Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 30, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 30, 1846 Page 2
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' lUL'UU Villi 1/ UU Ti^hr H?W York, Mondaf, March 30, 1940. Malta for Kb rope. The letter bag* of the steamship Hibernia will cloae in thla erty tomorrow afternoon. The ahip will leave Boston on Wednesday. We shall laaue an Extra Haald for this steamer at an early hour to morrow afternoon. The third edition of the Weekly Herald, containing all the iatelligence of last week, can now he had at the office, in wrappers, ready for the foreign mails. The price of the latter is sixpence per copy. Monarchy !" Mexico, The proposition which has been started to esta blish a monarchical government in Mexico, is gaining ground in various quarters. It was|ttrst started in the public press, by the London Timet, a print bitterly opposed to free institutions, and has since been sustained by the leading men of France, and by several journals in Spain, and discussed among the Mexican people themselves, led of! by La Tiempo in the city of Mexico. One party in that unhappy country, is desirous of maintaining the existing form ot government; the organs of this party are the Memorial Hittorico and other papers. The other aide is principally sustained by the Tiempo, which contends that the only hope for the peace, welfare, and satety of the country, is the immediate adoption of a system resembling, in its fundamental principles, the plan ot Ignala. The prominent features of this celebrated plan, are the following, which We find in the Picayune:? Ast.4 The Government shall be a Constitutional Monarchy. Aar. S. HI* Majesty Ferdinand VII. ehall be invited to the throne of tbe Empire, and in caaa ot his refusal, tha Infantes Don Carlos and Don Francisce de Paula. Abt. P. Should His Majesty Ferdinand VII. and his august brothers, decline the invitation, the nation is at liberty to invite to the imperial throne any member ol reigning famhiee whoa it may select. It is not to be denied that, distracted as Mexico is with the dissensions of factious and revenge ful chieftains, and the savage outbreaks of a turbu lent people, she can never find peace, save in the embrace of our Union, or the iron bands of an ab solute monarchy. This latter alternative our govern ment can never permit, after the protests which;Mr. Madison and Mr. Polk have promulgated to the world againat all European interference in the af fairs of this continent; and even if such indiffer ence were to be manifested by the administration, tbe people at large would naver submit to it, but ra ther conquer Mexico by emigration, and forcibly merge it into our territories than allow a foreign Prince to erect a throne on any part of North Ame rica. One monarchy is enough on this continent. There can be no doubt that monarchy would be more beneficial to Mexico than the present state ot things; but we cannot be to regardless ot our own safety as to permit monarchy to be established there. The real question, then, lor the Mexicans to decide, is whether they will have anarchy, or annexation to the United States. There are many men of great intelligence and'sound republican principles in Mex. ico, who ardently desire annexation to this country, and they will probably be gratified. If not all at once, it is likely to be one province this year, and another next, until the whole i s within our af fectionate embrvte. Axmino America?Arming the country ia like building up a atrong embankment against aome powerful and mighty river, which might otherwise break loose and spread over the country, carrying desolation wherever ti went, and sweeping olT houses, cattle, barns, fields, and human beings. Arming the country is not war?it is literally a prophylacttrie?that is, a guard and preventive of war. For nations are like in dividuals?they do not attack the strong and secure; they tear them, and keep aloof, watching for a weak point before they will venture to attack them. Therefore, arming the country is truly considered much more a symptom and guaranty of peace than it is a signal or demonstration of war. Again: Arming the country will be a benefit to the country, because it will set in motion the arms of the country?the strong, sinewy arms of our nu merous mechanics and workmen, who have been ; for some time idle in our navy and ship yards, in no very desirable " inactivity." Arming the coun try produces all the good which can result from war, without any sf its evils. It gives employment to merchants, mechanics, engineers, and all classes of men. It seta in motion an immense capital, which is made to flow in the only healthy channel in which capital can flow, and that is, the employ ment of labor. In all points of view, arming the country is a good thing. We might enlarge the view, and fill a volume with the enumeration of its good effects; but we abstain, taking it for granted now, as proved enough. Since, then, arming the country ia ia every aspect s good and necessary measure, at all times?but most especially at this time, when other nations are armed and have been arming, rap a pif?we are glad to perceive that Congress is about to realise in practice what we have shown above in theory to be so desirable. The following is, as far as at pre sent can be understood, the official estimate of the proposed " arming" measure. In men, it is proposed to augment the navy by an addition of 36,800 sailors. The expenditure to be made to carry out this increase, and other naval enlargements, $20,000,000. The increase of vessels in commission is estimated at the following ratio:? Steamers 40 Frigates 40 Sloops of War 80 Making an increase of fifty-eight vessels of war I At the same time the Secretary of War has furnish ed his estimate, making an increase in the army to the amount of 60,000 men. These are measures which the Htrald specifically and expressly recommended six months ago. We rejoice in it. First?because it will keep of! war. Second?because it will give activity and employ ment to an immense moss ot active slumbering labor. Third?because it will place us on a level as a steam naval power with all other nations. Fourth?because it will countervail the correspond ing preparations of the British. Fifth?because all the money thus expended will go from a compara tive state of inertia, to act as the means of spread ing comfort, abundance, cheerfulness and plenty to numberless families, houses, mechanics, and work men of all classes, throughout the whole extent of our country. This great measure, therefore, of arming Ameri ca, U properly managed, will be of great benefit to the laboring portion ot the people. Wantsb ?Two smart intelligent men, who are in want of steady employment, for one year, are re quested to apply immediately to the Mayoralty No minating Committeea, at Tammany Hall, and the whig head quarters. None need apply who are in capable of keeping the streets clean. Thoae who h*ve been engaged in excavating canals and hills forrailroai tracks, would be preferred. References exchanged on the 14th of next month. Affairs in Canada ?Mince the reception of the Governor General's message, public attention has been somewhat directed to the British province, at tha North. The ill-feeling produced by the new commercial syatem of Great Britain, will ultimately have its proper effect in that quarter ; and the orga nisation of the militia, throughout the province, having reference to anticipated war with the United States, will probably have ita effect in Washington. Now that Canada ia being released from lhe lcy em brace of wirter, we can look foi ward for nf w" from 'hat part of ,he world, w?ho? "hill. Maii. Aoxnts?We are d to Mr S' Brown, the Northern mail agen^*, AJbMjr rOV"?:^U ? M 4 o'clock The community were astonished yesterday, on the receipt of the intelligence that Albeit J Tirrell^ whose trial for the murder ol Maria Ann Bicktordt at Boston, occupied their attention for some days back, bad been seqii.ted by the jury. We saw every where little knots of people talking the matter over ; and there was but one opinion, and that was, that it was a moat extraordinary verdict. There never was, in the history of crime, in the mmds of many, a clearer case of cool, premeditated, and de liberate murder, perpetrated by an abandoned and profligate man. The circumstances of the case are briefly these: Tirrell and the victim were i*raona of abandoned character. One was living apart from his wife, and the other froin her husband, and both had been co habiting in adultery for a long time previous to the murder. Alter continuing in this adulterous con nection tor some time, and travelling over the coun try, we find them in a house in Boston, where Maria Ann Bickford was murdered. They had retired for the night; the inmates of the house bad discovered a fire in the chamber, and heard the footsteps of Borne person escaping. After ex tinguishing the fire, they found the body of Maria Ann .Bickford partially burned, and her throat cut in an awful manner. On making further search, several articles ol apf arel belonging to Tirrell were found, and the wash basin showed evidence of some person, whose hands had been bloody, hav ing washed in it. Soon alter the discovery ol the fire, Tirrell was seeH in another part of the city, endeavoring to hire a conveyance to take him out of town aa soon aa possible. Suspicion immediately fastened on Tirrell as the murderer; officers were in pursuit of him, but he effected hie escape to New Orleans, where he was arrested and brought back to Boston for trial. The defendant engaged most eminent counsel, and pleaded a novel delenoa. The first plea was that the victim committed suicide; and secondly, that Tirrell was a somnambulist from his youth? and if he really committed the murder, he did it while he waa not in hie right mind, or while he tvat asleep. The trial proceeded, and the Common wealth proved in the minds of hundreds, the tact of Tirrell's being the murderer, beyond the possibility of a doubt; and yet, the jury, to the astonishment of a vast number of the moral people of Boston, ! brought in a verdict of not guilty. That portion of the defence about somnambulism is the greatest piece of humbug we have ever heard of; and the | very fact of such a defence being put in, is pretty | strong proof that it was made use of in place ol a better. Aa to the idea of the woman having com mitted suicide, it is preposterous, and too flimsy to admit of a moment's argument. The jury, we be lieve, based their decision on the ground that it was sell-murder; but it puzzles us to see how they could possibly arrive at such a conclusion. The apparel and cane of the prisoner were found in the room; and that, with the circumstance of the wash bowl, and the prisoner's subsequent flight and es cape when pursued by the officera of justice, forbids such a supposition. We therefore consider the whole defence, and the verdict, as most extraordi- , nary in every point of view. It will afford a terri ble precedent. It is a mockery of all law and jus- ] tice ; and is a direct inducement for a repetition of the crime. What security have the citizensof Mas sachusetts for their lives and property, when an abandoned villain can enter a house, murder his I victim, and employ counsel whose ingenuity and skill will work out his acquittal, by making up a story of somnambulism, or some other humbugl We have, in this, a precedent that will be followed in the same manner that the plea of insanity was, for years to come. Every murder- | er will, hereafter, plead somnambulism as an ex cuse, or some other equally shallow defence, which the fertile ingenuity of counsel may coin, if he be fortunate enough to be tried in Boston. He may snap his finger at the law and judge, and repeat his crime. All that is necessary, is to get his mo ther, or grandmother, to prove that he got up and walked in his sleep, when he was young, and made a noise resembling, no matter what, as if he was i hall-strangled, and a jury will acquit him. For, not withstanding the rumor that the jury based their decision altogether on the supposition that the un fortunate woman committed suicide, we are dis posed to think that the plea ol somnambulism had , its effect upon their minds, and they let it influ ence their judgment. We have never heard so universal a condemna tion as there is of the verdict of the jury in this case, since the time of the Ellen Jewett tragedy in this city, to which this case was similar in every res pect. In that case, the victim was likewise a prosti tute. Alter the crime of murder was committed, the crime of arson was added, as it was in this case, and the verdict was the same. We remember well the outcry that it caused in Boston, and the sensation it produced in this city. Public opinion here condemned the jury in unmeasured terms; but the press and people of Boston were vociferous in denouncing it for months afterwards. But we have now an evidence of a still greater outrage being committed in Boston on the laws of the Lcom monwealth. We had no such plea as somnambulism raised on the part of Robinson, neither was an at tempt made to make out a case of suicide. It was reserved for the city of Boston, whose cor poration laws will not allow a man to earn an hon est living by selling a newspaper on Sunday?nor perm't a man to smoke a eegar in the streets with impunity?to get up this tarce and carry it out. What can be said now of the morals of that city, whose citizens have been guilty of such a shameful disregard of their laws, as to permit a?vagabond like Tirrell to go uowhipt of justice, for committing a crime ol the deepest and blackest dye, with pre meditation, and under the most revolting circum stances 1 Wucu During the Past Year.?The past year has been one in which more American vessels have been wrecked, than any other one during the last forty years. Among the most prominent of these, have been the Henry Clay, the John Mintarn, the New Jersey, Hilah, Sophia, and Hamlet. In ad* dition to these, a large number of other vessels, of all descriptions, have met with the same unfortunate calamity. The loss of life and property in these wrecks has cast gloom over many hearts, and darkened, for a time, the prospects of the enterprising owners.? Within the year past, the loss of property, by wreck of American vessels alone, has been over a million of dollars. But the indomitable enterprise of the American character is not to be broken, even by winds and waves, but pushes triumphantly against all opposing forces. The marine lists, however, have been filled with melancholy details, sending pang after pang to many a heart. Tna Charter Election?This election takes place in about two weeks, and all that is now want ed to complete the arrangements, are two candi dates for the democratic and whig mayorality tick ets. Great efforts have been made to secure these candidates, but as yet, without success We are in hopes that in this week, (be nominations will be offered to the public. Highway Robbery and Murder ?A nun aged about fitty years, from East Davenport, Delaware county, by ths name of Sournbargsr, (Suttenberg, tho nam* is commonly pronounced) wa? murdered on the night of the 34th in?t., about one mile west of the Vly, in the town of Middlebutgh. Schoharie county He was found on the following morning, nearly naked, sod bav ing a stab in hii breeat. end throat cut, aleo bis hand waa cut, si if he had attempted to grasp the fatal blade. The murderer supposed to ho John Burnett, ? man of about 31 years of age. and ol bad reputation, who lives in the vicinity of the Vly. He left Trait's tavern, which is some three miles distant, during the afternoon of the 3Mh m-t, in company with deceased, and was eeen with him a little before dark, only 10 or 34 rode from the place Where the murder wee committed. A dirk knife, with some blood on it, wae found on Burnett when arretted, on the 3Mb also a tobacco bos, pair of mitten* and pook ! at book, which Mournbergsr hed in bis possession on i His previous day.-JOmf drpa 4 mm# I Ym>v V M ieiinent lately m tbe medical world, m regard to a National Convention, which in to be held in thia city, in the month of May next. The ostenaible purpoae for which thia convention ia to be assem bled, ia to endeavor to devise m ana for the raising of the standard of medical education in thia coun try, which the gentlemen who originated tbe call for the meeting, complain of being at a very low ebb. The proposed convention is to be composed of delegates from all the medioal colleges in the United States; and it appears that several ot them have al ready responded to the call, and will be in attend ance at the appointed time. The result of this convention will be a matter of considerable interest to the profession at large; and whether the standard of medical education be raised or not, we trust they will look into many ot the abuses to which the profession is now subjected, and devise Borne means to curb the insolence of the nu merous quacks that now prey upon the community. Regarding the matter of education, that will be pro bably quits a matter of dispute; the requisites for the attainment of a diploma in most of our medical col leges now is, the student having studied medicine three years, and having, during that time, attended two full courses of lectures at some medical college; if, at the end of that time, he can pass a satisfactory examination before the facultv of the college that he has attended, he is invested with the degree of M. D., and duly licensed to practice. In some ot the States?this one among the number?the practice of medidine is open to every one?that is, the law will authorise any one to collect fees for advice given or surgical services performed. In other States the ma% who has invested his time and money in studying his profession, and has obtained his diploma, is the only one who can, by law, collect his fees. Thus, t is fair to presume that those who, in this State, go to the ex(>ense of a regular medical education, do so with the purest motives; as, did they feel inclined, the law of the land would justify them in practicing without submitting to this ordeal. A great deal might be said, nevertheless, about the acquirements necessary to obtain a diploma, and the necessity or not of increasing them; but we think the first step towards doing so will be to ob tain legislative protection to those who are bonafide students?otherwise an unnecessarily rigid standard might have the effect of driving many into the ranks of empiricism who would otherwise enter into the ranks in the regular manner. Theatricals, Pit* Tiicathe.?"Ls Braaseur ds Preston," the beau tiful comic opera by Adam, will be performed at tha Park this evening,for the last tima but ona. Tha Seguin trtupe have bean eminently ?uccaMiol during their engage ment, and tha musical Hilt have crowded tha house nightly. Wa hope that their conclnding nights will proTt that tha musieil taste of our citizens has not been overrated. At the conclusion of tbe opera, Mr. D. Marble, the admirable delineator of Yankee chereoter, will make his first appearance as Deuteronomy Dutiful, in tbe re nowned comic drama ot the" Vermont Wool Dealer." This is Mr. Maible's most successful personation, and one which bes stomped him as an artiitt and man of ga nius. From first to last it is a mirth provoking perform ance, full of quaintness and genuina humor. Bowsar Thratre.?Mr. and Mrs. C. R. Thome will make thair debut thia evening, at tha Bowery, in the grand Eastern melo dramatic spectacle of "El Hyder/ 1 and tha popular drama of "Don Ccssar do Bazan." " El Hyder"has bean along tima in preparation, and will be produced with new costumes, gorgeous Eastern sce nery, and ell the aids which serve to render a play po pular and effective. Tha magnificent stud of horses and talented Iretipt of equestrians engaged at this establish ment, *ill slso appear in this glorious spectacle, which must have a brilliant run. " Don Csssar da Bazan" all play goers recognise as one of the most meritorious and beautiful dramas ever p oducad on the stago, and whan the principal characters are personated by artists of the talent of Mr and Mrs. Thome, we cannot doubt but tha house will be crowded to its utmost capacity. Mr. Thome and his accomplished itdy will prove a great acquisition to tha curp$ drnmatique of the "Metropoli tan," whose worthy manager, ever attentive to his du ties, caters well for the taste i f his audiences. Bowkbv Amphitheatre.?'The meet aplendid bill of attractions which has yet been offered at this elegant establishment, will ba presented this evening. In addi tion to tbo spirited performances of the talented eques trian troupe, Mr. Sands will introduce, for tha firtt tima, his celebrated and magnificent thorough bred Arabian horse " Pas Tamps," purohased by him at Frencont's, In Peris. This beautiful animal will perform a . number of popular dances, including the exquisite Polka ; waltzes with the esse end gtace of en accom plished dameute The fairy steed, " Cinderella," will also be ioirodacad for the first time, in a pleasing and interesting vaiiaty of sxercites. Tha wonderful ponies, " Deaf Burko" and " Tom Spring," and the no leaa re markable twin ponies, " Damon " end " Pythias," will also appear. With such attractions, tbo amphitheatre must be thronged by the ilif end carious of the city. New Greenwich Tneatse.?We gave, a law daya since, a description of the interior arrangements of the saw Greenwich Theatre, which are beautiful sod per fect. The most expensive decorations have been made. Splendid cut glass chandelier* send out their sparkling light; the scenery is all new; a beautiful drop curtain has been painted; and every thing connected with theat rical decorations, which can please the eye, ere to be found here. Tbe new theatre is to be open Thursday evening next, with a strong and talented company? among whom are many of our old favorilas. Among these, are Miss Ciera Ellis, Miss Jnlia Drake, Mrs. Ish erwood, the Misses Vailee, and a powerful company of ladies and gentleman are engaged as a stock. Mrs. W. H Crisp, who made such a decided hit at Niblo's last fall, as Lady Gay Spanker, is also engaged for a limited number of nights, and will appear on Thursday evening. Tha orchestra is vary full and complete, being led .by Mr. Metz; and iha whole is un.ar the management of H P. Grattan, Esq., whose theatrical talent ia wall known. This theatre will now fill the vacuum which ha* existed in tha upper part of tbo city, and, wa doubt not, will be wall supported. Wa anticipate a crowded house on Thursday evening. Mr. Joseph Burke, the violinist, is to giro another concert in Washington on Wednesday evening, April 1st. He is to be assisted by Mr. Dempeter, the cole brated vocalist. Mrs. Skarrett had her farewell benefit at Mobile on the 18th inst; Tom Placide, Chippendale, and Mr. J. M. Field appeared in the comedy at " Tims Works Won ders." Weloh, Mann k Dels van's equestrian establishment, is vary popular in Philadelphia. Howes k Co.'* Circus, is meeting with great success in Baltimore. In addition to Madame Macarte, who is ac knowledged by all, says tha Jsirim, to exceed in ease, grace and intrepidity, any female rider of tha present k Co. ha day, Messrs. Howas It Co. havo engaged Mr. Randall, the great Scotch giant, and tha Baltimoresns crowd nightly to witness the performances. Hows k Mabie's Circus, is liberally patronised in 8L Louis. Tha Ravel Family, arrived at Havana from Lima. Mr. Templqton was at Vicksburg on tho 18th inst. Mrs. Kean'^benefit took place in New Orleans, on the night of Saturday, the 21st mat. The performances ware the classical tragedy of "Ion." and tha comedy of "Tbe Wonder." The Keens appeared in both pieces. The performances of Madame Augusta, and her corps at dancers, are greatly admired in Richmond. Movements of Traveller*. The following is tbe fall ?amount of the arrivals yes terday at tha principal hotels. At the? America*.? W. Annells, Hartford, Conn; Jes. 8. Wil liams, Savannah; Chas. H. Parmalaa, Augusta, Geo.; E. G Robinson, Boston; H. ,P. Taylor, do; J. Greeland, Weil Toint; Henry Lloyd, Lloyd's Neck, L.I H.Peltis, Wilmington, Ala. Astor.?I. Forbes, Troy; Mr. King, Albany; C. 0. Wtriimore, F. Psrkman, C Dexter, C. W. March, Bos ton; C. March, Washington; S. Bulloch, Buffalo; Nicho las Carter, Manchester, England; Masais. Grattan, Morse, and Oliver, Boston; Geo. Sandler, Copper Har bor; C. W. Cuthman, Philad,- J. Belknap, Boston; 8. Dorr, Prov; A. T.BIackman, Mexico; W. Luse, Foiled; Proscott Bigelew, Boston; J. E. Dowe, Washington; W. P. Ponder, Bait; J. A. Field, do; W. Haywood, N. C; Jes. H. Foreyth, Ohio. Citv.?J. P. Breckenridge, Lexington, Ky;B. Batman, Worcester; J. T. Nash, Capt. Eagle. Lynchburgh, Va, A R.Johnson, Utioa; J Wbitefleld, Richmond, Va; Gover nor Edwards, New Haven; L P. Brooke, Philad; Mesers. Richards. Ellis, Bradley, Gray, Ferguson, and Cherry, ! N C; A C. Russell Tennessee; M. Johnson, N. J; D. b. Smith, Naw Binnswick. FitAaai.in.-W. Perrons, N. J; J Sherman. Buffalo; J. ' Van Deusan, Philad; F S Low, Albany; J Al'<ergb, Buffalo; J. Riger, Ky; Chsa. Danforth. Kodrigo Favln, Paterson; W. Kane, Philad; W. H. Willard, N C; P. Tur ner, Waterviiia; H Nobl-, Bridgport; S Tomlins.n. do; J Bailey, Co hoot; Thoa. Robinson, Albany. Guise ? James Wadsworth, M- Joseph, Canada; Mr. Stevenson, N. Y. Howard.-Col. Pratt, Boston; J. Johnson, Albany; Apollo* Moore, do; J. II Buell, Herkimer co; Joseph Koapp. Montreal; Franklin Lee, Bnffalo; O.iver, Lee, do; T. House, Boiton; H. Penfteid, Buffalo; D. Shaw, Kingston, Canada; Mr. McAlpine, Troy; Thoi McKinney, N. J; O Am**, Eaaton, Mass; H. P. Walbridge, Lansing burgh; J. Cornish, Ooondagt Court Calendar? ttonday. CmcriT CocuT?4, 6, 8J, It, 17,19, ill, 23, 34, 3?, 7, IS, 10. t'OMMOft PLSaa-Klrat Tart-87,137,93, 141, 14S, 117, 109, 23, 81) 01, HI. 133 13ft Second Port?114,136. 38. ISO. 163, 164, 1*6, 14,134. The Albany Mlat, ol the 27ih io?t, ??y? a email party I of Koglwh emigrant*arrived from Mew York, thi* morn inc. on their route Wait. They ware the flret which bare aiiivcd here tbi? MNMb One ot the party UMll that a very large number oi lamiile* are preparing to emigrate i to tide oca u try taring the present year. j are ot the 7th tut. From private correspondence, we have a confirmation of the fact, already in the Herald, oi a revolution having broken oat in the part of the inland under the dominion of the negroes. It appeui that the great expedition which had been so long preparing againat the Dominicans by President Pierrot, was not generally popular: probably there was a jealousy that these great forces would be used u a means ot increasing the power 1 , ot Pierrot, and ot adding strength to a despotism already too great. Be this as it may, just when the expedition was preparing to be put in motion, and the troops from various quarters had received orders io concentrate at the poiut from whence it was to march, the troops under the command of General j St. Louis refused to obey. The msny disasters which have happened to the Haytien troops in this war, and the uniform succession ot detents which has lollowed every encounter with the Dominicans, very probably rendered the troops fearful and un willing to meet any more an enemy who beat them 1 every time ihey fought together. This is very likely, as it is characteristic of ihe black race, to be as pusillanimous and cowardly in failure, as they are boastlul and haughty in success. Our accounts go on to state that the troops, having refused to obey the orders to march, then broke out into open mutiny and revolution. A deputation from the army was despatched to Gen. Riche, at au to call upon him to take up*n him sell the Presidency, and to depose President Pierrot. Ttius, it will appear that the black governmenr is a pure military despotism, and that the chieftain who rules over this people, is the soldier, whoever he may be, whom the black praetorian troops choose to select for that office! Such a state of things does not deserve the name of civil or civilized govern ment. On receivmg these offers, General Richo, after some preliminary hesitation, and alter other deputa tions Irom the troops at other quarters had joined in the same demand, consented to place htmsvlf at the head ol the insurgents; and as the first step in the > deposition of the tyrant Pierrot, published a rutini- j lesto addressed to the army and people, in which he declared himsell President. Tne accounts, subse- i quent to this event, are contradictory, and we await ' daily the receipt ol intelligence which may be relied upon. One account represents President Pierrot advancing agamst the literally soi-dimnt President Kiche, with a considerable body of faithful troops ; other accounts say that Pierrot has abandoned the held, and peaceably resigned his high office to to Kiche. He will not leave many regrets behind, for he never was popular, and hia course and con- I duct has been self-conceited, tyrannical and imperi- I ous. Should he succeed in leading any troopa 1 against Riche, there is every reason to believe ' woul<^ aband0I> his cause at the first encounter. The new and self-created President Riche, is a black, about 70 years of age. During the reign of the black Emperor Christophe, Riche was made a baron by his black Imperial Mujesty, and command ed the guard at the time ot his death. Mkeida dk Yucatan, March 11,1846. The Emma, Capt. Wait, from Maracaibo, bound to New York, having dropped anchor at the port, (Sisal) I seize the opportunity of forwarding you items of transactions in this part of the world. The people are all pretty quiet here since the pro nunciamento against Mexico, in January last There are two parties at pressnt in the field?one to patch up j the difficulties with Mexico at all hezardt,being compos* ed principally of Mexican citizens, whose interests era bound with the well being of the republic. The other, j the revolutionary party, who took the strong stand ?gainst Mexico in '4$, and who would rather see the pe ninsula in league with the kingdom of the devil than

with that of the treacherous ladronta Mtticanee. The ; Sovernment (provisional) has taken no measure towards ! ie formation of a nsw stale of things, more than to call 1 a Congress of the departments, to meet the ensuing 1 month. The fact ie they know not hardly bow to act, and : do not wish to commit themselves until they beer wbat 1 action has been taken upon the state of their affaire by ' the new central government (that of Peredest. In case the treaty of '43 is secured to them, they can ask no more, and have not t hair to cavil for. Some curious report* have recently been circulated here, which iu themselves, and the observation! incident thereon, would make ? stoic iangh. I was told by the editor of the official organ here, a few day* since, that news had bean received by w?y of New Orleans that a resolution was up before tne House at Washington to receive Yuca tan into the Uniou. ''Would to God," was the ejacu lation of most who epoke of the matter. "What good would that do ue V said a barefaced collegian of eigh teen, lighting a pura. "What good I" says the ortcle of the party, a young warehouseman who had made a two month's trip to New Yoik, and was allowed to know something of the matter: "what good would it not do as, chata-, why you'd see our Irdien fishing villages turned into porta of entry; our rich savannas thronged with a hardy race of agriculturists; our level country filled with railroads and canals; you'd see more enterprise and prosperity in five years than your fatheis have seen since Montejo first put foot upon the sands of Cam pecbe." There wee some talk here, not lour ago, of putting themseivai under the protection of Spain, a movement got np by the Spanish residents (Gacbupias) bat the li beraitsts swop knocked thet on the head. Colonel Nigra, of tha Engineer Corps, set out some fourteen days since, 'o fortify La Die del Carman Lagu na j that being the most important, a* well a* tha most insecure, fortress in the Peninsula. With this exception wo bavo neither war nor preparations for war. There have been eoene rumors afloat .bare, that 8anta Anna would probably pay ue a vieit, a* a private citizen, of course,which Yucatan,by her constitutions, could not refute. The rumor was undoubtedly put out as a feel er, for there are many Yucatacoa, who would receive him with open arm*, and open purses, especially the Central party. There is no doubt but that ha has long tad hie eye upon Yncaten at a stepping etona which ie to place him once more at the head ol affairs in Mexico. Hie conversation with many Marida merchants, who have viaited him in Cuba, hie chootiog that as bis place or residence, to be in easy communication, and msny other circumstances, would go fer to confirm this. For my part, I should not be surprised to see him in full march for Mexico within a twelvemonth. Slews from Tfias. [From the N. O. Jeffsrsoniao, March 201 By tha New York wa have a few Texas papers. The Corjnu Ckriiti Gazette of the 2lst, state* thet the brig Porpoise arrived at the Pass Aransas last evening, from Vers Cruz, with despatches Irom Mr. Slidell for General i Taylor, which have been forwarded to him by express this morning. Nothing has transpired of tneir con tents. Letters had been received from Cuidad Victoria, tha capital of Tamanlipae np to the 2id alt. Parades' go vernment hai assumed a vary war-like tone. Tamauli paa waa arming a kind of militia, or police force of 1,000, by order of tha Governor?each town or place furnish ing one soldier to every hundred souls. Our corres ixiodeut says?"without a general call upon the people, Temeuiipas can muster 4,000 men, mot'ly cavalry, be side the veterans-and this firce is at the commend of any conapicueutand distinguished chieftain, known as favorable to the cauae of the people, and who shall de clare agaiost rareJea. So that, unless something straDge should happen, to compel tbem to unit* with the army, which ia univeasally hated for their oppreaaioo, we shell very soon have a movement here, highly favorable to the United State*, and the course of humanity general ly." Gen. Arista was at bis hacienda on the 21st. The contemplated march of the Army of Occupation from Corpus Christ! waa known at Victoria. Its march to tha Rio Grande waa londly condemned by ths present State authorities Nothing is said of the advenes of Ampudia and La Vags to the frontier. [From ths N. O. Picayune, March 20 ] Wo have date* from Corpus Christinpto ths 11th Inst. Our correspondent "F," writes us that at this time the I camp waa al-noat deserted, upwards of 1,000 of ths 1 troops having marched for the Rio Grande, and all wall prepared in every reepeot for any amargsnsy. A com I*0! of artillery and ? large number of convalescents, were left behind, but they would soon go on by water. . The camp women and children?a goodly numbar? would accc mpany them. Some 160 sick would remain in the hospital at Corpus Christ!. Santa Fx.?The Republican of yesterday gives , the substance of a letter received from Santa Fe, and dated on the 3let of lest December. Governor Ar- j mijo had assumed the duties of Governor, and rescinded ' the order requiring all foreigner* to remove into the in- i ; terior Every thing wss quiet. There wsi a rumor ; , that California would be sold to the United States for | $15,000,000. The following is an account of the trade to Santa re last year, exclusive of the invoices of two com- I paoies at Bent's Fort last December There left Inde- ! penitence and arrived at Santa Fe in 1845. 141 wegoi a. ; 21 earragos, 1 078 oxen, 718 males, 39 uorsee, and 203 I man sm ployed as drivers, kc. The cost of goods thus transported in tha States, according to tha invoices, waa ' $342 630. Cost or outfit, wagons, teams. kc., $87 790. Dutles. $106 767. Cost of freight from Independence to Santa Fe. at the utnal rata, 10 cents per pound, $87,830. But the greet drawback upon this trade is tha constant rhange in the revenue lews, and tha prohibition to retail goods, unless the person be a citizen or married in the country. They had, at tha time tha latter waa written, a new tariff which almeatamauntad to the prohibition of I tha importation of goods neadad in tha pleca Mr. Col burn had naerly sold out hie goods, and was to lesve lor ; St Louis the last ot February. E Laitensdorfer, Brother end Co, had the principal whole**!# house in New Mexico?SI L-mie R firier, Marrk 20 Nxws from Jamaica.?By the schooner Hope, ' Captain Mitchell, nine days from Kingston, Jam., ws have received Kingston papers of a lata data. The Kingeton Dnpatck announces the arrival there of ? the brig Tsmanto, from New Orleans, in 1* days. The Kiogston Jaumal declare* that tb* plan of bring, i ; ing coolies, or farmers, from India, to work on tbe plants- ' j tions, has totally tailed; that they have baan treated with dreadful cruelty by their employer* ; minyof them bed absconded, and were wandering over tha island-- i a nuisance to the people, and in a state bordering on nudity and starvation. On# of th? papers states that Intelligence from Ha- ! vena, dated Feb 27, was received, to tha vffast that an English steamer had arrived there with instruction* for Santa Anna to return forthwith to Mexico. The Falmouth Poet says the estate* in that part of the island are suffering severely from dry weather, and the cattle are in a miserable condition from tho same cause. Without refreshing shower*, the crop will not be more then half of wh*t was expected. The Deipet rA says it is in contemplation to establish a Joint stock company in tha island, for tbe cultivation of cotton on a very extensive scale. We guess these pro lectors will find there is too mnch rain and too much boat in Jamaloa for i ha tucooMfal culture ol rotten, - S , 0. Caviar, Monk 90, j Th* BmHin or Mew rou-Tuiu mot a!?d Ahcssxsrt.?The Enmirtui spot* of beauty which >urrouu<l onr commercial metropolis, moot, ii> | time?when tnoir eopcbiiitioa or* fully developed? j mak* it tha earjr and admiration of tho world, aa it ia now tho dalight and glory of ha inhabitant*. When we cast our oya* around onr apecieca, noblo and lovely bay, doatinod to contain a commarcial ma nna groatar than the "merchant princes" of tho oartn hart, aa yat, in thair lottioat rovcrioa of ambition dreamt I of?on tho frowning battariaa, "tramaudoua with ter ror," which guard iu entrance, and like the tabled dro- | gona atationod at the gates of tho Hoaperidaa, forbid adverss admiaaion to the delieioaa fruit - on onr tall and tapering spires, which soem to court devotion nora tho beavans thoy almost reach?on tha fair countiea sur rounding our city, which teem with tho choiceat pro ducts ofCeiea, flora and Pomona, w* thank our atara that wo ara Now Yorkers, and can claim thia goodly city if Gotham aa onr own. Whili in thia mood of fancy, our mind reverts to Hobokan?name renowned in Indian annala, haunt of love and joy?for tbua ita aboriginal proprietors termed it. And now, oh! too precis* and learned Gownamen in Indian lore, carp not at the translation? for if not correct ia word*, it ia perfectly orthodox in apirit Nevor waa lovelier a pot decked by th* hand of nature for tha enjoyment of man. Here are th* re nowned Elyaian Fialda- At a pot for th* foot of beauty, and tha voice of gallantry. Ita broad-award atretchea in glorioua luxuriance to the river'a edge, whoa* tiny wavea, whiapering, rail toward* the vaat ocean, the f the at beautia* of the surrounding landacape. Here are ahady walka, whoae lofty foliage dedaa the aun'a tierce raya, and grove* musical with the aong of birda. Ele gant and aubatantial hotel* havo alao been erected, affording excellent accommodation, which are thronged by our buny citizen* on dava of recreation. Here the enterprise and energy of the far famed Meaara. Steven*, have made improvement*, which, while they reuat produce a golden barveat for the proprietor*, at th* aame time command public gratitude and admira tion. New building* haveriaanin ovary direction, and an invaaion of brick* and mortar threaten to take captive the aurrounding delda, and hold them fn the ataid em brace of modern improvement. A few year* more, and the gloriaa of Hoboken, a* a retreat for tha lover of ayl van acenery, will be a fabuloua apot. and a city redolent of ameke, noiae, buatle and confuaion, will usurp the Iilace of flower*, grove* and meads. In th* mean time, at ua enjoy it p* we may?and among not the laa*t of our facilitiea for ao doing, may be counted thoae splendid floating palaoea, yclept ateamboata, two of whioh leave the foot of Barclay atreet every fiitaen minute*, trans porting our oitizana in moat luxurioua eaae to their piece of destination. Stateu Island ha* alao e largo claim upon our atten tion. Its very name reminds u* of our ataid and sober Dutch ancestors, and the time when their broad brimmed hat* and broadar nethsr integuments, ruled under tha renowned Stuyvesants and Dnnderblixen, with away supreme. The island i* of eaay access to tha city, and ia destined to become the luxurioua aubutban retreat of our wealthy merchants. Its situation ia moat delightful, and it presents positions of natural beauty which only require tho hand of art to render unaurpetaed. Often have we traversed this magnificent island, end pondered en its capabilitiaa, till our imagination grow dizzy with tha grand perspective. From the summit of ita hills, tha eye revela in tho moat glorious water view*. Let poetasters sing tneir song, and say their aay of the bay ef Naples, ita dimpling waters, and fairy landscape? give ua staten Island, and its resplendent beauties?ita hil ill* and dales, brooks and bubbling fountain*?wo pledge them, in tha battle of comparison, the aun at noonday, to e fai thing rushlight. In tha hot day* of summer, and particularly oa Sundays, a large portion of our cltzons throng tha island shores. Thar* 1* on* spot where stands a aplandid hotel, cresting the summit of a magnificent hill, from which a fin* view of th* bay, island, and aur rounding shores, ia presented. From this lefty eminence, one beholds th* waters dotted with innumerable craft, large and amall?from the proud ergoay, freighted with the costly apices of Inoe, to tho humble coaster, and still lata pretending fiihing-boat, eacii spreading its can vas* to woo the breeze, and aeeming like the wild bird, with neck of anowy down, skimming th* wave*. Tha royal Pharaoh would bav* given a priceless gam to have been tha possessor of anch a site, from which to view the starry heavens. On enotbsr portion of th* island, lises New Brighton, produced by a sudden in flation of property. Hare, man? a noble pile telia of the wreck of a princely mercantile fortune? the extravagant speculation of some Wall street broker, lavish with money* not hi* own - or aome place holder wh* thought the government funds might be here invest ed to advantage The improvements remain?th* speculator* bnve absquatulate!. New Brighton look*, however, aa if ah* uttered no sighs for their absence. She ia gay, beautiful and magnificent a* ever?fit sub urb n embellishment of the moat rising city on tha glob*. Now wander we to Conoy Island,whose smooth beach, jutting iu the saline stream, invite* the wandert-r to tb* bath. Aa a retort for sea bathing and clams, tilt apot ia unrivalled, and deservedly ao. Th* Pavillion hotel here, spreading it* hug*canvas* folds, affords excellent accommodations to the waary swimmer; and ha who ia weary with the " fleth" can turn with great advantage to tha " fi<h." No one ought to pais a summer without visiting Coney Island ? a perfect Stato?Sovere'guty? Principality?whichever you will, in itself. 1'he Gover nor?he may possibly be an Emperorr, for he i* the prince of gentlomen?is making great preparation* for the defenc* of hia island and its inhabitants ,ia case of an invasion by auy foreign power. Next we have Rockaway?all regular salt water folks know ita topography. Hotel* and boarding houses swarm hare f >r public accommodation?all good, nay, excellent, in thoir line. Flushing, too, is a pleasant place, though somewhat so ber and antiquated - it ia, however, a charming resort and a quiet one. ? Gleu Cove, alao affords a delightful retreat from the het and crowded city. The scenery here ia indeed grand and bsau'Jful, and worthy all the admiration be stowed upon it. Now hia wato Harlem, haunt of busy manufacturers, rendered famous by rail roads, bridges, aqueducts, lie. It assurors all tha importance of a miniature city, and laughs at its Dutch ancestors. It is renowned lor ita cougiegatioa of protty damsels and hotels. Among the lattor, Newian's will aver bo remembered for Ha good cheer and excellent accommodations. Tha environs of New Yotkare,in fact, all beautiful and attractive, and will yet command, aa before remarked, the admiration of tho world. Thc Orrino Txucok??h.?'The wires of the Offlng Telegraph are now completely laid. Thay -cross at Hurlgate in lead pipe*, three thousand feat or which is laid. It waa somewhat feared that tha lead would at tract th* flnid aa it passed along the wires, and thus lea sen th* power But wa ara happy to state that it has no anch effact, and that the telegraphic communication may now b* considered perfect and complete. Mr. Colt has had every difficulty to contend with in completing hia arrangements, and we hope he may now be as suc cessful aa ha could wish. Da. Wiztiiso's Lecture ?Dr. Wiating gives another lecture at Clinton Hall tbia evening. Hia lectures are illustrated with models, manikins, kc. and ara very interesting. See advertisement. Overboard.?Considerable delay wa* occasioned to the steamer New Haven, which left for Norwich on Saturday evening, in consequence of a valuable horse belonging to one of the passengers, by aome careless ness or other, getting overboard, and was with great difficulty rescued (too the water. Cobonkr'i Orricx, March 30.?Found Drowned ? Th# Coroner held an inquest at th* Dead House, Patk, on the body of an unknown man, taken out of th* dock foot of Coentiest slip. He appeared to be about 4* years ol age; supposed to havo been in the water some tore* or lour weeks. In one of bis pockets was found pert of a letter, on which was wiitten William H. Fraley, No. 47 Liberty street. Ysrdict, found drowned. Police Intelligence* March 39.- Petit Larceny ?David Demart* and Sam'l H. Thomas, were arrested yesterday, caught in tha act of stealing a hatchet, valaed at 60 cents, belonging to R Vanderwater, 66 Pearl atreat. Locked up by Justice Osborne. Stealing Booke ? Mrs. Ryar and Catharine Demarest, were arrested yesterday, charged with stealing a lot of books, tk* property of G. A. C. Van Buren, No. 331 Bleeckerstreet.? Committed by Justice Merritt. *4 Vigilant Cab Driver.-A large trunk was cut off from bohiodacab on Saturday evening in Amity street, containing woarmg apparel, valued at 9600, belonging to Mr*. Margaret Riggs, of Biltimore. Early on Sunday morning, tb* trunk was discovered on a cart in Amos street, between Hudson and Greenwich streets, broken open and rifled of all the articles of value. ? No arrest. Robbing a Bakery.?Thomas Bone was detected yes terday in stealing a lot ol bakers* pane, belonging to Jama* Pain*, No. 16S Houston street. Locked up for trial. Trial of thr ?lave Captains ? We learn from the Charltftim Mercury of the 26th instant, that the trial of Joshua M. Clapp, router of the ihip Panther, charged with being engaged in the alive trade, waa commenced on MondeyQSd instant, in the United States Circuit Court, beforo Judges Wayne and Oilohrist The case waa opened by Edward McCready. Esq , District Attorney, on the part of the United States, and Berj F. Hunt, Esq , on behalf of the defendant. The trial was concluded yesterday, and the jury retired about 4 o'clock to consider their verdict, but being unable to route to a decision they were last night discharged. The case of Capt. Pftater of the scbr Robert Wilson, waa yeaterday before the court, and the Jury brought in a verdict of guilty, at a late hour last evening, but he was recommended to the mercy of the court Thr Wheat Crop ?A gentleman of this city, who returned yesterday from an excursion through the northern counties 01 the Territory, tells us thst the general remark among the termers is, that their wheat never looked better, fn thte vicinity the crop does not promise so well, a good deal of wheat having bean win tar kilted.? Af.Iieau.ts Gaftt. We learn iroro a gentleman who has travailed considerably over the best wheat region in Western New York, since the deep snow h*a left the whea'flalda, that the crop generally look* vary promising It had an uousnal growth last tall before the setting In of winter, and fears were entertained that t .a large burthen on the giound might increase its l-ability to s inter kill As tbree-fonrths of the wheat grown in the State is raised in Western New York, the condition of the crop ia watched with much ioter st- Buffalo utdmrtiotr. Major Joseph Johnson of Woodville, Mias., haa pre sented te the Odd Fellows'Asylum Lodge No M of that piece, the building nndiot of ground on which Is situs tod the old Baptist church. The claim of the crew of tho British ship Vonilia for salvtga, on tho specie sad pearls brought by thorn to New Orleans, has hecn wi bdrawn ; the parties being about to make an amicable arrangement. According to recent advices, American provisions had beeome very high in Demarara?so high tnat a majority of the inhabitants could not obtain tbrm The 18th day of April next his been recommended as fast day by tbo Ouvernor of Maine. Mrs. Wffl. Roland went to the river Ohio, near Hane ver Landing, a few days ago. to obtain a bucket of water, and fell down the steep bank into the river, and waa drowned. The dwelling of Dr O W. Ooldaborough, in Talbot county, Md., took Are on Sunday last, from a defact la the chimney, and was entirely oonaucaed. The house was owned by Allen M. Ooldiborough,.Esq. of Eestou. jMtr ?*?e Kl?| Of lh? Belglauio. The United States of An? rica, on the ono cart ? his Majesty tko Kino of tko Belgians, on tko ether part wishing to regulate in m lormol Manor tkoir rociprocnJ rela tone of commerce and navigation, and forth or to strengthen, through tko dovolopmoat of tkoir intorooto roipoctivoljr, tko bonds of friendship and good under ?tending ?o happily established botwoon tko Govern m*?u, aD<1 poopioof tho two countries, and desiring, with this via w, to cooeludo, by coaaon agreement e troaty establishing conditions equally aJvantegoons 'to the commerce and navigation of both States, have, to that effect, appointed aa their Plenipoter tiartes? namely tho President of tko United States, Thomas U. Clomson Charge d'Affrirea of tko United States of Amorioa to his' Majosty tho King of tho Bolgians ; and his Majesty tko King of tho Belgians, M. Aiolphe Dechanpa, officer of tno Order of Leopold. Knight of tko Order of tho Hod tagle of tko first class, grand cross ol tho Ordor of Saint Michael of Bavaria, kis Minister for foreign Affairs, a member of tho Chamber of Roproeontenta?who, after having communicated to each other tholr full pewors, ascertained to bo in good and proper form, have agreed to and concluded the following articles : Art I. There shall ba full and entire freedom of com merce and navigation between the inhabitants of the two countries; and the aame security and protection which is enjoyed by the citizens or subjects of eaoh countrv shall be guaranteed on both aides. Tho said inhabitants, whether established or temporararily ra siding within any ports, cities, or places whatever, of the two countries, shall not, on account of their com merce or industry, pey any other or higherdutiea taxes or imposts, than those which shall be levied on citizens * or subjects oi the country in which they may bo; and the privileges, immunities, and other favors, with regard to commerce or industry, enjoyed by the citizens or sub jects oi one of the two States, shall be common to those ol the other. Art II. Belgian vessels, whether ooming from a Bel gian or a foreign port, shall not pay, either on entering or leaving the porta of the United States, whatever may be their destination, any other or higher duties of ton nage, pilotage, anchorage, bueys, light-houses, clear ance, orokerage.or generally other charges whatsoever, than are required from vessels of the United States in similar cases. This provision extends net only to duties ij# benefit of the State, but also to those le vied for the benefit of provinces, cities, countries, dis tricts, townships, corporations, or any other divisions or Jurisdictions, whatever be its designation. Art. III. Reciprocally, vessels of the United States, whetoer coming from a port of said States or from h fo reign port, shall not pay, either on entering or leaving the ports of Belgium, whatever may be their destina tion, any other or higher duties of tonnage, pilotage an chorage, buoys, light-houses, clearanoe, brokerage,' or generally other cbsrges whatever, than are required from Belgian vessels in similar cases. This provision extends not only to duties leviad for the benefit of the 8tate,but also to those levied for the benefit of provinces cities, countries, distri .ts, townships, corporations, or any other division or jurisdiction, whatever be its desig nation. ? Ait. IV. Tha restitution by Belgium of the doty levied by the Government of tho Netherlands on the ni vine tion of the Scheldt, in virtue of the third paragraph of the math ariicle of the treaty of April nineteenth, eight een hundred and thirty nine,1s guaranteed to the veaeels of the United States. Ait. V.. Steam vessels of the United States and of Bel gium. engaged In regular navigation between the Unit ed States and Belgium, shall ba exempt in both ooun lues from the payment of duties of tonnages anohoiasre buoys, and light houses. ^ anonorage, Art. VI. As regards the coasting trade between the ports of either country, the vessels of the two nations shall be treated, on both sidee, on the eame footing with the vessels of the most favored nation. Art. VII. Articles of every description, whether pro ceeding Irom the soil industry, or warehouses of Bel gium, directly imported therefrom into the ports of the United S ates in Belgian vessels, shall pay no other or higher duties of import than if they were imported un der the fl?g of said States. And, reciprocally .articles of every description direct ly imported into Belgium from the United States, under the flag of the said States, shall pay no other or higher duties than if they were imported under the Belgian It is well understood : 1. That the goods shall have been really put on Uv?iy to mm r?m ?* th?r are declared rsspeo 3. That a putting in at an intermediate port, produced by uncontrollable circumstances duly proved, does not nMW of ?T*rJr description Imported into the United States from other countries than Belgium, under the Belgian flag, shall pay no other or higher da ties whatsoever the., if thev had been imported under the flag of the most favored foreign nation, other than made** country from which the importation is And reciprocally, articles of every description im ported under the flag of the United states into Belgium from other countries than the U.dted Scales, shell pay no other or high r duties whatsoever than if they had been imported under the flag of the foreign natioa moat fa vored, other than that of the country from which the im poitationis made. f Art. IX Articles of every description exported by Belgian vessels or by those of the U oiled States of Ama riea, from the ports of either country to any country whatsoever, shall ba subjected to no other dutiea or far malitiea than such aa are required tor exportation under i /V ?? C0UntrT where the shipment is made. Art. X. All premiums, drawbacks, or otter favors of like nature which may be allowed in the States of either parties upon goods impertoJ or ex ported in national vessels, snail be likewise and in the same manner allowed upon goods imported directly from one ofthe two countries by i ? vessels into the ottwfj#r exported from one of the two countries bv the vessels of the other to any destination whatsoever. Art. XI The preceding article is, however, not to an ply to the importation of salt and of the produce of the 1Tories; aach of the two parties reaervlog to itself the faculty of granting special privileges tor the importation of those articles under its own flag. , ?Art. XII The high contracting parties agree to con rider and te treat as Belgian vessels and as vessels of the United States all those which, being provided by the competent authority with a passport, sea letter, or any other sufficient document, shall be reoognis.d conforma bly with existing laws as national vessels in the coun try to which ihey respectively bslong. Art. XIII Belgian vase Is and those of the U. States may, conformably with the laws at the two countries retain on board, in the ports ol both, such parte of their oargoee es may be destined for a foreign oenntry- nod ^.PmK ,h5U n0t ba 'uhJ"t.d. eRS.TwhUaCy remain on board, or upon re-exportation, to any chargM amngguJg tho,e for ,h? PrsssnUon of Att XIV. Daring the period allowed by the laws af I^Hr0^0al^ri#* respectively lor the warehousing of 5I?n k ? " i?* 0,h,r thao those of watch end starve shall be levied upon articles brought from either oouih try into the other white awaiting transitrsiiMmtto or entry for ooneomption. ' P?rt"Uun Such goods shell in no cue bo subject to higher ware house charges or the otblr formalities than if they had been imrmited under the flag of the country. 7 Art. XV. In all that relates to duties of oustoms and navigation, the two high contracting parties promise re ciprocally not to grant any favor. priiTlege, nrtam* ty to any other Slate which shall net instantly become common to the ciUxens end subjects of both parties re spectively; gratuitously, if the concession or favor to such other State is gratuitous, and on allowing the same dffiri* ?r e<?oiT,J?nt'lf concessionieoon Neither ofthe contracting per tie. (ball ley upon roods proceed ing from the soil er the industry ef the other !? ? imported into its porta, any other i ,j*r ?f Importation or re-exportation than are laid upon the imports-io i an reexportation of similar goods coming from any other foreign country. Art. XVI. in cases of shipwreck, damages at see. or forced putting in, each party shall afford to the vessels I ?Ln V??r' whather. "doofiing to the State or to indi viduels, the seme assistance and protection and the ?me immunities which would have Dean granted te lie own vessels in similar caw?. * 10*w? Art. XVII. It is moreover agreed between tha two # S!"?,psriias, that the Consuls end Vice Consuie of the United States in the ports of Belgium and nnin rocally, the Couiuls and Vice Consuls ol Belgium' In the porta of the United Slates, shall centinue to enjoy all the privileges, protection, and ? eistence usually granted to teem, and which may be necessary foruJe'praSrdij! charge of their functions. The said Consuls end V ice Coesuta may cause to be arrested end sent back either to their vessels or to their country, such seamen as mev I H*1k*,*rI.*nfronl ?M,a of their nation To this ??. ' 1 "PNT in writing to the eompetent local authorities, end they shall prove, by exhibiJon of the *????'? h,t or ?><>??'document, or. if she have da ported, by copy of said documents, dnly certified by ! thT HiklS^ ?rt""1 th,'cUi* ^rmed pert ef I the said craw. Upon ouch demand, thus supported the delivery of the deserter* shall not be rafueed Thev | shell, moreover, receive ell aid end assistance in'search ing tor, seizing, and arresting such deserters ? who shall ^vV.hCon.<!1|i,il!'0n*ned *1 ,h?, or vice consul, be confined end k^ot in t k? nri#nf u?,il h? ,h?11 h? *,foaud in oppTrtuTylfor ?ending them home If, however, such an oppirtunitv should net occur within three months after tnearresf taVrSTtodto'ra b* *l ,ib*rtr. ?*? ?temll not again ..JI5 ,i.i? h? "?m" 0,a,#- 11 '*? bowever, under > ~ M"men of th* country in which the de?rtien hsll occur ere excepted from the? provisions, unless l t(l^ n*'ur>li*?d citizens or subjects of the other ot ?" kinds, the transit ef which te ?'lowedto Belgium, coming irom or going to the United eltdutj - - - - States, shell he exempt Irom ell transit duty in Belgium, when the transportation through the Belgian terri tory is eff-cted on the railroads ofthe State. Art XIX The present treaty shell be in force during ten years from the date ol the exchange of the ratifica tions and until the expiration of twelve months after either of the high eoouacting parties shell have an nounced to the other its intention to terminals the ope ration thereof; eech party reserving to i'selfthe right of making such declaration to tke other at the end et the ten years above mentioned ; end it te agreed that, star the expiration of the twelve months of prolongation ac corded on both sides, this tieaty and all iu stipulations shall eease to he in force Art. XX This treaty shall be ratified, and tke ratifica tions shell be exchanged at Washington within the term of six months after its date, or sooner if possible ; and the treaty shall he put in execution within tha term of twolve months. in faith whereof, tho respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the present treaty in duplicate, and have affiled thereto their eeeia. Brussels, the tenth of November, one thousand eight hundred and forty fire. THO VI. O CLEHSON [?..?] A DECHAMPS, [u e J Tne Michigan Railroad a?l? bill haa finally panned the Senate by a vote of 16 to 2, with one im portant amendment, which give* the Legislature power to altar or rapoal tha charter after thirty year*, bat pro vide* that the company anall be recomponaad lor any damage* ?n?tained bv auch alteration or repeal In the original bill it waa fifty year*. I hi* amaodment 1* said to h ? acceptable to tha bondholder*, and will In ell pro bability be concurred in by the Houie. The Frtt Prut ?ay* that " the bill ouy now be coniidered a law, and the vexed que?tion fettled. ''-Albmty Argnt.