Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 20, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 20, 1846 Page 2
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fAeutmai ?* nuuian tug piutcvuuu Hum L?uuMia|iw?ur lure, and Against me extinction of the protective principle I wan brought forward for the representa tion of Liverpool on the colonial, and consequently on the protective principle. Although perfectly un fettered and unpledged. I yet distinctly and explicitly avowed mysell the advocate o? that principle. I have bestowed the most calm and dispassionate conside ration on this question 1 have listened with atten tion to &U that has been said on both sides in this debate ; and far from being shaken. I find my opin ions confirmed, and mv vote must conform with ray opinion, [dir Howard th-n proceeded at great length and ability to show; winch lie illustrated by a variety of statistical fact*, that the present movement of the Government for the repeal of the Corn-laws was neither necessary or expedient; and then pro ceeded to remark tlmt the nolle lord. the member for West Riding, observed f.ucibiy, the increase of population requires adJiti'M J means and sources ol subsistence ] It ap|>ears to me, that by tnaintaiuiug the Coru-laws we shall best provide for this, by ex tending and improving the cultivation of Great Bri tain and Ireland. It seems a strange proposition, and one contrary to all experience, that the way to encourage the production ot articles of auy kind is to expose that branch of industry to unequal compe tition. But can we not find, do we not p >ssess, in our colonies, unbounded sources?rich fields of vir gin fertility, such as the noble lord has depicted in the United States, from which we may derive un limited supplies of British produced food 1 I had im agined a species ol tree trade among ourselves, by which we might acquire Jrcely, ihe agricultural pro ductions, as well us others, of our colonies, it we were really to treui them as it counties of the coun try. There was a right move in ide in tint direction in the passing of the Canada corn bill, tor which I voted wuh great pleasure ; but this admirable principle is very imperfectly carried out. 1 hoard wuh great pleasure the other night the honorable members for Montrose, Stockport, and Cock ermouth, express their wish to see this great principle extended to other colonies ; and their belie! or hope that the time wh9 now come when ihe cnlo.' tes generally were really to be incor porated with the United Kingdom as integral parts thereof, and that thus a new era ot coionial man agement was about to commence. Wh?, sir, from ttie moment that the protective principle shall un happily be extinguished, not only will the Canada corn bill, though at present subsisting in the form of a solemn compact between the Imperial Parliament, winch originated, and the Canada Parliament, wmch re-enacted that measure?not only from that tnomeut will this compact be ansolutefy annulled, but the colonial system itself will be vir,u illy dis solved. For the Canada corn bill will become wholly inoperative ? absolutely nullified Liow much of gram do tho8<- hoa. members think will come from Canada, Prince Edward's I-land, and Australia, when the ports of the United Kingdom shall have been opened to foreign corn 1 Not a particle of the United States bread stuffs will transit Canada, by the costly inland comrnuntcat ot.s which are now opening lor that purpose, to be taken down the St Lawrence to Quebec to give the British ship owner the benefit of ttie freight home, and the Bri tish merchant the advantage ol the transaction : and should this measure pas9, the United States may well desist from the measures they have adopted (the recent transit act,) to countervail and defeat the important advantages which the Canada corn acts were intended to couter. What becomes, then, ol the agricultural prosperity of Canada 1? Canada is, essentially, an agricultural colony. I well remember?that, in 1S26, when holding the government of one ot the British North American provinces, under a distinguished and justly cele brated statesm in, Mr. Huskissou, at a time when emigration to Canada was becoming brisk, and Canada corn was only admitted to the United King dom in limited quantity, and at a considerable duty, I think 5s ,?to have written to Mr. Hnskisson a despatch, in which, referring to his trade acts and to the measures proposed by his majesty's then go i of the vernment, to promote the permanenftnterests __ British possessions, I endeavored to represent the rapid progress then making in British North Ameri ca in agricultural operations, and the necessity ol improving inland communications a id navigation throughout British North America, and to adopt a steady course ot policy which should ensure to Cana da,at all times,external markets for the consumption ot their agricultural productions, tn the markets of the United Kingdom, and those ol their sister colonies in the west. I represented that no distress can be m severe as that which must result from a popula tion extending itself over unbounded fields of virgin fertility, peopled by emigrants from the mother country as a measure ot relief to ourselves from the occasional pressure of unemployed labor, if at any time we should ft il in ensuring them markets tor the productions of their industry. And it does now be come a matter ol the ver?' greatest importance to consider^ what is to oecome of the Canada*, if we now fail in this duty to them by withdrawing protec tion from the interests we have created, aim the in dustry we have cherished. The United States will not free trade with British North America; and if so, and we withdraw protection from the productions ??f ihe Canadas, as by the extinction of the protective prraciide, and the re|>eal ot the differential duties we are asked to do, it is quite obvious what the tenden cy must be I have olteu imagined?and it was for this that I moved for, and obtained the order ot this house, for the extensive returns that are now prepare j ing, namely, the various colonial lands and com mercial relations at present subsisting between all ths colonies of the empire nod the m tther country, and between the colom-s themselves?that it migtit really be possible to treat colonies like counties of ths country, not only in direct trade with the United Ktogdom but in commercial i itereourse with each other, by free trade MUI1 ourselves, under area- ; soaable moderate degree ot protection from without, and so resolve the Uuited Kingdom, and all her co lonies and possessions, into a commercial union such as might defy all rivalry, and delent all combi nations. Then might colonization proceed on a gi Sintic scale; then might British capital animate ruish lobar, on British soil, for British objects, throughout the extended dominions ot the British empire. Such an union is the United States ol Ame rica?a confederation of sovereign states, leagued togetner for irciil and political purposes, with the most p-rlect tree trade wnhiu, and a stringent protection fro n without; and, signtllv, surely, has that commercial league succeeded and fliur ished. Such au uqiou, too, is th-Germ in Custom h' league; j and it has succeeded to an extent that really is, in so j short a time, miraculous. But Iree trade?the ex tinction of tna protective principle?the repeal of the differential duties?would at once convert all our co lonies, in a commercial sense, into as many indepen dent Btates Tnecolouialcoiteumerot British produc tions,would then be released from his paitof the com pact, that ot dealing, in preference, with the British producer; aud ths British consumer ot such articles as the colonies produce, absolved from his; each party would be free to buy in the cheapest, and sell iti the nearest market. 1 dely any honorable mem ber opposite to say, that this would not be a virtual dissolution of the cotoui tl system. Tne British flag might still fly for a time, where sound Brit sli policy had raised it, in every partol the world. The colo nists would regard it still with the veneration to which it is entitled. Our navies might still guard their coasts and waters,and our troops hold military possession ot their lands; but then would come the question of the economists in debates on the navy, army, and ordnance estimates, what is the use of colonies 1 They consume not, as ot old, the produc tions of the United Kingdom in any greater degree than if they were foreign States; we no longer con sider and treat the colonies as domo'ic sources esseatial for the supply of the materials of our manu facturing industry, and the elements of our mari time power ; and it will be difficult to answer that economical argument, when, moreover, we shall have discarded onr colonies, tor consideration of a wretched pecuniary economy, and sacrificed na tional objects, and high destinies, to the minor, and the comparatively mean, calculations of speculative wealth. I have said what the effect ol free trade must be on the Canada corn bill. What will be the effect of the extinction of protection, when fully earned out, on the British North American timber trade T I am not speaking of the terms proposed in this new tariff, but of the total abolition ot alt dif ferential duties, which must be the result ot this measure. When this is carried out with respect to sugars, what is to become of the British West In dies I How will they be affected by free trade in 11 For the perfect extinction of protection sugar l For the perfect extinction of protection must be earned out to the extent even of admitting alave-prodneed sugar, as already demanded, and as we have already done slave-produced cotton. What is to become ot the coffee ot Ceylon, and what of British India?that boundless space in which, id the valley ol the Ganges alone, sugar sufficient lor the ?apply of the whole world might be produced 1 And sow, sir, in conclusion?fervently do I hope, that, if this measure pass, the intentions and expec tattons of my right hon. friend, honestly and faith fully devoted, to the best of his judgment, to pro mote the real interest ol his country, by (his exten sive measure, may be realized to the fullest extent i sincerely do I wish that my opinions inay prove to bay? been erroneous, and ruy apprehensions ground less. But, under s strong couviction tint such will not be the working* of this measure; believing that the value of Brttisn industry will be depressed ; that the pnyMoal and social condition ol the people will not be raised; that British agriculture will be checked and injured, and that consequently manu factures, oommerce, and navigation, will sutler, and the great pillars of our maritime supremacy, and the element* ot our naval power subvert-d i?I give a willing, confident, conscientious, and consistent vote, however painful and reluctant in some re spects, sgxtoet this perilous, and, as it appears to me, unneeessary experiment?an expert ment from which th re is no retreat; a movement in which there is no receding ; an experiment, the success of which enn scarcely add to the general well-being, (Kai nr/xno? ? k* * ,fle Rloryof this nan t/T ! im anyi ?ure ?m w,??ch ",u" prove ruin i OHE!CTh? gallant member resumed his seat aiutdei loud cheer "j tuv uuimw ??* U|UU|UI IU a utuoc ?*W ciuvm un the morning of Saturday, the 28ih of February, after a powerful speech from Mr. Cobden, on the weak* neaa of the protecttoaieta, numerically and political ly. The division was preceded by a "scene," of a purely personal and recriminatory cast, in which Mr Ferrand, Mr. Bright, Mr. Roebuck, and others, were the actors. Kor Sir Robsrt real's motion 337 Against it, 340 Msjority for the ?notio*? ?7 The New Commercial Policy of Knglsnd, It is doubtful whether the repeal of the corn laws will be lmm-diate. On Monday night- Mr. \ il here moved, in committee for the immediate repeal of the duties on corn, instead of the repeal three years hence, enforcing his position cleverly by proof, that the present tune was the best adapted for Uie interest of the agriculturist; that now he could better compete with his foreign rival, when wheat was scarce and dear in all parts of the worl i, m steudol three years hence, when it might possibly be cheap and plentiful The debate stood adjourned until the following night, and at the time we write, on the evening of Tuesday, we are unacquainted with the result. It isju?t possible, if the morning papers are expressed to Liverpool to-day, that the division may arrive here an hour or two defore the sailing of the packet, and thus cross the Atlantic with the European Timet; but we are not ubiquitous, and ig the ab sence ol advices from our London representa tive at this late hour, we are in the dark aa to the result Ln all probability, however, the senae of the House will be against Mr Villiers. as Lord John Russell and Sir Robert Peel think that it is impo litic, on the score of success, to deuurt t'1? scheme as originally propounded. .Tne Minister would be delighted to be left in a minority, but the landlords, there is every reasoa to apprehend, making the best of what they consider a bad bar gain, will hold him to his three years' term, and divide with him against the immediate repealers. All depends upon the landlords tor the free traders in the House are not numerically strong enough to beat the ministerialists, the whigs ana the protectionists But nothing in their previous tactics can lead us to hope tn it the latter will cx-rcise a generous and dtgnilied liberality on this occasion. The division on Saturday presents some results. The House, as our rtaders are probably aware, consists ol 6"?6 members; of the"". , j rals voted with the Minister, and 112 Tories lota' ?.?; against Inm, 11 Liberals, and 231 Tories?total, '242. which makes tho majority of 97 There were 30 Liberals ab-ent, and 15 lories; 11 Liberal pairs, 13 Tory pairs; 5 vacancies, and the Speaker, B; ma king up tie till coaiplemeut ol the House?058. oir Robert Peel's supportern, it will thus be seen, only number about a sixth ol th? representation, and in this estimate are included 27 officials. It is clear, then, that withoui the aid ot the Liberals he would have been hort dt other words, he would have been destroyed by those who made him. [From Wilmer and 8mith's Timei, March4] As we have been the' steady advocates ot tree trade since our first appearance before the Ameri can public, we may be pardoned for the exoresston of our gratification at its present ovatiou. Industry, combined with an unrestricted exchange ot commo dities, is the source of all wealth, whether ot na tions or of individuals. The ploughshare and the shuttle are excellent preservatives ol the peace ot nations?better far than ball or bayonet. An identity of interest has an emollient effect on people a pas sions. No country in the world possess so many re quisites for the attainment of national wealth, in tne tree and enlightened spirit of commercial reciprocity us the United States. The resources of the soil, tne energy of thecitiz ns.the magnificent and economic internal transit by rail and water, a splendid marine for carrying its products to the ends of the eartn all these great natural and acquired advantages point it out as a pre-eminently fertile and exporting coun try The capabilities of America are but halt de veloped. '1 he young giant is only in leading string*. These facts lorcetl themselves upon us when we traversed that great continent, and the conviction^ is strengthened as we glance in " our mind s eye at the triumph of the undeveloped future, as^ toresriaa owed in the enlightened fiscal policy ol Sir Robert Peel. _. State of Trade in the MANtrKACTORixo Dis tricts.?Notwithstanding the unsettled state ot commercial matters, which have prevailed B"jce the sailing of the last steamer, consequent upon tne corn-law debate in the House of Commons, the re t>oriB received from the manufacturing districts are on tne whole satisfactory. Our Leeds correspon dent, in his communication, dated February <sa, says, that during the past week more business nas been done in both the cloth-halls. Business in the warehouses has also unproved. The principle arti cles in demand continue to be tweeds of low quali ty, for the Continental market. Accounts 'ro'n Huddersfield, although not ao encouraging as the above, at the same time give reasonable hopes or a good spring trade. Tnere is a rather inactive and limited business transacted at the Rochdale flannel market Tue wool mtrket there has undergone no particular change of late. Business at Bradford and Halifax piece markets is rather dull, as is also the hosiery trade at Nottingham and Leicester. The trade at Manchester has not been so buoyant of late aa for some time past There is at present a dilliculty in selling goods and yarns; the prices ol both are reduced to some extent. A fleet of steamers is to assemble in the spring, for exercise in the channel. Some of the Birmingham manufacturers have me morialised Sir R. Peel in favor of the abolition ol the duty on tin. The 0'i*en has b?en pleased to appoint Sir Chas. Augustus Fitzroy, Kot, to be Governor minder iu-Chiel in and over the colony ot North Australia and its dependencies. The navy estimates for 1816 7 amount to ?7,476, 953, an increase of ?533 233 compared with last year. Of this, the sum of 415,324,663 is for the ef fective services. A great sensation is stated to have been excited at Paris by the extraordinary phenomenon ol a young gtrl, from Normandy, who possesses the electric power of tne torpsdo M Arago has made several proofs of this singular quality. Voices from th? Crowd. ? KMOntTBinCC WITH TH( AMRSICASS. Brothers, why this rag* ami scorn 1 i soil t Way these gibe* so~l teuntings dang? Wsrs your lirss not English born 7 Speak you not the English tongue 7 Thiok you not with English thought 7 Is not Shikspeare yours hod ours 7 And the same religion taught In our cities, and your bawera 1 Brothers, turn your thoughts to peace, And let sll this discord cease. Whv should war affright the eatth 7 Were the land yon covet thus, Richer, larger, batter worth. Wherefore should you light With US 7 Twould be scandal to our kind, An opprobrium to our creed, If through rage and malice blind, One American should bleed ; Or if England's meanest son Lost his lite for Oregon. If ye sn desire the land, 'Bide your hour?'twill not be long, Clear it?plant it?send a band, reaceiul, anterprisiug, strong. Who will people all the clime,? ftpreadtog commerce as they go, Free to answer in their time, When you ask them, " fu, or no I* But beware, for Freedom's sake ? Oh, beware, the pert you take. It would be a dastard shame? Shame more deep than words can breathe, If for (kit we lit thn flame, Or drew weapon from its sheath, Doeper guilt, more heinous sin, U the loolish quarrel grew ; AM the nations pressing in, Ranged themselves for us or you ; And the earth Blind wiih hate, Because you were insatiate. Freedom's prophet, England taught, And you learned what she ioaulled , You the inspiration caugh: i Be your prophecy tulfllled. Show the world, that doubts the fact, That of freedom is not born Rabble passion, frenzied act. Utter reckleeoness and scorn,? If so once, they need not be ;? Wisdom dwells with Liberty. Let the bloody flag be furl'd : Nobler is the task wa're set i And 'tis treason to the world To neglect It, or forget. Science woos us to her arms : New Discovery waits our time i ? Young lueentlon spreads her charms , Knowledge beckons us to climb Brothers. Join us in the sen, And we'll lead the march of man But if madly bent on atrife ; An l all reatoit speak a in rain ; Ba the guilt of every li fe In the unnatural oontest slain On your heads ;?and are 'tis o'er, Such a lesson you shall leaun, As shall sicken you of war Brother*, for yonr hand w* yeagn ! Let ns give our'honghts to peace, Let this foolish discord cease Irish Affaire. ST he aflatra ol Ireland are absorbed in ihe conten tion ol the great tree-trade drama which is now ing acted in l.ngland. Mr. O'Cu^nell is in Lon don, and the management of the Repeal Association is confided to his lieutenant, Mr. Smith O'Brien. A bill introduced into the House of Lords, the object of which is to render lite and property more secure in the sister country, has met with a good deal of opposition, and much angry recrimination. The. bill proposes to give the Lord Lieutenant the power of declaring disturbed districts under the operation oI4the net; inured persons are to be compensated* t ute protective loree u to m increased;udituu to be levied upon the district itself for the payment of expenses. The curfew of the Norma conqueror ; in tone revived?people in the proscribed pert of the country are not to be out of their homes between , sunset and sunrise. All this seems arbitrary, and, in the present enlightened age, barbarous; but if the brutal murders, assassinations, and illegal associa tions,at once the bane and the opprobrium of the land, can be arrested, it will go fir to reconcile nil honest and well-disposed people to the infliction. Happily I this coercion bill is to be accompanied by concilia tory measures of a political and agricultural kind. A bill for the improvement of land, By providing com pensation to tenants, a bill for amending the laws I relative to the registration of voters, and another for ? placing the municipal franchise of Engl ind and Ire i land on the same tooting, are amongst the promised i measures of amelioration. It ia said that Daniel O'Connell hag attained the allotted duration ot human lite ; but, if all the ac 1 counts which appear be true, is not destined long to exceed it. Those who see mm nightly in the House i ot Commons declare that he is sinking fast, an<l that i the last twelve months have added thirty years' load I to his existence. He enters and leaves the House on the arm of his son John; and, once or twice, when he essayed to speak, his voice was so feeble that he could scarcely be heard in the reporters' gal lery. This appears to be the winding up of a career which will always stand oat, despite its imperfec tions, as one of the most remarkable in the history of the British nation. This is one view, butO Con ned will yet outlive many of those who could not I hear him in the reporters' gallery. France. | Tae correspondent of Wilmers' Thmes, writes i from Paris, under date of the 23th nit., as follows: A postscript to my last letter informed you ot the ' rejection of the amendment of M Berryer, by a very large majority. The etfect of this amendment was to express a sort of sympathy to the United States in | preference to England, and its rejection was, there ' lore, remarkable Another amendment, of a '"J*1" ' lar cha-acter, has since met with a similar fate. <>n the discussion ot t >e paragraph ol the address in an swer to the King's speech, in which satisfaction was expr'saed at the closeness of the alliance with , England, M. Remusat proposed an addition, to the effect that "each nation should preserve its entire liberty of action in the two worlds." In speaking ! in support of this amendment, M de Remusat, ex ' pressed his satisfaction at the alliance existing be tween England aai France, declared t tat it was necessary Tor both countries and lor the peace of the world, and hoped that it would be continued ? But he required thitin easea in which the interests of th- two nations might differ, France should not sacrifioe her's for the benefit of England lie took the case of the United States as an example ot what he meant. The increase of the marine and the power of the United States was nrturally objectionable to Ee gland, but it was decidedly fur the advantage of Ptrance. and therefore, France should lean rather te. the United States than to England, or, at least maintain a strict independence. There is a di' 1-rence," said he, " 11 the views of Eogland ana | France with respect to the United States, an j a dit I ference, also, in their policy. To characterise the ! policy of France, I will not invoke ancient sympa 1 thies.for I know that would be to make an appeal to sentiments no longer in fashion, and to employ words gone out of use. I know well that it is now accepted that we ought not to conduct government by sympathy, and, besides that the American de mocracy does not merit much symptthy. We have i before our eyes examples of a uehcacy so exquisite ' of disinterestedness so general, that many people willingly regard the American democracy as an interested and mercantile nation, which merits no longer the respect of the world. But that was not a reason why France should adopt the policy of England as she has done in the affair ot Texas." To prove this he made use of several of the arguments previously employed ; and conclud ed by a strong condemnation of the ministerial po licy, as truck ing to England, and wanting an inde pendence. Referring to the Oregon question, he expressed his conviction and hope that it would not end in war, but he blamed ministers tor having, by their conduct in Texas, deprived France ol th - task of arbitrating between the United States and Eng land,to which her rank in the world, and her rela tions with the two countries entitled her. M. Gut zot, in reply, contended that the policy he had pur sued iu Texas was not, and could not, be consider ed an act of hostility to the United States. It was the result of a difference of opinion, and if a mere difference of opinion on such a matter were to be considered hostile, all the independence between the i two governments would become impossible, and if they were obliged to follow the United States in all things, could that be called independence 1 He was , proceeding with his arguments, when M.,Thiers interrupted him to blame the policy pursued in Tex as. France, he said, hid no interest in Texas, and , had no ri iht to interfere to prevent its annexation to the United States. But she did it to oblige Eog land, and yetM Guizot talked about tlfe independ ence of his policy. Both countries were, indeed, independent in cases in which England would not assist France, but they were not independent when ; England needed the assistance of this country. In i Syria and Greece, for example, where France hid need ol England, England stood aloof, and the no- : (icy pursued by each countty was independent; but I iu America, where England needed France, the po- i licy of both countries was united. M. Guizot com- : i batted these arguments with similar weapons to I what he hid previously employed. France had an interest in Texas, and that iaterest required that Texas should not be annexed to the United States. He denied that he h id interfered in the matter to I oblige England His interference first commenced ' on me invitation of Texas herself, when Mr. i Ashbel Smith, her agent in Paris, begged him ' to resist annexation. All that he had doae he would ! unhesitatingly do again. His conduct was the begin ning of that independence towards the United States with France intended for the future to pursue. Un less the determination to maintain that indepen dence has been distinctly stated and clearly mani fested, he foresaw that if a war broke out between England and the United States the government would li tve had to struggle strongly against the po pular feeling for dragging France into it. M de Re musat, in concluding th*i debate, mantained tint France had done wrong to separate from tiat coun try, which, like her, was interested in the mainten ance of the liberty of the seas; and he censured the fe-ling wh ch had been minilested in the Chamber and elsewhere of taking grand airs with the United States, and treating them as a turbulent democracy. On a division, a majority of votes rejected the amendment of M ae Remusat, and thereby pro nounced m favor ot the ministerial policy. Tins was the last debate that has taken place in the French Chambers on American Affairs. It is important in itself, as nhawing that the opinion of M. Guizot and the policy of the government have undergone no ch inge whatever; and as sh >wing. also, in at those opinions and that policy are shared by, and possess tits sympathy of, th* great and over whelming majority of tin Chamber of Deputies.? But the debates that preceded this one were even more important; lpr in them were made the m-mo abl- declarations,"hit h*ncsforth that close and in timate union between France and ihe United States, which lias la therto existed, will exist no more?that the two countries are no longer united, as it were, lor good and for evil fortune?that each will pursue its own path, without asking or caring whether it may please the other. Surely this isaraitierofdsepregret ?a matter that c annot sufficiently be deplored. Yet it isc*rtatn the United States h tve only themselves to thank for it?Mr. Polk's address Ins done it all Ad mitting that France made a blunder in the Texan business, it could not be supposed that she would tamely Bubmit to be rated lor it in the President's Message. A great and glorious nation like France should not be snubbed like a school bov, even when deemed wrong. In returning Mr. Polk's blows, the has struck harder than was expected, and she has taken an attitude which hereafter may I* of lm , mense gravity to the United States It is a pity?a great pity, that she should have been forced into it, especially at a period when war is not altogether im possible between the States and Britain. A'ter the disposal of M. de Remusat's amend ment, the everlasting question of the right of visit was discussed An amendment was proposed con demnatory of the conduct of the government, and in the d?b tes that ensned thereon, the proceedings of the United States towards England, with r?sp*ct to the right of visit, were contrasted with those of ' France. A majority of 73 votes, however, approved and sanctioned all that the government had done. The address was eventually voted by the large majo rity ol 91, and presented to the King. His Majesty s reply to it contained nothing worthy of observation. Since the voting of the address the two Chambers have been occupied in the discussion of matters of mere domestic interest. The vote of the secret ser vice money is to come on shortly It is generally considered a vote of confidence in the government, and gives rise to lengthy and stormy debates. But this year it will probably be carried without any dis cussion whatever, as the debates on the address hive sxhausted every question. On the orders of the day of the Ch inber of Depu ties, appears the long-expected and long-talked of profit dt loi, tor the establishment of a number of picket boats between France ami the Uoited States, and other parts of the American continent. The packets are to be steamers, sod to sail at stated in tervals from the principal seaports of this country. Their establishment will be verv useful both to the United States and France, and will facilitate the communications between the two countries. They will, however, deprive the Liverpool steamers of a considerable number of passengers, and the English post office ot a great number of letters. If, as is said, the United States government also intends to set up a line of steamers between .New York and Havre, we shall have, with French, Liverpool, and A marietta vessels, a daily post between the old world and the new. On the Oregon question, the newspapers have said I nothing, of late, of sufficient importance to beetled. j TIM Hrtut btvewr, a eouamttn, though Mil UKWWtp?r, in noticing the utatenvnt of ? the E.*U PftnZmed to aooept the ofler made by Mr. Galtotin, 2?VSR3wo at the 49th degree of latitude, natwith Btaiidiag it had beea previously haughtily refaeed, SSta" ? a prool that England will cede what eve? th? United States peraiata in demanding No ?a'asfi?1 sSJrga *1S&S5?S%V? AuSr*. ^'?Boeecheacould have arrived in the U- States at the time Mr. Allen's reaolutioas were u^der dia euuion still less at the time they were mat propo rsrssiJss it may think necessary, ^r. Cttooun, J;hen^ ^ rioht in nnjosins the resolutions as useless, or worse than use?ess^ the United States not be in? in a post tion to enforce them Pompous declarauous, with out the ability or the will to carry theminto HTw, lessen the moral influence ol a iegislatura- Thoae of Mr. Allen are felt to be a fiux p<u.F,1* surprising so prominent and so a<?,:n_ statesman should have been betrayed 1^" r"Hkf1"?| The idea broached by the L'mdon of tho re-establishment of monarchy in Mexico has been received, upon the whole, with favor ^ lhe Pir s!" press. Even the republican National does notde nouoce it, if it be the pleasure ol Me*ica"'{?" ' J gists upon the full liberty of action being allowed them It also advises that in any measures the French government nav be induced to join to,.care be taken that it be not^iade the dupe of England. Mr. King, the American Minister, gave a grand ball on Monday, in celebration of Washington ? birthday. Mr. Ellis, hia. ""eUencv's nieoe did th<* honors ot the sa/ons with that unaffected and witching grace for which American ladies are ^c^c* bS^all the world over. Upward, of four hun dred of the (lit* ot Parisian society did themselves the honor ot acceDting the invitations of King, as well as all the most eminent Amer'can ciuznsiiow in Pans Among the guests were M. Guz*., M. i uchatel, M. Dnve-u, and Cowley, the Ambassador of and several other foreign Ambassadors ; the Frr?idsutot the Chambers ot Depuit??; M. Thiers, IM. Uwrrycr* 11 de Tocqueville, and other iiifluenHal *fr* ??.! the Chamber* ot Den'itf* ; several members of the Chamber of Poets ; th* Owark^nan^Tagne, who is m iking such a senahon in making alt the w?m-n die of love tor him fit" rogue u so rich, iud has sueh splendid cachemere shawl* to give away.)-the Baron Hyde de Nen viile. Count Sc mirier, and Count de P*""'?'?; *il_l three for norty Arnoajaado's ot France to the Uni t?d3tS, and mviv other'yHi.rnguiahedper souugrs Tae Lafayette family hid. ot course, be-'u invited, but wore nnable to att-nd rom a d.>. mestic aflictmn. The fiU was a most *plen appeared to afford the highest grattticat io ' guests, and will rank among the most brillunt of of, ohr,.. h.. SMwsfttt is;. hpsk immense quantities of Spanish ket is encumbered,nnd puces have declined. Never theless, it is believed that the Spanish Jjf France could command a sale at good prices, and the light cloths of Reims and Beauvais were in de n and. The ordinary sober colors of icloth are inot q ut fa vorable to tlieir sale?they should be clearer cloths are not very much in demand, and n?d mand that does exist is supphed bv Englani. Cer many, Russia and Prussia. Long ells or serges are in great demand, and cannot be supplied by France^ Turkish satins are also sought after; thpse ofFrance are too dear. Blankets.flapnels, and articles for dre^s hitherto sent have not hit the taste of the Urines , they are not large enough,nor wide enough, nor^do th. colors of the designs suit. Patterns are sent of what is really wanted, but unfortunately it is impos sible adequately to describe them For wines the Chinese care little or nothing, but would accept champagne and the light wines of France, tf not so dear Of cherry brandy they take large quanti ties. 1 could extend this description of "tic es Buuable to the Chinese market, but deem U betterjiot, tnas much as the above is the latest acc?uaU^^ ,.nwl'1 gence of what was wanted two or three months ago ""'Washington Irving, the United States " Madrid, had quitted Pans after several weeks Btay. Mr. Wheaton, the United States Minister at 1 russia, 18 The operation* of the Bank ofFrance last year amounted to l,4t?,9U7,000 francs, the highestamount ""/Uwfo?'SK*...Itcrlcrv vo.,ol 000 francs to Algiers, has been ^sented to Chamber by the Minister of War. The cost ot this colony in treasure and blood is enormous. The new treaty of commerce concluded by France and Belgium is the sam in effect as tbej^wt, with this difference, that it will be some ?ore advantageous in its operations to France. It pro vides. among other things, that whenthe lmporta tion of Belgian threads and linens shall exceed 3, 000 000 fran"s they shall pay duty. Heretofore, they had been gained at the expense of those ot E Anew effort is to be made in [J* of Deputies to obtain the reduction of the 5 per cents. &nte ol the newspapers Pos.tively decUre thaj the government has determined n? ? P?c e(1 with the proposed expedition against Madagascar. Miny pirts of France have sullered severely from inundations. The waters, however, have now re tired. The weather is oust beauuful and mild "SffS.'SffS,TSSm. C.n.p.rrf 'o wtm it was, forty or even ten years ago, or compared to what it is in Italy, the Parisian Carnival is a sorry affair. But, notwithstanding, it is not altogether to be despised. Its masked baila are decidedly amu sing, though net remarkably moral ol the bctuferot, accompanied by a brilliant proces si on of Horsemen and footmen, in costumes of every age and clime-gorgeous banners, triumphal cars, and bands of music, are well worth seeing. Its maskers and mummers in the ,treets, 'hough in ge neral dull dogs, sometimes create a laugh, and al ways excite attention Irom the oddity ot their cos tumes. But still there is no denying U-^e Carnt ,.l.. ,U I.JM .> w.U ,00. ? ? ? vat is on tu tasi legs, ?uu -r_- f altogether. Tomfoolery is no longer to ^ taateot the people. It has had its day, and must now make way to the spirit of the age. l ne go^*-beadiism of our time will assassinate it. It w as yesterday morning that this year's C.arniVJ|1, lT^dav that earthly career; and on Sunday and Tuesday that ZVufVo. was haw kid about tbe.treetsto the iSTafe1 ancient that its commencement is night ol antiquity. On Sunday and Tu sd y nights all Paris was dancing; and I dont luiuk it would be a caloiner ro uay mat all la..s was lor a tune, enticed in a gigantic debauch. Now, however, >s ?!ie time for penitence and mor tification, lor now we arc iu the season of Lent. The Archbishop of Parts has pqb.iahed a long sp neai to hi--, peopv, in favor <?i psuue ace and prayer, winding up with hi i gra ious peruneston to ca, ?tat on enrttia days, .a t to con-ume eggs and m Ik on certain others. F u. notwithstanding the fo lies of theCarnirV. hi-ve .mly j ist ceased, T don t think th t the i^on'e ?-f Paiw, ep-aking of them in the miss willpiymunh a'tention to me prelate s ap poat; and as to h.s p-r.n lasiontoejtj jneat"d Tr..- he m'ghtj'tst as well hive withheld it, lor the P niims eT certaui.y take it as olten as it suit. lh Much satisfaction has been felt here jheB'y of Tunis navmg abolished slave dominions. Such a proceeding ^ ?aroely toh v? bsen expected from an African potentate w wn?^ se entertain an extreme abhorrence towards it; and bt ssy..,Ki rvSvixits in meir colonies, measures have been taken?or its gradual abolition, and those measures ?re now belli carried into execution. KnXnd lskaid to have offered to arbitrate be tween Franoe and the republic of Hayti in tke .P?D/J" ngCd?pu?%d therein no doubt the offer will be Bilsrtuna, The difference of opinion prevailing in the Bel gian cabinet raepecting the education question, has Civen rise, after Ave or aix cabinet couocila had een held on the subjeqfc to a ministerial crisis M. Van de Weyer has resigned the poet of Minister of the Interior, and his resignation has been reluctant ly accepted by the king. His excellency will short ly preceed to London, in ofder to resume, his diplo matic duties at the court of St. James's, his succes sor not having been appointed. Co.MM X R(: I At. TREATY BtTWri* FRANCE AXD BkL oit'M ?The Journal dt Bruxtlln contains a con densed statement of the commercial treaty conclu ded between France and Belgium It consists of thirteen articles, and certain stipulations of some importance, reiorruag to dyed tineas, udoo tkara uan ot the du-iet in tUaea cloths. The stipulations io favor ot Belgium are first with reference to the duces on v trn sad muslins, which, from the lo.h ot August, Id Mi, are to be imported in to France on these farina: 1st For yams, the first a 000.000 kilogrammes at the duties antsrior to the royal ordonnanoe of oath J una, tail; beyond 3,000,000, ami up to 3 000,000 of kilo grammes, increased by the difference agreed in favor of Belgium bet arson its oarn ta ift and the general tariff; be yond 3.000,000 kilogrammes, the dnties anterior to the ordonnance ot 3Sib Juue, 1841 For muslins, up to three millions of kilogrammes, the duties anterior to the ordonnance of 3t)th of June, 1841; above that quantity, the duties of the general tariff. The rule tor the importation of flax and hemp from Belgium into Fresco is to bo established reciprocally with the impor ation of the same produce of France into Belgium, and the duties on either side are not to he aug mented until the expiration of the present treaty. The Belgian government agrees also to require on all the other trontiera, except the French frontier, the state duties, with the exception of 31000 kilos of yarns from Qsrmanyand Ruttia, which Belgium continues to re ceive at reduced duties In the first list of stipulations are also those which, on the one hand, relieve the machinery of France from the surcharge by the law of 1810, and on tho other hand, regulate that the slates of Belgium shall only ho admit ted into Franoo on tho minimum duty of the law of June ft, 184V Tnere la also an article regulating the arrangements for packet biats conveying letters ana passengers into the port of Franca. The concessions made by France are : - 1. The arrangements with respect to wines and silk tissues continue the stipulation of the 10th July, 1043. 3 A decrease of 13 per cant, on the salts of Krauce aant to Belgium instead of 7 par oont as at present. 3. The annulling of tho supplemsntary taxes estab lished in Belgium, in 1943. on wtolleu yarns, now clothes, and u.hionable manufactures from France.? Woollen yarns are to pay three fourths of tho fumer duty, and the other articles the duties levied before 1843 4 Annulling the supplementary duties of 9 and 8} per cent on csssimeres, and similar manufactures. 0 The continuance of the decrees of 1844 and 1843, which took from cot on tissues, of French production, the extra duti.ts which before existed. There are some reciprocal agreements to the naviga tion of mutual rivers; and a special clause declares, "If incrvsse of tbo present Octroi duties, or other dutlos of the Belgian communes, shall injure the profit of France io these s ifttlatior.s.tbe simple declaration of the French government, after one month's notice, shall be tufilciont to render this treaty null and void." ?paln. Our advioes from Madrid are to the 24th ult. in* | 1 elusive. As was anticipated, the address, signed by a num ber of the deputies, against the proposed marriage i : of the Queen with the Comte Trapini, has led to a change of Ministry. One oi the ministers, M. Mon, : | was suspected oi having favored the getting up of the address, and it is certain that it was signed by ! 1 many of his personal friends. Tnis ltd to aliurca- i ; tiona between him and Geuiral Narvaez, which, ( however, were patched up by a sort of apologetic J speech delivered by M Mon, in th * 1-gislature. Sub i seqieQt'y, however, the disputes between the Min isters broke out afresh, with renewed violence. ; Narvaez, w!io is a vioient headstrong fellow, in | du'gcd in the in oat virulent reproaches of his col ; leagues, t>o much so that one oi them, the Minister I of M trine, proposed a duel, which should be con- | I tmu 'd until one or the other wn killed, but this, ' though accepted, wta prevented by the prudence of f the seconds N irva?z at I tat proposed, that as they could nota*rree among th?mi?lves. all the Ministers : shou'd send in th-ir resign t'tois; but to this his col ! letgues demurred, saying, thtt as they possessed the { confidence of the legislature it would be inconaist ; ent with their dutv to th? c tunfry t? resign. N tr* I i v*?z tbereuron, got into a great passion, and bounc ed utf to the Queen and offered his resignation as i Chief oi the Cabinet T ie Q teen sent for the oiner Miuibtrrs, and told thein in it she considered tho Cabinet dissolved, and anted them to give np their ! port-folios. They again declined 10 res:gn, saying, , th-t they could cary on the government without N trvaet A ter some little hesitation, M Mart.nez I d- la Hosa, Minister tor Foreign Affairs, sent in his , resignation lis cd'engues, however, would not j resign, aud accordingly they were dismissed by the Qieen. Narvaez was appl.ed to to form a govsrn- 1 ni-at, hut he declined The D ike de Viluma was i next applied to, and H*ce,rtef tho task, but, being ; unable to complete n, w .a uh'.ged to abandon it. An application w? then made to the Marquis de Mira- { flares, and be immediately formed a Cabinet con sis'iiig of himreli aa G'lief and as Minister for Fo reign Affiirs; At. Isturitz, M.mater of the Interior; | G'n-'ml ftonc-ili, Miniver o War; Tor- ? pete, Vimister of Marine; M F.msy Aganyo. Minis- ' ter of Finance; M An>zola, Minister of Justice. ' Gmeral Narvaez was nominated General-in-Chief j of the Army. The new Cabinet consists of eminent, ? able, and patriotic men, alt .-,1 whom have played im- I poriant pirts in the uublic affairs of the last few j years. Thns far we have not had an opportunity of ascertaining in? manner in which it will condnct ! the government, but u has ;>!> dged itself to act ac- j cording to the constitution,and to bring in measures , for the promotion of public interests. It has ex Slained, also, that the ttile given to Navaerts merely onorary, and gives no power whatever over the army. There is a talk of some extensive modification in our tariff on cotton goods. INDIA Terrible Battle?Tremendous Doss of Life. Cur advices from Bombay, since the sailing of the steam ship Cambria, come down to Janu try 17, and furnish accounts of o ie of the greatest battles ever fought by the British in the Indian empire, in which we have sustained the known loss of 3,30i) of of our brave soldiers, inc udiog the gallant Sale, Sir J. M'KaskiU, and Major Broadfoot. When these accounts left the scene of action for Bombay, tor transmission to England, there were several r giments from which returns had not beeu received, I | so that a further loss may be calculated upon. i i An Extraordinary Gazette gives the official ac- j j Count of the military operations in this great sirug- 1 gle. The result, we are proud to say, la as glorious ' ! and decisive a victory as ever crowned the British I arms, and equalled only by the field of Wa- I j terloo. Previous to laying before our readers co : piea of the more important dispatches, we prefix the ! I following brief outlineOn the 12th, 13tn and 14<h ; of December, the Sikh armv crossed the Sutlej, i ' with, at the lowest estimate, 80,000 men (of whom ! 20,000 or 30,000 were cavalry,) and about GO pier" a ; of cannon of the largest calibre moveable in the ; ! field, and exquisitely finished?aa artillery itum?a- I surahly more powerful than was ever brought into ] ; the field by Wellington or Napoleon. It is only in ; { morals that the Sikhs are to be ranked as barbari ans. They are a race as vigorous in body, as acute in intellect, and as skilful in all the arts titey culti | vate, of which war is the chief, as the generality of | Europeans The place at which this formidable host passed the river is about 40 or GO miles from Lahore, the capital ot the Punjaub, and within a much less distance of Ferozepore, the most advanced of the British posts. Ferozepore is about 13 or 20 miles from the point at which the Sikhs crossed the river. The invaders having established themselves and organized their f rce on the British side of the Sutlej, made some slight demonstration of attackuig Ferozepore in the interval between the 15th and 18ih; but, upon the last named day, broke np, and taking the direct road to Delhi, proceeded in a southerly di rection, as if they would mask Ferozepore, leaving it on their right. In this direetion a division of 30,tOO ot the invaders had proceeded about 23 miles to a place called Moodkee, when, on the evening of the 18th, they were met by a p .rt of the British ar my commanded by Sir Hugh Gough and the Gover nor-General. Sir Henrv Hardinge, who, sss*cond in command, took the field ia person. A fierce con fiiet ensued, in which the Sikhs lost the artillery at tached to their division, in number 17 guns. It was in this Mage of the b title thai S:r Robert Sale and General McCasktll Ml. The ccuUst proceeded languidly through the 19*h a> d Dili, the armies on both sidet being occupied wi.h ti ? burntl of their dead, and the reorganisation of their respective ar mies. Dnrng fhege two days the Crrish command er received eome reinforcement^, but the invad ers having tallen back upon their ma n body, proba bly 30 000 or 40 000 pr**?nt<"l ? prodigiously aug mented inrc, wneu the eh Tk of battle was renew ed on the 2b', at a place called f-eroj'shar, about 12 miles in rrtresi from Moodkee At Ferozeshar the j iuviders had prepir- d a vtrniiglv entrenched camp, I which they stood prepared to defend with 100 pieces of tneir huue fie) i artill' ry and &) o00 men. Iin igi- : na'iou can stfaro* )y depict the f ry an 1 the obeMna- | cy of the two days fight (hat man have preceded the capture ot the invider-'csmp, with oil its materiil and artil erv, and the inter dispersion of the iav td ing army on the 21' D o-oite-r The most fortu nate escaped to island* 111 the Sutle, or perhaps o the Punjaub bank, nut the creater part were scitti.r ed in hmkru pin- a throu. h the IJ itish territori. \ Tn-ir loss is variously eat mued ut from25,000 to 33 000 in killed aid won .r?ed Our loss in killed hiii is to tv? a*--* fads little abort of 3 300, inciuuiiii f J to o - j> < Hirers. from tifural Sir (* ??<*, G C B., the Com muivlrr inchu f qf ;h yirmy in India, to the Go vern tr General <>f /%/?'? C.ixr, Moors i, Dec 19,1845. Rith' H in Sir? It would t>- a superfluons form ia m * to aJdrea* vo i a usrrauve of the campaign which has op"u~d againsithe S khs, and the suc cessful action o' vs' ,fd -v. since you have in per son shared th- fatur- s and dangers of our army, 1 and witnessed its t (Toi t.a and privations, but that my position as its need, renders this my duty ; and it is i necessary, Iroin 'hat |M<sition, I should place these events on record, for the intorraotton of all Europe as well as of all India. You, bir, k 'o*". hu: nthera have to be the sudden an l u ?|>r >v nted sugression of the Sikhs, by crossing die Su'fej witii i ?? itrt-at proportion of their army, with the avow<-d ia'^-tifton of attacking Ferozepore in time of . rofouni p-ice, rendered in dispensable, on o"r part, a *nes of difficnlt combi nations for the protection of onr frontier station, so unjustifiably and so nnexnect edly menaced ^ From the advaaosd and aaltaat position of Fero zepors, and its viciiuly in An Btfch nipHjl, if de fense against a sudden mek became a difficult ope radon It was dwayMoMbla for the Sikh go vernment ta throw a formidable toroe upon u be. fore awe efficiently numerous could be collect ed upon our side to support it; but when, upon the 11th instant- it became known at Unbui lt, where 1 hid established my head quarters, th?r this invasion had actually taken piaoe, theeflorta to repel it followed in (rapid succession, notwithstand in? 1 had the fullest confidence in Major General Sir John Littler, commanding at Ferozeporu, and in the devotedness and gallantry of the troops occu pying it. The troops from the different stations it the Shir hind division were directed to move by forced marches upon Busseean, where, by almost judicious arrangement, you bad directed sullies to b? col lected within a wonderfully short space of time. The main portion of the force et Loodianah waa withdrawn,and a garrison thrown into the little for tress there. From this central position, already al luded to, both Loodianah and Ferozepore could he supported, and the safely of both pUees might be considered to bo brought, in some measure, withiu the scope of the contingencies of a general action to be fougut for thdir relief. Ail this ia soon related ; but most harassing have been the marches of the troops in completing this concentration When theit march had been further prolonged to this olice, they had moved over a distance of upwards of 150 miles m six days, along roads of heavy sand; their perpet ual labor aUowihg them scarcely time to cook their food, eren when they received it, and hardly an hour for repose, before they were called upon (or renewed exi?rtinnB j-_^1(.en,0"r loading cosps resvhed Wti3OTr, a small ih!? Ik r Saere SlD?h. its garri !?.? i . a,! *at?a ,ort affainat them ; and, as our battering guns were far in the rear, a was deter ?i"ed to reserve it for future chastisem-nt, and twSL! ?* . cotfet" with compelling the Tillage to ? supplies (it could, however, provide little, ^nif. ? our OVer-work?d oaifle) under pain ol oot^hl0* a cannonade and assault; thia it did^vith outthe necessity of firing a shot. ? thelWn-hlr re*?hed Wudn**. it was evident that m Feroiepore felt the influence of oar that hlX**!* ?rd ta%ia v*n> lar*r potion of Hdvan^ ^b?endetdOhed 10 op?x>'w our lur,twr is Lr Leerl,n* parue" '?"tod ?"'d?e morn mueu-?" *? SO'-n after mid day, the division under V Jer Ge. ner.u Sir II irry Smith, a brigade of that under M'ior general Sir J M'CaekUl. and another of that mX Major Oeuaral Gilbert, with five troope ot horse ar tillery, and two light field batteries, under lieutenant Colonel Brooke, of the horae artillery, (brigadier ia command of the artillery force,) and the cavalrv di vision, consisting of her Majeure's 3J Light JBra g<KJn *? W body-guard, 4th and 5th Light Cavalry, and 9th Irregular Cavalry, took up their encamping ground in front of Moodaee. The troops were in a state of great exhaustion, principally from want ef water, which was not pro? curable on the road, when, about 8 P. M , informa tion was received that the Sikh army wan advanc ing; nod the troops had scarcely time to get under arms, and move to their positions, when the fact was ascertained. I immediately pushed'forward the horse artillery II!17sdirecting the infantry, accompanied by trie Held batteries, to more forward in support. We nad not proceeded beyond two miles when we to.'Sd the enemy in position. They were said to coasist Ol from 15 000 to 20.000 infantry, about the r-rne force of cavalry, and 40 guna. T.iey evident ly uai just u'tea up their pjsition, or were ad vane 7..,a OJ"kr to battle against ua. i - resist their attacks, and to cover tha lerma timot the ini tntry, lad/a need the cavalry under 1 'k V UouK% and Mactier. rapidly to me hunt, toi colu nns of squadrons, and occupied tue plain ?n-y were speedily f- l|.?w*d i?y 'he five mm,* of horse artillery, uud-r Brigadier Brooi,e, 3K .a hu fl\.r *J"i PO*""'a' h"'"s '? " d"ul ? S"B ioir J ., 7' ?"{.?,n 30i'lf p'vies, thick 'hjw j in gle, and dotted with s ndy h 'lo ki The screened their infantry and artillery behind mis in ' gl I and such undulations as the g-->uu?l *.fT'-rdrd and,whilst our 12 battalions formed Iron *<iaelea of laJ? opfnod tt w7 "evere comonada renl?*d ,! C roiVWhicfl Wu vigoiouvly replied to by the Battery of horae artifice under Brigadier Brooke, which was soon joined by the two light field batteries. The rapid and wefl direo thar n?iheanr ^ appeared "?on to paralyse that of the enemy; and, as it was necessary to com the andler^T11'7 dl8p081tl,oaa without advancing the artillery too near to the jungle, I d wee ted the cavaTry under Brigadiers White aSd Go!?ffX.lE a flank movement on the enemy's left with a view of threatening and turning that flank, if possible ? 2 h ?hIai*TK,fll 5 a?trF*,ke 3rd Light Dragoons, with the 2nd brigade of cavalry, consisting of the 8,1(1 6til L'ght CavaJry. with a portion m. ..1 LHacen> urned the ,e" of ta? ^ikfa ar ' "Y^Pmg along the whole rear of its in fantry and guns, silenced for a time the latter, and pot their numerous cavalry to flight. Whilst this movement was taking place on the enemy's left I d1? remainder or the 4th Lancers, the 9th k und<,r Brigadier Mactier, with a light field battery, to threaten their right. This manmuvre wasalso successful Had not the infant enemy been screeued by ike jungle, these brilliant charges of the cavalry would hav? been productive of greater effect When the inlantry advanced to the attack, Briga dier Brookes rapidly p ished ou his horse art.llery fc ? 80(1 lhe cannonade was resnm ?d on both sides. Ths infantry, uader Major General K,'.Gitb7t' aad Sir Jol,a M'Uaskill, ?lm w 0 ?i oa ol line? the enemy's infant-y. Si**!^visible amongst wood and the wmIXm u u ?Pi*w'ti?>n of the enemy was such aa might have been expected from trot,,* v^i a everything at stake, and who had long 7-X:4,of briag 1 [resistible. Their ample srdrx far omH nfc?p0m. Kr frenlsujieriority of unmb-rs, ,l a nanked ours; but this was eountsrarte I by the flank movements of our cavalry. Tha stuck of &JT1W now comraeuced ; and the rofl of fire fnim tbis powerful arm soon convinced the Sikh army that limy had met with n foe taey littlaexpect ed; and their whole lorca was driven f'om p->st tioo after position with great slaughter, and the low ^Pieces?f wjillery, some of heavy calibre ; oar lofantry, using that never failing weopoa, the bayo D.t:'i wh-tnever the enemy stood Night only saved them Irora worse disaster, for this stoat conflict was maintained during on hour aad a half of dim star ught, amidst a cloud of dost from the sandy ???*??? wh en yet more obscured erery object. 1 regret to ?sy this gallant and succ ssful attack was attended with c insiderable loss; tite fores bi Uffn tac rte,d {oT some hoars, and only it k ? encampment after ascertaining thit "hadn? fnemy befoft it, and that night prevented the posibility ot a regular advance in pursuit. thi?^?( pCf'T4!1? yoa\ nifht h morahle atr. on this first defeat ot our invadera by th' army I ?iv? the honor to command. The perseverance by wnich fh^r^Wat8 *t,aiaed y,ou Personally wttiteased : and !, Ti ?Wnl,lt proud of th? eel/devotion with which their Governor General exoo>:ed h art! to every d inger amongst ih-m. 1 before an!} edai^Ulii u hf? ?#Tere 5 " could O"' eMeem ed small if we had no other to record, wh-n I men ticn that, towards the conclusion of the atiair Maior wUVri .Sf,e?.to. whom India and Eng. land are so much indebted, bad h,s left thigh nhatuE fd by a grape *hotf and that tha wound h<u ainct proved mortal. Sir John M'CavkiU. an old .td vX ?d iilicer, who has d?>tie his country ranch good ?er ,v'?-.^c?lv?d a ball through his , oa ^ ?.nce his division, and immediately ex n?n? r P"flJld'er" Bolto" Mactier, and Lieute bb>offir ~ Banbury and Byrne, and .?her valua ble officers, are amongst ihe wounded These loencs ?".r ?oan,Ty.?nd the service will deplore, but noteon frem whrn Feresopor/shnll b* ??d fei?Shed in'u,t oor wrnterjr ^ UTlhav? eTery reason to be prnod of, nad gratified ml! ,elxeruons of 'h? whole of the officers and . s of this army on this arduous occasion; with aonT?r a" "inddl,po8'tl?,>? o? tha generals of dtvi I'ngadteri of the several arms, the gene con auJ hriifsde atalf. and the f. ?? , nd,u5< ffi *'8 ?>?; but thin dispafah s ne. j.manly completed in the utmost haste, and m i-te m tat of most important opratteas-I man, 77 78?rTe *?'8 future oppoiiunny th-i pleas. * iak of bringing especially and the laK offi^re'""am pir:ieuJar aH,riU ?r hldi I rannor, however, refra; i from exnresste^ my deep veus ? cf oblige urn to the heads of the two prin f?"' dPortn?u a .Isjor G-merJ Sir James f a?. ley was uuloituavaiy prevented by severe nickaets from taking part i tin not ire 'Intfe* of tit. s great crisis. M ijor Grant. Jepoty adjut ant gen oral. ih?re fo? supplied his place, an.f it is my dut> to ?sy h-.w ably this has been done, aad how great a i.m f endured by being deprived, fdr the jrese?,t, <,i n;? services, in consequence of two wr.unus which he received vrtuist urging on the infantry to -he and decisive attack of the enemy's batt?rt< n Nei ther mast I tail to record the valuable aid wuca has upon tins, as on a former csmpatgn, besw afforded me by the Quailer Master General, Lieut. Colons] Garden; his departmental arrangements demand my highest com neodation. Major Gen. Sir Hany Smith having b en appointed te the command of a ! u'"IOEf charge of his office as Adjutant General ol her Majesty s forces devolved upon Lieut. Col. beiT' ?? ?!? u -1 ? 'h? Pt^om,ai,ce ot f11?1? du* i? 2Ifi ay 10 wlllch assistance can be SKak inn hoDor?ble sir, for hav of vour nil ? T/a,l8P?,a[t1*? wrvices of the officers S.?a^ Ihf: ? ^ank ,bl,m hr ,he valuable as; shafl hsmv^u 1 Dwond>l? arduous dty. It duty jo mention them iadivi dually, with the offiwrs of my?wa psrs?Md

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