Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 4, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 4, 1846 Page 2
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N EW YORK H ERALD. !*cw York, Stumlny, January 4, 1440. The. I'ualtlon of Mr. Calhoun on the tingnii QumIIoii. The altra democrats do not seem quite contented with the stand Mr. GaJhoun has taken on this momentous affair; while, on the other hand, his course is hailed with approbation by many wings j and conservatives. The chivalry of the West goes hot and strong lor 54 40?while the ardent South, and calculating hast, coalesce, for once, on this point, and quietly and temperately call for 49. It is a vulgar proverb, that |>overty makes a man acquainted with strange bed-lellows. This is still more true if applied to politics. What strange associations dc es it not sometimes exhibit! Who would (us in the present position of the Oregon question) ever have exacted to see the hast?with its commerce and manufactures?sympathizing with the South, and forming what may be called the Low Lutitude party of 49 ; while the West goes for ihe High Latitude of 54 1 It i; not the first time that figures have become, us it were, a watchword tor parties?and a kind ot standard under which the masses cluster Lviry one remembers how, in the exciting times ol the i ; imoils John Wilkes?when England never appeared ; more likely to be on the brink of a popular -and I bloody revolution?how the number 45, referring to 1 i sheet of the North Briton, became the great and magic talisman, which was the rallying word of the popular party, and which was seen chalked up on all the iv-Us of the city of London, and sounded in the mouths of men, women and children, through ?all the extent of that agitated empire. So, at tins time, the numbers 49 and 54 seem destined, as the French say, "fuire fortune"?that is, to make ?heir fortune, or to obtain extraordinary notoriety. 19 has its adherents in the hast and f?outh, and John C. Calhoun is the hero ot this number ; 54 has ?ts admirers chiefly in the West, and Cass, Hanne gan, Allen and others, divide among themselves ilie honor of co-leaders on this significant number. How the lottery will draw, and which will be the lucky number, few, none, rather, can tell. For our parts we watch the tempest as it rolis around, and keep a faithful log book ot all that is passing; often ??ailing out to the man at the helm, and he, whoever it may be, is often right glad to take our hint, and proht by it. The fusion, it we may so call it, ot the great com mercial und manufacturing party of the North, with the rice and cotton party] of the South, which seems to be taKiug place on this question, may bring about a new attitude of parties and open new chan nels of political sympathies In the history of the woild, all nutional parties have most generally turned upon the pivot of |>eace or war; and euelt a question is now, in fact, the great sgitatiag question of our day. As the masses take sides on this ques tion, so parties will be formed; and the question it s'lf being eminently national, the parties formed will, consequently, pnrtake of a more national and intelligible character than has for some years past been the case. Mr. Calhoun's position is brilliunt and distin guished, though not without its difficulties. The 'tde of events seein? to carry him on its head, as if hereafter to cast him either upon some high and lotty eminence, or some dark and desolate shore. Which we don't know; but he will lie great in either?Napoleon on the field of Marengo, or Napo leon on St. Helena. Sunday Occupation in New York ?The popula. tion of the city of New York is something in the neighborhood of four or five hundred thousand, of nil ages, sexes, nations and countries; and if an in vestigation could be entered into, as to the way in which this immense number of human beings sjieiid rheir time on Sabbath days, with any degree of ac curacy in the results, we are confident that it would excite wonder and amazement, in the minds of all That they do not all resort to place s of worship is ev ident, from the appetirance of our streets on those dsya, and from the tact, that there is not sufficient ? liurch accommodation for one half of that number. We will endeavor to make a computation, by which a general result can be ascertained, and it i can only be a general result, for the nature of the in vestigation will not give us access to any data, by which any thing approaching to accuracy can be ascertained. .? By a statement recently made by the Colporteur Association of this cay, and by whom an mvestiga- 1 tion of the subject was made, and which, no doubt' 19 pretty near correct, for they had every means within their reach, it appears that if all the public places ot worship, of all denominations in this city, were tilled , there would be le|t 160,000 people unaccommodated with the means of attending pub- 1 lie worship. If we take this statement as a guide, then, in the first place, we have 160,000 persons who do not attend church; that would leave 140,000; but it is well known, that our churches never contain much more than one half of what they are capable of. Therefore, averaging all ihe churches as being , but half filled, we have 70,000 more to be added to 1 those who do not attend churoh, making 210,000 peo ple in tins city who do not attend worship on the Sabbath Thus, then, we have one general result? that 210,000 people do not attend church Then the next question, how do they occupy themselves on the Sabbath 1 Of these 210,000, it is probable that 80,000 stay at home, and pass their nme in reading the light literature of the day. Ihrobablv 20,000 more frequent the numerous grog shops with which the city abounds, and the re" mainder amuse themselves in various other ways These results show that there is in the city of New York a vast field lor the exertion of the Chris tian and the philanthropist Immense sums of money are annually contributed to send mission aries to foreign countries to instruct the heathen, while here at home we have no church accommo dation for 100,000 of our population Truly, we can see the mote in our neighbor's eye, hut not ihe beam in our own It appears, from the annuul statement of the Missionary Board ot the Preshy" terian Church, that one mission on the coast of Africa, costs annually the large sum ol $12,000; and tlt? whole amount expended by them in foreign missions, is equal to $36,000 annually, by that sect alone. If that sum were applied to the enlighten ment of souls ai home, it would be tar belter thau ihe way it is now applied But it would appear that the half savage Atncan comes in for a greuter share of philanthropy than those here at home, who are our own " kith and kin." Family Jars ?The "tierce democracie," in these ??ur latitudes, is terribly divided at present into two violent factions. The one is called the " Bosworth squad," represented by Platnm, Bang Ac Co. of the (Hob* ? the other, "Secret-Circular-dtqw?," whose organs are Sullivan Ar Co. of the iVriot, and Bryant iV Co. of the Er*nrng l'o*l For severs! days past, t uey have been assailing each other most violently, much to the disgrace and general discredit of the newspaper presa attached to the democracy The qun. rel is selfish in the extreme?merely for the i poila of office?not a principle or a measure is con cerned We advise Mr Polk to take a look at his irritable and disinterested organs?and if he can l ud uu?e io throw them a tew bones to gnaw, by 'i means to de it speedily, as they will annoy hin still more, and disgrace his cluse beyond re demption. Wall sraxxT Excrraiircr.?There ts a tremen duous struggle in Wall street, between the " bulls" and ''bears," on the Krie Railroad stock. They are the same parties who formerly figured so largely in the Norwich and Worcester. The contest in volves probably $4)0,000, more or less. There will be smashing work this week, opening to-morrow. This excitement has nothing to dc with war, Con gress, or politics. It is simply a cornering opera tion?a game;between the brokers, for the spoil*? r?v howftnd any way ? Rklioiov* Perskcition ? We see that a new? piper has been lately started in Boston, lor the pur, as ils prospectus telL uj," independent of sec t or party, to promote the union of Christians against Popery." Among the contributors are the some what notorious Dr., Dr. Kirk, Dr. Mason, ami ethers. Kvery one recollects the system oi jierseeution adopted towards the Roman Catho'tcs, a tew years since, by Brownlee, el id o/nne genus,on one side, and B'shop Hughes and the Catholics 011 the other to what a disgracelulextent these followers ol the meek and lowly Jesus pursued each other. One clique ol the religious combatants did not stop at availing them- | selves of talsehood, and knowingly published a col- j lection of the basest untruths, which they alleged j contained revelations ol the mysteries and iniquity of a convent in Wanudu, in order to tell against j them. Well, that crusade, like every thing else, ' had its day It passed oil", and what was the ellictl j The Roman Catholics kept on in the satne manner | as they did beiore, and instead of being annihilated, i they gained strength and numbers from the perse- | eunon they sutlered. But it would appear now that all the forces ol the dillerent churches which have seceded Irotn the Ca tholic, are to be united in one great conlederacy; and with the aid of a press, a united demonstration is about to be made against the mother Church. No doubt this new attempt will be characterised by all the bitterness and malignity which characterised previous crusades, and the success will no doubt be the same. The Catholic Church will come out iiot only unscathed, but purer and stronget. The fact is, these religious persecutions are a dis grace to the century and to the country we live in. They belong to another age. If the leaders and projectors imagine that they are carrying out the commands oi the holy Founder of the church, they are vastly mistaken. The true cause?the main spring of the whole movement, ts jealousy and en vy ol the strides the Catholicsare making. Instead | el vteing with each other in their nttempts to clothe ' the naked, feed the hungry, and comfort the widow I and afflicted, tliey present themselves in the form o' j religious bulldogs, aud light and quarrel about sortie obscure and immaterial point of doctrine, having 1 no connection of any moment with the merits of the creed of either. Neither are the motives good. I II the hearts ol those disputants could be examined, 1 the love of God would not be found as the motive lor such warfare ; for it is inconsistent with his hc ly dictates to persecute, in any shape. We have seen the effects of this warfare in of carnage and conflagration, in a neighboring city, j II a re|>etition is not desired, this new movement ! at Boston should he frowned down by the Christina ; community, of all sects?Protestant aud Catholic, j Why not let all sects and creeds pursue their differ- | cut ways, without interruption, in this free land?' There is no earthly judge capable of deciding whic h is the best. The only effect of persecution ! will he to engender feelings of enmity and unchari tableuess between each, altogether at variance with j true religion and piety. FaNNY Kl.HSI.EIl AND HER AMERICAN FoKTVNK.? ( Somebody in the Courier dt* Etats Unit, asserts as i "official," us lie calls it, that Fanny Elssler lost none ; of the proceeds of her American engagements. We cannot easily guess whut "official" means, but we i assert on the authority of Fanny Klssler herself, who | stated the fact^to us in London, in 18-13, that the had I lost by roguery at least one huif of the money she had | made during the two years the had performed in ! America. This'was asserted by Fanny Elssler in ' the presence of two other arsons, and there can be ' little doubt hut she told the truth. New Year's Day.? When we consider thnf the entire population of this great city are let loose, like a whirlwind, it is surprising that we have not heard of many deaths, to say nothing of casualties. And we have reason to believe that the Star Police have done much towards keeping order and suppressing crime, on this famous day of frivolity. One of the police took a man to Dr. Bostwick'n office, who re ceived a severe cut from a bowie knite, and would probably have been killed, had it not been for the timely mterlerence of the officer. Navai.?We learn that Mr. Andrew llebard, Chief Engineer U. S. Navy, and at present attached to the U..S. steamer Michigan, at Erie, Pa.,has been ordered to Washington to report to the Chief of the Bureau ot Construction, Equipinent.and Repair; and alao that Wm. Scott, first Assistant Engineer ; Those Dickson and .lohn (>allagher, third Assistant Engi neers U. S. Navy, have also been ordered there to undergo an examination as to their quahtications as Assistant Engineers. Very Late from Hayti.?The schooner Silas Wright, Capt. Conklin, arrived yesterdn 111 Port au Prince with advices to the 13th ult. We learn from Capt. C. that the French Admiral Had determined to blockade Port au Prince and bombard the town, if the liaytiens did not i>ay S' as an indemnity to the French Consular Agent recently diiven thence The blacks at liayti, it is said, are becoming very insolent to foreigners Steamship Hibkkma will leave Liverpool to day for Bostoa. II no packet arrive before she does, her news will be one month later. Important Movement?Special Messenger to Oregon.?According to the following paragraph from the Nwburyport Herald of the 2d mat., the President is on the ;>oint of despatching a social agent to Oregon. This movement is an nn|>ortant one, in the present position of the question Dr. White,'the delegate from Oregon, who intended to take passage with the expedition from this town, we hear has been charged with aome duty hy the President, which will require hit speedy departure, ever land, via AJexico. A letter from Dr. White, received in thu town, announces thia tact. The doctor writea to those intend ing to embark (or Oregon, that they should take with them, ai tar a? convenient, whatever o' household furni ture they ran, an they will tiud it very dear in Oregon and difficult to obtain. He add*, luu> no apprehen sions as to provisions; the country abounds with the ne cessaries of life, and certainly we have some of its luxu ries, if not delicacies, such a? an abundance ol the choicest salmon, veniaon, wild lowl," x.c. Minister from Mexico ?The New Orleans Pi ? ayunc ol the 2,'iih ult., gives tue loliowmg important item of intelligence " letters have been received in this city iroui Mexico via I'entacola, slating thai a mi: iMer Irom the govern ment ol that country has pirn ceded on to Washington, with instructions to settle oil a boundary line between Mexico and the state of Texas, and such un one as will giro lull satislaction to our government laATE from St. Ll'cia.- We have received the St. Lucia Palladium of the 4th,ult. It gives the following intelligence:? [From the St. Lucia Palladium, Dec. 4.J H'e have but little to say upon local topics. The rains i ontinue to lavor plantation operations, and though ra ther tardy in coming, will be the cause of great benefit throughout the country. It is with regret we notice the exietence of more siokness amongst the Kurepean set tlers ol this plac*, during the I st tew weeks, than we temember to have occurred hetore at this time of the year. Doubtless the sudden transition which has just taken place,'from intense heat and long continued draught to heavy tains and bleak winds, has had some iiiflueoce in producing th>* lamentable state ef things Movements of Travellers. We have never yet had occaaion to lecord tuch an unprecedented paucity ol arrivals, is yesterday's hotel registries testified. We give them without any abridge men:. At the Amebic*!*.?S L Lyon, White riains ; Henry Cop per, Port Columbus , K. D Whjnng. Philadelphia ; Mr Hawthorn, Westchester ' Astob ? James B Smith, Philadelphia , T E Wylinn, Kentucky ; John White, England . George Whiting, Washington , R. B. Porbes, Boston , W. Wade, St. Lou is , Stewart Thorn dike, Boston ; Horace Greeley, New York ; D. W Willard, Springfield ; A. Davis, Bangor ; T. Ruggles, Massachusetts , J H. Beard, Cincinnati ; Snalton Barry, Boston ; Jones Pearae, Louisville : Cnas. Jackson, Boston ? Cirr - tdward Season, New Orltans ; J. W. Prince, Louisville, Ky ; J. M Griffith. Buffalo ; Judge Tiacy Macon ; R L. Colt, Pataraou ; Jid. H. Cleghhon, James' Wilson, Boston , Geo W Clark#, JewiW City, Conn Fksxblix.?Meears. Collins, Dalano and Brindley, Hartford ; Thomas Harris, David Clarke, Trenton . S TomliusoD, Bndgeport. Globe.?Julius Maieghon, Boston , W. Usher Phila deiphia. Ifowsan.?W Van Wagner, N. J.; t. M. Klred, Provi dance : W. Hill, Wilmington. Asa Lddy, Troy, Thos. Hart, Rochester, J. (J. Giimore, Philadelphia ; H Mej her, N.C.j J. U. Uilmore, Phila ; P. H Champagne, Bal timote ; J. C. Delaine, Gaiveslon , F. A. Richardson, < mcinnati , W A Fountain, i litton, H Katrioger. Wa terleo Theatricals. Pass ?A|very respectable audience ?u in atten Jance at the Park laat nighj, to witness the second re presentation of the comic opera of the " Klixer of Love.' Mr Sefuin gang with hit usual taste and judgment, and Mr*. Seguio and Mr. Fra/er leemed in better voice than on the previous evening. The choruses, too, were on this occasion vory well sung. On Monday evening Mrs. Segutn takes Hier benefit, in healths 'Postillion of Lonjumeau" will be performed. Monsieur Collinet, a gen tleman of considerable celebrity in the musical world of Kurope, makes his first.appearance in America on this occasion, and will perform an air and brilliant variations on the flageolet. Boh car Theatre.?Since the erection ef the new the. atre on the site of the old Bowery, tbia establishment, under the management of Mr. Jackson, has received a most extraordinary amount of patronage. Night after night it is orowded by tbe lovers oi the drama, and the 1 manager is receiving rich rewards. There is no secret in this. Let uuy place of amusement be conducted with the same liberal spirit which has characterized the man agement of this theatre, from tue time when it cume un der the control of Mr. Jackson, and it will likewise suc ceed. Let it be apparent, as it is with him, that the wishes a ad amusement of the public are the first thing thought of, and the public will appreciate it properly, and not fail to reward those who study to please them. The series of attractions which have been produced at this theatre during the last few months, have seldom been ?quailed in this country. No pains or expense has been spared. Last night there were four capital pieces per formed, the principal ones being the grand drama of the " Mysteries ol Pans," and the melo-drama of the " Moun tain Devil;" Mr. Scott sustaining in the former tbe char actor of the Chourineur, and Messis. Coney and Blan- j chard the principal characters in the latter On Mon day evening, we take pleasure in announcing that that highly popular and deserving actor, Mr. John It. Scott, will take a benefit. We are confident that the an nouncement needs but to be made, to till the " Metropo litan" from pit to dome. There is a most extraordinarily attractive bill for the occasion. Tbe evening's enter tainment will commence with Knowle's much admired tragedy of " Virginius," the Koman liberator, Ml. Scott taking Virginius. The drama of the "Mur der on the Cliff'" will bo the second piece, iu which Mesara. Cony and Blanchard will take tbe principal parts; tbe whole to winu up with the laughable comedy of tho " Review," in which Mr. Scott will sing the capital song of " Whack, Judy O'Flana gun " With sucu a bill, setting aside the strong claims Mr. Scott has on the pluv-going public, we may expect the roof to be fairly blown on. On Tuesday evening, Mr. Bannister, also a deserving and favorite actor, author ol " Putnam," " Kookwood," and other successful dra mas, will take a benefit, and a bumper it ought to, and no doubt will be. ' Thi Kr*xs?"Richard III."?Nothing is talked of in the thoatiical aud fashionable woild, at present, but the ' fotthconiiug novelty at the Turk Theatre. The box ' sheet for Wednesday evening?the first night of ShakS peare's "Richard III"?already presents a formidable list of names, among which the elite of the city are register- 1 ed. 1'laees have even been secured, we understand, for I the third and fourth nights of representation, and we believo, for once, public expectation will not be disap- ; pointed. Several weeks have been spent in prepara tions, and the tragedy will now be put upon tho stage in ! a style of unprecedented splendor und magnificence, its production will be an era in theatricals, and we hope to see "King John,"|and other plays, got up in the samo style. Since the arrival of Mr. and Mrs Charles Keanin this country, an extraordinary tevival has been expe rienced in theatricals?the love of the legitimate drama has increased, until it has really become the fashion, while the taste for opera has very' much declined. This is pei haps best accounted for by tho fact that, while the drama lias been supported by u galaxy of stars of the I first magnitude, tho opera bus fallen into hands incapa ble of conducting it with success. Besides, the drama i has ever been cherished by the masses, who have, as it | were, a spontaneous lovo for it. Its beauties a:e I probably more easily understood and appreciated than those ot opera, and a deeper and more lasting j impression is nested by it. Tbe purpose of play- ' ing has ever been " to show virtue her own fea- , tare, acorn her own image, and the very age and : body of the time, its form and pressuie." Until lately, 1 however, but little attention has been bestowed upon the getting up of a play. Tbe scenery, coatumes and deco rations have frequently been of the most shabby, ridicu lous and unseemly character, and tho illusion, in a mea sure was thereforetnecet|arily lost. A new state of things, ; however, has happily arisen, and the production of ' Richard I Ii.'hit the Park may tie considered as the dawn- ; iug ol a new and Lbright 01a in the history of the drama. Kvery scene in the piece has been expressly painted 1 fot it, from original and authentic sketches; the decora tious, etc., all of which are of tho most gorgeous de- j scription, tiavo been takeu from the highest authorities, and the strictest attention has been paid to the costumes. 1 The engagement of the keens is only for ten nights, how ever, and the play must then be withdrawn. But for ten nights we doubt not the i'ark Theatre will be filled to , overflowing by the curious ana the fashionable, as well ss the student of Kngbsh history, who may here gain much valuable information. Mr. Foxtaxa's Coxcert.?This enteitainment took place last evening at the Apollo room*. Mr. Fontana, who is favorably known as a performer and composer, played five pieces, two of which were his own composi tions. The^'Lucia," by Liszt, and the " Huguenots," by Thalberg?both compositions of great difficulty and re quiring much physical foroe? were given by this talent ed pianist with considerable brilliancy, although his chief merit consists rather in delicacy ot touch ana poeti cal expression. The Serenade ,by Wilmors?for the left hand only?afforded him an opportunity of showing i?, : and it pleased us even better than tbe former two pieces A* a composer he evinces great talent; the introduction j , to the Mexican airs is full of sentiment and was exquisite- ! ! ly given; the airs themselves, particularly the first, are very beautiibl and are treated in auite an original manner The " Fancy Waltz" i* a very charming morcemu de so. ; inn, and will probably become very popular. All his pieces were much applauded by the elegant audience. Mr Fontana appears to ha a pupil of the Chopin school, and it we are not mistaken, is a pupil of the great Cho ? W ' ? pin, himself?his countryman. We judge so from hi* siyje, which is entirely t 'hopin-like; that is, chaste, le gitimate, addressing itself rather to tbe soul of music, than to external effect. Mr. Fontana ha* taken up hia re sidence in New York, as a teacher : and, from what we have heard of him thia evening, lie will undoubtedly make a very efficient one. The piano he played upon is 11 grand one, made by Chickertng, and ita fullness and brilliancy of tone surprised us very much. With the exception of F.rard, we do not know of any maker of giand piano fortes who would be superior to him. Mr. Fontana was assisted by Miss Korsinsky and Mr. Philippe Meyer. Miss Korsintky, although a short time only before the public, has become every great favorite, and she decidedly deserves to be. Her voice is a mezxo contralto of great power, and her singing is throughly musician-like The duett from Mercadante's " Klise and ' Claudio," was very effectually given, as well a* the | grand air from "La Gazza Ladra." The "Ave Maria" of schuborth, however, was her best, and was groatly ap plauded. Mr. Philippe Meyer did not appear to be in tbe 1 lull possession ot his means?his voice is naturally rich, aud be ha* greatly improved since last year, i Templeton gave the third of his eerie* of concerts at 1 the Musical Fund Hall, Philadelphia. He devotes the en tire programme to Scottish music. Mons. Huber gives his first concert in Philadelphia on Monday evening. He was received here by the most brilliant end enthusiastic audiences, and we doubt not ha will be eminently successful in Philadelphia. Mr. Mooney, the author of the history of Ireland, assir i ted by Mr Hogncaatle, gives a concert of Irish music, in Washington, on Monday evening. Late from Tkxa?.?Tin* New York, Captain Philipo, arrived at a l.tte hour last niyht, 3t> hours from Galveston. We are indebted to t'apt. P. for Gal veston papers, but have only time to make a few us tracts. Rome sickness existed among the U. S. troops at Cor pus rhristi, at the last account*, (saps the utilisn of the 30th,) though not of a very alarming character. Re vera) deaths,however,have occurred among the soldiers. Desertions take place occasionally, principally among tha dragoons, who take their horses with them. The steamers Col Nsvs and Gazelle, are ply ing between St. Joseph's Island and Corpus Christi. The Loo and White Wing are ashore. There were several New Orleuns and New York ves sels oft'the Pass at last accounts. A canal. Ml inches deep and SO feet wide, has been re cently finished through the reef between the head ol the Ray and Nueces river. Died, at Corpus Christi, on the 1st December, instant, James T. F.dgar, a native of Newaik, New Jeriey. lie was one of the members of the unfortunate Rants Ke ex pedition. The schooner Braunfels, bound for Lavacca Ray, trom Galveston, with German emigrants, during the recent bad weather was forced to run for Aransas, struck upon the bur and was wrecked No lives lost. The sloop George Washington, trom Galveston far Lavacca, was also lost a snort distance beyond M.tagorda Day. On the 16th inst. the first election under the new con stitution took place. The vote in Galveston stood ? Goremor. Lit til Governor. J.P.Henderson 331 A. C ilorton 339 J B. Miller 13 N H Darnell ft! Senator. Reprreenlatii re. T. F. McKinney Ml Israels Ravage 331 Joha Warren 164 J as Crouicau 304 B C. Franklin 143 Hugh Mcl eod 37A Wm. M. Carper 110 Not complete?the result will not be changed. In relation to the views of the gentlemen elect, (tsys the Civilian.) relative to the elsctiou of U. R Senator, wa state that tha Senator is not pledged, though it is be lieved' he will vote for General Houston, whila both tha rapreaantatives wete run as Houston men. In all the eastern and middle counties from which wo have heard, there was scaicsly s candidate in the tsld oppos od to tho election of General Houston at Senator Of hi* election than can bo no doubt Tho Texas papers are Iliad with long articlaa?attacks and replies. General Houston explains his course to ward* the Mier prisoners? Colonel Wm. S. Fisher, com mander of that expedition, replies in an able article. In addition, there appear several w rdy letter* from Ash hel Smith, defining his position in relation to annexation The articles are qaite rscy- hut the is cool.? AT. Oi leant Pic. Dot. 33. We learn that Meswra Kn.ij>p Ar Tottrn, proprie tor* ol the Fifth Ward lion Wore*, Pittsburgh, have pre sented the sum of lion to the lad whose arm war so terribly msngled while in their employ, as mentioned in our paper of yesterday morning. It is gratifying to us to be able to record inatances of spontaneous philan thropy liha this.? Ckrcnielt. Map* (Tor Court. Jar. I.?No day calendar for the January term ol this oourt Jury trials the tin t week of this term, commencing on Monday 6th January Cltjr Intelligence. Bad Wat or Cut?n<? th< Urmii.-Tli?r? needs to be some more efficient superintendence in the metter of cleaning the streets. We will not apeak here of the length ot time which elapses between the street cleati ings. F.veiy body knows they ere, "Like angels' visits, few and far between." We have entirely abandoned the idea of ever seeing anything like clean streets again, until a Corporation . hall be established who ure free from party trammels, and have the sMIrest of ti e city, nod not tuat of thoii clique, at heart. But when the streets are cleaned, the work is done in euch a manner as to reflsct great dis credit somewhere. The mud is scraped into huge piles nonrly iu the middle of the street, aud is left theie, very often, whole houra, and sometimes all night, before it is taken tip by the caiti. By this time, the vehicles passing through the streets spread it along agaiD as thick as aver. Then it is either not taken up at all, or the men are set to woik again scraping it up. This we haw seen repeatedly done in Nassau street. The whole street cleaning system needs " reforming altogether." Will the people vote for clean streets next spring I Useful Business?That of the little girls who fill the places of the Corporation, and do what they leave un done in this muddy weather, viz : sweep the crossings. BuaiiLARr.?The store No. 31J Chatham street, was broken open on Friday night, and several articles of clothing stolen. Ait Old Orrsssss Cacuht.-Yesterday evening about eigbto'clock, J. W. Wills, aliai Bill Nlles, walked into the store of John Francis, 98 Orange street, with two pieces of flannel, containing about twenty yards, andclfered to trade them with Mr. Francis for ready made shirts. Francis told him he hadnt the articles be wanted. He theu ottered to sell it for -J5 cents a yard, aud next for 15 cents, which was about half its value. Francis, suspecting he stole it, slipped out for a police man, and meeting with officer C. F. Smith, had him ar rested and taken to the Sixth District station house Upon being questioned how he got it, he said he receiv ed it from a friond ol hi , tO make the best hand he could of it, and that he lived in Catharine street. Cupt. McUrath dispatched oue of his men in pursuit of the friend, who returned with him iu a short time. The mo ment he was brought ill, the Captaia recognized him a<< oue of a gang of house-breakers and pickpockets, and reie found ordered him to be searched. There were found on him two large skeleton keys, two large bundle* of small keys, six pawn tickots, a $5 bill, a large memorandum book, and several loose paper*. The book, we suppose, , is of some importance, as the Captaiu refused us a peep at it. lie stated his residence to be at Providence, and that the large keys belonged to his house. He refused to give his name. Both himself and Niles were locked up, for the present. Battle or Nkw Orleans.?The annual ball in com memoration of this great battle, will take place on the evening of the 8th inat., at Tammany Hail. It bid* fair to be a great thing. Bee udvertisemet in another . column. Brooklyn Intelligence. Police Reform.-Tne member* elect of the Legisla ture, from the countie* of King*, Queen* end Suffolk, (who may be hereafter depute i to struggle for the inde pendence of Long Uland, and to demand its separation from the State of Sew York,) departed hence yesterday to the capital Very important measures connected with the interests and welfare of the city of Brooklyn demand their attention; and as they all belong to tue domiuant political party, and may, if they think proper, exercise much inflence amongst their coadjutors in the representative body, they cannot offer any reasonable or satisfactory excuse for any negligence they may |>er adventure be guilty of in relation to matters which wo know they will be called upon to determine. Among the most promiuent questions requiring their consideration, is one closely allied to the proposed police reform, as originally recommended by the Hon T. O. Tallmadge, and since adopted by a committee of the Board of Aldermen. Although ne immediate legisla tive action will be necessary in relation to the details of the system now contemplated, yet, as regards the ap pointment of magistrates who are to supply the places of the present incumbents, much judgment, sagacity, and rigid, honest impartiality are to be used. In such mat ters, the sovereign people now insist that the best and most upright individuals?men whe are known to be competent to a full and faithful discharge of their duties > ?even though they may not be bolstered up by cunning ; political machinery, or sustained by strong and imposing family cliques?will be appointed to perform the high and onerous duties expected of a justice of the peace, j whose province and authority in this county, under I a recent enactment, give him the power to sit as sole arbiter and judge in cases involving frequently the re- , rutation and liberty of resectable and worthy citizens. > n reference to the municipal ordinance which has tor its object the better protection of the inhabitants of this I city from the depredations of thieves, and the outrages of abandoned and lawless ruffians ant rowdies,all proper discrimination will, without doubt, he manifested in the 1 selection of tba required number of oliicers and watch- ; men ; and it is not unlikely that the requisite appoint- < menta will be made at the meeting of the Common Coun cil on the twelfth instant; providing that the report made on Monday last, be,adopted at tbe regular meeting of the board to-morrow evening. Ras-ioiors Matters.?Bishop McCroikoy will admi ? liister the rita oi confirmation this morning, iu Christ ! Church, corner of,Clinton and Harrisou streets. The | Rev. Mr. Bartine, of the New Jersey Conference, will ; preach three sermon* to-d.iy, at the Pacific street Metho dist Kpiscopal Church, South Brooklyn. The Murder or Burns ?We were informed iasteve- I ning, that two of the police officers of Brooklyn, have obtained an almost certain clue to the arrost of tho per- 1 son who murdered Patrick Burns, on Christmas day last. Deaths in Brookltr.?There were fourteen deaths in the city of Brooklyn, during the week ending on the 29th ultimo, of which four were by consumption. O: the ; whole number of persona deceased, five were from New j Y ork. Police Intelligence. Jar. 3.? Charge of Perjury.?Henry J. Grew vs. Drl Lucius S Comstock, druggist, No. 21 Courtlandt street, for perjury?before Justices Drinker and Osborne. On resumiug the examination of this case at the appointed time, au extra number of spectators and witnesses ware Eresent, some looking like learned doctors and others a ttle " quackish." The doctor commenced tbe examina tion by calling up Mr. Graw, again. Doctor.?Showing Mr Graw a letter and pointing to the signatnre, asks him if that was his writing 1 Grew.?It resembles my hand writing. Doctor.?Do you believe it to be your hand writing ? Grew.?I suspend Judgment. Doctor ?Have you any doubt about it ? Grew.?I have my doubt. Doctor.?Did you make an affidavit in Chancery for Dally to prevent an attachment against him 7 At this question, Mr. Muloch jumped up looking dag gers, and fired away right and left on the admissibility of this question?upon his concluding and taking his soat the doctor put another question Doctor ?(Showing him an affidavit purporting to be a copy trom an affidavit made by him, the original being at Albany,) Do you believe this to be a copy of your af fidavit which is at Albany 7 Grew.?I suspend judgment. Justice Drinker.?Did you make an affidavit in Chan cery, and is this a ropy in substance of that affidavit 7 Grew?It is in substance, 1 believe. Doctor?Have you ever stated, iu any way, in that affidavit you en leavoxed to evade the truth 1 Oavw - I have ; but 1 did not c'rsw up the affidavit. Doctor?Did you prune or alter it to ita present shape? Grew?I suggested some alterations. Doctor?Did you read over the affidavit in the pre sence of any ona, and had a statemeut drawn out showing wherein it was not true? Gskvs? No ! 1 objected merely to the phraseology of it, not to the tacts. Doctor?1 believe I've done with you for the present. Mr. Muloch then opened a large package of letter* and papers as evidence for the prosecution. Two ol these letters were read by Mr. Muloch, purporting to be writ from Dr. Comstock to Mr. Dally in Albany, s ten from Dr. Comstock to Mr. DaHy in Albany, showing a misunderstand-ng between the parties, the doctorcom plainingivary much of the bad " lard" which formed the ?' pain extractor." Also entreating Mr. Dally to come down and see him and make some amicable arrangement, before he would pay any more money on account At this stage of the proceedings, Justice Drinker said be must leave for a short time to attend an examination of a man who had just been arrested for a felony, and wanted i to give bail. The Doctor rose and stated that it did appear that these people were procrastinating this matter to keep him in the newspapers,and lie hoped the court would not I lend themselves to any such purpose. The Justice hav ing to attend to the other examination, stated h* would . adjourn any further proceeding until next Tuesday morning'at 10 o'clock Charge of Perjury ; in the Cote ?] Thomak Goulding VS. Daniel W\ Toicttl.?It will be recollected that thia 1 young man was arrested on a charge of perjury, some time since, for swearing falsely to tho return of a hah tat j corpus, before Judge Ingraham, respecting the where abouts of Father Goulding, whom he had reduced.? This case was argued most ably on Friday, before Jus I tic* Osborne, by James R. Whiting, Lsq., and Mr. Smith, for the plaintiff, and Messrs. Sbeppardand French for the ; defendant Justice Osborne, however, deterred his de cision until to-day. which he gave in a very lengthy . written form, setting forthwith great ability the most important points in the case, and concltfedthat his opin ion was, and his duty required it, to be passed upon by another and higher tribunal. Consequently thia casa j will go before the Grand Jury. I Conttruclin Larceny.?A young man by the name of I Junini C. Brower, whs " pulled" by officer Alexander Stewart, last evening, for steeling a wagon and set of , harass., vahied at $H0 It appears that this Brower ap plied to Mr. Stephen Pine, No 171 Lldridge street, for the lean of a wagon nnd a set of harness for hi* father, ' who ? as a doctor, in Broadway, for which h* was to pay .eveuty-Qve cents per day for the use. Thia bargain was made on the ?th day of last November, but instead , of the doctor getting the wagon, this gentle youth " spouted" the wagon and harness for $14?therefore Mr. Piue, finding he had b en done, caused him to be arrested, and Justice Drinker held him to bail in the sum of $o00 to answer, which he gave and was liberated. Or the " Lift "?A young man, calling himself John ! Fianklin, w. nt into the clothing store of Jacob Vaoder j belt, No. 3d Maiden lane, yesterday afternoon, to price , some articles ot clothing?the price, however, not suit ' ing, be left the store. Mr. Vanderbelt slmo.t immedi ately missed a pur of cloth cassimer* pants, worth $V i also a black silk velvet vest, valued at $6 Ho ran out | alter this customer and spied hi u about a block from the store; he waa taken into custody and " frisked./and in I his pocket and nndar his coat, the two stolen articles were found, and claimed by Mr. Vanderhrlt Locked np by Justice Merritt for trial. Mealing a Dress.?Frances Henderson, alia* Hintnan. was arrested yesterday, by a policeman of tho 4th ward, lor stealing a biaok silk dress, belonging to a woman called Mrs. Crayton, eiiet Annette Trathen, living at I0? Duane street, valued at $10 This woman, some timo ago, kept a hottss ?f repute in Dutch street. The unfor tunate girl was locked up, in default of $900 bail Culling the " Pigeon't" Wing ? Bob Prince,* notoriou black thief, who has for some time been "pigeoning'* around the Tombs, was caught yesterday in the act o stealing a ream of paper belonging to A. Watorhury Justice Drinker committed him for a second offence, which will send him up the river, if he be not let go by those who want to use him. Game?The Wisconsin (Miss.) Banner tells us that a i*rty of citizens went out tn a camp hunt lately,'and killed forty-one door and five large turaioa; a tflar few weeks ago a party went out on a similar occasion and killed forty dear tn two day*. ?porting InlellUtncr. The Fall race* over the Metairte Course, at New Or leaas, recommenced on the 4Ath ult. Annexed la the re mit of the iirat day :? Thi KSDtr, Dec. 34, 1814?Proprietor'# Puree-f340? Two mile heate. J. ft U. Cage'# ch. f. Kllen Carnell, by imp. Bel thazzar, dam by iirp. Leviathan, 4 y. o. ...... .1 1 W. P. Greer'a bl. c. Count Meolia, by imp. Piiam, out of/erlina, 3 y. o 8 2 D. Hsimolm'i gr. h. Croton, by Cboriiter, dam by Muckle John, 4 y. 'J clist Time, 4:47?4:14. The :ace on the 47ih ult. over the Ogletherpe Course, was an exciting one. Johu Dawson, however, lound lit tle difficulty in winning the three heats in pretty fair time, considering the state of the track?4:4 : 3:0; 4:0. Tho trotting match was won by Mr Mongin's Prince Albert, he taking the second dad third heats-Mr. War ner's Jerry the first. The great cbesa match in Naw Orleans is nearly com pleted The game played on the 44th ult. was won by .Mr. .Stanley, and the score now stands as follows:? Stanley, 13 ; Rousseau, 0 -, drawn, 8. Albany, Jan. 1, 1846?1 A.M. New Year's Antics and Celebration?Demand for the Herald?The General Banking Jjsu?Political Meeting at Lindenwold?JFTiaf*# in the IVind? ? The IVtat her. Ire. 1 have just returned from a glorious sleigh ride to Troy?eight horses?a superb cocher, and a compa ny of as line lellotvs as ever screamed "Tally ho," or leaped six bars to get in at "the death." Oh, we sang and cheered old Time, as he vanished with the closing year; and as the merry bells chimed in our ears, and the sleigh tossed and groaned in all its joints, likj a trim clipper in a Sou'-Wester, we sent up an invocation to Heaven, that other hearts might share the happiness we felt, and other faces might gleam with present felici ty, such as ours. We loved some in particular, and cre ation in general. Tho stars glistened in the quiet sky, with beams as bright as "Juliet's" eyes, and the pale moon looked placid aud serene in her magnihcentglory, without one black cloud to darken her lovely face, or to dim her eternal beauty ! I'm just returned, and may witches plague me, if mortal peace ever reached a cli max more pointed than my own, on this incomparable night! On tem/iora .' Oh mates Oh, immortal Cupid ! " Areher Love ! though slily creeping, Well I know where thou dost lie ; I saw thee through tho curtain peeping That fringes Zeuuphelia's eye." as " Anacreon divine" has it! The military are going to turn out to-day, and will call upon Oov. Wright at the Executive chamber. The fire men will celebrate the day in a body. Divine service ill be said in all the churches. Poor men will feast to day upon fat turkeys, and old ladiea will stay through the " third course,'- -nuts will be cracked, and jokes will be perpetrated?" Old Hundred" will be song with " applause," and webbed fowls will be eaten with epi curean zeal! Grandmas will see double inverse through their spectacles, and grandpas will " fight their battles o'er again." Oh ! it will be an extraordinary season ! The world is agog, and fun and humbug predominate : Toe Argiit ot yesterday mornirg, contradicts my state ment in a former letter, relative to Mr. Croswell's inten tion to take charge of the Union. The contradiction is nterlocutory 1 1 went into Jones' literary depot, at twelve o'clock, M., yesterday, and asked for the Herald of Tuesday. The answer was?" all sold." 1 then stepped into the counting roim of the Argus, and asked Cramer (the assistant editor,) if 1 could not beg, bo,row, or steal a Herald of Tuesday from him. He said " he had not one in the vworld?that they were always stolen from him before he could get an opportunity to read them him self." I then proceeded to the refectory under the Museum, and positively stole one of the above date off their file. This was my dernier retort. I mention these facts, to show in what demand the Herald is in in this city. There is said to be a slight " rush" for them daily. The Supreme Court ot this State, at last July term, in the matter of the Farmers' Bank of Hudson vs. Herman Livingston, decided that the general Banking law of this State was unconstitutional. Justly, too. A writ of error was sued out, and the judgment of the 8upreme Court has juat been reversed by the Court of Errors, and the law is consaquently pronounced constitutional! The v>te was 14 to 7. The Attorney General, Comptroller, Lieut. Governor and Governor, posted off to Lindenwold, last week, and paid (I suppose) the " the ssge" a visit. Some grave and vital topics were considered and discussed upon this oc casion. Ah ! there are some plans concocting which will astonish physiognomists, and sat creation by the ears, ina few days. The democrats ?? ear that there are traitors in their camp; Judases, who have raised this war panic for capital for the whig party ! This business is said to be the first move in the great game for the suc cession. I want you to understand a secret?a rumor which circulates freeiy among the "confidential" demo cracy here. You may attach aa much importance to it a* you may think proper. There ia an officer in the cabi net, high in the confidence of President Polk, who is suspected of Judasism?of conduct similar to that?^^ which Henry Clay wae charred in 1841. He is ui* 10 be covertly playing into tha hands of the whigs. The weather here ia very fine. The sleighing in the city proper is nearly exhausted. Yesterday was a beau tiful day; the sun shone very freely and snow melted very fast, at night the tempera ure changed, and at two o'clock, A. M-, as I close, the sky is clear and brilliantly starlighted, and the thermometer eight degrees below zero. Common Plena. full Bench. Jan. 3.?Decisions ?Peche.t va. Taylor.?In thi? case, an action of aaiumpiit waa brought lor the recovery of $92, the amount of a primisory note, given by plaintifl' to defendant for collection. The note waa payable in Ohio, and the defandant aent it to hia agent. It waa paid to a man named Lake, but it did not appear how it came into hie handa. Avsrdict waa rendered for the plaintiff for the fUU amount, and the defendant moved to aet the ver dict aaide, on the grounda- flret, that the evidence did notauatain the declaration; and aecondly, that it waa not ahown there waa any priority between Lake and defen dant. Coi-rt.?We are of opinion that the defendant waa bound to show that payment oftho note was not made to hia agent, or at all eventa, how the n te waa obtained from aim, and in the absence ofauch testimony, the pre sumption is, that hia agent received the proceeds of the nots tor his aaccount. Verdict confirmed with costs. Letter and othert adt Catt and olhert.?The action in this ease, waa brought on a writ of error bond. The da findant applied to Judge in Chamber, for an order to at>y proceedings. The motion waa denied, and an appeal waa taken to a full court. Appeal dismissed with coats, (* 7) Cumming et al. vs. Caughey?This suit waa brought to recover wages under a written contract of employment, entered into by plaintiff with defendant, es a miller, to superintend the brection of a mill. The delendant kept' lor several months and then discharged him. The defence rested mainly on plaintifl 'a incompetency. A verdict for $212 41 was rendered for plaintiff. Defou dant moved for a new trial, on the ground of misdirec tion, and that the verdict was against the weight of the evidence. The Court directed that $50 should bo deducted from the verdict, and if plaintiff did not consent, a new trial to . be granted : costs to abide the event. Hies vs. Piatt?This waa an appeal from the taxation of coats. The defendant obtained a verdict, and hia hill of coats charged $24. as paid to] a witness who resided et Seneca Falls, for his attendance in this city, which was allowed by the judge on taxation. The plaintiff objected id appealed from the court. If the to the allowance, and .. witness left bis home to be a witness here, and attended the court, he ia entitled to hia fees. They appear to have boen paid, and wa think they ahould be confirmed. Taxa tion confirmed. Wtit adi. Van Wart.?This waa an action under the mechanic'* lien law lor $160 28. The plaintiff furnished materials for e man named Oarriaon, who contracted te erec buildings for defendant in 3rd street. The plain tiff's lien was aerved on defendant the 3rd November, 1843. On the 25th October, 1843, one Dennia also arrved > alianon defendant for $495; on the 30th October, 1843, Oarriaon gave a written notice to defendant of hie aban I donment of the contract, being nnable to go on, and au thorizing the defendant to finish the work and to deduct . the expense from what might be coming to Garriton. Dennia proved defendant's admission of owing Garrison | from nine to ten hundred dollars. On 25tk Ootober, 1843, defendant completed the buildings, and proved there was extra work done on thorn by Garriaon before he quitted the work. There was a verdict for plaintiff, anJ defendant moves to sat it aside, and for a new trial,;on the ground that the evidence established that extra work wes per . formed by Garrisoa to more than the amount admitted by the defendant to be due to him .without including the prior lien of Dennis and the expense by defendant of completing the building according to the contract. New trial granted, costs to abi-le the event. iVufft.inn adt. Hugh ft?Thia wes en aotion for goods sold end delivered, end was referred to arbitration; the rale ree found for plaintiff. The defendant moves to set aside the report, on the ground that it ia contrary to evi dence. The court was of opinion that it would bo im proper to interfere with the decision of the referee. He violated no rule of law or evidence, on tha hearing, aid , his decision is cona.atent with evidence. Report con ' firmed,with costs. -Irmmt adt fsiey ?Action for work and labor. Ver j diet for plaintifl'. Defandant took exceptiona, which were argued on the 20!h of December Int. Verdict confirm ed, with costs. J.tary adt Tihu.?This was a demurrer, (special and general.) to a declaration Tha main grounds were, that plaintifl' did not set foith the wotds of the covenant in his declaration according to their legal meaning and . effect. Cocar.?The narrator ought to havo stated the agree ment or covenant according to iU legal effect, end not in this uncertein manner ; es matter ofconstrnction or evi dence, we may construe the writing according to its i intent,but as matter oi pleading, it must be properly aet I forth aa the defendant's cavenaut. Sherman rt. at. adt. the Prtplt tr. ret WalworthThie !was an action upon an ofllcial bond, at the relation of the ? lerk of the Court of Chenceiy. The defendants do not deny tha receipt of the money, but claim to bo exonerated by 'he act of the dark, in receiving a memo 1 random check, with a note attached te R, requesting that it should not be presented The oierk gave a receipt for . the amount. The ahecit and not# ware afterwards rt , turued not paid The Judge who tried theoase, told the jury that if they believed the money waa not paid, the defendants ware liable, end the jury ought to find tor ^ pt?d. plaintiffs, to which the latter excepted Cot aT ?We are of opinion that the Judge wes right, andth.t the clerk had no authority to do any act that would discharge the defendants, and even if he had such power, the taking of e check and giving a receipt would not have the effect of discharging their liability without evidence that they had been injured by such acts. Ver die t confirmed, with costs. Carpenter ndt. Smith.?Nan trial granted, ceeta to abide the event. Sandfnrd adt. Ele worth ?Verdict confirmed,with cost*. The People er. rtl. - tndrew Oawelt r t. I trot I Sonde k. Judgment for defendant on first plee, and for plaintiff on the other pleaa on demurrer. Defendant may amend, or he may give notice'of defence, nmnepra tune,on payment of coats, and plaintiff may withdraw demurrer te flret plee, on payment of ceeta. The court will aet again on Friday end Saturday next, : to hoar lew argument* Marin* Court. Before Judge Waterman. Jih iit 3,?Jaied W Spencer M. Kdwatd Homngn? This was a suit brought for the recover/of the broker age claimed on the part of the complainant in a su)e ol two hundred barrel* lard, the property of the defen lint. One shilling per barrel was demanded, but after much testimony which waa presented, showing that 6, 8 and cents was the caatoraart charge made by brokers for the sal* of corresponding articles of like value, tfcu co'irt awarded S cents per barrel a* sufficiently .alulae tory lor such duly. The judgment was, therelore, given in the amount ot sixteen dollars for the complainant. Court Calendar for Monday. Ciaci'tr Cocst.?13 to 24, >47, 348, -78 to 29, 1, 107, 11. 13. I dmmov Pi.1.1 -lit Part.?79, 110, 81, 07 93 103,141, 144, 147, 149, 01, 1, 5, II, 17, 19. 21,68. id Part ?44, 34, it), 104, 100, 108, 110, Hi, 80, 8,38, 74, 71. Meat Shops?Great Imposition. The charges at these places tor meat, poultry, game, fish, and vegetables, are about 25 per cent higher than at the regular markets. House keepers, attend to this?go to the regular r arkets ? short time, and you will find out the difference. Much of the beet at the meat shops is from old cows, fattened on pumpkins and potatoes?slaughtered and brought down in the tow boats?bought in the quirter at2J a 3J cents per pound, and retailed out at 7 a 10 cents. The regular butchers in the market slaughter and vend good healthy bullocks. Justice to All. Wisconsin Bkooms.?According to the Milwau kie Gazette, 400 acres of brooin corn were raided in the towusbip of West Troy, Walworth county, W. T. fiom which 120,1)00 brooms will be manufactured and readr for market by the opening of navigation. The whole amount realized to the people of the town tioui this article, is estimated et $13,009. 80,000 of these brooms, it is further stated, will be shipped at Milwtukie for the east, early in the spring. And we venture to add that very many ef those identical brooms will be pur chased at the east, by Wl.?d*jisin merchants, and brought back to the territory?so slow pre people to learn to look at home for their supplies of needed article*. MONEY MARKET. Saturday, Jsn'y. 3?? P. If*' There was an advance in quotations for stocks to-day varying from J to 4 per cent. Stoniugton went up i ; Norwich and Worcester, J ; Erie Railroad, 4 ; Reading Railroad, 1 , Long Island, 1 ; Cauton, j ; Harlem, 1 ; Morris Canal, 1 ; Farmer's I.nan, { : Pennsylvania y?, 1J ; Ohio 8'a, J. The tranaeotiens were vary limited. There ii considerable excitement in the street about ^ Erie Railroad old atock. One of the most succesafu> corncra has been got up in this stock, and those sh"X*! will be compelled to pey any difference that may Isle required, unless some arrangement* are made to sewi* up otherwise. The points raised by the parties interested in relation to the corner in Erie Railroad atock, will be decided on Monday. The Board of Broker* have indefinitely post poned action upon th# subject, and it i* probable that the difference* may be compromised. The aborts cannot get the old atock to deliver, and it is possible they mey offer the new stock, and if it is refused, refer the matter to 'he Board of Broker# for arbitration. The ahorta are picking up every lot they can find, both great and small, and they will reduce their contracts as much aa possible before the final settling day. Those not re-ponsible, will liquidate their contracts by sacrificing their seats at the board ; and the receiver# depend upon the atrongeit shorts for their profit* in the operation, and it is very lucky for them that the principal brokera in the street, short of this atock, are able to pay up th* difference. An ordinary apeculator would braak down under the operation. The great bull in Norwifch and Worceater, will probably loso every dollar he mad* in that atock, it* paying up his differences in Erie Railroad. The Preaident and Director* of the Chesapeake Bank. Baltimore, have declared a dividend of three per cent for the last six months. The Franklin Insurance Company of Boiton have de" clared a dividend of si* per cant, payable to day. The Salem (West Je.sey) Bank ha* declared a semi annual dividend of three per cent. The receipt* of the Weatern Rail Road Company, for the week ending the27th of December, were aa follows: Wkstkrx Rail. Roan. Week ending Dec. 27, 1844. 1845 Inert"!' Passengers 4 399 5 067 888 Freight, kc 7,303 ?,S6r> 3,082 Total 11,692 14,482 2.750 The increase in the reeeipta for 1845, over those for 1M4, will not vary much ?rom .sixty-two thousand dol lar! The amalgamation of the Western and the Worces ter roads into one Company, will add to tha busioeas of both, and particularly to the receipts from passeDgers, provided a new and reduced tariff of charge* is made for through passengers. The Western Railroad Compa ny can transport passenger* from Boston to Albany, aud vice versa, at the rate o two cent* per mile, or four dol ? lan ($4) through, and make more money then they do et th* present price, six dollar*. The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal is rapidly prog*9*'ing to completion. There are between five and six hundred hand* employed on it, and tha force is almost daily to creasing. The sub-contracts are let to responsible men, and the work on the canal will be actively carried on. A very im|>ortant decision in relation to tax titles lr.< the State of Illinois, has lately been made in the United State* Criminal Court for that diatrict. Tbe decision was made for an action of ejectment, brought by an indi vidual claiming nndei the patent title, against the person in possession, who claimed under a tax titla. The de fendant set up a deed made for the sale of lands for taxes, under the revenue laws ot 1839-?39. The land bad been ?old by one sheriff, and the deed was mad* by hie suc cessor in office. The objecti ns taken to the tax till* deed were, that under the revenue laws of 1838-'S9, a form had been prescribed for a deed, which could only be executed by the sheriff who sold the land ; and that there was no provision, in this revenue lew, authorising the successor ef the sheriff to ex'ecute the deed. This ebjection waa sustained by his honor, Judge Pope, and the deed ruled out. There are without doubt a great many tax title deeds in precisely the same position aa the a* in question; and if the view taken by th* Circuit ourt of the United States for th* District of Illinois, be istained by th* Supreme Court ef the United States, e roat many tax title* throughout the Stat* must inevit biy prove valueless. Three dollar counterfeit notes of the Canal Bank at Lochsrter, New Tork, are in circulation. They are igned John Kteyea Paige, Preaident; and ere so wall x ecu ted aa to decaive asm* of tha beat judge* of those ills. Old Stock Exchange. 1,700 N V City 5'? >58 94 35 East Boston Co 13W .000 (in 'CO 95 300 Long Isl RR ? 57>? 400 NY Slit* 5's'45 90* 100 do alO 57 740 do '51 99 3* do bit 37fc ,000 N Y Stat*5's '54 105 50 do bl? 37W ,000 Ohio 4 s, 40 13 150 do b30 57 V .00* Peon 5's 69 U 144 HirVmRR 5 9.000 do b00 70)2 50 do 53K ,000 do 0|>f 71 209 do bCO 54 CO shs Plienix Bank 04 110 do 51 10 Bk State NY 83V SO , do ? 35 Illinois Bk 15 HO Aab k Roch RR 1?2 25 US Bank 5 24 Stou KR 41 50 do il? 35 do 4 V yi do 4tf 350 d-1 US 00 Fanners' Trust 37g 150 d,. *'Ji 50 do s60 37 59 _ do blO 43 40 Morris Usual 31 lOONorfcWorRR 65 50 do bnw 31 35 do 00 do b!4 2lS? 25 do 00 do blO 31V 100 do 50 do 50 do 50 Canton Co s40 Vl\ 70 do 25 do Tl\ 50 do 50 do (10 30 300 Reading RR 150 do 30 50 do 50 do blO 30 50 do 10 N Hav k Hart RR 9J Second Board. 50 th?s Reading RR 59 500 Eri* Converted 53 Farmers Loan 27 X 500 do tOG Erie Cooferted 55 500 do New Stock Exchange. 35 shs Morris Canal e 2lv 50 L Diana RR 100 do 21 100 do 100 do e 20V 50 do do 304J 50 do 125 Farmers' Tmst c 27 v 150 do 50 Canton Ce 37JJ 25 do I 25 do b3 S7\ 25 Nor k Wor K0 do sj 37*, 24 '*o 25 StonRR snw 41V 350 do Mar led. On Saturday, the 3 J instant, by the Re*. Mr. Height, Mr RAioeLrn M. Cooi-rr, to Miee Meat* Lovi?a, #? cond daughter of Col. J. D. Stevenaoo, all of thia city. 3 Died. I o tliu city, on the morning of the Sd inftant, Frank. the only and aioat beloved aon of Crawlord and Caro line C. Livingaton, aged 11 yof'f ??<! 9 mouths. The rela'ivea and triecda of the lamily are invited to attend the funeral at No 47 Greenwich atreet, at two o'clock on Monday afternoon, Jan. 4th, without further invitation. , , ? On Friday evening, 3d inatant, after a lingering illness, Jane, wife of John K. Harrie. The frienda of the family, and thoaeof her eone-in law, John Maaon and Henry Cleaver, aiao the members of the order in general, are reapectlully invited to attend her funeral, thia afternoon at 3 o'clock preciaely, from 39 Whitehall street On Saturday afternoon, 3d inatnnt, Roarer 3. CJaan nca. in the nineteenth year of hia nge. The friends and relatives of the family are respectful* ly invited to attend the funeral, from the residence of hia lather, No. 49 Woet 14th street, on Monday afternoon at 4 o'clock. At Brooklyn, on Friday, 3d .infant, Sabah C. 1'aabc a, tha wife of H J. Peaice, in the 3ftth year of her ago. Her friends and acquaintances are respectfully invited to attend her funeral, from the residence of hie brclher, 1M Bridge street, thia afternoon at 4 o'clock. Nowburyport Herald please copy

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