Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 14, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 14, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Saturday, March 14, 1H46. MAGNIFICENT VIEW OP THE CAMP AT CORPUS CHRISTI, TEXAS. TBS WEEKLY HERALD. The YVttkly Herald, to be ready at So'cloock this morning, will be a splendid number. It will contain a large and Bpiendid view ot the Camp ol the "Army of Occupation" at Corpus Christi, drawn by our special artist, who occupies the inner tent, and takes his soup at twelve, instead of three o'clock. It will also contain the important intelligence from Washington, the interesting advices from Europe, and the general news of the week. Price sixpence a copy. The Expected i'ackets. The following packets are now due at this ports Shim With Nk w?. Skipe. Capiaint. IV/ttnct. Sailing days. Weatmiustsr Hovey London Feb. 10. Snldons Cobb Liverpool . , .Feb. 11. Kalamazoo M'Curran . . .Liverpool , . .Feb. 11. St Patrick Proul Liverpool . . .Feb. 14. Shenandoah West Liverpool . . .Feb 16 t'tiea Hewitt Havre Keb 16. Fiedonia Lunt Liverpool . . .Feb 30. St Jani?s Meyer London Feb 30. Henry Clay Nye Liverpool . . .Feb. 31. Albany Crawford ... .Havre Feb 34 The latest dates from Liverpool are the 10th, Lon don 8th, Havre 9th, and Paris 7th of February The Hibemia, the next steam ship due at Boston, will probably reach that city about Wednesday next We may, therefore, expect most of the above to arrive before her news is received. Our news fleet are on the cruising station. The Warehousing Bill. There have been several attempts made, during several sessions of Congress, to per fect and pass a warehousing bill, for the purpose of facilitating our import and export trade, and to simplify the business connected with that department of commerce. All these attempts have tailed, and we are still without a warehousing system. Every commercial country of importance in Europe has had tor years a plan of this kind ; and its oeneficial effects upon the trade of these countries have long attracted the attention of that class of merchants of this country interested in the adoption of a similar system in the United States. Petitions and memorials to Congress, in relation to this matter, have been presented by the dozen, bat they have, as yet, received very little atten tion. These petitions and memorials state that the absence of the warehousing system, and the payment of duties in cash, tend to throw a large portion of our import trade into the hand* of European houses, who, being gene rally large capitalists, can advance the amount of the fluty, without inconvenience, and at much less cost lor interest, than the American importer, besides enjoying the facility of drawing bills on their partners or principals abroad, thereby obtain ing a credit on the duties until the bill matures, which is usually some months after the bill reaches fcurope. f. The local exporter,.having a large capital, has facilities for carrying on his business, under the present system, which the importer ol moderate capital cannot command The duties upon most articles of foreign manufacture imported into the United States pay a duty varying from twenty-five to fifty per cent., which, being required in cash, restricts the resources of the man of moderate means, and enables the wealthy foreigner, or local importer, 'o monopolise to a very great extent, this importing branch of the business There is no doubt but that the system upon which our import and export trade is at present conduct ed, lend to restrict the importations very much ; and it, therefore, will become absolutely necessary that such a system should be adopted, before the modifications contemplated in the tariff are made, as it will be necessary to remove every restriction upon our tMport trad possible, to ensure a revenue from the new bill The establishment of the ware, housing system would give much more business to our commercial marine than it has heretofore enjoyed in the most prosperous times. A vast quan tity ol merchandise would be imported into this port, go into the public warehouses, and be exported igain, without going through all the ramifications now necessary to obtain the drawback. Many arti cles would be imported into thia port, in great quan tities, that are not now im|>orted in the smallest amounts, for the purpose of making up assorted car goes lor exportation to the South American andother p rts There would be nothing lost by a system of this kind, and every thing gained ; and if it would increase the aggregate trade of the country, and give more employment to our merchant vessels, there would, at least, be a great deal gained. This hill, while it would increase the foreign trade of the country, would regulate tae supply of foreign goods more by the actual demand than it has here tofore been. Merchandise would not be taken out of bond, any taster than it was really required, and the market would not therefore be flooded with foreign manufactures, as it has been so often in past years. The warehousing bill should be connected with the new tariff bill, and passed together, as it will be more necessary under a low tarUl than under a high one. Tiut Forkion Nkwsat Boston.?The public were much surprised yesterday morning on seei g one day later news received at Boston, and publish ed exclusively in tne Herald This news was re ceived by exclusive express from Boston at 12 o'clock on Thursday night, at which time our ex press agent walked coolly into our office and de posited it on our desk. The news was not ot much importance. It shows, however, the uuceat-tug vi gilance and enterprise with wnichthis paper is con ducted. We did not anticipate getting any later news trotn Boston until the arrival of the steamship, but our ever watchful and go ahead ageut, Mr. Bigelow, while quietly despatching his parcels throughout New England, underst aiding that the Sunbeam, a splendid ship, and an honor to Boston, had arrived at that port, quietly, and without the slight est noise, put on his overcoat, placed a pa per in tus pocket, which he obtained at one ot the news offices, jumped on a locomo tive ana came through to our office with one day's later news He started with three days later, but our packets took two days ^t of his hands. The New York packet captains must begin to look to their laurels, as the Boston packets appear to be clippers. We do not wish to make any great fuss about this beat, for we have got accustomed to the business, and take it quite coolly. We now even have an idea of letting the Holy Alliance beat u* for once or twice, as we know it would do them much good Our reputation in the line is established ; but they have yet to build up theirs. We wilt re flect on the matter, and perhaps we will give them a chance to beat us one of these days j but it will be a pure and unadulterated act of charity it we do so. Ntw Yoaa Pilot*.?We are glad to say that the loint resolutions introduced into the Legislature of this State, concerning the New York pilots, were adopted by both Houses on Tuesday last. These resolutions are to the effect that Congresa had bet ter Isave the pilot laws m the hands of the Legisla tures of the several States We hope the |>assage of these resolutions will have a favorable effect upon the memorial of the pilots, which is now be fore Congress, praying for the a?me thing It nhonid be borne in mind that the Legislature of this Stale will soon adjourn, and it is, therefore, neces* t -V that Congres- should act upon the matter with p aptness, in order to give the State legislature lit., to eaact new pilot laws, dec New You and Boston Railroad ?A company I of capitalists, of this city and New England, have in contemplation the construction of a railroad iraQ New York to Boston, in a direct line between the two cities The distance between the two cities, by the route proposed, will be but two hundred and nine miles, or thirty miles shorter than by the way of New Haven, Springfield and Wor cester* The road will connect with the Harlem, at Williams' Bridge, a distance of twenty miles from this city; pass through new Rochelle, Norwalk, Bridgeport, New Haven, Middletown, Willimanti, a little north ol Killingby, Woonsocket, and other manufacturing towns in Connecticut, Rhode Island and Massachusetts. It will connect with, or cross five railroads, viz:?the Harlem, Housatonic, Hart ford and New Haven, Norwich and Worcester, Providence and Worcester, and will pass through cities, towns and villages containing more than three huudred manufacturing establishments, and will open a direct communication with the two largest markets in the country for many manufactu rers which have heretofore been almost shut out and which have been compelled to use the most expeditious route in existence, whatever might have , been the expense. The contemplated route for this road lsextremely favorable, both as regards grades and facility of con struction. The maximum grade per mile is 55 feet, and the highest grades varying from 45 to 55 feet per mile, embrace less than one eighth of the whole distance. Surveys have been in progress tor some time past, and all the reports made give the most satisfactory and encouraging accounts of the feasi bility and probable productiveness of the route. It ts estimated that the road will cost from five to seven millions of dollars, and that it will pay a divi. dend upon the cost, at least as large as any other railroad in the country. It is proposed to adopt the wide guage in the construction of ihis road; that is a crack six feet wide, instead of the usual width of lour feet eight inches There would be great ob jection to this, as it would prevent locomotives and trains of cars from other roads running upon its rails. The wide guage would do very well for a railroad running between two important points, where a con nection with any other line was not desirable, and where great speed was particularly required. Had the wide gnagebeen originally adopted, it would have been more'rofitable, as it is undoubtedly the best; but after so many lines have been constructed upon the narrow guage, it would be bad policy to adopt a wider one. We would suggest to the pro jectors of this line, the policy of constructing their road upon the same gauge adopted by the roada with which it connects and crosses. A charter lias already been granted by the Legis lature of Connecticut, to construct a road from New Haven to the west line of that State, and a bill is now before the Legislature of this State, for a charter to . exteud the road from the Connecticut line to the Harlem Railroad. Application has already been made to the Legislature of Massachusetts for a charter to build a road from Woonsocket to Boston, and charters will in due time be obtained from the Legislatures of Rhode Island and Connecticut, for the other portions of the road. There is no doubt about this part of the business, and from the charac ter, wealth and enterprise of the company of capi talists who have projected the line, we should judge there was very little doubt but that the means to complete the work, would be forthcoming when re quired. Meetings have been held in the various towns interested in the construction of this road, and nearly all the capital required will be raised along the route, leaving but a small per cent to be taken by the capitalists of either this city or BoBton. They, however, stand ready to fill any balance required to ensure the completion of the line through. This is, next to the Erie Railroad, the greatest railroad movement of the age; and if the plans of the projectors are perfected, will open a trade be tween this city and New England, more extensive than ever yet anticipated. Spring* Travelling.?la our Btirriag country the opening of spring is the signal for the commence ment of travel to and trom all parts ot the United States. The energy and enterprise of our country men, which has been pent up with the ice-bound lakes and rivers, spring out again as these are open ed by the genial heat ot the advancing sun, and the travel for business and pleasure commences. It is astonishing to what a low standard the rates of travelling in this country have been brought.? One can start from home, and, it at all fond of tra velling, can imagine himself to be enjoying most ot the pleasures of home, and can go from one end of the country to the other with but little more expense than if he were seated in his own domicil ? Elegantly furnished rail cars carry him with light ning-like speed through waving grain fields, and over blooming prairies; and magnificent floating pala ces bear him over the calm breast ot our rivers, lakes and sounds, and indeed aero -s the Atlantic. Competition, that life of business, has reduced the prices of travelling to their lowest possible esti mates, and has generally succeeded in making haughty monopolies bow to its superior power. In the various avenues of travel leading from this city, there will be great competition, and consequent low fares, during the ensuing spring and summer. On the North river, splendid boats will be running to Albany at prices varying trom one shilling to two dollars, and all will probably be filled, as we doubt not the increasing prosperity of our whole country, and the prospects ot business, will cause jnore travelling this season than during any other for many years past. On the Eastern route, we learn that several staunch and beautiful steamers are to be placed, so that the fare to Boston will, we doubt not, be reduced during the ensuing summer to one dollar, or a dollar and a halt. The ensuing season will, therefore, be a great rne tor travelling All sorts of passengers will go to gether, and mostly on the Canal street plan. Arrivals from Ska?The arrivals on Wednes day, at this port, from all parts of the world, were, perhaps, more numerous than on any one day since New York was discovered by civilized man. No lea* than forty-three sail ot vessel, of all sizes and denominations, entered this port, almost all at the same time 1 he harbor during the day was whiten ed with sails, presen ting a pleasing and most ani mating appearance Among these arrivals were six European packets, several of which were over-due, and had been anx iously looked for; a number from the North of Europe, the East and West Indies, and South America ; together with a host of coasters?in all, making the largest fleet probably ever witnessed in this harbor The harbor yesterday presented a similar ap pearance of activity. The bustle, business and confusion along the wharves are, iadeed, refreshing to the feelings of those who have an interest in the progress of the commercial interest* of thtg city. The wharves are densely crowded, and present a striking con trast to the comparatively destitute coudition they were in a few days since. We would recommend strangers visiting this city not to omit taking a view of our wharves. They are certainly worth a visit. Magnificent Launch ? We learn that there is to be a splendid launch, at ten o'clock this morning, | from the ship yard ol Westervelt and Mackay, foot l ot Seventh street, near the Dry Dock. The ship to be dip;*d is to be called the Margaret Evans, a splendid specimen of ship building, and is intended for the London line of packets, to take the place of the Toronto, which ship has just ended her career, with tie greatest fdat, by making a brilliant passage over the Atlantic The new packet is to be commanded by the cap tain of the Toronto, E. G Tinker, Esq , s gentle man and u sailor, in every sense of the terms j Ths STRirrs - The streets are getting intnsome 1 what like a |<assable condition again The Croton water is found of great use m removing the snow 1 and ice. Theatricals. Paxe T*utm.-No little tact and taste have bees evinced in bringing oat " Don Paeqaale." Not Ung could have drawn better house* to the Park at this sea ?on, and nothing could have given more pleasure and satisfaction to its patrons. The music is certainly most exquisite, and the singing, with such pt-rformers as com pose the present trotips, is, of course, excellent. The duet between Pat quale and Ernesto, in the first scene, is delightful, as also is the one in the second scene o' the second act, "To the garden quick descending,"he' The scene of the illuminated villa of Don Pasquale where the serenade is introduced, is universally admir ed, and calls down nightly plaudits. Perhaps the most comic and entertaining ballet that ever was offered on the American stage, is the pantomimic dance at the opening of the second act. To-uight this beautiful ope ra will be performed for the sixth time. "The Bach woodsman" was received with great eclat. It is a sin gular mixture of the buffa and serie, calculated to inter est very deeply those who can appreciate the strong feelings of a child of the wilderness. Mr. Marble has a happy faculty of throwing the true expression of language into the tone of hi* voice. He plays Solomon >f " Jo Swan to night, in thd popular comedy of " Jonathan in England," and. as it is the last uignt but one of bis en gagement, the Park will, of course, be crowded by the many who are curious to compare the comic produc tions of Italy and Yankeedom. Bowkky Thsatki.?The magnificent drama of " lvan hoe," with the gorgeous equestrians and scenic exhibi tions interwoven with the piece, has caused a run to this theatre almost without parallel in theatrical history Such a spleudid and magnificent spectacle is rarely to be seen, uniting, at once, so much to affect the feelings, to arouse the passions.and to captivate the eye of taste.? No oue should lose the opportunity of seeing this great piece, whieh, both as a drama, as a work of art, and as a specimen of genius and talent, is enough to excite won der and admiration. The opportunity of seeing it is again presented to-night, and should not be passed over. Interesting from Central America.?We have received tiles of the Bttlize (Hon ) Obterver to the 14th ult., inclusive. It contains advices trom Cen tral America to the 6th of January. They are very interesting. We 1 arn that an insurrectionary force of 2000 men, organized in the State of Nicaragua, by Chi lon, having marched to attack the oity of St. Leon, was met by a greatly inferior force of the St. Leon people, and a battle ensued, in which Chilon's men were defeated, with heavy loss. It is stated that a treaty of peace was afterwards arranged between Nicaragua and St. Leon. Our River Navigation.?The south wind of the laBt loriy-eight hours, which last night increased to a gale, with very full tides, must " burst up" the ice, open the navigation, and permit the glorious Hud son to pour treasures incalculable upon us inabun dince. St Patrick's day will witness" the banish ment" of John Frost's embargo. Arrived from Germany?The Bremen bark Argonaut arrivrd here on the 12th inatant, from Bremen, with 103 German emigrant* The cele brated George Frederick Seidensticker, doctor of laws, from Gottingen, in the kingdom of Hanover, ia among her cabin passengers. Captain Hederick gives us the following particu lars of this gentleman "Thin highly respectable character, whose grange fate wu often and manifoldly discussed In most o( tne German and other European newspapers, eiijoyedI ever and anon the moat vivid compassion fromi those of his countrymen who adore the principles of liberty. Even our newspapers mentioned, at times, his name with the highest regard, and praised the honorable persevering firmness of characger and energy, by which, in the most painful and disconsolate situations, he enforced for himself the esteem even of his bUterestenemies. Some yearf ago a number ot German flettiers in he United States, sent a petition to the King of H*nover, soliciting the discharge of Dr. 8., and to aeud him to the U. 8., but ^n the years 1813 and'U,when the allied armies delivered their countries and their Princes of the French usurpa tion. Mr Seidensticker, although but 17 ye?rs ofsge, was seen foremost in their files. Covered with wounds, he returned home, and when restored, he self to the science of laws. Through ability, energy and the strictest impartiality, he acquired soon a number of clients. In tha? time of his practical life, he gained not only the love of bis fellow citizens, but also.the es teem of the different magistrates of government be came in contact with. Even trom hia political antagomsts. he possesses the most honorable testimonials. But although hit public and private situation left him no!*"$ *? J*? sire, still he was more and more seized withfi indigna tion at the perfidious character of the German Cabinets, which, annihilating all tanner promises, only^tried1 to re-es ablish tha old regime, with her abuses, jaiUadSlf establishing the poliUcal regeneration of their countries. When, theiefore, in the year 18S1, the P'ir^*o( b'* birth nlace, GotUngen, were resolved to ask, with arms in hand, more liberal political in.titutions for th^r coun try, Mr 8 did not tarrv a moment to place himself at i the head of his compatriot* In consequence of this movement, the new "fundamental State law?? grarted to the kingdom of Hanover, which oonetitutton was again annihilated by the present King,.at hii1 "Cfj* " sion to the throne, and at the same time the *bole weight of vengeance of the Hanoverian government MdiUaeMa fell down on Seidensticker and his friends. The less^ his ueisoual character could be blamed, the more roveilge ful and malicious government followed its Pl*n? ?" P?" litical prosecution Fifteen long ye*" 8was kept in solitary confinement, although part of the other leaders temained unmolested, when others enjoyed their li e ty and their home long before Mr. Seiden-ticker w freed. But never was his courage and firmness of cha racter broken during the time of hia auffanng* He ap plied in his loneliness to serious studies, as far as the possibility thereto was left him. . At last, in November, 184,'., he got permission to em* grate to the United States and was sent to Brem*rhaven for ombarkatien, without having had an interview with his family before his departure During his ""Fo ment he nad only three times seen his beloved wile, ana that under strict watch-his children hut once. May the till now unhappy man meet in this free coun try, with a reception that may enable him to call soon for his family, to make up for the long MP*?Don, and to enjoy in their company the blessings ot liberty which her true champion deserves. Police Intelligence. March 1?.--wl Hone Thief Nabbed.?A Dutchman by the name of Frederick Zimmerman, was arrested on Thursday morning, by policeman Vanderiee, ofthe3J ward, it appeard, from tne facts, that Zimmerman left this city on last Tuesday morning, and proceededi ta a place called Bound Brook, in New Jersey and onthat night, a little north of Bound Brook, he stole from the stable of Mr James Watts, a bay horae.TtlMfi tf ??. and rode hint Into this city, when, shortly after^cross ng was arrested in Courtland t street by this vigilant officer. Notice was sent to Mr.? Watts, who immediatelj came to the city and identified the horse to tie his property Committed by Justice DrinlIter.... afternoon, however, he was taken back to Somerville f fioiilrg ?f Jtwlry-A small rosa-wood box, about ten inches square, was rtolen liom the premises * Buwrry.supposed to have been done by dressed in a brown cloak. The box contained the lol lowiDg articles : one gold watch and chain, two gold pencils, one hair pin, shape of an arrow s twoi breast pins, one with large white stone opened work, the other had a flower worked on the top ; 3 large one hair, the other composition ; two bead purse_ , one containing $8 or $4 in money ; also, at of the owner of the above property?Mr Oscar R. Stone, the equestrian rider?contained in a gold case. Jlnotb r I;... of Jewelry -The premise.i No. M Croaby street, occupied by Mr. bominic, was robbed last night of one gold watch and chain and sundry articles of jew *'Vetil . ?Mary O'Brien was detected in the act of stealing a pair ot gsiter boots fiom the boot aud store ot A Scr.bner. No 73 Catharine street. Robbery,f J wel.y and Mo ns*-The dwell, nghou,* No 809 Washington street, waa entered on l buraday afternoon, and the following article* stolen: one gold chain and seal, valued at $14, $10 in bank biU.,on the Butchert' and Drover-' Bank ; a gold pin, worth , and $10 in bills of various banka No arrest. Pairing Spurious .H.msy ? Thotnaa Bennett ed last night by policeman McManus of the 6th waid, charged wi h passing a spurious $10 bill on Mrs mod), No 146 Walker street, in payment for board. Locked up by Justice Drinker. . Plowing i be " Hadf sr."-Sarah Bankerwaiarre.led last night charged with decoying a man by the name of William Tarleton. into Moll Sander's, wherein hei was " touched" out of $?. much to hia astonishment. for he had taken the precaution of Mowing it away nW, ' one of hia .lockings These "badg.n," however, being tip to ail atich tricks, smelt it out, and the countryman came off second best. Sarah was locked up for exami nation, by Justice Drinker. poeem'g Counterfeit Money?Edward Thompson was detected last night, in attempting to pasa counterfeit money on Edward Friel, No 349 Mulberry ?treat. ] ?Sri'ai,nt on Tm,..-Jacob Heyar was arrerted last night, for stealing a clock worth $5, belonging to Chris topher Vreedenbnrgh, 7th avenue, near 83d st. Com mitted by Justice Roome , Petit Lorconin -Julia Clayton was caught last Inight, in the act of stealing clothing from Mr. James H. vau /.ant, No. 31 Dey st. Locked tip.?William Gardner was caught last night stealing a pins plank. Committed. James Taggert was arrested, on a bench warrant, ny a iiolicotnan of the 4th ward. Committed. J1 Witness Locked TJp-F.dWard Carroll, who was subrcenoed aa a witneaa ia the caae of Madame Costelio, but did not appear to giva hia teatimony yeatarday. waa arrested, on an attachment issued by the Court oi Session., as a witness to testify agaimt Maxwell, tne husband of Madame Coatello, whose trial will sboruy come on Ho waa held to bail in the ?um of $500, in da* i fault of which be waa committed to priion. Antk ipatino a Storm by the Magnetic Tele graph ?The Toledo (Ohio) Blade pointa out now the Magnetic Telagraph may be the means of against disasters on the coast, it asserts that advance " from leeward to windward." and '^tanc" ??? .nose storm of the I4?h and 15th February, which began at Toledo on Saturday, 4 P M? at Buffalo at 8 t. M-, and at Beaten at abasit ? o'clock on Sunday morniag. Taa mode propose* to save eur coaetars from shipwreck ?7 means of the telegraph aa whan that ia eeteblmhed, they at Tolado will bo ablo to give us fiftaan ar aiataan henn neiitfl of the apj.oec.h of a northeasterly storm, aaa ? easels wiu have uffu to provide lor tkair ?afety. City Intelligence. Toa North Ritbr.?The North river i* now open ea high u Poughkeepiie, Rod we hope ere many days to have our boeta running ail the wejr to Albany. Religious Noticb.?The Rt. Rev. Biahop McCroakoy will administer the ritea of confirmation, in the Proteat hi?t Episcopal Church of the Meaaiab-a congregation of colored peroona, worahipping in the hall AM Broadway? to-morrow evening, at half-peat 7 o'clock P. M. Rev. Da. Bt'BRR.?Thia gentleman lecturea every Thuraday evening, at St. Colomba'a Church, 14th atreet, near the 0th avenue, on the dogmaa of the Church of Rome. The lecturea are extremely intereating, and are marked wtth candor and Liberality. School Examination.?A achool exhibition of a large number of the pupila of Ward School No. 14, in Green wich atreet, between Rector and Thamea atreeta, waa held laat evening, in one of the rooma of the building. It waa one of the moat intereating acenea we ever witness ed. Upon entering the room, the first acene which atruck ua waa about a hundred boya, and the aame number of little girls, of agea varying from aix to fifteen yeara, dressed in white, aeated upon a gallery facing the door. Theae little warblera commenced the exerciaea by aing ing. and in the courae of the evening aang aeveral pieeea of simple muaic, in a atyle in which children can only aing. After the aingiug of the firat piece, an addreaa, written for the occasion, was spoken by a little fellow named G. W. Wyckofl. It waa done in a very creditable manner. After this, exerciaea in reading were given by the larger acholara. In the course ol the evening, the pupila were examined in orthography, geography, arith metic, hiatory, philosophy, and astronomy, and in all >r attention gave evidenoe of attention and atudy on their part, and care on that of their teacher. In the courae of the even ing a heautifull duet, called the " Convent Bella," waa aung with great sweetneaa and elegance of atyle, by Misaea Wvckoff and Miller. A declamation upon the of liberty,' beauty of liberty, waa given in a very neat manner by Master Blair, and another, an address for the occasion, by Muster Buck. It is haidly necessary, however, to particularize. The exhibition waa throughout entirely successful, and must have been highly gratifying to the parents presunt. Citv HosriTAL ?Friends of patients at the City Hospi tal, wishing to visit them, will hereafter be admitted on Tuesdays and Fridays, from 3 P. M. till sunset. Accident.?A man named Miohael Devyr, employed as a workman on the new building in Roosevelt street, tell from a scaffolding on the second story, and broke his leg. He was taken to the City Hospital. Another.- James R. Moreton, wowing on a pile of wood in 17th street, the wood fell on him, and frac tured his thigh. He was taken to the City Hospital. Poi'kkt-Picbino ?The pocket of Titus Sanford, pilot on board the New Haven steamer New York, was pick ed of a pocket-book on the passage, containing $110. Pardoned ?in the case of Jamee Henrietta, recently convicted and sentenced to the State prieon lor the term of two yean, for a grand larceny, in having atolen an anchor worth $63, the Governor has been pleased to grant a pardon, it having bean satisfactorily shown to the Court, after the jury nad rendered their verdiot of guilty, that the accused was not ot sound mini! e+f * fact was, therefore, at their iugge:Liw?. set lorth to the Executive. Henrietta, it is understood, will be transferred to the Lunatic Asylum. Commissioner fob Mississirri.?Thomas Shankland, Esq . 41 Wall street, has been appointed a Commissioner for the State of Mietieaippi, by the Governor of that State. Caselkss Driving.?As one of the Bowery stage* was coming down Chatham square towards Pearl street, yes terday morning, tha driver, either accidentally #r through carelessness, run over a respectable looking man as he was crossing the street; the wheels passed over his body ; his head waa streaming with blood, and from all appearances, we suppose him to be most seri ously injured. A very interesting lady came near faint ing on the sidewalk when this unfortunate man wae be ing carried off for medic <1 aid. We were unable to ob tain the name of this individual. The driver was making off, but was stopped by several citizens, to obtain his name end number. La Bal Masque. This grand affair came off on Thura day night, at the Alhamra, Broadway, under the man agement of Mr. Dinniford, and waa mtneged so neatly, that the public authorities were completely placed at defiance. A c?mmit'ee of gentlemen wae appointed who issued cards of invitation, with a private under standing to the partial, that they pay each $4 to the pro perty man for the loan of the " black domino ." There was certainly a lovely mixture, many of whom were well known, notwithstanding their disguis*. The law strictl? prohibits La Bal Masque being given, wherein ticket* are sold f->r admission, and imposes a fine of $1000 for such violation. Thus you eee Mr. Dinniford has hit upon a plan which evades this law most aflectual ly, and will place many hundreds of dollars Into his pooket. Coroner's Office, March 13.? Suicide by Drowning.? The Coroner held an inquest on the body of William Fewkee^ German by birth, about forty yoara of age. This me? it appears, kept a bakery at No. 186 Ludlow ?treat, and for some time put hu been subject to a de ranged state of mind, and on Thursday night, during ona of these spells ot insanity, left his bed, with only bis night shirt and drawers on, nnd proceeded to the yard, and threw himself down the cistern, where he was found by his son, in about three hours afterwards, quit* dead. Verdiot according to the above facts. Supreme Court. Bafore Judga Edmonds. March 13.?The People rs. George Potter.?The Die trict Attorney commenced his reply to the argument of the prisoner'* counsel, yesterday morning, at the open ing of the Court. After making some preliminary re marke, and reciting a part ef the argumant of tha pri soner** counsel on the preceding day, he stated the fol lowing propositions, upoffwhich he intended to rely for the re committal of the prisoner, to witFirst, that tha priioner is bald by commitment under an indictment, under which he has not yet been tried. Second, on the violation of the condition annexed by the Governor to the pardon. In eupport of the Governor's right, he took the following grounds, viz :?That by the common law of England the pardoning power wu vested in the sove reign, and was of such a nature that it might be, and wu axercised by him conditionally, that after the revolution the common law of England wu adopted by the conati tution. and the prerogative of mercy enjoyed by the British crown transferred te the Governor of this State. That the statutes of this State, from the formation of the constitution to the present day, authorised the Gover nor to grant conditional pardons. Aud lastly, that the decisions of this State, of the aister States, the opinions of the Attorney Generals of the United States, and Supreme Court of the United Statu, sustain the doctrine of conditional pardon. After the District Attorney had concluded his argument, he was followed on the same side by Mr. Whiting, who had not finished when the Court adjourned. The case will be resumed this morning. Superior Court, Before a full Bench. March Id.?The argument in the " Constantino" cue, previously adverted to, was resumed this morning, and may possibly be concluded to-morrow. In Chancery. March 18?Weill and otkeri vi. Oibien and otkeri.? Thii mit w?? further argued by Murray Hoffman, Esq., for the plaintiff*. Catholic Relocation In Canada. Mr. Editor The riora of the Canadian convents h?rdlv desei the censure inflicted in your artir' to-day's paper, on " Religious Edu canon of i onvents." Those n notions, being purely religious, refuse only to u drders who require to absent them selves at nigliu, lor the purpose of attending balls, and other amusements; a convent not being like a hotel, where persons can pass in and out at all hours. This rule does not apply at all to day scho lars. Over them they never ao or have exercised such control. When iwrents place their daughters under their care, the nuns feel responsible for their moral teach ing, as well as their general education ; and this they cannot attend to, it they are constantly from under their eye. They consider, when the educa tion is finished, and the mind formed on a proper moral foundation, there is time enough to enjoy such amusements. The girl who spends her night in a ball room, sipping in all the flattering nonsense of the crowd, is not much disposed, next day, to slurlf Reflect a moment on the outcry and noise that would be made should, perchance, a boarder from one of those convents meet at a ball, or other en tertainment, some designing villain to corrupt the mind, and, perhaps, lead her to ruin Would not the ?rnrld?the charitable and discriminating world ?leave all at her teachers' door, and, iierhaus, give to bigot knaves the opening for another Charles town riot or " Maria Monk story " 1 No religious persecution can be made out of the course the nuns pursue They have much to con tend with ; and however they may have erred against legal right, moral right is certainly on their side So far from religious persecution, convent schoola are the only religious institutions in the country except it is the male Catholic colleges?where liber ty of conscience is strictly respected. There are ao schoola where a Protestant feels so much security in sending his children, and there are no schools where pupils become so refined, so happy, and feel so much love and respect tor their teachers. Hoping you will view these remarks in their pro per light, I remain, dear sir, yours, O'R. Corpus Christi, Feb. 26,1816 ?The different re connoitenng parties have returned to camp, and re ort much more favorably upon both rontoi to tha Rio rands than was expected. It ha? been decided, I be lieve, to take the overland route,via Sen Patricio, where the army will atrike the old Matamoree road Thie road . will be kept until oppoeite that city, near which the ar 1 my will encamp, while Braaoi Santiago, or Point liabel, it* port of entry, will be at once occupied end fortified. In addition to the twenty-four pieces of field artillery, (lour batteries) a fine siege battery of aix 18 pounders, with mortars, will complete that arm, end be ready for I invasion, should it be found necessary The army is n dsr orders to be reedy to march at forty-eight hours no tice, end before you roceive this, the advance detach ment will probably be on Its way towards the Rio Grande Should necessity require it, e nsvel fores will doubtless be May to oo operate with the army. Point Isabel or Bruxos Santiago, I suppoae, must be the depot for the army, but we shall know more about this anon.? If. O. Pi* Stati Normal School.?The semi-Rnnunl ex amination of the pupils of this excellent institution closed en Tuesday lest, at Albany. The result was vsry satisfactory, end the beet evidence wee given of the faithful performance of their defies by the teeoheie. Forty-seven, male and female, pupils graduated A very beautiful poem was reed by Miss Van Vslkenbnrg, of Prattsbiirg, Steuben county; end the valedictory address was delivered by James 11. Salisbury, of Cartload. Oomrt a# General Seieloiu. Before Recorder TallmaJge, and Aldermen Dodge and Tappen. JohnMcKeon, Esq., District Attorney. Mabch It?Pleas e/ Guilty ?Jesse Hinei, indicted lor keeping ? disorderly house in Water etreet, entered a plea of guilty, and wee flood $10. John Grant, indicted for keeping a disorderly house in Centre street, also en tered a plea of guilty, and was flned $v Gordon Van denhoof, indicted lor petit larceny, in having stolen a quantity of poaches, plead guilty, which plea was receiv ed, and sentence suspended for the present. Forfeiture of Boil.?George Schultz, indicted for keep ingw disorderly honse, and Henry Smith, indicted for a malicious mischief or trespass, failing to appear when called upon for trial, their recognizances were declared to be forfeited. 5 Case e/ flfons. Barkiere ?In the case of Mons. Barbiere, w?h? was recently arrested for attempting to take the Ufa of Mr. Ralph Lockwood,by shooting him with aWtol.Mr. Western rose and announced to the Court that the com mitting magistrate (Justice Drinker) had preremptorily refused to admit Mens. B. to hail, and moved the Court to flx some amount, as it was a case, taking the circumstan ces under whioh the offence was committed into consi deration, in which the accused should be admitted to bail, if held at ail, and not one where a denial should be entertained. Mr. Clark, counsel of Mr. Lockwood, op rsed the motion made by Mr. Western, to admit Mons. to bail, as it was quite manifest that he intended to take the life of M r. Lockwood. The decision of the Court was reserved until Monday next. Jinother Plea of Guilty ?Henry Budd, indicted for an assault and battery on John Bayard, entered a plea of guilty, and put iu affidavits in mitigation of sentence. The sentence in this case was deterred until Friday next. Trial far Brand Larceny. ?John Porter, indicted for a ffrand larceny, in stealing about $60 worth of clothing rom the boarding house of Mrs. Mary Ann Foster, in the early part of last month, was then pat on trial On the part of the prosecution, Mrs. Foster deposed that the ac cused called at her house and engaged board ; and after remaining for a short time, absented himself,when'.it was discovered that a quantity of clothing,belonging to seve ral of her boarders, had been taken from their trunks, which bad been broken open in order to obtain posses sion of the property It wds also shown that a number of trunk keys were found upon the accused when arrest ed by officer Marsh. The jury, however, rendered a verdict of not guilty. Trial for an Assault and Battery, with intent to kill.? John Schneider was then tried for committing a violent assault and battery, with the intent to take the life, of Frederick Fraubel, of No. 44 Essex street, by stabbing him with a knife, on the 11th of January last. It ap peared from the evideuce adduced in this case, that, as Mr. Fraubel was returning through the 6th avenue, in company with some friends, he was assaulted by Schnei der, who Anally drew a knife, with which he inflicted a severe wound, and, in consequence of the injury re ceived, Mr. F. was confined to his room for lourteen days. The intent to kill not beikg apparent, the jury found Schneider guilty of an assault and battery only ; and he wu sentenced by the Court to be imprisoned in the penitentiary for the term of six months The Court then adjoured until Monday next. , Marin* Court. Before Judge fH'tV. Mabch IS.?David S. Jarvis as Palmer and Peters.? The plaintiff in this suit keeps a livery stable in the up per part of the city, antf in the month of May last, sent a hack to convey a passenger to one of the North River steamboats. It appears that while the hack was passing mni down Broadway, the driver reined out and passed omni bus No. 203, of the Empiie Line, of which the defendants are proprietors; that the hack turned down Bleocker street, followed by said omnibus ; that the driver of the hack drove up to a house iu Leroy .dace to take in a passenge'r, and that while standing in front of the door, the omuibus drove by, and soon after turned about ana cams up Bleecker street, and ran afoul of the plaintiffs establishment and seriously injured one of the horses thereto attached. This action is, therefore, brought to recover suitable damages for such injury. This case was previously brought within the jurisdiction of this court, and a Judgment was entered in favor oi the plain tiff. It was afterwards carried up to the Superior Court, who reversed the decision of the jury, on the ground of the improper admission of testimony, and that the amount of damages set forth in the declaration was not fully sustained. The defenoe mainly rely, if this trespass was committed, as is alleged, that it was the malioious act of the driver, and not through mismanagement or careless ness, and that, therefore, the defendants are not liable. Up to a, late hour the jury had not agreed. Result to morrow. II. S. Ci raralssloner'a Office. Before Commissioner Gardiner. _MncH 13,-Cisje of Striking with a Dangerous Weapon.?William H. Lyon, one of the crew of the ship Ohio, was arrested yesterday morning by Deputy Mar shal Morrison, on the complaint of wm. B. Hutchings, mate of the same ship. From the evidence of Hutch ings, it appeared that on the morning of the 16th January last, about 4 o'clock, while the vessel was on her pas sage from Liverpool to this port, the witness came on deck and found there was no look out; he enquired whose duty it was to keep the look out,but could not as certain ; he aftei wards went to his room, got his lamp, went into the forecastle, and found the prisoner asleep ; he called him up, and as they were going out, laid his hand en him and gave him a push ; the prisoner said two could play at that; he then laid both hands on him two could play at that; he then laid both hands on him and shoved him forward until Lyons fell ; Lyons got up and said he would cut him; drew his knife, and gave Hutchings two cuts in the hand, one a severe one, on the ball of the thumb, and a third below the right breast, splitting the button on his oil cloth jacket, but doing no other injury, except that the jacket was a little cut Ly ons was ordered to And bail in 6360, or be committed. For the prosecution, Mr. Wm. E. Butler ; for the prison er, Mr L. B. Sheppard. Common Plena. Before Judge Ulshoeffer. Much 13?A Stewart et at. ve. William C. Potter.? Thia wee en action of aaiumpait to recover $400. The plaintiff* carry on business in Cincinnati, and the de fendant i* a dry good* jobber in this city. The former purchased from the latter goods to the amount of $1,000, tor which they were to pay $400 in cash, and give their notes for the balance. The bargain was consummated,so far as paying the money and giving the notes, but the defendant afterwards refused to deliver the goods or refund the $401, alleging that the notes were unsatis factory , and that plaintiffs bad broken the contract for the defence it was sought to be showu that the plaintiff had entered into a contract for $1,000 worth of goods, $400 to be paid in cash, and good paper given for the re mainder ; that (the defendant) had packed up the goods for delivery, but upon enquiry he found the notes to be worthless, and insisted that he ewes justi fied in retaining both goods and money, as the plaintiffs had not fulfilled their pdrt of the contract by giving good paper, as they were bound to do. Sealed verdict this morning For plaintiffs Raymond and Clarke; for defendant Mr. Marsh. Movements of Travellers. The following catalogue of yesterday'a arrivals is given, nesriy " in extenso," at the principal hotels, as well to illustrate the early progress of commercial en terpriae, as to afford to the numerous and distant friends of the various passengers by the unprecedented deten tion of the London, Liverpool and Havre packets, of their safe arrival in this city. We found at the? Amksican?D. Hume, England: Capt. Oick, Scotland; 11 Keneney, England ; A' 8 Bledsoe, Washington City; T. R. Knox, N. ?.; J. W. Potts, Philadelphia ; A. Oind rat, Montgomery, Ala. ; A P. Tiloaton, Boaton : M. Trumbull, do ; Col. Porter, Tangier : D. Moore, New burg ; W. D. Davie. N. J. Astob?Cbas. F. Dennet, N. P. Willis, Boeten; Captain Gorham, Kensington ; J Lingeo, do ; Robert Mahoney, Montreal ; Captain Anthony, shin Argo ; Lieut McKay, Royal Artillery, Kingston, Canada; J. R. Reed, Boston ; BenJ. Field, PhHa ; James Scott, Manchester, England ; R. M. King, Tennessee ; R. Wilson, Philadelphia ; R Lathers, S. C. ; J. Morse, Washington Strickland li Davis, Boston ; Cobb, Nash, Haywood, Gardner, Bos ton; S. King, Taunton; J. B. Chapman. Boston : T. Ber nard and Hanley, Albany ; Capt. Cloney, U. 8. A. ; E. B. Morgan. Aurora ; C. Jackson, Boston ; W. H. Blair, J. Maynard, Philadelphia : E. Conaut, Massachusetts. Citt.-Captain North, England ; M Machias, Brus sels; S Griffiths, Phila; Thomas MoCalla, Washington ; W. Hassgold. Boston ; W Bagby, Va. ; J.M.Bowman, do; J. A. Snell, Richmond ; John Hayes, Pittsburgh ; J R. Grout, Detroit ; J. H. Kinnie, Chicago; Colonel Thompson Litchfield ; 8 Hitchcock, Burlington ; H. L. Whiting, Chicago ; H Barclay. Ala. : J Humphries, England; E. J. Burton, Lynchburgh ; H. Shephaid, Illi nois ; W Shannon, Wisconsin Territory ; Wright !(. Evans, Philadelphia. FaaisKL:v-8. C. Raid, New Orleans; S. McMillar, Ohio; R 8 Wilson, Philadelphia; W Burf, W. Wilson, New Jersey : H Child*, New Hampshirp ; Reid, John son and Bachus, do ; Hubbard and Mahsffy, do.; Pratt, 1 and Lumtey, Connect!-u ;M Biyan, Utica ; W Hubbard Philadelphia ; J R. Pajson, Massachusetts; | J Pope. 8 Louis ; G. W Bum, Bridgeport Olssk ? Robert 8 Browne. Baltimore; Mr. Huffman, i Phiiadalpbia ; J Brown, Now Orleans; Hanry Bishop, ! Sheffield. Ens lend Howard ?W W Conner, Norwich; Maaon Grosve nor, Cincinnati : B Hall, Kentucky ; C. Gloves, Colum bia ; J. Ellis Mount Pleasant ; D L Thurston. Balti more; W Edwards, Philadelphia; H C >le Boston; . Beth Bryant, do ; Mr. Piatt, York i J Birdsdale, Cinciu ' nati.- N Gattncb, Ohio , J Do well, North Carolina ; J Molt at t Teiincs?oe ; R Stauper. Kentucky ; J Stevens, Massachusetts ; J U Priest, Iowa ; Shepherd aud Trum bull. New Hampshire; Hon J H Anderson, West chester : J. Downs, Mobilej B Knight, North Caroline ; (I Davis. South Carolina ; E. Martin, Alabama ; J. Wil son, Virginia ; J H Dwight, Massachusetts. The Condltl n of the Streets. We, the undersigned, carmen ol the city of New York, in the neighborhood of Whitehall and Frout streets, address you this note, in relation to the con ditton of the etreets, particularly Front and State streets. The city street ?wee;iers were at work in State st on Monday, and worked all day, and might aa well have done nothing?and our horses break ing their limbs and injuring poor carmen's property ?his all, (horse and cart,Ji?we ail turned out this afternoon, and filled the office of street sweepers, in order to accomplish something. We have aug Irom Whitehall street, through State to the Bowling Green, neglected our work, <fcc., and many of us deprived of earning three or four dollars' Why should not the city authorities be haunted until they take ike matter up. We write you this note just to give you a little idea in regard to what we had to do or be deprived of our work. Will you do us the extreme favor, by putting your pen to work, and fa ' tie i' vor ua with a little niece,in your next paper, in regard ; to this, and sign it from an association at carmen in i the vicinity ot Whitehall and Front streets 1 Please grant ua the favor. Yours, very respectfully, Association or Carmen, and Constant Readers or the New York Herald. New York, March 11,1S46. Thanks to Cam1. Furber ?Capt. Wm. Bowen, officers and crew of the wrecked brig Orion, ot Philadelphia, abandoned on her voyage from Cardenas, would horoby most siocsrsly thank Capt. Furbor, offi cers and crow of the pecket ship En ope, from Liverpool to Now York, for the timely sod cheerfully extended aid which saved them from e sinking verse 1 Their best wish is that none of those attached to the Europe may over experience a similar disaster from which thsy res I coed thooe on board ths Orion Signed for thooe saved. WM. BOWEN, Master. Hi. Duta1 Mukltl Mm Pramlm*i?TI( Public are aware, that Mr. Marble. now giving the raud of hia peculiar characters at Che Park Theatre, has offered the liberal aim, for aa American drama adapted to hia style, of $m. A finer field for competition could scarcely be devia ed. or more calculated to develops the r area till ty of haaaan Caniaa. The firat of Jaaate the penod of decision " Jockey Club" Extract, with acompltto assortment at Perfumery, Toilet Soap. 8ba?l*t Cream geaa ine Bear's Oil. Araaadine for chapped hands. Colognes. Eaa Luitr'la, a splendid preparation lor the hair; warranted Ra ton. ofa superior quality, hair, nail, tooth and shaving-brushes, combs, he. lie., (or sale, wholesale and retail, by ?? ROU8 8KL, 13? Broadway, between Liberty and Coarilandt sis. Baric Hair Dye?Red or (ray whltktn changed instantaneously to a beautiful black, by tha touch of Phalon's Magic Hair Dye. Gentleman residing at a distance, can hare a aingle bottle forwarded to them by express, or ether wise, by tending their orden, cash enclosed, to K. Phaloa, t'4 Broadway. Price (I per bottle, with fell directions for ass. City genllem-n are iaritad to call at the depot, where they can hare their whiskers changed in leas than fire minutes. Dremlnfi Caeca The ntttntlM of the tra velling public is respectfully incited te tha subscribers' com plete and rarled assortment of the above useful and convenient appendage to a gentleman ? toilet. Their assortment embraces every variety of tnrelling cases, suitable either for a long or short journey, each coutaiaing all that 11 neceieary for tha performing of a traveller's ablutions, in tha most desirable and compact form. G. BAUM)EB8 It HOST 177 Broadway, opposite " Howards." One Word to the Sedentary?Tlioae who labor within doors are not only compelled to breathe aa impure atmosphere, which is frequently rendered wholly unfit for the proper eapanaion of the luugsbut owing to want of rxereiae, the bowels become constipated .the ports of the akin are dosed, and, indeed, nil the fanctiona of the body beeema deranged? banes proceed Asthma, Congbs. Paios in the Breast sad Bide, Palpitation in the Hsut, Rheumatic Pains iu different part# of the body, giddiness, and a variety of other distraasiag com plaints,.so common to those oi sedentary habi a. Wright's Indian Veg.table Pills disperse all these napleaaaat symptoms, as if by a charm; a siade doae will iu all cases, give relief, and, if repeated a few times, will moat assuredly restore tha bed y to health An occa>iouil use of the Indian Vegetable Pills will keep the body perfectly f/ee from those humors whichi are, in all cases, the cease of illness, and enable those who lead a sedentary life erjoy perfect and sonud health. It .hinld be remembered that a man usiwd We. M. Spear, who sella medietas purporting ts us Indian Pills, at the corner of Race and Frost stieeta, Philadelphia, is aotaa agent of mine, neither can I guaranty as geeaioe any that lie has for aole Tha nnlysecnrity sga mat imposition is tu[Purchase from people of unblemished character, or at tha oflfce sad general depot. Ml Greenwich struct, Hew York. WILLIAM WRIGHT. HUNBY HABRBT. Friday, march IB?6 p. H, The atock market to-day was vary buoyant. Quota tions for the fancies advanced at the first and second board*. Harlem went up 3 per cent; Nerwich and Wor cester Long Island Morris Canal J; Canton 1}; Reading Railroad Bonds 3; Ohio Sixes ]; Vicksburg and East Boston closed firm at yesterday's prices?while Farmers' Loan fell elf ? percent The solo* were net imge, bnt the tendency of prices is decidedly upward, end we look for considerable improvement in some oi the bettor railroad stocks, that are now soiling so muoh below their real value. There appears to bo another railroad excitement on the tapis, and it is possible that soma ot the hall finished linea, diverging from this city, may receive an impetus while this excitement lasts, that will completo them. Railroads are becoming more fa. vorite investments every day, and tha time is not Car distant, when many of the railroad linea now considered almost valueless, will bo very profitable oonoerns. The New Haven and Hartford Railroad has declared a aemi-annual dividend of three and a half par oent, paya ble on the 1st of April. The annexed comparative statement exhibits the population of each State and Territory in the Union, and the quantity of wheat and corn produced in each, ac cording to the census of 1810, and the report of tha Commissioner of Patents: Poiulatioi* and Products or thb Uititbd Statu. Population Ett'd Ett'd in Pop. Pop. State or Territory. 1M0 IMS. '???' Maine 501,973 542,143 575,500 New Hampshire 2(4,674 IN. 17* 2(1 Me Maswchusetti *. 737,69* 7S6 8I5 117 000 Rhode Island 10S.I30 143,412 130,000 Connecticut 309.S7S 314,902 M9.000 Vermont 291 94* 295.962 196.009 New York 2,419,(It 2,643,9*5 1,626.001 New Jersey 173,306 394,294 409,100 Pennsylvania 1,724 031 1,(74,353 1,960 000 Delaware 7|,065 71,417 79 000 Maryland 470.91* 479.197 4(5,50* Virginia 1,239,7*7 1,351,1j3 1,355,600 North Carolina 753.41* 759,591 760.999 Bon:h Carolina 594,39* 300,1(3 600,0(0 Georgia 691,392 941,590 7(4.000 Alabama..." 590,756 . 703.(16 (06.6(0 Miaaiasippi 3)5.(51 511 (63 5M.M0 Louisiana 352,411 4H7.723 440.000 Tennessee 329,210 ((*,130 0I0.MO Kentucky 779, (M 9l(^M *35,690 Onio 1.519,467 1,756.9*1 1,71*1*0 Indiana 6(5,(66 6M.SM Illinois 476.1(3 (03.653 Missouri 3(3,103 4I1.5M 541.0 Arkansas 97,574 134,446 143,(00 Michigan 212,357 301 395 339,900 Florida Terrritory 54,477 (*.373 Wisconsin Tarritor 30.945 40.521 lows Territory 43,112 (M7( 115,? District of Colambia 43.712 MAM 54.490 Texas - - Ml MO 17,069,453 19,183.563 19.6tt.iW Wheat, Bushels. - 1141. 1844. 1845. Maine 765,464 itt.ttt Stt.tW New Hampahirr 514,782 588 000 647,*6 Massachaaetti 190 716 610,660 641,666 Rhode I.laod 3.376 4 060 5 0* Connecticut 94,622 164.006 114.030 Vermont 6W.695 776.660 654,060 New York 16,479,499 14.97i.000 16,666,606 New Jersey 671,727 175,1*0 1,016,666 Pennsylvania 12,215,210 16,461 009 12.549,000 Delaware 131.197 317 666 440,666 Maryland 1,391,515 4,070 066 4,464 69s Virginia 9,004,459 10.805,066 U.ttl.tW North Carolina 2,217 661 3,461600 1 969 6W South Carolina 1.316,974 1,440,606 1,160.060 Georgia 2,463 771 1,646,0W 1,571*0 Alabama 966,909 1*6*6 9W 006 Mississippi 429.364 344,OW 378.6W Louisiana ? ? ? Tennessee 6.317*4 6 956.660 6.940 OW Kentucky 4*4,645 % 3.974 066 4.766.666 4)h'0 18 766.765 15,966 OW 11,57.' 6W Indiana 7.215.566 5,419 6W 7.044.0W Illinois 4,016.163 3,106 606 4,543 600 Missouri 1,646,777 1,144 600 1.506*6 Arknsas 2,966.765 3,111,000 3,437,6* Michigan 5,290 271 4,237.0* 7*1.666 Florida 666 1.0* ? Wisconsin Territory 6* 740 716 6* 971,6* Iowa 495,611 565,6* 791 6* District or Columbia li,563 13,0* 15,6* 1M,310,856 95,667,6* 106.546,0* Coax, Bushels. 1643. 1644. 1645. Maine. 1,390.796 1,736.6* 1,912.6* New Hampshire 311.925 1,662.6* 1 628*0 Massachusetts 2.347.451 3,616,1* S.OM.fW R .ode Island, 576.7* 616.0* 731,6* Connecticut 1,666.458 3.4*6* 2,6-9 0* Vermont 1*2 653 1,410.0* 1 724 6* New York 15.574 5* 19)446 0* 13 256 0* New Jersey 5,865.121 6.966.0* 7,314,0* PennsTlnania 15 657.411 It ?*,0M 17.1*. 0* Del a war- 2,739 9tt 3 6 > 6* 2 713 6* Maryland 6,305.4*2 4.653 0* 3,273 0* Virg.nia, 45 610.7* *.6* 0* 27.872 0* North Carolina *7,946,0 7 22.3* 0* 14 *7 0* 8. n h Carolina 18, 90 913 13 6*0* 6,ll4.e* Georgia. 26 960*7 21.200,0* 13 6* 0* Alabama 94 817.0* 66 6* 0* 16 656 9* 6 *63* 1709.000 2.167.0* Lonis.aua, 1957 392 7*0.000 0*6*0 Tennessee 67.6* 477 61.16 ,0* 70.625 0* Kentucky 50 J 5 1* 47.500 e* 54.625 u* Ohio * 651128 48 0* 6* 57 <00.0* Indians 36,67-. 174 24.5W.0W *625 0* Illinois *.761 411 19 6* 000 25 564 0* Missouri, rut 608 12.590,000 15 625,1* Arkausas 6 751,304 7,500,0.0 0 214.0* Michigan, 1592 462 4.30 .a* 4.945 600 Fiords, K??67 1,1*000 7110* Wisconsin 750,775 560 000 87 > 604 Iowa 2,126 4 6 1.6* 000 2 *8.600 Dii rict of Columbia 44 6* 35 * 461,616,3* 421*1,0* 417 6**6 The returns bear an official stamp, and must, there fore, be considered as near correct as tho data upon which they are made will permit, hat they nut rarjr very much from the actual production of these artiolee. It would be perfectly safe to add twentr per cent to the estimates made by the Commiasiocar of Patents and the amount would then ha nearer the actnal production than that now giwen. 1 here must be thousand* upon thou sands ol bushels of all kinds of ft*1* raited in every diate in the Union, return* of which ar* newer received The estimate of population in 1843, by the lata Com missioner of Patents, must bona been far from being cor rect, or else the es'imate formed by the present Commis sioner is much out of the way. According to praviout estimates, tne increase in population from 1840 to 1848, was 3,114.180. while according to tho last estimate, the increase from 1843 to 1843, a period of two years, was only 418 017, or one quarter as much > . ithin tho past twd years as in the previous three. Thare is, therefore, Tory little doubt but that one of those estimates, or, perhaps both, tr* far from being correct. There bee been more del* to base the estimates for 1843, than eii-ted in 1843 as the census of several State* have been taken by Stat* authority. It ia our impression that the population of the Union, including Texas, waa.iu 1843, rather abore twenty millions than below It. In relation to the oa lmate* of wheat and corn produced' similar discrepancies exist. In the report of the Com missioner of Pateata we And, (as wa have given in the above table,) it estimated that 18 200,000 bushels of wheat were raised in the Slate of New York in 1343, while in the agricultural statistics collected by author! ty from the State for the same year, the quaoity of wheat raised ia put down at 13,891,770 bushels, or about three millions of bushels (or about twenty per cent) lew than the Commissioner's estimate It doe* not, however, follow that either is correct, as wa bellow*, as w* befor# stated, that ell the returns and eaUmetea ar* a large per cent, under the actnal production. The State returns show that 14,733,114 bushels of corn wore raised la thla State In 1843, while the Commissioner of Phtents est! matea the production at 13.330.000 bushel a, being a dif ference ol about oaa and a half millions of bushel*. Taking the* return* as a gnida, it appears that w* hawa a large stir pins of these products for export The production of corn in 1843, wee equal to elowen bushels per head, of whoat Awe end * half bos be la, equal to one bar of ur for owery man, womaa and child in the woo a production of both of thee* grains, might

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