Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 20, 1846, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 20, 1846 Page 5
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THE HERALD SUPPLEMENT. NEW YORK, FRIDAY, MARCH, 20, 1846. i*2!^WS^r?^.'?Krtt?r Dior* of the Prwheti. [Correspondence ef the Niw York Herald] Buffalo, March 15, llM6. Last evening, about six o'clock, the ice gave way, and came down, taking in ita course first, the large steamer Wisconsin ,Capt. S.Card?parting her fast enings, she swung round, came in contact with steamer O W Oats, cut bar down, and sunk bar; brush ed alongside steamer St. Louis, carrying a small schoon er under her guard, starting her guard knees, stove wheel house, carrying away part of her wheel, he The steamer Chatanque was also taken in her course, and is a perfect wreck. On they went, taking every thing before them. They steamer Rochester, Capt. Fcl gar. has suffered greatly in her upper works, having been driven under the wharf, where the now lies nearly on her beam's end. The steamers Lexington, Indian Queen, United States, Wisconsin, and some twonty sail cratt, were driven out into the Lake, where they now are as near shore as they can go for the ice scattered from the light house to Black Rock, with lost of spare, anchors, rigging, bulwarks, Re wholly unmanagabls, they being undergoing repairs for the opening of naviga tion. Tnere is but one noat in port that can give any im mediate relief, and I don't think thoy can get her ready t>efere to morrow. The weather is now favorable; but should it blow to-night, the loss of property would he tse, and probably life. Capt. Card is censurei immense, and probably life. Capt. Card is censured by many for his negligence; but whether juetly or not, re mains to be seen. I question whether any extra care on his part could have averted the disaster. AH is confu sion. All unite in one enquiry?Will the government ever do any thing to protect our commerce T Yours, truly, R1YERS. Foua o'olocx P. M -The Indian Queen is on the reef in Niagara River, and will probably be lost. R [From the Albany Atlas. March 10.] A freshet exceeding that of 1839 has visited us, and as is usual in such cases, has destroyed a large amount of property A number of our wholesale dock merchants, although in a measure prepared tor the visitation, will be heavy losers in teat, sugars, ho., they not having taken the precaution to remove their goods far anough beyond the rMoh "1 the flood In all the lower part of the city, and iu-feod in many place* where the water was never ItnownHlp coma before, the families bad made scarcely any yrsparation. They were driven into the second and third stories, and the loss and distraas of the poorer class es will be severe Oreenbnsh was all literally under water. Several buildings were moved from tbeir foun dations, tbe ways at the dock yard with a great deal of other property was swept away, and other damage done Bath hue also com* in for ita shara in loss or lumber, he Tho track of the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad was par tially obstructed by the overflow of the Patroon'sdam; carrying away abont two hundred yards of the embank ment. The morning trsin yesterday was compelled to return. The evening train came in between six and se ven. The passengers were transferred across tbe breach, about eighty feet of the embankment, a quarter of a mile this side of Schenectady, was also carried away. An efficient force has been employed to repair damagna, and the trains may he expected as usual We learn that the Schoharie creex has broken up, car rying away the bridge near ita junction with the Mo hawk, and that the canal dam at Minden has suffered some injury. The East and West Canada creeks had not brokeu up yestorday. From tee south we have had no mails on the east tide of tbe river since Friday noon until this morning. We understand that they are detain ed on the south side of Bcbodack creek, tbe bridge at that point having been carried away. On the went side three bridges between CaUkill end Albany are missing. Parish's bridge, near the paper lactory ; the 1 go en tering Coeymac's. and tbe bridge near tbe h . as probably Judge Sill's. The Columbia s r . ? nigehas been greatly damaged by the pressure o< ice, as baa also State street bridge. Several cana i the ba sin were pressed under tho last named b board of one was a family who barely escaped lives. A number also found their way into th> have probably been destroyed by the ice. Tt en chant* have doubtless been groat sufferers, r was teen floating down tbe tiver during f A two story bnilding passed dotv,, above, yesterday, in gallant i from somo point above, yeaterday, in gallant style. The water commenced falling about noou yesterday, io the great relief oi those who apprehended further dan ger. We hear also that n bridge at Waterford has boon carried sway, and that two abutments of the Troy bridge have been dislodged. The water has been giadualiv gniDg down duiing the day. The weather is beautiful. We learn that between this city and Hudson, the river is perfectly free from ice. At Hudson, the ice is banked np across to the Athens side of tbe river, to an immense height. Below that point, and almost dewn to I'ough licepsie, tbe ice is perfectly solid as in mid winter, it is said A gentlemen, a resident in Orceubuah, infor s us that so deep whs the water in that village, that nearly all the inhabitants were compelled to retreat to tbe second story ot their dwellings. The ca tie. swine and live stock generally were saved by being placed on the highest stoops and other elevations in the street known as Broadway, which, fortunate y had been raised daring the past sommer, and to whieh foresight, as it may h'e termed, is owing the preservation of this property. But for this also, a number of buildings would have bean carried awuy, as a mate of ice, somo 90 acres in extent, grounded there, and its progress was there arrested. A number of buildings on Factory s-reet were carried ofl? their foundations, and tbe large public bouse owned by F. Malburn, and the ferry hoase owned by Mr Brock way, were extensively injured. Ail the buildings be tween the village and the railroad depot were carried away On Saturday evening about 9 o'clock, Webster's mail wagon was carried off the turnpike, and wore it not for the timely aid rendered by persons in boats, diiver and horses would have been drowned. The water was, on this occasion, from 13 to 14 inches higher than over known in the village before. To add to this inconve nience, the people are ' offering greatly from the want of water to drink, tbe well* all being rendered useless. [Fiom the B .ffalo Advertiser, March IS ] We learn from a correspondent, that on the morning of the 13h, about 7 o'clock, the water in the Cattarau gus creek rose suddenly, and overflowed the embank ment of the race at Lagrange, near a veneering mill owned by Win. Nevens, aud ao washed nwav t ie em bankment, that in about half an hour, the building, with the principal part of its contents, was precipitated into the stream The wafor continued to rise with the ram t[;4t was falling, and the current all the afternoon bron wiit down great quantities of ice, flood-wood and taw-fokW. Our correspondent adds that as the water is yet high it Is difficult to estimate the damage, but it is supposed that't VV1" not be lass thau $1,800 or $3,000, including ilia da,mage to operators in shipping, the ma chinery now standing on llie race, which cannot move until the breach ia repaired. The business operations now on the race are one grist or flouring mill with three run oI ?tone, two saw mills, two cutting machines, with circular and upright saws and turni..g Tathe. From the last accounts liom the lower village, near the in'ce, all things were sate, the vessels moored there lay quietly in .. rhorxial sufficient to float anv Atlantic shin. Mors: or the Acouaie Miiitctt.-Our thank* are duo Mr. Bo>twick, Mail Agent, for a copy of the Cnyuta Tactin. containing the testimony before the Coroner'* Jury upon the horrid murder in Cayuga county. The excit meat in Auburn ami vicinity is tar! to be unpreced ntad. A* the negro made hi* appearance in the afreet*, in chaige of ten constables, the crown made a tua'i tor hioi, hut were prevented from getting him by the nflirer* putting ipur* to their horses. Tho Diatrict Attorney then directed them to make their way to the scene ot the murder, lor the purpose of having Mr Van Arsd&le. who lie* iu a very piecarions attte, identify tne n?gro. An im nense crowd followed him. and ott ar riving at tho bouse, while the officer* and Iho negro Wt tf in the home, a motion waa ma le to the throng out door.' by one of tho moat substantial mun of Auourn, that the wretch be taken from tho handa of tho otn?era, and strung* "P 00 ,ba Arlt trefl ! This motion waa se condod by a '-"aeon of t a church, and cariiad by a deaf ening "aye ! !froln crowd. At this point, of Juaticoe came to the door and made a speech to tb ?m; telliug them that the probability mi that there were who had instigated the negro to Commit the horrid de.Ml. and justice demanded -tint tie ahoutd have an examination. The crowd promised tuat tho) n the Id not molest htm. but when be made hi* ap peeran'A, notwithstanding ha was surrounded by men with their eraia closely locked, aome ol the more exci table actually jumped upon him. He waa finally put into a covered wagon and drove for Auburn. Two individual* bad atarted for tho village in advance ot the wagon, at full ipeed, and attracted the attention of the crowd to the Court House, for the purpose of got ting 'he negro in'o the ?lie door of the jail unmolested The ruse suocecded; hut no sooner did the crowd disco verer. decrp'ion, than tbey mined with such fore* to the jad that the fence surrounding it was completely carried away. The detail* of the murder are revolting in the extreme, but wo n< vi meis'H give the greater portion of the tes timony before the Coioner's Jury. Mr Van Aridalo and Misa Holme* both recognizod the mttrdeter. Tho negro admit* tb ? murder, and nay* that he stabhsJ Sirs. Van Men out of doors, and then went to the door and itabbad Mr. Van Nesa, a* h* waa opening the door. From his iccimut i? *oem* probable, though there i* aoiee conlosio'i about hi* subsequent st-ps, that he next encountered nlJ Mr* WjkolTiu the entry way and stab brd h'-r, '.u-1 in doing so, cither from In* own knife, or f? a on:- in the bend of .Mrs Wykoff, be received ? se vere cut upon the hand which nearly disabled nim He ti.en pro- ceded to the stair*, where V*n Arsdalo wa* coming djwn. and I sd the encountor wt'h him. Mrs. IVykoff died about two o'clock SaturJay after noon, and Mr. Vhu \ rsdalo is iu a precarious situation The excitement has haen without parallel. The wonder is teat the cit:i. n? have been able in their exaiDerated * of terlii.g, to refrain from applying Lynch law to this fiondR\,chtiltr Jidverlitrr. Fru ?Buffalo Woollri* Manufactory Df stroykd ?On r-Uijdxy morning. about 2 o'clock, the buildings situaM at tne Hydraulic*, in this sity, and occupie 1 as the Buffalo Woollen Manufactory, by R. B lieucork, was totally destroyed by fire. There were about 10,000 vards ol cloth destroyed. The total loss ia estimated at, with f A 600 insure 1 on the build jng and machinery Ri.Aou in the .Saratoga Mutual, and fbo balance in the New York Contributionship Couipa tif. Overtwentv persou* were daily employed in the manufactory, who are thus thrown out of work, and a large portion of the village will b? more or leas affected by its desiruction. Two watchmen wer* constantly employed by night I* guard against Are. It is supposed that when lie one whose watch was to have commenced at rj o'clock was called, and the candle hended him, he fell asleep "tnd the fire wae communicated from hie candle?ilq/fal" Pimt. Mar. K 10 TW expenses ?f the eourta of England for tho post yoar were Pcnsacola, March 8,1846. j Affair* in Pentacola?Newt from Mexico, &c. Q-c. i It is so long a time since 1 have penned a line fur j the veritable Herald of coming events, shadows or ; no shadows, that you will Hardly recognize the I scribe ; but, although I have been out ol the world I for some time peat, I shall be among you again in sum- ? mer time, if still breathing the perfume of sweet flowers ; in fall bloom, which rosy health at present leads me to 1 hope will be the case. I Well, this oity of Pensacola will one day be the city I of the Gulf of Mexico, beyond the possibility of a { doubt i and the navy yard is a perfect oasis in the desert | already. The present commandant of the station has ?he requisite taste for rendering this naval depot all that . is appreciable in science and art, in combination wi-h the natural beauties of this delightful clime, which early produces spontaneous flowers, fruits, foliage and an abundant ahrnbbery The news from Vera Crua you will have learned e < e this can reach >ou, for the U. 8. hrig Lawrence, Commander Samuel Mercer, arrived heie on the first inst., and, as a matter of course, it will j be chronicled in the Washington paper* as soon as the ? despatches brought by her reach heed quarters. Ki om, one of the Lawrence's officers, I learn that Commodore : Conner, in the sloop of <? ar Falmouth, was exchanging ! salutns with the city of Vera Cruz, while tbebiig was; working out of tha harbor ; and a report was circulated | that General Arista had taken up his line of march, with #000 ablesbodied saldadas,towards tb* llio Grand, to con template the " land oi promise" over the border, known as Take-us, to prevent your advent over the water. It was likewi?a rumored at Vera Cruz, that Santa ! Anna was daily expected from Havana in a British i steam packet, and some hinted that another revolution would be the result of tha movement? others suggested that he had better continue to enjoy the society el his charming young bride and Aghting cock* in the city of ' 'ie sboulr refuge he baa chosen, lest he should run agaii st a snag called Paredes, aud encounter the fate of Iturbide and 9autmaimt, whose head you know was boilsd in 1st. Our ministar, Mr. Slidtll, was still rusticating at Jala- . pa, having had no communication with el poieroso gober niento Mexican*, and it was thought that a steamer would be sent to return with him to hi* home and anx- j ious friends once mo e . and the Diegos on shore were inquiring if we intended blockading the port, as many - ware waiting to eee the sport. But lew gumcktnangat, ' dressed in " sodger" habiliments, were to D* seen about Vera Cruz, but it is supposed that they are lyiug perdu in tha suburbs, ready for a fight or flight, it tb* U. S.; squadron should open a Are upon the town. When the Lawrence tailed from Vera Cruz, the fol- 1 lowing vessels were at anchor undor the island of Sac ?' riflcios : U. S. sloop of war Falmouth, bearing tha ] broad pennant of Com. Conner ; sloop of war John ! Adams, and brig Porpoise ; E uglish sloop of war Rosa, 1 French bark ot war Li Parous*, and a Spanish brig of i war Tb# proceeding* of a Court Martial, convened at this 1 place some time ago, to ooquire into and investigate a charge against Lient. J A Kjss, of the navy, have beon overruled by tha President, I em informed, in conse quence of the insufficiency of t endonce adduced to sustain it. The or:!y charge against tha> officer was one of ?lan der; t asmtich as it was not satisfactorily pi oven, he h an acquitt 1, . is still attached to the vessel to wi ich he was originallv ordered for duty. The pub 1 in of this fact is duo to L R, as former notices, v> ? ly circulated in the pap rs, respecting his trial,may hav a tendency t.i injure his rnputition, trom the sur mise that he ha l committed soma rash act. uncongenial witn nis character as an offl or and a gentleman. MARIN US. Hilo, Hawaii, Sept. 18, 1845. Largest Volcano in the World?Ascention of it* Summit?Interesting Particular*, &c. We arrived here on the 8th alt-, after a passage of 28 days from Cdllao. On coming to anchor, a party of ten, viz: five of our respected selves, four mid shipmen, and Lieut Minor, made preparations to depart tha next morning on a visit to ths celebrated vol cano on this island. We laid up s stock of sugar, coffee, bread, segars, knives, forks, lcc? and each one provided himself with a blanket, aud a spare suit of clothes, in cluding woollens and old shoes. The next day, after breakfast, we went ashore, and hired our horses and kanakas We took five horses hot ween us, so that tb* riding and walking might be divided amongst us in turn; and each one had a kanaka, who carried two calabashes across his shoulders, one for his clothe >, and the other for such specimens as we might collect Altogether, we amounted to twenty-fi.a individuals aud five horses. Ail our arrangements being mad?, we purchased, lor stovel, a few of the spears which Wot# in use when these i-luids were in a savage stae and 6et off in good spirit* at half past 10 A. M. The flrst lour miles went off very wsll, until we arrived at the edge of a wood, where we obtained some water and changed horses. Those who** turn it was now to walk we e not eotry for it after they had once got into the woods. Such travelling can scarcely lie imagined, amidst hills and hollows and gulch- s and holes, and trunks of trees, and lava twisted iuto all ma mer of shapes which cut our shoes like glass Add to this a noonday sun, whieh poured dowu its rays on the top of us, aud the almost in sufferable heat which we every now and then expe rienced when.-we got into the gulches, where not a bre p.h ot wind cculd reach us This continued for lour miles more, whan we emerged from thia beauty spot of i. " .?#. Having takon some refreshments, the walkers n. : ited upon the saddles, and we set onl once more. '1 - road was pretty fair for the next eight miles, at the " if whict la mination 0f which we arrived at what is atyled the li.<lf way bouso, and dismounted for the night. We were roused betimes in the morning, and having drank soma coffee and fitii died the remains of the dinner, we resumed our journey. We had now come to the part of the road where it was very advisable to be careful and watch tha advance of the guide, for there was danger, even within a few lent of tbe path, of failing into cavities or holes, of which we could not distinguish the bottom. In this manner, we travelled over lava which bad run down Irom tbe eiater and hardened, for nearly twenty miles, when we arrived at our destination. Wa were now WOO feet above the level of tbe sea, and as we approach Al the crater, upon a level, wa did not know we were 'here until right upon tbe edge of it. I wa* thinking at the time how much further 1 bad to walk, when I found myself upon tb* very spot. The house where we put op. is built within -JO feet of the sida of the volcano. I was rather disappointed at first sight, as I exacted to see a small moun'ain, snaped like a cone, which emitted fire and smoke from its summit: but ws saw no such thing, and it is no easy matter to tell what w* did see. ? There are two craters, the largest being JO miles in cir cumference, nnd 900 feet deep, in tbe bottom of which is : the smaller crater, three miles in circumlerence, end now in active operation. Tbe large crater is now ex tinct, and nothil g is to be seen in tbe bottom of it but solid lava, except such part of it as is taken up by tb* smaller one, aod the red hot lava which overflows from it The cause of our disappointment, at flrst sight, was owing to the presence of ibe sun preventing us fiom seeing lo advantrge. But when night sat in, we certein ly did behold the graudeit sight m nature, as we stood upon the brink of the laiger crater and looked down upon a sea of red hot lava,boiling an I sparkling beneath us. There is a large quantity of gaseous vapor escaping fnm tbe volcano, which, rising into the air in the shape J of a cloud, reflect* the glare of the Are, and pre-j sent# s gorgeous appearance. Eaily the next j morning, after taking breakfast, wa began to j lescend, our kanakas carrying each a cat bash for the specie on*. We commenced by making a perpendicular descent of 300 feet, during which we saw nothing but I our hands and feet; for one falsa step or mishold would nave bsen almost certain death; perhaps, involving those who took the lead. When wa got down, w* walked soma distance nnder a perpendicular rock, 400 feat high, looking as if suspended in the air, and wanting but ona tremor of the monster, in whose heart wa were entering, to fall upon us. Wa than made the remainder of tbe descent, hut in a less dangerous situa tiori, when we stood upon a solid bed of lava, still hot, and surrounded, en all ail s, by a wall eight or nine haudred feet high, composed of rock, sulphur, burni earth, he. The lesser crater wa* now nearly three miles from us, and we were under the ne cessity of walking over this groundwork of hot lava, p eking oar way over numerous crevices which con stantly emit steam. The wind blows hers in one direr, lion during tha day, but changes during the night. We ] wtretold that a division of King Kamihamiha's army was encamped In this cnt?r some time ago, and when tha wind snil'ted during tha night, and ble-v from the volca no towards thsm, evoty men war suffocated to death, and found in the same position in which they I wsr* overtaken by tbe pestilential vapor. The very i spot which we walked on burst out sfresh about five J years ago, ar !, ts it mightdo so at any time, we were by | no mean* ssitain that wo should pass over it in safety, j The principal danger lay, porbnps, in a Chang* of wind ; bat, having confidence in the uniformity of nature's do ings, we continued on #ur way, excited only by the de sire of witnessing the m-ghty operation before us. We at last arrived within approachable distance of tbe vast t chaldron, and, standing upon a smell precipice of hard j lava, we had a complete view of th* lake, while imme- j d lately beneath oar feet the red hot leva wa* deliberate ly coursing along in stream, which reminded one of the movements of tbe great enemy of man?tbe seipent When th* party which wsnt last from th# ship were there, the volcano was thirty feet below the hot- , torn of tha other; but being now in activ* operation, : it had filled up th* lake, aod having piled up n bank of i rock and lava around it, it had opeiiad, facing us, a pas sage sixty I vet wide, and twenty nigh, through w, icn it poured a continuous and heavy stream of malted live, j This running under tha surf* to of lava between us and the crater was gradually raising it up to * level with our feet At irregular intervals, jat* of lava boilod up ' to th* height of thirty or forty leet (rom the bosom ol ! the lake; and at every variation in the wind, w* war* I almost stifled with hast and th* stanch ol salphur and 1 carbonic acid. Haviug satisfied our surioaity with look- I ingatthe wonder* bstor* us, w* returned to the bouse ' the same wty that we had com*. One portion of the ' party went ahead; aud it had th* most picturesque effect imaginable, to see them climbing up th* perpendicular 1 heights. We remained it tha volcano all that night. Tre next day we reechel the balf-way-house : and on ; tha next?being Sunday-we arrived in Hiio about noen; so tbat we were absent (rem tha ship 1 five days and four nights. Our caterer says that ws consumed two hogs, five tarkies, seven chickens, ten bushels of potatoes, besides bananas, terra, whvrtle- j berries, lie tel.; wht-h is not to be wondered at, con- ' -idering that it waa almost at cold as winter on th# top of the crater, that w* slept with a blanket wrapped round us, and endured such unusual exercise Fou have, thus, a short and imperfect sketch of our visit to th* largest known volcano iu th* world It I* called Ki tanas, signifying, is English, Curlew, and is situated at tha foot of tha Monoroi mountain. ' Lxiezie, Jan 88, 1846. Tk* CommtrciaJ Treaty between the United Stoiet and the Zoll Vtrtin?Tht Tobacco Trade?Free dom of the Prett, fc. frc 1 beg leave of recalling to your recollection tome letters which I wrote to you two years ago, respect ing the then agreed to commercial treaty between the United States and the Zoll Verein. 1 told you at that time, that this treaty was not only againat the interest, but also against the honor of the Uni ted States, and gave you particulars to prove my as sertions. You differed at that time, and took the part of the treaty. As you are generally better in formed than any one else, I thought I might have been misinformed, and waited for the'time to show who was right. The non-ratificstinn of the treaty, and the dismissal of Consul Mark, have so far car ried me out, and make the information which I re ceived lately at Merlin more likely to be true, viz : that a secret understanding had then existed amongst the members of the whig Senators to give, in order to obtain the ratification, to the treaty the api>earance of a democratic measure, although it had ouginated with Mr. Webster. The whig party had agreed, as they saw that they could not ratify as such the Mid treaty, to oppose the same, with the hope that the democrats would then defend it and make it their measure. You know best how far thev have succeeded. You have sided with the Zoll Verein, under the beJief that the Zoll Verein had adopted the system of free trade, in which you ? i average rale of duty of the Zoll Verein on our products amounts to over 40 per cent ad valorem; the systsm of the Zoll Verein and their principle is to collect, in an caey manner and with the least expense, the greatest possible re venue. The military system of Prussia, and her adherents, absorbs over one-third of the whole ot their general income; the landed aud other property is taxed to the utmost rate; the Zoll Verein must therefore, seek to increase her income, and will continue to increase the rate, as long as not a corresponding decrease, in the amount of bulk, takes plaoe- The United States can, therefore, never expect any permanent reduction in the rate of their produce, on the part of the Zoll Verein The real free-trading States of Germany are th? grand duchies Mecklenburg, Oldenburg, kingdom of Hanover, and the free Hanseatic towns Lubec, Hamburg, and Bremen; their average rate ol duty I on our produce does not exceed ten per cent; and j they consume, with a population of three millions of inhabitants, about one-half as much tobacco and rice, as the Zoll Verein does with twenty-eight [ millions. They alone possess (he harbors on ths j North sea, which are now open as free ports to our i vessels. Now, mark the injustice which said i treaty would have done to these free-trading States: i SVe would, if ratified, have received the goods I from the Zoll Verein at a considerable less rate of : duty than the same identical goods, when comiiw from these free-trading States. Would it not be say | ing to them, you have been always so Sood, and charged our produce with a low uty ; we think, however, you have thereby I wronged your neighbor the Zoll Verein, and we ; think we must make this good, by admitting their foods at a less rate 'hm yours; although the Zoll erein having no |>orts of her own,we must continue I to use, therefore, yours Would we not provoke , these States to raise this rate at least to the standard j of the Zoll Vereia 1 . The whole consumption of tobacco of die growth of the United States does not exceed 200,00? quin ; taU; the balance of her import consists ot South American and West Indian Wc pay at pre I 300,00? cwt. a duty of#4 a cwt, niak ? in-j #800 000 The staled tree trading States raise no tobacco and con-ume about 100,000 quintals 1 American tobacco, on which the average rate of ' ?k?ul 60 cents the quintal, amounts to ! sW.000, so that the 300,000 cwt. tobacco consumed ! at present in Germany, except the Austrian domi nion, pay at present a duty of #850.000. Suppose now the treaty had been ratified, and the free tra L ? ?8 ktd either raised their rate to that of the Zoll Verein, or, what is more likely, had joined this Union, then these 300,000 cwt would have to [?ay theagreed rate of #3 the quintal, which-would make #900,000, consequently #50 000 more than at , presen:; besides that, ths United State s Treasury would have lost annually more itian half a million , dollars in the agreed difference in favor of goods | from the Zoll Verein i The (rennan sovereigns had promised, at the Vi enna Congress in 1815, to give to their people H con ? st,!.aU0 j l:nV4na> Wurteraberg, Hesse Darmstadt, and Baden,were the only Slates which fulfilled their promises, until the July Revolution ol France obliged the others to follow. Prussia alone remain ! fannies*. The lore which the Prussian sub jects had personally for their late old King, . and the hope that his successor, the present ; King of Prussia, would, when he should succeed, fulfil the pledged word, made them de sist to avail themselves of the then existing emo j ''on? to obtain, by force, what was promised to : them in 1813, in the time of need When the late I King had died, in 1840, and the present King mount I ed ttie throne, he promised even more than what | J)1* ?fbjectahad ever expected ; but of all this he , has not fulfilled ths least item. Instead of being I as he had proclaimed he would, at the head of ra tional progress, he put himself forward at the head ot political reaction; he declared his people unfit for a constitution, end took every measure to bring the same again under a feudal regime of former centu ries: to which the people were, however, unwilling to submit. The press opposed this treachery a* much as it could ; the inlaud ones were put, either uuder stronger censure, or their licenses with drawn, and the refractory ones of other States were forbidden to be circulated in Prussia, until they had come to terms?made promise not to write again against the King's measures; and it is a fact, that ihcre exists scarcely a single newspaper in Germa ny whose circulation has not been forbidden once or more in trie Prussian dominion, and they are all, so far at least as the state of Germany is con cerned, more or less muzzled. The Prussian government, learning that those truths which the newspapers in Germany were forbidden to utter were made public in the German press of ths I toiled States, toon measures to suppress thein in tiimr pom offices on the frontiers of France, Holland arid Belgium, as they generally came by the Havre packets; and as #te could not fully succeed there with, she urged the German Diet at Frankfort to lay them under edict, as you will already bs acquainted with. All these suppressive measures have not yet made the Prussian subjects more suppliant, and have not been able to prevent those obnonous papers from now and then finding their way into their do minion. The Prussian government views, in the extension of the Zoll Verein to the borders of the North Sea, the only means to exclude the liberal contagion from her country; they consider the de scriptions ot the happy state of the United States as the only cause why tn-ir subjects will not submit to be yoksd again; they believe, that could they prevent the intellectual intercourse with the United States, so that their subjects could not learn any thing more of democracy and self government than wha their state papers would tell them, that they would bod thsm the more tractable. This is the principal reason why the Prussian government is so anxious that the sea-bordenng States, Mecklenburg, Uldenberg, Hanover and the Free-towns,should be come members of rhe Zoll Verein Vessels would then, on their arrival from the United States, bs taken in possession by Prussian custom-house offi cera, who would search as diligently after newspa pers and letters as they 'generally do after contra band goods, and not even a liberal thought, less a word, would be permitted to enter from our happy country. You can well judge, from this true and VrL.*t^lerne,ltJlho,,r far u w*u'd be f?r the interest of ths United States to assist Prussia in this nefari ous purpose?and if, on the contrary, we ought not to favor rattier those mentioned frse-trading States, and to use rather every exertion to prevent their joining the Znll Verein, as fhe only means to secure

and retain lor our vessels snd products those free ports which we now find in the Hanseatic towns and tlietr ports. Every liberal and enlghtened man in Germany desires, therefore, also .hat the 1 ostmaster General should choose the route to Bremen, in preference to that to Antwerp, tor the intended United States mail steamboat line to ths continent The ooly route f om Antwerp to Ger many, Russia, Sweden, Denmark and part of Italy, is with the railroad to Aix la Chapelle; the mail is thsre delivered over to the Prussian post office, wherewith a controlling offiee is eonneoted, in which, with a subtle hand, every parcel and letter is opened and examined: obnoxious ones are either suppressed, or serve, tf forwarded, to make tne re ceiver auspicious and watched. The United States mail, it lauded at Antwerp, would therefore sot of fer security; her contents would be always strictly examined; all of which could be avoided, if the route to Bremen were chosen. The Bremen post, in connexion with the Hanoverian snd the one o' Thurn and Taxis, delivers only to the Prussiae one, whenever ehe crosses the PruMmn domain, those deetined for Pruccia proper; all the othere are ?nrried through m scaled bags, to the place of desti nation. The emigration from Bremen tine arneumt ed Uat rear to 81.848 persons,and from Antwerp only to 6,281 Our steam packets would therefore muck easier find return passengers at Bremen than at Ant werp Brem?n is to be connected next year, by a railroad line, with all parts ot Germany, Trieste, and the Adriatic sea, and irom there with Co stan tinople, Egypt, and the East Indies Bremen com bines therefore (by having also a safe, commodious harbour, of oasv and at all seasons and wind ac cessible entrance;) every advantage which, in order to meet with success, such an undertaking requires. farmers' Club. American Institute, Tuesday, March 17. ? A re markabl,, numerous and respectable meeting of the member* of ths farmers' Club assembled yesterday, in conformity with the stipulated rules of tho Society, to debate, not only the subjects previously announced for the discussion of tho Club, bnt for the reading and re ceiving such comm ilocations as may bsv* accumulated since the laat meeting en the first Tuesday of the mi ath On the motion of Oen Talmadge.tha Chair was occupied by the Rev. Mr Powell. Previous to entering upon the regular business of the day, Oen. Talmabce requested permission to occupy the attention ol the Club, while he contrasted the spirit of the American taiifs of ISM aud 1640, with that of Oreat Britain, as may now be considered in operation, as increasing the as* of ardent spirits, by lessening the tariff ou their importation. He show ed the quantity of liquors brought into this couu tho tariff try . by the tariff of 1643, at a valuation of upwards oi two milliooa. while in one year upwards of forty-four millions of distilled spirits ware made from th* surplus gr^in of this country. General Talmsdge compliment ed the policy and consideration of the British Govern ment, that united, by legislative enactments, the crea tion of labor with the promotion of the morals and inter ests of bar peopla. The suhject, though one ot interoat, not exactly harmonizing witn the precise object* of ths meeting, diJ not e>teud further, and Mr. Mefggs then assumed his duty of reading such communications as were addressed to the secretary. Amongst the first was one from the Itev ilr. Powell (the chairman), in replv to a request from the club to be furnished with his opinion of the value and superiority of the Brueea Mul icaulis, ar " " berry over the Morus Multicaulis, and the other species of the plant which have failed to resist the flexibilities ot the climate of this country, and thereby discouraged the farmer in the auticipsted success of his silk specu lation. Mr. Powell states in his communication the sin gular manner he became possessed of the plants, which were imported from Constantinople by the lata Mr. Rag gles. through the agency ot the then American consul, Mr. Ryun. On the death of Mr. Rugglas, the plants wars sold at Newburgh, and 15,000 were purchaeed by Mr. Powell, to whom, by his care and peculiar cultiva tion, they have become a profitable source ol enter prize. Mr. Meiggs read soveral translations from various horticultural French authors. An extract from the Q<-nrue Parmer developed some Iresh tacts with regard to th* disease in th* potato, by which it was proved that in a crop of potatoes, exposed to, and injured in the tops, by frost, the fruit was dry and perfectly sound, while those uninjured by the frost, failed universally in the root. A communication was read from E. H. Emherst, of Springfield, Ohio, con veying at the same time, six specimens of apple sanliugs, the natural growth of Ohio, intended for distribution among the members of the Club. Their distinctive names were the "Osborne," " Hillsfsli's Butter Pear," " Suarp Apple," " White Wild Sweeting," " Jennett ------- .... fro Seedling, "and ' Osceola." Anew grass from Georgia was exhibited, and its properties explained. Also, a specimen of si'k from Arkansas. Here a conversation ensuod nu the subject of promoting and suspending th* hatchiug oi siik worms, according to circumstances.? Th* priuciple was indefinitely advocated, end dropped without auy decision as to Iho expediency of perverting the regular order *f nature. A report was read from a Society established in tha town of Montgomery, Orange county, where a practical and theoretical agricultural school is about to be established under the personal in struction of Mr. Jainea Dallas, and under the auspices of several eminent characters of the county. Mr. Dallas' plan is to take pupils, board them with practical farm ers, instruct them iutt.e elements of farming, fcc. at ths rate of $135 a year for board and tuition?the pupils ar* not to be under the age of 15. The institution is expect ed to be open on the 1st of April, it was moved by Mr. Wakcmaii, "that as the scheme possesses important principles of practical utility, it should be universally re commanded," a motion which was warmly supported by General Tut., adgo, and the member* universally, of the Club present The priuciple of protecting seed* from tbo destruction ufbirds, by steeping thera in a so lution oi glauber salts, was strongly advocated in a communication from R L> Colt, of Paterson, although e might Gauoral Talmadge thought the same advantage migh b i obtained by a small lump of blue vitriol, applied to the same object. An analysis upon the nutritious properties of various kinds of grain and vegetables, wheat, oats, potato, car ro t, turnip, buckwheat, lie . was read from the Qenrtee Farmn,ot which Mr Lee, of Rochoster, is the editor, but when he stated that 00* pounds of potatoes were equal to 108 pounds of buckwheat, and ascribed to other grain a nutrition which they did not comparatively poasess, Professor Mopes could uo longer contain himself, and overturned by proofs incontestible, the theory of Dr. Lao The club admitted the statement of th* Genrete Fa>mrr, but renouuceit the doctrine it advocated Th* petition to the Legislature for extending the time for the bounty on tiik, was here submitted lor signatures; after which an improved curry-comb, for horses, was ex hibited, the invention of Mr. Wilkin; and a simple but ingenious barn door or gate lock, the invention of Mr. Townsend, of Astoria, both of which received the appro bation of the club. At a quarter to 3 o'clock tha chair man expressed his desire to retire from bis i osition, in favor of Gen. Talmadgs.who requested that Mr. Hagger ty should accept the honor, which being dona, the gene ral subject of the day, " the keeping of cattle, cows, in winter, and the pruning of trees," was com mencad, and interrupted by the arrival of the usual hour of adjournment. The Club will again moot on Tuesday next to expedite the unfinished Dutinesa be fore the society. Varieties. A male abortionist, named Montgomery Chambers, a practicing physician in Philadelphia, has been convicted, and it remanded for sentence. Alex. W. England, Esq., clerk of the Circuit Court of Wsrran county, Tennessee, was drowned lately in a mill pond. The steamer Swallow, Cupt. John Cochtan, in the Arkansas river, about seventy .five miles above Little Rock, struck a tusg oa her tiip from New Orleans ? Cargo, consisting ot dry goods and groceries estimated at about $00,000 Supposed to be a total loss. The Native American party in St. Louis have nominat ed Peter CamJen as Mayor. Ooveruor FdVd, hat extended a pardon to McKinney convicted of Murdering PhiUeo in Rock Island county, Illinois The Jail at Southampton county, Virginia, has been empty since July 1845. On* oi ths worthy magistrates of the county proposes to convert it into a smoke house. Lord Cathcart has effered a reward of $30* for the apprehension of th* person who fired at Collector Kirby, at Fort Erie to January last. On ths inth in-tant, at Bristol, R I. Russel Handy Wat convicted of manslaughter, for occasioning tbo death of Palmer Sherman, in Wtrren, during November last ? Senteuce, seven years bsrd labor in tha Stats Triton. Ths quarantine on vessels arriving at Wilmington, N. C., irom New York, Philadelphia and Baltimoie, has been taken off The only restriction now on them is that tbey are to anchor at ths boarding station and b* visitad by tha port physician. Gough'a house, in Roxbury, has bean entered and pluudered during his absence. The turpentine distilleries in Wilmington, N. C , are greatly on ths increase. There are now twelve estab lishments running thirty stills, in duly operation, with seven more in progrese. A cotton factory is about to ba established at the Fells above Tusanlooaa, on the Black Warrior River, Ala bima. A capital of $00,000 has already beau secured, and measures taken to procure machinery from th* North. The nnmhor of vessels bailt in the district of Cuya hoga, Ohio, from 1843 to and including 1845, is 43 ; their aggiagate tonnage 7.303.85. Cleveland is becoming quite celebrated for itsahip building. Au idea of the value of some business locations in St. Louis may t>* inferred from the fact that a lot inthatcity was leased a few days since for a teim of years at $33 per loet per annum. Several other lota in the same square are under lease for $31 per foot par annum. A distinguished divine of Albany, in alluding on Sun day last to the magnetic telegraph,!poke of It as " tk* highway of thought The Western Electric Teloraph ?Exaggera ted reports have been circulated ol the damage done to the telegraph by the recant freshet. With the nxcet> tion of a single post near Fonda, carried away in th* flood, th* line or communication was unbroken ; and th* interruption caused by the accident did not last more than an hour, on Saturday alternoon. During nearly the whole period of our storm bloekade, ths telegraph was doing valuable service in supply icg the publio with fresh and important mfor-nation ?Jtliany dflsi. The Michigan Railroad Sale Bill, which ? Repassed the House, was made a special order in tba Senate, on Monday the 0th inst. Its fat* there was mora doubtful, for it is saiJ that tha raoant vary extraor dinary increase in th* receipts of th* Central railroad has mad* soma Senator* averse to soiling so valuable a property. Poll tan cm In Churches. I notion that "Good Breeding" haa called cut " Belter Brooding." The leeltnge of " Bee* Breed ing" would be Hurt if they could not find expres sion i therefore he would recommend pew holders at Grace and other extremely vieited churches, to put up a hand-bill at the entrances, intimating that only those who cannot afford to nay lor religious worship, will be accommodated. Distinctions are necessary every where. No doubt the custom ol occupying another man's pew will, ere long, reaolve itself into aright, particularly it you happen to ap propriate it ttrat A friend of mine haa adopted a i'oed plan?he requests the sexton to exclude every body irom his new in the morning, until he arrives himself, and for tua rest of the Sabbath he givas the sea ton tall swing, which is no doubt the Bwt Baxxnrrts. AMUSKMKNTB. Ka card-cq ENDING IN THE UPPER PART OK THE CITY. A SMALL anil select private Club House, consisting ? f thirty live subscribers,is about to be established iu the up per part of the city con'iguous to Broadway, conducted on an effective rrchtrcht scale, aud replete with every comfort and amuse nieut Members elected by vote of the President and Committee. The subscription-list will remain ope. until the 31st March; therefore it is necessary that eurty application be made by those desirous oi becoming members Any gentleman for undoubted respectability] can receive a prospectus, by address i.g a note [post pud. stating real name, occupation and address] to X Y. /., Branch Post-office Chat ham Square. "PHE 1 of cn Y OF ELiMS. EXHIBITION of this model, together with models the public buildings of New York, and the Morinom Temple at N.>uvoo, will remain open for a short time longer at the Granite Building. Ticketv 25 cents. E PORTER BELDEN, Propiietor. E. 11. cUNMN(jHAM,&up't ol Exhibition Tho proprietor is now constructingat 364 Broad wav, THE ISOOEL OF NEW YORK. Representing in carved wood every bnildiug, shed, tree, and other object in the great Metropolis of America, which will be completed in a few months Above Una Model will be a Canopy on which will be delineated views of public buildings, places of business, manufactories, private residences, hotels, steamboats, Ac., varying from 10 to30 inches in length, for which a moderate compensation will be charged. Haviag now to nearly completed a Model of New York, the proprietor will either aell or give a lease of the Model of New Haven, tic. Office hours from 2 to 6 P. M f29Hn*r E. PORTER BELDEN, 360 Broadway. FENCING EXHIBITION. THE UNDERSIGNED has the honor to inform the public and amateurs of eencing, that he will give an exhibition in the obove art. on Saturday, March 21th, at the Saloon of Mr. Otiguon, Not. 13. 17 and 19 Canal street, at 7 o'clock P. M. All Professors are invited to be present. '1 he art of Fencing taught every evening, at 7 o'clock, at the above place. A. . ROSA!', Professor of Eacrime. Price of admission 50 cents. mil 13 13 lw*re MUSIC FOR PARTIES. PARTIES furnished with the Violin, Harp, or Pianoforte. Apply to K. J. aud G. Ayliffe, No. 127 Elm street, corner of Howard. ml lm*m MUSIC TAUGHT, ON THE MOST REASONABLE TERMS, by a Lady, who has a thorough knowledge of the science. She can 3ive most respectable aud satisfactory references. A line ad resaed to w. H., at the office of this paper, shall be puuetual ly attended to. mrlO Im'r M. MUSIC. DUMBDAY, No. 55 Bond street, near the Bowery, ? Profesaor of the Guitar, hi iging. Aeeordoon and Vio lin, continues to teach Ladies ana <entlemen at their own re sidences, iu all parts of tyew Yar'i City, with much facility and rapid progression, by his new -nt never failing system Terms very reasonable Apply ?' '? 55 Boud street mt lm*re MUSIC. MR. GEORGE A. HOYT would respectfully inform his friends and the Public, that he u pictured to give In struction on the I'l ANO FORTE, at his residence, 33 Chrys tie street, or at the residence ef his pupils Terms moderate, made known on application f!3 lin*rrc isavsiiASSS remarkable iu many reapecta. b Ut 10 "dd ,me Richard1 H. Whitsou, a*ed II yeara residme in Bristol P-. i?KKdtt'^ ,0, *?0 P?? ? It toon ttraarSSfSS SL-yLSftra JESS, srs.rut 5 As nay be supposed, his 3aff*rin?s were intan? w;.u SHiSffSKL Lb&X'tr^".0^,: 1 \"B> 7fr(l a? Sliue Ulisucctssful. He took aim a va-r eXct." n01trum,ludp4te,,t madicine.. bat ll wm to to com ^ k'iT-r!!'0?' wh*? ?? ^Pf "emed to be Ztz^S^^W-iinrsuiS: n?? K. k <i", u,other cases. hr cousenud lo it* Up At he coatiniTd the n^S- if n,c?r? ff "dually h.alcd r? th imposed, e? w?.hr?h,rd^U"1 'eu"''?l regular, hi> ? tin* less aerertT ih> ??"? ?PPeute moie ?pint* more buoyant. ?le#p wore calm, and liia MM at the aitnatipn and eiteut of th- diaeaa?. The n'nta'of th ere cotT,;; ^i^z^i;1:^ tra ? 1 ' teaxsir' -?;-5 & sssn e.b,i,,, I,.,|,b.?d bV Z.'&.IU"""" '? to '"""' ? tra* rLh.^*tt/J,!^,,i,h;Vuto?el,t of h" "Other. -he i i ,lwh,c? l# 'U?y coohrmed ky the deforvnirv nfhia in,... AW. William Swa7? h*?:'0" 1 p4 ? Ua 27th- lM? 3=s?iSS;i ??i ~JSSBsatcs3LS." mtmiTSLs.:: sasiisstss:??sft&iSKs: s lu-i'f f C0'i.d bo"''' "fproeeeient already befan to manil -at m Vflfl^/>lP!!|rNaaf5 ,D iu tho,? woXral rea .iu were obUtoed ao minntely deaenbed by the mother. I en., id scarcely realize the fact indeed, when a short tine ace I Ion ad rkL? ,##ocuu ^Ts oOiis S?e, as zealo!If|y M ? .y enraged m th?|r spoits and eujoyneou As far as his case in' vol res HJiythiag, it h i, in my miud, established 'lie virtuei af KteTirterrs,!saf5,SS"'s ^iMwjKSsf" <?? Vrry leapectfnlly, your* mltlteod'rc DANIEL M. KElM E%"S." CLAR*,Kn M#reh*"? Tailer, No. S5 Wil MU ham street, corner of Pioe. New y?tk, reapeetfully in fiKma hia numerona friends, and the pablie generally that te ha. Incited himself at aboee, and .nteod. to dtVaiii. ru, ? atte _tion to makia* up .eery artiele of Gentlemen'. DiSS! , hi, 'i? ron?PI?t,j|nit.^i~t* tQ *l"t ,h?. P"ticul?r taste of r' S ^lo,,? connection with some of the m .at HA? f ?stablish'neiits in this city, he presarms will b a sufficient.tutranty that every article will be made in ef.od ?CTlWjkLod atpricM which will eary acc"rHnjg to t(ie qaafir ea *??cccd: and n*his busineaa will be conducted on the e??'o een'tlrrnan'rhlf^'f " ,,wO! be h'? endeaeor to (ire eerry mllSaJld'rc *" * ,,t"f,ct,on, with retard to price . T^HEBUlS'i. V AHLNT,a PIUCES I HL BUBSCHIBER, Accnt for aeraral Manafartnrar m ,, '? ?nibled to antrply dealers from first hand., tlao ^iSf^AWafrcis eoB",t ?? '*? fron* low pneed Table Cntlery. S csai* assorted I, a and 1 blade Knire* Me? complete aaaortment of beat cast atnel ?? !? ** Trace, Oi and Lo. Chains. ? BmketaV,ess, ftae Cotter Key Wf Oo?en rateot Kaob Locks. P~i ri FrT,n^!>"?? P?1 Serewa, Bolts, Bpooui. Ped. Cloiet and Trunk Lock., Cunyi omba. hi. he " i-?MWbr-.c J."?? DR. POWELL OCULIST" ssas? I&v'mSsm jT.iX"?1' AanriciAL inid >,., SPECTACLES adopted to ferry dafect A dries to the poor without charn. " "Fz'CVSXSMWsr LLPT OFF WUDR^^D KUHMtl>R}: ij K.ji Th???"**?'1 can 'obtain the fnlpralne lor J inch u Kd,? 'Tl ?U fffeeu tbey wish te diaooM of, LTna Kaitiir. a. U.'*">!,mra *. ^*"1. Appoief, Eire city will find I?T<l7f' O,"nt'''u,ao ?oannt or retarnm. to the I -L7- ?i4'gfadJ!j*. ??*.jdeautafe to aenil (or the astworiker, I N B-fPihJ^of <'T*. * f."ur prirj lor ali anicle* offered I ' *? Tgfe'jkffr""""*1 Daguerreotype Apparati JOHN ROACH, Optician. S2 Niunu Street, HAS constantly uu hand, French, German and American In strnmcnta Costing botes, Mercury Bathe, and all the other mat rial us?d l>y operator*, are inanuftcte'ed under hie inspection Chenuealt, Plees, ( aaea, Quiekeiuff, Itc. fcc? Lenses Ground to oider Thermometers and Surrtyuig Com passes manufactured for the trade Magnet > Electric Machinea. of approred couetruetion , for medical pu'poaca ml71m*rc SECOND HAND CLOTHING and Furniture Wanted-The highMt oaeh price giyeu for ail Itiude of Second Hand Goods, Dy B- LEV Y, 41S i hatham at. N B A linethriufh the Post Office wUl be punetedly at tended to. Constantly ou baud, a seaamab'e vsaorimaet of new and second h?nd Cloh-ng, cheap for cash mil lm*ro 'HE ANNIVERSARY of the tiermau Society will he celebrated by a Diuner, at the Aator House, on the 15th of March, 1040, at 6 o'clock. Tickeu for the aame may ha ob uinad, bv applying to the undersigned '?tewada:? Dr. A (ieacheidt. 103 Walker atreel. Dr. C Henachel. 138 Chambers street, t i Hesaeutierg 3 William street. W. K<-bbe, tSBeayer atreet. C. A Lulling, 9 Broad atreet. C. Mele'ta, I) Broad street. F. Steiuheil. <;2 Braver street. ml?toki*r i-LXHYR WAREHOUSE, No 37 L'hftj>tide, Baltimore. JD ARMSTRONG Ik THORNTON reepeetfWlly eaU ? the attention of Southern Mid Western Mereheats to the following stock, enumerated below, whieh tfieywifl sell oa : term* i.uOd < natrllo HKUARB. 50,000 Rifles do 75.POO VV Regalia do 100 000 L.Regaliee do 150,000 La Norma do SO.OOll <'auonea do 50,010 Princioe do 100,000 low pri' ed do 300 boxes TOBACCO. 3 curs Smoking Tobacco. 50 boxes do Pipes, kega, bottles, bladders Garrett1* "-lUf m7 Im end rc pleaaiug te ! TO TAILORS. 1 I onuneceMsrr to My more ia War of BTENB | 1 MKTS celebrated work on Catting Ganafifts, than that it Iiaj received ihe mott unbounded approbation of the moat em meat of the profeia.on. By thu aid of the oathl | itrama it coniaina, together with the ample eiplaaatiooa accom panying the tame, a peraou of moderate capacity ean. ia a few ; hours, Cut with eas* ahd elioarck any of the rariooa atylee i ?' tybeou oow in vogue, and iu a inanter not to bo aarpaaaad I !?* 1 mT ?p*n?oeeU cutlers The following an a few ef , |n^ highly respectable names who testify to the merits of ' ?n,d'r?>Kacd being practically acqaaiotrd with Mr. i Treaties on Cutting Garmenta, with plooaoro re | commend it as a work, complete in its arrangement, led in its miWlicatiou to Cutting, superior to any heretefort i f' a!lthrL IM L.ur2p.e or America P. Henry It Son; Dame! Cotter; Slants It Baker; Charl.a Cot; K. W Tryouli kc' he Horner; Jtm*? Daily; P. Havilaad; J. H. Baackar, R?^.^L*-Sbo*vca?b*obt?ne<,,.of UH' ??Dior, at Mo. Ill .Broadway, New York, price from $t to $10 per copy. mart line.nlV "" CAUTION. .1 ?p^IaH BLACKING label ur ^TkKKLITtD.?Bhippen. Merchants, and the Public generally, accustomed to purchase, or aae MASON'S elebrated CHALLENGE BLACKING, are Terr raapact lolly requested to examine the LABKLS of Blacking Burn, nndwertain if the Hame of JAMES 8. MASON ia therein! as Ins Spanish Blacking Label, have been copied in every par ?W the n?me and location ?nly excepted, by a concern iu I niladelphia, for the pnrpoac of Deceiving the Public, by im posing oui their confidence ui fetor of Mason1* Blacking ; tha style and form of the engraving and lettering, tha wording and color of the paper, here all been copied. OBSERVE that Maaon a Challenge Blacking ia uevar labelled in Spaniahler any American market. TO PREVENT KKAUD for the futoro. Jaa. 8. Muou will place his signature on the labela of every boi of Blacking pre pared by him, without which none i? genuine His long expe rience aa a manufacturer, tlm rxleul and variety of hi. ma chinery and other facilitioa, afford him aupenor advantage., over any other illacking Maunlacturei ui the Uuitad State. Order, for BLACKING and WHI I'lNG INK, of the boat quality, fnrniahed promptly and to any aiteut, by .? JAMES 8. MASON, ml lwaod*rc m North Third i S. BASSETT FRENCH, COUNSELLOR AT LAW, attends all tb* conrti held in ? of Richmond end county of Chesterfield, Virginia; office Manchester, Virginia-Refers to. His Excellency. Jame. McDowell, Governor of Virginia; H.a Excellency John F. Wiley, Lieut. Governor, Virginia; Hou. John Y. Maaon, At , - . Sidn ~ r \i 7 Hudson will lake chaise of any papora mt nded for Mr. r reuch and forward same to him safely. dttStawlm*r CHEAPEST AN D^UEST^ INSTHUCTlON Lti ' Academy, Ui Broadway, motile John itreet. BR1STI )W'S ' ^Superior and Elegant Commercial Syatemof WRITING. * \U ILL continue to fit taught (during hia amy in New York,! i to Lad lea and Gentlemen of criay aUg, Day or Erw niug, in Twaive Lea. ins, for the .mail charge of Orlt Kite Dollaus ! .Mn oribtow, Kini.limg Writing Master, prumiieaandatr.. rahtkes to ALL. old or young, to impart a beautiful, *bbb kifkditious and vashionami.x atyle ol Penmanship, no matter how ?AO, or cumitd may be the writing, N1 WKJ.VE EASY LESSON* KOK ?1 00 WLT ? j huot Kar.nao and Short HAHbtnnght thoroughly N B ?Private leaaon. givan h amities tod Schools attend e . 31 Hawlm'rc COA . ? I am drliveru g from my yard, corner of King and Gitruwich streets, the real P ach Orchard Red Ash. at these low prices.for caahonl,,viz: Egg and Broken $? 75; lara. Not and Stove, mired. $1 JO. Buyer, can positively depend on having their I oal delivered at tlieae prices. jlUmeod'r rKTEB CLINTON. LOOKING GLA?S PLATES. H ANLINEV OSTH RIMER, Importers, Nol Bunk.tree*. * rhiladalphia, have juat received by arrivals at this port and New York, a full isanrtmeut of Looking Glass Platas from ?a k !,W, m 1 i All sixes polished plate wiudow gloss from J,? by 11, to J7 by W Alio,Toilet glasses, Plated Spectacle lipea, Snuff Boies, t.igar Casesl Money Purses, Marbles. "Jfli yi"1 a variety of other French and German gomi. which they offer at the lowest market prices J*If 2in?od ghy D W. STONE, " ~ Attorney at Lair, Rateifh, IV. C. l^ILL attend to the collection of any claims that may h? " entrusted to his care. Refer to Messrs. Wnonhnll fc Minium, New York Bryan k M utland. L. Myers k Co ilkg liawsm* Li. Myers ft Co. A. M- T red well, Esq. UNITED STATES HOTEL. 'etyuy/tKinui Avenue, IVaihinrton Cttv.D C THK PHOPR1ETORS of this new, lugn and iidembnil, he r?^!k i*i""ei'1' t their thank, to the pub lie for the liberal snpport they have given, and rnnfiiiantlii anti cipate an increasing popularity from the sffurts of the nnder sigued to the public accommodation, l ie- house is aitnste on the Aveuuc on the promenade sid>. between Third and Koar aud a-Half stretu, convenient to the Railroad Depot, and the , pit r " capable of accommodating three hundred gnmta In all ita parts it liasrerently undergone .general improvement lor the winters season The parlors ana ladies' apartmein-i have been elegantly furnished?the ladies' ordinary tmtefnlly relitted; niOreil in even' diviaiou of the hoose the primarv consideration has been to .ulapi ii to the comfort of onr patrons ine dining hall is one of the n. <t cominodions and hast light ed. by day and night, in tha Union Our train of servants are polite, active, obedient, and well disciplined. Bnaffy, we cow ii .H. a'lenge the judgment of a discriminating public in the traveller'1 rcSairrd t? render a public house a home to ..kifif?.6* *r h*T?oforei ?' * pvr day. Permanent boarders time*. , FOl'NfAJN HOTEL, .JlISJfT. STREET. BALTIMORE. PH? PROPRIK? ORB' of this EstAbluhment, long know i ,L * ki* r ?HOOVER'S, irturn their grateful^ tkn3u^,! the pablie for the liberal patronage besiowed epon the hoa., ?mce it has been uder their care, and beg leave to say thai determined, if n ssible, to ensure fu.ure anccese?they hrv, jaat added to their former spacious building a new, beaatiftol and any three story wing, containing aboat thirty lodgi. g rooms. This addition renders the Ladies' Oidisait ann,, !^m.CO,Tkfik,T' *'T.M tli? HoV? ?? hundred and fifty rooms. The whole itrnctnre has nndergone a thorough revi sion m painting, papering, famishing, kc. The Bathir? Dk rA.TMEHT ample, both for Ladiw and GentUmm .nd w * be eondncted on the Koropean plan, the most saperior for com fort and despatch. The evtea.ive improvements thus mad enable the prop-ietors to offer f.r the accommodation tad pv Uonace of the pablie an establishment replete with every thing calcnlfued to render it ittraecive and oooafortable, including the moat untiring and eaeidamm attontioa to visitors, on the part of all consented with it Urdin*T Bl ? por day. Ladies' Ordi "VL*.1 Mi*r '"T- DIJf k KOtjS, fZS tiw tw Pr^prietora. MANSION HOUSE. ..MIOULETOWN, CONNECTICUT. I'Htt LNllKHSIGNED begs leave to anaonacs to his i friends and the public, that he hue leased the above bouse fcrr a term of years, and hopes, by long eipeneaea md sinet attention to bnsiues., to merit a liberal sham of their patrons*. JOHN L. MOHRQR, ? *rC 1-ormetly of the U. g H, t?|. Bosu PATENT .LAP-WtUJED lltbtl BOILER FLUES. FWWi*???%?r ^ - ? - ? COMPORT /oA AffUcTBb DR. DE WITT C. KELUNOER'S FAi - ERAD1CATOR. "hers this infallible remedy is applied, it wha| cause it may have originated! Principal Depot. M John street f 11 nu'r look At ThfS A SELLING OFF FOR f.ESS TH*N FfRhT COiT, I GREAT ASSORTMENT of Act q.-liiy B .,u sod SflOii, to otb room for ? hnfi nyply of Freooi OixxU. ?ow on the way, comprising oork sole Boom, water r ' >of and light Fraaeh do. fine ealf Shoes, rumps, and l)*eeinii iaiten, '? Oaitert. Bnskias, Hlippm, rim. piteut lesth t. whim Lady's Oaitera. Bnskies, 8ljpp?rs, J'iss. p t?ut leadi r. whim and black Sinn, white Kid, Clogs, .vioecsaiaai all kinds of Rubbers sxo Overshoe*, kc, kc jilld which will I . -old to pvr cent less then heretofore, at MT Broadway, cor. i raahlin street. M. CA ''LL. m"W""C HASTINGS ? COMPOUND 8YHUP OP AAi /fl. a THE TRIUMPH OOMPLETE " tot mJo by MOORE k CO., tho American Aa is, St Ann atroof. and Elliott, 1TB DIVISION ?rtF op. posite Ludlow, Now York. Price SI a bottle > pot, bos for $S. Philadelphia.Jgttle, m South 4th at ' fit l??r SSb">Lir?t-;*