Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 22, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 22, 1846 Page 1
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i? ---* r* E NEW YORK HERALD. NEW YORK, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 22, 1846. HE NEW YORK HERALD. JAIK1 QORPOK BBMWKTT, Proprietor. Clrouiation... Forty Thousand. DAILY HJCRALD?Eiery day rrice S mm Pm*nf ^arv*Tnas{.'?^srt~.r-rH? * ?~ ^raJWKwq all kind* executed wtt beauty and 4m T" AU fetters or eommnnieetioy, by mail. addremnd t* la establishment. nui bo pom pud, or the postage will bo "" "? iSiKUHUmraT, _ Proprietor Of tho Now Yoke Hcralo Eotabl>ohmmt Ml .nra.rnf Peltee ?*d N??*e? rtlMO SUPERIOR PAT BEEP. THE CELEBRATED OX "LONG ISLAND fARMER" tu* been slaughtered, and may bo taeo i the slaughter house of B. Week*, No. 47 Firet at. ii* Ox *u fatted by tticheroTowaaaad, Hempetaad Harbor, I , who ia a grazier of tho higheet uotoricty, and baa furniih I lb* city with torn* of lb* moat perfect (peatmen* of fat baa( Of "tiered in thi( city: be, however, admiu, ia tbia inatnnca, lat tb.i animi] far exceed* any of liia former production*, not te ptiug the far-faiae-i Oz SUPERIOR, which ha* alway* ood pre-eminent ia tho aiinal* 01 epicure* The beef of tnis Oz will be offered Lr aal* at Stall* No*, dl ?id 41 Kn'toa Market, on Seta, day oat, ibe Hit iiut., wkira te public arc mo*t raapeclfully invited to call andiudge fifth* ualiiy tor thtnuelve*. BEN J. T. WEEKS, ml* 3t*r KOsE MILL, oTABLKA. Jiih Sireat and Third \ Avenue, nnd oppoa.te Bull'a Rend. Ju?t arrived and .for anle at tbn above-Stable*, abont fifty Northern ? -reuern Hortea?among which are eight pair* matched: ight or tea good road bona*, and aeverai una cart, farm and .ipping horaea R. X. NORTHRUP, <1 l?n*?* Proprietor SPRING FASHION. BROWN AGO., 1TI Chatham Sqaaro, coraor of Mott a*"r?ot, wiah to inform tho public of their itcent improve I iat in the mauafactara aud Amah of their S3 Hau.conabining anion, beauty nnd durability, three important confederation* i the wearer. The proprietor! do confidently aaaert theiMtat* ? n- mnch superior te nav ever before sold fur the aame twice, all gad s*ti?fy yourself of ihia fact. mlO lm*rh SPRING STYLE. GENTLEMEN'S HATS. WHY wai you par $4,5* and $3 for a Hat, whea you can go to ROBERTSON'S fHCENIX HAT AND CAP MANUFACTORY, 103 Fulton Street, got a* good a one for SS.5P? Uo and examine tor \ ilvea. mrll lmv r your n*re TO MILLINERS. ^ - CARL KINO, the wall known and celebrated 23^ rat premium Straw Hat Manufacturer, informa the public in neral, that he ha* for aale a moat apleudid aaaortment of ad we Fancy STRAW HATS, manulacturcd of an entire ?w article, called Paria Straw Oih^p. mad. to the ahape of '? Sbophordneae Oipaoy?to beautiful and becoming, they led only be sewn to be admired. Milliters, and merchants of " trad*, will do well to cull and examine before they make ir purchase*, nt the good* will b* told by the case or doxea a very liberal price. _ _ CARL KINO. IT Division street. N B.?A general aaaortmant of all ktnda of Straw Oooda id Pan* Ribbons alwaya on hand. IUlm*r STRAiV BONNETS L. CHAPIN, No. It John atreat, near Broadway up ?tain, baa on band a good aaaortmant ol Faahionabla Straw Bonnatt, which ha ia aalliag at the lowatt markat icaa. Millinen and other a are invited to eall befon purahaaiag (where. mrld lm'r m Vttva. FRENCH BOOTS FOR gl 40?City made, ?and are aqaal to thoaa aold in other a lore* for $3: fine ? Kranch Calf Boob for $4 3*. equal to the beat made ia this I city for F irST-et YOUNG A JONES' French Bom 1 Shoe Mr.uractory; oaa of the moat fashionable ia tbia ty; ear Bcii- ..iving baen judged in tha lata Fair at Niblo'a, a said lo be the baat Boot* arar told ia thia city. All Boou arraated to give satisfaction. irfTlwevh WNOAJONl^^^ WI7 IB ? IMT DTAIuWiy, PlftW IOf K? FRENCH HORTICULTURE. M O. MA ONE baa the honor to inform th* amateur*, Mtlo'iit*. aid tha pnblie ia gaaeral, that ha has jn*t arriv rn^ad from France, with a collection of Pleat* nd Flow i .1 tie graateat beauty, and of avery variety, aneh aa Cn i*liaa, Paoaiaa. Arboriaa, Magnolia*, Powlooia, Imperials; ? auorimenl or grafted, aud otnar Rosea: a bttutiinl variety 1 Fru.tTree*, Grape Vines and Bulbs, Flower Seed*) ally* /fresh, and ia a perfect state of preservation. Tbodspot is at 113 Broadway, andtr th* book* tor a of Mr. nhau, where the catalogue may be obtained, and tha plants I flowers examined- For aale at vary reasonable prices. rtUvh FOR SALE, Or will ba exchanged lor city lots, a very fine Farm m ha vicinity of Hudson, Columbia county. containing IP acres. Enquire of JOHN C. 8TEVEN8, No. 14 Barclay at. WANTED, . BY a Family ai foer parsons, apartmMta in a respect | abb houaa. Two room* sad one or two badrooms am at raaaenabla aavanth ward preferred.? his oflfee. giving oarticalara. mil lw*re ' foil Sale, Or will be axchaugad for vaaant lota, the House and labia No. 14 Barclay at. Enquire of JOHN C. STEVENS, ire No. 14 Barclay at STATIN ISLAND PROPERTY FOR SALE. A HANDSOME COUNTRY SEAT with a few or ?ynamoer o( aeraa that mar be desirable. Barna, Re. ic- attached, oa th* North shore ot Staten Island, froo Lii uu the rivar, aud within three mtnataa walk ol Castletoa Minboat Landing, on* mile irom Port Richmond, nnd n mile ^uhelfAoa Ngm Brixton.^ ^ f ^ John O'Bri aiaes, of Mrs. J an a Burger. |ml>wr TO LET OR FOR SALE, A MODERN BUILT COTTAGE. Stable and [ Couch Houaa attached with about aa acre of land, th* __tpnncipal part or wkieh ia wall stocked with fruit aud ,ci shrubs, and aa loaad wi'h a picket fence The atagca inevery ten minotea w thin five miontaa' walk of the house, (ceitiou between UOth a-rl 111th *treMs. For further informa pply to J. HN BATHGATE, 134 Ninth street, or lit. JDS. Hnrlem. mrH lw*re ffh - properly haa ? i rait on the water of about 4PI < ?For mrrner particulars euquir* of William and Jo n, N*. 33 Wall street, or on the premises, of Mrs. Jan M null I IIIII Illinium 8TORKb and vacant Lota, lor tale, rest or exchange. Intact menni mad# en pro ?? ducura Real Eetxta. that will par' r om ran te twaatr reent on the parchaaa money, with an h eiaaae in yelne of patan. to. often.a par cent pat ana tun. Mi nay procured aa and Policial of Ininraice obtained from Hard Mortgage; AjydytiUM bird Avenue, JOHN ALLEN, R.B ?Plana, elerationi, apacifleatiooa and contraeta for liMtaga, furnished here or at No. ? Brand a treat, at tha ahort- | aouta. CALVIN POLLARD. t? lrn*rc Architect RH^ok HAIK, OR TO LB P. onto- moat reaaonable Hurms, three two-etory Derailing i-rueee, in North ^?Sixth.!between Sixth and Seventh atraeta, Williame ?. i. Two of tha above are new, and intended aa genteel ?ideneaa, bang fiaiahed la tha bait manner, and aapplied ith iprwg and rain water in tha kitchen, and coal vanlta in pdt, Re. Two-thirdi of the pnrehaar money may remain ^m.pmcmtt. Engtuie on the ^ ^?t*rre M Wall atreet I ^^?UUAKRY KOR BALE, OR TO LEABE?8itn ^^^?e on the Paaaaic river, in North Belleville, formerly ^^^htonging to Abraham Joral em on, Reg. Said quarry rcuwon awte in rwai w umrw waaa "wi" -? ?? itry separate, if deeired. roe farther particulars, enquire the enhacriber, at the pom o*. Belleville, Feb. It, 1MB. fit lm?mc Belleville. Fr I II III! ??THUUStid ANU LiUT FOR SALE. |A PLEASANT errantry aeat in the village ef Madi ??Ma, Morria county, New J raey, within a few minntea jflfewalk M the beaatifnl reaidence of Wm. Oibboni, Esq., ,u< .bout IS mileefrom New York city?communication to| d from twice a day, any day in tha year, par Morria and fa Railfoed. Said plica eontaina about one acre, on which |BB^^Hand a Barn, wttn n Brat ra n well of water. ?Two Hoaana Ibd achoola and chnrchee in the immediate vicinity. The arnue* are located in n commanding position, overlooking ? whole village; ..ad i* one of tha moat deairmbla location! in ?> lace, being w thin two minntea walk of the raided de ? which rauner. it convenient for a penon doing baeueaiin Peity, who tim iiw to retirl in the country. For particular! rtuirn, or addrees to the aabacnber. L E. T. THOMPSON, _ lm*re Mometowa, N.J EKAL EMIGRATION ?, coram of Maiden Lane, loo Road, Liverpool. PSCOTT'S oknekal^^^^^^H ^^^?OKFlCES, 76 Sooth street, ^?itw Yoik, and M Waterloo OTHSPII^B wiehioe to eccure paaeage for their facade from Li irpool. daring the coming eeason, in the New Line of Liver pol peekete, are ivepeciratly informed by the inbseribert at the undermentioned magnificent and favorite peeket ahipe ill mil from Liverpoel poaitivelyaa advrrtued; in any of bieh paaeage can be engaged oe the moet reaaonable terma, id every aeceeearr meeenre will be need to have thorn whoee hip nottmgner, u?liue. of theee ry, and their ae Bronte pack eta, tender any ruaarks uuaec^^^^^^^^H emmodatioiia for cabin, aecond cabin and acseiage passengers, upma thoee of any other linn. To eeeuie passage, ana.for rthcr [articular., apply T TAr*CQTT, ? eat, corner of Maiden line al R-WkJ.'T, T-, y Drafts, as usual. fee any ^?nt^ payable throng bout 9 Britain and I relet d. HBoRaNT OFFICE-?The lubecribars are prepared ?etgi P. ucagars to coma out by the early Spring ehipn, at ?erylew rem. uyiow in. )raits can. aa neaal, be fmaiehed, payable tkrongbont the ited Kingdom. For farther particulars apply to IT J. HERDMAN ft Co., ?1 South ?l | FOR NEW ORLEANS. ? Loamana and New . Yerk Line?Poe.ti V. I y First Regular packet, to tail m I above, her tegnlar day. For freight or passage, having handaeme farnished aecom lodationa, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot ef Wall net, or tn . K-K. COLLI N8 ft CO, MBoath street on board after Satnrday Agent ie Now Orteane, 3AS. E. WOODRUFF, who will roaqrtiy forward Ml goads tohui eddruea. Packet bark OENMET',, Mwett, master, will aneeeed the Iogueaot^and.ail Mooday, 30th March, her regular day. mil JACKET BHIP HOTTINCJUER, fer L.vnrponl, bdeOun met until Tuesday neat, Mth in.iaat, at U o'clock. Pa. Krnmipkweb.nbmHmtoad^H^m^H ?ngera will please be on board oa that day. at watt aide Bar ag slip, whea the wflt be.towed to tea by a itaamgr. Letter ICS win close at the Conner oflce, and tha Merchants' Ex laage lending r?ora, at half peat II. mil me 7BIP ASHBUR'rDN, ftom'Liverpool?Lonaigneee will isyA-ss.te'".?. gnnnrsi Jf}*"HH(RuiU. * uiNTuaw. a tat.. LONG ISLAND RAILROAD COMPANY. MUMUKfllifi " Emalorhobus TRAINS RUN AS FOLLOWS, CMMKiit on Monday, September 15<h, IMA Lmti Now Yoak?At 7 o'clock, A. M., Boston Train for Orsenport, duly, Sundays -xcepted Hopping at Farmingdale and St. George'a Manor. iU ,fo ? Leave Brooklyn?At JK A M ,far Farming dale and intermedi ate places, daily Sundays excepted, and on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, through to Orrenport and intermediate places. at 4 P. M., for Farmingdale and in tar mod lata places, datjr, Sundays excepted. Leave Qroenport?Boston Tram, at 4 o'clock, P. Mor on the arrival of tha steamer front Norwich, oily, Sundays excepted, stopping at Be George's Manor and Farmingdale. at Jo clock, A. M.; Accommodation Train, on Mondays, Wedeeedava and Fridays. ? hears Farmingdale?For Brooklyn , at (M o'clock, A. M., and 1 P.M., daily, Handays excepted, hears Jamaica?For Brooklyn, at I o'clock, A. M. and IMP. daily, Sundays excepted. Fare to_^" Bedford f cents: East New York 11W; Race Course 10K; Trott-ugCourse 19J<;,famaica29; Brushville UMi Hyde Park >7 m ,e? JTM; Clowarillu, (during aeaaion Const.) I7R] Hempstead 17*: Branch J7>f: Carle Place 44; Westbury 44; ?Hempstead S7X: Branch rM; Carls Place 44: Weetbury 44; Htckarille 44; Harming dale OW; Peer Park JJ; Thompaoa Mk Suffolk Station 1 00; Lake Road Station 1 Station H Rirerhead 1 ltM; Millvule 1 50; St. George's Manor 1 62K; jad 1 4lk; Jamaaport 1 42K; Mattetuek 1 62Ml Cutr Chogue 1 62H; Sou the Id 1 62K: Oreouport, Acc'n. train, 1 75; Oreenport by Boston Train f 09. Stages are in readiness on the arrival of Trains at tha i trend Stations, to take passengers at rery low Fame, to all parts of the blind. Baggage Crates will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall meet, to receive Baggage for Uie sertral Trains, M minutes bo fore the hour of starting from the Brooklyn side. The Steamer Statesman learee Greenpert for Sag Harbor twice each day on tha arriral of the Trains from Brooklyn. MAIL. LLNL f'UK HUSTON. TER THE LONG ISI ROAD. VIA NSW LONDON, NORWICH f WORCSSTKR. At 7 o'clock in the Morning, from the Foot of Whitehall greet, South Ferry?Sundays excepted. Way Crates are in readiness to receive baggage for New Condon, Norwich and Worcester. Baggage for Boetoiyrosa through under lock. ju 14 i k^^LBANY ^VhAj NEW VWengsrs take the fast ana commodious steamers NEW YORK or CHAMPION, and arrixe at Albany the same oxen-1 "Arrangements have been made to make the line eure, end passengers can depend en arrivieg as advertised. Jal larc NOTICE. STATE N ISLAND FERRY. On and altar Monday, March 10th, the boats of this Ferry will run at follows until further notice:? Leave 8'aten Island I, 10,12 A. M. 1,5, P. M. i Leave New York 9, II. A. M.; 1, 33(, 4, P- M. N. B.?Ail freight at the risk of the owners thereof, mitre PEOPLE'S LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY, From tkt Foot of Courtlandt St., At 5 o'clock P. M., Landing at Intermediate Placet. Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain >R. H. Tuny, will leave on Friday tad Sunday .afternoons, at 5 o'clock. Steamboat COLUM "I A. Capt. We. H._ Peck, will leave on 1 ohtoTOAY Thursday and SsWVday afternoons, at 5 o'clock All persons are forbid trotting any of the boats of this line, without a written order from I he Captains or Agents. For passage or freight, apply on board, or to r. C. Schultx. at die ogee on the whart. m 19 NEWARK AND NEW YORK, FARE 12H CENTS. The Splendid Steamer PA88A1C, Capt John O iffy, will commence her tripe lor the teeaon on Monday, March lgih, and run as follows, until further notice;? _ , Leave Newark. I Leave Bave'ay ?t.. New York, at tyi o'clock AM.) 4 o'clock P. M. Freight carried at very reasonable rates, for which theve are store-housm and agents, both at Newark and New York. The Passaic has a large end sosc ous deck saloon, elegautiy furnish ed, and great deck room both for freight and passengers. mrl2 lm*rc ? MARSEILLES LINE OF PACKETS. |j& J& JK ? XEfc kr> jyjff Th^ndermentione^hips will b^egulMlydeepetchedfrom hence on the 1st, and from Marseilles the 10th of each month during the year, as follows:? 8hipe.< Captains. Frora N York. PR*CE de JOINV1LLE, (new) Lawrenc , April Beptl MISSOURI. Silvester, May 1 Oct 1 ARC OLE (new) Kveleigh, June 1 Nov! GASTON, Coulter, July 1 Dee I NEBRASKA (new), Watson, Aug 1 Jan 1 Ships. Captains. Fom Marseilles PR'CE de JOIN VILLE, (new) Livtrance, June 10 Nov 10 MISSOURI. Silveeier, July 10 Dec 10 ARCOLF-, (new,) Kveleigh, Aug M Jen 10 GASTON. Coulter, Sept 10 Feb >0 Nr.BRASKA, Watson, Oct 10 Mar 10 These vessla are all of the first cites, commanded by men of Their accommodations lor passengers are uns r passeuior comfort and convenience. Goods addressed j> he aeanu will be forwarded free of other charges than those actu ally paid. ? fhxlps. No. 102 Front street, or to BOYD k HINCKEN. Agenu. _ .. .. t 9 Tontine Buildings. 00 Wall cor. Water st. bUSlON SlfcAMfcWS. FOE HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. The British sad North Antrieu Royal Mail Bleam Packet Ships HI BERN! A, ana CALEDONIA, will leave Boston for the abore ports as follows, rit: HI BERN 1A^ Alexander Ryne, Commander, on Wedne d Y' ALE D tJ NI A , E. O. Lott, Commander, on Friday, May 1, i to Liverpool $1M Passant to Halifax ? For gam or MM* ap^ly ??" Jr ? At HARNDEN k CO.'8. ? Wall at. ^No Berth secured until paid for m? rc Hmmmm DRAFTS ON GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND.?Persons wishing to re- I I mit money to their friends in any part of I Great Britain or Ireland, can be supplied ^^^^^^^^^Wwith drafts, by applying to the subscribe?, I for any amount. payable at ?ignt. on til the principal towns I throughout England, Ireland. Scotland and Wales. Applies I tioa by latter, (post paid,) will meat prompt attention. I W. at J.T, TAPSCOTT, | fllrh TO Booth ?t. cor. Maiden Lane ????~FOR~ GLASGOW?Regular Packet?The fine ^^^^^Hastsailing British bark ANN HARLKY, 550 tons. ^V^ipt Robert Scott, daily eipected, will meet wnti (quick despatch, on ?rnral. For !? right or passage, having es I cellenl accommodations, apply to I WOOD HULL It MINTURN, (7 South st. I The regular packet ship 8uraeen,Cspt.N.T.Hawkina, will I succeed the a no Hart' y. mil me I g? fiEW LINE OF PACKETS FOR LIVEK I POOL?Packet of the list of March?The splendid, JBNJmKsfast sailing anil favorite packet ship HOTT1.V I OUEK, 1100 tons barthea, Capt. Ira Bnrsley .will sail no I Saturday. March U. liar isnalar day. I The Ships of this lion being all 1(00 tons and upwards, per I sons about to embark for tho Old Country will not fail to see I the advantages to be derived from selecting thie line in prefe I reoce to any other, as their great capacity renders them every I way more comfortable and convenient than ships of a small I class, and their necoeamodationt for cabin, second cabin I and steerage passengers, it is well known, arc superior to any other line of Packets. Persons wishing to seenre berths, should not (ail to make early applieatioa on board, foot of I Barling tiip, or to W. It J. T. TAPSCOTT, H 75 Booth st, corner of Maiden lane, up stairs.H P. 8. The Hottingner will sail from Liverpool on the 11th of I April. Persons wishing to send for their iriaads, can have I I them broaght oat in this magniBeant packet, or any of the re I galtr line sailing on the 1st, fth, 7th, nth, llth, list sad ttth of I I every month, on favorable forms. Application to ha mads as I The elegant packet ship Roeeias will succeed the Hottin | gaer, and sail on the Mth of March, bar regular day. m!7r ?BB FOR LIVERPOuL?The wall known, fast sail- I ship AHHBURl'ON, 550 tons, Captaia J. D. I ^??Iwhiu, having moat of her curt* engaged, will meet ^Khquick dispatch. ?For balance of freight or ptsugu, having excellent areom I modntions, apply to the Cant aa on board, foot of Dover su, I or to WOODliULL It MINi'URM, I m!7 >7 gonth street I mdfo?- FUR LIVERPOOL?New Liae?Packet of 30th I iflWWiast?The very splendid packet shin RoSClUS. A I JBWkBnEldridge master, will bf unavoidably detained until I the Mb instant, wbea she will tail I Kov freight or passage, having accommodations aneqaalled I for splendor or comfort Apply on board, at Orleans whslf, I foot or Wall street, or to I i E. COLLINS k CO., 5( Booth street. I Packet ship Biddons, E.B.Cobb, mister, will succeed the I Roscins.end sail Oth April, her reqalar day. ?15 m I JK PACKET* FOR HAVRE-Beeoad Ltoe-The I WJgVpacket Ship BALTIMORE, Cape J. Johnston, jr , I JHMpfamlf sail OS the 1st of April. I eor i C ? Xomtin* Btsildisfot. J Jmtrc |g Wsllgt U The Line oH ^ln . **. CJ*7? by Brows fc Boll, with unosiul emre; MOIfrill <i lory Ifrgo properties of Uioir frame being live oak. l aadwoskmanship, they are aosurpaasad, if not .salted on tho stocks, and re salted every year isr-d^ss^M XfTCr*"* * I ?" K- IC COLLINS k CO . 54 gonth st I Link or rAcKfc-t I tons, will sail as above, her regular day. I Having very superior aenamimadaCMna for enbia, M esbin aad I average pungm., persona intending to, embark, should p- a?8iniisr ? ~ R,h."KHiii>??o^?"b;fsS I Mth April, her ragnlsr day. | N. B. Persona daairons of sending fofthdir friends, can have i them brought oat by the above skip, on moderate terms, by making application m above. mltr "?'i'i-esaisiiK/r-1 ?OK Til r M Booth sc. | drfBP- iPOk LIVERPOOL?Packets of Ktk of kitreh , |fnVWand 1st or April?The sp'endid, fast sailing packet .BBbmhiP Ho* 11;at, r?|.i Cldridge. will aatl |...eiti?elr Ion tne Mill of March: and the packet ahip EUROPE, Captnm IFerber, will anil on the let ol April. I For pissade in eabm and steerage, having uasaruaasMl ae leomtnodatinns, apply to JOHN HERDMAN it CO. IctARMERif AND MILL R8' BANK, Hagerstewa. HA, "ONE OF THE BOYS." The above is " one of the boya!" He is sketched in the act of demolishing a luscious melon; that exquisite fruit, which the approach of warm weather brings sweetly to one's recollection. Observe the intense delight and selfishness with which he gloats over his prize, and the bold air of defiance which is stamped on his visage, as he looks proudly round on all creation. " One of the boys" is luxuriating? " one of the boys " is representing his glorious peers on the race course, the camp-ground, or the Bat tery. The sketch represents him as possessor of the whole melon up to 6-1 40. nuiMhniettiMid Virginia. We have repeatedly been requested to publish the correspondence between Mr. Lawrence of Massa chusetts, and Mr. Rives of Virginia, but have been unable to do so, on account of its great length. The correspondence having ceased, we have, at the soli citations of many of our readers, concluded to give he last letter, remarking that so far as the princi ples therein contained are concerned, we give, them without comment, considering the statistical facts mportant to both political parties. Bostox, Feb. 23,1840. My Dbab Sir?When I wrote to yon on the 10th of lent month, I proposed to present in another letter some facts in regard to the progress of the spinning of cotton sines the Brat high protective tariff in 1810, to the cotton year, ending 31st of August, 1816. These I shall offer for the special consideration of those who inhabit the cotton growing region of our country ; and of those who brought forward and carried that law through Congress. The tariff of 1818 was founded in wisdom, and I am ready here to make my acknowledgments to those dis tinguished statesmen of the cotton growing States, who successfully consummated an act that has done so much to promote the prosperity of the whole Union. The primary object on the part of those members of Congress representing the cotton planting States, in es tablishing a high protective tariff, was to extend the consumption el their great staple in this country, by excluding foreign made cotton fabrics, and substituting a domestic article manufactured ol American cotton ? I think the authors of the tariff law of 1810 may con gratulate themselves end their countrymen, on the com pleto success that has followed from the adoption of the minimum of twenty.Ave cents the square yard, oonteia ed in that bill. Under its beneficial operation we have been enabled to supply our own population with cottons of tho coarse and middling qualities, and to export to foreign countries to the amount of four or Ave millions of dollare annually?for which wo receive in payment tee, coffee, auger, bides, copper. Icc. 1 heee goods, the pioduct of our own labor, hare become a substitute for coin, in the several countries to which they are shipped. It would seem that tho founder* of this system of high protection to labor, oaght to be satisfied with its results, as the quantity oi cotton now spun in the United States is far grsatsr then tna most sanguins of Its friends snti cipatod in 1818. According to a statement made up by Mr. P. T. Jackson, and Mr. John A. Lowell, for the use of the tariff convention held in New York, in 1832 the home consumption of eotton prior to the passage of the act of 1810, was eleven million* of ponnde, being about ihrea-eighto of the quantity now spun at Lowell. Tho quantity spun in Great Britain in 1810,was eighty eight millions of pounds. There are no data to be relied upon tor continuous returns of homo consumption, be tween 1810 and 1898-1896. In 102A-*37, the returns were mads in a New-York pries currant, and they have since be?n continued, and are deemed to bo as correct as the nature of tho case will admit In 1820-*27, the amount spun in the United States was 103,483 bales, which we may estimate at 330 lbs each, [net of tars] equal to >4,149,390 lbs. In the same veer, the quantity spun in Great Britain was 197,300,000 pounds. Krom 1828 to 1830 was a period of embarrassment and distress among manufacturers; consequently the consumption ot 1829-*30 was only 120.812 balsa, of about 343 pounds each, amounting to 43,040,040 pounds; while the consumption in Great Bri tain was 347,600,000 pounds. At this period some of our Southern mends, who had been foremost in advocating hum* manufactures, and had counted largely on the benefits anticipated by them in 1816, from the operation ?i the protective policy, (as grssiUy eugmsmiag the con sumption of their staple,) began to maniiaat dissatisfac tion, with what they considered the alow pts^iais of our cotton manufactures. The idea entermaMd, end put terth, was, that we should nover require so much, as to bear any considerable proportion to tho consumption of Great Britain. Thia, as will be shown, was a false view ot th* case, and Ui prorad a capital arror. In 18IJ "33 the quantity tpun at home reached 104,413 bale*, averaging parhapa WtO pound* each} in 1834- 36, 334,783 balai; in 1-37-TJti. 346,063 bale*} in 1839-'40, 304,103 bale*-, in 164i-'43, there waa deep commercial and manulacturing diatreaa, and conanmption receded to 367,840 bale*. In the latter part of the year 1843, and in 1843, after the present tariff law went into operation, a revival of bnainea* throughout th* country took place, and brought np the amount apun to 316,139 bales. In 1644 44, (year ending Slat of Auguat last,) the amount spun waa 380,000 bale*. Thar* i* a quantity of cotton consumad In th* interior of the States, wh.eh, never having ranched th* eaaporte, is not included in tha New York statement, that has bean estimated to be at iaaet 41,000 bale*) we shall tharalor* estimate the total quantity at 430,000 bales, of 410 pounds each, net, making a total of 176,300,000 pounds a* the consumption last year, against 11,000,000 pounds in 1316 - being a pe riod of twanty-iiinsjrears. Th* consumption in Orent Britain has gone an steadily increasing, but not in so ratio a* in the United hlsles. The retnma fer 1644 have been received,* and ?mount to 440,000,300 pounds against 173,300,000 pounds in the United Males. Thus the inoreese in the Uoitsd 8tttss,iroa 1010 to 1344, has extended from 11,000,000 to 176,300,000 pounds in 30 years, being an augmentation of ?ixteenfold. The increase in Orent Britain in the same period of time has been from 88,700,000 pounds to 640, 000,000 pounds: being an augmentation of less than sevenfold, against an increase In the United Mates jf sixteen/old Tease are not only striking, bnt Important facts, and pre asm n viaw of tho ease, wnicli refutes the anticipa tions of those who entertained different opinions of tho fatnro increase of tho spinning of cotton in this country Atteaa years ago. 1 cannot but hop# that tha viaws and ?pinion* ot so mo of th* prominent men of the South may undergo n change, when they examine this question dispassionately; and that they wiU come to the conclu sion that Ihty are doaply intonated in the spinning, as wall as in tee producing of cotton, at home. As regards the latere, if the general peace of the wotld be main tained, and the leading business concerns of the coun try an not disturbed by the legislative aotion of the fed eral government, than is no reason why the increased homo demand for cotton should net go oo in as npld a ratio as during th* paat. This wouia bo doubling th* present consumption in a little more than eight years. Than an new an immense number of apiadies under construction in a majority of tho States, (probably not less than 400,000,) all of which are intended to be in ope ration befon the first of January, 1840, and tha probabili ty is that at that time the quantity of cotton spun will reaoh *40,(00 bales, of 410 pounds each, or 360,600,400 pounds. Then will, also, be a great incnate in Ureat Britain, but not in too same proportion , as wo possess some advantage* in the manufacture of heavy goods, which en not enjoyed in bogiand. So long a* we pro dace better goods, and can maintain onr superiority abroad, then will be a constantly mcrssslng eipert de * Qaantity of Tans spaa ia Oreat Britaia ia 111 J 4M.lM.eus r needs biposted ia Versa.,. 134,344,004 lbs, vslasd at ltd, II cants. tn,Z44,t60 lis ported ia manufac's 04*^44,444 lbs. ralnsdat l?Xd J?* cents... 71,844 OM Consumed at home,.. 134,44644* lbs. raised at 44?a t3,JSC,not Whole vale* of coueamaeal'Mtursd ia Cay land. .HH.WJM mend which is of great value to the whole country ? Upon a review of this branch of industry, it appear* to

me that it* fature proapecta are excellent, if not disturb ed by bad banking, and (what i* (till more pernicious to all branches of basin***) unstable and unwise legisla tion. The tariff has already been altered letreral time* (1 believe six or seven) since 1816. If the present n ovement ngainst the act of 1843 shall succeed, in accordance with Mr. Walker's plan, it must be followed soon by a counter movement; if not on the part of the people, the government itsell will recommend it, for revenue. It may be truly asserted that the coarse cotton fabrics, such aa are worn by the laboring classes, are sold as cheap here as in England, or in any part of the world. Of course there is no further burden imposed on the Con sumers of this description of home made goods. It ha* been said that the existing duties on cotton goods pre vent importations of almost every kind. This is so far ftora the fact, that for the last three years, the amount of Cotton, and mixed cotton and worsted fabrics, printed and plain, imported, have been larger than in former years, having ranged from 610.000,000 to $13,000,000. Tail large amount is of the finer descriptions, and such a* are worn by the fashionable and rich. We shall continue to import largely of these luxuries, so long as our peo ple have surplus mean* to expend in dress ; and the per manent revenue, under the presenLsystem, will be much freater than under that proposed by the Secretary of the reasury. The question has often been asked, why not reduce the duties on cottons, if you can sell them so low 1 I answer, that the duty now is nearly inoperativa, entirely so, on tome kinds, inch, for example, as are exported in large quantities If the duties were reduced materially on the coarse goods, 1 should intorposo no objection, provided ample protection was maintained on the mid dling and fine qualities. This is a matter to bo carefully arianged by practical man Wa have now certainly nothing to fear in the manufacture of yarns as high as No. 14; so far, we can go on without protection, hot the higher numbors require protection, and it should bo s specific duty. The law, as it now stands, although ino perativa on coarse cloth, gives confidence to the invest ment of capital in machinery, for the manufacture of finer fabrics; in fact,* very large amount ia already invested in mills, which produce yarns end cloth as high as No. SO. Without protection, and that in the form 01 specific du ties, there will he no increase of machinery adapted to the middling and fine fabrics. The great amount ol printed calicoes require protection, and will suffer se verely without it. i wilt not dwoll longer on this sub ject of cotton. 1 trust 1 have presented lscta enough to ?atiily the cotton plantar, that his interests have been promoted by creating another market, and a larger one, too, for the spinning of his staple. We actually con sume [wear] mora pounds of coltou in this country than in Great Britain?since nearly mora than two-thirds of the quantity spun in that country is exported in the form of yarn* and cloth. We work up more than Franca, and quite as much as 60,000,000 of German*. Our con somiug ability of this, and all other comforts of Ufa, is beyond that *f an equal number of persons ot any other country, and five times as great aa that of Russia. The factories of only Messachusstt* and a neighboring State, spin annually 180,000 bales of catton. We received one million of barrels of flour (more than the whole export of the United 8tales to foreign countries) the last year. The amount of products ol 8tates out of New England, taken by Massachusetts the lart year, amounted to $40,000,000, in ootton, load, wool, angar, coal, iron, flour, grain of all sorts, pork, beef, lard, tobacco, rice, fcc. kc , for which we have paid in the products ol our labor; and this it a steady ana increasing market for the articles I have named. In fact, tha State of Maseachueetts (not to speak of tha other New England States, which are all laurga consu mer") affords greater support to the agricultural aDd planting States, south end west, than any othar in tha Union, and greater to the strictly agricultural States han all foreign countries The tariff of 1049 was enaot than all foreign ed as much for tha benefit of the Southern and Western States, as for Massachusetts, and they have derived as much advantage from it in proportion to their capital. Of the truth of this declaration, they will be satisfied, after a year's experience under Mr. Walker's plen of low ad valorem duties. The notion is prevalent, I am fully aware, that tha Northern and Eastern States, those engaged In manu facturing, enjoy tha principal benefits from the present tariff. But this is not the case. By reference to tho fol lowing quantitos of protected articles, produced out of New r-ngland, almost wholly, you will see that there are othar great protected interests in the oeontry be sides the manufacture of cotton and wool. Tha duties on these are from 40 to 100 per cent, and on spirit* to a greater extent. There are produced from 440 to 600,000 tons of iron. 990,000,600 pounds of sugar. 90,000,000 pounds maplo sugar. 0 to 19,000,000 gallons of molasses. 4 to 7.000,000 tons of coal. 60 to 60,000,000 pounds of wool. 10 000,000 bushels salt 00 to 70,000,000 gallon* of spirits, mostly from grate. 13 to 14,000,000 yards of cotton bagging. 90,000,000 pounds ol bale rope and twine. ft) to 00,000 ton* of hemp and flax. To this list might be added twenty miner articles, worth, in the aggregate, more than the wnole amount of cotton fabrics produced ia the United States. Iron, we still import 70 to 80,000 tons, including near ly all used on ruilroads, which can and will be pro duced at home, as soon aa increased capital is acquired. W* now produce more iron than Franc* or Rossis, or any other country save Great Britain, whose produot is now 1,400,000 tons. Within a few years there oan be no doubt that tha pro duct uf iron will bt doubled, provided that the prospe rity ol the country Is not interfered with by experiments made by Congress en the labor and currency of the country, which is s greater discouragement to branches of business requiring large fixed capital, than ia imagin ed by many 01 our legislators who make end unmake tariffs. It is estimstad that at the present price* of "U^sr, the cultivation, in a very briaf parted of tima, will be ax tended to the required home consumption, now about 600,000,000 pounds, which in ton yoers may be 600,000,000 pounds, i nave no doubt that the best interests of tho nation raquiro that tha preaant duty on auffar ahould ba maintained, with othar protective dutiea. Thl" exten sion of sugar cultivation will amploy a lsrge amount af labor now devoted to the production of cotton. It would soorn that savaral States of this Union might with profit multiply the occupations of labor. It ap pear* to me, tboy require now sources of support, end the progress and condition ol their population, with tha amonnt of pnduotien, preaant to tha reflecting portion of the people a strong argument in favor of snoh now sonrcaa; 1 will state a few facta. . The Stat* ol Virginia contains <4,000 squaro mites, had in 1840,1,130,797 inhabitants, being less than 16 to the square mile; gross products, according to Professor Tucker, $76,760,043. New York contains 48,000 square mil**; had in 1840, 3,198,617 inhabitant#: products in the same year $103,? 806,433; add the prodact of navigation as distinct from commerce, which ia omitted, on 040,000 ton* shipping, $30,000 <W0; making in the aggregate $913,000,000. In 1790, by the first oenaus, Virginia had 19 peratns to the square mile, and New York 7j; now, Virginia con tains 10, and New York 43 to the square mite. Is 1390. Virginia had a papulation of 1,065,179; in 1830, 1,911,404; in 1840, 1,230.797. Now York, in 1830, 1,373,. 919; in I860, 1,918,00$, la 1S40, 3.438,931. In 1840, New York will prebably contain aaarly 6,000, 000, and Virginia say 1,300,000. That* facta, ona would suppose, wera sufficient to induce the people of Virginia to introduce aew branchoe of industry, and to establish tha modern internal improvement* for transportation, that the rich reaourcea of the State map be developed. The condition of the two Caroltnai are much the aaae aa Virginia. The population of North and South Carolina, in 1030, 1,310,173; in 1840, 1.347,817-increase 3} per cent in ten years, (pnnciptlly in North Carolina ) MCven in Ureat Britain, the increaie in the aaae time waa 11 percent. In Maaaachuaetta, although there were Sl| to the tquire mile in 1830, againat 17 in the Caroli na*, there waa an iacreaae ol 31 percent from 1930to 1840. Too aggregate product* of the two Carolina* in 1840, waa $59,593,731, with a population of 1.347,917. The product* of Massachusetts, with a population of lea* than 800,000 people, amounted at the *ame time to 4100, 000,000, and now the product* of labor and capital are more than $130,000,000. I have introduced theie itatemant* for the purpoae of exhibiting fairly the true condition of una of the old nd to awa States,and to awahon the public mind in thoie Statea to the importance of bringing out their productive labor, *r brancne by introducing new branches of business, in order that the industrial classes may be profitably employed, end to show that the three State* named have as great a stake in protecting the labor ot the country as any other in tha Union. They have now but little else then soil and physical power remaining. You posses* but a small amount of productive power, in the form of railroad* and labor-saving machines. You have a deep interest.In common with ail the States,in upholding the labor of tha country. You seem to ba satisfied that the time has come when something should be done to improve the condi tion of your people. The people of Virginia, with South and North Carolina (particularly the two former States) have pursued a policy that ha* brought 'hem, so fa- as population is concerned, to a stationary condition; and from present indications, I should not be surprised to sea Eastern Virginia and South Carolina with a less number of people in 18.50 than they contained in 1810. If you propose now to enter upon those pursuit* that are certain in their operations to give employment, end that of a profitable kind, to your people, and to create a irsrket at home for your agricultural products, what ob ject can there be in transferring our workshops to Great Britain 1 The South and West have every motive to give efficient protection to the labor of the whole Union: First, because those employed in the mechanical and manufacturing arts are the best customers for your agri cultural products; and secondly, because you desire to engage in those department* or labor yourselves. I say, Uien, look well to this project, now under consideration at Waskington, to change our whole revenue system. There is one principle upon which every government, aad every commercial community with which I am ac quainted, agree throughout the world; and that is, to es tablish specific duties, or a valuation of their own. Mr. Walker has reverted this decision, and recommends ad valorem duties on an alleged valuation abroad. I daam this featare in the bill a violation of sound principle, and such as must be condemned by men of all parties, whose experience and knowledge ura of value. It is no other in practice, than to drive from our foreign trade a large number of honest importing merchants, and to place their business in the hands of unscrupulous foreigners. Time may reveal the truth of this prediction. The President and his Secretary of the Treasui y have ?fated that the operations of tha present tariff law op pressed tha poor. 1 confess this assertion surprised me coming from high functionaries of the government, who hsve the means of obtaining correct information. I as sume tha responsibility ef stating, that a laboring man may be, and is clothed with American manufactures from the crown of his head to the sole of his foot, as cheaply as alaboring maa in Great Britain, or any other part of Europe, who wears ss comfortable garments; and that the revenue is raised principally from articles consumed by those classes of society who are in easy pecuniary circumstances. I beg to refer Mr. Walker to the reports from the customs, and ask the favor of him to present them to the President, and he will there find the only article on which the poor man is taxed to any extent, is sugar, and that cannot be deemed very oner ous when he obtains his tea and coffee free of duty, and with a favorable prospect, if the present duty be main tained, of very soon being supplied from our own soil with sugar, at a price much below that now paid. It is an error of the President and Secretary to put forth a statement that the tariff of 1343 opprosses the poor man, when the principal part of tha reVenue is derived rather ha luxuries, than the neci from tha luxuries, than the necessaries of life. When we hear irom high sources of transferring our workshops to Manchester, Birmingham and Leeds, I should Ue glad to know if it be proposed to transfer our intelligent working men with them, and whether a far mer in Ohio can be made to believe that these men will eat mora of his beef and pork in Old than in New Eng land. This is a strange doctrine, and sounds to ms quite anti-American, and are Just euch sentiments as were ut tered by the old tories previous to the Revolutionary w?r. There is one other point to which I shall allude in the report of the hon. Secretary. He says that the wages of labor are lower now than previous to the tariff of 1843. If hemeensthe wages of labor in the manufsc tnriDg portions of the country, I will state ? fact which, hi t, complet I think, completely illustrates the incorrectness of his assertion. In the State of Massachusetts, the institutions for sa vings are obliged by law to mako returns to the lagisla tuie. In the annual returns just publishsd, 1 find the following ? lATiifo imi m HtiucHviirrt Xumh'r of Jimoxmt Incrtiut in Incrtattin Jtpogilorw. drpuhttd. dtpoiitori. depoiiud. in I... 3D.ni $6,415,414 111 11)2... 41,102 4.675 Tl 41 1,171 $190,451 IS It) >... 54.256 9,114,954 17 13,154 1,539,079 06 Being an increase from 1811 to 1843 of about 3 par cant on dopoaitora, and about 8J par cent on amount deposi ' * ' 1843 tad, and an incraaio from 1843 to 1845 of ab ut 33 per cent on depoiitori, or nearly 11 par cent par annum, and abut 38 par cent on amount deposited, or nearly 13 par cent per annum. I dtall make bo comment* upon thil extraordinary exhibition of the incraaio of depositors and depoiiti, turther than to atate that all the world know for whom thoee admirable Institution* were ettabliebed, and by whom they are used. I will not trouble you with mora facte, argument*, or illustration* upon thi* great question, national in it* character, and a* broad at the limit* of the Union, and one that reaches the condition of every individ ual in it. I have personally no more interest than any other citizen. If the government adopt a course of measures that prostrate* the labor of the country, 1 shall in com mon with every other citizen feel it* effect*. We are, I hold, one great family, and indi**olubly linked to gether, and the chain cannot be touched without the vi bration being felt at either eitremity. I en'ertain and cherish a strong American feeling : al though born and bred in Massachusetts, I have a feeling of pride in the honor and character of every State in our Union. I desire to see our whole population go onward and upward in a course of prosperity and happiness. My aflections for this country are not bounded by geo graphical line*, and whether I And myself in Maine or in Georgia, stilt I em an American citizen, protected by the seme constitution and la we cf one of tbo most pros perous and happy countries upon which the sun ever '* alloui * " " ?hone. With all our party strifes end bickerings,the coun try goes on prosperiog, sod 1 trust, to prosper. 1 have only to ask of those who are now the actors on our greet political stage, not to experiment upon the pros perity and destinies of a happy and contontad people, with sentimenta of the highest respect and regard, 1 remain, dear sir, Your friend and obedient servant, ABBQTT LAWRENCE. To Hon. Wm. C. Rives, Castle Hill, Albemarle County, Virginia. Chasactxr of Commodorc Craxx. and Manx** or his Dkath.?The tacts in this melancholy case, at they have been revealed to the public in other quar ters, are that he was found late in the afternoon of Wed nesday in his office, deed, from e ghastly wound in hie neck, supposed to have been inflicted by his own hand, in e moment of mental aberration. At noon soma ot the clerks went to the door and found it looked, end sup posed that he had gone to sleep. One of them looked through the keyhole end saw him in his rocking chair. As he contioned, however, In hit office till about 4 o'clokc, suspicions were aroueed, and tba door was forced open. He waa found in the same position in his rocking chair, dead. As may be suppoaed, the intelli Since produced a shock in the city, and will ba received roughout the country with sorrow and lamentation. Commodore Crane wet a Jertevman by birth and feel ing?a ton of the gallant Gen. William Crane of Eliza bethtown, e Colonel of the Revolutionary army, who distinguished himself at the tiege of Quebec, where he received a wound, from the effects oi which be died many years after. Commodore Crane entered the navy at e midshipman. May 33rd, 1709, end dietinguised himself on eeveral trying oocaeione, both before end during the war of 1812. richly earning the promo tion and honors which his country has subsequently eonferred upon him. After passing through the several subordinate grades, he was promoted to ? Captaincy in November, 1814, ami at hi* death had attained the high est tank in the service. He was the sixth on the list Commodores Barron, Stewart, donee, Morris and War rington alone standing belora him in seniority. Magna- ( nimout, chivalrous end breve, accomplished in the arts of peace aa of war, e gentleman and a scholar, no lest than a teaman, be leaves few equals and no superior in the service which he illustrated and adorned To a nu merous circle of attached persona! friends his unseason able death will be a source of living grief. He leave* a wife, a lady of Norfolk, Va , of rare personal merit, but > no children, end two brothers-the gallant Col. Crane, of the U. 8. Artillery, and Judge Crane, of Dayton, Ohio, formerly e member of Congress. Tba Commodore was, . we believe, the eldest, end mutt htvt been about 63 t year* of ege. At the last meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society be was proposed as aa honorary mem- ; bar, in consideration of hie rare personal and profession ai worth. Wo learn aince the above has been In type that Com. C , whose temperament has been morbid some time, kaa supposed for some days past that he was going to die, and that in this melancholy state of mind he resigned hie office some Ave or six day eioee. Col. Jacob Jo nee hat been appointed te hit poet at Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance end Hydrography ol the Navy Dapartmant, ?alary $$,9fl$.?gnssrs Advrrtiirr. Extensive Tannery.?-At th? establishment of Pratt Ac Watson, Prattsville, Greene county, the business of tanning hides ie conducted on ? very exten i eive scale. Their tannery ie over 400 feet in length, tin eys e capital of $350,088, and tho number ol tides of User annually tanned exceeds 00,000. The tannery . is conducted by Hon. Ztdoc Pratt and Joha Watson, hi* partner, and Ie said to be the moat extensive in the I United States. Thar* ere two other tanneries In the ?amo town, employing about the same oapHal.-*h?dsr- i More of the If res bete. [F rom the Buffalo Express, March 19 ] We notice that exaggeiated accouute ot the extent at the damage done to tl.e shipping in Buffaio harbor, dur ing the late flood, are going the rounda of the eeetem Cpeis. Theae, or a portion ot them, originated in an perfect atatement made by passengers, and published in an extra at Rochester on the raormng after the disas ter. We attach no blame to the publishers, for making use of the intelligence they received, although highly colored?and the paaaeogera who are iiuoted as autho rity might hare been very honest in their statements) yet tbefaota show that they gave publicity to au inflat ed and erroneous account, that has bean widely circu lated. In the excitement of the moment axtraeagant estimates of the extent of injury were made by our citi inging m lens. Various auma, ranging from $30,009 to (30,000, were mentioned, as the estimate of the damage. These, however, upon a more caro-'ul examination, ware,with out doubt, all too high The whole amount will not probably exceed (00,000. It ia duo to Buffalo, that the public mind thnuld be put rigbt upon thia matter, tbat ?he may not suffer mora abroad than aha haa at home from tba disaster. [From the Cbemingo Telegraph.] The rain commenced felling on Friday afternoon, and continued to pour down throughout the night with great violence. On Saturday morning the hi 11a presented to the eye a perfect sheet ol wator, and the roar of furiona waters that mat the ear, gave evidence of a freshet of no ordinary occurrence Immense damage has been done in thia regiou of country. We hear that there is scarcely a bridge sta ding on the Otselic oreek, and that tba mill ol Chandler sustained some injury ; the bridge over the Canasawacta in thia village was awept off, together with that n mile above, near tne rasi dence of D. Huttolph, Esq The bridge at the White Store, crossing the Unadilla, in this town, is gnne ; so also are those at Mouiit Upton, Rockdale, and Shavers Corners. The new bridge at Bainbridge, over the Sus quehanna. has shared the same late. This structure was completed only u lew weeks ago, and we understand it cost upward* of (MK)0. It ii also reported that Evan's mills, a few rods above the bridge, ware swept down the current. The new bridge, six miles north of Bing hamton, over the Chenango, is on ita "winding way."? We hear it will not be rebuilt. The Susquehanna bridge at Bingbamton has also been carried off. end one on Big Creek, near that place. We learn that the banks of the Canal have sustained some damage in Sherburne and Oxford. The copious rains and the large body of ?now on the ground, tended to swell our streami to an almost unprecedented height, and wa presume our in formation scarcely covers a titne of the damage done to, or entire destruction of property. [From the Ithaca Journal.] Vhe greatest freshet, attended with a corresponding destruction of property, known for many yeare, oc curred on Friday mghttmd Saturday ot last weak. In dead, we may term it the great freshet, for wo are as sured by those who have resided hare for 30, or even 90 years, that they never saw ita equil We hear from Owego, Elmira, and other placea within the range of 90 or 40 miles, that the streams were swollen to an equal extent hs hare, and such haa probably bean the case throughout the State. Wa briefly notice the damage sus tained, as far as we have heard. On Fall creak the new bridge near Mack, Andrus k Co.'a paper mill, was swept away. A house ocoupied by Mr. .Edaall. employed in the paper mill, was carried off, together with the tenant's furnituie ; the building was owned by M. A. Is Co. Another honae belonging to the same Arm was under mined and upset. The bridges between the above men tioned place and Etna, wa understand, are awapt away. Those at Dryden village and McLean shared the asm# fato. On Six Mile Creak, the bridge near the old atono mill, on Cayuga street, is partially carried away. The of Mr.,* * ? " foot-bridge of Mr. Andrus is washed away. The pattern shop connected with the extensive (brnaee of Mr. V. Conrad, which extended across the creek, wont down stream ahout 0 o'clock on Saturday morning,and lodged against the new Clinton street bridge, where it remained until it broke to pieces, in the evening. The shop was ?towed full of expansive patterns, very faw of wbioh were saved except in a damaged condition, and a large portion entirely lost. The blacksmith shop attached to the furnace is almost entirely undermined, the floor fell out, and the building only kept from falling into the wa ter by the use of stays. Mr. Conrad haa probably bean the.larrest loser of any one in our village. Tba old hat shop of Gen. Henning ia partially undermined, and a portion of it washed away. A large copper dye-kettle was lost by Mr. H.; when last aeenlt was near the Inlet. Several live hogs belonging to R. It W. Halsey took a voyage towards Cayuga Lake about day-light, on Saturday morning. The flume leading to the oil mill ia partially undermined and swept away. Tho wator ran from the creek serosa Oswego street, east of Aurora street, end filled the cellars in the neigh borhood. We understand there are but the remains of a ?ingle bridge leftgon the Concadilla creek, for six or ?even miloi east of the ville.and but one whole ooe hero. The Cayuga street bridge i* standing ; the bridge near tba new cemetery ia almost entirely carried away ; the Aurora street bridge went off about S P. M. on Friday; and the Tioga street bridge was oat sway about JAM. on Saturday. Ha 1 the latter been taken care of at an earlier hour, and before the large amount of drift wood, ice, it?, had accumulated and obstructed the channel, much of the damage sustained by individuals might have been avoided. The current of water separated j a portion running off to the north, over the promisee of Mrs. Gregory, Mr. Bart, and others, washing large gullies in aosne placet, and in others forming slayer of one or two feat in depth of atones end gravel; the re mainder of the stream forced ita way to the west, over the lots owned by J. Esty, on Tioga street, tho various lota on Sears' lane, and beyond into Cayuga street. In its course, fences, out houses, lets, ware awapt away, walla and cisterns completely filled op with atena and gravel, and cellars end basements saturated with water, and encased with mud. Sage, Mack k Co. lost about 49 tons ol coal at the Inlet, awept away by the water; In they also had a large quantity of Hour in store, wet. One of the bridges at tbA Inlet ia partly gone. Tha ? ? ? i. The f bridge at Bnttarmil'c Vails is impassable. The Ludlow ville bridge, over Salmon creak, a washed away. Tho Ceuklll stage-driver, with tha mail, fordad tha creak at Ricblord, by means of a rope attached to his body, and with the aid of several men, who pulled him through tha stream. [Correspondence of Ihi Pittsburg Osteite J Cnimiukdish, Musk 16,1846. ? Tbeie ku been no connection to-day, and from every appearance, wo can't tell when there will be one, in consequence of the high water. Several bridges ever tho Susquehanna river, above and below Harrisburgh, with Clark's ferry bridge, was moved by flood and took along with it the Harris burgh bridge from the island to the town, together with the lour new spans of the C. V. R. road bridge, which had been put up last fall. Oreat damage must most ear - tainly be done to the canal and railroad at Harrisbargb. Our passengers that left here this morning are at the river, and can get no further. Such a destruction has never been known along the river. Yesterday morn ing a covered bridge, a small house and a saw milt came down the river. The water is Irom 30 to 36 lest above high water mark. These are the facts received by the last arrival of cars at half past 8 o'clock, bringing ne mails. _ [Correspondence of the PhUadeflhis Inquirer ] ilOLLinsTisuaa, Penn. March 16.?I wrota yon on the evening of the 14th, mentioning the fact that we had a treat flood in the Juniata at thst time, and that tho probe ?lity was, that the canal had sustained considerable in jury. I have this day made inquiry, and Irom what I can iasrn, the injury is a short distance below Huntingdon, and near the village of Potarsburgh. 1 loan be repaired in a short time, and a nnmbsr of man ware set to work at each point this morning. The dam and look, about two miles above Huntingdon, have escaped with slight iojury, nothwithstanding they were in greet danger at the highest stags ot the water. The river from Huntingdon up to this place was not swollen as much as bslow, and the canal has sustained no In jury between Potorsburgh and this. Tho now aque duct near Newton Hamilton is nsarty completed. AM that is necessary is a little warm weather to thaw the earth, that the pu-ldling at the ends may be dene. Than it will be reedy lor the reception of water. The warm and spring-like weather of last waak has been succeeded BV a young winter that will do no dishonor to March. There are great preparations making h for tho spring trade, as weU as at other points oa the nal. At Lewistown, there is in store, ready to be sent to market, 30,000 barrels of flour, and 00,000 bushels of grain. There has been no mail hero eoat of Haetingdoa since Friday last. Oreat anxiety is fait hare to learn whether the groat flood has injured tho canal botwosn l/swistown and Columbia, as rumor says that the flood below was Without precedent. I fee! confident that the canal from here to Lewistown will be in a navigable stats In a few days, if we hate any thing Ilka moderate weather. We are indebted to the Herrttiurg Ttlrgrapk Kmtra, end to the HvnisVrrg Jlr&u, for further details of the freshet. The bridges at Danville and Catawiaaa had both been carried away. Also the stone bridge over tho Mahancongo creek, on the west side of the nuaqnehen nsh, an-1 strove Liverpool. The Ttltgraph says: "Tho aqueduct over Onn's creek was standing. Tke em bankment over the Husqiiehannah division, from Dun can's Island to Notthumborland, has bean greatly Injur ad?large brsscbss being made above and below Liver pool and other places. All tho culverts are destroyed, . including the large om just below Liverpool. Wo ore glad to learn that the injury to the Wtcomaoo canal has not been grant, and can be repaired for about $9O0 A gentleman from Lewistown states that tho canal on the Juniata, between that place and Duncan's Island, has suits red comparatively little injury, end can be put in order for navigation in three or four days. The supervisor on the line from Duncan's Island to Columbia, informs us that the canal between Hairisburg and Duncan'a Island can be mads raady for navigation in three days but belew. the damage has been heavy, and will require two or three weeks to repair. About 1000 yards ot embankment below Marietta have been in jured, some partially and some totally destroyed, toga i ther with the guard wall. On other parts of the canal thora has bean considerable damage don* folh# banks. 1 and soma to the Middle town feeder. , A portion of the rsilroed between Harrisburgh mi Middle town baa been entirely ewept away but to what extant wa have not ieernod," . . .. ,. Private letters state, inJfoaMheBWMS main line will be but far a short time, ana thit tbo most vigorous sflerts have already bean resorted to, to facili tate the opening .of the navigation at tba earliest mo i ment. The first reports were, in many cases, greatly exaggerated. They are sweeping the barns and granaries cleao In the West, and collecting all the remnants of tba crop for market. In the different warehouses on the Miami ca nal they are storing all they can collect for shipment.? ' One firm has 34,000 bushels Ot wheat, 6600 of oats, 3,000 bbls. of flour, 1,000 bushels of rye and 400 efbcriey > Another bos 3000 hogs in warehouse ; another 3,000 bushels of flaxseed. These have beea the soeumulstfoa of ? single weak.

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