Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 22, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 22, 1845 Page 2
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\KW YORK HERALD. N '.ink, Monday. December aa, IMS. AIOTdU KUITION OP THK PICTORIAL HERALD. J'li : ilrki e.-Uticn of i ur Pictorial win soon exhausted, and we have been compelled to Usue another. It?<ttntioD? are historical of all th*> important end flnpuh events of the pa?t year, and hence iU Rreat * 1 >. We ofjoct to bo conjtrnlned to publish b third edition before the flrnt of next month. The c.-ond edi'ion is now r?# y ; price sispence * copy foreign I'ollcy ol" the Cnlfeil *tatci?IU C'oiu]>Ueatt<t ('oiltlun. The great question of tii" cl.iy continues to be, p-nce or war, the state of our foreign negociations with England and Mexico, an d the probable result that may a'tend them under the present ad :u:j:.-:t.<t.on T.'iis interest :? acquired from the vc.s: importance these matters have upon cornmen'ta! affairs, both of a foreign and domestic char-ioter Every piece of informa tion?every new fuct?every clear idea that vti tei .i to throw light uponthe subject, is instantly caugl.t up, rta.!,aud commented upon, by all parties ;n any way connected with business operations. We are, undoubtedly, in the midst of a war?not a physical war, but a moral and political war,which pr " '? ?In' clish of arm*. The sentiments and f In . the tw o coaiinenta?Euroi?e and Ame r <-.i? ;ro'ii:ht in collision, und are exhibiting the m > it >in'4ul ir and striking features to an nstonish td world One of the mist important el-inents ol ourloreien n.i'.'.ey ii that connccted with our relations with En ?; .nil We have already given, from what we ?r id authority, a correct f-tatenient of the 1 Tepon negotiation and of the probability of its ieir r .ivr trd within a reasonable time, in peace and compromise. The war of word*, or the moral war, between the press and legislatures of both eoimtrie.-, may go on at the same time that negotia ao;i:? .re nonaged privately and quietly by the respec- : t;ve j; 'V-r.impntH. If there were no other point of dis ? ' ; jtebetween England and the United States but that < ?yarding the Oregon territory, we do not think that . nv ii 'ii -nlty would ; rise to prevent a speedy and ji-i? : - eulement of itat an early day. But there .??.re othrr ar.d stronger joints, not immediately con nected with this negotiation, that may have a great i influence on the temper and disposition of the liri- ; tisli gov-rrment, and not on lhat government alone, j but on that of France, and others besides. We allude to the new negotiations which have been re-opened between the United States and Mexico, embracing' is they undoubtedly do, the purchase of Upper Cali fornia, und the frontier of the Rio del Norte ior Texas. The fact of such a movement on the part cf the United States, will alarm the fears and jea lousies of England to such an extent as to interfere materially with the settlement of the Oregon ques ti ". nd t:iose moderate compromises which migh1 i otherwise have been expected Of the new negotiations with Mexico, there can be no doubt our iioveriiinent last summer, having as certained informally through our Consul that the Mexican government would receive an American minister to treat of all difficulties and differences beiwceti the two countries, immediately despatched very secretly to Mexico, by the way ol Pensacola, nearly two months ago, Mr. Slidell, of Louisiana. According to the information received, he was ac companied by simple instructions to open negotia tions. This was announced m the messaae. Since the promulgation ot the message, we learn that Mr. Parrct, a confidential agent of the government, has recently been despatched to Mexico, with full and explicit directions to open negotiations for the pur > hase of Upper California, and for ihe accotnplish ..'ig .i new boundary between the United States and . lexieo, to run by the Rio del Norte on the East, .nd-the Gila on the West, to the Pacific ocean. This is ti ureat and magnificent movement in di m v, and corresponding with the comprehen ivr views and the big patriotic heart which Mr. Polk di-played iu his magnificent message. What success will attend these negotiations, we can't tell. L< probable, however, that the British and French agents in Mexico may oppose such a movement, and set all their energies at work to defeat it, as they tried in relation to the annexation of Texas ? Neither do we know the exact sentiments of the go vernment nf xMexico on these points; but at all ? veuts, when we couple these movements, with the idea which is beginning to spread among intelligent men, that a union of i he two republics of Mexico and the Uni- 1 ted States would be the most comprehensive and simple movement of the age, we may be prepared to hear that the Mexican government listens with kind ness and attention to these extraordinary overtures. Tn our opinion, although the annexation of Texan and the purchase of New California are magnifi cent movements, we think it simpler and more su bl-nv to t"> for the whole at once, and to propose to Me xico the union of the two republics, on the basis ? >t population and representation. It this movement is not begun now, we shall not forget it. its day will come. tn the mean time, it will be evident from the pecu liar character of the these negotiations, that the di plomatic movement with Mexico may have a singu rir effect on the temper of the British government i relation to the Oregon question. Both England i.n France, and other monarchical powers,will pre *rnd to he alarmed at the growth and ambition of the United States. They will see a curb put to their ambrious purposes in the union of two such republics w Mexico and the United States; and the probabi ity is, that alter a struggle between jealousy and rnbition, they may he driven to the terrible con nivency of-bringing on, its fust as possible the great contest between America and Europe, jkn the pur jios" ol preventing the growth of the (jilted States, und its union with Mexico, or even of a portion of the Mexican provinces. The possession of California ulone, with that of IVxrtH, by tlie United States, may sufficiently alarm iv ciiiously of European Governments; but the promulgation of the idea of a general union bc 'wfn these two rep iblic?, woffld at once bring rnitters to a fearful crisia^nong ihe old monarchies ??I Europe. Yet we must meet this state of things, inri we are led to pernfeive from the recent debate in tii? Senate, that m all matters connected with the foreign -policy of the country, as managed by Mr. Pu k and his CejJjjaet, there will be but one voice and one mind inth^t body. There i# no division oi sentiment on subject. The whigs, in their -vn way, are equally as patriotic, and as bqki and ie.cided as ihe democrats. We admire M* Crit ?nden is much ss like General Cassf fciid the ? Men id speech of Mr. Mangum is an nobl? and pa tic as that of M r. JUled, or any other supporter tiit administration for the first time in '"f. history of this great Tfjubiic, sinoe the revolu tion itself, we Hud that all parties are united *' one man on the foreign policy of the country, as rou^ht forth and conducted by Mr Polk. Yet this matter is only in the beginning. The ??-ent session of Congress may make still further velopments of their sentiments and feelings, and ? determination 10 stand unitedly with th* Presi* ?(nit <iit negotiations with foreign governments, he llect of such a union between th* Senate. the ? ?U-" , 11 nd the President, and between the govern ?*nt in all it* branches, snd the peoplf in nil their i altitude, will be the best ihing to preserve |>eace, ii cun be preserved, snd to intimidate foreign vernnu nts if they can be intimidated, previous to rind struggle. At present it is merely a r ?:> I politicil war between the intellectual en* e.? of both countries, represented by the press . !'i" legislatures Kvery day and every week is itfi the destiny of empires Let ueMntcfc and ind vtrd u* mir Inin* for thw ftnur? Thk Wasuin&to.n Unio* m E.VOI.A.VD.?The blundering conduct of the Washington Union ujwn the Oregon question, during the tabt mi month?. has produced a curious and twitting eflect in England, according to the last accounts?besides very serious losses by the panic. It will be recollected, th*t some time last summer, it leaked out that Mr. Buchanan had offered to com promise on ihe Oreeon afluir, by conceding the 19th decree, which otH-r Mr. Pjkenham, like a fat innocent, would not accept. When this was pub licly reported in the newspapers, the Union denied it positively and promptly, and soon followed up its denial with formal and long articles, claiming the whole of the Oregon territory, or rather mysterious ly affecting to restrict itself to a mere claim, and not to actual possession All these articles were thought to be a correct version of the negotiations of Mr. Polk, and consequently they produced in the minds of public mew und writers in England a strong war feeling, which it appears by the last accounts knocked down die price of all American staples, and still continues in force. There is a retwedy, however, to this state of things. The President's message is now on its way, and when that magnificent document is read, in which the true history of (he negotiation bus been set forth, it will be seen that the public hm been deceiv d, cheated and humbugged by the Union, claiming to be the organ, the representa tive, and correct fXj>ounder of the Cabinet, which it never was. The result of having weak, silly, babbling people at the head of a public print stand ing in the relation wluch it does to the government of the country, will therefore be a loss to this coun try, in the fall of cotton and other staples, to the p-obnble amount of $10,000,000. " What great cff-JcU trom little causes flow !" Peobablk Failthe of TsMPrjnWs Concert for tiik Bknkfit of the Pook ?We are ufraid that the liberal t^f-r, lately made by Mr. Templeton, to givf a concert for the benefit of the prominent cha rities of our city, is likely to fall through, in con sequence of the supitieness of our citizens in not meeting to make the preliminary arrangements to carry it into effect. After the Mayor had written to Mr. Templeton, accepting ihe trust of recipient of the proceeds to be derived from the proposed concert, he addressed a notice to the most prominent and respectable citizens, requesting them to meet at the Mayor's office, in the City Hall, on Friday last, in order to make the necessary preliminary arrangements The following named gentlemen were included in the notice: his Honor the Mayor having, in former yearti, seen their names appended to calls for chari table purposes, considered them as most suitable to act with him on tins occasion :? Hugh Maxwell, Esq. C. \V. Lawrence, Esq. Fanning C.Tock r, Efq. \V. H Grinuell, Esif. John J Palmer, Esq. Simeen Draper, Esq. Sheppard Knjpp, Esq W. E. Wilmerdi"g, Eiq. John A bteveiu, Esq. David Austin, Esq. Ogden Haggerty, Esq. Nathaniel Weed, Esq. Taos. H Le?Ke t, F.sq. Stewart li.own, Lsq. Jtmot W. U'ebb, Esq. David Hale, Etq. Ramsay Crook*. Esq. E F. Sitnderson, Esq. E. K Collins, Esq. James Foster, E?q. Jacob Little, Esq. J unes Doorman, E>q. J Bines Reyourn, Esq Richard Irwin, Etq. W. D Cutlibeitson, Esq. W. H. Aspinwall, Ksq. Jooathan Goodhue, Esq. Samuel S. Howland, E?q. Francis Hall. Esq W. C. Biyant, Esq. Horace Greeley, fcrq. James Brook!, E?q. W. W. DeForrest, E?q Daniel Lord, Esq. James W. Gerrard, Esq. Arthur Jones, Esq. P. P. Hall, Esq. Samuel Ward, Esq. Philip Hone, Esq. J. C Delpiat, E?q. Jacob Harvey, Esq. Saul Alley, Esq. John Johnston, Esq. Edward G. Faile, Bisq. Benjamin DeForrest, Esq. Edward Minturo, Esq. Henry Jessup, Esq. II. ('. DcRham, Efq. Jai. Depe> sti'r Ogden, Esq. Ogden Hoffman, Esq, Anthony Barclay. Esq. < harles Do La Forest, Esq. Edward Prime. Esq. G Hissenberg, Esq. F. Cottenett, Esq. I, Decoppett, Etq. C. H. Sand, Esq. Of this long list we are sorry to say only ttvtn attended; and consequently, there not being enough present to act efficiently, the meeting hus been post poned to thin evening, at 4 o'clock, when another attempt will be made to collect a nuHicient number to carry into effect the liberal offer of Mr. Temple ton. Will they come ? We don't know?but it will be a lasting stain on the character of at this rigorous season, an opportunity of realizing three or four thousand dollars lor the poor, is lost, ; because gentlemen will not take themselves away from their nuts and wine, for a short time, to make the preliminary arrangements. We could say much more?but surely this is enough. Theatrical and Musical?For the last lew months the legitimate drama has been more suc ceutful in this city than at any time within several years i>ast?particularly since the arrival of the K>*ans, and their several engagements at the Park, the houses have been filled sometimes to overflow ing. In fact, at the two principal theatres?the Park and Bowery?where the legitimate drama is pre sented to the public, the numbers who flock to the houses, and the appearance of the audiences, give evidence ot the healthy condition of the drama. But while the drama has been successful, the ope ra and music have been on the decrease The Ger man Opera, one of the best ever got up in this city, has almost failed entirely, and is now on its last legs. The Delcy troupe also failed. The Seguins, who commence an engagement at the Park this evening, owing to their more general efficiency as a troupt, may succeed better. But, with the excep- ' tion of the novel and musical wonders, De Meyer, Ole Bull and Templeton, music and oj>era have given up the ghost A singular state of th;ngs, however, pre??nta its? l' at the minor theatres in this city. In the pits of these cheap and nasty ettablishments, dense crowds of mere children are found, who are indoctrinated with the most grossly immoral and licentious ideas. The rising generation of the mid dling and poorer classes are on the broad road to destruction We lament this state- of things, but how ia it to be remedied 1 New York Pilots?We give, in another column, an answer to several charges made against the regu lar pilots of this port. We refer it to our readers, ;ind to the public. The pilotage of this port is now in such a condition, as to merit the especial atten tion ofCongress. All desire a reform, and, we be lieve that the repeal of the law of 1837, would meet with general approbation We believe also, that, if our pilots were made officers of the customs, in this and other ports, a vast amount ot revenue woukl t?e sHved to the public treasury. It is confidently be lieved, that attempts have bern made to use the pi lot bouts to smuggle goods ashore. If this be tru?, Congress owe it to their constituents to reform the whole system, and thus cut off this means of illicit trade. Chevalier Wikoff, the ci drvant patron of Fanny Elssler, has not brought over Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte with him, by the last steamer, at. it had been stated in borne of the papers. He ia, however, yet in ihe public service he has brought over a ruby ring, encircled hy diamonds, presented by thi Queen of Holland, to Mr A. J. Downing, the nuthor ol a work on gardening. The Chevalier is always in the fetch and-ca rry business ol some public personage?sometimes a rfanteutt?sometimes a flayer?sometimes a Prince?sometimes a Queen. Has he not also brought over some samples or in voices of tea, for the Pekin Tea Company, in Fulton ctreet, established by hi* geni As, for the benefit of ill the old ladies in town I Important Qt/iRiKs ? When all the people oj linzland read Mr. Polk's Message and the Oregon correspondence, will they not be astonished that the parallel was refused, and all their great com mercial interests hnzarded lor the Hudson's Bay Company 1 Will it not upset PeH's ministry 1 Will not Parliament bc.called together at once* Principles of the Youno Democracy, as De veloped at Tammany Hall.?First ol all, Oregon or none?2d, California?3d, Revenue Tariff?4th, 8ub-Treakury for the Stale and Union?fith, No Vegro suffrugo at all?Oth, New governmeo* for th? ein*. cn 'h* rtan of tb* federal gt^rnnmmt Important t'tto.M Mexico.?It appears by the in- j telligence from Mexico, which we received yester day, and give elsewhere, that the Hon. John Slidell, i our minister to that nation, for the purchase of Cali fornia, &C., hud arrived at Vera Cruz, and that there w<-re indications of another revolution in that un settled and uncertain republic. Apait from the safe arrival out of our new iniiii:v ter, this news is interesting and important. Accord ing to the accounts, General Paredes, the instigator of the last revolution in Mexico, and who was un- j fortunately set aside in the disposition of the otfi citU, is very uneasy in his capacity of >1 pl>iin Ciene ral, and intends either to revolutionize the country again, or try Ins chances with our forces on the Kio Grande. It is not very likely that he will attempt j the latter enterprise, and, as letter* trom H ivana, state that he was on his march to the city of Mexi co with 3,000 men, we are led to believe that he will creaie some trouble at home. Ia the present ex' cited state of the public mind in the interior of Mex ico, relative to Text's?and which is continually i fanned by the friends of Sauta Aim?and the non payment of the troop3 by the existing government, Paredes can easily produce another revolution, if he is so inclined. We may, therefore, expect to hear of one, or an attempt at one, by every arrival. This Mexican republic is a curious affair. To-day it points to the east; to-morrow to the west; then north, then south, then all round the compass, Increase of Population.?We have received returns from several States which we annex. States. 1840. New York 3,418 931 Ohio 1.619 467 Alabama o90,766 Iailiana 68 >.&)(} Illinois 476 I S3 Michigan 313,307 Six States 6,013,480 Inct ease in five years These are the returns from six States only. If the ratio of increase be the same through the coun- I try, the aggregate population in the United States is, at this moment, not far from twenty millions. The annexation of Texas, the acquisition of Cali fornia, and the settlement of the Oregon question will give an impulse to the country?a momentum, sufficiently powerful, to increase the population to twenty-five millions in less than ten years? perchance in five years. We shall then be out of our swaddling clothes. Cabinet Chanses.?Rumors still flow in from Washington, predicting cabinet changes. We are incredulous, to a great extent. No doubt several cliques of office beggais may want changes?but we yet doubt the rumors. The Crisis in Europe.?The letter from our in telligent Paris correspondent, which we publish in this day's paper, will be found of a highly interest ing character. It clearly exhibits the present cntica' condition of things in Europe. TUcatrU-ais. Parr.?The Seguin troupe make their debut tnis even ing ni the I'ark, in tho celebrated and beautiful opera of the " iiobeitiiun Girl." They liave been highly succcss" ful in '.heir engagements at the nouth, and return to thin city m excellent health and spirits. Mr. Delavanti, an accomplished vocalist, ban been added to their nombor and will be found to be a great acquisition. The " fiohe mian Girl" will be produced with unusual splendor, and we doulit not the (lite and musical of New York will congregate to greet the troupe, and listen to their strain" of soul enchanting melody. 1846 3.601 374 1,73J 331 631 817 8)0,000 70(1 000 300,u0ll e.b09,t>33 6,913,460 Bowery Theatric.?Thi? evening, a fine bill is pre sonted at the Bowery. John R.Scott is to play Mac beth. Mr. Scott is one of the best living peisonatcrs of this character, and will draw together to-night a great crowd After the tragedy, the drama of "Rookwood,"in which the bold feats of Dick Turpin, the celebrated highwayman, are exhibited, will be played. On Tuei day evening, Mr. George W. Clarke, one of the best and most promising actors on the Bowery boards, takes a benefit, on which occasion the fino legenda y drama of "Rip Van Winkle," with other entertainments, will be piayed. The Picsident's Guards, Company D, will also visit the theatre on that evening. Ouwkrv Circus.?Mr*. Gossin, a most charming eques trUn, takes her benefit this evening. An entirely r?? an<l graceful act of horsemanship will be performed by her, and we doubt not the house will be crowded. Mr. Chippendale is in New Orleans. Mrs. Mo watt is at Charleston, S. C. Mr. Dempster gave a concert in Boston on Saturday evening. Italian Opera at Havana?Marty, the manager, has published his advertisement concerning the Italian Opi-i* company, which is expected be completed soou. The names of the persons eiifcageU are ss follows: SrajRosina Pico, Sra Concepcion < irartegui, Hra Ami lia Majocchi, Prima Donnas ; Hra. Csroliua Lazzarini, second do; Sig Ciulo Antogmni, Nig. Luigi Poroz/.i, first tenor; Sig. Federico Bailialli. second do ; sig. Pietro To massi. first baritone ; Sig Attilio Valtelina, first basso ; Sig- Antoniuo Sanquirico, first buffo cariato ; Sig Pietro Candi, second basso , and six ladies and twelve gentle men for the choi uses. The Piano says, that San>|uirico was daily expected from Kurope, and Tarozzi, Tumussi and Candi Irom Mexico. Affairs in South America ?We have translated from the Journal du Havre, received by the Acadia the following important intelligence relative to the movements in the River La Plata. It ts rather curious and interesting. [From the Journal du Havre. I What with Algeria and a continent of Musselmen to contend with, and the La Plata, and the Sandwich Isles, France has her hands full, and seems already to begin to repent her meddling policy. Tho affair of Buenos Ayies may lait lor years; a fresh fleet is already called for, und Mr. Guizot, who executes the deed, appears anxious to threw the blamo of its inception upon M. Thiers, as is apparent trom various article* in the Journal dn [irhati. The French government, anxious to extiicate itself from the awkward situation in which it has become in volved by its uiterf rence with Rosas and the Argentine Republic, deteimined to negotiate in secret with the Dictator, and not leave it to the diplomacy of the Eng lish Admiral to carry on tho (itt'air Accordingly, an old and intimate friend ot President Koeas was sought eut for this object?a man who it was thought would, by his friendly teiations with him, be able to make himself uselui to France. Such a man wan found out in the per son of onu Captain Page, an intimate friend of Rosas and bis lamily. This gentleman was mane the boarer of a secret message to Rosas, and was empowered verbally, on the part of the French ministry, to enter into terms with Rosas. The matter was a profound secret, and per haps would have remained so for ever but lor the mag nanimity and indignation of President Rosa*. Outraged, apparently, by *uch double dealing, he tefused to lend himielf to be a paity in the intrigue, and published to tho t\ oild the secret letter of M. Guizot. It is a* follows, audressed to the Minister of Marine :? " My dear Collesgue, I am delighted to learn that you are sending Copt. Page to the La Plata No one is better capable of making kuown our real intentions. I am very desirous that they elmuld be well understood by every body, eipecially by President Rosas. We never had the least idea for one moment of disputing his rights and his power, or of interfering in the interior affairs 01 the country and of At* guvetnt.ent. fVt uie in want of pence between the two ?hoie* ot the La Plata. That Ik our only object We hope President Rosu* .?ill accept a mediation which has nothing in it, positively no'lnng whatever, hostile toward* him, ?nd we earnestly wish to preserve with him the good relations winch you so hap pily re-established in lo40. Let Mr. Peg* lemove all doubt as to these points He wilt be tho fanUful inter preter of our policy and u ill render. I do not hesitate to eav so, a service to Piesident Rosas himselt " ihis latter, it appears, was well understood to be writ ten at Piesident Rotas', though not directed to him. and I Was entiusted to Captain Page as an indirect credential ' and letter of authority , still, however with the cunning of French diplomacy so managed, that no writing should betray the ministry. Hence Captain Page s insliuctions were verbal, a? well as secret. President Rosas, how ever, indignantly published the letter, and thii* not only showed it* authenticity, but also blew the secret plot to atoms Wo have published the letter literally. underlining the word* as in the original. We are uinebted to the Con ititutionnrl of Nov. 28th, for tho above interesting mor eeau. Fun. and Loss of Life'?A f-w minutes before 4 o'clock this morning, mi olu irnme house on Ford ?treefcnsa. Spting *tre?t, was consumed by li e. It was OOMgKd by two Umilias, Mr*. Robinson and Mrs. Knox, Widow women, and melancholy to add, three ul thu chil dren of Mrs. Rolu .son, tvvo boys and a gill, aged right, Ave and three, were burned to death They slep'. in tha upper part of the house. The building whs owned br Henry Campbell, K*<| Rtchnfr Uai'y .Hvirtiler, Dm is. Mtt t.trric TlL.HiOAph ?The Billfaln ( nmnitretaJ Adrtrtiur, of Uie lOiii infant, s<iy* ;fiat there wtis a preeHrsl test of lb? tcriaidn ol the' teli-graph linn Inst ni?ht. Intelligence whs communicated ir m below that there was soin thing wio<ig, and on proceeding along the route about foui mile* trom town, .1 ttee wan found ly ii g across the wire, woich ss bent clean down to tha earth but still lemained unbroken. The tree had acri den ally fallen that way, and once tomoved, the wire re ?limed its usu*l expansion again. ?fl^scrrv of Sai.t ?We me ind?'t)U'i( to Capt. Al lent Alhe brig ?ea Ho??r, tor the- Turke Ielund (Jtttff. Thu American consul at Turks Island statcl tha|#tlt was vety sesrea and high and that the** would robably be eay mora until th? ?*??tin. nrtngrWaaly rtrkttrtwl Interesting from Mexico?Arrival out of tbf | American Minister. [From the N. O. Picayune, Dec. 13 ] By the steam ? hiu Twf?J, from Vera Crux, at Havana, advices li jm the latter city to the SOth ul'.. and from Mexico to the 40th, have been received. Prior advice* , were to the 14th. The U. 3 sloop of war St. Mary * arrived at Vera Cruz on thn '.'9th of Nov., having tailed from I'eusacola on the SOth. Tho Hou Mr. HiJeii, our new Minister to Mexico, wan a passeiigeri u the St. Marya* we have previous ly stated. Kl J Vra'TUiunu. in announcing this arrival, mentions . thut it lia<l learned that mi Envoy of the Government of the Uuited StHt ?? ww on board, on hit w av to Mexico, to establish negotiations with the S.iprom Ujvernmcut ct the Republic upon the question of Texas The hour of the at i ival oi the Envoy wai deemed not the mo?t oppor- : tuna lor securing a kind reception. LL Diariii <lei Ui>bi*rtio of the aid ult. states that by an ekpresa ariivcd at two o'clock that afternoon, the Go vernment had received despatches lrom General* I'a rede* uud Arista. They informed the Government that !n consequence of tho movements of the I'oilsd States troops stationed at Corpus Christi, reconuoitering tho rond/i lea ling to Matamoros, aud building bridges on then* for tin* transportation of artillery, General Parades hud determined to commence bis march with the " Di vi.ion of Reserve," to reinforce Gen. Arista, and united, to opeiu'e with tho activity demanded by the national honor. [Our reader - will see by the letter of our Havana correspondent,that a rumor was current in tha* city that Gen I'aredes had refused to advance to the support of Arinta. but with the 8,000 men undi-r hi* command had commenced his match for the capital. Thi* movement would discredit his most recent profession* to Geueral Herrera. and we do not giv-- credence to it ] Ei Monitor Cnnstitucional ol the 23d ult. state* that the ? 'bamber of Deputies went into secret session upon tlie ubovti despatches, and had designated, an resources for the Government'* emergencies, the money derived from tlie le vision of the contrasts made by the adminis- | tration of General Santa Anna, and the introduction of raw cotton under duties protective to the national indus try, The paper* favorable to the Government urge upon it to press forward unceasingly preparations lor the Texas war; and the latest advices received from Matu inoros, via Tampico, confirmed the news of tho advanco of the United States troops upou Mala moron. Tlie excitement of the public mind in Mexico is attributed, in a good degree, to the frequent vi its of American vessels of war to the Mexican porta on tho Pa cittr, and tho examinations made by their commanders into tue population and resources of the Mexican Go vernment at those points; as well a* to reports in regard to tbo designs efthe United to seize the California*. from the Itiih to ttio -li i f November, the cuy of Mex- i ico was excited by fears of another revolution; the Sigto XIX, of the 19th ult , asserts that the Government had taken adequate measures to iusure public tranquillity, i Gen. Ampudia, the blood-stained hero of the 1'obusco massacre, has received orders to leave the country for somepoint designated by the Government. News was in circulation ia tbe city of Mexico on the ?23d, that the Department of Sonora, ?t the heal of which is Gen. Urrea, bad declared itrelf separated from tbe rest oi the republic. The 19th uit., the birth-day of the Queen of Spain was celebrated by a grand ball, given by Senor de Cai ro, the Spanish Minister, at which hundreds were present, 1 including the Mexican Minister* and Representatives, foreign Consul*, Generals, See., &c On the Sti'h there was felt at Vera Cruz the shock of i an earthquako, but it appears not to have been ca lamitou*. Among the pa*sengers from Vera Cruz, on tbe Tweed, wera Seuor Ignacio Valdivieso, Minister fiom Mexico >o the Government ui MadiiJ, aud Senor E. Francisco So niera, Secie'ary of the Mexican Legation in London. The Tweed brought from Vera Cruz $1.>0,000 in specio. Nicws from Cuba.?The N. O. Picayune oi the Uith, contiins the following letter from Havana, dated titii inst. Oar new tariil h^ at last been published, to go into operation on the 1st March next. The alteration* are barely worth mentioning Flour to pay tho old duty of $9 .'>0 per barrel; hum*, "fn 38 per quintal; lard, $4 0i per ql.; pork sides, {,:! CO per ql. Exports? sugar, 3rs per box ; coffee, U0c per ql ; molasses, free ; cigars, 00c. nor M.) aud be tonnage duty is to be rc-imposed on mo lasses vessols. The alteration*, you see, amount to a mere bagatelle so far as concerns American product* Home days since a steamer and frigate left here for St. Donnngo. Don Diego will not allow the negroos to get the upper hand of tho Dominicans, and if he can help tho latter, will do so. An amusing affair happened here some days since that has tickled the Spaniards a good deal. It seems that an American, juit arrived, in hi* ramble* over the city, strolled into the palice, And passing the different sent - nels, who never interrupt approach to the Captain Gene ral during the day, proceeded to tho unte chamber, where an officer met him and asked what he wished.? " Why, 1 guess I want to see the governor." " Cau I not communicate your wishes to bis excellency t" said the officer. " Well, 1 guess not, I want to see him." Tell ing him to wait a moment, the officer disappeared and shortly returned, beckoued our adventurer, Hiid ushered him into the presence. In he murclied, stiff as a drum major. " Wal, governor, how d'ye do ! I'm a free Ame rican citizen-I've shuk hands with six Presidents, and being as how I was here, 1 didn't like to go away with out suing on y?r. Got an amazin' fine houre here ; how much doe* ii cost yor The Captain General, in the meanwhile, looked at hint, and at la*t getting an op portunity to speak, while thn Vankee took breath, uddres?ed him very blandly, " Why, my friend, you seo I am very busy just now, but if you will call to-morrow at 1 o'clock we will have a talk."' " Oh, certainly ; don't let ma interrupt yc?i. I'm a free born American, and know the true vally of time. Good mornin', gover nor." " Good morning, sir.'' The Yankee did not call again?he hsd pr .bably met something that wa* more novel to him than the govornor would have been. Tho barque M. Tucker, from New Orl??o* for Tried* w?ut HKhoro uu bontmo Ki-j on the tst iu&t., aud was got off by the wreckers, taking out JiO bales cotton, and uken into Key West leaking lOti strokes per hour. The Telumah, that got ashore on Florida reef, wa* a total lota; cargo r.eaiiy all saved. The English steamer is in from Vera Cruz?I enclose you a slip. Kumor say* that Parede*, instead of march ing to joio Arista, had turned hi* step* to the capital with ?000 men. A Rebukk to the Man in the White Hat.?In the correspondence just published in relation to Texas annexation, between Mr. Buchanan, Secre tary ot State, and Major Donelson, Charge to Texas, we find, in one of the letters, the following sharp passage relative to Capt. Elliott, (the man in thegwhite hat) late British agent in Texas i? I regret that I have not time, before the departure of the messenger, to express to you, a? I could desire, the feeling!) of indignation which the conduct of Captain El liott hai excited throughout this country. These are not confined to any party, but pervade the whole com munity. One i.fits good effects ha* been to render u*. to a very great extent, a united people on the question of annexation. It is wcarcely possible that his conduct can be approved by his goverment. iVithout entering upon the inquiry how far the British government had a right to interfere in preventing the people of Texas from con senting to annexation, no impartial man can doubt but that Captain'Elliott, in his efforts, haa transcended all reasonable bounds. To assume the character of a secret negotiator of the government ot Texan with Mexico, in a hostile spirit towards the United states, to conceal his agency in this matter, by pretending that ho had left Galveston for Charleston, when his destination was Ve ia Cruz, and then to prevail upoii Mexico to consent to the independence of Texas ou condition that Texas shoul l never annex herself to the United States?these l>ct4, taken together, are at war with all the modern usage* of diplomacy, uud with the character of the Bri vsh gororuinent, which is genorully bold and frank, If not always just, in its toward foteign na:ions.? He has not oven for a moment succeeded 111 his effort* at concealment, and lie will find that tin transparent cun ning will only tend to render bun lidiculous Bu what is tar worhe on hi* part, by obtaining the consent ol Mexico to the independence of Texas, he has deprived that power of the oulv miserable pretext which it had for a war againxt the United States.whilst he has foment ed among the Mexican people a spirit ol hostility againat u* which may plunge tnat ill-fated country into such a war. I am, sir, very respectfully, Your obd't servant, JAMES BUCHANAN. A. J. Oovti.iov, Esq. Sec. 4tc. he. Illinois Census.?The returns are in from a large number ot counties. When we say that we ure greatly itiri ritcd at the magnitude of i he Increase of our population, wo expres* only what we leel. During the iaxt five years, the Slate has increased upwaids ot 200, I no, and now contains 700,000 inhabitants. At the rate ol increase which ba> been goiug on since 1SI0, should It continue, the State will have a population of upward* of ono million of inhabitants in 1860 This heavy in crease in our population, will be a subject of gratulation to the heart uf i veiy lllinoian. It will make our public debt nothing comparatively. The greater our poptila tinii, the les* tin* debt becomes, in one sense ; lur the larger the number between whom it* payment is divided, '.ne less will b> the amount winch each will have to pay Xlieiu in still another great benefit which will result to Uie | eopln of Ulinui* fromt bis immense increase in her population It will inaraa<0 the value of our real estate Our land is iiiiequ.illed in fertility,but its price has been, for j ear*, far be I" w i'.s re U value. At the rate our popu lation i* increasing, the demand for tarms must lorreaae til l); and, a* a matter oi cuurse, their prico must also rise.?IlUnoit Stat* UrfitUr, Ure. Id. Movement* of Travellers. The arrivals yesterday were not less numerous than they usually ore on Sundays, at this season of the year. There are at the? Amrmican? L. Jennings, Nowburg; Charles Roger*, Mobile; Oeo. Perkins, New Haven Asroa?T. E. Walter. West Farms; Messrs. Barlow aud Walta.', St Louiii; K. McManus, < nihilabena, Ham'l Aurens, Independence, vio ; H. McCreesy, St. Louis; A. F. Oarri?ou,^io; ? <?. Kolly, Natchez; (Joo. C. Trum bull, Boston; Messrs Kwiujr and Gay, St. Louis; W. M. Curtia, Bo*ton, Mr. Jmlay, Hartford; R Nugent, Europe; N. Curtoortr.N. Benachi, M. L. Tseachi,Europe; Eugene Rousset, Phiia : Rev. Dr. Hodge. Princeton Citv?O. W. Pratt, Hon '/,. Pratt, Prattsville; Messrs. Stevens and Dyer, U S Navy, Isaac Levy, Pnilndelphia; T S Ridgelej , U 8. N ; Limit.Oardsor,do; T.Richards, Philadelphia. Faissiiii VV H Wood look, Philadelphia; D.T Den ton, Wisejnsiu Teuitorv; Krntry Lowe, Louisville; A. D. Wild, Bostoj; <1 J. Si alter, riiila. Olokk- B. 1' Bu'ler, Ussachusetts; C. H. F. Moring, Boston IInwa H? Bernard Fiyn-i, Lancaster; E. Penman, Phi ladelphia; W. Solomon, Wilmington, Del , E O. Sum mer, burton; Mi. Snutton, Philadelphia; Colonel Miller, Itrooklyn, I l>. Kaiery, Augusta, Me ; Mr. Oilman, Phi ladelphia; W, Craevy, New Orleans; J. L. OiiMtli, Uaiti raore; H. May, Washington City. Court t.'nbml fir?-Tills Day, Srrxaioa Couki No* W, 81, 44, 2, IUM, (Ml, 7, Ti, 7? 74, Hi. 7fl, 7f?, 70, 70, 30, *6, |?t t)7, 17. 14. 40, fl, 34, A3, HIS, f>> A uoxcoBib talking ot ihe transmigration of souls, said." In the time of Mosos, I have duubtlwaatha fiHypfuW' "very likely/' lepliad a ;' HWfr has rriBrfiitl y ttn of Qefljfng |fWt tire ft Mtntfr City Intelligence. Heaviest at St. Fith'i Churuji.?Laat evening, the rery Rev. Dr Powers repented hit lecture 00 the ?uh ;oct-" Are the Holy Scripture* the Judge of Controversy uiict the sole rule of Faith ?to a remarkably large an dlence. The church waa never before 10 crowded. We have fall notes of this very .Interesting lecture, which we may publish to-morrow. Missionary Mkktinu.?There was a meeting held last evening in St. Burtholemew's Church, corner of Lafny ctte Place aud Great Joneastreet, for the purpose of raiding the sum of $3000 in afl of the foreign mission lund of the Protestant Episcopal Church. The report of the Secre tary of tho Bo ird was read, and we learned from it, that the Episcopalians have missionary stations in Texas, Groeco, Turkey, Africa and China. There are three mis sionary stations in Texas?one in Houston, one in Galves ton, and 0110 in Matagorda, at an annual expense of $3<|00. The station in Greece is located at Athens, and consists of seventeen pei sons, who have under ther instruction uowards of six huudrcd children and young persons.? This mission has been in operation for fifteen years paat, at an aunual oxpeuse ot $1400. There are four million aries at Constantinople, at an annual expense ol five thou sand live hundred dollars, of which sum one thousand dol lars is contributed in Charleston, S. C , and *600 in Rhodo Island. In VVestoru Africa 1600 natives uaT? been brought within the hearing o( the gospel of our Lo.d, through the instrumentality of the mission there, and the influence which it exercises over the unhappy people of that region is happy beyond exaggeration. Many ?>f them have been baptized, and furnish great assistance to the missionaries. The report lepresented the English mission at Sierra Leone as being in a very flourishing condition. Present expense ot the mission ia Africa, $12,000 per ye r. The China minsion co ts $10 000 au nnally, and there is every evideuce that God is about pouring out his grace on tho people of that country. The present cost ot maintaining all the missions, ia $3fl,00J annually. The report concluded by representing that the missionary department is at present embarrassed, and to meet ts obligations will require $3 000 before the 1st of January next. When the secretary had finished read ing the report, the Rev. Dr. Ti ng uiade a powerful ap peal to the audience iu favor of their contributing liber ully to clear the board from its embarrassments. Alter which, a collection was taken up, u hymn sung, and tho audience separated. LtniKi'FAtR at St. Picter'* Church.?The ladies of St. I'uter's Church, in Barclay st., commence holding a fair, to day, at 13 o'clock. M . for the benefit ot tho Freo Schools attached to the church, wlilon are undor tho di rection of the Sisters of Cnarity. Tho fair is got up in oleguut stylo, >nd, taking in consideration the benevo lent object, we have no doubt it will be crowded through the week. Andbrff.r's Optical Gallery.?This collection of some of the finest paintings, arranged in a peculiarly gloating manner, is still opju at the rooms, No. 271 r adway, corner of Chambers street. Tho views will be entirely changed to day. A very pl.-u.sing and in structive hour may bo passed at Mr. Andorfer's gallery. The State Feasible* give ft grand ball to-night at the Apollo Saloon. It will be a brilliant aA'air. Cold Weather. ?Yesterday was a very cold day. Noses were redder than usual, and cloaks and gloves were in great duinand. This clear, snapping weather is bracing to tho nerves, and gives us new life and vigor. A Flat and a Shajip.?Mr. Richard McCarl,of Williams burgh, had occasion to come to New York, on Thurs day last, and in the course of tho day got a little under the weather. On arriving at Peck Slip Ferry in the eve ning, he found he had but a $60 bill, and requested the gnte-keeper to change it, and keep his fare ; the latter positively refused either to givo him the change or let liiin pass without paymont. A tall, good looking man, enveloped in a Spanish cloak, with a long nii.c in bis mouth, happened to be standing at the gate at the time, waiting for the boat, and overheard the conversation ; he immediately turned round and said?" hold on, Mr. Fer ryman: 1 know that gentleman, he is one of our most re spectable villagers, and I'll frank him.'' The fare was accordingly paid, and McCarl and his new friend went on bourd and entered into conversation on general subjects, which was continued until ther arrived ot tho other side, when the gentlemen in the Spanish cloak turned round and said, " my dear, sir, you have got a lit'le hifch to-day : :f you arc not very cautious you will certainly lose your money?now if you u ill give me the note, I'll pluce it in su. h a way us that you can not by possibility lose it, until you got fconae," Mci-arl gavo him the bill, and the fellow took a pioce of paper out of hit pocket and proton led to fold it up, and when he had done, ho handed it back and desired him to put it into the lob of his pantaloons pocket. McCarl did so, and they parted, pleased with themselves and the whole woiId into the bargain ; in some time after he reached homo, McCail putliis hand in his pocket and took out tho piece of paper iu which he supposed bis $50 bill wnn wrapped up, but upon opening it, lie found very neatly folded up, a piece of thin brown paper instead of it, the fellow having slipped the bill into his pocket, and tho brown paper into the envelope. Poor McCarl is minus by $50, never having seen the lellow belore, nor can he give any description of him. Coroner's Office, Dcc. '21?Accidentally Burnt to Dkath.?Jacob Wendell, a boy of four years of uge, whose parents live at 241, 3d street, came to his deuth by his clothes accidentally taking fire, while his mother was absent from the room. Verdict accordingly. Brooklyn Intelligence. Confirmation ? l'he Calvary Church, in Piarl street, i ' wai yesterday densely crowded in overy part, on the ' occasion ofdn announcement having been made, that tho acting Bishop of the Diocese would, alter the usual ser- ; vices, confirm such members of the congregation of this church, as also of St. John's, an were desirous of parta- 1 king in the sacred and imposing ceremony. A great number of perrons?eld, middle-aged, and young?avail ed themselves of tho privilege thus uffoided to obtain the especial benediction of the learned and pious prelate: I ana the entire proceedings wete of a most solemn and j interesting character. An eloquent discourso was de livered by the Bithop .appropriate to the oideal, and all present seemed to be <t. eplj aif?cted by the exorcises, in which so mnny of their friends and noighbors were immediate participants. i Citt IIosriTAL.?It is expected that at the meeting o' the Common Council this evening, some active raoa?urei will bo adopted in relation to the proposed City Hospi- ' tal. the funds for building which have munificently been subscribed by two or threo wealthy citizens of Brook lyn. An effort will be made by some of the medical men iu the city, to obtain for them exclusive privileges in practising in thin institution, and to convert it into a po litical machine, for the especial benefit of those who may : be in favor with the dominant party. If such an object be accomplished, the intentions of the bonevolent foun ders of this much needed edifice will be, iu a great meat ' ure, lrujtra'.ed; and the unfortunate pntiems who may become its inmates, will be subjected to a treatment. | which will have for its purposo more the improvement and advantage in surgical science and matena medica, than the alleviat on of the woes and sufferings of pa tients, or their restoration to health and usefulness. Groans V A^nr.MiOFr.?This gentleman gives one of his interesting entertainments at the Brooklyn Institute, this evoning. It will consist of dramatic roadings and recitations from Shakspeure's tragedies and comedies. Observations or an Ariix.?The most brilliant, fash ionable, and recherche party that has bean given in Brook lyn during the present season of miriet and assein^lies, . took place on Thursday night last at the residence of a lady in Hicks street, the pioprietor of a very select and extensive boarding house. Among the many distin guished invited gursts were his honor, the Mayor, and ?lis accomplished daughter ; Mr. J. II??d, of Fulton : street ; an honorable ex-member of Congress and his amiable sisters ; Mr. J. C k, late of New York ; Mr. 1 B T e ; the beautiful Miss P s^s ; and the equally fascinating Misses V. B 1, who sMre accompanied by ? their liuher; J V. A n, Esq.; Mr N. V. B?t; the love ly and much admired Mi?s B n the almost nugeiic Mademoiselles J. A C d, ot Carlton Avenue; C 9-r, ' of Myrtle nvenje; S. A. McK a, ot Ninth stieet, New ' York, and Misses B 1, ,vl?y and B e. Several of the gentlemen were scarcely less iiaiiuirue and at ti active in their appearance and deportment; but those who seemed, moie than others, to claim from their fuir , friends and pniiners especial notice and admiration, were I Messrs. B 1) 8 n, W. H r, Dr K g, J. M. I C d, V 8 r, J. Y g, and Mr. T a, of i New York. The entertainment was furnished by the batchelor boarders of the establishment, and the supper, wines, and other delicacies, were of the most sumptuous and costly character. Waltzes, quad rilles, and other d nces, were kent up until a late hour, 1 under the management of one of the most ominent mas ters of the seience from Now York, and the music was the best and choicest thai the most profuse outlay of mo ney could procure. A more happy, j cund, anu truly exquisite scene ha* nevor oen witnessed in the county of Kings, since Brooklyn has taken its present high and i prominent place among the populous, wealthy, and en 1 terprising cities of the United States. ' The Will Cask.?The important Will cause, which has lor some time past occupied the attention of the Burro gate of this county, will probably be brought to a spee- | dy teimination by an amicable arrangement between the parties litigant. It will be recollected that this suit in- ' ?olves the title of certain relatives ol tho iate Mr. Bonne, for many yeais one of the proprietors ol the Catharine ' Kerry,to the large amount of property which he left at ! his decease. The counsel on both sides ate the most ?'inineiit in Brooklyn, and it will, no doubt he the means | of saving an immen e amount of Uw> era'feus and Costs, if the persons interested in the proceedings oan am . o at a frien Jly compromise. ThkCitv Hall. Among the acts of the Common Coun I cii in mixtion to this bun ling, it %as provided that an experience i and skilful ma?on should he employed to supennti nd the workmen, tiom the taking down of the old walls until the completion of the structure, at a sala ry of three dollais per day. We understand that .vlr. Stephen Haynes has obtained this appointment, and that a great number of laborers and mechanics are daily en gaged in removing the ponderous blocks of marble which were used in tho commencement of the edifice, six or seven years ago. NcoLinRiscs.?Many of the sidewalk oxoavations, made by contractors and builders, in Brooklyn, for tho purpose of enabling ? oitmen to take away the surplus , earth, have listen ielt uncovered at night; and in one ? case, at least, two ladies were precipitated into the trap, though fortunately they received no serious injury. A heavy fine should he imposed upon all who thus eudsn I ger the limbs nnd lives of our citizens. TaieiJTr to thi Drao.? The fiiends of the late Fro fetsor Dodd, of I'rinceion College, having requested the ; Itjverend Dr. J W Alexander, of the Dunne S.reet church, New York, to deliver a discourse, in tribute to the memory of the eminent and excellent deceased, that gentleman, yesterday, compiled with the request, by preaching an admirable sermon, to a vory Urge congre gation, at the Reverend Mr. Jacobus' Church, in Fulton I street. Important Cask?Thoritday and yesterday the Court wan occupied m CMe ol the New Origan* Draining Company vs. F D Lizardi <* Co of Lendon. The claim of the Company on the Messrs Lizunli i-s for the amount ol (KK) bonds placed in their hands for negotiation, which the company allere thoy sold with out authority; ai.d also for % 100 000 damages on account of such sale. The casu ii highly iiit>?iesting, from tne nmouut involved, A,,d th< gieat legal talent engaged on both sides.? N. O Drlta, fUc. 13 JHl|lad?lptil* Agent for Uu.l^feld, Xtcfcer Police Intelligence. Die. 31.? 7Vm> Old Ones Caught.?About 1 o'clock, to-day, two old olendere, one ef them the notorious Charley Temple, and the other Jim Ilotinson, weic arretted in Chatham (tract by Assiatant Captain Vai wood, of the Fourth District Policu. with C large trunk, containing * quantity of Tatuahle clothing ai.d iouc mathematical insttumenU, which they weic ottering for sale. He brought thorn to the atatic.n house. ami Juat an they tame in, a guntleman arriv e<l to give notice tliut n trunk of clothing and other valu ab. e* nsd been stolen an hour before Irom the deck of tho brigOmllimo lying at the toot ot Dover street The trunk wa* shown to Tiiin, and he at once idwu!ifii*d it an tho missing one , it boiongod lo a )oiing gentleman from the Inland of Cuba, named De la Vega who haa been, t >r come yens, a student at St. Jeka% Col lego. Westcheuer county, and was returning home m the ship Kio, aad had put bit trunk on bo?rd yesterday . but he joke was the captain and crew were ull on hoard at*tlie time tho trunk was carried oil, but so adroitly aad cleverly did the fellows manage the thing, that it waa not even missed for near an hour after it stolen.? They were both committed to take their trial for grand larceny. Charge of Embezzlement?In the case of A. J. Vanbos kirk, duticed yesterday in the Herald, charged with rob bing hi* employers, J. N. Selhy Co., dry good* mer chants, 346 Broadway, no affidavit was made yesterday against him.' However, ho was committed to prison for examination, by Justice Osborne. The affidavits will bo made tods'*. which will enable us to give the parti culars to morrow. On the "Lift" J1 fin ?Km ma Williams and Mary Ann Benson, were caught on Saturday night, in the act of "lifting" a piece ot muslin, worth $2, fiom the dry goods store ol V L Armstrong. 283 Oreeuwich street. Brought in by officer Patterson of Ibe Third ward. Committed by Justice Osborne. The Devil amongst tne -Some of the "boys" were walkiog down Chatham strati* ?n Saturday night, evidently bound to "blaza," when th*y wer* accosted by several of the oldclo's, "vill you ba," * n'*'1 " and touching them on the arm at the same ,9.' the "boys" thought an insult, and went inta the Jaws, "spilling''thom in all directions, from Dusne k,r?e' t(* Tear], until soma policemen came to their assistant'8 *n'J succeeded in arresting one of the party, which pro*"0" to bj Dick Donall, who wai taken to the Station house* and detained unlit morning, when Justice Osborne hill him t;> bail for his future Kood behavior. I'rtit Larcenies ?Samuel Richards w is brought in by Policeman Cotton, on sudpicion of stealing a box of oan dies. Lockod up. Jim Moore, a black fellow, whs caught in the act of stealing 50 lbs. of pork, from Washington market, be longing to W. Halsey. Committed. Stealing a Cloak.-Stephen r'lcridge was arrested on suspicion of stealing u cloth cloak. Committed by Jus tico U tbo rue. Rubbery.?On Saturday afternoon last, betwoen three and louf o'clock, h "sneak" entered the promt es of John Young, NO. 49 Avenue D, and broke open a bureau drawer, and stole between $300 nnd $400, with which he made hi# pscape. No arrest at present. Breaking Jnii at Jefferson Market.?Wm Fitzgerald, charged with atte&i.">t to commit a grand larceny; Chas. O iffin and Ham, alia* Hiram Haitwell, (blacks,) Jamas Mains, and John Johnse.% charged with disordorl . con duct about 4 o'clock on Sunday morning, managed to pry the iron bars ofl' the tvjndow, then got cn the roof of the marke', and Irom thor* + ?? * reet. John John son, huwever, was arrested aga?'a ':j tho courso ol the day; but no clue to the others, a* >v?r Recovery of Stolen Property ? We noticed, on the lfiih inst. tho arrest of Catharine Farley. u,r Smith, of the 2d Ward Hotel, Nassau street, ?* "Jiao' noy. also, some jewelry. At the time of he." ?rrest, no clue could be foun'l of her trunk until yesterdk'V- Vs'',;' Kissner, of the 14th Ward, discovered her trunk, watch was full of clothing, evidently bought with the a wlen money, also a number of articles belonging to Mr. V?* docor, who lives at the 3d Ward Hetel, like -ise. Wear* also informed that Capt Kissnor hoi recovered tlie jewel ry,- Much credit is due to him for his perseverance and skill displayed in recovering this property. MONK V MAKKKl'. Sunday, Dec. ttl?tt I". ai. Several ovents have transpired during the past week, tending to depress the stock market. Among other things, the accounts from Europe, which wero of a very interesting character, have had a very g oat influ ence upon prices lor all our principal staples. The greatest sufferers by the change in sflairsin England, are tho speculators in breadstuff#. Instead of an advance on the othpr side, and a corrcHponJing advance here, the movement fa?s ^een reversei, and a decline of oue quartar to throd-Og^11" of a ,lollar l"r bttrr61 0,1 has already been e*,",crienced in ^ia ?n*rk?t. Ficseut price, cannot be suslajood ln th? face of th,?> l*ok?of things on the otiivr side, ab^ l'10'8 wbo hesitate to real ise at current quotations will, >7?thont doubt, lire to re" gret their want of foresight. SpoCv'ator' *n cotton were prepared lor unfavorable accounts,but .th?se received are much moro gloomy than they anticipates. that prices for cottou iu Liverpool will impu0Te ul war fever incrooses, and that quotations atay be ty stained by artificial means; and it is further possible, tbv * * soun as these artificial causes cease, natural causes ml>' be sufficiently strong to keep prices up to the point reached. A war excitement usually has n vary favora* ble influence upon prices for this staple, and the de pressed condition of the Liverpool maikot, on the 4th in?t, is very good evidence that the war feoliDg, among cotton speculators at least, ou the other side, did not run very high, even after the war artiol* o( the gov?rniaei.t organ had been received. Id political circles the war panic raged very extensively; but the movemeuts of the oomniercial classes arc geno;al y the surest index *f the public mind, as the almighty dollar is morn potent in this ago than national honor. As ? general thing, poli ticians operate lor political capital, and the mercauvilo classes for a capital of greater actual valne, and of* more substantial nature; and a most invariably the latter class carries its point. Such is the universal confidence in the parmanonoy o' the present peaceful relations existing between this country and Oreat Britain, that lie precautions are taken or preparations raa le, to meet tho emorgegencies of war by individuals. No allusions are made fey the un derwriters of either country, to the insertion of the war clause in their policies, although during the difficulties that existed betwoen this country and Mexico, ia rela tion to annexation, tho underwriters at Lloyd's, ln seve ral instances, inserted that clause. The chances for a war between the Uuited States and Oreat Britain, are not, therefore, considered so great us they were, at the time, of a war between this country and Mexico. Wa may possibly come as near such an unfortunate state of things with Oreat Britain as we did With Mexico; but the result will be as favorable, and perhaps mere satis factory, to both parties. 4 The excitement among all classes, ln bath countries will, without doubt, rapidly increase, uatil it reaehes an explosive point, when the charged batteries will b? drawn and the belligerent feelings gradually ooza out qnietly and harmlessly. It may he for the interest of politicians in both countries, to K'eep this question open as long as possible; but public opiolon will ba manufactured so fast that it may be hroh^ht to a crisis mtic 1 sooner than our aaibitious politician* wish. The effect of ttiis disputed question, upon commercial affairs in this country generally, is vary unfavorable, and every ono engaged in mercantile or mechanioal pur suits, is deeply interested ln this affair, and cannot bb? be anxious for an immediate amicable arrangement a( the matter. The valuo of all kinds of stock seourities must fluctuate, so long as this question is at issue, and many timid holders may be induced, by the complexion of our political affairs, to saoriflce their securities. We annex a table giving the quotations for stocks Id this market, for euch day of tho week just closed, and at the close of tha week previous. Thera has been a very material alteration in the quotations for some of the fancies, while the State stocks hare been vety uni form. The market closed very heary, with a tendenay towards a fuitherdecline. Quotations ro? thk Principal Stocks in thi New York Market Sal. Mm. Tu'y. fVrd. Th'y fiY'y.Hat. Gon? Island ? 6 ?s "X 6?>6 ? Molhiwk 60 - MS H SS ? Harinn". ?2 (U fil " Sn St ' M in Canton 39% 41 ;9S 37X V* 17 fi'lrnn-rt' Loan 30 31 3*iv* 29 2S!n 21 Ni.r ;,nd Wor 90 93 90 S7* ** M SI* OhioSisw - ? *}H ?* ~ w IlliiiiusSiie* 3fi*i 17 34 Indian* 3lji ? 34 39 39 ? 39 Kentucky Sites ? ? ? ~ ~ '"l ""X Penn'a l-'ires 71 71 71 70 R91( 69* Cf)? Stoninrton 40V< 4<)W ? *9 39>< 39 IB Krte Railroad St* - 41* til ? Stta --.= - ? '$ 1* - W S8j ? 8. 8* 88 fcnit Boston '# I*1* ? 14M 15!a 14V ~ A comparison of prices raliug yesterday with those current at the olose of the previous week, shows a de clinoin Long Island of 5 pnrcont; in Mohawk i per eent( llarlem fl; Canton 4j|: Farmers' Loan S; Norwich and Worcester ?J; IlilaoisO's Penn. 6's I}; Htonington UJ; , Vicksburg Mending a]; Morris Canal |. Indiana ad. j vanced 4 per cent, being the only stock in tho list that improved a f action. The receipts ol tho Mohawk and Hudson Railroad Company, for the week ending the 14th inst. this year computed with the corresponding week last, exhibit an increase of nearly one hnmired percent. Mohswk ani? Hunso<? Raii.boap. Receipts, week ending Dec 14, 1#44 4d iteceipts, week ending Dec. 14, i*4ft 1,410 40 Increase, one weok, 1846 The Jackson and Nashua Manufuctaring Companies have each declared a semi-annual dividend of ton per cent. The Chancellor of New Jersey has decidod against i continuing the injunction heretofore granted, at tlio in stance of tlie ratnrsou Manufacturing Co. sgiinsttho Morris Canal Co for .ho illegal abstraction of tho Wi llis of tlia Passaic tivur. T1? owitliuon of (ho Bank of tho State of Aiabarcs an , the t)Mh of Wcsmher, l<4!t, a'cenrdlug to tM

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