Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 3, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 3, 1846 Page 2
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JVEW YORK* HERALl). Vor^? Tuesday, M?rrh :t, IMS. Th# Su,# Convnitloii?The Election or OeltgatH. In a short lime there will devolve upon the people ?f '^e State of New York a most important office viz: the election ol delegates to compose a conven tion tfi make amendments to their constitution, and re model their fundamental laws. There is no ?tronger proof ol the strides which each State is making, in prosperity and greatness, than the necessity, existing from time to time, to shape us government so as to accord with the new ntate ol things and the progress of events. On t e _ th of April, 1777, the constitution, now known as the old constitution, was drawn up by the representatives of the people, who assembled at ingston for that purpose This constitution served 'or a number of years, until the State had so much increased that she had outgrown the old order of things, and it became necessary to amend if. On the Cth ol April, 1801, a resolution was introduced into the Legislature, proposing to the citizens to elect delegates to amend the constitution. The con vention, accordingly, assembled at Albany on the 27th of October, in the same year, and made some im portant amendments. Of this convention A. Burr was President. This amended constitution nerved until the year 1821; but it did not answer the purpose for which it was made; or rather, it did not suit the constantly changing affairs of the people. It was found to bo defective in many important particulars, and required so much amendment and re-modelling that it was thought proper to have an entirely new one drawn up, and submitted to the people lor their ratification. Accordingly, delegates were elected by ihe people, and the convention met and formed the present constitution of this State. Daniel D. Thompkins, o| Richmond, acted as President of thi convention,and J no. F. Bacon nuu Saml. S. Gardiner* secretaries. This n-w constitution gave general satisfaction at ihe time it was formed, but the con tinual changes going on in the State developed the necessity of amending it. The first amendment to the new constitution was proposed by the Legisla ture, in the session of 1825, submitted to the people, and by them ratified on the Cth, 7th and 8th of No vember, 1.82G. The second amendment was on the 2P'h April, 1833, giving the jeople of the city of New 1 ork the liberty of electing the Mayor of the city by ballot, and also providing that the Legislature might reduce the duties on salt. This amendment Jas ratified at the following general election. In 1837 the constitution was f urther amended, declaring tho right of the people in all the cities ol the State to elect their Mayors. Thus we see, that since the year 1777, the people of the State of New York ubolished one constitution alter amending it, formed a new one, and amended that several times, and are now about to make other amendments to it. which the rapid increase of the State, in prosperity and greatness, seems to call for. A monarchist would say that this disposition to change, so manifest in our citizens, betokens insta bility that would lead eventually to anarchy and conlusion. But there is no fear of any such conse quences. The right ol self-government is inherent in the American people; and when necessity exists for changing the constitution under which they have for a length ol time lived, they have the reme dy in their own hands, aud they apply it temperate ly and with no fears of the result. It is not the de sire of change that instigates the people to make these amendments-it is the fact that they outgrow the order of things which existed at the time that the constitution was made?and knowing the de fect, they apply the remedy. Although it is desirable, perhaps, to have changes as seldom as po33i' le, yet there is more danger to be apprehended from the people selecting improper and incompetent delegates to make these amend ments, than from any other cause. While die right of any man to have a hand in the making of the constitution aud laws which are to be the safeguard of the lives, liberty, and property ol the people, is undeniable, still, that right is to be exercised with the greatest prudence and caution. And ev ? ry can didate for election, as delegate, should be, beyond all peradventure, capable in every respect to fill the offiee. We would, therefore, impress upon the peo ple, now on the eve of delegating to a portion of their number that power which they collectively cannot exercise themselves, the necessity of trust ing none, unless they are well known to them. No pettifogging lawyer, no aspirant after political dis tinction, no man marked with ambition for personal fclat, should be selected tor this important office; but men of character, and reputation, men of ster ling virtue and morality, iwtriots in deeds, as in words, and those who are known from their boy hoods, to be of sound and discriminating judgment. Of puch men should the next convention be com posed, and to such men, might safely be entrusted the important task of remodelling our constitution and laws. Politics should be thrown out of the question. It is immaterial whethera inan is a whig or locoloco, provided he be patriotic and sincere in his belief, and possesses the other requisites lor the duties of delegate. Let the people then be cautious whom they select, aud it they be, we will have such alteration in our constitution and laws, as we need, end the Kmpire State, divested of the impeoiments which retard her progress, will make another start towards that j>oint of grandeur and magnificence which she is destined to attain. Runaway Slaves?We believe that thereis in this city a secret organization, whose plana are ex iendeil throughout the Southern States, and whose object is to entice away und assist runaway slaves. Members of this organization have travelled to the Sonth, and there, in disguise, have assisted in entic ing negroes from their masters, and forwarding them to litis city, where they have been received aud sent to Canada by the organization of which we speak. It is very strange that in this age of light, these mad puudo reformers are so blind to their own interests, even, and the cause which they proless to have so much at heart, as to think of eilecting anything in this manner. Wnatever opinions may exist upon the subject of slavery, in the abstract, we are confi dent that the right of property granted to the South will be sustained by the whole country. Several cases have of late occurred where aboli tionists travelling id the Southern States, have suc ceeded in enticing n*groes from their masters, and have themselves oeen discovered, arrested, tried and putushod, as they deserve. Witness the case of Torrey, now confined 1a Baltimore, for this very act; of Thompson, Work and Burr, in Missouri; and others in various parts of the South. These cases should prove as warnings to the mad-cap abolition ists, at least 10 keep their operations within the eompass of the law. Meeting or tiif Board ok Assistant Aldermen. ?Last evening, being the regular evening for the meeting of the Board to transact business, eight only of the city fathers attended. Alter looking at each other for a few minutes, and appearing very hungry, the eight concluded to adjourn to the tea room, and transact the business of that depart mentot the board On re-assembling in the council chamber, only four made their appearance. Whether the remaining four had eaten and drank so much that they could not leave the table, we can't say; but, at all events, they were not to be found after the oysters, brandy and eegars were destroyed. Tiia Loss of the John Mintwrn.?We Btated yesterday, th^t the Captain of the John Minturn had received orders irom her owners or consignees, not to receive New York pilots. We understand that his is not so; that her owners or consignee have ever been friendly to the pilots; and that they never gave any such orders. We are happy to learn this, and mention it here s a simple act of justice to hew Magnificent Kail r oh el Projects. While government officials and babbling politi cians are busily arranging and re-arrangiHg, tearing down, and building up tariff* und systems of foreign policy, the masterminds ol the age are contempla ting the most magnificent enterprises that ever were conceived, for the advancement of civilization, and the improvement of the condition of the world. All the achievements ol science are yet to be sur passed, and greater things to be accomplished than were ever dreamed ol in the most Utopian philoso phy of the last generation. Hinds of iron are to clasp whole nations 111 a )>eaceful embrace, and add the new ties of mutual interest to the common prin ciples of their common humanity. The genius, the sc.ence, the enterprise, of the nineteenth century, are to usher in the first dawning of a universal po litical milleiiiurn. In this greut work of progression, the 'American people are undoubtedly the leaders. It is natural that the Irec, democratic spirit of our institutions, should incite and stimulate us to the loftiest under takings; und the influence of our example power fully operates on the nations of Europe to follow. Great Britain, with the torce ol her military and na val i?ower, has struggled to open, for her own ad vantage, the commercial resources of China. She has, with the sword, compelled that empire to annul its venerable policy of non-intercourse ; but it has been ail unrighteous mode of bringing about useful ends, and according to the natural laws ol compen sation, can never prosper. It is only just and blood It ss,"righteous and peaceful enterprises, that result in permanent good, nnd this is eminently the Ameri can course of proceeding. It is the American pos session of Oregon, and the vast commerce of that territory with the Chinese, carried on under the Americau fag, (which that singular race respect above all others,) that is gradually to refine and Christianize Asia, and change the aspect of the world. To make the Oregon effect nil this?to develope its mighty resources?a railroad, connecting the Mis sissippi va'iey with some point on the navigable part of the Columbia river, is absolutely necessary. For this purpose, various projects have been devised, nnd various routes selected, by Whitney, Wilkes, and others. The plan of Mr. Wilkes seems, in every respect, the most feasible, and we earnestly recommend it to the attention of the Federal Go vernment. This proposition of a railroad to Oregon must not be regarded as chimerical. Starting, as Mr Wilkes proposes, from the junction of the Great Platte with the Missouri, and following the level banks of the former river to its head, at the en trance of the South Pass, there can be no difficulty in the construction. Indeed, there is not a region of country in the world ?that offers less obstruc tion to such a project. Why, then, should we de lay 1 Why falter, at the outset I Every facility is in our hunds. The land already belongs to the government, nnd will co6t nothing. The vast iron and coal regions of Western Pennsylvania and Virginia, can send out their material by the way of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers; and any thing else that is needed, New York can send by the hakes. The matter must not he procrastinated, or we 6hall be anticipated by our great rival; and that which, j in our hands, would enrich the whole Union, and tend to the high purposes of a true philanthropy, i will become the ministering means, to the grasping avarice ol some British company, ot speculating capitalists. We make not this assertion without good evidence of its truth. Tfke following extract from the Royal Gazette, of January 2Sth, published at Frederickton, in New Brunswick, will prove to our readers that the British colonies are becoming alive to the subject; and it will, doubtless, soon be introduced in Parliament. After giving an account of the American project, the Gazette says:? " Regarding the antagonist projector a British Nation at Railroad across our division ot this continent, much as it may seem to deserve it, it is doubtful whether the time has not arrived whon it may be too late to treat the language of the author of this pamphlet as the mere ex t.avaganco ol a visional y. There is in it a point for con sideration which can hardly fail eventually to have great weight in an estimato of the national importance of such a project. That railroads inusi give immensely increased facility and effect to both military and naval movements, as well as to civil enterprise, is per haps, seriously doubted by no ona ; and least of all is it doubted by the people ot the United States. Perhaps no means of preparation for either defensive or aggressive operations could be devised, so well calculated at once to secure popularity at home, and to deprive loreign powers of umbrage or ground of remonstrance Whilst the ordinary armv and navy need receive no apparent increase, their etl'ectivo force may he multiplied to inde finite extent by a system of internal improvement, hav ing for its avowed or ostensible object no other than an increased facility of inland commerce aud communica tion. But this is not all,?that expenditure which would be necessary for the extraordinary increase and subse quent maintenance of an army and navy, would, after the emergency bad passed, remain a dead weight upon the country, in the torm of bd addition to the national debt, and perhaps of permanont taxation ; but tho same expenditure upon a judiciously planned railroad, or sys tem of roads, would, in all probability, more than ac complish the same end, being in the meantime, and after _ riji( .... ... . ... wards continuing to be, instead of a burthen, a growing source ol revenue and strength, with advantages direct ly r?commending themselves as much to the poor as to the rich. "Whether the Oregon question remain for solution by the last resort or not. none of the friends of peace on ei ther side, can well object to the commercial and pacific contest of rival national railroads across this continent: and, it may not be too much to say, that, even should we retain, by amicable negotiation, as much of the Ore gon as we can desire, it will be held only by an unsafe tenure without the railroad. " We have, at present, greatly the advantage of the United States in the proximity of our own portion ol this continent to Kurope; but, it is plain that it would lose much of its value by delaying to turn it to account. Jf the United Statei be the fit it to effect a railroad communi cation from the Jlt'anttc to the Pacific, but a ihort time would be necenary to enable them to inundate the Oregon with tmigranti under their protection, and Ihui greatly to prejudice, if not u hol y to annihilate, Britieh in fluence there. Heitdei, by thr front that thry would thue preient Inwardi India unit China, a double influence would alio be at their command, tending to draw through their ou-n anenuti. the trad? of the Canadat, either to the Atlantic or the',Pacific,and eventually In abiorb the Cinadai thrmielcei. So natural is this apparent tendency of railroad commu nication, existing and projected in the United States, that it seems to bo a question, the derision of which can not be safe to rely for the arrest of such tendency, upon any thing short of a similar and counter-vailing tendency of greater force. A British railroad from the coast of Nora Scotia, through the t'anadas to the racilic.with ne cessary branches, seems the most naturally to present even more than such a desideratum. Besides most ac ceptably establishing in the t'anadas an interest separate and truly British, and stronger than that inclining to wards the United States, such a road would also rather attract the trade and communication of the latter through the Uanadas, by stfording a more regular and rapid inter course with Kurope than could possibly be maintained from any point of tbe Union." How jealous is th.s writer of the idea ol the Ame rican project being carried into execution ! llow clearly does he see the infinite superiority it would give us over every other power in the world, and iwrticularly over Great Britain! It is a bold project, a masterly project, and John Bull will spend his last guinea to beat it if he can. But another rival has sprung up tu this matter of engrossing the vast trade of China and the East In dies. On looking over our late file of French pa pers, we find that it is proposed by the Russian go , vernment to extend to i'ekin, in China, the line of railroad which is now in course of construction be tween St. Petersburg and Moscow. Aud it is probable that some sort of negotiations have already taken place between the Russians and Chinese, or, perhaps, the Tartars on the bor ders of the two nations, in regard to the pro ject. Every one who has an adequate idea of the resources of Russia, and the absolute power of its Czar, will admit its practicability. What work is it impossible tor the Empcrcr to per form, with twenty million serfe at hia immediate command?the alavea of his will 1 Where could we fiud so numerous or cheap a body of laborers to carry on tins great enterprise I In this respect we r&unot compete with Russia, nor can Great Britain. It might, however, be a great inducement to labor ers, should a promise of a grant ol land along the route be held out to all who worked upon it a cer tain time. Yet, in every thing but mere labor, we infinitely surpass all our competitors. We have greater skill, more indomitable energy, and a sort of go-ahead spirit that nothing can equal. Thus, then, do we stand at present. Great Bri tain, Russia, and the United States, are nU at the same time entertaining projects lor securing a rapid communication with China, Northwest America, and the East Indies. Which has the most enter 4 pnse, time wffi show. We trust, for the honor and welfare or our country, that Congress will not ne glect to give thin matter a candid connderation. Let the i>eople, on all hands, assemble and petition their representatives to awake from their slumber, and not stand idly by while foreign governments are taking steps to reap the harvest that should be ours. Above all, let the mercantile community of New York remember, that the execution of this project may render our city the emporium of the commerce of the world. The Police Bill.?A committee, consisting of the Mayor, and Assistant Aldermen NVestervelt, Candy, and Cornell, left this city, last week, for Al. bany, for the purpose of procuring the passage oi an amendment to the Police Bill, it having passed both Boards, and received the signature of the Mayor ? Therefore, these gentlemen have taken it under their arm, and intend lobbying it through before the Legislature adjourns. The policemen, however, do not altogether feel satisfied with these amendments?consequently, they have got up a bill of amendments of their own, and subscribed over $100 to pay expenses, and dele gated Captains Kissner, of the 14th ward; Fair child, of the 8th ; and Boudenot, of the 3d, and two policemen. This committee are likewise at Albany, aud will lobby their bill through, if possible, with out the Mayor should send them home to attend to their duty. This, certainly, must present a funny appearance, before the members of the Legislature, to see these functionaries hanging around the Capi tol, laying pipe for their separate interests, while the public have to father the expenses. The Magnetic Telegraph and Stock Specula tors.?We understand that certain paiueB in this city and Philadelphia, are in the habit of using the telegraph between the two cities, for the purpose of speculating in stocks. It is known that the Board of Brokers in Philadel phia sits much earlier than the Board in this city. The agent ol the parties in Philadelphia telegraphs the price of stocks to Fort Lee, on the Hudson, the present terminus of the New Yorn and Philadelphia telegraph hue. The boat used by the company to convey the news to this side of tne river, is frequent ly prevented by the ice from making her trip.-; and the agent of the speculators being stationed at Fort Lee, transmits, by Bignal, the price of stocks in Phi ladelphia, to an agent on this side, and it is then tele graphed magnetically to an agent in Wall street. This agent immediately takes the news to his prin cipals in that street, perhaps at the board, and they speculate accordingly. In this way, those concerned get the news frequent ly two hours in advance of all other people. The gentleman in this city who made this arrangement is, we are informed, connected with the Board of Brokers. Any person, however, can do this. Influence of the Press for the Prevention of Crime.?Nothing can be more absurd than the maudlin metaphysics and sickly sentimentality which certain journals display, in refraining, as they delicately term it, from " shocking the public ear with such horrible and diegusting details," dec. dec. The public press should be the guardian of the public morale; and is, therefore, wickedly con niving at crime when it conceals it, by withholding an exposure. We venture to say, that the conscious ness that the press will publish his villany to the world, has a far more powerful effect in deterring a man from crime, than all the judges, juries, ex ecutioners, and prisons inithe lanJ. The press is a scourge to vice, and an incitement to virtue. There are thousands who would otherwise do wrong, who dare not while they feel that the argus eye of this mighty power is upon them, and that its " ten thousand tongues" will trumpet their guilt to all mankind; and no less numerous are they who are stimulated to deeds of the noblest virtue by an ambition to have " a good report among men." Affairs in Canada.?We are indebted to Messrs. Livingston Jc Wells for the following intelligence from Canada. It is of interest:? Montreal, Feb. 33.? Great excitement ha* been cre ated in the commercial circle* here, by the recent news from England, of the contemplated withdrawal and di minution of the protective duties. Well informed per son* here, however, do not contemplate any serious or lasting injury to colonial interest*, a* the proposed mea sure* will necessitate the introduction of improvement* which otherwise would not have been thought of. The pacific tone of the British Ministry has not been without effect here, but tnc activity in the various mili tary departments still continues. A detachment of the ltoyal Engineers has been despatched on an inspection tour to the frontier, and report says that a chain of re doubts, connecting the military stations of St. John's, Chambly, Isle uux Noix and William Henry, or Sorel, are to be forthwith constructed; one or more squadrons of roeunted riflemen are to be embodied lor frontier du ty, to be composed of picked men from the regiments of the line now in Canada. The three troops of provincial cavalry, which are in a high state of discipline, are ordered on pay for two years; the same measure haa been adopted with regard to the " colored corpa"of Canada West. Great activity prevails in the garrison at Quebec; the ditches of the citadel are deepened, and additional guns mounted. The artillery are constantly engaged in shot and shell prac tice. We had a violent snow storm on Fridav night, in which the conductor of that night's mail for Quebec nar rowly escaped with his life. The snow fell on an aver age two feet in depth, and the weather ha* since been much warmer. The cashier of the Bank of Montreal, B. Holmes, Esq., who has for some been the master spirit which has controlled the working of that great moneyed institution" haa tendered his resignation to the directors, and it has been accepted. By a rrcent " order in council," pot and pearl ashea of United States manufacture may pass through Canada duty free. The journeymen printers of this city are forming a combination to abolish Sunday work, the former agree ment to that effect having been broken. The anniversary of the Montreal br inch of the Wet leyan Methodist missions was held during the last week. The income of the society during the past year was $339,935, and the expenditure $545,940. There are 1S0S chapels nnd 392 missionaries. Mr. Hincks, editor of the Montrral Pilot, end one of the principal leaders of the "liberal party," is about to leave Canada without any intention of returning. The value of the imports into Toronto, C. W., for the year ending January 5th, 1946, was $633,735, of which $36,760 was brought in under the American drawback hi(l; of the latter, $30,375 were in sugar alone ; the in crease in the article of tea was 65,399 lbs. The value of goods brought into Hamilton. ? W , under the draw back bill, owing to the intolerable charges of the river lorwarders on the St. Lawrence, was for the same time, $98,545, of which $73,955 was in sugars. A fire occurred at the penitentiary, at Kingston, on Wednesday, by which property to the amount of $10,000 was destroyed. A provincial lunatic asylum, on a large scale, la about to be built at Toronto. Our sorporation are, according to their own state ment, in d -bt to the tune of $645 045 ; this is proposed to bo liquidated by a loan from Great Britain. Police Intelligence. March 3.?Robbery on the Fin Potnti.?Mary Ann O'Connor, Margaret Collins, and Jana Collins, were arrested last night by policemen O'Brien and McManus of the Sixth ward, charged with robbing a countryman from NeWburg, by the name of Samuel H. Perkins. It appears/Mr. I'erkins strolled in the vicinity of the Five Points, and was invited into a rum hole by one of the thieves, to take a drink. He did so, but shortly after wards he felt very tick, and commenced to vomit. Thia diink had evidently been drugged with some "Gougish" mixture. He was finally taken to a room in the rear of John Gilmartin's, and there threw himself on a bed for relief, where, after some three or four hours stupor, he came to his senses, and on examining his wallet, he dis covered that over $300 had beer extracted : also, his watch was gone. Justice Drinker committed them all for examination. Singular Robbery.?James Kelly, a boy of sixteen years of age, was arrested lest night, charged with stealing $31X1, in specie, from Patrick Kiley, residing at No. 61 Gold street. It appears from the evidence in this case, that this $300 belonged to the lather of Kelly, who had deposited tbya sum wi:h Mr. Riley for safekeeping. Upon (earching the young raiCal, policeman Connolly recovered $183 , the balance, $18, he bad spent in divers ways around town. Committed lor trial by Justice Merritt. ?J Sow " Slinsfr" around the " Tomhs "*?It is quite laughable to observe the movements of this raw " pjt t'fogger" practicing everv morning, at the return cf the prisoners before the magistrate, at the Tombs. This in dividual can be aeen diving in amongst the " niggers," thieves, vagrants, prostitutes and drunkards, searching for a case ; this gsntle youth is drssied rather genteely at present, only his legs are a little too long for the pan taloons. This matter will, uudoubteJly, be reaiedied on the fiist long legged client he sends to the penitentiary. Rtceiting Stolen Goodt.?Cornelius Noonan, who was arretted on Sunday, for robbing a countryman of near $400, has been fully committed for trial, for receiv ing of stolen goods, belonging to the Western Hotel, No. 9 ? ourtlaudt street. German silver forks and spoons, to the amount of $56, and two forks were found on the premises of Noouan, and identified to bt the property of the hotel. Conrt Calendar?'This Day. Common Pi r as?Part I st? Noi. 49,4, 33, od, 374, 64, 65, 66,67,68, 69, 70, 37, 67, MP. Tart 9nd-No*. 3??, 71, 73, 73, 74, 75, 110 to 119. At Skaneateles, on the I9th o! February, the mor* enry was down to 17 bolow rero Theatrical!. ' Pabe Thiatrs?Shakspears's.adnilrabU tragedy of " Henry IV." was performed lest evening at th* Park, I a vary respectable audience being in attendance. The ' Hotapur of Mr. Vandenholf ia certainly a moat finished piece of acting?full of fire and ipirit. Mr. VaadonhotT j , i> a very correct actor, and would make a valuable ad dition to the company of the theatre. Mr. Bata never displayed hia abilitiea to more advantage than last even ing. Hit Felstaff was rich and unctuous in the eatreme. In him, truly, "we behold the fullness of the spirit of wit and humor bodily," and we hope to see the tragedy per formed again, with the cast of laat night. On Monday evening the Seguin troupe will appoar, on which occa sion the new comic opera ol " Donpaaquale," which has bean played with such extraordinary success at the Italian Opsrs House, London, will be produced. This evening, tho comedy entitled the " Sheriff of the Coun ty," and the drama of the " Cricket on the Hearth," will be presented. Bowxar Thiitii.?The beautiful and magnifloent scenic representation of "Putnam," was re produced last night, at the abovo theatre, with great effect, and receiv. ed with enthusiastic applause. "Putnam" belongs to a pe culiar, and we might even say, an original class oi theatri cal representations, brought out with great expense by the enterprising manager of this splendid theatre, the indefatigable Mr. Jackson, and originated by the prolific genius of that industrious composer, Mr. Bannister. These pieces are, in fact, beautiful historical representa tions; they are, as it were, living cumulated paintings of the striking facts, the great events, and the distinguished characters which adorn our national history. They dif fer from the ordinary and legitimate drama essentially' since their effect depends upon the variety and mul titude of historical events which are acted, as it were, over again, and brought in rapid and multitudinous sue. cession before the eyes of the eudieuce. To this charm ing variety of living paintings, iailnfully delineated by the euergetic performs)s, is added a richness and fideli ty of scenery which fill the delighted audience with rapturous amazement, while the machinery and eques trian additions increase the admiratioo oi aJmiring and wonderiug crowds. Of course, any particular or con nected plot is unnecessary , and is a secondary matter I in these gorgeous and magnificent spectacles, in which the eye is feasted with an incessant succession of novel ties, and the rocollectiou is awakened and deligheu with the animated sight of what has been only before con ceived in the imagination, in the solitary hours ol read ing. A large and varied page of history is made to pass beforo the admiring audience in stern and living reality, instead of being merely tho subject of dull perusal. Mr. Bannister has been eminently successful in striking out this new Held of theatrical entertainment, and in collect ing together au amazing amount of striking events,which are portrayed with astonishing fidelity by the actors, and the scenery, and also in an astonishing number for the short space of time in which so much history passes before the eye. Although there can be no doubt that the public taste is capable of discernment, and is not, and never will be, tired ol the classic charms of the genuine drama, which, though less ostentatious and gaudy, produces, perhaps, more impression upon the mind, the intellect, and the feelings ; yet who would say that the greatest credit is not due to the liberal and en terprising task of the management of this theatie, in directing the public mind into this new and picturesque channel, and getting up with such inimitable splendor and skill, these grand occular entertainments. For though these magnificent spectacles require, it may be, somewhat less talent and genius on the part of the per formers, yet they demand, perhaps, a greater amount of industry and actual labor. If there is little or no room

for the display oi histrionic talent and genius, yet it is fully compensated for by the physical display, in which all equally share, with almost equal effect and unrival led advantage. From the nature of such pieces,, the actor is necessarily a pictorial representative of some historical personage, differing, however, and far supe rior to similar representations in great and beautiful collections of historical figures, or even paintings, in the circumstance that they are alive, and speak with astonishing force and energy, while in all such collec tions, the figures are inanimate and lifeless, representing persons only in spleddid picture and dress, but incapable of peiformiog their deeds over again, or uttering the words which they have uttered. We confidently affirm that these magnificent spectacles, while they de light the eye and charm the senses, are at the same time grand and beautiful lessons of history, enlivened by the occasional and happy introduction of some humorous and laughable character. Hence the astonishing success o f this class of pieces at this theatre, and hence the Sreat popularity which 'Tutnam," above all the others, as attained. Unlike the ordinary drama, where it is the fine and natural acting of good performers, the beauty of the words, and the impressive representations of scenes of deep feeling working up the passions which contribute the charm?here the entire piece itself, and its scenery, is the charm, independent of the plot, the words, or the actors. The performance, last night, was Jreoted with rapturous applause, and called down thun ers of approbation from a crowded audience. To-night will be given "The Knights of the Cross, or the Dog and the Standard," with "The Demon Statue, or the Skele ton Hand," to conclude with "Don Juan;" and we advise all who admire the spectacle ol the great, the beautiful, and the gorgeous, not to miss the opportunity of such ji high gratification. From the wintry storm and chilling sleigh. To the Bowery Theatre, away ! away ! M. Oibert.?This gentleman's grand vocal and instru mental concert will take place this evening,at Niblo's. In addition to the attractions which Mr. Gibert himself affords, several of the most talented artists will assist him; among them are Miss Northall, Mme. Lazare, M Foutana, Mr. Loder, and Mr. Timm. The programmo is so very choice, and the reputation of all the performers so well known, that we suppose many persons will be unable to gain admittance. Mr. Gibert has ceitainly taken great pains to draw's good house, and wo doubt not that he will succeed. Howes' Ciacts at Palmo's.?The performances at this establishment, nightly, aro unusually interesting, and those who have discrimination to patronise the extraor dinary talent engaged there, are well repaid. The bill for this ovening embraces a series of attractions une qualled by that of any similar house in the city. The Ethiopian Melodists, recently engaged by Mr. Howes aie of themselves sufficient te draw good houses. We perceive that Dan Rice, the eccentric and funny clown, takes abenefit on Thursday next. Court of General Sessions. March 3 ?The March term of this court com menced this morning, before Recorder Tallmadge and Aldermen Dodge and Tappan. John McKeon, Eiq., Dis trict Attorney. The calendar for the present term is small, com pris ing only fifty fire cases, of which 7 are for burglary, 13 for grand larceny, 1 for bigamy, 8 for obtaining property by false pretences, and 1 tor keeping adisordeily home ? making a total of 35 new cases. Previously convicted, 3 ; previously indicted, 33 : bastardy, 4 ; abandonment of family, 1 ; t making a total of 30 cases. The firmnd In,/uett -Of 36 persons summoned to at tend, the following gentlemen were sworn as members of the Grand Inquest for the term, viz Theodore Mar tiae, (foreman) Anthony Arnoux, Patrick Brady, James W. Beekman, George Carroll, Benjamin H. Day, David Demerest, David Field, Avery Green, Henry C. Hoff man, Joseph Jackson, Jamas J. Jacobus, Maurice Kerri gan, Stephen Lyon, John Milts, Lewis K. Osborn, Jamea L Stratton, Elward J. Swords, Wm. Tappan, and Wm. Wilmarth, who, after the usual charge trom the Recor der, letired to their room tor the purpose of commenc ing their deliberations. The Petit Jurort, summoned to attend, were than call ed, most of whom appeared and answered to their name*. Fines were then imposed upon those persons who had failsd to attend. Co te <if Cmintrllor Ttrhune - In the case of this person, recently indicted tor forging the name of the Recorder to a paper, directing the release of a prisoner from cus tody, the District Attorney moved thst Counsellor Ter hui.e be cited to appear in court on Saturday morning next, and show cause why he should not be suspended from practice in this court, until a writ of error shall have been returned and his case satisfactorily disposed of. The Court granted the motion of the District Attor ney. Sentence of fFi'fion.?In the case of William Wilson, concerned with John Clark in entering the stora of . Messrs. Drapsr k Co., No. 35 Maiden lana, saizing and canfining, by cords, the lad in attendance, while they plundered the premises, was then plnced at the bar, and sentenced to be imprisoned in the State prison for the term ol ten years. Trial of Michael Walth for Libel.?Michael Walsh was lied to i than called to ttial, for having in the month of June last, published iu a new. paper, entitled the Subterranean, an alleged .libellous ariicie on the character of John Hon pool, a cabinet maker, residing in the Fifth ward. This case having been twice before submitted to a jury, in neither of which they wera enabled to agree on a ver diet, a detailed report of the evidence at present adduced would be a mere repetition of what has already-been laid before ti e public. Attachments having been issued to 1 notable secure the attendance oi several notable characters, as witnesses on the part of the defence, something rich will, doubtless, be elicited in the course of to-morrow, ia which case it will bs found in the columns of the Herald. Circuit Court. Before Judge bdmonde. J.JI. Lau rtnct v?. J. M- IVariwell.-Thit WB* an ac tion oo the case, to recover damage* for a breach of con tract. la February. 1814, the plaintiff entered into a written agreement with the defendant tor hiring the store No. 4 Cedar street, for one year, trie tenancy to com mence on the first of May ensuing, at the yeaily rent of fi.iOO, payable quarterly. In pursuance of the agreement, plaintiff c ' the .plaintiff called upon defendant ou the first day of May, to get possession ; the defendant refused to give it, and in oanseqnence, the plslrtiffalleges ha was put to great inconvenience and additional espense, being obliged to provide himself with another store on very unreasonable terms. For the defenae, it was stated that there was a ml >representati >n on the part of plaintiff | that the understanding of the parties (although not so expressed in the agreement,) was that there should be no alteration made iu the store ; whereas the plaintiff'in tended, had be got possession, to altar the intaiior of it, and fit it up as a saddlery and harness manufactory.? Sealed verdict this morning. For plaintiff, Mr. Crist, and Mr. Hudson ; for de fendant, Messrs. Sherwood and Benton. *. The Dantvilk Rtjmblican states that Mr. Rey nolds, formerly superintendent on the Genesee Valley canal, and who waa said to bi a defaulter, has committed snicide. We are informed that two young women lately aet fire to a meeting houao of the Reformer* in Boone coun ty, Ky., end bnrnt it to ashee. because the church had refused them membership. What worthy churoh mam bar* thay would hart made?OvKa*ten, (Jtyi hui City Intelligence* I Mei-tino of thx Amebica* Smifwmck Socistt ? A meeting of the Shipwreck Society, and the poMic in U ?.ted wa. held at the American IneUtute, in reference to the recent wreck on Squan Beach. Not a Fery large number of person. were Vre,ent Bnd ence were eeveral of our shipping agent* and merchant*. lTCe7f |?t seven o'clock J De PeT.ter Ogden Esq., took the chair, and the Secretary read a "port made bv a committee appointed by the Society, of which the fol .b. ????? the Shipwreck Society, for the J,orP?,e-?1 io?? of"bf into the circumstance* connected w,1h thelo?s o John Mintum. and other vessala.on the lftto ol ?e? ruary, say that six of the aurvivors hare appealed 'before them, and made affldarit. In reference to the JohniMin turn, the co i miltee state* that the sail* and f'M * were not in condition to navigate the coast at 1thisi **a son, and that there were no spare saiU on board_ The pi ot Thoma* Freeborn, is not only cleared of all blame, but spoken of in the highest term* The ship lay in * help leaa condition for nine hours, without any visible prep#- , ration on shore for the relief of the paaaengers ; and . about half past H she went to pieces, and all but seven teen peristed. The report atronglv censuresthecon. duet of the inhabitant*, who could suffer thirty-eight human beings to nerish in a .hip, within ninety 7ard? of the shore, most of tbtf time in broad daylight with an ebb tide, and but little aurt between them and the shore. Although report* have been circulated which aienn- j true, the report states that but little can be said in com- j mendation of the course of the inhabitants; and closes by recommending that, as no law can compel men to risk their own lives in saving those of others,they should be excited by a ?pirit of emulation and true ambition, and more notice ahould be taken of such generous acts. Alter a few remarks by Adoniram Chandler, Esq., the report was accepted ; after which, the following resolu tions were read and adopted Kesolved, That in the opinion ?f'hu meeting the government of the United States. which alone I>>? ?>?>? ralty jurisdiction, and which receives from this port the , greitest portion cf it* revence, ought to provide a11 necessary means for the safety of property and life. | Roiulved That it is the duty of citizen* of New 7 ork ciu and N.w Jer.ey, to make all laudable effort, to ! provide relief and safety for suffering humanity in these j CaHe'solved. That if the United State. Oov?rr-mentwiU not provide these mean*, it becomes the duty of the humane of this city and New Jersey, or of the Legists tur-s of the two States to provide a^cesswy means for the safety of those who maybe instil of their lives , from shipwrecks on our coasts. ... . I Resolved. That a committee should be ?PP?'n**d I carry out the object of petiUoning Congress. to secure the speedy execution of the means contemplated in these reR**oVv?ed, That a fund should be raised, and premiums i offered, for the preservation of lives from shipwreck. Resolved, That many, if not all the P?"?* the John Mintum, might have been saved, had proper efforts been made by those on shore. oMmrities Resolved, That it is but too apparent that ?ttroeitwa were committed on the property of dead bod??. on Uila occasion, which can flod no apology in a civilizedcom munity, and which call for the unqualified reprehension of the public, end for the most strenuous eflorts to pre vent their reecuirence. St. David's An!?iteh*a*v.?The great dinner given at Minerva Hall, by the Cambrian Association, in honor of the Anniversary of St. David, camo off last night, with great eclat. The room was decorated in tthe irichest style. At the upper end stood the grand Welch stand ard, bearing on its folds the national device of the Dra gon, with the motto, as it was translated to us. of the pervading winged course." The foot of tho room was graced with an excellent portrait of General Morgan Lewla. The orchestra gallery was surrounded with the American, British, French. Spanish, Swedish, and Bra ziltan flags; and on the other side, the Star Spangled Banner and the Union Jack displayed their fold* '""ni cable unison. Aboui 300 persons sat down to the sump tuous feast which the spirited managers bed provided. Mr. Morris took the chair; assisted, as vice Presidents, by J. 8. Breese, Esq, and the venerable Themes Morris, son of Robert Morns, the signer of the Declaration of Independence. Thirteen regular toast. were drank with great applause. In the couree of some remarks made upon one of these, it wai observed to be a "n*"1" coin cidence that there ahould be thirteen counties in Wales, thirteen original State*; and thirteen signers of the De claration of Welsh descent. The thirteen aignere were . -Stephen Hopkins,of R. I ; William Williams, of Conn-, i William Floyd, of N.Y.; Lewis Morns, of do.; Francis Hopkins, of N. J.; Robert Mori is, of Pa.; John Morton, of do.; Thoma. Jefferson,.or Va.; IlichardH. Lee, of da; Francie H. Lee, of do.; Benj. Harrison, of do. ; John Penn of N. C.; Arthur Middlaton, of 8. C. It was also stated that Gov. Francia Lewis, of New York, waa a A'Welsh man born, and the father of the distinguished General Morgan Lewis. The celebrated Button Gwinnett, of Oeorgia, also, waa born in Wales Letters were received from Martin Van Buren, Silas Wright, Henry Clay, and many other eminent men, ex pressing their desire, but inability, to attend this celebra tion. Among the distinguished gueete preeent were the Hon. Gillian C. Verplanck, Capt. Breese, U. 8. N.J.8. Thayer, Esq, Ihe French Vice Consul General; the Consul General of Mexico, and the Consul General or ' *The sixth regular toast was " Popular Education, and to this Mr. Verplanck responded In a short speech. " I have to thank the president and the society (said he) > for the honor of appearing in behalf of ao great a on so great an occasion, and before ao respectable an association. The great question of popular edu cation has long been settled. It is no longer n ques tion of meie expediency, but a right ot 'l" P We talk of altermg the city charter-we talk of reform ing the State constituion?but good and enlightened re loims can only be accomplished by an enligntenedJP?" pie. The whole mass of society should be brought with in the means of obtaining knowledge, and those pecu liarly fitted for particular pursuit* should be brought out. Thus there would be a chance of producing iron our country schools another Washington, another Franklin, or another Newton. The public mind is agi tated with great viewa of futurity, Texas?Oregon, (I am not speaking of political questions,) but our people ? are to spread over them. To accomplish great good, | that people must bo educated. What a magnificent prospect ie opened before ua! Let us not talk of j national glory?but an enlightened people, spreading the blesiinga of a true and tolerant religion, and liberal i science " Mr. Vzbflajic* concluded by eaying, that contempti ble as that arUtocracy may be, which prides itself on birth alone, the aristocracy of Walea la not to be dee piaed. (Great applause ) ? ! The ninth regular toatt waa the nationa of the ?trth* This, of courae, brought ont the representatives of for e,?he "consul of Spain, drank " To the descendanU of the gallant Welsh people-" The Consul General of Mexloo said : .. "Gentlemen, if it will not be too bold in me to address so respectable a society, in a languauga which I so im perfectly apeak. I desire to *ay a word or two. I leal veiy much gratified with the attentions tbis society haa tendered me. It ia impoasible lor ma to expressi my meaning?but my heart knows what to say. "he allu sion that has been made here, to the country which 1 represent, ie very grateful to my feeling*. I hold the trust?I hope 1 shall always try to perlorm my duty, ?and am sorry that thia duty will sometime! compel mo to be at variance with the children of other countries. But peace ia my idol?1 want peace above every thiug in the world?I want no war; I nave been in the midst of war too long to be ignorant of ita conse quence* It i* easy to convince ourselvesi that tbis peace cannot be preserved while Injustice la done. I heard something a little while ago from Mr. Verplanck, of the great futurity before this people. Education was , wanted?education, the first element of the grandeur of the nation. But education must be attended by honor and justice?no trampling on the rights of others. All nations come from the same stock The law of God is only one-it is made for all. I hop# the advantages of superior education will navar ha uaad by thia people to aggress upon others. The Welsh have aver been noted foi their honesty. The practise of this virtue will not I only eecure peece and good leelinga between my conn i try and thia, but between all nations of the word. My i sentiment is?" Peace throughout the earth.' I The French Vice Consul also made some remarks, which we have not room to insert. .. . i WM.MiLis.Esq , drank to the patriotic and gallant members of the St David's Society. The following toast waa alao given with greet applause ?? * The Press? a ne ! only safeguard ol liberty in our land." ! About 13 o'clock, a small band of Druids entered the I room, in their national co.tume, and the Bard aang beau I tifully a Walsh song. . . Wa left at a late hour ; " the feaat of reason and the flow of a j ul" waa than as bountiful a* ever; and, lor aught we know, waa kept up to a late hour in the morning. All waa joy and gaiety, and another St. David's day will have to roll around era we shall ae* its like again." Joy to the patriotic Cambrians . I Cold Wiathzs.?Despite the advent of spring, the cold weether still hangs on us, although yesterday waa ! much more tolerable than several of the preceding The alarm offire yesterday morning, at about 0 o'clock, waa Irom the premises No. 231 Williamstreet The fire wis extinguished without much damage. Maiime CouiT.-It may not be generally known that the Manna Court have removed their quarters to the room* above, formerly occupied by the American Insti tute, with whom they have made a friendly exchange of I apartments The court room presents a vary fine and 1 agreeable appearance, and is commodiouely and tasteful lyTV,?T,toxical Socievv.-A regular monthly meet Ing oi the Historical Society will be held thia evening, at their room, in the University, at i o clock. LvcTcae on Oaaoon.-Mr. Charles Sexton, of Oregon territory, will give a lecture thia evening at Croton Hall upon the eoil, climate, edventagea, Sic. of this rate resting portion of creetion. Mr. Saxtonha* bean aome time a resident of Oregon, and we presume hi* lecture will be very interesting. MrsManisM.?It will be seen by reference to an ad vertisement in this day's paper, that Dr. Dodt com mences a regular course of four lectures this avaniag, at 7 o'olock, in Clinton Hall, and will lacture every evening during the week, except Friday night, upoa the philo sophy of mesmerism. New Yobk Yacht Clu?.?The New York Yacht Club held a meeting at th* Astor House on Thursday night, for the election of officers, whan the following were elected : John C Stevens. Esq waa re-elected commo dore; W Edgar, E?q treasnrer; W C. Jay, Esq. record ing secretary, and J T Roll ids, Esq corresponding se cretary Mr. Steven*, who is boildtog a new yacht, offar | ed to match it against any vessel in th* world for $1,000, to sail on the l.t of July next, from the Battery around the light boat off Sandy Hook and back (about 30 ""''j' > The party accepting, to name his vessel by the 10th or June. The challenge was promptly accepted by O-ij Schuyler, Eiq. Hon M. H. drinnell then offered amatcn for 10,000 dollars on the packet ehip "Independence, Liverpool packet of H00 tons, against any of in# ?evre line, nroun.l Bermuda and back. The oh?il*?fV ? open for a month, as another member of the club wished to reflect upon it. Fiasr rss.STTrs.Av CHtrecH Coavsa jrTH^m e obierred w'lior of lifo wm tho in excellent heelth and in the v?or of We._He w^rtoe immediate gueat of^. l^n -Aaron > Mddrpoei. one ei 1 th* Judges of our joporlof Court Tn Chcich or tni Ad'irt, Bsoadwat.?Dirli service war perfomed last Sunday morning, at tl Church of tha Advent, In tbo Lyceum, MS Broadwa In the evening, tbo Rt. Rot. Bishop McCoekry admini tared confirmation to about seventy persons; after wbic ho preached a sermon to a very numerous and respect ble audience: he took his text from 3rd chap., and 13' rerre of St. Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews. The sco| of his discourse was to show to his hearers, the dangi of continuing in sin, and how mankind was impeicep biy lad from small beginnings, into an uninterrupfa course of the most flagitious crimes ; it was not unt the habit of committing sin had been long engenders that mem committed aren the most Tenal, without a stir of conscience ; and in this, ha said, consists the dange which at last rendered theiheart callous, and beyond tfc Influence o( Divine grace. When men begin their ot rear of crime, they first convince themselves they ai not committing sin ; and when they once do this, the follow that which they wish to be true. The Rt. Rei gentlemen continued at great length to address his hea era, and to impress on their minds the necessity of al staining in early life, from the commission of sma crimes, by which they were drawn in, unawares, t the commission, and thus led on from bad to worst The discourse was both eloquent and Impressive, an. illustrated with several b.autiful examples, and ws listened to with great attention by his flock. A collet tion was taken up after the service, to assist in estat lishing the Parish in which the church is situated. Baetism.?On Sunday morning last, several persons i boats were observed iu the slip at the foot ofChorr; street, clearing the water of the ice and other obetru< Hons. Shortly after, it was ascertained that seven members of the Baptist denominstlon weie to be baptise in the course of the day. From this time up to 19 o'olocli a crowd continued to increase, when a large concours of people were assembled on the wharf, consisting of th persons who wore to be baptised, their friends, the mix isten who were to perforin the ceremony, and thour! last, not least, a considerable number of spectators, eh lounged about to witness the proceedings. The cere, inony was commenced by the ministers singing a hymo in which they were joined b> all the members present and which was continued while the baptismal rite wa being performed. The two ministers next robed them salvos and walked into the water, leading the candidate batween tliam until the water reached their middle the candidate then laid bimseli back and was Inmarsat, threa times by the ministers, after which they led hiu back to the wharf singing as bafora ; according as tin males were baptised they retired to a housa in tha neigh borhooJ, where they undressed and wore provided witl I dry clothing. Thore wore, we ahonld think, from thirtj , to forty persons baptisod, amongst whom wora severe, females; two ol thorn we noticed particularly?one, wc, think, waa about tha aga of forty, and the othar abou'j fifty, and they presented a pitiable appearanco after com iug out of the water. " Lo, the Poos Indian."?The individual who depriv j ed an Indian of the ornamented cap, which ha was anal" ous to sell on Saturday, should avoid an exposure at the police office, by returning the cap, or leaving ita price at the bar of the Frauklin House, before ten o'clock. Re spect for some of his ft lends has saved him from public disgrace. Fiaxs in FcaarABr.?Wehave received from our an ergetic and efficient Chief Engineer, C. V. Anderson, Esq., the following report of fires during Febroary vJ C Bjjh' 'C -2 Hour. Strut. Cause and Damage F/b 1 1 lllXt" Centre S story briek dry go'-as store. 13 2 ?SAM *1 Mnn 2 etory frame house. 2 1 2 I v M 130 West 21 1 story liame. 2 3 2 4)a a m 203 Division 9 ?tory Hriek. 3 1 i 6 r ?i 5 It 7 Sullivan 3 etory frame. 3 3 l 11 ??? 39' Pearl I story hriek. 4 3 tllX*M e. Pitt fcHouston 3 story frame. 4 1 1 Ilk r M 176 Fourth 1 story frame. 5 2 1 11H ' m 161 Third svenae 2 story briek. 6 3 2 Mam Delnneeyl etory frime. 6 3 2 9X r m Ceuesd by s epirit gas lamp. 8 1 2 4 rM 91't et & 1th nvtuue. 10 2 I tK'X M our o? 4 etopr brick public sch >ol. 12 1 2 10 r m Alarm Unknown. 12 2 2 103, r m Alarm Unknown 12 3 1 5 A M 16 Scene. 11 1 3 lXr Forsyth Ceuiedby ubuadle of etrew. 14 9 2 7 am e. Beekman 6story brick hotsl. 14 3 2 2 am c. Bowery Hi Pell 2 story frame. IT 3 2 IX r M tl Oder. 17 1 1 IX r st Alarm Lsknowa. 17 2 110 rx Alarm. . . . 10 3 2 lM a M 0 Murray 2 erory brick. 19 2 1 2 a m Csneen by fire in WilliemsbB'ih. 20 2 IlLXrM 13 Bowery Ssiory brick. 25 1 2 5'1 r m c. B'wey St Grand 4 etory brick. 26 2 2 IX r si 102 Stiutou 2 story house. 27 3 2 11 rM H7 Broidway 3 etory bruk. 23 1 2 12>; r M Vorlcville frame house. 28 I 1 OS r si 323 Btercker 2 etoiy frame. 28 1 2 9X r si AUrm. 21 2 2 10 r si 420 Grand 3 story briek dry eoods (tore. Most of these flree were extinguished with but little damage. But two buildings were actually deitroysd. and those were at Yorkville, where the Croton pipe had not been laid. If a great fire should occur uow, the fire men would have hard work in drawing tkeir anginas through tha streets, partisulaily down tows, blocked up as they are with snow. Deaths dubino Ffbrcahy.?'Tha following ia tha monthly raport of interments in thii ci'y, from tho 1st to the 28th of February : ? Abscess 4 Fever typhus 1> Apoplexy 22 " puerperal........ ? Asthma 3 " typhoid ? Asphyxia 8 " inflammatory ... 1 Amenorrhea. 1 " congestive 9 Angina 1 Fever I Bleeding 4 Heart, disease of. 14 ?' from stomach... 1 Hooping oongh 14 " from lungs 1 Inflammation of brain... 10 Burned and scalded.. . , 0 " of bowels.... 19 Bronchitis 8 " of lung*.. . . OA Cancer..., ft " ofatomaah.. ft Cholera infantum 8 " of throat.. . 3 Caaualtias 3 " of liver.-... 8 Cbolic 1 " ? Consumption 112 " of bladder.. 1 Convulsions 64 Inflsmmalion......... 9 Croup II Intemparanoo........ 9 Constipation 9 Inanition v.... 1 Cyanosis. . 9 Jaundice 0 Catarrh 8 I.ues venara. 2 Chicken Pock 1 Killed, or mnrderad.... 1 Chorea 1 Marasmus... <7 Debility 8 Measles > Dropsy 17 Mortification.. I " in tho head 87 Old age 11 " In the chest 7 l'alty 10 Delirium tretnens ..... 4 Premature birth 7 Dysentery ft lUchltip . . 1 Diarrheas A Rheumatism 9 Diabetes 1 Scrofula.... 6 Dyspepsia 1 Small Pox... 31 Drowned 1 Spinal disaaia. ...... ? I " onSquan beach 11 Salivation 1 Epilepsy ft Suffocation.......... 1 ' Erysipelas- 7 Suicide. . 1 Eruption 1 Teething 3 Eolampsia 1 Tetanus. . I f latulence 1 Ulceration of Jnteitinea 1 Fevor, bilious 9 Unknown 2 " remittent 8 . ?? ?t scarlet 7 Total 711 AOS. Under 1 year 180 40 to AO 04 1 to 9 years 72 60 to 60 M 9 to A. 78 60 to 70 M ft to 10 83 70 to 80... . II 10 to 20 28 80 to 90 ? 20 to 80 84 00 to 100 ' A 30 to 40 84 Unkown. 8 Coroner's Orrice, March 9?Burnt ie Dtatk.?The Coroner beld*an inquest, yesterday, at tho City Hospital, on the body of James W. Butler, aged 16 year*, born in Ireland This poor boy was an apprentice to Dow ning and Baldwin, No. 14ft Rsod street, Jowelars. It seems this boy was at work on Saturday with a cam fthine lamp, and on turning around ha accidentally upeal t, and tne contents fail over his clothing, tatting him in a perfect blaze, by which he was so seriously burnt thai be died at the hosp.tal, early yesterday morning. Ver dict accordingly. Another Chapter ih Mobmomsm?The Cincin nati Commtrrial furnishes some new and curious information of the affaire of Mormondom. It appeare that on Friday week, M Seerls, a messenger from tho new Mormon prophet. James 8 Strang, at Voree, Wis consin, arrived at Cincinnati, and on Sunday bath branches of tha Mormons at Cincinnati, the Rigdonitea and tha Twelveitea.disbandad and all but three individu als acknowledged tha power and glory of tha new prophet. The messenger brought the news that Emma I Smith, wife of Joseph, and her ton, Joseph tha secood. acknowledged Strang as the Lord's annointed One of the Smi ht came from Voree, a few day* since, to Nauvoo, and proclaimed Strang tha head ol tha Charoh ia the Temple, at that place, without molestation. Tha saints are flocking to Voree in great numbers ; it is to bs the gathering place of all this strange people, exoept the Twelve end their adharenta, anw on their way to I California, over the Rocky Mountains, or to some other country. The Cvmmtreitl adds: ?" J .mes S. Strang is a lawyer of considerable eminence In the West, and owns an immense tract oi land, the capital of which ii Voree. We believe he ie the person who came out ol Mistonri with the Mormons at tha time of their disturb ances, planned tha temple at Naovoo, and wrote tM bulletins of Joe, tha prophet. He will, doubtless, estab lish the Mormon dominion at Voree, and, by bii intel ligence an! spirit of enterprise, regenerate thie people, casting off the corrupt Twelve andall their followers.? We have before us the first number ot the Voree Htratd, W. T., near Burlington, containing a latter from Joseph Smith, written before his murder, and dated Nauvoo. June 18th, 1844, which bears tha postmark Nauvoo end Chicago, as it passed on to the said prophet at Veres fully recognizing the claims of Strang to succeed^ him. It distinctly says that tho Almighty God write, and to order him to form a , ? e~ Voree, and that all his people should gather there. Strang now announces himself as the ?f l{? Most High, and ready ?to act 1m His mouth gives tha Saints a revelation, in tha ^pspsrwhlcb was communicated tohimbT the jog*> rdj Ot conrtt ???ry body will billit? what tht ingil of Uw Lord shall sea flt to communicate. We presume that William Smith, who haa bean lecturing here, will Joia tha new prophet, and Voree will become a second Nauvoo ia ellexcept the wlokodness of that place.? They declare themselves determined to bahaso wKb mora rospoot far tbo lawa of tho country ." To tub Editor or tni New Toaa Herald? I tm dispoeod to taho exoeption to no reasonable shrewdness in tho tootles of my opponents, in their bah tie towards ma, in the pepen, but, a. numerous state, mants have boon made in your paper, in which the par ties, Dwight, Good veer ft Co., have taken disconnected patcbee or my provlonr communications, and to each at ttched my name, (after adding words of their own,) and thus publish them, without any authority, leaving tha reader to suppose that tha article wai either the editor's or minei I say this may appear very .hrewd to them, but, without the privilege of showing the game to the public, 1 shall have exoeption to make. This, I am in clined to think you will not deny me?therefore I bag you will. In oommon justice to me, pnblisa tela note? and, I will add, that it seams to me a causa most be vary u-eak indeed which requires to be upheld by such moans. Respectfully, HORACE H. DAY. Saturday Evening, Fab m, 1MB

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