Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 22, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 22, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. 354?Whole No. 430*. NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 22, 1845. (?Tte? Two Cents. THE NE\V_YORK_HERALD JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation...Forty Thousand. DAILY H1RALD?Kvery day. Price 2 cents pereopy "$?fLV^atnr lay-Price .* cent per copy?$1.12*5 Ceut- per Milium?payable in advance. AOVH.UriSi-.MENTS at the usual pnces?always cash in advance. . ... ... PRINTING of all kind' executed with beuuty and ilea patch. A'l Utter* or communications, by mail, addressed to the establishment, most be p<i.t paid, or the postage will be deducted I'roin the subscription money remitted J A.V1K8 UOHDON BENNETT, Propriet r of the Nk* Volit HkIUUi KiTtlLllHMlNT, Northwest rorner of Fulton and Nassau streets. [ADVERTISEMENT.] CUSTOM HOUSE, NEW YOKK, > Collector'* Office, December,JHV ) VVlluvtVII ? 1/C^OlliPCf i J JEALED PROPOSALS will be received ut the Treasury 3 Department, until the 24 th iustint. for the supply ol ratioua to the patty officer* aud seainnu of the Uuit-d ?ta ea Ki venue 8 to I S earner Spencer, for Uie term of one year from the lit ?f.*y ot anuary next. TIm ruiou for the revenue nervice is the lame u that allowed Id the naval .ervice, emitting the liquor, nod cousutsoi the ur ticlei enumerated in the following table, to wit: .. lb|oz | lb*, of | ounce* of I hf pints of w"k - i |1! 1 m s I ? 1 X H 1 M od u n a. -? m Sunday ? 1 % M Monday 1 M 1 ' I Tuesday 21 U 1 & Weduead- y 1 14 1 < 1 Tkuraday * 1* *14 Friday 4 14 2 1 f 11 Saturday 1 14 lu.1 I Per week % G 3H 31 9( 27422 II The rations to be of good aid wholesome qn'lty, to hf ap , proved by the Cui ectnr; and the different articles comprising tiw rations, to he de.ivered on bo.rd the veaael iu food andsutfi cieut cask* and vessels, to be i rovided by the contractor, aud ihe contents bervof distinctly marked o.i each. It i* to be distinctly under?t od, that no bid* will beeutertaiu ?d from persons not actually eng iced in the bu.iuess to whirh the.* oiler* refer, and tlvu the cuntnctor will ba bound to fur hiah. a poo reisonaMe notice a* ol'teu aa May be required by the captain of the ve.is-1; with the approbation of the Col lee ^Rorf.ot xceeiiug upoH an average, on* dtv in ench weak ) rtcli freah meat, and froth van tables, aa may be equivalent to the eori**pobduif part* ol the ration allowed in the naval set viea. Persona proposing will transmit their bid* sealed to tha See mary < f the Treasury dil t34 r C W. LA WHENCE. Colpetnr PKurOSiM^a t'OK o'l A l lONKKY, i'KUN l U\U AND BINDING. Custom Hopor, Nrw York, > Collkctoh's OKricc, November 27, 1815 J SIC I LED PROPOSALS will be received at this office un til tha 27th of D ceuibernext. for furnishing Blank Boots and Sktationer,, and tor executing Printing ai d Binding for the period o one year from the l?t of Ja-.uary next, for tna Cus tom Home #?t ibh'hment at this poit. The proposals must lie separate for each of the following classes ' f article*, numbered I to 14. A price, and one price only, mnst be specified for each ai.d every article enumerated iu the rUism bid for; the amount of the bid* for each article mu.t he extended, inn the aggregate am mut for each cla*a ex hlbi rd. Proposals not^nade ia ace^rdauce with these direc tiea* WtB uo? be couitiweieJ. Specimen* ot tlie vaii.'Ui articlea may be seen at the Audi tar's Office, in 'lie t'.U'tom lloua-; the article* furnished areto ba of t'?e best quality, a'ld iu every respect equal to lhe*e sum plra. and to be approved by tliet Collector. ihe lowest I'idd.r f.ire'.tnc class, shall receive a contract for the tame, oil entering into b-nid, witti satisfactory aurety for tha iierforinanca thereof, under a for.eituru of twice the con tract price in case of failure, which bond ia to be executed within ten days after the p.oposal* are accepted Tlie riuht i* reserved, in ca?e it should he aeceaaary, to or der h greater or lea* supply of all or of any of the artielea con tamed iu the list*; and articles not embraced theiein, whirh may oe needed, are to be furnished at correapnuding ratea with those specified. The artielr* and work will be ordered from time to time a* they are wanted; aud they will bep^idfor quarterly; u faflure to fur iaMbe articles, or 'o execute the work in evry pxiticu lar a* required by the eoatracts, and within a reasonable time, of all which the Collector will be the final judge, will caaae a forfei ure of tha contract*. Proposals to be marked, "Proposals for Stationety, Print ing. fcc." To insure uniformity in the bidi. blank proposals will ba famished, on application at this office, to those dupoied to bid. . COLLECTOR'S OFFICE. I. nrtx 10 Reams s?] erfine blue laid quarto post liueu paper, ruled, per ream. 10 Reams do da do plain, per ream. 10 do do do foolscap, ruled do S do d? do do plain do. .1 do do do folio pnat, 3 sides ruled, do. 3 do do do foolscap, ruled red and feiut to pattern, per ream. 3 do superfine blue laid Dein;', rtiled red and feint to pat tern. per ream. I do American I mpenal Abstract liueu paper, ruled red and feint to pattern, per ream. |8 do snper royal abstract linen paper, ruled red and feint to pattern, per ream. 3 do Envelope paper, medium, smooth, buff, (sized) ret ream. 3 do Blotting paper, medium, per ream. (TATIOffEUV. MM Quills, No. M, per 10M. 4 gross metalic Pens, Uillott * doubl* D*m?rtu barrel, per drrien cards. 4 paakagesmetalic Pens, Perry'* Double Patent, per pack age ot tj ca.'ds. 2 Monroe's graduated Lead Pencils, per groat, t do red office Ta|ie, linen, No. 2) do. M lbs led Wal*rs various siz-s, English preeied, per lb. 10 lbs superfine English Sealing Wax, red, tier lb 12 gailous Mack Ink, Mnynard at Noyes, per gallon. 2doxeatred Ink. at do in X pints, per dos. 4 d > blue lak. Bvphens' in qnarta, per dozen. 2 buthels Mack Sand, per bushel. 3 Irx prepared India Rubber, per lb. ld?z?n Inkntai ds, pewter, w th covers, [>erdozen. 2 do Sand Boxee. cocoa wood do t do Wafer Cups, do do t do Wafer Stamps, ivory handles do 5 do Erasers, (Rogers') an do t do Poam-e Bcxvs, coc*a wood do t do Folders, satin wood do 3VM Fil* Boards white wood ofdiffrrent widths, per lOOfl. H gross Envelopes, large per gresa. It do do medium, do ? do do small, do III. hlatk noots. 4 super royal Cash Book*, 2 quires, three-I'oo rths binding, per book. 4 up Cwh Duty Booki, printed heading. 3 quirea, half bound, moioceo bar mi aud corner*. per book. ?01 mpost Books. flit d-my, printed beading, i uled to pattern, 2 qoirm, half bound per book. ft other Di mv Book*, ruled to pattrrn, 2 to 6 quires, fall hound ill ?neeii?ti qmrea?per quire. ft other Demy Books, ruled to pattern, 2 to 6 qnires,\th.i bound?21 qoirra-per quire. G other Demy Book* taled t? pattern, 3 to 6 quires, hi" bound ?24 qairea?p. q ft medinm B-?-k?, rulrd to pattern, 2 to 6 quires, foil bound in shel|>?21 quirra?p. qu. 6 medium B*stks, reled to pattern, 2 to 6 qn.rea, thrift-fou -ths bomnd?21 quires?p-rqn ft medinm Bioks, rnkd tj paitrrn, 2 to6, half bennd?21 quires ?jtrqo. 12C?pBooka,ru *dto paltern, 2 to 4 quirea, half bound?20 quirea?per qn IV. BiRDinn. Binding. I Imperial Abat. acta, flat, 1 to 2 quirea, per vol. w do 4 Royal do do do do ^ do I Med am do do do do <k> B Dt'tny do do do do Be binding 20 Aledintns, Demya and Capi, 4 to 6 quirea, pei vol. Re-hi.idinii Impo't Books for the Quarter, 10 to 14 quirea, half bennd. 6 Tola, pei toI. Bindinir Qn irterly Account* of Weighers, Onagers, lie.? Royal halfshetl, flat, 2 quirea, qu trter bound 24 volt, per eel. Binding Quarterly Crew List*. medium, flat, I to 10 quires, hi hound, I Tola, per vol. Binding Quutetly fchini ing Articles, Royal flat, 4 to r> quirea, half boui.d, 8 vols per vol. PCINTIRO. It e*p site. Bond and other ilooka, printed page, 4 quires, half bound, per vol It do Bond nud < ther Booka, do do one quarter bouud, pe vol ? Medium rfooks, t sides art, work and turned, do if ths iouiiiI p> r vol UDebentnie Books, qtiarto-medinin, h.nnk post, 100 leavrs, fr <in copper plate unii-hed by the office, H bound, inorocro hacks anil covera per Vol. Entiiee, Bo ids Affijavits and other Blauk Korms, on good p,. per. and cu' np to. ifa required 'or use, varying fioin Ittlfalien t > l^th ol'asheet. vu:? 10 Ream* Cap Hlankt. one side a. t weiked oneside,per roam JCO Sheets Cap BU. ks, one aid* set. do do per 100 ihi-ets. 30 Reama Cap B anks, do worked and turned, per re*m. 500 Sheets Cap Blanks, do do do per 100 sheets S Reama Quarto Prut Blanks, on* side set, worked one nd?, l>er ream. NO Sheets Quarto Post Blanks, do do do do, per 100 sheets. J Reema Quarto Post Blanks, do worked and tnru eo. per ream. NO Sheets Quarto Poet Blsnks, do do do do, per loo sheets. * Reama Medium Blanks, do do do do, per ream Mt Sheets Med nm Blanks, do du do do, per lb0 sheet*. I Reama Medium, (entries, lie ) do do do do, rnled red and feint, per ream. M0 Sheets Medinm. <??tries Ike.) do do do do, mled red and feint, per 100 sheet*. I R**ma Med um. ("ntrie*. ic.) two aidee a*t, do do, rnl*d red and leint, nor ream. do do, MO Sheets Medio n,(eniri?s, lie / two side* set, ruled red and feint, p- r 100 sheets. NAVAL OlTICK. VI. sTaTiowgar, he 1 Ream Rnled Letter Paper, best ^aallty 10 do fliin do do n do Rnled Foolscap Psp*r, medinm quality . } do do du best do 4 do Plain do medinm do 4 do Itnff Envelope Paper, linen, heat do t do Boiling do Owen It Hnrlbnt'sheet qual'y, 4 do Permits, printed * on asheet, aa per sample, No 22 1 dot'n Olasa Inksfuids. aa i er sample. 4 tlis London superluie Sealing Was. 4 lbs India Hufeber It groaa red Lin*n Tape, No II. Jtibe Twin* 1} doien Lend Pencils, beat quality. W0Qnills.No.il M dozen Envelopes, letter sim, No 3. ? do do large, No t. I do do do bnff, No t. t lbs best scarlet Wafers. 2g bote*, one doren each, Perry1* Donble Patent small barrel Tans It bos**, one groa* each do do No. 1, fine point Pen*. It bot**, one doxen each, Gillott's X barrel Kagle Pens tjesrds do do do small Pens v, duT.en quarts Stephens' bine Ink. It gsllous best quality black do i Joren pint* h**t qn*liry Even*' red ItiV. VII. ?LANK BOOK*. 1 Ledger, full bouud, four quire* per sample No. 1 1 Journal do ill do "2 J Ledger* of Entries. half bound, three quire* each " 3 1 Ca?h Duties and Differences, half bound, tbar mil ? a hair Qairet " 4 ! 1 Cash B'<ok, lulfbnund, five quire* " J I V Registers of Entries, half bouud, linen coven, three of thrte quiieseach, and three of twoqairei c.ich " (i ] 26 Imposts, half bouud, linen coven, printed heads, two quite* each ** 7 ! ti Abstracts, half bound, linen carers, one uid a hall ijuirejeach " U 1 Foreign Exports, half bound, printed heads, four quire* " 9 2 Day Books, half bound, tire quires each " lu 1 Enrolment and License, half bouud. livu quires " U 1 Examined M&uifelti, half bound, four qauu, alpha beted " 12 1 tilo-e Accouut Entries, half bound, four quires, al l I, ibeted '? 13 (i Blotters, hdli'bound, one quire each " 14 1 ttqnare Yard Book, half houod two quires M 15 1 Register of VerieU, half bound, four quirea " lti I Refunding Book, half bouud. three quire* '? ]7 1 CfcHh Drposites, Balances, half bound, pnuted heads, three quires " 18 1 Register of luspector*. lie., half bound three quiraf '' 19 I Memorandum Books, half bonnd. two quiree each " JO 1 Ream Royal P<_per, rnled and printed head* " 21 2 Letter Books, leiut liued, full bouud, with Alphabets, f >ur quins each 1 Alphabetical Metnormdum Books, feint l'i.ed, half bound, two quires, der?i ociavo. S Book?. three quires esch. half bound, feint lined, tul-d, head lines, in.irgin liue. double dollars and cents, tools cap 1 Alphabetical Book, half bonnd, three quite*, foolscap, ruled vsilhfeiiit lines. SURVEYOR'S OFFICE, VIII. ?TATIONKRV, AS PER SfKCIMSM. 400 Quills, of good quality, No 8u. 4 re-ims Koolsea'i Paper, ruled. 2 ream* Letter P.iper, superfine quality. 2 do do do do ruled flC?'l>'Ue hlank ink. 2qus:;t edluk. M,.,> Sand. 4 U papers a'.ch) Pins. 1 Eight Q?ure Book, bound iu boards, with hack of ca'f and tip* ou the corner* of tne covers?''Alphabet of Arri vals." * 1 Mix Quite Book, bound in beards. with back of calf and tips on tie corners of (he covers?"Sugar Register." 1 reaai of Transfer Blinks. Squires of B'ottiug Piper. jgrosaStrel Peu??" Wright's best." SURVEYOR'S DEPARTMENT. IX. STATIONERY. 1200 Quills. No. ISO. 2.'i re ms Fool-cap Paper. 3 do do do ruled fiue. 3 do do do veiy fine. 100 lbs red Sealing Wax. IM dozen piece* red Tape. ftrti sin til Memorandum Books for ln*pectors. 300 do do do for fee officer* 2i0 large do do for Inspectors discharging. 200 A'phabet do do do do G renins Vledium Envelope Paper. 4 do larger do 300 Cards fit Measurers. 1!> gross Lead Pencils ' Wwlff,' H to HHH. 10 reams ("specters' Riurns of Cargo, head printed. 10 feims Paper ru ed to match the same. 2 Reams III pee.tors' Returns of Cargo, two on a sheet. 6 gross S:eel Pens, Wnght's^bent. PRINTING. 2 ream* Quarterly Account* of Inspectors, 1 do do do Night Inspectors. 2 do Monthly do Insp^crors. 2 do do do Night Inspectors. 300 Meuaureri' Accounts. 200 Hole* and Regulation* of Officer*. Printing only the head* of 200 Ouagers' Account*. 100 Pamphlets, Duty of and Instructions to Inspectors. 5000 Certificates of Spirits, (when the number exceeds 50, the name of the Importer to be iuserted) p. certificate. 1 ream of Coal Returns. I do Halt do. 1 do Salt and Coal do. 1 do Expense Account*. STOREKEEPER'S OFFICE. XI, STATIONARY. 2 reams Ruled Letter Paper. 3 do Pla n do Foolscap do Rilel do do Ycil >w Envelope Paper. 1 do Red Blotting do |3 gross red Tape, No. 17. 20 lbs brown Twine. 20 cards 3 poyits Perryan Pans. -IS do National do 10 do Barrel do 400 Quills, No. 80. 3 dozen Monr e's graduated' Lead Pencil*. 3 lbs red Selling Wax. 3 cations black ink. 6 vials red Ink. 2 Bla' k Abstract Books tismill Blank Books. 6 half bouud Blank Book*. 11 Ledgers. 1 Blfflik Address Book. 3 Day Books. 1 Cash Book. 1 Blank hall bonnd Register. >, ream Abstract Paper. rtmtrto. rvain red Transfer Orders. 1 do black Transler Receipts, 230 Cherry street. 1 do do Drawback Orders, 12 Broad street. 1 do do Delivery Orders, 230 Cherry street. 1 do do do 270 Water atreet. 8 do do do 1? Broad street. APPRAISER'S DEPARTMENT. XIII. STATIONERY. 10 ream* blue Ruled Foolscj) Paper, as per sample 5 do Letter Paper, better than (ample. 6t?card* extra fiue PeTyan Sreel Pens. 4U do Oillott'* E -gle Pen*. inoo msnafaclvred QmlU No. 8j, good quality. 15 dozen best Lead Pencil*. t; lint le* Ma/natd k Nov**' black Ink, large bottle*. 0 bottles Stephen*' blue Ink, large bottles. 21 vtals Freucn Carmine luk. 2 lbs Wafers. .... 4 four quires Royal book*, X bonnd, printed heading. 12 quires Blotting Paper. 1 u.xen niece1 India Rubber. 5 ream* Report Paper. XIV. 3 do 2 do FttlNTINU. ( reams Printed Returns, ruled, two on cap sheet, thicker paper. 2 reams Printed Returns, ruled, one on cap sheet, thicker paper 1 re?m Printed Damage Appraisement Returns, lour to cap n29 *tsw4wr C. W. LAWRENCE. Collertor Transportation of Naval Stores. NAVY AOENT'8 OFFICE, * New Vohb, Nov. 13, '845 S P1ROPO8ALS, sealed and endorsed " Pr?i>osals for freight -o (Rio de Janeiro," will he received at this office until 3 o'clk P. M., Monday, the 15rh day ofDeeembe neit; for the trans porution of about 4000 barrels. more <?r less, of < Jovernmeot Stores from the Navy Vard at Brooklyn, N. Y., to Rio de Ja neiro, in the empire of Brazil Offers must specify the price naked p-r b.rrel without distinction between wet and dry: live-?nd-a-half cubic feet of measurement good?j aud thirty gal Ions to the gunge ol all c isks not <1 a u 11 ycalled bsrTsl?, to he considered as banvla, whatever they may coitain. No other than Government St< res to be t.k 11 on hoard as freight, ai d un primage to be allowed Ten fair weather working lay days to ba allowed at eath of the ports of Brooklyn and Rio de Jane iro, for takirg in and disch >rgiug cargo. Payments to be made by any Navy Ageut in the United rtwtes, producing satisf*c tory evidence '.f the delivery of the cargo. I'roposnla must stite the descrii tion, name ami condition of the vessel, and where ahe is at the time of offei ing her; and ?he must pass the usual ritpectiou, and he ready at the Navjr Yard, Brooklyn, to receive c.irgo bjr the 26th Decemb' r, and if not preseuted f t examination within t?ree days sfter being notified of her rcr -I tanee, the freight will be offered to the next lowest bid der, according to law PROSPER M. WETMORE, Navy Agent. 1)14 lawjw r Ol< PORATION NOTICE ol sale of property for unpaid ' Aisessmen's ? I'nblic notice is hereby given tliat a sale of property for unpaid assessments, will take placeat putlieanc tinu, nt the City Hall of the city of New York, on Mouday,the second uay of March next, at twelve o'clock, at noon, and he contii urd from day to day until the whole ofaaid property shall be sold, and that the de ailed ataiemeut of the property to be sold f r unpaid assessments, is published iu the Evening Post,a uewipaper printed aud puhliihed in the city ol New York. Street Comimaaioner's Office, ) November Utli, 1845. S ELI AS L. SMITH, nl9 lawllt m Street, ' omwimioner. TfcAAS LAND* toil ttAl.b en (UWt acres ok patented land in ?*" "jv/VfVf TKXAB, for sale on liberal terms. Also, Kiftee.i Thi>n?and Dell >rs City of Sabii e Block. Titles india pntihle Enqaire of the subscriber at the store of Israel Grif fith It Co , corner of Baltimore and Sharp stree's. _ . _ HORATIO ORtFKIT Baltimore, Dec. IS, IMS di9 Uw4w rrc A CHEMICAL RK8ULT -A WONDER !? MY lk.Lt BRATED VEGETABLE LIQUID HAIR DYE, to enable persons to dyo instantaneously their hair, without the least iueonveuienee. Kor chaiigiug red or grey hair, whiskers.eyebrows, lie to a brown, black or Chestnut color. The slightest evil conseqnuuces need not be feared from ita use?it is altogether harmless. This composition is the only one sanctioned by the seienne of chemistry, to dye, in an indellible manner, the various nidations of colors, without danger or inconvenience, and h'S justified the liberal patronage -nd unlimited confidence ol the public. If black is required, ask for box marked N.; it brown, box marked B Bewai* of fonnterftiti.?Ask for "Jules Hauel'a Vegetable Liqu ol Hair Dye," if you want the genuine article roraale, wholesale and retail, by JULES HAUEL, Perfumer and Chemist, No. 46 South Third street. Philadelphia, and by my agents:?J. B. Jacquemod, No. 415 Broadway; K. A. Ajtault, Lafayette Bazaar, \oa. 149 aud 151 Broadway; A. Willard, 8. W corner of Cedar and William streete. Premiums awarded at the Franklin Institute. nil lm*rc rr6THt BKAUTIF1MIS OFTHECOMPLEXION? ?ur A priami Efficacy!-MV EAU DIVINE DE VE:NU8 AND NYMPH SOAP, composed of an eastern botanical discovery ol surprising efficacy for rendering the skin soft and fair, as well as imparting a delicate roseate hue to the complexion As a creator ana conservator of that most distinguishing Charm of female loveliness, a transparent fair skin, JULfcS HAUEL'H Nymph Soap, or Eau Divine de Venus, msy be n.id to exert an almost magical power. Composed for the most Part of oriental balsamic planta, to the utter exclusion of ail mineral admixture, it is distinguished medieinslly for its ex tremely bland, purifying and soothing action on the skin ; and by ac ing on the pores snd minute secretory vessels, exnels all impurities from the surface, allays every tendency to innamma tion, and, by this method alone, effectually dissipates all red ness, tan, pimplea,freckles, sunburn, and other unsightly cuts neons visitations, so mimical to femalelovelineaa. 1 uie th? most bilions complexion into one of ra . i rne**; wi"'a on the neck, hands and arms, it be UUfairness which ita continued use will hap 7* apnearaiice of youthful charm to We mast advanced periods of fire For sale, wholesale aad retail, by __ . . JULES HAUEL, Practical Chemist and Perfumer, ?iHi<n.?.?i.. I u South Third street, Philadelphia. iTrt.nlt i J,<anen>od, No 415 Broadway; f, A. WiTlsrJ s w J0"' 151 Broadway, A Willard, S. W. corner 01 Cedar and Wi 11 ism streets Premium was awarded at ttui Franklin lietitutg nil lmVc J temffiaa^L * * Merchant. III ? IBI" ^f] || KurujMaii Correspondence. Pakis, 1st December, 18-16. Critval Condition, of Europe? Great Influent* of i Louis Philippe on Ptacc?Danger* After his Dtalh?Tottering State of the Peel Minn try aid Corn Laws?Lord John RuneiCs famous littler? Lord Morpeth?Ore gm (fruition?ProOubiity of a War?Music and the Drama. Ia the midst of the serenity oi an api?rently uni versal peace, the elements of discord are, neverthe less, iii active fermentation, beneath this superficial tranquillity. The diffusion of knowledge; the gene ral pievalence of education; the cultivation of the fine and useful arts; but, above all, the free aud constant intercommunication of nution with nation, 1 and |>eople with |>eop!e, which has prevailed in a 1 manner so remarkable, since the general |>eace of 1815; and the simultaneous establishment of steam navigation, and subsequent improvement and exten sion of railways, have conspired to transfbrm the functions of the sword to the pen. Ba'tles are now fought, not on fields, but on paper?protocols take tue place of artillery, and the plenipotentiary shelves the General. Still, discord asserts her sway, though she is compelled to change her weapons, and to clothe her functionaries in new characters ? Wherever we direct our view over human socie ty, we find the manifiests her presence in an une quivocal manner. France is convulsed by a number of antagonist parties, which make themselves felt and heard in the chambers and through the press ( Critics on the American government have found matter for lidicule in the multiplicity of political 1 sections into which the republic is resolved, and the , taciliiy each section finds in establishing its pro|>er ' organ in the shape of a journal. What must be j thought of Franc-, in this respect, which numbers | shades of party and tints of jnurnalit-m with which | nothing short of a f-even years' apprenticeship can 1 render a foreigner familiar. These multifarious ' parties, many of which are so nearly equal in nu | rnencal and political strength that none could ac quire auy permanent preponderance, are kept in check only by the m ister spirit of Louis Philippe, unquestionably the gteat^st sovereign of this age Uut the course of nature places nurrow limits to the life of tliii monarch, and when tint life falls, the destinies of France and the state of Europe will as sume a position which must fill ihe minds of the most profound statesmen with painful apprehension. A long minority?a reg.*ncy?a temporary sovereign, ! not endowed with any cmiruanding abi;i>ies?must I assume the reg.il <fhee, to rule ihe Tnost turbulent ! people of ihe Old World At present the hereditary principle is lost siijht of L<>uis Pnilippe reigns by ' popular choice. The rUlet Bourbons were forced ' upon the nation for a brief interval by foreign : power. Napoleon held Ins power by popular elec ! tion, and in the various forms of government which i preceded hini, the [teople alone were at least nomi nally predominant. Thus it may bo said, that the I hereditary principle of nations! sovereignty has not been practically tested in France since the death of Louis XV. It will be tested, then, on the demise of Louis Philipi>e, for the first time among the present I generation of men. Who can foresee its reception1? At this moment the popular will controls the crown to a greater extent than foreigners can im agine. It is well kuown that the sovereign and his ; advisers feel that Algeria is an incubus on the ; country ; that it is a vast cemetry, into which annu ally thousands ot brave Frenchmen are cast?a ' colony without products, sustained by the blood and treasure of ihe mother country?a pest house, fatal to the physical temperament ot Europeans? i an arena for a chronic war with barbarians, over whom victory brings no glory and before whom de i leat ib infamy?a country wnere conquest is synony I mous with extermination j where the enemy com j limes the characters of ihe savage and the lanatic; ; ,ttid where the contest is interminably prolonged by ! squiring (hi spirit of a holy war It is well known : thai the cabinet would, if they dared, relinquish tins unfruitful strife; but rieuher the present nor any | other cabinet now possible could attempt such u ! ineasuie, without the certainty of sell-destruction | It the tranquillity of France hangs upon the lite ot j ail old man, other parts ot the European continent i are not in'.ercater social or political quiet. Italy is I the scene ot civil broil*. Germany is ihe theatre 6t a new reformation. Switzerland is convulsed on ihe question ot the Jesuits* The crown und the : people are at variance on questions of religious doc trine and practice in Prussia. In England, ihe es tablished church is split by the most alarming schism which has arisen since the Reformation The aristocracy are raised against the democracy, nu the question of the corn monopoly, in Ireland, ; ihe repeal agitation is not quelled even by the nn minmce ot a lamine; aud the astonishing tact isma j attested of a voluntary tribute ot twenty thousand i pounds tendeied by a tarnishing people to him who | uas acquired the position of th-ir leader! It is dif ! (icult to bhv whether the feeling ol astonishment at this proceeding ou the part of ihe starving p-ople, or * disgust at its acceptance at such an epoch, is p:edo I tninantin one's mind. The eyesot Europe are steadfastly directed to the : British cabinet, the movement, or rather equilibrium I of which, appears to the uuinitiated incomprehensi ble Meetiug after meeting continues to be held, i and the court newsman, from week to week, an nounces cabinet councils in session for five hours!! yet nothing is done, except to send a commission ot philosophers to Ireland, to insiitute n course ol arui /ytico-ehemico phytico philotophiea! experiments on : (tie attributes ol potatoes! Parturiunt monte*. Natcitar riJicului mm !! This trifling is pursued amidst the unparalleled public anxiety, the ardent remonstrances of almost ihe entire press, and the ominous silence of several even ol the semi-official ministerial organs. Par liament is prorogued, not as usual to the first week ? >t February, tor the despatch ol business, but almost from week to week. Ii is how appointed to assem ble on the 16:h proximo. In tli? midst ot this general alarm, we hear on every side the jiersuasion express ed, (hat it is the wipe rious duty of the ministry to se cure subsistence for the |>eopleatall hazards, and, as the only means of doing so, to sus|>end, if not totally repeal, the odious monopoly ot corn. The most ob stinate supporters ot the landed interests were lately giving way before this overruling necessity, and the immediate friends ol Sir Robert Peel did not con ceal their opinion, that the time had arrived when some important modification in these restrictive , laws had be jome inevitable The inactivity of the ! cabinet, in such circumstances, lias led some to conclude that the danger is found to be not so im minent as was supposed, and journals are found to dispute altogether the sU|>i>osed risk of scarcity, and to treat the panic of the nation with ridicule. It is, however, not easy to admit that vague and ground less fears should shake the commercial body of the vity to its centre, and produce so portenuous a fi 1 iiancial crisis. Others, again, contend that the cabi I not only watts to ascertain by actual inquiries, the I real Condition ol the haivest, un i that, according to | the information they receive, they will assemble or I prorogue Parliam nt. | These discussions have introduced into the cabinet, ! contentions which have seriously threatened its dis 1 solution. Sir Robert Peel long since loresaw the approaching tall of the system of the corn laws He souuht to temporize and pass, not suddenly, but gra dually, to that Mstem of tree trade which ultimately must prevail, Meanwhile came the bau harvest ana a crisis. Hence a necessity for immediate action. Action, accordingly, the premier proposed, but found himselt suddenly opposed by the inviucibl>* resis tance ol the Duke of Wellington, Lord Stanley, Mr. Sydney Herbert, and other members of the ca binet,who vehemently protested against any change, at least until famine was glaringly apparent. They denounced every attempt at a timely provision against a future contingency, however awlul, as a direct surrender ot the rights ot the lauded aristo cracy. They argued, moreover, that the suspension of the corn laws would be useless, since other na tions had already shut their ports against the expor tation of food. Notwithstanding the high-handed manner in which Sir Robert Peel has hitherto treated his col leagues, he has in this case quailed before their op position. Will he resume his tone ot independence 1 Will he shake ofl the incubus which oppresses himt Convinced in his soul that a reform is needed?per suaded that come it must, and that speedily, who ever may be the agent to produce it, will he abandon his convictions, yield to the aristocratic party, and shart in their talll It is contended that he will not; that he is tired ot the incessant obstacles thrown by his own iwrns.ins in the way ot his own measures, aud o. ihe double struggle which he has to sustain equally agaiust his opponents nnd his tnends, and is wearied ot the lalse position in wnich such a state of things has thrown htm. His sett love and his health, it is said, cruelly suffer ; he is tatigued wnh office, and by no means desirous to support its bur then, when both its weight and its danger are aug mented by the obstinute opposition of the Duke Accordingly, the retirement of Sir Robert Peel is openly spoken ot in well informed circles. In such ail event, could a more unmitigated lory, pro-corn 1 law cabinet be formed t And if formed, could it sustain its position? la the fare of an opposition, produceo by the combination ot the wings, the radi cals, th^ anti corn-law league, the Irish and repeal agitators, und without even the support of those moderate or p^eudo-tories, who would still adhere to Sir Robert P^el, such u cabinet would, in the present state of the country, stand no chance of maintaining l'.sdf Yet th?* party would hazard much to prevent, on the one h'.nd, the re-oougtraction of a whig ministry; or on the other a coalition of the whigs and moderate tones. To accomplish this, they would even venture to plunge the na- , Hon into a war; and it b<j happens that an occa sion ot accomplishing this, ot a peculiarly tempt ing kind, now presents itself The natural repug nancy which the p-ople feel towards that party, would be smothered in the tumes of its patriotic enthusiasm; and the Oregon question presents only too seducing an opportunity for realising this theory. The English nation, when its self-love is touched, would a-sured.'v, as is contended, not recoil trom a war with the United States 011 what might be n'ib licly regarded in England as just provocation. Tins will be readily admitted hy all who remember the reception which was given by all parties, without exception, 111 the House of Commons, at the com- 1 mencement of the present year, to th?* memorable speech of Sir Robert Peel, in which he declared that, f the ju*t rights ot England, (as fie considered them) were disregarded, England would know how to enforce respect for them The national vanity was deeply wounded hy the results of the war of 1812, and by the recollections of ihat war,constantly revived by the American journals. Ever since, those classes, who are most bitterly opposed to re publicanism, have burned to give a lesson to the Americans. Thus, su< h a measure might be ex pected, it introduced adroitly, to meet with a |>opular welcome. Besides, it is contended that the na tional pride ot England would urge her forward in such a course. She considers tnat America has implicitly admitted the existence of at least, some claims to Oregon on her part, by thirty years of n<>g<>* t rition. Yet now, after this thirty years ot fruitless diplomacy, the actual President of the Union comes forward and pushes aside with tliadain every pre tensiou to a claim on the part of England?declares that he will hear ot no negotiation?th it diplomatic measures in such a case are all humbug?that he will not t?ee the Republic of the West choused out of her own by the torce of the arbitration of a third iM>wer?that to America, and to America onlv, Oregon, and every inch of Oregon, has belonged, does belong, and shall belong; and that he, as ihe head and representative ot this great confederation, is prepared to enforce its just claims. After the speech of Sir Robert Peel, and the feeling evinced hy the English House of Commons, it is very, very hard, to see how England can avoid war, except by the most bitter humiliation. Nich ar?j the speculations and reasonings which well-intornied persons and practical statesmen now hold on this question. Meanwhile, the English press is unanimous as to right, however divided as to the most advisable means of asserting and enfor cing that right The principle of joint occupation is conceded. Even those who contend that En^laud had formerly a right, according to the law of na 11011s, over the whole territory, admit that a defea sance of that right has been committed. But it is maintained that even according to recent admis sions ot the most eminent American statesmeu, (Mr. Calhoun, for example) tiie principle of joint occupation is indisputable. In my last letter, 1 told you that the English corn I iw's were in ext remit?iu the last agonies?in the death struggle. Their knell has since been rung by the great whig aristocratic leaders?Lord John Rus sell and Lord Morpeth?one ol whom has joined the League, and the other has shouted to the English people, "Avake , arise, or be for ever fallen.'' The doom of this national.nuisance lias been pro nounced, and the only point of doubt now is, who will be its executioners ? The tories.with Sir Robert Ht their head, turned out the whigs, led by Lord John, because the Utter hinted an intention of limit ing the landlords' monopoly to a moderate fixed du ly. Is regard for political consistency so utterly lost in these degenerate times in which we live, that these same tones will have the bareftced an.'i t shameless impudence tmw to propose the abolition of the entire duty'! Will they do, us they did in ihe case of catholic emanci|?tion?stultily them selves, aud damage political morals, by promoting that to-day which yesterday they denounced as de ?uruetive'iit cons*iutted rights 1 or, will they take the more decent course of retiring from oflice on the suine question on which hey assumed it? It has been well observed by a contemporary, ihnt the letter or manifesto of Lord John Russell is i shot between wind and water, most formidable to die strained and leaky timbers ot the Peel adminis tiation It has the lurther merit of being thrown in critically at the right moment?not too soon,(which would have been a great error) nor too late Lord John has waited with that calmness which charac terizes iiia movements, to see if ministers would b" to the last resolute in irresolution?determined to die (and let others die) and make no sign. A shot troin such a forbearing adversary, sounds like the crack of doom, and how it tells, will be speedily ap parent. Lord John's letter denounces, without the slightest periphrastic flourish, the last opportunity rfir Robert Peel had, and missed, ot dealing with the corn laws. "Three weeks ago," saya Lord John, "it was generally ex|x?et Jd that Parliament would be immediately called together. The announcement that ministers were prepared at that time to advise the crown to summon Parliament, and to propose, on their first meeting, a suspension of the import duties on corn, would have caused orders at once to be sent to the various ports of Europe and America for the pur chase and transmission of grain for the consumption i of the united kingdom. An order in council dis pensing with the law, was neither necessary nor de arable. No party in Parliament would have made itself responsible lor the obstruction of a measure so urgent and no beneficial." Lord John Russell's view confirms the impression that an order in coun cil, suspending the corn laws for any sufficient pe riod, would not have been the decent or constitu tional mode of dealing with the subject, and would have gone to supersede the function ofParliament at thismoment of most importance. But what an enor mous blunder has not that minister committed who has not resorted to Parliament for the sanction of a measure of which a statesman so calm and unim passioned as Lord John Russell, declares his con viction that no party tn Parliament would have made itself responsible for the obstrnction ! Why, here would have been his damaged wares taken off nis hands at once, and no questions asked! The tell-tale metal popped in the crucible of the crisis, and imt ge, and superscription, melted down ! It would have been carrying magnanimity quite too far in the lead er of the opposition, who has helped the minister so generously in all he has done, now to help him in doing nothing. It is enough, at this moment, to have no government, without also having no Parlia ment?no constitutional oruan of impeachment of this gross negligence. Mr. Kscott said that it was for those in power, if, indeed, we had a govern ment at all, to take some steps to provide against the growing calamity, tuch is the honest out cry of a landed nominee?a conservative mem ber. The signal of distress, unheeded by the ministry, is answered by the chief of the oppo sition Sir Robert Peel has no other choice but to nail tn his wake, and to follow his lead, or to nail his flag to the mast of aii odious mon< poly, and rather than strike, sink and drown. An ounce of public spirit would stand him in better stead than an hun- I dred weight of mere parliamentary tact Make a | clean breust?make a clean breast, good Sir Robert. Confess your corn laws and obtain absolution ? Take pattern from the manly frankness with which j Lord John penned the following paragraph:?"1 confess that on the general subject, my views have, i in the coursc of twenty years, undergone a great at j teration. I used to be of opinion that corn was an ! exception to the general rules ot political economy. But observation and experience have convinced me that we ought to abstain from all interference v, ith the supply of food. Neither a government nor a le gislature can ever regulate the corn market with the beneficial effects which the entire freedom of sale and purchase are sure of themselves to ptoduce." Your merchants may rest assured that a market for American bread stuffs of every description-will be speedily opened in the English |>orts; and if the expected reduction of the American tariff takea place, this movement of commerce will he rendered still more decisive. Meanwhile, it is certain that serious precautionary measures are in progress in England,with a vievr to | the contingency of an American war. An inspeo- i tion of the meroantile and post offioe steam mafine is going on, and improvements in the cniistntijbon and efficiency of steam ships, are listened twwith a greedy ear. Contracts for naval stores of rsery description are made on an unusually large scale, and the arsenals are submitted to a scrupulous in- ' spection It is said that in three or four days a steam navy of most formidable power ctiuld be organized, and armed by the government availing itself of the vast mercantile steam marine. But the interest which the war question would, under other circumstances awaken, is utterh^lMd ened by the all-engrossing character of tlSFeern monopoly question,which has acquired even flpaes- i ed interest by the proceeding of Lord John RuMell, just adverted to. The importance of his letter in ! evinced even more bv the screams of agony and yell* ot d"#t?<tir it has extorted froin the organs of the landed interests?the Standard, the Herald, and the H>i?t?thin the lo pcoons of the Timts. Chronicle, and Qluh*. It is amusing enough, on occasion* like the present, when political party l-elings are roused in England,to call to mind the abuse lavished on the Ameiican |>eopU; by the satellites of the tory party who have published their travels in the States, tor tolerating journals in which the most respectable statesmen of the Umou are loaded with abuse. We challenge these travelling advocates of despotism to show us, in the whole history of the American press, past or present, any thing so thoroughly discredita ble as the vocabulary of B llingsgue by which Lord John Russell is assailed on the present occa sion Nor i9 thU shameful l tng t ige confi ied to the ottscourings of the weekly tory press, the noto rious magazines of infamy,which are issued on eve ry babbuh morning. and greedily swallowed in every club room in Pall-mall and St Jam-s street; but in the broad sheets of the morning and evening journals of the highest reputed character?the clas sical Standard, &uil the fashionable Prist; and all this against a man upon whose purity and public integrity his bitterest enemy has never d ired to breath a sus picion ; the leader of the great whig party ; member of the highest branch of the hereditary aristocracy ; and oue whose nam-: is inseparably associated with every great legislative, administrative and organic reform which has illustrated the present century in Britain The truth is, however, that these ure the mere struggles of desperation ,m a cause from which all hope has now departed L>rd John h ts given the corn laws the co<*p dt grere. There is now no more higgling about a moderate or immoderate fixed duly. The corner stone is taken from fa bric; the key stone is withdrawn from the arch, and the wiiole system of protective duty must tum ble to pieces. r * . * ' *. . * The railway mania hts, as was anticiptted, end- | ed. Tne bubble his burst. Hum has been spread among gamb in? speculators, and a financial panic 1 has convulsed Threadneedle street, and the Bourse 1 Honest capitalists are unharmed. Those who ape- I culated without capital, or enormously beyond their capital, alom- have suffered. In the world of music, literature, and the arts, ' little that is noticeable has occurred since my last I The event of tne mouth has been Mr. Wallace's ! opera ot "Mariinni," produced with such uuouali- I tied success at Druiy lane. This, as you no doubt have heard, 19 the same Wallace who was so popu lar as a pianist and violinist in America. He has come out on ihe prisent occasion witb incontestible claims to a high place as a composer, and shown the marks of mature study in every pirt of his art. His instrumentation and mastery over the powers ot ail orchestra evince the deepest study of the best German schools, while in the popular character of his melodies, he rivtU Belhni and Bilte. The music of this opera has been written for the libretto of D ?n Caesar tie Bazan, with which the New Yorkers are already fam liar Trie subject is not a happy one for the purpose. The action is too busy to allow intervals lor the composer Against these disadvantages, however, Mr. Wallace has prevailed with consummate skill ami complete suc cess. Among the performers ot this piece, Miss Poole shines out with especial lustre. Her song of "Alas ! those chimes so sweetly pleasing," is des titled lor a lasting popularity. Now that you have so many musical performers at the other side of the Atlantic, au effort should be made to procure the score ol this charming opera, and to bring it out at the principal American theatres. The managers m ty be assured it would pay well. A son of Sheridan Koowles has brought out at the Havmarket a comedy which has had a spurious Iviud of success The imitation of his father's style is as glaring as it is feeble. Verdi's opera of " Nabucodonosor" his reaum*d its course at the Italian opera of Pans with mode rate success. It wins on the public, and I have no doubt that wh*n Hie punlio taste has h id time to fa miliarize itself with the style of this composer, his works will be as popular on this side ot the Alps, as they unquestionably are upon the other. The concerts are not yet commenced, nor have w e heard any of the instrumental celebrities. \cw York 1*1 iota. It is proper to notice >ui article which lately au p ired in the Courier and Enquirer, over the initials G W. B , lest the statements should, trom silence acquire importance. It cannot be necessary to institute an enquiry be tween the skill and capacity ot the New York licens ed pilots, and those who are fostered, fondled, and ciraased by the Chamber of Commerce, and Board ot Underwriters; as the qualifications of the formei HHve never been seriously questioned, however much pariicul-tr prejudice may desire to disparage ihem, in the hope of redacmg them to the level ot those novices whom the Cnamber of Commerce tui4 Board of Underwriters have recommended as good men and true. G W. B states that the M P.'s have put but three vessels on shore, whilst during the same perio'l ihe New Vork Pilots have found bottom with seven ? G W B should be authority, as a worthy gentle man representing the Chamber ot Commerce, us commissioner of pilots, glories in those initial. Yet he will pardon our doubting his accuracy, in askinu whether lie has ever understood that the following vessels were ruii 011 shore by the M. P.'s, viz: the slaps Westminster, Patrick Henry, Europe, the brig Cayuga, barque Chancellor, and an herma phrodite brig, name forgotton, but which was pui 011 shore 011 titaten Island, near the telegraph. Can G. W. B state whether the Ashburton did not also scrape and go, or was she hard and fast, on the lasi voyage outJ and wnether the Isaac Allerton did noi return trom the like reason 1 If their accustomed skill, as manifested in the na Vttttton of the vessels above enumerated, has coine to light, notwithstanding tue jealous chanty ot the merchants to conceal the foibles ot their friend*, 11 is impossible to divine how many other hluudert remain concealed. It is also worthy of notice, that all of the vesaelt. above stated, except the Chancellor, lound bottom on the outward bound voyage, and with tije wea ther and leading winds. G. VV. B seeks to cast the odiuin, if any, on the New York Pilots, of procuring the repeal otthe laws ol this State respecting piloia This is not quite as disengeuuous as might be expected trom one writ ing by authority. Itiat he writes by authority may reasonably be inferred from the closing paragraph ol his article, in saying, "I should not have written ho much; but in the judgment ol friends, it wa* thought best that oomething should be said, and the public may rest assured that tne Board of Commis sioners will provide them with competent men " As to the tact, whether the odium of procuring the repeal ot the law, aaG.W. B. would make it ap pear, is to be attributed to no other interests only than that of the New York pilots, he is referred to the reiKirt otjilie Assembly, ol the 13th of March last. The memory ofG. W. B should not have been so treacherous, when he who seek 5 to enlighten other*, seeing to have been the first to have torgouen that in that report it is explicitly declaied, that "the shipping interests snd underwriters of New York, concur in favor rt rui open and unrestricted competi tion; and though doubts may be eatertamed 011 the ( subject, their views are entitled to great weight aud respect."' At the time this rejHiit was presented, i Oeu. Mather, then a member ot the Asaeuibly trom i this city, in his speech 011 Uie subject, stated that the bill "had been framed advisedly, having been ina lured upon grave consultation with not only the pi- i lot*, but with the board ot underwriters, the cham ber of commerce, the sh'ppiug merohauis and mer cantile 00 mutiny generally He was warranted in ?tying this, from the tact ot his having been present a week ago last Saturday, at a meeting 111 New York, where all these interests were represented." ; After the passage ot the repeal act, the New York licensed pilots offered to enter into an agree ' ment with the chamber ot commerce, to fix the rates ol pilotage the same as established by the laws ot liw7 and '88, the services to be peitormed, the same as they were prior to the opening ot the law, which was to cruise at sea in search ol vessels, and to keep a boat on the station to take otf pilots trom outward bound vessels, and to perforin all other services which should be required tn the execution of their duties; but because the New York licensed pilots declined accepting commissions trom this sell 0 n stituted body, who would make and unmake pilots at their sovereign will aud pleasure, all their efforts to do justice to themselves and the mercantile com munity, tailed to receive the sanction of this uugust body, and ihe "glorious state ol contusion" coin plained of, is alone the evil J that body, influenced as it is by such promoters of the public good as G. W. B. As to the lose of the Bristol and Mexico, to which , G. VV B. adverts, 11 is sufficieut 10 say, lhat wfter an , linprttliil investigation by lilt Congre?Sot the United 1 tiliiea and.'i Grni.d Jui> in this city, ihe New Yoik j pilots were exonerated trom all blalne. 'iiieNew Voik Pilots hive oli?u heard of such shipmasters as G. W. B. mention*, but as ihey have not yet the pleasure ot knowing the gentleman allu ded to, they respectfully request G. W. B in hie next communication, will be pleased to introduce him to their acquaintance. Onk Who Undkkstands tub Subject Facta and Kancjr. The Erit Oasett* mates that the steamboat Lex ington can* near being deatroyed by flra on the 7th mat, on her passage from Cleveland to Erie The (ire when tirat iliio > varad, wai blazing apparently soma six or eight feet high around the chimneys It was soma tina before tho fira was got under The engineer li tally succeeded in latting the steuia oB' below decks, which so thrust down the blaze that U.e men could reach the seat > f the fire. The U S. Dragoons stationed at fort Atkinson, have captured five Wiunebsgoaa in Iowa territory, who are charged with the murder ot Louis Hartz Dr. Romsetu, of Washington county, Iowrat?? ritory, was drowned at Burlingto.i, on the ind lust, in attempting to sroaa the river oa ine ice He was driving a spin of nones at th* tun) B itti ho sea broks througu the toe, but they ware recovered -oue of them nearly dead. Governor Smith, Governor elect of Virginia, will be in Richm ) d on the 31 at of December, to entar into the duties of his ofllca John Muller, a deok pissens?*r on the steamer Detiiuce. fell overboard, at Louisville, on the 7th inst., a id w as drowned. Thu garni of ch?-)i between V^-Hrs. Roiseau and Stanley, in New Orlsaas, stilt continues. Tiie elereath and twellth ga nea were pi aye 1 o:i tne 11th iiHtant, both of which ware won hy *lr Stanley. The siore n'anda thus?Mr Stanley, eight; Mr. Itosaaau, three , ani on* drawn game J B B tckenatoi, sheriff" olT Htticoclt county, re cently tria 1 un ler an indictment for the death of a man during the troubles ,111 Hincook county, in Peoria, has beeo pronounced by the jury, not guilty. It is probabla that th- election in Louisiana, for a successor in Congress. 11 inp,>lv cue pi tee of Mr. Slilell, Mimaterto Maxico. <will tak? plana at the State election, 19th of Jan tary. H >a E niln L i ?ine. it is and, will b? the democrat!?? ciudidate Tae whig* threaten to con te?t it, wnich will giro the PUquemme boys a ch incj to show their strength. Tne police officers in N?w Orleans discovered bo neat > a plank, on the I3tu instant, in an alley-way in Bienville, between 0 iupnu an 1 Ujuroon streets, twenty two diatis drawn at Natchez, of different dates and ium<, un 1 on parties mostly in the city, amounting to tne sum of $19 5U 0) They al-io iliacovered. in the aame place, a number of piper* an 1 u small memorandum book, suppose 1 to belong to K^tner T.-ale Tne property thus found was stolen from on board the J M Winte, about a fortnight since, whan a reward of $100 was offered for its discovery. Dtvn, a slave of Lvle, Dtvidson ic Co, and C'iailas, a slave belonging to Mr. Hyde. *srs hot ? ar reiu 1 on charges of robbery, aud the latter of asiauit. The frost of the 30ch ultimo liilled nearly all the st inding cane in St. Mary's Parish, La. On Monday, at daylight, the temperature wai twenty s ven and a half degress. Tnis, aays the Amiur, was the severest cold wj had to injure the cane since IrfU in that year tha .thermometer atoo 1, atdaylight. oil tho 19th of November, at twenty-six decree*, and thu '-am was killed to tie g'ound In ISJJ.on tne Jlnd of O-'o'ier, we had a Iroit w.iich kill-ad the cane throughout this p irish. bel'ora a hngsliead ol sugar was m i !e. The crop of thi* ye ir will bo cut short in our pirNn one-fourtil, and in all other parts of t ie atste in proportion. Some eastern operators, bv running ail express through Canaia, got to Datroit with tha news of tha | Britannia's arrival, and the rise In flour, a day or two | ahead af Civile Sam's siow m id coi ;hoa. Frou Dstroit I they pushed on to Chicago an ! Milwaultla B i' ?s | doubt whether they to?k much by tneir motion. Cera, at least, our produce dealers not to be had, though il tne news of tho steamer's arrival ha I not reache I hsra Wednesday night, they would have "tigged" some 1*, 000 bushels of wheat at rt or ? cents less than it is worth to-day.?Miliraukit Scntintl, Dcc.i [t is a very difficult matter to understand the many propositions before the Missouri State Convention, in ra fard to the apportionment of representation in tha Legis lature. Almost every membsr has some sohama of his own, and In this multiplicity of plans it is hard to say what one may be adopted An effort was made on tha 8 !i inst. to come to soma understanding aa to the hiais 01 representation, and when that was accomplished it w is supposed that the other provisions of the constitu tion migat be more easily settled. A resolution wss passe ', by a vote of 33 to JG, declaring that fraa whit* inhabitants should be made tha basis of representation, excluding all i-uch as have not becooae permanent in h ibitants of the particular county where the census Is taken. Tne Convention, however, adjourffsd without adopting any plau relative to the apportionment at repre sentation. E. R Paul, Jacob Lyon, and Charles Brook*, wore arrested in Buffelo on tae 17th instant, charged with obtaining money under false pretences. It ap pe red. a gentleman turned Bials called at the Commer c: .1 Hotel, and gave into the hands of Paul tnree paak rua, oue of wnich contained $550 Paul represented hinnclf as one of tha proprietors of the houaa, aad agreed to del ver the packages to a boarder. It was (or thi! recovery of thi-property he wa? anested, having failed to comply with his promise. I A letter to a commercial houne in St. Louis, re e.'uvd on the 11th instant, from Cape Girardeau, dated l< ceinher 4th, says : ? Passengers have been arriving here all day Irom tha Beaver Dam, fifteen miles below here, and they report the Olive Branch xtill agrounj, Herald is mere, having thrown over l&Obbls.salt. hut ?till in danger of breaking in two. The Missouri Mail it nl -.a hard astound, and in a dangerous situation at the s .me place The Brunette is al-o there, but succeeded in gettiug back oil'the bar, and tying up at the shore be io.a the river got quite 10 low While at work in getting off, she swung against the bow ol the Olive Brauch, broke har cabin and deck gua its alt, broke her rudder and sprung a leak. The passengers say that until to-lay the boats could get neither fuel nor food Irom tha shore, > i account of toe heavy floating ice They were re duced to the last extremity; being out ol wood and pro visions for two or three days. Tha passengers who came here, got ashore with considerable danger.? When they left, the citizens about Commerce were de vising pians lor tha relief and assistance of those yet on tha boat. At Beaver Dim. where they are aground, liter* is now but two feet of water The steamer Hiber ?iiau was at Cape Girardeau, and after discharging part of her freight, had start* 1 up, but On ling only two aud a naif feet water at Devil's Island, returned to Cap* Gi rardeau. Execution of Moses Johnson.?Yesterday, gt one o'clock, while the inhabitants of our c.ty were engaged in the thousand busy employments ot lite, a very solemn scene was transpiring within the walls of the Penitentiary A little before 13 M the convicts were ail assembled in the large workshop ot the prison tor re ligious exercises. The State Guard, under arms, stood in eruer behind them The Sheriffs officers and a lew xpectators composed the lest of the assembly. After an impropriate hymn, the Rev. Mr. Hoge led in an ad ress to the throne of grace, which he closed by fervent peti tions in behalf ot the unhappy man who was so soon to l>e ushered into the eternal world. Then, an impressive discourse was delivered by Dr. Plumer, on the 1st varse of the ftlst Psalm, which was listened by all nres?ot with the most profound attent on. In his concluding re marks, the Doctor addressed the pr soner in a very so lemn and affectionate manner. After another hymn, the convicts, with the guard, withdrew to the place of exe cution. A few miuutes still remained to the prisoner to be executed, during whica time the ministers piesent conversed and prayed with him. At last, the appointed moment arrived; the Sheriff entered: the fatal cora was adjusted, and the culprit led to the gallows. He manifested very little emotion, and throughout all the service* of the occasioo, seemed less affected than many of the spectators. Wnen the cert was driven from beneath him, he hung quivei ing for a few minutes, when his spirit took its flight to appear before tha moit awful of all tiibunals. From what we have heard of this execution, we are more than ever convinced ol the propriety of making these capital punishments private. Not a great number of spectators were admitted, but we understand that even before the poor wretch was taken down Irom the gal lows, among the convicts who stood in the galleries of the building, as well as among the rabble wno were look ng through the front gate, rome were seen talking Mid l?ughiug in the Most ludeceut manner. The law which condemns the murderer to the gallows is a righte ous one. but we believe a deeper impression 1s made by simply annotincn g throughout a community the awfal iact, that at sucnau hour and initiate, a lei low being is to die, tnau when ? promiscuous croud is admitted, to glut their hideous curiosity ler a time, aud thee to go away Hardened and more reckless than when they came. Rttkmund WAig, Die. 30 Tfb Chkrokkb; ? We pareeive, says the Chtro ktt Adeocatt, tnat the moat vigorous and unprinci pled efforts are made, by different Individuals and cliques, to create the impression that James Starr and Newel Rider were killed on account of their politioel opinions and acta, and that it was Intended to st>ike a UtalbloAr at the Treaty Tarty, so called. Tofirther and strengthen this impression, a thousand of the wildost and most malicious laisehoods have been fabricated and kept on the wing. The object of the labricatorsol the-e laisehoods is moat evident. They wish to create all the excitement and commotion iu the country possible, that certain ends may be gelned at Washington. Bat this will not do. We repeat that nothing political was a*so cisted with the receut excitement Politics bad ao Con nection whatever with It. It hes all grown out ol the loul deeds committee by certain of Stan's sons, Rider, and others of their gang, and to which there la positive and circumstantial evidence enough to convince any im paitial mind, that he was not only cognisant, but even the mastei spirit. The Adracait says that the preaent state of things in the Cherokee couutry, has been mainly brought about by white men. " There are men who have sold goods, lent money, and given board, until certain, so called, chiefs,'aie now indebted to them thousand- of dollait Their ? uly chance of gat^iug a copper is to foment diffi culties, create dissensions, aud bedevil tne Cherokee*, until, by a Msgula r system of ioteilereuce. slaouer, Islsegood and misrepieseutation, they can csjola the (Juited 3'ates Government, aud create an apparent ne cessity for the adoption of some measure tnat will da ??troy our integrity, and thiow a few millions of dollars Into the hunds ol those 'chiefs,' ss indemnity foi the sup posed grievances they have sustained. There aie several lawyers engaged iu this scheme of acquisition, besides a few pettiloggers " The editor of the ^idesesle Is ludignsnt that the Ar kansas papers should lend such reedy credence to tho ielse rumors and absurd exaggerations which reech then of threatened violence to the. white settlesnenta wi?? < ha borders of the Mate. alter having thrown overboard

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