Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 26, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 26, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Thursday, March SO, 1840. Agents In the Interior. Michael Tucasa ia the agent for the Nrw Vork Daily and IViekly Herald, in Poughkeepeie, N. V. The Trial of Tlrrell. We give on our first page, a report of the firtj day's proceedings of the trial ofTirrell, for the mur der of Maria Ann Bickford, at Boston, which caused such a great sensation some time since. It is our intention to give a full and graphic ac count of each day's proceedings, and the latest intel ligence of this trial, to the last moment. This ex- i traordinary case.has a striking resemblance, in its details, to the Ellen Jewett murder, in Now York, I some years back, and has caused near'y as much excitement in Boston, as that murder dtd in this city. It is said the counsel for Tirrell intend to prove that the unfortunate girl committed suicide. Htate of the American Newspaper Press?Its Enterprise, The great commotion caused among the different journals in this city, and throughout the country, on the arrival of every Bteamer and packet ship from Europe, is characteristic of journalism at the pre - sent day. The system of running expresses, in order to obtain late news at the earliest moment possiLle, has been but lately introduced into the United States, and now may be said to form a part of the newspaper business. These ?xpressea were the consequence of the revolution in journalism that was brought about by the independent press, about ten years since, in this city, and has been continued from that time until the present day. Before the era of the independent press, the old fashioned six penny papers had a monopoly of jour nalism on this continent, and conducted their busi ness with the smallest outlay possible. News, no matter how important soever it might be, was not published until the vessel had reached and been made fast to the dock. In fact, the accommodation of the public was never thought of, and the little benefit derived from the journals of that time, had to be paid for at an extravagant rate. Aa soon as the independent press entered on the field, and so licited a portion of public patronage, a decided difference between those of the old regime [and those of the new, was apparent to all. The latter brought into requisition an amount of enterprise and peraeverance never before known in thia country, and which took by surprise the public, as well as thfe editors of the old papers. The effect of this was immediately seen in the immense support given to the new papers, and a corresponding re duction in the circulation of the old ones. In a day, as it were, a revolution was accomplished in journalism in this country, which is going on, gathering strength as it proceeds, till in a few more years, the whole field will be clear of the old fash ioned and lazy sixpenny, and will be occup:ed by the cheap, independent press. A great improvement in the old fashioned journals is also apparent, and a greater regard ia paid to the public than was ever before^een. The ceriou^inroads on their subscription lists by the independent press, roused them up from the state of inertia and imbe cility they had been in lor a long time; and they had, in self defence, to follow the lead of the indepen dent press, and bring into use a portion of that enter prise which marked the career of their opponents Still, however, they were beaten by the indepen dent press in every description of enterprise, find particularly by the Herald, in running .express"a with late European news, at an enormous expens", and tending it over the whole country from eigh teen to twenty-four hours ahead of them. The Herald was the first paper to commence thia great snterpriae, and our subscription list satisfactorily assures us, that our efforts to serve the public have been appreciated. The extraordinary success that has attended our exertions, as might naturally be expected, created a great amount of envy and jealousy in our rivals, and compelled them, after they had resorted to every other means to crush us, to follow in the track that we had laid out. Accordingly, they have recently made a few efforts to compete with us in this de scription of enterprise. They did not, however, meet us in a fair competition, but combined by dozens in five principal cities, with the intention of prostrating us, and with what success the public already is aware. Although we have now combin ed against us, an alliance numbering some sixteen papers, published in Boston, New York, Philadel phia, Baltimore and Washington, we are not to be frightened from our course; but on the contrary, we will continue our exertions in that, as well aa in every other respect, and do the utmost in our power for our subscribers, in return for the libera and unpre cedented patronage they have swarded us. These exertions we consider ourselves bound to continue, not only from motives of policy, but from pride too. We claim the honor of introducing this enterprise into journalism in the United States, and as long aa the Herald is in existence, we will continue it. II at any time we should he distanced in this buaineae, and the public should get foreign news, of conse quence, through the exertions of the Holy Alliance, ahead of the Herald, we ahall still claim the honor accruing from it; for were it not that the Herald introduced the system, the public would be to this day trusting to Uncle Sam's mail bag for the earliest intelligence, both foreign and domestic. We say at any time, for the best arrangements are likelyjo fail occasionally. With our fleet of newsclippers, manned by the hardiest men in existence, cruising always outside tae Hook, at distances varying from fifty to two hundred and fifty miles from land, failure in getting news in the speediest way possible may appear out of the question. But accidents will happen in the best regulated office. Political Abolitionism.?It is well known that the abolitionists of the North are at present divided into two opposing factions. The one is led by a philosopher called Garrison, and consists of the old women of both sexes, who are dissatisfied with all the existing arrangements of society, and are dream ing of run reforms in the future. This class which, particularly in the New England States, is a large one, eschew all political action, and intend to ac complish their end by what they call "revolution izing public sentiment,"ice. The other branch of the aboliuA party is the po litical abolitionists, or as they call themselves, the " liberty party." This faction separated some years ago from the main body, and since that time have been at sword's points with them They'are fol lowers of James G. Ilirney, who was run in 1844 as iheir'Presidential candidate. It is needless to deny the fact that in the Northern States this party is increasing in numbers. At the last Presidential election they polled, in this State alone, about 15,000 votes. Their leaders are gene rally ambitious, and many of them needy men, who have run the plank of the other parties, have been discarded by them, or failed to secuie their person al ends by longer remaining m them. In nearly, if not all the Northern States, this par ty has now an organization; and by wild appeal* to the ptejadieee of the Northern people, are into their ranks many from the other ponies. The political principles of this party arc r-volu nonary and disorganizing in the extreme?probably involving, if carried out, a dissolution of our Union Disregarding the rights of property ceded to the South, they would, by superior force, endeavor to divest them of those rights, and thereby commence a turmoil, which would only end in bloodshed and civil war. With these fasta before us, it is not a time to rest in ease and quietude, suffering the whelp to grow into a strong beast. The press, that mighty engine of trne conservation, should speak out, end by the diffusion ?f facte and wholesome theories, nip in Ihe Nld this ditorgantstng element Liverpool Pocket Skip Henry Cloy Jrtioro ?Ix or Blfbt Llvw Loot. The' packet ship Henry Clay, Capt. Nye, from Liverpool, from which port ahe sailedo n the 22d ol February, lor New York, went aahore on Tuesday night about twelve o'clock, on 8quan Beach, about one mile north ot the place where the John Minturn and other vessels were wrecked, on the night of the 15th of February. | The ship struck on the outer bar?heaved over, and lays between the under tow and outer bar, broadside to the beach, having heeled a little to- i wards the shore. All her masts were cut away at 8 o'clock on Wednesday morning, and she remained in an eesy position. A large part of the cargo has been thrown overboard, and it ia possible the hull may be prevented trom going to pieces, as it lays in a kind of quick sand, and was rapidly burying itself Immediately after the ship struck, three seamen went ashore in the life boat, with .1 line, and returned again to the vessel, but on account of the iloating spars, could rot get near enough to the ship to take efl the passengers, and they were compelled to drop themselves into the boat by the line. Eight or ten cabin passengers were taken on board in this way, and were proceeding towards the shore, when the boat was jtruck by a sea and shattered to pieces* and only two (the 2d mate and one saaman) were saved, ond they were taken on shore insensible, but by the care and attention ot those on shore, were brought to lite. The rest of the passengers and crew, numbering about three hundred, remained on board the ship, end as a hawser had been taken ashore and made fast bv driving a spile into the saud, it was supposed they all would be saved, as soon as the weather moderated. The keel had been broken off and tloated alongside, and the ship was muking a great deal of water. She went ashore at high tide, drawing eighteen ieet ol water,^nd had a very large and valuable cargo on board. On account of the thick weather experienced within the three days previous to going ashore, the Captain had not been able to get an observation, | and the first intimation of being near and, was when the ship struck the beach. | The weather, since .he ship went ashore, has not been at all favorable for the safety of those remain ing on board, or the cargo; La as she is a new vessel, built in this city, in the best possible manner, we have every hope that no more lives will be lost. The Henry Clay belonged to Gnnnell, Minturn ?te Co.'sline of Liverpool packets, was built by Messrs. Brown & Bell, in the early part of last year, and made her first voyage from this port to Liverpool in May. She was one of the largest and most magni ficent packets belonging to this port. Captain Nye, of the Henry Clay, is well known to ths public as the commander of the Independence for many years, in which ship he acquired the reputation of being one ol the most skilful packet Captains out of New York. He has heretofore been very for- ] tunate in all his voysges to and from Liverpool, and we are satisfied that every thing was done that man could do, to prevent such a melancholy affair as the loss of so many valuable lives, and the wreck of his fine ship. Tiik Spring Track?Pittsburgh and New York?The opposition of the Philadelphiana to the granting the right of way hy Pennsylvania to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, has highly incensed the citizens of theWestern portion of that State?the Pittshurgiaus in particular. They allege that it is a paltry attempt to retain the trade of the Western merchants, end confine them to purchase their goods in Philadelphia All descriptions of threats are used, hrsides the dissolution of the Commonwealth, and tney are determined henceforth to abandon trad inn ia Philadelphia, and buy all their goods in New York. With that view they have inserted the following notice in their journals at Pittsburgh :? To New Yobbeb*.?Some of our respectable mer chant*. who have formerly purchased almost wholly in Philadelphia, have requested us to suggest to the mer chants of New York, that thay will find it to their ad- 1 vantage to visit this city or send on agents to form busi ness acquaintances. This hai^een the custom of Phi- I ladelphia for many year*, but a* our citizens now have i their attention turned towards New York, and are folly reiolved to withdraw their buaincss wholly from Phila delphia, New York merchants would do well to facili tate the formation of business acquaintance and connec tions. Will the New York papers notioe this matter 1 ! All we can say is, that the New York merchants will be happy to accommodate their Western breth ren, and we trust that the well known character of onr business men for honorable and fair dealing,will be a guaranty, that what bosiaess the Pittsburgians may transact in New York,will be transacted on the most accommodating terms, and with satisfaction to purchasers. New York at present ofTers advantages unequalled l>y any other city in the Union. The several packets that have arrived recently were all freighted with the richest end the handsomest goods, and the dis play of samples in our stores is the most varied and most beautiful we have ever seen. Come along, gen'lemen of Pittsburgh, and if we don't satisfy you of the truth of what we say, never give us j credit fo rthe truth again. The Heroes op the Revolution.?'One by one, the soldiers of the war of independence are falling into the silent repose of the tomb. The heroic men whose valor and fortitude have given the brightest ; pages to our national history, share the same earthly fate with the coward and the slave?the grave is alike the portion of them all; but there is a brighter luture for the patriot. Within the last month, no less than thirteen revo lutionary patriots have been summoned to another, and we trust a better world. To use the beautiful idea of Marshal Soult on the death of Bernadotte, thu drums of heaves are beating the trveillt for heroes to gather there, and obedience is yielded to the call. But a few years shall pass away, and every living relic of the " times that tried men's souls" will he gone. It is always melancholy to contem plate the death of any of our fellow-beings; but the departure from among us of those to whom we have long pointed as the pride of our country, is more than mournful?it is a source of general sorrow and afflic tion. Grim monster, thou art indeed terrible to us all? " But to tha hero, when hi* iword Ha* won tho battle for tbo free, Thy voico tounda like a prophet * word; And in it* hollow tono* aro heard Tho thank* of million* yet to bo." The gallaot men who have perilled their lives for our liberties may die, but they can never cease to be remembered with pride, while truth, courage and patriotism, are held to be virtues among men. Qiestion to be Settled ?Notice was yesterda; given to the Keeper of the City Prison, to disregari all future orders emanating from Mr. Tailmadge,lati Recorder, on the ground thaTlie had been servei with a suprrtedeat, and his successor sworn intc office. Shortly after the reception of this notifica tion, an order, signed by Mr. Tallmadge,directin| the discharge from the ctty prison, of James Byres recently arrested on a charge of embezzling abou 93,000 worth of property from Richards, Bassett A A born, of No. H9 Pearl street, was handed to th Keeper of the Prison, who, accordiu : to the direc tions given by hi* hnmu the Mayo-, disobeyed thi order. The ri^ht of the Keeper o! the Prison h disregard an order mice by RecorderTallmadge I bef .re he received the dea?, it is expected ' will be contested by tha counsel of Byers. Tie Latwch ? Capt. Rathbone's new ship, tha Columbia, will be launched this morning, at eight o'clock, from the yard of W. H. Webb, foot of Sixth afreet. Armt or Occci-ATtoN ?We understand that C neral Taylor, in an interview with several infltie , tlal citizen* of Matatnora*. who wars at Corpu* Chii with a large Lumber of mule* for ?ale, took ocoaaion impttu upon them the pecWic intention* of tka Unit State* government in occupying .the Rio Brave; U , the army would not in *ny ca*? croea that river, unit hostilitlee should be commenced by the Mexican* ; U I the Mexican* on th* *a*t tide of th* river would not ; dirturbed ia any way by tho troop* ; that they will ; protected in all their right* end utege* ; end that evai ! thing which the army may require will he ptirthtied L fair ptfeee. ? ?P*?Wnglrt? f men, Merri M. Ftii TauTU.?Lial night, for tha third time in Amirwt, tha oaw opara at " La Braaaanr da riaatan" *u rapaatad at tha Park. Thii eaquialte ckif d*?uvre af Adoipha Adam i? tha moat delightfal opara that haa arar baan performed in tha country. Tha plat ia aome what intricata and extremely interacting? tha muaio ia of every rariatjr, bat at all tiraai charming?now aoft and aantimantal, anon wildly mirthful, and again tha vary apirit of martial amotion ; tha iasguaga, too, ia re markably expreaaive. We hardly know how to aelect tha gema of thia opera, for it ia all a gem. Ii wo are to bo auided by tha rapturoua applauae which apringa impulairaly from the audience, our higheet admiration muat be accorded to the aong, "bo gentle and kind," and tha rondo, " B re were ao gay,'* in the flrat act; " Tha mighty John of Caatleton," and tha c? nubile, " Soon to our home returning," in the aecond; and tha grand Aoale, " Valiant haroaa." But tha fact ia, every point haa boen brought to tuch perfection that it ia almoat im poaaibla to cbooae, and every hearer, no matter what be hia taata, will be aura to havo aome particular favor ite. Tha choruaea are very Ana?tha acenery ia new and appropriate -tha coatumaa are in tha atyle of tha early part of tha eighteenth century?and. in ahort, no esertion aeema to havo been a pa red to do juatice to thia opera. It would be almoat a diagrace for any one in the city, having the ieaat pretenriona to refined taete, not to hear " Le Braaaeur do Preaton," at laaat once, aa we feel aaeured that ita performance at the Park will long be conaiderad an important event in the nautical and theat rical chroniclea of America. Bowcar Theatre.?The Bowery wai again crowded to overflowing leat evening, and the grand romantic ' spectacle of " Mannion" an performed tor the third | time, with the operatic drama of "Rob Roy." "Mar mion," ai got up at tbU eitabliahment, by the enterpri ?ing manager, Mr. Jackton, ia, without exception, the moat gorgeous and eitactivo pageant ever produced on the American atage. The plot ia one of thrilling in terval -the acenery ia all n..w, and painted from authen tic aketchea?the ceatume and decorationa of the moat brilliant and beautiful deaciiption-tbe acting chaate and | admirable throughout, and the dtnauement grand, start ling and impressive. The talented troupt of equestrians, consisting of thirty-two male and female riders and a .alfid ien!i 'l n0' mj bor??,? wbicb been en gaged, lend brilliancy to a spectacle, and serve to heighten the interest of a nlav under any circumstances imposing and attractive. We doubt not " Marmion" will harvMt'lr r?i?' '"m1!?? ?ust reap a golden harvest. If so, he will be encouraged to bring out other ?ffi H eUective. '? Mannion" and " Rob Roy" will be repeated this evening. ' BoyKfr, AMMSiTiaaTaa.?1There was still another crowded, fashionable, and highly delighted auditory at the Bowery Amphitbeatie last evening, and the reallv SSSEtS'fWl p"rformanc?? of Mr. Sanda'a beautiful stud of dimiuuuve ponies, excited uninmi 'd??Tra,iU"- T??VpUgiii"cSSSSS the rival ponies, Tom Uprii g" and "Doef Burke "are really remarkable; and tboir rcientific skill, and und'aunt once Iho liveliest susceptibUl. lariod audience. Ihe exhibition is Urther ISe ^ the app*arance of the twin ponies, "Damon" i " w".? PQtform guite a number of the most Pleasing feats, such as jumping through hoops leamnr UnJvtod1lr and furious career acting ea tirsly independently of each other. But the ckrfdi *uvrt I ?n?im"r j u* w*11 ,r*?o?d. thorough brad, and beauti ful^ formed hoise "May Fly." who dan^ aYreat va riety of the most modern quadrilles, waltzes, the Polka, the mit ?r? " ""."T 01 Mr" 8andi formi on? the moat agreeable entertainments we ever witnessed S:.P??l0r,?,*nCM'aWh4Ch comn,0ac? With the "Quai rilles of th* Moyon Age," by a very fine stud ef mien ere V??hru!.* h^n'e'' dtfServB ??P?cial notice, and seen > iTrand commendation; wo have never | ...f t 'Of'" 011 cosi>parabis to them. The still vau ting by the company, among whom the distin Srh'n^. k* V' and ,klllu' Mcffimand appear*, (end who haa bean known to havo thrown sixty-eight conse cutive somerset*,) certainly deserves* ifoefi shara Ssallt r5 hi" Pickwickian scenes, is ! ready cspltai and engaging; as a rider he has been hut rarelv equalled. Madame Oaidner and Master ATmar ere also distinguished ia their peculiar effomofiuS horsemanship. A repetition of the performances is an K!hi ? ?ou rjr' Wl" giT? ? fraud farewell concert at Nibloa to-morrow evening. Thoae who havo never heard him can form no idea of hia exquisite skill end the ( oilmet la not only an arlmt, however, but a composer of much celebrity. Several of his most beiutifu^com poiitionfl will be performed to morrew evening, end we tendance.'8 * ?uable ail<1 mu,ical mdieuce in at _ City Intelligence. The Tea he 8ale.?The only leeture in the trade sale yesterday was the speech of Ex-Mtyor Harper. The Ex frilteraito 10U" f#Torit? with lh? bookselling " ,lw"V ?*P?ct?d to introduce the sale 01 his books by a speech. Mr. Harper did not arrive hZXlW,J,?U1 ?ft?r.tb? ?uctioneer had got into hie books, and ho was going to expatiate upon th* beautiee *,rM wi'hoat the usual speech. But his congie " ssUacX"1* n? I .?? pat 0<r in m?nner, end cries of speech ! speech S" iMounded through th* room Mr Hsrper, finding it was no use to try to get off, said? Gentlemen, I feel that it is hardly neefssarv for me to th.t,fLth#iaLlm.0A in ?P??c,'ifyiug. but I mutt remarc, that I consider the effect of these trade sales as very salutary to the members of the profession. I see many r^nmm^.5 ?ff?. came herewith nothing to recommend them but a good character, and thia honor caiiifi? !a J1*"1 H00 m m cr?dit' when they had no capital. (Applause.) They returned home, doubled their money, end now I see them hare able to purchase the whole invoice of books. Co run it is, alsoVcentle men, that this honorable firm here ennch?d themselves througSout'uVweek.'18 ,,U8 prub*W7 COntiDue Wien, Raiit, Awmnas and Bosks.?Old March rot into one of 1U tantrums on Tuasday night, and worksd itself up into . regular atorm of wind and rain The music of the howling winds was heard most mournfully blowing through the night, dashing tha rain in torrenU against the window*, end playing a sort of a ilaecato ac companiment with the shutters. ^be awnings Srf &xV. which happened to be out, were played with in th* pe ?ne?h. # ?*?rcUed by a March wind, and in the morn ing the former were fonnd torn in as many Utters as the ?f guff's soldiers, end the lS?r w?ra blown into the streets and reducsd to their original elements of board! and nails. We believe no damage was don? to the shipping or th* wharves. " ne 10 ni Jht" <n'm^t\a?.L"Tr ^iu Annoal Celebration last ; ,u * t0?U,e f?41 prass of other matter, w* are i its nrnr^T T , otaittiaS the interesting report of As thav a ??r r"P?rt?r bus prepared in full. A Row thk Damocbacie.?A rrsnd n? .... ?weVn^ev?^inofHth11 U'1 lT-nin?1 ,bout 11 o'clock, be '? w.,fr,l? r55 ,. i!ib? f prominent membore of th* nJnd.i old" democracy. The splendid Captain ?id blmralf very conspicuous, and for a Uma ri, *U wa* ?*tibiied ia U* bar room. The democracy appear to be getting on badlv hmf J ftW?i!0n**r !.Ct 'n ?oucert?Ihe spirit of harmony' has left their ranks, end a political meeting, or caucus is a signal for confusion and disordsr. This is verv ashamed out h?W8T#r' ,h#7 to S H?coanaa.?Judge Scott, the recently an P0'"'?! ^c<>rder, was yesterday aworn iato office and m/t/. i?'" ,I!*rTT nP?n hl* pradecessor, Mr. Tall ?ad*e- 11 "? therefore, probable that the new Recorder will commence his official duties to-morrow morning as presiding msgietrat* in the Court of Special Sessions. Rtv. JostrH Bi-aat, D D -This celebrated Catholic .77?,nuW,U de"r?r hi* third and concluding lecture ' osth .?^C? ,thi' 'T'LinK.?t the St. Colombo Church, ^,i'tr?at; ?e,r Jhe 9 n av.-nne. These lectare* are SmUi! .7 interesting irom the fact that Mr. Burke is willing to ma into i.i tne nositions he lays down, with any P?"?," w.h.? i??g??s ran ccmrovert thsm, and also. rSIirrftS triumphantly disprove Ihe hackneyed ^roughj #??ir,t the Roman Catholics ny thoee who differ from them in faith. i *?. ?A"* - John A. Canter, the notorious counterfeiter, who was i.rrestod in January last, on a neV'of wh?'hD?aC,?kOCr?7I'Kl >U ut,.eMn? counterfeit mo i t'v l?rrort,?l t? be worth about i.fii . *er* found in bis possesflon, was admitted to bail on Monday Ust, by U*< order Tallmadr*. in th* riiTui *3 0fld"t}>? discharge being issued on a copy of tb6 iadictmeiit?MOxHi by John." LKCTt aKS ov Ajvatomv -We perceive that Dr. Wieting propose* to delivor a conrtn of lecturaa on anatomy, at i mentis in^oethorcolnmu. 'h'* eTUD,Dg HU ,dT*rtW th.? ?.^fh 're. ?" Da*,M1 ?Our true drams-lovlngcl *,U ?;? plrasod (to l-'irn ihst th* peanut crop of North Carolina is this year a moat abundant one. One of toe Wilmington papers reports that 30,000 bushels have already reached that market, and ? re sold at about wiuioV bo,h?1 This price will put (hem within th* roach of every true theatre-goer, and enable evera on* to eat at least a peck of an evening, st . "ry ??r!r.P ^*in|t ?non*b. w? ih?u'd think, to ts Defy any reasonable stomach. ' Coaowea'a Orrica, March 3S.-Tha Coroner held an inoueet at No. 110 WOlet street, on the body of Barbara Scbriener, born in Garmany, fiRy years of are v ,0 h#.r d#ath bjr di,"?,e ?f the liver. Also at i U.? to ,tr"5t'An Ue of ( slhoin. 2 Ireland, aged 6J years, who died throurh con gestion of the brain?rsrdict accordingly. Another also I \i*i f' "?? 8fi Cross street, on the body of Owen Melotfn, born in Ireland, 11 years of srs who rem. ?? bis death Ukawise by congestion of the brain Spertlng Intel licence. ? .i40*11^0" 8nnd?y there were two races on the Eclipse Coarse at Cerrollton. The flwt, which was ' 31 contested, was for a purse of >,V), with added? th?"p^.?r.Si8"C8,Ch W8i*h" Th# con'"tanU for William Camming*' Dray iloy i M. L Hammond's Kate Luckett e Mr. Hsddon's Queen a Time, 1 :i?. The second race'wm a match for >3ao against ft-MO? ?ally learn vs. Highland Mery?distance two mllee m^lhtoTv'li -?0, m*re"em*Ta ?*? mirable style, winning the race in 3:*?. The weather wee esceedingly An*, the track in first ku!i r'?, * .l?? c?cc?nr*e of people were assem | iifersl *7 w 'kcltlng spoil A. O. PtUo, Palto* InMUctaM. MtlCH 2b?Or and Larceny.?k TOOnf MM, nlM Robert Gould, wii irmUd yesterday Moraine by po tto* B on Boyle, of the Mb ward, charged vtt $31 from tho pantaloon* pocket of A. Sinclair. It ap pear* that the** two man alept in the tame room toge ther lb* night preriotii, at No. 44 Bowery, and Gould ruing A rat in the Morning, atole frow a wallet in tho pantaloon* pocket of hi* room mate the above itua, and wa* about ruihing off, when Sinclair discovered hi* loaa, and 'procured the aid of Mr. Boyle, who at once arrested Gould, and on *earcning hi* perion. the whole of the ?toien money wa* found in the itocking of the pritoner. Committed for examination. Violent .9**aui(?One of the uniortanate girl* of the 6th ward, reiiding at No. 04 Duane itreet, by the name . of Ann Stewart, wa* yeeterday moat violently and bru tally beaten by John Reynold*, who atruck her a vio lent blow on the back of the head, and Anally broke her leg, and otherwise aeverely injured her person. lntant.?A man by the name of Frederick Hanger wa* brought into the oth ward station-house by officer Barnec, auppored to be insafle. Ji Thief.?A woman by the name of Theresa i Lynch wa* arretted yesterday for itoaling a ailver I watch, two gold ring*, a breaat pin, and a lot of cloth' ing, belonging to Mr. J. Dobbi, corner of Houiton and Ridge atreet*. and Taken to the itation houae by a police man of the 11th ward. Robbing Mr Police Station ? Roaannah Logan wa* ; caught in the act of making ofl with a blanket, worth 1 $1, belonging to the 16th ward itation home. Locked up for trial. Petit Loretniei. -Rufaell Boulter* wa* rtreated yea terday for stealing money from Thoma* Houaeman. Locked up.?John Smith wa* arreated yeaterday for ; stealing a hatchet and feed bag, worth SO cenla, belong ing to Patrick O'Hara, No. ISO Third avenuo. Locked up for trial. Orond Larceny.?A German called Anton* Foke, wa* arreated yeaterday, charged with atealing a lot of window ahadea at different times, valued in all at about $du, belonging to Miaa Maria Segue*, No. |7J Bowery; a part of thorn wore atoien laat November. Offlcera Wbikehan and Rue arreatod thia ahady Dutchman at the Black Horaa tavern, in 13th itreet, and recovered an outline of one ot the ahadea, juat enough for Miaa 8a ??gues to awear to. Committed for examination. Breaking Open a Letter.?An old hag named Maria Willougbny, who beepa a miaerable dan of iuiqatty at No. 90 Church etreot, waa arreated yeaterday by officer* Stewart and Davis, charged with receiving and break ing open a letter irom the postman, ou the 37th February laat, directed to Maria Lewia, one of her boardera, who laid, at that time, conAned to her bed in one of tho rooma. This letter wa* from tho brother of thia unfortunate creature, and of freat importance iu many waya to tho owner. Thia being a misdemeanor, consequently aha ! waa arreated and held to bail in the aum of $300 to an awor in court. Ji Breach oj City Ordinance.?A tailor by the name of James Cubage, waa arreated yeaterday afternoon for

turning on the hydrant to procure Croton water for his veaael, ho being a aeaman on board the schooner Harri aon, lying at the foot of Market itreet. Tho Magistrate flood him $35 for the oA'enco, which waa paid by the captain, and he waa thereupon discharged. Court of Oyer and Terminer. Before Judge Edmonds, Aldermen Stoneell end Comp ton. Mabch 33.?Tfuiianee Cut.?T7i? People ei. Robert Elder.?Thie ere* en indictment found egeinet the Butch era' Aeeocietion, for e nuie&nce. It appeared that in 1844, the Aeeocietion erected a furnace at the corner of 4th etreet and the let avenue, for melting tallow, f rom the emell and other oflenaive caueea produced by the pro ceee of melting, the neighbora and ownera of property became dissatisfied, and they laid theoaee before the (Jrand Jury, who lound a tiue bill. The caee came on yeaterday. Mr. Joaeph Blunt, on behalf of the people, opened the caee. He eaid thie wee one of thoae cases which ie important to the whole community?one deeply affecting the comfort and tranquility of the oitiseae in its effects upon their health and property, which would appear to the Jury, from the teatimony that would be laid before them; they would produce evidence to ahow the diecomforta, danger and pecuniary k>aa to the people in the neighborhood, and when any eatabllahment pro ducea theae effects, it waa a nuiaance ; but, happily, aaid Mr. Biunt, the principlea of our law ia, that the peo ple are protected by it ageinat nuiaancaa, and one or the very beat principlea of it, ia that it will not even allow a man to uae hie own property to the diacomfort of hia neighbora. Whenever that ia done, it ctepa in and directs its abatement. Mr. Blunt here laid down the law regard ing nuisances, and cited several authorities from American and English books, in support of bis view of the subject He aaid that when the neighbora found out that the Butchers' Association waa about to erect this establishment, they waited on them and remonstrated on the impropriety of erecting it, and the danger to the health, and the pecuniary loss that would result to the inhabitants from carrying on that trade; but they were met by a positive refusal, on the part of the Association, to deaiat. He made some further remarks, and concluded by stating that he would call witnesses to prove the na'ure of the nuisance and its effects upon the neighborhood. Amoogat other wit nesses examined was an old gentleman, named Joseph Koopman, who testified that when he first perceived the smell from the defendants' establishment, it seemed to him as if the whole neighborhood was boiling bad sau sages; and so dense waa the smell, (we suppose the wit ness meant vapor,) that it could be caught in handsfull every morning: he considered that as long as the smell or effluvia continues, there waa no danger that the yel low fever would ever make its appearance in the neigh borhood After the examination of about a dozen other witnesses, the case for the people was rested. The counsel for the defence applied to quash the indictment, on the ground that the allegation in the indictment waa not sustained by proof, the allegation being that the oiled smell waa produced by the melting of spoiled and un wholesome fat; whereas, thai a waa no proof but that the subatanoo malted was fresh and wholesome, sad, there fore, there waa a variance between the proof and the in dictment. Coust.?The substantial charge ia, that a noisome smell has been produced by melting fat?the noisome smell ta the nuisance, and not the melting of.the fat?it does not matter whether the smell, if it be noxious, ia created by the melting of,aound or unsound fat?the nui aanco is the same. The application was denied ,)and the case sent to the jury. Mr. Cuss opened the deienoe, and rested it upon the following grounds: first, that every man, or association of men, had a right to follow bis or th their own pursuits in any legal way that they might judge best for thoir own intoroet and advantage. Secondly, that the defendants were not guilty of the particular charge stated in the in dictment. Thirdly, that the business carried on in the establishment waa not unhealthy; on the contrary, they would prove that all the persona engaged in it enjoyed more than ordinary share of animal health; and, fourthly, that there were forty-eight slaughter houses in theward, and twenty-four of them in this neighborhood, against which no complaint was made ; and, fifthly, that the de fendants took every precaution to carry on the business with the least possible danger to the health and comfort of the inhabitants. Case of Colonel Thomas?Libel. Washington, March 33, 1846. CRIMINAL COURT. Before Judges Crench, Morseil and Dunlan United Slatet vs. Thomat?This important cause, be ing set down for this term of the Court; and, it being generally rumored that the trial was fixed for this day, the utmost anxiety was manifestod as to the probability ofita going on. It will be recollected, that the defendant ibttined has obtained considerable celebrity, from the fact of his connexion with e divorce case, involving a series of do mestic troubles and calamities, which have travelled the rounds of the press. In connexion with these family troubles, the defendant, it is alleged, published a pam phlet drawing into light a heavy catalogue of scandal and family gossip, involving Senator Benton, aeveral public men in Congress, and families of distinction in this vicinity, Maryland and Virginia. For this publica , tion, defendant waa indicted for libel, and the trial was ; set down for hearing in another court, when, in conse quonce of objections to the Judge, merely upon techni < cal grounds, the venue was changed, and the case was set down for tiial on the calendar of thia couit. i At 11 o'clock, the Justices took their seats upon the bench, when the March term of the court was formally ; opened. Mr. Jones hereupon applied to the court, and begged the postponement of the case of the Unites States vs. Thomas, which, by mutual consent, he stated, It waa agreed should be fixed for the 1st May next. The Cot"rt hereupon granted tbe application. The case waa accordingly postponed. 8ome*new accessions were made to the bar by the admission of some seven or eight qualified members, when, after the disposal of some routine businesi, the court adjourned. N. B ?Faem tiic RsrouTxa.?While strangers in the metropolis are willing to concede many high qualities to tbe good citizens of Washington, few can deny but there is scarcely a city in the Union where the goodly Not to authorities require more to "mend their ways." talk of the eternal dust of Pennsylvania avenue, the mud dy streets, the absence of lamps, Ac., the many nui sances that exist in the city of "magnificent distances," if the broken and ricketty steps -the wretched exterior of the criminal court be an evidence of the inner purity of thie temple of the law in Washington, we would ad viso suitors to look for justice elsewhere. The steps and general front outside, have the appearance of a con demned prison for the execution of convicts. As a pub lic buildiog, it is discreditable to the metropolis ; the frequent subject of ridicule to every looker on ; and, while appropriations are squandered for many idle pur poses, lor keeping the avenue in mud and filth, and pay-' ing idle loafeia for idling about it, without doing any be nefit, three-fourths the expenses would put a decent front to this public court, where justice ia administered almost weekly. Why not some move be made in it 7 It is really shameful. Murine Court* Before Judge Smith. March 35 ?John Djrley vs John L. Moore.?This was on action brought to recover the amount of $87 60, for sundry articles of wearing apparel iurnished the de fendant tbe peat season. Tne plaintiff is a draper and tailor, doing business at 146 Broadway, corner of Liberty lade street; and, as appeared on the part of defence, certain overtures to one Edward Sherman, upon which he entered into a sort of partnership (no written agree ment was however made) with the plaintiff in this suit: at thia time ho was bqnrding at tho Croton Hotel, (or which the defendant was proprietor, and with whom an understanding was made, that Sherman's bill was to bo paid In clothing from thia joint establishment) Tho bill of Mr. Moore was at length mada out, and charged to Mr. Edward Sherman, ana a credit of this amount waa made to Mr. Moore, and hia account balanced. Subse quently to this, some misunderstanding occurred be tween Messrs. Dariy and Bharsaan, (who bad separate signs at the door) and tho clerk of Mr. Darly was told to make out another bill, and present it to Mr. Moore for payment, which, of course, was refused, inasmueh as that he had settled in full with Mr. Sherman, the only party known to him In this transaction, producing his receipt therefor. Upon the other hand, it .da maintained that Sherman was in no way interested in the profits or losses of tho establishment, and that ho was simply in the employ of the plaintiff' as his principal cutter. Ver diet to-morrow. Comrt Calendar?'Thia Day. COMMON Plbrs -Part 1-369, III, III, 111, 84,8*,, 138, 17. M, 119. Part ?-fi6, 114, 130, 133, 134, 16. 47, 44, 4, P* The milliners of Boston, will open thoir spring frah ions on the trot of April Thar* war* [Fro* Um Beaten Mail, Mrnk 34.) ara foaie of a heavy freshet at linear at Ua rta. The bridge acroaa Dm Pansbscst at OU town bad baan carried away. Tba lumbermen bad bean driven from tba logging swamps prematurely, and it i? feared tbere will ba a deficit of about ana filth af tba usual quantity af lumbar far tba season. [From tba Stanben Couriai ] A? waa expected, tba Hidden malting af the immanaa quantity af aae* upon tba ground, hai p oducad a grant or riaa af water than baa bean experienced in tbia ? no tion for many yeara. Tba river ro?a on Friday laat aa aa to atart tba ice, but it dammed up, end tba river over flowed Ma banks in almost ovary direction. Tbe cellars and tbe basements of tbe dwellings in tba lower part af our village were filled with water lor two days. Tba river first overflowed its banks above " Batb mills," and found its way to tba centre of tbe village, filling tba basement of tba now Presbyterian Church, and com pelled eome af our merchants, on Liberty street, te re move tbair groceries, Ike., from their cellars. We un derstand that nearly all the bridges on tbe Canieteo river have been swept away?among them tba bridge at Addison. Tba fiats In tba vicinity of Pa in tad Post, wora almost entirely submerged. Tbe malls ware very much defunged. Ine Oswego mail due on Friday, was received on Saturday. The roads ware so bad tbat the driver bad to bring tie mail over the bills on horseback. We loom that port of tbe toll bridge below Cornit g waa taken ofl*. We nave bean able to form no estimate of the aaonnt of damage sustained by our lumbermen along the rivers. Since 1683, tbere baa baan no flood of equal [From tho Scbnylorvilla Herald.} Wo hear irom all quarters of immense damages, caus ed by the rain of Friday and Saturday last. The lea in the Batten Kill broke up and came rushing down in a perfect avalanche, carrying away a saw mill owned by John Gale, and a portion of tba dam at Oalesville. When it reached the river it dammed up, until Saturday even ing, when tbe pressure of the water became so great that tba whole mass waa forced down tbe river along tho western branch, carrying tbat portion of tba bridge between the island and wes.crn shore, along with it.? Tba loss to the eompsuy is sever^ and to tba citisana of Union Village and Sc-Wlerville tbis interruption of ready communication will prove a serious detriment. We understand that tbe bridge company intend to ercot another bridge, as soon as the water will admit of it, and that in tbe meantime a ferry will ba established to accommodate tho public. Amir, March 94, 1846. ?Auction Dutiei - Sag Hatbor?dm i-Rent Convict!? Militia Finci-Erie Canal, fe. A raw and nnpleaaant day ha* aaoceaded to the bright, beautiful weather ; there are indication* of rain, and of all the other disagreeable idei of March weather. The report of the committee of conference, to which wa* referred the bill regulating the [dutiea on goods ?old at auction, wa* taken up thie morning in the Senate. The conference committee recommend that ail domeetic goodi be eold duty free, with the exception j of distilled spirit*. The Comptroller recommend* on*. I fourth per cent duty on all domeetio good*. Senator Voung regarded thie aaa mere queation of revenue; it aeema to be totally impoaaible for the Senate to agroe upon a bill. Spencer, Porter, Young, Hand, and all the Joined isaue in the discussion upon I !?" bu'? which bu been protracted for aome two weeks. The vote wa*, finally, taken upon the report of the con fsrenee committee, and the Senate refused to concur with the committee; so that the queation recurred upon the original bill, which waa tabled. The next queation which occurred, waa upon a bill incorporating the village of Sag Harbor. Debate*, upon I frivolous matter*, are prolonged here to a moat unuaual ? 40(1 thi* bil1 was discussed aeveral houra, and, finally, paaaed. ' 1 A bill in relation to judgment* and execution*, provid ing that "writ* of fieri facta! may be iaaued and teated at any time in term or vacation after the entry of a judg roentin acourt of record," we. then taken up and dt tS&ifSttff A memorial waa received from New York for th* re to*4P M* reBtpril?a#r,'*adth* S*nat? adjourned ?,.t??,"7-d?rfnff 'b? afternoon aeaaion of the 8enate. 1 the bill in relation to Militia Fine* (exempting peraou I from imprisonment) was ordered to a third reading. , The committee of the whole also passed the bill to prevent law partners of District Attorney* from acting as counsel m case* where the District Attorney iton gaged for the people. i ?Jh,.uHou,e- 7?V?rd?r afternoon, waa in committee 1 upon the report of the select oommittee against the ie notion th?PubUc buildings of Schoharie County; no In the House to-day Mr. Beach gave notice of a bill to improve the navigation of the Erie Canal, and to resome Wm "P?nth? Oenesee Valley and Black River Cai.ul* Mr. Stevenson reported in favor of tb il to call a ? ISSSSai 35.'?'N" yo,k "" A motion then arose to order the bill a; nine the representation in the State Convention. Z I * th! recent census, to a third reading; a debit, j,a ?hieh continued until the hour of adjournment, wheii ;ho House took a receu until 3J P. M. thi. afternoon I ? m*l,b? that the Legislature will not ad journ until near the 1st of June, and that even then a T*at amount of business wili be passed over. Nothing startling to-day in the city, except it be the war gainst Mr. Attorney Van Bureu forhiJ the State for extra profession Thx Akfrat at Nashvii-lk.?In our paper of Tuesday, we copied an article from the Nashville ISf ?f *" ?fra?' whJch ?ccnrrad then on sSurt? r\l. ? ?ee j Robert Porterfieid, a worthy citizen ' i S'.u ^ " Robert Porterfieid, whose untimely death a'whole community is now deploring, having learned that E Z the l.tfir ?? x5 i 7*1 ?otfht an interview with i^iv^dutta taT? ner -J iut/ " Pr?"D0? ?f sevaral I : ?? 0D? of whom, it waa said, Judson had : ?a?e b? 'tatement. That individual, when asked in "i pra,?nc*- u ,n,ch statement had been made to J?d,on' P'ompUv answered in the affirmative Judson strenuously denied it; but Porterfieid Dlaclnr h.k d?ni?1' dr*w a pistol, and woulf I ? * ! ? ?:on ?pot bid he not been prevented i'lnTnf.h'i0 bfu">,?who were present. On the eve ^ daJ Jn which this interview! took place the individual at whose office it was held mad* known to i Mr. John Porterfieid, the brother of the deceased that prior to the interview, Judson had called uaon him uJ confessed that he had m.deAh.statement STan.2? ? hu*t ?i?a'^b0Ut ,0 b# brou*ht 'orward as a witness, but that for the purpose of saving his life, which he t*b?n by the Porterfieid*, if the fact were proven upon him, ho intended to deny ever having .md anything of the kind. Both the Me,.m Port.rfield 2: t "" *?" c"~i ?? ? I Notwithstanding this, however, th* afihir might have been dropped hero, but for the fact that on Friday Jnd son and MrA Portsifi.Jd wereknown ta lm a?L tl fis'hsr for a considerable time at the rm?rirH in vaaUi'to'h town'^ ^fhan this circumstance was re- ' i "to hor uniortunata huibitnil i?. #mii *n al o ! confidently bolieved, of mSg whh JuK. UnfoH^ SDrizur whan'a m,t wlth Jud??n "oar til* Sulphur The news that Judson had killaA p..,, rr; ft? night. > Alrsiargar iargfA-f ?>- ???* handed, vii brought before an oxaaininf oourt. Ka court was in tha aot of pinpanor ao ordor for hit com J Port.r/.ld ,f?"lcf?trt hi. ZZ tojoiioa, mad# lits appoaranco in tha court room, and th* cry burst forth ftomthe crowd ^-2 J#hn Porterfieid?Jet him kUl Judeon !" The shenfiT, Lanier, who was in the clerk's box where J'?"" Judson, sprang forward *nd met Porterfieid,who had jumped over th* railiDg behind th* bar.about mid way between th. raiiing.nd tke box, JizId ^S wiUi^hJ I of?I|o of hu assistants, held him for some moments fheirmii'''rfPfUiI'Vk^rBUILto '?l???? WfoeM from fritnA^L 1 h? ofiboted by the aid oi some ? overpowered tha shorig, and, drawing a re voicing pistol,commenced firing at Judson. who started '"? ?,n ?'"?f,lh? h?u?o. Porterfieid following in close I pursuit, and firing at him as often as occasion would per 1 f&- uW.n.U# !t?p?'I?0"1?* ,nm ,h? Court-hous* to th* nil ^ ' ?Bd ?P ^o steps of th* staircase of the hotel. One or two gentlemen ende4vor*d to aid Judson in es caping to the hotel, but Porterfieid and his friends fol- i lowedTso closely in pursuit, that they were compelled to retire, and Judson, in hop** of efiecting his skim, j jumped, or more probably swung himself eg, from the portico of th* third story, and fell to the ground stun i nod by th* fall. Not less than eight or ten shots' ware ? 1 is mid. by Po*.rfl.U-b?t^t 0^ of which took effect He Was knocked down^-kh~ I rock between th* Court houee an) th* hotei, and only !?^rrMn:fa?::1&?S br?"kin*OT dislocating . limb ! Th.ncV h^w? ctl veyed by th* officers to jaU without fhrther molestation erintarterenc* on the part of any on*. ! . .u?1? w? ?eet sincerely wish w* could end our nein ful narrative. But it is not permitted to us. About ten *?t "fffbt, a considerable number of ??,on. off whom we are informed, were some of oar i cKementbwhtah,eiY~e,U1 ,*borlnf nod*r the intense ex citement which the occurrence* (f the day had nra. ?trances^o? J?". aod tlo ro?? i SSSM^SSTSJL^t of tbs Jailer, ^!dtdwl!hVTr!l!T "t,1!*7?' Jod?o? *nd prol i . ei , *? tke public Mut t, with the i?ewoi ! tatantJon of hanging him This, however, was not 1 haMhhMhi* ?^d'w?th which it wa* attempted to P?*?.. suspect it waa intentionally cut I KMaoD hiu by this Uhm beraii to rtisni ita swi? and ^ J?" ?nd delivered into ?' tb? **#p*r by the seme party who had ta :!?b? ??t f'* situation. w? undsritsnd, is somewhat Ptecmrieus, rendered to by the hrui?es be received, and fill from the'poilico i0,ern*' inJur> orcasionwi by his Texas has been divided lute thir'y-five counties ? ,??Jr?ft0? iJ Ut? largestclty-Houston is next in popula tion?Austin, the seat of government, has a Donuin tion of 1*00 ; and Washington about the same number Mara J iuig? Ulaheeffer. Mabcm 36 ?WUUaai OccUaai n. Mukotl battery; the putte ira l kNN in mm and Mt at a pabUo teu* in Third (tract, kept bjr a Carman, whara they had a dispute which ended ia a fight Tha jury found a rardict for tha dafandant. Tkt Oaaa ?/ Wm. Patfrmm and Jfery Cruse.?Mrs Pat te reoa, alias Marjr Crura, wu brought bafora Jadfa Daly on Tuoadajr arming, on a writ of.hab?a( corpus. Upon taking tha testimony at Doctor* Brawniaa and Telknapm, tha Ju'ge dacidad aha waa afflicted with inch an alienation of mind aa duablad bar from judging cor rectly between good and aril, and, therefore, inaaaa. He adjudged that aha ahould bo handed orar to her father, aa bar natural guardian. The fatbar then applied to hare har committed to a lunatic aeylom. Judge Daly called in Judge Ingraham, and both Judgea con curred in th* propriety of the application, and made an order to hara nor rant to the inaane hoapital at Bloem ingdala. Superior Court. Before Chief Jtutice Jooee, and Hia Honor Judge Van derpoei. MiicH 25.?Ltuil Fitzgerald Tahiti a ve Park Ben jamin, tt alt.?An argument wu baud thic morning in# tho Superior Court, in regard to a libel auit between tbeae parties upon demurrer. The defendant charged the plaintiff through the columne of one of tho weekly papers, some time aioce, with being prrlictft crimtnii in regud to hia marital rtghta > that be bad committed the crime of bigamy?hia wit# baring obtained a divorce in this 8tata ; and that ha subsequently muriad in Pean aylrnnia. This suit was commenced, and the defendant plead justification ? Tho counsel for til plaintiff con tend, tnat tea defendant in his declaration does not folly justify, and bonce this argument No decision yet, as n mutter of couraa ; it wOl be giren, however, in due V. 9. Commissioners' Office. * Before Commissioner Gardiner. Mabch 2b ?Th* Smuggling Cait ?This case cam# J>P yesterday morning, before Commissioner Gardiner. It appeared from tho testimony adduced to the Cummie mi sioner, that Collector Lawreoca having seen a report of tbo case in the Hrrali, directed inspector Oakley to call on Justice Drinker, and enquire from him tho parti culars. Tha witness did so, and found that tho two pieces of cloth ware patterns, and upon this evideaoe tha Commiaaionr dismissed tha complaint, and discharg ed the prisoners. Movements of Travellers. Tha hotels, yesterday, received considerable acces sion to their previous amount of arrivals, as the follow ing will show. At tho . Amkrioai* ?T. Eddy, N. J : F. Smith, Philadelphia: Levi Woodbury, Portsmouth, N. H.; J. 8. Wallford, Vs.; Commodore M'Gruder, U.8 N.: M. Ray, Washington ; W. Penniman Baltimore; 8. Henshaw, Philadelphia: Daniel Buck, Hartford ; 8. Gardiner, Shelton Island AsToa.?John T. Smith, Boston ;E. Mulligan, Buffalo; L. villa tt, Baltimore ; J. Mular, Boston ; M. Stubuck, Nantucket i C. Swaine, M. Starbuck, C. M. Cuttler, do.; Capt Palmar, ? H. Groer, Boston; J. Hait, Philadelphia; Wilson, Green, 8?d Dewater, Albany; C. Marsh, Wash iogtoo; Riddle and Hala, Boston; Pepper and Doxtor, Albany; J. Browne, Boston ; A. Pierce, Tray; Jones and Ruaral, Boston : M'0?*ff?'. Much and Parker, do.; H. Casement, England ; Edward Taylor, England; J o. Kay, H. Conrad, Phil a.,Ewing, Scotland ; D. Hew soa, Connecticut ? _ Citt?8. A. White, Halifax- N- ? i W- Oa ; E. A. Pearson, Capt Cobb, Ma."1 Whitehall, Richmond, Va ; A O- Blgalow. .*<? .P#0/fIBo,ton?L.,W Hill house, New Haven; Messrs Hun. Moor*' pbila.; A. G. Las, N. Y ; Q.B Campan, Detroit : . FaANBLiis.?Ambrose Wagar, RhineW e?Vi?' Stamford and Wilson, Columbus, Goo; Jaa.'l. ' N. Board man, N. H: r. Law, Albany; E. Robh.*^ d?l H. H. Hyde, Mass; E Livarmora, Missouri; W. Boston; W. Lilly, Columbus; w. Lindly, Roohes. ,r? Geo. Stasia, Albany; M. Hall, Syracuse; C Hermstreoy Troy; A. Van Allan, Kindorhoon; 8. Burroughs, N. O; M. Hubbard, Pnilad; Thao. Pomaroy, N. C. Globs.?8. B. Heath, H. N. Gembrill, R H. Punobud, Boston; Dr Rush, Pn; Hy. Brown, England; Robt Smith son, Jr. Manchester; H. Ewing, London. Howabo.?R. German, Buffalo; Dr. Van Brunt, do; H. P. Wilson, Ky; Ed. King, St. Johns, N. B; B. Barker, Northumberland; A. Andrews, Boston; J. Boulton, Troy; Thos. Bottamy, Loioastar, Mass; P. Bennett, Buf falo; H. Aldan, Mass; E. M. Read, Washington, Pa; E. Cutler, Boeton; T. Faxtor, Utica; P. White, Richmond, Va; A. Chamberlain, Boston; W. Graham, Miss; HL Steenburgh, Troy; J. Flanagan, Philad; B. Barksr, North umberland; Ed. Groan, Buffalo Rooaoel's Perfhumegy A?? Rrnulatv k?tWMD Li be it V llld OoartldDOt itTfftl. Mff* SShSS* JS3rri.iiv!{3 "cu of Colognes, Extracts, Toilet 8oep. 8ha?ln*. offered for oale at the rrrv lowest pnees, end warrantoU ol U* uoat inperior quality, wholesale aad retail. metallic Tablet Razor Btrope-Hewtanll and others, about purchasing au artitle ofjjia well to call aud ex.rrnae, at Ae """^SitiriaU^M TMT terns offerrd.eaen h?im made of the beat materi?is, n? t?t 102 ou)t 1J outside fiaith. Certtfieatei, in proof!of theirnUlt ty, are in the possession of Uie lureutor, .row scientific gautlemeu in the country. A libv'M disconnt w? to wholesale purchasers. Q 8AUNDER8 k SON. 177 Broadway, opposite Howard's Hotel. Daniel Marble's Prlis-4 >00.?We trurt that the candidates who are prewiring to contest for so liberally offered by Mr. Marble, lor the beat Am-none era orama. adipte d to bis style aad peculiar line of actms. are npt si cuing upon i he prop seal, but are P"!*"** for?hn fioeI d?^ sion on the first of June next, when the el nan ysrioui candidates are leturuable, aad will be henorably J og ed. , Navigation oflheOhleBlw. Pieces. Time. *??<? Cincinnati, March 18 -flood. ... Whealing, March 19 .If fcofi PitUburjrh. March 20 Louie rifle, March *h? """t MONEY MARKS T. Wednesday, March a5?BP. M. The stuck market wag very heavy to-day, and prloea are without any material alteration. Long island, Har lem, Norwich and Worcester, and Pennsylvania Fives, closed at yesterday's prices; Morris Canal fell off * per cent; Reading Railroad }; and Farmers' Loon J. At the Second Board quotations foil off a fraction from those current at the First Board. There wore rumors in Wall street that the President had sent a special mas sage to the House of Representatives, recommending ap. propriationa for the increase of the army and navy, and for the increase of fortiiloations in the principal Atlan tic seaports. Those reports undoubtedly had an Influ ence upon the stock market Independent of these things, there are many local causes why stocks should decline, and we look for a steady depreciation, until prices touch a point several per oent below those now current. By virtue of a decree of the Court of Chancery, the Elizabeth town and Somorvillo Railroad was sold by wo tion on Monday, in Elisahothtown, for JIM.500, John 0 Stearns being the purchaser. The amount of land sold in the Orson Bay (Wlioon sin) Land District during the years 1844 and 1845, w*8 as fellows Gixxir Bit Lane Sanaa. 1844.. .acres. .43.964,98. 1846.. .acres. .78,811,48 Increase.. .acres. .80,868,90. In the Milwaukie Land Distxiet, there wore 881 Oh* trios in February, of wbieh 178 were 40 acres each. The whole amount sold was 18,041,18 acres, aad the avails in cash J30.S88 09. For the corresponding month last year, the number of acres sold was 7,446,40, and the amount received $9,668 00. Nearly throe-fourths of the whole wera 40 ecre entries, which shows that most of the purchasers wore actual settlors. From roturns recently made by authority of the Boerd of Trade, it appears that the total amount of capital the* has boon oxpended in the construction of railways in dlf tarent countries, stood as follows at the close of 1848:? Cafital Exfcicded in Com tec ex inn Railway! Milti. Jlmaimt Greet Briuio 8.609* ?64 M,?M ?? "? Belgium *3 6.871. W# "."J France JM 10 176.069 18.017 Germany 1.997* 16.560,000 ',366 America, ..3,am i7.7fl.40Q Total, 1,660 ?113,669,160 ??.1? For railways in actual progrooa In Groat Britain, on eftimated capital of ?74,407,M0 was raising, In or^*J to construct 8,640 miles oi lino sanctioned by nets a1 1644 and 1046. In Franco ?44,088,870 for now lines, ex tending ovar 3,410 miles. In Germany ?10.000,000 br 3,347} miles; and in America ?30,996,300 for 6,634 miloo. The calculatloa shows that England contributes ?100, 040,160 ont of the whole capital of ?377 868.860 expend ed and expanding, or oxnolly Ofty per cent, the length of the projected railways being 5,613} miles in thin oonn try, out of the grand total of 23,674} miles, or close npoh twenty-Ova per cant of their united lengths. Wo annex a statement of the import and export trade of Honduras for 1044 and '46. It will bo seea that n dis tinction has boon made between the shipments made through the Belixe custom house aad those mods through Truiillo and Omoa, although the exported arti dal are alike the property of the Belize morebznts, and have been shipped in British vessels. The total export of mahogany for the year 1844, amounted to 8,838,333 so perficial foot, and la 1846, to 8,019,607 suporBelal bet giving the latter year n surplus of 1,691,Ma superficial feat over the former. Comwzkcz or run Pozr or Bti.itt. Jan. I fe Dee. 81. _ ]?**? , , V tlirh. Ton ft. t tilth Ttn ge British 6* 3#,IIJ 71 83,?7I Americas'. ? ?.** * V* I 310 M 111 West Indie _J8 _?8 _* _5W Tottt ?13 13.464 110 30.3M There has been an increase of 38 vessels, ameuntin| to 4,049 tons, In the arrivals of 1846, compared with 1844. Value or lnrozTi?Bterluto Mooxt. 1644. 1143. ? ? Britiah. ... 164.633 160,SU A-erieau 1M* <><M Foreign. . *2 Waet ladiea 690 *'373 Total ?05,049 ?164,773 Tha importa of Britioh merchandise in 1846, had fallen off n largo par oent, while the importation of all other hail increased. The importation of American merohon dice had Increased mora than one hundred per oent. Tko statement fglroB below ihowi Um yiiHtJM