Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 17, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 17, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. ??w York, Friday, April IT, UW. Agent* U the Interior. Samuel W Disbrow i* agent for the Daily and Wttkly Hrr*l4, at No. 4 Commerce street, oppoiite the market, in Newark, New Jersey. THE WEEKLY HERALD. TWO SPLENDID ILLUSTRATIONS, i The Jfttkiy Hit old of tbia week, to be ready at eight o'clock to morrow morning, will bo superbly embel lished The flrit illustration will be that of tha Charter elec tion ; a graphic representation of the four classes of politicians in thia city, analyzing the returns on the morning after the election. The second, that of a plan of same hieroglyphics on a rock found in Veneiuela. The last is a singular affair, and will attract the attention of the carious. It will be accompanied by an interest ing and truthful description. All the news of the week will also be giren. Price sixpence per copy only. New* from Kuropc. It is hardly to be expected now that we shall re ceive any news by the Unicorn. She had not ar rived at Halifax on the Uth mat., and there were no tidings of her at Boston at 8 o'clock yesterday mor ning. It is unnecessary to ofler any opinion about her. If she has met with any accident, we shall : learn the particulars full soon enough. The Caledonia is the next steamer due at Boston, i She was to have left Liverpool on the 4th inst., and ' is, therefore, probably, in her thirteenth day, and j may be daily expected to arrive. We shall receive ' her news by express. The Great Western is in her sixth day, and will, ' probably, arrive in one week trom next Sunday. 1 The Cambria will leave Liverpool next Monday tor Halifax and Boston. War at Lut. length it may be said that the war has com n. noed?begun between the United States and Mexioo?but wher? it will end no one can tell. We rHerour readers to the important news in this day's caper, received last evening from the South, which >hrew the city into a deep excitement. It is now probable that the government of Paredes will call in the aid, mediation, or interference of b ranee and England. This will be the first attempt in North America, like that now going on in South America, by those two powers to interfere, and pro bably attempt to establish u monarchy in Mexico, and put down republican government. Will the free people of the United States repudiate the blood of their ancestors, and permit this 7 All the nor- ' them departments of Mexico, will probably declare | In favor of freedom and the United States. We are on the threshold of great events?per chance a general tear throughout Eur opt and A me- ' rica?ptrhapt the libertiee of free people for a hun fired generations. What is the U. S. Government about 1 Are they preparing 1 Are they awake 1 Sound that trumpet on the watch-towers of David, and wake up the dead?quick?quick. Tka State Convention?The Approaching Kl action. The approaching election of delegates to the State Convention, which will take place in a week 1 from next Tuesday, has not created much bustle or ' stir in the community?and has not commanded the I attention of even the politicians to any great ex- I tent, if it were an election for executive officers. > who had the distribution of patronage in their ? power, no doubt, preparations, on a most extensive scale, would have been made a long time ago ; but ! as the election of candidates for the convention who are to alter, or change, or improve, or destroy the fundamental laws of society, does not interest j the community as much as a division of the spoils does, we hear little said, and see less done in pre- i paration for this awful and terrible election?awful and terrible as the power of magnetism. We call it an awful election, and a terrible election, be cause of the effects it may have on society it this State and in the Union, aa regards the fundamental principles of human progress. In this day's paper, we give the decision of the Supreme Court, to the effect that thirteen delegates only are to be elected in this city. The question will soon come up among the various parties and factions here, relative to the proper selections of candidates, and the preliminary movements for the day of election, which is on Tuesday week next. How do we stand in this city in regard to the va rious parties now in existence here, and the pro bable movements and results of the influences now at work 1 We have, in this city, three distinct and positive parties?the whigs, the natives, and the locofocos. The native party originated from the abuses and corruptions of the other two parties, with regard to a certain description of legislation on the school laws, and on the distribution of olfices in the city; and also on the right of voting by foreigners. This parly, in the recent election for a municipal'government, sustained a shocking de feat to all appearances; but we think they have exhibited, from their infancy to this period of their existence, a distinct power, a posi tive amount of votes, which effectually controls the decisions of the other two parties. This party started into existence in the fall of the year 1843. They then numbered a little over eight thousand votes. Amidst all the changes and all the conflicts that have taken place since that time, they stand at this moment in the same position, and in possession of the same amount of strength, and are probably more firmly determined in preserving their organization than at any other time since their exist ence. Here is a table, showing, at different times, the full and distinct amount of their strength, with out reference to any other |>arty Btatemswt or ihi Vote* Polled bt the Native Ame rica* Past?, in THE Citt or New Tobe,at three DirrEBSitT Elections, when thet were nor amkted st the Whio?. Seratob. Senator. Matob Warm. Nn 1843 /fet. 184?. Ap. 1846 1? . 87 96 87 a- 80 |?7 lift ?- 193 3 JO 380 4? 911 *39 178 ?- 397 378 363 144 180 m ?? 831 484 ?- 804 804 741 931 973 J?" 844 881 t>99 934 9J3 1,184 14?. ?J? W8 ?li 393 ' 383 394 718 743 744 388 344 3?l 378 310 Ml 781 . 464 834 803 944 ToUJ 8,810 8,377 ?Now Ward, talus from Uo leth Ward. Comtarativb View or Partus. Jfmti?. Uco, WW? Norossbor, 1843 8.449 14 31A u Joi NoVMBbsr, 1846 8,810 18 809 11 706 April, ISM 8,177 33,188 u'oja This table exhibits a singular amount of power. Consistency, and determination. What is the reason of this 1 Will this party mingle with either of tbe other parties in the approaching election 1 There is not the slightest probability that'the natives will disorganize their forces, or disband their men, at the hazard even of defeat. During the last charter election, we have seen in what manner .hey pre served their troops in the face of utter and over whelming defeat. We understand that the temper And disposition of the men composing the party is to care nothing tor triumph or defeat: they care for nothing but an abstract satisfaction of announcing their own opinions by tangible facta In this re *"?Ct they seem animated by the retolme spirit that has created and preserves tha " liberty party," or the nigger association of white men. Looking at tha nauvrs a I*rty 'hat will be governed by theae principles in the approaching election Tor delegates to the State Convention, what are the chances for the whi?s or locofocoa 1 It the whigs pursue the same policy in the elec tion for delegates as they did in the recent election for this city, the result will be to give the whole of the ((election from this city to the locofocoa. But if the whigs should allow the native party to make the nominations for delegates, and concur in those nomination*, the other alternative will pro bably take place, and the locofocoa will be defeated "horse, foot, end dragoons." If such a union aa this had been effected in the municipal election, it would have resulted in the defeat of the locoloco candidates, and the success of the union of whlgs' and natives' ticket in their Mayor, and at least ten of the wards. Such being the distinct position of the political forcea and elements now existing in this city, rela tive to the approaching election, it may be askoi what course will the natives and whiga pursue fit this matter 1 As regards the natives, there is no doubt that they will adhere to their own nomina tions, and support their own men. Their position is as firm as the rocks on which Manhattan Island reposes. They have the same number of voters aa in 1843, and they can probably retain that number for years to come, with the exception of those who leave the city, or those who die and go to heaven, or Bome other place. Theae men are animated by a species of political and religious enthusiasm, either magnetism or somethiag else, which cares nothing lor success, provided they have a mode of expresaing tangibly their opiniona to the world, and the belief, which they repose on time, of their ulti mate success. If there is to be danger apprehended from locofoco organic legislation, that danger can only be avoided by defeating the locofoco delega tion in this city, and that defeat can only be effect ed by the whigs and natives uniting on the same nominees; and that union can only be accomplished by allowing the natives to nominate the men, and then for the whigs to concur in them and support them. Think of this ye blockhead politicians. This is the age of magnetism. The Panic in thk Money Market.?The state of matters at Washington at present, makes the brokers of Wall street start. Stocks iell again yes terday, particularly United States, and they will continue to fall, as the prospect brightens for the passage of the new treasury law by the Senate oi the United States. The banks, too, are curtailing their discounts and circulation, and the speculators are sadly incommoded in consequence thereof. There is great commotion in Wall street and in all the avenues of inflation and speculati on. There is no doubt the alarm is exaggerated ; but if this alarm on the action of Congress can break the banking system up, the result will be beneflcial to all sober men throughout the country. The banking system, as it is practised in this community, is anything but good or beneficial. The banking system, when conducted in a pro per manner, is beneficial to commerce and highly use" iul, but it has not been conducted for many years past with benefit to any one but speculators. This does not extend to all banks. There are some good banks, well conducted; but the way in which others are conducted has led the community into temptation and extravagance. The evils of the banking system are innumera. ble; but there are two classes of them that are glaring. One of these is the facilities which bank inflations give to speculators in all sorts of wild en terprises, leading men of capital astray, and^empt mg them to engage in speculations. Another of the evils is the encouragement of extravagance. Bank directors and officers, from the facility they have of getting discounts, allow tKeir families and de pendents to launch into extravagances of e\?ry kind. One-half of the expensive balls, toiriti, and extravagant dresses of the fashionable circles, spring from bank facilities and bank inflations. These men lead the other portions of the commu nity, and the consequence is, that a general demo ralization of society soon takes place. These two classes of evils have only to be named, to be recognized in this city in the social and finan cial circles for twenty years past. Look at the ex travagant mansions built in the upper part of Broad way, and the expensive establishments that have been built and purchased by bank facilities, and the expensive parties that are given in that region. All of these spring from bank facilities, and have in volved the projectors in bankruptcy, which has afterwards deprived the owners of them. If a re form in the banking system can be effected by the action of the general government, it is much need ed, and will be attended with good effects in this city and throughout the country. Th* Ocean Steamers from this Poet.?We understand that there will be a great contest in . Congress, relative to the proportion of the Post master General, to form a contract with Mr. Mills 1 and his associates, for establishing a line oi steamers between this city and Havre and Bremen. Under the law of Congress, the Postimaster General was authorized to establish a general system of orean steamers to Europe, South America, Mexico, and ' other parts. Instead of following the wish of Con! gress and the law authorizing the establishment of a comprehensive system, the Post-master General narrowed down his action to the establishment of three or four steamers between this port and Havre, instead of combining different lines and establishing a general system. Here was the first error con* mitted by the Post-master General, an erroT inse parable from a little and contracted mind. The contest in Congress will be between the isolated proposition made to the Post-master General, em bracing a small line from this city, and the compre hensive system authorized by Congress. We have no doubt the gentlemen in this city, who received the contract, will do the best they can. We are assured that their object in asking a charter from the Legislature oi this State was merely to facilitate their action, and not for the purpose of making fancy stock out of it. We are glad to hear this, yet we can't refrain from condemning the imbecility of the Post-master General, which led him to fritter away the purposes of the law of Congress as he has done, and to take the responsibility of following that law, in preference to establishing a comprehensive system of ocean steamers between England, South America, Mexico, and other parts. His condoct in this respect savors too much of that of the adminisj tration itself, which was bold in declaiming its in tention of taking the whole of Oregon to 64 40 in the message, but which sneaked away and stultified itself, by refusing to take the responsibility of pro posing to arm the country for the contingency of such a bold attitude. We had formed a high opin ion of President Polk and the administration, but weakness and imbecility seem to have marked hem for their own. They have the courage to talk bold words, but want the nerve to take the respon 1 sibility of any decided line of conduct. Packkt Shif AsHdar?the packet ship New York, for Liverpool, in going to sea, yesterday after noon, in charge of a Merchant Pilot, run ashore near the Narrowa ; fortunately, the ateamboat had not yet left her, and with her aid ahe was got off, and proceeded to sea ; having remained aground two hours. Attack and Rxtokt ?The London and Paris press are very warm in endeavoring to bring about the establishment of a monarchy in Mexico, and perhaps over all of this continent Suppose the press of New York and the other American cities, should return the compliment by endeavoring to foment democracy, and establish republicanism in Europe. This is i game at which two can play particularly during the present age of steam power OrcNuia or the Caj?al ?The State Canals were upeaed yesieuUy for bueineaa. HIGHLY IMPORTANT rtoK TEXAS AND MEXICO. MANIFESTO OF FAREDE8. THE OUZSZS IN ATP A IRS. Advance of the American Army. THE AMERICAN AND MEXICAN TROOPS ON THE EVE OF A BATTLE. The Return of the Hon. John Slidell. THE WAR FEELING IN MEXICO. Th? Destruction of Point luibol by the Mexicans and their Retreat before General Taylor. The advices which reached us yesterday after noon from Texas and Mexico, are of the highe.t importance. Ho^Mr's'rf ?,C* T1Ved U ?f the return of the Hon. Mr. blidell to the United States-the advance of the American army to the Rio Grande-the con centration of Mexican troops on the West bank of that river?the destruction of Point Isabel by the Mexicans, and their retreat-a patriotic proclama tion by Parades, levelled against the United States and the probability of an immediate battle be tween the Americana and Mexicana, on both banka of the Rio Grande del Norte. All thia brings the relations between this country and Mexico to a criaia. Annexed are the detaila of the newa. [Correspondence of the New Vork Herald] Cam'. Orro.iT* MiTiMORii. > i . . . Texas. March 38 1846 ( Accounts from Corpua Christ! have h?fnr* thia to apprise you that it encamped on the bank of th? pu Grande at 10 o'clock this mornior An ?? aovereignty ha. b a enparf?rtn?df'whhin?wohonr.?a f ?& Jim: .b.??,bVi'h.r bJ." i??z srvri' ?.rSS? like act bai been committed, and the 'nations are'^tlilYf ' peace, unl... Mexico .hall madly mo' ve uDon wit *. cipal towaa, must ?a*iafv her w? a? ir. ?... . ""'P'" the day of rWkoninp i. n.ar M hand ?ud that ! aZUV h#J* ih "?arl> two hundred Tarda wid? ? ? ! asasrtsftrai ass sr'j ngain.t the northern Invader* v/e tmafthfi mu? the flrat excite in* M .hall .ub.idc^ better .i?it win 1 rh^,e\'1o,woyriri1,1^r"C,0n,,'r^ permanent than c?r.fMi, f-.r twenty dava Th? '< Iran this bark i.tn.ly inviting; mJy of\* . luHd.n^. I public asd private, being large and elegant bu,ldin**' Our base is at Point li-abei, about twontv-six mil??a distant A few buildings were th?r* on? I wiles as ss?$trt ffarafS I ?"??*: approach of a body of our trooo. the ' offlcer?'fle<iere Bnd ,he P?t.nd.d custom k?S ??ih M,Jja JVin. command in Metamoraa OiTthe i!% tte^^?rad^ It?w^ s^JrMaed'to'hS'fTuo^r e"u VSjgXESA I Extract of a letter from an nffieer now with Me Ttxa* army. I Dear Rather- W. M,rch *>. 1840. wear ratner. we arrived hare on Tueadav laat Th? ves.el came over the bar in aafety?found Col Twigga he arrived the aame day with uc ha ur? neaday to join the three brigade* to march to M.t.mor^" The Mexicana are about to flght ur T^evh.?r I tllVnl Mr,Dd* t?*tUcJt thu Poa' with 700 men. Major Monroe ha? only one company hare. Captain May atarted from Gen. Tsvlor'. ramn )??? aiT C0InP*,,i!,, r?iororc? Major Monroe ,* , expecting an attack every moment. The iut, for.m*d ? company to defend the gooda Oen. Taylor aend. the iteamboat Monmouth to N?w Orleans to-day. We do not know if JS/S2 If the Mexioans succeed in taking Point I.sbel Oen w i l*T6 00 ',n<l ?' rat>aat I hare been oii guard two nighta out of the picket. Our ruerri four mile* from camp and lay on the inf. i 7.? ?Ut has Jut arrived from Oen. Taylor's comoany H.P ha'd , alithe army throwing up work, the wholeof ia "niaht The R^.P??n/ ?* hundred yard, from Matamo*aa! The Rio Grande runa between. I have fllteen men under my command to night. n men The United Statea ahip Lawrence ha. aent all tha man s:?r,rom iittsss- S.irtiV.7;^ on the prairia- Tell mother I wiih^ could .end her a bouquet of them We had a fine chase after har.._^ celebrated dog Jack caught one after a chase ot four P. 8 ?I open thia letter to say that tha wagon'trahi has juat come in from Oen. Taylor'a camp. There i. nothing ^sssrsrA^ff^ ??:" ri rdre.pond.nce of the New York Herald ] We left 11???. '.?"!'* (,t '"?) AP"1 3,1840. w?_i ??ra Cruz on the Slat of March at 10 A M having on board the Hon. John Siidell, Miniater to Mexico, and Mr. Perrott, a. pa.aengera for (hn iiniiaH Mexico^anne^*? t* ^,U "^o'o/o.^'p^.'r Pi. at Vera ^rui^ ^^^iVja^o^He^A'T, Mrtnw^Ve'Vhiil h ? saluted Mr. 81id.ll on hi. de part tire. We shall be off the mouth of th? Miiaiiainni gs?a "ii i?t jm^SSlfSSMS jand Mes.rrglid.il end Parrott. and then proceed to rensacola. We happened there ju.t in the right time to iloop of *war W?U,d h'T" C0,M in ">/8t. Su?y i , ? Proclamation ,k!b'^1, r '? V ArTl"'t^ frr.idtnt <,4 interim rf 1 letMt ?f '? " *"**Uantt-?$ut4 on the In the critical and solemn lituation in which the na tion i* placed ?perhap* on the point of a war with the United Mtatea ot America?in consequence of one ol the moit unjust usurpations of which history hai any record, it become* my obligation, aa urgent as sacred, to ex B- n to my fallow citizens the sitnation in which wa ourselves?the dangers and the sacrifices to which we are exposed?in order to maintain, with valor, with enthufiMm and decision, those right* which, being iden tified with tha existence of nations, must be defended to the utmost, and with an energy equal to the insult re ceived. The dignity of the nation, the march of an American ?my on to the Rio Orande, where the head quarters of ; our troop* are situated, the threatening appearance of tfeeftaetof that nation in both oceans, aod all tha ante cedents well known to the civilized world, have com ' pelted me to reject the envoy cut inordinary ai d minis tar plenipotentiary of the United States, in order not to furnish an example of debility that might sanction, by a pernicious and ill ai'riied nc, a usurpation not founded in reaeonorany plausible motive, but which merely relies on their hopes of Intimidating us by force. The American | Minister, whose mii?ion w*? not circumscribed to the j discussion of the Texas q loation, has deir.p.ndeJ his passports, and I have caused them to be expedited with i oat aar hesi ation. I oohfesa that w ar aim one or mora nations is one of 1 the rree'e ? and niist severe evils which can happen, and that it is an aunhute of civilization to avoid its die aster*-to promote in lustry commorce and Iriendly re latione under the au*r>ice? of a universal peace ; but this will prove Incompatible with the maintenance of the prerogatires an.l in<1*|?n;l?nc3 of nation*, which are called upon to rental force oy force, nheu all menoa ol compromise ei d cot oilia'iou luve ti'led Tfta tepu'.Iiu ol ileala deipotM of the rwh tad U T*n?, which always MmmT to it, hv the direct acts of tkmnaa - n-tgubnring lepublic, aflar dkoerertn*herd222.. .? f"" ,*nw o'her of oor k)j?iDio| or (rastiunSLl V0,,,,. n" ,forced *0 protest, hu proteetod^and ;'o?s still soieninly protest, that she does notMkai^ .p *0 t*>* r'flbt "f,.1''* American flag on the aoil of *? tnd ,h8 *?U defend her invaded territory ud never, never, ,mrn.it now conqueataor new advaZ?^2 the government of tho United States. M ? ? T"' ,0 ?g*mst the United SUtaa n not re. ted in me;'and the illustrioua Confre.aofth.nl" ?n Z"; " '?OD M ,b8T h"? ">??? take into conaide^T Hon the neceasary steps required in the conflict whSL awaita m, and which waa 10 no manner provoked hi this magnanimous and forbearing nation Aj ho*?? in the meantime, the United States mi*ht make ? ' ?'';ck on ?"? ?f oar maritime boundaries,^* Sn tholS adjoining Texaa, it will be necessary to reMl for^h? force; end when the invaders shall hive made the^oL {nt2SH?K 0 immeme responsibility at havin* dia lhI 'l h. .M]"C<,0f ,ht. wor,d wiU upon S i twsskSs ssjxsr ?? ?" str?^ ?? of .U lk. ^mplorl" 0va ?'l""" "ir^t th. .ff^t;ndnS""cr "4 resource., which can "Sksbs* JWebks s Jrc.fr'?""'' it de Potosi for tb^alv..?? 1 ^*nen o( 9<u> Lu companied by the bra ve man .kw l??u,,8Jcountry, ae ons standard, my promine h?JL ker illu.tri my actions I otr?r.Atf~ T D*T,r b?en <a lei fled by grea,,daS ^.T?^ \n "Ordinary Con Congress has been convoked ^?ha? #?*ti!}n: Mdth# tain the outraged hnn?? ?s*e offered to main tolerate old injuries nor wilM* Jtt,0.n' M<1 1 wiU not dominant object'of * 1 P?mit new ones. The to maintain the entire aomn^#r,m#D j *** bMn liberty of the natien - to ?ri^ . ?">limited ? nd to prenare with ,form * constitution, defonce against internal aa wall m eternal'an f?rl iU As a consequence of the timea and with?n? opinion, I did not notice for wiSa Umm^Si f?* ,Mjr about forma of rorernment L.-L-2 ? th" <??cu?siou? future V of the nation, convinced me that bv tolfnUnm ? ?cting in violation of the oath whirh ',?"?* wu moderation SSd adv^lT Wh,Ch PndtD0% ^ of th. in. ed loyalty, havemadj me X^'?-TIUOn,-and accredit iff"?1?'' represenUtive republican a?atem? IWd^So! .ti>0pulw' ^P-oplMbeTsK wsms ^ppt '^SI^P'SS-Sf fissi*7 "uch confusion of political paaaions 1 h?. k^.l C ! plain my opinions, to inspire the conflde^'whic^ " ?:?y Who d^o'uwrfpr{2iBnU Urrlt0r7' 5Btart / wh^waC<1?IlUHC.r,ibed 7" hmi^ of th* Public power, ?V in c,Uo<l njion to exercise the executive no? p"^ rrr ffiSSsSl1 l-WWls

SSb?=H?!: - ?nd reciprocal conflrt^JvT. _ oonstituUon. union supreme Arbitrator of nations to tak* >?? nnLm * e^r.uW!.'ito;rM Mexico, 21st1Mw-ch^48^REDL8 Y AKRILLAOA. [From the New Oileans Picayune of April 81 . Since the publication of the Picavune of thi? mo?. two' ZX^ SrW Y^rk hM a"'ved, bringing two days later news from Genera! Taylor'i army We learn from an extra of the Qalvuton Ntu,* issued on the afternoon of the 4th instant that th? flv.'riL M c.J2ii wri?h' r,,'K d at Galveston, about 4 o'clock, P.M. of that d av banKf?n-r?rea ^ draWn m??f?tkZ^n$a raJ du*a* ?f%%? salutation was duly recipSa'ted*in kfnAyTim?^ Sin Unes,Dg lrUmpCt8 and drum? in ,he Amer thl !?U8 enc^^ ,'ie fif?' day's rencounter between the two armies on the opposite banks of th#? Rin SSfr o?hderWitnn T ?T AmrJL* # j? next niorning, 23th the ^jneriean troop? discovered the Mexican amlUrl ^ T IT**"*' linin< the ZZiU bS and pomtmg directly into tZeir ca Jp, whereupon milefZ? army movtd tt"r 'wrnpmeru fL This step was doubtless taken by Gen Tnvlor in ?{r?mF^r^ s:fLwop."s;r; "fax ssisi",?t r<"gultVJ?)y in Matamoras to T-h- M Wldiers, and 500 rancheros. I he Mexican citizens of the Rio Grande are said to be quite disaffected towards their own ^ cause!eat' ?ecretlyfriendly to the American [Prom the New Orleans Delta, April 8 ] The steamihip Alabama, Windle, from Galveston, whence she sailed on the Ath instant, arrived yesterdsy, and ?? are placed in poiaeaaion of Galveston datea to the 4th instant, containing important intelligence from Gen. Ta vlor's atmy. The Alabama, at 8 o'clock yesterday morning, fall in with the U 8 steanuhip Mississippi, off the Balize, hay ing on board our Minister, the Hon. J. Slidell, Vn. 8. rarrott, Esq. secretary of legation, and Robert Staart, .Midshipman, U. 8 Navy. Messrs. Slidell, Parrott and Stnart wa'e transferred to the Alabama, and the Missis sippi immediately departed for Penaacola. We liam Irom Mr. Parrott that Mr. Slidell remained nt Jalap* till the 28th ult, at whioh time he had signified to the Mexican authoritiea, in hia laat communic ation to tham, hia intention of leaving, whether ha received hia paaeporti or not. On tha 37th tha necessary documanta, couched in the moat formal language, dated at the city of Mexico, ai?t ult., wera directed to Mr 8. at Jala pa.? Thfough aoma mistake they want to Vera Crui, and thence were tranamittad by our conaul to Mr. Slidell. The treatment received by Mr. Slidell at Mexico and Jalapa waa extremely cold, but upon hia arrival at Vara Cruz ha was recei ved with a aaluta, waited upo n by tha highest offlsial dignitariea of the place, and again saluted when the Mississippi left. The OalettUn Newt Extract the 4th mat., containa the following intelligence from the army of occupation, brought by the U. 8. revenue cutter Woodbury, from the Brazos St. Jtgo, which place ahe left on the tOth alt The army of oooapation, numbering in all S.SOO men, arrived and encamped on the 38th ult., oppoaita Mate moroa General Taylor, with a company of dragoona, under the command of Colonel Twigga, having left tha main army, arrived at Point faabel simultaneously with tha fleet of transport* from Aranaaa, on the 34th ult. On the appearance of the fleet, tha captain of tha fort ?Rodriguez? aet Are to the customhouse. and aeveral other buildinga at Point laabal, and made hia retreat 5ood to tha river, although pursued soma distance by or sr of General Taylor The buildioga destroyed were of little value, being constructed of logs, thatched with | straw. I The thousand and tan of thousands of the enemy, who have been reported as la readiness to dispute the msroa { of Gen. Taylor's army, aeam to have entirely disap peared at his approach. The onlyopposition of any consequence he experienced was at tha LitUa Colorado, where a Mexican officer, with about 150 mounted man, threatened to lire 'upon him ifhe attempted to Croat that stream, 'tiling that such ware hia positive orders, and that " Vraicana knew no fear." The artillery was immediately ordered up. and the ^ troop- f.irmnS and commenced fording in perfect order, : Urn water D?ia* nearly up 'o their arm pits, whereupon : the Mexican retreated without executing hia order*, lis was previously met on the nrairie by a party of M or 00 Mexicans, who informed (nneral Taylor that ha ant proceed no farther in thatdiraotion. By artor of I Taylor tha tray opaaed, m4 (Mb party W** paraitted to ?u?k through to the hh, and thon de ntlt * ^Then mr Point I*ebel, a depletion of about forty m?a waited upoa him, bearing the proclamation and a meaaaya from Oon. Mcjia. filled with thraata. At this moment tha flame* cau>ad by tha burning of tha custom boat* ware discovered, and Oon. T. immediately die aiiaaad tha deputation, directing them to inlor* Gen. Mejia that bo would reply to his meuageopposite Mato moroa on Saturday, the 90th ult. , Forty wagon* with iut>piiei tor (the anny, left Poiat Iaabel on the morning of the Mth, in fine condition, and on the morning after Oan. Taylor followed, leaving a company of artillery at Point Isabel, under the command of Major Monroe. The Snei understand* that Oaa. Taylor'* order* are to creaa the Rio Grande and attack Mataaoru, ahould he be fired on from the town. The U. S. brie Lawrence, commander Mercer, remain ed at anchor off the bar. The brig Porpoiae, Comman der Hunt sailed for Panaacolaon the 36th ult The United States ships Cumberland, St. Mary's, John Adam*, and Falmouth, wore at Vera Cruz whoa the Missisiipi left? officer* and crew all well. We mutt alio return our thank* to the ofBcer* of the Alabama, for their politeneti and attention, in furnish ing us with files of Qahreston paper*. Lieut Fobil, U. 8. N , who was bearer of despatches to Oon. Taylor, arrived in this citr this morning, in the cutter Woodbury, on his way to New Orleans. Capt. Foster, of the Woodbury, state* that the average depth of water on the bar at Brasses St. lago, is eight and a half foot, and that from thence to Point Isabel, a distance 'of about three miles due West, tha uniform depth is about five feet Point Isabel is a perpendicular blufl of sixty foot above the water, and the surrounding country is hilly or undulating. The country was ia a highly favorable condition for the march of the army more rain would have made the travelling bad, loas would have occasioned a scarcity of water. Col MoCrea was disappointed in his attempt to take the barges across the Laguna la Madro, for want of suffi cient water. They will, in consequence, have to bo tak^by land. The steamers Monmouth and Cincinnati are constant ly employed in transporting from Bras so* St. Iago to Point linbel. We find but little election news in our files. Judge Pilsbury has a majority of M over Col. Williams. At Brazoria preoinct the vote stood as followsPilsbury 04, Cooke 10, William* S, Lewi* 1, Meg gin* on 1, Green 1 At Vela too?Pilsbury, 10, Green 9. [From the New Orleans Delta, April 8 ] John Siidell, Esq , U.S. Minister to Mexico arrived in this city in the Alabama, from the Belize, where he was landed from the U. S. steamship Mississippi, on Monday morning last, from Vera Crux, whenoe she sailed on the 30th ult. W. 8. Parrott, Esq., Secretary of Legation, and Robert Stuart, U. 8 N., arrived by the same conveyance. The arrival of Mr. Siidell created no excitement in the city ; the public mind, from previous advices, was pre pared for it. As had been often before stated, the Mexi can government would only receive Mr. Siidell in the capacity of a special government agent, with whom it was prepared to treat on tha Texas question, and on that only. Mr. Siidell, of courie, having persisted in refuting to hold official communication with the government of that country in any capacity other than that of U. 8. Minister Plenipotentiary, as which ho was accredited, finally had to earry out his previously expressed deter mination and withdraw;?hence his return to the United States. In Mexico there is nothing new?nothing which shows public feeling or public events in a phase different from that in which for soma time we have been accustomed to look at them. It is, as heretofore, plotting and scheming among the aspirants to power-ignorance, of public affairs, and indecision among the people. It would appear, that with all the degradation?all the social and politioal destitution to which the Mexican people have been reduced?there is still] one state of vassalage to which they are not prepared to submit. They are not prepared?and they give unmistakable in dication of their reeling?to part with tha attractive title of republican?a shadow to them though it has been? and to bow in passive aoquiesoence before the sceptre of imported royalty. The Mexicans, in other words, with all their ignorance of political science?with all their crudeand undigested notion of republican rule, prefer even in ill defined democratic government to that of a stern and ic flexible party. This feeling became;so mani fest that even Paredes was forced to come out and " pro nounce" against the scheme, with all tha patriotic ex pletives which a Mexican general knows so well how to apply. There is now, circumstances go to show, in Mexico, no monarchical party?they are not, it would seem, sank low enough for that yet. General Almonte has been appointed minister to Eng land, and although he has got, as we say of the members of our State Legislature, his " mileage"?yet it i* *aid that he feels jealous of Parade*, and will not go, or rather that Parade* teal* jealous of him?and that the motive of the latter in making the appointment, was to remove Almonte to a convenient distance from the in trigue* at the capital or elswhere in the nation. There are the usual number and variety of reports, of troops marching to and concentrating near the Rio Grande?we have hrard them too often to be affrighted by them. This, that we have uow given, i* the pith?the substance?on the latest news from Mexico. [From the Austin Democrat] Bbxah, March 31.?I have juat returned from a trip of twenty day*, with Capt Gilleipie and forty of his men, who started in pursuit of Indian*, but found none. After cro*siog the Nuece* river, Capt Gilleipie concluded to visit Loredo, to which place we proceeded forthwith. Entering the town about daylight and expecting to find some soldiers under the oommand of CoL Bravo, (having received such information from 30 traders we saw We*t of the Nuece*.) to our disappointment we found but twenty-eight soldier*, with a captain commanding.? Bravo having amelt ua, mounted hi* horse and sought refuge in the chaparial. The captain, however, came running to us, and asked if We came to fight?if so, ho was not in?couldn't fight: but provided wo wanted pri soners, we could have as many as we cared tor. Our commander told him to bring them on. The Mexican captain accordingly drew out his twenty-eight soldiers, with whom were found thirty stand of arms, swords, ho. Captain Gillespie detained his prisoners about seven hours and released them. ? ? ? Capt Gillespie had a talk with the Alcalde and the prin cipal citizens of the place, who were very glad to see us. After they ascertained onr intentions were friendly towards the citizens, they were peifectly satisfied, and look anxiously for speedy protection from the United states government. They say the Indians are harrass ing them all the timo, and. that large parties of the Ca marches are down on the river now. * * * The citizens of Loredo say there are about 1000 regular troops at Mier, a large force at Matamoros, and none at the Presidio Rio Grande. Of the destination and inten tion of these troops they knew nothing. ? * ? The gentlemanly deportment of Capt Gillespie and his men was tiuly commendable. [From the Houiton (Texas) Telegraph, April 1] It ia reported that ibe dispatches that were lent to Oen. Taylor, in the United Statea brig Porpoiae, and which reached him a few honra after the army had taken up the line of march for the Rio Grande, contained a re quest from Mr. 81idell, that he ihould remain at hi* poat at Corpui Chriati for the preient, aa the Mexican govern ment had evinced a diapoaition to re-open negotiationa with the Uoited Statea government The passengera who have Ihtely arrived from Corpus Chriiti, report that in consequence of thia requeat, General Taylor had given orders for the army to encamp on the San Ger trudes, about aixty milea lrom Corpui Chriiti, on the old road from San Patricio to Matamoraa. Thia report may tie true, but if Mr. Slidell haa made thia requeat, we fear he will find in a few weeka, that the offer of the Mexican government to renew negotiationa with the United Statea, ia only a mac to gain time* until ioatructiona for ita future action can be received, from the Britiah and French gorernmanti. [From the N. O. Jeffersonian, April 8.] TheU 8. ateam frigate Mississippi arrived at the Ba lixe on Monday, and brought lettera to the 30th ult, from Vera Crux. The Mexican government remaina in an unaettled atate, and many of the inhabitanta of Vera Crux were preparing to leave the country. Gen. Ampudia waa at Panaaeo, two daya march from San Luia de Potoai, with 1,000 men to reinforce the army on the northern fiontier. Almonte had been appointed minister to England, and wa* preparing to leave ; but an impreaaion prevaili that he ia in correspondence with the authorities of different aections of the country, and will remain. Lettera atate that a league haa been formed by the n rth-weitern province* to separate from the govern ment, and that Gen. Urrea haa been placed ia command of the forcea. [From the N. Orleans Bulletin, April 8. J Hon. John 8. Slidell, United Statea minister to Mexico, arrived in thia city laat evening, having at length Anally retired from Mexico. Ha sailed from Vera Crux in the U. 8. ateamship Misaisiippi on the 80th ult, and arrived on Monday at the Balixe, whence he came to the city in the steaniihip Alabama, from Galveaton. He ia ac companied by William 8. Parrott, E?q., Secretary of Le gation. We learn that Mr. Slidell was finally refused by the Mexican government to be received aa minister pie nipotentiary, or in any capacity other than aa a commis sioner for the arrangement alone of questions growing out of the annexation of Texaa. The relatione and con troversies between the two governments, are, however, too complicated to allow of the diacuaaion of them piece meal, even if our government were diapoaed to submit to the disreepect implied in the propoaition of Mexico, or to continue the existing state of quaai-war. Mr. Sli dell, therefore, on being refuaed recognition in the capa city in which he had bean aent by the government, wonld not treat of any other terms of admission, broke up the legation, and haa returned home. The American fleet atill lay at Secrifleios, and (aa will be aeen by an artiole in another column,) the American army ia well planted in command of Matamoraa With regard to the internal affairs of Mexico, they are represented to be in as unaettled a atate aa ever. The government of Paredea waa considered very inse cure. Some of the papers advocating republican viewa in eppositioa to the monarchical doctrinea of El 7\emp? , openly advocate the recall of Santa Anna, and the go vernment ia powerless to enforce its decree prohibiting diaoutsioDS of that nature. It was believed that the government, if acting on ita convietiona, would readily have recof nised the miaaien of Mr. Slidell; but Paredea h aving railed himaelf to power by profeasions of ex treme oppoaition to the United Statea, aad ambitioua men and factiona watching him oa all aidea, he dared not exhibit any aymptom of faltering Oeneral Almonte, from hla talents, position and ambition, it ia believed, had been one of the moat troubleaome persona among thoae who aaaisted the new government to power, ana aa a meam of gattiog him out of the way. he bed been appointed en a mission to Oreat Britain. Some difficulty had at first occurred in procuring means lor en outfit auAcient to induce him to accept the place. This, how ever, had been arranged, and previous to the eeillng of the Mississippi, he bed arrived ee fer aa Jalepa, on hia way to the sea eoaat. Doubta were expressed at Vera Crux, however, whether Almonte weald actually em bark on thia mission It wai thought that he oootem pitted t n#w rivolutioQ of th? fjnv*f?itn nl, and not in probable that ho would aask to co'mneoce themove m Tbe discueaion"*of the monarchical project, aa much talked of, and tor the advocscy of which the journal called El TUmp?, or " Tee Times," was established, continued fo bC iarriad on In the prow. It is dor, however, that there is no coneidareble party of royal ists in the country, aad that the subject haa been broach ed at thia time solely through inatigation from abroad, and for the porpoie of testing aad ininenclng the public sentiment. Pablio opinion, however, ia eo strong that fudMilAM Iraqnaat daaaaada, haa tetutd tt awinary to iarao ? proclamation, lUMtitliif himself from (to imputation of hiriof incited tho reToiution which ni?| htm to powor, Or fttywiw sf aidtoff tto doe*as e* foreign State* in lubvortfng tho polity of tho country. Pared** declare* himself > republican, and that ho por mitted tho ropeated article* of Et Ticmp* only oat of regard tor free di*ou**ion. The American Teasel* loft at Vara Cruz war* tho Cumberland, 8L Mary, John Adam* and Falmouth. Tho Mi**i**iMi, after tranferrmn her paasongor* to tho Ala bama, lalwd immediately for reniacoia. We uodaritand that Mr. Slideil will remain is this city *oma days. Mr. Parrott, Secretary of Legation, will proceed immediately to Washington. Half a Month Later from China?An Extra ordinary Trip?Arrival of tto Rainbow. The magnificent ahip Rainbow, Capt. Land, came up the bav yesterday afternoon in aplendid style, to the astdRshment of every one. She went ont ao quickly, and returned home so swiftly, that many thought that she could not have been to Chin*. This ship sailed from this port on the 1st of Octo ber, arrived at Canton on the 18th January; sailed thence on the 24th, and arrived here yesterday af ternoon. This is the shortest voyage out and horns ever made, it equals steam. She passed Macao on the 26th of January, and. brinoa letter bags from the American squadron. Capt. L. reports on the 14th inst.,in lat.SIM, Ion. 7018, having witnessed one of the most mag nificent scenes of nature he ever beheld. The sen became suddenly and beautifully illumiaated with the animalcule of the ocean; which be represents as a sra of glory, and flying over the ship in all direc tion^, resembling sparks of fire, with the rapidity of lightning, which continued for some minutes ? Nothing, he says, could have been more awfully sublime. The R. brings out the ratified treaty between the I tailed States and China, and letter bags from tho U. S. frigate Columbus, and corvette Vincennes. The Frund, of China, ef the 17th of January, aays that a letter from Canton, dated the 14th. brought information that a chop had been iasued announcing that the city would be opened to for eigners, the indemnification money paid, and Chu san evacuated by the Britiah immediately. This caused great excitement among the lower orders of the Chinese, and for three daya apprehension was felt tor the safety of the foreign factories, but the exasperation had passed off on the 21st. Tartars had been marched into the city to keep order. It was feared that there would be serious disturbances when the gates should be opened to foreigners.? The Pluto was anchored off the factoriea tor their protection. The ladies had been sent to Whampoa, and the gentlemen kept themselves armed. The U. S. ships Columbus and Vincennes were ordered up from the Bogue,.pnd anchored as near Canton as possible. The British ships Dmdalus and Hazard also were sent up from Hong Kong. All was quiet m Canton. The difficulties arising from opposition on the part of the people of Canton and vicinity to the admission ot foreigners into the eity, and the privilege of moving about in the neigh borhood, which haa threatened serious disturbance, had passed over. The British authorities having ceased to insist upon the immediate fulfilment of that part of tho treaty, the excitement among the* people had sub sided, and it was confidently expected New Year would pass over quietly. The hostility to foreign ers, however, was still too great to permit them to enter the sncred precincts of Canton, and the local government had been compelled to withdraw tho proclamation which had been issued giving theor. the privilege so to do. Threats of resisting by force any attempt to pass the city gates had oeeit posted up all round the loreign factories and streets in the neighborhood. Should any such attempt be made by private individuals, or a formal entrance to the city insisted upon by the British authorities, it was generally supposed it would lead to serious disturbances, and probably bring on hostilities be tween the British and Chinese. Shanghai and the other ports generally were quiet and friendly. The Libel Suit.?The libel suit of Webb against Bacon, will probably come on in the Superior Court on Monday next. One of the counsel for Mr. Ba con is the Hon. Mr. White, formerly member of Congress from Indiana, and one of the counsel for Webb is J. Prescott Hall, Esq. This will be a very funny case, and will probably open rich. State Convention.?Both the whig and demo cratic conventions to nominate delegates to tho State Couvention, met last evening, and both ad journed without making any nominations. Them's uub Sentiments.?The views and princi ples of Senator Westcott, of Florida, deliwed^s the Senate of the United States. Native Americanism is Missouri.?'The natives have elected their mayor, register, fifteen of the eighteen aldermen, tec , dec., in St. Louis. Bubbles or the Dat.?The copper mine discove ries on Lake Superior, and the silver mines every where?at least, many of them. ^Magnificent Sights?The packet ships Liver pool, Margaret Evans, Columbia, and Siddons?in deed all the pickets. The Margaret Evans will sail on the 20th inst. for London; and the Liverpool on the 21st, for Liverpool. Poo* Power Revived.?The evening entertain ments of Mr. Breugham on Irish character. Theatrical and Musical. Paax Theatbb.?Mr. Hackett, the celebrated oome dian, appeared ?(?in last night in " Rip Van pinkie" and the " Irish Attorney." Thi former piooe is not ex tremely favorable to the display of his peculiar power*, though bo ooceaionally showed the mattar power of which he ia capable. In the latter ha completely vindi cated hia title to the favor and distinction which ha baa acquired. He ia in truth equal to what haa boon laM of him?the power and versatility of hia expreosion ia astonishing) hia eye ipeaka and acta, aqd it ia herein conaiata hit chief power. He appears again to night in Macklinto femoua comedy of " The Man of the world," and few who have taate and discernment will miss the opportunity of aeeiog him. Bowanv Thxatxb.?There ia a peculiar charm about thia eetabliabment, which never faila of drawing a full houae. Thia charm, wa believe, conaiata in a commend able exertion, on tbe part of tho manager, in producing the moat magnificent apectaalea, without regard to coat, and the exerciae of a discriminating judgment in their aefootion. Beaidea, the namea of Boott, B lane hard, Dav enport, Jones, and others, who are permanently con nected with the establishment, who ere aa familiar aa household words to the patrona of this theatre, are an other attraction, which would, of itaeif, draw good houaes. The bill for to night ia capital, and wa expect will, as uaual, fill the house. OaxBitwicH Thbatbb.?The performances at the Greenwich laat night were of a very intereating cha racter, and most loudly applauded. The peraonation aI " Ouy Mannering" by Mr. Eddy, was highly oredltablei maugro a little stiffness, which thia talented young actor ia rapidly overcoming. Tho orchestra did Justice to the music, and are worthy ofellpreieo. To-night the " Rake's Progress" will be performed; Mr. Orattan as Harry Marklebam, Mr. Plumer as Fred Florid, and Eddy as Tom Rakewell-a capi al east, and one that will produce this drama in excellent form. The Misses Vallee dance the " Paa do Natalie"?Herr Cline appeen on the elastic cord?Gustavo Ellsler exhibits hia est on ish feats of strength, and the whole ooocludoe with thi kurletta of " Don Oioveoni." So rich a bill of faro ia net often catered to the pnblio taate. Bow ear AMrniTaaiTaa.?Every night witnesses thi enchanting place of amusement orowded to overflow ing. The astonishing feata of weltxing, dancing, am fighting, by the beautiful little ponies, are the admin tion of every visitor. Indeed, we may say that thi novelties at this eatablubment, are worth double th< price of admiaaion j and thoee who -have not yet wit nessed thorn, hed better avail themsolvea of tbe fen nighta more tho establiabment will remain open. Ma. Baooeit* m.?It ia lmpoeaible to do Juatioo to thi gentleman's mirth-moving entertainment laat evening a tbe Booiety Library. It was one giorioua tissue o wit, bumor, pathos, fun, frolic and poetry, and was ap Plauded to tbe echo by a highly respectable and seloc audience, who were alternately convulsed with laugh tar or melted into teara by the hearty, Joyoua, and re' liobing humor, and tbe melting tenderness which Mi Brougham infused into his dissnurso. His delineation of Irish character were the most perfect of the kind Us wa have heard since the days ot poor Power, and war illustrated by brillient confiscations of wit, poetry, aa sentiment Indeed the discourse itself was a most flttin illustration t>f that strange enemaly, the Irieh characei proving, aa it did, tho mysterious sfflnityi between mirt end sadooee, laughter and tears (mirth after alL>avio the beet of it. and diiviog tha blue devils ooPbf th field ) Mr. Brougham haa closely studied tbe Irieh chi rector in ell ite phsees. No man is better aoquaint* I with the subtle analogy of moat antagoniatic oontradii tiona which are l?a component pert*, and no one oe ! better illustrate that reok|e*s, devil-may care ptopeasi ty. charaoterieUo of ttto race, to enjoy the present sui snine. regardless of the impending storm ; indulging i mirthful forgotftalnes* ot pressing adversity, and quaflo Uie champagne of lif* from the skull of dMpair. M ?^Hhan'i longs, ee well aa those of Mrs. Breughs, Timm, were relished es they deoerved, end i the close of the ontertsinment Mr. Brougham was calls out and greeted with tbe hearty applause of tha deligk ed audience. By general request he ia to repeat I. entertainment et Palmo's to-morrow evening. He girt en enterteinmsnt this evening et Newark, where he sure to meet with a warm reoeption, and on Moada evening he is to repeat hi* enterteinment at Brooklyn. Ma. Dins' Conccav.?The Apollo saloon waaooe pied last night, by a very respectable aOdienoe, i anxious to hear tho Boebm flute- Mr. Davis is pert II master of the instrument, and of course gav* convio [ proof ?f ita superiority. Thriafbo* tbo|ufiwaaai