Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 9, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 9, 1846 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD ?>?,?...???? new YORK, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 9, 1846. ? POVK DATS LATBR FROM EUROPE. Arrival of the N orthnmberland. VUT IMPORT AWT IHTKIXIOBSOB. ANOTHER TBRRIBLB BATTLE IN INDIA. SPECIAL ME88A0E or THK Queen of England, Relative to America. Improvement in the Grain Markets, die. die. die. The p&oket ship Northumberland, Captain Oris wold, arrived yesterday afternoon from London and Portsmouth. She sailed from the latter port on the 9th nit. The news received by her u of a highljrjjinteresting character. It is, indeed, important in many points of view. The most important piece of intelligence to this country, is tbs following announcement in the Lon don lima of the 7th vlt. i? Tbs market for English seonrtties was depressed this (yeiUrdey) afternoon. In the morning an appearance of weakness became evident, bat it we. mere eevere to ward. the close of bruins.*, s rumor tken I ting current that s weeeeage Item the Ciwts would i. received bp (As Hcutc ?/ Cmmmi ie-nifkt en the rulject ej America. Consols fsU on the whole nhoat one half per cant, the lest quotation being for money M) to f, end for the ao couni. 9?i to i- Alter the regular hours of bntiussa, bargain* wars even concluded at lower prices than those already quoted. Beak Mock left *f 508J to 300) ; Turee per Cents, rednoed, 07{ to OS; Three end a Quar ter per Centa 97) to j ; Long Annuities 10 11-10 ; Indian Bonos 40* to 43* pro; South Son New Annuitiea 04), end Exchequer BiUs UstoUs pm. The next in importance ia the news from India of the probability of another terrible battle with the Sikhs. This intelligence may have an effect on the relations between America and Great Britain. The affairs in India are in the most disastrous condition lor England. The Sikhs appear to be too powerful for the British, and it is confidently expect ed that the great battle which is supposed to have been fought on the 21st of January, between 70,000 Sikhs and 80,000 British and native troope, resulted in the defeat of the latter. The military depots throughout England were very active. It is said that large reinforcements are immediately to be sent to India. The United Service Gazette, of the 7th oh., states that the navy works in the dock yards had ceased, in consequence, probably, of the drafts upon the army for India. The London Times, of the 6th nit., saye that the unfavorable intelligence from New York, received in Paris on Sunday last, not having reached Lon don on Monday, the Paris Bourse, influenced by the rise of prices that took place in London on that day (Monday,) evinced a marked tendency to im prove, but the fear that when the intelligence in question should havs reached London, it would cause a fall, checked the upward movement. There has been an improvement in the prices of grain. We have received no report of the cotton market. We learn, however, that there has been no change. The London Times of the 7th ult., contains a long article about the United States. It takes the view that the refusal on onr part to leave the Oregon mat ter to arbitration, and the pamags of the notice reso lutiona aye omens of war. The accounts from Madrid are to die 86th of Feb ruary. No news of consequence. The three per cents closed at S0| for cash, and 81) at 60 days. Then appears to be no later intelligence of the iDsnrreetiMiary movements ia Poland. On the sub ject of the insurrection the private letters o( the London Times any, "without going so far as to an ticipate that it will be suocescfui, yoa may depend upon its being fierce and sanguinary." British Parliament. Hones or Commons, Friday, March 6.?On the House resolving itself into a committee on the re solutions on the Corn and Customs Importation Bill, Sir Robert Peel proposed to except buckwheat, maize, and rice from the general measure, with a view of making these articles at once doty free, be fore the other parts of the bill became law. Mr. Milks objected, but the- House at length agreed ts Sir R. Peel's resolution, which was read, pro forma, with an understanding that the debate thereon should be taken on Monday. The Commit tee went through the remaining resolutions, which were ordered to be reported on Monday, and the House adjourned. J FrasT Defeat or the Ministxt.?On the 5th, the government was lef t in a minority in the Commons. Ministers resisted a motion for inquiry into the circumstances under which the Poor Law Com missioners hod called on Mr. Parker to resign his office ss an Assistant Commissioner, after the inquiry that he conducted into certain abases in the kndover Union workhonse. On this point the Cabinet were onHroted by n majority of 23. HTotal Loss or the Great LrvxxpooL, Oriental Steamship.?We regret to state that the Great Liverpool steamship, belonging to the Peninsular ?ad Oriental Steam Company, was totally lost off ftape Finisterre, on the morning o' the 2lih ultimo, by getting on the rocks during a fog. Only three ?mesrugers are lost, viz . a Mrs. Harris, Miss Archer, And a native servant. The mails are saved, although |n a damaged state. The crew, and 21 of the P^^^Hiaare atCoruqna. The vessel is high on and wiH, it is feared, become a total ^^^^|The Spaniards robbed the passengers and t aa they came ashore, and the vessel also, they could, before she broke up. The I Adieu saved complain of robbery also on the part Bf the crew. This accident could only have arisen Bom over confidence and a want of look out; She ought to have been at feast 60 miles to the west ward of the spot. PwlsuiM. The acoouau from Warsaw continue to be of a leplorable character. The failure ol the last harvest i now found to have beea greater than was at first -lieved, aad lodder is as scarce as human food. :ne distress ia the Angastowo government, is be omc so great, that the administration of Warsaw as seen lit to (?rshibit the exportation of rye, har ry, flour, bock wheat, oats, potatoes, hay, aad straw, 9 Prussia, Cracow, aad thj Austrian Stales: but, a the contrary, to admit provisions free of all dnty rotti those countries. Ia addition to other States i dears ess aad scarcity, the warlike state of War iwis described an increasing the evil. Almost aiiv divisions of troops, arriving from the interior f Russia, make new demands on the small stares tid ap in the magazines. Whether these military lovenests are eflled forth solely by the stale of [f<urs is Pasta may be doubted ? reports are at all mats very entreat of insurrectionary movements, ith which Russia is nearer concerned, sad lojawien and Lithuania are named as two of the intrants in which the populace has actually risen pinst the government authorities. Taotntma or Potass.?Tha JUgtmtin Zntaag intaiaa soots important news relative to the trou es in Poinad. It appear* from the above gazette | the *th February, that General Von Collia, who id occupied Cracow with his troope,foun<l himself, ith the amount of forces under bis command, too eak to maiatma himself gainst the M rebels, on hich account he had rstrsnted from the city, le.v g it in the power of the ianargeatn. According to I aossuaw, the iarorreotisa had extended from rncow, aad npread widely through all the adjoining evinces, ft Ms Been reported that the Aasuiaa sops bad been obliged to retreat beforo them.? hat will bs the end nf this ena hardly be doubted. Lccordmg to letters received from appears at ihe health of Moaaini is so enfeebled that but tie bepe is left of his reeovery. Siberia is said to yield such an immense quantity gold dust, that it ia expected this gteat increase tbe precious metal will sooner or later produce great a change and revolution ia Kurope, as the. icovery ol the gold mines of Pern, in their day, rcwd. Within the last foaneea years, the yield gold from ttib? ria has increased m the ratio ol >? aOJ I..even thousand individuals are daily ployed in gold washing, and three times as many , a, sod perhaps will, be set to work. Ia fact, the at of workmen to gather up the gold bam the h stream, is the oBly hindrance to a perfect mua uon of this precioas metal apoa the Karoptaa that. Bngland and the United States. [From the London Timet, Mereh 6 ] The public will not forget that from the 4th of De cember, upon which day we announced the deter mination of Sir Robert Peel and hie colleagues to repeal the corn laws, until the meeting of Parliar meot, when the truth could no longer be concealed, we were twice a day assailed with whole columns ot the grossest abuse by the Mrs. Gamp and Mrs. Harris of the press,?that, not only was our an nouncement stigmatised as an "infamous fabrica tion," but that the conductors of this journal were accused of having wilfully set abroad a falsehood for the purpose of profiting by alleged operations in the atock, share and corn markets. We have hith - erto left these decrepit scolds unnoticed, the events of the last month have been a sufficient refutation of their calumnies ; but a confession is so rare among those convicted ot falsehood, that we cannot refrain from giving the first of the crones who has shown symptoms of repentance, the benefit ot die following extract from an article which she published last evening i? "On tbs evening preoediog tbst announcement of Tk4 Timtt, which we contradicted by authority, (being " to "tell s lie in instructed unooneciotuiy on our part) i the words ot truth," en insult end en injury which we mast aval raaambar, on the evening of the Sd of Decem ber letters were, wo know, dotpetched to public men of inguence in tha United States, by olhceri of the govern ment, making announcements similar to thst mede by The Timta of the 4th. Wo hsvs, indeed, now little doubt thst ths article of Tk* Timts proceeded directly from the Treasury, and that tha false part of it. the alleged deci sion of the cabinet, was thrown in with s view to Amori can use." [From the United Serviee Ossette, March 7 ] The Switxerland, from New York, has arrived in England, bringing intelligence from the United States down to the 12th of February, the most im portant of which is that the House of Representa tives had passed the following resolutions relative to the occupation of the Oregon? 4 4 This is another step in United States arrogance, which passed Congress by a majority of 163 to votes. And to what purpose doea it tend! Merely to this the obtaining ot a twelve month's time from the notice being received by the English govern ment, and a long rope and a good fall at the end of it. The war party in America have united with the Thiers school m France: they are eager to whet their knives and shed the blood of Englishmen, but we feel confident they will find themselves deeply involved in error ss they proceed. The entire pos session of a territory is claimed by two parties, and a treaty is entered into for a joint occupancy, till one gives the other n notice to quit, which notice, if tacitly complied with, must be deemed tantamount to a cowardly shrinking from a claim of right. The United States intend giving this notice to England, but our countrymen are not exactly the sort of peo ple to quit their undoubted property, because the Americans have warned them, without having a brash for it; and acts of aggression, if tolerated, must lead to juat retaliation. England has as yet been perfectly peaceable and quiet upon the question, and this tranquillity haa been looked upon by the Americans as evidencing pus&liammity. They have regarded our prsparauona for defence with an ex tremely jealous eye; but aeif-conceit has stultified their intellects. They fancy themselves in a supe rior elevation to the bull, though, in fact, nothing more than the fly upon the bull's horn. It does not admit of a doubt that the right thinking portion of the United States' population are decidedly averse to hostilities?they contemplate the injury that is likely to eaaue to commerce?the destruction of their ports and marts?and the press generally ex claim against the precipitancy of the President. Thia ia a pretty posture of affairs to contemplate, bat it will most assnredly come to pass if the war party will drive on to extremes. The American navy is perfectly as nothing compared with oar own, their army a mere ekeleton, and though ex pectations have been excited that the Americans wonld attack Canada as a commencement, yet should blows be struck, we think it more than pre babte, that troops from Upper Canada will be con veyed across thelakes and assault the enemy in his own country. It is impossible not to admire the conduct oi the English Government in this affair: they have heard the threatening* and bouncings oi Jonathan and his brethren, but in no instance nave they retorted. The Americans have refused all mediation or interference from neutral powers, their reason is madly blinded in favor ot domi nion and slaughter, whih England has quietly de sired the continuance of peace, though equally as quietly making preparations for offence and oe lenee. Alter nil, we still maintain there will be no fighting?the bonds of commerce cannot be ao easi ly broken?the invidious schemes upon the Hud son's Bay Company and the fur trade must be checked, it not by force of arms, yet by the want of money. America cannot afford to tight? they have no American Rothschild to tall back upon ?tneir wealth rests principally on their industry, and if they cramp the energies of their own hands it will be a determined suicidal act. We do not say thia by way of tannt, but in pity that men, who are constantly preaching liberality and friendship, should be induced to practise ambition and wrong. England is aoubly armed in her honesty and in her strength, and if forced into war her quarrel is a just one. America is indulging in the pride and avarice that makes mun a wolf to man. Come what may, however, our countrymen may rely upon it that old England will be lonnd ready for action. The Critical lists of Kn|lUh Dominion In India. [From ths Portsmouth (Eng ) Telegraph. March 7 J we do not expect any very solid results from the victories of Moodkee and Feroxeshah, which were severe checks, but which did not terminate in ?ny disastrous or complete route of the loe. We must own, however, that we expected their effects upon the spirit and constancy of the Sikhs to have been more sensible, and to have at least Bpared us any alarm and anxiety for our own troops and forts within onr territory. But even in this humble ex pectation we find ourselves disappointed. By the tidings which the Iadian mail has just brought, we learn that the Sikhs are ae strong an ever, with an army of npwarda of 60,000 men, not merely on the left hank of the Sutlej, but possessing and keeping up n bridge, before the entrance to which on our side of the river they have(thrown up a fortification, or, as the French caff it, a Me dt pent. This, as well as their hardihood, corroborates the general rumor, that there are Buropean officers, as well as artillerymen among them. In addition to tha array opposite to Ferozepore, end menacing it ae well as Sir Henry Hardinge's scanty force, another Sikh army or division, esti mated at upwards of 80,000, and a formidable force of artillery, had boldly crossed the river within sight of Loodianth, ana encamped. The latest ru mor at Bombay bad since reported that Sir H. Smith bad moved np the Sutlej on the 19th and 80th; and on the 21st had attacked the encampment in an action which began at eight in the morning, and had not terminated at half- past three o'clock in the afteraoea. Thia daring return on the part of the Sikhs. this determination to fight as on our own grounds, or en the verge ol theirs, instead of carrying on a de fensive war in their own country, provided as it is i with strong forts, and intersected as it is by formi dable rivers?whilst an invasion would be so much impeded by all that ia necessary for an advance in to an enemy's country?this forwardness of theirs must tell greatly in our favor ; and, though it make the commence meat ?.< the war peculiarly severe end sanguinary, must facilitate the final operations ot conquest. We ore, however, lamentably unprovided. We labor under u paucity of troops, officers end guns, which must havegreatly added to the hardihood of the enemy. Tne fact ia, that, considering the Sikhs to be onr least formidable foe in India, it was not jodgsd necessary or economies] to prepare or fe*?.18 fitting means to resist them, well aware of their numerous tad heavy artillery, the Indian government took no pains to cose with them, but wft them to be etormed end carried by the British bayonet. And as with artillery, eo with cavalry and infantry; our commanders have to un dertake the subjugation of the Sikhs with a force every way inadequate. However, we have mustered, or can muster, 80 - 000 men upon the Setlej. There are fords and bridg es in abundance to enable us to pass, without at taking the Sikh Utt depart. On the left hank their army must fight, whilst from the Sutlej to Lahore, and to the imports it portals of Umntmr, is not more than fifty or sixty miles. So that to achieve the important conquest of the capital and chief stronghold of the Sikhs, it will not be necessary to march to any great distance from our own frontier or from the line of operations. The Indian papers report that Sir Henry Hardinge intends deferring, till the end of the cold season, his advance into the Sikh country. It is not likely that any one should be in the confidence of the Governor- General's in tention* in this respect. But he probably will not advance, till aware that Sir Charlre Napier has ad vanced also; Dor c&u he delay to cros? the Sutlej as soon an bir Charles Napier has marched Irom the frontier of Scinde. On their part the Sikhs seem well aware that nothing short of their ruin and dispossession will satisfy the victors. The silence of the Governor General with respect to them is ominous And even, those elude, snob ae Goo lab Singh, who might have held aloof and made hia peace, seem j1* 0,,I,UuT defence ot the common ^ not ~? ?ir h?"7 follows common pracuoe of Indian war, employ, in* the political Miles of the country whioh invades. ttr!5uhfDa who hud taken refuge within the British frontier, instead ot being trusted or employ. te'a&irita.'S fiss&sr Ihe ?""1 ut 'be Sikhs, ''ke 'be Mahrattaa, afe not to ba veSsTIf m a rr7' (?oviP*bar will require as ae- I E? "a lJran?ir? ??d both, aa the capital, are Well provided with artillery. Hid the Sikhs a leader Worthy of their courage and fanaticism their frobjujmnon might prove a doubtful affair. But' ihere Jk^.TIk " r ino W*r "P1"' among them. Goolab, too^h a wily chief, possesses neither courage noP military talent. And he is clever coniiwred with nri?114 0 l v,,,er'al family who survives ITie news by the present mail will probably ren ?nleo,Pora?" leas able to discpsa what had beat be done with the Punjaub. Anxietv arid .yrn? Twelve or eighteen months may elanse ere that K* ,c,?r.r"-'*; !,"d u'? *rj?L*2? time for diaouaeion and consideration. amjae ? i .. ,. India. M?fb?pin?h^7/a?-j?out ^>000 men, is thus di " I rrno^ ^f i?*^' of 'he 23d of January: puk?9fi?'"L1000 ?en 5 8 com* panics ot foot artillery, about 600; 7 companies of cavSr? m sST'imw v5 8rrSlmentluropean "vary' ? re*imea,?of native light alrv at'Tm^/hvi^8 feguneau of irregular cav ?v it 780 ?7m-5^ r*G,rnenta of European infant st8& 2n*Si 20 ^*'ments ol native inlantry, l ?2i i ' 2 m?unenta of local infantry, at 800, Ji'SS wh7eh'5? r n? of about men. Be ?rk^lT. following corps are on their way ??'^rr,M Hastens: i Whff ll*ht fleld battery, froi Shindy *the a'rmi'nf^k* b?vV<!",ed the torce, will make with 12?y?i i8ttti? conaw of 42 480 men, ^e ?l.!?oiP ea of 1ordnancc of all sizes. There from Whi"^.o,va,i0Ua?^. under despatch ^b'9 arm7 ? formed into five divisions of infan ?mff -rk" ng?de" of cavalry, with a large brigade raJSir T^rk04!0^1" commanded by M?jor Gene ^ ? .and the infantry divisions by &?R <w*rvaLa 0S>r H O, &. R GdberJ H fJ"der, and 8ir J. Grey, won h^? th ^adofDecemberj when the victory was * JmL? ??i?h alJerote?bah, up to the middle for th.^^ ^ parlleB appeared to be preparing theSutle^ T^8 atrtIfiWleon the right bank ot rozMore ^??etnor General remained at Fe in df?? l?D*a*ed in raising the bndge of boats, river h??kinS PTParauons tor the crossing ot the K?,ynwhe Bntish army. The boats, wluch had 1"; were found to be somewhat:injured, and oMh. riL qU for their repair. The crossing Febi^.^ il,ra?ke!ipeCted about the 4,h or 6,h ol on ihe inl'h ?r r heavy guns which had left Delhi 2d the 2?j? 7 WeW eXpected to hav? reach djVI8'?ll wa? stationed at Attaree, wS if ,I. n lh fr0Am Eerozepore; the head quar ten of the Cowimander-m-Chief were at Arutk#?* in adTOnc? o"? mJ ihd Sif Harryr ^th's 'owe waa nn Xk k ? the acf farfrom Hurreeke Put li Ik 19 oae of ,he fn*at fords of the Sutlej. makinir Vr"?. tha Lahore Government was malting every'effort to reorganize itsarmy- Several the nvPi"rhal bfe? mfe 10 ^rent pE S onLf-ht;? f i!rn8r force was collected at Phulloor, 2ffh! Th'? force was independent ot the grand Sikh army stationed on the way from with the Lahore and its neighborhood, witn the object of protecting the capital Some skirmishing took place near the Sikh bridne of boats ca tbe 13th, 14.h and 15th of Janut? with out any remarkable effect. On the 15th the^'Sikhs oyer d?e river, at PhuUoor. pundered thJ ?? #k^??<f? and pitched a camp on the left bank ffht' amongst the British troops. Some are said to have thrown down 'heir arms, and to have fled, leaving the Europeans brunt?ffhcbattle. IJe'r M.J^SSd k "?aKed. and are said to have suffer fhe fllkl 7 kbau 'Jcy demanded to be led anew to l ?!L.h- Smith did not deem it pru ! i^ rfend lherfore Ti,hdrew ,h? troops. The tefy Jh^u^rk00^1!?9*^? ret,rement into a de teat, while the Delhi Gazette states, that heavv the wklli" m 'he direction of Lodiansh during the whole of the afternoon of that day. Nokia? positive appears to have been known as to the re aulu ot that day when tbe mail, were" ?vini L?: Preparations of the Governor-General nt Fo- ? rraepore appear to be of an efficient kind, and :t i over'he'suLei^inrf^r# Bn'jah army wonid move . and before the hot weather set in, in ApnJ, take possession of Lahore, the Sikh cam' -it u ** not miles from the Sutlej. There ia Xi?il?me c*nfldirable disunion among the Sikh ^.""^cf whom have made propSaitions to the British^authorities, declaring their willingness M!?ekBCf"? *fandard an soon aa iT apS^d fh?f #kJ^? Lk of tbat river- I' waa supposed m2r wo.dH ii,ro0f? ^ou,d tfy another battle before ?EW0U!d "How their capital to be taken, fhe gallant conqueror of 8cinde, Sir Charles Na bmse; a-? sj-i ?| M ^h dominiona. The very name I ?i^?-k k . Nal,er tnfusea dread among the na Ih? 9i?L bank" ?f ,h? Indue and of i cl ^ l u"1 e Ibinjab} he ia called by tbem I ' Dev'1'" brother." His troops expected to be in movement towards tbe enemy's frontier's on the l?:h of February. 7 be latest intelligence from the Bombay troops m describe, them as in tffe highew 2 7 look forward to victory for them leader* C*en to a coronet for their ezpeneaoed It it undeniable that the Sikhs are a brave enemy, whom the discipline they have learned from Euro pean officers render* far more formidable than the other inhabitants of India. The necessity of the moat strenuous efforts to subdue the troops and the fanatics of Lahore is evident. Their emissaries have attempted to tamper with the Bengal sepoys, but, as yet, they have gained nothing. The British - troops have abundant supplies of all kinds, and it now remains to be known it anything of a decided nature will occur before the hot eeason. The late attempts to prodnce sedition among the troops and inhabitants of Dinapore, Patna, dec., have failed, and the ringleaders have been seised and punished. The nimoet tranquillity prevails in the interior of India. The Mtmbay Timet adds the following particulars to those details which we have already reoeived in a more authentic form from the officii! despatches i? " For nearly a week alter these terrible encounters the Sikhs continued on our side the river; nor do we appear to have eoaeidered ourselves ia a condi tion to follow up oar victory or drive them across About the 27rh they seem to have retired in safely within their own dominions, and to have encamped oa the other aide, leisurely and unmolested, within sight of our pickets. The different divisions of our army, now rapidly inoieasiag in lumbers and in strength, were encamped near to, sad in dose communication with, each other. General Littler and his division were posted at Attaree, seven miles tram Ferozepore; the.head quarters of the com mander-in-chief some six miles higher up the river; and the Urnballah force four miles beyond this, or 17 from Ferozepore. The Governor-General has, since the action, continued at the place just named, and which may be considered the point of advance, mntanag hisptaaa and hastening on preparations. The enemy meanwhile were prrmitted to complete a pontoon bridge without interruption, in hopes that they might be mduoed again te cross over to our side; the heavy ordnance seat from Urnballah be ing so posted at the same time as to command the paasa^. A foray had been made across the river by about 300 of the enemy on the 14th, with a view, apparently, to -plunder, and of course the robbers were speedily driven back. The enemy at ihe same time continue to muster in formidable force; and 70,000 men, with 110 pieore of ordnance, are said to be assembled ready to oppose us. The bridge they have established ia one of much so lidiiy, well placed,and protected by heavy ordnance, frequent demonstrations had been made on Loo d tan ah, where the Inrce was considered weakest. About 30,000 had crossed over by the 18th; and they had on the 19ih settled themselves, and pro ceeded to intrench in our neighborhood. Ws have kept oar online open to theisms! moment (12 o'clock) safty warranted, in hopes of [ learning particulars of the general action, believed 1 to have occurred about the 2lst. It is said that Ge neral Sir H Smith moved his division up the Sut lej on the 10th and 20th, encountering but little op position ; that coining in sight ot the Sikh camp about 8 o'clock on the moraipg of the 21st, he pre pared tor action, being shortly afterwards joined by j the Loodianah force. No particulars have fcttched us; the battle is supposed to have been a severe one, she ? j - ? . ieavy cannonade having been heArd at Simla and Loodianah, as, we believe, also at Ferozepore, till 8 o'clock in the afternoon. It is probable that the steamer may be detained (ill the Govenor Ge- i neral's express brings tidings to. the presidencyso that the home reader may, shortly after the arrival | of this, know more than we do at present of the , matter. Sinoe last night mails of the 24th have ar rived from Calcutta, of the 28th from Delhi, and the 26tb from Madras. They bring us no news of any importance, and wc infer, therefore, that no further particulars had transpired of the alleged ac - tion on the 21st. The communication along the disturbed districts is at preaent irregular and much interrupted. *? The services ot the force under Sir Charles Na pier, whose co-operation seems to form a portion of the Governor-General's plan, will hardly he availa ble before the 1st of March, and considering how soon after this the herce and tremendous heats set in, it appears more than doabtful whether a regular Campaign beyond the Sutlej will this season be en tered on. It must be remembered that the country proposed to be invaded; if intended to be annexed to the British dorrrnions, must be throughout com pletely Bubjagated; that it comprises an area of 25,000 square miles, traversed by vast rivers and moantain ranges reaching the greatest altitudes known to man; that it contains a herce and untam ed popula'ion of nearly 0,000,00) human beings. Nor must it be forgotten that not one-fourth of the magnificent artillery of Runjeet Singh has been cap tu'ed or disabled; that two-thirds of his army re main undamaged and entire. It seems not impro

bable that this season Lahore may b? occupied and garrisoned, the communications with Terovepore? the post where our troops and magazines must be collected?being kept tup; and that thus will their own capital become the centre and emanating point of next year's operations. The war-advocates at home have for yearn past talked tff the conquest of the Punjab as at once easf and desirable?trie de struction of the Sikh empire the task of a few months. The exploit has been forced on us, and we must perform it as best we may; we doubt not but tn the end we shall do so triumphantly; but we must add 30,000 men to our army; and ?10,000,000 to our debt; and this, with an income hot able of late to meet our expenditure by nearly ?2,000,000 a year." [From the Delhi Gszstte, Jan. 91 ] Matters at Ferozepore continue much in the same state as when we last wrote, and mast remain so until our operations for Crossing the Sntlej are com Ste at.'all points; and that cannot now well be be e the 4th, 5th or 6th oi February. The only event that might vary the monotony of a standing camp, would be an attempt od the part of the Sikhs to cross to our side, and that they have thought ot so doing may be inferred from the fact, that about noon on the 14th, a picket of their'a came over, about 200 or 300 strong. Their object in doing so is not known to us, but tne commander-in-chief lost no time in ordering out a party, which Bpeedily drove them back again, and when they had succeeded in so doing, their heavy guns (our Lahore correspondent whose letters are necessarily brief, says they have 120 pieces ordnance with 70,000 men, ready to op pose us) commenced tiring at us across the river, on which some ot oar heavy ordnance were brought up to return the compliment, and thus a very use less and undignified cannonade was kept up for nearly four hours, neither party doing any execu tion. One ot our correspondents also writes of a slight skirmish with the same picket, on the night ol the 13th, in which we lost one European arttllejy man killed, end a native one wounded. These skir mishes occurred at the point where the Sikhs have or had their bridges of boats; former accounts were to the effect that they had themselves broken up the bridges ; others now say that our artillery destroy ed it on the 14th, while the rest are silent regard ing this point, so that we may conclude that the Sikh pickets come over on their own bridge, and that tho bridge ia still standing. As a sample of the reports which are carried about, we may mention, that the tiring was, at Ferozepore, placed to the ac count of a general battle, and magnified, by the time the Ferozepore letters got to Umballan and Kurnal, into a victory ia which the Sikhs had been detested in large numbers, and driven into tho Sut Icj The contents of our Lahore newswnter'a com munication, although brief, seem to show that the Sikhs are determined to stand out, and we have every reason to think, from present appearauoes, they will do so. At Ferozepore itself the 27th and 44th Native Infantry and the 3d Irregular Cavalry, 6U|>ported by Captain Oarbett's troop of Horse Ar tillery, under Brigadier Carnegy, are encamped at the khoode Chat as a protection to the boats, and a check upon the Ghat three miles below. The boats bad, at the date of our latest letters, 17th Ja nuary, been nearly all raised, but require, on a eare lul inspection, much greater repairs than was at first thought would be the case, as they sutlered considerably in the hurry of sinking them. Captain Prendergast (who has been appointed second in command to the 14th regiment ot Irregular Cavalry, and not Lieut. Pattinsou, as we tormeriy stated,) left Ferozepore on the 16th, in progress towards 8a haraupore, to assist in raising the corps, Captain Fisher being unable, from the nature of hin wounds, to take the initiative in the formation of the corps, of which he has obtained the command. The ques tion has already been asked us, by what authority Queen's officers are appointed to such situations 1 We can only say, that they are made in the face of the most positive existiug orders ot the Court of Directors. How tar the prospect of such a campaign as the one now in progress may have induced the Court to furnish the Governor General with an ex treme latitude in these matters, we cannot say, but we apprehend Sir Henry Hardinge, who has hither to be * n extremely cautious in the infringement of general rules, except on this identical point, would not act without authority in a matter of such very material importance, affecting the rights of the com pany's army. Time will show, but we think it would be well to say at once, what is the extent of the authority under which these rights have been infringed. At Loodianah the Sikhs have presented a bolder front than at Ferozepore.proportioned to the strength of our force at tnat place. They crossed, it appears by ournativs correspondent, on the 13th furnishes such a clear view and a friend on the spot furnishes such a clear view of the subsequent events, that we prefer giving it in bis own words M Loodukab, Jan. 16.?I do not know whether yon have any correspondent here; if hot, a lew words on our proceedings may be acceptable. Our friends are gathering rather strong, and hava a camp on this bank of the river, apparently at least a mile long, with another smaller one several miles lower down, which was pitched yesterday, 1 think. They have, it is said, brought 47 guns of various sizes over, and four mortars, and are entrenching them selves ; so. probably, tatend to give us the pleasure of paying them the first visit. U they should come outside the reach of their greet guns, I imagine we are now quite eble to warn into them) the 1st ca valry and Lane's foar 0 pounders arrived here on the 14th; that is nil we have of cavalry or artillery, but we have the two Go ?rkha regiments, and the With and 97th Native Infantry, besides a detachment on dnty in the fort. We marched out en the 14th about 2,000 strong," s mile towards their camp, which is some five miles off, and af er steading in most martial attitude an hour or two, marched home again, covered, if not with glory, yet with dent. 1 he horse artillery alone remained in camp, all har enemy's artillery fired off a feu d* Jots on the occasion A reeonnoiteriag party after-l wards went out, and saw nothing but a similar pony of the enemy. This was oar first day's opsrauon ; and it seems clear that they had the better of us ; both parties advanced, but we have retired while they have kept their ground. On the 15th January the 80th marched in from Baasean, and our (neighbors had increased their camp considerably, land sent a large division of horse to the camp, some miles lower down, probably to look after the fceroze Our if lends of pore road. Our friends of the 68rd are expected from that direction (Bsssean,) and had better look out lor their baggage. Major Bradford, with a troop of the 1st cavalry, went out to reconnoitre, and got clone to ihe .enemy's camp, when they were very near bagging a fins string of camels, bat were fired upon by matchlock men concealed behind a sand hill, so retired; there was much less noise this day, so we suppose they were emp'oyed entrenching themselves. Heavy firing about noon to-day for some ten miuutes, at nothing I suppose; two squad rons of the cavalry went to reconnoitre. There are a multitude oi Affghan idlers sbout here, who, it is said, would willingly lake service, and might at least be depended upon against the 8ikhs, fine ablrbodted fellows; they wonld at least fill a ditch much better than those I'uteealah scaramouches ? , Fuiteh Jung could raise a regiment of them in no nme. One can conceive no men et arms more beg garly than those Puteealah allies ol ours, horses aad men. One ol them came to Lieutenant Lake the day before yesterday, as they were going out recoa i neitenng with one troop, and said ha wan afraid of his life, bo he was pennitted to go home and take I dare of himself "Thefe can be little doubt our neighbora are de- , termined to have another throw before they give up the game, but I think they will let ua pay our com Omenta to them in their awn camp. They don't | eeem to like the look o? our little mud gurh'-e here." ; Reporta had reached Umballah on the 19th, that , the Sikhs had been driven across (From the Delhi Gazslts, of Jan 34 ] The news received this morning is not so precise aa we could wish it, as we caimot reconcile dates and distances without more detailed information, , but it appears, and we give it as we have it from a station not on the frontier, that Sir Harry Smith ! moved his division up the Sutlej on the 19th and 20th, overcorritng such opposition as he met with in ; his progress, snd that cm the morning of the 21st he Came, between 7 and 8 o'clock, In sight of the Sikh 1 encampment; that he immediately prejjared for ac- i tion and commended a Imttle about naif-oast 8 > o'clock, and further, that Hit Harry was, about 9 , o'clock, mined by the Loodiauah force. The battle, I if such actually cid take place, and we are inclined 1 to place reliance on the account, must have been a j severe one, as one letter front Loodianah has it that j very heavy firing continued till haif-p ist 8 (the 21st.) j [From the Bsngal Hurkaru] It ddw conies out that we are indebted to Captain Lumley, the Assistant Adjutant General, for our de ficiency at Ferozeabali, in cavalry and artillery, that officer having taken upon himself td order the cav alry und artillery engaged at Moodkee back to Fe rozepore. As may Be supposed Captain Lumley was, immediately on this being known, superseded in his appointment, and a court martial ordered to be held cm him. A medical certificate has, it is said, beeil subsequently produced, declaring that Captain Lumley Was in an unsound state ol mind when he issued the order. We confess we do not Understand this; the limiting tile period ot insanity td the time that he issued the order does not look well certainly j and yet, perhaps, it may be a solemn truth after all, ao we feel ourselves bound to with hold our judgment. Be the cast! OS il may, the or der has resulted in the most fearful consequences to our brave troops, and we sincerely hope that this will be the very Inn time that our troops are made to pay the price ot blood owing to the caprice ot a man in an unsound state of mind. We have not the least doubt that this nlafter will be thoroughly sifted; and we cannot leave the inquiry In better hands than those of Sir Henry Hardtnge. Nothing of consequence has been done on either side since the retfeet of the Sikhs across the Sutlei. The Sikhs have, it is said, on .their own side of the river, a force ot between 70,000 and 80, 000 men. while our force on the left bank will not fall far short of 40,000 men; add to this tea thousand under the command of Sir C. Napier, who willaoon be ready to penetrate the Pugjagb on the south, and we shall take the field vtffh a force sufficient to overrun all India?we might ray all Asia. We have not much (urther addition to our newt front (he frontier. Capt. Lumley is reported to have been put under arrest, on account of erroneous orders given by him to the Ferozepore cavalry and artillery, and was to be brought to a court martial. The guns from Delhi, twelve 24 pounders, with a number of mor drawn by elephants, would start on the 10th tars, _ . inst. The Sikh villagers state that the Khalsa army continue to talk very biz ol building a bridge of " e Su boats, to again cross the Sutlej about 20 miles be low Ferozepore. We fear this is too good news to be true. Having been on this side once, it was a pity they did not stop, rather than take ike trouble to re-cross, in order to cross again. The rumors respecting Loodianah are without confirmation,and most probably, mere moonshine. Marietta. Lo*ooit Montr Market, March 0.?The English funds hare scarcely varied throughout the day. Tha market wai flat, and tha bargain* war* of tha most limit ed kind. At the close of the afternoon the quotations were?Consols, for money, 95j to J ; and ior the ac count, 05{ to 96 ; three per cents reduced, 964 to 4 ; three-ana a-quarter per cento, 984 to 4; Long Annui ties, 10 0 Id ; India Bonds, 37s. to 43* pm.; South Ssa Old Annuities, 06 ; ditto, New Annuities, 051 ; India Stock,961 to 343 ; and Bank Stock. 3094 to 3094. Ex chequer hills war* lower, and left off 33s. to 36s. pm. The foreign securities war* eery inactive today.? There was not much buaioeee done in any description; but price* were, nevertheless, eery well maintained.? The latest operations wars aa follow: Brazilian 84; Ora nada *114; the Deferred 44; Mexican 30|; Cor the account 31; Pottuguese 76; Spanish live per cents, for the ac count 97; the three per Cents S3); and for tha account, , 371; the Deterred 17; Dutoh two-and-a-half per cents 694; and lit* Four per cents, 944. The rail way share market was very dull to-day, the amount of business being limited. Salts continued to be made by tho dealers, which, of oourso, has an unfa vorable effect on price*. The expectation that an easier condition of money would relieve the depression in railway securities, at present seems far from being re alised. London Conn Excnanoc, Friday, March 6th.?The arrival* of all description* of corn during the week hero boon moderate. The attendance at market this morning was small, and businosa generally very limited ; we observe no alteration in the value of wheat, either English or foreign, free or bonded. Barley of fine quali ty meats a free sale, but inferior is Tory difficult to dis pose of. Beans and peas remain tha sama. Tha oat trade is firm, Sud holders endeavoring to obtain a slight advance. Liverpool Corn Mareet, Friday, Two o'clock, March 6.?W? have not had much pasting in tha trada tinea Tuesday, but good samples ol new Wheat hare been scarce. Oatmeal has been more enquired after, and vary little of choice quality oflering. Tha duty on . Foreign Wheat, Barley, and Rye, baa advanced to-day i Is. per quarter. At our market this day, there was a | scarcity of good using samples of botp old and new Wheat, and an advance of Id to 3d. par bushel was ob- 1 tained. Oats wars held firmly, at full prices,'but the sale was slow. There was a lair demand for Oatmeal, and an advance of #4 Psr load was realised en choice quality. There was a good demand for Canada Flour at aa advance of fid. per barrel. Irish Flour was held at former prices, but the sale was only in retail. Yester day, e parcel of Lower Baltic Wheat, in bond, was sold at 7* 3d. par 701b., and aome American Fiour at 36*. to 37s. par barrel. * Bomrat MAasETt?Feb. 3.?There is little alteration to record since our lest, in the general aspect of com mercial affairs A tolerable amount of business has neon dona la the market lor imports, but this has arisen from the anxiety of holder* to realize their stocks, and has been accompanied by an augmentation rather than e diminution of the depression In prices to which w* referred in our previous isau*. The money market is somewhat easier than before, but In the present un- j settled state of matter* on the frontier, it is not likoly I dealers will purchase freely, whatever the facilities of I obtaining accomodation. The rate* of discount chargod by the hanks have net yet been reduced. Cotton Monu- ( fscturss-The business has boon soma whet extensive, 1 but is chiefly attrioutsbl* to holders having forced their > goods 00 tho market, end disposed of them at reduced ' and in many instances uorsmunerating rates. The atten- | tioo of the dealers has been almost wholly confined to the batter qualities of gray end bleached goods, and with tew exceptions tha lower description* bav* been uoaalaahle, save at a very great sacrifice. Gray shirt- ; in as, madapollams, and jaccooats have in particular , suffered from this state ot things, and the last named fabric*, especially, have been dup-isod of to e largo ox- j tont at extremely low prlcea. Bleached shirtings 63 at 73 reed are in some request, but other qualities are only saleable in smell quantities, at the lew rates previously current. There nee been an inquiry for gray domestics, for the Arabian market, and those goods neve gone off at former price*. Cambrics, muslins, sahra drosses, he .tie, generally speaking, without inquiry, end very difficult of sate. All kinds of prints are at pre sent neglected, and Turkey red goods, both plate and twilled, ate in a very depressed state. Terns?The de mand for these has been sleek, end but few transactions bav* taken place. We repeat our former quotations, but these ere difficult to support. Weeiteae?The mar ket for those goods continues quite inactive, end, a* far aa w* can learn, no sties have taken plac*. Cochineal ?Thar* has been little or none of this ettiel* tn the market, and in censequane* no sales have taken place. The price we quote, 3r. 13s. per lb., would be easily ob tainable. Saffron?Ws are infermedef a "tie of 481b. at I74r., and of 40th. at 13r. per lb. Frlres are without change. Bottle*? W* retain tenner quotations for these. The only operation of which w* have heard is a pur chase of 140 gross of quarts at 14*. per dozen Freights ? Owing tetn* limited nature of the busiees* in produce, considerable difficulty ha* been experienced in obtain lag freight, end notwithstanding the paucity ot arrivals, rate* have further declined Calcutta, Jan. 31.?Our money market is scarcely so tight at might have been expeoted, but this will pro bably show itself ere long, a* upwards of SO lec of ru pees will be required within the next three weak* t* dearth* opium purchased et the government sale of the 14th. Indigo?Our market for this staple ha* been steady, although the business done, both by public and private sale, has been on a limited seel*, end for good ' - licked, mark* comparatively higher rates have beau 1 owing to the smell quantity of this description off* ring at present, bet middling sorts have la most instance* been let off on rather easier tonus, whilst the very low est have boon in briik demand and brought compara tively better price* |tban any other?ell of which ehew an advance on last year's prices with reference to qnality. Shipment* continue to go forward very slowly oath to Greet Britain and Franca, and a considerable reduction is observable in th? export* te both countries,from those of the same period last year ; the American* and Magul* ate* centinn* to act wile greet caution, end should hold era persist in their present demons*, it dees not seem Cibebl* any very extenrive business will be dene, an ? the accounts by thsnext steamer a re'me re favora ble, and Irtish orders are received with higher limit*; ia which cose the quantity of new indigo in tha July sal* will bo Mr train heavy. Export* from the 1st of November up to date ere as follow*, viz 1? 1; T* Greet Biitsia S.1M ?.?" j France. I.IM ?.?? North Am*:ice M **7 Foreign Europe ? ~ H*4 bee. Bomber eed Gulf* P All other pitta *1 2 Total ?d41 44,144 I Saltpetre.?This . staple has continued in vtrr mod* rata damand (or both Greet Britain and Fiance. whilst for Amarioa there hot of late been rrarcely any inquiry, and although (owing to the a>> pt iy or good qualities be ing moderate) prioaa have not ?e yet materially declined, it is difficult to aftaei aalaa at format retoa, and the mar - ket ia dull for almoat all descriptions Oil Seeds.?Thia market contiouea quiet, the praaant rata of freight oheokiog ahipmenta to Oraat Britain, ex cept occaaionallr aa brokau stowage, and although a law purchaeee of linaaad have bean made fir Krunra, they do not aaako up for tho falling ofl' in the inquiry for America : in prices wa have still no alteration to notioo Exports from the first inatant up to data Lara been aa lollowa, m : O. Britain. Franc*. N. Jtmencc. tod* tod*. tod,. Classed 4,397 371 4,6(7 Maatard seed 1,174 ? ? Hidea, Horna. and Tips?Shortly after our la?' ow ing to unfavorable accounts lrota home, hldoa Uera ob tainable on aaaidr terms, but there has ssnoe boeri i mora geoeral inquiry, and prioaa have rallied to nsui l/ laat month'* quotation!, in home tad tipa tharo hea been but little doing, and wa have no alteration in value to notice. Export! from the let intrant up to datu are aa followa, viz : O. Britain. /Vanes. N. America. Pit etc. Pu-rt. Piocu Hides 61,491 t,4?5 6,3(5 Bnffslo horns 17,(00 11,405 _ Horn tips 301 ? _ Chins Missst.-The commercial reports by the mail oonlinue unfavorabio. Pricea of cotton gnoda improved at Canton in tho beginning of the month, bat they have again receded, with iurge stocks in tho handa of im porter*. No reaction is looked lor until after the Chi nese holidays, which commence on tho 99th of January The state of the Engliah tea market, as reported by thu October mail, ia unfavorable, and marrhante are cau tious In purchasing. The heavy exports to America last vear have reduced the price oi tea in that market to a low figure, and the ootton gooda imported from the Uni ted States thia eeaaon have not realized pricea that will admit of any loaa on return cargoes of tea. The latest datea from Shanghai art of the 10th of December. The sudden rise In the prioe of ehirtinge, mentioned lest month, has been maintained, and Ute aalaa have been large, not much under 100 000 pieces; stock in first kanda estimated et 140.000 pieces of grey and white. The demand at Senchaw la reported to here aba ted, though daring the months of October end No vember, tho quantity (old there for consumption must have been very great. Quotations ? Grey ?hfrtiDgs, 73 road $3 to $3 10; ditto 00 rood, $3 80 to $3 SO; ditto 00 reed, >3 40 to 03 40. For bleached gouda there i( little deannd at thia aaaaon. In woollens tharo is some improvement in price, with moderate sales, chiefly in barter for produce About 1000 placet of habit cloth and Spanish stripe* have been diepoaed ol at (I 80 to 01 40, payment In prodnoo. Smaller lota have ean placed at 04 (0. but the goods were purposely as sorted for the aorthern market Dutch cam let* have been told at 0*4, though the transaction was not to any extant. For long alb there ie no market. The earns remark applies to chintz and othsr printed geeds. A Scarcity or tonnage has limited the export of tea, though purchases have Men extensive. Cqngeu has continued to maintain previous rates : green hoe declinod, the tea men being anxious to realise before the Cnines* new year. Ona ahip, the Salopian, is loading teas for Eng land, chiefly on Chinese account. The export of tea from Shanghai this season is, of blaok 0 303,7001b., and of green 047,0191b. ; total, 0,933.3071b. Purchases of raw ?Uk continue at a alight reduction on former rates. The unsold stock is variously estimated at frpm 3400 to *000 bales, and that purchased, but not yet shipped, at Irom i 1300 to 1060. Exchange on England, 4a. fld.?.FYiead */ Chine, Dtc. 31. Poet au Prince, March 16,1816. End of the Dominican Revolution?Inauguration of the new President of Uayti?Retirement of Prerident Pierot to private lift?Death of General Dacaem. On the lit of the present month, extraordinary movements among the soldier* and officers began to develops some decided demonstrations. During the whole night our streets were filled with military and citizens of all grades and ranks, and every one was on the qui viae. 1 watched the scene from my window with no small degree of anxiety. Sunday morning came, and with it the true state of airairs broke upon us. Already the principal fudCtionaries of the army were in oonduve, delibe rating upon the choice of a new President. The whole city was assembled around the eapitof, anx ious to learn the decision, and the thousands of sol diery whose officers had left to join in the deliberu tionajay sprawled in idleness about the common and in tha streets, regardless of Iks remits. At last, about 10 o'clock, the assambly cama forth, mounted the altar in front of Urn Capitol, and proclaimed Oenaial Jean Baptists Riche as Fraaident of tha RapoiibS of Hayti The acclamations of the multitude broke loith in loud and continued burets of onthusiasm, and crlas of *' Pie* ic Pretidente Hicht! " Tha proolamstioa'wat made through the city, nud'des patches wora saat announcing the faet to different qusr ters of the republic. 'J has a com plate naooiution in tha govamment was affected in a few hoars, without the loss of a single drop of blood. President Pierot, with his cabinet and eauaoil, were at Cap* lUytlen at ttis time, where they have been for several months It was tha general supposition to at the cabinet and oounctl of Pterat, would declare far Kiche, as the foimer woulJ find himself in too waak a position to offer any resistance to tha new President. Tha rallying priociplea which brought Rich a Into ower were, firstly, to abandon a march agi power were, firstly, to abandon a march against the Do minicana and offer an amnesty; secondly, to ra establish tha constitution of 16141, under which Boyer reigned so long; and thirdly, to restore general tranquillity to the Islaod, bj concluding paece with tha Dominicans. Should all these provisions be carried out and protested it would become one of the moat popular govaromsots next to our own,in tha Western hemisphere,lor notwith standing tha inferiority af tha nrgra race, as well as tha imbecility of the Piesidenta who have bean In power since the exile of Boyer. there is a class of people hero of tha mulatto race, a mixture af negroes, Indiuns and Luropeana, who are as intelligent, shrewd, and calculs tiug, as any others possess!';g the same advantage!. If such should be called into the councils of the new Presi dent, as it u said they will, wa may look lor more favor able times. This chrngo wiil also open tha way for set tling tha recent difficulties with the French Consul General. The new Presidaat will probably offer him lull satisfaction, and request his return to the capital. Should the preeent indications terminate ss favorably aa expected, 1 think the United States would do well to recoguiie both governments, sail would be of Immense advantage to our trade fn this Islaod. Ou Saturday, March 7, a rumor reached town that resident Pierot, at Capo Haytien, waa determined to reaist the new President,and lend an armed foroe against thia port. The next day being Sunday, as customary, a grand military parade was held, when the President re viewed the army and tho Na ional Guard. On Monday morning now* reached town that Gen. Acaan, who com manded tho south western section of tho Island, woe making preparations to resist the new administration, declare bimsolf ruler of tho section he commanded, and thus, if possibla, divide tha republic into three dietinct {overnments. He alleged as a reason icr this, a promise era President Pierot tsat be should succeed htm. He waa tha famous General who rode into battle at tha head of hie division, in his shirt sleeves, aad spurt upao hit bare faet Tu'tdsy, tha 13th, was the day of Inauguration of the new President. A grand display was made ou tho occasion. The day opened with a national salute of se venteen gnna, and a general rally of all tho army .(treat ed in their gayest livery, around the^pelace. At nine o'clock, the President end his suite appeared on the stand, and altar making a short speech, and taking the oath of office, descended and proceeded to tho Catholic Church with tho soldiers and citizen*. Here o discourse was dslivered, a high mat* performed, and the conse crated wafer administered to the President. After this, the procession returned fo the palace, whore the aew ruler received tho congratulations of tho ciUtena and strangers. fn the meantime, news bed reached tho oily from Capo Hoytlen that tha old Proaldont had submitted to the now, and waa willing to return to private Ufa on a pardon. The following morning Intelligence was rvceivsd from tho Booth, that General Canaan, finding himself surrounded by a strong force, who wera determined to oaptura him, shot himself with his pistol, a soldier rush ing on htm nt tho tamo moment, and finishing him with his_bayonat The revolution fo, therefore, complete, and (ha repub lic again united, order * now President determined to rule, with energy and persoverunoo, hla country in peace. It only remrlns for him to make n treaty with tha Oomiak-sn*, dtvhand his numerous and ragged army, setting them to wt?ih upon the neglected laaoa, oad the country will again become prosperous. Tho difficulties with the French I think will bo speed fly settled, by granting the indemnity demanded, and offering a suita ble apology to tha Cooaul General. You may think it Strang* that I take so much interest in the success ef this government, imt I have now been here so long, and have sang so muck of tha miseries and ignorance of this people and their rulsra.that it is a great relief to my tailings to aoo thorn in a fair woy to peso* happiness, Naval.?U. S. ship Jamestown, the store ship Southampton, were nt St. Jago, Fort Pray, on the 11th of February. The brigBoxer, arrived at St. Jago, ia forty-one daya passage from Boston, hav ing experienced very heavy weather. They were compelled to throw over four guns, and cut away the anchors She is otherwise injured. Officers and crewa all well. The U. S ship John Adams was off Vera Crux, March 6,18(6, all well. The ahipa Falmouth aad St. Mary'a, with the brig Porpoise, were in com pany. The fngaie Cumberland, from Boston, join ed them on the 8rd, and Commodore Conner (total ed his broad pennant on board the Cumberland on the 6ch. Li?t or Orrrents aiTacmtD to ths U. 8. Smv Jons Aeasss -Commander, Wat J. MeCtuoey, K>q . 1st Lieuioneid. Harry lugetseil; Sad Lieatrrao*. Guoit. Gsmoevoort, 3rd LUutanuat, Albert A. liolcour-; 4th Lieafanaut, Franois Lowry; Bmgaou, Bamuol Birring ton; rursar, Goo. F. Mawvor: 1st Lieutenant Matin**. Robert C Caldwell; Acting Muter. ? I. Loyd Winds!, Passed Assistant Burgeon, 7. Winthri-i< Taylor; Passed Midshipman, Jamas Wilooasou; Midaaipmen, A'tnur H. Otis, John T. Barraud, Jamos E Jouott, Jamas 8. Thorn ton, John Oslo; Captain's Clerk,Wo. Cobb; Boatswain, John Monro; Gunner, George J Marshall; Carpenter, ChoHooBsardmon: Ballmakar, Richard Van Veevhlaj Ship's Steward, John J. GdoU.