Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 25, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 25, 1846 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XXI., ??. B?-WlMl?Ia.?MI. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 25, 1846. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation...Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day. rri** I ettn pereopyw. BT.SJperaaaam?piy hie in advance. WEEKLY HKRALD-Evrry Setnrdar-rnce ?* ttm per eony?-ti.llK cent* per an urtra?payable in advance ADVERTISEMENTS at the aiuA prioei?always cash jgrtuna PRINTING of aU kind* rxaeuted wfeh beauty aad des patch IT?" All letters or ecnunaaiertioas, be mail, addreaaed to wast oe poet paid, or the postage will be Masted from toe sobacriptiea myey remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietcr or the New Yoen Uiuie E*t?bi ?*h*bi*t NnrtliwMt i-waw of Wei roe and Nawn trM? ivTER tiTe Long ROAD. VIA JTRW LOUDON, NORWICH f WORCESTER. At 7 o'clock in die Morning, from the foot of Whitehall Street, South hairy?Sunday, excepted. W , trates urr to readme** to reeetye kmm for New tellou, Norwich aad Worcester. Baggage for floatt agh niidcr lock. jaltt Luftir iSUANLl KAlLRUAi) COMPANY. oatoagOM tire w TigfrTtr *tt IgfyfeFo" iMW Commencing oa Monday, September tttli, IMS. Lear a New York?At 7 o'clock, A. TRAINS RUN AS_FOLLOW8, ar 15th, _ Bostoa Train for Grsenpoit, daily, Btiudaya excepted, stopping at Fariniugdale aad St. George's Manor. Lear# Brooklyn-At MA. St ,fer Farmingdal* and intermedi ate places, daily Mondays aicepted, and on Tuesdays, Tharsdays aad Ratnr lays, through to Ureenportand intermediate place*. ** " ettP. M., for Farmiugdale and intermediate places, daily, Sundays aicepted. Leave Oreenport? Boston Train, at 4 O'clock, P. Mm or oa the arriTtl or the steamer from Norwich, daily, 8 on days excepted, stopping at St. George's Manor and Farmiugdale. " " at So clock, A.M.; Aecommodatioa Traia, on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Leave Farmingdale?For Brooklyn, st o'clock, A. M., aad 1 P. M., daily, Sandals excepted. Leave Jamaica?For Brooklyn, at I o'clock, A. M. and IX r. M., daily. Sundays excepted. Fare to _Bedford ? cents; East New York ISM; Race Coarse 1M(; Trotr-ng Course IfX;,Iamaicat3; Brnslmlle SIM; Hyde Park ?tiegsyille 44; panning dale BH; xieer rare *?; mompson Hi; Suffolk Station I Mi Lake Road Station 1 ISM; Medford Hkatisn | ltM; gkUrflle 1 JO; 8c George's Manor 1 SSH; ?Uverhaad 1 OH; James port 1 OX; Mattetaek 1 UM; Cat ehognr 16SM; Sonthold I CSX; Greenport, Aee'a. train, 1 TS; Greenportby Boston Train S to. ? Stages are in readinea* on the arriyal of Trains at the several Stations, to take passengers at very lew Fans, to all parts of the bland, I Baggage Cratee will ba in readiness at the foot of Whitehall ?street, to receive Baggage for toe several Trains, SI miaates be More the hoar of starting from the Brooklyn aide ? The Steamer Statesman leaves Greenpart for 8s* Harbor twice each day on the arriyal of the Train* from Brooklyn. UUaiON S I ttAMbltS. FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. The Britiih end North American Royal , Mail Steam Packet Ship CAMBRIA. C. H. E. Jndkiue, Commander, will leave Boa ?trn for the above porta u follow", vis : CAMBRIA, C. H. E. Jndkina, Commander, on 8nnday, lit day of March, 1818. Passage to Liverpool $1* Passageto Halifax M For freight or paaaage, apjMy j _ BRIOHAM. Jr.. Agent. At HARNDEN A CO.'8. 6 Wall at No Berth secured until paid for, ft rre DRAFTS ON GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND.?Peraona wiahing to re mit money to their filenda in any part of Great Britain or Ireland, can be supplied with drafts bv applying to the subscribers, for any amount, nayahle at sight.on ?U the principal towna " i and Wales. Applica throoKhout England, Ireland, Scotland tion by letter, (post paid,) will meat ftlrh II meet prumpt attention. W. ft J. T. TAPSCOTT, 75 South It. eor. Maiden Lai NOTICE?SfA'l'EN 18 AND FERRY On Wednesday, Jan. Ah, the tripe on thia Ferry will be at follows.? <? erry will be Leave Mateo Island?lid, 1# A M , 2, Of P. M. 9 P. M. Leave New Yotk??, It A. M tSM, 9 r- 8 ?On Sundays the boat will leave at 11 o'clock, instead of MA NT j7 Knew line of packets for livek POOL?Packet o( the 38th February.?The splendid, fast sailing and favcritepaekat snip OARKICK, bnrthen, Capt B J. H. Trask, will ssUonThnrs nary M, her regular day. The Ships of thia lioe being all 1808 tons and upwards, per aona about to embark for the Old Country will not fail to see the ad vat'Cages to be derived from eel eeting thia line, as their great capacity rvndrra them every way more comfortable and convenient than ships of a small clam, end their accommo dations for cabin, second cabiu end steerage passengers, it is welt known, tve superior. Persons wishing to secure berths ahoald not fail to make early application to JOS McMURRAY, ft5 180 Pine straat corner ofSialh. itlcK BALL, OR OLD LINE OF l.IVF.R POOL PACKETS FOR LIVKRPOOL.-Onlyre j anlar packet of the 1st M-reh. The new, magnificent celt brated fan sailing favorits packet ship MON'l'EZU ?n. t uithea 1190 tons, Capt A. B. Lowlier, will sail positively ?a Monday, the td Mareli. It is well known that the aceom mod 'Hons of thcM ntriumt aie fitted em in a most anperb and costly manner, with every modern improvement end conveni once, that cannot hat add to the eorafbr- of those embarking. Persona vailing the old country, or tending for their fri-nda, should rail and see tins splendid specimen of naval architee tare. before engaging elsewhere. Fur passive in cabin, second Cbin and steerage, aarly application should be made on board, 01 oi Beck man street, or to the subscribers. ROCHE, BROTHERS It CO fl>r 28 Fulton street, (next door to the Fulton Bank ) NEW LINE Ob PACKETS HOIl L1VEK FOOL ?Packet of 36ih of February.?The ap end id, fait stiliag and favorite packet ship O ARRICK, 1100 ton, o tihen, Captain B. J. H. Track, will tail on Thursday, Feb 28. i-er regular day. The chips of this liue being all 1880 tons and upwards, per ?eoa about to embark for the Old Country will nut fail to see the a Ivan tangos to ba derived from eelceting this line in prtfer aoce to any other, at their great capacity rtuders them every way more comfortable and convenient then chip* of e small dees, and their accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers, it is well known, are superior to those ol ?y other line of packets, l'rnoo* witl ing to secure berths shou'd not fail to make early application on hoard, at the foot of Wall street, or to _W. fc J. T TAPSCOTT, At their general Passu; e Office, 79 South street, fgjf corner of Maiden lane. KOK NEW ORLEANS. ? Louisiana and New Yorf liMbToii Line.?Regnlar packet, to tail Monday, March JHBdmtd ? The elegant, fast selling packet ship 8AR TELl.C, Taylor, master, will positively sail at above, her re gular day. For freight or passage, haviu handsome fnrnuhed, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foetof Wall street, or to C. K. COLLINS It CO, X South street. (CP* Positively no goods received oa board after,Saturday evening, 28th mat. Agent in New Otieans. JAJB. E. WOOD RUFF , who will promptly forward all goods to his adiheas. Parket bark GENESEE, Minett, muter, will sngFeed ths Sartelle, and sail Moudar, 2th March, her regnlar day. fll Cap^r^lui Forfraight FOR LIVERPOOL?The New Line?Ragulal Packet of list March ?The superior fast tailing ship HOTTINQUER, ?hot ship HOTTINOUER, 1100 tons burthen, nrsley, mil sail at above, har regular day Forfraight or paaaage, having splendid, large andeomfoiteble Mute rooms and cabin, alip* 17 South street, ftitr of postage $109. ' The packet ship Liverpool, 1288 tons, Capt. John Eldridge, wjB^ succeed the Hottugner, and anil on the list of April. m I FOR LI VERPOOL?New Line-Ragnl^^H If the 36: h Feb.?The elegant feat taiTiniPMSH ,Shie OARKICK, B. J. Hi Trrnk, Muter, of 1108 regular day. bor freight^^^m u racket Packet oa board, at Orleans wharf, foot af Wall street, or to . E K. COLLINS A CO.. 58 South strut ,The picket ship Roscins. Eldridge, master, will sneosed Me tHrriek. -nH sail March 38th, her regular day. jttr ???KUit SALE?To close a concern?The Line o I m fcfBIRSi Packets consisting of the shirs RQ8CIUS. HIDDOMB, HHItRIDAN and.OARRICK. They I uiltin thia city, by Brown It Bell, with nananal cere; el, material (a very large proportion of thaur frame j live oak.) and woAmstoship. tliey areVnanfpeased.'i'faot n nailed?salted on the stocks, and re-salted every year ewce i heir accommodations tor passengers are very ex MVe and handsomely furnished. Apply to fi t r. K. COLLI N8 A CO ? X South i FUR GLASGOW.?Reenter Packet.?The wall Mth?r .known, futssiliug British btrk ADAM VA RR, 450 gone, llngh McEwen, master, having two-thirds of bar cargo engaged or paaaage. havii captain onboard, 1 .*.?? ... The A 1 British berk Ann Hurley, Capt. Robt. Scott, will guessed the Adam Carr. jjj - PHELPS, 181 Front street, or to BOYD A HIM)KEN, ' Mr I Tontine Buildings, No. 88 Well street. to engage p. u*ogees to come out by the early Spring ships, at a very low rate. Drafts can. Airaiihed. payable throughout the Uaitrd Kingdom. For farther particulars apply to J HERDMAN A Co., 81 T <&: PAJMJAGE from newry. ireland-t mBBVSss. feet uiling coppered ship BROTHERS, Ca ???tValmv 788 tona burthen, will eail from the aht pert oa the 18th March neit, affording a good omiortnaity the 18th March east, affording a good oppor r?era who wish to coma direct to Nnw York, or terms el passage, which are moderate, apply to Wit J. T TAPSCOTT, 75 8onth st. jaI7 tti corner Maiden lani *0*8 ALE?The fine last railing topsail sck ,er AC rl i A, su months old: bailtof the best I gmm 17s; coppered and copper fastened; and well ceni|>? Jjdf foeod m every respect. She can be seen ? foot of HnCgtts street, Eaet River. Apply to MiWmc /? M. BOVKS, 57 Pearl st riAVRK- Sooeud Lias. ?The puA?,'^,ps ? c!f1 J??* Fuck, will mil ? the let ol March. Forfteig' : I ""Jgjr WAN TED-A ship jo load for a sonthern port.? Acply to ETk. COLLINS A CO., 5d U?ek as I 88 onsa# pnieat aheatluaf Fslt. a^^H TO LET, THE EAGLE HOTEL IN THE VILLAGE OF PEEK8KILL. MM THE Csgl? IHotel ud Stables, in the Tillage of I'ecks !>::? kill. '* P?w offered to let. for a term of years, from the XJHLfirst of May next. The ulaee ia favorably known to the travelling community, and haa been for sevsral veart. u a com modioaa, plearant. well located, well kept pnhlic house, and profitable to the proprietor. The promieea will be let low to a tollable person to keep the same, if applied for toon?or to any person wishing to purchase, will be sold a bargain, aud pay ments made ea?y. R. R. FINCH. Feb. IS, IMS. Uy? For information, Ac . apply to R. R Finch, near the L " ill War " ~ " premisea in PaekskilJ, or to Hi Water street, New York, fll Iw're M APARTMENTS to let. FURNISHED, on the first fl or, with hreekfaat, if re^nnsd^ References exchanged^ 17 lw*mc No 44 Warven ttroot. FOR SALE, RR THE HOUSE AND LOT, No. 71 Dnane street, ]>Nm with stable in the rear; house three stories high, with JialM* tries; well furnished with marble mantels. Access can be had to the stable on the rear of the premisea. from Heade sad Kim streets. For further particulars, apply to J. C. BLAKE, No. 1 Nassau street fl7Jw*r TO LET, JL THE large and commodious Dwelling House, at the Southwest corner of Twenty-fifth fr et and Seventh Avenue, with Garden, Stables, Carriage-House, Ac A encircles the whole building; position nigh and healthy It will be let with or withoat the furniture to a private family ~ Lease e? aIso. a small two storr House, near by. Also, To or For Salt, aevaral Building Lota. Euquira an tits premisea, or of R.GOODMAN 18 Cedar*. ft? lw*mc NOTICE. M DWELLING HOUSES, STORES and raoant Lota, for sale, rent or exchange Investments made on pro ductive Real Estate, that will pay from ten to twenty percent on the purchase money, w ith an increase in value of from ten to fifteen per cent per annum. Money procured on Bond aud Mortgage; and Policies of Insurance obtained from the most responsible companies in the country. Ai<ply it 166 Third Avenue, JOHN ALLEN. N.B?Plans, elevations, specifications and contracts for buildings, furnished hern or at No. 6 Broad street, at the short est notiTe. CALVIN POLLARD. 110 lm*re Architect. FOR 8ALE, OH TO LK <\ on the most reasonable ffTJV terms, these two-story Dwelling Houses, in North JaiB> Sixth, between Sixth and Seventh streets, Willisms burg, L. 1. Two ofthe above are new, and intended as genteel residences, being finished in the best manner, and supplied with spring ud ruin water in the kitchen, and coal vaults in front, Ac. Two-thirds of the purchase money may remain eenred, at C per cent. Enquire on tha premises, or of ROBERT ANGUS, flS lm'rrc M Wall street. H QUARRY FOR SALE. OR TO LEASE-Sitn ate on the Peexaic river, in North Belleville, formerly belonging to Abraham Joralemon, Esq. Said quarry a extensively worked for thirty years past, and is one of the beet quarries of free (tone in New Jersey, and is ia good order for working. The premise* consist of two dwell ings, store house, two barns, two hundred feet of wharf, and seventeen aerrs of land, which will be sold eutir.*, or the quarry separate, if desired. For further particulars, enquire of the subscriber, at the poet office in Belleville. N. J. JOHN b. LLOYD. Belleville. Feb. 19,1846. fit lm*me FOR SALE. IN BROOKLYN, A NEW BRIC K HOUSE, on the eonth tide of York 1?>fw street, one hundred feet west of Bridge street, with lot JiSMbrnnniog through to Tollman street. The house is three stone*, with basemeut and snb-cellar; well finished through out; withm five minutes walk of Fulton and Catherine feme*. If not sold previous to let March, it will be let low to a good tenant far a term of years. Apply at 17 Main street, Brooklyn CHRISTIE'S GALVANIC RINGS AND MAGNETIC FLUID. TpHIS remarkable discovery comprises an entirely safe and A novel application of the mysterious power of Galvanism, as a remedial agent. The Galvanic Rings in connection with the Magnetic Fluid, Inve been nsed with entire suc cess in ell cases ol RHEUMATISM, acnte or chronic, apply ing to the head, face or limba; Gout, Tic Doloreux, Tooth a< kg. Bronchitis, Vertigo, nervous or tick Headache, lndiges tiou, Paralysis, Palsy, Epilepsy. Fits. Cramp, palpitation of illness of Joints, Spinal complaints, the Heart, Apoplexy, stifle... ?. ~r?. Lumbago,Neuralgia, nervous Tremors .dullness of the Head, paini in the Cheat and Side, general Debility, deficiency of nervous and physical energy, and all nervous disorders. In exist of Dyspepsia, which is simply a nervous derangement ol ?ne digestive organ*, th-y have been found equally success ful. The Rings are of different prices, beieg made of all sixes. and of various ornamental patterns, and can be worn by tha most delicate female without the slightest inconvenience. THE GALVANIC BELTS, BANDS, BRACELETS, Ac. Are modifications of the invention, and are recommended in more chronic eases of disease, wnere the Rings do not pos sess sufficient intensity or power. They are adapted to the waist, arms, wrists, ancles, chest, or any part ofthe body with perfect ease. Any Gaivauic power that u required miy thus be obtained, and no complaint which the mysterious agent of Galvanism can affect, will fail to be perm aneutly relieved. CHRISTIE'S MAGNETIC FLUID is used in connection with the Rings end their modifications. This composition has been pronounced by the French Che mists, to be one of the most yelnabla discoveries of modern science. It is believed to possess the remarkable power of rendering the nerve* sensitive to Galvsnic action, by this means causing a ooneentration of the influence ut the seat of disease, and thus giving rapid and permanent relief. CHRISTIE'S GALVANIC STRENGTHENING PLASTERS Thee* articles form an important addition to the Galvanic Rings,acting open the tame principle, hat having the advan tage or more local application As an effectual meana lor strengthening the system when debilitated by disease or other causes ; as a certain aid in oonatitntional weakness ; as a pre ventive for colds, and in all affections of the chest generally, the Galvanic St a xn sit nun, no Plastkss will be found of great and pet manent advantage We refer our readers to the numerous_ C7"HOME CERI FILATE8.-/3 Publishes! by the Doctor, in the sua, Times, Mirror, Tribune, an si other papers. These testimonials, all of which we Horn the most respect ihle sources, have been selected from several hundred of a similar character, which have been procured dnriug the short rime the discovery has been before the American public D. C. MOOKHeAD. General Agent for the United States, and only Agent lor the City of New York, 194 Fulton street, San Buildings. Beware of Counterfeits js31 MWfc*st lm*r urrica on thi mer can tick nutvil ikiumkci i/o. # No. (I Wall (treat, Decsnffier nth. 1645.) ATA MEETING of the Trustees, held it the offiee of the xX Company. oa the 3rd instant, JOSEPH WALKER wee unanimously elected President, in place of Lewis Oratory, resigned; and Lewis Uacooar was elected Vice President, to mpply the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Joseph Hoxie. By order of the Trustees, ELL WOOD WALTER. Secretary. Mamma Isniuiici on Cargo am> Kmioht oni-r. The Mercantile Mutual Insurance Company, No. 63 Wall street, confines its business to Marina insurance on freight and -as, subscription notes, amounting to upwards of Two Handled Thousand Dollars hare bean repaired, and farther additions are daily being made to its assets. The Company mntee attention to its plan of basinesa,which it is believed, offers greater protectioa and larger retains to the assured than any other. TRUSTEES. Thomas Hunt. Jaa. McCullongh, Then. Achelis, Wm. C. Lnogley, Septimus Crooks, Geo. W. Taylor, Henry Sheldon. Charles Payee, Levi Cook, Jas. Freeland, Chas. H Rogers, A. Legoax, Thoa. 8 Nelson, H. E. Moring, D. L. Sayre, Wilson O Hunt, W. C. Atwaler, Alexis 8. Baker, Stewart O. Marsh, W. A. Reteltas, M. Ward, Geo. Hastings, Chas. G- Carletoa, Leonard Kirby, C. W. A. Rodgers, Lucius Hopkins, Jss. C. Hillock, Henry Jas sop, Daniel G. Hanlsnd, 8. f. J en gins, G. D. Phelps, Herman Bokor. JOSHPH WALKER, President. Lewis Gaanoai, Vioe President. Ellwood WaLTga, Secretary. d3i6m-rc OFFICE OF JEFFERSON INSURANCE COMPANY 1 . . . New Yoaa, February 3d, 1146. I A T AN ELECTION for Directors of this Institution, for /A the ensuing year, bold this day, the following named gen tle msa were elected sach ^ DIRECTOR 8. Thomas _W Thome, Elisha Riggs, Thonua T. Woodruff, Anson Baker, 1 B. R. Robson, M. D. Joseph Drake, Thomson Pries, Joseph Alien, Moses Tocker, Jsaiss E. Holmes, John R. Davison, John P. Moore, Jolm H. Lee, William K. Than, Caleb C. Tnais, Thomas Morrell, Francis P Saga, Eugsne Bogart, John C. Memtt, Robert Smith. At s subs quent meeting of the Board, THOMAS W. THOHNE, Esq , was unanimously re-alerted President for the ensuing year. GEO. T7HOPE, Secretary. f3 rrc UHICKERING'S PIANO-FORTE WARER00M8, 898 Broadway. No* 8 and 7 Lafarge Building. THE PUBLIC will find at tha above rooms a general assort meat of Grand and Square Piano Fortes, at Urn same price at my Factory in Boston <U7 luV HASTINGS' COMPOUND SYRUP OP NAPHTHA. THE TRIUMPH COMPLETE !! Per agio by MOORE k CO., the American Agents, U Ann street, gad Elliott, 1TB DIVISION STREET, op Bte Ludlow, Now York. Price 81 a bottle?Six hot ter #0. Philadelphia, Tattle, 86 South 4th street ni la Jo THE GENUINE GALVANIC RINGS BANDS MAONETKJ FLUID. IF ECENTLT imported, celebrated both in Europe aid XV America, for the ears of rheumatism, and all chronic or norvons diseases. For sale by the groce, doxen or single one, at Bgoccxo raicte O lm*r AB. It D. SANDS, 79 Fulton street. corner of Gold. ONE PRICE BOOT AND SHOE STORE. THE PROPRIETOR of the Washington Boot and Shoe / ?f*i No. 313 Greenwich, comer of Barclay street, would respectfully inform his easterners and the public generally, that he has established the One Price system. The price will be found written on the diffeat kinds ol Boots and Shoes, t W I Bit ? J_ FINE FRENCH BOOrS FOR $3 je-C.ty madel ^?and are eqaal to those sold m other storm far 86; finB reach Calf ;Boots for 84 30, equal to the hast made in thfl ?city for* or 97?t tVvfff It JON^'r^Vii! ^?Shoa Maanfaciory; one of the saoat rasbMMhla in ihiB eity; our Booto haviag been judged in tha late Fair at Niblo'sfl are said to ha the beat Boots ever sold ia this city. All Bootl warranted to gave satisfaction. ? YOUNG ft JONES. 4 Ann street. I Js37 lm*rh sear Broadway. New York. I ?fl _ ROSE HILL STABLES. 34th Street and fh.r<B i<U> Avenue, and oppoaits Bull'a Head. Just arrived XLUb for sale at the above Stables, about fifty NorthenM and Wasters Horses among which are eight pairs matched? sss&i^ssr"-*"?' tt kan&it.-i fl lm*re fropri#tnr | d > EGitdlA LilUktk c6m*aN* NOtL* Wanmd .1 v* three quarwrs par eset discount, by p. I PECKr I iltttPN UWaUatreat ? European Correspondence of the Pi. Y. Herald. Pahis, Feb. 1, 1846. Aspect of Again in Europe?The United States? The Oregon Question?The Pot it ion of Guizot | and Thiers?Ttu Meu> Commercial Policy of Great Britain?Freedom of Trade?Its Effect in > America-Statistics of F.unce?Extraordinary Remits?Morals of the Nation-Calamities ?? Algeria?The Planet Astroa?Scientific Intelli gence?Music and the Drama, Sfc? Another eventful month has passed, and a new year haa begun to roll in the interminable ude ol time. Never waa an epoch marked by more me morable eventa?eveuta affecting not alone the well being of the present race of men, but of unborn mil lions?aflecting, not the people of this or that patch of land, or limited by theae or those shores, but pregnant with vast and durable benefits to the myri ads of denizens of thia terraqueous globe. The legislatures of the two great nations of ths world have reassembled. The delegates of the Bri tish people have been oonvoked in St. Stephen's, and the representatives of Francs have again come together in the Palais Bourbon. The gilded images ol sovereign power have uttered Irom their respec tive thrones the speeches put into their mouths by their responsible servants?speeches characterised i by the customary hollownesa of unmeaning gene rality. What a curious contrast with the elaborate details and weighty importance of the periodical manifesto of the great impersonation of the West ern Republic! As must have been expected, the unqualified claim advanced by the American President to the whole territory of Oregon, and the apparent renun ciation ot either diplomacy or arbitration upon it. has excited a lively sensation: but the part ol the which, on this side ot thf.# Cuinnfl at least, has called torth the strongest animadver sion, is the renunciation of all allegiance to inter national law?a sense which many impose on the , message. In short, it may be trely said, that no State paper, for a long period of time, has excited so universal and animated notice as Mr. Polks message. The Guizot ministry has commenced the session with every auspice of continued securi ty and success; and there is everv present appear ance of its stability. The extreme left, or democra tic party, is becoming more and more feeble, as eacn successive year rolls over, and the Canists, or , old Royalists, still more so. The strength of the Chambers is now concentrated in the dynastic par- | ty or that which, whatever internal differences may | divide it, will support the throne of the Barracades, ; and maintain the principle that the prosperity of France and the well being of Europe are identified with the stability of the dynasty of Orleans, and the maintenance of the charter. This dynastic party is divided into two sections, led respectively by Guizot and Thiers, the latter constituting what is called the dynastic opposition. The professed difference of these parties, is that the Thiers oppo i sition desires to assimulate the practice ot the gov ernment to that of England, while the present ad ministration party, led by Guizot, contends that the French people are not yet capable of being trusted with those popular rights, without imminent hazard for public order. On the American question, these sections differ; the Guizot party leading towards the claims of England, while the Thiers party pro fesses sympathy with Mr. Polk. Guizot insists on the maintenance of a certain balance of power in the West, by checking the encroaching policy ol the republic ; Thiers, on the contrary, disclaims any other equilibrium except that of the European States. The one professes some fears from American ag grandisement?the other repels, contemptuously, I any such apprehensions. However, the English l party in the Chambers, pledged by inclination and opinion to support the entente cordials, and sustained by the overwhelming personal influence of Louis Philippe himself, holds the reins of power, and is likely to continue to hold them. It is easy, there fore, to see the probable effect of any intervention or arbitration by France, unon the disputed questions between England and the United States. In England, as you will easily collect from the public journals, there is absolutely no division ol party or opinion on the Oregon question. All sec tions ol the body politic are ol one mind, or it, indeed, there be any difference, it is that the feeling of the radical and popular section is more unmea sured and intemperate in iu spirit against the Union, even, than the tories themselves. Sir Robert Peel has, with less than the usual official reserve, express I ed regret that the British Minister at Washington should have rejected the last proposals of the Ame i rican Cabinet, for the settlement of Oregon, without first transmitting them to Downing street lor the consideration of the home authorities. The whig and radical journals, on the other hand, support Mr. Pakenham, and declare that such a course could have no other object but to temporise and procrasti nate the settlement of the quesiion. It is a strange sign of the public feeling, in regard to this difference between the British and American governments, that although no one can show a way in which the difference is likely to be settled?although it is ad mitted that diplomacy has exhausted all its expedi ents upon it, and has run again and again the entire cycle ol iu devices?although it is known that arbi tr&tion baa been again and again offered and reject ed ; yet no one can be found who has any r racti cal and lively laith in the imminence of war! No one will believe that either of these great countries will really enuil on themselves, and the world, the calamities ol such a struggle for such a cause. It is very well to talk of national honor, and all that sort ol thing; but nations, now-a-days, take pretty nearly Fnlstalf's views of honor; and if they admit it as an ostensible cause of war, will assuredly take care that some cause of a more substantial and material nature must lurk Deniud it. But the American question, and all others which aflect international relations, are lost to the public eye by the comparatively colossal dimensions ef the vast principle which has been brought upon the theatre of public discussion by the head of the Eng lish cabinet, urged forward by the stern liat of the British people. To say that Sir Robert Peel has announced his determination to fulfil the behests of the Corn Law League, would be offering but a small and inadequate measure of justice to that singular man. By a series of small and, apparently, incon sequential measures, he has been for years under mining the whole fabric of commercial policy in England; and now he has put the match to the train, and the explosion has ensued, sending, not the corn laws only, but the entire structure of protective ' laws, in fragments into the air! Never was such a spectacle presented by legislative assembly as that | which was witnessed'm the House of Commons on the first night of the session. The address had scarcely been seconded, when the premier started on his feet from the restless bench where he had been waiting, in a state of nervous and impatient excitement, and, with the smallest conceivable amount of preliminary matter, unfolded to his asto nished auditory the details of the projected com mercial revolution which he is prepared to carry out. The extent and detaila of hia project, nay, even ita general nature and tendency, had been sedulously kept secret, not only from the most favored supportcra of the cabinet in the press,

but even from the members themselves of the government, savs and except the individual i composing the cabinet, and even to them the haughty leader only deigned to impart bia full, designs at the eleventh hour. Imagine Sir Robert speaking from the ministerial benchea, surround ed by his colleagues and the numerous members of the conservative party, and facing the whigs, the radicals, the league ana the Irish members?his opponents. Imagine him unlolding, in rounded pe riods, the niter aestruction of all protective legisla tion ; conceive him denouncing the corn monopoly as an obsolete error, which he retracted ana re pented ; and, as sentence rolled out after sentence, imagine (he acclamations, the " Hear, hear!" of his opponents, the whigs?the enthusiastic cheers of his opponents, the league, led by Cobden and Bright?and the exultations of his opponents, the radicals and the Irish tail; and conceive, at the same tune, Sir Robert's colleagues and supporters preserving, in the midst of this wild enthusiasm, the moat profound and ominous silence?wonder, confusion, consternation, and dismay, struggling for expression in their countenances! Never waa auch a spectacle. A looker-oa, unacquainted with the machinery of political partiee, would have said tnat Sir Robert had mistaken his place, and sat | down at the wrong side of the House, assuming a position in the midst ol his opponents, and oppo site to his friends. The importance of the change in the commer cial policy of the greateat commercial people in the world, which ia ihua sheet to be consummated, would bemoet inadequately estimated, were ita ef fects and its conaequenees limited to the British empire. The announcement that this great manu facturing and trading people have discovered, by long, hard, and dearly-bought experience, that all douea laid on lor the protection of native industry, i ape fallacious; that, instead of protecting, they im-1 pair; that unlimited importation* do not necessari- I ly connect iheipaelves with low prices, or with low : waeei; that healthy native industry flourishes best without legislative care or protection ; that it is setf foetered and sell-invigorated ; that it grows in its i own native and natural soil and atmosphere, but cannot be forced by any artificial expedients ol hot-bed legislation these are truthsthese are principles certainly not new, economists having pro mulged them for halt a century back. But they have hitherto existed only as barren theories, based on reasoning which was abstract, however plausi ble: as speculations of clever and acute men, and profound thinkers; but still, as speculations only. They at* now, for the firat time, offered to the world as the results of enlarged experience ; as practical tacts?and by whom offered 1 By the nation by which they were longest and most bitterly opposed. By the people, who, from their pre-eminent extent of commerce, have at once the best meana ot ascer taining the truth, aud the deepest interest in acting upon it. Suoh novel praotioal principles, so pro mulged, oannot, and will not tail to produce on other enlightened nations, a profound impression. Can any one believe it possible that Prance can long, in the faae of such faots, uphold her protective and prohibitory laws 1 And when Franoe gives way, as ?he assuredly will, it cannot be loug before the oth er etates of Europe will follow. Among the faots which have been brought to light in Uieae discussions, there are some so remarkable, and however consistent with the theories of econo mists, so surprising and unexpeeted, that they will be contemplated with muoh interest among your readers. That largo importations of foreign articles do not necessarily reduce the price ot domestic articles of the same class, is doubtless a conclusion which w;ll startle many. Bui what will be said if it be seriously maintained that, in many, if not in all cases, this! instead of being attended with a re duction, is followed by an augmentation of the price of the home-produced article 1 Yet here are facts, established on the most incontestible evidence. The import duty on flax was gradually reduced in England, and was at length altogether abolished in 1815. The following were the prices during the progress of reduction, the original amount of the duty being ?10 14s. 6d. Year. Price. 184 3 65s. to 70 184 4 03l. to 68 1815 651. to 68 1840, (Jan'y.) 70s. to 80 Thus the price was highett when the duty was en tirely removed! The duty on the importation of foreign cattle was abolished last year, by which it was universally ex pected that, the market being inundated with foreign meat, the price would fall so low as to ruin the gra ziers. We here subjoin the quantities imported, and the contract prices of meat supplied for the navy before and after the reduction Head of Contract Contract Oxen im- price of price of na Yter. ported, navy beef. ry pork. Before the ebolition of duty 1844 3.800 ?1 18s 3d ?3 15s 104 After the abolition. 1845 15,000 ? fl 8 6 12 00 Thus it appears that while the quantity imported was sextupied, the market priee was nearly doubled! In like manner, the duties on foreign wool were reduced, and yet the price of home wool gradually | rose, simultaneously with the reduced duty, and the ? increased importation:? Pounds of Wool Price per lb. Year. imported. of home Wool. 1841 45,880,000 1114 184 4 67,079,000 144 1845 (first ton months)... 05,310,000 10J4 Take one more example, still more remarkable, in the instance of the importation of foreign lard :? Price of home Year Ctet. imported. Duty. Lard per cwt. 1840 97 8i ? 184 1 48,311 it ? 1844 70,000 ? 48s 184 5 89,000 ? 67s 1846 (January).. ? ? 01s It' we mkht venture to generalise these and many other similar results, it would tollow that the best way to stimulate domestic industy, would be to open the ports freely to foreign commerce. These remarkable facts are well worth the serious attention ot Americans who take an active part in the discussion ol the tariff question It were well to reflect whether any mere protective duties can do benetit to the New England manufacturer, while it cannot be lor a moment doubted that they must huve a detrimental effect on all classes of do mestic consumers ; and this evil will be aggravated by every measure by which restrictive duties in England, or other parts of Europe, are removed. It would be a strange spectacle to behold the old conservative monarchical states of the world eman cipating themselves from the trammels of tradition al errors, and letting in the light of truth and know ledge upon the darkness which has for agea enve loped them, aad, at the same time, to behold the young democracy of the West clinging pertina ciously to ancient error, and closing every inlet against the light of truth. Your "Paris correspondent" will, perhaps, be ex cused tor a little exultation in the results of bis ratio cinations on this subject. It is now several months since your merchants and capitalists were warned by us of the coming repeal of the corn laws. That warning was lull, explicit and confident, and it pre ceded considerably the memorable announcement in the " Timt*" of the 4th December. In truth, we had good grounds for our assurances transmitted to you?grounds which left no doubt that, by whatever l>arty it might be consummated, a great and radical change was at hand. And what has been the re sult 1 Has our prediction outstripped the event 1 On the contrary, more, vastly more, than we anti cipated is likely to be realized. The abolition of the corn laws is but a small item in the grand total of good which is promised to the neople of Eng land, and ultimately to the world. Notning less is at hand than universal freedom of commerce. You will have seen, by the English journals, the details of the magnificent demolition ot the system of protective duties proposed by Sir Robert Peel. It is a real commercial revolution, and a noble ex ample of the bold application ot the true principles of pohticsl economy. Divested of a certain air of complexity and contrivance which the plan presents at the first view, its practical effect will be a fixed duty on corn of 4s. a quarter, for three years, at the expiration of which time the trade will be free. Hie average price of corn, tor the last two months, has been about Wis. The fixed duty of 4s. begins at 53s. It is probable, judging by present appearances, that the averages for the next three years will not fall below 52s. If this prove to be so, the new plan will reaolve itself into a fixed dnty of 4s. But let us suppose the price to fall?what la the limit, the range ot the new sliding scale ? When the average mar ket price ot wheat is below 4.9s., there is a fixed duty of 10s., and when it is above 52s., there is a fixed dnty of 4s., Between these narrow limits, the duty varies shilling for shilling with the price of corn. This is the sop?the crust?Hung to the land ed interest, and this for only three years, to stop their mouths. If they had a particle sf manhood in them, they would reject, with contempt, the beggar ly offering, and surrender themselves at once to the fate which awaits them on the 1st of February, 1849. But vou will ask what will be the fate of this ex traordinary measure in Parliament! Will the Com mons, who made Peel minister, ss the great defend er and protector of the landed interests, passitl Will the Lords, whose estates it will melt down, sanction it! That it willpaas is certain. But by what coarse or series of political operations is not so clear. It will be supported in the Commons by the whigs, the free trade party, the radicals, a part, if not all, of the Irish members, and such a fragment of the tory party as will adhere to the present cabinet. There is little doubt that this will form an actual numerical majority. But as there will certainly be a majority of the Lords against the measure, the question is, will this majority in the Commons be sufficiently great to overawe the Lords 1 It may be. But if not, then a dissolution and an appeal to the oountry, and an agitation of unparalleled violence, will be inevitable. The American merchant can now command a market for wheat of an average quality, if he can deliver it in the English perts ax or unaer 52s. the quarter; and probably this price may be maintained, or very nearly so, tor a considerable time. The following ia in substance the scale oi duty for wheat, the present price being 56e Above 63s S fixed duty sf 4s. " 638 " Si. " fits " Al. " 60s ? 7a " 49s ?< Hi. '? see ?? Qf. Below 48f s fixed duty of 10s. Subjoined is a tabular view of the present prices of grain, the present duties, and the proposed duties: IVheat. Bar try. Oalt. Ryi. Present price... Ms sd ai? 34 Jit 10i u< 44 Present duty . . . IHi o ?? o At 0 At 04 Proposed duty... 4t 0 it o It 64 3t 0 It is evident, that for all the inferior kinds of grain, the duty will be scarcely more than nominal. The admission of Indian corn, free of duty, imme diately, is a part of the measure designed to remedy the loss of the customary food of the people, by rea son of the potato disease. A statistical report is published, at the close of each year, by the Trench government, exhibiting a body of perfectly ascertained tacts, which throw a striking and curious light upon the social and moral condition of this country. The results it exhibits will be especially remarkable, when compared with the condition of a country so young in its national exist ence as the United States. This report has just been j issued, and I presume some notice of its more re markable features, will be received with interest by your readers. In considering the facts reported, it must be remembered that they are baaed upon evi dence which invests them with the highest degree ol certainty and accuracy. Thus, the biruis, deaths, and marriages must be exactly known, because every ph) sician, midwife, or other attendant at a birth, is Bubject to severe penalties, if they do not report it at a certain public office, within twenty-four hours.? No body can be interred without a previous regis tration of the age, sex, and cause of death pf the deceased. No marriage is valid, if the parties do not register their names, ages, profession, dwel ling, &c , at a certain public bureau. Iu thiaway the most perfect and authentic statistical data are preserved. Again, as respects the articles of con sumption; every article which enters a town, is as certained as to its quality and quantity at the barrier, being usually subject to a toll called Octroi la thie way, the average quantity and quality of the food consumed by each individual, becomes known. It appears, then, by evidence of this kind, that the number of children annually born in Paris, is in round numbers 32,000. Of this number 31,500 only are born in wedlock, the enormous proportion of 10,500 being Illegitimate. Thus we have the as tounding fact, that of all the children born of the million of individuals who inhabit Paris, one-third are illegitimate. What an extraordinary condition of morals is indicated by this fact! But is this pe culiar to the capital, or is the whole country equal ly demoralized 1 The total number of births annu ally, in the entire kingdom, is 970,000, of which, 70,000 are illegitimate. Thus, taking the eutire country, there are seven illegitimate childreu in every hundred, while in Paris alone there are thir ty-three in every hundred. The comparative dis soluteness of murals in the capital, is evident. In connection with this, another still more curious and singular fact has been brought to light. It appears that the relative proportion of the sexes born, ia fixed and invariable, but is not the same among le gitimate as among illegitimate children. It haa been shown that among legitimate children there are born 94 girls for every hundred boys, while among illegitimate children there are 96 girls for every hundred boys. Thus it appears, that there are a larger proportion of females among illegiti mates than among legitimates. What a singular and inexplicable, yet inevitable conclusion does this lead to! It follows that the performance of the ce remony of marriage, must have a tendency to in crease the proportion of male children in the world. Present this bone to your physiolgists and moralists to pick. The reault is not casual, for it uniformly follows, from the aucceasive returns of a quarter of a century in France, and a similar proportion is found to obtain in other countries where strict sta tistics aie kept. I shall mention another extraordinary, but well ascertained fact, which presents a strange view of the moral and social condition ot the population of this vast city. It appears that of 27.000 deaths, which take place annually in Paris, 10,000 occur in tli - hospitals, and 1,000 In the prisons and the morfrur. In other words, forty-one per cent of the population of Paris die either in the hospital, the prison, or by suicide. Nothing short of the most incontrovertible official documents could place a statement so awfully horrible within the limits of credibility. It appears that, taking the whole country, there are upon an average, seven legitimate children for every two marriages. One-half of the children born in France die before they attain the age of twenty. Only one-third of the population live to be 46, and one fourth only attain their 55ih year. About one-fourth ot the children born, die before they complete their first year. Tms frightful amount of mortality is mainly ascribable to tne ra vage ol small-nox. In a former letter I detailed to you the terrible atrocities of the French army committed in Africa, against the wretched native tribes, who in hundreds, men, women and children, were inhumanly suffoca ted and baked alive in the grottos of the Dahra. A calamity has just befallen a division of the same ar my, which appears like Divine retribution. Seven or eight hundred men have been deatroyed by a snow storm, which came upon them in one of the mountain passes where they had pursued the flying natives. Never was sutlering more heartrending than that ol these unfortunate victims, who were either frozen to death or had their extremities fro zen off. Thus frost has avenged fire. On the heels of this, the news of another calamity has arrived. A thunder storm broke over one of the villages, in which a powder magazine has been stricken by lightning, and a terrific explosion has ensued,spread ing death and destruction to all around. Assuredly Frunce pays dearly for the barren glory of retaining her African colony. Among the scientific news which will have reach ed you, will be the discovery of a new planet, to be called Astros. Those who attended the public lec tures given by Dr. Lardner in America, will recol lect that they were told that a variety of circumstan ces attending the four new planets?Juno, Pallas, Ceres and Vesta?raised a strong presumption, amounting nearly to moral certainty, tnat these bo dies are in fact fragments of a single planet, which has, from some cause not known, been broken ; and Dr. Lardner said, if such were really the case, it was probable that vigilant observers, with powerful telescopes, would at later periods discover other frag ments moving round the sun, in the same region of the solar system. It will be interesting to learn that the observations already made on the new planet Astroa, fully bear out this anticipation. It is in fact one of the same group, showing all their common characters, and is iu fact another fragment of the wreck ol a shattered world. A happy observation and most adroit experiment haa been recently made by Faraday, which raises a strong presumption that light is only a particular modification of electrioity. You must not believe the newspaper exaggerations which tell you that this magnificent generalization has been actually estab lished. Some time must elapse, and much more intellectual labor and ingenuity must be spent upon the investigation, before that can be truly said. All that can be stated at present, with strict truth, is that a curioua and new experiment has been made, whicli proves that there ia some physical relation, hitherto undiscovered, between light, electricity and mag netism. If you take a spiral coil of copper wire, like that which ia used to form a spiral spring commonly used by bell-hangers, and send, by reflection from glass, a ray of light along its length, so as to form, as it were, the axis of the cylindrical coil, you will find that thia ray of light will be modified in a peculiar manner, whenever a current of electricity is sent along the spinal wire. It haa been long known that a rod of soft iron, placed in the manner we have here supposed the light to be placed, ia suddenly rendered magnetic by the same influence. Thus is established some analogy, the nature of which is yet to be explained, between electricity, magnetism, and light. But it is jumping rather too hastily to a con clusion, to say that we can thus prove that light, electricity, and magnetism, are only different modi fications of the same physical agent. In the art of inland transport, one of the moat striking modifications now iu progress, is the at mospheric railways. The individual who first urged this improvement on the European public, (at least, first in any practical form.) was a Mr. Pinkus, an American gentleman, who haa obtained several patents for improvements in it. The method now practised on the Croydon Railway in England, and preparing on the St. Germain's Railway here, ia substantially his, although it bears another name.? A tube, laid down between the rails, is partially ex hausted of air, by pumps which are worked by stations)? engines. A piston ia placed in thia tube, on one aide of which the atmosphere ia admitted, by whioh it ia thus pressed forward with a force pro portionable to its magnitude, and the degree of ex haustion ; aa it advances, it draws the train of car riages or wagons after it. Such, in general, is the principle of tne railway, which in particular locali ties has already superseded the locomotive engines. In the musical world aotbing signally memorable haa transpired lately. Balfe's opera of the " Star of Seville," haa dragged noisily its alow length along for a dozen nights, agreeably relieved by being alter nated with other pieces. It haa disappointed the public, and added nothing to the reputation of the composer of the " Bohemian Girl," and the "Maid of Artois." It is, in truth, not an inspiration, but a work "done to order," and cornpoeed against time, being contracted for " to be completed" in three months. You must not pat tiith in the announce ments of the Pans press on subjects of music and the theatres. It is thoroughly corrupt. In nine cases out of ten, the paragraphs which appear in it are written or paid for bjr the parties directly inter ested m the worka which are puflad. Aa I mentioned to you formerly, Verdi's operas have been brought out at the Italian opera here ; but notwithstanding their incontestable merit as must- j oal compositions, they have been coldly received, and have net been ancoeeaful. The circumstances under which they have been produced, are such as would sink even higher compositions than these, . excellent as they are. It has so happened that the | scores of these operas exclude all the arustical ce lebrities in the present opera troupe. Thus, both Nabucodonoeor and Ernum, the two operas already produced, include neither Grisi, nor Peraiani, nor Lablache, nor Mario. They are consequently in terpreted by artists such as Malvezzi, Ronconi, Derwis, firambilla, Taghstico, who, whatever be their capabilities, have not yet risen to any high de free of popular tavor; and the public go to the theatre is much for the sake ot the artiste aa lor the opera? x-rfaaps more so. Verdi should write tor the great ending artistes of the theatres of Paris and London j ind it report can be relied on, the Impresario ot the Queen's theatre has succeeded in engaging him to io so, at a large cost, in the course ot the present season. We have been deserted by the great instrumental performers. Thalberg, the Nafoleon of the piano forte, has just started on a provincial tour to the south, being engaged to produce his matchless per tormances at Toulouse, Lyons, Bordeaux, Montpe lier and Marseilles. We await bis return about ths first days of March. His March* funebrt has pro duced a furor, and among the other pieces now most frequently demanded irom his finger, may be mentioned his fantasias on the operas of"II Bar biere," "La Muette." and "La aomnambula."? While the one great pianist has moved South, the other haa proceeded North. Franz Lftx has just started for Weimar, stopping, on the way, to delight the inhabitants of Lille, and other intermediate citiea. The evening before his departure, he accom panied his celebrated cantata, in honor of Beetho ven, at the house of Jules Jamn, the well-known Fruilletoniit, where a party of professionals and amateurs were assembled to take leave ot the great performer. A national opera, entitled Hongady, has lately been produced at the grand theatre of PeHh, in Hungary, which has produced the greatest excite ment. It is composed by M. Erkel, on a libretto taken from the history of the fif teenth century. Ths composition is reported to be a most masterly piecs of instrumentation, and the choral parts magnifi cent The subject, that of William Tell, being con nected with the internal struggles of the people for their independence, is skilfully interspersed with national melodies, which render it popular, even among those who cannot appreciate its high musical pretenaiona. Meyerbeer has departed for Berlin, by command of the King of Prussia, to supennted the rehearsals and mtssen scenes ot the "Iphigenie"of Gluck. Jenny Lind has just appeared at Berun, with great success, in the part oi Alice, in "Robert le Diablo." Thia aitist wilt not visit Paris or London so soon as was exiected. The great danseuaes, Carlotte Grisi excepted, are in Italy. Taghoni, Fanny fillsler, Adele Dumaia tre, and Cento, are quartered among tht ultra or mountain theatres. The ballet of "Diable A Quatre," which I mention ed to you in a former letter, has had an immense run, and still continues to draw overflowing houses. A candidate for fame, on the piano forte, has ar rived hare from Germany, by name Sigisimund Goldsmith, and a young harpist of great promise, M. Kruger, from stuttgard, the latter being recom mended as harpiete in the chapel royal of the King ot Wurtemberg. Nothing new, deserving ot especial notice, has been produced at the Pam theatres, and every th>ng else at those of London has been eclipsed by the unbounded success ot Miss Cushman as Romeo, at the Haym&rket. Althcugh a certain fastidious por tion ot the London press has hitherto yielded quali fied praise to that gifted artiste, she has on this occasion, by the unequivocal character of her suc cess, and the long run of the same performance, extorted her well merited meed of praise from all. It cannot be disputed that she is a very extraordi nary woman, combining, with indomitable tores of will natural, genius of a very exalted, it not of the highest order. It is truly astonishing how perfectly she assumes, in the present performance, all the exter nal characters of theothersex. Many on your side of the water will say that these are more natural to her tnan her own; but then their wonder must be con ceded to the irresistible womanly tenderness and pathos which she throws into Mrs. Haller. She is at once the best Mrs. Haller, the beat Lady Mao beth, and the best Romeo cn the atage !! The author of " London Assurance" is now here, enjoying the amusements of the carnival. He has a five act comedy on ths stocks, which will probably be produced at the Haymarket before the close of the present season. Varieties. A man named Smith, waa drowsed is Dinvert, on the 23d init. b y (ailing through the ie? near the iron (sundry. At Montpelier, Vt., the wife of Mr. Henry French committed suicide, leaving two children, the youngest only six daye old. We learn from the Savannah Republican, that the celebrated geologist, Lyell, was in Montgomery, Ala a few days ago, and visited the prairies in the vicinity for the purpose of observing the peculiarities of tat lime formation. The object of his present trip te Ala bamais to examine the lossil deposits in the lower part of the State. A jiedlar, named McLancy, waa precipitated over a precipice near Portage, with his horse and wages, and instantly killed. His horse made a mis-step and felL The Biraeyites of Rhode Island have nominated for Governor Edward Harris, of Wooneocket, and for Lieutenant Governor, Stephen Wilcox, of Westerly. Mr. James B. Draugnon, of Sampson cojnty, Worth Carolina, has raised a nog, the net weight of whieh was 769 lbs ; it wanted ? days or being 2 years eld when he killed it. Thirty of the dead bodies who were drowned on board the ship John Minturn, of which our readers are already aware were taken to West's Turn-out, near lleightstown. on the Camden and Am boy railroad, on Saturday. Tha bodiat wera on eleda and under the care of friends. The proprietors of the Housatouic Railroad, in Connecticut, are about to lay anew the track* of their read, by aubetitnting for the plate rail, ef which it waa originally conitructed, a heavy edge rail. We learn alio from the annual raport of the Berkshire Railroad, that tha proprietor! of that road hava voted to iocroeae their capital stock, for the purpoee of substituting for the present flat rail, not only tuion tha Borkahira but upon the West Stoohbridge Railroad, e heavy iron rail, of the same pattern and weight with that to bo used by the Housatonic Company. They propose also to buila a branch to tha Stockoriage Iron Works. There were fifty-two deaths at Boston, last week of which nine ware of consumption, S.of scarlet fever and 4 of smell pox. A vast and very beautiful cave has been diaeover sd near Middlstown, Vs. It has bean explored to the distance of halfa mile. We notice by our last Illinois papers, that Davis baa stabbed O. P. Rockwell, severely bat not dangerous, ly. Rockwell took Davis' wife from him on the "Spiritual System," which he bora until hs heard that Mrs. Davis wished to return te him. He then watched for Rockwell, and coming up to him one day last weak, nulled a sword from bis cans, and pieroed Rockwall's side. R saved his Ufa by turning the weapon oa one side a little, with hia hand. Tleveral pickpockets have lately been arreete d in Cincinnati. The Hon. Bellemy Storer recognized one of them, arrested for the Trust Co. Bank robbery, es the vary fallow who robbed him of $100 in a late tour East. Alvin Savage, of Madison, Maine, while engaged in lumbering on the Johnson Mountain Township, waa struck by a limb an tha left aids ef the heed, whieh broke end mangled the skull in a moat shocking meaner. Several piaoaa of tha bono entered tha subatnnoe of the brain. Notwithstanding tha aovority ef tke wound, Mr. Savage la in a fair way of recovery. The steamboat Louie Philippe met with an acci dent a few day* since at Oeverner Tuoknrl plantation, at Ltke Providence She ran oa a snog, smaehieg one wheal, breaking it be main abaft, and causing the lag chain to part, one piece of which caught the fly-wheel. A tremendous crash ensued, doing to all about $l,*oe damage. The General of the order of the Jesuits, has com manded all of that order of prlesthaod to Kentucky, te proceed te New York. COLUMBIA HOUSE, CheetmU Street, between 6tk end 7th Striate, BJtOLRY, HACKJtitzfx^'cO., JVapvfalera. Jams* Baqlst, lotoof J sen's Hotel. Hsmv C. MACBKismiu, formerly of W ml aulas House. Paves L. Fnancson. . r M tmr DAGUERREO VYPE PATENT IHUEO. ThAOUEHAEOTYPE ARTISTS are isforaied .that .the \J Pstentfor the new CoWiag Proesea of the sahspihy has heea issued. ApplieatioeaTee the rtrnet rightfoethe X'SShsi ?jrafiLfjaaaTjajg irticlM uftd in thi Diiitntofypt irt? wy iliopi Mil W ? 13 i m rrf. flITEEN i-'AUMS. " PLACES of from two to thirty eyeo geh.sMaudtd Views of the Booed. Village and Laediag. tor Sale ft Now Ro ehelle. ttth Mutk. MR. *? I o'cI^TFm] at MsUto Aaetieu HiKb CAdfc MaNUSaCTORT, St 1 St. Jekn'i Lena termer Break street, Bern Terk. the ret lird Cage* of every fleam imlun. whieh he ?*?. tuniM hUwoek. J. 1 f.Gomtry orim mmiU to with pmm