Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 28, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 28, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New to or It. Saturday, February 'it. IS4M. EXTRA HERALD. MAILS FOR ETROPE. THE WEEKLY HERALD. The steamship Cambria, Caelum Judkms, will leave Boston to-morrow, for Halifax and Liverpool, and her letter bags will close in this city this after noon. Owing to the lateness of the hour of the ar rival of the Southern mail, the mails will be kept open till half-past 4 o'clock. In order to send the latest intelligence of occur rences on this continent, by this conveyance, we shall publish an Extra HrralJ, at two cents rer copy, at half-past 3 o'clock this afternoon. This late hour of issue will enable us to publish all the news that may reach us by the mails from Wash ington, New Orleans, Arc. Arc. The IVetkly Herald, at sixpence a copy, with a capital illuotrution of ihe wonderful performance of Sands and his children, at the Park Theatre, and he important news of ihe week, from Washington, Mexico and elsewhere, will be iecdy at 8 o'clock his morning The IVttkly and Extra will contain all the news hat has been received in the last eight days. The Oregon Question?The Forty-Ninth Pa" raJlel?State of the Negotiations. As his all-absorbing question continues to excite the speculative consideration of every portion of the Uuitrd States, we do not deem it necessary to offer any apology for the constant references we make to it, while we regret that the position it now holds, does not afford us a saiiffuctory opportunity to judge, with reliable certainty, as to the probable issue. The negotiating parties have come almost lo the point of settlement ; but as is very frequent ly the case in delicate controversies, it is more difli. cult to arrange the details than to determine the main question ; each party thinks enough has been yielded on his side?a matter of pride steps in, and destroys the happiest prospects. If we have any reason to judge from what has teen mide public by both nations, the line of division has been decided on by each government, which we do not hesitate to represent to be the forty ninth parallel of lati tude; and, therefore, we do not perceive any other source of difficulty, except the terms to be agreed on for the free navigation of the Columbia, and to whom the Island of Vancouver is exclusively to belong. In our estimate of the subjects in dispute, we think, that liberality, justice, and fairness, would give the island to Great Britain, ihe waters around it to re main open to the vessels of both nations, and the navigation of the Columbia river to be free to the subjects of Great Britain for a term of years. It the British C ibinet are seriously desirous of peace, we believe there will be no difficulty in securing it on these terms; and if they are not so, the present state of the negotiation will afford them an oppor tunity for a hostile collision. It must, however, be confessed, in the absence of ?ny appearance to renew the negotiations, that the coniroversy is in a less friendly state than in a mere position ol abeyance. It may be looked on in the character of a uegative, pregnant of mischief, and of such a nature that it cannot much longer be en dured, without producing further estrangements, which will require the most discreet management, in order to prevent a complete outbreak. To this seeming listlessness we are disposed to allow much weight, while we hope that, notwithstanding there are no evidences of a continuance to the negotia tions, they may be in active operation. It is impoesible to bestow the slightest respect on the rumors which have been circulated in Washing ton, that our government has been presented with the ultimatum of Great Britain, making the boun dary line to be determined by the course of the Co lumbia river, as this avould not only inevitably lead to war, but would place the conduct ol the British Minister, in the recent Parliamentary discussion, in a contradictory and questionable light. If it was deemed proper to condemn the course taken by Mr. Pakenham, in his prompt refusal to entertain the proposition we made, and then, without any change in our position, except declining to arbitrate, to adopt a position still more extravagant, would be to evince a degree of weakness and absurdity not to be impu ted to a British Minister. If Sir Robert Peel had resolved to confine his proposition to such an ulti matum, he would have pronounced an eulogium on their representative, and commended his decision for its manly defence of the honor of Great Britain, and as affording a just rebuke to American preten bi on. We cannot come to any other conclusion than what we have heretofore presented?that the peace of these two great countries will be preserved ; and we sincerely hope that the present favorable occasion will not be allowed to puss away without the re-establishment of the most friendly relations; for we should be appiehensive, it the negotiation be delayed until the adjournment of Congress, some other elements of discord may be introduced, ; to widen the breach. The prosperity of the two 1 nations is mutually important to each other, and sound policy should dictate to both governments, not only the propriety, but the absolute nece ssity, of cultivating a liberal and friendly understanding. If our differences are assuming the appearance of a controversy of pride, then are we reaching a point from which it will be found extremely embar rassing to recede; and, when our refusal to arbi trate arrives out, it will be taken by England as suf ficient ground for the most decided measures, pre dicated on the idea that she had condescended, to the last degree, to preserve the peace of the civi lized world. We, however, do not see any such question at issue, and so perfectly conciliatory, reasonable, and courteous were the grounds adopt* cd in the correspondence, for conveying ourdeci- ; ?ion in this matter, that we look forward to hear of the reception of our refusal as having reflected much honor on American diplomacy. Canadian FaofrriKR Diffcui.tirs ?We see by the papers published near the Canadian frontier, that several attempts have been made of late, to get npa frontier agitation. Col. Kerby, Collector of the Customs at Fort Erie, was fired upon, in the vicinity of hio residence; and two persons have been held to bail on the American, as well ns the Candi an side, to take their trial, for attempting to destroy the steam ferry boat, which plies between Fort Erie and Black Rock. No less than five attempts have been made to destroy this vessel; two by boring holes through the bottom, and three by placing large quantities of gun-powder in the fire-wood. The apprehended difficulties on the Canadian frontier, and with this country, have caused the British government to appoint a Military Governor General, in the person ot the Earl of Cathcart, and at the same time to increase the standing army in Canada. A complete aud thorough te-crganization of themilUia in Canada, has also been made, with out doubt, with an express view to any apprehended difficulties with this country. In case any such difficulties actually take place, the Canadian frontier would, without doubt, be a prominent spot in the great battle-field, and our bold and hardy militia on the border, would be called iato direct and actual service. In the mean time, lhe various movements of both parties, on the Ca nadian frontier, will be very interesting. Tint Balttmorr Fackktn ?The Baltimoreans have, at last, succeeded in arranging a line o packets between that port and Liveri-ool, for whic h purpose the well-kiowu IIivre picket-ship Eme rald has been purchased, and will, hencelorth, hail from Baltimore. The line, so far, is composed of the ships Emerald, Rhone (both, at one time. New York and Havre packets), and the Roscoe, former, v one of our Liverpool liners Oar Relation* trill* ??x,co It has ever been our conviction that our ditter. ences with thia country should hare been settled with promptness. The ''masterly iasct*wty w ic has been practiced, lias only tended to produce lur. ther trouble; and the end will most likely terminate in hoatilitiea. The revolution of ^" " WU ef fected on the annexation affair. and while the pa?y now in power hold their poaition, there can be no cliance ol a friendly negotiation. The absurd doc. trine of "masterly mactivy," will afford an oppor tunity to Mexico to make preparation, which if not etb'ctu ll in ulumately resisting the forces of the United States, may cause the expenditure of much blood and treasure. It is "masterly inactivity" on one side, and active preparation on the other?a system of tactics which never tails to produce mis chief. . The correspondence published in the union, shows with what interest Great Britain and France view the question of annexation, and how far they were disposed to interfere to prevent the ( success ot our negotiations, exhibiting, with great force, the advantages which those countries antici pated to enjoy should Texas maintain its indepen dence. To the sacred cause oi liberty we are in debted for the acquisition, and we shall continue to hope, should an unhappy collision happen between Mexico and the United States, that the rights of hu manity will have a more extended field ol action, giving an additional impulse to the moral influence of our principles. . We do not desire to see war with Mexico; but we nevertheless deem it necessary that a most de cided demonstration should be made to cause a termination of our differences; and should the im mediate result be war, the termina'ion will be more speedy and less troublesome than we should expe rience by any lurther delay. An irruption of ten thousand mounted volunteers from the West, would soon bring nutters to a conclusion; and while en ioyin"the luxuriance ot a Southern clime, they might nnke'ucquisitions which would prove fully remune- 1 rative of the difficulties attending the enterprise I Our maxim is, peace with all the world, but, under no circumstances, to avoid war at the sacrifice ot our national honor. If certain European cabinets had bitter under stood the relations of this country, and properly ap preciated the American character, peace would | have been established on the Texas, and what ia perhaps of more importance, on the Oregon ques tion. The conduct of France has presented a most ; unfortunate instance of ignorance ol the public feeling in the United States, in believing that the councils of this country will succomb to the ambi tious aspirations of Great Britain, through their an nouncement ot " masterly" neutrality. It there did not exist a warm attachment to the French peo ple?a high respect for the intellectual greatness snd military prowess of the nation, and a sincere es teem for the honorable and pure character of the king-the conduct of Monsieur Guixot would have laid the foundation of perpetual prejudice and ill will between the people of both nations, which might eventually lead to the introduction of an in vidious system cf commercial legislat.on. The Late Disasters on Squan Beach ? We per celve, in the Monmouth. Democrat, the account of a meeting held in the neighborhood of the late wrecks, the object of which was " to make neces sary arrangements for the interment and funeral services of the dead, which by Divine Providence have been cast upon our shore." Several resolu tions were passed, resolving that the bodies cot claimed be buried, Arc. The last resolution consists of an imperfect sen. tence, in which it is said; "Having read with con tempt a communication in one of the New York | papers, we consider that some of the public presses of the city New York have published vile slanders in saying, Acc. which statements are all false, to the best of our knowledge and belief." We observe among the signers of these resolu tions, the name of John S. Forman, formerly ( wreckmaster, who is known to be a very respects- j ble man. It must surely be known to the persons , adopting this resolution, and who thua gratuitously attack the article in the papers, that we published only facts, related by those who came from the ve ry s|>ot, and who reported to us what they had seen | and suffered. They spoke to the best of their know ledge and belief; for they knew and believed what they saw with their own eyes. We incline to the opinion that the best knowledge and belief of wit nesses to facts, is as good, and perhaps better, than the best knowledge and belief of the accused party or their friends, who merely deny the facts. At all events, so far are we from desiring that such disclosures and such cruelties as we have j heard related, should ever happen, or ever should be true, that we stiall greatly rejoice to find out that all the Squan Beach affair ia nothing but a " vile slander," and that we have been led into error in recording it. Meantime, the Shipwreck Commit tee is engaged in collecting information, which will Bhortly be laid betore the public, at a meeting to be called. We Bhall then, perhaps, have a belter op portunity of deciding upon the question of veracity, > which has been raiBed by the resolution of the meeting aforesaid. 1 Internal Improvements in Virginia?The new law to graut permission to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company to extend their road to Wheel- | tng.baa passed the House oi Delegates of Virginia,as reported by the committee ; and as, in all probabili ty, the company will commence the construction of their road on the section near Cumberland, we may soon hope tor an abundant supply of coal from the ; mines situated on the Potomac river. Steam Surr Massachusetts.?It seems that the report which originated in Boston, of this ship hav ing been seen off Nantucket, on the 19ih inst, is, after all, an error. Tte captain who gave the re port, saw a ship, which, from a number of circum. stances, he supposed to be the Massachusetts. Movements or Travellers, The arrival) yesterday, do doubt ascribable to the continued severity ot the weather, (elf of! vastly from thoie ot the preceding day. There are, nevertheless, , et the American?Mr. How, Philadelphia ; Mr. Kingston, do.; Mr. Polhemus, New York. Astor?Messrs Ponlter and Walsh, Baltimore; J. Olenn, do; Mr. l'erker, Canada; E Rogers, Mississippi ; Ed. I Mikles. Baltimore ; A. P Stone, Columbus, O.; Messrs. . Spooner, Tuoker and White, Boston ; ( apt. Spaulding, do ; Wharton and Duncan. Philadelphia , C. Hammond, ' do; Honotable Mr Carroll. Washincton ; R.Goodwin, 1 Troy ; S. Magrath. Philadelphia; R Blount, Memphis ; I W H Harrison. Cincinnati; H. Ames, Samuel Scovill, Connecticut; Oen. Van Rensselaer, Alhany ; Hale end Mecy, New York , Gen Geo. Barker, Buffalo; J. Milner, do.; 8 Huckler, Tennessee. Citv-Oeorgo Reuken, Lynchburgh ; J G Richmond, Vs.; K C. Conner), /ane-viUe. O. ; George P Smith, Pitishutgh . A B Kisber. TeDnestee ; 8 A Lewis, Phil adelphia ; W. K. Drv, New Dediord ; Thomas Csrps, Philadelphia; H. A King, Upper Canada; O. Stabbina, Richmond ; A. F. Chaetborough, Philadelphia ; R. W. Nell. H. N.Couy, C. Hallow all, do.; Mesars. Harrison 1 and Hamper, BMitimore. fa a is icniN-Harrison Bog. St. Louis; W. Mercy, J. ' Tudney, Nashville, Tenn ; G F. Davis, Litchfield ; C W. Towns. Boston ; L. Wall, 4uincy, 111 ; G. Tranchhart, Cincinnati; Messrs. Wilcox, Mitchell, Gilbert, Black nan, do.; M. C Jennings, do. Gnoax?F. Blancard, New York; J. D. Palmer, Loo don. Howard? Louis Rousseau, West Trov ; Mr. Goold, Brston , A P. Cholos, Pittsburgh ; John Patterson, Con neciicut ; John Lesdbator, Cincinnati; 9. M. Watson, But aio ; E. L> Daly, Rochester , R B. Little, New Haven; W- Wheeler, Mississippi; A. Lewis, Charleston, S C.; w. Patterson, Jesse Cox, Philadelphia; P Waldron, Newark The Bohemian Girls J>mxr G. Binnxit, K?q. Permit me to correct an error which yon have unintentionally committed, in referring to the caae of AtrriU vs (sroAarn, ?he particulara of which, aa tar ab that auit goes, are correctly stated ; you ob serve, 'Mhere are eleven quitam actions growing out ot una cauee." Now the quilatn actiona to which you refer, have nothing to do with the cause against .Mr. Graham ; tiiey were commenced by berretwv ( o.ot Philadelphia, music sellers. Hgainat Mr. Atwtll Mr. Graham was the mere agent ol Ferrett Co. 1 remain, &c. Samuel Owxn, Sol Jor Mr. Jtwill. We hear, just aa we go to ores*, that Abijah Har rison, a venciabla citizen of Orange, and we presume the oldest men in the county, died this morning at tk? advanced age of 09 years ?Mtverk uldc., 7Awr,d?y Quarantine Laws.?We have received the re. port ot a committee appointed by the laat Legisla ture of tin9 State, to examine into the existing quarantine Uws?to take testimony, report facts, and such alterations in the present quarantine laws, as they may deem expedient. The committee con sisted ot D C. Wheeler, C. Comstock, and Reuben H. Hine, Esquires, and their able report shows that they brought the greatest skill and perseverance to their assistance. The report embraces a large octavo volume, and is replete with valuable and in teresting iniormation on the subject of contagious and infectious diseases. The committee, in their report, trace the yellow lever from its last visit to this city, in 1*22, up to its lirst appearance, and arrive at the conclusion ihat it was originally brought here by shipping ; aud finding aliment to subsist on, it has gone on committing its fearful ravages, until ? like fire, it disappeared from want ot substance to destroy. The committee extended their investiga tion into the subject of email pox and cholera, and their researches furnish a variety of interesting and valuable information. From the length of the re I port, we find it difficult to give an ab. tract even of I it, and are compelled to take a very narrow glance ; at its principal features only. From the testimony submitted to them in regard to those three great I scourges of the human family, yellow fever, small pox, and cholera, the committee arrive at the fol lowing conclusions:? 1 That the yellow fever haa been brought to the city of New York in h?r shipping, either by the foulness of oaa of i ? he vessel ihe sickuoaa of peraona on hoard, u damaged cargo, oi clothea lroni those who had died with lha yel low fever, or from some of these causes combined. 9. That the yellow fever may be brought to the port of New York on ship board, when lha average temperature at New York is about 60a Fahrenheit's thermometer, iroin a sickly port within the tropics, and not ba perceiv ed un<ii alter her artival, and peibaps not until alter she bat broken bulk. 3. That u vessel, from any port where the average temperature is about 80a Fahrenheit's thermometer, not pass.ng into a colder atmosphere, and arriving at New York in a similar atmosphere, may brine the yellow fever, if the yellow fever is prevailiog at the port ot her departure, or if she lays along side a vessel intected with yellow lever, or the crew or persons on board are other wise exposed to it. 4 That the progress of the yellow fever ia checked by violent atmospheric commotions, and destroyed by float. 5 That the yellow fever la not contagious, infectious, or epidemic, in e perfectly pure atmosphere, unless it lies been pent up in cloth"*, or other substances, trom persons who have had the dis-ase. and than it will apend tttvlf on the persons first attacked. 6 That the yellow fever will devalope itself in from two to twelve days after infection.and may even sooner, ifthe exposure is to the morbid effluvium of the disease, in a concentrated lorm. 7. That the small pox, ia the city end State of New Yoik. principally originates from foreign aourcea, and may be lessened by quarantine regulation! 8. That the stnullpox, when taken without inocula tion. developes itself in from six to twanty-one days, and by inoculation, in from seven to ten days. B. That the pestilential oholara develops! itself In from one to ten days. 10. That passenger* arriving in vessels from Europe, not having touched at any port within the tropica, or being exposed to the yellow fever, should, if found io good health, cleanly, and in a cleanly vessel, with an undamsgedcargo.be allowed to come immediately to the wharves of >he city, with the vessels, alter an exa mination by the health officer. 11. That quarantine regulations, at the port of Now York, are necessary, but should be made as perfect aa human skill can devise, and enforced by medical science, manly energy, and uprightness of purpose, with as little embarrassment to commerce, a* is consistent with a wise caution for the public health. 13. That if the yellow fever can find subjects unaccli mated, it haa tee power on ship board, or on its arrival at the port of New York, whan the temperature ranges not far from 80 dag F .hrenheit's thermometer, of gathering strength, or of reproducing itself, in an at mosphere vitiated bv exhalation* from parsons confined in illy-ventilated places; by exhalations from animal exuviae; by noisome filth in docks uncovered by water at low tide; by maishy and uudraioed lauds, by soil abounding with dead bodies imperfectly covered with earth: by decaying vegetable or animal matter; by putrid or impure loud and water; by an uncleanly habit; iiy overfatigue and animal exhaustion; end with these causes, perhaps even with either separately, may be come a malignant, pestilential disease, and its march will be made more easy if the atmosphere is humid. These conclusions have been deduced from the testimony of a number of our most able physicians, : and are entitled to great consideration. The com- i mittee have proposed a bill based on these conclu. sions, which they have annexed to their report.? There is one feature connected with this winch all will heartily approve of. We give it in the words of tho report The bill has a feature which the committee hope will commend it to the patriotic citizens who arwcalled ofli- . cially to legislate for the people of the State. It gives j leliof to tbo immigrant seeking our shores, whoever ho ; may '>?, for one year after he pays his contribntion ou k, * " " arriving at the port of New York, provided he comes to the hospital door and shows that he Is sick with a tempo rary disease. This additional benefit the committee find In the sug gestions ol the resideut physician, and that the grounds and hospital bnildiogs are, in his estimation, sufficiently large for this purpose. As the effect of this provision cannot be precisely foreseen, the committee think that this provision should not now be extendod beyond one year, which will probably leave a surplus, without in creasing the amount now required to be paid as hospital money. The operation of the present law has given hope, but it has been deferred and the heart made and, for the mo ment the man of sickness, or the woman of misfortune, or the child of disease.had parsed the quarantine ground, that momeDt they ceased to have any claims upon the Marine Ho-pital lor relief. It is this leature in the law as it now exists, which the committee have been inform ed started the inquiry as to its justice, its constitutional! ty. The persons interested asked why the immigrant who paid his money could have no benefit from it after : he came to the city; end in their inquiries they learnt : that there were surplus moneys, which were appropri ated to other purposos, notwithstanding tha law itself provides that the surplus "shall remain appropriated to supply any' deficiency that may occur of the anuual funds, to meet the annual expenses of the hospital, and to detrav the expenses of erecting such other hospitals or buildings as the Governor may from time to time di rect." The Legislature evidently intended that all tha moneys collectei from this source should be expended ' for the benefit ot the immigrant, and tha sustaining of a good quarantine establishment, by funding any surplus which might be obtained in one year, to make up any de ficiency for any cause its a subsequent year. It was a specific tax for a specific purpose I with The committee suggest with great diffidence, however, that the diversion of any of these funds is unjust, though, pethape, not technically or legally wrong And if the committee comprehend one of tho pointu taken in the late argument before tho Supremo Court of the U. States, bv tho present able Attorney General of the State, tbo view ot the committee is sustained by him. " Tho end of the quarantine laws," says the Attorney General, "is the health of the city of New York, and of i those who enter it. The meaus, a tax upon passengers." Tha tax being e " common lavwtoll," rather a statute law toll, and levied for the health of New York and for those who enter it, tLe toll should be devoted to the specific objtat for which it it levied, and if it is appropriated to any other purpose, injustice is certainly meted out to tha toll payers, even if no constitutional right is violated. If so. it is unbecoming a great and magnanimous State to allow it. The committee have not, however, proposed to restrict the operation of the present law in regard to the surplus moneys, if any, but to extend the benign influence of the lews to the toll peyers, and consequently tha surplus will be less. This change will take away a great causa of complaint, and perhaps satisfy perfectly those who now think the law oppressive. The committee propose another alteration in the laws which rslieves this same class of persons, on their arri val at the port of New Yotk from Kurope, if they are well ant in a cleanly condition, by allowing thorn to coma to the city on shipboard. From the testimony ta ken, it will be perceived that the presetit law is useless and unnecessarily oppressive; and in addition to this, there is evidently a great error in obliging three or four hundred persons, perhaps a thousand, to be landed at quarantine ground, who, from their condition while on the vo) age. are peculiarly liable to teke an epidemic or contagious disease the moment they land, if one exists. The object of quarantine lsws is to prevent the importa tion ol disease, and if imported, its spreading But it Is apparent that this leature of the present law Incteases the danger of its spreeding, if it has been imported or CX'Sts at the quarantine The confining of vessels conditionally admitted to the city, north of particular streets, now appears absurd, tor on exarairing tbe table, and a map of the city, it will be perceived, that a great proportion of its popu lation do not reside Dear that part of it supposed by tha present law to be most exposed. That if there is wis dom in making n distinction in pails of the city, the or der now observed should be revursed. Every one in the least conver-ant with the location of the iohabitanta of New Yoik. knows that hut comparatively few persona reside in the vicinity of the rivers, south ol 8,h street on the East river, eud Bank street, on the North. We heartily commend the.bill to the Legislature, aa being worthy of the most serious attention and consideration, and express a wish that a portion at least of the indefatigable zeal wtuch has character ized the oommittee in their research after facts, will mark the action of the Legislature upon the whole subject. Foreign Travel. 1 asked a question, in your paper, the other day, seriously, who Mr. Wedge wood was, who sat among tha big bugs on the platform, at the Covcnt Garden Theatrr, at the great corn law league meet ing. I asked the same question in another paper, the QazrtU. Some one hat- replied, over the sig " " ? "r. \v. nature Ft.rs. Funny enough. I suspected Mr. was some presuming elf, like George Jones, the actor, who presumed to represent us'nll, after the great fire, at the great meeting in London. Oh ! Mr. Editor, what fantastic tricks some of our coun trymen do perpetrate abroad. Yours, KxiCKKKIlOCKEK. Court Caltndwr?This Day Orrtaio* Corsr?-ISO. ISP. 902to 309, 1110,912 font, 930. 937, 10, 236 to 986. 240, 943, 948. Two Courts. Affairs In Texas and Mexico. [From the Corpus Cbristi Gazettg, Fob. It.] The Amr or OeccrsTios.?We understand tbst or der* have at lost arrived for breaking op Hie encamp ment of the "army of occupation" hero, and iu removal lo the Rio Grande 1'irtui have been aent out, to aur vey the route from the head ol Padre Island, at the Cor pus Christi pass, down the west side of the Island, op posite Point Isabel, near the Brassoe da Santiago ? aud also, the route on the main land from twenty to thirty miles west ot the Laguna del Madre, terminating at Point Isabel. From all we can ioarn, Point Isabel is the destiuatiou of the "army of occupation." What they are to do there, and the object of their going, are to aa a profound mystery. One thing is certain. If tha United States are about to occupy the east bank of thn Rio Grande, and have any desire to make that occupation a permanent one, tbey must senJ there a much stronger force than the one now here. They should not forget, that in twenty days from the time we are giving this information, there can be, and probably will be, 25,000 Mexican troops within two days march of Point Isabel. Iu all military matters, there is no error more fatal than that of holding an enemy in too slight eatimation. In stead ot black-eyed Senoras, and the welcome of friends, we predict that our "army of occupation," will Qnd some less agreeable- snbjects to digest, before tbey take . up a |?rmauent residence upon the banks of the Rio Grande. Our sources of information are In no way in ferior to those of the United States goveinment itself ? The policy which has dictated the removal of the camp from this place, we have reason to believe, is founded in error. Mexico?We have Jpat received a very interesting letter, under datu of February 4th, from a Inend now liv ing in one of the frontier towns on the Rio Grande, in which he says, "in all our revolutions in Mexico, there has been a definite object in view, (although that object has not always been attained) either in favor, or against, liberal principles. 01 the pmty denominated Central, a very small (action, consisting of the old arist >cmcy, are (till supposed to be in favor of a monarchy -but the pro gramma of tha party is the establishment of an oli garchy. "The liberal party, comprising the whole of the mid dle. and a large portion of the fi.it diss of the communi ty, aim at the establishment of a Federative Republic leaving to the individual States sufficient power to ren der it impossible for the General Government either to oppress them, or be at all dangerous to their liberties. This party wish; to destroy, aa l forever, the privileged class, und to make tbe civil superior to the military and clerical powers. The clergy and other religious orders iu Mexico, omprite about ?000 altogether, and are di vided in their political opinious; but now. from (ear of arbitrary, militrary oppression, they are generally dis posed to tide with the liberal party. "At present, the army is united against the people; and this will unite allpr rties against the usurpation of Gen. Parades. "The people, as a body, are ripe for resiitanoe, terrible resistance; and all parties, forgetting tor a season their privste grievances and convinced ot the absolute neces sity of combining all th>ir energies, will most cordially unite to destroy tha dangerous power of the army,which has hitherto been employed solely for their injury " We would be glad to give our readers further extracts from the letter of our correspondent, but aa they relate to highly impoitant eveots which are about to take place in connection with their own domestic policy,we deem it improper to compromise tbe atl'iir by any direct allusion lo it. Tne news fr m Mexico, in our next, will be of an ' highly interesting character. [From the New Orleans Picayune, Feb. 10 ] By tne arrival of the brig Tlti, Captain Brown, from Havana, we have advices, brought by the British steam er Teviot, from Vera Cruz to the 31st January, and from the city of Mexico to the 27th. These advices are several days later than we had previously received, but the intelligence has nevertheless been mostly an- i ticipated. We find them in our Havana exchanges?our Mexican Ales not having come to hand. From tbe tenor ol (he papers before us we infer that j Gen. Arista has attempted no revolution - has made ho :

movement whatever against the Government of Gen. , Paredos. Tbe news which reached us by way of Penia cola of his movements cannot hare been authentic. El i Diaiio d'l Othiermt, of the 21st Jan., eaye that the whole coumry has given in its adhesion to the plan of San Luis Potosi. Nothing is said ot Yucatan, though tha Havana } papers weie fully awate that she had witudraw from the Mexican confederacy. By thia arrival no light whatever la thrown upon the | actions of Mr. Slidall It is mentioned that after repeat- ! ed solicitations, he obtained an escort to leave Mexico, it la somewhat singular that thia moat important matter { ahould be shrounded in mystery. In Genetal Almonte's , letter, which we do not recollect to have seen before, in which he accepts the office of Secretary of War and Marine, there occura a paragraph in which he apeaka of : tbe embarrassments of the government; of his desire to | co-operate in the preservation of order, " happily re eatablished;"and of preporationa for "the campaign of I Texas." Neither in this nor in other document* do we see any thing to confirm the report of railing any army of 60,000 men for the recovery of Texas. But measure* have been taken, beyond all doubt, to increase the effective 1 military force ol Mexico, and the war of Texas is the single pretext fcr the same. The Mexican editors continue to exhibit great sus picion, and even alarm, in regard to the United States j naval forces on their Pacific coast. Our readers need not be informed aa to that squadron; but tha Mexicans attribute to Com. Sloat an ominions menace: that in case Mexico ahould declare war against the United States, he would take possession of the Mexi can armed vessels, and with them blockade the Mexican ( ports, leaving his own squadron tree lor more interesting operations upon the coast. The Mexicans grieve over . this personal menace of the American Commodore, but tbey are not ? little pleated tbat both franco and Eng land have strong naval forces on the Pacific coast to watch "the Ameucan forces, and tee that the property ot their aAuntry men is respected." The " call" for the assembling of a Mexican Congress has been tnade. The act su celebrated as a national holiday, with every demonstration of joy. We do not find the particular day noted for the convening of this Congress, and i>ro?ume the Convoc.atoria to have refer ence to the election, rather than the meeting of this body. The Minister of the Treasury is taking energetic measures to reduce to order the affairs of his depart ment. He has forbidden the governors of tbo several departments to contract loans, and has ordered the "centralization" of the revenues appropriated to the different departments. But these revenue m-asures are somewhat indistinct Not so, however, the remittance of $?0,000 to the army olthe north, which is announced in the Memorial of the .'5th. (AThe importation of cotton at the port of Vera Cruz, is allowed upon the payment of $10 a bale. The Monitor Constitutional of the 33d, says that the Baron (Jros has been appointed to settle the difference between France and Mexico. (We think this appoint ment has before been announced.) A Minister from the King of Prussia has arrived at Vera Cruz. Tho Memorial Hittorieo of the 18th January commends the simplicity of the habits of the Provisional President, his accessibility to nil classes, and indefatigable atten tion to business He lias Dot taken up his residence in the National Palace, visiting it only at certain hours for tha despatch of sffeirs. A committee has been appointed by him for the pur pose of digesting a complete re-organination of affairs? apian of government and policy. Senoree Gomez da la Cortina, Francisco Fegoaga, and Eduardo de Guros tize, compose this committee, the designs of which are not particularly unfolded rhe Mexican achr. Yui The Mexican schr. Yucateco, Capt. Prate, arrived et this port yesterday from Campeachy, whence she sailed on the 7th lost. She confirms all the information we have hitherto received in regard to the declaration of independence made by tbat Department. The Yucateooe were daily expecting to hear that the Mexicans had closed their ports against them, in consequence of their declara'ion. The following letter from our attentive correspondent contains all the news of importance stirring :? Havana, 10th Feb., 1840 ?1 send you papers contain ing all tbe news from Mexico, which you will find inter esting. Santa Anna is now openly preparing to return there, but does not go by this month's steamer. In the steamer from .Mexico there came M'lle. Borghese, hat she dared not land, as Marty, tbe Empresario of tha Opera, swore he would imprison her for having rnn away from here three years since, whilo engaged as Prima Donna, and left him in the lurcb. Every Influenoa waa tried on him, but he was immovable Our troops are iu a constant active drill, and have baen lu for a month. Sham fights, reviews, See., take place al most every day, end the greatest attention is displayed by the general officers to the accoutrements end per sonal appearance of every soldier. The Conscription law has been extended to tbli island, end the process of enrolment is now going on in order to fill tbe raLk? of the army The navy is also prepeiing for service. The lins-of battle ship it was found necessary to repair, and it ie being done with all haste; meanwhile a frigate has gone on a mission to Vera Cruz In fact, our military, land and sea, have lost their old easy times, and they now sweat and puff" and blow about at though tbey were to meet a world in arms. [From the New Orleans Tropic, Feb. 19 ] The Dior in de hi Marina contains e long article on tho condition of Mexico? the public opinion relative to the new President and his Ministry?tha relatione of that country with the United Ktates?and the Ameiican, Biit ithond French forces in the Pacific. In thie article, are extracts Irom Mexican papers. We have room to notice them but hrn fly Hi M-moiHiitorico, a ne - name for ?' Sifio XIX, publishes e communicatior directed by the former Minister of Foreign Relations to the Govern ment Council, touching the uon reception of Mr Slideli. F.I Sr Penay Pena says in this communication that the response of the Mexican Government to the proposition of that of the United Slatss, we* to receive e commission er to adjust tha Texas question, hut not in the character in whicn Mr. Slideli presented himself. After explaining at length the reason* which bad induced en acceptance of tho proposition of our Government, as a means of avoiding war, and stating that Mr. H. was not sufficient ly empowered to act, inasmuch at in his credentials it did nnt appear that bia nomination had been approved by the l!. 8 Senate, he concluded by saying that the . .. #jf .r. . . . .. ?Mexican Government did not feel itself obliged to admit Mr. 8 as a commissioner from that of the Uuited States, hut that it weuld do it as soon at the requisite* essential to the credential* should be furnished. [From the Houston Telegraph, Feb. 11.] OcasisN Emiorants. -Notwithstanding the immense emigration from the United State*, tbe emigration from Germany already promises to equal it. It is estimated that at least fiva thousand Garmans have emigrated to Texas during the last year, and letters have been re ceived from Intelligent Germane in Europe, in which the writers state that the emigration from that country teams to have but just commenced, end the few, com paratively, who have hitherto emigrated ere but at the vanguard of the immense army that ara mustering on all sides to emigrate in the spring. Prince Frederick be* become lusty alarmed to notice, in all sac ione of hie dominions, the busy notes of prepara tion, and he iears that hie provinces will be nearly depopulated, unless somo strenuous efforts are made to check this emigration His efforts, however, thus far, have been futile, and his subjects easily evade the cobweb edicls that he has devised to fasten them to their " fatherland." The day* of the t'imb'i and Teutones seem to be returning, and there ie a restless ness end desire for change manifested throughout the population of F.urope that may well excite the alarm of tit* notentatea of the " Old World." It is the epirit of republicanism agitating the mighty messes of her peo ple, end the ty mute whose throne* have for ages beta , upheld by if noranoe and superstition, now tremble a* - . _# intelligence rr* diffused around them. I longendeavored to prevent th. circulation nf American publication. among thoir .ubj.cto, end ..r.ro l?w. to prevent 007 n.w.paper. or pamphlet. published in republican c?" ? If!ttT'T .ting in their dominion. but Itaw Wjjwlo ssVjss. ???s Sk America, would write home to ?cribe ?n glowing term, tne inM oi rapubltoan eroment, and thu. incite en ?rd?nt **?""*. ? nd of tyrant bowed people to join their kindred fi??dom Thi infection (if we m?y .0 term it) hi. spread wider and wider as crowd after cr0*^ ?jy, . emigrant, harried away to the Iree end now all Germany i. aroused, and thouaane. au? ten. of thousand, are preparing like their Gothic ance^ tore, to seek new homes in distant ?f be ever welcome heie, for theie is liberty, an ardent attachment to free liutitutions im planted in the German character; and they beO"?* good republicans, good citixens. from the moment that they set loot upon American soil. Bex.a.?The good effect, of annexation are already beginning to appear among the dilapidated buildiug. of this ancient city. It. late tenantle*. house, are ringing with the bu?y hum of happy families, and its street, are fast filling up with throngs ot emigrant, and Frenchmen, German., Mexicans and the Anglo-Ameri cans seem to be vieiog with each other to restore war stricken Bexar to its former greatness. Borne of the colonists of Castro a portion of Uerman em.grant. who have lately arrived, ond many American families, have removed to the city, and are making great improve ments. The Mexicans also are active, and soem to nave received new energy since they have fha a^surance of protection. A few months since, many of them bad be come almost completely dispirited They had ?<>*ared ?o lone and so severely trom the border war, that baa been continued almost uninterruptedly in that ?eotioii sin e the first revolt of Hidalgo, that they were 1 induced like some of their kindred in lormer F6*" desert their home, in de.pair, end seek lefuge in the in ferior province?^>f Mexico. Now .11I k? ""J*?d I ?kAV (ami that the American iEiju is ? tnre guaran y lecurity end peace. Thi. feeling of .ecurity will n.cea aardy lnduc# the citizen, of Bexar to commence im provement, of a .ubitantial character J marly carried on between that city and the eastern P Tince. of Mexico, waa. w. believe, far graatasMthan tllat now carried on between St Louis and Sxnu ka , and it is quite probable that it will soon be revived. Uiibe l.eved that the trade even now carr.ed on betwaent:hat city and the tt.o Orande se-tlemanta axceada JIM 000 annually, although every .fieri is made by the Mexican authorities to destroy it. VV henever peace ahall be e. tabli.bed, it will probabiy exceed half a million ot dol lars annually. Theatrtc.ua. Pam* Th*.tsx.?The tragedy of " Douglas" was par formed le.t evening for the benefit of Mis. Charlotte Barnea, it being the last night of har engagement. Miaa Barnes played Young Norval moat admirably- The char actor of the ooble end heroic youth waa indeed as finely conceived as beautifully executed. The Glenalvon of Mr. Vandenhoff, the Old Norval of Mr. Barry, and the Lady Randolph of Mrs. Bland, were all exc-llent. At the c inclusion of the tragedy, Professor Sands and his lovely and talented children, again appeared In their graceful and beautiful gymnastic exercises. The novel a d axtrrordinary fsata performed-by these wonderful artiare as pleasing as they are varied, and astonish. | ing It it not only a rare display of skill. *<ll|ty. knp j strength, but a direct appeal to our floor sense of beauty within ; and we rise from witnesalng the dnplay, with ? huge delight and satisfaction Mr Sands and hU chil dren come upon the stage dreased ?""R"1?""'.1/-1" tight fitting costume, which serves to display to ( advantsgo the finely moulded forms of the boys, Snathe herculean and symmetrical proportion. of the father The children first dance about the stage like young Cupids, and then foilow.asucoes ItoS of K pe-Tect and gloriou. of Iheir ktod Tbe hovt are positively twi-rtea in'o shapes of so groUtqne nn?l picturesque a character as to defy description, \ the lather exhibits a vlgoroua etaaticil jr of nerve and pre cision of movement, not eerily imagined by those who hava not witnessed these performances. They are truiy matchless in their art, and their banefit.which '?he. place j St. evening, will undoubtediy attract a crowded and fashionable audience. Thia la th# laat night of their ep- | nearance and in addition to the feata heretofore per forraed, others still more astoni.hingwlUbeoxh^i^idi The fine comedy, entitled," The Road to Ruin, wiu alto be presented, Mr. Vandenhoff playing Young Dornton .. . . Bovrxxr Thxatex.?The grand Indian equestrian drama," Aiasapha," was performed last night before a lull house, with distinguished success. This psrfor mince is well calculated to give a practical illustration of the gloriOH. scenes of the revolutionary period. All the Indian characters sera rendered with remarkable Jelicity. It ii needlesa to say anything of the ??W"? representation of Arasapha by Mr. Scott. Mra. Jones' Wetumpka was natural and effective. Never did we see a more correct delineation of Yankee character, thai Davenport's Tribulation Whetstone ; the spcctators were universally delig-.ted with it. IUdaw.F is inimitable n the character oi Van Dunder Fntx. The laat .cena, in which a fall of real water was produced with.'- Thi effect excited the admiration of all who saw it. The most pnthu.iastic apptouse _ mamfe.ted throughout most onthusiasric applause ??? the whole performance. Arasaph* is to be repeate ftiain to Light No one who ba? patriotitro, or londneaa for good acting, should fail to go and witne.. thia grand national drama. The "Mountain Drover." and'Bold Thunderbolt," are al.o to be played U-night; ?o it ?i" be perceived that the enterprising maiiagoi. ?f th? Bowery spare no pain, in serving up a rich theatrical uAW,i) Circus ?This fashionable and faacioatlng re* sort of the^admirer, of art, wa. well UUd laat night on tha occasion of Madam Maearto'. benefit. Of bar beau tif u lp "formance.lt i. unnecessary to ..ymoreth.n that the favor of a discerning public 11 the best tes timony of the merit, of an erri.tr, and thi. to.umony waa last night abundantly awarded to b?r Th???'hair par former, played their part. w ith ad m 1 rabla .kill, and drew, down related and ?^"^a?l?^ ThU evening a grand andrich entertainment i. off^.dto the public." It i. the last night 01 the appearance public. It is tne ia?i mi'? j" ?," r? to great equestrian favorite, Madam Maearto. We retor to the programme of the bills for full particulars. LxorotD de Mcvra -The lion pianist gave Lis .ac ond concert in Philadelphia, on Wadne.day eveniag last. We make the following extract from 1)?e of toe paper. De Meyer'a socood concert, at the Mu.ical Fund Hall, on Wednesday evening, waa mttended by another large and brilliant audience, and waa fully auo ces.ful The great pianist was warmly and enthu.iasti callv annlauded. - The audience, on this occasion, was even lVrger than 'at th. fir.t conceit." Another oaper Meyer was enthusiastically spplauded and hi. ' Lo Carnival de Venice' received with "P|uri., , and anchored to the echo. On an.wering the call, the talented artiat substituted 1 Hail Colu mbia and ksi - . koe DooiUe ' with variations, in such ? masiarly bnlUant manner, that It took the aud, nace bj atftm. and cauaed .uch ? furor, toat, at one tlm , we had ?an oua apprahenviona tor the aafaty ofth< hall. It was stated tnat thi. wa. De M.ysr'. la.t concert in thi. city. Wa hope not Let u? have another, by all mean.. The Swiaa Bell Riogera are in Gxlvaaton, Texas. j Mr. Wincheli, the celebrated comiclsotu rer and dall- ] naator of eccentric characters, will opao in Naw Havan the .anting week. He will be a....ted by M r. Oldfl.ld, plxniU. CO-The advertisement in our columns of yester day, headed "different versionsot the same thing," was not paid for, or inserted at the instance, of Mr. Day. Testimony tend Contradiction. " There has been no trial or decision in any Court at Wash* ins on. i i which a .y one connec.ed iu any way with the rob ber business, ha 1 an interest." (Sim-d) H. H. DAY. "The patent office hat not decided tint Charlet Goodyear was the mvenror of the machiue wmch Solomon C. Warner i* uow claiming a patent fur." (Signed) H. H. DAY. "The itatement "f your [Tr buue'al Waahintton corr* apoudeut, that one of the queiti ni in the India robber emit o ver.y solougu the uewapipera, has been decided, ia incor rect." (Signed i H. H. OA*. i onfl mitionof the above atat.iueot of H. H. Day. The Commissioner say . hot bttn. and Day aaya " bat not "-'all ad* dre>aa? to ? iatel isent r-aden ! ? !'* Tire f (towing 1 tt-r f om the Commietioner of Patents 1 luomit 11 intelligent reader? to p ore the c .rrccn.sa ol my pranooj atatemeiit,, Cihotatemeuta ab ve.] _ _ . _ HORACE H. D VY United 8tavr? ParartT OrFica. I Weahi f -n Ci*y. D C.Feb J. lat# J Sir?Too are hereby inf rmvd t at in t e ca? of he inter I fee ce he> ween your claim, and th >ae of Cna let ti >**1* up >n which a heari g waa appo n rd to lake place ou >h* .h id hluid.yi Ja uary. 1846. ihe question of pr.o.-.ty "Iinvea ion I hat bttn decided iu hi* Uxor Inclosed u a copy of me deei ! ii?u . t ; That siimony in the cite ia now oren to ihe inspection oi l these eonc. rnrd. An apueal liea f om tnia deciaio . u .dy the p-ovisi na of the 7ih SvC'iot of th? act of July 4 U*. aidllth , aectiou of ihe ait of MarenSd, 1839. Yoo a, 'eap-c " 1 y, EDvlU.vD BURKE. Commissioner .1 Pa ana. Solomon C Warner, e?re of Meaara N rton k LaereuLe, 37 Pn.e atr.e', New Y rk , D y aaya t .e P-'ent Office " h-a not decided The Com* ? 'U.oneraaya "it hta decided ' io Ilia (Ooo-Jyear t J Ivor Ye:, Dey puhliahea ihe I iter of the Cutnmitaiouer, to p.ore the eonect^ea* of hie ttitej i.ea'i To iht Editor of the S'ne York Erpreto. m Oerrri-tMrrr In your paper of 1 ue diy. th-re ia a atat meut o dar the sianaiore of Mr Charles Goodyear, e ontain iug a copy of a p'ea pot in by Ho*ace H Day, and a worn >o brhm in defeuce of a tnit against him uow pvi.d nr. In ihia plat tnrre ia a use of my name not warranted bv the facte, in claiming for me the honor ol making iusolible, or Mr i al uc ai'aaia. Mr Diy in h a plea ??ya : " Extract from the. ajfldant of H. H. L)oy. datid and twom. Svo. I, laal an Jitr in Court. " And tnia <lefod..,t (Day ) fun tier says that Nathaniel Hay ward is i?or ihejirat and original inventor or niaeoT.rer of ihe o.? of an'phur .n combi..auo wnh In lia mi.ber in Ihe mauuUctvre of lud.a rubber aoudt aa claim -1 i i theiet tor Patent, ? ' ? And toe defend nt further .ay. tba Joseph W. Herman of thu city na-d aulphor, wriite lead and I du robber, i-i cmntnuaiiou in tr.e manul-cture > f (ndi rubbe. em da which aoodi he th-n ttposed to the aciioo ol a hifh degree of hear, kc. ? * * ? ? ? ? * "worn end signed. HORACE H. DAY. Although I have mad* many experimmia in India rubber and hare heea f.miliar wt h tna croerimauis of o b-ra. yet I i*ini-2,1,#<Liiir Day to claim lor me what hla pie ele ma. All Indie rubber manufacturers at all eoeeeraant w th the hoaineaa. agree with me in aecribmg to Mr. Ooodyeer the merit of th,a discovery I gave Mr. Day under oath, such in ro.raitioe aa I hid, and the results of my eipe lenee. but ne thi-.g would juvtify hia in tatting up and maamg oath, that 1 was. in any war, the ftrat discoverer of the l.vmlioaof the prcnliarci-mpon-iit known aa iniotuble rubber, about which, there hu beta ollifi so ranch controv nr. I am, reereettully, Ice. __ J. W. IIARMAN. Rottserrs Amandine, for tho ears and prevention of t hipred Hands, for sale at th# principal d'i?a g-ata in this city, and whol.aal* end retail at ihe store of the snhseribsr, EUGF.Nk ROVShf L. M-nafveturev end Importer of cho>e# Perfumory. Touet B-iaps. Bh.ving Cream. Ac Jte Ne. 158 Broadway, between Liberty and Corntlan.lt aueeta. The Plumbe National Data merrlan Oallerjr, on the upper comer of Broadway aad Murray atmt, is daily I receiving addi iona to the already moat latere.ting collection of portrait! that haa ever been opened te the pablisftetLof shins. | India Rubber Stretched Out. GOODYEAR* PATENT. Th* Umitcd Statu CtTWT Orrtcr Toatl persons to tcho* tket* presents lhall cures Greetive t Tuis M to certify, th it the auurxed is a nun copy uion the reco'da of tua office, of tha specification of Charles Good vni'i L'ttcra Paten', dated 4th Jo'V. IM4 In testimony whereof. I, Etlmuutl Buike, Commissioner of Patents, ha*r caused the ?? I of me Pa'-u Office lo be hereunto ?ffixed, thwaiitieth day of December, in L. S. the year of our Lord one thou?aud eight huud ed aid forty-fire, aud of the Independence of the Uuittd States the seventieth EDjuUXD BuRKE. THE SCHEDULE liritUD TO IM THtll LETTERS PATENT, AND MAHtno PAST OK THE urn. To all ptrtoni to whom thett preterm thall come I Be it known that 1 Chines ttoodyear, of tha city undoouu tyof New Hiveu. in the State of Connecticut. h??e inTe-ted a new and iimfiil water-proof manufacture, compoa-d of two 1 elude substances, of which the following ia a lull and exact description : My new fabric or mancfactnra ia enmpoaed of what ia term* eil aiockiog knit cloth, (or cloth woveu ui a similar manner to articleaof hoaiery,) aud caoutchouc applied and cemauted to ita exterior surface or aurficea, or of two or moie layers of suck stocking-knit cloth having oue or moia sheets or Uyets of caoutchouc interposed between, and conuected or made to ad here to them. ? e ? a a a a I claim the above new in>uaficture,orthecombinationnf the i two elastic mtterials, stocking knit labric and eaontchouc.whs ther tlie Uttrr be applied to the exterior surface or sutfacea of said fabric, or between two or mora pieces or layetaof said fabiie or cloth, subtantially as act forth. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my signature, this sixteenth day of Jane, A. D. 1845. ^ - CHAHLE3 GOODYEAR. R. H Euor, Geo. H.Bailev. (LcIters Patent dated July 5th. 1WJ.) City and County of Sew York.it ?Go or*? V. White, aged forty-four yetts anu upwa da, bring duly sworn, doth depose aud say that deponent is familiar with the subject of India Rubber mauufac'iirr; that bdsasat h is bran engaged in the 1 business const mtly f>r the last -welve vests in the St'tes of i N?w kork aud New Jersey, part of the time ou his own ?e | count, and for many years es foretniu il the establishment of S C. Smith h Son. tu the city of New York?drpoaent a.ith l that in or nbout the year one thousand eight hui ihed a'd fort y, (1(10) It William Smith, of the firm of B C. Smith St Son in veti'ed tlie then, to in' new process of in iking rlastic goods by i couibn iug stocking-knit fihric with India Rubber, aud from that time until 1 left their employment, whith was iu May, one ih uaaud eight hundred and forty-three, (_ilM3> large quan tities of said goud? were made aud soul by said Smith fk sou, end *mwg the goods made aud sold, was not less than onu thou sand pur of Boots ai d Shoes. That the new c mhinstioa was publicly adverii.ed dracr-biog the adrantagaof the new arti cle in various n-wapapers, aud ilie sales of goods thus made wet t regular pari of the liusiursi, aud has been continued as deooueut ia lufor > ed and believes, up to the pi ear ut lure bt ' firm of Smith It Sou and liaa heeo a proc-as well known to Iu 1 dia rubber minofscturera and the public from the time first til troducad by Smith Ik Son, up to the present. DepO ent further saith that he has read acetified copy of tlie s ecificilion of the intent taken out by Charles Goodyear, in the summer of ene thousand eight hundred a ad forty-five, (1811 ) for'ho same inventioo, aud that Goody-ar drsciibes anu claims iu thkt ape ?ific< lion just what W'S invented a d made by Smith k f-ou, from 1840. nil to ihi> time. G. V. WHITE. Sworn this Pith d-v of February, 1W0. befor# me, ALEX. W \TSON, Com. of Dee-la. The Pateot Laws require, th it; "before an applicant shall receive a piieut for auv iuven ion. he shall make oath lHat he believes hi ins ? If the first eud original iiivru or. and tha- As does not know or believe that the time woe ever before known or userf." imminent on this cue is unurcessar* ; b >lh the origiual inventor, Birith, aud Goodyear, who ias .u t taken out the p'tenr. hive h>d stores fir the sale oft vie good i, wi.hu a few blocks of each other in tha city of Naw *? rk. for many years pas'. There ore yet many other branch** of the bnsin*ai, not lock ed up hv Patent, aud whoevrr intends to ajpropnat- trwm, would do writ to know, th?t the C-'nimi-sioueri of Pale U has g ven the itrni.gest assurance, that he will recommend to (he present Convreas, i he pass ge of a law for ihe repeal'i fall fraud ileut aud illegal patents. '1 he u cn-ity fur such a law, will bo evident enough tv members ol Congress, when they understand the wsy ih.t rubbereau stietch this "onsl-yu r. HuRACE H. O xY. The Metxlic Rubber Patent, and affidavits may be fjopd ia the Tribune and Mirror of yesterday. Look at thant. Digpepaln.?This distressing complaint Is nfi weaknrss of tie digeativa organs, aud likeeverv other disease, iacimed by impurity of the blood. The gastric juice, a fluid peculiar to rht stomach, when secreted from had blood, ia de ficient in ihose wonderful solvent properties, which krs of such vi-al imp.irt.iuce lo the il (t lion ?lomtq leutly the food, inste'ao of being sieedily dia ml red of en b. comes abso lutely spo led, or puirifieJ iu toe itnmtch; lien :e bad breitli, sour beichinr, costiveueas, p-in in the stomach, cho'ic, dysen tery, cho'e-a morbus, and o-her dreadful enmplaints. WRIGHTS INDIAN VEGETABLE P1LL8 ars a evr tain cure lor Di<pep ia, uecaua- ihevc'etuse lh> atomach and boweis from all bilious humora. and pur.fy 'he blood lour or five of said pills, taken at night ou toiug to bed, will in all cases give some relief, aud ii" coniiuued a short tim , will not only make e perfect cure of Disoeptia, but will asau-edly drive pain o. distresses of svrry description Irom the body ' 'autioiv ?It should also be rem - moered that a mm by the name of Samuel Reed, who sells medicine purporting to be lu diau Pills, is Gty street, two door> east if Market street, B il t more, is not an ageui of mine, neither cm 1 guarantee ?? genuine any that he has for sale. Tnc only security agonal impoti'ion is to purchase from uo person unless he c?n show a certifieare of agency, or at the Office and Geuersl Depot, No. 288 Greenwich street, New York. WILLIAM WRIGHT. MO.VKV NiRKB 1% Friday, Feb. >47?6 P.m. TUhuwi from Washington had ? very great eff. et upon* o stock market, and pricea fell off a fiaotiou. Penney Ivania 6*a and Kentucky fi's cloaed at yesterday's pricea ?, Reading Railroad improved 1} per cent, and Viokaburg, } ; while Farmera' Loan fell off ? percent; Canton, }; Harlem, }; Long laland. If; Ohio O'a, }. At the aecond board quotationa alightly improved and the market appeared to be a little mora buoyant. There if very little demand for foreign exchange. Quotationa for aterliog billa have alightly advanced. We now quote prime billa on London at 9} a 8} per oaat premium. On Parte 6f -28} a6f 27J; Amaterdam W} a 39}| Hamburg SM a 3Sji B*remen 78} a 78}. The New York State Bank (Albany) haa declared a re ni annual dividend of fire par oent, payable on the 3d of March. We annex our usual table of quotationa for the princi pal State and other atocka used for inveatment Paicaa or Stock* lit thi Nkw Toax Miaatr. Utdrem- 1143. tMI. 1148. Rafe. ahlt. Dte. 30 Jan 30 Feb 37. United States# 1883 108 alQTQI07*al?a Ji>9Ag .110 _ *' . i 1313 100 alOOX - a 101 09 a MX Naw York, 7 1848-49 103 a ? 104 a ? 103 a ? " 8 1330-34-80 ? a? - a? ? a ? " 8 1861-63-67 ? a ? 188 a? ? a ? " 7 3X 1360-41-63 103 alOlXKH a ? ? a ? 3 1813 ? a? ? a? ? a ? ' ?, 5 1849-7-8-9 ? a? ? h? ? a ? " 5 1330-1-3 101 alOIX ? allll ? a ? " 3 1133-38 101 alOIK 99Xa ? ? * ? , 3 1839-40-81 103 a!03 ? slot# ? a ? <X 1849-38 Ohio, 8 1830 ? a ? 93 a MX ? a 93U 8 1339-40 9lXa?? ? a ? 93XiM 5 1830-38 ? a ? ? a? ? a ? 7 1138 OSXslM 100 alOOX 101X?1W Kentncky, 8 100 a ? 94 a 99 ? a ? " S 87a-? a? 86K* 90 Illinois, 8 1870 3tX*34X ? K ?X S4X* 37 Indiana, 5 33 year* S8X* 39 40 a 48 40 a 4>X Ark muse, 6 40 a 43 ? a 4 3 33 a 43 Alabama, 4 ? ? a ? ? a ? 7IX* 73 ? 3 68 a 98 68 a 87 ? a ? Pennsylvania,5 ? 70 a 71 ? e ? 7lX? 7lX Tenueaaee, 8 ? 100 e ? ? a ? 951?* 88 NVorkCity.7 1857 ? a? ? a? 113 all'K " 7 1831 ? a ? ? a ? 1?3 ai?7X i 1850 ? a ? ? a ? Ota ? .L?". .5 1838-78 90**95 - a 93X 93 e 98 BkCom'eN. Y-, fall 91 a 93 91 a 98 9tV* 91 N. Y. Lift la*, k Treat Co. lit a? ? a ? ? . ? Farmera' Loan k Truat Co. 38X* 94* *7X* 38 37V 38 Ohio Life Int. k Troat Co. 99 a - 94 a - wSalO* Bank of U. 8. la Penn'a, 4 X* 4X 5 a 3X 3 a 3X Boston k Proridenca Rail'd, ? a? 110 alI3 l09Xail8 N. Jersey K R. k Trans. Co 98Xa 97 ? a? ? a ? Mohawk k Hud'n Railroad, 34 a 33 51 a? ? a ? Utica k Schenectady Rail'd. 138 a IKK 190 a? 119 *119* Syracuse k Ltica Railroad., 118 a? 111 a? ? a ? - Auburn kSrrtcuae Railr'd 103 al04 103 al03 ? a ? Aoburnk Rochester R.R. 1*1 a 102 ? a ? 100 alulK Read nc Railroad. 34 a 37 57Xa 37K 87Ka 67* Delaware k Hn 'aon Canal, ? a ? ? a ? ? alio Reading Railroad B ndv ? a ? ? a ? 73*' 74 Reading Railroad Mtg. Bda, ? a ? ? a ? 74 a 77 There haa been, during tha paat month, a vary mate rial improvement in quotations for tha really good divi dend paying atocka. Thia Improvement haa bean cauaad partly by the Important and favorable commercial ad vicea from Europe, pertly by a alight improvement in our money market, and partly by the accumulation of interest on the lnveatmenta. There is now.very little doubt but that Maryland will resume the payment of the interest on her public debt, aome time during the present year. The Cemmittee of Ways and Means, in tha House of Delegates, to whom that part of tbe Governor'* message relating to the finances of the State, was referred, report that e period of four years haa elapsed sii^e the State discontinued the regular end pnnctuel payment of interoet on the publio debt. On the 1st day of Febreary, 1843, the Stale of Maryland was unable to meet the interest then due *a her publio debt. The revenue of the past year.applieabis to the payment of the interest on the publio debt, as ceeded the amount of interest which aoorued during the year, by the aim of filty five thousand, three hundred and sixty three dollars end thirty-one cent*, and tbe excess extinguished so much of the arrearages which bed accumulated In preceding years. The Committee have, after a careful loves" tigetlon, come to the conclusion that a resump'ion f the regular payment of the interest on the public dsbt can be made with a reasonable expectation of oar t linty, to do eo hereafter without interruption. They recommend that the attempt be mode, and In de^ %nce of this recommendation, present the annexed a tela meat of the finance* of the State Fistscsi or Miitusn. 18'* aud 1848 The annuel interest on the public debt of "is State ?? But from this la to be deducted, the Interest on 880,000, of six per oent doht, oreated lor tho construction of tho tobacco werohousos in Belttmoro, ond chargeable upon, and payablo out of tho Tol>*cco Iuspec too Fund a flOO SB Loaving $8*1,821 IB Tho oipooees of tho government, excluding tbe oaerg* on tho Tobaoeo Inspection Fund, which ha* no proper connection with tbo treasury, and the oherg* for oo'o nliation, which is specifically provided for, $189 8*3 OS Making $8*0,474 1$ This estimate ia founded upon tbe report of the Trea surer to the present Legislature, and may. it is believed, he confidently relied upon, not only for the present, hat for succeeding year*, upon the supposition even, thai no measures to reduce the public expenses are adopted. Tbe following estimate of the receipts for the present year, is hessd upon the experience of tha pest, and upon the existing revenue laws : ? From all the ordinary sources, In cluding tbe dividends on road ?took, and from the Washington Branch of tho Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, for on* fifth of the re ceipt* from passenger* IMlrfiBB 0B

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