Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 16, 1846, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 16, 1846 Page 3
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NRW YORK HERALD. H?w York., ThnmUy, Aprtt 18, 1848. The State Convention. , The next important subject which will engage the at'emion ot the people ol this city, in the way ot votirg, is the election of members for the conven tion, about to assemble in a tew months, in order to mend or mar the present constitution ot this State. This election w'll even be tar more interesting than the one which h is just terminated in this city. The municipal election has only reference to taxes and bad government in this metropolis. The people, with a decided m ijoriiy in favor of clean streets and good government, have, however, elected a corpo ration. which will probably be sanctioning the past abuses of higher taxes and dirtier streets, hereafter. The State convention, however, has reference to politics, morals, law, religion, and other matters; t-ad will lay the foundation of a new system lor all future time m this State, or in this country. The members will be elected for the pur|>ose of re-mo delling the organic law ; in refeience, particularly, to every great interest of social life, embracing ihe right of voting, the judiciary power, the legislative power, and every power existing under ihe govern ment of a free people According to all appearances the flood gates of new doctrines, and startling theo ries, have now been opened wider and wider, even than the flood-gates of heaven, during Noah's deluge. It ^proposed, in various quarters, to extend the elec toral franchise to every thing in the shape of man? without distinction as to color, creed, nation, or birth. Thia will confer the right of voting on all colored people, and on all foreigners arriving here. Another important proposition is, to elect all judi cial officers from the highest to the lowest, by vote; and, also, all executive officers; many of the sub ordinates ot that class being now appointed by the Governor. This will form a great otganic change, should it be adopted and confirmed by the people. It is also proposed to deprive the old proprietors ol large grants of property, and confer them on occu pants ol farms, according to the wishes of the anti renters. In another age, and another state of society, these propositions might seem frighdul, leading to anar chy, contusion and social desolatiou ; but in the present age, the secrrt powers of steam and magnet nm, ?|?phed to the spread of intelligence among the masses, are gradually working an entire revolution in society and government in this country, and ev -ry other country. We kBow what we are, and what we have been ; but know not what wc may become, under these terrible and magnificent pow ers, now brought into social action in the present age. Magnetism may be only the precursor of the milleniutn. Tax Oreoon Question.?We are now assured that the Oregon question will be got through with m the fVnate on Thursday of this week, and the probability seems to be that the notice w ill pa?s ? Yet we do not anticipate an early settlement of this question. According to the most judicious opinions ol well informed men, it is now thought that Great Britain will make ao attempt to resume negotia tions, or make any new proposition, but will stand still, and allow the American government to take Its own course, if such should turn out to be the esse, nothing can prevent the Oregon question from mingling in the elections. A bill has been introduced into the House of Re presentatives to extend the laws of the United States over that territory. Mr Adams, and other leading whigs, seem to be dis|>osed to extend our laws over that territory from 42 to 54 40. The eflect of the passage of such a law will be at once to bring on a collision and a war between the two countries. In the present state ot this vexed question, and ihe de velopment of opinion in the Senate, we do not think that any law of thia nature will pass that body dur ing the present Congress. It may probably be pass ed in the House, but it will be ston>ed in the Se nate. This will only throw the question into (he popular elections, so (hat there is a prospect of the Oregon question being an element in the luture elections, and may probably pave the way for a se rious war with England in two, three, or four years. ! II such should be the case, it will be necessary to have men of the greatest calibre at the head of the government. The friends of Mr. Clay think that he would be the best man to have in the White House in such an emergency. Hknrt Clay's Birthday ?We perceive that the birthday of Henry Clay has been celebrated in Phi ladelphia and other ciuea, as well as in New York. There is no donbt, now, that the celebration of Mr. Clay's birthday has been a general movement in various parts of the country, with the intention of bringing that distinguished statesman into the field again, for the next Preaidency. The only opposition to this movement, in thia city, comes from the Kouriente squad, of ths whig party, whose peculiar, organ Mr Greeley, declares that he has some sentiments and principles that don't at all accord with those of Mr. Clay. We have no donbt there is a great deal of discrepancy between the views of Henry Clay and Horace Greeley, and it is a good thiug that such discrepancy does exist. This movement is considered a very important one, and had been arranged in the hiebest quarters, to take place in Washington, New York, and other plaeea, so as to make it a simultaneous movement in various parts of the country. We have some thing more to say of this thing, as well as ot the meeting at Ntblo's; and also of Mr. White, the dis tinguished orator on the occasion, of whom, by the-bye, we made some slight mistakes, in saying he was in search of law practice in New York, or more ? of a politician than he is of a lawyer. The friends of Mr. White assure us that he disclaims being a politician altogether, and that, for the short time he has been in (his city his law practice has increased to a rem irk able extent, as we can readily suppose' from the exhibition of his genius and talents last year in this city. Presidential Candidates.?'The nomination of Mr. Clay for the next presidency will make the friends of the other candidates bustle somewhat? those who have been nam d as whig candidates. Judge McLean and General Scott, must either re tire from the Held, or be brought forward at once. Wnat course their friends in Congre^, and through oat rhe country will take, seems uncertain. Of the democratic candidates for that high office, the number is legion. James K Polk is one, Silas Wright is another, Gen. Cass is another, Calhoun is another, and Commodore Stewart is another? and, we may add, that as a counterpoise to Gen. Scott, if he should b? nominated by the whigs. Gen. Gaines stands in a strong position among the independent men and democrats in the South and West. In fact, we believe that the nomination of Mr. Clay in the public form in which it has been done, will be the means of bringing forward all the other different candidates withoHt the formality of any conventions or caucusses, so tha' there will be a change in the ancient mode of selecting the President. FotnumiM on ira Lvos ?Mr. Brisbane, the great apostle of Fourier, ia busy in Buffalo, m plant ing bis doctrines and sowing his ideas, in prepara tion for the next spring, summer, and harvest, lie has met with some difficulty in Buddie, on account of the recollection of his former occupation there, which was exchanging and circulating paper money. Yet such things ought not to bear agaiuat the pre sent avocation of Mr. Brisbane. All great reform ere have generally been, in the early part of their lives, sinners of a lighter or deeper dye, and if Mr. Brisbane's early life has been devoted to notmng worse th m buying and selling Canada money, and circulating the bank paper of this Sitate, we don't *ee why h>' should not be as well qualified to be the corner stone of a new church, or of a new order ol society, as any ol the brokers in Wall street, who occupy the first seats in Hie most distinguished and tushionabie churches in this city; and wno consider that their deposits in the sub-treasury of heaven are double in amount to those in the banks in Wall aim*. Ex Govxanoa 9kwaxd's urrrxa ? A vdry extra ordinary, ingenious, and singular letter on the poli tical and philosophical movements of the day, has been published by Governor Seward. It will be found in this day's paper. Thia letter was written in reply to some inquiries made by a committee, in reference to his being a candidate for the Stats Convention. It contains some ol the most peculiar opinions of the day, embracing also a little social ism, a little Fouriensm, a Hide transcendentalism, a little abolitionism, and a lew other unit. Singularly enough, Mr. Seward professes to be one ol thoef men who pretend to advance the cause I of civilization by peaceful, gentle, and moral means This is the corner stone of their principles. Yet in 1 the midst of this idealizing, he comes out lor the whole ol Oregon, a position which lead* positively to war. as much as a declaration to that effect would do. Such inconsistency savors more of demagogue i*m than "does ol philosophy or prolound states- i tnanshtp. The philosophical statesman has a mind o compare great principles, from their origin to 1 their termination. The demagogue ia mingled up J in a state of contradictions and inconsistencies. To which of these two classes of great men Mr. Se ward belongs, let every candid raader of hia letter decide. Castle Gahdin.?The communication of the j Secretary ol War to our city government in regard to the use of Castle Garden, took the city by sur prise, and created aome little excitement. Many laughed at the idea of arming the old fort, and one ol the city lathers indulged in considerable merri ment at the idea, saying that the shock of a cannon bred from them would shake the old walla down. We do not understand the communication of the Secretary of War aa intending to request the use and preparation o^ the fort as a fortification, but merely as a drill room, in which our citizen soldiers could improve themselves and prepare lor any i emergency, highly necessary in these uncertain times. The garden is intended to be a sort of a make-ready" place?the fir.ng, if any there be, to be done elsewhere. The action of Secretary Marcy in this case is entirely at the urgent request of the general officers of our State troops ; and is, we think, of a nature to deserve the thanks of our citi zens. " In peace prepare for war." Glory op^eiwo Beaten ?The getting up and failing ol the pilot-boat enterprize ia occupying the spare time and talents of those who were concern- : ed m it. They glorify as much over it as if it ? were a great feat to be beaten. The Tritnuu philo sopher amuses himself by publishing the extraordi- 1 nary incidents of the voyage, in the same manner that he would it it were a magnificent piece of suc cess, instead ol a complete failure, as it was. These editors, to whom we have given a few lessons in enterprize, seem to be utterly bewildered about run- I ning expresses, and in their antics commit some strange pranks. They had formed a very extensive plan ol arrangements with each other to beat the j Herald in the foreign news aome time since ; but as we concluded not to run an express on that oc casion, they had the field open to themselves, without opposition. They bad made their calcula tions and arrangements ; but the best of the joke was, that some of them made a second arrange ment to run a second express, for the purpose, we suppose, of trying to beat themselves. We have heard ol the impossibility of a man biting hia own nose, but thia comes nearer to it than anything yet. Town Elections in Connecticut.?We have re ceived returns from nearly all the towns in Connec ticut, which made no choice at the first election. It will be remembered that there were 43 members of the House of Representatives to be elected, and that it was necessary for the democrats to carry eleven ol these to secure a majority on joint ballot, and thus elect their candidate for Governor. The returns so far received are aa follows:? Berlin......? a New London. ? 1 Bloomfleld ..1 ? Middlesex Co y. Haven Co. Middletown .. 1 l Wsierbury .. - 1 We.tbrook .. - i Moriden ... ? 1 Fairfield Co. Guilford ... a ? Canaan. 1 ? Naugatuck..- 1 Newtown... 1 _ Bomhbnry .. ? * 1 Danbury ... ? a LatchfieU Co. Graanwich .. a ? Cornwall... a ? Dirien ? t Harwinton .. - a Woodbury .. ? i Plymouth. . . ? 1 Tolland Co. Salisbury.. . 3 ? Hebron o Warren 1 _ Willington .. - a Wincheiter.. ? a Windham Co. Watarton... 1 ? Chaplin i if. London Co. Piainfield . Lisbon 1 ? Woodstock'. ? r i . ^ 15 37 Before elected M 78 Democratic msjority g There are but two towns yet to hear from, viz: 1 Prospect in New Haven county, and Bozrah in New ! London county. Each of these towns ia entitled to i one member, and as they both gave small majorities lor Toucey, they will, probably, elect democrats. ! The democrats then will have the whole control of j both the Legislature and Executive branches of the State government of Connecticut. We trust they will at ence open free trade in wooden nutmegs and leather pumpkin aeeda. Albany Elxction. The election in Albany, on Tuesday, resulted in the success of the whig ticket. William Parmelee waa elected Mayor by a majori ty of 598, and fourteen of the twenty Aldermen are whigs. The present Mayor of that ciiy ia a demo, crat. It is fair to suppose that the late democratic row at New Scotland had considerable eflect on tbta election. Ocean Stxambks?The Unicorn ia in her twen ty-eighth day; the Caledonia in her twelith; and the Great Western in her fourth. New Yoke Pilots?We understand that one of the pilots has sued the editors of the Airie York Exprtu for a gross libel, published in their sheet. ?porting Intelligence* Trottiso over the Cestretille Trace Yesterday ? ?This was a vary interesting affair, and drew forth a considerable number vf tbe moit clioice spirits of trot ting. The eport of the day was sweepstakes for $176, mile heats, beet I In 6, under the saddle. George Smith, named g. g. Medoc. K. T. Walker, named b . g. Tom Moore. A. Loses, nested erg Hiram. The betting, previous to the trot, was >116 to $100 on Tom Moore?seen on Tom against the Held. They went awsy well in the first heat, and kept to gether all round the course to within some sis or eight lengths of home, where Hiram broke, followed in quick succession by Medoc, succeeded by Tom Moore, and they all came running over the soratch. The judge* took some time to consider, end tbe result was that it trie a dead beat, which gar* every satisfaction. For the second heat there was some ten or a dozan at tempt* at a start, bnt Tom Moor# was Ugly, and would not go, although Cel. Bartine took him to ride, after soma six or eight attempts of his previous rider, bnt with not much better success. In the third heat, after some ten or twelve attempts to get off. Medoc led tbe way, looking like e winner, bnt Albert l onklin, on the heck o( Hiram, *)>|>eared to know whet he was shoot, end kept close to his custo mer. Fourth heat, the sorrel (Hiram,) took the lead, end maintained H throughout, coming in fine style tome eis lengths in front; Tom lonr lengths behind . the grey second. The following if e summery of the whole?one of the finest trots that ha* ever taken place ia thla vicinity i ? A Losee, ar g. Hit em 0 111 George Muith. g g. Medoc 0 0 S 3 H T.Walker. Tom Moore 0 13 1 Time. 3:41?3:40 ?3:44 - 3:43) When it ia considered that cloud* of duet prevailed, gale* of wine, and other annoyances, this will account for any scarcity of attendance and better time, though all the choice spirlta were preeent Me. Ja*es G. BENSETrt? Will you have the kindness to inform the Pieai dent ot the Harlem Railroad Company, through the medium of your valuable sheet, ol the decided die approbatton entertained by the riding community, ot the manner in which the abort line of that rond te conducted. The cars ar- poor nnd worn out, and many of the homes and drivers are in the same con dition ; and the road, between 6 h and 18th streets, is absolutely worse than the corduroy roads of the western countries. There is, also, great irregular ity in starting trom the aunds. These evils should l?r remedied immediately, on a road paying as well rr does the short line, between the City Hall ^ . Jity Hall and 27th street. Mr. Little, by recommending a change lit these matters, would enhance both the value of the rotid nnd the comfort of the passengers. A Susnokikg* IirrnuMTMe run Hava?a?Mixioam Mattxba- | ?The pocket bark Madura, Capt. Rich, arrived yesterday from Havana, with advices to the 4th inst. They are oi a rather interesting character. Havana, April 4,1846. Shipurreck?Santa Anna and Cork Fighting ?Af fair* in Mexico?Annexation of that Republic to the United Statet?Market*, fyc. The Brmah ship " Monarch," of Glasgow, with a full cargo of iron and coals for this port, went j ashore on the night of ihe 2d inst , at Bacuranao, a sandy beach about six miles to windward of our port. A small steamer endeavored to get her off. but did not succeed. Launches are now busy discharging her, and when somewhat lightened, one of the Matanzas steamers will try to get her afloat. It is said that she has not bilged, and will probably be got off. We have no news from Mexico, as the dritish steamer ' Is not due these two days yet. Santa Anna is still here, fighting cocks and intriguing. His prospect of return is not considered so favorable at it was two months since, when he was openly preparing to go back at once. Our politicians are rather down in the mouth; they find that the half million so lavishly spent in Mexico does not manufaclure public opinion quite so fast as was expect- I cd. They have run ahead of their supporters, and showed the cloven foot too soon. It is said, and I give j it merely as an en Ait, that Santa Anna has expressed an opinion to the effect that if the European governments endeavor to force a monarchy upon the people of Mexi co, it will diive them at once into the arms of the Ame rican Union, and declares that he will be the first to lead them there. From what wo can learn " by leakage" here, I pro- i phecy that Mr. Slidell will be received; negotiations of j the most am cable kind will be opened with him, and an I effort made to establish an "t itrnit cordial" between the I two republics. Then will come the battle of ihe diplo matists, and we shall see how a "lire Yankee" can | trade. Here all is quiet. The news from Spain is con- | sidered as foreboding no good to that country, but will hardly affect us. Mabkxts.?Business has about come to a stand-still. because of the approaching Easter holidays. Our Sugar quiet, afts market is rather quiet, after an active demand for the United States; we quote assorted 6 9 to 6 10 rs; whites alone no takers; yellows to 8 rs; browns s a 6j rs; Cu- | - " - _ 74 to " curuchos to 3 rs, stock very heavy. Coffee 7} to 8, none to speak of in market. Molasses bare of operations for want of proper vessels to tske it; a small lot is occa sionally sold at 14 rs?the great portion of the article is held at 3 rs. We have had a great deal of rain, and it will soon begin to be sour. Honev 2J a S is per gallon. Provisions ratherdull? Codfish $3 a 3}: Hake $24 a2|; 1 Spern Oil $44 per arrohe; American Jerked Beef 114 a li rs; Candles, tallow, $11 a 14; Sperm 738 a 38; Potatoes $4 per bbl; Onions 8 cs. per bunch; Lumber, Portland, $-13; Bath $33; Yellow Pine $36; Hoops, dull, $33; Empty Hhds. $34 a3]; Box 8books 64 a 7 rs; Hhd. Shooks 13 a i 14 rs. Freights have rapidly declined, and will no doubt go still lower. Ourhaiboris now full of vessels, and ?1 17? (id to Cowes has to-day been taken, and ?3 10s. is ail I that is now offered. We anticipate low rates for some time: for the United Slates small vessels are in great de mand at $44 per hhd for molasses. Exchange on London 104 all prem; Boston and New ! York par. Iu addition to the above, we take the following from the A?u> Orlean* Picayune, of the 7th inat. 1? i We have received several letters from our Havana friends. We will extract only a few paragraphs from one of those letters, which comes from a respectable j source. It is dated 37th March :? " You wish me to inform you about politics, and I ' must say, tuat even in my atation, where we generally 1 get every information, it has of late been checked con- { siderably by our wise and intelligent Governor. But a very important rumor has reached us this week. It is said that there has been a change in the Ministry at Ma- 1 drid, and that Gen. O'Donnetl will at last be recalled, 1 and Count Mirasol be appointed in his place II that change has taken place, and Narvaez is no longer Minis- 1 ter, we can rely upon our change too, which ii now a general wish among the inhabitants of this city. "As regards the Mexican affairs with Spain, we know : little, very little, of what is mentioned in the North American press. Santa Anna keeps quiet at his residence in the vicinity of the city, and when he comes to town 1 he very seldom visits our Governor, or has any inter course with any of those that hold the principal offices. ! His visits are very often confined to the British Consul alone, especially on the arrival of the steamers from Eu- j rope and Vera Cruz. We look upon the Idea of placing a Spanish prince upon the new throne of Mexico as most mrd and i" " absurd and ridiculous, although we sre convinced that ' there is something in the wind,' and that our govern ment has been in constant communication with the 8panish Minister in Mexico for the last three or four j months. , " Since the United 8tates press has been referring to | the resolutions presented by a member of Congress, and > others, respecting the annexation or purchase of this 1 Island, the papers from your quarter are anxiously look- < ed for by all who can understand them, and more partic ularly so the French papers published there. But our ; government also keeps a keen eye on all the papers, and ; one of the last numbers of one journal, which arrived | hero a few days since, contained full particulars about I the aloresaid resolution, and His Excellency being in- j formed of it immediately through his tale-tellers and j spies, ordered the whole lot of papers, (over a thousand copies,) to betaken from the vest el on board of which 1 they came, and be burned. This is an auto At ft | which has excited a great curiosity, and even one doub- j loon would be paid for a number of that paper by some \ curious individuals "The opinion that our inhabitants entertain respecting the United States is a very strange one, and i is gener erally believed here that any resolutions presented to Congress must be carried into effect, as the word * Re solved,'they suppose, gives it the necessary strength, and that the President is obliged to approve every thing that is presented in Congress as a resolution. " 1 understand that an order has been sent to the Post, master not to delivers newspaper Irom the United States before it is examined, and its contents pronounced un prejudicial." Theatrical and musical. Pass The atbe.?The numerous friends ef Mr. Hsckett 1 had the pleasure of seeing him again last evening on the : boards Of Old Drury, where he is engaged for a limited time. Mr. Hackett has lost none of the powers for which he is so celebrated, and as formerly, kept the audience in a continued uproar of laughter, from the ' rising to the fall of the curtain. Last evening he played 1 Sir I'ortina* McSycophant, in Mechlin's comedy of the { " Man of the World,'' and the part of O'Callahan in " His Last Legs;" in both of which he sustained the reputation that is attsched to him. The remaining characters in these pieces were well personated by the corps dramah 71M of the theatre. Mr. Hackett will appear again .this evening. Bowser Theatre.?The grand nautical drama of " La fltte," continues to attract crowds to the above theatre There is a nationality and patriotism about it, which, united with i s other beauties, commands the enthusias tic admiration of an American audience, and calls forth plaudits highly indicative of American spirit and feeling The " Burgeon of Paris" is a beautiful piece, and adds greatly to the charm and entertainment of the evening. Both these pieces will be given again to night. Obeehwich Theatbe.?The performances at this unique little theatre, last night, were for the benefit of Mrs. Orisp, and were received with much applause. No pains appear to be spared by the managers, in getting up whatever they undertake, in the best possible style The attractions now offered at the Greenwich, are of the most varied and interesting character, and the inhab itants of the upper part of the city, will evince their good taste and judgment, by conferring liberal patron age. We refer to the bills for the particulars of the capital entertainment to be presented to-night. Mabt Ann Lee as a Dakseusb.?There was some cu riosity to see Miss Lee again, on her re-appearance in New York, after her return from Europe. It was known that she had sojourned for a time at Paris, the great school of art, science and rvfinement, where she had placed herself under the tutorship of the celebrated Corelli. She has profited much by the lessons and ?HIV ' slebratedi practice of that celebrated artist, and came again before an American audience with additionel claims to their sdmirstion and patronage. As a datueuie, she has much merit;she it hardly equal, indeed, in many points to Augusta ; her lorm is not so good, nor has she her mus. cumr power, but she has great skill, much grsce of movement, a pleasing countenance and prepossessing maoner, and is, we may say, superior to any other dan. s.useet present among us.eacept perhaps Mile. Augusta. In saying this we do net mean to affirm that she is to be compared with M'lle May wood, though what difference time may make (and to judge by her great improvement during her stay abroad it may make a great deal,) we will not undertake to decide. She possesses both taste and skill, united with a graceful power; and yet there is one thing in which, it appears to us, she h9s strangely omitted to perfect herself, and that is the peculiar tact and felicity of dressing?she dresses badly. This, how ever, is an accomplishment in a dammit of more than ordinary talents, which is eattremely necesssry to be studied and attended to ; it is what Fanny Ellsler and Mile Taglioni were very skilful and rtchrrchi in effect ing ?it is an art not taught or communicated, but is a sort of peculiar individual property and tact, but it adds much to the effict produced. The distinguished artists at'ove men ioned always took care to be what is techni cally called " made up well." In this eseential item of the art, we think Miss Lee is mn yet rather deficient, her buit is not good, nor her drapery well hung. The exer cise, however, ef a little mora tact and skill in this es sential particular, will, we are confident, remedy these ?light defects, and soon place Miss Lse where she bids fair to attain. Mr. Bboi-oham ? Mr. Brougham gives another of hit fine and peculiar sntertaiomeets, this evening, et the S j ciety Library. Mr. Brougham's personations of the Itisn character, are to perfect, to 3hak*perian, that no one can fail to be pleated by witnessing them, lie has, as he deserves, full houses. The entertainment of tbie gentleman at the Lyceum, in Brooklyn, was yerv fa shionably attended,and paseed off with the greatest kelnt. Ha was called out at the close, and requested to repoet the enter ainment next Mouday, at the same place. Cotscaay at thb Aroixo Salooh ?An excellent vocal and Instrumental concert is to be giren at the Apollo Sa loon to-night, by Mr W. J. Dsvis and his talented asso ciates. The moit remarkeble leeture of the entertain ment will be the introduction of the celebrated Bocbtn flute, upon which Mr Paris will execute several Junta | rial. Haying heard this instrument ourselves, we pre ' nouuee it worthy the etteotion of the musical amateurs I of the city. M'lle. Augusta, the celebrated lisinui, is now fulfill : ing an ensgement at the Walnut street Theatre, in Phi ladelphia. Leopold do Meyer has progressed,in his tour of triumph, as far as New Orleans. The Acrobat family hava returned to New Orleans from llevene. Court Calendar?1This Dag. s< esstoa Cottar.?Nos. 16. 40, as. M>, t>S, 04, 67, ; 1, 61. 77. 43 *44i, 344, 4, 9. 41. 66. 60. 44, 06, 71, J |7, 10, 10, 40, 01, 43, 70, 73, 70, 74, 70, 70. Ottjr laHBIf Miirno or thi Auiovltcul Awoiatioh.?Th? regular bmIIdc of tbo Amtrtctn Agricuiturel Aseocis lion ?u hold loot evening, at thoir mow in tho Now York University. At obont I o'clock tho nmtlnf wu called to order, and tho minntoa of tho laat mooting road. Andbbw H. Obebn. tho Corresponding Secretary, re ported a communication from Maximilian Baron Von Specksternburg. of I.eipsic, accompanied by three traa tiaoa. by Baron Von Speck, one on the brooding ot sheep, a aecond on tho raiaingloftkope, the third a doacriptlon of tbo anciant Convent of Sonet Viet, in Upper Bavaria, which ta now tbo aaat of Baron Von 8peck. The Baron has long boon engaged in tho advancement ofthoacieneo of agriculture, and hia woiks are stand ard authoritiaa. They will bo tranalatad by the Society. Mr. HowLiao presented to the Society a very beauti ful apecimen of ttk* atrawbarry, containing tho fruit in every aUge, from the flower to tho ripe berry. Mr. Howland said that the first plant bad boon presented to bim by a gentleman fr* m Mobile They wore a monthly fruit . , Tha Chairman stated, t.hat he had received some pota to seed from Ocania, on tfce table land of South Ameri ca. They were small spec imena of aanall potatoes, but he should like to have then * tried hy members of the Society. Mr. Oairrna said he had an'-de use of gnano poudretta, and stable manure upon corn. The guana far exceeded the other kinds. The ground where he used it was clay ay. The poudrette was va. ry good, and to wara the others, but the guana excaeded all. Ha soaked some of the corn thirty-sis hours in guars t water before it waa planted?this grew verr vigorous, ly- It did not produce much mora than the other,but ate. rted a great deal ear lier. He put in the hill of corn thr ee parta of earth to one of guano. Mr. Gaedne* H. Howland atated that bit gardener tried watering the csulifiowere with a aolution of guano, and it killed them all. Ha bad triad soma experiments with guauo, and some with lime, and decidedly tha bast crop came irom that manured with th>i lima. Thi* year he bad taken his grass lot and divided it into five sec tions?one he had top-dressed with sodit, one with gua

no, one with swamp earth, one with to gar-house offal, and one with lime. He bad recaived a letter from a friend in the northern part of China, which stated that they had tbrra tha most delicious peaches, apple trees, and melons. Mr. Lawssnob praaanted the modal af a gate, the pe- i cuLiarity ol which was that by turnings lever it could ' be opened, without dismounting from a carriage or i horse i Dr. Gasdnee stated that a new species of provender called apurry, had lataly bean introduced to this coun try. It was very much like gooae grass. Its advantage waa that it would gr>?w upon vary poor toll, Tha Gar man economists say i/ contains the moat nutriment of any green foddar. It tiontaina 3 S-IOtha of albumen, and is aaid to maka richer r silk than any other groan fodder, i aot excepting blown cli'ver. This plant, however, was [ n t a stranger to ua?it \ vas indigenous to our soil. It } is Known to the country people as corn spurry. It is | abundant in poor corn fiel< Is and whaat fields. We should , enc 'urage experiments in /bis matter, and it would be well to appoint a committee b> procure aaeds and maka | experiments. Dr. Undcbnill stated that h ? had received a commu nication, stating that many par's of Germany would be , deserts, were it not for the apu rry. Home of the lands most productive now, were wo.th nothing fifty years ago. The soil is made better by leavi og the roots. A committee was appointed to make* ex| >eriments ; and after some little business, tha maetin g ac journad. The CaaTON.?On Monday evenirig last tha water , was shut off from tbe Croton Aqueduct',, .for the purpose < of the annual inspection and cleaning of tho works, I which will occupy about two weeks. Tbinitt Chcbcm.?We understand that' tha time for j the consecration of this magnificent churt h Hi been fixed upon for Thursday, the Slat of May, \ rhich is As- j cansiou Day. The pewa will, we presume, bs ' sold a lew daya previous, and all who were disappointed in making purchases at Orace Chnrch can here have an < opportuni- j ty to place themselves among the " upper t 'n,n who worship tbe Deity in tbe most respectable raana or. Real- j ly Trinity Church is a gorgeous building, botht owardly : and outwardly, and will be an ornament of wh >ch our city may well be proud We have no doubt tk a pewa will go off like hot pudding. A Yankee Notion.?A strapping Yankee havia g got out of employment in this big city, baa hit npon a plan by which to raise tho wind. He is a painter by tt "ade, and goes with hia pot and bruah to a hous- and enqu. >rea who lives tnere, and at what lime ha will be horn* to dinner. Having found out, he stations himself at tv<a door just about tbe tima ha expects the owner out froat dinner, and commences painting tha railing around the door-stoop. Tha astonished proprietor cornea out aud | finds a man painting hia railing. "Who gave yeu au thority to paint this V " Nobody," says tha Yankee ; I " but yo sea, 'squire, I waa comin' along and kind o' thought it would look a little batter painted. Don't yo ; think ao V Tha propmtor gala a littia wrattay ; but the Yankee, taking it vary coolly, keep* on hia work. j " It will never do." says tbe proprietor, " to 1st it go so, half painted." " I'll finish it cheap for ye," aaya tha Yankee. " Wall, finish it." And so ha g?ts a good job. > He has bean practising in tbo neighborhood of Broome , and Varick streets lataly, and although wo must set him ! down as a shrewd fellow, we very much doubt whether-, if it were our case, wa should not apply our foot to bis seat of honor. General Sessions Before Recorder Scott, Aidermen Henry end Jackson. John McKeon, E?q., I>iatrict Attorney. Aran. 16.?Vita of Guilty.? Robert Gould, indicted for a grand larceny, in stealing $31, entered a plea of i guilty. He wai sentenced to be imprisoned in the State ' prison for tbe term of two year*. Trial for Grand Larceny?A lad, by the name of John i Darling, was then put on bis trial for having, on the 8J j of March last, stolen about $80, bel anging to Mrs. Ann Dominick, of No. 64 Crosby street, Tbe accused was impleaded with Michael Creigere, whi> was admitted as State's evidence in the case- From the evidence ad duced it was shown that Creigere (whm is a i ephew of Mrs. Dominick). was induced by Darling to steal the property, and give it to him te dispose' of. The Jury l tound Darling guilty of receiving stolen goods. Sen- j tence deferred until Saturday neat. Trial for Grand Larceny.?Matilda Gntsn Was pnt 1 for " on trial for being concerned with Moll Hodges, alias Mary Wood, in stealing $347 from Mr. C hvrles Con verse, of Ohio, while in the house occupied by the ac cused. in Anthony street. On the part of the prosecu tion, the testimony of Mr. Converse, as taken de bene eeee, was read, from which it appeared that he was en Wood, by ~ ?" ticed into the house of Mary Wood, by Matildii Green, and while in her room, he)was robbed a la Hoag system, of the before named amount. Officer Hungerft'rd de posed that he arrested the accused, who was identified by Mr Converse, as the person in whose company he was when robbed ; also, that she offered to compromise the matter, by returning the money alleged to have been stolen. The Jury in this case' rendered a verdlc* of gniity. Judgment was suspended, however, in order to allow time for council for the accused to prepare a bill of exceptions. She was accordingly remanded to priaon for sentence. Another Trial for Grand Larceny.?Moll Hodges, aliao Mary Wood, was next put on ber trial for participating with Matilda Green iu tbe robbing of Mr. Converse. The Jury found her gniity, and as, in tbe preceding case, tbe sentence was deferred until Saturday nex'.. The court then adjourned until to-morrow mornii ig. Police Intelligence, Aran. 13.?Buislury ?The residence of Mr. J ames Watson, No. 460 Bowery, was burglariously enteri id by some daring " cracksman" last night, and whil s Mr, Watson lay asleep, the thief stole from under his ' pillow $81 in money, and from the premises a silver x patch, several gold rings, one hair bracelet, a lynx mutt ^ and various articles of wearing apparel, and escaped with out detection. No arrest. Illegal Voting.?A person by the name of Joseph.Rose was detained by Alderman Divver, of the 4th wr ird, an Tuesday, on a charge of endeavoring to persus de per sona residing in another ward to vote in tbe 4t! 4 ward, such vote being considered illegal. Mr. Rose g ive bail for bis appearance at the Court of Sessions, and vu dis charged. Petit Larceny?John Lewis was arrested vest si day by officer Firehock, of tbe 13th ward, for stealing clothing and some shoemaker's tools, belonging to John Hannen, No. 176 Broome street, valued at about $13. A portion of the property was recovered. Committed bj Alder derman Keelts. Maneliughter.?The unknown man who was knocked down on Tuesday, at the 1st district poll of the Oth ward, died last night from the Injuries receive d, about 10 o'clock, at the City Hospital. Dennis Mo Cartney, who was arrested at the time, charged with git ring him iflo the fatal blow, still remains in prison, awaitiu g tne re sult of the Coroner's inquest, which will be I isid this forenoon. Shameful.?A most pitiftil scene occurred at ti <0 police office last evening. One of the policemen brot ight be fore the magistrate a Dutch woman, named C atbarine Dsmeyer, with four children, and no father. Upon en tering the office, the children became frightei ied, and the eldest boy, about 14 years of age, who aps eared to be almost an idiot, set up a perfect yell, more 11 he a hy ena than one of the human species; the little oni -a cried, and such an uproarious scene the police office has not witnessed for some time past. It appears that tbei'e poor creatures have been sent to this country from Bsetnen, in the ship Charleston, and are petiectly destitute. They were committed to the care of the Commissioner of the Alms House. Superior Court. Before Judge Vanderpoel. Aran. IS.? fan llenschoten vs Rutk et all.?The jury in this case, which has occupied the court for the last few days, did not agree, and were discharged. Before Chief Justice Jones. tVakeman vs. Sherman.?The jury in this case, rUready noticed, rendered a verdict for plaintiff $3,118 46. Frllovt, Reed and Olcott vs. C. E Chevalier. ?This case has already been tried several times. It was an ac tion of assumpsit,on notes made some years back,a nount ing to $4000 Tne defence set up the statute ol limita tion Adjourned over V. 8. Circuit Court. Before Judge Nelson Aran. 16 ? William H. Lyons, a seaman, was tried and found guilty of stabbing with a sheath knife, W. B Hut chins, the mate of the ship Ohio, on her trip from Liver pool, on the 16th of January last, to this port. Ttie pri sonar waa recommended to mercy, on the ground of hie being roughly handled hy the mate, in an altercation ' Ich took plac which took place between them. The prisoner was re moved. Ftancit Cor lit was arraigned for peesing counterfeit ooin. Slave Trade ?True bills were found against Nathaniel T. Davis and Thomas L. Shaw, for serving on board the ship Patuxet, engaged in the slave trade. They pleaded not guilty. Fro* Para.?We are indebted to Capt. Dewing, of the brig Ratler, for a file of the Trtize de Maio, printed at Para. One of these papers contains an, ad dress to the people, and particularly to the government of the province, in behalf of the suffering and distressed population. It appears that a dreadlul and unprecedent ed scarcity of provisions threatens the whole country with famine, or rather that tbe ravages of this awful scourge were alreedy driving the famishing poor to des peration and death. Public meetings were forming; emigration vjaa active, and extreme measures were in progress for the mitigation of the shocking calamity which had depopulated whole districts in the country. In the city the state of affairs was little or no bettsr, and inauy wafp perishing lor want of food ? Salem Gatuie, ?6prif il> Brooklyn City Mow*. Eicitssskkt in )i?oikT>.?It ipMta thkt about t month since! tho laborer! at work at tho Atlantic Dock, in Booth Brooklyn. tnmed oot for higher wogoo, and alio made looie other demand!, none of which tho con tractor* thought fit to comply with. The consequence waa, the work* hare ainco bean partially impended. On Monday or Tuaa .'ay the contractor* hired a number of German laborer*, and eat them to work yesterday morning. A* aoon a* the old handa found out that tho Germana ware at work, a mob of about fifty or aix?y persona collected round tba dock, attacked the German*, and drove them forcibly from their work, having beaten one or two of them severely. After having driven the German* off, the mob itill continued round the dock, and would not permit the work to pro ceed. Application wa* then made for a poise of the police, but they rvfuied to interfere unlei* beaded by the Sheriff The Sheriff wa* neat applied to, and he, with half a dozen police, repaired to the acene of action, upon which tba crowd diaperied. No arreita were made up to 6 o'clock, but it wa* expected that arrests would be made in the couraa of the night, as the ring leader* were known. Kino*' County Cibcuit, Bboozlvn ; before Judge Edmonds.? THt Somm Cat*.?Charln Wi'aen v?. Alexander Slidtil Mackenzie.?The plaintiff *\yis an ap prentice on board the Somen, on her outward and home ward voyage to and from the Coaat of Africa, in 1843, and waa oue of the person* upon whom lutpicion tell c f being connected with the mutiny in which it wa* al leged y-eung Spencer and othen were concerned. At that ti'ne, Captain Mackenzie bad him put under arreat, and Vtept him eo for a coneidanble time after the arri val jf tho Somen at the Navy Turd, at Brooklyn, and un'.il ha was discharged by a writ of habrae corpus. ' Shortly after hi* discharge, he caused the present action tab* commenced against Mr. Mackenzie, for aesault and battery, and false imprisonment The latter put in a piea to the jurisdiction of the court, alleging that he caused him to be arrested in the lawful ezercise of hi* authority a* commander ot the Somen, and that he was not amenable for it to the civil tri bunal* of the country. To that plea, the plaintiff* counsel demurred. The case oame on before Judge Kent, for argument, and ha overruled the demurrer; hi* decision wa* appealed from, and it was subsequently brought before the Supreme Court, when hi* decision was reversed, and the case sent back to the Circuit 1 Court for trial. It was called on yesterday morning, and Mr. Scoles for the plaintiff, opened the case as follows : I he said the facts ware briefly these, the United States ! brig Soman, in the summer of 1843, went with a picked crew ot apprentices, to the coast of Afdca, and on her way back, from that to the island of St. Thomas, three perscui were arrested by Commander McKenzie, charged with mutiny; one was a midshipman, named Spencer, the other a boatswain, named Cromwell, and the third a man named Small, a sailor before the n_sst. On the first of December, he, the defendant, dellbentaly and without the form of a trial, caused them to be hansed at the yard arm. Shortly after, or previous to the exe ration of those unfortunate men, he caused several of t'necrew to be arrested and put in irons; and amongst '.hem, Wilson, the plaintifl' in this cause, alleging that these persons were all connected with the three men, who were hanged. From the time of the arrest, until the arrival of the brig at the Navy Yard, the plaintiff was kept on deck, double ironed and exposed in mid winter, to the Inclemency and effects of tha weather. The consequence was, his feet ware frozen, and ha has been from that time to the present, afflicted with rheu matism. The ground of his arrest was, his alleged con nection with the mutineers, and it was represent, d to him that he would be brought to trial immediately after the arrival.of the Somers in port, hut he never was, nor was any charge ever brought against him; a writ of Aakses carpus was afterwards obtaired, and Wilson was brought before a judge, where the defendant bad an op portuuityot making his charges,if any he had to make; but neither the defendant,or any person on his behalf, appear ed before the Judge, and the plaintiff was discharged; end f rom that time to the present no attempt #as made by CaptaiD Mackenzie toj bring the plaintiff before any tri- 1 bunal, or to make any charge again?t him, simply ba- ' cause be had no connection with the mutiny, (if such ex- ! isted,) nor was there any evidence to justify or authorize Commander Mackenzie in the course he took, or in the infliction of such punishment on the plai itiff. 'Mr. Scoles then explained to the court and jury why the ease , wa* not tried before; and concluded by saying, that the jury wete not to be influenced in coming to decision on this case by the finding of the Court Martial held on Captain McKen.zie ; they were separate and distinct i cases, and as the plaintiff had never been brought to trial before a Court Martial, they were bound to pre sume there were no charges against him, and they were now to pass upon the conduct of Mackenzie as they would upon that of any other citizen who might be brought be fore them. Afte r Mr. Scoles had concluded. Mr. John ' Duar.who appeared ascounsel for Mr. Mackenzie, moved for a noneuil, on th* ground that the action could not be maintained in its present form He Insisted that instead of its being an ai :tion of trespass, it should have been an ; action on the ca se for a malicious prosecution, or a wan ion exercise o.'i Mackenzie's au thority. In all cases where the preaent form of actio-* lies, the arrest must be originally illeg al, and no authority to make it. In this j case there is w * doubt of the authority of Captain Mac kenzie to arre st when a c'jarge was made, and if be be lieved it, he hi .d a right to. exercise his authority, and he cannot be hel 1 responsible for it in a civil action. He also contends d that i-j the present form of action Mr. j Mackenzie w as shut 'out from proving probable cause for the arrest. Mr. 8co',es replied, and read the opinion of . Judge Nelsi in,delivered on the argument of th* demurrer in this case, when Chief Justice of the 8upreme Court, and the authorities, therein cited, and contended that it met the question no / raised by the defendant's counsel. Judge E amends decided that it did not meet the present question, and g,ranted the non suit. Plaintiff's counsel excepted to hi t decision, and the case goes back again to the Suprem * Court, if the decision be reversed and the case sent back, tha whole of the evidence given-on the trial of Captain Mackenzie will have to be gone over again. HoT?menU of Travellers. The arrivals, yesterday, multiplied considerably ovar | the pint portion of the aeaaon ; and the principal hotela I preio.ited a stirring, bustling and business-like appear- i ance. The followiug ia a summary from each AaiaaicaR.?C. Car Alia, Philadelphia; M Siadawalder, I Pittsburgh;H Taft, Savannah; O Rowland, Mobile; | W. Cairns, L.I; A. ?. Barnaite, West Point; Ed. Jen kins. BalUmore; N.. L. Hitchcock. North Wayne; C.A. I Lambert, Ausuatr,-J. Fry, U.S. N.; J. Price, Memphis; | m ? #aia; E. Alexander, Charleston, 8. C.; i W. Churchill, 8i ^ Ring. A"#" ?Pr-r-lereland, Providence; C. H. Northern i and C Pond, H artiord; W. Childa, Boston; Mr. 8 Van | Buren, Alhan-/. 8. Warren. Troy; R. Forsyth and L. wburgh; Mr. H Bynge, British Army; E. .. 'n; Washington Oreenhow, Va ; Messrs. T. Bedbber, H , r. Reed, Laventer and B. Covington, N. C.j u Ar< Indiana; J. Ridgeay, England; Page and Hicks, B' jMon; Mr Lockwood, Troy; George Arnold, Benjami j| Dyer and P. Hill, Providence; Messrs. Luridly 8E oer, Pa ; Messrs. O'Brien and Dexter, Boston; ,B<? .tier, Bangor; A. Robertson, Fall River; W. H. Blair , Philadelphia. c" .tv.?Honorable C. C. Cambreleng, Huntington, eg Island; Dr. Biyant, Florida; J. White. New irtry; Mesars. N. and S Thorn, Boston; E Ed '/toads. Albany; F. Beekman, Tarrytown; J.W.Al len, Bordentown; Oeerge Chase, Boston; Mesars. Wendalland Lewis, Philadelphia; W. Dwight, Ports mouth; J Kay, Philadelphia; J. H. Houghton, N. H ; Captain Wood, ship "Horatio." Franklir.?B. H. Jones, La ; J. Van Ranssalaer, N. O ; L. Stevens, Batavia; A. Wheeler, Canandsigua; A. Dickinson, Cortland Village; J. Curtis, Boston; George Merrell, Pen Van; L. Vanducher and M. Dickson, Alba ny; A. Smith, Batavia; H. Eaaton, do.; A. Huibert, Ro chester; Captain Fitch, Bridgeport. Howsao?L. Monson, Connecticut; J. Kirkbride, Mis souri ; P. and J Anthony, Ohio ; Dr. Clark, Lanestoro ; A. Robinson. Philadelphia ; W. Black, Huron; A. 8. Smith. Kingston ; V. H. Tisdale, Hamilton ; E. White bead, Toronto ; D. Worthington, Albany; T. Tupper, Troy ; J. Bishop, 8. Sturgis, Vermont; J. Phillips, Itha ca ; R. Jones, Utica ; Dr. White, Oregon ; John Pendle ton, Washington ; R. Richards, Boston ; J. Seymour, Hudson ; J. R. Sturgis. Gsorgia ; C. Kennedy, Boston. Arrival op Henry Clat.?At seven o'clock this morning, the sound of cannon down the river, gavs Intimation ol tha approach ol Henry Clay totha city of St. Louis. The rsvsrbsrations of the steamsr's gun, be ing repeated evaiy few minutes, brought an immense crowd to the l?vee?every one anxious to have the first look et the great " Statesman of tbo West." Far down by Duncan's Island could bo discerned the towering smoke of steam engines, tha waving of tha " stripes ana stsra," and the flashing of the booming gun. It was soon discovered that two steamers were lathed together, mingling their smoke and their banners. They ware, that elegant ateamer. tha Bulletin, from New Orleans. which received Mr. Clsy ss a passenger at tha city of Vickaburg, Miss., and tha Mail, from Cincinnati, the latter all alive with peeaengere. As theae " twain in ene" approached tha iavaa they gracefully swung epert, end the Bulletin came alongside ~ " iVeetat the Harry of the Weetat the foot of Washington Avenue. The crowd at this moment on the levae and on the hurricane decka of the numerous steamers in onr harbor, was immense. We have no data for an accurate com putation of ita numbers. Henry Clay, (the man to wHom oulogy can add no fome, nor the preflx of e titlo any new honor, soon passed to the deck of the Harry of the West, end from thence stopped into the dense and cheer' ng mess of ritizeDi which blackened all the levee. With much difllitulty lie reached end took a temporary refuge from the press of popular enthusiasm in the store of the Messrs. Welsh, corner of Washington Avenue end Water streets. It was gsnerally understood thrsnghout our city, 'hat y had moat < Mr. Clay had moat earnestly entreated and confidently expected, that no public pomp should mark his udvtnt In considers into St. Louis. In consideration to the delicacy of such feelings, no answering cannon from the levee responded | to the gun of the Bulletin-nor was a flag seen waving 1 from the steamers in the harbor, or the public houses of the city. What future step* of public respect to the " Statesmen of the West" will be taken by ths public authorities, wa know not, but presume St. Louis will do ! all that admiratisn and gratitude to a man whose Ufa is a part end parcel ol his country's history, now in private , life may, demand. Mr. Clay'/step was elastic and vigorous, his form as ' ersct as an arrow; but his hair, from bis forehead to ths I back of the crown, showed that time had invaded that i noble form, and rolled hi* wasting winters over e head whose every though, through a long life has bean his country's? St. L?un Oattitt, Jiprxl 8 Railroad Accident?Loss op Life.?Yesterday morning about two o'clock, a serious accident ocw curred upon tha Reading railroad, by tha concussion of two treins of cars. The accident haptened at e water ing piece a short distance above Pottatown. The eon- ' cumon was so great that Ave cars were thrown from of i i the track, and a gentleman recently from Maaechusetta, , named J. Hill, the engineer of the train, wee inatantly killed. George B. Sterling was slm 'hrown from one of the cars, and had his ley i broken, oivi head eevarely in 1 jured. He wns Inker, to the hixfjuiil yesterday after noon. The accident was occasioned by the negligence of the breakman, stationed on the stationary train of care, whose business it was to give a signal te an ad vancing train. Tha light which was hung out waa sup posed by the engineer to be the light of a train advanc ing bafor# thorn, and his mistake was not discovered un til it wee too late to stop the train. The breakoMn wee instantly discharged.? Pkil Sent., Jpril 14. The telegraph between PaUedelpata and Wilmington i DcL, ooMMOod operations on Moaday last Hir (wculutf I Daniel MurbU'f Prlne Drnee*^?TMepes*1i , ?onriMchiag which Will l?Hh the merits of the "v f/u wl a|icit aative iwiii in the r pr*s**utio* of .be** ? which Mr. Mar hi* eelv caa ai** aa *? ?all*# : tbe raprcwaiatioa Hu Myle. minii P/vfU ?? it il "d atiapP'?ach?bla. it ooly lob. Cl< ??!* oU>.*H Ui Itihl'nll.ot oiih. competitom for th* pr>?; aad hit a. to direct tha taiaoi York ami Albany **uie.? th. frataxin rr " ""n?. h. litof J?" ?1? c Jd darB will add^a. th-i, prooYctionPlo Mr .Mar bU, at L.l.rr. ft. 1 i?H. Parmoe Ho t.l, Uoitoo ir any of oar nam*rone rend*** ftaweneirer ?|limh. v.uoaal D*#.."i?itMil*ry. oath. *pe*r Tinted the Plumb* N*" the* mil thank asfbi eorner of Broadway ??d K"??'tbly o{ lh. ?o*t ititormius them that this is ilardl* a persoa of diatmt uiior.itiu* plac*i in N.W "fit jh. infiuit* varietr of portrait* sr.ii sftsBTwa.'1Wsfs. .IT. him a calj __M^ww^^gag3E5!B!P SS?r;i.v.^V3'!s.?u rear US.. ? ?: - ? -?? MONEY JIAHKir. Wednesday, April 19?? P. M. The quotation. for .lock, ere again decltaing. Long land?.u off i;H.rl.? ft, NorwichI Reading 1; Morri. Canalj; Farmer#'. Loen ft, Pennsyl **A? th*' aacood boeii there eppeered to ba ?n?tu? panic, and price. feU off **.?!- per cent. .lock, appear tote settling down to the low,,tj<P ' and it I* a question whether price, for .ome of them again recover what they have loat. The New York Oa. Light Company h?v. d.ci.iwd . dividend of four and a half per c.nt for the lut six month., payable on the l.t of May. Tbe Fulton Bank ha. delared a aemi annual divide of Ave per cent, payable on the l.t of May. The Director, of the Mechanic Bank at Auguita, Oao. have declared a dividend of four dollar, par .hare. There heve ben period., within the pet ten years, when the establishment of a .ub-treaanry to regulate the finance* of tha govarnmant and th* eurrenoy of the country .would have created a great del of wall ground ed :alarm W. allude particularly to tha time, whan the people of everv .ection of the country were deeply n volved in every epecie. of .peculation, and were ao in timately eonnect.d with the banking institution., that whatever mee.ure, emenetlng from the general govern ment, produced eny contraction in th. operation, of the bank*, or chocked in any way the expansion then geiog on to rapidly, affected the whole country, end threaten ed ruin to the thouaanda angaged in tha .pacnlaUve bub ble. of the time. The government, however, proposed no remedy for the evil, then existing. but r.mained par fectly pt.five and permitted the bubble to Inflate itself, until it bnrat from over tenaion. After the revulsion and tbe iU.pen.lon of .pecie p.ym.nt., m tbe early pe' oj 1837 an extra aeaaion of Congra.* wa* hald, dnring which th* propotition to a.tablisha first mad#. The remedy propoaed came too let#, the method of moderating th. evil. wa? not considered f.a.l bla, and the (esaion pasted away without perfecting any plan to improve.the Bcnce. of tbe government,or to mo derate the embarrassment, und.r whiob the commercial cl.-.e* labored, end mettera were left to regulate them selves, and ? peculator, to work out th.irown salvation. Tbe sub-treasury, from that time, became a prominent meaiure of tbe democratic party, and was brought for ward every fea.ion of Congreae until it waa finally adopted in 1840, th* last session under the Mr. Van Bu ren'a admini.tration. In 1840 th. banking .yat.m. of nocrly avery Btate in th* Union, oontinuad inoperative ,-the b?"b? still remained under the au.penelou-the government bed no aurplu. revenue, but on tbe contra ry wa. in the market, .eeking loan, to enable it to meet the current expenditure.; trea.ury note, to a large amount war. in circulation, and tbe circulating medium of the country waa nothing but paper. In the midst of thi. mm of matter, the sub-treasury bill became a law, and during the brief period of Ita existence, it was nothing but a dead letter. Altar a few montha sickly existence the bill waa repealed, and the banks have ainca bad the whole field to themselves. In 1810 and '41 th# cemmercial revulsion of 18*' reached ite culminating point, and ainoe there has been a steady and healthy improvement. The banks have expanded aa rapidly as they considered consistent witk adue regard for safety, but have never been able to con aect themselves so intimately with tbe commercial clim es a*;tbey ware previous to 18*7. Th# ay atom oferedits throughout the country hea experienced a revolution as great a. any thing el?e that passed through the ordeal of the revulsion. Individual credit, have taken th* place of bank credits?mere confidence exists between man1 and man, and bank favors are lata in demand, consider ioc th? extent of buaineei transacted, than before known within the peat ten year.. Wo wo, by oAeial returns, that the loans and discounts of all th# bank, in th* United Statoa, in 1846, wore only about on# half what they war* in 18*7, th* loauo* oftkobank. have sine* that tints.fal len off at least one third, and the aggregate banking movement of tk* country ksa decreased at least thirty throe and on. third per c.nt. While this decline in banking business has been going on, tbe legitimate bu- . ?inos* of tbe country has bean rapidly improving and in creasing. Our staple productions have, iu many instances, almost doubled-tbe population has increased several millions?our foreign trade is larger than usual I ?our works of internal Improvement have steadily in-I j creased all kinds of manufactories hove sprung into ax-1 latence in all parte of tbe eountry? tha ability oftkel I masses to consume the necessaries and many of tbe luxu I 1 rtea of life never was greater?the product, of the soil and I of tbe loom command remunerating pricaa, and the pros-1 ! parity of the country at large never was mora perma-1 : nently established, or more reel and legitimate, than at I this moment-it ie not founded upon Mis# values, sod 1.1 therefore comparatively permanent. All these thing. I exist and have a being independent of the banks, and so I long aa tbesa institution, are ltft to carr* out thai apparent legitimate purpose, of their organis.tion (to| 1 furnish facilities to speculator, and inflate speculative! . bubbles.) thar* i* vary little danger of their disturbing! the legitimate busin**. of the country, or .owing the! seed, of another commercial revulsion. I 1 The operation of tha .uo-treaaury, now. would be! vary different from what it waa in 1840. Under Its moat! liberal provision# It will produce a complete revolution! in our banking system*, and eound tha death knell of! many in.tltutions now considered solvent and sound J It will separate the wheat from th. ch.ff, morel thoroughly then ell th# investigation, .ver ordered by! any legislative body. Nothing in the shape of e bank-! ing institution, wUl be able to avoid the effeot of this! ; Uw ; end w* expect to ?## changes in our flnanciall l systems that will produce, at first, much embarrassment! ; |n the commercial world, but it will be naeeaaary, to! ! bring about a more healthy state of the currency. The! effect, at fir?t, will, without doubt, be severe-the! I recovery *>? ??rT gradual, but it will be healthy J ; and upon a baria of the most solid nature. Tbe countryl will be purged of the mess ot paper new suspoaed to| possess value, and the currency will ultimately bei established upon the only true basis, gold and silver J The banks are, therefore, at tha mercy of the biUB holder#, and of their depositors. Whatever couree tb*]J pursue, in the face *1 the sub treasury, the bank. mustl abide by. They ere helpless, and the very existence el| the be?t b*nk? in the country depend, upon the rtteo'l of the confidence tho*e holding their paper promise. W| pay, may have in them. The condition of the bank. B| not such as to create confidence, or even to sustain t a | they now enjoy The statements which they have, from! Zl to time, mad. public, ar- sufflcl.nt to satisfy evarjl on. that they are, in fact, unsound, and could not atancj ? moment after losing the fictitious credit they bevel created. The sub ?r*asury will be a ?lor^ of these incorporated money manufactories, end it ii th? I anxious desire of all, intere.ted in ?bo?1' * I almo-t any wcriflce, an annihilation of all the in.olv.n-1 banks, that th. re eatebliahment of thi. bill should b. KI | ''The''annexed'statement exhibit, the export, of .ug.I ! and coffee from Haven, and MaUnaaa. for th. firat tbre. I months In each of the past two FMM- I I,.,,,, rmu H*v*v* i'n Matsviss. 1 r BoxIt Sugar. ArroUt Caff- I ? _ * ta March tl, 1.13 IMS lll>. >He| ? u ?liu* ... TW Mill *,9?t 19 13 ? ; P * ,. it ui 14.774 m . -1 I llmbarik BiWien-- ll.tn ?.M* ITT! *. UelleiJ 1 *>1 J .719 "" . *| ., rr.ue* '?I4J J*'* m'Vi ,,M I ., 3) ,914 M.3M ?,JIT li I I " Tri?*te|V*a 'fcothe'r'sP* 1,643 7,401 7,Ml li.U I M4M 100J73 83,107 43,M I Th* exports to <he United States, this year, of botl I sugar and coffee, have bean vary large compered wltl I last year. Thar* has not baen so much variation in th' I axperta of either articla to other eouctrias. Theaggrul gate exportation of auger thie year, is Dearly fifty pe 11 cent lei gar than last, and th* aggregate exportation o coffte about fifty per eent less. There were 868 Amert can vessels, amounting to 161 806 tons, entered the por of Havsna in 1843, and 648 vessels amounting to 88.24, I too* in 184o- The whole number of yeaae* which er

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