Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 17, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 17, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. .Yew York, Saturday, January 17, l*4fl 1 >1 t'Olll AM K OK THK NEXT NEWS FROM EUROPE. GOVERNMENT EXPRESS. It is true, the statements to the contrary notwithstand ing, that tha Government will run a special express from Boston on the arrival of the next steam ship. The news to arrive in her will be of so important a character that this step is deemed necessary, in the present excited|state of the public mind. The steamer is now in her thirteenth day, and she may l>e expected to arrive at auy moment after to-morrow. In the mean time, however, two or three more of our splendid packets may reach this city, with later in telligence. The following may be considered due : ? Packets to Akkivk. Ships. Captains. Whence. Sailing Days. .Williams, " _ " Quebec, .....Williams, London, Dec'r 10th. Qarrick, Trask Liverpool, do 1Kb St. Groige,. . .Ferris, do. do. loth. Montezuma, ..Lowber do. do. 18ih. Oneida, Funck, Havre, do. Itith. Victoria, ....Stark Loudon, do. 20th. Independence, .Allen, Liverpool, do. 2tst. Kmeiuld, . . .Howe Havre. do. 24tb. Our latest advices from Loudon are ot the 10th, Liver pool o the 9th, and Havre ot the 12th ult, yet we have no account of the sailing ot the Quebec from Londcn, and sho may, therefore, bring a day ertwo later intelli gence. 1'he accounts receiveJ iwithin the Ust few days has sharpened the appetite of the public for more news. The Weekly Herald. This wet-k's number will be unusually interest ing. lu addition to the regular news, it will contain the late important ioreign intelligence received by the packet ships, and likewise the two lectures delivered by the celebrated Dr. Ryder, at St. Peter's Church. There will be two splendid engravings, one u repre sentation ot Mr. Kean as Richard the Third, as now to be seen at the Park Theatre, and the other n view of the Harlem Railroad Bridge. It will be ready at 8 o'clock this morning. Price 6? cents, in wrappers for mailing. The News from England?The Repeal of the Corn Laves The accounts we have received from Great Britain, by the recent arrivals, have been of a very important nature. Notwithstanding the very contradictory manner in which they come, there is sufficient to establish the fact that great changes are about being made in the commercial policy of Eng land. Some of the English papers may be rather premature in their statements, and some of their as sertions may be greatly exaggerated; fbut that there is some foundation for the announcement made in the London Time*, no one understanding the posi tion and fiolicy of that paper, can for a moment doubt. The first gun let ofl by the 7\met upon this question came so unexpectedly, and with such force, I hat it startled the whole country, and created a re verberation that made both parties tremble. It ap pears that even the Ministry were shaken in the re solution formed, and wavered, deliberating; whether it was best to proceed upon the determination loan ed, or maintain a " masterly inactivity," and let cir cumstances work out events. There was very little unanimity among the different individuals composing the Ministry of Great Britain, and it was probable that a change of some importance would be made, before any movement in relation to the corn laws was made, or before the meeting of Parliament. From all we can gather from the conflicting statements put forth by the organs of the different parties in England, we cannot re sist the conclusion, that the corn law question will be settled by the Parliament^ now in session; that the present corn laws will bs'repealed, and a mode- : rate fixed duty upon foreign grains established. The 'ower house of the British Parliament will dispose of the matter without much trouble, but the fate of any bill reducing the duty upon foreign grain, in j the House of Lords, is a more serious affair, and i will be involved in much doubt and unceitaiuty un lil the last moment. The opposition ot the Duke of Wellington to the measure ,in all the cabinet meet ings, created great anxiety in the minds -of the friends of the repeal; as, without his support in the upper hous", the repeal is utterly out of the ques tion. It will be a difficult matter to get it through that body, even, with his support; but without it, there is no chance. This is admitted by all. A repeal of the com laws of England, and the adoption cf a low fixed duty on foreign grain, will lead to a complete revolution in the commercial sys tems ot this and other nations. We learn that our Minister in London is engaged in negotiations in relation to this matter, and we are prepared to re ceive at any time the announcement that a treaty between the United States and Great Britain has been concluded, entirely of a commercial charac ter, opening the ports of each for the products and manufactures of the other, upon mere liberal and advantageous terms than any yet proposed. The closer these two nations can be brought to each other in the pursuits of commerce, the danger o any rupture becomes reduced, and the greater the interest each has in maintaining peaceful relations. The conservative, or middle party, in the Senate, has this in view; and as they hold the balance of power, they will, without doubt, accomplish their object. The course Mr. Calhoun is pur suing, has this end in view, and he will make every honorable sacrifice to bring about such a desirable result. With him an adjustment of the Oregon question is an affair of time, and a secondary con sideration, compared with the.modification of our tariff, and a thorough change in our commercial systems. He takes a more extended view of the questions at issue; knowing that, if we can give Great Britain greater advantages in a commercial point of view than she now enjoys, the settlement of other matters, now looked upon as very difficult, will become very easy, as the influence on both sides of the Atlantic, in favor of peace, will be very much strengthened, and many of the differences now existing will become very much softened. The policy of Mr. Calhoun will undoubtedly prevail, so far as the movements of our government are con cerned ; and while it will tend to preserve our l>eacetul relations with Great Britain, it will secure to us commercial advantages greater and more valuable than we have ever yet enjoyed. Political Anti-Rxntism.?Movements in the Lkoislati rjc ?We notice in the proceedings of the Legislature at Albany, that the anti-rent ques tion has been again brought up incidentally in the House, where it has created some excitement. We observe with regTet, s disposition in some quarters to make this matter a party business, and to legislate, not with a strict and faithful view to its intrinsic merits, and the best interests of the State?not with a view to arrange and settle these social difficulties judicially, and with none other hat an equitable regard to the rights of both parties, but with the intention of flattering the passions and teeding the Hopes ot one side or the other, for the erection of party power, and for the accession of political strength iu coming elections. He, we care not who he may be, or to what party he may belong, who stoops from the high eminence of a public le gislator, to flatter the passions and attract the fa \or of any men, or of isolated bodies of men, in inatters of private and local interest, in order, by aid of their inflsence, to acquire political or party power, is unworthy the name and High trust of a legislator or statesman These troubles, which in trath are of a domestic, not of a public or political character, requiring to be settled by the law and the courts of law, not by the votes of the people, or the popular impulse or impression, at the election of (iovernor or other officers?these troubles hsve al ready inflicted upon the State a gTeat pecuniary loss; but that loss and damage will be far exceeded by the deeper,wound, the moral injury,which will be inflicted on our State, if this judicial question be taken out of its legitimate sphere, and made use of as a |>arty lever, and as a stepping stone for politi( al ambition or cupidity. Such ought not to be ; and we would in time give warning against the danger of such action, which will eventually recoil with disgrace and ruin upon the heads of those, if any, who shall be guilty of it. Our legislators at Albany have a public duty to per. form, and included in that duty is that of adjusting and tranquillizing such difficulties as these, on the broad principles of equity and justice, without re gard to the political weight, influence, or numbers of the parties concerned. Let them do their duty, and the jieople and the State will know how to ap preciate and reward their services. Emigrant Patters?Outrageous Treatment.? The Legislature of this State thought proper to pass an enactment, requiring the owners and agents of vessels, engaged in conveying emigrants to our shores, to give bonds, so as to prevent the State be ing burdened with the support of paupers This is u wholesome regulation, and no dispute can be raised against it. Those foreigners who come to this country have no claim on our charities. It is enough for us to provide for our own paupers, with out being burdened with the support of such a8 come from Europe. This law compels emigrant agents to give bonds for the support of their passen gers for two years after their arrival here, on the supposition, we expect, that it would take that time before they would be sufficiently acquainted with the manners of the people and the custom of the country, to find out the way of providing for themselves. So long, therefore, ? as this law is in existence, no need exists for having pauper emigrants inmates of our almshouses, at least for two years after tkeir arrival. We have been induced to make these remarks, in order to apprize those emigrants landing on our shores of their rights in this respect, as they cannot be expected to know anything about the subject by intuition. It cannot be supposed that those agents who are instrumental in soliciting them to leave their native land, will be likely to give them any information. A very hard case was brought to our notice a few days ago; it happened to be that of an Irish woman who had recently land ed in New York. She came here on a wild-goose chase, like many of her countrymen and women. On the passage, she received some injury, by a fall* we believe, which crippled her so much that on her arrival it incapacitated her from doing anything to wards earning a livelihood. Being in need of me dical advice, and not having the means of paying for it, she was directed to present herself at the Me dical University, in Broadway, where she could get such advice as she was in need of. She did so, and Dr. Mott prescribed for her. The apparently desti tute condition which the woman presented, prompt ed Dr. Mott, who has a heart that does honor to the species, to inquire into the cause of her destitution. In reply to his inquiries, she stated that she had re cently arrived from Ireland ; that she was without means of any kind, and incipable of providing for herself, on account of the injuries she received on the ! passage. Dr. Mott immediately informed her that ; the agent of the vessel in which she came was liable for her maintenance, and directed her to apply to him for relief, and when she was provided with a place he would attend her gratuitously. The woman made two applications to the agent without success, being told, on her second visit to him, to clear out and ne ver come near him again. Now this is a hard case. A woman is enticed to leave her country and kin dred, her li ttle all is taken by the passenger agent, and she is thrown on our streets, destitute and helpless, in the midst of our rigorous winter. None but the emigrant himself is aware of the means resorted to, to entrap the lower orders of the English, Irish, and Scotch into emigrating to the United States. We have seen the streets of the principal sea ports in Great Britain, placarded with . the grossest fabrications, urging the poor people to ' come to this country, where wages are #2 a day, | and beef a penny a pound, and labor abundant.? ; Such are the vile tricks made use of to entice them i to give up their little all to those sharks, the passen ger agents, in order that they may succeed in reach ing this El Dorado. The consequence is, that many who, in their native land, were well enough off, give up what means of livelihood they had there, and come to America, to become inmates of our charita ble institutions, and a burden on our people. In making this statement, we have not the slightest intention, in the most remote degree, to refer to the owners and agents of our splendid packet ships. They who really are not agents for any ships or vessels ; are not the emigrant agents we allude to. It is those they are mere runners, who receive a compensation for every passenger they influence to come in par ticular transient ships. Our packet ship agents and owners are an honorable set of men, incapable of resorting to such measures as these ; they are as much alive to the frauds committed on the emi grants as any one, and are extremely anxious that the odium should rest where it rightfully belongs. We would advise such emigrants as are here at present in want, to apply to the agent of the vessel in which they came here, to provide for them ; and if he refuse, to make applicant n to the Alms House Commissioners, and have the agent's bond prosecu ted, and compel him to support them. The News by the Oxford.?There appears to be a good deal of chagrin manifested in one or two of the small papers, in reference to the way the news was received from the packet ship Oxford. One of the papers Is particularly savage about the mails by this ship. The truth of the matter is, that no mail bags wert landed by Captain Rathbone, and the public are indebted to him for his enterprise in sending his news to the city in the way he did. It was with difficulty thai Mr.Yeaton, the mate,landed, and he has not yet recovered from the injury he re ceived in getting his boat through the surf. And the idea of landing mails a hundred miles from this city, in a small boat, with a high sea running, is absurd. These prints, however, must have some excuse for not publishing late news. Comptroller's Report.?This document pre sents an elaborate analysis of the financial condi tion of every department and interest of the State government, with that careful detail, clearness and comprehensiveness which distinguish the reports of Mr. Flagg. The leading features of the State fin an. ces were fully given in the message of Governor Wright, which render a repetition of them unne cessary. Affairs of the Pilots.?The article, in another part of this day's paper, should be read by every ship owner and holder of insurance scrip. If their eyes are not opened by the views of "Publicola,"t they deserve to lose their sleep and money, too, on stormy nights. Thi Mails.?What is the matter with the way mails between here and Albany t There is gross negligence somewhere. We are constantly receiv ing complaints from the river towns. Will the Post Master (Jeneral correct the evil 1 Thk Accident at Caebosdale.?We learn that an overseer has been taken from the mines alive, after a burial of several hours. IIuick Passage.?The packet ship Havre, Captain Ainsworth, which sailed from New York on the 17th of November, arrived at Havre on the evening of the 2d of December; thus making a passage of only fifteen days. This is, indeed, running the steamers very close. We find the following relative to her in the Havrt Courritr The packet ihip Havre, left New York on the 18th of November, an<t airived In this port yesterday, making the paseage in leae than sixteen days. Messrs. Heard, Williamson, Deraismes. Brookleman, Sanderson, Fiovils. Gramsbery, Crystu, Stewart. De Rham and Hod man, wno came passengers in her, have addreseod the following note to Captain A ins worth, her commander We, the passengers on board ship Havre, now in port, after a short passage of less than sixteen days, take great pleasure in saying that, in our opinion, the Havre, in the neauty of her saloon - the luxury of table-the site and convenience ot her state rooms, and other arrangements for the ccafcrt of her passengers, is unsurpassed by any other veeeel; while in speed she is unequalled In ad ditionto.this.we found ( antein Ainsworth.and his officers, as worthy of distinction for skill and nautical science, as courteous and attentive to the comfort of their passen gers Fashionable Intelligence The fashionable world is still busy with preparation for rendering the present season more brilliant and gay than all former ones. Several balls, parties, eoirtet, etc. have already taken place within the precincts of fashion, and other demonstrations will shortly be made. On Thursday night last a rioh and gay old bachelor, cele brated for his joyous humor and good taste?excepting hit devotion to single blessedness ?gave a grand party at his aristocratic mansion in Park place. The rooms were brilliantly illuminated and gorgeously but tastefully fur. niahed. All that art could devise was put in r:quisition, in order to render the lalani worthy of Fashion and her glittering train. The heart of the bachelor host has everbeen susceptible?spite of his bachelorship?to the fascinations of beauty; and all that was lovely, refined, graceful and witty had been invited. Like his own magnificent contenaioin, the rooms presented a briUiant (and variegated appearance. Troops of laugh ing, merry, bright eyed demoieeUee?the young and the old, the serious and the gay, the artificial beauty and the simple maid of nature, the slender waisted nymph,whose iiMMSW might shame the hour-glass, and the blooming Hebe, whose rounded form and animated features be spoke a more ruddy and robust health, were here as sembled, to import additional lustre to the scene. Around them hovered gallant, ardent and chivalrous young bachelors, profuse in their compliments and smiles, while the oen mot, the gentle inuendo, the sparklingdou bit entendre circulate and scintillate around. Gentle, and ot course accidental, pressures of the hand diversi fy the time, and all is harmony and glee. The fete was truly magnifioent. Some faint idea of its splendor may formed, when we state that between $500 and S1000 had been expended by the host in the purchase of bouqueti,which adorned the superb,richly and curious ly cut vases on the mantle and tables, and shed a deli cious perfume through the halls. Music sent forth her swelling notes of harmony, rising in gentle undulatio. s amid the air, and preparing the soul for the scene which was to follow?inviting to the intoxicating waltz, the fay quadrille, and the foreign, fantastic and fascinating olka. Amid r the strains of music, the blaze of light and the dazzle of beauty, the clock strikes the hour be fore midnight. A flourish of trumpets sound a sum mons to the votaries of Terpsichore to repair to the ban quent, fit close of the festive scene. The bachelor host, his face wreathed with smiles, a beauteous and magnifi cent woman|leaning on his arm .leads the way ;each lovely sylph, accompanied by her partner of the dance enters the saloon where art has created an artificial day?and the decorative treasures of Flora enchant the eye. At tables, in the supply of which earth, air, and ocean, have yielded their luxurious contributions, and a celebrated , chef du cuieine?the Ude of America?his skill, the fair | are duly seated. Quick flies the sparkling wit, causing the l>p of beauty to dimple with smiles, and calling up fresh lustre in the languid eye. The wine circulates dreely, and general hilarity prevails, and the rosy finger of morn gilds with fragrant touch the purple mantle of night, ere the company separate, with many protesta I tions that it was truly a most brilliant and agreeable soiree. Theatrical. Park. The Parklastnight shone brilliantly .with the loveliness and beauty of the city. Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, the theatre was truly Ailed , to overflowing, and by one of the most fashionable, cnti- | cal, and animated audiences we have gazed on for a long period. All seemed eagerly interested throughout the play, and at times spell bound with the glorious por traiture of Kean's Richard III. Never did thisbrigh pageant of past history strike us with greater force than last evening. The management of the theatre must be highly gratified with the regard and admiration bestowed upon their efforts to produce this renowned tragedy ol ShaksDeare's, in so faithful and magnificent a style ; ana we aieledto believe that a still brighter and moreglo rinui dav awaits the long neglected drama. In conse quence of the crowds who have as ;retCharles even train admittance to the home, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kean have been induced to prolong their stay until the close of the ensuing week. -Richard III ? will be repeat ed every night, and we hope every body may be gratified with e^iew of this most brilliant and gorgeous spec tacle. Bowcrt Thratrr?The inclemency of the weather last evening seriously affected the otherwise promising prospects of Masters Yeoman, for whose mutual benefit the receipts of the house were especially designed. Knowles's play of the " Wife," in which Mr. J. R. Scott appeared to very great advantage as Julian St. Pierre, with Mrs. Philips as Mariana, and Mr. Stone as Ferrardo' in the absence ol Mr. Davenport, who was seriously in disposed (although under the most disadvantageous cir cumstances, was a creditable performance), commenced the evening's entertainments ; after which, the " Dumb , Oirl of Genoa" was substituted for the " Gambler's Fate " as announced (and from the cause of Mr. Daven a grand nautical drama, which has been in active pre- ? pafation for the last two months, and which is to be pro Suced on Monday evening next. This TT K^wlTdietfn' one of the most successful efforts which has vet listin guished the liberal and enterprising exertions of the ma nagement of this highly popular establishment, and will largely enrich the very productive treasury of the Bowery. ? Tiiv Vocalist.?This gentleman was giving concerts ?n London,the Assembly rooms, assisted by hisaoa Hamilton, and Miss Rose Joseph. They were very successful. ? jossrH Brans;.?This gentleman gave his second oon" cert in Albany, on the 18th inet. Booth, the tragedian, is at the theatre in Cincinnati. Police Intelligence. Jan 16.?Indicted for Libtl.-fbo grand inry have in dicted seventeen ol 41* fellows, for a libel on Joto M. , Devoy, assistant Captain of tae 18th ward polioe station. It appiars the libel consists in a figure painted on a board/which represenU Mr. Devoy; and the members of engine 41 paraded it on a target excursion, and shot him in efflgy, with this laconic inscription on the back? " From his heart the blood shall run, By the balls of 41." Prince John Davis had the bench warrant for the " boys," and sent word to them of the fact, when, yes terday morning, they all came down, like a regiment of soldiers, and entered in bail for their appearance at C?*Black" Crib" Broken 17?.-At the watch returns' yesterday morning, the Police Office presented a rich groupe of niggers, of all sizes and colors?black, white Ind grey-but the odor was not quite as agreeable as the sight was amusing, to observe the different countenan ces, with their big lips. It was really laughable. They numbered, in all, twenty-one buck " niggers, and three does?all brought in lrom a diving " bell" on the corner of Leonard and Church streets, by a posse of oolfcemen from the 6th ward, charged with being disorderly, and disturbing the neighborhood, at 4 0 clock in the morn ing They were ail severally held to bail for their good behavior, lor six months, by Justice Osborne-and such a run of " straw" bail, you never did see?the old grey headed " nig" has been lively all day, aiding as counsel, ^Tfc/^Slort" begin to "Skint."?Robert A. Bouton, As sistant Captain of 6th Ward Police-station, resigned, yesterday, his trust worthy ofllce, under rather peculiar circumstances, the facts of which we will give to-mor row. It appears Mr. Bouton has been going in for the "chances/' This ward, however, must certainly be called "Star" ward No. 3, for, undoubtedly, it s a notch above the 4th ward in its " frisking ' operations. We hope the Mayor will inYettigtte this matter thoroughly, and do it up as neatly as the 4th ward matter was done ?PSusp.W.n ./ Stealing.?John Coyle was arrested lMt night, by a policeman of the 6th ward, charged with stealing $87 lrom Thomas Mulligan.?Discharged by Justice Osborne, for want oi evidence. Petit Larceny.?John Nugent was brought in lor steal ing clothing from Mrs. Cohen -Locked up by Justice I ?'lndicied for Perjurg.-The Grand Jury have indicted Daniel W. Telcott for perjury, in falsely swesringto 1 the return of a habeat corput before Judge lngraham, in the case of Esther Goulding; consequently the case will C?Toa?f"r!>u. Dot - A boy. by the name of Daniel Sul livan, made a coin plaint avainst Daniel Kullerman. No. 16 Frankfort street, (for allowing a large red dog, kept by Hullerman. at large, who bit this boy Sullivan se verely on the iiand, while passing along the street opiki. site the store of Hullerman. Justice Drinker issueo an order for the owner of this savage, to show cause why I he sheuld not be killed. . We are in poesession of several important arrests, of a "big" nature, but refrain from publishing them at pre sent, by the request of Mr. Blakefy, the efficient clerk of Police, becauee there are other parties yet to be "pulled to make the job complete. Movements off Travellers. The following exhibita an immaterial deficiency of arrivals yesterday, compared with those ol the earlier P.*Amrricail?J*Milton Jordan. L. Benufleck, Norwich; L F- Fo?Ur, do; JohnlCoono, CltTtUnd; h. w. i rot?, Charleston; Chas. FirteV N- ?.; W. HoAman, Boston; Paul Under, N. H.; H. Bennett, Newburgh; E. M. Arm strong, N. Y.; George Fengee, Baltimore. Astob.?A. B. Cobb. N. J.; C. Goss .Bangor; T. H. Robinson, BalUmore, G. Trowbridge, Joe. B. Glover, Boston; P. Neff, Cin.; George Wins)?w, Boston; J. Brown, Toiled ; Ed. Webster, Boston; Ed. Coggeshell, New Bedford; 8. L. Crocker, Taunton; W. McCay, Albany; II K. Smith, Buffalo, J. J. Clapp, Bo,*0D;B""jr and Burmeston. Baltimore; H. Grant, Salem; H. A. Hill, I Boston; 11. L. Stevens, do; H. H Jackson, BalUmore; A. Maris. London; L. W. Tappen, Boston. Citt.- 8. W. DeConosey, Philadelphia; Capt Lines, packet ship Iowa; R- McOulloch, N. Y.; D. Rogers,; 8. Stirewalt, Ky.; J. Trevors, N J.; I Tie dale, Boston; C.O.Campbell. Philadelphia^ A W. Cles sor, Westchester; D. Miller, Tennessee; William and J. Strickland, Philadelphia. FaAWti.i!? ? Joshua Ferris, Stamford; W. C. Prowse, Ogdensburgb; W. W. Van Deivater, Albany; A. Ely, Rochester; L. Warner, Louisville; J. HHedenbergh, BalUmore; B. Bradley, Boston; C. Pelton, Toughkeepeie; WGiosi^io^?rown, Cin.; H. Bliss, England; George Tower Torto Cabello; John H. Smith, Csnada; Henry N. Ill J. MTM. Albany I. D Hover, Richmond; J. O Prey, Ky.; 8. C. Tierman, Pittsburgh: F.. C Pratt, Philadelphia; W. Dockery, Providence; B. Bozlan, Cin.; T. Jones, Boa tonTw:b Reed. Buffalo; N F Blackioch, Baltimore; M. Benney, Boaton. Mr. Wm. Hardy, a citizen of fcaat Feliciana, La , waawavlaidontheSthinst, in the load leading from New OrioaSi to the Bayou 8.r.l..idingby.^r.0n unknown The stranger asked Mr. H it his name wss not Wheelhonse; and upon his answering in the negtive, was struck over the head with a stick Mr. H .how ever, succeeded in wresting the club , and gave hun a severe drubbing City Intelligence. Bwall P?g ? We im placards up in different parts of the city warning persons of tho necessity of vaccination aa a preventive of small pox. We hope that this good advice will be headed by all classee of persons. For al though there mar be no immediate necessity for this, in a city like Vow York, where every day the contagion is liable to be introduced, persons should always he pre pared for it. Parents, particularly, ought to have tneir infants vaccinated at an early age. Once pro|>erly dene, it is an insurance through life. The poor can be vacci nated without charge, by applying at either of the dis pensaries, at the corner of White and Centre streets, Corporation bpildings, rear of Esstx market, and at the corner of Waverly place and (irove street. An ounce 1 of preventive is worth a pound of cure. Caution to Gsocers.?A gang of about twenty boys, | from the ages of twelve up to twenty years, congregate at the Five Points, and have their rendezvous at two 1 particular houses in that locality. They are koown to the polios by the name of " Till Boys," and are mod!) i good looking lads and gonerally well dressed. Thr i eldest boys, or those who have arrived at eighteen or | twenty years of age, wear a frock coat or a black or !?! is? swallow-tail body coat; but the round jacket and cloth i cap are distinguishing marks of the younger member., of the squad. Their depredations are generally cod fined to robbing money drawers, and carrying off ssirh light articles as tbey meet on the sidewalks. The mtiu optrandi is, to go out through the city in smsll squads each squad consisting of one end sometimes of two youngsters, beaded by one of the eldest boys, who al ways carries a basket on his arm. When tbey mark a store, which is generally a corner one, opening on two streets, the fellow with the basket stepe in ana asks to buy something?always taking care that whatever he asks for is on the sidewalk, and point* toward* it. The storekeeper is wheedled out, and tho customer begins to chaffer with him about the price of a peck of char coal, orsomeother trilling article. The juvenile, who is supplied with a chisel, station* himself at the other corner, watching his opportunity, and when he flnda his comrade and the storekeeper engaged, he slips in at the opposite door, reaches bis arm across ths counter, forces open the drawer with the chisel, and carries off whatever he finJs in it. When the fellow on the sidewalk, who watches the operation inside, finds it to be finished, and that his comrade ha* cleared out, he closes the bargain with the storekeeper, and walks off with six cents worth of charcoal in his basket, taking care to turn the first corner he comes to?leaving the storekeeper minus what money was in the till. This game had keen carried on up to about a year ago, with great success, and large sums occasionally carried oil-but latterly storekeepers

have become wary, end do not in general leave more than two or three dollars in loose chancre, and perhaps one or two small bills, iu their drawers. Yet still the gam* is continued ou a small scale, and we know that storekeeper* in various parts of tho city have of late been frequently robbed or small sums in this way?but the amount being eo trifling, they do not think it worth while to take any trouble about the matter, and the young thieves continue to carry on their depredations with impunity. Now, every one of these] fellows is known to the police; and, if any of the persons who have been or may bo hereafter robbed in this way .would call at the office of the Mayor or Chief of Police, and give a description of the fellow, hie arrest would be oortaiu in en hour after?and the arrest and conviction of one or two would be the means of breaking up the whole gang. r The Vault-Ousts Nuisance.?A young man passing ^-6 " ^onr 'filing side" of Broadway, yesterday, got his foot into one of the vault gratrs, which had been J*f}, op?u by neglect, fall in and injured his leg severely. This is a great nuisance, and wa hope some way will be found of abating it. Wa believe that owners of the pre mise* are responsible for all such cases of neglect. rHeitooBAPHr.?We are informed thatl Hardinge is to give an exhibition of his Phonographic Class, this even ing, at Clinton Hall. Guest Nuisance?We are requested by a respect* ble resident of the 16th ward, to call the attention of the Street Inspector to the great accumulation of carts, wa gons, fcc. in Green street, below Amity. They are piled up there, contrary to{law,on both tides of the street, and at many aa fifteen may be counted any morning, up to 10 o clock, and always on 8andays. These vehicles being "-*re,t Accumulation of filth in the etreet. Will the Inspector look to it ? State Psison Statistics.?The following table ex hibit* the number of convicts confined in the State prison at Sing Sing, on the let of January, 1846 and 1840, also, the number that have been received, discharged, Ice., during the past year : , Convicts in the prison, Jan, 1st, 1846, .^869 F'tj ' 946 Received into the prison during the y'r, 348 19 367 t?. ^ ^ 1,117 96 1,313 Discharged from prisonjby.expiration " ? * 178 197 Discharged by pardon 35 5 40 Died, 49 ^ 5Q Sent to Clinton Prison ] go 50 Sent to Lunatic Asylum 3,1 pardoned, 1 ? i Escaped j I 314 31 845 Remaining in prison, Jan 1st, 1846. .. 80S 66 868 Hall THErT?Tho hall of Richard Hall, No. 43 Groat Jonas street, was entered yesterday,and an overcoatsto Jen trom It. Erina Ball.?It will be aeon, by reference to the ad vertisement, that the annual Erina Ball, for the benefit 01 the R. C. Orphan Asylum, takes place on Monday ?7?"'.n? QArden. The selection of this location is well judged, as a more spacious and beautiful ball room is not within the bounds of this city. Rooms hava been fitted up for tho hats, bonnets, Ac. of ladies and gentlemen, with numbers attached to each box, ??? ?f the celebrated .pawn offlce* in called Mont it Pitlt. The greatest security of ; . ."T 0bMI7#d- u each article ia banded in ! through a window, with the number attached, for which : each person receives a card with r similar number. No ' exertion ha* bean spared by the indefatigable propria t*?*' Ibis place of amusement the most healthy, ] I-mZ m i 'T ^7 "P?1' not onlP In ">is city, but in the entire Union. To judge,irom the number of tickets already sold, and the splendid manner in which the Garden has ,?.nL UP- th*T? can be no doubt but the " Erina" I will be one of the beat attended balls that has been given I InVv Yu" ?*P^5t th" ^nty And fashion of the | city will be there, to an extent greater then on any for mer occasion. ' \ " th? height of the ball season. F.very night, tha strains of merry mnsic may be heard, pro ceeding from a dozen or two ball rooms, where comely i ^nnie lassea are tripping it on tho ?? light fan tastic toe. Ball* are now given by all sorts of socio- i Kties?military companies, fire engines, clubs of all | im P?r,?.M ?f All classes of society, from ? milltonare who live* above Bleeoker, and rides in !"' t0 the honest mechanic who labors ! j *"7 bread?all have an opportunity to dance? Ml do dance and enjoy them selves. And why should not they dance 7 When the lowering clouds of sadness | hSLJTSF^ Lhe brow-wheu thoughts of tke bitter things of life obtain a precedence in the mind? . what will render the eye brighter, and the whole face !u!21Vtp^M,TV> * hAppy soul, than a marry, joyous dance 7 How like a charm it operates to calm tho angry passions, and make the lion-hearted tender as the lamb ! ! Who could concoct murder, or suffer thoughts of crime i Nirlbi,|,r.T1i0n ,of blm- when, wltfi a biau??ul ! 5r ? w" Abtpplng through th* quadrille, I clasping her waist, was whirling with ! her through the mazy waits! In such momonta only the bright thoughts of life spring up. The happy feast of boyhood and youth?the bright ruture of manhood and hope . Out upon th* croaking ravens who rail against dancing. They " bay* no soul for poetry," or any of life s graces, but would have this world modelled stiff aDd motionless as bricks. Dance away, boya and girl*. Stof tuat House?There was quite an excitement in the vicinity of the Post Offlce Thursday forenoon, owing to tha notion having entered the head of a carman's .?-".?'a ? pr*cti?* * few ffFwnasties. He acoordingly started from where he wa* standing, full drive, down Nassau street-upset two apple stands, scattering the fruit and candies in all directions, to the infinite amuse ment of the urchins who gathered round and very kind ly assisted in pishing them up. He then darted over to tne corner, and in jumping across an area, tore up tha railing on both aides, and was brought up " all stand ing by the cart dropping into tha arm. He was then diaengaged, and probably will know better than to cut any mora such caper*. He should laave all tha " cor nenng" to tha broxors. Wa ate happy to learn that Mr. C. Edwards Laster, who has been suffering for ten days under a violent at tack of neuralgia, is slowly recovering. The Com*t?Interesting Double Appearance ?Observatory, Wash i no ton, Jan. 16,1846.?Sir: ?During the observations of the 13th, a nebulous look ing object, altogether cometary in its appearance, wts discovered preceding Biela's comet, by nine or ten seconds, in the lower pert of the field of view. As a comet with a companion, or two comets in ths nsid, of a telescope,at the same time,would be considered a most extraordinary phenomenon, I determined, before making any announcement, to wait for more satisfactory observation* than a single night could afford, ?hi?!-hserretions of Test night appear to indicate that .L . .,obJecu boW relation?if it be possible for tne.relation to exist; of comet and companion,or satellite, or of a comet with two nuclei, without any visible in termingling of cometary matter between them. The observations of lsst night further show that both objects have increased about three minute* in R. A. since rai?? -5. J? i. J?.*' th? AAcondary object is very laint. yet it u ai difficult to imagine an error of anything lika amount in an observation of the kind, as it is to conceive of two comets roaming together through the regions of space. " Itherefore still hesitate to pronounce definitively as to the character, cometary or nebulous, of this second ob ject ; and I call attention to it now simply that other ob servers may have the earliest opportunity of examining this most interesting object. Shenld it be a nebula, it affords the rare opportunity of contrasting nebulous with cometary matter ; and ehould it be a double comet, the first observation* upon it will, without doubt, expose its duplicity. Respectfully, kc., M. F Mauut, _ ? ? Lieutenant United Statue Navy. ( on. W. M. Cuanb, Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Message or the Governor or New Jersey ? The message of Gov. Stratton, ol New Jersey, wss delivered at Trenton on th* 14th inst. After speaking of the financial condition of Stha tat*, he allude* to the reportofth* keeper of the State prison. From this we learn that tha number of convict* on the first day ol October, eighteen hundred and forty four, whan tha re port of tha last keeper was made, was From that period to December Slet, 1846, (fifteen months) the number teceived was Making tha whole numbei confined during that period ~ a73 Of these were discharged daring the same time,. . 106 Leaving in confinement on tha 31st day of December, 1845, * e ???* e ** * esse e e e * * * * * e * one a ? a ? 'l67 . The higbeet number in the prison at one time, was one hunrired seventy eight, and the average number about one hundred sixty-four The conduct of the prisoner* has been orderly, and their health good The opera tion* of the institution since the 19th day of February show a gain, over and above the expense of supporting the prisoners, amounting to five thousand two hundred and eighty-two dollars ninety seven cent* The balance of tha message is of little interest SS ??&&? ?EZ> Ivlrf.'m, which {fo ??ethc^ 'The^Sem This wan a needless precaution, however, a? the roo' waa not more than half full. A very r? wfom tion of the audience were were of a very uncertain age. At about half-paat aeve Mr Oough appeared, looking not quite so ro'y and good natured aa Wore the "unTortunate affair in Wetter fttreet. The i?rvice? were commenced by ?P?y*r lrJ)? Her. Mr. Hodge, who invoked the blessing of Oodo?ti^e cause of temperance. Mr. Oough then roae and com^ nionced by ? and gentlemen, it agetting to be rather a hard matter to apeak on the "ubject oftem pei-nre to intereat an audience It?eem?a? if*!! ?bo aigumenta had been uaed, and sometimes I ttel my otter inability to speak on it. The people know that intern balance is an evil, but wo wVnt them to come up and heio us and help roll back thia tide of desolation?we want to ahow people the evils from our ?wn experience. Look at me effects of intemperance among little chil dren oh! 'tis fearful! Look at the boys round the cor uera ot the -treats, fit aubjecta for the pwiUtesntimry, vou will tind their parenta are generally drunkards The Let time 1 waa in New York I went to Blackwell'a aland and 1 never saw such a set of human beings in mv life and 1 found that four-flftha ot them were brought mere di'rectlv bv the effecta of intemperance. How muat STK drunkard auffer! A gentleman in Wor letter told me his father waa an intemperate man, and JJifVlto'1lilt11h?Sd SdVuhhU? maeU her now 1 m.r.rK. Wo^Tetaa'ylum Xoulllt to foel theae caaea aa if they were our own. Take it through me wh"e country, ind we find|wive., children, and all connectad with intemperance, auffer fromi itv Now the beat remedy for thU W to iilgnjthe nledae SXe pooiflo think they nhed not sign the pledge,becauae tliey think they can drink justai want a spirit of self-denial. We are aeoking to re mote a fearful evil-we are seeking to removean enemv who haa coat ua more than if we bad been in a continual war with Great Britain from 1776 to thi. hour. In my experience aa a temperance lecturer, I have had occaaion to aee the many evil effecta of drunkinneis. I remember one individual whose wife told ? Jet they were auffering for the neceeaanea of life. I tal'fed him,and in a short time he eigned the pledge, and now he haa rot a aituaUon, with $800 a year, and now be and his famiTy are hanpy. When I aigned the pledge 1 hadn't a friend in thi world; I didnt eipect a friend. When 1 put my name there, (and it looked like Stephen Hop Lns's on the Declaretion of Independence,)I went out of the room saying, nervously, " I've done it, I've done it. Everybody mid me I wouldn't keep it. For four or five dava^ wMalene in a garret.with delirium tremens. We want to use kindness. The drunkard ia not the hardened wretch he is supposed. There are hearts inithem, and it ia dvneceasary totouch them with kind words and sym patic feeling.. He is nota_h.rd.n.d onl Dathetic feelings. n?? ?>??????? ---?. by rum. Remove the cause, and they cease to be hard ened It ia thia wonderful discovery which has been the - _r ii n aa manv to the cause. We ask the meana of bringing up so many to the cause. We ask the people to come up and help ua. We have many enemies. jkppetite?self-interest?wealth,are against ua. We want tobuild a barrier, high aa heaven, between the wine-cup and the unpolluted ifp. We want to save the bright-eyed ?Ha PAav ? And wo want you to heir ui. Look at the, the rosy , ana we warn /?? ?f,K? riti.i. ?in " i tan came to ueacon umui ? -o-' 'I?-,?-. ?aid, " you aee how I'm degraded, and pulled a bottle of spirits out of hia pocket, and said, "There is my worst enemy?would to God I could quit it." He pushed the bAtle into Deacon Grant's hand and said. ' Take it, and arte ma a pledge"?he aigned it, and said, ? So help me fiod I wfil fcMP i aa long a. I live." Now we want young men to look at this matter. I don't know It I've saidBiny thing new, and I don't know how many have come out of cdrioeltytuhearwhat the fellow has to say. I want myself and my af fairs to sink, when speaking of this glorious cause.? I am but a bubble on tba -breaker, but 1 thank that God who pilot. the bubble, that I have reason to believe ne will pilot me. Mr. Cough ?at down, . and a gentle men stated that the pamphlet'containing hia life, was for ?ale atthe counter, it dldnt seem to'.ell very well. After the circulation of the pledge, the meeting broke up Mr Cough haa any thing but a appear; ance. He haa a sort of a swaggering " one of the boy * look, which hangs <o him all through hia lecture. How he could ever have attained to the popuiarity which he haa among the temperance advocates, we are at a loss to determine rfe appears to be a man of little or no edu caUoT use. shock ng bad grammar: and if hi. lecture luteve^g. waaa fiir specimen o* hi. usual style, he is ft sneaker of little or no merit. A ?uaiot's Dxraac* ?Borne wiseacres who have aa aumed to defend the conductor the watchmen of Brooklyn in patrolling the streets like "leashed hounds,' in couples, sagaciously contend! that it ia right and proper for them solo do, aa such haa been the uniform practice in this cUy for many years. These Ingenious individual, are a portion oi the same clique who strenuously insist that, becauae thia place, when an obscure village, only re quired the employment of ten or a dozen guardlanaof the night, cannot possibly require an additional number now that it contains a' population of ne.rly 70 000 persona. They are also a part and parcel of the Selectable kidney, who, too indolent or too ignorant to ascertain the true condition of the affairs of the city, and too timid to state truly and boldly what they do know of the public evils which notoriously exist, are ever ready to censure those who are industrious in collecting facts, and who wlthotit reference to personal consequences, or mercenary end political considerations, do not hesi tate to give publicity to statements which they can nrove having a tendency to advance the interests of ths community and the of ell cU.... ^ndWon., and denomination, of people raaJdi^ I'l mits of Kings county. It is not intended by the remarks now made ,to prefer any charges against any member 'of the watch department. On the con trary, we believe that so far as they ere concerned i whether regarded Individually or collectively theTf^Ts not a more worthy or respectable set of men occupying similar stations in any other city in the United States ; end our observations must, therefore, be taken as condemning the system, not thei men I Polios Msttssi.?If tradesmen who ?n the^habit of receiving money from strangers, would make iitthisir i especial business to read.newspepers moreath"1 ??ny of i ttiem do, they would not so often be gulled bypesoors ot counterfeit hills, mock auction Ta}ar,f?^urtdav la.t , thieve, and swindlers. In the Herald of Thursday tart, ! a notice appeared under the heed of New York Police I Intelligence, cautioning persons against receiving a new and dangerous issue of spurious notes, be tens of the Ocean Bank of Newburyport. Masr Not knowing, or not regarding this notice, several ?bop keep era in Brooklyn were yesterday imposea upon by retail ers of the counterfeiU. to the aggregate P*tent or at least three hundred dollars. Such persons will. learn by the experience which they have dean, P"' chased, hereafter to look at e morning paper ere tu?7 commence their business operations for the dav. On Thursday afternoon, one of the Police Magistrates was engaged for eeveral heurt, in the investigation of a charge mSde by e Mr. Nolan, against one Jo6n T. Hil dreth. for stealing a Uve goose. The proceedings, from ! the somewhat curious nature of the accusation, were oi ; e very amusing character, which terminated in the ac I quittal of the accused from any intention to commit e A gentleman named Stevens, was very rudely end vi olently attacked in the Brooklyn market, on Thursday morning, by a person in the employ of one of the butchem, and but for the interference of some specta tors, e mrlee would have taken place that would almost certainly have been attended with very tenons conse quences Mr. Stevens amiably forgave his assailant; but we were informed lest evening that the seine person was In custody, under the charge of Dr. Pelletreu, lor having been guilty of e similar outrage upon another respectable citizen. , . . Iitcaivoiaoism is Suffolk |Cotri*TT^-We ,ere informed by Selah B. Carll, one of tho yeomen farmers of Suffolk oounty, that the stable of Mr. George Seamen, who keeps a public house at a viUsge called Canoe Ptacs. at the east end of Long Island, was set on lire on ToMday morning lest, about one o'clock, end the whole contents of the stable, consisting of hey end grain, end six herses, consumed i four belonging to Mr. Seaman, and two to Gilbert B. Miller, formerly of tho firm of Carmen Is Mil ler, at the Fulton Ferry, in this city. The fire was first discovered by Mr. Miller, who had put up JtMr. Isr man's for the night, end wm awakened from slew bythe light shining through the bed room window. He gave the alarm to the inmates of the house, and by arousing the neighbors in the vicinity, who ni.hedtoth. spot, (luckily there being two or three hogsheads fiUedwfth rain water standing around,) the hotel and out buildings i WMt.PHs*IJ^ej. Waai.-A rumor was current in Brook ly lest evening, that the body of thia gentlemen (who has been missiDg from his home since the 8th mat) hod been found deed near Flatlsnda. We took some G??ble to ascertain tho truth of this story, and are satisfied there is no good foundation for it, end that it has lated with no other view than to create ment: w'th no better purpose then to gratify tho appetite ol those who love uthe horrible, and to add still more to the painful anxiety end suspense of Mr. Webb s afflicted WD* TMioRATron of 8fo?tii?o?The Union Star cricket club, of Brooklyn, injudiciously throwing aside all pre cedents connected with esiocifttioni orjemztd for in dulgence in manly end athletic sport, have, wo under stand, resolved to resuscitate their strength, (so far as regard, pecuniary matters.) ?>y giving e bell ?? one ol thS numerous esCablishments which have been erected for such purposes, in Brooklyn, Wallabout, kc. The movement is one which ell true lovers of the noble Sme of cricket will deprecate a* inconsistent with sport r arrangements, and we sincerely regret that this respectable and renowned club should have been in duced to commit the indiscretion which they have al ready made public. We do not intend to say that balls, assemblies, end other similar entertainments, are impro per, connected with matters of a spotting cha racter : for we know how many brilliant assemblages have already taken piece during the present season in Brooklyn, which have bten attended by the beeuty, wealth and fashion of the city. Evan within the pre sent week, large parties of this description hav# congre gated at Gothic Hall, under the regit** of two splendid military companies (Captain Morrison's Columbian Rifle men taking tho decided lead), and ere a few days elapse, the cieck cavalry troop of l ong Island, undsrtho com mand of CaptainMcLeer, will give, at anotherplooo, an equally grand, imposing, and attractivo fit*. We assert, however, that dancing and sporting are decidedly en Terse sciences, and must ever remain hoe tile to eecn Chi lb Fociro.?A colored men named Prince living et No. 78 Front street, while upon Moon . dock, the ;E I The Trial of Salamander Safea cam* off yee? I terday at Vamhall Uinbo, agreeable to announcament. They were subjected to the meet interne heat dnriug the day, and will remain in the same position in the furnace until 9o;clock this morning, when they will Ire withdrawn and opened in the P.reaaace of the committee and those of the public who are dc *'roa? of witnra ing the result _ rhe Safe* tested are those of Osyler's, Rich s, and Wilder s, (or Heiring's) make. A Comment Cold and Cough.?It should be remembered thet a cough is alwayt an evidence that some impurity Ins lodged in the lungs, and which, if net speedily removed, will so irritate those delicate organs as, sooner or later, to bring on an Inflammation of the Lunge?a form of disease which we ail know is the high road to copstunptoon. Wright's Indiau Vegetable Pills aie a most delightful med:' 1 cine forcanyingoff a cold, because they expel fromthesystem. 1 ail inorb d humors, (the cause of every kind of disease) in so. casv and natural a maimer, that the body is relieved of all its suffering as il by magic. Four or five of said Indian Vegetable Pills, taken every night on going to bed, will, in a short time, i remove the moat obstinate cold. At the same time, the diges tive organs will be restored to a healthy tone, and the blooo so completely purified, that Inflammation of the Lungs, Con sumption, or any other form of disease, will be absolutely im possible. It should alse be remembered that a man, by the name of Win. M. Spear, who sella medicine purporting to be Indian Pills, at' he c irner of Race and Front street*, Philadelphia, is not an agunt of tniuc, neither can I guarantee as genuine any that he has lor aale. The oaly security against imposition, is to purchase from people of noblemisned character, or at the office and General Depot, No. m Greenwich street, N V. WILLIAM WRIGHT. nONEY MARKET. Friday, Jan. 1??8 P. M. Quotations for stock* foil off to-day a fraction. Tha account* from Europe ara of such a contradictory na ture, that oparatora hardly know what to mak# of them. I Uinoi* declined J per cent; Fermeri' Loan j ; MoiTia Canal } ; Canton Ij; Norwich and Woroeater lj. Har lem, Mohawk, and Reading Railroad closed firm at yeaterdaya pricea. Eaat Boa ton improred 1 j per cent There haa been conaiderable debate in the Board of Broken, within the paat few daya, in relation to the point* at iaauo in the Erie Railroad corner. Aa neatly all the memben hare had a "talk," the rote on the quea. tion will probably be taken tomorrow, and a final deci' aion of the matter made. Thia affair might hare been settled] the day it came up, inatead of lingering along for weeka. The committe to which it waa referred, re ported in faror ef the ahorta, and it ia expected that a de ciaion in their faror will be made by the board. A bull, deeply intereated, made a lengthy apeech to-day in faror of the receiren, which created conaiderable feeling, but it waa entirely toe penonal to giro it much weight. The deciaion i* anxioualy looked, for and^we truat it will not be delayed much longer, aa the market haa evidently been mach injured by the occurrence, and apeculatora wiah to get it out of the way and out of mind. A few more operationa of thia kind in Wall atreet would deter many outaide operator* from risking their capital in any atock a peculation*; and it therefore become* neceaaaary that a precedent ahould be eatabliahed, for the regulation of all aimilar transaction*. The Truateea of the Seamen'a Seringa Bank, of thia city hare ordered aix per cent intereat to be paid on deposits, of one thousand dollars and under, and fire per cent on sums exceeding one thousand, payable on the 20th in i stent The Chambers street Seringa Bank, Intereat at their usual rate of fire per cent on sums of less than $600, and four per cent on sums over that amount. The Bowery Savings Bank, the usual intereat of fire and four per cent aa above stated. The Bank of Kentucky, two and a half per cent paya' ble at the Bank ot America. The Lafayette Bank of Cincinnati, three percent pay able at the Bank of America, on the 20th inat. The Cumberland Bank at Bridgton, West Jersey, three per cent. The New Jersey Railroad and Transportation Co. hare declared a dividend of three and a half percent paya ble on the 2d of February. A report of the committee of the Virginia House of Delegates gives the total amount of the funds of the commonwealth at $12,749,102. This amount ia held in stock* by the State>nd its agents,and the committee add that the aggregate of funds and resources of the Com! moawealth, in nominal amount, greatly exoeed the pub lic debt They eatimate the probable receipts for the current year, ending 1st October, 1846, with the balance in the treasury, at $840,601 86; eatimated expenses same peri od, $648,986 70; leaving a probable balance in the trea sury, lat October, 1840, of $191,610 16. The Committee hare recommended a further reduction of near ten per cent on the ordinary subjects of revenue. Thia *eem* to hare been done with a view to prevent any further "un usual" appropriations. The reciipts of the Western Railroad Company for the week ending the 10th of January, hare boon a* an nexed Warraaif Rail Road. Wttk tnding Jan. 10, 1846. 1840. Passengers 4,877 6,6*4 Freight, ho 7,466 8.10* Total 12,832 18,7*7 1,406 The proposition made by the Western Railroad Company to the Worcester Company, for a unioa of the roads, ia atill a subject of discussion at every meet* ing of eithor Board. The amalgamation is very doubt ful, as the terms do not meet with much favor with th* stockholders of the Worcester. At a recent meeting of the stockholders of the Wor. cester Railroad Company, a communication was re* ceived from the Norwich and Worcester Railroad, pro posing a consolidation of that corporation with the Boston and Worcester. This proposition waa taken up, and re ferred to the directors, with instructions to decline. Wo anticipate considerable difficulty between the different railroad companies of Now England, within a very short time. There appears to be many canaes of complaint against the Worcester Railroad, by the lines running into it At a meeting of the stockholders ot the Wes tirn Railroad, held a lew days since, a series of resolu tions were presented, instructing the directors to petition the Legislature for an independent line into Boston; I which were referred to a committee of seven. It was also .stated that the Worcester Company had, during the past ye*kr> charged the Norwich road but forty cants per ' pasienger, while the Western road was charged over , one dollar per passenger. Tha President of the Wor : cester railroad, in.'"Ply to this assertion, makes thefol. lowing statement " 8u far from there boiita* ,B7 foundation for thia charge of apparent favoritism to tha Norwich road, at the ex pense of tho Western, the Boa (*D *?d Worcester road ! derives irom all passengers prOb**"11? ?r from the Norwich road, precisely the same emolument aa it re ceive* from those which travel on the Woroeater road alone?and twelve per cent more than it Receives from those which proceed over the latter, to o." the Western road-with the exception of the Nov" Tork pasaengars only. '? The Boston and Worcester reed pays over, and ha* uniformly paid to th* Western read twelve per cent, (and until recently 16{ per cent) of its receipt* for nao^ sengera, brought from or carried to that read. Itkas never paid to the Norwich road a cent of receipts from passenger*, to or from that road, arising from the trans port on th* Worcester road. " On all New Yoik passengers, th* Beaton and Wor cester road receives the same compensation per mile, a* the Norwich iced with tha exception of a difference of 61 per cent, which ia allowed on this class of passe near* alone, in consideration of the eat aordinary expenditure of that road, for extending it to Allen's point, for th* ex clusive accommodation or the New York travel. It must be well understood by evt-ry one who knowe anything of the concerns of th* New York lines, that the Norwich and Worcester line has never reduced its fare below a remunerating rat* except in *>lf defence ; and that id doing to, their object ia to prevent e perna nent diversion oT the travel to the other routes, by qui etly allowing them a monopoly, which, if not resisted' would enable them to perpetuate th* low rates of which complaint is made. The reduction ia, of course, net mad* for the benefit of the Norwich road, aine* that company reoeives no part of it, but, on th* contrary, makes a corresponding reduction. How does this give the Western road any claim to a reduction on passengers going to that road whli* that company receives on ita own road a third mora per mil*, from each passenger, than th* Worces > tor road received from th* same 7 The finances of New Jersey appear to be ia a very 4 favorable condition. Finance* or New Jeasuv, 1846 aud 1846. Balance in the treasury on th* 18th of Fe bruary, 184S $6,098,04 Received from all sources, including a spe cial loan of 20,000 dollars 120,898,48 $182,492,68 The disbursements during th* same period, including 16,000 dollar* of th* special loan P?id $127,218,62 $6,278,08 Leaving a balance la tha treasury, January , 10. 1(148, of Tha estimated receipts for tho next fiscal year are. 8168 786 6a Eatimated expenditures 62,464,00 Balance over ordinary expenses 886 887*7 Deduct balance of apocial loan.. . 6,000 00 1 Probable amount of State tax due and uncollected on tho lat Janue *7- 184* 20,000,00 896,000,00 Balance to meat extraordinary expanse*. . , $70 $84 07 New Jersey ia on* ef thoa* State* fortunate enough to havo escaped the general mania of 1889 and 1987 ; ita debt la trifling, and wholly of a domestic character A surplus like that eatimated for jtho present fiscal year will give tha State a fund to meat any extraordinary expanse* that may arise. Wa annex a statement, exhibiting^* quantity of cor tain articles exported from this pott in tho three past