Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 21, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 21, 1846 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. NEW YORK, SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 21, 1846. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BEMKTT, Proprietor. Circulation...Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day rnee t end per copy? rfflHIlw of all kiade exeeuted with beauty and dae All letter* or eocnmuaieetioni, by mail, ad dree*ed to the establishment, maat be poet paid, or the poetage will be Cdncted from the T. rroprietcr or the opneU-r d " Nxrtnweet eoreer efKilto* nod Now Took Hihlild &tui shmxwv " Nassau streets DESCENT ON COUNTERFEITERS. rpHE NATIONAL POLICE GAZETTE, of February 1, will contiin, soions it* other deeply iutererting arti e'en, a c ?uunu.tiou of the ihnlliu* original sketch of Ltman Parkci, the renowucd counterfeiter, with a splendid de?eri,> ure 1 nnr-tTiiiR. ret relenting tlx deaoeot of the police upon the den at Newark. , Hurible Developments in rulatioa to Rested, with a deve opinrnt of (lie mytteriet <f her O-i'eolha, 111 Greenwich ?t., by a scientific medical cliuique of ibis city. This startling np< snre embraces the case* of seven! wretched victims, some of w:iotn ere etill residing in her h lose. Conelu.ion of the trial of Madame Cottello and Charles Ma son. for procuring tbunion; and tlieir sentence and departure to the Penitentiary; with a chapter On iho practices of abor tinaisti: ?rial of" Copid,"tha pickpocket. for a robbery of $14,00t. -rationation of the singular life of George Bariagton. Deeply in?e ret ting Criminal Intelligence, eonsietieg of seve ral reoent crimes of magnitude, end the strange coefes- ion of a young girl, who murdered hrr benefactress for a five pound note. Arrest of the Counterfeiters at University place, with a fall account of their cs tensive secret transactions Extraordinary ditclotmes in the " Hell" of Montreal. Grant, the fugitive Hartford Forger, wi.h the pretest of the " National Police Gazette." against the political papers. New Orleans correapoudenre, relating the recent exploits of the pickpockets Billy Fish, Bob Pinkerton, Jack Roach, the "Sheeny," Bill Hendricks, Bill Curtis, Bill Wallace, and Tom Perry. Developments in relation to recent proceedings of the re ceiver* ofbtolen goods. Contemplated movements in the Legislature, in rerard to pawnbrokers. With an unusual list of seductions, murders, "^riee IIVK^KNTlWor tale ut the office, No. IT Centre (treet, and by nil the respectable, intelligent, enterprising and Int-llcciual news agents in the conutry. <11 It'mc NOW READY, NUMBER TWO MORRIS'S NATIONAL PRESS. a JOURNAL rou HOME. THE SECOND NUMBER of thia new, beautiful 1 y and superior FAMILY NEWSPAPER, is now readt. The contents are Ireah, original and neval?full of in term and value?and the whole style and manner of the jour nal. such as to entitle it to universal support. Terms only two dollar* per annum. Single numbers a1* cents. Apply to BURtiEIU, STRINGER It CO.. Wholesale Agents. 2U b roadway, Il0tti?*r Center of Ann street. "STRIKER'S SOLUTION FOR THE HAIR, YI7HICH will change grey hair to ita original color in a few vT minutes. Those who denbt i'a virtues, arc requested to have their hair changed before paying their money. If bum bags would take thia method there would be no reason to com plain. Gentlemen can have their whiskes and hair changed to any color or shade in a few minates- Private rooms for chang ing the hair. None genuine unless signed " H. Strike;," in rrd sc. One trial will prove the fact. Sold wholesale and retail, aud applied at No 5 CHATH AM STREET, opposite the Ha 1 or Records, New Yoik, up stair*. ItO lm'ir THOMAS BATE, (arriving partner of the Urn of Thomas A It James Bate, Needle, Fish Hook and Fishing Tackle Mannfactnrers. Red ditch, England, and MB Maiden lane. New York.ha* thia day associated" with him as co-partner, THOS. HENRY BATE, and in fa tare the business will be conducted under the firm of THOMAS k THOMAS H. BATE. THOMAS BATE. THOMAS HENRY BATE, ltt Maiden lane, near Pearl street, np stairs, ew York. Jan. 5. ISM. <4>m*m WINDOW SHADES, TASSELS, CORD, Sec. QN MONDAY NEXT, (Feb. 9th,) tli* subscrsber will 0PNo.58 Chatham Street, Hew York, One door front the corner of Chambers, a new, extensive, and crand assortment of TRANSPARENT WINDOW SHADES; Consisting of every variety ef patters, end quality, to be found either in Europe or America. Prieea we will not moot ion; bat' rom our facilities for manufacturing as well aa for import lag, we think we can aafely defy competition with the woaix. A good aaaortment of Taaaela, Cord, Itc., will be kept ""whotoaale and retail pnrehaaera are reapectfully invited to .all and examine for DUNCMR fc BuOKEr. New York. Feb. 7th, IMA "S '??*?> l.'O LEND ON BOND AND MORTAGE?The abewe A aume oilmoney, on rood productive real estate in thia eity or Brooklyn. Apply to S ABROAD, No. 11 Wall at. in the office of Peareek Co. basement . _ '^R^^TweU dSTSS. of land 11 o'clock, or be twaan t and 4 nVlwckP M i? Imfe WRAPPING FAJPBK EAAA REAMS Cap. Crown and Double Crown reg and DUW atraw wrapping BROOKS. * f IS imr 64 and >7 Naaaau street. TO THE LADIES?TO THE LADIES. Y AD1EM having any superfluous or east off Clothing to die L poae of, (either Ladies or Gentlemen) can obtain a [air cash price for the same, by sending for the subscriber, at her .aaidenee, No. ?TCe aueet, bmmncnt^ ^ g cQHEN N. B.?Gentlemen's Clothing and Furniture alsoboa^Kby All letters through the Poet Office will he attended to. j?15 Im'mc !bAJUL DRESSES FIFTY PER CENT UNDER THE COST OF IMPORTATION. i to tha ladies, DETER ROBERTS respeetfally i ?i ,. r that having purchased largely at auctiou, he is enabled to olfcr a magnificent if lection 01 Ball and Etwiul Dreaaca at the abeve tremendous tedaetMW. Ha else calls attention to a quantity of Embroidered Cellars, Chemisettes, he. slightly ?oiled, which are selling at less than ene-third the original piice. The remainder of the stock of Wlater Hosiery is ol tired at eqnslly low prices, and on inspection it is believeu will be (bind cheaper than any in the city. NO. ?7I BROADWAY. 4* FREIGHT FOR PENSACOLA. New Aonrr'e Ovricu, I New Yon*. February 4. IMA J . SEALED PROPOSALS will be reerived at this office nuti Thursday, the 4th of March next, it 1 o dock. P-M., fur the Transportation ol about 140# Barrels in bulk, mom thi Navy Yard, at Brooklyn, to the Navy Yard, at recsacola, Flu Five and one hall euMe feet of measurement gr-J., and thirl? gallon! to the snifn oil not naually called brr rels, will be considered as barrels, wtmther wet or dry. No primage wUl be allowed. Biddera wiU please state their price t PROSPER M. WF.TMOHB. PA YTON'8 SUGAR COATED BLENNORRHEA LOZENGES?A pleasant, safe, sod effectual remedy for all diseaacs of the urinary and ganital orgaoa. souorrhcaa, seminal we&kaaM, ke Price V7H cents; wanyteJ to cure in a few days. For sale at Messrs. Fahoetlock a k Co., 49 John atreet; and 77 Niuth Avaane, and by Druggists generally. Ian lm*T /-VEORGIA LUMBER COMPANY NOTES Wanted el U three quarters par cent discount, by D. R- PACK, jll lm*rc 11 Wall atreet. Uf. BLACK BALL, OR OLD LINfc OF LIVeR POOL PACKKTiI FOR LlVERPOOL.-Only ra JBmUw inlar packet of the 1st March, the?*w,munificent anecelcbriucd fast sailing favorite packet ship MONTEZU MA. burthen 114# toaa, Capt A. B. Lowber, will sail positively on Monday, the id March. It it well known thatlhe aeeom moditiona of the.Monteiunu aie fitted out in a moat super# and costlv nmnntr, with every modem improvement and conveni ence, that cannot but add to the comfort of those embarking Persons visiting the old eonntry, or sanding for their Irvads. should eall and see this splaadid specimen of naval architec ture, before engaging elsewhere. Fur passage in cabin, second cabin and steerage, early application should bo made ou board, foot ol Beekman atreet or to the subscribers, ROCHE, BROTHERS* GO_ 34 Fulton street, (next door to the Fnlton Bank ) T. 8 ?The Cambridge tails from Liverpool oa the 1st April; Monti turns, i6ih April; Fidalia, 1st May; Enrope, 16th May. Parsons tending for tneir frnmds, and forwarding the passage certificate by the Royal Mail sleamar Cambria, sailing from Boatou on the 1st of March, will have plenty ol time to come oat in (he Cambridge, or in any of the eight packeta of the " Black Ball Line.' sailing from Liverpool oa ihe 1st and 16th of every mouth. For passage apply aa above . NOTICE?The public are respectfully notified by deeire of th-ownera of the " Buck Ball, or Old Line of Liverpool r.ekau,'' that no peseenaer Agents but ROCHE, BKOTH EK4 k CO., have ptimiisiou from them to advertise to bring cut passengers by that line, and that they are the only?autho. nrsd pati-nger agents of said line m this city. lilt jHA. ""WioLuWCir jSBt 131 r 46 rrouth ?t. TAP?COTT? GENERAL EMIGRATION JftWW OFFICES, 74 South street, corner of Maiden Late, SIQANsn York, and 96 Waterloo Road, Liverpool. . TiTiSus Wishing to secure passage for their friends from Li Yarrool. Hurmt tha eoaiii araaon,la tns New Lib* of Lirer Po,fi packets, am reipeclfnlly informed by the stibaerihe-s that the nndermantioiied magnificent and (ayerite packet ships will ml from Liverpeol positively as advsnisad; in any of ?h ch Daasiire can bo engaged on the moat reasonable Mima. Tnd every neeuitirv measure will be ueed to have these whom pssa'ge miv be engaged on thm side oftk# AtHn.lC, the'Mb ^ Uh do' Xf h WingieT Is route packets, render any rtmarka nnn^?T .^and^ jha'rjic cairrmodatioua for cabin, aerond cabre and v***!********"} snrpsaa thoaa of any other line. To secure peasage, end fo further particulars, apply to ^ fc y T XAPBCOTT. 74 Sonth street, earner cf Maiden lane. N. B -W k J. T. T . mpplr Dmfta, f<>' "7 amount, payable throughout Great Britain and Ireland. I?l *111 Line?Regular or fast sailing burthen, Capt. wW 17 South street, The*p?e5e''t?*'r Hottieguer, I6M tout, Captain Ire Buraley, wil' succeed the Recimaur, ?ed aeil oa the list of March. 4 J| f F?'M (loAStiOW.?Rvgeiar Peeket ?T>_e_weH jm^kaown. feet sailing British hark ADAM C#RR. .446 nyfgois, Hugh McEwen, master, will meet with quick TTrlJtcrr Fur imghtor paeeage, having excellent accommo sr-?"""'^ssBiBLttaiifftiBi.scai"; The A I British bark Ana Hex lay, Capt. Robt Scott, will ..eeeed the Adam Can. HI DaHMER?' and MILl- 58' BANK, Hageratowu, Md] AFFAIRS IW BUROFB. Our Relations with England. AODITIOIIAL EXTRACTS From tbe Foreign Papete received at the OAce of the New York Herald. The Policy of France and England towarJi the United States?Opinion* of the Press. THE OKKQOt QUESTION. [From th? London Chronicls, February 3 J In another part of our columns will be Found the debate in Congress on the Oregon question. We grieve to see that the speakers tor the most part abate no whit ot their pretensions?" their voice is still lor war;" or it any ot the orators gives voice to opinions ot a more pacitic turn, it is simply done in lavor of the position, that giving the year's notice required by the treaty, cannot be considered by Great Britain as tantamount to a declaration of war. In this case it would seem that the whole onus ot violating the peace of the world is to be thrown on England; that is, the United States are to be allowed to take lrom us by legerdemain, in the course of a few years, what we refuse to con cede to direct violence We greatly tear that the gentlemen who hold this opinion at Washington de ceive themselves?it is necessary lor the peace ot the world that this bone of contention should at once be removed, and an end be put to a state ot constant apprehension, which would derange all the calculations of commerce, and in tact deprive us ot the most important advantages ot peace. In the opinion expressed by Mr. Yancy, that peace has i given to America the territory ot Oregon, and that it could only be lost by war, we, in great measure, agree; tor had this point been mooted in 1841, we believe that not above 200 or 300 citizens of the U. States would have been found in the Oregon terri tory; they are now to be numbered by thousands. It would seem, on the whole, that the resolution for giving the notice is likely to pass the House of Rep resentatives; but this is not to be considered as fi nal, for it must be upon the decision ot the Senate that the Question will ultimately depend. Now, when we hnd the voices in that Senate calculated as 27 for the notice, 28 against, 3 doubtful, there is nothing very consoling in the prospect It is diffi cult, very difficult indeed, to imagine upon what basis the calculations of American statesmen are founded, what opinion they can have of the strength and resources of their own country, what of the powers of England. If all questions ot justice, of right, and of title are to be cast aside, and the cal culation on either side is to be reduced Bimply to this, which of the two nations has the most effectualj means to trample down the pretensions of the other by brute force, we tear that the citizens of the United States greatly deceive themselves as to their power either to resist attack or to carry on an oflen sive war, in any way which will be proportionate to the evils which must of necessity accrue from it to themselves. The result of the most successful war would be ta retard their progress by a quarter of a century at least. As for the other contingency, we as Englishmen, are sorry to have even to consider the fearful consequences to the Uuited States that must of necessity ensue. Upon what, in tact, can they rely I The north, the south, and the west have already distinct and opposing interests; a servile war is smouldering in the heart of their country; it requires but the rpark to be laid to the train, to pro duce a desolation so wide-spread that the mind shrinks from contemplating the result. navy (assuming it tofbe as efficient as our own, as far as it goes) is so vastly outnumbered by the ships com posing our squadrons, that it seems an insult to the understanding to suppose any but one result. Again, if they deprive us ot their cotton lor a period, it has been pretty well demonstrated that in the end our East Indian possessions can yield us the needful supply; and thus the citizens of the United States, tor the sake ot a few miles of sea-coast,more or less, will have deprived themselves tor ever of one of the most fertile sources of their wealth; for the trade, once turned into another channel, will re turn to them no more. Are they now scheming to fix themselves in California 1?to extend their pow er ovar Mexico 1 But if they come unsuccessful out of the contest, all plans of this sort must be post poned lor another hundred years. Or is it their hope to stir up interneciae war in Europe, under the idea that once having dragged France into the contest, they will be left to play their came in peace on the other side ot the Atlantic 1 Now if tKia bc the calculation at Washington, we can but say that alter thirty years' peace, coolly to speculate on em oroiling tne great nations of the world together, in order that the party so doing may commit an act of injuatice, would be a piece of political atrocity so heinous, that Bince the partition of Poland there would be nothing like it in histoiy. There are many reasons, however, which would lead us to that such a calculation would be ill-founded. The policy of France, according to the declaration ot M Guizot, would be strict neutrality; nor would it be difficult in any event to arrange matters so that the vtsata <p?rttio of neutrals might be set at rest forever. It is but a slender thread to hang the des tinies of a country upon to suppose that it Enghuin were to be compelled to choose between settling these rights on a footing satisfactory to France, and having her as an open enemy, that she would chose the latter alternative. The reason given by M. Gnizot tor hie emphatic ueclaration ol neutrality, is such as to entitle him to the gratitude of the civil ized world. It is, to strengthen the hands ot the peace party in America?as for England, he affirms, and with reason, that she is anxious to preserve peace, and to make every possible concession. The debate in the French Chamber will, we ap prebend, have great weight at Washington. It is a solemn declaration at a solemn period. The chiet I importance ot M. Berryer'a speech was that it drew this declaration from M. Guizot?for, the general question ot the policy ot the balance of power in America had been argued between MM. Thiers and Guizot last week. M. Thiers being in op position, naturally opposed what he knew would be the views ot the Minister, and M. Berryer, from other motives of a party nature, has fol lowed on the same s?de. We dsprece.te this dis cussion otthe rights of neutrals at the present state ot the negotiations; the discussion might call up ili feeling, and ia not likely, tor all we can see, to be attended with much practical good. It is, we be lieve, difficult to rate too highly the importance of M. Guizot's declaration; for now it would seem to require more than American ingenuity to set France and England in hostile array against each other. Whatever the decision may be, the United States : will have to carry it out themselves, and cope with us single-handed, if it be a hostile one. Thx Closino Speech or M. Guizot in tub French Chambers, Jan. 31.?M Berryer declared that what he had said he had read in the despatches. The English minister had said that if the Texan Congress voted for annexation it would be regarded as a casus MIL It had appeared to lnm (M. Berry er) that France took on herself the responsibility of such power. . . . The Minister of Foreign Attaires replied in the negative. There was no question but ot a threat on the part of Mexico. In a despatch of which the English envoy was the bearer, Mexico spoke of a war with the United Slates as possible; but an en voy was in no way a guaranty for the despatches he might carry. Besides, there was nothing in it which concerned France. She had never used any threat ol war (approbation in the centre.) There was a third errot to which he would now al lude, which consisted in saying that the govern ment had not been sincere; that in order to prevent annexation, it had aaid that it it took place it would afterwards protest. That had never been said. It had been insinuated to the United States; but the French minister had given itatormal contradiction, and declared that if the annexation took place with the consent of Texas, Francs would not object. The correctness of this would be proved by a despatch lrom Mr. Calhoun, which he (the mi nister) could lay before the chamber. Alter cor recting these different errors, he sheuld allude to the amendment itself, and remark, in the first place, that it alluded to no actual tact; war between the United States and England waa an hypothesis and a very improbable one, and that waa admitted by the honorable deputy himself, and his amendment waa consequently nothing more than a reserve made in view of such an hypothesis, and aa such was useless. No one could have believed that if a con flict should take place, France would abandon her maxima on the freedom of the ocean and (he law of neutrality. No one could ever think that, and the government leaa than any one. Whatever may happen, the government will never change its poli cy?the maxims of France. On this point it was as decided and convinced as possible, [approba tion I When he declared from that tribune lhat they should preserve neutrality he wished to aay two things?to say that they should not engage ia the war, and that they should protect the law of neu trality; and without those two conditions neutrality could not exist. Thus, then, the hypothesis of war waa improbable, and reserve useless. His reasons for proclaiming beforehand the neutrality, of France ware twofold. The first was, that be .thought if a war broke out, the policy ol neutrality would be more difficult to establish in the midst ol thn exult ed feelings which might have been raised?[appro bation.] He bad acted beforehand, in order to be sure of hit* fact?[renewed marks of approbation.] Ilia second reason was still more serious; it was, thai a declaration of neutrality thus made before hand, was a means.of presenting peace?a means oi weighing on the deliberations of the two people. There were people in both countries who endeuvored to keep up illusions with regard to France. For in stance,he knew there were some who say to the Uni ted States, "What do you fear ! Let the war once break out, France will range herself on your side." He was very certain there were some who used such language as that; and there were others who said to England, " Do not be uneasy?France is weak, and complaisant to aid you ; when war 1 breaks out she will unite herself to you." (Laugh ter.) He was anxions beforehand to give a contra diction to these two statements. He wished to say that France would neither take part with England or with the United States. He was su'e that this declaration would have a weight in the balance, particularly to the United State*; and the reason was this?England wished to preserve peace, and she would malte every possible concession. There was, therefore, no occasion for anything to weigh with that power; but it was not the same with Ame rica. There was in that country a very powerful party who wished for war, and another in favor of peace; and he was anxious that the declaration of neutrality he had made should give strength to the peace party in America. Such were the motives of their system of neutrality, Hnd such were the rea sons why he had thus expressed them beforehand. This policy of neutrality had its conditions, and it was necessary that the government which pro claimed it should be really neutral beforehand. "Be certain," said the honorable minister in conclusion, "that an attempt will be made to draw from you some expression which will deviate from strict neu trality. Beware, therefore. Do not allow your selves tod>e led astray. Convinced as I am that neutrality is most advisable for the interests of France, 1 conjure the chamber not to be induced to consent to uny act which may compromise prema turely the policy of neutrality which I recommend. This is the reason why I reject the amendment."? (Applause.; JMrom the London Time*, Jan. 3d ] The convbrsation which took place in the House of Commons on Friday night, respecting the < >regon question, was eminently satisfactory, as evincing the unanimous desire ol all parties to maintain peace with the United States, but their no less unanimous determination that the peace so maintained should be consistent with the dignity of a great country, and rest upon the solid foundations of equity and self-respect. The regret expressed by the Premier at a seeming precipitancy on the part of Mr. Paken ham proves how Bincere is the wish of the govern ment that no undue occasion of offence, no casual cause _ for war, be offered by this country to the AIn?5ric.a,n ftePub'ie; while the unusual heartiness of Mr. Hume, the accordant cheers of the I louse, and the concurrent approbation of the opposition members in affirming the propriety of inereasiii" our military resources, are no less demonstrative of the tone and temper with which an unjust aggres sion will be confronted, and an involuntary war will be prosecuted. With regard to the alleged indis cretion of Mr. Pakenham, it seems to us that he has sinned rather against the forms of diplomatic etiquette than the spirit and interest of a diplomatic commis sion. It appears that the last proposal submitted to hira by Mr. Buchanan, viz: a division of the territo ry?he rejected at once. Now it is urged that he should have communicated with the home govern ment before he took so summary a course. It would require a fuller acquaintance with die circumstances of the case than is afforded 'by Sir It. Peel's expla nation to pronounce positively upon the propriety of his conduct. If by the term "fliviaion" be under stood a division formed by a line continued from die forty-ninth parallel, we can understand the motives which forced him to reject the of fer. This partition of territory would have deprived us of the Columbia river; in fact, of the most essential property?the only bene ficial interest in the disputed country. Excluding this, it excluded not only the most important part of our claims, bat that which previous conventions and previous proposals had conceded to us. It would have been impossible for any English Cabinet to ac cept offers so humiliating, or rights so truncated.? But would it not have bsen more prudent to wait for the answer of the Home Government, in order that upon it future negotiations might be based I? This is not self-evident. If the Home Government could return Put one answer to suvii a ral.r.nM the very answer In laet, which was given by our Minister atWashington?we do not see, prima facie, what good could have resulted from the delay. But if, in addition to this, it should be made clear that pending these negotiations, or previous to them, the President's Message to the Senate had developed ihe policy of the Washington Cabinet, then Mr. Pakenham's decision must, we think, be pronoune ed not oaly not precipitate, but natural, reasona ble, and worthy of his position; for be it remem bered, that Mr. Buchanan's proffers were on the most attenuated scale. Hs receded considerably from the terms of his predecessors. He offered to the British Minister far less than was rejected by a British Minister when Mr. Adams was President of the republic. And if, niter such an otfer, the latter had deliberated?if he had delayed?if he had even professed a willingness to consult his Government at home an to the expediency of accepting conditions which he must at the time have known to be dero gatory to the just rights of his country, it requires little more than a knowledge of the transactions of the last few years to aver that such an hesitation would have been followed by counter claims more ambitious and aggressive than before. If Mr Paken ham had betrayed an undecided or doubtful mind when called upon to cede the navigation of the Co lumbia and the rich soil upon its banks, what would have been said hy the politicians of the United States, by the mob constituencies, by the mob Bat terers, by the panderers to bad passions, and the tun tors lor popular favor 1 ? ? ? * ? We believe Mr. Pakenham has acted as he ought to hava acted on such an emergency Even if he has erred, much allowance should be made for the errors of one whose every word and deed is scrutinized with the most critical minnteness of jealousy?wha has no other support than his own self reliance?and the exigencies of whose position demand from him a directness and promptitude of action inconsistent with appeals to distant authority and remote coun sel. bach allowance should be made for the errors of every diplomatist. It should, therefore, be made for any which Mr. Pakenhapi may have committed. But it is not clear to us that he has committed any. It is not, however, by the tactics of diplomacy or the wisdom of statesmanship alone tnat a great question like this can be settled. The day is gone by when the Monarch in his palace, or the Minister in his chamber, could embroil the nations of the world in war, or bind them again in amity. ? ? ? ? ? The time may come when an unseasonable joke, a sarcastic allusion, or any other trifle, may spur great kingdoms or republics into mad and sanguinary hostilities. A war is proverbially popular at the commencement. The war of 1703 was a popular war. The Spanish war was popular. The French war in 1761 was popular. The French revolutionary war was popular. All were popular in the com mencement. A war now would be popular. A generation haa grown up to whom it is known only by its traditional and remote glo ries, not by its present horrors. The idle look to it for excitement, the enterprising end ambi tious for employment and promotion, the specula tive as the means of acquiring equivocal wealth: all?but a few?would be pleased with it as a glit tering pageant, of which they netther knew nor reeked the eost. But strange to say, a soar with America would be the very farthest from being urn popular. Not with the courtiers of " an ancient monarchy"?not with the scions of " a proud aris tocracy"?not with the jobbers and contractors? not with these alone would an American war be a desirable consummation or an applauded policy, ' but also with men of another race, another stamp, ! other views, and other prepossessions. It is not the aristocratic sentiment of birth, or association, that i is offended at American pretensions and longs for the opportunity of nn American conflict It is the ! still more aristocratic hautenr of literary feeling or philosophical thought that is disgusted by the sup posed grossness of the American mind and the ap parent graspings of American ambition. It would be not among tories nor men or wealth that yon would find the warmest advocates of such a war. It would be amongst men of liberal views, of disci plined minds, of intellects refined by thought into the most repulsive fastidiousness, that you would , recruit the supporters oi such a policy. The man who has taught himself to believe a regal govern ment an unnecessary luxury, and the crown an ex pensive metaphor?whose whole soul is wrapt up in visions of iaeal freedom?such an one looas with loathing on a polity corrupted in all its ehannels with the fouleet venality. The more sober, but not leas bold admirer of practical liberty shrinks with disgust from the contemplation of n republic which belies its high pretensions by the vindication of sla very and the toleration of Lynch law. The man who, in England, is the firm and fierce asierter of popular rights?who is sprung from the masses ot the people and identified with their privi ??<> far from gazing with distant admira tion on that model state which men of his own kith and kin have fashioned into a condition con formable with prescriptive notions of political equal ity?he turns with indignant scorn from the incon sistency of imperial pretensions advanced by a de mocratic cabinet, and re-echoed by a vast populace in a nasal jargon compounded at once of bad gram mar and worse principle. No: it would be not hard thing to find in England mai _ . _ many a supporter of an anti-American policy even in classes proverbi ally attached to peace and retrenchment. Let not the American Government rely too confidently on the reluctance of England to engage in war. The English Ministry and the English people know too well the position of this country among nations to seek the occasion of an unnecessary rupture. The acquisitions of past successes, and the undying fame of ancient struggles, are snlficient equally tor our pride and our our ambition. We feel that there is a nobler field open to us even than that of arms; that there are other victories purer than those of war. We would avoid a conflict with any people, but es pecially with those who are bone of our bone and tlesk of our flesh. Yet, let them know that our love of peace springs from principle, not from fear; and that if, unmindful of a great t'uty, and careless of a great crime, they reject the peaceful and bloodless arbitration which we have now proposed, for an appeal to the sword?that we take up the gage fully prepared to go through the trial without waver ana without apprehension of the result. The mise ries produced by such a decision would be infinite, the sin of provokiDg them enormous; but the sin and tta penalties would rebound on those whose ambition suggested, or whose weakness acquiesced in. the abandonment of more honest and more mo derate counsels. The American Minister at Paris* Legation or the United State!, ) Faeis, January 4, 1846. j Sib:?I have the honor to call the attention of your Excellency to the following paragraph from the London Timri, ot the let instant: ? "Mr. Calhoun and Mr. King stated in their official cor reapondence, with an aieurance that haa never beon equalled, that they received irom the King of the French n pledge that France would offer no opposition to the work they had in hand. That statement was utterly falie ; for, although France, like England, did not con ceive that her interest in the province or State of Texae was sufficiently strong to justify a declaration of war gainst the aggressor, she did (protest, as energeti cally as England, against the violation of those princi ples which are the Basis and the safeguard of interna tional relations." Upon the decency of such language, so applied, or of the taste which tolerates it, it is not iby purpose to ani madvert. This is not the first time that the veracity of my despatches, and of those of the late distinguished Se cretary of State of the United States, has been assailed in the same quarter in terms of gross outrage. I would continue to tieat such calumnies with the contempt they deserve, did they not receive some sanction from their re-publication in the Journal dtt Debats of this morning, a paper which, if not official, is, from its cha racter and relations, stamped with a certain degree of authority. The respect which 1 owe to myself, and still more that which is due to my government, will not jns tify me in permitting such charges, thus persisted in, and thus re-produced, to pass any longer uncontradict ed. The courtesies of private life, not to speak ol those due to public station, must not be violated with con tinued impunity. Your Excellency will perceive that Mr. Calhoun's published despatch of the lv'th of August, 1844, which is obviously referred to in the paragraph copied by the Journal its Drbals, is egregiously perverted, so that the charge of audacious faaaliood, with which that eminent statesman aud myself are so coarsely stigmatised, rests, to say the least, upon a rash misstatement. Noticing, in a summary way, the information of my having received satisfactory assurances that, though preferring the independence of Texas,in no event would the French Government take steps in the slightest do groe hostile, or which would give to tha United States just cause of complaint, the despatch referred to con tains the following language : ? "I have laid your despatch,No. 1, before the President, who instructs me to make known to you that he has read it with much pleasure, especially the portion which re lates to your cordial reception by the King, and his ar suranco of friendly feelings towards the United States. The President, in particular, highly appreciates the de claration of the King, that in no event any steps would be taken by his Government in the slightest degree hos tile, or which would give to the United States just cause ot complaint. It was the more gratifying from the fact, that our previous ioformation was calculated to make the impression that the Government of France was pre pared to unite with Great Britain in a joint protest against the annexation of Texas, and a joint effort to in duce our Government to withdraw the proposition to an nex, on condition that Mexico should be made to ac knowledge faer independence. 11a is happy to infer from your despatch that the information, as tar as it relates to France, is, in all probability, without foundation." To the joint eff ort to induce Texas to withdraw her ( reposition to annex, my despatch had not alluded, and I in IIWl ????!? iUlt ID J pSMMiet, JvUh .? ???!...> the annexation of Texas, haa ever been presented to the American Government. A little further on the preference entertained by the French uovernment for the continued independence of Texas is alluded to in these terms : ? "You are right in making the distinction between the interest of France and England in reference to Texas, or rather, I would say, the apparent interests of the two countries. France cannot possibly have any other than commercial interests in desiring to see her preserve her separate independence, while it is certain that England looks beyond, to politica](interests, to which she appa rently attaches much importance." This despatch has uow been befere the public for more than a year, and although the subject of it has been re ferred to in conversations with your Excellency, and has been discussed in the Chambers, when, if my memo ry serves me wall, both the concerted action and the conjectured protest were disclaimed, I have never re ceived the slightest intimation from the French Govern ment that its statements were questioned. The positive Allegations of the paragraph I have quoted, conveyed in language of characteristic coarseness, which should not lightly l>e applied to men who have in eminent and re sponsible stations long possessed the confidence of their govemmont and country, having been onspicuously reproduced in a leading ministerial paper, under the eye of the Kronch Government, to remain silent any longer were to manifest an unworthy indifference to private re putation as well as public consideration. The foimer has never before bean assailed : when the latter can be with impunity, I can no longer serve my country with honor and advantage. t feel it my duty then, before giving a public contra diction to these charges, at once to requsst your Excel lency to enable me to state, that they have not, in the slightest degree, the authority or sanction of the French Government. Whatever feeling may have been excited by recent political transactions, I cannot but persuade myself that it will give your Excellency great pleasure promptly to exonerate from such unworthy accusations a distinguished citizen, who has occupied tha most emi nent stations, including that of Vice Prosident of the United States, as well as him who has the honor to be their representative near His Majesty the King of the French. I avail myself of this occasion to renew to your Excel lency the assurance of my high consideration. WM. R. KINO. His Excellency M. Ouizot, y M. Guizi Minister of Foreign Affairs. ft sanitation J Dtpastment or Foaainit Arraiss Cabinet. (Private.) Sir,?I have received the letter which you did me the honor to write to me on the 4th of this month, end I hasten to reply to it The Journal its Dibats is not in any manner the organ of the Government of the King, which cannot, and should not, be considered responsible for what is published therein, whether for articles ema nating from thst journal itself or those borrowed from foreign journals. I aJd, that, in regard to the question of Texas, at the same time that the Government of the King has pursued tha coarse which seemed to it in con formity with the views of a wise policy and the interests ef France, it has never had, as you have already re oeived tha assurance, the intention to do anything hos tile to the United States, or which might give to them a just subject of complaint. I take pleasure in repeating it to you. Receive, I pray you, sir, the renewed assurances of my high consideration. Paris, Jan. 9. ? GUIZOT. Leoation or the United States, Pabis, Jan. 9, 1846. Sir,?I have the honor to acknowledge your Excel lency's note of this morning. My letter was not written upon the assumption that the Journal its Dtbats " wee the organ of the Government of hit Majesty," although, ia the very article copied, that journal is qualified as the "principal organ of the French Government." Its ob ject, as stated, was to viudieate ray reputation, public and private, as grossly assailed under the vary aye of the Frerich Government, in a place and form which dei gave to the calumny a certain degree of authority be fore the world. I presume, therefore, that in marking your note " private" (pariiculitt), it is not intended by your Excellency that it is not to be used by ma in any manner which I might think proper to attain that and. 1 avail myself of this oeeasion to renew to your Ex cellency the assurance of my high consideration WM R. KINO. His Excellency M. Ocizot, Minister of Foreign Affairs The Isthmus or Suez.?The Const ilutionntl men tions that an Armenian company lately conceived the idea of establishing coaches to run between Cai ro and Suet, I n opposition to thoae of the English company, which has hitherto monopolized the pas sage across the Desert, "charging such mor on ous prices that none but the rich could avail them selves of that mode of travelling." It appears that the Egyptian government was pleased at the pros pect of the reduction of the tares to one-half, (which the Armenian company undertook to do,) and was upon the point of authorizing its establishment, when the English company objected, upon the ground that it had a right to the monopoly, and could not lawfully be dispossessed of it. The Ar menian house denies this, and has applied to tho Consul of France to support its claim. The mer chants of Cairo, who are moat anxious for the es tablishment of tne new company, are anxiously awaiting the decision of the Egyptian government upon the subject The New Commercial Policy of Great Bri tain. IKrom the London Chronicle, F?b. 3.) carry .1".hi *}t j ?VPnlnK 19 the first which will ' AU"Ued State's, and other parte of the American continent, the announcement of the new commercial policy of Great Britain The futor" development and ultimate conaequenne. 0f that pohcy involve proe^cte to the New World more important than any measures which ever enCed the attention of a European government. F.verv one remembers the excitement which prevailed in New York, when it waa made manifest, by the first passage of the Great Western, that England and America could be brought nearer together, not only m point of time, but in the certainty of that tune by steam communication. We saw on that occa sion?in the speeches which were made at a festival given to mark that important epoch, and to do honor to the distinguished officer who first navigated a steam Bhip across the Atlantic?(he out-pourings and enthusiasm of man who felt it one of the greatest ificssings to their country that the bonds of mutual and honorable interests, which unit" fiiem with the country of their forefathers, were thin strengthened. But it did not fail to damp even that enthusiasm, when the speakers incidentally alluded to the corn , w'?? ? ngland and lhe but prohibitory tariff of the United States. The triumph of art and human ingenuity reduced the distance between the mer chants in London and New York from a doubtful period, varying Irom twenty to thirty days, to a cer tain period of fourteen days. But what mattered those noble achievements, while governments main tained the most effectual barriers against that inter course which could alone give to the facilities of communication any trne value 1 Sir Robert Peel's proposition, which will be carried out by the mail of rets evening, is the true complement of all that has hitherto been done to facilitate the intercourse ami to bring into xlostr union the interests of the Old and the Neto World. If the mer chants of New York hailed the arrival of the Great Western, and the officer who commanded her, with such enthusiasm, as a new guaranty of future peace and mutual good offices, with what feelings will they peruse the speech of Sir Robert fr Tuesday last ! Nor will this be confined to New \ork. It will spread to eveiy corner of the I mon, and pervade the most important and numerous classes in every State. The com growers through the valley of the Mississippi, and the forest ers in the State of Maine, will in future see London and Liverpool in the same light as they now look upon New \ ork and Boston. A voyage across the Atlantic, to the free porta of England, will be in no way different to a coasting voyage from one port of the States to another. But we must check these gratifying anticipations, in order to notice an im portant question connected with these commercial changes, and the departure of the mail of this day. When Sir Robert Peel introduced his measure, a week ago, he merely, m general terms, alluded to the reduction of the timber duties, leaving to an other "early" night the announcement of the pre cise measure. Knowing how extremely important it was that the plan to be proposed should be com municated to the British-American provinces by this packet, we expected the Minister to make his announcement last night. If it is intended that it snail De made this evening, we hope means will be taken to delay the departure of the packet from Liverpool, until the arrival of the day mail of to morrow. The only raw material on which any duty, either for protection or revenue, now remains, with some trivial exceptions, is foreign timber. 1 his duty acta as protective, both on that of colonial and home growth. Yet we believe there is no article in respect to which a reduction of duty, and the greatest possible cheapening of price,would be more beneficial to so many interests in this country, limber is an articje peculiar to the use of no oue class. Agriculturist, miner, manufacturer, ship builder, and every private member of society, are all, in one way or other, deeply interested in a cheap supply of good timber. There is no article, food excepted, the cheapening of which would benefit bo many, and would be hurtful.even on first appearance, to so few; nor any to which all the arguments ap P.'1 cable to the reduction of duties on " raw mate nais, as such, is of greater consequence. From the whole tenor of Sir Robert Peel's speech, we taKe tt for granted that his measure contemplates an ultimate entire repeal of these duties. We are, however, free to admit that it is a subject of some difficulty to decide on the least objectionable mode by winch this object can be obtained. The difficnl t'es arc numcroiUL In th* firmt ( iiu duty ?u present is lara-. yields a considerable amount R"t even though the Minister could abandon the revenue whicfi it yields, there are still other dithculties. If we abandon six hundred thou sand pounds of revenue, we should naturally be de sirous that the home consumer should obtain the ad vantage of that sacifice in the lower price of timber. Hut a reduction ol price would only take place when the sui>ply became larger, and until then the importer of foreign produce would obtain the great er part of the benefit. If, on the other hand, a re duction of duty is fixed for some future and distant day, so that the producers abroad will have time to bring so much additional quantity to market that ih- ,may to ,th? consumer in proportion to n ,,le du,y, th?n we are met by those serious inconveniences which attend upon delay in Sum*? hT" ?f ,hia ki1d The internal trade o7the medisrelv pa.raJ>ra?d' ?"d the interests im nlnii o >i concerned are sacrificed to protracted panic and uncertainty. The experience of the dutiesVne"lH42 "T th* chaD?? ?f th? ?n'b?r S. r- ' Wl"' w? ?ru8,? sufficiently pro tect the Government against another error so serious. The few remarks made by Sir Robert .1 ?ViJ? ?ubJect show that he is fully alive to these difficulties. First, there is the considera tion of a large amount of revenue to be abandoned ? next, it is desirable that the change shall be made in such a way as to give the consumer the largest share of the reduction as early as possible; and thirdly, Hi', caa? thLe interests engaged in this trade, that no such lengthened notice of such a consider able reduction should be given as would paralyse the trade, as in 1812, in order to give time to in crease the supplies so as to meet the anticipated new demand. The first is a simple question of finance, x tie repeal of the timber duties now, involves a sum not equal to that abandoned upon cotton alone last year. In the present state of the revenue, and the improvements which we doubt not will arise out of the proposed improvements, that will be easily over ? Tu*utwoJat.ter are more difficult. From what Sir Robert Peel said, he contemplates a plan of a gradual reduction of the duty to some lower point, where it shall rest for a given time, and final ly, by another similar process, be entirely abolished. Now, no doubt, a reduction of two to three shillings a Joad, evenr six months for two or three years to come, would scarcely be a sufficient inducement at any one time to prevent the progress of these works requiring timber, or even to prevent timber mer chants and dealers holding their usual stocks, and thus avoiding tha probability of any such important derangement of the trade as would attend a large re duction at a future time; but then, on the other hand, this is lust the plan which, above all others, in the ar ticle of timber, appears likely to throw the chief ad vantage into the hands of the foreign prodacer. A reduction of duty to so small an extent at any one time, would fail to form a sufficient stimulant to such an increased supply as would secure a reduction to the consumer. Trifling reductions of duties seldom benefit the consumer in any sensible degree. In the ease of timber, it should be borne in mind that an increased supp.y to any important extent can only be secured by extending the distance from which oursupphes are drawn. Our present supply is ob tained from those localities which ara nearest to the place of shipment, and more can only be obtained by receding further from the coast, or from more distant countries. In either case, a higher price to the producer ta a necessity which no precaution on our part can obviate. The higher price is indeed tne only condition on which an increased quantity can be secured. It will, therelore, be vain to at tempt any plan which in the first instance will se cure to the consumer the whole of the advantage, aad it la very doubtful whether that object would not be most quickly accomplished by at once mak ing the greatest reduction which the revenue will admit, and thus stimulate the exertions and enter i prise of new parties to extend the present field of 1 supply, to explore new ones, and to prosecute with , energy all the means of economising expense and reducing the cost of transit. It is, however, also urged against an immediate repeal of thaae duties, that it would be a severe loss to the present holders 1 of timber, and that the American colonies would not be prepared to encounter the immediate curat* titton. With respect to the first of these objections, the largest portion of the stocks of foreign timber is kept in bond, and if the borers of the duty paid stock sufferedI loss, it would probably be leaa than th?X 7?lt]d ?"J*" by a protracted change, however . iaD?L iacre*f*d activity which would immediately bs given to their business, would tsod to compensate even for that loss. With regard to 2? ar?weraiu,e e*penence of tha last two \k t*ey are verr little dependent oi iali Protecllon against foreign timber. Prior uhiiiiC? enjl?y?<l a protection of forty-four shillings the loadi since tnen that protection has been reduced to twenty-three shilling the load Has the Canadian timber trade been injured I Co the I c?utrary, it was never ao flourishing as during the last two yearn : and the imports and consumption of colonial timber have increased even at a greater rate than foreign timber, as the following official statement proves Timbib TAKKN isto ContcMriiov in rHS riaiT Eleven Month. ok 1M1 IU4. 1S43. U*d?, tm , colonial, load* 1IT rt V\CM S74.S44 Do fol^isu (Ml 692 1 0.414 MI.SS7 Tiwbcr.BOlooial.luad. tt4,?07 JO Jll 722,4SS Do foreign 111,223 lSX.lfil 261.(15 The truth is, that colonial and foreign timber arc used for such different purposes, that the latter be ing cheap rather encourages a more extensive use of tlie former; and we believe that ultimately the colo nial timber trade would only be benefitted by an en tire repeal of the foreign timber duties. So far the experiment, which was a large one, fully supports that view, and encourages the government to fur ther application of the same policy. Seizure of a British Vessel.?The British ship Lady Sale, the property of Messrs. Charles Hors ! tail and Son of Liverpool, has been seixed on the | coast of Africa, and condemned as a slaver by the ' Portuguese; this is said to be a retaliation for the seizures of Portuguese vessels made by the British. She was captured on account of having on board twenty-six casks of water, several bags of rice, a copper, and some bars, which is illegal,though there is not the slightest ground tor believing that the ves sel was a slaver. Mew Planet orComkt ?Mr. Hencke of Driesen, in Prussia, has discovered a new star in the constel lation of Taurus. It is a star of the ninth magnitude. Sir J. South, in a letter in the mentions that he has also seen it by following the directions given by Mr. Hencke. Rhenish Prussia is now open to the importation of grain of every description., Eugene Sue is new engaged in writing a work, to be entitled, " The Memoirs of a Valet de Cham bre." It is said there are 623,000 young ladies at this moment receiving their education in French con vents. On the Carlsruhe and Manheim railway, the other day, two trains came into collision, ana of forty four persons injured, twenty-three were not expect ed to recover. Ibrahim Pacha will leave Vernet-less-Bains on the 4th instant. He will remain at Perpignan till the 8th, after which he will proceed to Paris by Toulouse, Bordeaux, Nantes, tcc. Baltimoxb, Fab. 30, 1840. Heavy Snnvt Storm?Railroad Accident?Defeat af tke Right of IVay?Proposed Resumption of Payment of State Intei est?Markets, fe. , There wu quite a eudden change in the weather yea' i terday afternoon, blowing up quite cold toward* even ' ing, and about six o'clock quite a heary drifting now ! commenced to fall, which ha* continued without inter miiaion throughout the night, and thia morning it haa been aucceeded by a heary rain, which it almost innn i dating the city with water and aluah. There wa* a great accident on the Baltimore and Ohio | Railroad on Tburaday evening, about twenty milea from ' thia city. A freight train, conaiating of a locomotive and tender, and eight car*, were croaaing the bridge j over Patapaco river, at Fly a villa, when one of the a pan* of the bridge gave way and precipitated the whole train | into the river, with five peraona, who were on it at the , time. Singular to relate, no live* were loat, and but one ! person, Daniel Butaard, a fireman, injured , he having had his arm so seriously mashed that it was found neces sary to amputate it yesterday. Two of the ears were laden with merchandize, and the remainder with plais < ter, so that the damage will not be vary great. The do | struction of the bridge, the damage of the locomotive an 1 car*, he., will be a pretty heavy item. The bridge was I undergoing repairs at the time, one of the piers of which . had been washed away by the ice, temporary supporters having been put up in its place. The travel on the road will not be interfered with, however, and the breach will be mended in a few days. The defeat in the Pennsylvania Legislature, of the bill , to obtain the right of way for the Baltimore and Ohio : Railroad through Pennsylvania to Pittsburg, was re ceived yesterday, with no feeling of diaappointaen, by j a large majority of our citizen*. The fact la, the Far i kersourg, or even the Wheeling route, through toVir ginia, is the true polioy of Maryland. Cither of those ! routes would leave Pittsburg standing high and dry, so . far as the great trad* and travel of the west it concern ; ed. Maryland la the State, depend upon it, for the mala ! artery to the west, and Baltimore the citv for supply ing the dealer* from that section, provided our merj s-kanta (??>? AL yrQparlv tO SaCUrO it The Committee of Ways and Moans, in th* Maryland Lagialature, mad* a report yostarday in favor of an early resumption of th* payment on the ibtarest of the State : debt, and also the funding of the arrears of interest now due. The report Is quite lengthy, and points oat the ' way in which these desirable objects can be obtained without the imposition of any additional burthens on the people. It is certain that th* present Legislature i will fix a day for the resumption, leaving its fulfilment to the pride of all true Marylander*. An express arrived at 4 o cloak this morning, with th* news by the steamer Cambria for the Baltimore Sun. The Markets.?The market for Howard street flour continues dull and the price unchanged. There wave sales on Wednesday from store of about 600 bbls, at M 76 ; also sales yesterday morning of some 700 at the seme price, which holders are firm in asking. Nothing doing ; in City Mills. Holders are asking $&. Bales of rye flour at (3 76, and of com meal at $3 37 J for Maryland, and $4 1 >11 for Pennsylvania. small sales of whiskey are making at 33 cts. per gallon 1 for hbds., and 34 cts. lor barrels?demand moderate. Philadkdfhia, Feb. 90, 1044 Snow Storm?Foreign Nesoe. About dark last evening, a snow storm set in, whish, till a 1st* hour, promisod our people a renewal of sleighing. At midnight, howover, it commenced rain ing, end this morning the streets and pavements ware overflowed by snow and water. Th* crossings havo all day been impassable for anything short of fisherm en's 1 boots, and the slush in the street* and on th* sid* walks 1 has been awful, it has, for the last two hours, been blowing a gal* from th* northwest, and the sky is clear ing, and the atmosphere as cold a* an Iceland icicle. The wind last night blew a gal* from th* northeast, ami fears era entertained for th* shipping on th* coast. ? The foreign news arrived at five o'clock last evening, for th* United Statee Oasette, boating th* Halifax ex press some five hours. It was telegraphed at 3 o'clock, but when the words ",Mr. Pakenham's course is," had been transmitted, the connection by the wires wa* broken by some means, and further communication pre vented. Th* arrival of th* Boeton express brought th* ; news in detail, on the wing* of th* New York Herald. you have Wa?ramedrirour allied opponents. Th* pacific character of the now* has set our stock men wild, and th* anticipated abrogation of th* eorn I laws, and th* adoption in the mercantile world of the principle* of free trade, has created immense excite ment. It is a good omen for th* friends of true froodom throughout the world. There is nothing worthy of spoeial notice, bosidea what I have already given. Th* stock quotations will indicate the state of fooling in this quarter. Aunt!**, Feb. 14,1846. The Trial of Wyatl. The trial of Henry Wyatt, the convict, for mur der, haa been progressing with accumulating inter est, for the last four days : and this evening, about half past six o'clock, the evidence closed. An attempt haa boon made, and very ingeniously too, by the prisoner's counsel, ax Governor Seward and Hon. Christopher Morgan, to establish insanity ; but how far that position will be sustained remains tc be seen. On Monday, after th* summing up of counsel, the ease will go to the Jury. MTO LET No. ? WARREN STREET.?Th* largo sad conveeisat two storv Brich Dwelling, with * two story tea room attachefl, having C rot on water, kitchen reuse, vaults front and rear, kc. .. only at the oftee of E. H. LUDLOW h CO., 17 Wall street, between th* hears of It end 1. of H. tt-ROH fl? ?*ie TO LET?A com mod ions basement, in rat rate order, ffjM aad Anb-calln. that can be nard. is well eimotcd for a XJgL " domestic room," hsu and caps, or other kiaes <.l bu siuess Owing to the great improvement# in Liberty street, .lie location is a desrable oee. Apply at XLiMrty street, imme diate possession given. fab IS R* rh WANTED. A Two Story Dwelling House, with basement sad yard, two sitting rooms and bad rooms, situated in the JjgJJLcentral part of the city, andpaitabl- to s small family, iscui uot to eiceedgtMper annum?Croton water iiidiapeuse hle?adjacent to Broadway, and sot farther ap thau Princs . , stating . he., sad left at th* Herald Office, will be atteuded to lis Iw ia*re ^ VtUARRY FOR SALE, OR TO LEAMK-tMe t ate on the Passaic river, in North Belleville, formerly ___Lbelongmf to AbrahsnrJoralemon, Esq- Sen' lias imtb extensively worked for thirty year*, pest. Nsduomo of th* best quarries of free stone in N*W /srtffl*jsJ!Lis good ordor for working. The Premises consist of '"<> >' ings, store house, iwo bans, rwe hundred fM? of when, sod ssvesteea seres of land, which jfJL miashn seen ire quarry separate, if desired. of the subscriber, at th* poet office "? \ . LLOYD. Belleville, Feb. 1?. lUt. "? l"*"e 1 ? To ikt, Agfi THE .Mansion Hoes* of Dr. Vtleetiae Mow. with a? KJtm verel teres of gronnd, ebpnt ?? miles from the citv JUjfcfroeciBg on th* Hedeo* River. H will be jet with 4-1 lions, luraiihedor anf?ratsh?d. Apply toS B. HuTCHINOX No ? John street, from !? to 13 o'clock. fistrew"*!^. L FOR SALE, IN BROOKLYN. ' A Nflf IKItJ HOU4K, on the south side of York street, on* hundred (jet west of Bridge street ?l, . Lrueaieg throegh to Tallmea etreetTFhelK5i U .tones, with basement ead snb-eellar; well finished thrrmJk' out; wrthia dv* arentes walk of Faltoo and Catherine It mac sold prsvioes to 1st March, it will be lot lewto a i "ns rtut Apvir

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