Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 1, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 1, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERA ED. ' t iv VorU, Thtimdny, January 1,1NII1. .No paper will he published tomorrow morning. An Extra, however, with the latest news, will he issued at 10 o'clock, and will be lor sale at the desk The I'lctorlnl Herald. There are a few of the thirl edition of the llviyday Jltrntd yet on had. They will make capital bijou gtflu for th- i ?w year, to rand to the country by the maiJa. Yh,. Weekly J fct H o'clock oil ., tha 11 publish *he remarkable illu# ?, l.-y morning " ' . "y. ( from Oregon, "? on of the " ni,lease ''tbe Oreat South Fa*. in , , ... for tbs 1 tpitoi. isforMtiac r?'*, ?f ,he the miM "'*11 in ,hi. pubUc???n Single co week will alio be Ri" rie. sap-v ?*_- ^ lhe lir.t of a new ycar-thta is the '-"Voitv-si*. Which has now daw^d OUT of """II of whom we patrons and friend#??o all oi ^ ^ ippy. thri^ h jv returns <'t it jnay " the good ot ha^v yar to our country, li to ,11 ..! "hom we i:iill,y, happy New Year, and o'oi'a' are ail'orded ?< the year that "d away tor ever! " ? i ,i, . r.vit be interred with its ver, and the ?,?" I-*, above all others, has a u* tourn '? , in this clay. The year is Ins pecu ,1. Y- the Held in which he luxuriates? tti,! sky which he is ever coniemplating. ;uo,i. < ipi.un ot one ot our packets? midnight to watch the course of the tsceruin the state ot the weather, to ?r-Mthini: of the winds, watching the ./us on the horizon, and the symptoms , u.: oortn- so the journalist, conducting , mighty ?h?*et which watts the s|>eedy ,,i,nut the taiuia?long the temi>estuous HKln of the year, watches each day, every signifi cant sign, and. warns his readers of every approach ing storm. Biieh is tiie anxious task ol the editor. While lua to id- r- lake their rest the year round, and on awaking m the morning,find upon their tables every d y a del tiled account ol all that has been transact ing above around?before?behind them?in ul parts ot the world?ill the next street, in the nex county, in the next State, on the remote Ganges, or among he cloud-cupped Andes?as he peruses al' these things, over his spicy chocolate, or bulmy Moc!u -lutle, ah! little does he think upon the i ir.- :o toil, the labor, the anxiety, the sleepless hi . the ever-waking energies of the editor ! In - ,<?rt, we nave passed through Forty-tive ; it is m,, |,,r ever, and who can write his obituary I Woe i'i undertake to describe a character so uigetul, so lluctuating, so deceitful?at one time ? uisiiig so much, then abruptly dashing to the ground the fragile cup of expectation?at one time -miling and gay, at another so sombre, gloomy id black ' It is gone, this changeful year?and, ->ider, if you would fully know its character, you will iind it written in the columns ot the Nrw York Herald. But what prospects open betore us! What will he the character of this year, not as yet twenty-four ! hours old, this infant of promise and great expecta tion ! If we judge by the past, we shall perhaps be come too sanguine and too bold in prognosticating lor the future. The light of a splendid past sheds us rich evening rays upon the clustered escutcheon . I the I'nited Slate-, and promises, like the golden hue : of evening, a fair and bright day for the mcr i "\v. What a past! ffistory presents no such spec i n-le tiil now Seventy years are scarcely gone by, lie allotted years of individual life, and within that t u- a nation has sprung into existence?tins (>eopled a hemisphere, has spread its canvas over every (, Hn_has elevated its name above every other i? yle?has conquered the wilderness?has peopled the desert?ha? ploughed up the waves and the -V^TWamed life, liberty, peace, commerce, arts and civilization into the remotest latitudes! His tory presents no such similar spectacle! ^uch a p- < ;ress ol a handful of outcast, persecuted Britons, coming in a frail barque to land they knew not whither, cast, like forlorn and shipwrecked ma riners some on one spot and some on another, some'on the shores of .lames river, some on the rock ot Plymouth?and these poor and helpless, and d. -j-iscd wanderers, after a few years rising into a nation?then boldly encountering all the power, l.irce and tlee's of the country from whence they iuJ fled?then, alter asserting their independence, n?h on rapidly to become what we are now, a ./?-'...r of twenty millions, spread over a con t em of immense surface, a wonder to ourselves wonder to the world! We repeat it? th- r< no similar thing recorded in all histo V And who is the man?who are the men or ,hr v of men, who shall say that they thought ?t II a? that they planned it-that they effected i;?that they brou'ht it all to pass! Not one '? It is a Power beyond all men'that has raised up this country to be what it is, and who, we pray, may continue to prosper and bless it, in spite of human 1 illies and ignorance. With such a wish, and such a r tyer, for our beloved country, we hail this day, the dawn of a New Year, the beginning of forty Six. Mormons ?The principal leaders of the Mormons h ive been indicted for counterfeiting, by the grand >iry at Jepringtleld, Illinois. These fanatics will be driven out of Illinois in some way A real history . q this indictment would be a curiosity. The crisis o Mormonism is approaching in Illinois There W ill b- more bloodshed there?and plenty of it too. t The Mississippi will be red with human gore before L ),,ne, springing from the Mormon business. i)i*k Civil Cot rt* ?With one accord, our Civil Courts stand adjourned over New Year's day; show ;ng it proi>e' regard to this most distinguished ot our holidays, in the calendar of time. MassacHcsKn> Ei.bctiojc.?The attempt to eject it member to Congress, in the Ninth District, last Monday, w as a failure. Moss Clerical DsLiitttcariCY ?The -V?o (V /tanr Ptrayunr has the following :? EtrnllM or ? I'm ?? ??.*.? Miivhum op 8er>rc ,"The Methodist episcopal Conference, now in session in this city, has expelled the Rev It H. Shrop shire. w ho last year travelled the 8t Helena circuit. Ir.iin the minivry He was charged with the Aagiant of fence of having attompled the seduction of a young lady upou whom he was practising some mesmeric experi ments in July last He fully confessed his guilt, and did not attempt to just fy hit conduct. The >enerahle Itishop Sonic president of the < onference, strongly re n ichended the practice of mesmerism, and admonished ?ns hearers to avoid it as one that was lisgraccful.de rn hng, ami rtiinoua to those who meddle with it City Intellicence. \N01H** Art I PI IT I* THl: Bl a!?T DlHTKt. I.? About ' o'rlK-k Oil Tue?day, a man named Michael "urcen, a i. firer, fell from the tcsltoMinf of one of the huildinai New street . injured hi* head eery much, duloosted o ol Ilia ankle*. and brok* aeeeral of til* rib*. He w?, nediatelv taken to tke City lloapital, where he lie* 11 a critical condition. Hoct, Bt a<.L*ar.- The hen-rooit of lame* Lawrence, \ . 190 Etaex ?treet. *?i burglariously entered laat n ^nt, and robhed of twenty hen* and rooetore, nothing !?. ng lett of them but the head*. oaonxa'i OrricK, Dec. >1.?The Coroner wa* called nold an inque?t on the body of Mary Logan, a natiee reland. aged 40 yean. She wa? coinmittea by Jut t. e Drinker la*t aummer to the penitentiary for *ix utha. but being unwell, and aubject to At*, wan not ,i U| until Tuesday afternoon. On arriving at eilat > erf. on the way to the penitentiary, the driver opened 'he cab door, and fotgad the old woman almoat dead He nediately returned, bU' bolore getting to the hoapital, be expired. He took the body to the de*d houae, where i .<jtl**t will be held to-day. I'hb .N'fiAK Ckor?We have been |iermitted to iiwK' the follow iky extract of a letter from a sub ?Tiber, a ted, TMiaonauxviLLK, Dec IA, IS44.?The late warm u ra'her he* caused much damage to the Handing rane, ; i many pi inter* mu?t loie from one-fourth to one-third ii <f crop* The " knowing one*" estimate the loo ?it- present i ron, or-asionedhy the late frcexe, at ?A, > i.'.,issi hhd* The planter* on thi* bay u, l.a will not iverage two third* of their la*t year'* tt'e have not heard ol a iingle one who ha* or ? I over three fourth* of last year's yield I know r l H ? xtensive planters who will not make one-hall ?he -ip ihi? year which they did la*t." Our Relation* with England. Th- position <>l "tr I*l?tii with England seems I,, be full of doubt, mystery md uncertainty. The most contradictory statements are put forth with e i-I positiveness on the subject, Since the ter mination of the correspondence between Mr. Pakenham and Mr Buchanan, which took place last .-ummer, when the |iroposition of the American (iovernment was withdrawn, and up to the prerent l>eriod, the mystery has only been increased. i in this subject we have received the following private communication Iroin a correspondent at Washington WAIHIN0TON, Dec. 39. 1845 \J* Hissktt? ' 1 have ever recanted yon as a person of sound, excel M"ise, and clear judgment; and in conducting the l/y oid. vouceitalnJy ars first la procuring the Cabinet information. Nevenueless, you are occasionally led in Daring the p'*t week, 1 have noticed in your paper an intimation fr< -n " private advices," " undoubted authori ty," \c. of ihe Oregon negotiation having been re-open ed; and -'nix endorsed by you with implicit reliance on tiie tr-dh ot the statement. Vjw, .Mr. B., I am constrained to tax your sincerity, itiher than to question your judgment. Your corres pondents may all be good ineu and true?withal, trust worthy and tagacious persons, enjoying full confidence of the Executive, heads and clerks of Depaitments? hand in glove with Mr. Takenham?very conspicuous gentlemen, too, as much so as lounging about bar-rooms and living on Pennsylvania avenue can make them?in fact, diving deep into the secrets of the whole communi ty;?but with due deference lor their" reliable sources," I, ax an humble individual, having no hopes of being en ? oiled in your corps confidential, beg leave to pronounce the report, wind?more wind, sir. Lend me your ear, Mr. B.? 1 say the Oregon negotia tion has not been re-opened, either here or in London: nor is there the remotest prospect of it. The British Government will not yield the right to navigate the Co lumbia, and enteitain no hopes of a peaceful arrange munt, except through arbitration or mediation. The fueling of our government has been too plainly and forcibly made known, to admit of a doubt, as to the bourse marked out for future action, and now the mat ter stands thus -.?England must recede?the United Status must recede, or Loth must fight Tilings are wearing a uiost serious aspect, and there should be no false masoning in the minds of any. Stories of "amicable adjustments," &.c , may lull the public into fancied security: hut the news by the February steamer will, possibly, dissipate tho mist, and give a hint of ci vilities attendant upon the visit of twenty sail of tho line to our waters. Believe, Mr. B., that strangor things may happen, and do n?t ridicule these ideas of The last Washington Union has also the follow ing paragraph:? [From the Washington Union, Dec. 28.] The | tiationa I Intelligencer republishes a statement, from the NrwVork News, reported from Washington,V'to the effect that a settlement of the Oregon boundary question had been concluded in London between the British govei nment and Mr. McLano, on the basis of tiie 49th degree-the proposition having come from the former." As we are at present advised, this report is not correct. Other rumors are afloat in the papers, touching the same subject, which are equally destitute of loundu tion. II the Washington Union had not, during the last summer, and up to a recent date, deceived the public and violated the truth in several resects, relative to the movements ot the government, we should have been more ready to believe its assertions now But what confidence can be reposed in an organ that impudently denied the Ihct that Mr. Buchanan ollered the 19th parallel of latitude lest summer to Mr. J'akenham.-or that Mr. Polk had sent a Minis ter to Mexico, at the time when these two state ments were true 1 We are very much afraid that the statement of our corresjiondent, together with that of the Union, are both precisely the same kind ol mystification and special pleading, intended to deceive. We will now state what we believe, Ironi all that we can ascertain, to be the exact position ol the ne gotiations between the two countries. When Mr. Buchanan withdrew the proposition , ol the 49di parallel from Mr. Pakenham, the latter minister sent by the next steamer to Lngland the whole of the cotreapondenoe tint had taken place between him and the American Government. In consequence of some negligence or delay, Mr. liu t hanan did not, at that time, apprise Mr. McLane, j onr minister at London, of what had been done in Washington, relative to the Oregon question As ?oon as ithe Uritish Government received their : despatches trom Mr. Pakenham, an informal nti- t million was given to Mr. McLane, through Lord ! Aberdeen, of the (>eculiar position of the matter j between the two governments, and its abrupt termi nation This intimation was accompanied by the British Minister, with some regrets, reflectingon the abruptness,orsoniething ot the same nature, of their Minister at Washington, leaving an impression on the nnnd of Mr. McLane, that the British Govern ment would be glad to make a settlement ot the question, on the compromise otfered by Mr. Buchanan, or something approaching that line. Mr. McLane was thus apprised through the British government of what had taken place at Washing ton, before he received any intimation of the facts from his own government. He wrote several let ters to his Iriends in New York and Baltimore, ex pressing regret at the conduct of his own govern ment, and the unpleasant position that Mr. Bucha nan had placed him in. It will be recollected dial about that time several statements ap|>enred in the newspa|<ers containing the sentiments ol Mr Mc Lane towards the American government. By the next steamer, however, Mr. McLane was put in possession of the abrupt termination of the negotiations at Washington ana the whole corres pondence. Hither about that time or shortly alter, one or more informal conversations took place be tween Mr. McLane and Lord Aberdeen, in which notice was taken ot the abrupt termination ot the negotiations at Washington The Bri tish Minister expressed a great desire to settle the difficulty on an equitable principle of compromise, but not mentioning what those particular points would be. It was a general decla. ration ot an earnest wish on the part of the British Government to settle the matter amicably with the American Government. What the express terms might be was left to conjecture. Mr McLane com municated this important information ot the views ot the British Government, to Mr. Buchanan, by the last or the previous steamer. And shortly after wards Mr. Pakenhnm had an interview with some members of the American Government, on the same and other subjects. Out of these facts it was very naturally inferred at Washington, that there would be n?? difficulty between the two governments, and that some point of compromise would be agreed uj>on between them, commencing the ne gotiation at the forty-ninth parallel, where Mr. Buchanan had left it off. These friendly feelings and view* were communicat'd by Mr. I'akenhnm at Washington to many of his friends, and also by several members ,f the Cabinet to their friends.? On these commonicar.ions many persons naturally jumped at the conclusion that negotiations were re opened, and that there waee,-jy prospect of the dif ficulty being terminated in a short time either in London or Washington, but it was g*'<erally suppo sed in Washington, because our government wished to control the matter there These facts furnished the whole ground on whic. we formed die opinion of the termination ol the dif ficulty between the two countries. It will be seen that it hardly amounts to a re-opening of negotia tions, although it may be said to be preparatory to that step. Yet it is difficult for writers, editors and individuals, to talk.'^write, or speculate on this mat ter, without jumping to some positive conclusion. The negotiations are now in a stHte of betweeni ty, always itady to be re-opened, but not formally rc-opened In fact, the difficulty between the two countries is in a position to be settled penceablyand amicably, or to be opened afresh for the worst re sults. It is the turning point o? H great war or along peace. It will be seen from this view ol the case, that the Washington Union and the various Washington corr spondents, are deceiving and cheating the pub lic And the probability is, that all this is don- for some paltry ridiculous purpose, to 0|>erate on Con gress, in a way thai cannot he clearly discovered at this moment. Mr Polk in his splendid message, did his duty fairly and openly Whatever the press of Kngland may say, or orntors in Parliament may talk, we rather Ihink that the position the President has laken, will hasten, ami not delay the termina tion of the difficulty Congress may, or may not 1 act on the measures Mr. Polk has proposed to them, but we do not think tnat it will affect the probable isbue ol the controversy to such an extent as many suppose. It is now believed, that the actual re-open ing of the negotiation, by Mr. Buchanan and Mr. Pdkrnham, has only been suspended at Washing ton, for the present, at the suggestion or desire of Mr. Calhoun, in order to allow Congress time to act, or delay action, and thus prepare the way for an immediate settlement. Whether the tone of the President's Message when it reaches Europe, or the pregnant intimations looking towards Califor nia, tec., may change the views of the British government, time alonecan tell. We bide our time here,ready to accept a long and honorable peace from England?or to go to war at once, and begin the next grand transition era in Europe and the civilized world, that will raise the people from the dust, and sink monarchies in utter oblivion. Mnilcal Publications. The remarks which we made some time ago, with regard to new books issued in this country, can equally he applied to new music published in this city, Boston and Philadelphia. Our table is literally covered with .waltzes, quadrilles, polkas, ballads, marcties, quick-steps?dear music, cheap music, and " music for the million"?which inore properly could be called " music for nobody," or music for the lovers of trash and nonsense. It is n mutter o' no small surprise that there does not exist one house largely and successfully engaged in the music publishing business. Every music seller publishes yearly a certain quantity of pieces, for the purpose of exchanging with each other, and making some show in their catalogues, in which they usually wrap up the music bought at their respective stores. In looking, however, over all the cata logues for the last few years, we find, with a few exceptions, nothing but trash; and a peep in:o them must give an European musician still a worse opinion of the state of musical taste in Ame rica than really exists. The getting up is decent enough ?the engraving is neatly, although seldom correctly done, and the title-pages frequently are even very beautiful?but the paper is extremely spongy and chalky, and a few days use takes all the stiffness out of it, so that it must necessarily fall to pieces. Is it impossible to manufacture in this country such paper as is used by Schott in May ence, by Breitkopf and Huertl in Leipzig, or even like that of Simrock in Bonn, although of inferior quality I And when will American publishers leave off the ridiculous custom of fingering after the English fashion, instead of making it from one to five, as it is done in Germany, Italy and France 1 Is a thumb not a finger 1 and is it not strange that, in marking music, America should have adopted the custom of a nation whose musical standing iB below zero?which never has produced one performer of more than an English reputation, or one composer of note, unless it be Balfe, tiie illustrious author of the " Bohemian Girl," that modern ? tt,,? recent ly has disturbed ??? i-tactd temper of the two critics, ruf better, the individuals " doing" the musical criti cisms of the Courier and Express ? The reprints of European works generally, are mutilated in a most shocking manner. Whole pages are not unfrequent ly left out, lor lear that the additional charge of a shilling would drive the customer into a foreign music store. It is, therefore, not to be wondered at, if teachers prefer going to the foreign stores,, and preler paying a trifle more, and, very frequently, not even that, instead of giving their pupils mutilated copies, full of mistakes, which will be unfit for use before they have got half through. And even if they would not mind all that, can they get American edi- I lions of good pieces, or ought they form their pupils with the lucubrations of a Halloway or a Saroni 1 Notices of new musical publications?original or reprints?can be made very beneficial, if critically and conscientiously done. They must consist'of more than the title pages and names of publishers, as is me general custom?more nonoieo, However, in the breach than in the observance?although it is just the thing publishers generally require, wntch, by the by, is not a bad speculation on the part of those gentlemen, who, in exchange for one or two copies, of the value of a couple of shillings, get their music mude known to the public. We in tend giving notices, in future, of all publications which will deserve them?that is, if they are good, or very bad?as a warning to those who, not being able to judge for themselves, generally rely upon the re commendation of the music seller, who never fails to put into their hands the least saleable pieces of his catalogue. Notices. JiMi Bsc* k Co., 249 Broadway, have juat received a valuable assortment of rich fancy dry good*, consist ing of embroideries of all deacriplioni, aa well aa ailka, aatina, KreDch calicoea, merino cloaking*, plaidi, pnns mil, relveta, hosiery, gloves, kc. Tirrxisv, Yoi'ivu Si Ellis, 2.W and 260 Broadway, re" queat us to say that they will keep their oatablishnient open thii day. Jan. lit, until ? o'clock, r. M. They have just leceived from England, France and Uermany, ? aplendid assortment of tancy articles, suitable for holy day present*. 1. k H. O. Lisoley, No. 8 Astor House, request the inspection of the curious and all purchaser! ut hoi) day gifts and keepsakes, to their very choice and valuable collection of embellished works?including not only pictorial and standard works of rare value, illustrated editions of the poets, Family Bibles, Sic., but a large and extensive collection of juvenile rpecimena of taste, nearly one thousand different kinds of games and puz zles, and many other inviting and curious displays of ?kill and genius. Kvez, 110 Fcltok iTRi r.T, a practical young philoso pher, hs* on band an extensive assortment ot valuable ladies' furs, which he sells st about cost during the holy days The ladies should give him a call. Gentlemen will find boaver, nutria anu silk hats, of the latest fashion and beat quality, which certainly merit the attention of ell men oi taste. Evosisk Koi sskll No. 169 Broadway, otters a large lot of perfume, y, embracing fancy soaps and articles ex pressly intended to beautify and adorn the toilet. Thia gentleman is an extensive imports! aud manufacturer, and ia exclusively engaged in this particular department so emphatically deserving the attention of ladies and gentlemen. I*. K. FaarrcEfcni, of No. 4 Vesey street, has a well selected assortment of perfumery, toys, and fancy goods, so very desirable for the holyday season. Kd?isu DrnniGAS, Iftl KultOB street, has a splendid collection of gift-books, expressly designed for those who regard tributes to their attache 1 friends, as one of duty and especial friendship. THomrso* *nt> Welles, '135 and 713 Broadway, pre sent an extensive variety of plum, pound, almond and spongecakes, richly ornamented pyramids, vases,Sic. Jellies, creams, blanc mange, Chailotte Ktusi, together with cryetali/ed Iruit, lion boni, Vc , so very acceptable at this particular penod of the year. JnHnso.s, Vaoosi it Fowler, No. 3 Courtiand street, have perfumery and elegant fancy articles, highly scent ed soaps, etc , well suited for the holydays Paasr.Li.s IiAoatb. 137 Broadway, are daily receiv ing and continually adding to their extensive assortment ot rich scarts,cravats, gloves, suspenders, Stc. Their as sortment ol all articles appertaining to the w aril robe of the fashionable gen'leman, will be found extensive, an I well worthy theuttention of strangers and residents. W T. JstsBiisns kCo.,J3l Broadway. have iust receiv od a rich assortment of goods, which will be found wor thy of inspection. Their stock consists of silk and meri no dressing gowns, vesting!, scarfs, etc. J. M. Thorh'ki h Co., 15 John street, have a splendid collection of flowers, bouquet*, lie, which will be f umt acceptable and beautiful present* for the holiday*, *? iroa k Mils*, 'J05 Broadway, have book*{and Kamoi ot ai> 'wecription*. IVus: V ^ Division itreet, are ready to furoiih customer* w.,, confectionary, cake, etc . of the belt quality, and at tu. ,OWMt pric7M It 1}C?J!l"i>:x,;V|*C'il**''? fc Sov, No 50 ( ourtUndt atreet, ?' ",l Waraak Aan.:a.oa, 30 Fultu. d ? Bowery. hare " ^ ~ p? K. Phslos, 'JU Broadway, ha* a very lUfc^.. .rii-u for the hair or *ale, called the " Chemical Ha.. ( j_0 rator." " Itltrralare, die. Graham's Magazine, lor January.?Graham lor January contains a tine mezzotint engraving by Sar tain ; a line engraving and a fashion plate, together with the usual amount and character ot reading matter. * New Year's Gift for ?A collection ol songs, ballads and instrumental pieces, published by C. G. Christian, 40-1 Pearl street Diary for 18KJ ?A very uselul article lor those who would like to keep an history of their lives. Published by David Felt, 143 Pearl street What's i ?oTNo on in Harkk !?Under this hend,

the Barre Oatritr ?ay* ?" One of our first man," at the breaking up of a private party a few evening* aince was found found to hare a silver spoon secreted about hi* t>er?'in Another ol our most uctive and influential citterns was implicate.I in the matter things ar* I vary common in Naw York | I Chronological Table of the Principal K vents In the Year iNt). HKVIIT. lit ?Arrival of the Hon. Caleb Cushing from China and Mexico. 3d - Suspension of BUhop Onderdonk from hi* minis terial function*. Mh--Reception ol Gov. Wiight's Menage in this city. 10th?The reception of the Report of the Secretary of War 30th?New* received of the ratification of the Ameri can treaty with China. Caleb McNulty dismissed from the Houie of Repreientative*. 34th?Great Texa* ma** meeting at Tammanv Hall. 3Mb?Arrival of the Cambria at Boston ; advance in the price of cotton. 38th?Publication of the itatement of Bishop Onder donk. 31st?Great Anti-Texas Convention in Boiton. rxaavABv. 4th. Great snow storm; snow fell to the depth of 18 inches, on a level. Arrival of President Polk at Cincin nati, on his way to Washington. 8th. Introduction before the Seusto ol a bill to reduce the rates of postage. 13th. Official announcement by Congress of the elec 13th. Official announcement by Congress of the elec tion of James K. Polk and G. M. Dallas as President and ; Vice President of the United States. 13th. Arrival of the President at Washington. Nth. Great speech of James Buchanan on the Texas { question. " 19th. Meeting of the New York merchenU at the Ex change, in fevor of cheep postage. . . f ___ of ?lid. Great democratic meeting in the Park, in faror o '"l5??1SiSS0'orT!b">o". om-. bill ,b?,h .b. i.? u,?.,b Senate. MABCH. . 1st. President Tyler signed the resolutions for the ad mission ol Texas. ? _ ,, . _ M 4th. Inauguration of James h. Polk and ^o?r** ? Dallas, as President and Vice President of the United M*th" The Cabinet nominations sent to the Senate, llth. Opening of the Park Theatre in New York, ior th*7th Commencement of the trial of Dr. Houghton alias Hig Thunder, the tamous anti-renter, at Hudson. st 'nVu^tVp-' ^19?h.'1 ArriVal"of the'steamship Cambria, bringing nows of an advance in cotton, and death of Reverend Sidney 30th Commeacement of the trial of Mary Bodine, for the murder of Mrs. Houseman, onSUtenlslan.f list. Sentence of James Eager for the murder of C. ' 'lit'h Yroduct'ion of Mrs. Mowatt'i American comedy of " Fashion," upon the Park stage Boston, of the trial of Reverend Joy H. Fairchild, for a<l?!th Great rally of the Datives at American Hall. Adjournment of the Court at Hudson, who weM trving Big Thunder, owiDg to the non agreement of the jury. 7th. Wreck of the steamboat Swallow, by running on a rock onnosiie Hudson ; several lives lost. 8th. Charter election in this city. The democrats suc cessful, and natives utterly deleated. P,llv 10th Charge of Judge Edmonds, in the case of Pally Bodine, delivered. Great fire in Pitsburg. by which 1300 houses were destroyed. k f . fh 10th. Meeting of the citixens of New York, for the -Ka0' ?? r., ?b. loacb ''"soth. Commencement of the Geological Conventional Hartford. MAY. 4th. Reception of the Proclamation of President ?? > of Texas, on annexation. anniversaries in New ftth. f ommeuoement <" Yi enth anniversary of the establishment of the \ttr York IleralA. _ , Hth Corner stone of the new Alms House on Ran, Jail's Island laid. _ . 13th. Great race on the Union Course between rasa ion and Peytona, in which Peytona ' cat. 34th Launch of the monster steamer Oregon. 38th. Second race between Peytona and Fashion oyer the Camden Course. The stands fell and severely in jured a great number of people. JU1SK. 8th. Death ef General Andrew Jackson. 13th. Debut of Mrs. Mowatt at the Park Theatre in the character of Pauline. . , _ . 34th. Grand funoral procession in memory of General Jackson. JULY. 4th. Great military parade?Firing of craokera? Drinking of punches, fcc., in honor of the 4th. Kith. Very hot weather?thermometer ot "^"twelve iprsons received the coup dt tolitl-, about one half of them ''Toth. Great Ifire in New York, by which 300 hou.e. irere burned and about six millions of doUars worth of property destroyed. AUGUST1. . . 4th. Opening of the new Bowery Theatre under the mimheXrrtvaI of the moMter' steamer Great Britain on sapTEMnan. ftth. Mysterious disappearance of John B. Oougn. 13th John B. Gough found at a house of rather nuestionable fame in vS.lker street, where he had been ' Tflth. "(Jreat Fair and State Cattle Show at Utica. 34,h The ports of the Argentine Republic declared in a state of blockade by the French and English *<iuad r?3ftth. Preparations for a great Mormon battle at the Wfitt. 37th. Fears of a famine in Great Britain. 30th. Great excitement in New York relative to the nolitical disclosures made by McKenzig. 30th Dr. Boughton alias "Big Thunder,' sentenced to imprisonmentlor life, by Judge F.dmonds, at Hudson. OCTOBIB 1st. Population of New York city 336,78ft-of State 3, fi?3rd74Additional news received of the progress of the k.?. Ninth TwoAnti-Rentera, O'Connor and Van Steenburg* sentenced to be hanged and four to imprisonment in Hta e "SK Xtt..- .?f ? Imes's lioie maae .. | of 30th Gieat speculation ^^"untra. o Leo^ld D. 10th. First appearance in this country, oi i M3?r,dr'itlGreaf%ri0tiin t.W.n on to the Sectional Dock. VOvr.MBIB. ... ?. tu. c.u?.of 4th. Election in the city of New vora, io ^rCoralt Wes^ra .uiied on her laat trip for the season. 1st. The city much in'wanTo?a reform administration 8t3d* The * T *Ynty-rdnOs^ongresi met. J. YV- Davis elected Speaker. pr??i<l?nt's Message in this city. t 3rd. Reception of the President ? >ies.?B 4th Thanksgiving day tn New York. ftth Departure of Ole Bull. Stocks all 10th. Terrible war panic in Wall street. b3^rHt o[e\Vn?Xm.nt in New York. " The *34!* ?The"'oubis in the democratic rank, in Washing t05ftthbThed.enUnce of O'Connor and Van Steenburgh commuted to imprisonment for life in1 the^State^nson a short Ui^'b^MrlYualhoum^TX bm Vlth thefwblt# ha;9\hlDUcK"fc"u" McNtdty clerkofth. House of Representatives, charged with embezzling the p mimh A special messenger, Lieutenant Todd. Texan ?.vythitfve.rfor Texas, will.. th. joint resolution. admit tin* Ttxtt into the I mow ; the act pn<l tb* ??* art system Of the Union over the new State . making Texas a collection district .accessor, 31st The year 184ft stepped out, and n? 1846, took his place. Movement* of Traveller*. The following are all that war* regiatered ?? arrival" ?t the lloteli yesterday. At the _ . ?Vmsrii ,h.? W. B. Moore, New Haven; W. 8- Peck, l". S. A.; Samuel Reed, N. O ; Oeo. C. Bomford. George town, D. C.; H. Bartlett, I.owell. Airoa.?Oeo. Wooda, Boaton; J. H. LeU?roP> Alexan dria; Mr Chad wick, C. W. (hapen, Springfield; W. Pel let. 11 Kenshaw, Phil*.; J. R. Tbompaon; Pnnc.eten, Thoa ( hamhere, Phila ; C. E. Smith, do.; Johnaon, Bo?ton; J Bremer, Hartford; D. E. Even*- Batavia, c. J. ? oit. Troy, Mr. Kellog, Rochester; W Henry, Phila., J. D. Otborne. St Loui"; J Rodeen, ^?,lo? wold, ahip Northumberland. r\AI. fitetaoo, Salem, Maaa., nr^TVF17lhBM?, w7.ht Ch..t.r; W.L. Parker. Phila, Mr. Porkard, N. V , ? . C. Cooke, Baltimore; Jacob Lee, rhila, W. Howell, Phila, Z. Howell, do.; P^T. Patten, do, O. H. Hunt, do.; Mr. Clarke, Staten laland; Jamea Speer, Patteraon. _ . ? KaasaLiw.?J. M.Jenka, Springheld, Jat Reed. Nor wich; H. Dpailver, Phila, W. Lock wood, Norwalk; K. Koater, Albany; Chaa. Hunt, Ct, George Pitcher, Paw tucket; W. CaoAeld, New Bedford; A. Biahop, Bridge i-rt; j Carter, Lancaeter; E Wamberaie, Charleaton, 8. (' i \v. Shaw, H. B. Green, Tnila, Samuel Matton, Troy. Globe.-or Tiffany, N. V, Carnea, do, Wm Tod hunter. Phil*. Howtao.?F. A.( 0nkling,N. V, C. Walton, Philadel phia; J. Davie, S. M.bike; Geo. Preecott, Yale College; M. Peck, J. OolT, Rome; c Babcock, K. Watroua, Troy; Geo. Ooeeep. N Y ; J. Wueman, Phila, Hon. L. C P. Brewater, Oawego; C Hicham., flt Louii; B. Harden, Worceater. Joachim Antonio, accused of the murder of Jean Baptiata Orillac. w;.icii waa committed on the 10th mat., waa arraigned and pica ed not guilty, at New Orleana.on the I9lh ult. Our rradrre will recollect that Una murder waa committed in the Pariah of Plaijucminca and the wound ot which Orillac died waa inflicted with a knita, which entered the belly, immediately under the lower rih and toward the left aide Orillac died im mediately Thralrlrala. I Paaa THeATBF.?A very respectable audience wai I in attendance la?t mgbt, to witness the repetition of the grand romantic opera of " Amilie," the music of which, > we think, whs much better sung than on the prorioua , evening. The entertainmenta concluded with the laugh I able farce of "Hie Last Lege," in which Mr. Barrett acquitted himself very creditably. Thie evening, being j New Year's night, a most attractive bill is presented, and we doubt not the walls of Old Drury will be Ailed to overflowing. "Amilie" is performed for the last time, together with a melo-drama in three acts, founded on a story of deep and thrilling interest, entitled "Remorse." We remember seeing the celebrated Mrs. DufT in the part of the heroine, many years ago, and the sensation she then created in it, will never be forgotten. Mrs. Bland now enacts the the character, and we have no doubt will produce the same effect, and thereby sustain her slready great and well deserved reputation. A fashionable and crowded audience will, most cert'dnly, congregate to witness the performance of this admirable play. Bowebv Thkatbk.?Last evening, a very strong and attractive bill was presented at this popular establish ment. The evening commenced with the grand drama of the "Surgeon of Pans," in which Mr. John R. 8cott performed the characters of the Black Knight, the Mask and tke Surgeon. After this, the tragedy of "George Barnwell" was played, and the evening closed with the drama of the "Mountain Grove," in which Messrs. Conv an?l Bianchard, and the dogs, appeared. To-day. being New Year*, there will be two performance*? the fint at two o'clock, I'.M., and the other at the utual hour in the evening. The afternoon performance will comiit of the grand romantic drama of " Timour the Tartar"?the comedy of "Lover'a Quarrel*," and the ipectacle of the "Dog* of the Wreck," The evening'* performance will con*istof "Pixarro," "The Murder on the ChlT," and Baaoiater'* grand national drama of "Putnam." Both of these are a* strong bill* a* hare ever been presented at the Bowery, and the house will, without doubt, to filled to it* utmost capacity. The Harmoneons.?'These popular vocalist* give their first concert at Niblo's, to-morrow evening. They are highly spoken of by all who have heard them. They will undoubtedly draw a full house. The Keans?Richard 111.?We learn that nearly one third of the seats in the dress circle of the Park, have already been engaged for the first night'* representation of Shakespaar's Richard III. The play will be brought out on the 7th instant, in a sty le of great splendor, and will surpass in all its appointments any " spectacle" ! ?ver produced in this country. The Ilichard of Kean I il acknowledged to be one of the most finished and thrilling pieces of acting ever witnessed. It undoubtedly ' is his great character?and in the delineation of it, he produces the most astonishing and striking effects. The | tragedy will undoubtedly hare a great run, but it will I require many crowded houses to pay the enormous ex penses, (some $10,000) incurred in getting it up. Leopold us Meter.?This distinguished artiste, and accomplished gentleman, is still in Boston, where he has been suffering for some time past, from an injury sus tained on the muscle of one of the fingers of the left hand, One of the Boston journals, in speaking of De Meyer, says " We regret to learn that this great pianist will not be able to give his second concert in Boston at pre sent. His hand troubles him so much that he is entirely disabled from performing anything which requires pow er. By the advice of several of the most eminent physi cians, he is going south, believing that a warmer climate will accelerate the cure. It is with the deepest regret , without fulfillir that he is thus obliged to leave Boston, without fulfilling his engagements. He will return at the earliest possible moment, to repay the many kindnesses he has received from his numerous friends in this city, when he will give his promised entertainment." Templeton.?This distinguished artiste appears to have been vory successful in Philadelphia. A paper of yesterday, speaking ol his Concert, says :?" Mr. Tem pleton's Concert on Monday ovening, was largely attend ed, (the Musical Fund Hall being crowded by a very faahlonable auditory. The songs and ballads in the pro gramme were very loudly applauded, and his powerful voice was shown to great advantage. The fire and ener gy with which ' The Minstrel Boy,' and ' A man's a man for a' that,' were eung, contrasted admirably with the sweetness and delicacy of ' John Anderson my Joe.'? Mr. Templeton sings with much expression, and his man ner adds to the effect which his skilful use by his vocal ability produces; and with a nice discrimination, he avails himself of every effective point, and throws it out at times with startling effect. We never before heard ' A man's a man for a' that,' sung in such a splendid msnner. The second of the series will be given to-morrow evening, in the Musical Fund Hall, and the ontertainment will bo devoted to the so.igs ol Sir Walter Scott." German Opera. -Strong efl'oits arc now beiog made for the resuscitation of the German Opera, which explo ded at Palmo'a. A number of gentlemen have taken the same materials out of which the other was built, and in tend issuing two hundred subscription tickets, so to guarantee a partial suppjrt, at least, previous to their commencing the Opera. One hundred tickets, at $30 a piece, have already been taken, and it has been decided t?at the Opera shall commence next month. Miss Julia Turnbull, .the danseuse, is in Charleston. South Caiolina. E. S. Conner, the tragedian, Chippendale, and Mr. and Mrs. Skerrett, are at the St. .Charles Theatre, New Or ls the ravorite at Oriea'nsCl8ra ^ " th* The.,^ Nt)1, Mary Ann Lee, the danseuse, is in Boston. The Siomens are in Washington. The Misses Bramson are giving concerts at the Meio deon, Boston. Mons Korponay, the well known teacberof the Polke, continues in New Orleans. Harry Placide is playing in Charleston, S. C. Police Intelligence. Dec. 81.?Charge ?/ Perjury.?Haury J. Grew vs. Dr. Lucius S. Comstock, Druggist, 31 Court tandt street,for Perjusy.?The hearing in this case was resumed at the appointed time yesterday a'ternoon, before Justice* Drinker and Osborne, but a larger number of witnesses and spectator* were present, evidently anxious to see which end if the born the Doctor * as likely ?id 11 thr born the Doctor was likely to step oct of. The parties took then seats as be fas*. aided by their ^^?co iKtt The Doctor roes, with the morn ng learned counsel The Doctor rose, with the Mom ng i Herald in his bar J, and mad* some '? physical" re murks about the ??p.rr< n tV Heraid. Justice Orineek replied, thai they had no no?r control ove. the reporters. The Doctor then proceeded tu his ernes exaailestlen oi Mr. Grew. Doctor- Mr. Grew tre you well acquainted with my ' hand writing t Omw-i ,,iSir Doctor?What was the suit you went before the grand jury about 1 Grew?I went a* your witness, before the Grand Jury; olio at the Police Office. Doctor?Was it not at your strong solicitation that I made the c.-mplaintagai ist Mr. Frost 7 Grew?I went betore the Orand Jury by your order ; I also famished Mr. Comstock with the facts. Doctor - Did you or did you not repeatedly or strenu ously apply to Comstock 8i Co , to make the complaint against Frost 1 Grew?I did repeatedly solicit Comstock to go before the Grand Jury to get Frost indicted. Doctob?Have you not repeatedly sold that Linn's Balsam was no infringment of Daily's 7 Grew?I hare no distinct recollection of saying so. i Doctor?Harent you told me, sir, repeatedly, that it was not the slightest infringment of bis article, since you left me 7 Grew?No. Doctor?When did you leave me 7 Grew?In November or December, 1M3. Doctor?Have you never since that time stated that not consider it an infringment 7 Dally did not < Grew?I can't say that I did; Mr. Dally never au thorised me to do so Doctor?Are you sure 7 Grew- No more so than 1 told you. Doctor?Hav- you never since said to, to the reverse of your affidavit in writing! Obrw.?Not to my recollection, ae to Linn'a Balm. Doctor Comstocb then showed Mr. Grew a letter doubled over, and asked him if the signature at the hot torn was hi? writing 7 Grew.?I cannot recollect whether it is my signature Mint unless vou let me see the contents of the letter. I have no recollection of putting my signature to Mr. 1 Om?t"ck'? hand writing cannot tie o??erwiae than boieiicial :o ?* e e Doctob?I call upon the Court to make the witness large, aasf IT the cont plsiod ? ..aur* lac?ew give me his boltef, whether this is his signadae* ??-sot*. f . . J. Jvstio* Dainaaa stated tfca* Mv. OtvAr might answer ?'?-*??ial aysteme, will produu? s to the beaLefW iweoUeeUoo Uona, it iaf..r the time ?< i - Pf mf Tbe.i SheweJhie.eHtWletter marked Wo, iUeJf The very canle?V4hat ?? T>'?ce '"oatw. - Ves,mtha? la *y wribwi. "frhe Dectvr th-?] oasiut- ^wbieted bv ? ??*# angaa. fill have nhowe.t hua aeveral iettere. all #f whMfOsew era....* ? v-owm. iriiuence epott 1k?lr opaiution*, whflath* lodged m ba in hieowa hand writiogyjbwavet, the i>i?c ;uaeLiensa: i at i sue, so ttet they will be prepare' .?1 l?Dootea ? Da^JKarwrnawibar mMJpbtg to*Mr Pally, the result, whateve. 1 spay be. This wilt be the a0> in 1Mb, ahont Lian*e RelmT -T paitfeularly with those interested in any modiflcati^ of Oa?? -The only time i saw ItfbjMM' *aa previous the tariff; but the movements of the banking siaUt* Dally1,-lT .m^Ufl^Kalm, if hewUh-' tl0B' particularly interested in the defeat afttb ??* ed it. treasury scheme, may be much different fry* 'bat "um~ kD.?^Tn*_H!r#.r?U 0Ter b*',ore '? W>y way, cipated. While the sub-trcasury plan/ pen^0*- ,h? that Dally on that occasion made no reiilv 1 . . .? ... . . .. k ^us in their ope Oaiw-I have. hanks will, without doubt, be very cau-1""j" Doctos?Have you stated, in some way, that Dally ration., and do every thing in their/*"rt0 "ffbten t e should continue to sell the balm; also have you commit- money market. They may turn th^1*** cloM ,n coZ??*Z?r ,htt DiUy h*" 'i0,'t'd h" causea greater panic than has,* ?? (iarw?Not to my recollection. and probably will, cause all**? *ro " ?_a?.? At this state of the case Mr Mulloch rose and argued commercial classes pos.<"*' f#r lkt VUTV?" ?f?!! . st some ength against the manner adopted in the cross- ... ... nllhlir and raising up ?*' oppeabdan t? examination of the witneia, and concluded by stating thit cing the publi N|( ot government, strong there waa ample evidence on the face of the papers to the metem* * . . . w {hm hiU when ???> <??"1* J ?* r&r?ji'trJSS-S & SS pars, to convict him of perjury. the banks suoceau u> i ? .r~ Justice Dsivar.a remarked that it was tima for adjovrn- ' they would furnish immediate ralwf to the money menji cone^juentlv they would resume the eaamsmU?" _.rk.t .nd loosen the screws as rapidly as possible; on Friday, ,,-t o*Wk. market, and io b j unsuccessful in defeat. -1 "r r*r Kt i'? C?rr4^-ThrMmMlkbi tro? Imt tf? Hit ef#?* 1 . " . " . , ped int< I ,,e 'V suction ' shop y. ..avbay, t? saa .*? HQ1. *? * * cft ? tomiblai the mac -wing ? ??.?usees, when the't saw" bnding ; J.,.. Iba Mate books .uri the Oeaemi Uovspn ,h"yw< " "eeel tha-P'^ehwby tbe usiea ! ..srilr-iT as teriv m ?sj * : of Ramuat IVarsall, os _ _ the imir, at the aeme U?M aMamgagto o?l him opened raaw. and othasrvNaa MAai htm moaibg#*' I is itt) ?? rnnjtV-SSSTJbi?b2 h.,| |.t h.. tu.northe Msvor In the , ke w^?SK^ in limho. tiu . irg ioru??i| ? ...... ?? ?.T,{rsfssir. "sasrriff?'".1?.....n,. .,b r?. on New Year's, from Ambrose Morton, Washington sury law, if enforced, would earn snrh a powerfol checl Market l.ocked up William H King was arrested -or upoD the movemeutt of these itste banks, that their bu stealing a whip. Locked up. Michael Kenny was caoght u ^uci, p., prolilibla than It bm inthasctof stealing monay from tha bo* on one of the ? t 4w,a.-. Bewery stages. Looked up. I been during the , i iii ?'7 t! ? i? n ulu 14 is iel iii is! l. is inflict ^IRSlS ?y*?,2?? 31 June... ... l 2 j 4 5, ? 1 7 I 9 10 II ii- 13 14 II IS 17 18 19 10 2I 22,21 24 ? 86127 21 29:10 1 1 Dtcmb'rl | I |< a, 3 4' 5 6 7; 8 9 10!II.12 l||]? IS l? M118 19 20 SI{22 2 < 2. ?i 16 27 28 29 36 3|l We are requested to say that the 1'lumbe IVatioaal Dagaerriaa Gallery, on the npper corner of Broad way and Murray atrret, will be open thia day, Jan. lat, 1146. k r!V,.*,de,lp,i,a A?ent tor the HeraliL, Zleber , nrr' ?UJ i-?U??r Bnildin?, Third street, who receive snbecri- J ? ?oa Seee single copies for t?le daily st t o'clock. nil tm money mahkkt. Wednesday, Dee. 31?O F. M. Stocks are up to day?the feeling is decidedly in favor c I roace. There are rumors of some failures among the buHs-and more .r..*pecuH Affairs arest.ll unsettled? Norwich U Worcester (ell on }per stonington. J ; Erie Railroad improved 1J wr cenl Ct . . Long Island, J, while Harlem, Mbt^ F#rmer,. Loan and Pennsylvania 5's closed at yesterday's pr.ces There has been very little done in f0y,ign exchange this morning j prime bills on London closest hj *n par cent premium. The North River Bank has declared a dividend ot three and a half per cent, payable on the 7 th of January. The Theuix Bank has declared a semi-annual dividend of three per cent, payable on the Ath inst. The New Haven County Bank has declared a dividend of four per cent, payable 1st Jammry. The New Bedford and Taunton Railroad havo declared a semi-annual dividend of three and a half percent. The Taunton branch pays four per cent The Boston and Lowell four percent. The Eastern Railroad,and Eastern New Hampshire, pay four per cent. The Boston and Worcester four par cent. The Western Bank of Baltimore has declared a divi dend of three per cent for the last year. The Merchants' Bank of Baltimore has declared a divi. dendof three per cent for the last half year. The Bank of the Metropolis at Washington has doclar-j ed a half yearly dividend of throe n?-1 ? half per cent. ' There appears t? considerable anxiety among the operators in Norwich and Worcester Railroad stock, as to the prospects for a semi-annual dividend, now about duo . This company have declared and paid three semi annual r dividends of three per c nt each, and they are as well able to declaro a dividend now as they wore at the end of each six of tho eighteen mouths previous to July last. The aggregate receipts this yea: will be about twelve thousand dollars more than they were last, w hich will aid the company very- materially in making a divi dend. It is stated that several of the d,rectors of the road are short of the stock, and that the ieclnration of a dividend is put off until they can get out| oi their 'difficulties. We are disposed to belicveJ this statement, as speculations in this stock have been more extensive, and the rW and greater, ?han in any other in the list. lYe tVurM tt.' ludod to among the bulls were caused by opera-lone in this railroad s'.ock, and it is to be expecte 1 tl at if any ?? the directors were very short, they would not he >ittte a moment to postpone, if possible, the dtslara'iou of | dividend, to prevent any improvement in the maifci | value of the stock. A falling oft'of thirty per cent inf price of any stock, is sufficient to break down the < est bulls iu the market, and it is a matter of if there havo not been mere failures than 'icval Am.*<MM count* .1 the I9t i.iieajuf she Hdhet R in ._|ii?r*"r' i - < ? .--ms-vt in* nar.et a in; ATfiany. There Mpy ears to be a determine ,i-.n C-; tV ^rt of the people of Columbia. Dutchess, m 1 e.er count in*, to carry this road through as loon ?? pu*a?.ie, as it w.it be of immouse service to the p vie of 'be #?*. ? ?rn sec ion of this State, and tho meet pt**..??v? property when completed. Thereto M deubt bet that th - New , York, Harlem and Albany Railroad, wh,? i pay a bolter dividend than any other in thjV country. It will not only be the cheapest, but the suid' profitable road in the Union. The average cost per mffft from New York to Albany, will not be over twt?nly-i?p* thousand dollars per mile, which will be forty thouraad dollars per mile loss than the Boston and Albany road.-?* Its local travel will t o aloua sufficient to give ? ItrffVj dividend, and the through travel at all timet will be Rmre, but during the suspension of navigation ??? ?hs rfver.-W< will be immense e M "ink rsiHosde . - T-g norva Aram this city, to which th; eastern mi rood11will connect, and altogether iu prospects ore B(n fa*arable then any other unfinished .->nd in opetaJ ticn. * j The rnony market < of ibis rvssuj wdU.w'tSou! dtvh. in the preeeDt state fore g.-ea.o. pa., ot tr.oJ coming y?ar. There is every probability that Congree* will continue in ?>*sion until mid-summer, and so long as they continue in sesewn thsre can be very little im provement in ^commercial affkirs generally. The propo sed alterations in the tariff, will tend to rsstriot foreign importations, and the proposed establishment of the Sub-i Treasury law, will check the operations of the banks' and confine them to a very limited movement, until thai question is dispessd of in some way. We cannot thacef fore look ior a very extensive business in the sPrj"J but on the contrary a very limited importation of forei| manufactures, and restrictions in the monty market su?. cent to check any speculative movement in any ef out great staple articles of merchandise. Hie contracting in trade produced by these contemplatedchanges in our commercial and financial systeme, cannm but be Af ? healthy character, as it will restrict credits, pre en overtrading and reduce the liabilities of all those en gaged in mercantile pursuits. These checks upon a teo rapid expansion of trads. tend to keep down all attempt* to get up any speculation in merchandise or else, and put off to a mere remote vulsions in commercial allhlr. that h.^ ^ ^ destroyed .I those tradingonbor-q of become involved in operation. ^ themieJws froa. credits, deeper than thev Whitivsr tends - cot>fine tr#de t0 ^

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