Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 9, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 9, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Friday, January U, 1846. Weekly Herald. We Intend to giro, in the Weekly Herald, to bo ready to-morrow morning, a graphic iliuitration of the " bal ance of power" on thii continent. It will conclusively exhibit the peculiar position in this mutter of the United States at the present moment. This Union is determin ed to be on a footing with France, as well as the rest of Lurope, in all national matters. ARRIVAL OF THE 3EXT STEAMER. l<li<- importance of the Foreign ft'ews. The news from fclnglanil, to come by the next steam er. is deemed of to much importance in every point of view, that the government, we understand, contem plate running a special express from Boston to this city, and perchance to Washington, in order to place the pub lic in the possession of the intelligence at the earliest moment. This would be an excellent piece of enter prise. The President's Message will probably have been re ceived, and spread over ling land and K ranee, before the steamer sails, and she, therefore, will bring accounts of the effect that that important document may have pro duced on the minds of the people and government of those two nations In the present position of parties and things in Washington, the earliest Sreceipt of this intelligence will be of the utmost consequence ; and hence the contemplated enterprise of the Tost Office Department. Meanwhile, several packets, with late news, may sr. rive at thi-i port. The Oregon Question. This vexed question still rages in the House ot Representatives, and sometimes breaks out in the Senate. It presents daily the most mixed and con flicting leatures. Sublimity and larce?eloquence and twaddle?sense and tolly?wit and stupidity selfishness and latriotism?are all blended together in most admirable disorder. What the result will be, it is difficult to tell?but according to all appear ances, the authority to give a year's notice will pass, either absolutely, or to be placed in the hands of the President, as a weapon of diplomacy. The southern members are generally coming out in favor of negotiation and |ieace. The debates are less warlike, but more farcical. We have some belief that a treaty on the 49th degree will be sent into the Senate in less than six weeks. Will it be con firmed 1 There's the rub. Uw of Mbd-Ute Decision by the Court of Krrors. The late decision made by the Court of Errors of this Stute, in die case of J. Fenimore Cooper against the late Col. Stone, reversing the pre vious decision of the Supreme Court, in the libel suit brought by die former against the latter, has created some considerable attention. It deserves to be noticed, aa it is probably the turning point of a ? great change and revolution, which must soon take place in the common law, applicable to the press, as it has heretofore prevailed in this State. We have two opinions, given by members of the Court of Errors, on the subject?one by ths Chan- j cellor and the other by Senator Bokee. The opinion of Senator Bokee, seems to have been arrived at by pure instinct, without any knowledge of the genera principles of the law of libel. The opinion of the Chancellor api>earB to be a little more elaborate, but still is vastly deficient in any comprehensive view i of that curious intellectual history which discloses | the causes which have produced the present confu sion and want of proper definition in the law of li bal. If these two opinions contain the whole of the reasonings and arguments by which the Court of Errors reached its true and correct deciaion, then we may rightfully infer that a rational instinct, and a return to common sense, have more prompted the decision given, in reversing the opinion of the in ferior Court, than any special, extensive, or compre hensive knowledge of the law?or the history of its I growth and progress. Now let us give our brief opinion on this matter, tor it is an important question, not only to the par ties interested in that case, but to the State and to the whole country, because we believe that it is the commencement of a great revolution in practical law in this State, touching the liberty of the press; it is the turning point in the public mind, coming back from the decisions in other countries, to the Iilsin American principles ol common sense, as ap plied to the liberty of the press and the rights of in dividuals. The law of libel, as it is called, is merely the term given to that branch of the law of defamation, which has grown up in the common practice of the Courts in England since the invention of the art of printing as an instrument, in the shape of newspapers. Pre vious to that invention, defamation was termed slander. In those days, slander could only he perpe trated by imputing falsely to an individual, anoffence indictable or criminal. Slander is also termed oral defamation, in contradistinction to printed defama tion, or libel. Frontfhese early days, we have the history of the law of libel to the present, but the dif ference between slander'and libel still exists, and is the same in the American as it is in the English courts. The only remarkable or alight difference which has taken place, is in printed slander or libel. Now how this branch of slander has become so con fused, so that no two lawyers or judges can agree as to the proper definition ot it, as the Chancellor says we shall endeavor to explain. Ths art of printing, soon after its introduction, was looked upon, as well in England as in other countries, as merely a matter of state, and subject to the coercion of the crown. It was, therefore, regu lated by the King's proclamations, prohibitions, charters of privilege, and of license, and, finally, by the decrees of the court of star chamber, which limi ted the number of printers and of presses which each should employ, and prohibited new publica tions unless previously approved by proper licenses. On the demolition of this odious jurisdiction in 1641, by the great revolution, the long parlia' ment oft Charles the First, after their rupture with that Prince, assumed the same powers as the star chamber exercised, with respect to licensing of books; and, in 1643,1647, 1649, and 1652, issued their ordinances tor that purpose, founded princi pally on the star chamber decree of 1637. In 1662 was passed the statute 18 and 14, Car. 2, c. 38, which, with some few alterations, was copied from the parliamentary ordinances. This act expired in 1679, but was revived by statute, 1 J as 2, c. 17, and continued till 1692 It was then continued tor two years longer, by statute, 4 W. Ac M., c. 24; but, though frequent attempts were made by government to revive it in the subseqaent part of that reign, yet the parliament resisted it so strongly that it finally expired, and the preas became properly free tn 1694, and has ever since so continued. It will be seen,from this brief historical sketch,that the law of libel, in its present contused condition, in England and in ihis country, has gTown up in consequence of the continual attempts in judges and governments to control the liberty of the press, and thus to create a distinction between wntten defama tion and oral defamation, which does not exist and never should have existed. Recently, in England, several attempts have been made to reform^ the law ot libel, and to define its limits, so that no'one can misunderstand it. The government instituted en quiries, and procured the opinions at the law lords on the matter; and a report was published by a committee of the House of Commons. A law was enacted, which may be considered a great reforma tion on the old one ; indicating, likewise, a return to the principles of common sense, which goes much further than the late decision in the Court of Krrors of the Bute of New York. tn this State, during the last few years, a great deal of attention has been given to the subject, in conse quence of the numerous libel suits which have been brought against the press, on the most frivolous pre ??xt% by which much hardship has been occasioned to newsjapers, and many attempts made to impair the liberty of the press, by the gross ignorance of the lawyer* who conducted the cases, or by the judges who decided upon them. The present decision of the Court of Errors, is only a returning glimpse of common sense, which may lead to a radical reform,and bring back the law ot libel to what it ought to be?the law of slander. We hail this decision, therefore, as a symptom of returning good sense in our courts; but we look for a thorough and radical reform from the approaching State Convention, not only on this important sub ject, but in many others connected with the admin istration of justice, both civil and criminal. iMPEOVKMEV'n IN THE hUt'TkoMiOEITIC TELE* sraph?Opening ok the Line between New York, Philadelphia, &c.?A patent for four teen years fits just been issued to Mr. E. Cornell, <>/ Ithaca, New York, for an im provement in the electro-magnetic telegraph. By Morse's patent, at present in use, two wires are required to form what is termed an independent circuit; that if, to enable parties s.tuated at differ ent points, to control and direct the movements of each other, as regards the working of the instrument in forwarding communications, without keeping the battery in constant action. Mr. Cornell's plan of a single wire accomplishes all that is obtained by Morse's two wires, as far as the independence of the circuit is concerned, at a trifling additional cost of an extra battery.'An important advantage of the independent circuit wire obtained1>y Mr. Cornell's improvement is, that any number of wires may be kept in readiness to communicate either way, with out encountering the disadvantages of the depen dent circuit, as they would in Morse's arrangement. For example, the two wires between New York and Philadelphia maybe used at one moment to come from the former to the latter city, and the next mo ment both may be used to return the answers or any other message that may be in writing; or if bu siness is equally distributed between the two cities, then one wire could come one way at the same time that the other went the contrary. Another important advantage is, that the operator at either station could put his own battery in action, and send a message to the other station at any time of night that an emergency will require it, though both batteries had been taken apart and the parties retired for the night. That could not be done with Morse's arrangement on lines using but one wire. This improvement is not only applicable to Morse's telegraphic system, but to Cooke and Wheatstone s, the dtoe at present in most general use in England, and every other system of electro-magnetic telegraph at present known. This must be of considerable value to the proprietors, as it will insure prompt dis patch in business, and doubtless will be generally adopted. Another improvement is also contemplated, and several works have been copy-righted for the pur pose, whereby double the quantity of information may be written in the same time and space as at present. By the present system, every message or communication is written in full, or nearly so, by a peculiarly l'ouned character, made by an instru ment in connection with the electro-magnet. This accounts for the very limited reports that are at pre sent made by the means of the telegraph, particu larly as to the proceedings of public bodies or as semblages. Not more than one quarter of what is said or taking place at the time, can be given. By ths proposed system?a species ol stenography?the characters of Morse's alphabet, are so arranged as to form for each letter some two or three words, to gether with a series of prefixes and terminations forother words, with a system of abbreviation, at the same time retaining all the powers of the alpha bet; thus reducing the amount of writing required for any communication, upwards of one half, and affording the public double the amount of informa tion than at present can be given. This must in crease the value of the telegraph materially?to the public press in particular?as the different papers will thereby be able to give much fuller and more satiafactory reports of all proceedings at a distance. It will also be of considerable saving to the different companies, as double the amount of intelligence may be communicated through the same number of wires as at present used. Indeed, there is very lit tle doubt but that, in the course of a short time, such alterations and improvements will be made in the mode of communicating and writing, by the electro-magnetic telegraph, that full reports of pro . ceedings in the most distant parts of this continent, will be afforded with as much facility as the best reporters can furnish of proceedings in this city, or at least, quite as much as needed, of all proceedings at a distance. The line between this city and Philadelphia, under the superintendence of Mr. Cornell, is fast drawing towards completion. The whole of the wires, vice., between this city and Lambertville, on | the Pennsylvania line, about one hundred miles, are j now completed. On Tnursday last a series of expen menu were made on the wire which is laid in the bed of the river, from Harlem to Fort Lee. This was the only point on the whole line where any difficulty was anticipated ; but the result of the experiments was most satisfactory?far beyond the most san guine expectations of those engaged in iu construc tion. On the Pennsylvania section, beyond Lam bertville to Philadelphia, everything it is Btated is in alike state of forwardness, so that in the course of the ensuing, or the early part of the following week, the electro-magnctic telegraph between this city and Philadelphia, will be in full operation; and those two important marts of trade and commerce brought, for all the purposes of business and information, within a few minutes distance of each other. Yes terday the wires between this city and Lambert viHe were tested, and found to act perfectly; a dis. tance of near upon one hundred miles from this city, where the junction is formed with the Penn sylvania line. At a meeting of the proprietors of the Boston and New York line, held in tins city within the last two days, the following gentlemen were appointed offi cers of the company:?A. Sidney Donne, Esq ,JPreti dent; J. T. Marshall, Esq., Secretary ; Francis Hall, Esq., Treasurer; Directors, A. Sidney Doane, E. D. Saxton, J. J. Haly, J. M. Thompson, George W. Bazin, Esqrs. At this meeting rules and regu lations were adopted for the government of the company, together with a tariff of prices. The proprietors of the New York and Philadel phia line, meet in this city during the ensuing week, for similar purposes. Annexation or Ireland.?We protest against the annexation of Ireland, if O'Connell is to be included Look to this, Felix McConnell We consider you, Felix, quite sufficient to supply this country, and Ireland too, when annexed, with all the benefits which O'Connell now furnishes to that kingdom. Felix can beat Daniel in eloquence, in wit, in sense, in philanthropy, in every thing except in levying I "rint." We never will agree to the annexation of Ireland, unless O'Connell is left out. The Washington Crrv Post Office.?It is very necessary that the clerks in the post office at Wash ington should understand their business. The edi tor's mail,which arrived here on Wednesday night* was not distributed till the next morning, because it had carelessly been placed in the wrong bag.? Will the Post Master see to this 1 Arrival of the Overland Mail fro* the Pa cific.?The mail from the Pacific, overland, through Mexico, arrived yesterday in the Ann Louisa, from VeraCruz. There appears to be no news of impor tance Later from Hayti?Advices from Port su Prince to the 28d ult. have been received by the Ids, at Philadelphia. The political affairs of the island remained in an unsettled condition. The whole country was in a state of insubordination; a despe rate conttiei was momentarily expected. The great ' est lethargy pervaded commercial affairs, ana the markets were overstocked with all descriptions of American produce. Coffee was scarce, and high. The stock of logwood, in first hands, was fair, and demand moderate. Chevalier Gaillardet oh Fanny Elssler's Fame and Fortune.?F. Gaillardet, Chevalier ot the Legion of Honor, and editor of the Courrier dtt Etata Unit, reiterates his assertion, founded as he calls it, on an " official source," (what is that 1) that Fanny Eissler sustained no pecuniary losses in this I country, and that she is 44 in complete possession of all the property she accumulated " in America. He goes into some details, and refers to Mr. Auguste Belmont, and Mr. John Duer, of this city?also to 1 several persons in Philadelphia. No doubt Fanny Eissler sustained no losses from | theae agents?the reputation of these honorable ; men forbid tbe idea. Neither do we impute any impropriety of conduct to any person. We merely ; stated what we heard Fanny Eissler herself declare, ; relative to the proceeds of her American engage- { ments, during an interview which took place 1 sometime in the month of July, 1818, in her apartments in Haymarket, London, before seve ral other persons. In that interview she stated positively, that, out of the whole proceeds of her American engagements, of two years, amount- < ing to about $80,000 or $90,000, she had only re maining about .?8000 or $40,000?and that the ba lance, being about one-half, she had lost by improper conduct. Her female cousin and attendant con firmed this statement, even more positively than did i Fanny herself. These are the naked facts, coming from her own lips, which was heard by two per sons now in this city. We accuse no one?make no insinuations against any body?but simply state Fanny Elssler's own declarations, which ,may'go for what they are worth. With regard to her " brilliant talents," and to the { " dignity and purity of htr private life," we have ! no reason to believe but that Chevalier Gaillardet's statement is correct. Soon after Fanny Eissler . made her brilliant debut in this country, various i statements were made and published in certain quarters, against the purity ot her private life. We made inquiry relative to this matter of Henry Wikoif, a native of Philadelphia, who had attended her during her voyage, transacted her business in New York, and accompanied her , during her .whole American career. He assur- I ed us, on the honor of a gentleman, (for we j knew little of her history ourself,) that in pn- i vate life she was one of the purest, and best, and most virtuous of beings?that she had re. ceived letters from distinguished American diplo matists in Europe, to their friends in this country? that his Excellency, Christopher Hughes, was one of those friends?and that she had been received in the most respectable circles in New York. Mr. Wikoff, during the two years, uniformly gave the same evidence of the purity and excellence of her private character; and we have no reason to doub1 but he was perfectly competent to give this testi mony, for he accompanied Fanny Eissler to Phila delphia?he accompanied her to Baltimore?he ac companied her to Boston?he accompanied her to ! New Orleans?he accompanied her to Havana?he accompanied her to Coney Island for the benefit o' 1 sea bathing?he accompanied her to Niagara Falls? in short, he accompanied her from Europe to America, and from America back to Europe.? None, therefore, could be more capable of judg- i ing of her private character than Mr. Wikoff was; and on his invariable testimony, we, there, fore, concur with the Courrier dtt EtoU Unit, te-totally and unqualifiedly. But in the matter of the fortune, we believe Fanny Elssler's own positive declarations, backed by the equally positive assu rance of her female cousin, in preference to any anonymous statement put forth to the eon' 1 trary by Chevalier Gaillardet. In doing bo' however, we make no insinuations, nor cast any imputations against any person, male or female, either in Europe or America, in Heaven j above, or the earth below, or in the waters under the earth. We merely say and think, with out caring anything about the matter, that Fanny Eissler ought to know her own affairs the best?that's all. We believed at the time that she told the truth; for she could havo no motive to do otherwise?and we have seen nothing sinoe to mane us believe the contrary. Theatricals. Pass Theatre.?Another full sod fashionable bouis graced the Park last evening, to see the second represen tation of " Richard the Third." The play went off bet ter?with more spirit and accuracy, than on the firs1 I night The applause was hearty and frequent through out This is the most brilliant engagement that the Keans have yet met with. The whole ilitt of New York are coming out on the present occasion. Bowkrt Theatre.?At this popular place of resort, the moral tragedy of "George Barnwell" was performed last i evening, before a very large and fashionable audience.? After this piece, the drama of the " Forest of Bondy," and the " Dead 8hot," were played. Messrs. Coney and Blanohard, and their wonderful dog, still maintain the interest which they created when they first performed at this theatre. This evening is set apart for the benefit of Mr. E. Woolf, the popular director of the orchestra. The bill is very inviting. It consists of Bulwark splen. J did play of " Richelieu," in which Mr. John R. Scott will 1 take the principal character. Mr. Mitchell, of the Olym I pic, and also Miss Taylor, have volunteered to perform, and will appear in the laughable comedy of " John of Paris." The entertainments will conclude with " How to die for Love." We are satisfied that the bill cannot tail of diawing a very large house, and be the means of producing a rich benefit. The Harmoneons.?A crowd of delighted spectators 1 was present last night, at Palmo's Opera house, on the occasion of the singing and musical operatic perform ances of the above charming songsters. We wish them the success they deserve. Temfleton's Concert.?The proceeds of Templeton's concert; gratiutously given by him at the TabernacleJor ! the benefit of the poor, and placed in the hands of his Honor the Mayor for distribution,were yesterday appro Bhated to the " Association for the Bettering of the Con on of the Poor," of this city. The amount, after deduct | ing expenses, was $440. The State op the Texas Question.?The above is the heading oi an article in the govern ment, journal, El Siglo Dies y Nutvi. The ques j tion is called, in the high-toned langnage ot Mexi cans, a transcendental question. The substance of the article, and we might say of the policy of the government, is summed up in a few words, to wit: " War on account of Texas, either as a means of recovering that country or of preserving it, is called for by no one, and is desired by no one." In the same article, which we may justly regard as a mani festo of the government policy, it is said, ** every one knows the disastrous result of the campaign of 1835?now, at this time, the re-conquest of Texas would cost ten times mors than Texas is worth, and above all, if it was ours, no sacrifices would be sufficient to retain it in our possession." Here is Sood sense. This may show the disposition ot the lexicaii government and the people, for none ap pear so mad as to think of gaining Texas, or any thing else, by a war on account of Texas. And this being, as it appears to be, the general feeling of the country, it is not to be expected that any party, on the pretext of Texas, will be able to revo lutionize or overthrow the present Government. We may, therefore, discredit all the rumors of re - volution in Mexico : we may expect a durable peace to be concluded with our country ; we may expect California to be conceded ; and the putting down the insurrection of Urrea and the revolt of ^onora, while Gen. Paredes seems to be faithfully doing his duty, in watching Gen. Taylor at Corpus Christi an this seems to jrove the stability ot the present government, and to forbode a peaceful termination of all difficulties. The great evil under which Mexico now labors, is the insolent and bold incur sions ot the Indians, who, by accounts which we Kbliah to day, seem to have taken the department of irango, to threaten other departments, and to pre sent the prospect of a more formidable enemy than that unhappy country ever had. Yet it is to be be lieved the government will still have energy and means enough to put an end to these dreadful dis orders, to save the country from dismemberment, and recuperate its existence. The two branches of the Common Council of Boston mot on Monday morning last, at 10 o'clock, and tha oath of oflics was administered to the Mayor elect, Hon. Josiak Qaincy, jr. The Mayor than swore in the Aldermen and Councillors, after which he delivered the usual address. A considerable portion of this document is given to the subject ol water?an article in which Boston is indeed sadly deficient - and Mayor Quincy strongly recommends immediate action to procure a sufficient supply After hearing the addreas, the two branches returned to their respective chambers. Ueorge B. Hillard Ksq., was chosen president ef the Council - One of the most interesting Incidents of the occasion was the presence, at the inauguration of the Mayor, of his father, the Hen. Josiah Qulncy, who took the same oath of oflies twenty-three years before. The people do say that ha was about the beet Mayor Boston over bad Viry Interesting from Mexleo. The jacket barqua Ann Louisa, Captain Wikoa, arrived yesterday morning from Vera Cruz,with ad vices to the 14th ult., twelve days later than be fore received. The Vera Cruzano and El Monitor Corutitucional, to the 10th, are among our hies. Although there have been numerous reports hers and everywhere, of a revolution in Mexico, placing Parades at the head of affairs, yet none ol the papers received by the arrival lisp a word of it; they are as quiet and ignorant of any revolution, said to be in their very midst, as a newly born child. The annexed letter seems to contradict the rumor of an actual revolution, but indicates.that one can very easily be produced. Vbba Cbcx, Dm. 8, 1846. It is said, in Vara Crauz, that President ilerrera and all his ministers are going to resign, it is even published in the Sigla Site y fteueve I for my part, fear the con tinued rumors of revolutions will check all mercantile transactions . Thereis nothing known yet respecting the progress oi your minister, Mr. Siidell, in regard to settling amica bly the Texas question; if this present government could get hold of $40,000,000, uerhape the progress of revolu tion might be stopped lor a time. Although most of the officers are not very energetic, yet still tney are consi dered much more honest than their predecessors. Two vessels of war arrived yesterday from New Or leans, one of which brought Mr. Parrot, bearer of des patches from the United States, for what object is not known. The steamer Guadeloupe left this morning with troops for Tobasco, and it is said the Montezuma will soon sail for Tampico. The night before last an article was published in the Vera Cruzano I.tbrt, in favor of St. Anna, and the people raised and were going to throw the printing materials out of the window, but the authorities were obliged to take part in the business and force the editors to give satisfac - lion to the public. It appears that Gen. Rivera will not suffer his troops to go against public opinion. Gen. Tnclan has sent to Perote for six pieces of artil lery and 30,000 muskets, to arm the people of Puebla. In the city of Mexico they also spank of arming the militia, home rumors say that Paredes is going to Mata moras ; others say going to Mexico. In addition to all this, there is a despatch in one of the Mexican papers, from Gen. Parades to the Secretary of War, dated San Luis Potosi, Nov. 26, in which he states that having learned that Colonel liarragan had circulated reports of his (the Gener. al's) intention to pronounce for a dictatorship, ha had ordered Barragan to be arrested and proceed ings to be taken against him ; and the Diario del Gobierno publishes an editorial paragraph, affirming that all the reports imputing to General Paradesde signs hostile to the government are utterly without foundation. The Vera Cruz papers announced the departure for the city of Mexico, of Sr. D. Juan Siidell, the American Minister. The Secretary to the American Legation, Mr. Parrott, had reached Vera Cruz in the United States brig Porpoise. The United States ship St. Marys, was to leave Vera Cruz on the 15th ult., for Pensacola. The Porpoise was to wait orders?probably from Mr Siidell. It is said, with some assurance, that the Mexican . government had despatched a special agent to the i United States, and that he is now on his way hither (Translations from Mexican papers.) It appears that Gen. Urrea, the author of the politi cal movement in Sonora, has been taken prisoner by the governor of that province, and put upon his trial. The insurrection has been put down. No farther particulars are Riven. ^ The Diario, of the 28th of November, says that Gen. Paredes has communicated to the President, that in consequence of the movements of the Ame rican troops at Corpus Christi, their activity in building bridges, &c., and their menaces upon Matamoras, he had thought proper to make a forced maioh with his reserve to join Gen. Arista, and reinforce his division, in order that they may be able, united, to operate, if need be, with the activity demanded by the national honor. This would show the position of Gen Paredes to be different frsm what rumor has charged upon him, or this may be a ruse on his part to conceal his intentions. It is certain that the U. 9. troops at Corpus Christi, af ford much uneasiness to the Mexicans, and judging us by themselves, they think we have some hostile and improper designs upon them. A lingular advertisement if published in the Vera Cru zano of the 10th ult. by the Consul of the King of Prussia. In it, all the inbjects of said King and of other German Princes appertaining to the said Consulship, are called upon to present themselves and obtain " Letter* of Be- i cunty" for the year now commencing?of to renew their Letter* of the last year. Some idea may be formed of i the insecurity of foreigners in Mexico, when they are ! obliged, fer their personal safety, to resort to the name and Influence of European Powers for protection. With out similar papers as the above, a foreigner in Mexico is liable to all manner of ill-treatment and plunder, and ' even his life is not safe. The principle which, in great measure, has reduced Mexico to this degraded position, is a principle now operating in some minds among us? it is the principle of Native Americanism. On this prin ciple, the Mexioans expelled all the old citizens from Europe?drove out aU foreigners, and left (.behind a people who are now become the jeer of civilization and the contempt of nations. The Chamber of Deputies went into secret session on the '13d ulL, and dMlared its sitting permanent, in order that the two Generals, Paredes and Arista, might make certain communications to the government, upon the movemont of the troop* of tho United States upon Mata moras. Extracts from the papers of Matamoras, published in the Vera Cruzano, speak of incursions of the American troops, of detMhments of parties of 40 or 60 soldiers, re connoitering and spying out the land. The position and movements of the United States troops at Corpus Christi, ever since Gen. Taylor has been there, have excited much alarm, fear, and jealousy in the minds of the Mexicans. They seem to be hourly expecting that the United States troops are about to march upon Matamoras, to seize upon that place, and thence, perhaps, to march to capture some other of their cities. Ever since our little army haa been encamped at Corpus Christi, every movement aas been watched; and ir a few soldiers ride out to any distance in the country, the rumor immediately U carried to Mexico that the American troope are marching upon Matamoras, ho. The official register of the Department of Durango publishes a terrible account of the bold and daring in cursions of the Indians, or barbarians, as they are styled. This account is copied into the Monitor Constitutiontl, of Mexico, and states that the city of St. Juan del Kio, of the Department of Durango, was attacked by a horde of Indians, in number 360. The inhabitants went out to at tack them. as the account states, without arms and with out discipline, and after a long and severe Aght, the in habitants were repulsed and the town taken by the bar barians. Sixty-eight of the citizens were left dead on the Held of battle, and more than Alty were severely wounded. Meantime, the government is actively en gaged in sending out troops to put an end to the " Bar barian War," if possible. This intelligence shows the deplorable situation to which Mexico has arrived, when the Indians, on all sides, are warring against them, and capturing, even, considerable cities ! At ten minutes to three, on the 37th of November, the shock of an earthquake was felt in the above city ; its duration was brief, and no remarkable effects attend ed iL General Santa Anna appears yet to have not an inaig mflcant party in his favor. There appeared some time ago an article in a Madrid paper, stating that he had sent lrom Cuba to the Spanish government a proposition to assist in placing some member of the Bouroon family on the throue of Mexico, a thing, by-the-by, very probable, and likely enough to come from him. The Mexican papers, however, take up his defence with great warmth ?assert him to be incapable of such treason, and abuse the Madrid editor with great fury for inventing, as they say, such a scandalous charge against Santa Anna. Further accouota, to the latter end of November and beginning of December, lrom the neighboring depart ments, represent the progress of the Indians as most suc cessful every where It is feared that they will render themselves entire masters or the department of f'oahui ha, and even of the neighboring departments. They meet with no eflective^esistance wherever they go. movements of Traveller*. There wan a visible accession ef travellers at the principal hotels yesterday, as the following list attests. At the Amkbican? H. Adams, Philadelphia ; Jehu Beech Hall Adams, Quincy, Mass. ; Major Graham, United States Topographical Kngineers? A. De Oroot, Sta ten Island : Major Anderson, New Jersey ; W. R. Leaver. C. B.Barclay, Philadelphia. Astos?M. Prentiss, New Jersey ; A. W. Johnson, Buffalo ; Hy. Chester, Philadelphia ; H. Seymour, Utica; Krastus Smith, Hartford ; C. B. Lansing, Albany ; A. Armit, Buffalo ; Js. Rockwell, Utica ; R. C. King, Miss.; Messrs. Brown, Thompson and Cox, Providence ; D B. St. John, Monticello ; M. Oliver, Boston ; D. Tod, Ohio : C. B. Long, Worcester ; M. Macomber, Harrisburg. Citt?J. Bradner, Schenectady; Hon. John I. De Graff, do. ; Jno. Q. Adams, J P. Wendell, Philadelphia ; 8. Q. Cochran, K. W. New, on, S. B. Pierce, Boston ; George Mathews, Philadelphia ; Richard P. McCulloch, Wash ington City ; H. O. Hubbard, Middletown.*.?James Stevenson, Putnam Co.; Charles G* Nun, do; O. H. Perry, Southport; Jos. Ferris, Stamford, Conn.: John Campbell, Philadelphia; J. J. Baldwin, Buf falo; 8. S. Lithgrow, Louisville; S. Wiggins, 8L Louis; T Stiles, Ohio; H. Goodyear, Roxbury, Mass. Globs.?Mr. Tiffhny, Messrs. Wilkinson and Read, Philadelphia. Howsan.?Tunis Van Brunt, Albany; C. Lyman, Springfield; Messrs. Noyes and Niedle, N. H.; Geo. De Grutt, Newark; W. Burle, Saugerties: James Heron, Charles Williams, Philadelphia; Geo. W. Henry, do; A. Emerson. J. H. Oliphant, Boston; J. B. Northop, N. H.; J. McFarland, Va.: M. Vsnbuskirk, I.ansinburgh; P. C. Oilman, Philadelphia. The inmates of |a house on Little Water street, Norfolk, Va., and three sailors belonging to tho U. 8. ship Penneyivar Is, came in conflict on the night of the Sd instant, and a most bloody fight ensued. All three of the sailors were badly wounded, two being severely stabbed in the beck and side, and the third having had his fees nattered in and terribly out by a conk shell. - But for the timely interference of the watch, who Arrested two of the ring leaders, a general melee, more fatal in Ms consequences, must have taken place. OMjr Intelligence. The Ith *r Janvabt.?Yesterday, being the uiItm eary of the bittl* of Now Orleans, ti|i won ItIh la oovarol porta of tho city, from tk? City Hall, and many of tho hotels. Cannon woro also fired from tho Navy Yard. Fibemen's Ball.?Wo aro called upon to state that tho number of tickets agreed upon to be issued for the Fire men's Ball, on ths 10th January, at the Park theatre, have all been dispoeed of. This notice is thought, there fore, necessary in order that there need be no disappoint ment on that occasion in the procuring of tickets, as heretofore, at the box office.through the day and evening of the ball. They can't be nad. Now then, for a " Box" speculation In hall tickets Osakd Ball or the Texas and Oregon Associa tion, at Castle OAaoBit.?The first grand ball of the Texas and Oregon Association was celebrated last night at Castle Oarden. The room was chastely decorated with the flags of many nations, and the floor presented a brilliant and variegated appearance. The coup ? ail from the broad gallery was indeed grand and imposing. Youth, beauty and grace mingled in the gay ana giddy dance?lights from costly and elegant chandeliers shed ding the glare of a magnificent day over the specious saloon?music sent forth her swelling notes of harmony, to court the surrounding echoes? " And all went merry as a marriage bell." Here the stately and lovely Mrs. H lends the charm of her presence to the loyous scene, fresh as Venus just risen from the sea, with eyee the softness of whose light breaks on you with the sweetness of a morning spring. The poetry of motion is embodied in her waltz, while the triple Graces crown her attic brow. Her beauteous and fascinating daughter hovers near?a fit companion of the parent stem?shooting around glances such as poets alone imagine when they sing of the houris of Mahomet's paradise. Many other fair and lovely women attract our notioe, but we must not particularize. Sev eral invited guests were present, among whom wo no ticed Lieutenant Sinclair, CapL Hudson, Captain Eagles, Lt. Calhoun, and Purser Sinclair, all gallant officers of theNavy, dressed in their glittering uniforms. Gov. Van Ness, Gen. McNeil and several members of the Common Council were also in attendance as guests, and partook of the festivities. The ball passed off with esiet, and was truly a brilliant aifair. Ball or the SociBTvJor Tammant.?The annual ball of the above society was given last evening at Tam many HalL The room was most brilliantly decorated with flags trimmed with tapestry, and hung with the portraits of several of the Presidents. The room was filled with old men, young men, aged ladies, ladies of a certain age, and- last in cats gory, though first, of course, in mind and eye?the charming young ladies, who daz zled with their beauty the hearts of all beaux. The lovely daughters of the democracy were there in all their strength, and made the night gay and merry Among the distinguished guests were His Honor the Mayor, Ex-Mayor Morris, Ex-Mayor Sprague, of Brook lyn, and many of our city functionaries. It was certainly one of the finest balls of the season, and [the company se parated at a late hour. Amebican Institute.?A stated monthly meeting of this Institute was held last evening at the Repository in the Park, Gen. A. Chandler, one of the vice presidents, in the chair. Alter reading the minutes of the last meet ing, which were approved, they proceeded to the elec tion of a number of now members. Mr. John Campbell, chairman of the Board of Mana gers of the 13tb Annual Fair, made a very full and satis factory report on the Fair held at Niblo's Garden, in October last, from which we learn that the total receipts from all sources amounted to $1*2,600 43. This sum in cludes tho amount of sales of tickets at Niblo's Garden and at the Cattle Show, rent of stands in the selling sa loon, sales of lumbar at the close of the Fair, and $360 contributed by citizens to aid the silk and stock pre miums. The total expenditures of the Fair and Cattle 8how, paid up to the 6th day of January, 1846, were as follows : Printing circulars, addresses, blanks, and tick ets $491 34 Newspaper advertisements 319 65 Bill posting, badges for members and sundry items as per report of Printing Committee. . . 101 13 Lumber and ironmongery 797 88 Carpenters 'work 389 36 Door keepers, police, night watch, ticket sellers and receivers'clerks, assistants and laborers. 933 12 | Rent of garden 1,376 00 Gas light, oil and candles 403 80 Steam engine and fuel 318 68 Muslin for tables and flags, glazing show cases and cartages 116 76 Horticultural room expenses 31193 Rent of Tabernacle for anniversary address,... 76 00 Expenses of addresses 71 00 Fireworks and other miscellaneous items, as per report. 372 39 Dinners for managers who were detained on duty at the Fair, and for delegates from a dis tance, and for refreshments for the bands from the Navy Yard and Governor's Island 378 36 $6,360 04 Premiums, in part, estimated at $3,360?consist ing of 34 gold medals, 33 silver cups, 181 silver medals, 3 bronze medals, $176 in cash, 366 di plomas, 131 vols, of agricultural works...... 1,848 17 $8,098 33 Invested, at interest, in bank 4,000 00 Balance in hand of the chairman of the Finance Committee to meet outstanding claims 603 31 $13,600 43 The vouchers of all the accounts are open to the in spection of all who take an interest in the Institute. One hundred and thirty-five new members joined the Institute during the Fair. An interesting paper from the Hon. Gabriel Furman, of Brooklyn, giving a history of the Institute, was read 1 and ordered to be printed. A letter was read giving an account of the sailing of the sloop of war Jomestown, a model of which is at the repository. some other business was transacted?after which, the Institute adjourned. Thefts?The house No. 183 Houston street, was en tared, on Wednesday, and two silver watches, one gold watch, six silver spoons, thirty-six dollars in money, and one gold key, stolen therefrom. A dress coat was also stolen from Tattereall's. The TaouBADouas.?Mr. Thomas Carter will deliver a lecture this evening, before the Mercantile Library As sociation, on the early history of the poets. Caution to the Public?CocNTxarEiTS.?The en closed " West Florida" Bank note was last evening pass ed upon your corresponds :.t, by a person whose exteri or denoted that the tailor had tsiken much pains to have him look like a gentleman. Here it is :? ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooe 0 . * n WEST , ? , FLOBIDA. ? , ? 1 VINNETTE. J VIONETTB. B1 VIONETTB. g o f >i 1 Exchange and Baulking Co. f 2 1 ? 8 I t I OF APALACHICOLA, I ? I ? ? -i - V Will pay One Dollar on demand -j n ^ g S i 0 1 to the bearer, in Current Bank Notes. | 3 i ? o ( f J Afalachicola, No. 1843. [ p J 8 Dec. 30th, 1841. g ? > F. WlNCHESTEB, Cesl'r. , ? ,0 g VIONETTB. < 2 1 VIGNETTE. | He ie believed to be a indent at law, in the lower part of the city. You will confer a iavor by inserting tbia communication, and a copy of the " Exchange and Banking Co." in your valuable paper, in order to put the Eublic upon their guard agfiust auch amall villain!, who y auch acta, rob the working man of hia daily bread. The acoundrel left the omnibua at the corner or Thir teenth atroet and 8eventh avenue. One of the paaaen gere informed me he could recognise the vagabond, should he again aet eyea upon him. 8hould the passer of the note be recognised by me, I will endeavor to take satisfaction for the lots of sixteen hours driving, during a rainy day and night. Ax Omnibus Dbivbb. Latkr from Sierra Leo.nk?We have received advices trom Sierra Leone to the 30th August, and the information in regard to the slave trade, is very in teresting. it appears from a list published, that during the period between the 1st of April, 1844, to the 17th May, 1844, sixty vessels were captured, on board of 1 which nearly 4000 slaves were found; five of these ves sels were destroyed, and the remainder condemned. Among the slavers captured was the Africano. At the time it was taken there were 489, of which number 38 died on her passage to Freetown,and on the first night of her arrival there' thirty more were hurried into eterni ty. It appeared there were two distinct tribes amcog the negroes, and during the night they commenced quarrelling, and being mutually exasperated, commenc ed beating each other with billets of wood, and when ever opportunity offered, strangling each other. The next morning thirty were found dead, and within two days after five more died. Five hundred and twenty four were at length landed, and the Watchwtan says An eye witness informs us that the poor creatures were so thirsty that they drank the water out the ends of old canoes, which were hauled up on the beach, sur rounding them like so many hounds after a bard chase, each pushing the other for a drop of water. On reach ing the African yard, they were supplied with water, which they drank out of mess tins with avidity. There was no slave deck on board of this vessel, and several of the poor creatures got jammed between the casks and were severely bruised; these caiks formed their beds to lie upon. The officer of the navy who brought the Africauo, stated that the towns of Lagos, on the slave coast, have been completely destroyed. A chief, who was banished from Lagos by the king, about three years age, returned in July last, with a force of ten thousand men, drove out the reigning king and his people, and took possession of the rivers and town of Ones. It is said, that in the con test upwards of- five thousand persons were slain, and during several nights, the glare of Burning towns illum ed the air for miles around. Some of the slavers pursued their trade in human flesh with great boldness, and one of them, a large brig, fired into and beat off the boats of British and Portuguese men of war. A schooner, called Marequinha, was raptured og Le gos, 3fith June last. She was sailing under Braxilian colors, and, therefore, could not be condemned. It was, however, a clear case. The Watekasn states, that the Marequinha wak formerly a Philadelphia oyster boat, called the Runner, and was built on the Chesapeake. The resistance on the part of slavers, has elicited from the British commander a general order, in which it is declared that parsons engaged in the slave trade, found resisting the officers on the station, will be immediately and rigorously dealt with according to law. The proclamation of the appointment of the Hon. Wm. Fergusson, as Captain Genets] and (Governor in Chief of Sierra Leone and its dependencies, appears in the Watchman.?Phil. V. S. Oat tile, Jan. 8. Court of Oyer and Terminer. Before Judge Edmonds?Aldermen Meeerole and Brady. Jan. 8.? Qeorge Patter, the Piekmaekat.?It will oere collooted that Potter was some time ago oeavieted of grand larceny, and was afterwards pardoned by tae Ex ecutive, upon condiUon ef his leaving the State?which requisition he failed to comply with?but, instead, turned to hia old trade of pickim pockets. He was lately ar rested in New Orleans, awl brought on here by officer Bowyor. He was brought into oeurt this morning, and a motion made by Jones B. Philips, to recommit him on the old conviction. His oeanenl, Mr. Warner, get un and applied for time to prepare to oppose his recommittal. Timewaa granted until Monday morning nest, when ha will be again brought up far hearing. Brooklyn City tatoUlnnM. rtr mi Citv.?It baa long been* subjeot oi auch astonishment among mujr persons In thia city, "amber* of the Common Council km not re 1 ,i tb? ,>olic* MifiitntM to make regular ritumi, ">d#r oota, of the large .mounts annually received by t>Mn' tor flu#* inflicted upon various offender* who are irought before them for larcenies and misdemeanors, which they can legally puniah by the imposition of pe :uniary penalties. The juatice* are required to return :be money* thui received by theut into the city treasury ?and they hare, no doubt, in tbia reaped, faithfully ful llled their truat; but the people at la re* hare a right to rnow-ell the particular* cencerning the pflicial ecu of :h*ir public aerranU-add when it ia knov'n that no iworn statements hare been preaented to or published >y, the i epreaentatlre body of the municipal legislature ?f the city, for nine year* part, it ia high time that a one >ue ahould make complaint, ao that the defect* which \T* >ow point out may be remedied with all poaaible a peed. There ere aome ether evils; of not loaa magnitude, con tacted with the law tribunal* of thia county, which iainand piompt and cloao inroatigation ; and it ia to be loped that tho profeaaed reformer* of tho city will loae 10 time in aacertaining their preciae nature and extent ; ia a* to correct, it poaaible, any thing that may be ot lectionable or wrong. Rcliuioik Matters.?A general meeting ol tho Evan gelical Churches in Brooklyn, for aocial conference and irayer, will take place thia ovoning, at the Rev. Dr. Uwight a chnrcb, in Joralemon atreet, near Court. The I aatura of the city hold aeparate meeting* in the after loon, for prayer and conference, in their respective* shurches. Some thief entered the houae of the Rev. Mr. Taylor, on Wednesday evening, and atole a hat, coat, and um brella. Whio Meetixos.?The whig* of Brooklyn held meet ings in the aeveral ward* of the city, on Wednesday eve oing, for tho purpoao of electing delegate* to the general sommittoe, for tho enaulng year. i c c "* r.u ?? Taar. - A parcel ol scamps in Brook? who arB ?? brainlaa* a* they are unprincipled, ami hiri^ j D' ,ortkobe*t poeaibla reason*, the moat ?J.,?f J"? uncompromising hostility againat any member public pre** who ha* anfltcient learloaanea* and in eapoae their peccadilloes, and denounce liieir nefarious acta, when they are " caught tripping," rnVrTwhA^fi!0 their vengeance againat a genUa olw? * they hate only because they fear, by aending annonymoua publication* to certain placet in thia city, in the vain hope of entrapping tiie owner* thereof into tho dissemination of atatementa of a grossly caiuminoua and itilamoua character. We have in our posaeeaiou the name of the principal conspirator, together with proof* of certain admiaaiona incautiously made by him, under very peculiar circumstance*, to a quondam female asso ciate : and lor the take of thoae who might, peradven 'l1*. if not forewarned, be led intoaeriou* difficulties by nis low cunning and hit despicable trickery, we deem it proper thus to aavo, if poaaible, from punishment and diigrace, the comparatively innocent and inoffensive young men who have been induced to beliovo that they can comply with the dictation of their chief without de tection, and with absoluta impunity. Tolics Items.?Henry McAllister, whose arreat for stealing a piece of calico from the atore of Mr. Jones, in Pulton "treat, has already been noticed, was yesterday arraigned for trial before Juatice Church, and found guilty of petit larceny. He wu thereupon adjudged to pay a Una of $15, and to be impriiened three month* in the county jail. Capt. Isaac Hard*, 141 Pearl straat.had hi* hall robbad on Tuesday night last, of a new cloth cloak, tha property ? , y?.unff gentleman yiaitor, and a number of shawl* by hia'ch?!dre<n'^dr*n' Wh? W#r* 6BjoyiD* a *'*en On Monday evening, the front door of Mrs. Laemi*. corner of Orange and Columbia aWeeta, waa opened and ? drab overcoat and broadcloth do , taken from tho ball. #i.?n "iii1?TeniJuff,I Plahorty, conceiving that the quality of any deed ia in direct proportion to that of ' the day on which it is enacted, took a feiicy to taat the 17. .j '?b ,nd hU wife'* (houldors. m a* J l. .Uid ?n in ? ??nnor which would hare edifled MhCduiT hlmielf. Hoce Mulrain, a cijter ol Mrs Flaherty's, was present and directed the progress of the f*P?ri*2nt by ber kind adrioe. Whan Mr*. P. had with the5" WM Hfr*J*ble to her, ahe ruabed cut or U ? ,0offbt the protection ol another man named Flaherty, who, instead of granting tho same told m?Va,,m,UnL J? c\ntinu" ^ bit delectable tea? Tho St r! i ?ior?th# authorities on Wedneaday, and flppohring as above, John waa meted with im prisonment for ten days, and flned]$5, and tha blushing Fd n11 10 u? lock#d UP <or Ave day*. Edward Buckley, charged with the commission of a grand larceny at the house of Mr. Colgan, underwent ^ examination yesterday, before Juatice Church, and wa* r?munded i?r further testimony until thia day Ivn Ah*?"? b711 niibj.Kmerald Association of Brook lyn, (the moat splendid felt of the kind that has aver ,om? r?wdy vagabond*, who C?eate. dfrtni r ?Kbu,ned Omittance, attempted to create a distubance, by acting in a rude and indecorous and insulting ladies and others who if y r*r"' boweyor, promptly expelled -t y " complaint waa made at tho police office against them, to that they may be arrested, and held to bail for their future good behavior. n,.^.1[2in*n_n1.,nled N,try the wife of an induatri out and worthy man who occupiea a situation aa porter inn lhTge ?ro*DjU* house in South street, New York r if." cWldr?n (two of whom are mar "?d *nd h*TB families) was arrested yesterday by offi cers Duflon and Cormick, on a charge of drunken and disorderly conduct in Pearl street. The misguided and unfortunate woman haa on several occasions previously ^???J? "d bar habits of intemparanco appear to be confirmed and incorrigible. When token Into custo *L\m kJ" ? ?o*t desperate resistoace, and, ere ahe be secured, committed a violent easault upon Mr. Duflon, by scratching hi* face, pulliag his hair, toariaw his clothes, Ac. In addition to thia, she broke everv window of the cab in which aha waa removed to prison^ Ami*."*, berself to be a desperate and dangerous ? A woman named Salome mis, who had been nn.nH? 10 cof,P"n7 with Madamef Burns, waa sobae nuenUy complained of for riotous and improper con d^1' ?nd ,?b? will, in all probability, alto bea??? and made to " suff er aome." ? .,tJ?h,n,^oU.fI,d wjd Thomaa Matthew*, of No. 71 rront street, together with the wife of Holland, were arrested by offleer 8turtevant, for committing a disgraceful broach the poraons of a Mi. and Mre. Mor- . gan, their next door neighbors. Tho two mala offenders h^'ith be imprisoned twenty days each, at ?r hi i? .' * county jail, and the woman, on account ted to go^i'ome. ?hil<i <0 ^ 6m WM P*?" Wm str*ttotl waa put on trial before Justice Church, on a charge of stealing four bras* car Tr 5?.? ^ Property of Mr. Denial Lafovro, f.fmM J ? T f accu,#d keeps a beer-shop in Co i"I"bjf?tr??t> ?nd alleged that he received the property from one of his customers, aa security forth# payment of a drinking score, amounting to $1 87. He had no proof J*?w?TeJ; fo "*?fein his statement, and ha was fouaJguil ?Li .P*? ^coocy, and sentenced to pay a fine of $10, ?nd to stand committed until paid. , ~Poo"??l E. Johnson, Esq., lata Superin tendent of Common Schools in thia county, delivered an before the N.wtoCn ' I ycium ^ Omm " in SftKL 0pon *b* 'object of the <? Pacific ucean, in .which he surveyed the general condition of the people inhabiting the myriad of island* in that vast expime. B?vii'?C'rlK,rr le?tored 00 Wednesday evening, at the "Literary Character and Oe Tariena lec*ur* .h? described the eccentrioitiea of Sh?k.%are!kcn Write? '? ,nd S'v* recitatton. from Last night, a lecture was delivered bv Mr < 1m* be fore the Brooklyn Inatituteron the " Proved by the racoS 7 ?f V. S. District Court. Before Judge Bette. Jen. 8.? Trial of Itaiak Pike (colored) and Jatepk Hoff man and George Baker, two of the crew of the uiip Os cer, for mutiny, on the 18th of August laat, while lying off the Isle De Omnde, near Rio. ' Jambs Townsend, examined for the prosecation.?Was mate of the ship Oscar; Isaac Ludlow was the command er ; she sailed on a whaling voyage from Sag Harbour; on the 18th of August last she was at the Isle De Grande, about 60 miles from Rio; the prisoners were at that time two of the crew ; Captain Ludlow went on shore that morning in the jolly boat; there were two colored men with him ; he returned about two o'clock in the af ternoon ; in tho captain's absence, the prisoners left the ship ; they were afterwards followed, by the captain's orders, and Baker was caught, half war between the ship and the shore, and was brought beck ; the captain then desired him to go forward and put his clothes on: they went on shore contrary to witness's orders ; Hog man was afterwards brought on board; about half an hour after Heffman came on board, there were some words between Peake, the cook, and the steward, at the gallery door ;.the captain said, " Cock, not quite so much of your noise the cook took no notice, but went on ; the captain again interfered, and Baker and Hoffman faced the captain and looked very ugly at him ; they had their aheath knives in their belts, buckled round their waists ; the cook still kept abusing the steward In a loud voice, cursing and sweanng ; after the muss, the cap tain went down to the cabin, got his fowling-piece, and capped it; then came up: Baker desired him to come on, there was no one there that feared him, he ceuld kill but one ; the cook repeated the same language ; did not hear Hoffman say any thing ; it was about tnree^or four minutes after the cap was snapped that the captain came up ; Baker and the cook conducted themselves in a very disorderly manner while the captain was below ; at that time it was the duty of the oook to put a fire in the gal ley ; he did not do ao ; it was the steward that did it; all the time the captain was below Baker, kept baileeing out that he was not afraid, that he oould die but onoe, lie.; did not hear Hoffman say any thing while the cap tain was below. Croeo-emamined 6y SHsrrABo.?It was customary tor the men to bathe every day while the ship lay at the Isle de Grande; when they raced the captain and loeke t at him, they were about ten feet from hiss; they con tinued to stare at him for about a minute ; thinks Baker was a little intoxicated; the captain was below wbenthey said " Come on with your bull dogs, we dontfaar yen; he must have heardHhem; they ceuld be heard all ever the ship; the doors of the companion-way were open at the time ; saw the oook and Baker sharpening their knives before the captain went below; this oircusesta.ce took place befcre they commenced the noise; heard Curtis sav "go ahead oeokey, and we will back you;"aid not see tfeff&aa take any part in it To SnsrrABD.?It was a common occurrenoo for the men to sharpen their knives every day ; witness did not fail., anything about it at the time. Jabbmiah Eldbidoe .examined.?Was one of the ofl oors of tho Oscar when the occurrence described by the last witness took place; concurs with the statement of the last witness. Two or three other witnesses were examined?their testimony was tho same as the above. The Court adjourned to this morning, when the oaae will be resumed. Comrt Calendar?This Day. Cibcvit Cevav?40, 43, 46, 48, AO, 61, 63, 64, 66, 66, 67, 66,68, 60. Orj- Francis Baker, a seaman in the U. 8. Navy, died at Nertelk on Monday, of wounds received in an afflmy on Saturday night last, with one James Veiden, who has bean oemmitted to jail The deceased was a native of Now Tech.- Batt. ?gmsr., Jan. A

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