Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 26, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 26, 1846 Page 2
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JVEW YORK HERALD. !V?w Vorlc. Thun-Uy, February <?, MM, Mall* for turope. The steam-ship Cambria, Capt. Judkins, will leave Boston on Sunday next, for Halifax and Li verpool, and her letter b??s will, therefore, close in this city on Saturday afternoon. Politics Hint the Pulpit. On the subject of tne late movement of the clergy, in preaching trom the.r pulpits the necessity of the peace between the 1 nited?States and England being preserved, we find a remarkable unanimity of sentiment. This sentiment, it is almost un ne<o*ary to say, is condemnatory of the course the clergy thought projier to pursue, and is coincided in by members of the various Christian c urches throughout the city, of every denomita. tion. We are very happy to see this state of things, lor it shows conclusively that the matter is looked upon in its true light, and a proper view of the sub ject taken. It shows, that whenever any set of men, and more particularly the clergy, attempt to lay hold of a political question, and give a turn to it that would suit the views of an influential portion of the community, to subserve their own purposes, and promote their own influence, that such attempt will be met at the threshold, and be condemned and put down by the good sense of the people. T he history of the world, for centuries back?in deed, almost from the founding of the Christian church-lays before us the iniquitous consequences that have ensued by the clergy meddling with poli] tical questions, and identifying themselves with af fairs of state. History is a chart, and a valuable one, by which mankind, at the present day, can na vigate with safety, by avoiding those rocks and quicksands which wrecked our ancestors. We near frequently the subject of the influence of the pulptt, in its legitimate sphere, referred to, as being comparatively small. We are sorry to say that , tnere is too much truth in die remark ; and we have evidence that this influence is lessening every day, ! and biJs fair to become powerless before many years. This is owing to a variety of causes. We have seen clergymen, of different denominations, as- j cend their pulpits, and, in the robes of their holy ' office, assail sects who differed with them in a few immaterial points of doctrine, not at all affecting the great comprehensive system of the Christian I religion, using in their harangues epithets fit to be uttered only in brothels. Witness the course of j the clergy in this city, for the last few years. Instead of acting like the good Samaritan ?pouring oil into the sores of the atllicted, healing the sick, visiting the widow and fa therless, and in other respects conforming to the commands of Him whose servants they assume to be-they ascend their pulpits, and, by their elo quence and harangue, incite men to "envy, malice and all uncharitableness." ' But their loss of influence is owing to more than thiB. Witness the appalling immorality that is fre* quently brought to light, of which these well-paid servants of the Lord have been convicted?their conduct towards the females of their congrega. Hons. And yet, these men, when they are discover on nnn tkm* ?? . ... . ... ; ? uiocuver ed, and their immorality exposed, w:ll utter the bitterest denunciations from the pulpit against the 7 %ar 1'uijju ugmnei me independent press, which, pursuing its duty more faithfully than they have theirs, has aided in exhi biting them in their true light-that press which, since the invention of printing, has acted as the conservator of morals in every country. These are a few of the causes of the decline of cle rical influence m this country, and the last attempt ? """r" ?f.?" ? ?me vrcgon gup 8 tion, will tend yet more to lessen it. But as long us there remains an independent press, such interfe - it . * i'?vw, ouvii inirnf rence wi not be attempted with impunity. The clergy will be watched, and any attempt they may make to extend their influence to any but a legiti mate way, will be met at the threshold, and put i ' Vn n?enemy 10 the c'?gy. On the con- ! trary, we havo always been, and we trust we will I continue to be, the firm advocates of true religion. Whenever we find any of its professors stepping out of their circuit, and interfering in political ques. t.oni, and converting the house of God into a party arena for the discussion of State questions, we will do what we can to expose the impropriety of the proceeding; and by moral power alone, endeavor to compel them to retrace their steps, and preach no thing that i. improper in the house dedicated to Almighty God. Sb am em's Taxes.-We published a few day's since, an article in regard to the taxation of seamen m connection with a memorial presented by the shipmasters to the Legislature, requesting the reduc. Hon of the same. It is altogether too bad, that the poor sailor, receiving as he does, but from ten to fifteen dollars per month, after being taxed twenty Te P<?r mon,h by tbe U? s- Government should have this additionalj and useless burden placed uponjhim. We are happy to learn that there is one man who has steadily resisted the State tax, as oppressive and unconstitutional, and has never paid it, except under protest, for any sailor in his employ. We allude to Cornelius V anderbilt, Esq., the enterprixing steam boat proprietor who has now cases of this kind in the Supreme Court ol this State, and intends, if possible, carding them up to the Supreme Court of the I nited States. All these cases Mr. Vanderbilt has contested on their merits alone. It is highly creditable to him, as he has no direct interest in the matter?the taxes all coming out of the wages of the sailors. We hope that other Bhip owners will adopt the same course, and nd the poor sailors of the numer ous burdens, in the form of taxes, imposed upon them. Travel to Europe ?The splendid packet ship Garnck, Capt.TrasK, will sail to-day for Liverpool. | She is one oi our finest packets, and will tin doutedly carry oat a goodly number of passengers. The iavorite packet ship Independence, Captain Allen, will Bail lor Liverpool on the 6th of next month, and several of her berths are already en gaged. This packet, and her gentlemanly com mander, are too well known to need any praise from us. The steamship Cambria. Captain Judkins, will leave Boston, next Sunday, for Liverpool, and about two thirds of her berths are taken. She has several of her best state rooms yet unengaged. It is expected that the travel to Europe, in the en suing spring and summer, will be quite large. SrLKWDtn Arrani.kmknrs.?We learn that exten sive arrangements have been made for the route between this city and Boston for this year. It is said that the Boston, Providence and Ston ington Railroads have formed a connexion with the magnificent steamers Oregon and Kinckerbocker. These boats have been fitted up in a costly and superb style, and the arrangements is the running of the line, promise increased facilities and comfort on tlua important route. It is understood that the new arrangement will go into effect on the first of April. Whkrr are the Packets 1?There are now no .vM than fourteen packet-ships, including the Mas sachussetta, due at this port. They must have ex perienced aeverely westerly gales. The Massa chusetts is now in her thirty-fifth day. The Com.ector or New York ?Intelligence was yesterday received from Washington, that the ?p pointment of Cornelius W. Lawrence, Eiq. as Col lector of this port, had been confirmed by the Senate. New Yore Pilots.-We are glad to learn that these meritorious men are likely to receive all they ask of Congress. No one, however, who ever ex amined into their case, anticipated otherwise. Politics ik the Empire State.?There are, at this moment, nine parties and fractions ol parties in this State. This fact opens a rich prospect for the next election uiaib arsenal.?we na>o ic?,-c*?cu ? wp/ ui the annual report of the Commissary General, now laid before the Legislature, and we find it replete with interesting particulars, which we will lay be I fore our readers at some future time. We are glad to perceive that the report urges the absolute necessity existing tor the erection of a new arsenal in this city, in place of the old, dilapi dated concern in Centre street, which is inefficient tor the safe-kee,- ing of the military property of the State. The report says, that when the present worthy Commissary went into office, the edifice in Centre street, which is dignified with the name of State Ar senal, was in a complete state ofdilapidation, so much so that, during last winter, the sheds that were erect ed for the preservation of the State cannon and their appurtenances, actually fell with the weight of snow upon the roofs. The cause of this was the 1 own ess of the Arsenal grounds. The grouud upon which the Arsenal and out-buildings are erected, is from eighteen inches to five feet lower than the neighbor ing streets; and the water being allowed to flow in, rotted the posts, and hence they were incapable of sustaining the weight of a fall of snow. The Arsenal building is at present in a lamentable con dition, and if measures be not taken soon to put it in repair,"it will be, before long, a mass of ruins; for the entire lower floor has settled, in consequence of the beams on which it rested having rotted. The floors, roof and walls need repair also. On carefully reading the report of the Commissa ry General, we cannot help believing that there has been culpable neglect, for a number of years past, in the management of the State Arsenal in this city. The subject has been frequently mentioned by the press, and the proper authorities appealed to, in order that proper measures should be taken to have the great amount of public property stored there taken care of, and not allowed to rot. But all to no purpose. The present Com missary General, on entering upon the duties of his office, felt it incumbent upon him, by his official oath, to take steps to prevent the State property I being entirely dilipidated. He accordingly made 1 several repairs; and, in his report, draws the atten tion of the Legislature to the importance of having a suitable building erected, admitting the inefficien cy of the present edifice. He proposes that half a block of the eld arsenal ground be ceded to the city i of New York, in exchange for a piece of ground of i sufficient size to erect a new arsenal in the vicinity ' of Hamilton square, which is located in the centre j of the Island. This, he considers, would be an ad- , vantageous site, on account of its central location ' and the advantages the square would afford for j drills, parades, &c la case of a war, this location would be very desirable, as it commands the whole city, is contiguous to the North and East rivers, and directly on the line of the railroad. As lar as our city arsenal is concerned, we have given the views of the Commissary General, and hope that the attention of the Legislature will be di rected towards the necessity of having a proper building erected for the safe-keeping and preserva tion of the State property. It is a disgrace that the great State of New York, the empire State, has no place to keep its munitions of war iu but a misera ble, ncketty concern, which will fall by its own weight before many years. Our citizens should move in the matter, and insist upon a proper site being selected, and proper buildings erected, for it is a matter in which every person has an interest. Colonization Bill in Maryland?We have re ceived the bill which Mr. Hoover, of the committf ? on the colored population, has introduced into the Legislature of Maryland, relative to colonization It contains some features worthy of notice. The btl< provides that the census of all free re groes and mulattoes in the State, under the age of 65 for males, and 45 for females, be taken, and a tax of two dollars upon males, and one dollar upon fe males, be levied, to be paid over to the President of : the Maryland Colonization Society. The Coloniza- t tion Society is, at the same time, to be required to i apply all moneys so received to the removal and settlement in Liberia, of all free colored : persons who shall be disposed to go, giving a prefe- j rence to manumitted Blaves. If a sufficient number | of slaves, manumitted for the purpose of emigration, and free colored persons wishing to go to Liberia, I cannot be found to employ the funds of the Society, j then they are authorized to purchase, at a fair price 1 such slave or slaves, as arc willing to emigrate; and in no case, if it can be avoided, are families to be separated. This is the substance of the bill, which, after a reading, was ordered to he on the table. Emigration to Origon.?Almost every day we hear oj ships getting ready to sail, with emigrants for the "occupation" of Oregon and California The ship Xylon, Capt. Millinglove, sails from this port for California, on the 10th of April next. The brig Henry, with a number of passengers for Oregon, sailed on Saturday last from Newburypcrt, Mass. Religious exercises were had on the occa sion, prayer being oflered by Rev. Mr. Campbell, and a brief address made by Rev. Dr. Dana. The ship Angelo, Capt. Hastings, sails from Boston on the 30th of March. We have no doubt that many others will leave here for Oregon during the coming spring and summer. Thus we see that the spirit of emigration is be coming rife among the people?and from New Eng land and New York, from North, South, East and West, they are stirring tor Oregon. Resumption in Maryland.?It will be seen by the letter ot our Baltimore correspondent, that a bill has been reported in the Maryland Legislature, with a strong probability of becoming a law, provi. ding for the resumption of the payment of interest on the State debt on the first of October next, and for the funding of arrears of interest due, up to the first of July next, at five per cent interest. Every true friend of State faith will hail this movement with hearty and joyous approbation. Thr Outragks at Squan Beach.?We are glad to learn, from the following preamble and resolu tions, that the attentiou of the Legislature of New Jersey has been attracted to the outrages upon hu manity committed at Squan Beach, after the recent shipwrecks. The preamble and resolutions were yesterday introduced into the Senate of New Jertey by Mr. Wurts, of Hunterdon County:? Wniwii, it i? represented in the public journal* that, at the time of the late distressing shipwreck* of the John Minturn and other vexsels, on the New Jertey coait, some pet sons on the shore neglected and refused to render relief and assistance to the perishing passen ger* and seamen, plundered the bodies of the dead of every thing valuable found upon them, *nd in other cases exacted money for the delivery of the bodies ; and whereas, such charges require investigation, that, if true, the inhuman and guilty actors may be punished to the utmost extent of the law, and proper and efficient means devised to prevent the repetition of conduct so barbarous and shocking; and if not true, that the State may he relieved from the odium of such barbarity therefore. Resolved, the lleuse of Assembly concurring, That the Legislature of New Jersey view with detestation and abhorrence, the conduct charged upon a portion of the people on the shore, at the time of said shipwrecks. Resolved, That the Governor is hereby requested to ascertain the fact* connected with said shipwrecks, in relation to said charges, and communicate the same to the Legi.lature, with a recommendation of such furthar legislation, if any, as in his judgment may be necessary. Resolved, That the Governor be furnished, by the Pre sident of the Senate, with a copy of the foregoiug pro amble and resolutions. Ocran Packits.- We see it stated that a line of packet ships, to run between Baltimore and Liver pool, has been organized, and thai the Rhone is to be the pioneer. This city, Boston, Philadephin and Baltimore, have now regular packets to run over the Atlantic. Ngws from Valparaiso.?Our dates irom Val paraiso are to the aoth of December. Doa Manuel Carvslk) has been appointed Minister to the United States. Thr Park Puodlr ?The Bostoniana call Fountain in our Park a puddle. This appears n< little singular, when it is taken into considers! that the magnificent " Common" of Boston merely t "Frog Pond." Meeting of the ?' Deinocreele" In favor of a Hew city Charter?FJnre t'p?Olflhrence of Opinion?Breaking fp In n Hnrry?An Abortion. A meeting waa held laat evening, at Tammany Hall, in obedience to a call which had been iaaued aeveral days previous, for the purpoae of diacusaing the proposed amendment of the city charter. About a thousand persons assembled, composed of all classes of the " democracte," from the ragged boy up to the opulent and wealthy democrat. At halt past7,Dr Vache called the meeting to order, and nominated as fresident John M Bradhurst, which nomination was carried; and the following names for Vice Presidents: Andrew H. Mickle, John L Brown, Campbell P. White, Dennis Mulline, Stephen Putnam, John Kmmoni, John Murphy. Anthony Compton, Thor. Starr, E. K Purdy, William Gage, Abraham V. Williams, James H. Cook, Samuel Dunsbee. E. K. Collins, Peter Cooper, Theodore Banks. After the appointment of Se cretaries, Mr. Eowaso Stsahak arose and taid?In obedience to the request of the General Committee, I will proceed to read the reaolutiona which they intend to submit for your rejection or adoption. He then read the following preamble end resolutions: - Whereas, the existing charter of the city of New York !? radically defective in maDy important pointa; it is unsound in principle, unequal in its operations, and without sufficient force and directness toils own obvious intent; its legislative representation is a complete rotten borough system; in which the sacredness of numbers is entirely suuverted by arbilruy and conventional boun daries; it has created a nominal Executive, to whom no efficiency has been given, while it* whole intention, in regard to executive powers, has not only been essen tially a dead latter, but those powers have been usurped by the Common Council. And whereas, the Common Council, which in theory is comprised of two branches, has been in practice sub stantially but one body; thus presenting e plan of go vernment without system, without force, energy or effi ciency, and witbont responsibility to the people; a go vernmant to which abuse* are inherent, and which could not but be, has been, expensive and extravagant - Therefore ltesolved, That the apportionment of representatives, with a sole regard to population, is the great principla, sound beyond quesfion in theory, which ilea at the very foundation pf the republican system, and involves the right to tax themselves-a rignt tbo American people h^ve held sacred from the time it led their fathers to in dependence. Resolved, That this vital principle ie grossly violated charter, s ' under the operatien of onr present city charter, where it the same that four gives to on* inhabitant, in a particular locality, the same voice in each branch of the Common Council or five possess it another. Resolved, That there is equal propriety in, and as ab solute necessity for, readjusting periodically the repre sentation in the legislative department of this great city, as exists for the pursuit of a similar course In the State or National Legislature; and that the charter, therefore, should provide for periodical apportionment of the mem ber! of the Common Conncil. Resolved, That experience has shown that legislative bodies, in order to exercise a beneficial check upon each other, should be elected by d fferent constituencies, and for diflerent terms: and that their members should pos sers none but legislative powers. Reaulved, That the accumulai ion of patronage in the : of the State g Executives of tbe Federal and moat of the State govern menta, has naturally awakened distrust as to its diitri bution, and a desire of the people to diminish it; and if this jealousy of the exercise of such a combination of power by Executives elected by widely extended consti tuencies. and subject to numerous and conflicting inter eats,is well founded, as is universally admitted, it should lead us to guard with at least equal care against its be stowal upon the Mayor of our city, in which the vote ia closely concentrated, and where the influence* that may be brought alike upon the officer and his election are compatatively few,hut powerful; and that the txercise of such vast power i* liable to great abuse, end should not be inconsiderately conferred. Resolved, That political experience has proved the soundness of the principle that the people are the safest depositories, and the rightful possessors of power; there fore the Executive duties of the municipal government should be concentrated into well organized and respon sible departments, under the supervision of the Mayor ; and the heads of such departments should be elected by ^Resolved, That the amendments to the city charter, adopted by the Common Council, to be presented to the giete Legisla'ure, da not realize the measures of reform which tne people expect, orthe necessities orthe case requi e, and ?h >Uld not be adopted by the Legialature without material nmendment. Af er reading the resolutions, Mr 8tbaha:? said. Mr. Chairman an < Fellow citizen* !-It it known to you ? that there are differences of opinion among tne leaders of the democratic party in regard t. our alteration of our city charter and State constitution. There is no use in denting thia. Tne people of this city are to decide upon these alte'etion*. It is not many years since the constitution of ih's state was made The people bare outgrown it The, foisted upon us a constitution in which the first prim i,>le< of reputtli anism were forgotten On , one point. I will speak. They have made the light of suffrage to depend upon the possession of ffiSO worth ot dirt. The neero. upon whom Almighty Ood has set tne . camp of inferiority, has been allowed to rote. Voice isths Ckohd.?This is not the question. We come here to discuss tne alteration of the city cbeiter. Mr. Stbabais.?'You * hall bear about that soon. We , must speak ol ihi? quesiino There ere those who pro fess to be pure aiw unadulterated democrats, who seen to confer tne right of suffisge upon a race on whom tho ? Almighty baa set a stamp which no legislation can ever step ever. (A voice-"good.") 1 put it to you, the de mocracy of the city, to say, without reservation, are you willing that the Degio population shall vote not only in this State. but that the floating negro population of other S.ates shall be encouraged to settle here by giving them the right to vote (Loud cries of'no . no. u?) VoicesWhat's this meeting called lor I I call the speaker to order." " This meeting was called tor I the purpose of discussing the city charter.' Cries of " order, order" "Brady, Brady." "Turn him out" "Hear him." Oreat commotion. Mr. Straha!? continued ? Well, then, the city charter, i The people of this city have found that no matter what patty had the power in the city, the ,Mayor hat always been found incapable of executing hie duty properly. And why not ? Because the charter of t' e city has not conferred upon him the power which the Legislature has cn the Governor of the State. I mean the veto power. The Meyor has the power to grant licences to hotel keepers, porters, kc. What other power has been given him ? Alter any ordinance hea passed the Common Council, the Mayor may keep it in hii pocket ten days, and then return it with his objections. The Common Courcil can then past it by a bira majority, in spite of the Mayor's objection. Moreover, in the Common Coun cil, the two departments hare no cheek upon each other. The heads of departments ere not elected by the people themselves, but by the Meyor and Common t outsell What has been the consequence of tbia ' 1 Mayor, the Comptroller, and tha Common Coun | cil, the Receiver of Taxes, and other offlcere, hava the power in their owp hands. Man hate I been appointed without any regard to their fltneee-t-j ! by favor, it is said that the paopla cannot decide ape: the meiita ot these offlcere. They that yeu have not the ability to elect e Comptroller or Commis sioner. Is this so ? If you ere capable of alactiog a Mayor, ere you not equally capable to alact^a troller? How are these offlcers elected I Not by treo open ballot, but in secret caucus, thst infernal incubus, fastened upon the democratic party by wire pullers and managers if they were elected freely end openly, even by the Common Council, the evil would correct itself. Is it not republican and damocratic that you should be i represented in the Common Council in proportion to i your numbers ? In the first end third wards there ere, perhaps, not more than a quarter aa many inhabitants as in many of the other wards, and yet one is represented 1 as largely a. the other. Is this fair ? To sum up all, my friends, it is for you to say whether the pe?Pj* ?' New York should elect their own cfflcera or not, whe ther representation shall bo based upon population, and our city government, instead of beiog as at present, ! unwieldy, inefficient, and corrupt, to bo simple, pow erful, end honest, as it should be. . Mr. 8. set down, and there were loud cries of Bra dy, Brady,"" order," "chair, resolutions.' When the noise subsided, ' Mr. Bsady arose and said?Fellow citizens I here this evening in reference to a subject concerning which I hare a deep interest, as a citizen. I CjWebere to aasiat, if posaible, by my judgmant, tha deliberation of thia meeting upon thia important subject, it is proper that I should give you the history of the evasion 1 which celled you together. 1 suppose that we ell came here to aid, aa much aa possible, in re forming our city charter. I em no flatterer ot toe peo ple, and now 1 will ask you a plain quealien : how many of you have reed the charter lately presented by Aid. Hart, to the Common Council, which the resolutions offered to-night, will render nugatory 1 1 believe but i?w of you have reg^ it. Fellow citizens, a meeting was held here on the 40th of March, 1044, at which 11. H Morris presided. The object of this meeting was to propose amendments in the city charter, and the leudest comulnint then made waa that the Common Council had not made any application to the Legislature for b new charier. That meeting evinced greet good sense by this complaint Now, you cannot say thet the present Com mon Council ere liable te this complaint They here already drafted e charter, and i.reiented it to the Ugie Uture?uDd one provision of tbe chtrtof is, thet tho set shell be submitted to the people themselves, at an elec tion to be held in thia city on tha Sd Tuesday of March, it is to be submitted, end if you like it, you will adopt it; end if not, y ou will reject it Do you want any thing more democratic then that I Voice.?It it to be put collectively, or by section I Baanr.?There wul be no difficulty about that. The Common Council say, collectively ; but I would propose here that it be put by section I understand thet the al leged difficulty is, that the principle of representation in the new charter is not exactly right. Vo c?.-Not at all right. Mr Baaor?What are the provisions of the proposed charter? It provides thet the Board of Assistant Alder men shell be elected one third annually, ou the same system as the U 8 Senate. Every 10, WO votera euall be entitled to one assistant Alderman; if the number in e ward is but 6,000, they shell have a member?the ap portionment to remain until e new enumeration. There te a etrict analogy between tbe charter, end the constitu tions of the United Statea aod the State of New York.? The complaint made against it, is that the heeds of the executive departments are to be appointed by the May or, end not electa! by the people. The same objection might be made to the constitution of the United States, which provides thet the Secretaries of State. War, Navy, Treasury, and other officers, shall be appointed by the President. Yet the seme men who now oppose the char ter propoeed by tbe Common Council declared, m j?44, that the United States constitution was perfect. (<"?? applause ) The people have no more interest ta>MMUOC a comptroller, or etreet commissioner, then in electing a etreet sweeper. (Laughter.) Why shouldn't the Jtreet | sweeper be elected by tbe people, as wall ea the etreet comptroller? Voice - He ehould. (Laughter) r ? tie Simula. ; ___.? .. Mr. B ?There is no form of goTeniseont; greater Mr. D I ?? """ V' J W smell, in which there is a necessity of electiog every officer. How do you elect your Aldermen? a (Voice, "by cheating." Greet tppiauee.aixl laughter40 which Mr. B. joined.) l. Mr B ?Well. I take it for granted Ui* made that exclamation hea nothing te do with the sleo tion of Aldermen. You *11 know that your AMuau art (elected by Dominating committeaa. Thla it bat om ioataaca. In all that relate* to tba makiog of lava-in all that ralatea to how you iball be governed In all that i relatoa to taking motey out of your pockata, I parfoctly agree that ofllcera ibould be elected by the people. But | in other reapecta it i* altogether unnecessary. I,at the 1 ?;e nils men who paated the reaolntiona of March. 1844 - et Mr. Morn* state whether and why his opinion baa undergone change' I hare ilsen to prerent, if possible, a collision between the proceedings o( this meeting and that of '44. Let u# not reject the charter proposed by the Common Council, which is so analagons as regards the method of appointing heads of departments, to the Constitution of the United States-en instrument which was pronounced perfect in 1844 by the rery men who hare called this meeting in 1844. I pro* pose an amendment to the resolutions which hare been offered, and that is, that wo recommend the Com mon Council, instead of submitting the charter entire, to submit it section by section, so that a definite expres sion of the wishes of the people may be obtained. 1 am in faror of its being thus examined, and dont want the people of the whole city to be foreclosed by this meet ing, before they hare had time to sit down and deliberate. Mr. B. here read a resolution handed up to him by some one in the crowd, but it differed l.ttle from his own amendment. 1 ask you whethertke opposition you hare displayed for years to the city charter, has grown out of the statements of the resolutions presented here to-night ? No! I'll tell you where the greateet difficulty lies. The greet fraud rests with the executive committees, who parcel out contracts. This power, rested in the hands bad men might deatroy the finances of the city. Against this eril the charter of the Common Counoil provides. 1 do not refer to the present but to the past; when the members of the Common Couucil not receiving any compensation for their services, took the contracts either for themselves or thoir relatives. The remedy for this ia the fair remu

neration for the time they occupy in aerring the public. From certain indications around me, I see that two or three persons object to my occupying this stand, on ac count of my known opposition to the resolutions. But let me say that nothing ahall ever prerent my express ing my opinions before the democracy of Now York. I should be the greateet craven on oarth did 1 shrink from a public declaration of my sentiments. It ia the fashion in Tammany Hall for ovary body to apeak who chooies, There wea a time when darkness spread over our pro ceedings; but a light hat sprung up, and now all can ob tain a hearing. Mr. Bbady then sat dewn, amid a tumult of applause, and Mr. Robkst H. Moaais mounted the stand. Mr. Moaaia, in reply to the charge of inconsistency, which had been made against him by the gentleman who preceded him,in that,in March,1844,he had presided over and assented to the proceedings of a meeting which re solved that the constitution of the United States was per fect, and now oppoaed a charter which was perfectly analagous to that constitution, said that he waa two years older now than he waa tken, and " damned be he who wouldn't improve in that time!" (Immense ap plause and uproarious laughter) The question is, shall the people elect the heads of departments, or shall they be apnointed by the Mayor and Common Council ? (Shouts of" by the people 1") A Voice?Yes! The Postm&gtrr shall be elected by thepeople ! To this ei [To this outting reply Mr. Morris made no answer, but looked decidedly bine, and went on ] If the Mayor ia te appoint them, there will be struggles among the cfiyues to elect that man, and secure to particular persons the benefit of the publio contracts. (Applause) Mr. Bsady frequently interrupting Mr. Morris, the lat ter gentleman sat down in despair, when Mr. B. again arose and said: There can be no doubt that the gentle man has amused us, but aa to the amount of instruction, the audience will judge for themselves. Mr. Brady sat down, and then there were deafening criaa for "Brady," "Walsh," "Groat," "Strahan,""New man," and some forty others. Each man in the crowd seemed to hare some peculiar favorite whom he wiabed to hear. Amid the confusion, a Mr PfiwMiu, who look ed aa though some ancient feud with the fraternity of tailora had prevented hi* visiting them lately, took the stand, and made an harangue about something, but whether upon the [subject of pickled oysters, patriot ism, or city rafoim, we couldn't imagine. When he sat down, the audience again broke out. Loud criea of "Walsh, Welsh, Walsh," rung through the hall, but Mike, probably not being present, didn't appear. Mr. St a ah am finally got the stand, and offered a reso lution, the substance ot which was, that tha people were opposed to the appointment of the beada ot department by the Mayor and Common Council, wishing to do it themselves. Hare a little Frenchman in tha crowd commenced a speech. De head of de deportment by do people, dat is de republican ray?1 am von Frenchman; 1 aarre under Napoleon; 1 will elect de head ot de department. The little Frenchman excited considerable laughter, when, amid the contusion? Mr. Brady came forward with aa amendment to Mr Strahan'a resolution, tho amouLt of which waa that a new city charter be offered to tie people to be voted upon section by section. Here fol.i wed the most deaien. ing cries of "Question ! question !" "Mr Brady's ameud "Order J" "I move ment !'? "Mr. Stratum's resolution !" "Order I ' "1 move we adjourn !"?in the midet of which, Mr 8trahau came foiward, and tried to be heard ; but the partisans ot Mr. Brady kept up such a deafening yell, that Mr. Strahan appeared like an aotor reheaisiug anew pantomime. At the same_time, Mr. Brady again proposed bis amend' "ilch resolt ment. The question now was, which resolution snould be put; and the manner of deciding it, seemed to be by seeing which party could yell the loudest. But each fail ed to product silence in the other, and while Brady and Strahan wete both on tho stand, with their resolutions in hand, some one called out fur an adjournment, which was carried, and the meeting broke up in great confn sion without any of the lesolutiona being passed upon. So the meeting was a mere abortion. "The King of France, with twenty thonsand men, i Marched up the hill, and then?marched down again Steamship Cambria and the Worcester Rail road.?We make the following extracts from the Boston papers :? [From the Boston Courier, Feb. 38 ] The New York journals connected with the Bay of Fundy express, in explaining away their defeat, go un necessarily out of their way to And fault with Captain Judkins, of the Cambria, first, for not remaining at Hall lax " six or eight hours,'' to give their express a fair start; and secondly, for not furnishing them with a bountiful supply of papers, to redound to their own eclat, and add to his discomfiture. Captain Judkins did not suppose that any rule of courtesy required that he should "lend a club to break his own head," or assist in a scheme, however magnificent it might have been in its enterprise or Its folly, which was arranged solely to run by him upon the road. The Cambria made a short passage; she probably required no new supply of coal, and remained at Halifax Irom nine until half-past twelve o'clock, thr?e and a half hours, a time amply sufficient for the receiving and landing of passengers. It is most absurd to pretend that the usual time of stopping was shortened several hours; for the record of her previous passage, as taken from her log, shows that though sho arrived at Halifax at midnight, her time of stopping was precisely the same as on her recent voyage. She then arrived at Halifax Dec. 8, at 1 30, and left at 5, A. M ; stopping precisely three hours and a halt The most ridiculous of all, is a charge uttered by the Tribune, in ih agony of its disappointment, that " Cspt. Judkins declared that he would beat the ei express three hours in to Boston, if be had to burst his boilers." To all who know any thing of tho responsibilty of tho engineers, and the rules oT the service to which Capt. Judkins is attached, in regard to steam, so sensoless a charge needs no refutation. [From the Boston Advertiser, Feb. 91 ] The following, fiom the Traveller of last evening, is a satisfactory answer to the insinuations, if not assertions, of some of the New York papers, that the persons em ployed on the Worcester llailroad delayed one of the Expresses with the steamer's news last week, to favor the ether:? " We learn from the best authority, that the express agent (of the combined papers) reached the Worceeter depot at precisely 9j o'clock; that the locomotive wae ready, and fastened to the car in 16 minutes time efter the messenger arrived; and that, though detained by him 10 minutes, it actually It A the depot A minutes bis fore 10 o'clock, and ran to Worcester in 1 hour and 40 minutas, instead of 3 hour* and 10 minutes, as stated by the 7\ibunt." The Herald's express reached the depot et 10 o'clock and 40 minutes, started immediately, and reached Worceeter in 1 hour and 30 minute*. The difference in time between the two exprotsoa (JO minutes) ia account ed for by the fact that the firat expreta agent had a car attached, while the other expreta had only e locomotive and tender. And there appears to bo not tho least reason for charging the Worcester Railroad with any parti all ty toward toe Herald expreta. We may adddarther, that Captain Jadkins denies hev* ing made any threat tnat he would "beat the expreta if he burst hit boilers," or that he made any extra exertions for that purpose. The detention at Halifax was the same as on hit last passage, when he arrived there about midnight. [From tho Boaton Mail, Feb. 34.1 The Item York IVibunt accused Capt. J udkins, of the Cambria, of saying, while on the way from Halifax to Boston, that he would beat the Portland express or burst hit boilers. The Captain expressly denies making any remark of the kind: a remark that, besidsa being I foolish in itself, would nave coat him nit place. The engineers of these steamers are solely entrusted with the amount of steam necestarv to be carried, end they are restricted by certain rulea required by the Admiral ty, which can on no account be broken. We think the 1 Tn hune will be ashamed of this petulance, when it re covers from tho soreness caused by it* defeat. Nat voo ? vVe have juat received the Warsaw Signal of the Uth inatant?several columns of which are filled with interesting particulars in relation to movement* in Nauvoo. The editor eay?: ? " Daring the lest week, as we learn from authentic sourcee, the saints have been eroseing the rives in a per fect army. About 700 of them were encamped on Sugar Creek, in Iowa, seven miles back from the river, on 8uuday last, and they ware still crossing, at our last ad vices. " We scarcely know whet to mako ol thia movement It was expected that but a small party would start at this time : but Irom the information we now have, it ap pears that a company of irom ono to two thousand will leave at the present time. " The Holy Twelve are said to be in thie advance party, as are also ell against whom there ere any wilts It appear* that the company ia not coofloed to young men, aa wae stated it would be, in the late circular; but a number of families ere in the crowd. " We regret that so large an expedition has started et thie time ; for at thia unpropitioua season of the year, it caa hardly prove anything else then a failure, end if it should, it will have a tendency to deter other expedi tions Irom starting, in tha spring " Major Warrens has issued an address to the citizens of Hancock, admonishing them to abide by the compro mise effected with the'Mormooe, and eahorting the mints, if aggressions xara made upon their pereona or property, if need be, to defend them with powder and lead. Apkars in Caracas.?A private letter, dated Car acas, Jan 17th, contains the following paragraph:? f i erecas, Venezuela, are now engaged in , " The Conrte of ? aracaa, Venezuela, are now engaged _ the trial of an important ault, instituted by the hern of Robort K. Dowry, lets U. S Consul at Lagnayra, for tho | recovery of property, said to have been tell by him at , hie decease. The amount involved ? quite a large one, end as eminent counsel have been engaged on both i sides, the caa* has excited considerable remark."?PM.s. I U- S. Oatttle, Feb. H. Tkutrltalf. Pin THiATtt.?Skaridin KdowLss' Met idalnbli play of tha " Hunchback" ?u produced loot evening Miu Charlotte Borne* ploying Julia. Miao Barnes la on oclroa* who posaesses a highly cultivated mind, and olwoy* o Am conception of the character sh; la to do? lino ate, ond aho certainly inlute* into the part of Julio all the gentlonoaa ond rednament which aorre to render tha character to intereating. It ia a mora quiet?a mora aubdued piece of acting?ond perhapa lack* much of tho point ond brilliancy of tha bright ator which haa prece ded her? but it ia not the laaa true to natnro. Tho art lea#, bluahing and guileless moid, who loraa her homo, tho country?tha city ball*, anmptuoualy attired, and docked with je wola?tha pride and diadain of tha haughty girl, atung by tha reproach## of the man aho loves?the derparate reiolre which wounded pride haa prompted? tho uttar wretchednaaa or tha much wroDged, daaorted bride?her returning affection, and yielding to tha prompting* of her own heart, while atanding on tha verge of an abyaa her own wild poaaiona hare summon ?d to madden and appal?tho joalou* aanae of honor, struggling with deep, passionate, boundle#*, aoul-ab ?orbing love, which wrong* could not a if ice, nor pover ty affright?tha deapair at being hurried into a hated marriage?the maddening grief and daaperata appeal for counaal?all ware rende ed with a truthlolneaa and beauty worthy of all praise. The Motua of Mr. Van denhoff-tbe Master Walter of Mr. Baaa, and tha Helen of Mrs. Abbott, ware alao admirable, and received a large ihare of applauae. Mr. Band* and hi# beautiful children appeared at tha conclusion of tho play, and performed again thair wonderful and pleasing gymnastic feats. A more rare and brilliant display of grace, agility, strength, and skill we have never beheld -, and the audience nightly manifest their de light and approval, by the moat rapturous applauae. It is impossible for any one who haa not aeon these extraordinary artistes, to form any idea of the beauty of their performance*. Mr. Sands ia a noble and re markably well formed man, and the children inherit the physique of the father. Among a variety of feats we may mention one. Mr. Sand* lay* hi* back upon a cushion, in a horizontal position, in this posture, tho children are raised in air, one upon the soles of hi* feet, and the other upon the palms of his hands. Now they wave their little hand* to the audience, like two rejoic ing Cupids, after tho conqueat of aome maiden heart. One of them then place* himself at the head of the | father,who causes the other to throw a back and forward ' somerset, without alighting. (Thia ia a feat, by the way, , never performed in this manner before ) Now, the chili, | with perfect ease, throws three additional somersets, ] alighting at length upon the sole* of the father's feet, i This ia but one of their novel exercises. The others are equally curious. Lvery moment the timid are in I fear tnat the children will be injured by a fall, or that I the father will ucjoint hi* limb* ; but he appears to have brought the ay atom of equilibiium to its rarest perfec tion Herculeeu must bj the muscular power by which he sustains himself, and performs the most difficult of these novelties with exactness and precision. We admire, while we are filled with astomhsmeL In Paris and Lon don crowded and faabionale audiences flocked to witness these remarkable exhibiiions ; and when better known, the same will be result here. This evening, the oomedy of " Much Ado about Nothing," will be presented, Miss Barnes playing Beatrice, and Mr. Vandenhoff Benedick. The Sands will also appear; and the new drama of the " Cricket on the Hearth," will conclude the evening's entertainment. A crow.led and fashionable house will assuredly be in attendance. Bowebt Theatre ?This popular place of public en tertainment was well filled last night, on the third repre sentation of the new piece of " Arasapha; or,The Last of tho Datawares." This is truly a national drama, repre senting scenes of the Revolution familiar to every patri ot. There is great variety in the incidents, with many splendid and magnificent scenes and views. The audi ence was delighted, and for this piece we think we may predict a run and popularity equal to that which Putnam, by the same talented gautbor, obtained. It is to be re peated again to night, with tho beautiful drama of "The Forest of Bondy." Of this drama it is quite unnecessary to say any thing; it is founded on fact; mast of its scenes are representations of reality. We never saw attention more rivited than it was last night at the thrilling scenes of this beautilul play. A rather noisy pit was hushed on a sudden to death like silence, and every aye waa intently fixed upon the fascinating picture enacting before them. There'could not be a better criterion of the success and excellence of aoy drama. We are glad it is to be repeat ed again, and can promise a high treat to all who shall go to see the grandand gorgeous spectacle of "Arasapha" ?the sweet and pathetic iJyl of the "The Forest of Bondy." Wclch axd Dei.cvaiv's National Crmcvs, Philadil rm a.? We learn that this delightful and popular place of amusement is nightly crowded with the elite of Phi ladelphia. The entertainment presented is of the rarest and most agreeable description, and the management well deserve all the patronage they have thus far re ceived. Levi North, Turner, McFarland, and Mrs. Howatd, are the bright stars at the National Circus, which only temalns ia Philadelphia for a short time long er, owing to engagements iu Baltimore and Wash ington. Lkoi-olo de Metes ?This great artiste waa to give his second concert in Philadelphia last evening He ha* excited as much admiration there, and been received with the same enthusiasm as in th.s city. Hovii' Cisco* at Palmo's.?This favorite piece of amusement, which is nightly filled with seekers after pleasure, continues to retain its bold on popular favor. The, admirable system of the managers, in novelties in cessantly, brings a good return ioto to# coffers of its trea-ury. In the present great demand on the public for the support oi the stage in every shepe, the patronage extended to this establishment, must be gratifying to the management. Howard Athsaxom.?This building, formerly the " Miller Tabernacle," was burned, on Monday night, after the performance. The Athenaeum building was owned by Dr. Walker of Charleatown, and 1< aa-d by Messrs Ford and Brayley. It was insured for $0000 at at the Manufhcturers' Office; but the contents of the building, scenery, wardrobe, k.c , the value of which is estimated at between $0000 and $7000, were a total loss to tho proprietors. Movements of Travellers. Yesterday's arrivals exhibited a still farther accession to the catalogue of travellers to oar city?which may now be expected to increase daily There ars at the Amebic**?W. H. Drayton, Philadelphia ; Meaars. White and Grant, do; A. Walker, Buffalo; R Ware, New Haven; George Flagg, New York; Mods Beanhen, Belgian Consul and family; L. Lothorp. New York; 8. B. Morse, Washington; Messrs. Beats, Darden and Stakings, Talbot, Geo.; Mackin. Ledger and Kermeng han, Newburgh; Ja nes and Porter, do; G. Thomas, Bos ten; C. Coiman, U 8. A ; A. Palmer,-do; J, Momoe, Boston; J. H Slater, Norwich. Astor. ?|F. Cunningham, Tarrytown; H. 8. Sellan, Philadelphia; R. Simpson, George W. AJdington, Saml My lea, Norfolk; Blake, Bradford and Foster, Boston; T. E. Hamhelton, Baltimore: Warner, Newell and Wash burne, Boston; Greenleaf and Dennison, do; C. Jeuks, Springfield; Capt. Camming, Kingaton, Canada West; H. White, Buffalo; J. Porter, Now London; L. Dowlay, Worcester: John Dunn, Boston; 8. Horlsmann, Phila delphia. City.?W. H. Burke, Philadelphia; George Royaton, Baltimore; H. 8 Sellen, Philadelphia; J. Lecheman. Bos ton: D. P. Newson, Petersburg; E. K. Ellis, Brussels; C. J. Orke, Memphis; M. Henry, Baltimore; A H. Gibbs, Detroit, Michigan; H. Shelton, Alabama; N. Wallace, Philadelphia: J. H. Stuart. Charleston; A. B Rhett, Charleston; W. 8. Donovan, Richmond; W. A. McClure, Clarksvilie. H. A. Caldwell, Philadelphia. Fbarklir.?E C. Bessell, Norwalk; Charlea Judson, Rochester; C. Redfield, Troy; E. Black. St. Louis; James Tyflany, Baltimore; G. Davis, Litchfield; Bardsell and Andress, Connecticut; R. Vosser, Alabama; Messrs Moors, Skernan and Frieraon. Colombia, Tenn; 8. Hill, Nashville; R. Stevena, Norfolk; W. Nickery, Glenham. Globe.?Mr. Fish, Salisbory. Conn; Mrs. Aahford, Phi ladelphia; E F. Englebergb, Sweden; Mona. Tory, Ger ~ ~ ? Vhiladelr *" many; Wm. Berger, France; M. C. Smith, Philadelphia; P. A. Daeros, New Orlssna. Howaan ? J. O. Turner, Albany; J. H. Coward, Plain field; J. H Sanford, Md; George W. Dunn, Indiana; Major Stanton, Sing Sing; /. D Oilman, Washington; Capt Bremer, Canada; P. Taylor. Fayetteville; W. R. Brown, Macon, Gs; L. Bank, Ala; Capt. Randall, Buffa lo, Dr. Vallier, Montreal; J. Cortland, Baltimore; B. Haraden, Worcester; H. E. Storrt, E. Clarke, Chenango Co; F. M. Walker, New London; H. Cochran, Lexing ton, Ky; F. V. Day, St. Lonis; J. Owen, Weston, Mo; De wart and Walbert, Philadelphia. Court Catlendnr?This Day. H fll'PRRioa Covet.- 180. 139 70. eo, 3, 49, 108, 14fl,W, 117, 118, 14. 101 to 173, 174 to ISO. Common Plkas-88, 349, 41, 43, 40, 48, 10, 37, 40, 40, 41, 43, 43, 31, 309. The English Corn League. Mr. Editor Among the M. P.'a and great guns, that appeared at the late great meeting of the Corn Leaguerr, at Covent Garden, London, Mr. Wedge wood, of New York, ia mentioned Now, at 1 am an old resident of this city, and do not know Mr. Wedcewood, 1 will be obliged to you, or one of your raiders, to tell me whe he ia, and where he resides, dec Yours, Knickerbocker. Thi Stork in Main*?The ssverent storm of anow and wind, which has been experienced here for a number of ytera, raged on Friday last. The anow began to fall a little paat II o'clock. A M , with a frtsh wind from E. to N. fc , which by 3 o'clock, P. M., bad in croasod in violence to a gale, shifting at intervals to every point of the compasa, ami continual during the night with unmitigated severity. Between 4 aod 4 o'slock, the storm clouds cleared away, and on Satur day, wa bad a bright and warm sun. A large quantity of snow had nil en, and oir streets presented large banks and drifts- pile upon pile '? in most admired disor der," and rendering a passage almost impracticable? Portland jirgui, Pit -.3 Naval ?Captain John H. Aulick, the very popu lar and highly esteemed commander of the navy yard at this place, h. a resigned the command of said yard, having been appointed to the command of the frigate Potomac, now preparing for sea. This appoint uaooma mant does credit to the discernment of the Secretary of the Navy, aa a better officer could not have boon soioctod. Commodore W. B. Shabrick, an officer of high stand ing, ia to take command of the yard. Ha was much ealeemed when there, as second officer, some years ago.? f/isian, Pet. 94. Jamea McDowell, Eaq . ex-Governor of Virginia, has, without opposition, boon elected to Congress, to supply the vacancy occasioned by the death of Mr Taylor. Dressing Caste?The attention of Use tra veling public is reepeeua II Tie* ited to the suhaanhem' com plete aad varied sasottoeat of the above ascfal aed coc vcment append ? to a aeattoas an Is toiltt. Their aaaiiirmi nt tmhrsenn sverr variety or travelling cases suitable either for a leng or shoot jaetnnjr. taeh containing all that is neceasary for the per ir#;;?""""'" & aS6hi*. 177 Broadway, opposite Howard's Hotel mom muuuurr. WedBNdai, Feb. P. M Tke atook market continues ??y much depress Tha aalaa tor some J.ys past baa* not bean large, a (be efforts of tha bears to dspraas prices, have so been aery successful. The impression in the street that aa soon as tha beers haae bought in all their saoi thsy will let up the market and glee an upward impe to prices. This is a eery reasonable supposition, as t bears cannot, in tha face of tha faaorabla accounts frt Europe, keep prices down much longer, and there aery little doubt but that they will take advantage of t present depression, to make themaelaes long in /he stocks necessary. Long Island foil off 11 par eaa Harlem, 1!; Norwich and Worcester, J ; Beading, Farmers Loan, 1; East Boston, Pennsylvania l"i a Ohio 6's, closed Arm at yesterday's prions ; Canton proved 1 per cent; Morris Canal, 1. At a meeting of the stockholders of ths Portsmoc and Concord Railroad, Jield at Concord, N. H., on Wi nssday last, report was mace of subscriptions. It i pears that $477,000 of polities subscriptions have made, and about 160,000 conditional. As $000,000 po tit s subscriptions is allthat is naeded to commence I road, the deficiency will be speedily made up, and grading will probably be commenced at the earli practicable season. We learn from a communication made by the direct/ of the Niagara and Detroit Railroad Company,that a be line has been run from Bertie to Southwold, to ascerti the actual cost, which (such is the foaorable descripti of the country,) does not exceed $19,000 per mile, large portion of the property holders haae signed off t right of way, which is estimated of ths value of $1 per mile. An offer, by a number of contractors, w made last October, to construct a wooden railro throughout, at their own expense, adapted for the Pr ser engine, which was declined, the T rail alone haai proved best adapted to insute economy and despatch,a having the confidence of capitalists. Another offer w made by a part of the same company, for construct! the latter, which has been accepted, and ths entire rou placed under contract The engineers will continue explorations until ths line is determined on; and th see no reason why the work will not be commenced early as May. It was rumored on change, in Liverpool, a few da previous to the departure of the steamer of the 4th im that the precautions taken by government to remove t apprehension of scarcity in Ireland, from the foilure the potato crop, to which allusion was made in Queen's speech, consists in the importation of 960,( quarters, or 9,960,000 American bushels of oorn, wbi have been purchased in Amerioa, through the hou Bsring Brothers, and shipped to Cork for orders, when it will be distributed to the different ports. It also stated at a meeting in Waterford, that more Ind corn was on its way to that port, than the stores of tl place would hold. There ia foundation for and truth all these rumors and statements, although but a vi small portion of the purchases of Indian corn on aooot of the government of Great Britain have aa yet be shipped. The agents of Barings in this country?Or ne 11, Minturn h Co.?have purchased an immense qui tity of Indian com, in the Western country, where remains on storage, waiting the opening of navigatit for shipment to the seaboard, for exportation to I relax It is stated, that the purchases of grain by this hou the past season, amount to nearly a million of dolls This will relieve the West of a portion of the surp grain products of that section, and introduce Indian cc into Great Britain in such a manner as to ensure its o< sumption and bring it into general nse. We annex a statement giving the importation of broa staff/ into the port of Liverpool fromtthe United StatJ during the month of December, 1848, and January, 18 Impost or 3n?AD?Tn?rs t*ro Liverpool fbom the Up it ad 81 ATM. Flour. Wheat. Corn. Beans. Peas Bark Flour, frheat. Corn. Heant i'eas tsar It From bblt bush bush, bush bush, bus Wew York... 94.084 90 896 94 093 9,496 9.893 41 foston 5/0 ? 6 5 0 l?lM#l|>bia.. 10.933 95,370 9.332 Bait/mure.... 14 570 3,763 93 987 Richmond... 3.691 ? 4,570 N. Orleans... 9 909 - - In addition to thi?, there wiro 1.480 bbla. of lodii meal imported from New Orleans. Many tmmIi load with breadstuff*, leafing this port, have gone to Coi instead of Livorpool. Tho Patrick Henry, one Qnnnell, Minturn Ic Co.'s Lirerpool lino of r?"H sailed on the 9th of Febraarr (in company with the m boat W.J. Romer, for Cork, with er.ry iarg. principally bread.tuff*. Those facte show that th* ha* not boon to much speculation in broadatnffb in t country, on individual account, as anticipated; that i Jnrgest purchases in our market base boon tho agents tho British Government; and that, so far as tho articli Indian corn is concerned, tho shipment* have boon vi limited, to what they will bo, upon tho opening of ternai navigation. These movements, connected with recent modifl tion* in tho corn laws of Groat Britain, and tho rod Uobi in the duty on Indian corn, will give a great impel to the production of all kinds of grain throughout ( W..tern country. There is ffbw a guaranty that i foreign demand for corn, at least, will not only bo p manent, but tho probability is, that it will annually P*r c#nt. ? famishing an outlet for this ticlo, which mu*t produce very be nsflcial results j our agriculturalist* require is, a market for their p ducts, and tboy can compote with tho world. Wb can be raised in the Western States for twantv f cent, por bushel, and driivemdTJy ^rt a gross cost of thirty.even and a half oonts per bush Corn can be raisad for eighteen and three-quarter co per bushel, and delivered at any sea-port at a coat twenty Ave cent, per bushol. Flour can bo manut tured in Ohio, of tho best wheat, at a coot of throe 3 tare P?r barrel, and delivered at Udo water for less tH four dollars per barrel, and at those prices to start w J we can land those articles at any port in Great Bri J ?o as to successfully compote with any other nati" We can, therefore, secure tee markets of that count* and monopolise tha supply, which opens to us a dome for consumption, nearly equal to that within our o limits. It woold require ages to increase the demand' e onsumption in our own country to the .stent a rep of the corn laws of Groat Britain will duct* at once. *?r 1 Tho banking system of Alabama is ranidlv imm?.i Th. sffhirs of th. old State forward state of liquidation^ndashort time wiU suffl ?t the rate they havo progressed, to wind up the wh concern. We annex tho report of tho branch Bank Mobile, showing tho variations which have taken ?h in its movemsnts within the past year Basisjh Bans at Mosilx. J Bills discounted, running to matu- < nil!* titter protest.- -".'s,89a,796 47 Bills receivable. 413 704 is?as sat atal exchange, of which $439 944 protested.. 444 40^ 8 ocks$44,140-duebrotherbk*g 1 00140 44741 Do. by sundries $6,894 73-Interest niT ' ? tunn* $6,863 44 7AOt Cost* of suits, protest account, ho. .m 040 ?*t. of Alabama. in specie....... 22^ *? 1 ?nd personal estate 1 460 4741 IndividuaFdrpoiitors. . .. . | .* ...V Errors, and other small items 39 4361 Bank notes in transitu lln 5T7. Cash Note* of this bank,.. .$997,344 00 ' 1 Notes of other banks,he 99.043 78 Gold and silver 19,917 40? 338,614; 1 Total esaote, Nov. 94,1844 $7 009 70*' . State bonds for capital stock aW7n? eu-king fund * J'rJSaaJ Treasury of State, Corn-re 16tb sec. he... m 73^ r eudent and Directors State Bank.. . 10 orx #??'* pank bad Branches. j 893 1Of) Circulation SSMlDj Total liabilities, Nov. 94,1846, $7,688,703; From this statement it appears that ten ohmUatiof this bank baa boon reducedaiaee tho foot aaatml rep" $761,939. Tha amount of collections mode by this branch dor tha past year, is stated at $*09,666 88 Taking tho statements of tho etbar w? tho foliowieg roe alts1 Stat* Bane or Alabama and Beancm**. ' ColUchont, Nov. '44 Is Nov '44. CirtuUuian, jftv.I State Bk Tuscaloosa, $444,414 84 *893 A36 Br. at Montgomery.. 407 388 13 a., I..J Br at Huataviiie.. .. 978.381 37 mm? Br. at Decatur 941 014 97 lie Br. Ut Mobile 609 648 88 609,813 Total $1.073 744 99 31 OBI 7941 Dwt Mividu.l Dtp*till 1 L???- $184,873 44 $7? ^ Br. at Montgomery.. 8,398 19 in. tart Br.atHuntevdle... 98.11.31 Br. at Decatur 0 104 91 iss if?' Br. at Mobila 43,377 87 i&JI* Seme time last year.........."I .'.V S? JS' Showing n reduction since Nov. 1844, of... 1,306,034 The circulation, during the year ending Nov. 1344,* reduced nearly My par cant. Tha amount is still lai ' it ss the branch ia not engaged in active business ?Mmet increase. The redemption of tho paper in* wiU relievo tho State of a largo circulation, which 1 for soma time peat bean mock depreciated