Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 23, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 23, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Monday, H?rrh >3, IMC. Anglo.American Affair*. We have placed on the outside of this day's pa per, several extracts from the foreign papers received at the Herald office. They will be found particularly important and interesting. Amoug the extracts are ail the articles that we could tiud in the London papers relative to the re fusal oi President Polk to settle the Oregon ques tion by arbitration. But, apart from these, the most important extract is that from the Timet, respecting the European interference in the aflairs of Mexico. That paper remarks, that " nothing is more certain, than that the Oregon question is not wholly cen tered in Oregon." It is very probable, from the re cent deplorable events in India, that this remark is true in no less than three points of view. We have received an able letter on the aflairs in Europe, from our London correspondent, which we shall publish to-morrow, or next day. The Charter Election. The charter election, in one point of view, opens this week in the eighteen wards of this city, and will close at sun set on the se cond Tuesday in April. The whigs select the dele gates to their mayoralty convention some time to night, sud the democratic primary elections tor the eime purpose take place to-morrow in all the wards In a week or less the names of all the candidates for Mayor, Aldermen, &c., will be belorethe public. This municipal election is likely to be a very sin gular one. After all the efforts of many of the most public spirited ot our citizens to organise a new par ty, to obtsin a thorough reform in the abuses ot municipal affairs, the democratic party has managed to absorb the issue, and bring it before the people as their leading feature, and hope thus to remain m power. The whiga have, as yet, made no development of their views and intentions; but it is supposed that they will endeavor to join the natives, and so secure something. It is difficult to say whether or not the j natives will join the whigs, in the face of their re- i cent success in Philadelphia, unless it be to compel them to vote for their candidate tor Mayor. Of the other fractions and factional parts of par- > ties, there is very little said. We learn that a fag end of the natives have had several meetings, taken j the name of "city reformers," and nominated Justice Taylor for Mayor, and Wm. V. Brady for Alms House Commissioners, the latter now being an elective office. This appears to be the existing condition ot the , parties. It is now a matter of some interest to ascertain what are the chances of these parties and cliqiut. In addition to the local questions of a new city charter, clean streets, and diminished taxation, the great na tional question of the day will |>erform its part. The aspect of aflairs in Washington?the struggle be- j tween the 54 40 and 40 men, will have its eflects on the local election of next month, and it is, perhaps, yery proper that it should. That question, involving *' peace" or " war," is one of vital importance to this city, with its immense foreign commerce ; and although the apparent issue will be " city reform," ! the great element in the contest is likely to be the , ?' whole or none" of Oregon. The work is to begin to-night in all the wards, and the movements and nominations of this week will, probably, indicate the character and result of the ensuing election. Railroads and Mails ?Since speed has come to be of so much importance, and the quickest trans mission of the mails a thing to be earnestly desired, it probably would not bi a bad plan for State legis latures, when they grant charters to incorporate railroad companies, to insert a clause in the con ditions upon which such charter is granted, making it obligatory on the part of the company to transport the U. S. mail at a price not to exceed a certain given amount, placing the price low enough to secure the carriage of the mail by the most expe ditious mode. Ihe benefit resulting from such a measure must be apparent to all. For instance, under the new post-office law, the Department is obliged, in many instances, to employ the more moderately travelling conveyances to carry its bags, because the railroad companies charge such prices as to place it out of the power of the Postmaster to employ them without assuming greater obligations than prudence will admit of. It may be said that the transmission of mails does not belong to the States, and hence they have no nght to interfere in the matter. But it is easily shown that in this matter the citizens of the several* Slates have a direct interest; and hence it is a proper matter for State legislation. For instance? a railroad is contemplated between this city and Albany. It is evidently a mutter ol very great im portance that our bustuess men have every possible facility afforded for the most speedy conveyance of intelligence ; and what if the railroad in question proves to be this mode, and yet the mail be not carried by ft 1 Why, it is evident that our merchants mujt keep messengers almost constantly on the road, or suffer the consequences of being over reached by speculators, and put to other incon veniences peculiar to the times in which we live. We have thrown out this hint for the benefit of thoee whom it is most likely to interest, hoping, of coarse, as does every person who takes the trouble to hint, that the suggestion may not be thrown away. Handling the Public Monrt with Gloves.? In the late report of the City Comptroller, we notice a very interesting item of eighty-two dollars, charged for "gloves for the Common Council to attend funerals." Why the people should pay for the Aldermen's gloves we cannot imagine. We believe, moreover, that there hate been no public funerals, with the ex ception of that General Jackson, since the present J Corporation has been in power ; and tor this itself, a biU)ot over 83,000 is presented?enough,we should say, to cover the expense of gloves and all the other little etceteras. Moreover, we think the Aldermen must have been extravagant to pay eighty-two dollars for gloves. Thay must either hsve bought two pairs each, or else paid over two dollars per pair. In either case there is a lack of economy; and what do democrats want with gloves I Who ever heard of one in kids 1 How very funny their " huge paws" would look in them' We should not now be surprised to see bills pre sented for the Aldermen's boots, hats, coats, inex pressibles, and wigs. It would also be very con venient lor them to have charged to the "dear people" their bills for washing, shaving, and hair dressing. We have heard of handling money " without glovesbut this more refined manner, introduced by the city Corporation, will yet, we presume, take place of all other modes. What a happy thing it is that the election comes off in two weeks. Shall we see these gloves at (he polls i Musical and Theatrical.?The two principal thaatres have been crowded nightly, during the past wesk, by the Mitt of the city, to witness the repre sentation of a new opera and a new drama. The season for amusements has fairly commenced, and, from the extensive preparations now making, we are lad to believe that another grand musical and theatrical revival may be expected. At the Park theatre, the celebrated comic opera entitled, "Le Braseeur de Preston," by Adolph Adam, will be produced, for the first time in America, this even ing. At the Bowery, the grand romantic spectacle of "Msrmion," founded on Sir Walter Scott's beau tiful poem, will be brought out iu a style of great magnificence. The Bowery Amphitheatre, under the management of Sands, Lent dr Co., will ooen to night with a talented equestrian irtmpt, and the re nowned dancing horses, which have won the ad miration of the fashionable and curious of Europe Thus three novelties are presented id one evening, oud ail tastes imp be gratified The Mystic MnUm " of the tJnloo?Mof M?Uc Telefnphi. We published, a short time since, a list of tbc magnetic telegraphs in the United States, including such ss were then in operation, and such as were in course of construction. Our article, on that oc casion, embraced all the information we were then in possession of; but, through the politeness of Mr. Marshall, of the Boston and New York Telegraph Company, we have received, at our own solicita tion, considerable addition to our data, and have it in our power to give all necessary information con cerning every telegraph line in the country. Several of these lines are now in operation, and equal the expectations of the most sanguine of their projectors; and the revolution which electricity, applied in this manner, is destined to effect, is already being developed. We now proceed with the lines in operation, and in course of erection. The first in magnitude, as it is importance, is the New York and Boston line. The "right of way" of this line was not obtained until the middle of last November, and all that has been done upon it has been done in the midst of a New England winter?a winter almost unparal leled for severity. Notwithstanding this, the line is now finished, and in the most perfect working or der, Irom Boston to Springfield, a distance of ona hundred miles. Thenco to Hartford, it will be finished next Wednesday ; thence to New Haven within fifteen days. Between New Haven and Bridgeport the wires are being placed upon the posts, and will be completed within ten or fifteen days. From Bridgeport towards Nsw York the work is in active progress, and the posts are set to within forty miles of the Harlem Railroad. Before the 1st of May, the entire line between the two great cities, New York and Boston, will be in ope ration. This, for a winter's job, is doing well; and instead of being found fault with for any tardiness of construction, the public ought to give the presi. dent, directors, contractor, dec., a roasted ox and plenty ot water power fully infused with magnetism. The Boston line is a noble work. The wire is of a large size, and the insolation is formed by a new and superior process. The telegraph offices of this line, so far as they are now established, are as fol low :? Boston In the Merchants' Exchange. Worcester In the Exchange. Kpringfleld.. ..Maasasoit Row. Hartford. . ..Imlay's, cor Main It Foarl sts. New Haven. .Brewster's elegant building. This line consists of but two wires, at present^ but these will no doubt be increased at once. The business between New York and Boston, and the manufacturing bee-hive of the East, is very great, and two wires will not do the business that will be presented. After this comes the New York and Baltimore telegraph. The present eastern terminus of this line is now at Fort Lee, on the New Jersey shore of the North River. Within a week the terminus will be at Jersey city, and communications will then be sent over to the depot every ten minutes, and telegraphed South. This line is finished, and in daily use to Philadelphia. Beyond Philadelphia it ia finished to Wilmington, Del., and the contrac tor promises to reach Baltimore bv the 10th of April next. This will complete the entire line to Wash ington. The Great Western Telegraph is probably the next in importance. This line is to run from Phila delphia to the Ohio river, probably at Pittsburg.? From Philadelphia to Harrisburg it is now done, and it is expected that it will reach the Ohio river early in the summer. The New York, Albany and Buffalo Telegraphs comes next ia order, although it ia as important a line as any on the list. It is in a great state of tor. wardness. From Albany to Utica it is in daily un interrupted use. Tnence to Buffalo the posts are all up, with the exception of some twenty-five or thirty miles. It is supposed that, from Albany toward New York, it will intersect the Boston line at Springfield or Bridgeport. It is the intention of the President and Directors to be through the whole distance by the 1st of July. The work is going ra pidly forward, and the hands that it ia in, furnish an abundant pledge that it will not linger. This line is, also, a very permanent and workmanlike struc ture, reflecting great credit upon its builders. Since the opening of the section between Utica and Al bany?about ninety-six miles?it has not been out of order a single day. During this time the mail on that route has failed more than once, showing that telegraphs are as reliable as the public finails, to say the least of them. The next is the Lockport and Buffalo Telegraph. This was finished last autumn and ia in line work ing order, giving entire satisfaction to the public and the stockholders. Then the Oswego and Syracuse line. This is un der contract; the money raised, and will be finish ed before the first cf May. And the Ithaca and. Auburn Telegraph, which is now under contract, and will be pushed through so soon as the frost is out of the ground. In regular order, we have the Troy and Saratoga line. This is also under contract?the money raised ?contractors pledged to finish and put it in operation on or before the first of June next. This line will I probably be continued to Whitehall or Lake Cham plain, during the summer. Then the Lowell and Boston Telegraph, which is finished and ready to go into operation. In addition to these large lines, there are two telegraph lines now in operation, for the purpose of telegraphing shipping. One of these is from Nan. tucket to Boston, and the other from Coney Island to New York. The latter, we believe, goes into operation this morning. And we learn from the Charlatan Patriot of the , 18th instant, that it is in contemplation to establish a line from Charleston, South Carolina, to Au gusta, Georgia; and that the South Carolina Rail I road Company, is now negotiating with the proprie tors ot the telegraph, to establish it on the line of heir railroad. t A number of "side lines," intersecting the larger lines, are to be built during the summer. The telegraph enterprise is now no longer a mat ter of doubt or speculation; and the stock ot the ( main lines must be tar superior to any stock ever created in this country. The expenses of working the lines are small?consuming no fuel?working up no horse flesh? und using no expensive ma chinery. The business between Philadelphia and New York, proves that the stock will pay enormous dividends, although that line is not in a condition at this time to accommodate the public to the extent ot its capacities, or the wants of the community. Seventy messages passed on tEis line, which was only a lair average of the daily business. The rapidity with which this great discovery was taken up and appropriated by the American people* ia characteristic of their enterprise. But what shall be said of the changes, social and political, which bis subtle, though wonderful, agent will ultimately efleet on our globe! Where is the man with nerve enough to contemplate them 1 and who can look into the future without dizziness I In the words of the eminent South Carolina statesman, the Hon John C. Calhoun, in his last great speech " Elec tricity, the greatest and most diffused of all known physical agents, has been made the instru ment for the transmission of thoughts, not with the rapidity of lightning, but by lightning itself. Magic wires are stretching themselves in, all directions ?uen tl,e when their mystic meBhes shall have been united and perfected, our globe it sell will become endowed with sensitiveness, so I u,al whatever touches on any one point, will be in stantly felt on evenr other." We shall watch the progress of thesa lightning lines with the greatest interest. Common Council.?Both boards meet this eve. mng, it being the regular mght of meeting for the Board of Aldermen, while a special meeting of the Board of Assistants has been called for the purpose of concurring with the Board oi Aldermen in acting upon certain paper# that are expected to be brought before thnni Op*nln| of the Travelling Season. The travelling season baa fairly opened, and the most extensive preparations have been made, and are still making, to supply the public with the means of conveyance. We now speak of the local travel. The Hudson is open ; all the rivers are open, and our hotel books begin to indicate that the travel in the ensuing season will be immense. We have obtained the following list of steamers thatj have entered the passenger business for the season :? Rand rick Hudson, Rip Vtn Winkle, St. Nicholas, North America, Columbia, Oneida, Belle, L*tica. Oeorge Washington, ? roa HswrosT aim raoviosscs. Neptune, Narragansett, Mobegao, Massachusetts, Rhode Island. roa soawicH. Worcester, California, New Haven. roa stonikotow. Knickerbocker, Oregon. roe eaioecroBT. Earaka, Nimrod, roa HaBtroao ahd saw Hares. Koaciosko, Now York Champion, **sro, Eipresa, Travallar. roa sraMroan asp roar cmeitcb. Catallne, New Roohallt, Croton. ? Jefferson. roa rursamo. Washington Irving. roa ELiraasTaroBT. Water Witch. This list is incomplete, but it is about as perfect as , it can be made for the present. It is expected that the competition in the ensuing ' season will be greater than ever before known in : this section of the Union. Two or three boats are already running to Albanyjat very low rates of fare, and when the Oeorge Washington and the other monster steamers are on the line, it is supposed that j the price of passage will be reduced to a shilling, j with an excellent dinner included. On the Sound route to Boston there is also to be a vast deal of speculation and speed. The two magnificent monsters, the Oregon and Knicker- ' bocker, begin their trips ts Stonington on the 1st proximo. Five boats will then run to Newport and ! Providence; two direct to Norwich, with the splen- j did new steamer California to start in a few days j after; and two or three, including the Mutual Safe- j ty, to connect the capital Long Island Railroad,with the excellent Norwich and Worcester roads. Thus, , four routes are opened to Boston. But all this steamboat enterprise is not to end here More boats, magnificent and monstrous, j will be built before the river freezes up again, and > the public are to be still further astonished and be- J wildered with improvements in steam navigation, j We believe, however, that nearly all the speed that can be obtained from steam machinery, has already been brought into requisition by CorneliusVanderbilt, Geo. A. Law, John C. Stevens, Esquires, and one or two others. If more momentum is wanted, lightning will have to be used. All this is for local travel only. What are the j means for foreign travel I We shall see. Mod* op Procuring Jurors.?We have often j been &8ked, and have frequently heard persona re- i mark and wonder, how it was'that they were drawn i and notified to serve as jurors in our different cri- ! minal courts. We, therefore, give below the pro cess of procuring jurors, that they may understand the system by which their names are obtained. The grand jurymen are drawn first. For this purpose, the ststute authorizes the Mayor, Recor der, and Aldermen, to meet on the second Monday in Julyot each year (which meeting forms a Board of Supervisors). At this meeting the Alderman, hand in about thirty-five names of respectable per sons, selected by them from their respective wards, to make up the 600 names which are required by law, to be drawn as grand jurors for the Court of Oyer and Terminer, and General Sessions; and these names must be of such persona as are of up proved integrity, fair character, and sound judg ment. The name, residence, and occupation must : be written on a separate piece of paper, folded up, | and deposited in a box in the office of the County ! Clerk. Fourteen days before the holding of any ! court, the clerk thereof draws from this box, in the ! presence ol the Sheriff, an Under Sheriff, and one j of the Judges of the county, the names of thirty- j six persons. When the drawing is completed, the panel is signed by the above officers, six days previous notice having been given of the time and place ot such drawing, in one of the public papers. The panel is then delivered to the Sheriff, whose duty it is to summon the persons so drawn to serve as jurors, and to return the panel so drawn to the proper court on the first day of its sitting, together witii a return of hia manner of summoning the same. From the persons thus summoned, the court empa nel a grand jury of not lead than sixteen, nermore than twenty-three, jurors, twelve of whom must concur in finding a bill ot indictment. The mode ot obtaining petit jurors is as followsTheir names are returned by the Board of Assessors from their tax roll?placed in a box, shook up, and drawn out in the same manner as the grand jurors. Therefore, if persona who are exempt from jury duty report themselves to the Aldermen and Asses sors of their respective wards, it would save them much trouble ana tune. Theatrical*. Pabb Thiatbb.?" La Brasseur da Preston,* by Adolpha Adam, composer of tha "Postillion," will ba performed this evening at tha Park Theatre, for tha Aret time in Amerioa, by tha 8a(nin troupe. Tha "Brewer of Preston" is a comic opera in three acta, and the mnsie is of alight, varied, novel, and agreeable character. In the last scene some complicated and astonishing effects will be prodnced, and we have every reason to believe the opera will become more popular than any hitherto presented to the notice of the New York public. Tie scenery is all new and magnificent?the costumes and decorations of the most picturesque and brilliant de scription, and the choruses full and effective. The ope ra has been s long time in preparation, and neither pains or expense have been spared in getting it up?nothing that would serve to render it worthy the support and patronage of critical and intellectual audiences has been omitted. Mr. and Mrs. Segnin and Mr. Frazer are all in excellent voice, and never were more popular than at present We understand that several other grand ope ra's are now in preparation, and the brilliant success which awaits "La Brasseur" will ensure their produc tion at the earliest period. Bowsav Tmbatbb.?'The grand, romantic spectacle of "Marmion," founded on Sir Walter Scott's renowned poem of that name, will be produced for the first time this evening, at the Bowery Theatre, in a style of unpre : cedented magnificence and splendor. The scenery ia ' new and of the roost picturesque and beautiful charac i tar. Tha splendid costumes and armors of the knights have all been taken from the beat authorities, and the whole afiair will be one of the most gorgeous j pageants ever produced at this establishment The enter S rising manager, in order to render this composi oubly effective, has secured, in addition to his own com pany, tho services of a talented equestrian troupe and ! dramatic eorpi, consisting of thirty-two male and female ! riders, with a stud of fiftv beautiful horses. The plot ; of "Marmion" is one of thrilling interest, and the lan guage is sublime and cbast*. The lust scene?the battle of Modden Field?we learn, will surpass in richness and grandeur any thing of the hind ever before wit 1 nessed. Here the terrible words fall from the lips of I the dying hero?" Charge ! Chester, Charge! On, Stanley on." John II.Scott's delineation of the charac ter of the indomitable Marmion, and Mrs. (J. Jones' Constance, would alone ensure a crowded house. As it is, we doubt not that tha theatre will be thronged by enthusiastic audiences, for a long tints. The attractions of such a play as this, increase with every represents tion. Bowsav AurHiTHssTss ?This establishment, which 1 has been thoroughly repaired and fitted up in a style of | considerable splendor, will be opened this evening, for the first time, under the management of Sands, Lent h I Co. The greatest novelty ever offered for the notice of i the American public will be presented on this occasion, consisting of twelve diminutive, but exquisitely formed ponies, purchased by Mr Sands in Europe,who perform a variety of the most curious and wondsrful feats. Two of them, while standing in erect attitude upon their hind lege, have been taught to put on the gloves, and wres tle, spar and fight, after the manner of the most oelebrat ed pugilists. Two magnificent dancing horses will i also be introduced, who nave performed before the so j vereigns of England, France, and Holland. They were ' purchased from Franconi's establishment in Parts, and the feats they perform ere truly wonderful. A talented and oelebrated equestrian and dramatic eorpt have j been engaged, and one of the best stud of horses in this country will enter the ring. With such attractions, the Bowery Amphitheatre will be nightly crowded by the tUu and curious. The EthiOviaw Hsrmovists at Talsso's Opera House.?The succession of fine bouses at Palmo's in duce* the " Harmonists" to remain yet eootber week, ire they proceed to fulfil their other engagements at the South and West. Tbey have thus far been very successful, and a large portion ol tbeii songs rseeive a very well merited tncore from the multitude who great them nightly They well deserve the eucouregsaeX k thev receive ( The Question. We have reoeived the report of the minority of the committee to whom was referred that por tion of the Governor's message relating to lease hold estates. It was written by the Hon. Joshua A. Spencer. The following is a synopsis ot the report t? Alter some preliminary reading, dec., we come to that part wherein is detailed the measures prayed tor by the tenants. These are? Firstly, That in all prosecutions upon thess leases, the tenants shall be at liberty to deny the validity of the original Utle under which the grant or lease was wade, and to require tbs plaintiff, before he shadl be entitled.to recover, to establish the validity of the title under which he claimed to hold such land at the time of giving the laaae, and to relieve the tenanU from any estoppelor pra of title in the landlord in conaequence of aav aumption i ing taken the 'ease or held poasession under it Secondly. To abolish the remedy by distresa for the collection of rent* Thirdly. To tax the rant or income growing out of these leases, and all laaaaa having over a few yeara to run ; and, Fourthly. That the State, by the exercise of ths yewer ?f rminent domain, shall take whatever intereat the pro prietori have, paying a just compensation therefor, and than tell auch interest to the tenant! in fee simple, dis charged of all reservations. In answer to the first of theae the Committee say, that there is no bettor settled rule of law, nor one roating on aounder morality .than that a tenant who takes a laasa of hia landlord, and enters into poaseaaion under |it, shall never be heard to dispute or question the title and pos session ha thus takes, until alter he surrenders such possession. If ha ia not satisfied with his landlord's title, or if he baliavea he bat procured a better one himself, he has only to surrsndar the pcsseasion ha thus took, and ha ia at full liberty, without any embarrassment be cause of the ltasa, to asssll him who was his landlord, and try the "inquest" in the courts, whan and where ho please*. If A rent his house to B. for a year at one hundred dollars, and ha should refuse at the expiration of the term either to pay the rent or surrender the possession, who would doubt tbat it would be most extraordinary legislation for us to pass a law allowing B. to set up a want of title in A. whan he ia aued either for the rant or th* possession T But it may be said that, it ia only in cases of laaaas far long terms that the rule is sought to be changed. So, indeed, it ia. But had B. taken his lease for fifty years, entered into possession, and remained all that term undisturbed and the title unquestioned, would the presumption of law that A'a title was good be weak er by the long continued quiet enjoyment under it, or lie of i ..t-v.s would the rule of evidence which the tenants now aak to be changed or abolished, be leas important to A. after auch a lapse of yeara T On the contrary, is it not the very case where this rule is most important to give re pose after muniments of title may be loit J This rule is by no means alone applicable to casea of landlord and tenant. It prevails universally. If A. give B. an executory contract for a conveyance of land in future, and he goes into possession, in a suit brought upon it to recover the purchase money, of in an eject ment to recover the possession after failure to pay, the rule is the same and equally inflexible. So, too, if A. takes a mortgage of B. on land in hi* pos session, and it is afterwards foreclosed and lb* premi se* bought, either by A. or by aatranger, in an ejectment brought against B ,he cannot deny his title, or sbow title in a stranger. The poasession of the tenant ia the pos session of the landlord, and in all casea where a landlord wants to defend hia title by adverse possesaion, the period when the premises were occupied by his tenant is equal ly as available to him, as is bis own personal occupation. So, also, withfevery grantor with warranty. His cov enant runs with the land, and though the title may have passed through twenty men in as many years, the pos session of each one. is the grantor's adverse possession against all the world beside, as much as if he had him self occupied during the whole period. In regent to the propriety of abolishing distress for rent, the committee lay that they are satisfied that the abolishment of this remedy can have no influence upon leeses, where it is made part of the contract. But tney will forbear to enter upon the discussion of this prolific point in this already extended report, and will content themselves by a reference to the Governor's Message, and to Mr. Duer'a report, (Assea. Doc. No. 371, ot 1340.) in both of which documents the suggestion is discussed with great ability. The next question il, the propriety of taxing the rent or income springing out ot leases having mora than tan or fifteen years to run. In answer to this, the Commute* say that from the ex periment of the legislation which in the year 183S sprung out of a great commotion which agitated the set. tiers on th* lands of the Holland Land Company, they are apprehensive that the proposed legislation would be equally injurious to the tenants. But they will not now farther extend their remarks on this question, in the hepe that ths Committee on Finance may take it in charge. The only remaining question proposed to be consider ed by the Committee was, whether the State can, or ougbt to exercise its power of eminent domain for the relief ol these tenants, in the manner proposed ? In re ply, they say it is obvious that this ia a question emi nently proper to be aubmitted to the committee on the judiciary, especially so far as the question of power is concerned. On the point of expediency, it is difficult to perceive how the tenant is to be benefitted by the mea sure. In conclusion, the Committee say?It is obvious from what has bean aubmitted, that it is their opinion the Le gislature have cot the power to grant any substantial relief to these tenants. City Intelligence. Packet SHir Columbia.?Thit fine ship, which il to take her place in the "Black Ball Line," C. H. Marshall ' and Co, proprietors, will be launched on Tuesday. The head winds and a flowing tide, prevented her from ' leaving the stocks on Saturday, as eras announced. The i Columbia, of 1100 tons burthen, is one of the finest of her class, and is to be launched from the yard of Win. H. Webb, her enterpriaing builder. Common Council.?Both Boards meet this evening, for the transaction of ordinary business. We understand, however, that Alderman Cbarlick hat yet another expose in< regard to ihe Alms House department, which will be brought forward for consideration, in the Board of Al dermen. Election is near at hand. Fibb.?A fire was discovered, about '1 o'clock on Sun day morninr, in a basement at No. 34# Walker street, wherein a Mrs. Chaiity was neatly suffocated by the smoke, beiore extricated. The damage to the premises was trifling. Anothkb.?A fire broke out last night, abont half-past 10 o'clock, in a fancy worsted and Iringe store, No. 440 Houston street, next to Broadwsy, kept by J. Oross, a German. The whole of the stock contained in the store was destroyed, and the upper part was considerably damaged by fire and water. A gentleman, whose name we understood to be Satterley, occupied a room in the third story, and was in bed at the time, but was aroused by the smoke, and immediately started for the stairs to make his escape. On finding the staircase on fire, he rushed for the window, with only his drawers on, clamb ered outside, and much to the terror of the crowd in the street, he managed to stride along past four ot the win dows on the third story, and would ultimately in his fright have jumped into the street, had be not fortunately been let into the fourth window, and thus escaped through the next house. A Mysterious and Cuatocs Attain in Marbied Life. About twelve o'clock yesterday, a finely formed and really beautiful woman, might have been?indeed she was?teen entering the store of one of our most wealthy and extensive French importing houses near Hanover square. At a little after two o'clock, a man apparently much excited, rushed dowupaccompanied by a friend, "" ifthl " " and commenced beating the door or thit store, and call ing loudly for admittance. The noise he made soon at tracted a great crowd, all anxious to learn the cause of thit strange and singular conduct The mad informed them thatnis wife was there in company with a French man, and urged by several bystanders, continued his at tack upon the door. Alderman Charlick, however, who was present, ordered him to desist, informing him that this was not the proper remedy tor any injury he might have sustained. But the moment the Alderman's back was turned, the man proceeded with much violence, and finally succeeded in forcing an entrance. Within the lady and her chtr am it were found, and both were arrested by two police officers, who it appears had been stationed there at twelve o'clock by a frien i, who went to inform the husband of his wife's whereabouts. The parties were conducted by these officers to the of si Alderman Charlick, and an examination ws lice of Alderman Charlick, and an examination was had. The| following particulars were there elicited The lady had eloped from Ireland, two years ago, with a person who died in this country shortly after their arri val. She was young and beautiful, and attracted the notice of several prominent members of the Aon ton? among others, the susceptible heart of a Frenchman, in a large importing house, was offered and accepted. About this time, for reasons probably best known to herself, the ladv married an American gentleman, and, for a time, all went on smoothly ana happily. The " young " Frenchman still continued her cavalier ter vent*, however ; but, at length, jealousy, the " green eyed monster," invaded the bosom of the " predestined," as the French call husbands in this situation. He em > ployed a friend to watch his spouse?determined to Kive himselt what he most abhorred, if possible, e friend, it appears, witnessed several stolen iaterviews ; and the husband, one day, some two months ago, had a boxing match with his wronger, in East Broadway. This affair resulted in the French gentleman being arrested for an assault and battery. An examination was then had before Justice Drinker, but, for some reason, tho case was dismissed. Yesterday, the friend of the husband followed tho frail spouse to the store where the Frenchman is employed as clerk, and the result was as we have stated. The lady protest ed that ahe only went there to get her friend to write a letter to Ireland. But this seemed rather odd, as the Frenchman writes but little -English. The Alderman, alter a patient investigation of the affair, dismissed the case, not finding sufficient legal cause to hold tbe par ties. The particular legal point upon which this deci sion was made, we suppose, was that the separation of husband and wife had long since taken place?the for mer having signed a contract to that effect. Undebtarers' Sham.?Among ell the establishments which are fitting up for spring business, there are none which appear to be adorning themselves more than the which appear to be adorning themselves more than tbe undertakers' shops. We know that this a very grata subject to discuss, and'particularly to joke upon. But it does seem as though the object was to invite passers by to walk in and be measured for the habiliments of death. In former times these establishments were kept in the by streets,and but few saw them but those who went for the purpose of seeking them. This, it seems to us, is the tiue mode. Why these establishments should be array ed in the principal streets, and kept as a continual me mento mori before our ayes, we cannot imagine. No body will be persuaded to coma in and purchase from the splendid arrangements of the establishment. They ought to bo kept as formally, in the by streets. Set out Teres.?'This is the season of the year for set ting out trees. It does not seem to be sufficiently under stood how much trees in front of houses, beautify a city and take away from it much of its dullness, by remind ing us that there are such things as green leaves and growing branches. We wish every property holder in the city would set trees in front of bis bousei. Even in a pecuniary point of view thorn would he no loss, as bouses with trees before them, alwavs rent for higher prises LiUrtry ?mI Musical N?Um> A So ho of m* Hxakt ? Published by E. Fa urn >Se Co., 237 Broadway. This ia the title ot aa admirable ptrce ol music, composed by J Martin, of Clifton, whose compositions are so deservedly popular in our Southern cities?he is a gentleman of talent and originality, and must sooner or later be come a great favorite with the public We insert I the words?they are by that true poet of nature, Ca. leb Lyon, of Lyonsdale. A So.no or tbk Hcaet I think of thos in dreams, Mary; Thy mem'iy over brings The violst nook of olden days. Whore the wild grapevine clings, The river's wave cone* dancing book, And the hemlock'* holy shade. Where the early vows of love, Mary, To thee in truth were made. Where the early vows of love, Mer/, To thee in truth were made. I see again the church, Mary, And the priest is standing there, And on his lips the marriage vow, And iu his heart's the prayer : Thy flegers bonnden with a ring? A ring of simple gold? And his name I'll ever bless, Mary, Who made thee mine of eld. And his name, fee. Bright were the yeare new Bed, Mary, And life's young day is gene; Yet still thou art as beautiful And dear to gamd upon - For childhood's forms are by thy side And cradled in thine arms? Like jewels in a crown, Mary, They consecrate thy charms. Like Jewel*, he. The paper and execution are worthy in eveiy way of the enterprising publishers. May they give us more such. Whxaton on the Law or Nations.?Lea and Blanchard, Phila ?This most valuable work con tains the elements of international law, by the Hon. Henry Wheaton, American Minister at the court of Prussia. It is a work that ought to be in the library of every one. It has already gone through three editions. Columbian Magazine ?Israel Post, New York.? We have received the April number of thisfamous ' Magazine, and find it to be exceedingly interesting. The steel plate " The spirit of "76," is alone worth j a year's subscription. Police Intelligence. Masch 33.?Jittmpt to Commit a Rope.?Thomas Carnea, residing at No. 171 Mulberry street, was arrest ed yesterday on a warrant by Captain McQrath, of tho 4th ward, charged with attempting to commit a rape on a young Irish girl, who lived as a servant in hi* house, by the name of Ann Grokin. Committed by Justice Oiborae, in default of $1,000 bail. Picking a Pocket.?John Jones waa arretted last night for picking the pocket of Patrick Harvey, ef $3, while In the house of George Burns, No SO Madiaoa street. Harvey was a little " lushey" at the time. Locked np by Justice Osborne. Robbing a Room Mate.?Michael Regan was arrested lest night, charged with stealing $14 from the pocket of Daniel Higgins, at No. 46 Mulberry street They both slept in the same room, and upon Higgins getting up in the mornlog, he discovered the loss of his money, and Regan was amongst the missing. Committed by Justice Osborne, for trial at the Special Sessions. Petit Larceny.?James Litz was arrested yesterday, charged with stealing $19 from the pantaloons pocket or John Scull, of 63 Cherry street, while he laid in a state of unconsciousneas on a barge or schooner.called Albert Rogers, lying at the foot of Jay street Locked up by Jostice Osborne. False Pretences.?Under this head, we noticed in last < Thursday's Herald, the arrest of Mr. George Bent, charged oy Porter 1c Ballard, dry gooda merchants, No. j 130 Pearl street,with purchasing a bill of gooda in April, 1845, amounting to some $500, under false represents tions. Mr. Bent demanded a bearing in this matter, which was granted on Saturday, before Justices Drinker and Osborne; and, upon thoroughly investigating the whole affair, the case was dismissed?the testimony not being deemed sufficient to warrant the detention of Mr. Bent. Jtnothsr ?'Touch" Case.?Jennett Wilson was "pulled" last night, by officer Appleyard, of the 5th ward, ior de- ? coying a countryman by the nemo of John Forsyth, into Moll Hodge's "crib," wherein ho was robbed of $45.? Locked up, for examination, by Justice Osborne. Done at Last.?Billy Cox. one of tho old "panel" thieves, was arrested last night, by officer Eldridge, of the 5th ward, for being drunk and disorderly in the street. Upon being brought before Justice Osborne, that excellent magistrate very wisely sent him to the penitentiary for six months, as a common vagrant. Petit Larceny.?Michael Regan was arrested Isat night, for stealing a aiik pocket-handkerchief, worth 60 cents, from Michael F.gan, No. 46 Mulberry street Locked up. Peter Quinn was caught in the act ot stealing an iron ?crew wrench from Peter Aslen, No. 88J Orange street. Committed. Sarah Francis (black) was arrested yesterday, for stealing a table-cloth, worth 50 cents, belonging to Charles Shick, No. 38 Hester street Locked up by Jus tice Taylor. Mexican Affairs, Ac. Havana, Feb. 26th, 1848.?It is hinted about bore, in different circles, that a strong effort is to be made to erect a throne upon the ruins of the present tottering Republic of Mexico, and place one of the royal blood of Spain upon it The secrets of those in power here are so well ke,.t that it is almost impossible for a mere looker-on like myself to get the drift of these rumors; but that there is some design on foot in favor of esta blishing a monarchy in Mexico, in which endeavor England and France are playing into the hands of The nes Spain, every one believes. The new militia law here I has some connection with this business, it is thought { The native Cubans are opposed to it, root and branch, but they dare not, as in some seotions of the United States,'throw ridicule upon the system. O' Donoell. like The on before him, stands no nonsense. A slave ship arrived on the coast a short time since, with 000 slaves on board. The Captain General was at once epprised of the fact by Mr. Crawford, the English Consul, and this, I suppose, will he the last of it. 7 he slaves have all been landed and distributed ere this. At a little village named Cerro, within three miles of Ha vana, resides Santa Anna. He has constructed an am phitheatre in his yard, where all the gamblers of the city resort for the purpose of cock-fighting. The cocks are matched and weighed, the bets made, and a day ap pointed w deciding the enormous sums which the Mexi can hazards at this nis favorite sport A few days since, and during the heat of the fight, the ex-President bet the enormous odds of eighteen doubloons against twelve dollars. 1 remained sufficiently long to see him loee this >fl ascerta singular bet. It is pretty well ascertained, and is new all tha talk among the sporting circles, that a young American, related to one of our first families, won $S6 000 at " monte" from the ex-Pi esident of Mexico. VesaCbuz, Fab. 39.?In half an hour a boat is to leave the wharf for the vessel, and that time I will devote to giving you a short sketch of matters and things in this queer Key " " queer Republic. Mr. Slidell, our Minister, Is atill at Ja lappa, with Mr. Pairott, and I am fain to believe that there is no probability, in fact, possibility, that the for mer will be able to do any thing with Ibis government In truth, 1 have heard it reported, by those well con versant with our diplomatic relations, that Mr. S. will soon be in Vera Crux, on his way home. This Republic?there Is no mistake about it?is shaken to its very centre. The Mo after, received from the city of Mexioo yesterday, comes out strong in favor of Santa Anna, and El Titmpo, the paper sustained Dy the govern ment, equally as strong in favor of monaroby. That many are looking anxiously for the advent of a prince from Europe, and foreign intervention is as plain, as the sun at noon-day ; but at the same time the mass, sooner than have a scion of royalty fastened upon them, would prefer to live even under the " stars and stripes." The Mexican government is endeavoring to raise the wind out of the cotton permits^ The new law respect ing the importation of cotton is general, but a permit must be obtained from the government first, and the im I port duty paid when the permit to import is granted?$10 for 100 lbs. A pretty good duty you will second such i protection to the grower as in any other land would would make the parties rich ; but here, the more the growers of cotton are protected, and the greater price they obtain, the less they raise. Mexico, in the hands of Americans, would be the | granary of the world?it is the finest portion of creation. I Not a want in life but could be raised to perfection on her soil, and you cannot name an article, either in the tropic or frigid zones, that is not produced in Mexioo. At the same time her hills and mountains ate ready to burst with, the richest minerals of the world. All that is wanted to render it a perfect paradise is the simple process of opening her northern gates te Americans, and !iving them the same privileges they have at home, he Mexican women, as a body, will equal those of any land, and in twenty-five years time a race of men would be created here entirely different fromghe present down trodden Itporoi, that hang, half naked and half fed, around the towns and cities?food only for the prisons or the ranks of a miserably paid army. But this is all talk. There was a grand masquerade ball given here last night, atteodedby all the beauty and fashion of the place. I am told that numerous invitations were issued for the officers of the different United States men of war in port, but as it was blowing a norther st the time, they could not be sent down to the vessels at Saerificios. It is doubt ful whether any of them could have come up, but it shows a good feeling on the part of (he Mexicans. Thi Boston and Montreal Railroad.?A cor respondent at Montreal directs our attention to the arrival of the European Timet, of January 4th, in that city, (850 miles, we believe.) in 28 hours from Boston, and remarks that only 50 miles oi the jour ney was performed by railroad, it was run via Fitchburtr, and reflects the highest credit upon every party concerned in the execution of so difficult a task in the middle of winter, the country being covered with snow and ice. By the bye, it reminds us of having travelled over thia road in IBM, in company with a party of English and Ame rican gentlemen, for the purpose of ascertain ing the best route for the conveyance of the English mails from Boston to Canada. This is one of the tracks selected for a railroad from Boston to Montreal, and unquestionably the beat which could be chosen; the works, we believe, are in active ! operation, and the whole line will be opened in about two years?which then will bring London and Montreal within a 15 daya'a journey. This railroad will pass through a beautiful agricultural country, studded with improving towns, and embrace both Eastern and Western Ca.iada, and will no doubt return to the capitalist good interest tor his advance. jvervool Ti\ ? fVilmtr't Liverpool Timet, March 4. Court Calendar?This Day, Ciscvit Coust?-9,4,?. $1,14 to 10. Common Pi sai?Kirit Part-W, Hi#, 107,117, 110,191, IS l'lA. OS, 97. Q lta-09, ?4.100,104,101, N, in, U0,. M, M IrrMMk ?TTiavtlUn. All tk? principal htteli, TNtordiy, war* crowd with travailen, fer beyoml the uiwl complement en Scndey. The following ft en epitome. At the Amkucav?II. W. Vang rift, New Jersey ; Meet Blnir, Oeniel end Megar, Philadelphia; J. Munroe, U. A; Che*. Woodbury, Massachusatt; Joe. Clerk*. Made 8 Hasting), R. Goddart, Boaton; R. Ad etna, Edwari eilie; E. L. Bledsoe, Washington, J. M. Brooke, Phii dllPtil Aaron?T. N. Holliater, New Jersey; E Conent, Wi cester; Mr. Wight, Arkansas; Bale end Nicholson, Net viile: Deeil ver end Thome*, Philadelphia; Messrs. P( tor, fields end Sampson, Boston; W. Lee, Philadelphl A Mudgo, Bakiraora; Mr. Johnson, Richmond; W. F. Iowa, Louisville; Geo Cooke, Taunton; Geo McLea Baltimore; B. Haywood, Worcester; J. P. Pnyson. Be ton | Messrs Ibtolton, Wilson and Nelson, Shrflel Bay ley, Parker end Brown, Boston; H. Young, Glasgow E Walso, Boston; W. Terbett, Liverpool : Reynoi McDermott. Boston; F. L Layton, d$ C. H. Mill, do. Citt? A. Febsr, C. Faber, New Bedford ; John W* bar, Roxbury; E B Nowlan, Antwerp; Mi. La Case Mr. Mortimer, Middletown; Mr. Kilby, Eastport; M Oetrich. Virginia, J. M. Little, do: D- B. Smith, Na Brunswick: Geo. A. Russell, Middleton; A P. Ilaunlii Long Islann. ' Franxlin?R. B. Kirkpstriak, Philadelphia; J. Bush Albany; C.Tattler, Auburn; H White, Syracuse; Thai Pomeroy, Pitt*Bald; 8 Crandell.Troy; Oliver Stanley, (, Haven; Thos. and John Wyley, Tennessee; W. Merri 81 Louis; J. A. Harvey, Boaton; James Reed, Troy. . Gloss?Isaac Winstow, Chas. Williams, Boston; \ Tucker, Philadelphia; Messrs Ournell and Horton, Pit, vide nee; W. Halliske^er, Philadelphia; Mr. Tiffany, I Island; Geo. W. rushing, Baltimore. Howard?W. Waite, Georgetown, Ky ; J. Butler Northampton; W. L Pasha, Ph lsdelphis; Joseph Belt Kentucky; J. Oarer*, do ; Harrison end Camper, Balti more;R Fsronam, Washington, D C.; H. GnA'h, Ph' ladelphia; W. Clayton, Gaorgia; J. Saver, H. Colborn{ Boston; Messrs Bradford.Marsh and Hill, do; S. Cormick Magare, R. liendee, Albany; Messrs. Solbey, Tucket and Young, Raleigh, N. C.; Messrs. Brackensohn an' Bodley, Knntncky ; J Asbmead, Philadelphia ; C. M Reed, Washington; E. B. Carter, N. B.; H. LitUaAsld, Oswego. "Jockey Club" Extract, with acomplet assortment of Perfumery, Toilet Soap Skavlsg C earn geio me Bear's Oil. Ainsadiue for chapped hand). Colognes, ?? nit wtms s VII. AUMUUIUC 1UI Ciiuijfsu usuus. vvivgnee. m' Lntir ! a, a splendid preparation for the ksir; wtrruted Re son, of a superior quality, hair. nail. tooth ant shiring brashes combs, Ice. Ice., for tale, wholesale and retail, by E ROIM 8EL, UP Broidway, between Liberty sad Courtlandtsts. The PI iamb e National Daguerrlass Gallery ob the upper corner of Broadway and Murray street, shoal berisited by all strange'* and visiters. It is, we think, ib most in teres ting place of the kind that we hare among as. Navigation of the Ohio fllver. Placet. Time. State of River. Cincinnati, March 10 80 ft declining Wheeling, March 14 15 feet. Pittsburgh, March 18 18 ft., falling. Louisville, March 14 over the mark. ' MoNey MAKlttttl'. 1,111 Sunday, March ?S-6 P. M. We annex a table giving the quotations for the princi pal stocks used in this market for investment, for eaot day of the peat week, end at the close of the week previous. Prioes were steadily improving up to tht arrival of the steamer's news, when n reaction took place, and since, they have been gradually falling of Ths European advices have had rather an unfovorabh effect upon the stock market: Quotations roa the Principal Btocxs in thb New Toss Mswt, Sat. Man. Tves. Wed. 71kur. Fri. Sot. Long Island ?7& 48 47* 47* 47* 47 48* Mohawk 52,'t 53 ? ? ? ? ? iT10HSWKt eeeesess e s * W,4, JJ ~~ ?? msss Hsrlen 58* 58* 57 57* 59* 58V Canton 41* 41 40* 40* 48* 44* 39* Fanners'Loan 29 38* 28* 88* f? 38* US, ?1L ? 68* UK 8% 88 85* 14V 95* 95* 96,'a 98 - 96$ Norwich ft Worcester ..66 Ohio Sixes 95* ?? ? Illinois Sixes .38* ? 38* ? 33* ? ?' Indiana 48* ? ? 40 ? ? ? Kentucky Sixes 180* ? ? 100* ? 101 ? Pennsylvania Fives.... 73* 73* 70 70* 71* 71* 71 Scouingtoq 46* 49 ? ? ? ? ? Erie Railroad 58 Vicksburg ....7* 7* 7* ? 7* 7* 7 United States Bank ... 4* ? ? ? ? ? ? Reading Railroad 74 74* 75 74* 74 73* 71* Moms Canal 18* 18* 17* 18 18 17* 17* East Boston 16* 16* 16 16* 16 16 16 N. A Trust 10* 10 ? ? ? ? - A comparison of price* current at the close of ths market yeeterday, with those ruling at the close of tht previous week, show n decline in Long Island of 1} pai cent; Harlem, 1|; Canton, 14 per cent; Farmers' Loan, j ; Norwich and Worcester, 1} ; Pennsylvania 5'a, 14; Vicksburg, 4 ; Reading, jf ; Morris Connl, 1? ; East Boa ton, i. The talei in Stonington on Monday at 49, show ing an advance from the Saturday previous of 94 par cent, were on time, and is not, therefore, so gaaet an im provement as appears by the quotations. The stock market closed yesterday very heavy. Prices have, since the middle of the week, been steadily de clining. and the tendenoy is still downwards. The tone of our foreign advices,both politically and pom me retail v, is such that a different effect than thnt realised' could hardly hare been expected. The railway rovul ?ion in Great Britain haa had a very unfavorable affect upon commercial affair* generally. The aaeaey market wee in a very restricted state, and the discount* of the Bank of England had, for some time, been eery limited The railway * peculation* hare been carried to *aeh an immense extent in England, that very few hare escaped the mania, and it was very difficult to tell who had be come involved in the movement and who had not Con fidence had, therefore, to a great extent been lost, and the operation* of the bank very much reduced. The effect oi the desperate railway speculations must be felt for a long time, and over a great space. We are, in a measure, affected by them in this country, and it spreads all ever Europe. It is not the withdrawal of fifteen or thirty millions pounds sterling from the channels of trade, that has produced this stringency in the money market, but it is the effect of the speculations upon ere* dit and confidence?the fear that all have been mere or lees embarrassed by connecting themselves with these bubbles of the day. It is this fact and these fears whioh have unsettled commercial affhlrs iu Greet Britain, and brought many large houses to bankruptcy and ruin. It is our impression that the next news from Liverpool will bo more important and interesting, and more unfa vorable than the last The political adviess by the nest arrival, must be of a highly interesting character. Our aooeunta, by the Hibernie, stated that the Oregon arbi tration correspondence had been received, and publish ed in the London papers of the ad inst The Xeedea Standard of the Sd last., made seme brie*, but severe re marks in relation to the tone of the correspondence, en the part of Mr Buchanan. The Standard is the organ of the government^nd has, heretofore, been very mild and liberal to its views and opinions upon this subject The change in the tone of its resserks is indicative of an unfhvo* ruble turn in the policy of the Ministry upon this amttor, and give* us reason to believe that the movements in ftf ltament in relation to this question, will be of a more hoe. til* nature than any yet mad*. The geverameat of the United States have refused to arbitrate before, but all the cireuautances connected with the latest refusal give a different complexion to the matter than it ever before possessed, aq? places the two countries in a more deli cate position than they have heretofore been placed upon this question. The last letter of Mr. Buchanan's, in whioh he unqualifiedly refuses to arbitrate in any way, shape, or manner, contains many remarks, entirely uncalled (or, unnecessary, and irrelevant, and of a cha racter likely to produce much bitterness of feeling on the part of the press and people of Great Britain. The bare refusal to arbitrate, of itself, could not have boon unexpected by the government of Great Britain; but the reasons given by Mr. Buchanan for refusing to arbitrate and his remarks that an agreement to arbitrate would acknowledge the claim of Great Britain to part of the Oregon territory, must have a vsry unfavorable offsc1 upon the public mind abroad, and place obstacles in the way of an amicable settlement of this question, greater than any yet we have had to encounter. It was the impression among our leading flnaa. ciers, when the correspondence refened to was first published in this oountry, that its receipt in England would renew all the former hostile feelings, and renew the difficulties whteh w* had apparently been Just relieved from. These antici pations have, so far as we have received advices, been to a measure realised, and we (ear the arrival of the neat steamer (now at sea three days) will oonfirm all thee* formed. It is at this time impossible to form any idea of the course the British Ministry will pursue in the matter; but we shall soon learn soeaething of it through Par liament. The Ministry will be compelled to make some statement to satisfy the opposition. Sir Robert Peel may avoid doing so as long as possible, but the ministry will be badgered until some satisfactory answers have been mad* to the questions put. We are, therefore, in hope, of reoeiving some dt finite information in relation to this matter, that will deer up much of the mystery and un certainty that new hangs about it. By the next steamer w* shall, without doubt, reostve full accounts of the effect of the position taken by the President of the United States in relation to the Oregon question; and are are disposed to believe that the advices will have anything but a favorable inflneno* upon com mercial affairs in this country. In addition to this, we cannot anticipate any favorable news ot a commercial character. Tho.railway deposits wore rapidly accumulat ing, the money market tightening, and the embarrass ment* in the mercantile world consequently increasing. The whole amount of deposits on account of these inter nal improvement works, will not vary much from thirty millions storting; and this amount locked up, under the present banking system of England, must praduoo con siderable distress among the commercial classes. Tba lower House of Parliament was actively engaged in granting the charters consented te by eemmitteai Md?prepeaMeah*dbe*?Mhdoie iitflfffiM msf Wk