Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 14, 1846, Page 8

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 14, 1846 Page 8
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He next shows the advantages to be derived by our commerce, in being enabled to compete with Eng land in the Asiastic trade, and in opening an inter course with China, winch this projected railroad is calculated to effect; and then dwells on the facility of construction, from the fact of his having personal ly inspected over 700 inilesof the proposed route dur ing the last summer, in which lie gives a detailed and interesting account of his own explorations, and those of others, commencing at the borders of Lake Michigan, thence to the M ssissippt, Milwau kte, Prairie du Chien, the Cedars, Council Blutfs, to the terminus of the proposed route on the bor ders of the Pacilic, alter penetrating through the Oregon territory. Mr. YV. next points the attention of Congress to the progressive movements ot New England, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia?which States are all pushing their rail roads into, or in the State ot Ohio, where they will all meet, and form one grand line, to join this road where it proposes to cross the Mississippi, or be tween that river and Lake Michigan. And when South Carolina shall have completed her road to Memphis, or through Nashville to the Ohio, " the web will then be completed," and the country could be brought together, at the grand centre, in the short space o( " four days," and from the Pacific to any of the above cities in " eight days," and to China in "twenty days." Mr. W. next states, that his pro ject would bring the extremes of the globe together in thirty days, and that a cargo of teas could in that event be delivered in any of the Atlantic cities in thirty days, or in London in forty-live days ! Such a project would revolutionize the entire commerce of the world, placing ua directly in Ihe centre of all, and be a means ol civilizing mankind. The total estimated cost ol this road, when completed and in operation, will be $(>5,000,000; and to accom plish this, Mr W. pro|>oee8 a grant of 92,100,000 acres of the public domain, and the appointment of com missioners, to give titles and receive money for the Bales of lands, or labor as au equivalent, thus hold ing out an inducement to settlers to fill up the vast unpeopled regions of country along the proposed line. After further speculating upon the immense advantages that must result from tne successful car rying out ot such a project, Mr. W. details the par ticulars of the terms upon which he would under take such an immense wotk, as an individual enter prise, which he would undertake to complete in a period not exceeding fifteen year*. There is no question as to the vast advantages which such a project is calculated to confer upon this rapidly rising country.- The great desideratum j is, the supply of hands to accomplish such an under taking ; but who can doubt that, from the continued influx of emigrants, who llock periodically to our shores, and the great facility which the project pre sents, of acquiring lots upon the public domain, that such an undertaking would succeed 1 The foreign emigrant, in landing upon our shores, is often obliged to roam about the Atlantic cities, in want of employment, and eventually becomes a pauper. Our poor-houses are, as a consequence, filled annual y by hordes of the poor adventurers who flock to the American continent, lured there by the representa tions of interested speculators. Hut such an under taking as this would have the effect to empty the poor-houses, and woule af! >rd an outlet for the ac cumulated overplus that chokes up the avenues of trade and industry in our Atlantic cities, and hold out a strong inducement to the laboring classes of Kurope to settle upon the public domain?upon the great and salutary principle, that " labor is capital." To view the project in all its aspects, both as affecting our foreign and domestic trade--the internal improve ments and commerce of the country?its stimulating influence upon agriculture?its advantages to the nrtizan?to the penniless laborer, who is at once af forded a safe and a secure market for the sweat of his brow?in fact, placing the entire project in juxta position with the spirit of the age, and the onward progress of the nations, in the "march of improve ment" we cannot too earnestly press it upon the at tention of Congress, as the salutary effects of the undertaking will be felt from the rtry ttart. The advantages will be gradually increasing, year after { year, and month after month, until the arteries of this whole region of country are thrown open to the en terprizing and industrious. This is the destiny of cur vast unexplored regions, sooner or later ; and, though skeptics may sneer at the undertaking, and look upon (he contemplated project of a railroad across the Isthmus of Panama, which proposes to connect the Atlantic with the Pacific, as an argu ment against such a work, we look upon such an j objection as perfectly groundless end untenable? and, independent of every other consideration, the great improvements winch our territory would de rive by the completion of a public railroad through such a vast region ot country, is in itself a conclu sive argument in its tavor. We trust that Congress will, theretore, throw evety possible facility in the way, and that we shall see the work commence as soon as practicable. Thi Pilots.?The Senate and the House of De legates of the State of Maryland, have passed a re solution directing their representatives in Congress to vote for a repeal of the law of 1837, throwing open the pilot business to all who might choose to engage in it. This cannot but have a favorable ef fect upon the petition of the New York pilots, now before that body, praying for the same thing. A simi lar resolution has passed the Assembly ol this State, audhas doubtless phased the other House, and will be immediately forwarded to Washington. From Cinwruxooe.?By thesclir. Montreal, at this port, we have accounts from Cientuegoe up to the 48th ult, but there is no news of auy consequence. Cnpt* Haley stales that the market is completely glutted with American provisions, which were verv dull of ?ale MoUsae# was in dsnrand Freights to the Untied thai-*. If* in per cask or local questions, involved, usuall^Hff elections. It is obvious that the interests hanging upon this question, as connected with this metropo lis, are mightier and deeper, and broader, than the mere corporate interests of the city. Such being the case, it is very natural for the minds of our citi zens to take the earliest opportunity of presenting this question to the people at the polls, in order to furnish some light as to their purposes and views, as soon as possible. The distribution of city offices, or the value of a few local reforms, or the as cendancy of any political sect of politicians, all dwindle into insignificance when com pared with the vast foreign commerce of this large and populous city, which is beginning, already, to be affected by the portentous aspect of things at Washington, by the embarrassed position of our foreign relations, by the mysteries of the executive mansion, and the ugitations ol the capitol. In this broad aspect of the present position of our government and the people, connected with our foreign relations, we should not be at all surprised to see this new and important issue involved in our approaching election; neither should we be surpris ed to see " Municipal Reform"?the ascendency of this clique or that clique?the strength of this party or that party, compelled all to give way to this new division, this distracting controversy on the subject of the foreign relations of the country. A new and important question is forced U|H>n this j community, by the action of the Executive and of j Congress?a question, in which is involved the vital prosperity of this citv for years to come, be yond the value of twenty corporations, and the ex istence of all the parties heretofore in being. Are the people for 41H or 54'140 I Will they give up five degrees of territory on the Pacific, for the sake of permanent peace? Are they in favor of peace or war I These are the questions most likely to be presented at the approaching election, and all other questions will have to be postponed to some more convenient time We cannot resist the con tagion?the cholera of Washington. Arrival op Slavers ?Within the last two days we have had no less than three arrivals of captured slavers, prizes to the U. S. ship York town, now on the coast of Africa. Since the arrival of the bark Pons, at Philadel phia, the particulars of which were published on Friday, two more have made their appearance at Charleston?the ship Panther, of Providence, and the schooner Robert Wilson, of Baltimore. Commodore Skinner, since his appointment to that station, has done much towards the abrogation of this detestable and inhuman practice; and as evi dences of his perseveronce, we have the capture of the Pautuxent, Panther, Pons, Robert Wilson, and the steam schooner Cacique, formerly the Tigress, of this port. The following particulars of the arrival of the Panther, we take from the Charteiton Courier, of the 11th inst. The ship Panther, (of Providence, R. I.) passed Mid shipman It. S. Newcomb, commanding prize to the U. 8. ship Yorktown. 77 days from Kabenda, (Africa) bound to Providence, (U. I), b t on account of stress of weather, want of provisions, and sickness on board, kept away for this port, and arrived here last evening. The Panther is suspected being concerned in the slive trade, and sent to the United States for trial. 8ho lelt the Yorktown at Kabenda, bound tip the coast in a few days. We have been lumished with the following particulars : The Panther was previously seized by H. B. M. brig Cygnet, but released in a lew days The P. has expe rienced much bad weather, and is in a leaky condition. Midshipman 11. O. D. Brown, came home on duty in the Panther, Midshipman B 8. Cnshman, was attached to the Tatuxent, and Master's .Mate J. C. Lawrence, to the Pons. Capt. J. M. Clapp, the former master, came home in the Panther [from the Charleston Patriot of tho 11th ] Asothkk Slatku Caftl-rkii.?The schooner Robert Wilson, of Baltimore, Lieut. Chipman, U. S. Navy, com manding, arrived this morning, iu 38 days from Port Praya, us a piize to the U. 8. ship Jamestown. The R. W is supposed to have been engaged io the slave trade, and tho following persons are sent home in her for tiial: late Captain Plister; J M. Rush, J. Hamilton, J. P. Mor- j ris. and A. J. Slute They were taken from the steamer Cacique, engaged in slaving, by II. B. Majesty's frigate I'eneiope. Naval.?We see it etated that the U. S. ship of j line Columbus, and sloop Vineennes, whose arrival at China has not yet been reported, have been re called, and ordered to the Gulf of Mexico. This rumor, though extensively credited, we believe, is nevertheless without authenticity. The U. S. ship Yorktown, Commander Bell, was at Kabinda, Africa, on the 27th December. The Jamestown, bearing the pennant of Commo dore Skinner, was at Port Praya on the 27th of Janu ary. All well. Commodore Nicholson, of the U. S. N., was at Mobile on the (kh inst. It is rumored at the Navy Yard that the vacancy occasioned by the death of Purser Rice, will be fill ed by Mr Thomas H Stoneall, of this city, former ly of the U. S. brig Banibndge. The U. S. frigate Potomac,Capt. Aulick, destined for the Gulf of Mexico, was towed down to Hamp ton Roads on Wednesday morning. Lieut. Arthur Sinclair has been assigned to the command ol the U. S. schooner Flirt, ordered to be fitted out as a despatch vessel to cruise in the Gull of Mexico. The frigate United States, at Boston, is ordered to be fitted for sea; destination, Coast of Africa, under Com Reed. The following is a list of the officers of the James- 1 town:? C. W Skinner, Commodore; R B. Cunningham. Com mander; G. 11. Gray, lot Lieut.; J. L. Henderion, Jd do ; J. J. B. Walback, 3d do., J. C. Beaumont. Maiter, R L. t'atton. Surgeon; T. M. McNeill, Lieut. Marine*; J. Rem pie, I'uraari Talbot, Chaplain; R. T McKim, Asa't Surgeon; W. Flye, Profeaiorof Mathamatica; W. Sharp*. Midshipman; J Armstrong, do ; J. L. Ferguson, do ; E. T. Andrews, do -,T. P Etkridge, Captain'* Clerk, Caven- 1 day. Boatiwein, CahiU, Carpenter. Stevens, Sailmaker; M. Tadd, Parser * Steward. Orricta* or thi Smr Yoaxsowx.?Commander, C. H. Bell; Lieut., H A. Steele: Surgeon, W. L. Van Horn; I'ur?er, J. N. Hambletoo; A**'t Surgeon, L. J. William*, i Acting Matter, S. Edward*; Midthipman, F. A. Rat; I Clark, D St. Laon Torter; Boatawain, J. Lewi* Gunner, 1 T M. Crocker; Carpenter, H. Lindaey. All wall. Lat-xch ?Capt. Tinker's new ship Margaret ' Evaaa, intended for a London jacket, wa? launch'! ed at the appointed hour yeaterday We intend to gue a full dsaoiiption oTharjia a.davjor two ' . p wmm brace the present opportunity. Howes' Cmces.-Tho Messrs. Howes, with their talented equestrian troupe, and Madame Macarte as the "bright star," opened the Front street Theatre, Balti more, on the 12th inst. Lxoracn nr. Mrtrr ?This great artiite is creating a musical furor in Baltimore, whero the elite of the city roceived him on the night of his first concert, which took place on Tuesday evening last. A Baltimore jour nal thus speaks of his performance " We never suw a more thoroughly delighted and excited audience?so much so, that whilo his thunders lasted, they could not keep their seats, and, what is worse, their tongues. The moment M. do Meyer took his place at the piano, we fancied, just from the look he gnvo it, that a royal battle was about to commence between the machine and the master. Touching it at first with the lightness of a ze phyr?what followed would have done credit to a sere nade of nightingales. True, now and then, a growl of the bass became audible, as much as to say, " are you at it again 7? take care, I am here but nil he gained by his impudence was a touch or two that made him reel again. Mercy was now out of the question! the rencon tre had fairly begun, and no quarters were shown. It struck us thon as it the master was giving us the etching of a scene just before the Millenium. The lion and the lamb were nbout to graze together, the dove and the hawk were to share the same nests, and the fox and the hen were to be bosem friends for life In fi 10, all the adversaries of animal nature were henceforth and f or ever to form one interesting family circle. It was on the eve of the consummation of this hanpy event, before the change of hearts was perfected. The whole animal creation were assembled in one enormous pen, awaiting the sound of the trumpet, the signal of peace ant good will. Taking occasion of the last opportunity thus of' fered, 1 to see themselves as others saw them,' they made the most of time. Amid the howlings of lions, tigers, and o her amiable beasts, the chirrup of tho sparrow, the warbling of the canary, and the braying ot the sheep, were now and theu heard. Higher and hot ter raged the battle?louder and loudar became the an gry sounds of bottled passions lot out of confinement for a moment, to return to it again in tho next, till the beholder began to fancy that chaos had com- again ? when, as by magic, the master touch of will hushed the strifes of faction, and straddling the whirlwind, drove the whole before him, tilt exhausted nature was i eady and glad to give in, for want of breath. The Carnival of Venice we have never hoard better performed since tho days of Pagauini." Tho Harmoneons are now in Baltimore, and meeting with great success. The Keans are still in New Orleans, drawing over flowing houses, and delighting the Louisianians. The New Orleans journals are waim in their praiso of Tampleton. r Mrs. Mowatt's debut at Mobile is said to have been most triumphant. The house was crowded. The Swiss Ball Ringers gave two successful concerts at Houston, Texas during their recent visit to that city. They were to sail from Galvestoa for Corpus Chruti.on the morning of the 26th ult. M ile. Augusta has gme to fulfil an engagement in Richmond. Oregon ?Many speeches have been made by Honorable Senators, old and young ; but we be lieve, on a candid perusal of Gov. Dickinson's re marks, on this all-absorbing topic, lew, if any, have been as satisfactory to the general and impartial en quirer as this. There is an extension of historical research res pecting the early adventurers, the claims of their several governments?the laws of nations in refer ence thereto, and a knowledge ot the authorities on which such are based, with remarks on those who have taken sides against American rights?that were pleasing to every American heart, who Had the satisfaction of hearing this able statesman. On ihe whole, the arguments are so conclusive, although somewhat novel to a tyro, on this all-en grossing subject, that we advise all thinking citizens to read in detal ihe remarks themselves, before they commit themselves in a decision. He has done nobly and must receive the tnanks of the people. News from Canada.?We are indebted to Messrs. i Virgil & Rice for the following intelligence :? Montreal, Monday, March Oth, 1S46.?-After an un usually prolonged inactivity, our grain and flour mar kets have within the last day or two begun to show signs of returning lite. On Satur ay l?st, some transactions in fli.o flour, " best brands,'-to arnvo, took pla-e at 28s per barrel; fti 0J per 60 lbs was obtained for wheat, to the extent of more than 6000 bushels. Nothing yet doing in ashes, but it is cxnocted that the recent repeal of the provincial duty on I'nited States ashos will bring | a considerable quantity through Canada, for inspection and shipment. Since my last there has been a considerable change in the weather here. It is now very mild, and during the middle and latter part of last week, it was highly dan gerous to pass through many of the streets, in conse quence of the tremendous chutes or avalanches of ice nnd snow, which, thanks to the negligence of our municipal authorities, had been allowed to congregate on the roofs of stores nnd warehouses. Several accidents occurred. One poor woman nearly lost her life She was buried to a considerable depth, by a body of ice and snow from a roof, and a considera ble time elapsed before she was extricated. Laborers are busily employed removing pack<d snow from the streets, which is at an average depth of from three to four feet, and so solid that it requires to be hewn out like stono from a quarry. The general statoment of births, deaths and marriages for 1846, has just been published. Tho burials are 1769 mnles, 1143 females; marriages 864; baptisms 2039; males 1903 females. Tho number of foundlings l.sit at the Hospital of the Sarins Onset has been very much less than former years. Tho volunteer regiments of light infantry, rifle and artillery, have commenced regular drills in the large hall over the new markct Onr municipal olection was attended with much riot ing in two of the wards, but although several were dreadfully wounded, and two reported dead on the day of election, sll are recovering from their wounds Nome Srjsonert were taken, but they were only detaiued a few ours in custody. Within the last week there has been flying rumors of important Ministerial changes, one of which is asserted by one of the journals of this ci'.y. to ba 110 less than the advent to high office of L. J. Papineau. This L ft same M. Tspineau, who, a few short years ago. was attainted of high treason, and upon whose head a price was set by tho Government ; but we get over these things in Cana da. The truth of the matter is thought to be that the supposed negotiation bears roferencc to some of the law offices, by the filling tip of which in'a particular manner, tho Ministry expect to acquire additional strength, and that M. rapineau is landing hit influence to bring the ne gotiation to a satisfactory termination. The medical profession of this city have Issued a tariff of professional charges, the rates of which are enormous ?nA have drawn forth general condemnation. The City Dank of Montreal has published its half year ly statement ; its liabilities are shown to be (1,623.607, assets (2 h90,;'h1, amount of monthly discount account (2,-277,764. The Government has issued a proclamation offering (200 forth# apprehension of the paity who fired at and wousded W. Kerby, Ktq , customs officer at Fort trie, on the 4th of January last. It appears, by Pai liamentary papers, that in the five years, 1839 to 1843, inclusive, flogging in the army and navy was inflicted on British soldiers, seamen and ma rines in fourteen thousand eight hundred and thirteen cases, being at the rate of two hundred and forty-aix cases of corporeal punishment in each month of the afore said period. It further appears, by the same document, that there were forty-ana thousand three hundred and sixty three commitments of soldiora to prison, being at the rate of ?ix burred and eighty ,,jne comm.tm.nts per month, in the five years afO'esaid; and, also, that the above account is exclusive of the number of soldiers flogged or imprisoned in five of the Queen's regiments t?atk>oed abroad, from whom no returns ibave been retftleed j and the proper ty is to be sold by the dsputy sheriff. This is one of the coolest and decidedly mj<t iwpu lent proceedings which has lately come to our knowledge. Doardixo Houses?A boarding house ! Whohasnot at some period of bachelor life, tasted of its sweets, its pleasures and its pains It cannot exactly be called a home?he who dwells in one, is rather in a transitory than a fixed state?he slays there, but does not firs. The proprietor is generally a lady?nine cases out of ten a widow ; oftentimes young, lovoly, and agreeable, and dressed in modest, bewitching Aa//-mourning?you know at a glance that she might be induced to change her con dition. Her cap -she always wears a cap?is neat and pretty, charmingly trimmed, and worn with a jaunty air. She eridently " sets her cap" for s' mebody, and tiies to make all comfortable and pleasant around her. Usually, however, the landlady is either "fat, fair and forty," or something more, with two or three marriageable daugh ters? amnions of Cupid's regiment-nice, interesting, sentimental voung ladies, with excellent memories, and a rare knowledge of the contents of all the most clever and affecting compositions of the day, called romances. They can tell you in a moment how Clifford felt and Julia acted, aud how the stony hearted father forbid the lovers meeting, and at last locked 'he fair one up in her ohamber; how love surmounted all obstacles, by Julia leaping from her window on a dark stormy night, and eloping with her adored in a chaise and lour?or nowa days in a railroad car?to Gretna Green. All this, and more, can they discourse of in eloquent terms?for they themselves have an inordinate desire to "get married." The applicants for board are closely questioned by the landlady who has scions of tho stock matrimonial?s he always prefers "young" men with small fortunes or per manent situations, and If she can possibly find out what the exact amount of your salary is, she considers herself fortunate. Onco comfortably settled in the house, you are considered as so much property, anl are treated ac cording to your availability. Notwithstanding this, a boarding house has its charms?it is certainly an excel lent place to study human nature, for every variety of the K'nus homo may be found therein. We know ot a

philosophic gentleman who chauges his lodgings once a week, and thus visits fifty two in the course ot a year, lie informs us that a dead of valuable information may be gained by this course, and promises to farnish some statistics. The Weather?Yesterday was blue enough all round, until toward evening, when the blue was monopolized by the sky, and tho weather was quite fine. Charge or being cosckssed in the Slave Trade.? The examination of Win L. Shaw?one of the crew of tno l'atuxent?who it is alleged was concerned in the si ive trade, on the Coast of Atrica, is pospoued until Monday next. Charge or Cruel asd Unusual Punishment.?Chss. i M. Lane, master of the shooner Agawan, was arrested j yesterday by Deputy Marshal Morrison, under a war rant from Commis uoner Morton.charged with having in flicted cruel and unusual punishment on one Chatles Cameron, one of the crew, on the voyage from Havana to this port. F.locution. ? Mr. Geo. Vandenhoff is engaged to de liver an opening lecture on Klecution, to ttie students of the University of New York, on manday next, prelimi nary to commencing a course of instruction there. The public can also obtain tickets. Saved from Drowning?On Friday night about 11 o'clock, officer Dorr, in going his rounds, heard the cries of a man, proceeding from the river, at the.feot of Albany street, and on going there found a man named James Hariison, struggling in the water. Hetoikhim to the Station House, where he was recuscitated. Police Intelligence* March 14.? G and Lawny.?A young man by the name of Michael Crcgiar wan arrested last night by po liceman McKeon, of the 6th rvard, charged with robbing his aunt, Mrs. Ann Dominick, residing at No. 61 Crosby street, ol tho following property a gold watch and chRin, valued at $60, also a diamond ring, worth $10, a gold pen, and sundry other articles of jewelry. On being confronted by his aunt, he acknowledged that ho was in duced to steal the jowelry by a Five Point thief called John Darling. Consequently, on Thursday evening, he crept slily into '.he back room and stole trim the bureau drawers the above property, and left the houso unobserved, and immediately handed it over to Darling, who was waiting on tho corner of the street for his return. Upon arresting Darling, he stated that if Mrs. Dominick would let him up, he would tell where tho ptipcrty was "fenced;" consequently the officer proceeded to an old "fence" kept by Bartholomew ltoonoy, No 150 Leonard street, near Orange, in whose possession the watch and chain wero found, he (Rooney) having said that he bought them for $10. Why don't the magistrates break up some of these "lence" shops, instead of taking their testimony against the thief? Justice Drinker committed them both lor examination. Pautni? Spuriam Coin.?Richard Dean was arrested last night, charged with passicg spurious coin on a Mr. Mayo. Locked up Petit Larceniei.? Daniel Driggs was arroctod last night for stealing a meat knife. Committed.?Benjamin O'Con nell was nrrested list night by a policeman of the '4J ward, for stealing a pair of boots, Irom Mr. Appleton. Locked up ?Martha Miller was arrested last night, charged with stealing a gol I ring, belonging to William Florence, corner ol Broadway and Li.penard street. Committed. Albert Dearing was caught last night in the act of stealing a liquor barrtel Lacked up. Movements of Travellers. The following is a summary of yesterday's arrivals at the principal hotels. At the America*?A. Wattles, BufTilo: Mr. Henly, Boston: B. ftieips, East Windsor; R. Ver.s, Sing Sing; W. Oif for l, Phila ; Geo. Logan, (Ja ; Cant. Aldan, U. 8 A ; L. Peterson, Phila ; J. Stuart, Huntingdon; Geo. Graham, E. Dornay, Phila.; Wingate k Stewart, do.; F. Williams, N. Y. Astor?Thos. Tucker, N. C.; F. Newton, Boston; Hor" ton h Higgenson, do ; Weeks, Hill & Richardson, do.? W. Morris, Louisville; Mr. Roe. 60th Ridss, Eng.; Mr. J H. Albony, 4tith Regt Kng , H. U. Tibbetts, Boston; J. Wever, Baltimore; Mr. Wtrd, Middieton; J. Lowber, | Batavia ; E. Atkins. Boston; J. Norris, U. S N ; F. ; Hooper, Boston; II. France, Washington; M. Benson, Londonderry; W.C. Bruce, Bangor; 8. Penneman. Lou isville; J. Weyman. Boston; J. Pike, Maine; A. Morton, do; W. Smith, N. Brunswick; R. Montgomery, N.O; ; Geo. Greig, Boston; W. I'ennoyer, Mr. Gait, J. E. K. Wade, Boston. Citt ? Geo. Johnson, Staunton, Va.; Maview & H S. Preighan, Va., D. Vaughan, Lancaster, Ky ; J. I, Ellis, i I'elerburg, Va : F. Claiborne, Va ; J. Coltie, N. Haven; Jo*. Wheeler, N C.; Thos. Valentine, Va; L N. Adams, Va ; J. Johnson, Oxford, N. C.; G. rhillips, Boston; Mr. Saunders, Phila.; J. Jackson, Baltimore ; J. Legrente, U. 8. A ; H. R. Campbell, Pbila ; Com Engle.U 8. N ; J ?? Graham, Baltimore; R. H. Kiogshury, N C.: Hon. D. Henshaw, Boston; P. R. Woodford, do ; Saatl. Donald, Va ; Mr. Williams, N. C ; J. R. Evans, Phila.; F. Lathrop, j Richmond; 8. Donald. Va. Frawxuw?S. W Hale, Springford, Mies ; L. Van Der. ker, Albany; H. Wells, Buffalo; W. Briggs, Tennessee; ! J M. Owens, Gallatin ; T. 8 Bryan, H F. Washington, Ky.; B. Weymouth, Phila.; R. Lensby.Conn : J.Gould, Faitfield; J. H Pratt, Conn ; Benj Oliver, N. C.; K.M. ! Ball, Boston; L. Bigelow, do.; J. Stott, Hudson; N. H. Taylor, Quincy, ill.; D. Haskell, Cleveland; J.w. Mills, White Plains. Ulobr?R. Holbrook, J. Vandeworth, J. 8 Under worth, N W. Wadsworth, Boston; Mr. Vandenbergh, N. V.; N. Fox, Phil* ; Mr. Evans, Jersey; Dr. Haywaid, j Boston; Robt. Brown, Baltimore; J. Simpson, Newark llowARn?H. Spink*, Ala.; A. B. Divine. La ; P. Chase, Taila ; D. K. Stewart, Ky.; Morris k Butler, BufTilo; J H. Butler, Northampton; J. C. Gelmore, Bal 1 timore; H. Johnson. Columbus, Miss.; D. B. Taylor, Louisville; W. k J. Leiper, Thila ; Moses Kimball, Bos ton, D. B. Fish, Mis*.; D. A.Montgomery, N. C.; W Ashmead, Fhila : W. Reid, Norfolk, Va.; F.Cooper, Thila.; Capt. Dick, Scotland; D. Hume, England, R. Kenny, Boston; Geo. W.Weed, Albany; W. Stochard, Mia* ; D. Fish, Mats.; D. Marshall, Ky ? Col. Blcit, Capt. Alleyence, British Army: F. Cooper, Phil ; Col. Jonee, do ; J Baker, Ky.; C. M. Reed, Washington. Sporting Intelligence. The foot raoe between the celebrated runner* Jack eon and Gildersieev*. which wa* to have taken place on the Bib of March, la Savannah, was postponed to the 11th, on account ot a ram storm which mad* the track too heavy W? will publish the retail t? so*b a* B U r#> reived l Senator stated that he differed materially with his col loagues of the committae on some of the points involved in the investigation; be said,in allusion to the first above named bill, that he was totally opposed to the proposi tion to allow the tenants to call the title of the Patroon in question. In allusion to the second above-named bill, the Senator said he regarded the abolition of dis tress for rent as a measure of doubtful expediency, so far as the tenants are concerned. The honorable Sena tor should havo apprehended, in this Conner that if the first-named bill passes, his remarks, in Jar il lusion to the tenantry with regard to tho > id-named bill, were quite superfluous ; for if the ' on cannot prove his title in a court of law, the ten. vill not be compelled to give security in advance io he payment of their rent, and thus the peculiar anxiety of the Sena tor for the distressing efl'ectt of the repeal of tha " dis tress" law upon the toaantr misplaced. I here take occasion to reiterate the 0[ u that the feelings of this Senator are prejudice' tho sacred rights of the te nantry. Senator Van School r? ented a minority report to the Senate, which von as soon as possible. These bills will affo> ' all the roliaf they in voke; I think they wi Senator Jones repot the 'A'semblylroso lutionsin relation to Si its; tabled until to morrow. Three hundred extra copit> o .a report ef the Re gents of the University were ordered printed. The Senate in committee,then took up the bill to erect the new county of Conewango from the towns of Busti, Ellicott, Gerry, Poland, Charlotte, Carroll, Ellington, and Cherry Creek, (in all eight) from Chautauque coun ty. These towns have a population of 11,845 The Se nate passed the bill to erect the new county of Conewan go, and it was sent to the Assembly. The committee thon took up the bill to erect the new county of Schuyler from a portion of Erie county; after a protracted debate the Senate refused to erect the new county of Schuyler. On motion, the bills in relation to the manor troubles were laid upon the table until to morrow, when they will probably be taken up. Then the Senate adjourned. The weather continues to be mild, with indications of rain. The sleighing is decidedly poor. The House was engaged during the whole day in an investigation of private claims against the State. Mr. Speak r Crain and Mr. J. Young are not yet returned, and the business in the House is critically a random bu siness. The general health of Governor 'Wright is decidedly food ; his heart is light, and his eye bright, as in " tho avi when we went gipseying." The Governor's ex cellent lady rivals Mrs Poik, of the VVhito House, in dignity, in urbanity, in cosveisational tact, in goodness, and in the discharge of all the pleasurable duties per taining to her position. The I. O ol O F.accompanied the corpse of one of their number to the Tomb to-day. They were preceded by a band playing a mournful melody. Such evidences of friendship in this world are beautiful. I should love and approve this pNn ol abstruse fellowship, if I did not believe it to be a limite I philanthropy. If it embriced every humaD creature of God io its henificont provisions, with some material modifications, it would fraternize mankind, aud make charity a paramount and universal piinciple. I think the expediency of any system of good is doubtful, if it is not unlimited in its operations. Our legislators are ptoveibially prosy in private life ; but occasionally ! catch them tilting at n tournament; danc ing at a halt; Digesting a cracked joke in a co'erie, or diacussiug the knotty joints and points of an old gooso, or a fanny argument at a tab.e d' hole, or doing some thing else rejuvenating or rejoicing. I do not appre hend that any particular danger will result from tneir distraught peregrinations or lucubrations. New Orleans, March 6,1816. Arrival of Spring?The Market*?The Fourth? Theatricals. Although it may be a bold assertion, I am firmly convinced that spring has fairly commenced here, and that we are to have some warm proofs that it is in truth the sunny South. We have bad nearly a week of delightfully warm weather. The fruit tree* are putting forth their blossoms?the rosea are beginning to fill the air with their fragrance, and gardaers' faces are literally opened by smiles. Green peas will be in the market in about threo weeks, the pea vines being in full blossom. Asparagus is quite plenty in the market, as well as lettuce, radishes, yeung beets, cauliflower and other vegetables. Business is brisk, and times may be considered pros perous. The transactions in cotton haTe been heavy since my last, the sales averaging 6,ono bales a day, purchased on foreign account principally. The pt ices, generally speak ing, have not undergone any material ohange,although en some qualities there has been a raise of an eighth of a cent. Tho arrivals continue to be large. The stock on hand is IAS,900 bales. The molasses and sugar market has undergone very little change, if any, and a fair amount of sales bos been effected. The sales of flour for two days past have been large, amounting to upwards of 4,000 barrels, at pricos ranging from $4 SO to $4 H7J. Corn ia on the decline, and the demand limited; 46 and SO cents are freely taken. The tobacco market has under gone no change. The stock on hand is about 6,013 hhds. The bark Letitia, Capt. Lewis, from Rio, arrived last night, bringing news as late as the 17th of January. She reports that the U. 8. fr<gate Columbia, the flsg ship, ar rived on the 6th inst.. with no less than forty cases of small pox among the crew; the sick were im Mediately transferred to the shore, and were all doing well when the Lelitia left. But two officers hail been attacked with the disorder, and they had it but slightly The Raritan was to sail for Vera Cruz on the Mth, and the Plymouth, sloop of war, for the river La Plata onthe'JIst. The British frigate President, Rear Admiral Dacres, was at Rio when the L. left. The L. brought to this port 3,730 bugs cotfee. The 4th of March was a very exciting day here, the firo department turning out to celebrate their ninth an niversary. There are eighteen companies in this city, and all well manned, and a better fire department never existed. A riot or fight was never heerd of. They made a splendid display, their dresses beiog very showy. The Keans are drawing crowded houses at the St. Charles Theatre, the fashionables having condescend ed to hoDor the humble temple of the drama with their presence." The American Theatre manager has engaged the North American Circus Company to perform in con junction with his own, and the two drew a splendid house last night. S. P. Stick nev, the manager of the American, ia a very worthy and enterprising man, aod deserves suc cess i but hit acting manager has brought the concern into disrepute, and injured the house somewhat. The audience at the French theatr e were dismissed last night in consequence of the inability of Mad'lle Cas sini to perform, owing, 1 believe, to a sudden domestic affliction. A great fuss has been kicked up here, in the American court, by s lawyer named Wolf, who contends that the court cannot act, as the Attorney General has not been ' legally appointed?the Senate, who confirmed his nomination by ,the Governor, not having been pro perly sworn in, having only taken the oath prescribed ny the new constitution of the State, which does not em- ( body the oath to support the Constitution of the United States. The case has been before the court for several days, and has caused a tremendous excitement. Judge Canonge was to have given his deoision this morning ; but owing to a slight indisposition, he has postponed it until to-morrow. Marine Court. Before Judge Smith. Mabch 14 ? David 8. Jamie ve. Palmer and Peters.? he jury in this case, reported at length in yesterday's ferald, being unable to agree, were discharged. Supreme Court. Before Judge F.lmon '?? March 14k? Cess </ Ota. r.i ter.-- T ie argument in liscaae was conaladed yes'erdvy. It i improbable that idgment will be giv.'ri on Monday Court (nleiKlur?fir .liotiilay, Client Cauat?Noi. ?td, 1,8, ?, 4. 6, 8.7.1, OaMMM PatAi?1st part-1, I, 4, 7, 9. 11, U, !*.*??, f i H 9, ?? I*. ?- Hi W,??. l?. 99 o aspticv ui uiura, i i? from Washington, hope toleave this in a few days." We hare seen i ther letter, dated Jalapa, Feb 15th, which statea i Mr. Slidall is still there, awaiting instructions ft Washington. [From the New Orloans Picayune, March 6.] We received yesterday another letter from Vera Ci brought by tlm U. 9. brig Lawence, -and dated the ult. it contains some speculations upon Ylexican afla not v.;thout i itorost. Although it confirms our previ iep? ? of the , erfest tranquillity existing at present der las, it represents liis government as likely encounter peril, if. not shipwreck, from two prino ourci The Santa Anna party is said to ba very str in Vera uz and the citv of Mexico. Although perf ly quiet, yet the apprehension was so strong in V Cruz that his partizans might at any moment, at a sis from him, raise tho standard of revolt, that commert men were afraid to enter into engagementSjahead, business was nearly stagnant.' Again, prudent men in Vera Cruz were contemplat the probability of a separation of the Northern Dep ments from the Central Government, under ions m tary chieftain. It is not here and in Texas alone I speculations upon this theme are indulged in : 'he f< bility of the p oject, under an able dun, is conceded all bands, when to these sources of distraotion ] odd the defection of Yucatan, and the wavering, dubi state of the Western Departments of Sonora and Californias,our correspondent thinks it quite time lor United States to strike a determined blow, and so tet nate the uncertainty of our own relations with Mexi and thwart the intrigues whioh England has been cat ing on in that country. [From the New Orleans Delta, March 0 ] In La Patria of yesterday we find the latest n< from Yucatan, received by that paper from sour which may be relied on. It states that proposition! I baen received inYucatan from the Mexican Qovernmi to acknowledge and enforce the treaties between Ys tan and Mexico, and grant the former ali iheir privilei in case that the Yucatecos should obey end re cog c the government of Paredei. The Legislative Assam was about to meet at Merida on tho 17th, in order to c suit and resolve upon what should be done ia such ea and whether or not they would accept the offers ft the Mexican Government La Patna remarks tha the Yucatecos subject them?elves now, end admit proposals of the Mexican Government, they will doubtedlv lose by it, as the government of Paredei not established under a stronger system than Herrei was, and consequently in a new change of governusi which may take place at no distant day, the Yucata will sudor aoolhtr insult and other exactions from I who msy succeed Paredes in the Presidential chair. Religious Intelligence. Calendar for March?16th, Third Sunday in L 23J, Fourth Sunday in Lent. 26th. The Aonunoistioi the BleMed Virgin Mary. 29:h, Fifth Sunday in Lsn Rev W. D Snodgrass, O D., will be installed si ] tor of the Fifteenth street Church, this evening?the erciies to commence at 7 o'clock. Sermon by Dr. Spri The charges by Dr. Potts and Mr. Oreenleaf " Scotland?her Church, what i' has done and whs is "?A discourse on this subject will be preached in Central Presbyterian Church, Broome street, this e ning, by Rev. Dr. Alams. R?v D. F Robertson will preach, this evening on Cardinal Doctrine of Revealed Religion, as held transmitted in the church, under all dis|>ensatioDs, am ail ages, io.tne Tneological Seminary. University Pit one block above the Univeraity. Service at half pai o'clock The Ilev Thomas H. Skinner, D. D , will preach next of the coarse of Sabbath evening sermons to impenitent, in the lecture room of the Hitnmond sti Presbyterian Church, corner of Hammond and Facti streets, this evening. The Rev. Jehn Lillie, of this city, will deliver the r lecture of bis course, this eveiurg, in the Rafor Dutch Church (Rev. Dr. Ferris') co-ner of Maiket Henry streets. Subject?"Jewish Stumbling Blocki Rev. John Dowling, pastor of the Baptist Chnrch, ner of Bedford and Downing streets, will preach a! day school sermon in said church, this evening. The Rev. Isaac Peck will preach in the course of mona at Emanuel Church, corner of Prince Thompson streets, this evening. The Rev. Francis L. V inton will preach the 18th in coarse of Sermons to the Young, in the P. E 1 Church of the Holy Evangelists, this evening. The Rev. Lewis P. W. Bslch, Rector of St. Bartl mew's Church, will preach to the Young in the Cbt of the Epiphany, 130 Stanton street, lytween Essex Norfolk streets, this evening. The twenty-third lecture of the Course to the Yot in the North Church, will be delivered this evening the Rev. John R. Adams, of Brighton, Mass. Subje " The turning point of character." Secessions to Rome ?Two persons, daughters of gentlemen, who are prominent members or tha Chi of the Advent, at Boston, one a warden and the oth vestryman, have joined the Church of Rome. The arrival from England brought intelligence that a more had gone over to Rome?the fruits of Mr. P man's apostacy. The following is a list of all the names wo can gather: the Rev. .Mr. Formby, Recto ltuardean, Herefordshire; the Rev. Mr. Durder, hi sistaut; the Rev. James Spencer Northcote, late set of CorpusChristi C.liege, Oxford; the Rev. J.Br Morris, follow of Exeter College, Oxford; Hy. W Esq. Trinity College, Cambridge; and J. B. Wal Esq. undergraduate of St. Johu's College. The Thomas Edward Morris, M. A , student and tuti Chiist Church, Oxford, and brother to the Rev J.Br Morris, the recent (Hirvert of Exeter College,lias re ed his tutorship into the hands of Dr. Gaistord, the Secessions phom the Chcsiii of Rosie to Chvbch of England.?Rev. R. Oaffney, diocese o dagh, Rev. M. Crottv, diocese of KiUsloe; Rev. vV. ty, diocese of Killaloe; Rev. Michael Nolan, dioce .Meath; Rev. E. Burke, diocese of EJpbin; Rev. O'Crolly, diocese of Co* k; Rev. W. Dickson, dtoce Killala; Rev Michael McCartan, diocese of Droir^ Rev. Mr Mulholland; Rev. Mr. Morrissy, Dublin tentiary; Rev. Mr. Commins; Rev. Mr. Brady, 1 Meath; Rev. J. Cousins, Limerick; Rev. Mr. Donn Belcaira, Tuam; Rev. Mr. Murray, Tuain, late of town, county Clare; Rev. Mr. Sweeney, diocese ol dagh; Rev. Mr. O'Leary; Rev. D. Crowley: Rev. Hogan, diocese of Limerick; Rev. Mr. Croly, forn of Foundling Hospital, Dublin, afterward* of Kil Rev. Solomon Prost, Limerick; Rev. John O'Brien cese of Killaloe; Rev. D. L. Braabie, Kernr; Rev. Macnamara, diocese of Killala; Rev. Roderick R diocese of Kilmacdaugh and Kilfenora: Rev. Th Moriaty, Rev. Timothy Hamilton, Kev W J Burk ocese of Kilfenord, and the Rev. Daniel Foley. Dkath of I)? Bsaxes.of Salem, Mass -The Rrtiitfi contains the snnoonceroent of the death of John Brazor. D. D., pastor of the North (Unitr Church in Salem. Marsied. on Tuesday, 10th inst., in the Rutgers i church in this city, by the Rev. John M. Krebs, llev (J VV McMillan, of Gettysburg, Pa., to Mia* Brand, of this city Mr and Mra. McMillan ware ti bark at Boston, on the 12th inst, for the Madura mi in India. Court or Common Plena. ? Full Court. MaacH 14.?Decisions ? Ceurtlandt Palmer adr McDtrmott ?This action was brought to recove amount of a bill, for work done upon some buildin the 4th Avenue, between 96th and Jflth streets. TI fandsnt is sued as the owner, and the claim ia mad dor the lien law, upon the ground that the worl done under a contract made with the defendant aa owner. A verdict was rendered for plaintiff, and d< ant moves to set it aside on the ground of misdire ard tne admissibility of improper ovidence. Net granted?costs to abide the event. Hoyt ?#. Miner ? Motion to set aside an inqm taken before the Sheriff, upon the ground that th deuce was not sufficient to sustain the third count j declaration. Motion deniad.with costs. Smith vi. Carr.?This was an appeal from an made at chamber*. Order revoked, tint without oo SttltotU impleaded, f-c. vi. Jtnkint.?Motion lor I trial denied, with costs. Jeieph G Carpenter vi. Char. Devlin.?Verdict CO! ed.with costs. Sargent aie IPeeterSiU? Motion, in arre.it of moot, denied, with Posts to plaintiff

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