Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 24, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 24, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. N?w Vtrh, Tar?U). March ??. IMA. Vorttfii ? ai We give in this morning'* HrmM, n very impor tant and lutrreating letier from our London corres pondent. it ahould be rrad by every woe Arbitration?I h? ?HTrc? of Ha liofnaal. It in the general nnpreaeioo that the next news from England, in a political point of view, will be of the moat unfavorable character The effect of tlua anticipation ta already showing itself ia the financial *nd commercial circle*. It cannot ne disputed but that the government and paople of Oreat Britain have cauae to complain of the course pursued by our government, in relation to this qaeation. The re fusal to arbitrate, because an acceptance of that offer would amount to an acknowledgement <>f a claim of Great Britain to a port.on of the Oregon territory, cannot but create a feeling, not only in England, but throughout Europe, very unlavorable o the poeition and claim* of the I nited folates. The position ukrn by the President, in all his public documents, gives us to understand that our title to the whole of Oregon is indisputable ; and the last letter of Mr. Buchanan, in the last correspondence, gives us to understand that the government will not in any way admit that Great Britain has the slightest claim to an inch of the temtory south of ftlty-four forty. Every act of the administration, since it oame into power, in relation to this question, (if we except the offer made to compromise on the forty ninth degree, which was made merely out of re spect to the previous President, and withdrawn im mediately after its refusal,) has plainly pointed to 64 40, and nothing less. Notwithstanding these things, Senators, pretendiag to be in the confidence of the executive, state that he does not claim the whole of the territory?that he ia in lavor of compromising the matter, and that he will continue to make every eflort to set'le the question amicably and satisfactorily. It ia impossible to reconcile these things. Either Mr. Polk is opposed to giving up a single foot of the Northwestern territory south of 54 40, or his public documents, and the letters of his Secretary of State, are intended to humbug the people of this country. He has committed himself on the whole of Oregon, and cannot consistently compromise in any way.? The claim of the United States to the whole teui tory, may be, in the mind of the President, indisputa ble?his public documents say so; but, as Senator tor Haywood says, the President does not say in his inaugural, or in his message to Congress, thst he intended to claim the whole, or that he should not acknowledge or admit the claim of Great Britain to a portion?but he says, through his Secretary of State, more than that. Mr. Buchanan, in his last letter to Mr. Pakenham, refuses to admit the claim of the English government in any shape, and refuses arbitration, principally, because it might be con strued into an acknowledgment that Great Britain had oame shadow of a claim upon the territory below 54 40. It the messages of the President were not perfectly explicit upon this point, the cor respondence between the Secretary of State and tne British Minister has committed the Governor ent, and Mr. Polk stands before the world an uncompro mising advocate of the American claim to the whole of Oregon. We cannot see any loop hole by which he can esc^e. from that position. He cannot, after taking such a stand, submit to compromise. If the President conscientiously considers our claims so clear and indisputable as his public documen ts asaert, and avoids so eagerly every movement cal culated to weaken our claims, there is no alterna tive. Conces8ions must be made on the part of our Government, or the peace of the two countries is not of long duration. The Executive is certain ly placed in a very peculiar and delicate position, and it will, without doubt, be a great relief to him if the Senate assume the responsibility of compro mising the matter. Erik Canal.?A person who has never travelled on this grand achievement ot enterprise, can have no idea of the busy scene, in the business season, from Schenectady to Eutl'alo. A few years since, the country through which the canal runs, was a dense forest, trod only by the red men and a few straggling white setders. What a difference it now presents! Towns and villages meet the traveller at almost every mile, and the large number of boats and packets eternally passing and repassing, add s cheerfulness to die scene. The unexampled strides of the West, since the opening of this canal, have been of great advantage to it and to this State. The greater part of the pro dace raised in the region of country bordering on the great Lakes, is transported on this canal to tide water, thence to be transhipped to foreign countries, to feed the hungry, whose climate is not so propi tious as our own. The increase of business on this canal bears out the predictions and proves the far-seeing sagacity of its projec^r, JDe Witt Clinton. To hi h people of the Empire State are indebted for the construc tion and projection ot this great avenue of wealth; and as long as the Erie Canal is in existence, his memory will not die. Ptom the amount of business done on the canal last year, and the great preparations now being made, there is no doubt that a greater business will be done this year than ever before. In all tjie boat building yards on its banks, we see the workmen at work, "might and mam," constructing new boats ud repairing old ones. In Rochester alone, fifty new boats, valued at 575,000, are building; and this is only an index to rhe great preparations for this year's business Primary Election.?The democrats hold their primary election today. They elect delegates to the mayoralty convention. Ocran Stbam Navigation.?There seems be a bit of a furor, at the present time, for ocean steam ship lines. There will probably be five lines in ope ration in less than a year?the Cunard line, the Great Western line, a French line, the Scrrw line, from Liverpool, and an American line. These steamers will touch at Liverpool, Cowee, Havre, and probably firemen, in Europe; and Boston and New York in the United Slates. In addition to these, there will be an increase in the English lines to South America and the West Indies, and the or ganization of a French line to the latter section, with side lines to run elsewhe re. English Despatches roR England ?The Boston Timti of yesterday, contains the following para graph :? "J4 w" rumored vary generally in State (treet, on Friday, that there was something very interesting and important in relation to the Hibefnia's etay among us at tb* present time. We learn that a gentleman who bad heard that the llibsrma had received ordere from Mr. rakenham to be la retdiness to leave for land at an hour ?notice,asked Cept Harrison, (of the Hibernia.) if case. We understand that the Captain replied u,,t ,tV/*P?rt w?*,not "LtricUr correct but that he had mfnt hnii*M'm.*/i?rr* A 1#n hoa?. front his govern ment, to hold himself leadyat short notice to take hie departure. It iealeo said that, for this reason, none of the officers on board can obtain leave of absence fmm the ste.rn.hip We understand, in addMe^'ait tK Hibernia has already taken on board her stores and falls* There may, and may not be some truth in this. It is pretty certain, however, that these mail steam ers are always under the control of the English Mi nister at Washington. Prom St. Dominoo.?By the arrival of the brig Almatia, Capt. Smith, last evening, from St. Dtp imngo city, we learn that a Spanish fleet, consist ing of two steamers, a frigate, and two schooner* of-war, had arrived from Porto Rico, and remainec at St. Domingo 3H hours, whence they sailed foi Cape Haytien, to demand SSO.flOO for insults oflered to the Spanish flag, and (or the imprisonment o some Spanish subjects. If satisfaction was no given. tiiey were to stuck Cape Haytien mime d lately. The Spaniards were in arms/waiting f pi an attack from the Haytiens The steam shij Ariel, which sailed from Boston for the Havti ei government, had arrived at St Thoinaa. n0 newi of bar arrive at Cape Haytien was known at Jvey Duty.?Having simply adverted to the man ner in which jurora are obtained, we will now point out the inflictions and abuses so generally manifest in the discharge of such duty. Trial by jury has been universally proclaimed as the "pride and bul wark of our liberty," guaranteed to us by that im perishable document, the " constitution." We do not know why it iB that a portion of our citizens should be so frequently called upon to de vote so much of their time in settling private dis putes, and trifling delinquencies of no personal in terest to themselves, or of any particular benefit to the community at large, without fee, compensation, thanks, or reward. It is by no means a matter of rare occurrence, in our civil courts, to And jurymen deliberating for days and nights upon some trifling and unimportant issue of private malignity, engendered, perhaps, by a vindictive and persecuting spirit of double-deal ing, and in no way involving the real interests of the parties concerned. With such repeated instances coming within our daily intercourse, we are no longer surprised that those of our citizens who are eligible to jury duty, are so frequent with their complaints. It is a great tax upon cur business men, and one, certainly, which requires prompt and immediate reform. In referring to the laws of James, Duke of York, as far back as 1664, we find it was provided that "every juryman shall be allowed three shillings and sixpence (sterling) per diem, out of the profits in each court, or by the country, if these profits shall fall short *' This law was probably in force until the close of the seventeenth century; for we find similar pro visions engrossed in the " great charter of liberties," granted in October, 1683, fully approved and sanc tioned by James. Thea came the act of 1741, which imposed some additional compensation to jurymen, and which was in no way modified or disturbed until after that great period of events?1774. No one seems to doubt but that jurymen should be compensated in some way, for the time employed by them in the discharge of their responsible obli gations; and the only question at issue appears to be in what manner, or by whose authority, they should be compensated. It were an easy matter to adopt some statutory provision to this eflect; or it might be so provided that those parties bringing an action should become responsible for this, as well as other attendant costs of the court. Our legal functionaries receive high salaries lor the ditties incumbent upon them; and, upon the same rule, we know not why our jurymen should not be rewarded for their labor and time while so employed. The duty itself is a disagreeable one, independent of the privations the jurors are compelled to un dergo during the period of their deliberations. Small States vs. Larqs States.?We perceive from a circular addressed to members of Congress, and signed by a number of respectable men, that j the citizens of the northern part ot the Territory of Iowa, are desirous of having the Territory divided j into two portions. They propose to divide the ter- I ritory at the 42d degree of north latitude, extending from the Mississippi on the east, to the Missouri , river on the west. The principal object that is urg- i ed in iavor of this division, is, that the policy and welfare of the West require an increase of repre sentation and influence in the Senate of the United States. It is known by our readers, that a convention was recently held in Iowa, for the purpose of forming a constitution and being ndmitted into the family of States; but on account of the diversity of interests represented, the delegates could not agree upon a constitution. Those in favor of the proposed divi sion, say that? " Tbe boundaries heretofore proposed by the Iowa convention, as well as those proposed by Congress, em braced by far too great an extent of territory for a sin 81 e State, and leaves the adjacent country in an unfa- 1 ivorahle situation for the formation of naw States. If the division should be made on the 43d parallel of lati- , tude, Iowa will contain at least twenty-tight thousand square miles o( land, poasesaing unsurpassed fertility, I an abundance of timber, of water power, and excellent commercial facilities ; and if the division should be at 43 degrees 16 minutes, Iowa would contain at least 30,000 square miles. Such a division would have a de sirable eastern and western extension, with a popula tion latitndinally assimilated and characteristic ; posses sing more homogenity of feeling?harmony of temper ament, of hebita, pursuits, end education, than exist be tween citizens of northern and southern localities. The local interests and pursuits of our citizens residing south of the 43d parallel of latitude, are diametrically different from those of the north. South of that line they are predominantly an agricultural people, while those north are chiefly interested in mining operations. This clash ing of interests, arising from the same source, has exist ed and still exists in our sister State, Illinois, and we thinh the unfortuuate occurrences that have so much re tarded the growth and prosperity of that rich and beau tiful State, for a few years past, may, to a great extent, be attributed to this cause. And we shall not be surpris ed if it yet produce a diviiion, and the formation of a new State, from the northern portion ot Illinois and southern portion of Wisconsin. The parallel of lati tude we propose, will most likely be the dividing line between these two interests. If placed south oi the 43d degree, it will leave the future 8tate of Iowa too small; and if placed north of tbe 43d degree 16 minutea, it wil infringe upon the intereata of the north, and con sequently be, to a certain extant, productive of the evil* to which we have alluded. A line at 43 or 43j degrees has been spoken of. There is an addi tional objection to those already advanced, to this line It would give the Territory an unseemly and awk ward shape, as it would intersect the Missouri river, just below the great bend, sevaial hundred miles west ot the point where the southern boundary would intersect it. It would cut oft ail prospect of another State for many years, as but lew white inhabitants reside outside that line; whereas, by the plan which we recommend, there would be a sufficient population to form another new State, in five, if not three years, as there are now about 30,000 inhabitants in the i ew Territory. It would also leave too small a population on the St. Tatar's for the formation of s Territorial government; but the settlers would, with the proposed division, bo embraced within the new Territory. In addition to what has already bean said,we think experience has shown that the large State policy is not best calculated to advance our interests in either a national or.Htate capacity. The North and East have long since aJopted the policy of small states with success. Tbe South is beginning to aJopt it. A proposi tion is already before them for the formation of a Dew State, from Tennessee, Kentucky and Mississippi Flo rida, too, will dountless ultimately be divided. Texas will be divided and subdivided as soon as bar population will admit of it. While, then, every other portion of the I'nion is divided and subdivided into States of e reason able and convenient size, we see no good reason why the gteat West, able to sustain double the population on the tame extent of territory that many portions of tbe East and North can, should be divided ioto e few mam moth States, each as large as all Naw England." We hardly think that the Weet haa any reason to complain of want of influence in the national gov. crnment; but still we see no good reason why the Territory of Iowa should not be divided, if its citi zeus think proper. On the contrary, if the proponed division were f fleeted, all difficulty of forming States out of the parts would be at an end, and a constitution would be immediately formed by eacn, and a couple more of bright stars would twinkle in our firmament. The New Mail Arrangement ?'Tbe mm talked of new mail arrangement for the depnrtu of the great Southern mail^oes into operation Id* morrow. The mail will do* at 3 o'clock in the i ternoon, and go through to New Orleans one d quicker than heretofore. By this arrangement ;>t sengers for ihe great West can reach Cincmna <&c., twenty-four hours ahead of the present time. Mi;rder AND Excitement ?We have before i the Lousville papers containing an extract from Naahvills paper of Sunday last, detailing a most siogul sflair in that city, which happened the dry previous Judeon is commonly called "Ned Bantlin/'and wae ci earned In publishing in this city last year. Ws qu< the extract referred to : Yas'erday afternoon, E Z C. Judson shot and kill Mr. Robort Porterfield. of this city. A difficulty, of nature to which we do not care to refor, had arisen t twesn the partiee.snd upon meeting shots were exchai ed, which resulted si stated above. J ad eon was arm ed, but the exoitement wss so groat against when he was tsken before Justice Fame for oxamii tion it became evident that he would be summarily dei with. Homt cried 'shoot htm,' others 'hang him.'at a brother of the deceased, ihot at him tevaral time* number of shots were flred at him by others, and atran io eey, he escaped unhurt, ran off aod hid himself In tl City Hotel llundteds of excited persons collected arou the hotel;and after searching some time he wae found a in endeavoring to escape, he fell from the third story the porch without serious injury. The sheriff then to< charge of him and conveyed htm to prison the poop now seeming willing that the lew should take its court Mr. J. C Pentecost was shot in the arm by t stray h* and It is astonishing that others ware not wounded killed.?Cineinatti Commercial, March, 19. i The editor of the Cherokee Adrerair asserts that proportion to population, there are fawer man in the Cherokee* who cannot read and write either ? he : kee or English, than ire to be found In any gut* of \ * ^ hto? Theatrical*. raI Tmeat**.?" Th# Br*w*r of Preston" *u pro duced laat night, for th* first Mm# In this counter. Never, perhaps, wti nnr piece to completely raccenful, or received with ?uch compute satisfaction. No opern that h?* been acted for a length of time in thi* city, can be compared to thi? beautiful piece. The do light of the audience we* not to be mistaken. The piece ia what i* called a decided hit. How much the merit of an actor depend* upon a good piece, wa* fully exhibited laat night. Mr. Heguin and Mr. Fraxer aoted and sung in inch a auperior *tyle a* we venture to say they have never been known to do before in thia city. The former gentleman, aa Toby Croaabelt, i* inimitable. It ia a part inll of character, and Mr. Seguin depict* it with almoit abaolute perfection. Mr. Fraxer, alao, ia moat admirable in hi* two highly entertaining charac ter*. We had not thought him to be *o good an actor. Tho plot ia rich and entertaining. There U much feeling and genuine patho* in thi* drama, with auch irr*?i*tably comic aituationa a* cannot tail to create ?f??' M?"i tlon among the theatrical HUttmti of thi* city The mualc, a* a whole, i* truly excellent, and the en*1*** lively and cheering. There are tome aonjP' ""J choruae* which are eminently popular, and which evidently took wonderfully. The scenery, coatume* j and decoration* are trulv beautiful. ^ fSiSff'how dently, ha* been spared. and it ?? wrondwrfwl bow perfectly the old coatume* and dresses, both civil ana military?auch aa were in v?gu* *bove a ago in England?were reproduced here, in liviog reality , IS night* It leilecU gVeat credit upon manner end artiaU, and all concerned in auch a piece of art On another occaalon w* may he more minu e in our no count of thi* opera, and ol it* plot, music and ?ouf' At preaent. Urn* and apace will only permit ue in general terroa, but thoae of moat unqualified admira tion We might eaaily point out particular scenes and I aonga which abaolataly electrified the audience with i delight 7b?t thi. i. uot necessary, where thaw m o*. j from the opening to the concluding scene. one tingle tame, flat, or unintereating part in the whole Thia ia great praiae, which vary few piece* can ever d*^ serve ? but the good and jolly " B ewer of Preston richly de.ervee all thia, and more. Weihope *"? pfooe will have auch a run a* it deaervea. No one who has any taate or admiration for the beautiful, ahould failI to aea it. Several paaaage* in the ringing were encored. One part waa aung over three times to V ed audience, a thing quite unprecedented ; ? ob served that at each encore the song* and ueared fresher, richer and finer. Indeed, this will bear hearing again and again. It is a^ anything that has been seen here on any stag* long time. ? Bowxav THEATax.-Mr. Jackson, with that diacriml- , nating talent for which he is so pre-eminently diatinguiah- | ed. ha* brought out anothe r thrilling equestrian drama, which, if possible, exoels "Ivanhoe" itaelf. Who haa not read that noble poem ef Scott'a, which atira the aoul aa with the blaat of a 'rumpet? Who ha* not felt tho martial j spirit atir within him aa he pored over the page* of "Mar mion?" Yet the peruaal of it ia nothing compared with witnessing tho visible developement of ita characWs on the stage. Ingeniously dramatized, supported by the moat beautifully decorated and well conceived scenery, exquisite music, and fine acting, it is altogether a piece of magnificence without parallel. Mr. Scott'a Marmion is well conceived, and a moat masterly representation of the haughty valor of the English lord. One might al- , most have heard a pin drop, so deep waa the atlenoo oc oaaioned by hi* thrilling answer to Douglas? " And if thou said'at I om not peer, . To any lord in Scotland here, Lowland or Highland, far or near, Lord Douglas, thou haat lied!" ? Davenport, a* the Palmer, well sustained his previous reputation, but we cannot consider Miluer's Douglas a competent performance-it was too atiff and unnatural. Mrs. Sergeant sings the aong of "Ob, young Lochinvar, is come out of the west," most charmingly, and waa en thusiastically applauded. Her acting, too, waa oxcoN lent The battle scene of Flodden Field is the most forceous pageant ever produced on the American stage, 'he glittering armour of the knights,the heraldic bear ings on their shielda-the bright create on their helmet* ?the clang of trumpets, and the shouts of the victors, mingled with the groans of the dying, gave the most in tense interest to the scene. " Front, flank and rear,these aquadrons sweep, To break the Scottish circle* deep, That fought around their king. But yet tho" thick the shafts as snow, Tho' charging knights like whirlwind* go, Tho' billtnan ply the ghastly blow, Unbroken waa the ring ; The stubborn spearsman still made good Their dark, impenetrable wood. Each stepping where his comrade stood, The instant that he foil. No thought was there of distant flight; Linked in the serried phalanx Ught Groom fought like noble?squire like knight, As fearlessly and well. Till utter darkness closed her wing. Round their thin host and wounded king." The death scene of Marmion waa terribly grand, and true to nature. Mr. Scott is undoubtedly a tragedian of the highest order of talent. This superb drama will be repeated to-night, and there can be no doubt that the house will continue to be aa crowded as it wa* last evening. , Bowser AurMiTHKAvaa.?Among tho many place* of amusement at present In New York, we should eay that the Bowery Amphitheatre ia decidly the most attractive. Under the management of Sands, Lent It Co., who have oncaged the building for a term of two week*, mad in troduced a series of new features, never before witness ed in America, we cannot see how it is possible lor the management not to gather a harvest, rich beyond prece dent in New York, even for the short season they will remain here. 1 n addition to the usual circus attraction*, there can be seen here a troup* of twelve real Shetland ponies, educated, if we may use the term, to perfection. Vents almost iocredible, they perform with ease and gracefulness. They personate the celebrated pugilists, f'om Spring and DeafBurke, and exhibit a great deal of sciences in their encounters. They dance the Polka and other fashionable dances, with wonderful dexterity. Two of them will jump through an ordinary sixed hoon toge ther, and in the midst of a swift gallop stop suddenly, as if by magic, at tha word of command; in floe, they do every thing that moat hnman being* can do, and more than aome. This is decidedly the greatest novelty ever brought forward in New York, and richly do tho maris tors deserve of tho public, for their enterprise. The feates of horemanship, vaulting and tumbling, are all ex ecuted in th* flrat stylo, and elicit th* most vocifarou* aoolauae. To enumerate all the feats performed at thi* establishment, ia impoaaible within tho limits <of Itsi arti cle. and we muat content ourielvee by saying that.every man woman and child in the community should visit the Bowery Amphitheatre while tho company r.malns. in thie city. t New Oaxr.5wiCH Theatre.?'Tho new Greenwich , Theatre, at tho corner of Verick and Charlton atreota, | will open on Monday evening next, with a highly ta- 1 looted dramatic carps. Tha theatre haabaan remodelled, and the exterior preaonU an agreeable and pleasing ap- J pearanc*. Tho interior ie replete with elegance and taata, and every thing ie so arranged aa to inauro th# comfort of visiter#. The most accomplished dectraleurt have been employed to exhaust tho fertility of their fancy in devising means to render this temple worthy of tho muses, to whom it is especially dedicated. There is a capacious pit, three tiara of boxea, and ten private boxes beautifully furnished. The dress circle, built alter the celebrated model ol the English Opera House, London, with a balcony front, ia worthy tha admiration bestowed upon it, by ail judge*. Th# uppor circle* are alao built in th# beat style, end from any portion ol the house a lull view of th# stage may bo obtained. Tho seats, from th* pit to the third tier are magnificently cushioned and becked. The decorations will bo chiefly of white, with gold mouldings, after tha manner oi the I'aritlin In Paris. The stage is of suflleient dopth for all soonic diaplajra, and ia constructed on the most ap proved principles. Th# acenery ia all new, and haa been painted from tha beat authoritioa, by H Isharwood and assistants. Th* drop curtain ia by Bengongh, and is truly a splendid affair. Tha material of the theatre is entirely naw, from th# foundation upward#. It waa built by th# moat-skilful architects, and in the moat ap proved manner. Tho theatre ia capable of asoring com toiteMy J.aoo persona. W# laarn that th* company, of whom we ahall publish a list, consist* of twenty-three ladies and seventeen gentlemen of acknowledged talent. The aolo proprietor# of this beautiful eatablisnmont are M esa re Johntl Myar. and CL M Tomlln^oc. The stag# department is under th# control of Mr. H P. Oration, a gaoilaman whoa* histrionic and literary abi lities hav# mode him ranownod throughout this country. Th# pricoa of admission are exceedingly moderate, and tha entertainments will b* of th* moat rtchercKf and nov.rda.Vrip.ion Th.r. is a large and yearly increasing population in th# upper part of th* city, and we are in road to think th# Greenwich" ite resort of the fashionable, refined, beautiful, intelloc* tuai, and curious. Talsio s OreeA Hoi sa.-Tha celebrated company of Negro Melodists, the Hormonists, continue to reoaiv# a very large share of patronage, notwithstanding th# groat amount of competition they hovo to contend with Wo notice that thia company introduce several melodies, and novar sung by other, that hav* visltod ua. This is a capital plen4o obviate th* mnmitsni of bearing e aong sung twice. Paimo s will I^a te br??p.rioXd will# the harmony ra main tharo. , , Th* hi sea-Mr. and Mrs Charles Keao have cloetd their brilliant f nja?a?aat in Naw Or leant, and laft far WTT. ie?rn IE tho proceed, of their^rot eight nights averaged ?7hh. Tho rotorn of those dis.inguish e t arti.ts. ia inxioualy looked for by their many friends and admirers Los* or nil rwci B*i? Jack ? Ctrt Frink, of the BriUkh ahip VeniJih, from Liverpool, arrived reporti that ou tha ?*th day of January, at eat 11 o'clock. A.M. Ut |C**10U J1U'. I?u in tha wreck at tha Franc* bark Jack. Captain Baa, of k (row Martinique, bound to Havro, with upak at ?a flying from bar main top. On tha night of Ua Ian , In a baavjr gala, aha had loat foratapmaat. yoaterday. raparta that an th# 3*tb day of January, at half-paat 11 o'clock. A M . lal t ^M'lon Jl 1*'. fall in wfth tha wrack at tha Franc* bark Jack, Captain Baa, of Havre, fi di?tra?? : wth mainmaat, bawapril, < ot water, and rudder On tha Jld aha aprung a.leak, and el the lima of boarding bar had rht feat water in bar hold and all hand* war* aahaaat aight fa* ad from pumping It we* blowing a gal* Irani the W B W. with a heavy aaa on. and maluog a romp lal* breach over the wreck Captain Krink found it alaMot impooaihlo to^laj along aido of her Alter great difflenl ty he euceoedod in taking ont bar carga, canawlmg *f ?1*0.000 franca in apaci*. bam of pearl, lal ol tartl* a ball, and a quantity of old alitor, which. tegatbor with tho poaaangora and craw, In all Altera pareona, war* branfbt up yaatarday to tbo city In lb* Vafli| I'anilia.?Jf Q. Ptlla, March lo. Tiial op Tnot* a* Hirci. t, Jr -Thr trial of Mr Thomai KiU-hl*. Jr, Ibr earning tha laatb of Mr. riooaanu will take 5M??, hkfm City Intelligence. (T<iti*L or Ret. Alcesndeb MurmTTi.?n* fune ral ceremonies of the Rot. Mr Mnppiettl were performed jMttrdiy forenoon, at the Trani (Ifa ration Church, In Chamber* itreet. The church was crowded to suffoca tion. and hundreds were fathered around the door who could not obtain entrance. The church was completely shrouded in black.and lighted by a large number of can dles. The bo ly of the departed priest was raised.upon a platform in the centre of the church, dressed in his pon tifical robes, and clasping in his hands a silver chalice. The body was surrounded by twenty-four burning tapers. The deeply impressive requiem mass was sung, and a The deeply impressive requiem mass was sung, and a peculiarly solemn Uiitrirt. This ceremony, upon such an occasion,is certainly the most solemnly impressive of any thing we can conceive. The cromied church, throughout the whole, wee silent, so that the solemn tonea of the organ blending with the musical voices of the prieats, were heard distinctly, and fully impresaad the audience with a feeling of eecred awe. Altar tho ceremony of mess, the Rt. Rev. Bishop McCloakey de livered a short discourse. Ho said that tha occasion of tho death of a friend or relative, was always a melancho ly one-, but the death of a priest more so than any other. He whom they had often seen officiating at that altgr, was now lying before it, cold in death?his hands clasp ing the ohalice, as he bed otten done in life while ad ministering the blessed sacrifice of tho Eucharist. Tbay had don# honor to that body because it was once the tenement of an immortal spirit, and bocauea it too should rise again, purified, at the last day. But it was not for tho body alone that these rites had been performed?they had followed th* spirit to the Throne of Ood, and had there Intersceded in it* behalf that no obstacle might prevent it* tale end speedy entrance into e participation of tho blessed Joys of heaven. It was not for him hare to speak of the virtues of tha decaasad?all his congrega tion had witnessed how by his precept, and better still instilled into their hearts the by his example, he bed principles of the gospel He had been ever found ready to visit and aeaiet them in time of distress, and all who know him, loved. Let us, said th* Rev. Bishop, live like tho just man, that our last end may ba like his After the discourse ell the priests present ascended the plat- | form, and each in hit turn epunkled tho body of the de- i parted priest with holy water, when the body was remov- j ed, and carried in procession to Bt. Patrick's Catehdral, j where it wee buried iu a vault sat apart for the clergy, i the last rites prescribed by the church being performed by Bisbop McCloakey. The procesiion moved up I Broadway, led by 4S priest* from this city and Brooklyn, ! and tha surrounding churches. After these came the coffin, borne upon th* shoulders of several men, and finally tha crowd, la immense numbets. Father Mup- , piatti was an Italian by birth, and has bean in this ooun- ] try about five years, during which time ho has officiated , at Transfiguration Church. Ho was a very exemplary ' man, rssdy to sacrifice his own time, health and comfort i for the happiness of others, end always found where . needed. He we* very much beloved by his congrega- i tion, and the immense crowd which attended hie luneral < is only e testimonial to the worth of their departed j pastor. Thomas Flvhis's LscTtsv ?Tom Flvnn, long known to the world, and particularly the New York world, as an actor, gentleman, good fellow, and one who parti lularly loved his glass along with hie friends, having reformed, and determined to abandon bis evil ways, gave e lecture last evening at tha Tabernacle, on the subject of tempe rance. There wee quite h large audience gathered te gather, and among tnem a pretty goodly number ot le- i die*. After the singing of e temperance sonv, in a very fine manner, by Mr. Brown, of Yonkere, Mr. Flynn made , his appearance and commenced hie address. Mr. Flynn j was received with three loud, long end heeity cheer*. ; This 1* th* first time, said he, that I nave had occasion to i address a New Yoik audience. There are many of my fellows who have heard of Tom Flynn, and I have often played my part on the etage for your amusement. It has , often beon said thht those connected with the stage are votaries of alcohol. This 1* partially true. I have lor r the flag of ii many year* marched under the flag of intemperance, but I have left that flag forever, end now I can only hope that Ood will give me strength to keep my pledge. I j could tell you many tales connected with my intempe rate career. One I will give. I arose one bright, sun shiny morning, and went as usual to take a drink. Where I wee going, was in e basement, and when I had descend ed about eight stops, a friend leaning over the railing, called out to me : " Flynn, it not it a pity you should , thus throw yourself away I Ba a nun and stop drinkiDg." , I was at first disposed to take it as an insult; but I thought j of it, and whan I want bona, in tha silent watch** of the night I thought ot his words, and I arose in the morn- 1 lug an altered man. I did not turn my steps to a grog gery. No '. I took the pledge. Such are the causes of myenlieting under the banner of tem|<erance and I am bap- | py to say that since my reform, many of my friends, far- i ther gone then I was,have tine* followed in my footsteps, j and are now marching under th* temperance banner. 1 Many actors generally acquire e habit of intemperance j by drinking between the acta, considering it necseiary. i 1 will relate a circumstance. " Hamlet" was to be ! played one evening?Hamlet by John Phillip Kemblo, 1 and tho Ghost by the eccentric Elliston, who thought he could never act unlos* ha was under the influence of drink. He sent, tho boy on this evening to an ; adjoining tavern, to get him something to drink. . Tha boy brought it, and whan Elliston had drank, he saw at the bottom of it a red sediment. He j aaid to the boy, " What is it V The boy immediately . tan to the landlady. In the mean time Elliston had i gone on the etage, and while there, saw the landlady in the wing making horrible grimaces and wringing her hands. Mr. Elliston, whsnno went off the stage, seized the women, and cried,'4 What was in tho glass V " O," said the woman, " I on afraid you '11 kill me If I tell you." " 1 will out your throat if you don't tall mo immediate ly." " Well, then," said the women," 1 'm a miserable women, end you are a miserable men. The boy made a mistake, and gave you a tumbler iu which I had mixed artenie to kill rats." Just at that moment the prompter celled, " Mr. Elliston.'' " I cant go on," said Elliston ; 1 must give up tha ghost!" Mr. Elliston had to go on, however ; and it wee finally discovered that the drink -was colored by some rose pink which was given by the prompter to the boy. But thi? did Elliston no good, lie always drank. In the year HMO, 1 left this city for the 8outh. Mr. Booth was with ms. Soon after we went on board, a sailor was brought on in a state of beastly intoxication. In tha mean time, Booth was roaming about and asking every body ke mot, " Whet had become of his wife and child 1" interweaving It with quotations from Shakspeara. In walking about, he happened to meet the tailor. To him ho said, " Why did you kill my wife end child J" "Did I," said tha sailor. " Yes," said Booth. " Had she e whit* bonnet on V " She had," said Booth. " Well," said the sailor, " then I suppose 1 did knock her over ; bnt she had ne butiness to be in my way." " Villein !" said Booth, " quit my sight, or I will commit e deed"?end then turning round, in the mildest manner to mo he said, " Flynn, call ma when we get to the niece where Con way perished." Conway was e retired actor, who com mitted suicide. Said he, " 1 have e message for Con way." Ho went down, and of course we did not call him. After we had passed the piece, Booth "111 * " ? - - came up, and crying "I'll be back shortly," jumpod overboad. Wo struggled herd to get him out, and finally got him into e email boat I well recollect the first words he aaid were, "Flynn, you're e large man ? look out you don't link tho boat, for if you do we shell all be drowned." Alcohol is one of the most suhUo poi sons It is slow but sure What would be thought of men who actually sold disease? And isn't it as bed to use the known cause of disease as dinssso itself ? And yet, wben you speak to him ha says,"I must support my family, and if dont sell it somebody else will" Whet would you think of e man that would import tho plague, and sell it, that he might sell grave-clothes with it I Would tho answer which is given ey the rumseller keep off the indignation of en injured community, or prevent the retribution of e just God) Let us all, my friends, endeavor to live up to that Jaat law which requires ue to love our fellows as brethren. Look at Ireland?lor centuries she has struggled with tyranny, end ehe would have succeeded bad she had a Father Matthew to lead her, as she now has, to tamperanoe, and through that to liberty and happiness. I will now close, and my prayer is earnest that all may Join in tho wish to drink only tbo pure ( old water. Mr. Fl. .n'e Jeoture was delivered in a very theatrical manner, and was listened to through out with greet attention. Juoor. Oak lev.?We regret t.^ learn, that hit Honor Judge Oakley, of the Superior Court, met with quite an accident eg 8und?y morning laat, while leaving the Harlem railroad cars. By some misstep, he seriously injured one of his limbs, and is now confined te his resi dence, not being able to attand his ordinary duties as ?one of the presiding Judges of tho Superior Court Alms Hocse CoMMissioiraa.?Among the mo't pro minent candidates from tho ranks of tho democracy, for Alma House Commissioner, wo bear the name* of the preeant incumbent, (Jamee H. Cook, Esq J George W. Anderson, Esq , (the preeanc ?ery efficient and popular .superintendent ) Mossi G. Leonard. Fine Hopkins, and Wm P. Mom, Esqre , at being the most conspicuous Alderman Brady, of tha 14th ward, has already received -the nomination from th* "City Reform" perty. Wo have .not heard who the whig* or natives contemplate run ning for this desirable office. Toads 8als.?The trade sale commenced 7 alter day morning, et Bang*, Kicbarda It Piatt's, although the booh* are not to be touched till this morning. Yester day was the day for stationery of ell aorta, quills, paper, binder's leather, pencils, he. The principal contributors *waie Messrs. Hart, of Philadelphia, and Cohen, of this city. To-day they get into the boohs, and we shall ?ive, to morrow, a report of their progress into the owels of literature. v Chusch or thi Holt CoMMveiorr.?This is a new church, lately erected et the ooraer oi 36th street and 6th arenas. It it built of red granite, in the form of a arose. It is rery plain in construction, haring no use less ornaments, either on the outside or inside. The pews are of plain oak. and are all free. The church is to be consecrated on the 13th of April, by Bishop Mc Coahry. Musical EfiTKBTAi!*M?iiT.?A grand concert will be giren this evening,by the members of the Ladies' Abing - don Association, at the Jane street Church, in aid of the funds of that church. Miaa Kurst, a lady amateur: Mr. Jackson: Mr. Johnson; Mr. Lee, and the New York Quartette Club, will ail contribute ou the occasion. Several of Bums'favorite and patriotic songs will be sung. The benevolent purposes for which this great musical entertainment has been got up, com mend it to the patronage of the Christian public, and we have no doubt that the fair ladies who have originated it, will have no reason to be disappointed in the receipts. Hobbibli ?As the servant girl employed in the dwell ing bouse, No. 3 Rivington street, was passing out of the front cellar, on Sunday evening, she observed a bun dle thrown down the steps and the parson hurry off. Upon taking this bundle up,which appeared to be clothes, end on opening the aaase, she discovered a new born fe male babe, dead and oold. Upon the body being exam ined by the Coroner, it showed evidently that the poor Little innocent had been smothered, in ail probability by its unnatural mother. lesser.?A young woman, of genteel appearance, was brought to the First ward station house by officer Car pemter last night. Bhe gave the name ef Ellen Austen, and appears to be about 94 years ol age. 8he had in her possession a werk bag containing |B. A Boats Pei.icaidAe.?On Sunday evening, about 11 o'clock, as a gentleman and his wife were walking down the Bewery, when nearly opposite the Theatre, the lady was grossly insulted by a company of three rowdies who came up with clubs. This the gentleman, of course re sented. and was assaulted by the rowdies, who knocked both him and his wife down A policeman who happen ed to be passing that way was called. Upon coming up, he was addressed bv one of the rowdies, who threatened to slab him if be did net leave, upoa which, without et tMByOuf teroudef hay ueMaeee, he sneaked afapeu the other aide. What aro wo to have pollcomoa far un less to protect the persona of our citlaona 1 Wmio Prusabv Elections.?The whiff* hold primary ?loationa io tho several ward* lait hight, to cheese dele gate* for thoir Mayoralty Convention. Oreat diflerenoe of opinion aeems to exist among them a* to who ahull be their candidate. Some of their wiaeat head* think that there 1* no hope of electing a regularly nominated candidate, and are in favor of rallying around Mr. Juatice Taylor, who being on* quarter native, one quarter city reform, and the remainder whig, ia apparently the beat calculated to call out a vote that will beat the demo orata. Democratic Procession.? A proceaaion of the " de mocracie" marched through aome of the itreeta laat evening, to the muaic of a fife and drum. They were, probably, preparing for the election to-day. HlffUljr Important Intelligence from the Ar my of Occupation. [From the New Orleana Picayune, March 14 ] The Oalveaton, Captain Wright, arrived at this pert at an early hour thia morning. She left the Bay of Aranaa* on the 11th, and the city of Oalveaton at noon, on the 1-lth instant Her news ia important. The main body of Oen. Taylor'a army had marched toward* BraxosBt. Jago, and the laat regiment, with Ge neral Taylor and hi* atafl, waa to leave on the 14th inst. There were rumora that a large force of Mexicans had been concentrated to oppose the advance ot Oen. Tay lor'a force, and theae produced conaiderable excitement The United States troop* were in the highest spirits in expectation of a conflict with the enemy. The follow ing orders have been issued by the General Heao Quarters Army or OccrraTioit,) Corpus Cnristi, March 8, 1848. \ A* the army is about marching to the frontier on a delicate se vice, the Commanding General wishes it distinctly understood, that no person not properly at tached to it, will be permitted to accompany the troops, or establish themselves in their vicinity, either on the route, or on the Rio Grande, on any pretence whatever. It may save many individuals useless expense and an noyance, to be informed that rigid measures will be ta*>en to enforce thia regulation, which ia deemed necea aary for the interests of the public service. By direction of the General. W. W. 8. BLISS, Asa't. AdJ't. Oen. Head Quarters Armt or Occuvation, ) Corpus Christi, Texas, March 8, 1848 j Orderi, So 30.?The Army of Occupa ion being about to take position on the leit bank oi the Ri > Grande, under the orders of the Executive of the United States, the General commanding deems it proper to exprsa* hia hop* that the movement will prove beneficial to all con cerned; and that nothing may be wanting on his part to ioatire ao desirable a re-ult, he etrictly enjoin* upon hia command the most scrupulous regard for the rights of all persons who may be found in the peaceable pursuit of their respective avocations, residing on both bank* of the Rio Grande. No person, under auy pretence what ever, will interfere in any manner with the civil right* and religioua privilege* of the people, but will pay the utmost respect to both Whatever may be required for the us* of the army, will be purchased by the proper departments at the highest market price. The General commanding is happy to say that he has entire confi dence in the patriotism and discipline of the army under hi* command, and feels assured that his orders, as above expressed, will b* strictly observed. Z. TAYLOR, Brig. General, U 8. Army, commanding. The proclamation above has been published in the Spanish language, and issued to the inhabitants of the Rio Grande. The first brigade, under the command of Brevot Briga dier General W. J. Worth, composed of the battelion of artillery, commanded by Lieut Col. Thomas Child*, and the eighth regiment of intantry, commanded by Lieut. Col. W. O. Belknap, left their encampment on the morning of the 8th for their destination. The 3d brigade, commanded by Lieut Col. J. 8. MeJn tosh, of the 8th regiment of infantry, under Msjor T. Brown, struck their tents on the morning of the 10th, and took up their line of march for the Rio Grande. The 3d brigade, commanded by Col. W. Whistler, composed of the 3d regiment of infantry, commanded by Lieut. Col. E. A. Hitchcock, and the 4th infantry, com manded by Lieut. CoL J. Garland, were to take final leave of their old Corpus Christi encampment on Wed nesday, the 11th inst., to join the main army. The steamer Cincinnati, and almost everything els* is said to be chartered for the us* of the army. The squadron of transports are to leave on the 30th inst., under convoy of the U. 8. cutter Woodbury, Capt. Foster, and the steamer Monmouth. General Mejia is said to have returned to Matamoros on the 3nd inst. The Mexican troops this side the Rio Grande?if any?are said to be under the command oi Garcia, Canales and Severiego. It was reported in Gal veston that General Taylor had mad* a requisition for more troops, but the report was doubted. Corpus Christi baa been literally abandoned. The hangers on oi the army are leaving for the East as fast as possible. The respect so strictly enjoined for the rights ot private property, will meet with universal ap probation. [Correspondence of the New York Her*W^ Court's CH.ur., (Texas,) March 7,1WJ During the aaverul week. .Ince my hut letter.Jthe in cidenta of the camp hare been of comparatively .mall interest; the " .ick report" being almo.t the only record that our distant friend, .eemed to desire. Hence ero y paragraph concerning the army of occupation re^ed the "health of the troops." Now, however, something will be said about our movements, and from Unhackneyed story of so many sick and so nmny con valeaeent, it is hoped that editor, and readers may feel ?nme interest in our. active operations. length, the order for breaking up of thU encamp ?.nt and our march toward, the Rio Bravohas.been issued : every thing is ready and the movement is to be Kin on the 8th ins'ant. A detachment consisting of two companies, under Major Graham, started on the 28th ult., to establish a depot of provisions about sixty miles hence. To-dav most of the teams have returned, and the roadis ?u id tlbe rood, with the exception of a few hundred rod? 3 ?!? Wehere no rewon, therefore, to anticipate a very^iAcult or toilsome march ; but should it Pro*" ao, kiwHSWC#! about to proceed to the Western ^oundarv of the State of Texas; our destination a point near Whether the army will be concentrated, or be ?catte? SWS!1&2R S occouotsof affsirson the Rio Grand, are totaUy^ thy of credit. Be.ide. their own Pri??u -h! the scents ot important personagas on both sides, wno hare an object in misrepresenting the true condition of ,V" . n* dmT wa gear of 0000 men at Matamoraa thatVolnFuabeUa fortided, and that us this side of the river, resolved to flght us. The ne? we are told that every thing is quiet and pacific. Indeed it is the opinion ol the best Informed persons, lhl?? shall see no enemy, and that the Mexkun anny advanc ing to meet us, is in no respect mere to 000 men that were to attack Gen. Taylor in August last Such is the prediction of your homWe servant. it !? urttin that several of the northern departments ofM.xmoam prapTrld for revolt, it. indeed*, revolu ?i?o Ekn*7lready broken out. The people complain of .J^ous ttS;.; and every harrwain. asaetion. ? the same time that protection, the vary object of all go l.^m.nts is not afforded them. It is understood that the scheme has been ripe for many days, but owing to rWt-nmsUncesituisy be delayed A proclamation has bee^MODsnsd?-perhaps printed favorable KTC- XOSSStSTmSHiSSliSU.. will in all probability, tall of important avants. We ,knha"CJ before written about the magic rise of a oon siderable town upon this tJJ'?*^17th# Corpus Chii.ti is departing, end. from this pornt. ids iSS33?&S|Brsa: liquors and notions have already estabtwaeo ineir ^WBTlOT.SSa lots is deemed a tt object of sympathy, and whstsvsr efforts may be made to give it a temporary "cf the place is destined to continue, of courts, shiring in ??n#rmllr mffrantageotti reiulti of annexation a mere trading station tor Mexican smugglers. a! wlaracMnclnto the Held, and have a prospect of exciting serv'ce, I will endeavor, from time to time, to supply matter that will be deomad worthy a pUe. in the H. *? d, even in these days of Congressional dabatas and important diplomatic comspoadanoa. We see that J. ?. Snydor, Esq.. was chosen Msyor of Galveston at the recent election. The CteiUeti aays that a very pretty speculation was made by the imporietion into Oslvestou. a short time nnor to tho change of the revenue laws, of a cargo by tho French berk Bleyeise, from Bordeaux, consisting of winos. brandy and dry goods, to tha value of *8 400 Tha duties were paid under tha tariff ol Texas, and amounted to 82 719 Had these goods paid duties under tha tariff of tha United States, the amount would have been $8,894. The advantages gained under the Texas tarit was thaa $8,148 The 2d of March, the anniversary of Taxan Indepen dence,was celebrated in different pieces with not ? little ?pirlt. The editor of the Austin Dtmoerai remarks t " It was formerly a saying in tha 18 tat as,' that the ?h ef July naver cams out once a year; in this wa shall have a little the advantage of oar twenty-seven sisters." The Kate Ward had arrived safely at Austin. Wa be liava she is tha Brst steamboat that has ascended that high. Her arrival at Lagrange, and othar places, brongat out all tha inhabitants to welooma har. A lettar from Austin, published in tha Houston 7>'? aK, states that the Indians ara carrying on the aorta ?" on tha I rentiers, pretty muoh ea nsoal, i^nttor I contempt of the U. 8. dragoons end the Leglaiatmrsi m boot. Many ot tho ..vag.a ere even beyertinjabowt on the prairies, on the horaee stolen fromUna* m ? A stranger was murdered near Richmond,va few days "^nartVorina^raair Quiring in tha vicinity of c ess sreyc , ??-avs one hundred, end are the bast men in tho world for urn '"rho'following letter from <?"?'g'""11 th. new. from *, .eat of Gov.?**. ^ ^ ,fc. ,.u 0f m7 U?t, but mtlo progress baa sTrw rat tarns ttuus tima for tkm to bo aetad upon in the appropriate oom mitt***, botoro they oon bo finally disposed of. Bills do fining tho duttes of tho Treasurer and the Comptroller of the State, are in progress ; bat beeidoe theee, you will mo, iroa tho published proceedings, that very little oIm of importance U before either Houm Jamee H. Raymond, Eaq., lata Chief Clark of tho Houee, kae boon alected State Treaeuror, by Joint rota of both Houiee, ea required by tho Conetitution. Hie only competitor wee Dr. M. Johnson, late Treaearor of tho Republic. Benj. Hill, E*q. tekoe Mr. Raymond'* place in tho ii ouae. ... Nothing further haa yet been done in rotation to Urn , Lieutenant Ooreruo". more than to doepatch a apodal ? messenger for Col. A. C- Horton. Whan ho arrives, wo .. ?hail know whether we IvP to htTi a Lieutenant Qoytr- ? nor or not. * Yesterday being tho anniversary of Texas indepofr j donee, both Houaoa adjourned at P?? wly hour. Ba- J lute* ware fired, and a general di*po?.,ttan erinood to ? preierro tho recollection of ao important an aaont, and- ? ceUbrato it with all tho aotamnitioi of formd* year* < Tbia morning tha Hon. W. ? Crump, Spouse." of the T Home, obtained taevs of abMUOa for two waoha. hto private affair* requiring hi* immediate return homo. , The Hon. John Brown, of Nacogdoohoo oounty, haa d boon i lected to fill hia Mat during his abMnca a Tho Trinity river will bo tho dividing lino botwaOv' '? tho two CongroMional Diatrlcta. Who tho Roprooonte- f Uvea will bo ia not so eaay to datormino. Tha Governor haa iaaued hi* proclamaUon ordering tho ale ction to bo held on the 90th init ? A bill ha* alao, 1 learn, poaaad both houaoa today, pro- > aiding for tha ceaalon to tea United States of all forijft- ? cations, harracka, arm*, navy and navy yard*, andali * Cblic edifice*, and mean* appertaining to the public de- f ice, a* required by the joint reaoluUon of the U. S. ,, CongroM. Aa the resolution*, however, do not require f. tha ceiaion, unconditionally, of tho Cuatom Houm i building*, tha bill contain* a provUion authoriaing tho . 1 Governor to code thorn, alao. upon euck torma aa may bo " agreed upon with the Unite i Stataa. ? Yesterday, in the Sonata, the nomination of Yolnay E. , Howard, a* Attorney Ooneral of the Republic, W?* re- ? Jacted?I believe by e bare xaajority. This will ba musk r regatted by hia many frianda, both hare and throughout ' I tha United Stataa; and it ia proper to My that hia igjac tion waa founded upon constitutional objection*, ha hav- a j ing boon elected a member of tho Locitlaturo and re- a signed bitaaat. Tho nomination of tha Hon. John Hemp- i> hill, aa Chief Justice, waa confirmed, aa alao thorn of I Judges Lipscomb and Wheeler. f Shall wo have a war about Oregon 7 la tha determi- > a mtion of this quMUon, tha people of Texas, from their , geographical position, 11 for no other reason, must natu- t rally laai a deep interest; and it is to be rolled upon, , that tat the worst com* to the worst, they will never r forget the obligations they owe to th* confederacy of which thoy are now constituents, or to th* maintenance . of the great Amerioan principle* MMited by their sir St There ia now before tha Senate a bill declaring that tha people of Texai will sustain tha government of tho Uni ted States in insisting upon our right to tha whuta of Oregon, or Himathlng of that aort 1 do not know iu ex act shape, but such la the Mntiment involved, and of its . passage there can ba no doubt. I Metallic Tablet Razor Strou?Merchants , i and others, about purehaaiag aa artHe of tnia hind, would do i well to call and rzamiaa, at im manufactory, the varioutpes- ( I tern* off*red, aacn heing mada of tha baat material*, hat vary- , ! ing only in outside finish. Caraficatas, in proof of their atiii ty, are m the po***s*ioa of th* inventor, from tome of the moat ( i *eieatifie gentlemen in the country. A lib,-"I discount m*M ' to wholesale purchasers. ? ? O.SAUNDERS It SON, , 177 Broadway, opposite Howard'* Hotel. ) ? i I Astor Houm?Beyond all competition, tbo 1 Bath* in th i* house present more idrsntagrs to thoae who ia- ? dolge in inch an indispensable Inxnry, than any we know of. | The interior order, cleanlio**a, and comforter this esublifb- < mant, need no mora comment than tha univvrsal exarassioa of ' public ferliaa. On a late viiit to theia elegant bath*, ?? ob served that Mr. Rabinaan has had thtm refitted and made mote ?xcelleut than even they were before. The entmaee ia No. 1 Vesey ? tract; private door Astor Home. Price of a bath M ; cents. ?hades For Sole? For sale, a Handsomely j fitted establishment, in aa excellent location, doing a good cash basines*. Rut low?immediate pour?? ion m?y b* ntd, with | or without lh* stock. No letter will b* answered without real nimai-nd addreat; and to save trouble, th* applicant matt hav* in etih, from $1,600 to $1,000. Tm* is worthy of unmadista at tention, as sueh a chance rarely occur*. Addreaa P. 6Haws, | at Vernol'* Tailoring e*iabluhment, It Chatham street. I It Is a potent desideratum to have one's | Hair cut, curled, and Whiskers trimmed in sueh a manner as I not to require a brush or comb on them all the while to keep , them ia order; and who to well qualified to perform the opera tion ao aa to avoid that error ai Hill, the inimitable cutter of ! hair and whiskers, et 13 N?***<?, corner of Pine street7 Betides, { he haa jest fitted up hi* office in the n**te*t and most fashion | abla style of any in the Unitef Bute*. Alto, a superbly ele gant spring style of cnttiog, curling hair and whiaaera, and he only can do it. Try him. Phrenology?Mr. L. H. Fovlsr delivers hia first Lecture on thia subject is Clinton fvall this evening, | at o'clock. Admission free. At the closrfpf the looter*, heads will be examined, and a collection taken. Navigation of the Ohio River. Placet. Time. State of Rsver. Cincinnati, March 18 flood. Wheeling, March 14 16 feat Pittsburgh, Maroh 18 13 ft., foiling 1 Louisville, March 16. over tha mark. MONEY MARKS P. Monday* March 93-6 P. K. The stock market closed very beery. Prioe# were e fractloa lets than on Saturday. Harlem Railroad, Mor ris Canal, and Vickiburg, closed firm at Saturday* prices; Loaf Island fell off i per cent; Norwich end Worcester 1?; Pennsylvania Fives |; Reading Railroad went up | per cent. The sales were >o a very limited extent, and quotations are very feverish. At the Second Board quotations fell off dree and two per cent. The tendency of prices is dowmward, and we look for a depression in the stock mar?;et equal to any that has been experienced within the past six months. Money is getting scarcer and scarcer every day; and before a relief is realised, there Siustbe nftnaf derable embarrassment among stock spcotuUtors. The boars will have it all their own way for the nest six weeks, and the bulls will, without doubt, suffer some. The receipts of the Central Railroad, Michigan, for the month of February, this year and last, have been as an nexed CSNTBAL RilLlOtD, MlCHfOA*. February. 1844. IMS. Increaot. Freuht $3,413 84 $10,288 S3 $7,804 SO teT":::::::::::::: j&S *1? $7 308 47 $14^36 13 93.711 13 January 6,413 33 14,383 39 13,473 33 Toul $13,731 33 38,431 33 33 133 33 This shows an enormous increase in the receipts, an increase amounting to more than o:*e hundred and fifty per cent. been stated that th? groat improvement in the business of this road, has had such an influence upon the minds of many members of the Senate ef Miohl gen, than the passage of the bill for the sale of the read is considered very doubtful. Wo annex a tabular statement, taken from HHnpatk'e Jeumai, the organ of the railroad companies of Great Britain, showing the number of miles of railroaJ in use, on wkieh traffic was carried, at the and of eaoh week, and the total receipts per week on all the railways in use In the kingdom, during the past your years Railway TxArrtc Rr tusks, in ths Uuited Kiucdou, roa Foua Titus. 1315. Total Rtctiple. IMS. ? January 4 48,178 11 10,830 " IS 84,673 ? " 34 63,(74 FebraarV 1 59, m s *? 13 " 33 March 1 *? 3 " 13 73,347 " 33 " 33 Pint Quarter 671,188 943 413 1,063.934 1,383.833 April 5 84.004 33,741 93,738 116,713 ? " 81.374 89 4?0 103,641 11S.XT ? "J 81,441 91379 101,731 116 834 .. _ * 81 191 98 310 181 164 120,114 M?*. * 87,178 94,040 104 167 133 3M ? 89,707 93111 191,100 130,006 " 09,403 91 778 1*3,616 149 734 *i 97,663 19,670 110 933 193 331 3J 80,333 Ot.'M 140,934 137,383 Jus* 7 91.140 99.111 114,913 139,333 It 91,764 181.363 114 339 140.333 31 81,773 101,044 118,477 141 431 38 SI .487 183 070 117,731 137 333 Second Quarter 1,114.110 1,343 C94 1413,611 1.679.613 July S 34,317 107,444 116 111 119,111 13 101,643 113,144 134 331 143,313 19 106,611 113,464 131 307 143,714 . X 101.704 110 364 148,644 146.00 August 3 109.440 112,449 138,440 143,334 9 103.001 116,644 141.449 161,?? 10 94.131 113417. 1 3.630 142X6 ' 33 90,490 110,934 111490 144.000 10 96447 11(304 116.444 149.641 9cp*#mb 6 94,141 100,191 131 916 146,610 13 103, ?01 111,113 110,146 183.060 | " 30 94 836 109,117 117X4 143,619 " r 90,770 109.446 110.670 143 600 Third Quarter 1,374,017 1,444,794 1,714,464 1,103X4 October 4 *,1* 1X.110 137,664 144,378 | U X 748 187,M 137X4 144X1 18 X179 163,842 118 0?1 1<| 1*8 " X *4.317 96,149 113,477 143,110 Novem'r 1 ",778 W.?W 106,64T 143,403 8 77,mi 66,649 100,603 111 031 '? 14 78,337 81,143 98,613 134 463 J 73,043 30,134 96, >? 119,334 ,f X 76.0X 76X7 96.633 IS,311 Decem'f 6 74.444 81,471 93 XI 117,140 " 13 76,713 64,677 36.1K 110X1 ? ?M*S 103.310 167,464 133.X7 " ?7 70,910 01.116 IX,778 IX,3* Fourth Quarter 1.681.766 1.1X.X2 1,3*9.019 1,781.907 Total 4,Ml,781 4,137,644 4.464,983 4 641 334 The returns show that the tendency of railsray trafoe ' is to Increase la a still greatsr proportion, as the facilities ?f railway communication era extended. It will bo ob | served, by reference to the above table, that tha receipts ; in each year, for the quarter ending September 30th, have exceeded thoee for either of tha other three qear ! tare X the year. The Railroad Journal, referred to above, makes tha following remarks in relation to the railway operations ! ef Great Britain : - Few are prepare ! to sty at whet point the railway traffic of the united kingdom will cease to inoreeee, or to how many millions per annum the revenue derived therefrom will ultimately reach Judging from the i foots before as, It we?M seem that Uw iBBUll RWR

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