Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 23, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 23, 1846 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD xnMno. I3.WIMU i?. uos. NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 23, 1846. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BKFWKTT, Proprietor. Circulation...Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day. I*nce I casta pec mw _ Every ftatar lay?Price IK eeul N ?opy?tllJW tuUMt uiBD-payable in utuci A D VERTiatuMENTS at the usual price*?always cash r'?0 of all kind* executed wkfa beauty and dee patch. ITT" AJ! lettate er communications, bv mail, addrenaed to eaatabluhmcot, meat o* pent paid, or the postage will b* acted from th* subscription money remitted J AM life GORDON BENNETT. New Yobs HnttafiTiuiHMin Northwest corner cvf felloe and Naaaen -rreeta FOR SALE?The substantial, well built, three atory ! basement brick Hon**, IN Or*ad at, corner of Mtrser, _WOue block weat of Broadway. The hnuae la ti by 41 feet; the lot 15 by about 107 feet 4 iuchea The honae and premises were modernized in 1943, at an napena* of $3700. Half the pur chase money can rrmain on mortcafe on the premnea, if de aired. If not aold previously, they will be sola at auction on Tuesday neat,74th mat, b; W. H. Franklin A Bon. fat 3t* r Sn.MfcTu TO LET, THE EAGLE HOTEL IN THE VILLAGE OF PEEK8KILL. THE Eagle Hotel and Sublet, in th* Tillage of Peeks t'il kill, ii now offered to let. for a term of yaara, from th* .ttlflLfirst of May next. The olaee ia favorably known to the travelling community. and haa been for aevernl Venn, aa a com modious, pleasant, well loeated, well kspt public honae, and profitable to the proprietor. The premiaee will be let low to a aniuble person to keep the same, if applied for toon?or to any person wishing to purchase, will be aold a bargain, and pay meiiU mad* easy. R. R. FINCH. Peeks kill, Feb. IS, IMS. C7T Kor iniormatio'n, Ac , apply to R. R. Finch, near the premise* m Peckakill, or to 331 Water street, New York, fli lw*rc A EZEZL APARTMENTS TO LET, FURNISHED, on the first floor, with breekfaet, if required __ Reference* exchanged lw*mc No. 44 Warren street. FOR SALE, , THE HOUSE AND LOT. No. 71 Daao* street, ' with auble in the rear; hens* three stories high, with Lattice well famished with marble mantels. Access can be had to the stable on the rear of the premises, from Reade and Elm streets. For farther particulars, apply to J. C. BLAKE, No. 1 Naaaan street. (17 lw*r FOR SALE, ON reasonable terms, the two story HOUSE AND ' LOT, No. 497 Hudson street, (in the block of St Lake's LChn'Ch,)Trinitv Chnrch lease of 21 yean from the 1st lay next, (with privilege of renewal,) a> $125 per yegr ground '""f "???! * ????? FII7IIP|B *?* ICMC7TW if ?? S1W 1^1 JT^I |IVH1H rent. The hxuse is in perfect order, having been painted last Miiy inside and out. Apply on th* premieet, or to WILLIAM KETCHAM, Esq. Ncr* Murray at. (17tfmc A TO LET, THE large and commodious Dwelling House, at the 8outhwest corner of Twenty-fifth str et and Seventh JliUAveota, with Oard.-n, Stables, Carriage-House, kc A piazza encircle* the whole bnilding; position high and healthy It will be let with or without the furniture to a private family Also, a small two atonr House, near by. Also. To Leate or ror Sale, several Building Lots. Enquire on the premises, or of R. GOODMAN 99 Csdarst. (17 lw*me NOTICE. JmL DWELLING HOUSES, STORE8 tad racsnt Lorn, for sale, root or exchange Investments made on pro .UUL dnctive Real Estate that will pay from ran to twenty B-rcont on the purchase money, with an increase ia valaa oi om ten to fifteen per cent per annum. Money procured on Bond and Mortgage; and Policies of Insurance obtained from the most responsible companies in the counti^.u Apjp^^at 155 Third Avenue, JOHN ALLEN. N.B ? Plana, elevations, specifications and contracts for bnildingi, furnished here or at No. ? Broad street, at the short est notice. CALVIN POLLARD. 110 lm*rc Architect. RFOR SALE, OR TO LE l\ en the most reasonable terms, throe two-story Dwelling Houses, in North Sixth, between Sixth tad Seventh streets, Williama . I. Two of the above are new, end intended as genteel residences, being finished in the beat manner, and supplied with spring end rain water in th* kitchen, and coal vaulu in front, Ac. Two-thirds of the purchase money may remain reared, at ( per cent. Enquire on lha promisee, or of Robert Angus. fl3 lm*rre 99 Wall street. A haa ber; of the 1 QUARRY FOR 8ALE. OR TO LEASE?Situ ate oe the Passaic river, ia North Belleville, formerly .belonging to Abraham Joralemon, Esq. Said quarry n extensively worked for thiit^years_past, audi* one the beat quarries of free atone in New Jersey, and ia in good order for working. The premiaee consist of two dwell ings, store house, two burns, two hundred feet of wharf, and seventeen sens of laud, which will be aold entir ?, or the quarry separate, if desired. For farther particulars, enquire of the subscriber, at the poet office in Belleville, N. J. JOHN C. LLOYD. Belleville. Feb. 19,1149. fl9 lm*me A FOR SALE, IN BROOKLYN, HOUSE, on th* south sit A NEW BRICK HOUSE, on the south side of York street, one hundred fist west of Bridge street, with lot 1 The house is three ??Lrunning through to Tallman itrMtMBHHIH I stones, with basement and sub-cellar; well finished throeghl out; with-u five minutes walk of Fulton and Catherine ferries. If not sold previous t* 1st March, it will be let low to a good tenant far a rem of yuan. Apply at 37 Main street, Brooklyn SAg- WANTED?A ship to loed for a southern port |CWV Apply to E. K. COLLINS A CO , mmUL tin 5< south si FUR GLASGOW.?Regular Packet -The well wS^knowt, fast sailing British bark ADAM CARR, 459 JWHBmtons, Hugh McEwsn, master, will meet with quick despatch. Kor freight or passage, having excellent accommo dations, apply to the enptain on board, east aide of Peck slip, or to WOODHULL A M1NTURN, 17 South at. The A1 British bark Ana Harley, Capt. Robt. Scott, wOl succeed the Adam Carr. Ill PACKET FOR HAVRE-Second Lino.-The ? picket ship ONEIDA, Cu t. James Funck, will sail gou th* let ol March. For freight or passage, apnly to BOYD AHINCltEN. Olr 9 Tootine Building No 9* Wall st. PACKET FOR MARSEILLES. - The packet "'TWAS- ~ ship NEBRASKA, Capt. Brown, will anil on the lit pf March. For freight or passage, applv to CHAMBERLAIN A PHELPS. 193 Front etreet, or to BOYD A HINCKKN, fel r 9 T nrine Buildings, No. H Wall street. FOR SALE?To close a concern?The Line o Mr TV Liverpool Pack*ls,consisting of the shine ROBCIU8 ?>l Mr 81DDON8. SHERIDAN end OARRICK. They were built in this city, by Brown A Bell, with nnnaua) cue; for model, material (a very large proportion of their frame being lire oak.) and workmanship, they ore unsurpassed, if not unequalled?-salted on the stocks, and re-salted every year since. Their accommodation* for lasteugera are very exten sive aud handsomely furnished. Apply to fair K. K. COLLINS A CO .3* South it FOR LONDON-The packet ship QUEBEC, Captain J. H. Williams, being unavoidably detained, i will sail on Tuesday, 34th instant. Kor Passage in cabin, second cabin and steerage, having splendid accommoda tions. Apply on board, or to JOSEPH MeMUBRAY, f23 100 Pine street, corner of South. UNITED STATES .AND OR (CAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND OLD ESTABLISHED EMI i GRANT OFFICE.?The subscribers at* preptna to engage p MfDitn to come oat by the early Spring ship*, at a very low rate. Drafts can. a* furnished, payable throughout the Veiled Kingdom. For further particnlari apply to f*7r J. HKRDMA N A Co.. 61 South st. I |? FOR LIVERPOOL?The New Liae?ReguH I flWracket of 31st March ?The superior fast aailiH I Hlbpacket ship HOTTINGUER, 11*0 tone burtheH Capt IraBursley, will aail as above, her regular day For freight or passage, haying splendid, large and comfortak'e HHmHSHP, haying splaMld, lirgHHBBHH state rooms and cabin, acwl^o?^b<w^rd| Weet^^^fr^^^^^G Bripe of passe ire $1N. Brie packet ship Liyerpool, ltN tons, rill succeed theHottinguer, and sail o MINTURN. ? ? 17 Sonthstrrat. . Capt. John Eldridge, on the tint of April. NEW LINE OF PACKETS FOR LIVER POOL ?Packet of 26th of February.?TTie ap'endid, J fast sailing and farorite packet ship GARRICK. linn ions b .rthen, Captain B. J. H. Trask, will sail on Tharsday, Feb. 26. t er regular day. The ships of this line being all 1406 tons and upwards, per sons about to embark for the Old Country will not fail to see the advaiittiiKeeto be derived from selecting this line in prefer ence to any other, as their great espaeity renders thesn every way more comfortable and convenient than ships of a small class, and their accommodations for eabin, second cabin and steerage passengers, it is well knewn, are superior to those of any other line of packets. Persons wishing to secure berths should not fail to make early application on board, at the foot of Wall street, or to W. A J. T. TAP8COTT, At their general Passage Office, 75 South street, ftJr eoruerof Maiden lane. htf BLACK BALL. OR OLD LINE QF LIVER sJffy POOL PACKETS FOR LI V F.RPOOL.-Only re ESUmm gular packet of the 1st Mareb- The new. magnificent and celebrated fust sailing favorite packet shinMONTEZl' M A. burthen 1150 tons, Capt A. B. Lowber, will sail positively on Monday, the 2d March. It is well known that the aeeom modstioes of theMonteruma aie fitted ont is a most superb and costly meaner, with every modern improvement and conveni ence, that cannot but add to the comfort of those embark inc Persons visiting the old country, or tending for their frl-ads, should " ' ' ' r d call and see thia splendid specimen of naval arehitac lure. before engaging elaewhere. For passage in cabin, second , earl y application should bo made on boerd, ? able and steerage. foot o( Beekman street, or to thy subscribers. ? fhiJi ROCHE, BROTHERS A CO (ttr 35 Fulton attest, (next door to tha Fulton Bank ) TAPSCOTT'S GENERAL EMIGRATION OFFICES, 75 Sonth street, corner of Maiden Late, ___ New York, and 96 Waterloo Road, Liverpool, 'arson# wishing to secure passage for their friends from Li err tol. d nring the comma season, in tha New Line of Liver pool packets, are respectfully informed by Ike snbaerihe s that the undar mentioned magnificent and favorite packet ships will mil from Liverpool positively as advertised;^ any ot aged on the I which passage can be engaged on the most reasonable terms, end every necessary measure will be ased to bare those whore passage may be engaged on thu aide of the Atlantic, despatch ed in as eomfortsble a manner as possible. Ship Rochester, on thetth April; ship Gsrriek. on the llthdo, snip Hotringner, f. The well known sailing qualities of these the 6th May. lavonte packers, render any rsmarks unnecssary, and their ac , smmodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers, ? nrpaes those of any other line. To secure passage, and for further rarticn I art, apply to _ W. A J. T. TAPSCOTT. 75 South street, corner of Maiden lane. N. B ?W. A J. T. T , supply Drafts, ss usual, for any amount, psy able throughout Great Britain and Ireland. f?l *rn FINE FRENCH BOOTS FOR tS 5?-City made, jrni *fj? wioino these voM in other atorea for ?5; ftnn c I r,# ?? * g? ? we " *sw eee vsfl^g V lUIr ? Ivs mr| I'1- v French Calf Boots for tl 5? equal to the best made in this 1 city for M or F7-at YOUNG A JONES' French Boat Shoe Msuafsatory; one of the moat fssbrooskle in this ity, our Boots havmg been judged m tha late Fair at Nlblo'a, re said to be lbs best Boots ever sold is this city. All Boots warranted to give eatisfsctiou. YOUNG A JONES. 4 An. eueet, i?J7 lm*'h sear Broadway. New Y ROSE H1I.L STABLES, Mth Street sad Third Avenue, sud opposite Bull', Head Jnet arrived and for sale at the above StuMri, about fifty Northern sod Wev'-n Horse*?emoeg which are eight pairs macrhed; fitliiorr n food rond honet,MM Offfwl lute cut frm and ? i \ ortea H. K. NOATHRlIr, Tt?o !Vortt-Wu( Territory?Correspondence Between the Uorernmenta of Greet Britain end Speln ?1,1 Halation to Jurtsdlctlor?The Soothe Sound Convention. */,MM *?'wee? '*? Gsesrzwals oj Grtat Britain and Spam, in Parliamtnt, 1790. ?_Tb.8 bu"n?*< ot tb* Medea wu nearly approached to '*? ejeee, when, on the filth of Mar, a new end uaex KriuLtof"?! w" 'ubmitted to tha comidaration of ted b!Th. Hiu.n! consisted in certain hoetilltia. commit, tad by the Spaniards upon the northwaetarn coait of rtf^ad*'fnr|W?iCill|.,*t,/r*CUon Ud be*u dsmandad and U . ic ' of conJ*quenca, ware considered as rendering an armament necessary. in ordar, either by terror or actaal war. to induce the Spaniards to make !rn SiV7 ,b#? h"d committed, it Feat i^diL^ hi!? of British Marchanta resident in the East lndies. had, aarlv in the year 1786, formed the pro 8, 'f1* '? u,1? P?rt of i he world, for the ?h? ??in/i?UiPP 'i Chinese market with lurs ? The principal point towards which these expeditions JKJ*. dir*?,*d' "" fort Nootka. or King George's Bound ; and the adventurers, being in some degree satis fied with their trafflo, took measures, in the year 17M, to secure to themselves a permanent setUement; at the tbtl tb" ?hipning employed in this expedition. V 'ifif i ,w.?'an(1 never.exceaded four small vss tJillnn of"?hP*FUrfi,?0?>0*iT*d "0Ine joaiousy of the In trusionof the English into a part of the world which moLnv .""t t0 r8?ard a" ,h,lr exclusive P'0P*rty ; and accordingly a Spanish frigaU of twenty six runs was dispatched Irom the province of Mexico, for the purpose ofputting an end to this commerce. The fpanjsh frigate arrived in May, 17W, and captured two Lnglish vessels in the following July, at the same time UkTng possession of the Uttle aet^m.nt whTch h^d been formed upon the coast. This transaction was first notified to the English go vernment by the Spanish ambassador resident at Uie court of London who at the same time demanded that nroVan?thl ? by En*li,h fiovernmentto w^ich E?m fftqu,I,ting there coasts, which were alleged to have been previously occuDieil n\suhjocts ol Spain. Complaints were also made of ihe fisheries carried on by Great Britain in the seas ad. I?'?!?* 1?.^? 8P*ni,h continent, as being contrary to the i crown: ?>? Knffli,b ministry did not re ? ' co?MUnication in a manner that indioated much inclination to comply with iU requisition ; and a demand was immediately made by them, that the ves" eels should be restored, and adequate satisfaction grant from thi potirt n, ?th.8r di?"ion. Bv the a?.w.r from the court of Spain it appeared, that the captured rot cr"Wl bad been set at liberty by the lh?t ^ithln^hn? i?ni supposition, as he declared, that nothing but an ignorance of the rights ol Spain to attemnt ??UhnIhf *d !h* individual? of other natfons f??i?v tS b ? Upon th,t coa,t' and in co" ro^r/tnthi t0 ,how Possible i farther satisfaction was ?hr??iTrtlf Sn.?5? ?il 80 dir*ct c,aim w" set up by the court of the exclusive righU of sovereignty. SSZZEZS+f.* Principally we ?no? . , .r b* wbat Motives and principles the hos hind. fU.q.U.? i Wer? dlot*tod. It was agreed on all was',he t0 t??o port of Noolka 3 Jw!m?7 triflul*' and ? May well be question to Valuable*???7 W ?Pon the face of the earth ?-i-'.V ,oreDd*r il justifiable, for that conside ?g be admitted thfi'ir.? WM;, 11 mu,,? notwithstand was t!!n7rol?h !, * j th* Motive of the court of Spain wi* to encroach upon our ju?t rights, and if thev were wUl'lTrw ?fhC.VIOn fo'ho,,iUty. the value of the object becomes n? ^ only circum*tance that it becomos M to take into the account. But, if we should heS no i.^t cCm ?i. *y M,um#d tl>at upon whioh they had no Just claim, thev were prompted only by mlsap m^hVhMe J ?" then Pr0b?b,0 fbst the conte.t 1 ? Mode less expensive than mfnt n??n I Th# having recourse to an arma -i .occ,,lon1". !s undoubtedly neither what "I0?1? ^cUte, nor is it, of all others, *\"?d.?.r,t c?lou,?tod ?o concUiate. Our honor only ! n onr h"DOr Might probably have been hi?t?cZ thin h? '.IfT. by the lan?rtiage of reason and A ? interposition of force. Thsre are hi.Su^K??r ???TlnciDKn,e.n that y?u in earnest, an t^r nrxsi n i? ! f yb??*lf in a posture of defence; , *} JU,tic* 00 her (>ds, and if she c?iMly persevering, there is no doubt h?i ! i circumsUnces she would have ceiried t-o .ac'u,,ly meditated hosUlitiee. i a r jiddnd, that Spain being actually par ?iet# c11*im,? tlial ,h* "ght to the north, western coast of Amoiica was hers, her procedure was sufficiently regular in seizing upon our shine, and the h!?h ??h?n?iT#Jnm"ni 71'of consequence, a little too high, when we demanded satisfaction for tin seizure previous to discussion, and thus began with begging the queation respecting the object to b? discussed .,.f'Ufnh ^?"-C?0n ot of Europe will ae th-r ? 5?,m? conJoctnra as to the point, who X i 'J?. ' * P^ionce for hostilities. Charles ^ tat* ?WT?r?iin>. bed i*i ?d io Ueoomber, *7r?.? *nT,.?f conssquenee, before we can impute e pre meditated intention of hostility, we mast suppose an ah solute coincidence of views between him and Charles 'h? F?!"^b:bl, "accessor. The orders under which the Spanish frigate acted, if we imagine them to have origi nated in the court of Madrid, must have been isaueid uo n?r 1 "'."nd pursued into thoir consequences, under the present king. But we may reject thia hypothesis. " ^?.^P???8 though tho occasion for hostilities was afforded by accident, it was improved by design ? 1 ,bi? design will be diminished, if we aituetlon of tho goverament of Franco. It is well known, how much the Spaniards, of lata yeare, have depended upon the family compact: and il0. -!?* i".morac*rt?in than their extreme aversion to ! ' 1V, ? *1D?in7'"r with this country, unless supported >?>*?*. .?L.U Versailles. A more extensive retro ,ltua?ion of Europe, will furnish u additional argument on the same side. The flames fMong the northern powers ; end, according to the ettebJished principles of kings end their ^ was, under these ciroumstences, highly im probeble that war should break out on the southern side, without the two contests mingling tbeir fires, and blend ing into one general scene of hostility. But in the pre sent cas', between the two principals in the northern wer, the Russians and tha Turks, it would have been very difficult to chooee, since both Spain and Great Bri tain, so far as they had thought proper to engage in the question, hid already declarad in favor of the Turks. But, laying aside for a moment theae minuter consid erations, there is a sort of language, which, though it be considerably foreign to the intercourse of cabinets, may deserve for a moment to occupy our attention. Suppose Great Britain, to have addressed the Spaniards in the following language: '? Vour claim to the exclu eive property of the whole north-western coast of America is undoubtedly in the highest degree absurd. The time will infallibly come, in the mutation of hu man affairs, when you will bo obliged to depart from so fantastical a pretension. But if you are willing to de H'k world with bloodshed end wer upon so useless and barren a question, wo understand our duty bettor. T k?/i "0.rMiiflbrent in its value, as to make it doubtful whether it wee formerly worth beginning, or It0?1! W,0r1b car7,nff ???? How then can it be worth the introduction of calamity, axpense, injustice, tyranny end murder to establish it 1 wVare not afraid that our forbearance ui this instance should be attributed to pu sillanimity and cowardice. If it be, the deception will soon bo at an and ; and it la of little consequence what others think of us, while we know ourselves to be both bravo and Just Find us e ground that is worth fighting ?P?n. "nd we will contend the point as obstinately as the best of you. 11 any nation shall dare to attack our liberties, or our independence, if we cannot convince them of their follv bv reason, wo will not donbt that we shall do it by fortitude. The very principle that inspires us with e just abhorrence of wanton bloodshed, will lender us ten time* more intrepid and formidable, when the occasion that we deprecate shell oblige us to have racourse to the sword." An adJress to the king, upon the subject of the royal was moved by Mr. Pitt on the day subsequent to that on which it had been delivered ; end in opening the subject to the House of Commons, lis observed that, however natural it might be to look with concern upon tho circumstances stated in the message, and their possi ble consequences, he conceived he should not do justice i.. j public spirit of the house, if he per mitted himself for e moment to doubt of their unanimity with respect to such measures as the circumstances rendered necessary. He wished to abstain from all ax prassions of aggravation, and indeed the bare mention ?! , J J w?J?eh had occurred, could not fail to in ? . i""" of r<>nomons to resent the indignity offered to their flag, and to demand satisfaction for tho i^I!7Jon8 oth,ir '""ow subjects. The claim of the ???!! .P*in rM mo,t ?b,nrd and exorbitant that could well be imagined ; it origiuated in ao treaty, and waa indefinite in ita extent If we aubmitted to it. we muat expect to be deprived of our fiou?b Sea fishery, a C?lK?l*rj* whJch promised to afford us the most consid erable advantages. '?* d*elared, that no man felt ? warmer resent ment at the unprovoked aggression of tho court of Spain, or w** more fully persuaded of tho necessity of en im i? _ u T|gorous armament, than he was. He could not, however, avoid complaining of the omissions of the message, particularly that it contained no infor ?? captured ships had been doing, or b*d if!??- ?d ,0 d? ' whether they were about to make " ?J**?.?5 whether Spain knew of any modi Anoth*r cireumsunce was eati i?n 7" ?ow ecercely a fortnight sine# th! ???ir.Vi'-L? ?P"nlDff'he Gadget, he.l descanted upon ,teU of 0,8 ">< in no pert of bis !!?!. h?li?i8 fc0p" confident, than in tha assur !!!!of iii h?u'8 of ,b* pmbable continu ^ J?.1' thi" had ,,tuck Mr Fox V "'"^8 ?Jf ^' uncertainty of human wisdom, and Qf wMuaary sffsirs. Viewed in enotbor m-nVti,.f Mr piiTJl, ,ngg??x>ns At the mo ment that Mr. P'tt w? vaunting or the resources of tho country, he must have Iwown that Spain had, without a color of pratance, seued upon British ships, made pri soners of the crews, end confiscated the property they contained Under these circumstances, he did not see the necessity for the minister to go out of his way to in troduce assurances of the continuance of peace. Had such fallacious hopes not been excited, the public would not have felt the disappointment and surprise with which thev were now impressed. Mr. Burke recommended every practicable endeavor at accommodation, as itr as was consistent with tho na tional honor : declaring that, as we ought nevor to go to wer for a profitable wrong, no more ought we to tako up arms far m unprofitable right He conoeived that the balance of F.tirope waa best maintained by a continuance ef peace. Detide, what had wa to contend for 7 Kiient of dominion would do us no good ?, on the contrary, if all the foreign possessions of Spain could bo brought oror to tho scale of lung land, ho did not think it was an object for a who man to desire. The address had no sooner boon unanimously voted, than Mr. Fox movedl that there should be laid before the House, the intelligence which had been received concerning the oaptured ships, and such information as had been received concerning the armament in the Span ish ports, together with the dates of that information.? The first of these motions was carried, and the second passed in the negative, it being alleged that the publica tion of such an account was calculated to betray the channel through whioh the intelligence had been obtain ed. On the loth, Mr. Pitt moved for a vote of credit to the amount of one million sterling. Meanwhile the op position had obtained information which thejr deemed credible,' that the first notification of the Spanish ambassador had passed as long ago as the 10th of the preceding February ; and this circumstance they were desirous to ascertain in an authentic form, as It appeared to them materially to criminate the conduct of the ad ministration. In the meantime, Mr. Pitt observed that he had not underetood the communicetion of the Spanish ambassador, as lnoluded in the intelligence moved for by Mr. Fox, or he certainly should have opposed the granting that intelligence ; of consequence, the other side of the house had ne reason to flatter themselves that this communication would be produced together with the other papers. Accordingly a distinct motion was shortly after brought forward by Mr. Grey, for the of o* * purpose or obtaining it. In support of this motion, he declsred that, no man felt more strongly for the honor and dignity of the Bri tish nation than he did. National honor was by some re presented as a visionary thing ; but for himself, he was persuaded, that a nation without honor was a nation without power ; and that, in losing this inestimable at tribute, it inevitably lost the genuine spring of its spirit, its energy, and its action. Kvery nation ought, there fore, to be careful of its honor ; to be caiefui, lest, by one mean submission, it encouraged anattaok upon the dignity of its character, that best security for the pre servation of peace. It was neoessary, Mr. Orey said, to obtain the inioriu ation for which be moved, that It might be seen whether we had been hurried on to the eve of a war by the rashness, the oredulity and the inattention of ministers, or whether it had arisen from unavoidable cir cumstances, and such as no human foresight could heve prevented. Mr. Pitt had been acquainted with the unjust and insulting conduct of Spain for no lets than three months. His conduct had, therefore, been unweiranta ble, in holdirg out to the public the ideas which had ac companied his opening of the budget; and he ought to ask pardon of parliament and of the nation Mr. Lamb ton seeonded the motion, and deprecated the wantonly precipitating the Dation in hostilities. The doing so would be the readiest mode of bringing on a national bankruptcy, which, though it had proved of essential benefit to i>n ? ranee, could not fail of being ruinous to land. What had happensd in that country was like a storm, that merely overturned allj^mua, disgustful and ill Constructed fabric ; but here MflMar disaster would prove like an earthquake, swallowing up at once an ad mirable and well constituted edifice, upon which the world bad been accustomed to look during the course of successive centuries, with envy and admiration. On the 10th of June the kiag put an end to the session by a speech from the throne. He said, that he had not hitherto received the answer of the Court of Madrid.? He entertained|the strongest desire for the maintenance of peace upon just and honorable grounds ; but under the present circumstances he felt it Tndiipensably neces sary to proceed with expedition and vigor in the arma ment. He had received the most unequivocel assurances of the support of his allies on this interesting occasion, snd he trusted their mutual good understanding would be productive of the happiest effects. The king pro ceeded to acquaint Parliament of his intention immedi ately to dissolve them, at the same time expressing a iid constitu deep and giateful sense of their loyalty ana tional principles. The rapid increase of our commerce, the additional protection extended to the distant posses sions of the empire, the provisions for the good govern ment of India. the improvement of the public revenue, he establishment of a permanent system for the re and the establishment of a permanent system I duction of the national dent, were so many proofs of their wisdom and perseverance. Their exertions had been seconded by the virtues of his subjects ; and he re lied on their sense of the advantages they at present ex perienced, and on their uniform attachment to his per son and government, for the continuance of ooncotd and prosperity. Speeeh of the Ixtrd Li mint ant of Ire find to both House I of Parliament, July 3, 179]. My Lord* and Gentlemen : I have it in command from the king to acquaint you, j that hi* mBjesty, *ome time lince, received information : that two vessels belonging to hi* majeaty'* cubject*, and navigated under the Britiah flag, and two other*, th* de scription of which i* not hitherto sufficiently ascertain ed, had b*an captured at Nootka Sound, on the north woitcoait of America, bv an officer commanding two Spanish ship* of war: that Bio cargoes of the British vessel* had been seized, and that th*ir{offlc*rs and crews had been sent as prisoner* to a Spanish port. His Majesty, in consequence of this transaction, and of the communications which had passed on the subject between his majesty and the court of Spain, directed his minister at Madrid to demand such full and adequate sa tisfaction as the nature of the case evidently requires. And his majesty having also received information that considerable armaments were carrying on in th* ports of Spain, judged it indispensably necessary to give or ders for makirg such preparation as may put it in his gnajosty 'a power to act with vigor and effect in support pf tha honor of hie crown, and th* interests of his poo His majesty entertains the strongest desire for th* maintenance of peace on just and hooorsbls grounds, and he has directed ma to assure you that no proper steps shall be omitted by him which may conduce to this ob ject: but if unfortunately hit majesty's endeavors should net be euecossAil. ho has th* fallost reliance on the cordial and effectual support of his Parliament of Ireland ia the prosecution of such measures as may eventually become ne*etsary for the honor of his crown, and for the protection of the essential rights of his sub jects, and the common interests of th* empire. Convinced that the same regard for hs majesty's royal person, family and government, which has at all times distinguished his subjects of this kingdom, will be equal ly manifested upon this occasion, I entertain no doubt of my being authorised to convey to his majesty the fullest testimony of your attachment, loyalty and zeal. Menage from Hi* Majeity to both I/outtt of Parliament, May lb, relative to the Capture of certain IVutli, by the Spaniard*, in Sootka Sound. Gtoaaz Rex. His majesty has received information, that two ves sels belonging to his majesty's subjects, and] navigated under th* British flag, and two others, of which th* de scription is not hitherto sufficiently ascertained, have been captured at Nootka Sound, on the north-western coast of America, by an officer commanding two Spanish ships oi war; that the cargoes of th* British vessels have been seized, and that their officers and crews have been sent as prison*!* to a Spanish port. The capture of one of these vessels had before been notified by the ambassador of the Catholic King, by or der of his court, who at the same time desired that mea sures might be taken for preventing his majesty's sub ject* from frequenting those coasts,which were alledged to have been previously occupied and frequented by the subjects of Spain. Complaints were also made of the ftsheries carried on by his majesty's subjects in th* seas adjoining to the Spanish continent, as being contrary to th* rights *f the crown of Spain. In consequence of this line of communication, a demand was immediately made, by his majesty's order, for adequate satisfaction, and for restitution of the vessels, previous to any other discus sion. By the answer from the court of Spain, it appears that this vessel and ber crew had been set at liberty by the Viceroy of Mexico ; but this is represented to have been done by him on the supposition that nothing but the ignorance of the right* of Spain had encouraged the in dividuals of other na'ion* to com* to those coasts for the purpose ol making establishments for carrying on trade, and, in conformity to his previous instructions, requi ring him to show all possible regaid to the British na tion. No satisfaction is made or offered, and a direct claim is asserted by th* cooit of Spain to th* exclusive right* of sovereignty, navigation and commerce, In th* terii lories, coasts and seas in that part of the world. His majesty has now directed his minister at Madrid, to make a lresh representation on this subject, and to claim such full and adequate satisfaction as the nature of the case evidently requires ; and, under the** circum stances, bis majesty having also received information that considerable armaments are carrying on in th* ports of Spain, ha* Judged it indispensably necessary to give orders to make such preparations as may put it in his majesty's power to aot with vigor and effect in support of the honor of his crown and th* interests of his people. And bis msjesty recommends it to bis faithful commons, on whose zeal and public spirit be has th* most porfcot reliance, to enable him to take such msasurss, and to make such augmentation of his forces, as may be even tually necessary tor this purpose. It ia his majesty's earnest wish that the justice of hi* majesty's demand* may ensure, from the wisdom and equity of his catholic majesty, the satisfaction which is to unquestionably due ; and that this affair may be ter minated in such a manner a* to prevent any grounds of misunderstanding in future, and t* continue and confirm that harmony and friendship which has so happily sub sisted between the two courts, and which his majesty will always endeavor to maintain and improve by all such means as are consistent with the dignity of hit ma jesty's crown, and th* essential interest of his majesty's subjects. <J. K. Declaration of Hit Catholic Majeity, June 4, tranimitted to all the European Courte. The king being apprised of th* particulars laid before hi* ministers on th* Ifith of May, by Mr. Merry, his Bri tannic majesty's minister, relative to the unexpected dispute between this conrt and Oreat Britain, as to tbo vessels captured in Port St Laurence, or Nootka Sound, on the coast of California, in th* South Sea, has com manded the undersigned, his majesty's first Secretary of State, to answer to the said Minister of Kngland, that he had the honor to make known personally, and in wri ting, to th* said minister, upon th* ISth of th* same mouth, that his majesty at no time pre levied to any rights in any ports, seas or places, other than what be longs to his crown by th* most solemn treaties, recog nized by all nations, and more particularly with Uroat Bitain, by a right founded on particular treaties, tha uni form consent of both notions, and by an immemorial, regular and established possession : that his majesty ia ready to enter upon every examination and discussion most likely to terminal* the dispute in an amicabl* way; and is wiling to enter into immediate conference with the new ambassador ; and if justice requires it, will cer tainly disapprove of th* conduct, and punish his subject* if they have gone beyond their powers. This oiler and satisfaction will, it li hoped, sarve a* an example to tha court of London ta do ai much on its part. At tha two conrti of Madrid and London havs not yet received properaud authenticated account! and proof! of all that hai really paaied In thaie diitant latitude*, a contradiction in the development of fact* haa by this mean* been occasioned. Even at thil moment tna pa per! and minutef made up by the viceroy of New Spain on thia matter are not arrived. I'oaterior latter* in deed lay, that the English venal, the Argonaut, had not been aeiaed and contiacated till legally condemned ; and that the imall vciiel called the Prince** Royal, winch had afterward* arrived, wa* not seized or confttcated, but that, on the contrary, full reititution wai made by the,vicerov. and an obligation only taken from the cap tain to pay the price of tne veaiel, it aha waa declared a lawful price , and on the preoiae term* he had liberated a Portuguese vaaael belonging to Maoao, and two Ame rican vaaaela. These particular! will ba mora explicitly proved and aluoidatad on tho arrival of tha neceeaary ""ft he Aret time that our ambaaeador made a publio noti fication of tbi* matter to tha ministry at London, on tha 10th of February last, many of tha oircumatances that era now certain wars then doubtful. The rights and Immemorial possession of Spain to that coast and ports, *s wall as several other titles proper to ha taken into view in a paelfla negotiation, ware not quite certain. And If the court of London had made an amicable return to tha complaints mad* by his majesty relative to those merchants whom Spain regards as usurpers and tha vio lator* of treaties, and had shown any desire to terminate the affair by an amicable accommodation, a great deal of unnecessary expanse might have been saved. Tha high and menacing tone and manner in which the an swer of the British minister waa couched, at a time whan no certain information of tha particulars had ar rived, made the Spanish cabinet entertain some suspi cion! that it was made, not eo much for the purpose of the dispute in question, t* a pretext to break entirely with our oourt; for which reaaon it was thought neces sary to lake some precautions relative to the subject. On a lata occasion a complaint was made to the court of Ruseia as to soma similar points relative to the navi gation of tha South Sea. A candid answer being re turned,by that court, tha affair was terminated without the least disagreement. may be asserted with truth, that the manner, much more than the substance, has produced the disputes that have taken place on this head with Oreat Britain. Nevertheless, the king does deny what the enemies to peace have industriously circulated, that Spain extends pretensions and rights or sovereignty aver tha wholo of the South Sea. as far as China. When tha words are made use of," In the name of tha king, his sovereignty, navigation, and exclusive commerce to the continent and island* of tha South Sea," it is the manner in which Spain, in speaking of the Indies, has always used these words?that is to say, to tha continent, islands, and seas, which belong to bis majesty, so far as discoveries bava hsan made and secured to him by treaties and immemo rial possession, and uniformly acquiesced in, notwith standing some infringements by individuals who have been punished upon knowledge of their offences. And the king sets up no pretensions to any possessions, the right to which he cannot prove by irrefragibl* titles. | Although Spain may not have establishments or colo nies planted upon the coasts or in the poita in dispute, it does not follow that suoh coast or port does not bolong to her. If this rule were to be followed, one nation might establish colonies on the coast* of another nation, in Ameiica, Asia, Africa and Europe, by which means there would be noAxad boundaries?a circumstanoe evi dently absurd. But whatever may b* the issue of the question of right, upon a mature consideration of the claims ot both parties, tho reiult of the question of fact is, that the cap ture of the English vessels is repaired by the restitution that haa been inado, and the conduct of the viceroy ; lor aa to the qualification of inch restitution, and whether the prize wai lawful or not, that respects the question of right yet to be investigated ; thut it to say, if it has been agreeably to, or in contradiction to the treaties re lative to the rights aud possessions of Spain Lastly, the king will readily enter into any plan by which future disputes on this subject may bo obviated, that no re proach may bi upon him as having refused any means of reconciliation ; and for the establisnment of a solid and permanent peace, not only between Spain and Oreat Britain, but also between all nations ; for the accom plishment of which object, his majesty has made the greatest efforts in all the courts ol Europe ; which he certainly would not hava done if he haa any design to involve England and the other European powers in a calamitous and destructive war. El Condi at: Florida Blanoa. Aranjuez, June 4. Memorial of Ike Caurl of Spain delivered June IS, to Mr. ill:knlrrt, the Britiek Jfmhaseadar at Madrid. By evsry tieaty upon record betwixt Spain and the other nation* of Europe, for upward* of two centuiiea, an exclusive right of property, navigation, and com merce to the Spanikh We?t Indie*, ha* bean uniformly ?ecured to Spain, England having alway* itood forth in a particular manner in lupport of *ucb right. By anicle Ath of the treaty of Utrecht (a treatv in which all the European nation* may be| (aid to have taken a part), Spain and England profe** to establish it a* a liuuUoteH4*! principle of agreement, that the navi gation and commerce of the West Indie*, under the do minion ol Spain, ihall remain in the precise lituation in which they itood in the reign of hi* Catholic majesty Charle* II, and that that rule ihall be inviolably ad hered to, and be incapable of infringement. Alter thia maxim, the two power* itipulated?thai Spain ahould never grant liberty or permi**ion to any nation to trade to or to introduce their merchandize* intc the Spaniah-American dominion*, nor to ?ell, cede, 01 give up to any otner nation ite land*, dominion*, or terri tone*, or any part thereof. On the contrary, and in or dor that it* territories ahould be preserved whole and entire, England offer* to aid and assist the Spaniard* in re-establishing the limits of their American dominions, and placing them in the exact situation they stood in at time of h - the time of hi* said Catholic majesty Charles IE, if by accident it shall be discovered that they have undergone any alteration to the prejudice of Spain, in whatever manner or pretext such alteration may have been brought about. The vast extent of the SpauUh territories, navigation and dominion on the continent of America, isles and seas contiguous to the South Sea, are clearly laid down, and authenticated by a variety of documents, laws, and formal acts of posiession, in the reign ol King Charles II. It is also clearly ascertained, that notwithstanding the re peated attempts madi by adventurers and pirates on the Spanish coasts of the South Sea and adjacent islands, Spain has still preserved her possessions entire, and op posed with success those usurpations, by constantly sending her ships and vessels to take possession of such settlements. By these measures, and reiterated acts ol possession, Spain has preserved her dominion, which ?ha has extended to the borders of the Russian esta blishments in that part ol the world. The Vioeroys of Peru and New Spain having been in formed, that these seas had been for some years past more frequented than formerly , that smuggling had in creased ; that several usurpations prejudicial to Spain and the general tranquillity had be*n|suffered to be made, they gave orders that '.he western coasts of Spainish America, and islands at.! seas adjacent, should be more frequently navigated and explored. They were also informed, that several Russian ves sels were upon the point uf making commercial estab lishments upon that coast. At the time that Spain de monstrated to Ruisiathe inconvanienciea attendant upon such encroachments, she < utered upon the negotiation with Russia, upon the supposition that the Russian navi gators of the Pacific ocean had no orders to make estab lishments within the limit* of Spanish America, of which the Spaniards were the first possessors, (limits situated within Prince William's Strait,) purposely to avoid all dissections, and in order to maintain the harmony and amity which Spain wished to preserve. of R The court of Russia replied, it had already given or ders, that its subjects should make no settlements in places belonging to other powers, and that if those or ders had been violated, and any had been made in Span ish America, they desired the king would put a stop to them in' a friendly manner. To this pacific language en the part of Russia, Spain observed, that she coula rot be answerable for what her officers might do at that dis tance, whose general orders and instructions were not to permit any settlemen's to be made ,by other nations on the continent of Spanish America. Though trespasses had been made by'the English, on some of the islands of those coasts, which had given rise to similar complaints having been made to the court of London, Spain did not know thst the English had en deavored to make any settlement* on the northern part of the Southern ocean, till the commanding officer of a Spanish ship, in the usual tour of the coasts of Califor nia, found two Amencan vessels in St. Laurence, or Nootka harbor, where he was going for provisions and stores. These vessels he permitted to proceed on their voyage, it appeerlng from their papers, that they were driven there by distress, and only cam* in to raflt. He also found there the Iphigenia from Macao, under ad a pai Poituguse colors, which had a passport from the gover nor ; and though he came manifestly with a view to trad* there, yet the Spanish admiral, when he saw bis instructions, gave him leave to depart upon his signing an engagement to pay the value ol the vessel, should the government *f Mexico declare it a lawful prize. With this vessel there cam* a second, which the ad miral detained j and a few days after a third, named the Argonaut, from the above-mentioned place. The captain of this latter was an Englishman. He came not only to trade, bat brought everything with him proper to lorm ? settlement there, and to fortify it. This, notwith standing too remonstrances of the Spanish admiral, he ho persovared in, and was detained, together with his After him cam* a fourth English vessel, named the Princess Royal, and evidently for the same purposes. She likewise was detained end sent to Port St. Bias, where the pilot of tho Argonaut made away with him self. The viceroy, on being informed of these particulars, gave orders that the captain and the vessel* should be released, and that thoy should bava leave to refit, with out declaring them a lawful prize ; and this he <Ld, on account of the ignorano* of tho proprietors, and th* friendship which subsisted between the two courts of London and Madrid. He also gave thorn leave to return to Macao with their cargo, after capitulating with them in the same manner a* with the Portuguese captain, and leaving the affair to be finally determined by th* Count d* Revilla gigsdo, his successor, who also gave them their liberty. As soon as th* court of Madrid had raceivad an ac count of th* datention of th* first Kogiish vassal at Nootka Sound, and befor* that of th# second errivsd, it ordered its ambassader at London to make a report thereof to the English minister, which he did, on th* lOthof February lest, and to require that the portioa ivbe had planned thee* expeditions should be punished, In order to deter others from making settlements on tor litorios occupied and frequented by Ihe Spaniards for a number of yesrs In the ambassador's memorial mention wn only mad* of the Hpaniih admiral that commanded the preeent ar mament, having visited Nootka Hound in 1774, though that harbor had Deen frequently visited both before and aince, with the uaual forma of taking possession Theae forma were repeated more particularly in the yeara 1765 and 1770, all along the coaata aa far aa Prince William Hound, and it waa theae acta that gave occaaion to the memorial made by the court of Kuaaia, aa haa been al ready noticed. Tho Spanish ambaaaador at London did not repreaent in thia memorial, at that time, that the right of Spain to theae coaata waa conformable to ancient boundariea, rhich had been guaranteed by England at the treaty of lit, in the reign ol Charlea II , deeming it to be un Utrecht, .. neceaaary, aa ordera bad been given, and veaaela had ac tually been veiled on thoae coaata, ao far back aa lflSi The anawer that the English miniatry gave, on the '16th of February, waa, that they had no', aa yet, been informed of the facta atated by the ambaaaador, and that the act of violence, mentioned in hia memorial, neoessa rily auapended any discussion af the claima therein, till an adequate atonement had been made for a proceeding ao injurioua to Oreat Britain. In addition to thia hsu^bty language of the British minlater, he farther added, that the ahip muat, in the first place, be reatored, and that with respect to any fu ture stipulations, it would be necessary to wait for a more full detail of all the oircumstance* of thia affair. The harah and laconic atyle in which thia anawer waa given, made the court of Madrid auapect that the King of Great Britain'e miniatera were forming other plana ; and they were the more induced to think ao, at there were reports that they were going to Ot out two fleets, one for the Mediterranean and the other for the Baltic. This, of course, obliged Spain to increase the small squa dron she was getting ready to exercise bar marine, of Spain The court or Spain then orderod her ambassador at London to present a memorial to the Britiah miniatry, setting forth that though the crown of Spain had ao indu bitable right to the continent, islands, harbors, and coaata of that part of the world, founded on treaties and Immemorial possession, yet aa the viceroy of Mexico had released the veaaela that were detained, the king looked upon the affair aa concluded, without entering into any disputes or diaousaions on the undoubted rights of Spain, and desiring to give a proof of hia friendship for Great Britain, ne should rest satisfied if she ordered that her subjects, in future, respected those rights. Aa if Spain, in thia anawer, had laid claim to the em {lire of that ocean, though she only spoke of what be ouged to her by treaties, and aa if it had been ao griev ous an offence to terminate this affair by restitution of the only vessel which waa then known to have been ta ken, it excited such clamor and agitation in the parlia ment of England, that the most vigorous preparations for war have been commenced -, and thoae poweis disin clined to peace charge Hpain with designs contrary to her known principles of honor and probity, aa well aa to the tranquillity ol Europe,which the Spanish monarch and hia ministers have always had in view. While England waa employed in making tho greatest armaments and preparations, that court made anawer to the Spanish ambassador (upon the 6th of May,) that the acts of violence committed against the Britiah flag, "ren dered it necessary lor the sovereign to charge his minis ter at Madrid, to renew the remonstranoes (being the anawer of England already mentioned) and to require that satisfaction, which hia m ijesty thought he had an indisputable right to demand." To this waa added a declaration not to enter formally into the matter until a satisfactory answer was obtained; " and at the same time the memorial of Spain should not include in ft the question of rightwhich formed a moat essential part of the discussion. The Britiah administration offer, in the same anawer, to take the moat effectual and pacific meaaures, that the English subjects shall not act " against the just and ac knowledged rights of Spain, but that they cannot at present accede to the pretensions of absolute sovereign ty, commerce and navigation, which appeared to be tne principal object of the memorials of the ambaaaador, and that the king of England considers it aa a duty incum bent upon him to protect bis subjects in the enjoyment of the right of continuing their fishery in the Pacific If thii pretention i* found to treipei? upon the ancient boundaries laid down in the reign of king Charles II , and guaranteed by England in the treaty or Utrecht, a? Spain believe*, it appear* that that court will have good reaione for disputing and oppoeing thie claim, and it it to be hoped that the equity of the Britieh adminis tration will suspend and restrict it accordingly. In consequence of the foregoing answer, the charge d'affairs from the court of London at Madrid insisted, in a memorial of the lfith of May, on restitution of the ves sel detained at Noetka, and the property therein con tained ; of an indemnification for the losses sus tained, and on a reparation proportioned to the in jury done to the English subjeots trading under the British flag, and that they have an indisputable right to the enjoyment of a free and uninterrupted navi gatinn, commerce, and fishery . and to the possession of such establishments as they should form, with the con sent ot the native* of the country, not previously occu pied by any of the European nations. An explicit and prompt snswer was desired upon this head, in such terms as might tend to calm the anxieties and to maintain the friendship subsisting between the two courts. The charge d'affaires having observed that a suspen sion of the Spanish armaments would contribute totran quility, upon the term* to be communicated by the Bri tish administration, an answer was made by the Spanish administration, that the king was siacerely inclined to disarm upon the principle* of reciprocity, and propor tioned to the circumstances of the two courts ; ad ling, that the Court of Spain was actuated by the most pacific intentions, and a desire to give every satisfaction and in demnification, if justioe was apt on their side, provided England did as much, if she were found to d* in the wrong. This answer mast convince all the courts of Europe that the conduct of the king and his administration is consonant to the invariable principle* of justice, troth, and peace. El Coupe de Fiobipa Blsiscs. Mr. Filsktriert'i *1niicer to the /art going Memorial. Sir : In compliance with your excellency's desire, I have now the honor to communicate to you, in writing, whet I observed to you in the conversation we had the dav before yesterday. The substance of these observations are briefly these - The court of London is animated with the most sincere desire of terminating the difference that at present sub sists between it and the court of Madrid, relative to the port of Nootka, and the adjacent latitudes, by a friendly negotiation ; but as it is evident, upon the clearest prin ciples of justice and reason, that an equal negotiation cannot be opened, till matters are put in their original state ; and as certain act* have been committed in the latitude* in question, by vessels belonging to the royal marine of Spain, against several Bri'ish vessels, with out any reprisals having been made, of any sort, on the part of Britain, that power is perfectly in the right to in sist, as a preliminary condition, upon a prompt and suit reparation for these acts of violence ; and in i able reparation for these acts of violence ; and in conse quence of this principle, the practice of nations has lim ited such right of reparation to three articles, viz , the restitution of the vessels?a full indemnification for the losses sustained by the parties injured?and, finally, sa tisfaction to the sovereign for the insult offered to bis flag. Ho that it is evident that the actual demands of my court, far from containing anything to prejudice the right* or the dignity of his Catholic nrmjesty, amount to no more, in faet, than what is constantly done by Uraat Britain herself, as well as every other maritime power, in similar circumstances. Finally, as to the nature of the satisfaction which the court ot London exacts on this occasion, and on which your excellency appears to desire some explanation, I am authorised, sir, to assure you, that if bis Catholic majesty consents to make a declaration in his name, bearing, in substuce, that he had determined to offer to his Britannic nnjesty a just and suitable satisfaction for the insult offered to his (lag ?such oiler, joined to a promise of making restitution of the vessel* captured, and to indemnify the proprie tors, under the conditions specified in the official latter of Mr. Merry, on the I6th of May, will be regarded by his Britannic majesty as constituting in itself the satis faction demanded ; and his said majesty will accept of it in hisi as such by a counter declaration on his part. I have to add, that as it appears uncertain if the vessels, the North West, an American vessel, and the (phigenia, bad truly a right to enjoy the protection of the British flag, the king will, with pleasure, consent that an examination of this question, as well as that relative to the Just amount of the losses sustained by Li* subjects, may be left to the determination of commissioners, to be named by the two courts. Having thus recapitulated, to your eacelleocv the heads of what I obset ved to you in conversation, I flatter aiyeelf you will weigh the whole in your mind, with that spirit of equity and moderation which characterise* you, that I may be in a condition of sending to my court as soon as possible, a satisfactory answer as to the point mm awu aw puseiuiv, a satibisn<?vs y ?sienui we ?v aasv |'viua contained in the official paper sent to Mr. Merry, on the hich fo 4'h of the month, and which for the reasons I have men tioned, cannot be regarded by his Britannic majesty as fulfilling his just expectations. I have the honor to be, fcc. Alletnk Fitxh(*skbt The Count it Floriia Hlanea't Reply, June IS. You will pardon me, sir, that I cannot give my assent to the principles laid down in your last letter, as Spain main tains on the most solid grounds, that the detention of the vessel* was mad* in a port, upon a coast, or in a bay of Spanish America, the commerce and navigation of which belonged exclusively to Spain, by treaties with all na tions, t van England herselt. The principles laid down cannot be adapted to the case. The vessel* detained attempted to meke aa eetablish ment at a port where they found a nation actually set tled, the Spanish commander at Nootka having, previous to their detention, made the most amicable representa tions to the aggressor* to desist from their purpose. I Your excellency will also permit me to ley before you, that it is not at all certain that the vessels detained navigated under the British flag, although they were English vessels ; there having been reason to believe that they navigated under the protection of Portugnese passports, furnished them by the governor of Macao as commercial vessels, and not belonging to the royal ma rine. Yeur excellency will add to these reasons, that by the restitution of these vessels, their furniture and ear i goes, or their value, in consequence of the resolution adopted by the viceroy of Mexico, which has been ep , proved or by the king, for the sake of peace, every thing is placed in it* original state, the object your ex ' cellency aims at?nothing remaining unsettled but the indemnification of losses, and satisfaction forth* insult, i which akell also be regulated when evidence shall be given what insult has been committed, which hitherto ha* not been sufficiently explained. However, that a quarrel may not arise abont were#, ! and that two nations friendly o each other may ntt' * I exposed to the calamities of war, I have to inform yew, ?ir. by order of tbe king, that hia majeatjr consents to make the declaration which your excellency propoeea in your letter, and will offer to hia Biltannic majesty a Just and auitable satiafaotion for the inault offered to the honor of hia flag, provided that to theaa are added either of the following explanation! ; 1. That in offering auch satisfaction, the imult and the aatialaction ahall be lully aettled both in form and aub atance by a judarment to be pronounced by one of the king* or Lurope, whom the king my maater leavea wholly to the choice of hia Britannic majeaty . for it la aufllcient to the Spaniah monarch that a crowned bead, from lull information of the facta, aball decide aa he thinka juat. 1 That in offering a Juat and auitable aatiafaction, care ? hall be taken that in the progreea of the negotiation to be opened, no facta be admitted aa true but auch aa oen be fully established by Oreet Britain with regard to the inault offered to her flag. 3. That the laid aatiafaction ahall be given on condi tion that no inference be drawn therefrom to affect the righta ef Spain, nor of the right of exacting from Oreet Britain an equivalent aatiafaction, if it ahaJl be found In the courae ot negotiation, that the king haa a right to demand aatiafaction for the aggreeeion and usurpation made on the Spaniah territory, contrary to aubaiating treatiea. Your excellency will be pleaaed to make choice of either of theae three explanationa to the declaration your excellency proposes, or all the three together?and to point out any ilflloulty that occura to you, that it may be obviated ; or any otner mode that may tend to pro mote the peaoe which we deaire to attabllah. I have the honor to be, he. ?l Conde dk Florida Blanca. Convention of Xootka Sound, between hit Bi (tannic Mo jetty and the King of Spai'i, tigned aX tke JCicuriof, the itith of October, 1700. Their Britannic and Catholic majeatiee, being detlioua of terminating, by a apeedy and aolid agreement, tke differences which have lately ariaen between the two crowna.have adjudged that tne beat way oflattaining thin salutary object would be that of an amicable arrange ment, which, aetling aaide all retroepective diacuaaion of the righta and pretenaiona of the two pertiea, ahould fix their reapective aituation for the future on a baaia con formable to their true intereata, aa well aa to tbe mutual deaire with which their aaid majeatiea are animated, of establishing with each other, in everything and in all plaoea, the most perfect friendship, harmony, and good correapondence. In thia view, they have nameiT and constituted for their plenipotentiariee ; to wit, rn the part of hia Britannic majeaty, Alleyne Fitzherbert, klaq., one of hia aaid majeaty'a privy council in Oieat Britain and Irelaod, and hia ambaaiador extraordinary and ple nipotentiary to hia Catholic majeaty ; and, on the part of hia Catholic majeaty, Don Joaeph Monino. count of Flo rida Blanco, knight grand croaa of the royal Spaniah or der of Charles 111., counaellor of atate to hia aaid ma jeaty, aud hie principal eecretary of atate, and of tbe dis patches ; who, after having communicated to each other their reapective lull powera, have agreed upon the fol io wing articlee: Art. I.?It ia agreed that the building* and tract* of land aituated on the north-weat coaat of the continent of North America, or on ialanda adjacent to that conti nent, of which the aubjecta of hia Britannic majeaty were dispossessed, about tbe month of April, 17H9, by a Spaniah officer, ahall be reatored to the aaid British aubjecta. Art. 11.?And farther, that a juat reparation ahall be made, according to the nature of the caae, for all acta of violence or hostility, which may have been commit ted subsequent to the month of April, 1709, by the sub jects of either of the contracting parties against the sub jects of the other ; and that, in caae any of the said re apective subjects shall, since the same period, have been forcibly dispossessed of their lands, buildings, vessels, merchandise, and other property whatever, oa the said continent, or on the seaa or island* adjacent, (hey shall be re-eitablished in the possession thereof, or a Just compensation ahall be made to them for the losses which they have sustained. Art. III.?And in order to strengthen the bonds of friendship, and to preserve in future a perfect harmony and good understanding between the two contracting parties, it ia agreed that their reapective subjects ahall not be disturbed or molested, either in navigating or carrying on their fisheries in the Pacific Ocean, or in the South Seaa, or in landing on tbe coast* ot those seas, in places not already occupied, for the purpose of carrying on their commerce with the natives of the country, or of making settlements there the whole subject, never theless, to the restrictions and provision* specified in the three following articles : Art. IV.?His Britannic majesty engages to take the most effectual measures to prevent the navigation and fishery of hia aubjecta in the (Pacific Ocean, or in the South Seas, from being made a pretext for illicit trade with the Spanish settlement* , ana, with this view, it is, moreover, expressly stipulated, that British subjeota ahall not navigate, or carry on their fishery ia the said seaa, within the apace of ten sea leagues from any part of the coasts already occupied by Spain. Art. V ?It ia agreed, that aa well in the places which are to be restored to the British subjects, by virtue of the first article, aa in all other parts of the north-western coaata of North America, or of the islands adjaoent, sit uate to tbe north of the parts of the said coast already occupied by Spain, wherever the subjects of either ef the two powers shall have made settlements since the month of April, 1709, or shall hereafter make any, the aubjecta of the other ahall have free access, and shall earry on their trade without any disturbance or moles tation. Art. VI.?It is further agreed, with respect to the ehstern and western coasts of South America, and to the island* adjacent, that no settlement shall be formed hereafter, by the reapective subjects, in such part of those coasts as are situated to the south of those parts of the same coasts, and of the islands adjacent, which are already occupied by Spain ; pronded that the said respective aubjecta shall retain the liberty of landing on the coaat* and islanda so aituated, for the purposes of their fishery, and of erecting thereon huts, and other temporary buildings, serving only for those purposes Art. VII.?In all cases of complaint, or infraction of the articles of the present {convention, the officers of either party, without permitticg themselves previously to commit any violence or not of force, shall be bound te make an exact report of the affkir, and of its circum stances, to their respective courts, who will terminate auch difference* in an amicable manner. Art. VIII.?The present convention ahall be ratified and confirmed in tbe space of six weeks, to be compu ted from the day of its signature, or sooner, if it can be done. In witness whereof, we, the undersigned planipoten tiaiies of their Britannic and Catholic majesties, have, in Iheir names, and in virtue of our reapective full powers, signed the present convention, and set thereto the seal* 9f our arm*. Don* at the Palace of St. Laurence, the 39th of Octo ber, 1790. (L. 8) Ai.litre Fit in tsar *t. (L. 8.) Ei. Co*nc oe Ki orida Blaiica. Court of General (tMloni. Before Recorder Tallmadge end Aldermen StoneaU end Me aerate. F?i M ? Trial of Jumn Miller oliae Cupid, the Clinton Bar re Robkrr.?The jury in tbie ceae baring been locked up all night to conault upon a verdict, announced to the officer, that they had agreed, whereupon an oflcer wee deepatched for the Recorder and District Attorney. On the meeting of the Court, the prieoner, Cupid, wee brought in, looking exceedingly pele, and " very Algety" in hia manner. One of the Jurore roae and aaked the Court, if they could And a verdict on either of the count* in the indictment 1 The Recorder anewered in the affirmative. Upon a few minute* conaideration, the foreman rendered a verdict of guilty on the teventh count in the indictment. Tbi? count only charge* the priaoner with the larceny, and omit* the locality of the robbery. The jury wa* polled, and leverally anewered guilty. The priaoner'* counsel then aaked the Court to defer judgment until next term, to allow time for a bill of exception*. The Recorder itated that the Court would adjourn until 13 o'clock, to day, and then proceed to pa*? aentenoe ; and would alio hear any argument on the aubject. The jury were then discharged for the term, with the thank* of the Court The jury, in the above caae, were out eighteen hour*, before agreeing upon a verdict Opon taking Cupid back to prison. he eeid, " it wa* d d atrange to be found guilty of ateellng from the bunk." Varieties* The Governor of New Jersey has nominated to the Senate, Henry W. Green, to be Chief Ju?tic* of the Supreme Court or that State, upon the expiration ef the term ef the preeent Chief Justice One hundred of the lourneymen printer* of New Orleans were held to appear before Recorder Baldwin, on the 13th inatant. upon a charge of iibol mad* against them by Mr. Van Betnnysen, on bohelf Of the publishers of the JrffrTtonian. The Georgia Railroad haa been tha theatre of an other reriou* accident?the second within e few day*. A* the downward train wa* on ita way en Wednesday night, when within a few mile* of Crawford**ilia, the passenger and baggage cere ware suddenly thrown ftem the track, down en embankment of ram* three or fonr feet, by which the former was vary much broken, injur ing, more or lent, almost ovary passenger on boerd , on* of|i?bom, Mr*. Duncan, the wife of tho Rev. Mr Duncan, was said to be very eerioualy if not fatally. The other passengers escaped with some pretty sever* bruise* and cuts, tuough none were very serious.?jlugiutu Chroni cle, Ft 4 S. Isaac Johnson, the Governor elect of the State of l.nuisiena, was inaugurated Into office on tho 13th inst. His inaugural address la wall spoken of. In Baton Rouge, on the 8th inatant, Mrs. Barker, s member of tho Society of Friends, dellvsred a semen belore e crowded audience. Albert Gurney, a Boston pilot, belonging to the pilot boat Frolic, was drowned on the 30th Inet, by the canoe in which he was capsixed The Convention called by numeroue ministers and laymen, to tahe into consideration tho connection ol slavery with missions, commenced its session at the Con gregational Church in Syracuse on the 18th inet A woman died lately in Franklin, Maine, under very suspicious circumstances. It la thought she wee poisoned by her husband. In Exeter, N. H , the thermometer was eighteen degrees below itro at seven o'clock, on the morning of the 19th instant. Mr. Andrew Ryan, a native of Ireland, ug<'d shoot 33 years, was instantly killed in Manchester, by the falling of e body of earth upon him, while et wf?k on tk# Gloucester railroad, on the 17th inst. Tie fs. groph says that two othore were serieualy injured? one ol tneui fatally?and severe! mere received # uM wottnd*. m

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