Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 13, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 13, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. ? ?w York, Monday, April Id, WW. Supplement to the Herald, Anotbsr extra shvst, supplementary to ths Jftu York Horald ie publiibed tbie morning It will contain a speech of the Hon. Mr. Levin, in Congress, relative to the mounted riflemen; intoreeting reports of the Kaimers' Club, and Historical Society; a capital letter from the West, describing the feeliug at the foot ol the Rocky Mountaina oa the Oregon question; varieties, and adrertissmenta. This valuable supplement will be served gratuitously to our subscribers, in and out of the city. 'lire Unicorn. There begins to be no little anxiety felt for the eatety of this steamer. If the tailed on the 10th ultimo, the he* been nearly twenty-Ave days at sea. It is thought by many, however, that she mutt havt been detained a day or two. If not, the has probably met with some acci dent. The Kplaode In the Senate-Mr. Webster and Mr, Ingereoll, During the last week a very remarkable episode baa taken place in the proceedings of Congress, which w a rather an agreeable, but startling, diver sification of the hitherto monotonous speeches on ths Oregon, sub-treasury, and other matters. We allude to the singular and curious passage which has rprun? up, between Mr. Webster and his Irienda on one aide, and Mr. Ingeraotl, Mr. Dickinson, and tdeir frieuds, on the other aide, in both houses. This passage, and the war ot words upon it, has probably more meaning, and is intended to produce a more important influence on succeeding events, than people may bit at first apt to imagine. We have given, in another column, some singular deve lope meats. procured by our correspondent at Wash ington, relative to this matter, which we have not seen alluded to in any of the debates in Congress, and which wiil undoubtedly give a new direction to this extraordinary episode, in both houses of Congress. It appears that the friends of Mr. Webster are charging Mr. Ingeraoll and his associates in the de. velopements that he has made relative to the Ashbur ton treaty, with having formed a conspiracy to dvs troy this distinguished man, and prevent his useful ness as Senator in Congress, on the pending im portant matters, both foreign and domestic, it will be recollected that this episode originated in a sperch made by Mr. IngerSbll in the House, in whu.li certain charges were preferred against Mr. Webster, connected with his conduct on th? Aah burton negotiation and the cane of McLeod. These charges were repeated by Mr. Ditkinson in the Se nate, and on Monday I st Mr. Webster commenced his reply?a r?ply which has astonished the whole country, and which is saId by bis friends to annihi* ' late his antagonists. Ligersoll now comes forward in the House, and ca'ls for several papers, letters, and oiher documents, in th? Department of State, in order to sustain his charges, which motion has been sanctioned by the House?all of which has produced a feeliug of bitterness and excitement that may lead to vatious other matters and devel opements hereafter. A great curiosity has been formed, to know what the nature of the charges against Mr. Webster may be ;and our Washington cot respondent, for the first time, discloses what their character is expected to be. It appears that there is a variety of correspondence in the State department, showing that Mr. Webster used the secret service money for the purpose of^ "regulating" the prets on the frontier, during the McLeod trial, and that one of the agents waa s Mr. { Smith, formerly a member of Congress. This movement is callt d corruption, abomination, and everything that is bad; but it remains to be seen whether it is not, and has not been, a matter of com mon use, by both parties, for years past. " I legal at. jog" the press is a matter at which both parties have tried their hand; and the startling de velopements which are now to be brought forward against the pu rity ot Mr. Webster, may at least be rivalled by those which may be brought forth in regard to the annexa ion of Texas. We should like to see the secrets of both negotiations?that of the North-eastern Territory and Texas?revealed to the whole world. We have not much faith in these extraordinary de velopements, that are goirg?before they are known ?to blow ap men and things, like a volcano, in the political world. The revelations expected in answer to Mr. Inger soll's resolution, may be likened to those recently brought forward by McKenzie, exposing the secret t icncs of Mr. Van Buren and bis party in this coun try tor many years past. The developetnents will be an agreeable subject of debate, and an interesting topic of discussion, it will relieve the dryness and solemnity that have prevailed in Congress on the Oregon and sub-treasury questions, and on the claim of John Mcintosh, for a horse lost in the service of , the United States. The secret management by which Mr. Webster conducted the Aahburton nego tiation so successfully, aad settled the McLeod diffi culty to easily in this State, will be good for a study in chemistry, in all future time. Nor will the tactics adopted for the annexation ot Texas, the private cor respondence, secret movements, the money matters^ and all, be a subject unfit to stand side by side with the Aahburton negotiation. We should hkq to know the whole; and while Mr. Ingersoll has his fingers in the tire, and is bringing to light the secrets of the Ash burton treaty, we hope some one will bring forth the secrets of the other movements and negotiations We ought to have no secreta in this country. This mitter, however, begins to have a singular aspect, and may have an important bearing on grea political movements hereafter. On the Oregon ques lion, by a singular concurrence of events, Mr. Web ster, Mr. Calhoun, and Mr. Benton seem to be all in favor of 49?all embarked in the same canoe. Now Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Benton have hitherto been powerful men in the democratic party ; if, therefore, a reveletion of the secreta and private acta?acts leading to the Aahburton negotiation?would sink Mr Webster in public estimation on the Northeast* era boundary, might they not help to sink the boat that now contains all these three statesmen, on the latitude of 49, on the Northwestern boundary 1 The investigating the conduct ol Mr. Webster, in this matter, may then have a i important bearing on pend ing questions, and particularly the Oregon question, and on men and their positions, in Washington and throunhout the country. We do not participate in any of the extraordinary opinions regarding the virtues or vices ot the great men of the present day. We do not believe that they are all ?a pure aa ihe angels in the sevegth heaven. God lorbid that we should do them such irjustice. Neither do we believe that they are as bad aa the devils in hell. Webster and Ingersoll, and their re spective troops of friends, have vices and virtues mingled in their composition, according to cer tain sensible proportions; and those virtues wo sre^lwsys ready to appreciate, to set forth, and eiooorage. Their vices, it we could, we would pall up by the roots, and cast them into utter darn dm, never to be again heard of, except to use as brushwood for kiodhng Ares. But as we can't do this thing, we most bo content with them in their present mixed condition. We therefore hope that their secret acts will be brought forth, for by these we may learn something more of men then we hive ever known. We continue to learn more, aa wo become better acquainted with the world. There will be terrible debates, and perhaps duels, growing out ol this episode, before Congress adjourns; and posaibly the members may forget the Oregon question, and everything else. So that there is a prospect of some good coming from it. So, go ahesd. Mors Startling Corporation Dkvkixipbmknts.? We understand that an investigation is now going on is ihe City Hall, relative to the loads of manure charged to the Corporation during the year. It is said there is an enormous overcharge |^t 'ha Uata Do TIM Glurtar Ktaction?mayor. To morrow a very unfortunate event takes place ia New York. Tbe charter election ie held, and, in consequence of the folly of politictane, and the multiplication ot candidates, the present wasteful party in power will retain their position another yeur. Doubts have been expressed whether Mr. Taylor has accepted the whig nomination. To solve there doubts, we have been officially inform ed by the Executive Committee of the whig party, that he has verbally accepted then nomination, and will stand the hazard ot the die, at all hazards. Pre viously, he had declined the nomination of the na tives in the following letter:? Nxw Yoaa, Fab. 18, 1816. Gi oTi.icMsn W'iirn you called oo me, as a Committee of the Native American Mayoralty Convention, and informed me that I hat been nominated as a candidata for Mayor by the C invention, I expreaaed my surpriis that the nomina tion ahould have been made, alter I bad rrqueated that my name thould be withdrawn. I repeated romeof the reaioi.a I had mentioned to a member of the Couven ion, why I did not deaira the nomination: and you frankly ?tated the ground* upon w hicb tbe nomination had been made, after my reaaona had been ateted to the Conven tion. I heve maturely reflected on the aubject, and still entertain th* opinion that I ought not to accept the nomi nation, and i, therefore, roapectfully decline With a due aenae of regard for tbe gentleman who compoie the Convention, and with many thanhafor the h ndn?ai evinced by yon during our interviews, I remain, gentlemen, your* respect nil y. ROBERT TAYLOR, To John Llo) d, Lorn Nash, and ?? Ross, Esqs., Com mittee. What a pity that Robert Taylor did not know his own mind as early as the 16th of February ! If he had been able to solve the awful mystery oi his own purposes at that early day, he might now, (for he is a good and efficient man,) hava united the votes of all those opposed to misrule and extravagance, and thus have given us hopes of turning out the present party. As n atters now stand, and as things lookf we must submit to iniegovernmrnt for another year. This is th? wisdom of the politicians, lieaven save the maik. Singular Libki. Suit ~Wkib vs Bacoh.?A very remarkable libel eu't will probably uome up in a day ortwo, befure the Superior Court, in a trial between Mr Webb, of the Courier and E.iqui^er, and Dr. Bacon, the celebrated author of the "Mys tery of Iniquity," ia the American Rtoitio What gives particular interest to this trial, is its connec tion with Daniel Webster, or the character of some of his friends, growing out of some imputed af fairs or business transactions, between those friends and the Courier and Enquirer. The suit was commenced by Webb against Ba con, who cut him np in a publication made by the latter in the Tribune, in which it ia charged, or in sinuated, that the Courier and Enquirer, after at tacking and abusing Diaiel Webster in relation to the negotiations on the Ashburton treaty, had turn ed round, in consequence of certain secret influences of a peculiar kind, and supported him and hisfriends forever after. What the nature of the evidence will be, is hardly known, as yet; but from several intimations, and certain paragraphs in the Courier j and Enquirer, we suppose it will be interesting to j the public. We understand that a variety of tbe > most distinguished men of the two great parties wiil be examined on the occasion, and have heard named Governor Seward, C C. Cambreleng, P. P. BUtchtord, Moaea H. Grinnell, Edward Curtis, and a variety ot others, touching the purity and up rightness of the Courier and Enquirer, in ita course on the conduct of Daniel Webster.? Dr. Bacon, who is prosecuted by Webb, was for merly associate editor of the Courier and Enquirer, and this makes the matter the more interesting; for various matters may come out, of some interest to the public, leading to the salvation of souls, or at least, enabling the devil to get his own. This trial comes up at a singular time, particularly as it is principally connected with the name ot Da" ! niel Webster?at a time, loo, when we see, by a re cent imeute at Washington, that Daniel Webster is, 1 there, also, about to be subjected to the ordeal of an investigation in relation to his course upon the Ashburton treaty and the McLeod business. It ' would appear that the Mackenzie publication, with j all the develepements which have given such a fame > to the Van Baren dynasty.will soon be outstripped by | the new developments in relation to the Webster j dynasty. But let them say what they may, or do what they can, against Daniel Webster?"black Daniel" of Massachusetts?they never can produce, nor can a man be produced, of greater intellect, or a greater statesman, either on this planet, or any other belonging to the solar system. He is half-horse, half steamboat, and the only one of the breed. If the whole of the democratic party, and one-half of the whigs, unite to destroy and pull down Daniel Webster?we mean the leaders of those parties?we should not be surprised to see the generous and electric-moving American people take hold of him as a persecuted man, and put him up a peg higber You can't say of them what Sambo said of his nut ter in Richmond?" De white man be werry unsar- i tain." Nrw York Pilotage.?The pilotage question ia | now exciting more attention, from sensible, con- 1 siderate men, than it has since it was first taken up by the friends of the New York pilots. The occur rences of the past winter, have led to an examina tion into the subject; and the present desire of the public to get at the facts connected with our brave pilots, and their business,will, in a short time, lay the whole question open to all. The subject of justice to these enterprising men, has been, we are glad to perceive, taken up in the ward meetings. We find, in one of the city papers, the following resolution, which was unanimously carried at a large meeting of the democracy, in the Seventh ward, on Wednesday last t? Resolved, That we have seen with pride and pleasure the introduction of a hill into ine Senate of the United States, for the repeal of the pilot la* of iaJ7, and wo call upon Congress to do j'is ice to ihs "Mew York pi lots by the way of dandy Hook," by an immediate tepeal of that law ; believing, as wo do, that it is aa infringe ment on oar State rights, aud that the SUte of New Y'orh is alone competent to exercise jurisdiction on the subject other own pilotage. This question is not one of mere State rights. It embraces other, and perhsps, equally as important points of policy. It is a matter affecting the safety of thousands and thousands of lives, every year. It interests all classes in the community, and ought not to be injured by any clique of men, whether their name be Chamber of Commerce, or Board of Under writers. It is a subject deeply important to every man, woman, and child, in the Union. This is the view we take of it; and in this view, we give, in another column, an able communication from j " Publicola," relative to ihe neceasity of a change in the present system of pilotage. We recomnrend ! every one to carefully peruse it. Let the whole matter be properly examined. , Assistant or rns Second Ward ?One of the most singular freaks of tue present election is the i probability that the famous Washington Dixoa may be elected Assistant Alderman of the Second ward. ' He has a squad of 700 boys, or young men, just of age, who intend to reside twenty lour hours in the ward, nnd thus to qualify themselves for voting. They mean to give plumpers each for Dixon, and the chances are in their favor. It will be an odd election. One thing is certain, if Dixon were to be elected Assistant, he would keep the atreets of the Second ward cl;an, and that is more than any other has yet done. Nativisk m Cosorrss ?The principles of the native party have been up for debate several times in Congress, during the present session?but the moat racy debate is that which recently took place on some enlistment bill, in which the Hon. Mr. Levin, the native leader in Congress, made a great speech, and the McConnell I)on, of Alabama, mads a reply. The latter'* speech we have given?the material portions of Mr. levin's speech will be found in this day's supplement. Read?read. Naval ?The U. S. frigate Columbia, Com. Roe nesti, vloops Plymouth, Commsnder Henry, Sarato ga, Cspt. Shubrick, and the brig Bainbridge, Com mander Penmnfton, *e-re?t Montevideo on the lOrh of Februan Dakcixo?'Tn Clxeot?Black Mail ahb Ljtix atckk ? Donng the lost few weekn tad monthi? pirt ot the lime being ebeent?several emell sums of money have been ceot by anonymow personage# to the proprietor of ibis journal, purporting to come from particular and special Irienda o! certain artists, male and female, now before the public, and ie queating ua to give them notice# and recommenda tions, no aa to lorward them in their proleaeion ? Tbie it, probably, meant lor what ia called "black mail," aent through the quarter from which it comes to ua. There are certain journal#, and aorae iri aeurs, in this city, that make it a buaineae to levy contributions, as was manifestly proven by some recent developments, connected with Templeton, when he was in this city. Ar i tists ot all kinds, both foreign and native, inuke a great mistake in supposing that they can procure the aid and assistance of the Htrald, in vin dicating or recommending their talents, by forward ing us money or any thing else. All that ia requisite for any artist is to have a letter of introduction from the Master of Eternity?that is, great talents and posi tive genius?aud then it becomes a matter of daily business, according to our system of journalism, to give him every chance to reach the highest walks of his profession, without fear, favor or affection. Yet many of those artists, led astray by the miser able calumniators of the Ntiv York Htrald, have aup pojed that reputation cun be purchased in this way; but they have generally found out their mistake be fore long. It is our duty and our pleasure, and always has been, to advance all arts and artists, on their in. dividual merits, without regard to any other consi deration, to give full encouragement to genius and talent. Such has hitherto been our syatem, and such it shall continue to be. In the meantime, what is to be donfe with the money which several anonymous n rsons have sent us in small sums, to the amount of seventy dollars ($?70) now in our hands'! If the writers and contri butors will not claim their own property and prove 11s identity, we think we shall enter into competi tion in a species of literary business which has been recently started by some highly respectable clergy men in this city. Here is their card rarMiUM roa Tsact on Dasciso ?A gentleman here by tlfara a premium of $50 for the beat Treat, not ex ceeding twelve pugea, on the question of " The proprie ty ot Daocids by Church Member#, and the expediency of teaching it to our children." Committee of award, Rev. Stephen H Tyng. D D , New York ; Rev. t. YV. Andrew*, Troy, New York; hnd Rtv. Win A Hallock, 160 NhaihU street. New York, to either of whom mmu ?cripta, each accompanied by a seeled envelope contain ing the nama of the wntor, may bo addreasad (poat p?id) until November 1,184fl. WM. A. HALLOCK. Such ia the card?auch the proportion to men of geniua to write on the subject of danciDg. In furtherance of our ideas, we hereby offer the seven ty dollars, now in our hands, as intimated above, to the b st writer of an essay on dancing, on the prin ciples of common sense; and we hereby request certain literary gentlemen to decide on the merits of the articles in question?numbering for that pur pose Fitz Green Halleck, Fenimore Cooper, George P. Morris, N. P. Wil is, or any others whom we shall think of hereafter. During the laat few years, we have beaten, oft and again, the whole fraternity of carnal men and editora. We now " High for more world# to conquer." But as there ia nothing on earth worth combating for?nothing in Wall street worth contending for? we mean to enter into atrong competition with the church and the clergy, as the beat mode of advanc" ing literary talent, and what ia proper in matters of dancing, by church members and all others., We trust, therefore, that the literary competitors will enter into the spirit of the matter, and endeavor to beat Dr. Tyng pad hia reverend associates, by trying their hands in writing the best essay on danc ing, for which the successful competitor will re ceive seventy dollars, and that ia twenty dollars more than would be given by clergymen for the like purposes. We have beat all the editora of Wall j street, m running expresses over this world; and we mean to beat ali the parsons in drawing genius from heaven. ___________ Jurors.?We have read a bill, introduced by Mr. Develin, of the Assembly of this State, in relation to jurors in the city of New York, but cannot aee any difference lor the better between the system proposed, and the one at present in existence. We had thought that the people's representatives ware acquainted with the wishes of their constitu ents in this city, on the subject of jury duty, and that aome relief would be granted when the Le gislature took action oa it. The feature in the old system, mostly complained of, ia that jurors are not paid for the time they devote while sitting in the box, i eciding upon the controversies of their fel low citizens. It is decidedly wrong to compel the honest and industrious people of our city, to leave theiT professions and employments, and ait for days and weeks at a time, in judgment upon controver sies in which they have no interest. II people cannot Bettle their difficulties amioably, they should not expect strangers to step in and tattle them, at their own expense and inconvenience. No new law on the subject, without thia leature, will meet with the approval of the public. Theatrical*. A vary attractive bill of faro U presented for each of 'ha thaatraa thia erasing, where crowds will doubtlaia be in attendance to enjoy the feativitiea of the Eaatar holiday*. Wa commence with Tnk Pa ea?Where "Alexander the Or eat" will bo performed, Mr. \ andenholf taking that difflcolt charac ter, supported by Mr. Dyotl'* Lysymtchus, and Mr Bland'* Hepbeation The ballot of the " 011*110" will conclude the performance, Miaa Mary Ann Lee taking the principal character, supported by Mrs. Hunt a* Myrtha, and by Mr. Smith at Albrecht. Bowser.?" Lsfitte" will ba performed hare, wbara Scott will tako the part, supported by a good company. The '? Carpenter of Ronen" will be tbe afterpiece. The Bowery is nightly crowded with the faehion of tha city. Naw OaaeawicH ?Tha " Soldier's Daughter," Herr Clius, and tba " Spectre Biidegroom," will here ba pre aen'ed. bringing out the compaoy in foil lorce. Mrs Crisp'* Widow Cbeerly will in itself be sufficient to repay the visiter. Tbia new theatre ia rapidly progress ing under the skilful management of the enterprising proprietors and deserve* every encouragement. Bowebv Ams HiTH-arar..?Hernandai will perform here tbia evening. Fame speak* flttteringly of hi* great power* and agility in tb* manly feat* of horsemanship. Tn* whole troupe, will be brought out, and tha perfor mance will eonclude with an Ethiopian olio. BaoccmeM's i>r??T?i>aisT.-The lovers of broad Iriah humor and liiaa wit and Irish drollery, will be amply repaid by a visit to Una entertainment, at tha So ciety Library, wnar* the celebrated "Docthur Poly fam ous O' Shandar" will entertain bis auditors. Brougham ia a host in hiassalf, and possesses a sufficient luod of drollery to sweep away the cobweb* of innui, no mat ter whether from the bead or tbe heart. How* a' Ciaccs ? Howes' An* equestrian company, which del gh'ed tha New Yoikars lor a long time, pro coed* to Washington to-day, and opens thai* either to ? -- Madam*;' n-ght or to-morrow niabt. Madam* Macarte, the grace ful female equestrian, goes with them So* is the very paragon of squea'riao grace, and wa have no doubt tha ciicu* will be thronged while in Washington. Tho Boater ians proposo to establish an Opera Homo on tn* site of tho lata Howard Atbansaum. Movements of Travellers. Tb* following ate the principal arrivals for tha last two day* : ? AMaaicatv.?W. Garrison. Baltimore; W. P. Parry, Naw Bedford: H Biady. N. Y.; Mr. Harrison, West Point; J. M Ward end F. Bryant, Boston; W. Potter, Philadelphia; C. Strong, Binghampton ; 8. Tiaice, Boston. Asvoa.?O Cheatham, Rad River; D. Leer, Boston EtTioker, Philadelphia; George Griggs, Boston; F. Townsend, Albanv; Jo*. Rickotoon. New Bedford; W. Phillip* Bo*ton; E Hobart, do ; Messrs March and Pat terson, do.; C. Faulkner, do ; W. Gregory, Albany; Hon Caleb Cashing. Mesa.; Thnrlow Weed, Albany; M Fowler, Boston; Waldo Maynerd, do ; H Cowan, Glasgow, Scotland; Oaorga Camp, Ga ; E. Lyford and Mr. Rockchild, Boston. Cirv ?M Biawart, N J Saxton, Washington, D. C ; H 0 Crabba, U. 8. N ; F Navillt, Poilsdslphit; H Lewis, Madison; C A. Prioco and 8 Myers, Richmond, Va ; J. W. Stout, Naw Brunawirk; J. Van Wagoner, Patterson, La Baron Alley* do Cyprey, Havana; Lot Clarke, Salisbury; R. Patrulli, Philadelphia, II. Slash ford, Lynchburg, Vs. Faaa a i.in.?George BottarAald, Boaton; W H. Allan, Macon, Georgia; Gilbert and Smith, Philadelphia; D Eaton, Troy; George Beooher, Conn.; W Hubbard, Phi ladelphia; H L. Bsvans, Ohio; W. Kendrick, Boston; George G Green. Quebec. Howaao.?A B. Pearson, Boaton; II. Wilkin*, Syra cuse: C. Co dm an, Va; Mr. Cariuthara, Canada West; VUOW, <?'. tvuisiau, v?t "as. * u. ? wuira a, > HIIIU1 Hfl", U. Wadlay. Boston; J.Fansh, Va : N B. KMder, Osno va; L C. Haddan, Delaware; H. Cup, Wiaconalo; E. Bancroft, St. Clair, Michigan; R Baaaiay, Canada Wast; T. Douglass, Vermont; Dr. Muasy, Conn; T. Road,' Boaton. A man namod John Duffy, of Gretna, La., was murda on tha Mth ult , by a blacksmith of tb* same place. , luarrvl took placo, whan tho murderer plunged ? II into kis exam's stemsoh Important from Hatti ?We ire informed by Capt. Cutta, of the brig Hayti, from Port au Prince, having left that place on the 90ih ult., that matters, in a political way, were gradually assuming a peaoe ful appearance, and that Ex-President Pierot had aent in hit aubmiaaion to the new adminiatration. A rumor waa prevalent when he left, that the Domi nicans had made a proposition of peace to the Hay tiens, which would no doubt be accepted. The principles of the new government, under President Rich*, seem to meet with general approba tion. The inhabitants now are permitted to cut ma hogany, and other concessions granted to them, which, under the old administration, was deemed unconstitutional. The Island was very healthy; coffee scarce and high. From files of the Manifttit and Lt Monittw, we derive the following further information of the re volution, and of the present posture of affairs in Hiyti, with respect to Pierot, the fallen President' After the installation of General Rich6 into his new office of President, by the acclamations of the sol diery And a miscellaneous mob of people assembled for the occasion, a deputation was despatched to President Pierot, who was at the Cape, to inform him that he had ceased to be President. This de putation proceeded to fulfil the. charge committed to it, and on arriving at Cane Haytien immediately proceeded to make the disagre-able communica tion to the President. Tne reception they met wuh from him is described by them as being eingulaily brutal and unbecoming. M Hvppolite. the former Secretary of State and chief adviser of President Pierot, is represented also as having acted in a very ravage and ferocious manner to the deputies, as welt as his master?the President. They es caped only wiih difficulty, and bv an effort of great firmness, from the application of personal violence on the part of the two infuriated and fallen chiefs. It seems that Pierot, at the first account of the re volution, had made up his mind to abdicate and re tire peaceably. He afterwards, however, changed his mind and resolved upon other counsels, which it is feared may lead to much disorder and blood shed. This change of determination is attributed to M. Hyppolite, the secretary, who is re ported to have said, " Even should my coun try perish in the convulsions of civil war, I will support the government of President Pierot, which is the only legal government, and I will re sist, to the 1 tat, the oppression which the West seeks to inflict upon the North " In pursuance of this declaration he received the deputation with the grossest abuse and insolence, and even used to them such foul and indecent language as, it is said, by those who heard it, would be a violation of pub lic d-cency to mention or report. It ae ema highly

probable that the late revolution was brought about in the first place, indirectly and proxi mately. by the imprudent steps taken a short time before by Pre sident Pierot, of removing the seat of government from Port ?u Prince to Cape Haytien. This step was namrelly enough very little relished by the peo ple ?t Port au Prince, and it waa their tumultu ous voices, joined bv the militarv. which declared Richi President, and deposed Pierot. Tne Secre tan, Hyppolite, seems to have possessed more sa gacity than his master, for he vehemently opposed this change, but in vain. Meantime Pierot is master of the Cape, and maintains the place; it is expected that Ricf6 will shortly march against him, and that a civil war will be the consequence, it Pierot is not quickly put down. Some of the troops and officers, who were with Pierot at Cup- Haytien, are said to have gone overtoRicht, ana left thecitytosubmit themselves to the new order of things Troops are marching out of tne city, (Port au Prince, March, 22ud,) to attack the Cape Should Rich6 take the place, he will, it ia threatened, inflict a terrible and bloody vengeance upon Pierot, and all his adherents. A grand Tt Dtum was celebrated on the 14th of March, on occaaion of the accession of Gen. Rich6 to the presidency, at which the British consul oc cupied a distinguished place. After the ceremony, a paper was read on tha Place d'Armes, by Gen. L)upey, containing an expression of his views, sen timents, and intentions, by the new President. On all sides the greatest agitation prevails; arrests are continually being made ; a rising in the South by Gen. Accsau, has, it is said, been successfully put down by the new government. By further accounts of this effort of Pie rot's General in favor ol the tall en government, it appears that the troops which he had, were vigorously attacked and drfeated by Kich6'* officers and soldiers. Gen. Accaau, him sell escaped by the favor of night, and concealed him ell in a cavern, near die plantation ofone Mr. Brns surd, about two leagues from Auae a Ve&u. Mis place ol concealment was,however,soon discovered; he was tracked to thecave.and on finding that he was surrounded, he put an end to his days by committing suicide. This has been triumphantly publithed by the new government, in an official bulletin, and is f-xpyjted to strike terror into all who do not submit. ThWe is very little doubt but that this revolution has been favored by the British, who all re; resent it in glowing eolors, and highly applaud the new Pres ident, and all his proceedings. What is the real strength of Pierot, and whether ha is able to resist the troopa now on their march against him, it is im possible to say. To judge by tbe boastings and talk of the new government, and the papers published under its eye and control, there is very little hope for Pierot. But they may possibly exaggerate their j own power, b<*yond the truth. Pierot may be ' stronger thad his enemies represent, and may give them more trouble than they seem to anticipate. In a lew weeks, or even days, the result will be known Po?t iv Piikcii, U7th March, 1816. By my letter of the 14 b of March, per achooner Nan cy Bishop, you will have beard of the recent revolution in this republic, which haa placed President Riche, un der whoae administration we hoped for a permanent go vernment, in power. Subsequent movementa hare ao far operated to confirm my belief The entire aouthern portion of the republic haa giren in ita adheaion, and all, with the eaception of about ten or fifteeu aailea square, around rape Hajlien, haa auboiittcd to the new Presi dent. Ex-President Pierot, with only aomo eight hun dred men, still has possession of the Cape, and, it iasaid, is determined to bold on until the last moment A strong force is now on its way to dislodge him; and in a few days more 1 confidently expect to bear of bis full sub mission, and render brighter prospects for a stable and Ssaceful government than baa existed since the fall of oyer. The new President marched to-day at the head ol bis army to bring Pierot to submission, and evary thing promises a speedy settlement of the difllculties. ork of a lew boure, I presume, when he It will be the work < I gets there; but in the entire absence ot facilities for tra velling. it will take him some two weeks to petform the journey both ways. Tbe new government haa thus far got on moat wonder I fully. Tbe Senate has been appointed, it* members have I taken their oaths ot office, sod it is now in session The vnry general satisfaction and confidence of the public i mind, ielating to all tbe movamenta of President Ricbe, 1 are such at to inspire great end increasing confidence in his administration and in tha futura welfare of the coun try. From Tamwco?Captain Sawyer, of the schooner Rechabite, arrived last night, reports that the U. S. consul at that port had informed him that an expresa from Matamoraa had reached there on the 8th of March, bringing a requisition tor all the troope the department cou.d spare, and that abont five hundred were preparing to march. It was rumored that this movement was caused by the near approach of the Untied States army to tbe city of Matamsrss. From Mayaoukz ?Captain Mansfield,ol the Gold Hunter, at this port from Mayaguez, states that the sugar crop, owing to the great drought, will fall short this,year from two to three thousand hogsheads. Molasses was very scarce and exceeding high in prices. FocRiiRrsM in a New Skapk ?The Fourierite association at Skeneatles, appear to be wallowing and revelling in the wild doctrines of mesmerism and materialism. In their organ, the Commsmtftsf, published at Mottville^by the somewhat famous Jno A Collins, the head, front, and tail of the Fourier ites in that regien, we see s long article, headed " Pnysiology and the Bible," from which we take a few extracts. It will be recollected that the organ of the Fourierites in this city, emitted a storm of rage and fury against the Herald, when ws tore away the veil with which they tried to con ceal their infidelity, s few years since. But we were not to be deterred?we saw the cloven foots and we exposed it to public view. [Prom tbs Commuultist, Feb. 13, IMS.] Wsll may the c orgy bs apprehensive: natural science, to the ayes of multitudes, haa effectually lifted tbs co ver from their Ark; that la to eay, there, wbeio they bed raid was indubitable manifestation of a Ood. to found only a blank; and poither^np^nor fragmant ef atona la ?sen to taatify to their And again, from the aame article t? Mind la claarly th# function of the brain; growing rith it, to appoarance Inaoparabls now It, prospering rith it, suffering with It. maturing with it. decoying with with I with otbersolmeto, atoms "together mundane and phyaiosl; dliertng f*om them. not, In that they perish, end he net. but that the letger development of htocerebrum proportionally to the remainder of h.a nervous system, enables him to eneet higher, and more comprehensive modes of Instinct Ales, for theology, and (or poetry, that ebaarved facto should be thus ievei I .. * . .1 K..I .. M I. ..J 1, f l-l line thus disenchanting; but ao it is, and it fnrnishaa a reason why the heuaemRd of superstition, as in tha In ?|iy __ ??? A . stance cited at the heed of thia article, la so alarmed at | their spread Here, then, we have infidelity and materialism in ' their worst and most hideous shapes, openly advo cated by the organ of the Fonrientea What will ' the organ in Uuoauy say lotlual Interesting from Texas ana ?sees. [From the New Orleans Delta, April ?.] ?y tbe arrival of the Oalvoatou, Captain Wright, M hears from Oxlreston, we are in receipt of late Texas papers, through her attentive oflcers. The Corpus Chiistl Q?*'tu contains a letter from Ma tamoraa, dated tho U'.li March, from which we matte the following extract. We think the most is made of ' the Mexican forces upon tbo Hi > Grande. " General Mejia is now at Matamoraa. As soon as he was informed el the arrival of the detachment from your army, undar Captain Hardee aod Lieutenant Hamilton, the one oppoaite Braaaoa de Santiago, via Isla del PaJre, the other by the old Matamoraa road, naar the Sal Co lorado. be muttered every soldier here, and created the Rio Grande ie person, under the impression that he ?hould meet the advance of your army. Ha marched aa far aa the Colorado creek, with ell possible despatch, end diaeovered that both these detachment* had return ed to the camp at Corpus Cbriati. His sugar at this un eapeoted ' no find you there' knew no bound*?aa he had boasted upon his departure from Matamoraa, of the i laurels that he and his troops would win before their i return to their old quarters. Hi* Excellency was, how j ever, compelled to put back without u aingla trophy to grace hie unwelcome return. All the forces late under the commend of General j Arista, at Monterey, end new under the order# of Gene ral Lz Vega, about 1800 strong, have arrived at Matamo raa, and it it aaid will march forthwith for the Salt Lake* and the Sal Colorado, to arrest the march of Gcn.Ta>lor upon the Rio Grande. General Canales, of Comargo, with his regiment, nearly 1000 strong, baa receivad or ders to form the advance of our forcea, to watch the movements of your army, and is now occupying a posi tion in a direct line between Comargo and Corpus Cbria ti, about 21 league* from tha former piece, at the north western extremity of the great halt Laks. General Ampudia ( he gentleman who boiled Sentmanat's head) is within two day* march otm, with 3600 men, mostly cavalry. W# know very little of what ia going on in the country or interior, as General Pared** has stopped the transmission of all Dewtpaper* ?? dangerous. Yon who know p etty well all the movements upon the po litical draft hoard, will b* able to judge of the time* by the eigne. What is her* ste ed is true, and you may assure your frieude of the fact I might state many other matter*, but they are too dalicata for discussion at this moment. In m.v next you will have further parti culars, and before you get this, the qoestiooe of fight or no fijht between ue and General Tay lor, will bav* been decided upon, and the independence of the northern Province* declared, cr their future connection with the patent State, quietly, tamely, basely acquiesced in. Our present armed force and stations aro aa tollowa :? Gen. Canalea. with <*001* 1000 troope at head of Salt Ltkes, 00 miles from Comargo. Gen. Mejia on 8al Colorado, -where the old Matamo raa road crosses that river, about 60 or 70 miles from Ma tamoiaa - about 700 men. Gen. Garcia at Point Iaabel, with 380 man, mostly in fantry and artillery. Gen. Saverigo, with some 300 men is upon the Colora do, between Gen. Mejia and tha lower ford, which is from 10 to It miles from the Gulf. ? Osn. La Vega at Matamoraa, ISM troope, late com manded by Gen Arista, detained to reinforce Mejia. To tal force, aay 4000 men, about half of whom are on tha east aid* of the Rio Grande. My next letter will ho of more importance, or f am mistaken. Arista is atill keeping himself in reserve at hi* Hacienda Don la Uarxa y (- lores, Governor of the Tamaulipas. arrived hare last night,with an inten'i n, aa it is said, of organizing the rancheiroa, veterana kc , lor { defensive operations, should they unfortunately bo re quired." The Civilian give* tbe result ol the election in that county for Congreas, viz Williams, 449 ; PiUbuiy, 69 ; Cooke, 8 ; Lewis, 7 ; Meg insou. 7 ; Green, 1. Mr McKinney, the Senator irom Galveston, requests the editos of the Civilian to state tbst the bill for too ra Jisf of peraona having American goods in public store under the government of Texas, subject to drawback, had been dismissed ; and that the proposition to tefund money collected at th* Galveston Custom Ileus*, is not likely to be entertained by the Legislature. Died, on the 3Srd ult, at ber father's residence, New Washington. Mr* Ophelia Lea, agrd 36 years, wife of | . Msj Wm D Lea, ( ate Secretary ol Legation of Texaa i in me United States,) and daughter of CoL Jamas Mor gan- I Juan Caatro, tha Lipan chief, visited the Senate cham- | ber recently. Ha was invited within the bar, which in- { vita'ion was accepted by walking in, shaking bands with j tbe President, pre /?*?, aud seating himself with groat ' "X'la. A friend has had the kindness to show ns a letter from Col. Snivaly, (say* tbe Austin Damaciat,) da'ad Mission Refugio, Match S 1846 from u bich tbe following ex tract is made : ?" Tba Indian* paid us a visit last week, , and took upwards of SO hortea. Thar were Tonke was; this we learned from one of their horses, which we found the next day after tbey stole the cavalado. They also stole Irom the U. S. army at Corpua Christi, 70 head , of muloa." We are indebted to tbo kindneaa of a friend, say s tb# ' -fuilm Democrat, for tbe annexed extract irom a letter of G overnor Butler, dated Cammche Peak, March 10th, 1846: - " The prospect appears favorable, without affording a sanguine hope of full success - there being so many dia cordant materials and conflicting jaaiouaiea. I am se cure of one faet, peace and security upon the entire 1 frontier, for some time to come?I think pormanontly. Tha place of the council baa been ch urged (at tbo re quest ol the Indians) to Torry's Trading House, and the time, next moon. There ie u foil representation, bat time is asked. The Camanche* evince cunning end tact; the others fear and dependence Tbe first here 'method in their madness:' tne change of the Council ground lower down ts an indication?that above is their stamp ing ground, which tbey do not wish to bo made too Ifier i familiar to the pale face " The place mentioned by the Governor, says the ! Demount, ia the old "Treaty Oround," at tho mouth of ; Tabuacano creek. Major Neighbors is on his way to ; the council, with the representatives to the Lipani and ; Tonke was Before closing this article we oanuot refrain from commending tha Major to the favorable notice of the U. States government as a suitable person to Ail an agency. He has "done the State soma servite." is able, indefatigable, brave and welt acquainted with. the , various t ibes within tha limit* of Texaa. The Yucatan acqooner Apaiecida, Capt. Sanchez, ar : rived yesterdav from Campeaoby, whence she sailed on i the 34t.< ult. Through private sources we learn that 8ig. ! Barbachano. Governor of tha 8:eteof Yucatan, and the member* of both House* of Congress, arrived at Cam I peachy from Merida on the Stat nit, to proclaim their in dependence Irom tho govornmout of Mexico. City Intelligence. Dark Strerts. ? Lett evening it wn dirk Rl Ervbus, and yat thera waa not a lamp lighted in the atreata. The raaaon wu that the almanac aaid the moon would thine. But the almanac waa mistaken, and ao we bad to grope about in imminent danger of our lirea. It ia a eery cu rioua piece of economy, that on aveningt when It ia blight starlight, 'he leapt are blazing,away; bht when the clouda cover up the itara, we have no light at all, ?imply became the moon ia alao covered by the Clouda ?il'a too metaphyaicai for ua. Sunday Amusements?Tha boy a in Chatham atreet yeaterday, amuaed themaelvaa by throwing eggs at each other,and the passsrs by. Several gentleman were .be ?pattered, end their clothing very much iojured. Where are the police? They ought to be atirring about to catch theae precociout youths. Eucal Riomti Association ?A apeciai meeting of the Eighth Ward Democratic Equal Righta Aaeocietion, te to be held thia evening at Montgomery ilall, No. 70 Prince stresL Common Council.?Both boarda meet thieevening. It ia doubtful, however, whether any bnaioeaa of particu lar inlereat will be tranaacted, inaamucn aa the membera who are again in the field aa candidatea, will be too much engaged marahaliing their forcee for the battle of to morrow. Pilot Boat Rome* ?It ia amtning to witneaa the peo? pie, who, tince her arrival, have flocked to the wharf to aee the pilot boat Romer. Fiom eight bundled to one thousand viaited her on Baturday, and yeaterday the wharf waa crowded all day long, by boya, negrooa, loaf era, and people of all aorta, atraiaing their eyoa elraoat out of their beada to catch a gliapae of the myrterioua boat. Station House VoTiaa.?Wo would aak if it ia true, aa it supposed, and aa vaiioua iodicatione would declare, that many of the Station Houaea in the varioua warda are to be need aa lodging houaea by many peraona to night, to qualify them aa votera to-morrow ? Who anawera f Fibk.?The alarm of fire laat evening, about I o'clock' waa caueed by the burning of a chimney ia Madiaon ?treat--the fire becoming communicated to the building, which waa a dwelling houae. But little damage waa done. Police Intelligence. April 19?Burglary ?The dialling houae occupied by Mr. Coxa, No I7S 4th avanuo, between 30th and 37th ?treats, was burglartoualy entered on 8a u day alter , between 4 and 4 o'clo noon, between 4 and 4 o'clock, by two young men. who were aeen after wards to leave the premises, dreaaed In dark clothes end cloth cape They escaped, with the following silver were :-4 large table ?poops, 6 tea spoons. fgold ring, 1 heir bracelet eet in gold, 4 ih(i, ?one set witn stones ; a mourning ring set in gold, 1 Biir silver mounted spectuolea.aod 6 silver peocil-ceses. ? arrest Toe police most be on the alert, tor these rascals have beea robbieg e dwelling house almost ovary afternoon thia week. Reilsry ?Officer Vends-rare, of the S-f ward, arrested a notorious pocket book " dropper,"called Leonard Baum, who came the game ever e greenhorn by the name of Daniel Ooff. of canal boat Oxirge A. French, lying at I the foot of Doy atreet. II appeared that (Jeff was walk ing along West atrvot, near hie boat, when he w e ac costed by the "dropper," who asked If he hid seen the dead man that waa palled out of the dock tbat morning Upon being answered in the negative, ho arid, " Com* with me, and I will show you tbe horrible sight " 0< IT ?greed, and waa led by this fallow Into e yatd behind some oyster house near by, wh.re, instead of seeing a dead men, he was mat by a living one, and while hie eyes were straining etound le Hi-cover tha corpse, one ?r these r*~ ? ? chape estracted irom Oofs pocket nearly $10 in money, and the other snatched the wetcn from off hie nock, worth %i end immediately ran off The above officer ahoitly alter wards nebbed Bsum, who was iden tified by Qofl te bo ?ho same fellow that induced him to 5j and sea tbe deed mm Tha watch was recovered entice Osborne very properly held thia fellow to bail ia the sum of fiaoo. to answer far trial, In default of which he was committed to prison. Pint Lerrsnsre. ? Mary Wilson waa arrested last night, charged with stealing 94 from John Roe, No. 49 Varick street. She wee brought in by officer McKeon, of fith ward. Locked up by Justice Osborne. John Leoaa was caught in tha act of robbing the money drawer of |d. belonging te Freneia Kailay. Locked up by Justice Osborne ird McCsflray was arret Bernard McCsflray was arraated last night by officer Osllagher, of the 4'h ward, cbaiged with stealing a watch belonging to Owen Kenny. Co mitted by Jus tice Osborne. Thomas Cavanagh was atrra'ol list night, for steal ing a lot of carpenter's tools, belonging to Cornelias Donnaliy. No. 10 Wast 34th atreet. Lacked up by Jus tice R -ens. Simnel Cummings waa arrested yesterday afteraooa, for steeling a barrel of hichorv nuts, worth $9 belonging to Timothy Main, No. 47 Dey street Committed by Juatioe Osborne. Vrrrsi ms SsssyicfMs.?Tom Henry, the notorious pick pocket, waa erreeted yesterday, on suspicion of eteulisg H||MyliVileifii?4il(MiiMairyfii4. tagasf Tbe evidence not being raflelont, ho wan Anally die charged by ttaa mnfutrato - ?mride te tkt StM?? iViaao.?UMor tbia bond wo noticed tbo suicide, in yesterday's Hrratd, of a young man by tbo nam* of Pa tree; al?o that a negro had in fonaod tbia young manIbat hit brotbar bad baan arretted for aoaia felony. Wo ara infoimed. upon tbo beat authority, that auch la not the caeo, tbay being highly respectable men leaiJiug in Brooklyn, nor haa either of tbeai ever bean arretted on any charge Dr. Wletlnir'e Free Uetnre, tbia (Monday) ev>-iiina, at the Tabaru-cle April .3th. at half-put aev.u o'clock. mtroduet'iry to a emsdvosed eoarteaf pot alar l*ciar< a oj Au t'imy aud Physiology; He Ith and D aeasu; the ceutes whicn dratroy hratlli, aud the war to rettoro it; l ow to in vigorate the .yrtein, prolou, Me, It1.; and lit- phytic-.I e.luca turn of childieu-t ) be illustrated wrh by far tha bett. m ?t extensive. complete aud curtly appsr tat of tha kntd. rear in port'd iron Krauee, or txbibitrd to an Amer tin audiao e, via two splendid t'l feat Msaikiaa, a beautiful aix feet "ktl etou. laige modeit of ih- eye. nr. throat, be.,be , and tav.rd hundred paintuigt. The Msukinem ha takeaapart, to at io aahibit to life every osaentisl part of the body, and over 1700 parti of the btrthaa system. Or W. hw bean to acverel ih in eand dollars eipeuse to procure fri m Franca, mode's to ieo ruro with; ana every on# ia interattad u aneb a eou.aa of lectaret. Fine Arte?tlr. D. O. Laiuont, lute from Europe, hat juit Auished a apleudid Scrmtaral Painting. on oun huidrsd aud eighty Ave square tert "f canv-at It repre sent! 8t Peter aud Juhu h-aliug tha c-tuple. before the gate of R .lnmen'stemple. called the beautiful gate for at via aad finish we have seldom, if ever, teen ita squat The m?g iiiri race of the nrohite lundpsrr it trulygraud. aad iba grasp "?r, it far m* ol the figeres exquisite In Iter . it ur tarpaataa all ?.ttf pr-v.ona ideat of sacred aud legeudary art ..... We understand this fine Picturs Will ba exhibited tn this city n-xt wiuter, when our citizens, amateora and eonnoitienrr, may ex?rct a rich trast Hit studio it at 411 Broadway. Daguerreotypes.-.Profeasor Plnmbe to dally makiug additions to hit la.ga aad jus-lv celetr-ted g-ilary, on tli* upper corner of Bro.dw y ai d Mu ray atreet. It it highly iuterertuig for atraagart aid others, who have r-oi re cently made Protestor Piambe a viiit Hit I uge pietaraa arc nearly oi the cabinet aize, retiioing the exquisite fiuiah of his small pictures. Go and see tU*ui. and sou must agies with as, tha: they are the beet specimens th it yon ever saw. Wet Goods from the Wreck of the Henry CLAY, ara selling at Veil JKeuastt h Co.'a, No 17 Catb iriae apart, at a great sacrifice. Ri h Mntl.u Rob a, l.aiues Linens, and other dross aooda. ara goiug off at a ra,id rate. Call ao an, or yoa lose gro-it bargains. Navlaatlou Of the Ohio MJver, Placet. Time. Uatt a) Raver. Cincinoati, April A 10 feat. Wheeling, March IB. ... 1* feet, MUng. Pittsburgh, April a 7 feet, felling. Louisville, April A B feet 4 inch*. HONET MARK BIT. Bandajr, April W-A P? H. Quotation* for stocks have,within the part week, reach ed a very low point, hot it la our iapreeiion that they have not reached the minimum; that a etill lower depth will be reached, before there can be a vary wide margin for an improvement, under the anticipated changes in the currency. We annex a table giving the quotation* for the principal atocke need in thi* market, for (pecula tion* for each day of the pa?t week, and at tha clo*e of the week previon. Within the pi?t week there ha* been a complete break down in the *tock ma.ket, and the bull* are not out of the wood* yet The reaction ra alised yesterday can only be attributed to tha appear ance in the marhet of the shorts, a* purchase*!, to fulfil ?one of their contracts. quotation* roa the rsiucirAV Utoces in the New Ton* Sal. Afi>n*Tur? Wed TKht. Fri. Sat. Loot Iiland **% ?*? "X Kteg *3 & f ^ & ? Ohio Sue. ??* MJ4 ttX ? ?* ?'* ? Illinois Site* ~ "Z. ? ? ? m '?< "S "* ess = =? ? East Boston 16 ~ UH ~ ' * A comparison of prices current at the clo*e or the mar ket yeaterday, with those ruling the Saturday praviou*. show* a decline in Long Island of 101 P*' ?*n,i Harlam 73; CantonS]; Farmer*'Loan 3]; Norwich It Worces ter 8'; Ohio 6'* S3; Kentucky ??* 1]; Pennsylvania fl'a Ij; Erie Railroad 4; Vickburgi; R-ading Railroad 4]; Morri* Canal 13; Ea?t Boston I J. There has been very little done in aome of the fancies the p *t week. Mo hawk, Stonington, United States Bank, V ioksburg, and some of the deliniuent State stocks, have bean very quiet. We shall undoubtedly have the ;*uv treasury, in it* present abepe, sooner or later. The House bill may be adopted * ithout Mr Dromgoole's amendment, requiring the immediate enforcement of the specie pi ? ? Tha origiiml. or the old bill, may be adopted It differ, from this only in the time for the payment* and receipt* of the government, to be made In gold and silver. Under the original sub treasury bill, on* third of revenue duo the government was to be paid Into the treasury in ape ci* the first year; one more, or two thirds, the second year; a?d in the third year tha whole of the receipts in to and disbursements from the government treasury, were to be made in gold and silver coin. This gradual intredisction of this new system, would not be attended with any of the restraints anticipated by those opposed to the measure. The polioy of gradually changing any government measure afscting the commercial affsirsef the country, has never been considered sufficiently im portant. Sadden revolutions in our commercial system, no mutter what may be the merits of the measure con templated, are at all times to be deprecated, and should at all times be avoided. There are more evils attending sudden changes in tha policy of the government.sffsotlag trade?either foreign or domestic?than in a little longer continuance of the measure about being repealed. The financial system of the government now in force, has been in operation fourteen years, and the business of the country has, therefore, become adapted to that system ; all tha ramifications of trade have become re conciled to that policy so thoroughly, that an Immediate alteration would naturally be attended with many em barrassments. and many sarious difficulties. A wise administration will, thsrefore, avoid, as muok as poeei ble, these sudden extremes, and adopt, as gradually as possible, any changes contemplated in its financial or commercial systems. We have much confi ianoa la tha wisdom of the Senate, in relation to this measures wo trust to the experience af the leading spirits in thai body, with the belief that whatever alterations they may make, or whatever syatem they may adopt, will be as perfect as possible to make thorn. Men of master minds, who have devoted their wholo lives to the consideration of commercial and financial system*, cer tainly have had mora iscilItiss for testing questions con nected with them, and their suggestions arc entitled to mora confidence than the statements of sU the book presidents and directors in the country. We do not look for that party prejudice in the Senate, that wa so often see in the House. The intrinsic merits of any measure, have more weight in tha upper than in tha losrer House, and wo can. therefore, depend upon that body to prevent tha adoption af any Imperfect law, and open tha introduction of all necessary improvements before it goes into ops ration. The sub treasury law, under tha modifications anticipated, will, without donb\ go into eperation as soon as contemplated by the House?that is, the first of July, 1848. At that time, the banks will be deprived of the government deposits; at least from any aocumult Uonofthe ?'*posits. The revenue will, doubtless, go into the hands of the Receivers' General, Just as theugh the specie clauses were in full operation from the start. This will place as many restrictions upon the banks as contemplated under the Hones Mil, and oompel them to keep op a steady contraction, and will, therefore, keep the money market in a very stringent coniition. The time required for them to bring their issues down to a specie basis, will. It is true, be lengthened ; but that It will afford any particular relief to the money market, is a ma'ter of much doubt. It is a question, whether any more latitude Is desirable, as any expansion would load to an extension of business, which wool! require eventually a greater contraction than that wa have recently experienced. W* are now in a condition to adopt tha most restricted financial system the government can possibly adept - that is, there has not boon, since the last sub treasury bill want Into operation, a mora favorable period to comments a specie system, than tha presen'. Tee con dition of the banks of the country is. at present, com paratively sound, and tha amount of specie on hand a very fhir per cant on the issues We wish to keep them at least where they are. and If possible to place them la a much better condition The annexed state ment exhibits the condition of the banks at several periods i? Bakes *r the United 8t*t*s. Loess Dtpeeile. Brer it. Cireule. isti .... fiJ*?.'4i?? iiwsas iss.sittto V ... jtt.itJ.isi lrwT.iss nils 1'S.isJMf !r? .! 4san.su satis,m 4j.1t.rs lUfssst S4i.:;., sm.is7.ssi si.sso.ui si.susm tsu ... SJs.Jti.w js.is*.*?3 31..JU see * ?i *?* i*4j ... r**,* 17 131 ss,070.44j 4t.Mi.xsa mm*Til These returns are official, and ate a* near eorreet as possible to gat them In 1840, when the sub treasury law went Into operation, the loans of the banks were about two hundred millions of dollars mire than they are now, and the circulation about II ty millions of dol lar* more than at present. The deposits aod specie do not bow vary much from what they were then; but the immense difference In the paper issues and the peper credits, shows how much mare fhvorable tha present oment is for the estohtiehsuau* M a,-subtree*wry. than say preview* pexied. Tha ptapartiaa af pupus imuas