoa, and in the capacity of Consul, and speaking from experience, being withal a learn ed and talented man, und feeling himself impelled by patriotic motives, he lias undertaken in the form of a letter, addressed to the Hon. W. W. Campbell, Member of Congress from thia city, to demonstrate that the present consular system is not only attended with hardly any benelit to the country, but that the United States is the worst represented country on the face of the globe. One of the greatest evils that aflect our present con sular system is, that the Ameriean Consul is almost always a merchant actively engaged in commerce, and cannot be suppoaed to give to captains ot ves sels, with valuable cargoes, that disinterested infor mation which he otherwise would. Mr. Lester ' gives an instance of this, which happened in 1S12 or 43, where an American vessel arrived at a port } in the Mediterranean with a valuable cargo, con" signed to any house whom the captain might select. The captain applied to the Consul for information re specting the state of the market, Arc. The Consul was in possession of information that the cargo wa9 just the one at that moment which, if properly sold, would give the best profit to the owners. The Con sul did not communicate this knowledge to the cap tain, and the cargo was sold at the market rate? The consequence was, that the Consul made over ten thousand dollars by keeping this information secret from the captain. Another great evil is the appointment of foreigners to the otKceof Consul. An instance of this Mr. Les ter gives, which happened at Trieste, while a diffi culty between the United States and Great Britain i was expected on the Oregon question. The Go vernor of Gibraltar despatched a Meet of steamers to ! intercept all the American merchant vessels, as soon as he should receive tin intimation of the commence ment of hostilities. At this time there were several of our merchantmen at Trieste and in the Mediterra nean. Mr. Andrews, our Consul at Malta, having , occasion to know that no depeudance could be plac ed on our Trieste Consul, who was an Englishman, sent a despatch to our Consul at Athens, requesting* him to have the information communicated as soon as possible to our vessels in Trieste To show how well grounded was the suspicion that Mr. Moore, ourlriesie Consul, would not have communicated this information to our merchant vessels ..?n Tnes.,e? h*was heard to say afterwards, "that Mr. Andrews did right, for it could not be ex pected that I would do any thing that would have a tendency to injure my own country." The only way to account for so many foreigners i getting consular appointments, is that they are de pendant for their support upon their fees, which are i altogether inadequate, and no American hardly will be willing to act as Consul, unless he is at the same time a merchant, and then it frequently happens that the influence of his office is exerted to promote his private interests. In addition to this, the Consul who is a merchant at the same time, cannot maintain that dignity and enforce that respect, which ought properly to belong to the station. The merchant-con sul will lower his standing by entering actively uiro business. In all cases, the difference berween a Consul who is a man of letters and polite education and a merchant-consul, will he found to be just enough to secure for one all the respect paid to a diplomatist, and the other all the attention a mere man of business receives from a courtier. We are now speaking of foreign countries, where the habits of society, socially and politically, are different to I what th#y are here. In another point of view, our consular system is i manifestly deficient?it ia this, that the duties?the rights?the powers, and the responsibilities of our Consuls, are not defined. Consuls, when they re ceive their commissions, are furnished with a small tract, called, ''Instructions to Consuls;" but it is impossible for any Consul to gain any light from these instructions on points of doubt or difficulty which are continually arising. What is he to do then 7 lie looks through the archives of his office for aids and authorities, but looks in vain. He can not find even Uie treaty of commerce existing be tween his government and the one to which he >8 accredited. He cannot find the laws of his countrf. 1 what is he to do, under such circumstances, but to decide on his own understanding of right and wrong 1 and, certainly, he cannot be blamed?it is his only resource. Those instructions also inform the Consul that i has no judicial power or authority. Then it followt, that his appointment is a farce. if he has no judicial authority, his office is limited merely to that ot a counsellor. His decisions are not binding. The Consul, under these circumstances, must avoid his instructions, or, as recommended by a distinguished United States Judge, "exercise, with discretion, just as much authority as is necessary to secure jus- j tice between man und man, and the higher courts ? will bear them out in it." Cases are every day arising of disputes between captains and their crews, 1 and the Consul cannot interfere without trie exercise of some authority not conferred U|>on him by his in- ' structions. Yet they do interfere; and the Supreme Court has acknowledged, by its decisions, the jus tice of these proceedings. It then amounts to this practically, that if a Consul follow his instructions r'ljidly, he has no authority at all?he is a nonentity. These are only a few of the most glaring defects of the present consular system of the United States Contrast our system with that of England, in its practical operations. In the most distant part of the most barbarous nation, where no American would accept a consulship, the English send an intelligent educated , experienced man, and maintain him with dignity. He is sent to serve the interests of his country, and he is well paid for it, and his woik is well done. John Bull does not solicit a foreigner to do his consular work. A Mr. Pritchard, the Knglish Consul at Tahiti, can treat a French Admi ral with insolence, and bring an insulted and in jured Queen to his feet, and Parliament will make ? a great noise about it. England interferes, and the trench Admiral is disgraced /? Look upon that picture?then look upon this. During the recent disturbances in the Pontifical States, an American artist, named Devereux, from South Carolina, was arrested on his journey from > enice to Bologna, on suspicion of being concerned in Borne'moveineiit hostile to the Court of Rome I here was not the slightest evidence for any such suspicion. He was ordered by the pol?c? to leave Bologna within one hour, or his head would pay the forfeit. He could not go forward without the safe conduct ol the local authorities, and he was obliged to go back. He fled from Bologna with all haste, escaped to the mountains, and made his wav as best he could to Rome. It was in the winter season, and the exposure, cold, hunger, and fatigue sowed the seeds of consumption, and in a lew' weeks he was in his grave. What did our Consul at Home do under the circumstances ? Did he de mand redress, as the British Consul at Tahiti did' No ; he neither asked an explanation from the gov ernment of the Pope, nor even communicated anv information on the subject to his government at home. What stronger evidence, therefore, can he pre sented, of the utter inefficiency of the present con sular system of this country,? No country in the world but the United States, would tami ly have sub mitted to such indignity. What would the English have done in such a case 1 She would have demand ed instant reparation, as far as the nature of the case would have admitted of-and in failure of it* being immediately granted she would have enforc ed it at the cannon's mouth It is, then, plain that there is no security for either the lives or pro,.ertv system. C0Unlrymen abr,Md' und" "Mr present We have given only a glance at the defects of the system, with the hope of drawing the attention o" the wisdom of the nation, now ..ambled in Con gress, to the importance of revising the system and adopting measures to have this country which is only second in commercial and maritime impor ance in the whole world, properly represented in foreign countries. What, therefore, are the remedies that ought to mirJhi-eh h7* a*ain draw upon the ad mirable letter ol Mr. Lester, and present those remedies which he Irom his experience, suggests i Vh". hJ8! 1 h'1 'ihnn' a con"u'?r Hyatem should be adopted, toully different from the present in all its distinguishing features. Consuls should be pa,d regular salaries, Bjfequate to their support, and an appropriation should be made for an outfit for the pay of Vice Consuls and Secretaries, Clerks; and this sum should be sufficient to maintain the Conaul in a manner corresponding with the rank of his country, and the dignity of his station I hey should be clothed with all necessary authori ty for a firm and efficient execution of justice ln all cases that may arise in foreign countries, affecting the interest or reputation of our citizens or govern: ment. * Every Consul should be provided with a library d! tTritnnc 8lan<lHrd workB on law. commerce and m^r.aii^rh">,,ed f,om,n"" Consular fees should lie few, well defined and go to the government. ?.lilhe,r "in'fh. 'frad',R consular rank estab lished. In the chief port or capital of every foreign oorntij, there should be a Conrol Ocneral withT Snr.5r?rr ,h,Co?""' ??" nc.c:^ vising the present defective consular svatein of the United States, as bein*??e of the [Z , S subjects upon which they could possib.'y legislate ? And we would recommend to their enpeciitl atten SlSnM C1 Ed' Ul7"?d and t?,riotic ?* Con sis&r ?.& u?t?s's;: Fashionable Intelligence. U'e stated a few day* *nC-( that the fashionable lea ion wa, opening with unusual brilliancy, iplendot and magnificence?that the elite were making gioat prepare lone lor a grand and glorioue dieplny of their wealth, meanners, taste, vulgarity, and refinement. Several ' ball., parties, ???*?, hope, etc. had then been given; but a grand fancy ball, which came offlaat night in the up per and\r,cktrch< region, of fa?hion, eclipeed all the pre

vious efforts ot the exclueives. The preparation, lor thie affair have been going for. ward for lorne time. Curiosity .hope, dry goods store., ! tt^,brtUorou*h1'raw,icked f?r two week.. Millinere, dra.s maker., mantua make s, tai tor. co.ttimer., of all de.cription., had bean con.ulted with a. much eagerness and earne.tnae. ae Queen Vic toria probably exhibited when consulting Sir Robert Peel on the coune which the Briii.h Oovernmfnt ought to pursue in relation to the Oregon qne.tion. Cards of invitation were is.uad, and everything being ready, the all air came oft last night at the hou.e of one of our mo.t celebrated leader, of ton. At about U o'clock, the com pany had all assembled, and the room, pre.ented quite a ?ingular, peculiar, curiou. and funny appearance. It was very amusing, however, to observe the .tranee modMtl lu^T VUlgarity' affectation, mo le.ty folly, and rudene.., exhibited by the com pany who were, in fact, the representative, of every Ibounl. l,P^0^e'",i0,U? W"h Whkh 0Ur ??tropolis abound.. Here a celebrated operator in fancy stocks. Di'vine f ^yil' flirt#d WUh the ,adjr ?f" Cel?b"?tcd Divine, dre.sed a. a Carmelite nun. The Devil seemed to have forgotten hi* vocation, in the ab.orbing interest of the conversion with hi. fair partner, whose teauty would have melted an anchorite or a saint Here ? n? sESS'S?-"'! and displays the outline of h" per,on wh^h Ki.'!,k,n' remorseless, alderinanic habits, have renderi^nf an enormous and unwieldy size Hii n hi, .trango garments!7em,n!led inf of ?P ? uJlngr t?.nflvi8ate with his feet tied to his tall tL assy : bogle., spangles tarnished lace and red ribioiJ^Her hands, coarse and brawny, ,neak rhsntara ?c , "er spent in dabbling in soap suds and% & ol**" kXi? ? V Wh?le ?f his "ttention"; a perftc'^'Cy ! lenflde?he1Ddo^a? some leading belle, whom no doubt alter the coiin//rf presentment of himself, hourly displayed in ' he considers "pon honor " a verv ? the mirror, Thia individual fendershimself and insipidity of his conversation. A disciple of ?h? 1? ^SESSSE^ Priety, and a just observance of the declnrU. ir - ' ?? alike forbid an infringement of the chaste rinf. ^ cial converse. Purity of mind I fk le, ru,1?' of mmmi as beauty i? manifest. The lovely'MiMBHlmbuind k"" 1 arias. stl-SS1?5 by pervenurt and vulgar pretunH*? <?. ,urrouuded sassy ! tTr,S?ende^Vhe0'sraende IlK'Snd"^ UUme"nlt'K Xjh* sanss-fta. sli {SS?af,: that with the entrance of th? ,asiened down, so lan while .heir complexion.," a halpy Slf t.he on and commixture, afforded a pracfi al aiiif m i. grace of painting. Champaiane coVk. ell F, ?."1,10 tions, and the nartv at litTo-th i ?.w ,n aIj dir?<> inTvi^T WUh,him ?," CVOry occailoV lUri9 ^"^ asxed to da':ce but once durinir tho nvouino- , i"g-po?itively shocking!" Hermamnmwl,n^/^?Ck' (perceives her fornaar 'nli/hner opposite to'he'r g,?^ rr,.r'*.r. i'r ^ k young lady, dres.ad as aT'airy, "look Tt that m.f P y otherside-thafs father', horrid clerk ? " Don't l^lh! him, my dear," say. ma; " for fear ^.hould - shocking! How did he get here.'" Here an gnihlu parvenue seek, in vain to attract the atti>n?lnr .? u< elusive., whom he ha. metoT.?me former o^T 1X" accident. Kverybody uppears anxiona to di??ui,e their own character and assume airs oi importanM Foni good humor, wit, affect .lion, etc , an> in tht i and the parties separate in ill humor St.rh .asJe?(!ant> ble society in New Vork. Uch is fMh'ona City Intelligence. L)at Liwe to Boston.?The train over the Long Island route, arrived last evening at 7 o'clock, with a large num ber of paaaengera, who spoke in the highest terms of the comfort of the route, and of the steamer Mutual Ba'ety, and the attention of Captain l.owber. This steamer makes the ferry from Oreenport to Allen's Point. She is one ot the sea going vessels constructed by the insu rance offices in tnis city, for visiting vessels in distress on the coast, in winter, and is perfectly adapted lor the trips sh i is now performing. On a recent trip across, the passengers toolt occasion to express, by resolutions gassed, their satisfaction that so safe and comfortable a oat bad bean provided for the crossing of the Sound. BiTiitn W**TH*a.?Vesterday was a regular Ireer.or ; men drew their cloaks arouud thoir necks, put on their gloves, and hurried along at a brink pnce ; no?es looked redder than usual?and l.ist night bed clothing was in great demand. It was thecolduit day we have had Enaiisr Racino.? Returning from a false alarm of fire la>t evening, two engines commenced racing,and ran at a furious pace down Division street fortunately, how ever, running over only one man in their mad career. We wish we could have got their names Lathis' Fai*.?The ladies of the First Free Congrega tional Church, aro now holding a fair in tho church in Chriktie street, botween Kivington and Delsncey, for tno purpose of raising funds to lurnish it with carpets, k~. All sorti of things, te tempt the eye and purse, are hern to te seen, and ottered for sale by beautiful girls, no that it i? almost impossible to resist purchasing So, go with your pockets well filled. K?TKRa OorLDirm.? This young girl was found by of ficer* M. C.Cannon, He'd arid Millor of the K<ghth Ward Police, who communicated the case to the Chiel of Police. Ma. MoaarLL Found.?About a week since, the fiiemls of Mr. Arthur Morrell, a respectable citizen residing in Hullivan atreet, were very much abirmed by his sudden disappearance. They advertised for him and offered a rewird for his discovory. Nothing, however, was heard ol him until Thursday evening about II o'clock, when he was taken to his own hou?e and thrust in by throe ruffianly looking fellows, who inimeJiately escaped.? Out his return involves a greater mysteiy than his dis appearance He docs not appear to be injured exter nally, but is in ii state of raving lunacy. Ilo has been stripped entirely ol his original clothing and diessed in rags and sixty dollars in money which h had about him, taken from him Fie does not recognize his wife, mother nor friends, but is continually calling to be relented, and ii laboring under the idea that he is still confined, as he must have betn through the week What could have been the object of this most unexampled piece of villany, we cannot imagine We hope our worthy Mayor will immediately proceed with an investigation which may bring the perpetrators of this foul deed to light. Since writing the above, we have convemed with the gentleman In whose company Mr. Morrell was last, efore being missed. Thisgentleman staid up with Mr. Morrollthe night before I4R, and he represents him to be perfectly insane, uttering continually such incoherent ; expressions as " Let me go " " You have rebbed me of ; my meney and clothes-what more do you want 1" "You ! have threatened to kill me, why don't yoado it?" Mr. > Morreli'i left eye and forehead beer evidence of htvinf received a violent contusion or blow Th# syt u watery aud weak. liu wnsti Dear marks aimilar to auch as would bo mode by a cord, and it ia proaumed that ha had been tied down during hit confinement. On Mr. Morr- ll's paing offered a dub of tea, which hla attending physician hud ordered. he violently declined it, exclaiming, " Tako ?way auch stuff? I have had enough of your poiaon ; give me cold water," and on b. iag handed the water, he drank freely ol it. Hi* friend likewise informed ua that, ...ii?Ufh ' Worrell ia mentally prostrated, ho ia grad o? *!ftd.the h?P"111 '? bylh* *arlT V*rt throl \ r' u*. wil1 * *? fmr re,tore'1 as to be able to TM? uTm! 1'gh.tuUpon thi" mo,t villainous transaction. iar that muat be probed to the bottom, end ?f .h Vork " interested in the Uu coverv of the perpetrators, we hope that unceasing vigilance will bo usod for that purpose * A. C. Andohfkr's Orru- OALiaav.?This exhibition isola very peculiar character, exhibiting som.v.? fine painting, on a now plan, to to make them appear as though the original waa spread before the eyea ol the ob server. 1 lie viewa are changed every week Hit ronmi are at 271 Broadway, corner of Chambers street where every attention will be paid to viaitora. re The Kasiiionahlk Ganmlkbs.?We understand that the IraJernity of gamblers, aa such, are "down" upon the re porters of the Herald. Jelt'erson, the immortal, and who will livo to after ages, saya that "truth la justifiable " and therefore we promulgate the secrota whichicreepinto our way. unbidden and unsought for, upon these myrmi dons upon the public weal, who rob, steal and filch our honeat gains, unhooded from public justice. We have a chapter prepared for these ci-devant heroes, which will make them "tremble in their shoes," or we lose our reck oning. So, bewara, you threatening heroea Brooklyn Intelligence. Fikks in Bhookhk.?Between six and seven o'clock yesterday morning, a fire broke out in the extenaive rope manti acturing establishment of Tucker, Cooper & Co., at East Brooklyn, which resulted in its total destruction, with most of the valuable machinery, and a large stock of cordage; a tew hundred dollars' worth ol property only being saved from the premises The building was of brick, principally, one story high, and about twelve hundred feet long, extending from the old Wallabout road to near Myrtle avenue. The location of the premi. ses is in the centre of the Dlock between Graham and C lasou avenues. The amount ol property destro) od it is impossible to name with certainty at present, but it is estimated at from forty to fifty thousand dollars, and is covered by insurance in a number of offices, so that the loss borne by each will be comparatively small. The Ore, it is supposed, commenced in the office by some ac cident connected with lightning the fire in the stove ia the morning. One deplorable consequence of this con- ' flagration is the large number of persons who are by it thrown out of employment, at the present dull and incle mont season. We do not know exactly how many were engaged in the establishment, but wo understand that 1 the weekly pay roll has averaged from four to five hun dred dollars. Last night, soon after the lighting of the feeble and glimmering lamps which constitute the poor boon of those who hove to thread their way through th* wretch edly managed streets oftbo city.an alarm of fire was giv en, originating in the burning of a house at the corner of Adams street and Myitlo avenue. By the prompt atten dance and excellent management of tho fire department, the flames were confined to a veiy limited space, and but littlo damage was done. Police Matters.?Although from the eastern sec tion of this! city much police business is now, almost necessarily, taken to Williamsburgh. yet there ore occa- ' (tonally many items of (too frequently painful) interest to bo gutheied from the diurnal pioceedinirs of the well 1 known tribunal in Henry street?at present under the t cgemt of Justices Downing, Church, and Garrison Tho most alarming features presented by the a indications of this Court are the great numbar of complaints made against female* ?youniy and old?married and single ? for unruly and disorderly conduct, arising from intem perate and dissipated babiu. Among the unfortunate ' creatures thus paraded before the bar, within a fe w da\ s ' past, one Mrs. Burrs, (tho wife of an industrious and ex emplary man, who who holds a confidential situation 1 with a mercantile firm in South street, New Vork ) whs 1 shamefully conspicuous ; and it became necessary that she should be sent to the jail, as a common vagrant, for ' a long period of time. 6 ' I Another 'equally abandoned'and unfortunate woman named .Nancy Johnson, waa consigned to a like d 'gi ad- > ing and humiliating fate, in consequence of her constant , aad inveterate indulgence ui the shrine of Bacchus - I She is young, and once was beautiful; but, alas! has long been despoiled of the churms, the chastitv i and purity, which she is represented to havo posses- I sed, ere she fell a victim to tho all-destroying de wh?ie throne ia high-mounted on a rum cask or a beer barrel. A very different and equally .?! ?^ 'D?uC*'e WM,?*Wblt?d before the same func- I hv . m!C0l"l;"l,0;y ?Ppearance(brought thither ; by officer Mcrormick) of an aged female named Col liHnoT. i been discovered by some humane indi f !? m'seiablo shanty, together with three help less and impoverished children, in the grerstest possible destitution. They were found without food, without fuel. ?"d' without clothing Tho wrotched parent of h..?h ,al"' balf.fanmaed family was, before the death of her husband, in good circumstances, and her I connections and associations were among the best and T'L'J??*1? tbiB couu,y- She, however, through the hard hand of advene late, became wretchedly re t*C? a ?,pnde w.h.ich was hereditary with her, pr e fun k U"kln? Vd of th0 Public authorities. eii?Tl f.nm h y i 7eVf^' 16 ba" be#" temporarily res cued fiom her deplorable situation, and dunug the incle ment season which now iiiust vint in. will, with hir 1 young ones, be weil and liberally provided for, under the direction of the superintendent* oi the poor. Roiibehj or a Maoaiihi.?On Wednesday niKht last the magazine of Hazard and Compuuy. ut lied Hook i Point, Brooklyn, under the care and management oi A. K. Douglass, corner of Wall ond Wnter streets, New York, was robbed ol eignt barrels of powder. There are four persons suspertad to have boen engaged in the opeiation, one of whom was yesterday arrested bv offi C"^r- The other, will, in all pr5bab,m,?finif their way to the county jail, ere many days elapse. ?k1 o.TATt OF ^?"u '"-AfD."?There are some persons in the three counties comprising this Island, to wil: Kings Queens, and Suffolk, who actually h pe to make U an xnpnium in i tup trio. For this purpose, a sort ofconven fr?n?n.1 "! ,,,,nck'l, Prospect Hill, on ??rn?.h'yini^ ' Y'h,l'h Wfl? attended l?y several dis tinguished.citizensi who assumed to represent the afore said counties in deliberate and solemn conclave. We do h?!tleaI?i V^'that th,? Prnccedings of this august body had any other results than much good cheer to themselves, and considerable profit to the landlord. Police Intelligent*. .C?r5rDaring flo''b,ry ? A very intelligent boy, 16 jea.sof age, named Kdward Aubrey, in the employ of ,JrHPer *c Richards, No -25 Maiden Lane, (up stairs.) importers of watches, jewelry, and fancy arti cles, was sweeping out tho storo a little before 8 o'clock ntrired i7\Tr?n,ntr' Whe" a man ca,ne up stairs and in quired if Mr. Draper was in; and upon being anaweiod no, he asked what tune ho was expected. The boy told ?nHh?mC?mf.a.b,?"t" he would be sure to find htm. At this moment two otl.or men came up stairs, and one of the party wciied the boy by the neck, wb.la the others slipped some ropo out from thetr pockets, and Iin an?l f'h1.! ? ,)0y #nr brou<fhtthe end of the rope up, and made both his arms fast behind him; then takine aLandsom.) red silU sash which laid on the counter, passed it through his suspenders and lashed bim fast across the counter Upon this being done,which was only fr?m T *\ T <">e of the villains drew .L Pocket <? long jack knife, and threatened if he made the least noise he would cut his throat. This done ?.? t'l.*1l:obb.,,rH ,ook from "nder his cloak a large cut. pot bag, filling it up with very costly purses, valuable ,0 b0tween $600 and f,B00, not forgetting to put a pretty good ?? swag" in their pock k u? ty ,e" .',emaade,i ">e key of the safe from tho boy, which contained gold watches, but he very inge b!?|U^! ?'?, Tth Kreat P?* :nco of , i"d- told .them ho had not been long employed in tho store, and aid not know where it was put Just as they were ready to start with the "swag," very luckily Mr George V. White made his appearance on the suirs, who is fore below" ? Pr?P^torofthe India Rubber store below. The thieves then " bolted." One of them tried ie?fn?Ut&h ?r Whlte K?,ntr d?wn stairs The poor boy seeing White, sung out "thieves, thieves," wben Mr vvhi e gave chase in full cry ' stop thief, stop thief."and ? hna**d J? " nick" the '* tallest'' man in the party, in John street, near Na?au. when Mr. White, assisted by ?ome'Citizen*, escorted him back to the store. On t.iking off his hat they found a quantity of rich purses, vilned at *.)0, and when taken to the police office and "frisked," another lot of purses was found of the valua of *35 and two small bottles, one containing perfume for hnn 1 kerciefs, the other costly oil for the hair, to complete th? inrn" 0f J'hn W?rk, and stands U ?l'Pn^t'tlyia very poweiftl man One of his "peli" wore a cloth rlonk and a glazed can ? Th.0rirr,?h can withiur. and a brown sack coat. Th? h 1? r".u ? ln the ftore' filled to the top. iho hr.ng lock on the ha* in mtrkod C an i t In thVi bottom of fa- bag was lound a hali pair of boots which can be seen at the Police Office. Thi* John ! | "rk is an old crouman,' and Ins been " knuckli,* - in.thiscitv i '.T 1 T' ?*uld he ,8H11 frequently in a "cr m tho vicinity ol Barclay street. company wnl. his j.alH This robbeiy h in th^ fln.t d^gile th. I2tP ?C#J ? y ln l,od"y fear-for which crime or for W J""' ,h* Stale prison examination P U,e C?',rt ' for nonTo'^U*n 'rrtM<'r'1 Thom.unn and Jennv W,U ?'?i?Pio ii C-Hanv Van Noftrand) and Siriv r0x aer " r?., JLy ,nV ""P>ra,ore" in drawl;,g the "bad! !U3P|,CTn' h> ,hat smart "ffi"er for examination! ^in ,,le st i.i^.'t, ~Jo* '9<,'l5on ?nd Harry sting, tw? .f?? valued' the ,ct of *< ?* to rnrJ!t cl. i u ^luhington market, belonging to ( nrman Httiiighiinv Comnitted. fb?v'?f?Ir5^r/?Mp^ D,,rn* and Edward II glis, Ia i J eslordtiy, chaiged with st.-ai'iig ?euu? ? K?W'' Jr*. Mi and IOth avetiuee. Committed by Ju*ti.,0 Hoome. ''''J l'"rr,,'y ?SeMh Oeg.m teas arrested by a polloe raan, forsiyoln.g eigiit colored masim hoods, valued at ? 1 Alfred Hill, No .?li ? om nerce Mroet. Tho noo.is were lound i,t ? trunk belonging to 1?rah, in a no'>?e in Itleecker street. N.irali compbiined of not re ceiving any w?"es; r*nKequ>-nt|v, ?he took 'h? hoods to makh herself "hunk." Committed b> Juau. e Ilooine l-'ulif Prrtrnem ?A man by the name of Alexander Hrown was bro'lght on froui Hoaton ye?t?rd/iy. on ? m. qntsitinn Irnm fjov. Wright, charged ny tho lii n of Si muel Prost .V Sons with obtaining gn-vh tijtlic omo'liit of ftiiitl, by bilse pretences. He w ?s ediupto I to bail m (be sum of *:ono, Mr Seth B Hunt becoming his hail. Th'ft vf ?Officer .VillH arrested u tvooim by the name of Rehec.c^ Mnrphv. i servant n tic em ploy of Mrs Jane Ann 'Pilley, 107 Hl-n > trecf, f -r steal ing female clot'iuig, v ilued at $lj. ''ommilled Singular Jlff'iir ? The n tico that appeared in yester day's Hrrold under this head, wag incorrect, and it,a caae la by no means ono ol fraud or intentiot nl w rung. Tiik <tiie.it I'ikk i,v RRinoKpnuT?The insur ance *t this fire n? Hinieil iolluWH .?There ia nn Insurance Hmounting to Mbout f80 000, di-tiil.iited some thing like this : Coutriliutlonship fliO.OOO, Ilowaril *ii). 2* *t-'.OOO. Protection $7,000. New Haven Mutual ?7,000 Hartford $6,000, Jefferson $V000 The Ktna of Bee mentioned above, is not the Elae office of this city The total Iom ia oyer $luo,000. 7 Irtah Mnita^Nr. Moon*jr, who ku been if lighting the dlllitante ot'ttoaioa with his 1 nali music,??(o pi?< ?nut a grand ?uLertaiuui?ui at the Tabernaole, on mt Tur*d*y ?v.aiiitf Mr. HonwtitU, Mr. Franklin. Mr. Moonry *nd ??? Ieralethers ?r? to t lie a part, and lii* admiuioa i* bat K ocu'a. I will, we luppot*, be a hamper. Chaugei of Waathrr and Catching Cold*. ?It ihuuld always be remembered that a conch ia alwari as evidence that aoma impuri'y is lodged in the Tuaga, which, if not speedily removed, wl I <no?r asanredly an irritate thoar do lien* organs u to brine on iufUmiu .tiou of tha lungs a du e%s? which we all know i* t|e high road to <x>u*umptiou ? Wright'* Indian Vegetable Pills are on* of lha v.-ryb ai ma diciue* in tlie woriu for carrying off a cold; became they purge fiom die body thoa? morbid Fin mors which *r? the c u<? of Cough*, Ccnauinptinn. difficulty of brei,thing, w.itery and inllaoird aye*, aorts throat, rheumatic paina in varii.tu pa.M of the nody, and many other dangerous compluut*. 1 hree or lour of said Indiau Vegetable Pills talrau at uight, ou going to bed, will in all cases give rel ef and, if the inrdiciu - be re peated a few times, the blood will be completely purified, the digestion will he improved, and tha body will be rnstored to even sounder h-aiili ihau before. It should also be remem bered, that? man by the na ' e of William M Spaar, whoselU medicine puipoitiuK to be ludiaa Pills, at the < oruer of Race and Kront streets. Philadelphia, isuot an ag?ut ol miue, neither can 1 guarantee as genuine any that h? ha* for sale The only security agaiust impjaiti.'ii is to purchase from peoi le of unblemished character, or at the OK Hi.' E aud Oeu ? Depot, No l? Or..nwica.trt.^N.w^o,kWRioHT Philadelphia Agent for the Herald, Zleber It CO., 3 Ledger Buildiug, Third street, who receive aubscri bers, and hare single copies for sain daily at 1 o'clock, nil lm Navigation of the Ohio River* Plactl. Time Stale of River. Pittsburg. , .Dec. 4. . 3 It. leant in channel. Wheeling... Due 4 River closed. Louisville. ..Doc 8 4 feet 4 inches in channel Cincinnati.. . Dec. 8 48 inches on Hats and bar* mohef market. Friday, Dec. 12?6 P.M. There wai a butter feeling in the stock market to-day. The transaction! were not very extensive, but there was a slight improvement in quotations. Ohio 6's advanced i ; Vick-burg, i ; Farmers' Loan, } ; Morris Canal, } ; Canton, J , Reading Railroad, 1 ; Norwich and Worcea t*r,2J; Eri* Railroad, i; Stonington, J ; Long Island," J. Harlem closed Arm at yesterdays prices. At the Second Board, Reading Railroad advanced j per cent; Canton, 1 j Long Island, 3 ; Norwich and Worcester, S. The improvement in quotations for fancy stocks, ap pears to be nearly as rapid as the decline was. Some of the railroad stocks have advanced almost us much :u they fell off. Money continues plenty. Loans are daily made at live per cont on United States ti's, as security, and there is at present every appearance of another speculative movement. It cannot, however, be but tem porary, as there are so many things of an important cha racter likely to occur at anytime during the session of Congress, that the bears will get hold of something that will break down the market again, and perhaps produce auother panic. The war fever has nearly subsided, and the stock t pecu lators will,without doubt,aoon be again actively engaged in drumming up and drawing in the outsi Je operators. The probabilities of a war have on all sides boon much mug niflod, and those who have been the most alarmed have* ipon reflection, become divested of their fears. A very large part of the whole panic was produced by the bears of Wall street?their object having been accomplished, they ara taking different sides and striving to allay, as' much as possible, the excitement they were so promi nent in producing. There have been, within the past five years, more than twenty wars with Great Britain, if we may judgo from the statements made by stock specu lators. We have been as near a rupture with Great Bri tain more than a dozen times within the past two years, according to the statement of politicians, as we ore now, and yet our peacelul relations have been pre served, and instead of our connection becoming weak ened, it is becoming stronger and stronger every day. There are at all times hundreds of bear speculators, ready at all times to magnify any little difficulty that may arise from time to time in our foreign relations, by the circulation of false reports, by manufacturing foreign correspondence for home consumption, and any other means of like character, for the purpose of depressing prices of stocks and merchandise, for the time, to eua ble them to purchaso during the heighth of tho panic, and ruin those who are easily frightened. These things are done so often that it is a matter of astonishment to us, that so many can be found having such a limited knowledge of the position of this country with all others, as to be intimidated by the** manasuvres of the bears in all branches of business, or made to believe that the whole country, and particularly those en^ed in com merce, are sure of being mined. These panics are ge nerally of very short duration. While they last they run high, but subside as rapidly as they advance. The recent panic in the stock market depressed quotations lor some of our fancy stocks fifteen aud twenty per cent, but siueo the fever has abated, the loss hes nearly >oen recovered. There ups and downs in tho stock market are experienced almost monthly; but the bears at times have a gieat de-1 of difficulty in depressing prices, particularly when the bull, are tolerably strong and at those times nothing comes so :pr?pot as a w?r rumor. Any movement of the Government likely to Croat* any excrement in regard to our foreign relations, is nev. r allowed to pass, but is seized bold of by tho bears, who generally make much capital of it in Wall street. The variations in quotations for fancy stocks have very littje to do with the probability of any diffl culty with Great Britain. Local causes have more in fluence upon the market value offancy stocks than any. thing else. The political and commercial position of the Govern ment of the United 8tates and Great Britain, ia of suoh vast importance that it becomes almost an irapos. eibtlity to create a rupture between them. In connec tion with this, there is at present no cause for the ex cited feeling existing in relation to a few degrees of ter ntory in dispute. The official correspondence just pub lished between the British Minister and th?r Secretary of state, throws much light upon the subject, and shows that there are many ways of settling the question in dispute. Negotiations hare not yet failed, and when they do fail, arbitration steps in and arranges the difficulty. Two countries so intimately connected in all their commercial relations, so necessary in promoting industry and prosperity in each other, cannot be draw., into a war upon a dispute involving a territory oi only four degrees of latitude in extent. Arbitration is the alternative of the present day, in settling any difficulty that may arise between two nations, and we hardly I thin*ft wil1 not be resorted to now, when the whole world is so deeply interested in the preservation of peace, particularly with the United States. Our government will, without doubt, give the requir ed notice for a cessation of the mutual occupancy ol the Oregon territory, south of the 45th degree of latitude, or south of the mouth of the Columbia river, and form a territory of that part, to be regulated by the laws of the United States. This we have a perfect right to do, as no one disputes our claim to that line. The disputed terri tory would thus be conflned to the tract of land betwoen the mouth of the Columbia river and the 48th degree of atitude, separated from the territory south of that line claimed by us, and north of that line previously offered to Great Britain?the joint occupancy to continUo in th < district in dispute, until finally and satisfactorily set l tied by negotiation, arbitration, or war. This will, pro bably, be the result of the piesent agitation of this suh ; ject, and this arrangement cannot be objectionable to , any party. Our citizens, settling in Oregon, south of the | Columbia river, will be protected by uui laws, the same a* the subjects of Great Britain have since 1821, been protected by the laws of Upper and Lower Canada. An arrangement of this question, upon tbis basis, would af foid evi rv facility to Amniican settlers, and enable us, I to e?thbli?h tho prosperity now existing throughout ths ' ?States, upon a ba- is that coul I not well be shaken. So long us difficulties with Great Britain upon this or iir.y other i| lo.tiou are anticipated, so iong will com mercial aflair* continue somewhat deranged The ele ments of prosperity never were in a more favorable con dition th.in a' present, arid it is more importiut than ever i that our foreign relations should be settlud permanently and satisfactorily. Altemtions jn our commercial sys tem are in contemplation, which, if perfected, must ' piove immensely valuable te the various interests of b .th countries. Our banking systems are about under going a complete modification, and the adoption of the ?Sub-Treasury system will create a revolution in th* currency, and establish it upon an actual specie basis. The expansion commenced by the banks, in almost every State in the Union, was rapidly drawing the com. rnercinl classes into operations similar to thoee that pros trate them in HJ7 and 1838; but the prompt action of tho Administration, in recommending tho Sub-Treasury plan t'"1 'W'tlonof the Government finances, checked the inflations and compelled the bunks to move very cautiously in their operations The large surplus re yenuo nl the u.,vc mmen' on deposit in banks situ.it. .|j in ovary section of the country, which the pasnage of the Hub-Treasury act would draw front them In specie, arts a* a li.-nithy check upon any expansion they mny, hedispo ed to nttun.pt, which guarantees In a gieat d?.j gree the continuance of the existing vnlume of the cur rency, and presents any farther depreciation in value In connection with th* improvement in the valu* of thei cur ency, by the enforcement of MM Sub-Treasury plan,! tliuiu will, without doubt, be a reduction in the tnrifl,I that will place us In a much hotter and more import,, a] ^ position in our commercial intercourse with all nations,1 i than w* hart ever b**n placed b*for*. Tb? let