Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 27, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 27, 1846 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD t?l rau, w-whrit tan NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 27, 1846. TRIAL Or ALBERT J. TERRELL, ?? FOR THI Btzder of Maria Abb Bickfbrd, IN BOSTON. SECOND DAT. Inprtmt Judicial Court. I Present?Judges Wildes, Hubbard and Dewsy. ? VuHMtt, March is. M The prlioner wm brought into oourt at an early hoar this morning and placed in tho prisoner"! bos. thus cheating the ourieua multitude who shortly altar aeaom bled to too him pats from Sheoarrmgo to tba oourt komae Tho parts ol tho court room allotted to spectators wore peeked closer if possible than yesterday with tho crowds soger to catch orery look ol tho nnhappy prisoner, and hoar every word of tho evidence. Tirrell boars the trial?so rail of dreadful import to him?with a calm ness and dignity which evinces an iron firmness of nerve end strength el will At earns parts ol the govern ment testimony yesterday, a slight norvont excitement wee visible, as ha flxsd his ayes npon tho wUnset with a psinful intensity which would seem to rend hie very I soul His general beating and deportment is calculated to a tavorable im(.t???ioo npon the spectator. Tho coart cam a in at I o'clock, and tho trial was re sumed by calling lor the govarnment, Ocoaot J. Cooliooe? Is one of tho officers of this city ; I wsnt with Mr. Mtrryttold to Woymonth on tho 37th of October lost; Kullsm's man wont with us ; wo Went to Noah Tirroil's hoaao in Woymonth ; I inquired for Mr Tirrell, and Noah TirroU cams to tho door; thon atked for Albert TirroU ; no searched the hoaao. No crosj.ex3mu.aUon. Mri. Maav Hud sworn ?I Lived in Aldan's Court in Ootcber last; have soon Albert J. TirioU, or n man ?called by that name ; could not swear that tho prisoner ?is mo same t an the morning of tho S7ih October n ?nog man ooma to my house and rang tho baU very id, ami mule o sort of strange noise ; he aakod some ?thing about n bundle, as ho was going out of town ; bo ?seemed to be so strange I thought ho was crazy ; ho ?asked, " Are there some things hero fur mo 1" A young Bady had boon doing some sowing for him ; 1 have aeard Piim called Tirrell, and know aim to bo tho same man rho came to got the woik done ; was very much fright ned, and left him standing at tho door ; ho did not nek r water ; loft him and celled Mr. Hood ; did not see m afterwards ; it waa half-past 4, hardly day light, and did not son him distiaeUy ; ho bad soma handkerchiefs it my heuoe ; I have one of thorn in my possession now; "lee Cassimer so wad fur hka ; bava soon her hand writ tog. (A letter was shewn witness.) sTcie looks lika her writing, and like mine ; navor saw her write a letter; do not know whore Mies Cassimer is now ; have ^B^^^B^^^B where Mies Cassimer is now ; have Biot soon her for two months, ? Ciesf-rxrsriard.?Cannot describe tba noise; it waa be ?ore I came to tho door, ho knocked at tho door and Hog tho boll; it waa not a scream, but 1 thought it come ^?ms the voice or from tho throot. Samuel Head sworn ?Lived at No. 3 Aid en Conrt in I ?October last; know the prisoner; ho come to my house Between 4 and I o'clock on the morning of Oct. 37th; ?then I came down stairs ho was talking to Mrs. Hood; Be seemed to bo crazy; noted very strange; did not Bnow what to make of him; ha said bo was going to BVey mouth, nod woatad some clothes which ho nad left ?beta; ho wanted to come in and got his clothes, but rem tho way in which ho acted. I was afraid to lot him ;omo in; took hold and shook him, and nil at once ho Borne to, as though ho wakod from a atu or. Ho said ullsm was going to take him to Weymouth; I told him a had no clothes thora and ha bad bettor loave, end ho sot away; ho did not soy why ho was going to Way outh; think I saw him about 11 o'clock on Suoday oicdood. Had no particular conversation thon. Tha orniog ho was at my bouse he had on a glazed cap, and rsrooat buttoned up; saw bis hands, but observed no load or discoloration. Ho acted as though he did nut Bnow wbera ho was or what ha was doing; did not too Btm again until I saw him through tho glhsa of tho cooch Bomliig from tho Jail. Cross r assumed?Am a printer; at tha time ho called e appeared as though he wee asleep; after 1 had shah o him, ho said?" Sam, how came I heroT" My Impros ion is that It waa before ho came out of tho stupor that a said ho was going to Woymonth; am certain there "si a change in him whan I took hold and shook him; Id him ho had better go away; think I told him to go Weymouth. By Mr. Passes?Whore did ho stand whon you had ? conversation 1 [Objected to by Mr. Choete. Objec tion overruled ]-He stood just inside the door; whon I ?hook aim ho was in tha hail; did not push him out; as oon as he found ho was in the wrong place he went out Nath'l W. Bailt sworn.?Live in south Bad married prisoner's sister; saw him about 10 o'clock Ba Monday, liii II iiaiiisil liim in mi wsssiiinlsM Broke; he snid ha wanted to go, as ho had got ioto difil Broke; he said ha wanted to go, as ho bad got into dm Bulty on tho old trouble for adultery; brought him book Bo Woymonth hi the evening; saw him on tha outskirts ^?thetownon Wednesday evening; arrangements bad ?on made to moot him thora; there wore woods thora; ?B>o him some money?from 90 to 100 dollars; did not ?k? it from tho bank; ko said ho was going to Montreal ?-he wont to Montreal; a letter was received from him ?ted at Montreal; tba letter was dlreotsd to W.O Nash; Be next time I saw him was in jail; whon I saw kirn in B>e woods in Weymouth, be bed one sack coat, sod e Bght colored vast; dont know if ho had boots or Hioeo on or cocks; sold ho was going through Vermont Btete when 1 gave kirn tho money; hoard on Monday ?sitg that a murder hod boon committed, sad ho was ??rgedwith it; hoard the officers had boon after him; ?d him of it in Noah Timli'a house; ho raid if thora i pas such a charge against him, ha would go bark to ' MOlfup;! Boston sad give himself up; altorwsrds ho said he would | Bo to Montreal; I advised him to go, as it woutdsavt Bun some anpaneo and trouble: gava him tho money to Bo; don't know as any one also bos sent him money; cant Be oar as I have written to him; have soon Maria Ann ?iokferd in Now Bedford: it was a year ago last Fob'y; ?e was boarding with Sylvester Tirrell, his cousin; ?ont know any thlDg about tbo character of the house,? ?f her subsequently in a hoaao in Loudon street; ?telch was on tho door; nee never saw her in Way mouth; ^Bve remonstrated with him on his connection with her. ?Orosj-txAwinrd ? Ho appeared to bo very fond of Ma ?a, oxeoodtogly so; I often remonstrated with him; pri ?nor told mo on Monday wbnn ha coma to Weymouth, ?t ho had boon soon in Beaton, and was afraid of being ^?sstod on tho adnitery charge; I boiled him on that ^Bsrgt; said an offloer was attar him la Boston; bo wished ?e to take him out of town for ? day or two; ho did act ?she the slightest oil us ion to tho mutdor, bat sold it wae ?e old affair; he seemed act to have hoard of tho murder ?i-.ll I told him; he thon laid ho would go right back to ?oetoo and giva himself up; it was my advice that indue ? htm to go away: know nothing against him bat bis ?u Herons connection with that woman, and it has boon ?soarco of pain to tho family; 1 am a shoemakar; Albori ?ive him sell up io ate at that tiaaa to bondlo him as I ?eased, and wont to Montreal at my request; on Tues |y night canted him thirty or forty milos in a westerlji rocbotr, loft him in the npon road just before daylight, | Tandel pb, a started about 7 o'clock; went through Rando; it roc. ko. Thomas W. Phillies sworn?Clark of tho Municipal Eirt; an iadictmant was found against Albert J. Tirrell adultery in May, 1944: be was arraigned 39th Bspt, committed in default of $400 to appear for trial; ihtoiei W Bady save bail for him oa too 3d of Oct.; the 3let of Oct. the indictment waa withdrawn, tba |j?l paid, and ho recognized to appear in November in >00, nod from term to term, end In tho moan time to iop the peace. Wm WHttwxLL sworn?Am an officer; those letters ire given use by Mr Bichford ; woo at Lawrence's i early on tho morning of tho murder, but bad no ?BIB. The foHswkig letters won than produced and mad by raiker i Ma. Jambs Bicavoan Nawroar, Jnna 33d, IMA. [an**?Maria wanU yon to Mnd hor Urea trunk* to wport, ft. L, by txproa* to tho Pork Hon**, in coro oi i landlord, ii yon rocahro thi* Utter. ALBERT J. TIRRELL. MARIA. ?.?.?Dent yon lot any om know whore wo aro. ? MUa Maria Welch. i Meat* Waten? [ha*te] Beaton, Mm*. W*aeH*n, Sept. 30th. imi mom.?Mabia?Pleaao to lot am know where n ere, and direct your letter to New Bedlord Toct Of ?e by eapn** to-morrow afternoon (Oatui day.) all yon hd toy i* where yon are, becanee yon cannot *aal > onr ler, and alga Maria at Ue bottom. Direct it to A ALBERT. ? Lory Dory. A letter with the following euporecription: ? "Mr. Nath'iniel W. BagUy, WoymonU, Ma*. Moktbbai., Not. 8, 1848. ?Ma Baourr?Sir?I nil thi* afternoon for Liverpool, the biig Rival, Copt Hngh Mair. Tho Rival belooga Halifax. 1 have not raooivad any thing (rem you; d ? have cent any thing yon ran eond lor it again. I ve not much to ware, but I will try and got along. I ?ipped by tho name of Frank Jack*, eo good by to yon ?u Tell moUer I (hall *oe hor again. ? A. J. TIRRELL. Kit Mevnaa loot yon forgot mo, I hep* I ihall *ee yon again. I ill bo bock in ti* country within a year if I live, and tail eome and mo yon in the night So good by* from yonr aon ALBERT Hugh Mnir the Copt, Remember Copt Hngh Muhr Dear Brother and Slater I hid yon good by* and enocoao to yon From yonr brother ALBERT Kid btient and Catherine good by* and Abby Ton moot all lorgiv* Good by* All Knt forgot tho voooole name nor my naam 1. J. ThreR'a letter, dated Booton, Oot 8,1848, directed Joel H. Ttrrell of Now Bedford, North American ^Ln*e, fhaate, poM 8] Jam**Biokferd, [Paid 6] 1848. ;i Maine. Boa-roe, Oot 8.1848. jg. Bicareai),?Ploeee wrtto mo, and lot bm know II ?arm la down *a*t or not, direct year Utter to Albert -kaon, Boaton Man Yonr* with reepoct ALBERT J. TIRRELL. F]-A lettar *njmr*crlbod? " J*me? " Plea** hand tkia to Marie." IDbab Mabia iHlhowyMangaMnf atoag I and My boot raopaota to you. They wont to Hod oat your homo to hove you orrooted. You ploooo write mo wboro you oro.tsdif thoro i? ony troublo and you ore tokon, I will too that yon oro boilod. Your* truly, lavey, dovojr, ALBERT J. TiRRELL. r. 8. rieoao direct your letter* to Albert Jockeon, Boston. Boeton Poet Office. Mr Boiloy hod mo boilod out of jail. No*h Tut ill eworn.?I lived in tbe out part of Weymouth in October loit; taw Albert on the day the officer* wore alter him; ho come about the time wo took brookfaat; 1 wo* not at the house when he arrived; first aow him in the entry of my home with hi* wife: think ho had on a tack; ho wat there from an hour ana a half to two hours; three men cam* to my home that day, and on* of t em asked m* if w* kept any thing to diink; a lad told him we did not; one of th* men went to tb* front door and another to the back door; taw Albert again in tho evening; the men, who 1 found to bo offioort, told m* of th* murder in Boeton; don't think I told Albort any thing about tbo mutder; Albeit married my daugh ter; did not furnish him wi.hany money. Woooacar L.Caocsrrr - He v* known Tirroll a year and a half; know Maria Bickford ; in July ho ottered me a gold watch and ?16 to And her ; ho gav* mo the watch but not th* money ; 1 did not Aid her. William J. Battbb* in?I was in the employ of Tir> rell, in Weymouth, in February, 1046 ; have toon Maria Bickford iu Weymouth ; aha wet thar* on* night ; oh* ?lrpt in TirtelT* houto ; the <*ft voluntarily, a* far a* I know ; 1 have toon her at New Bodlord with Tirroll, in Noven.her, 1844 ; saw than together there onoo, in a cab. Crett-roteuned?Tirroll wat a shoe manufacturer. Jamks Bicaroao (about S6 year* of ago)?I married Mary Ann Dunn on the 86th of March, 1840, in Browor, M*. ; I waa in Bangor on th* 37th October ; my wife lived with m* till 30th Ootobor, 1843 ; next taw bar lo Boeton in March following ; 1 know Albort J. Tirroll, Feb. 1846, in a carriage, in which b* cam* lo my shop ia Boston ; my wife wat in th* carriage with bim ; often teen them together since ; in July, 1846, taw them in tbo United State* Hotel, No. 38, together ; tbo aent a loiter lor mo to too bar thor* ; I told bor thoro waa an acquain tance of hen at South Boston by th* name of Snow ; aho wanted to tee her Tirroll contented that I ahouid go over to South Boeton with my wlte ; after w* got back, the wan'od to go out with m* and moko some purchases ; but w* did not go. Tb* noxt morning I woo there again, and wanted to go out for torn* things; he Ml J he Would rather ah* should not go till afternoon ; eh* put on hor thing* to go, and at th* waa crotting th* door be (topped hor, and awor* th* should not go out alive ; oh* began to cry, and ho cooled down, and allowed her to go out, upon my promising to com* back with hor ; oh* did not go bock, bat hid her ?olf with an acquaintance in Chestnut street; after thai ah* wont to Now Bodford ; in 1843, in July, the lived with m* about a month, but 1 could not hoop her steady, and I bad to let hor run ; we had on* child, which lived to be a yaar old, and tnen died, before the left m*. Crotffxamintd? I did not pay for th* hook to South Boeton. Her* the testimony for th* proeocution wa* doted. At 30 minute* after 13 o'clock, Annia Merrill, Esq., Junior counsel for priaoner, proceeded to open the grounds of the defence. When bo touched upon the importance of the iaaue to the priaoner, he for the flrat time appeared to be a fleeted, and, at tome alluaiona to hia ftianda and family, wept a little. After referring to the numeroua and exaggerated atatementa which had been circulated through the preea and otberwiee in re ference lo the tragic end of Mrs Bickford, Mr. Merrill read from the booka the principlea laid down in rela- I tion to circumstantial evidence, to auicide, and the tes timony of peraona leading a corrupt life, and the little weight to be attached to it. If the mode of the death, form of the wound, and the character Of the deceaeed, were conaiatent with the idea of auicide, the death waa to be preaumed to be by auioide, and net murder. It would be proved that the deceaaed often threatened to commit auicide. He then put in the caaea in the appen dix to PhiUipa,where innocent peraona had been convict e d and executed eu circumatantial evidence. Aa to the priaoner'a flight, it had been proved that be had cauae for apprehenaion. He bad broken hia pledgee to abandon the deceaaed, but had on the evening previoua to hia flight been aeenin the houae with her, and after that hel had contrived hia flight by the advice of hia moat intelli-l gent friend*. The exceaa of hi* apprehenaion of evil] from hia having been aeen at the houae with the deceaaed waa not to be taken into account againat him on another oharge. It waa enough that he had expoaed himaelf to rearreat on a ebarge, if proved againat him, might be fol lowed by a aentence in tho State priaon. The government were bound to eatabliah a caae incontinent with any other hypotheiia than that of the guilt of the prisoner; the higheat degree of probability would net be auflleient The circumatancea ahould be proved by competent evidence, ?btained through pure aourcee, end, when taken fairly together, mttet exclude every other coneluaion than that of guilt. It muet eatabliah the hypothetic of guilt to a mo ral certainty. Again, if it appear that the death wax not cauaed by auicide, it doea not follow that the killing waa murder. Iftbere was a quarrel, the killing may have been manslaughter. If dene under the influence of derange ment, then no accountable offence had been committed He held that the government, aa lately held in Tenneaaee. waa bound to prove the malice aforethought, aa well a* the killing; and in the abaence of circumatancea prov ing premeditation, it waa not to be preaumed. in the cate at bar, there had been no unfriendly relatione be tween the deceaaed and the priaoner. The hour and weapon did not auggeat premeditation. The raxor waa not a uaual weapon of murder. Ha muat have known that the act would inatantly be diacovered. The buai neaa of the week had commenced, and carriage* and carta were rattling through the atreeU. Again, the re vera* of every auppoaition of malicioua feeling on the part of the priaoner, even admitting that be waa the aiayer, waa to be inferred from all Us conduct toward* I the deceaaed. She waa a woman poaaeaaedof a conaid-l erable ahare of peraona] beauty, with manner* peculiar-] ly adapted to charm a particular claaa of mind*. She bad aucceeded, in a wonderful manner, in enaoaring the priaoner. Hi* lev* for her waa passing the love ordina rily borne by men for women. She for along time had held him apell bound by her depraved and laeciviou* aria, and up te the laat moment that we have any evi dance of their being together, he waa atill a alave to her meretricieua faacioationa, notwithatanding that be had juet eacaped a provocation on acoount of hia former con nection with her. The government, he proceeded to aay, had not put in a motive, and it waa net reaaonable for the provocating offloer to oak the jury to infer a mo tive of the Maekeat die which van influence the human heart The death wa? not to be iaipu'ed to premedita tion, in the abaono* of evidence, if it might have been cau aed by aemeaudden and overwhelming impube. Sudden affray*, aaortal in their conacquencea. were mere common than mutder; they were the reault of natural infirmity of tamper The latter cauae for a homicide waa therefore to be preaumed in preference to killing with malice afore thought. But beyond theaoganeral principle* applicable to unexplained caaea ef homicide, he aaid that he believed that tha priaoner bad a full, perfect, and valid defence, entirely independent of the character of tha act, if per formed by him. Aqueation would bo raided, whether, at tha time, he waa in an accountable etate oi mind. By many cautea tha mind might bo in a atate which would abaofvo tho party from moral accountability. Thoro waa idiocy, which waa general in 1U effect* ; than *c atacy, intoxication, (leaping, mad neaa, monomania, and, iaatly, eomnambuliam, or (loop-walking, or deep-talk ing, aa tha oaae may be. The psychological re aa o ua upon which thia distinction rested, would bo fully stated by tho authorities end competent witnesses. And that tha priaoner waa tha subject of thia habit of "sleep walking," aa it la called, would bo so entirely establish ed aa te aweep off the last vestiga of suspicion that he did the act charged in Ma waking sense*. It would bo made to appear that somnambulism la a condition of uo soundaeasof mind, and had boon so treated irom tho earliest age* ef antiquity. It would bo abown to be a I cernmou thing for persona in that stata, to commit ovon homicide, auicide, theft, and other offence* Other per aena of different mental tendency, had written letters, poetry, and performed calculations. Alexander the Oroat planned a battle in hi* - leap; La Fontaine wrote aome of his boat verses Wbi'e in the itne unconscious state ; Condition mad* celcuietiona Evan Franklin was known to have atoae aed finished, to hie sleep, a work that ho bad projected before going to bod. Mr. Merrill named many other caees et somnamboliam, in which tha subjacia palormed many acta, end upon being arous ed trom their sleeping condition, supposed they bed only dreamt ef doing such thing*. Evidence would be produced te show, that it bad pleased Almighty God to afflict the prisoner with thia specie* of monul derange ment. That it developed itself when hv was but six year* of age, end grow with his growth. That it waa necefaarv to watch blm while sleeping te prevent him from injuring himaelf while moving round in hi* sloop. That his lit* had often boon in dnngar, from this habit. That in latter year* the dis eaee had mantfeeted itself with Increased maligaancy ? That while in thia etate, he at one time almost smothered hia own wife in bod. LaUaily his manner ef life had in- J creased hia infirmity?it haul subjected him te much irri tation. Thoro wonld be a mesa ef evidence which could not be contradicted, that up to the time of bis ap prehension he exhibited extraordinary phenomena of sleep-walking. The government bad proved It on the morning ef the catastrophe by the t?*ti-r>.,t.v n Mr. Head. It would be proved that he waa ao affected by tho disorder, ou beard the Sultana, while going to Now Or leans; Ma unearthly noises la hia sleep disturbed every eee below, and he bad le sleep en deck, and ba there watched. The county Attorney, in hia opening, bad suggested an insinuation against the metal character of tho prisoner previous to his unhappy connection with tao deceased. Those was net a particle of feet to rest ?aeh an insinuation upon. Eowsan Fsoe Huwt, formerly e constable to the city, waa the flrat witness called lor the defence, end the I junior counsel asked him if he knew the character of the house ef Joel Lawrence. ? Mr. Father objected t* the question, and Mr. Cheat*] reed a report, flrat poblWtod to the Beaten Feet, ef the case'of Cunningham, to New Bedford, last December, to show that the fact that the hens* waa en* of ill Cam* might be important, aa adhering the character of tho people living in it The character of tho wttaeese* waa I all Important to tho present oese. As to tha state of things in the hone* where the death oocurrad, before the i firemen earn* to tho house, every tittle of evidence cam* from people of vile character The keepers had grown old to guilt of e particular specie*, 'i bo Court ruled that the character el the bona* could not be put fa as a distinctive piece ef evidence, but if It had incidentally cam* out with the ether facts in connexion with transac Hons fa tha house. It would be competent for the counsel to oomment on H, in arguing upon the testimony of tho witnesses who lived in the house. Mra. Naaar Tibbsll, widow of Leonard Tirrall, end mother of Albert?Am M year* ef age ; reside to Wey mouth { Albert wee ? yean ef age fiat February ; waa between is and It yean of eg* whoa he married ; has lived next bene* te as, aerees the street, atoae j when 4 or A yaan old, bo firat began to walk in hi* sloop ; loft bins asleep in bod one evening ; wont to tho chamber afterwards : bo was gone ; looked all over the bouse for bin ; found him at the bouse of Jonathan Tirrell. a con siderable of a distance ; I used to have to talk to him, and shake him, in order to wake him ; it took considera ble time : before 14 he used to try to get ujnn his sleep often, and his brother sometimes prevented him ; when about 14 found him in the clothes room, behind the door; j no had to go through two entries and up one pair of stairs to gat to where we found him ; he was piwlng round, and making a strange neiae ; shook him, and woke him up : he did not come to till after 1 had got him down tu his bed room ; he did not know where be had been, or how ha got up stairs ; as early as that hs was, when in this state, in the habit of making a shrill trembling noise with his voice. [Uives an imitation of the usual nightmare outcry ] He got up one night, whan 17 years old, tore the curtain down, broaa the window, and cut UU hand ; alter he was married, his wife often spoke of hit getting up in his sleep?[last an swer ruled out] - we used to Keep the door belted lor fear of his falling down stairs, while walking about in his sleep; he could not sleep without much air, and used to sleep with his door open ; when he came out of these tits, he breathed as if exhausted ; he used to lake i precautious against scci tents from his habit, and to see to the fastenings o( the doors ; these spells increased ; with his years, while he livod at home. Cres?-?xeaiiitrd? 1 cannot say how many times I know him te gat np?not ten ; generally his brother prevented him, as be told me [tuled out]; 1 never censulted any medical man abont his habit; I often thought of it. but as he was usually blight when he got up in the morning I did not advise with a doctor; I went into him when he cut his hands at the window ; 1 tied up his hands ; he slapt alone that night: I hava beard his strange noises before and after he bad got up ; I do not know that hit habit was affected by his diet. Laoiraao B Tirssll?I am 30 years of age?brother of Albert?reside in Weymouth-shoe business?of the firm of Tirrell 1c Bayley ; I used to sleep with him ; he very frequently got up in the night before 8 ei 10 years old ; woulJ sometimes go up stairs ; would get up and grab hold of me; would make attempts to speak, but could not articulate, and would make a strange noise ; sometimes he actually talked in that stata ; I frequently found him pawing at our window, and tearing at the cur tain; he once went up stairs into another room and broke a window ; as ha grow older his fits appeared to grow worse,but not oitener; after he was married I knew nim get out of bed and coma into my room ; 1 ioiloweJ him and askad him whare he was going; he wss under alter hii the impression that some one was altarliim ; ha became pale whan I awoke him, and seemed ashamed ; after making these noises, when In this state, hit breathing was heavy, hard, bad ; after those spells of night walk ing, his appearance was faint and distressed : his family took precautions against his spells ; he also kept a light burning, because he thought when he had a light burn ing in his room the spell didn't last so long as whan it was dark ; tho noises were a signal to the family that he was in this state, and wa used to go and look after him; hia noues could be easily heard in the street; hit state made much talk in the family and among ths neighbors. Orsw-anuVf-CommiBC(d sleeping with htm when four or fivo year* of age, and contioued till six years ago; he got np as often as once a month from the years oi seven to fourteen; after that period his spells increased in strength; I used to holloo te nim; sometimes he would answer end sometimes not; whoa he did an swer he would yet proceed in going away; his eyes were uspally open; when he was woka up out of his spalls, ha would somatimes recollect something about whathadfhappaned; never knew him to recollect what he had done in his sleep; generally he appeared to be ashamed; do net know of any medical remedy applied; I have had him clench h^ld of me very hard in bed. ana had to throw him off: in hollooiaa ont, be did not utter any word distinctly: have nevar heard either a .person or animal maka such sfnoise. Emily Amelia Ti as ell?Have known Albart in Wey mouth, Now Bedford. New York, Philadelphia, and Newport; 1 am no relation to him; my huaband, Joel Tirrell, is a relation of his ; I saw him in Naw Bedford walking in hia sleap one night; he was in the entry, in his night dreas; a woman sang ont that he was asleep: it was Maria Bickford ; he made a strange, disagreeable noise; I have known Maria Bickford fourteen months, in the Railroad House and Mechanics' Hotel; aha always had plenty of dirk knives, and kept two or three razors in her trunks ; she kept them to shave her to re head to make it high; I hava myself shaved her hair off from her forehead several times ; the razor and case was similar to those, [is shown the razor and case found at Law rence's :] she was good looking, but nothing very extra; could play on a piano, accordeon, and danced consider ably well; he appeared to be very fond ol her; he treat ed her better than I think any other man would have treated a woman who treated him as she tieated Tir rell ; I have kaowa her to take laudanum on two oc casions ; an onnca and a halt I judge from the quan tity gone from the bottle ; she threw it np on oath ocoasioas ; she aaid she took it because she was mad with Albert; after taking the laudanum, the laid in a heavy aleep till the doctor came ; ha gave her an emetic ; it was abont ten months ago ; they had had a difficulty, and Maria wss pretty outrageous ; she used intoxicating drinks to sxcass, almost ovary day ; Albart used to try to get her not to drink so much, but ?he used to send for it whan ha was ont of the way, and hide it away in holea and oy places; nearly the last time that I aaw her she took laudanum ; it waa abont two months before she died; the last time but one that she was in Naw Bedford; it was then at the Mechanics' Hotel that she again took an ounce of laudanum ; waa sick two or three daya from tho effects of it; Albert used to keen two or tbrae limps lighted in his chamber ; ( went to New York with Albart and Maria; aha there bought a dirk, and gov* three dollars and a halt for it; she hid it under the rug, and stood upon tho rug; she always would havo dirks, and Albert waa not willing that she should hava them about, and would take them away ; she would hide her dirks in the pillow, nodar the bed, between the beds, he.; aha bed one dirk ii her trunk when she bought one at Naw York; in putting up at a hotel, she would be vlolont If she could not get such a room as she wanted ; at Congress Hall, in Phila delphia, aha threw the wash-bowl at Albert, and threw a decanter into the Are place. Cr?tt-*mamintd? Kirit knew Albert at New Bedford, before he wis maniad, and before his father died.? When I first aaw Maria it waa at a house of ill-fame In New Bedford, thiee miles from ear house, 14 months ago; 1 think Albert and Maria first beoama acquainted with each other at the Railroad House, which we kept; tbeie were other wctaeo living in the house; it wee my husband. an-J not mo that kept the honae; Albert bought in one half with uty hnsbsnd; Albert and Maria kept the same chamber; I acnt know that Albert naid her boerd; my husband and Albert were in partnership; I attended to the housewoik generally; Maria was too muchol a lady to do any of the housework; abe would sew some, but pretty much all the time dancing, kicking up ant drinking; they staid there eboat two fiionths; since then 1 have travelled with them to New York, Phi ladelphia and Newport; I left them at Newport on ac count of bar actions and carryings on; it waa a year ago test December that aba threw the decanter into the fire; abe was haughty and mad; if she wanted a silk dress every day, and Albert did net get it for her, she would gat mad and break things; he wea Jealous of her because ?he began to carry on so; abe wanted to go with other men; when he would hear her making a bargain to ride out with any body else, ho would aey she ought not to do ao, and aha wonld say that the would go for all him; 1 knew Albert wee marriei at the time Maria and be lived in oar house; Albert tieated her kindly; be tried te keep her from going to bad honset, and would coax her; never beard him swear at bar, but hava heard bar swear at him; he need to bring her presents from Bos ton; he used to make promises if she would keep out of the pieces she wanted te go to; abe was not satisfied with tiding out with a carriage and one hone, bat want ed two horsos. VArltUcf* There *u a fire in Belfast, Me., on the 90tn Inst., which did damage to tho amount of $7000. Charloa Lowia, triad at Gallatin, Tano., for tha morder of Col. I Mac Goodall, ?u acquitted by tha Jury on tha ?Mth alt. Tho Chicago, (111) Jeurnaf of tha 13th, aaya that larca dacha of wilu plgeona art passing oror that placo far tha South. Tha drat Cong raw aiaetioa hi tha now Mete of Texas, will ba hold an Maaday neat, 30th inat. Two members are to ba elected; there ara thraa candidates in tha let district, and faar ta tha 3d. Tha business of electioneering seems to bo going on in Texas. F.phraia Haines i announces himself aa a can didate for Chief Justice of St. ratriclo connty. Tha PlaMe Jlrpu aaya ninety Oauhaa, who want an a bout laat fall, hero not aineo boon heard of. It I* any* poeod thoy woro hilled by tho Sieox. Wo learn from tho Controrillo (Queen A one'a connty, Md.) Timn, that Mr. Noah Merchant, * Sudierseille, lathe opper part of tha ccmnty, a attempt upon bla own life a few days alnce, by cuMng hi* throat with a rascr. Tha ataaaMr Vlala (truck agalnat tha hull of tho Richard Clayton, on tho 90th inat., and ennk at tha month of tho Yellow Crook, la tha Ohio. Ror. Charloa T. Terrey, tha abolitioniit alare-kidnap por, now in tha Maryland penitentiary, la not expected to lira Tha population of the capital of Ohio ia already lO.Mdi in 1840, it waa only 8.080 ; Chicago haa a population of 11.000 i Milwaokla, 0,000. Tho birtba in tha United Stataa, yearly, ara Aram* 400,000 to 800,000. Of thia number of children, ana in fifteen, or mora than 38,010, ara (till bora ; mora than 80,000 inherit from their parent* a dlaaaaad constitution, and a majority die joang. Tha oitlaana of Schenectady ara about to oraot a cotton factory, with a capital of $100,000. Boron! wealthy oitiiena hare taken tha trnateeehJp. Loring Larkina, formerly captain of tha aohoaaar Merchant, waa triad at Charleeton laat weak on a charge of being about to outage ia the alar# trade, and oonriet ad. Tba punishment ia a dine of not mora than $7000, and imprlsonsMnt for not mora than fire years. ? resolution of thanka and roepect to Ex-President Tyler, haa bean unanimously adopted by tha Legisla ture of Texas. ArroncmntTs by rag Govkxnor.?Stats?Jere miah Bngga, of tha city ot Brooklyn, Kings county, trustee otScamaa's Fund and Retreat, rice John Webb, term expiree 18th April, and declines a re appointment Robert (.enter, of douthdeld. Richmond county, and Junes LaOjOftha city at New York, trustee sot Seaman's Fund and Ratrrat, vice John Yatea Cabin and John 8. Wasterralt, resigned. lEESSSSSSi? The Broad and Narrow Oangrii [From the London Times.} The following moit important report of the Gauge Commissioners was preaented on Tuesday, Feb 17, to both hoiuoa of Parliament, by command other Majesty: i May it pteaae your Majesty?We, the Commissioners appointed by writ, under your Nlajeaty'a priry aeal, bearing date the 11th of July, in the ninth year of your Majeaty'a reign, to enquire whether, in future private acta of Parliament for the eonatruotion of rail?aya, pro Tie ion ought to be made for securing an uniform gauge, and whether it would be expedient and practicable to take maaaarea to bring the rail waya already conatruct Britain, ed or In progress of conatructloo, in Great Britain, into uniformity of gauge, and to enquire whether any other mode could be adopted of obviating or mitigating the evil apprehended aa likely to ariae from the break that j will occur in railway communicationa from the want of an uniform gauge, beg dutifully to anbmit, that we have called before na auch peraona aa we hare judged to be, by reaaon of their aituation, knowledge, or experience, j the moat cmpetent to afford na correct information on the aubjeot ot thia Inquiry, anl wo hare required the production of auch book* and decuman'* from the rari oua railway companiea aa appear to ua to ho the beat cal culated to aid our rcaearchea. Wo hare personally ex amioed into the utual courte of proceeding on various | railwaya, both at homo and abroad, especially thoao which are incident to a break.or interruption of gauge, Sinotive and we have, personally inapocted aerermi locomotive enginea. aa well aa mechanical oantiirancea inrentcd, either for the general uaa of railways, or for obviating tha special difficulties presumed to ariae from the break of gauge, or othorwiae connected with the aubject of our enquiry; and, aa wo believe we hare now caniad onr investigation to tha utmost useful limits, wo feel in a position dutifully to offer to your Majesty tha follow ing report: ? I. Our attention was first direct'd to ascertain wheth er the break of gauge could bo juetly considered a? an ineonrenidDoe of ao much importance as to demand th j interference of the Legislature. Olocester ia the only place whore a break of gauge actually exists at the present time. It ia causod by the mooting at that pi ace of the broad or 7 foot gauge with the narrow or 4 foot 0} inoh gauge. There are otber Clints, however, where a transfer of good* occurs aimi r to that which must result from a brook of gauge,and peraona well acquainted with railway traffic bar# no difficulty in fotaaaoing tha nature of the inconvenience that would arise from any further intermixture ol gouge; and wo humbly submit the observations that occur to ua as the whole Of thia Important port of the question. 1st. Fast or express trains. Wo believe that the inoonvanianco produced by a brook ot gauge will, in some respects, be last fait in those than in othar trains, because the passengers travel ing by fast trains are usually of a claas who readily sub mit to many inconveniencoa for the sake of increased speed on the journey, and who are perhaps gonarally lam incumbered with luggage than persona travelling by tha slower trains; and aa it ia understood to bo the general practice that no private carriage* or horses are convoyed by these trains, the inconveniencoa ol a break of gauge are reduced in thia instance to the removal of the passengers and a moderate quantity of luggage; sad, although such removal must create delay aud some con fusion, as wall as personal discomfort, especially at risk ol a loss night and in the winter season, besides the i of luggage, yet we do not consider the break of gauge, in tkM instance, aa being an inconvenience of so grave a nature a* to eall lor any legislative measure*, eitner for it* removal or for its mitigation. 2dly. Ordinary or mixed train*. In these trains tha passengers considerably exceed in number thoao who travel by the feat trains, and the? have generally a much greater quantity cf luggage. To auch travellers a change of carriage is really a aariout inconvenience, and it ia a well know fact that persona travelling by railways in communication with each oth er, but under different managements, endeavor to make such arrangements as to admit of their travailing by those trains which afford tbom th* accommodation ot occupying tha same carriage from the beginning to tha and of thoir journey. The managers and directors of railways are wall aware of thia feeling, and in soma instances,where they do not allow their carriages to ran through, yet with a view of diminishing th* inconvanieae* to which this exposes their passengers, they tend o luggage von from termi ?vil of a nut to terminus, to prevent the evil of a removal of tha passengers' luggage; and some railway companies incur considerable ex|>enae in running trains of return empty carriages, in order to accommodate tha public by en abling traveller* to avoid a change of carriage on the It ia by th* ordinary or mixod trains that private car riages and horses aro convoyed, and the removal of cither from one truck or horae-box to another, at any part of the jouraoy, would bo attended ?*vith inconveni ence and delay; and, with regard to th* horses, it would iuvolv* considerable risk. Wo arrive, therefor*, ot th* ooucluatdh, that th* break of geuga wewld inkle* ooualdatuhia inconvenience on traveller* by Iho train* now trader consideration, and ' that this inconvenience would bo much Increased ot I point* of convergence of mora than two line*. The change ofcarriage*, horse-boxes, and trucks, and th* transference of luggage of so entire train of much I extant, must, even in tn* day time, bo an inconvenieiice of a very serious nature; but at night it would be an in tolerable evil, and w* think legislative interference is j called lor to romove or mitigate such an eviL Sdly. Goods trains. From the statements made to us by carriers on rail ways, and from our own observation, w* are induced to believe, that not only a considerable dool of care, judg ment, and experience ia necessary in_ th* ftowage ot mrrcnandise in railway wagons, bat also, that it is de sirable that whon properly packed, th* articlo* should, generally speaking, not bo diatuibod until the journey ia comple od. Wa find that in th* arraagamont of mer chandise, tha boaster goods are placod at th* bottom,and th* lighter at tha top of th* load, and ao secured as to prevent friction aa far aa practicable from th* jolting of the Wagons; and it ia considered vary daairable, with a view to prevent ioas by pilfering, tbac the sbeoting, which ia placed over tha load, should not bo removed till th* Completion of tha jouraoy. Indeed, acting upon this principle, carriers find it profitable to send their wa Kia partially filled from various stations on tha lino, reoy increasing their toll to th* railway eompany, i rather than Incur th* risk of loss by thoft, to which they would be axposod by uncovering th* wagons on th* jouraoy to fill up with intermedial* local goods wagons that amy have started with light loads from on* ot the termini. Tin stations for re-arranglng th? goods trains arc, Ihcrafora, as taw ai possible; thui, between Leeds and London, the points fer anaheeting the goods wagons are only Derby aod Leicester, and between Liverpool and London the re arrangement is cooflned to Birmingham and Bnghy; and even at those stations the proportion of wagons which are uncovered is very small; indeed, it ia stated that at the Important town of Birmingham Ave sixths of the wagons pass without re-arrangement. In the conveyance 01 machinery and articles ol a simi- | lar class, which are both heavy and delieate, it is ot the utmost consequence that the load should not be disturb ed between the beginning and the end of the Journey: a i change of carriage, auca as wouli result ia all proba bility from a break of the gauge, would altogether pre vent the transport sf such articles by this weds of con I we believe that the tiaAe upon the line ef railway I between Birmingham and Bristol has been greatly re- I atricted by the interruption of gauge at Olocester. I In respect to the oonveyanee of minerals, the inconve-1 nieneo of a break cf gauge would bo very seriooe; the transfer being attended with an expense which would be aoasibly felt in conssquanoe of tne low rate of tolls charged on such articles; moreover, many descriptions of coal, such as a considerable proportion of that of the Midland counties, are subject to greet deteriecutien by breekage. In regard to various articles of agricultural produce, the lees by femoral would bo less teen oo ether Sleases of goods; much inconvenience, however, weald be lauad in the transfer of timber; end the diAcuity of shift ing cattle would be so great as to prassnt an insur mountabis obstacle to such en arrangement, from the ex cited stMe ot the animals after travelling by railway, end the resistance they in consequence offer when it is attempted to force them n second time into a railway wagon. Tnere can be no question that, in the Arst construction of a railway, the narrower the^gauge, the smaller will ?be the cost of the works. This applias to tunnels,| Abridges, viaducts, embankments, cuttings, sheds, work I shops, turn-teblss, tmnavsrse sleepers, sad ballast, and I the purchase ef lend ; but it dees net effect the rails, ? fences, drains, end station houses. The exact difference, ? however, mutt depend, in a greet degree, o|?on local cir lottmstaaoes, and no opinion can he given ot the precise ? ratio ofdiAhrenoe witsoot going into a very mlnut e csi Iculstion of each line on which tne two systems ere to be compered t for Instance, in e line free from tunnels or hvtsduots, and in a Aat country, where there ere neither ?cuttings nor embnnfcments, the diffsreooe would be limit led very nearly to the quantity of land to bo purchased, (the severance end damage being about equal in bath ?tomm.) the amount of beliasting, and sens increase ini the cost of the sleepers; whereas, in n very undulating ore considerable. ?country, the difference would be mere As to the east ef the maiatenance of way, supposing the construction to bo the seme, that of the broad gunge ? must be rather the greater of the two. | I In respect to the cost of the engines end carrying I ?stock, wo kavs to obssrvs that they ere gens rally mere I I expensive on tho bioed then on tho narrow geago. But, I on the other hand, it Is asserted by the advocate* of ths broad gunge system,that as the engines will dsew greater loads, as tne carriages will accommodate n greater num ber of paaeengerg, end as the waggon* are capable of eonvsyingn larger amount of marehandise, the work Icon be end is done at e loss charge per ton, and that e ?compensation Is thus obtained (or the increased outlay. I How fu this is found to be practically tho oaee is the ?next subject lor inquiry. I We were very desirous, if It had been found passible, ?thoroughly to investigate this part of ths subject by ?means of the official date celled lor by us, and furnished by som* of tho principal companies, containing a state- | ?went of their working expenses ; but w* And the cir cumstances so different, that very little satisfhetory In ? formstion can be thus obtained, that has strictly * rate- i Irenes to the economy ef the two gauges There are, ef I ?course, various matron that have an induenoe on the eo- I tusi cost Ol locomotive power and general traffic charges, I ? that are in no way connected with the breadth of guage ; ?such as the nature of the curvee aod gradients, the price lofoeke, the general nature ef the traffic, ths mod* ef , |working that traffic ss adopted by different companies, : CH employment oi engines of greater or less po wsr, that ? ^Hretved accommodation to the public which involves au extra expense for retnrn carriages, ke. Test an uniformity of gaags is now an object much to I be desired, then can, we think, be ae question. In the ! earlier period of the railway history at tela country, the : gnat trunk Unas wen to Mr separated as to be inde pendent of seek ethsr, aid, ask wen, Related la their respective districts, and do diversity oi (iu|? wu than likely to intarfara with tha personal convenience or the commercial objects of the community , but now that > ail way* are spreading in ail direction*, and btcomiog ?interlaced with each other in numerous places, that iso lation is removed, that independence has ceased, and the time has arrived when, if step* cannot be taken to remove the existing evil of the diversity or gauge, at least it appears to us imperative that a wider spread of this evil should be prevented. If we had to deal with a question not affecting the in terests of parties, who are not only unconnected, but who are opposed to each other in a ipirit of emulation, it not of rivalry ; or if we were dealing with tha property of the public, and not of private trading companies, we should merely have to consider whether that uniformity of gauge which we deem to be so desirable would be too dearly purchased by an alteration of one gauge to suit the other, or of both to some fresh gauge which might be considered preferable to either, if any such there be. But our position is different from this, since we have to consider not only the relative length of the different systems, the comparative mechanical ettcieaey of each, the general superiority of one above the other, their adaptation to the wants ol the country, and the possibili ty a* well a* the policy ol a change, but also the pe cuniary means of effecting it. We have further to look to the consequenoes of an interruption oi the truffle dur- j ing the progress of an alteration. There is still anothor view of the question, and that is,the expediency of having, on lines ol railway, ad ditional rails, so at to afford the facility of using engines ami carnages on both gauge*. This expedienbin whatever form adopted, cannot ba considered as free from difflcnitiea. If two rails, forming a narrow gauge way, are placed between the two rails which form a broad gauge way, carriages of the differ ent gauges may run in the same train, without alteration even ot their buffers, which in the ordinary construc tion of the ca*riagcs correspond exactly on the broad and narrow gauges. But the expense of such an insar tion would probably be not lass than that oi an entire change of gauge, including, in the latter, the change of ; engine* and carrying itock ; and tha complication which | it wonld introduce at the crotaiog* might produoe danger to rapid trains, unlsss their speed were diminished at approaching such points. The difficulty of packing tha rails, if longitudinal sleepers were used, would also be much grantor thao if raits of only a single gauge were employed. If a aioglo rail were inserted eccen ricslly in a broad gang* way, so as to form, io conjunction with one of the broad gauge rails, a narrow gauge way, tha expense of tha insertion, and tha danger of tha crossings, as well as the difficulty of packing tha rails, would be somewhat diminished, but it would be imprudent to run carriages of the different gauges in the same train; and as it would probably be the policy of the railway com pany to adopt for their own stock oi engines only one of the two gauges, and to interpose those difficulties which amonot to a prohibition of the use of other companies' engines, tha inconveniences of a break of gauge would exist in almost all their force at evary junction of a branch railway on a different gauge. We consider, therefore, that the general adoption of such a system j ought not to be permitted. we are, therefore, of opinion that the moet satisfac tory oompariaon that can be made of the economy of working the two gauges, will be by applying to ffrst principles, endeavoring merely to determine what the working expenses of the Great Western line, with tbeir Kresent amount of traffic, would have boon, provided it ad boon a narrow gauge .line, and worked with auch anginas as those employed on the South Western and some other narrow gauge lines. The average weight of a passenger-train on the Oreat Western Railway (independent ot the engine and tender, which weigh S3 tons) appear*, by the returns sent to us, to ba 87 ton* ; and tha averse* number of passengers per train for the half year ending the 30th of June, 1848, as eppeart by our comparative table, page 27, is only 47 2, whose weight, including their luggage, may be estimated at about Ave tons. Mr. Hooch animate* each carriage and ita paateuger* on the broad gauge to weigh about PJ tone, and, there fore, there would be seven carriage* to make up the 67 ton* obove specified. The noil commodious carriage* on the narrow gauge lines, such a* those on the South Western, weigh less than 6 tons; seven such carriages would, therefore, weigh about S4 tons, and being capable of containing I'M first-class passengers, weighing, with their luggage, 11$ tons, the total load would be only 46$ tons. Now wo had, that even with a traffic as large as that of the London and Birmingham Railway, the sve rage per train would only be 84 P passengers, weighing about 8 tens ; so that, under the supposition of a traffic of this extent, the load of the seven narrow gauge oar riages, so occupied, would only be 41 tons. But Mr. Oooch estimates, from his own experiments, the relative powers of traction of the broad gauge en gines, and of the narrow gauge engines of the fiouth Western Railway, when working at the same speed, a* 3,067 to 1,990, or as 67 per cent, the load of the broad gauge in tons, to 46 tons, which would be the corres ponding load for the narrow gauge, so that the narrow gauge engine baa more power over the 43 tons it would have to draw than the breed gauge has ovar its averaga nvuof load of 67 tona, both exclusive of the weight ol the en gine and tender, the narrow gauge carriage in this sup position being supposed to contain 8t.9 passengers, end the broad gauge only 47 3. On the first introduction of passenger railways speed* of shout 13 miles per hour only were anticipated; tha rails then employed weighed only 36lb. par yard, and the eaginas about aim or seven tons. As soon a* *)>eeds of 10 and 34 miles per hour were attempted, it was lound necessary to have rails of 601b. per yerd, end engines weigh 10 and 13 tons. Since that time the rails neve been increased in weight prograeeively to 66lb , 761b. end 8Mb. per yerd, end the weight oi the engine on the broad gauge exceed* 91 tons, end on the narrow gauge it now approaches 10 tons; indeed, we have seen a nar row gauge engine on six wheals weighing 60 ton*. We *~bt, howi " *' "" ? -_| doubt, howevor, whether a correspending stability has been attained in tha road itself. Amongst other changes for increasing tha power of tho ' is of tno i engine and the speed of tbo train* of tho narrow gang# lines, there have bean tha giving an increased length to the engine, and tha placing tha cylindera on the outeide of the framing; but it ie the opinion oleoma of tho witnes ses we have examined, that thia position of tho cylinder has a tendency to produce a greater wear and tear of the journale, and a consequant rocking and irregular motion of tha engine on the line. This, however, while the en gine is of medium length, has been denied by Mr. Locke, who has had graat experience io the working of oulsido cylinder engines. But it is stated by My. Gray and Mr. Oooch, that wbera tha langth of tha engine la greatly increased, thia increased length, by causing tha extremi ties ot the engine to overhang very considerably the tore end hind axlee, hie a great tendency to increase the irregular motion produced by the outside oylinder. Thus far wa have considered the question with refer ence to the railways as tbey now exist, and composed in a great measure of trunk lino* of consideraol* traffic, but the railways to bo made in future will In some de gree be brunch#* or lines in districts having traffic of loss magnitude than is to bo provided for in tho existing railways ; and hsnce, if for tho greater trunk lines a superiority wore due to tho broad gauge system, that superiority would ba leas for linos yet to bo constructed of a smeller amount of trelfic ; and necessarily, if tha preference wore given to tho narrow gangs for the ex isting linos, that system would ba still mora entitled to the preference for the rail way a of smaller traffic, to which wo look forward. Wa must hare add that towards ike close of our in quiry, Mr. Brunei requests), on the part of tha broad gauge companies, to institute a sot of experiments to test the power of their engines, and Mr. Bidder, on the pert of the narrow gangs companies, undertook, in con sequence of each application, te make corresponding experiments on the narrow gange. After sanctioning theee trial*, and being present at tha performance ef them, a record of wbioa will bo found in tho appendix, we may observe, without entering into a minute detail of the res nits, or tho discrepancies between tbo returns as furaithed by tho two parties themselves, that wa con sider them as confirming tho statement# and results given by Mr. Ooo h, in hie evidence, proving as they do, that tho broad gang# engines possess greater capa bilities for speed with equal loads, end, generally speak ing, of propelling greater loads with equal spaed : and moreover, that the working wi h each engines ie eco nomical where very high speed* are required, or wt are tha load* to bo conveyed are such as to require tbo foil power of the angina. They confirm, also, tho evidence given by Mr. Bidder as to the possibility ef obtaining nigh evaporative power with long engines for the nar row gaugo; but under somewhat peculiar circumstances. It appears, moreover, that tho eveperelied thus obtained does not produoe a corresponding usolul affect In the tractive power of tbo engine ; a olrcti instance that would prebublv bo differently explained by Mr. Ueeeb and by Mr. Bidder ; but a* we do not refer to the power of this description ef engine in the deduction* wo have made, K Is unnecessary lor us to ellndo farther to tnem. After e full consideration of ell tho elreamstaneea that have coma before us, and of tho deduction* we have mad* from the evidence, ere are led to conclude? I. That es regards the safety, accommodation and con venience of the passengers, no decided preference is due to either gauge, but that on tho broad gauge tbo m otion is generally more easy at high velocities. 3. That in respect of speed, we consider the ad vantage* are with the breed gauge, but w* think the public safety would Be sad angered In employing tbo groator capabilities of tha broad gang* muck beyond tbair present use, except on rood* mors consolidated and more substantially and perfectly formed then those of the existing lines S That In tha commtrcitl cast of tha transport of gaods, wa bollava tha nairow gang# to pea**** tha greater coovsniencs, and to be the mar* suited to tho general tisfflc of tho country. 4. That tha broad gauge involve* the greater outlay, and that wa have not been eble to discover either in tno maintenance ef way, in the coat of locomotive power, or In tho other annual expenses, any adequate reduc tion to compensate for the additional first coot. Therefore, eeteeming the importance of tho highest speed on express trains for the accommodation of a comparatively small number of persona, howevor doair able that may ba t* them, aa of far loss moment than aOordinf increased convenience to tho general commer cial traffic of the country, w* are inclined to consider the narrow gang* a* that which should be preferred tor geooral convenience ; and, therefore, if it worn impera tive to produce uniformity, w* should recommend that uniformity to bo oroduced by an alteration of tho brood te the narrow gauge, more especially whan wa take into ooasideraiion that tha extant of the former ot pre aaot in work to only 974 miles, while that of tho latter is not loss than 1601 miles, and that tha alteration of the former to the latter, even it of equal length, would be the loss cosfly as well as the less difficult operatioe. We may observe, In reftrence to this part ef the q nes tien, that tho Cistern Counties Railway was originally constructed on e gaugo ol 6 feet, and has sine* been con verted into h gauge of 4 feet 04 inches, te avoid a break of gang#; mi wo have booh Informed that soma linoo in Scotland, originally on die gauge of A loot Sincbea, aro about to bo altered to 4 feet si inches for the same reason. Whatever might be the preferable course ware the quoationa now to be discussed of the gauge for an entire system of railways, where none previously existed to clash with.tho decision : yet under the present state of things, wo see ne sufficient reason to suggest or recom mend the adoption ol any gauge intermediate between the narrow gauge oi 4 feet 8} inches, and the bread gauge of 7 feet, and we are peculiarly struck by the ciscuinstance, that almost all the continental railways have been formed upon the 4 feet 8j inch gauge, the greater number having been undertaken, slier a long experience of both tho broad and the narrow gauge in this country: nor must tho fact be lost sight of, that soma of these railways have been constructed, as wall as 8tanned by English engineers ; and amongst that Burn er we Hod Mr. Brunei, the original projector of the broad gauge. Mr. Brunei was also tho engineer of the Merthyr, Tydvil and Cardiff line, which is en ths4faet 8J inch gauge; and we think that tha mevea which led to his adoption of the narrow gauga in that instance would equally apply to many Kngiisu lines. Guided by the foregoing considerations, wa most duti fully submit te your Majesty the following recommen dations i? I. That the gauga of 4 (1. nj in. lie declared by the Le gislature to be the gauge to be used in all public rail way! now under construction, or hereafter to be con structed, in Oraat Britain. a That uolaas by tbe consent of the Legislature, it sheuld not be permitted to the directors of any railway company to alter tbe gauge of such nilway. 3. That io order to complete the general chain of n&r. row gauge communication from the north of England to tbe southern coast, any suiUble measure sneulo be pro moted to form a narrow gauga link from Oxiord to Refut ing, and thence to Basingstoke, or by any shorter routo connecting the proposed Rugby and Oxford line with the South Western Hail way 4. That as any junction to be formed with a broad gauge line would Involve a break el gauge, provided our first recommendation be adapted, great commercial in convenience would be obtained by reducing the gauge of the present broad gauge lines to the narrow gauge of 4 feat 8} inches, and we, therefore, tbiuk it desirable that some equitable means should be lound of producing such entire uniformity of gangs, or of adopting sueb other caursa as would admit of the narrow gauga carriages passing, without interruption or danger, along the broad gauga lines. (Signed) J. M FREDERIC SMITH. [L I] Lieut Col. Royal Engineers. G. B. AIRE, Astronomer Royal. (LBl PETER BARLOW. [L 8.) Broad and Narrow Gauges. C Police Intelligence. Mabch Ud ?Ckmrtt of Folse Prfh?M.-O#0ir W?1 A arrelud T.rt.nUT . mnon by the name of "???"??J* vltlVhnl warrant charging him with obtaining $*?. Veiey, on ewmiT?? e-j? k Hinman, meietaanu, Sj?".! J .ell?itroot^ undor felaoand fruuduUnt ropreetn No. 47 Brood street. unoer^ th, tboTtt flrm nurnoae of maonfecfuring cotton yarn : b# foriho^foteu buns s'.i-f ;?ror^u^r OT!{a him it00 and ?ineo that time thoy have boon unable to Sa-ffeS I s?^??srr^Aia5,55i!"-a? ? fft^telte?5S pS^-Oaoar guphop. arraf: Baa? f;^n,?an%rfr.r^-BUS:^ Oaker*cherg#d with forgery, under the f?)Howiofclr cumitaoooa :?It appowa Oakar waa a clark in the on* ?i._ _# pvrua p Smith, hardware merchant, No. w aiai Son lana, and Mr. Smith, in then???th of laat *???*?; ^sjssvssu iv Siia4 up WS3& srstftt aoTfSffi SSs Ailed them up-one for $494, and the ?*ker for $960 than draw tha mooey fro? th? Michniku BtDiinf A* lociation, and immatfiataly left the oity for Charlaaton. ..^fl within a few waeki, until ar sajt^ftST'riSfrin** ?~ "szs'zzzisarsssa.... ??...... evening charge/ with robbing Ann ?tewart.reaidlng at No 64 ^uanaltVaat, of $880 j5 bank bill*. Thie amount wli atol.n from thi ?^of tbi. unfortunaU wom^u Thia ilinoerT cuatomar waa caught by officers Stewart and Rue, and immadUtaly conducted to the ???*' where he wai locked up lor examination by Juatice l,rM%kJ3u?i,n Cose- A fellow by thenema^ Swift. charging him with de^uLg an indiridual by tho name of Joseph A. Emeraon, of No. 33 St. Mark a nace. oi a $90 bank bill, under the anme old ayatem, aided by Ma ? i'?tara " or Peter Kunka, aa they m commonly unllod. A hearing in thia onae will be had before Justice Di ink er thkMilteraooo! Why dent the Mayor keep a banner li^n^S^illimnawM arreted yaater day for ataallng a kit of aalmon belonging to BurdaU k K>. NoTM6 Wafer atroat LocKTupg f<jr. ".Teh.., rapair. Ha ?Tl batttaa ^?KS^ySSS'Alle ??! Ja? ?.UI.a? (boy) were caught in the art of ataallng the doors and ?latea efacab JUa .tore belonging to the pUot boet " nor. Locked up. Common Plea*. Before Judge Ingrabam. March M-Wm. H.<M oi. Waa. J A'ing?Aetien te re cover $900, the value of e piano. On the 13th of Decern ? W 1844 the Plaintiff hired to tho defendant the plaoo. at $6 per'month, defendant undertaking to haapit at 196 Codar atroot, ao long aa ha should want It "a re mo red it however, to Oroanwich atroat, where it waa relaeu and aold for rant. Verdict for plaintiff $900 Woe. Kobin va. Weo. J. Kerr el. al.- Thia waa an ac tion on a aromieory note for $079; it waa given with other notea, in payment for a bill of goods , the note waa proved and read. Prom the evidence produced for the defence it appeared that the defendant and bia ton are SrtSSS lnST crockery and del.t trade, und carry en their buainoaa in Philadelphia ; thay purchaaed a bill of gJod,in IMA, from Plaintiff, for whether gnvo too :n nnsition DftYODle SIX UIODlht iftif Mtl ; It lot thor appeared that it wa? the practice of tho defendants, ? m/ffthSrnow. payable at to. .tore of with whom they deelt, iod whon their DOtw miturtd, to ^fSSTtofck. them up; in the prt-nt ease. they mad# tho note payablo at tteiraferk and a few tefjtej fore it became doe. purchaaed a draft from the jwew oi C^k^iPhi^^^hnT^U^o.^ ^V^iVdVl'^k^t ?v..Yh^ ? the Hmith k Co bed funds in tha bank, he lodged Sh Ba Rank of America and the latter establishment did not jS5?tel?S Uj.?. ~-2r~-StS srsa jg&gag ?*or DlaintiiT, Mr. Moloch i for defeadaata, Mr. EAttac* "7 s. ir. amSFsfissi. KtH?*e!S!rifJ^St'SnsStottSSeS^ Aral, 1S44, drawn oy ??"? ? _ _ n-Umco. no R. muler, et jji-Thla ww an a?nt a large (luentlty of (urnltnre to UO 'Sd.7t0Th.V.?elnc?i SrfiSSS uis-s In we' defendant.^fer7he fcrnRuru. pmviou. to tho tan T.V tho wrrt M roplovln. Tho cm* ? edjounwdW thl. mSrilng For phlnUffa.d Moapau. For (Uf.nd ints, Abepaid and Fronon. Bloody Otmunit.-A few monthu ago, IWM man from noor Snow H'll, M^t^, i>M?^ wnd L*SV ?m toS2, iSSirtf 22SSii.., j went abeot tour miles Into tho eountry^on oe ^oar lhe fWLtak nmd. and took a aohool. OoWwlua^aylaet. a voung man from Shelby county, nemod BlehaadiMo* * Jr . want to Mr. RileyWhool honw. c.ilad him out, and, under tho jwotonco that Mr. R had ^ remark or QQMtieii of hit couciralm a yeatieme ^Sborh^ .tabb^ hi. Ova tlmaa.wouDdfeg him aaveraly and meet dnegereuely. The Pkt,'c1!, nMb4 that Mr. R. wld prebohly <Uo, unfeaa ooooi'Apotmion. amnutntod, and ha rafnsos to ratnott to the anp??" "S wu pura-wl, t?t w hav. ?mt imsl-fetamlk Jeuwwl, Jlarck9l. Numbs* or Mo*moiw fe, fhCW the Snintn have tnhoaa>?B?fr, ti^eum has boon coMWombla discwajooi^^ CODipWflr Wo bar that hove ?hS*1' ' ,,. ooohad gone ; but wa oca Mated laat weak tlwtahMw, kave loemad now aatiaSod thai oot mora then 80$ hnvo ?inoo. fr*>odum aaambor stated by taken thoir Japorturo. xa f , any or two ho Brig bam Y?D*S?.J'!V?m wkh tho oScuMtona of fere thoy ??***? *,r#iEnt oppertouRy af ju^feg ? thoae who hod an ???M Of whioh wffl re ^Trlr'Se I***' "" _ __--,A Tbore ore at pre neat three f*H'" te North CaUfornlo.

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